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? ' DAILY?WBEKUT?SUNDAT.
?lusintlj Offlc?.....?16 E. Main Street !;fiouth K.'chmond.1101 Hull Siren tV*ior?burK Bureau....IC* N. 8ycai?r>re strev jLynchburc Durum.21S K.lKhlh Strest 3 BY MAIL. One Six Three One 'f rOETAGK PAID. Year. Mos. Mo?. Mo with Sunday,.ft. 00 IS CO ?1 69 ,E9 fjjally without Sunday... ?.CO S-00 1.? .M jjtiunday edition only. 2.00 1.00 .60 .Zi Weakly (Wednesday).... 100 .to .Si ... Hf Tltne?-Dl?ps Ich Onrrler Delivery Ser? vice In Richmond (atid auburbi) and Peter?, burt One Week. Dally with Sunday.Mcitiln' Dally without Sunday.:o conti ( Sunday only. t cenu : _ i Entered January ISPS, a: Richmond. Vn.. j ? > ?eror.d-elan matter under act of Con tsress of March S. 1S;9. WKDNKSDAVi JANUARY 11. IMli a 11\^ in tin: svi'iiuMR comtr There is a small room In the Capitol building nl Washington, lying halt iVay between the representatives of the 'people oh the one hand und the repre? sentatives ,,r I>)C States oil the other, in that ro<un the1 ia'w Mta enthroned fnd from the high altar there erected justice Issues her decrees. There the; J.aTV is supreme, and "all things in fteavcii and earth do her homage?the very least as feeling her care, and the Area test as not exempted from her gower ? Only a few months ago tne case of Fink Franklin, a negro doomed to Heath Iii South Carolina, was seeking succor here, and a little while before the sheriff of Chattanooga and his as? sistants were here committed to lin jpriftonrucnt for faiiinc to guatd the dig? nity an'l respect the mandate of the Ht'W. Here every day some plaintiff or ?th*r presents his petition for final rScterniinatlon. Things on the earth, things under the earth, things on Hie ?)ea snd things on dry land, the inter? pretation of a statute, the Issuing ot a patent, the richte of the States and tt>e liberties of tiio hiimbiesl citizen, the composition of whisiiey and the purity of articles of food, the settle? ment or a levin ot procedure or the definition of a Tin t, here into tins place before the bench of nine upright1 and learned men. "who are judges , alike of the facis and the laws." come every year a h ?$! e>f men. whose side jpurbotc it Is "to behold a continued righteous administration of Justice; a preservation ot our constitutional gov? ernment, the fructification of all the ; activities of our-vast country for the! bcTfieflt of the whole people, the abiding of tranqulllty an dhappiness in all the . iiomrs of all our land, and the con- I tinucU enjoyment by all our countrj - \ men of individual liberty restrained from license and safeguarded from op .?resil?ri.': This was tho vision caught by chief ' I Justice White, In his tender and e:.. . qulslte tribute, on Monday, to the hit..: head of the Supreme Court. Melville Wj ! 1'uller. who has passed into the ahadows. and whose "faith In the power of good over evil: faith in the capacity of his fcllowmeh for sell government', faith In the wisdom of the fMlrers of biir 'Institutions: faith, un? shaken faith, in the efficiency of the tiystem of constitutional government which they established and Its ade? quacy to protect the rights and liber tics of the people." "will he a beacon leading both Bench and Par !?? a per? fect dedication of all their powers to the complete discharge of their whole duty." The Supreme Coin t room is a small space into which may be packed by lather uhetomfortabi? crowding, prob? ably three iiuhdred people. In form ii is a parallelogram and it is coveted With a celling, richly ornamented, look? ing like the half of a great shell, or an old-fashioned sounding-board >? in limes yet to be seen in the' churches ot the Colonial period, or the hall or ah unfinished dome. At oiieshle of the room li the bench of the judges of whom there ate nine; tu an open space before this tribune lire seats for ilie bur and a htanil from which the lawyers make ?thfir addresses to the court; while arranged around the room in seitll clrcular rows are seats for the press and the plain people who arc lu? ll tested in the proceedlhg? of ihe Into hi.- i.l.iii- liiere vvns packed mi lorfday anil Will lie packed again to- . ay ami lihlli \n- oust- concluded, i KWycrs and judges and men ami wo r another In the llfhrlhg of the great ' ase against the American' Tobacco '??tnpany and others, for an alleged ] lolatiou of tiie Slieriiian AhU-Trnst 'it. in establishing a monopoly in re? train! ol trade, it is ;. most Import - '. mi case, a?' upon it hang* the last of the inst greiil Court "f Appeal I m v, 1*??: in i rimpctltltih III Which here will he lite same everlasting fTghl .?etween the weit It and the strong (fit ich has been going on rince the Hariri began. The ease v.as decided I-. the Circwit Court of the United state lot the .Southern Dlsttdc.t of New York; In May. 1!?08. POUr judges sal in the i*ve. After a most exhaustive hear? ing, the Circuit Court dl-missed Ihje petition as Id the American Tobacco Companv' generally speaking, but cm Ipin'd i ei lain of the corporate del fi-ndants. Tlirec of the Judges In the f'iri iiit .Court concurred in Hie iudg rr.ent .,( thai body, and one dissented, Cross-appeals were taken, errors ?> ? signed and tie cas< has now cotiio up before the ('filled States Huprcini Court. The brl'-fs that hive been sub? mitted form a library, mid contain, ?t In assumed, nil the facts in the CttSf; )?pon whtcii the court tvlll ha so Its ViMiaiujJon*. TJitio brltlB a/c AUW j belli? supplemented and reinforced by . oral arguments of tlio lawyers on both I sides, und liiere bus rarely appeared ; before the court a more distinguished I array of counsel: lawyers for the Gov? ernment, under Hie Immediate direc? tion of Attorney-tienoral Wicltor sltnin; lawyers for the Trust, under the direction of that dlstiupulshcl North Curollnnn, Colonel Puller; law? yers from Knnluml and lawyers from nil about whlcltlng the course of events like hawks; steel against steel, diamond cut diamond The Other day there wore Wlckershnm and Mac Reynolds for tlie Government, and Johnson, of Philadelphia, and Horn Mower, of New York, and Dclnnccy Nlcoll, fresh from trampling t|)o dis? figured remains of the Man with tlio Big Stick in the dost in the libel case against the New York World, and sev? eral score of other bright-eyed fellows waiting their turn in this or In other case" in which there may yet he a liv? ing for the men who do not live by their art tii?ne; j It was a great day, was Monday, lit I the Supreme Court. The plain people] on the back seals could not heur all ] that wtis said cither by the. court or by . the lawyers; but they caught enough to keep their heads on edge all the j t litte we wish tho court would require I the lawyers not to mumble their words; | but the acoustics of the room are very bad and the lawyers were speaking to the com t and not for votes. Mr. Mac- I Reynolds spoke for the Government, and we arc- glad that he has put Ills case Into a brief, for wo do not think he touched tho meat of the case except in a few high spots, although be gave the audience, due entertainment for more than an hour In watching exactly where the next question by the Court would strike and how deep It would go. The Court seemed to be In ex? cellent form nnd tino humor and the countrymen present could not conceal their admiration at the quickness and pertinency of the Court's catechism. After Mr. Ma-Reynolds had finished, Delanccy Nlcoll opened for "the' prisoner nt the bar," so to say. and what he had to say movCu a.one Inj regular order, iu = t as a deep river j moves within its banks, and with hol sound of the shallows. We do not j Know whether w hat ho said was good j law or tod; that Is to he determined by J the t'ourt. but to the plain people ovci j in the Amen Corner It sounded as- If he: knew what ho was ta Illing about, and there is a great deal of virtue in that. We do not know how the case will t un out: the court Itself docs not yet know. but that it will turn out exactly as Law and Justice be? tween man nnd man, between the Government and the Company, having abundant faith In the Integrity and ability of the t'ourt. we have nm the least douot. The scene in the Court-room on Mon? day would have attracted any artist with either brush or pen?the dignity , of the Court, tlie splendid order of Rs I proceedings, the tine behavior of the ? crowded audience, the distinguished j men who were present.- On the bench ? ere sat live .judges, holding their commissions from President Taft, him? self, in bis time a brilliant ornament of the Arnerlcah bench, and four Judges from the south, three of them Judges by appointment of Mr. Tnft and three Ol them belonging to the Democratic party, and the most impressive figure on Hie bench the Chief Justice, of the. South by nativity, bu: of the country! in aim and purpose. Kelt)), tlic Chief Justice of t lie Court of Appeals <>f Virginia, and Carler Scott, of the Circuit Bench of Vir? ginia, ami William II. White, a tils, tlngtiishcd member of the bar of S'lt giiilii, all intent upon the hearing ami thinkiuc their own thought* ami mak? ing up their own minds, Into them s-e ves, about the relevancy of what the lawyers sjahl, .ami rojolclng out loud whenever they hail the chance, that the Court In whose presence they sat was the!: Court and that its .iii.lg nionts were Just ami righteous alto jrether. Then there ivfire other men ?f piVto... ico In the Court?the man with than the lion Coienitn V. BlcnSe .short? ly lo assume his duties as Oovern'or and Coininandei-in-Chief of the mlll tat\ ami naval forces of the proud old Slittt>. "! ,!" grand old State of South Carolina, and 'there ware others,'? and feathering of American clti miis watting for the liist word from the greatest Court In the world, and joining Iii the jiroycr of Chief .l.tistlee ..bite for "the continued en? joyment by all our countrymen of In? dividual liberty restrained from license, and safeguarded from oppression.'! si'i:\ki:ic < two's -i <imi> hack."! it j:- n poor idle that won't work both way.-. Tide, at any rate, appears in have h'en the Democratic idea In H e House on Monday when the Demo cnitli members of that hody went hack on t hem... Ivos in the vote on one of Speaker Camion's rules. At ihe last session ..r Congress there was tre? mendous excitement about the tyranny o| the .-pe.tker. anil upon a proposed amendment to the House offered on . the tloor ythe ? <|he tlon was raised , wliethei 01 not such ?> proposition was j oi high eon ti.tutioii.il privilege. Demo ei'At'n In the House, with the aid 'if the 1 Insurgents, broke fee i.hcx of speaker Caution and . ist him o ,t where there, ! was Wreping ..ml gnashing of teeth, The Speaker i tni'- bank if. the House on Monday, hnd made a ruling on pre elstilj the tame question whl- h resulted In bis downfall a limit ntx months ago, tit id by n vote of t'. I.is ruling, against which the House prevailed oh the'first round, was Sustained', nearly every Democrat iri the body voting with tin speaker There were several old-fashioned fellows on the Demo? cratic side Who tl 'fd lO -leer ;i straight touite, amopg them Ittiiicstiilatlvp ' Sims, of Tennessee, who declared thai : ho "would rather ho ignorant ly honest ! than knowingly dishonest," but |to waa overwhelmed silting with the rest or the sticklers for consistency. When Itcprcscutntlvo Miuiii, or Illi? nois, cxchiltned to the Democrats, "When you voted to overrule the Speaker, you admit you engaged In an unlawful enterprise." Mr. KK.. gcrald, of New York, replied. "It was not unlawful; It was necessary." And when Champ Clark, who is to he Speaker of the next Congress, was told that the 2tl Democrats who voted with the Insurgents on the proposition Mon? day would ally themselves hereafter with the Insurgents, ho disposed of tiie matter by saying: "Poppycock! Kvery man voted as he pleased That was my advice to them- Tho vote had no significance whatever as a party pi oposltion." It |s a peculiarly Interesting situa? tion, and it seems to lit in with the declaration <>f a South Carolina states? man sc-mo years ago who, when being appealed to In a matter of supposed! political Importance, observed: "A loo- | loo hand wins only once." There is a great deal of difference between be- ! tilg on the Inside ami being oh the out- j side; between being responsible for - the legislation of the country, as the Democrats will be In the next House of Representatives, arid being respon? sible for the defeat of partisan meas? ures when the Republicans were in Control. Speaker Cannon I.? said to have been much gratified by the re? versal of Deriiocrnt'o Judgment upon his ruling at tho last session of Con? gress, and wo do not blame him. but as th? question this time appears to have been only n trap to 'catch the unwary, tho Democrats do not appear to have lost any substantial ground by changing their minds. It was a good political play, even If the cards were ! marked: a play for position without much regard to the rules of the game. We must confess that we do not like It. It does not foimii to be states? manlike and wo are much disturbed by the statement of Representative Uri derwood; of Alabama, and Representa? tive Kitzgerald, of New York, who ad? mitted that when the same question came up before i he House last March they voted against the Speaker, not? withstanding the fact that they be? lieved hint t'? be right In his ruling then, u ruling which was wholly con? sistent with all tho precedents of the House. According to air. Underwood; they voted against the Speaker on tho original proposition not pceause the speaker was wrong, hut because they thought the time had come for a revo? lution, in the circumstances, we are not much surprised that Mr. Sims, of Tennessee, and twenty-six other Demo? crats who appear to have some con? science left should have objected to this sort of politics. The only man who seems to have come out of the scrap w'th a fair degree of satisfac? tion Is Speaker Cannon himself. It begins to look as If It will be neces? sary for the Democratic House to adopt some of the rules for the government of that body which have enabled Can- 1 non nnd his crowd to keep the thing going, If they really Intend to do any serious business. MOllGAX'S I.AST 00011 IJBEO. Several days ago the Carnegie Trust I Company In New York was closed by | tlie Superintendent of Banking in that j Slate. immediately the circulation of alarming reports about the Instability : of several other ilnancial Institutions ! in New York began, and there prorrt Ised to be a little Hurry In financial circles, which would have much lin- ! peded ilnancial operations ami have re- j suited probably In disastrous conse- j ouchecs but for the timely aid ren? dered by Plerponl Morgan, who sup? plied the necessary money lo help the embarrassed institution, and that with only a momentary disturbance in the financial world. The three hanks In? volved were kept on their feet and the course of business is running along smoothly and as If nothing had hap? pened, or threatened to happen, of a serious character. The financier speaks o f.Mr. Morgan as "Hie ilnancial saviour of tin-nation." This is rather an extravagance of 1 Speech, but it affords us the oppor? tunity of saying that. In spite of the many severe criticisms of Ibis great figure in the financial, commercial and industrial world, he has done many/ good turns for the country. We re- | gard Mr. Morgan as the j.-reatest and best of tlie very rich men of the day. j lie possesses tho cbnllder.ee of the American people in a very marked degree. lie Ik worth a urent deal of money; he will doubtless make more money by his action in the present occasion; and there Is no reason why he should not make more money; hut It should not be forgotten, and it will not he forgotten by those who are sincerely concerned In the business affairs of the country, that he has saved the stockholders and depositors in the throe shaky concerns in Now York their savings and enabled them lo go ahead with their activities with? out serious Interruption. Thai was worth doing, whether Morgan did it Or somebody else; ami If Morgan had not done It, it would not hove been I done. int. cook has "Comr hack." i Thai is ft very striking letter from .It Frederick A. Cook, the Original Discoverer of the North Pole, to a [friend of his in Charlotlesville, Va, In which lie snyn; "The Polar conquest I i?- an accomplished personal venture I In spite of bitter campaign waged against me I urge you to await with patience the final judgment on ibis problem, for in the end r'ght will pre? vail and we. are. r.ure to win out " tvimi ,i|.| v,e ten yon, dear 'coptem? poraries? Have we not Insisted nil nltjmg (liai yoji ivern wrong and that wo were right In our approved JUtlg [itK'nt of Lm. Cook's Immortal achieve: I merit? We were sure lie would coino back, a nil he has come hack; come hack to his own dear America to light for his rights und r?r the truth or history. As a lluie bit oi corroborative de mil. the Philadelphia Inquirer prints a tllspnieit from Holland. Michigan, whern Royal A. Slanton. of Coblcsklll, New Vo; it, is now a student In the Western Theological Seminary. "Mo'ne." 0110 of the Esquimaux who accompanied Com? mander Poary on his trip Into the! Arctic fourteen years ago, and who took part In the preparations for Peary's dash to the Pole, has written ] to Brother Stnnton, under date of Sop- i tember 2. 1910, from KJobenhoan, in which he says: "i know you will expect something about Cook. Well. Bob. 1 hnvo gone to the bottom or the matter, und no? body up hen, believes that Peary got ! much farther than when he left his I party. Ills name up here Is haled for j his cruelty. Cook made a grout trip north, lie ims nothing In the way >>f j proofs hero that I ean find. I believe - that ho went as far as any one. but the polo Is yet to be found. Cook Is loved by all, and every Ksklnio speaks well of him and hopes that he had the honor of Peary, lias he? ] will know nil soon and will lot you know. Como up here and l will show you how to Und tho North Pole. I will make you king. Then, If you want | mo, i ?in go back to New York with you. l will wait for 'you here, but come bpforo I am frozen In the Igloo with the crow's head pointing west." It Is explained that "Mcne" accom? panied Commander Peary on his dash j for the Pole in 1 !?'!>. We are not in- j cllned to accept his statement with- i out further Investigation, which, of ? course, we cannot hope to conduct ; at this distance from the witness, and I It looks very much like a clog fall, as, according to "Mene," "the Pole Is yet to be found,'' and when found It will probably not be worth having, but tho letter from Brother St an ton contrib? utes something new to one of the most Interesting controversies of tho day. how to "WEAK THE ilATll. "We knew that It would come In time?a return to common s'n^e In tho v. ay the women should dress th?>ii hair. A writer In the New York Times, whom wo assume to be Adolph S. Och?, snyn that the largo pompndours are utterly out. that tho hnlr should fall low on the forohend in a soft clinging way. that the swirl used last year Is still used., but In a different manner, being; now placed snugly around a con- j tfal Psyche knot or group of curl3 In-J stead of being swathed around tho Whole head, that the closely swathed head of last year becoming to only a small number of women, and oven when It suited, gave a very undressed nppearance. and, finally, that the whole tendency of this season's coining Is toward softness and natural lines. "It Is a blending of waves and tendrils to display the shapeliness of the head, and. seen at its best, It Is an Infinitely becoming coiffure." Of course, IC there is no natural shapeliness of the head it Is clearly Within the power of the woman so ills figured by nature to make the mosti of any artificial aid that offers: but It Is always apt to lay her subject lo suspicion, as having found that there Is so much that Is false In tho make? up of the coiffure ft need not bo won? dered at if men and women, and par? ticularly men, should reach the con-i elusion that there has also boon tam? pering with other parts of the human form divine. As we wear neither curls nor Psyche knots. It does not matter in the slightest how they wear their hair, as a wfttchrnun on the tower it Is only our duty to tell Ihoiil what's what. w \h-tTmh "pTtltKs. Tho high cost of living Ls the great economic question In the country to? day, but many people who passed through the War Hotween the States speak of war-time prices as the highest point ever reached In tho cost of neces- 1 sities, Tli- South was blockaded; bin the situation was different In the North. The New York Sun has recently shown the Northern situation?the blighter side, It reprints the bill of fare Issued to patrons of the Putnam House In New York In 1868. Beef? steaks wore to be had for 7 cents, n porterhouse steak for 25 cents, chicken for the same price, eggs " cents each, coffee and enko 6 cents, oysters, any style. 13 cents. Contrast these low prices with the famine prices, that prevailed In Rich inond at the same period. Our Infor? mation Is derived from tho Mncon Tele? graph, which In turn gets Its Informa? tion from a recent life of Alexander 1,1. Stephens, Vlco-Presldent of the Con? federacy. "Delicately bred ladles" wer* de? lighted to get course brogah shoes at $100 the pair In 1808-1. Calico sold at $10 the yard, and later at 525. As far South ss Georgia, early in tho war, ordinary 11*. cent muslin sold at 12.60 the yard, p.ichmond Physiotens wen j obliged to charge $30 the visit. The price of medicines was almost pro? hibitive. "Throughout tho South tho prices of all necessaries soared up? ward." This was duo lo the deprecia? tion of Confederate currency, the scar? city or merchandise and food, the lack of transportation facilities, the ever tightening blockade. Vlco-Presldent Stephens In IStt-l paid in Richmond ?30 the day for meals and la room, h'uel, lights and extras gen erally cost hin) $.10 a day more. Think of board In Richmond being $C0 tho day I In I S63, quinine sold at $100 tho ounce. i,i April, is.fiH, at Richmond, flour sold for $.1? tho barrel; In October it was $7'i the barrel. A year later It :?old In Richmond for ?275 the barrel, in January, 1865, It was worth $700 the barrel; on March 20 It was worth $l,r?00 the barrel. Many people "suffered for the want of fooo and the majority lived on short radons." In 1S?''< bacon wn worth ?20 the pound, meal Sil') Uis bushel. At the Oriental Restful rant In Richmond In 1 S01 a boiled egg cost and a cup ot I'offoo $:t and on up the scale for meats and olhordishes, in the meantime, Now Yorkers were outing roast turkey at IS cents. Kowhero lu the history of the wpiid dl?l the people ever suitor mure Horn the high COSl of living than here lu tho South nonrly half a century ago. Un? complaining, brave lo the lust, ball starved but not subdued, they fought until famine and death placed tho bitter draught of- defeat to their Hps. What know wo of this day ami time about the nigh cost of living? What know we of privation and suffering and sacrifice? II BAVE.VI.Y S KG tilt IT I KS. Under the law of Tennessee the ad? ministrator or administratrix of an estate is required to give to tho clerk j of the county court an inventory of the estate of the deceased. It bocamo necessary this month, therefore, for Mrs. Cora Harris, wife of tho late Dundy It. Harris, to make an Inven? tory of the remaining property of her husband, who lately committed sulclda In a small Georgia town, worn by years of faithful and efficient work, his inlnd unbalanced by continued troubles and ecclesiastical persecution. A rare scholar, a line typo of Chris? tian, Dr. Harris went down Into tho chambers of death. Tho Inventory of his estate written by his wife has been published all over the country. It was not Intended for publication, It was and is tho sin? cere, earnest tribute of an unusual woman to "one of the sweotcst, clean? est spirited men who ever lived." When this "circuit rider"?for such ho was?died, ho had $2.35 'n his purse, file in ,-i bnnk. t?0 books, and tho I eolith in which he was burled. As to tho spiritual estate of this man, his wife says: The major part of big estate was In? vested In heavenly securities, the j values of which have been variously : declared lu this world and highly taxed by the various churches, hut never realized. He Invested every year not less (usually morei than H.'-'QO lu charity, So secretly* so inoffensively and so honestly that he was never suspected of being a philanthropist and never praised lor his generosity. lie pensioned an obi outcast woman In Ben ton county, and an old BOldlcr in Nashville. He sent tuo little negro boys to sell.od and supported for three years it family of live which could not sup? port Itself. He contributed anonymously to OViary charity In Nashville; every old maid interested In a "benevolent ob? ject" received his aid. Every child he know exacted and received penny tolls from his tenderness, lie supported the heart of every man who contlded In him with encouragement and affec? tion. lb- literally did forgive his enemies! nn<l suffered martyrdom September i IS, 1010, after enduring three years' of persecution without complaint. He considered himself one of the] chief of sinners and-was- ever recog- j nlzed ns one of the largest bondhold- , eis in heaven you con see how lnrj;o ! his estate was and how dldleult It j would bo to compute so as to furnish I you the Inventory you require for record on your books. '"if such Is the kingdom of Heaven. A SUCCnSS OK GOVERNMENT ? OWNERSHIP. Vienna has furnished a striking ex? ample of the success of government ownership. The great Vienna tele? phone exchange Is the source. The j girls liiere employed are treated cour? teously, and, though their wages are low, the government, watches over their health and comfort, and sells good things to them to eat and drink! at cost prices. These "hello" glrl.s have to wear j j uniform While in service, ft Is a green dress, with gold lace on the collar. They have soft slippers to Insure quietness. Each Klrl serves SO subscribers, and is allowed ninety seconds lo gel a it um her. The girls who work at night ar; paid 40 cents more than those who woric In the daytime. When they get through they are allowed four .hours' rest in government beds, so that they may not have to go home In the dark. Tho beds are very comfortable, und thu linen Is changed Just as soon ns tho occupant has left. The bed rooms arc! well heated?a rather unusual fact lu Vienna. ? For these telephone girls there Is nlso n hospital and plenty of recrea? tion; also a restaurant, where cof? fee, with cream, Is sold for two cents Hie cup. A roll hero Is worth only half a cent, while a cup of milk Is Just the same price. When Mr. Rogers, the advertising representative of Harper & Brothers, was here tho other day, be said that "Mary Cary" is the host seller of Hie present year's literary output of that publishing house, that it Is now run? ning through Its hundredth thousand, and Is good for n much larger run. Tho most interesting part of Mr. Rogers's story was that this charming story is the work of a Richmond woman. T?nst Sunday the Houston Post print? ed on Its editorial page a short ser? mon from Hie toxi, "Tho truth shall iiinko you free," and In the next column ibis paragraph: "Do not forget that this beautiful sunklsscd Sabbath morning Is tho ninety-sixth anniversary of the great Democratic victory old Andrew lack son, of North Carolina, won in Now Orleans on January s, isis." "Old Andrew Jackson, of North Caro? lina!" It Is seldom Unit oo infamous n misapplication of sound Scripture Is made even In Texas. In North Caro? lina a statement of this sort might have boon excused, or at lonst ex? plained; but In Texas there wan no reason for ll except upon the hypo? thesis that knowledge of Hi" truth gives the Houston paper the right to misstate history. COUNTESS NEMER?W ONLY FIVE YEARS OLD IIV I.A MAURI ISK IiII I'OXI'ilNtlV, Litti.k nvu-yenr-old Countess Ne nierow, whoso name appears for tho first llino as swell in tho- Al ninnnch de Gotha lor lSll. ro i'?!vcii her title last year from hor| grandfather, tlie reigning Grand nuke, or Mecklonburg-strolR*. in order to ? av<dd i he necessity of her ovor being compelled i<> use the plebeian name ot her Kreneii frith er. Her mother Is the oldest daughter of the grand duke.' only sister of tho Crown Princess of! .Montenegro, and In nil unfortunate moment, while staying in Prance with J a chuperon. allowed herself to ho In- , ilUeod to wed tho good-looking George | Jamotel, son of an apothecary or P"on-] lalnebleau, who had made u fortuno' by means of a patent medicine. Tlie i marriage, which took place not In (.lor- ; many, hut at Hew, In Knglatlil, In the j presence of the duchess's aged gland- . mother, the Downgor Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg, who Is nn English ! princes:. >d the only surviving grand? child ?: King George III., turned out! very unhappily. .lamctcl, who. til- ! though his royal hrlde wan a Luther? an, had considered It necessary to ob luln from tho Vatican a title of count,I managed to give offense, even at th? j wedding ceremony at ICew lo Queen , Alexandra, and to Queen Mary, then Princess of \ValOS, who were present, I ami 'made so disagreeable an Impres? sion upon his bride's royal relatives . that, anxious as they were to please I and help her, they wore compelled to I hold aloof. The couple took up their residence' In Paris, and Count Jatnctel, finding | that he had failed to obtain anv soolnl : advantage by the union: that his wife's grandfather and, after that, her father,1 a? rulers of .Mccklcnhiirg-Strolitx, de- ; elided to bestow any princely title! upon hi in. or lo receive him at their J court, and that the doors of the lend- | lug Pai ls clubs and salons remained closed to him. commenced to neglect' his wife. Indeed, his treatment of hoi became such that, exactly two yearn iigo, -lie obtained a divorce from him, received tho custody ot the only child of the union, a daughter of the nani" of Marie, and returned to Germany to live, resuming, with the consent of her father, the title and dignity of n royal duchess of Mocklenburg-Strolltz. She now lives with her little daugh? ter, who Is Countess of TS'emorow In her own right, with the venerable Dowager Grand Duchess of Mocklcn burg-Strelltz, at Dresden, and .lame to), who Is well known at Washington and New York, 1s merely now a dis? agreeable memory. Queen Holen of Italv Is probably the only feminine occupant ot a throne who has ever accorded absolution lb n dying person; and while there are those who will bo disposed to question he;- ec? clesiastical powers In the matter, ye! there are few who will blame her when the dramatic circumstances of the < iso litre explained Ii ma v be recalled that when the terrible earthquake took place Hi Messina, King Victor Emtnnn uol and his consort hastened to the '. one. and wer,, umong the very firs' to arrive. The approach to Messina was terrible. It was not only the .?molting ruins of the once so stately and beautiful city, but the thousands ? if corpses Hint were floating In the bay. and being dashed by the waves against the shies of the ship Oil which the King and Queen were making their way Into port. It Is useless to repaint hero ihn hor? rors of tho scene and ..f the starving, dying people In every direction. Hut as the Queen passed through thx streets on the water front, she found an old. white-haired woman, who had boon so horribly crushed an 1 burned thai she was dying. She was filled with terror'at the notion of parsing Into eternity without receiving abso? lution, and kept Imploring tiiose around her for a priest, bcsoechlng them In the most piteous accents to save her from the fate that she was certain awaited her In tlie hereafter If she expired without receiving absolution and pardon for her sins. While the clergy did their duty nobly at the time of the earthquake at Messina, as on all analogous occasions, there was none at that time within reich, and a lOOK of Indescribable agony, worthy of Ilm brush of Gustave Dore, camo over the. face of tho old woman at the notion that she was going down to eternal damnation. Moved thereby. Queen Helen threw herself on her knees and exclaimed: "Listen! I am tho Queen. I. the Queen, you understand, Well, 1 ab? solve you of all your sins, because I am the Queen. Have you understood?; Host In peace. You now have absolu? tion." Uttering these words, tho Queen placed her hand on tho head of the dying woman, whose look Of terror gave way to one of complete peace and resignation, and who a moment or two afterwards breathed her last with a gleam of religious ecstasy In the eyes, and that smile which has some? times been described as "the taste of Paradise hovering on the Hps." There arc no people In the world to whom the solemn words "RcqtllcScal in puce" constitute a more hollow mockery than to those who belong to sovereign families. And particularly Is this tlie rase when they have occu? pied thrones. In the event of a revo? lution their remains are almost cor tain to bo disturbed and profaned; for? tunate, Indeed, If thoy escape the fat? of all those royal dead who were torn front their tombs In tho Abbe)' of St. Denis by tho mob during the Reign ol Terror at the close of the eighteenth century. Sometimes thoy uro disin? terred under th.? pretext of historic Investigation, for the mere purpose of satisfying morbid curiosity, us was tho case when llio unsavory King George IV. Insisted on opening the coilln of Charles t. at Windsor, one of his attendants retaining a little linger by way of a relic. In Lisbon all the dead kings are on public view. In nlas.? II.hied collins, nnd until the revolution last summer the corpse of n queen who had died near 300 years ago was pa? raded, ulicolllncd, In solemn procession through the streets ..?ach year, on tho anniversary of her death." Historian] delve Into their private lives, and, lay? ing bare all their shortcomings, de? stroy the kindly illusions with which the passage of time has enveloped tllOlr memory. And now a now species of Inquisition lias liven Inaugurated, namely, by phy? sicians possessed of wealth, and with R taste for history, who uro nblo t.i devote (lo ir time und their knowledge to research into the real causes of thi death of the former kings mid queens. 'I'm re Is no monarch in French his? tory whose career I? more, pathetic and moro strange than that of Klnc, Charles VI., of whom Krolssart and other con temporary chroniclers have left such curious records. One of the richest ?tnd most renowned physicians and alienists In France. Dr. Dtipre, has been delving in all this ancient and modern literature about this King Charles, from the point of view of the physi? cian and of the speclallst of nerves rnd -mental maladies, and In a moat erudite and Interesting work Just pub? lish-d not only clears up all the mys? terious features of hl? maladies, ex plaining their causes and their various developments, but goes on to show how, with the treatment now adopt? t In such case*, the King could readily have been cured. Hut then, If tho King had been cured, there would probably have been no Knglish victory of Aglncotirt to Inspire Shakespeare, nnd, nbove all, there would havo been no Joan of Are to become the national heroine of Prance, and an object of such patriot? ic enthusiasm that only ten years ago two of the leading public men In France fought a sanguinary dnej lu consequence of a dispute about her fair name. Professor Dupro'g work, and espe? cially Hie attention and Interest which It lias excited, cannot fall, to enconi - uiro oiher scientists possessed of simi? lar iiieam and tastes to embark on analogous researches, and the pro?, pert of having all the- ailments from Whlcli .th-9 monarchB of Hie Old World have succumbed in uses past investi? gated In Hie most inquisitorial manner and laid bare. Tint merely in medical works, but in tho lay press, cannot be contemplated with either pleasure or cntlsfactlon. Indeed, the .bad. .-spe? cially the historic dead, should be per? mitted lo rest In peace. tCopyrlght, 1PI1. by the Brent woo I Company, i Make this Bank Your Eank Sign your name to the list of depositors and take a step to assured prosperity. State and City OF RICHMOND. Capital . . $1,000,000.00 Surplus . . $ 600,000.00 WM. H. PALMER, President. JOHN S. ELLETT. Vloo-Prealdent w.M. M. HILL, Vlce-Presldcnt. J. w. SJNTON, Vice-President JULIEN H HILL, Cashier. Three per cent, per annum in? terest allowed on Savings De? posit?, compounded every six months. REPORT OF THE CONDITION OF THE AT RICHMOND, IN THE STATE OF VIRGINIA. AT THE CTXJSE OF BUSINESS JANUART 7TH, ?011. IIESOI IIICKS. Loans and illsrounts.$5,6 12,601 68 Overdrafts, secured and unsecured. 1,411 United Sluice bonds to secure circulation. 200..1 (if) United states bonds to secure United States deposits. 15,000 on Other bonds to secure United States deposits. 8?,)00 00 Fonds, securities, etc. 243,808 lt.. Banking house, furnnure and fixtures. 126.000 00 (tther real estate owned. "I'fi ?3 lute from national banks (not reserve agents].$369,545 69 Due from State nnd private banks und bankers, Irtisl companies and savings banks. 606.920 05 Due from approved reserve agents. 514,480 49 Checks and other cash Heins. 2.240 01 Exchanges for clearing house. 113,782 7s Notes of other national banks. 2fi,7?o on Fractional paper currency, nickels and cents. 2,306 48 Lawful money reserve in bank, viz : Specie . 115,202 50 Legal tender notes . Ml.SOU 0J Cash and due from banks. 1,882,077 0.3 Kedemptlon fund with United Slates Treasurer (5 per cent, of circu? lation ._iOeOOO 0/3 Total .?8,ao?,aim :ti 1.1 viiii.rrfRS. Capltlil stock paid 111.5 200,000 00 SlirplUS fund . 750,000 00 Undivided profits, less oxpenses and tuxes paid. 225,145 no National bank notes outstanding. 197,500 00 Due to other national hunks.$ 060,988 52 Dud to Suite and privat,, hanks and bankers. 8S9.49H 21 Due to trust companies and savings banks. 265,027 91 Due to approved reserve agents. 211.271 51 Dividends unpaid . 0.?? Individual deposits subject to check. 4,132,076 14 Demand eei'llllcalcs of deposit. 154,772 02 Cert Hied checks . iMZJ 5? Cashier's cheeks outstanding.S2'?'; '" United states deposits.??-.< K'lsi^Sg Deposits of United States disbursing Ofllccrs. I...I...S S.. Dc)>osits 6,763,653 11 Deserved for Interest ._7.3.006 on Total.?8^0<^3ll6 ?I Slate of Virginia. Oily ..f Richmond, ss: 1, Thomas B. McAdams, Cashier of the above named bank, do solemnly swear Hint Hie. above statement is true to iho r.csl of my knowledge and belief. THOMAS B. Mr ADA MS, Cashier. Correct?Attest: JOHN P. BRANCH, THOMAS B, SCOTT. M. C, BRANCH. Directors. Subscribed ami sworn to before me tills I nth day of January, 1911. O. E. VANDEhSMCE, Notary Public "Safest for Savings,"