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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, January 11, 1911, Image 4

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? ' DAILY?WBEKUT?SUNDAT.
?lusintlj Offlc?.....?16 E. Main Street
!;fiouth K.'chmond.1101 Hull Siren
tV*ior?burK Bureau....IC* N. 8ycai?r>re strev
jLynchburc Durum.21S K.lKhlh Strest
3 BY MAIL. One Six Three One
'f rOETAGK PAID. Year. Mos. Mo?. Mo
with Sunday,.ft. 00 IS CO ?1 69 ,E9
fjjally without Sunday... ?.CO S-00 1.? .M
jjtiunday edition only. 2.00 1.00 .60 .Zi
Weakly (Wednesday).... 100 .to .Si ...
Hf Tltne?-Dl?ps Ich Onrrler Delivery Ser?
vice In Richmond (atid auburbi) and Peter?,
burt
One Week.
Dally with Sunday.Mcitiln'
Dally without Sunday.:o conti (
Sunday only. t cenu :
_ i
Entered January ISPS, a: Richmond. Vn.. j
? > ?eror.d-elan matter under act of Con
tsress of March S. 1S;9.
WKDNKSDAVi JANUARY 11. IMli
a 11\^ in tin: svi'iiuMR comtr
There is a small room In the Capitol
building nl Washington, lying halt
iVay between the representatives of the
'people oh the one hand und the repre?
sentatives ,,r I>)C States oil the other,
in that ro<un the1 ia'w Mta enthroned
fnd from the high altar there erected
justice Issues her decrees. There the;
J.aTV is supreme, and "all things in
fteavcii and earth do her homage?the
very least as feeling her care, and the
Area test as not exempted from her
gower
? Only a few months ago tne case of
Fink Franklin, a negro doomed to
Heath Iii South Carolina, was seeking
succor here, and a little while before
the sheriff of Chattanooga and his as?
sistants were here committed to lin
jpriftonrucnt for faiiinc to guatd the dig?
nity an'l respect the mandate of the
Ht'W. Here every day some plaintiff or
?th*r presents his petition for final
rScterniinatlon. Things on the earth,
things under the earth, things on Hie
?)ea snd things on dry land, the inter?
pretation of a statute, the Issuing ot
a patent, the richte of the States and
tt>e liberties of tiio hiimbiesl citizen,
the composition of whisiiey and the
purity of articles of food, the settle?
ment or a levin ot procedure or the
definition of a Tin t, here into tins
place before the bench of nine upright1
and learned men. "who are judges ,
alike of the facis and the laws." come
every year a h ?$! e>f men. whose side
jpurbotc it Is "to behold a continued
righteous administration of Justice; a
preservation ot our constitutional gov?
ernment, the fructification of all the ;
activities of our-vast country for the!
bcTfieflt of the whole people, the abiding
of tranqulllty an dhappiness in all the .
iiomrs of all our land, and the con- I
tinucU enjoyment by all our countrj - \
men of individual liberty restrained
from license and safeguarded from op
.?resil?ri.':
This was tho vision caught by chief '
I
Justice White, In his tender and e:.. .
qulslte tribute, on Monday, to the hit..:
head of the Supreme Court. Melville Wj !
1'uller. who has passed into the
ahadows. and whose "faith In the
power of good over evil: faith in the
capacity of his fcllowmeh for sell
government', faith In the wisdom of the
fMlrers of biir 'Institutions: faith, un?
shaken faith, in the efficiency of the
tiystem of constitutional government
which they established and Its ade?
quacy to protect the rights and liber
tics of the people." "will he a beacon
leading both Bench and Par !?? a per?
fect dedication of all their powers to
the complete discharge of their whole
duty."
The Supreme Coin t room is a small
space into which may be packed by
lather uhetomfortabi? crowding, prob?
ably three iiuhdred people. In form ii
is a parallelogram and it is coveted
With a celling, richly ornamented, look?
ing like the half of a great shell, or an
old-fashioned sounding-board >? in
limes yet to be seen in the' churches ot
the Colonial period, or the hall or ah
unfinished dome. At oiieshle of the room
li the bench of the judges of whom
there ate nine; tu an open space before
this tribune lire seats for ilie bur and a
htanil from which the lawyers make
?thfir addresses to the court; while
arranged around the room in seitll
clrcular rows are seats for the press
and the plain people who arc lu?
ll tested in the proceedlhg? of ihe
Into hi.- i.l.iii- liiere vvns packed mi
lorfday anil Will lie packed again to- .
ay ami lihlli \n- oust- concluded, i
KWycrs and judges and men ami wo
r another In the llfhrlhg of the great '
ase against the American' Tobacco
'??tnpany and others, for an alleged ]
lolatiou of tiie Slieriiian AhU-Trnst
'it. in establishing a monopoly in re?
train! ol trade, it is ;. most Import - '.
mi case, a?' upon it hang* the last
of the inst greiil Court "f Appeal I
m v, 1*??: in i rimpctltltih III Which
here will he lite same everlasting fTghl
.?etween the weit It and the strong
(fit ich has been going on rince the
Hariri began. The ease v.as decided I-.
the Circwit Court of the United state
lot the .Southern Dlsttdc.t of New York;
In May. 1!?08. POUr judges sal in the
i*ve. After a most exhaustive hear?
ing, the Circuit Court dl-missed Ihje
petition as Id the American Tobacco
Companv' generally speaking, but cm
Ipin'd i ei lain of the corporate del
fi-ndants. Tlirec of the Judges In the
f'iri iiit .Court concurred in Hie iudg
rr.ent .,( thai body, and one dissented,
Cross-appeals were taken, errors ?> ?
signed and tie cas< has now cotiio up
before the ('filled States Huprcini
Court. The brl'-fs that hive been sub?
mitted form a library, mid contain,
?t In assumed, nil the facts in the CttSf;
)?pon whtcii the court tvlll ha so Its
ViMiaiujJon*. TJitio brltlB a/c AUW
j belli? supplemented and reinforced by
. oral arguments of tlio lawyers on both
I sides, und liiere bus rarely appeared
; before the court a more distinguished
I array of counsel: lawyers for the Gov?
ernment, under Hie Immediate direc?
tion of Attorney-tienoral Wicltor
sltnin; lawyers for the Trust, under
the direction of that dlstiupulshcl
North Curollnnn, Colonel Puller; law?
yers from Knnluml and lawyers from
nil about whlcltlng the course of
events like hawks; steel against steel,
diamond cut diamond The Other day
there wore Wlckershnm and Mac
Reynolds for tlie Government, and
Johnson, of Philadelphia, and Horn
Mower, of New York, and Dclnnccy
Nlcoll, fresh from trampling t|)o dis?
figured remains of the Man with tlio
Big Stick in the dost in the libel case
against the New York World, and sev?
eral score of other bright-eyed fellows
waiting their turn in this or In other
case" in which there may yet he a liv?
ing for the men who do not live by
their art tii?ne; j
It was a great day, was Monday, lit I
the Supreme Court. The plain people]
on the back seals could not heur all ]
that wtis said cither by the. court or by .
the lawyers; but they caught enough
to keep their heads on edge all the j
t litte we wish tho court would require I
the lawyers not to mumble their words; |
but the acoustics of the room are very
bad and the lawyers were speaking to
the com t and not for votes. Mr. Mac- I
Reynolds spoke for the Government,
and we arc- glad that he has put Ills
case Into a brief, for wo do not think
he touched tho meat of the case except
in a few high spots, although be gave
the audience, due entertainment for
more than an hour In watching exactly
where the next question by the Court
would strike and how deep It would
go. The Court seemed to be In ex?
cellent form nnd tino humor and the
countrymen present could not conceal
their admiration at the quickness and
pertinency of the Court's catechism.
After Mr. Ma-Reynolds had finished,
Delanccy Nlcoll opened for "the'
prisoner nt the bar," so to say. and
what he had to say movCu a.one Inj
regular order, iu = t as a deep river j
moves within its banks, and with hol
sound of the shallows. We do not j
Know whether w hat ho said was good j
law or tod; that Is to he determined by J
the t'ourt. but to the plain people ovci j
in the Amen Corner It sounded as- If he:
knew what ho was ta Illing about, and
there is a great deal of virtue in that.
We do not know how the case will
t un out: the court Itself docs not yet
know. but that it will turn out
exactly as Law and Justice be?
tween man nnd man, between the
Government and the Company, having
abundant faith In the Integrity and
ability of the t'ourt. we have nm the
least douot.
The scene in the Court-room on Mon?
day would have attracted any artist
with either brush or pen?the dignity ,
of the Court, tlie splendid order of Rs I
proceedings, the tine behavior of the ?
crowded audience, the distinguished j
men who were present.- On the bench
? ere sat live .judges, holding their
commissions from President Taft, him?
self, in bis time a brilliant ornament
of the Arnerlcah bench, and four Judges
from the south, three of them Judges
by appointment of Mr. Tnft and three
Ol them belonging to the Democratic
party, and the most impressive figure
on Hie bench the Chief Justice, of the.
South by nativity, bu: of the country!
in aim and purpose.
Kelt)), tlic Chief Justice of t lie Court
of Appeals <>f Virginia, and Carler
Scott, of the Circuit Bench of Vir?
ginia, ami William II. White, a tils,
tlngtiishcd member of the bar of S'lt
giiilii, all intent upon the hearing ami
thinkiuc their own thought* ami mak?
ing up their own minds, Into them
s-e ves, about the relevancy of what the
lawyers sjahl, .ami rojolclng out
loud whenever they hail the chance,
that the Court In whose presence they
sat was the!: Court and that its .iii.lg
nionts were Just ami righteous alto
jrether. Then there ivfire other men ?f
piVto... ico In the Court?the man with
than the lion Coienitn V. BlcnSe .short?
ly lo assume his duties as Oovern'or
and Coininandei-in-Chief of the mlll
tat\ ami naval forces of the proud old
Slittt>. "! ,!" grand old State of South
Carolina, and 'there ware others,'? and
feathering of American clti
miis watting for the liist word from
the greatest Court In the world, and
joining Iii the jiroycr of Chief
.l.tistlee ..bite for "the continued en?
joyment by all our countrymen of In?
dividual liberty restrained from license,
and safeguarded from oppression.'!
si'i:\ki:ic < two's -i <imi> hack."!
it j:- n poor idle that won't work
both way.-. Tide, at any rate, appears
in have h'en the Democratic idea In
H e House on Monday when the Demo
cnitli members of that hody went hack
on t hem... Ivos in the vote on one of
Speaker Camion's rules. At ihe last
session ..r Congress there was tre?
mendous excitement about the tyranny
o| the .-pe.tker. anil upon a proposed
amendment to the House offered on
. the tloor ythe ? <|he tlon was raised
, wliethei 01 not such ?> proposition was
j oi high eon ti.tutioii.il privilege. Demo
ei'At'n In the House, with the aid 'if the
1 Insurgents, broke fee i.hcx of speaker
Caution and . ist him o ,t where there,
! was Wreping ..ml gnashing of teeth,
The Speaker i tni'- bank if. the House
on Monday, hnd made a ruling on pre
elstilj the tame question whl- h resulted
In bis downfall a limit ntx months ago,
tit id by n vote of t'. I.is ruling,
against which the House prevailed oh
the'first round, was Sustained', nearly
every Democrat iri the body voting
with tin speaker There were several
old-fashioned fellows on the Demo?
cratic side Who tl 'fd lO -leer ;i straight
touite, amopg them Ittiiicstiilatlvp
' Sims, of Tennessee, who declared thai
: ho "would rather ho ignorant ly honest
! than knowingly dishonest," but |to waa
overwhelmed silting with the rest or
the sticklers for consistency.
When Itcprcscutntlvo Miuiii, or Illi?
nois, cxchiltned to the Democrats,
"When you voted to overrule the
Speaker, you admit you engaged In
an unlawful enterprise." Mr. KK..
gcrald, of New York, replied. "It was
not unlawful; It was necessary." And
when Champ Clark, who is to he
Speaker of the next Congress, was told
that the 2tl Democrats who voted with
the Insurgents on the proposition Mon?
day would ally themselves hereafter
with the Insurgents, ho disposed of
tiie matter by saying: "Poppycock!
Kvery man voted as he pleased That
was my advice to them- Tho vote had
no significance whatever as a party
pi oposltion."
It |s a peculiarly Interesting situa?
tion, and it seems to lit in with the
declaration <>f a South Carolina states?
man sc-mo years ago who, when being
appealed to In a matter of supposed!
political Importance, observed: "A loo- |
loo hand wins only once." There is
a great deal of difference between be- !
tilg on the Inside ami being oh the out- j
side; between being responsible for -
the legislation of the country, as the
Democrats will be In the next House
of Representatives, arid being respon?
sible for the defeat of partisan meas?
ures when the Republicans were in
Control. Speaker Cannon I.? said to
have been much gratified by the re?
versal of Deriiocrnt'o Judgment upon
his ruling at tho last session of Con?
gress, and wo do not blame him. but
as th? question this time appears to
have been only n trap to 'catch the
unwary, tho Democrats do not appear
to have lost any substantial ground by
changing their minds. It was a good
political play, even If the cards were !
marked: a play for position without
much regard to the rules of the game.
We must confess that we do not
like It. It does not foimii to be states?
manlike and wo are much disturbed by
the statement of Representative Uri
derwood; of Alabama, and Representa?
tive Kitzgerald, of New York, who ad?
mitted that when the same question
came up before i he House last March
they voted against the Speaker, not?
withstanding the fact that they be?
lieved hint t'? be right In his ruling
then, u ruling which was wholly con?
sistent with all tho precedents of the
House. According to air. Underwood;
they voted against the Speaker on tho
original proposition not pceause the
speaker was wrong, hut because they
thought the time had come for a revo?
lution, in the circumstances, we are
not much surprised that Mr. Sims, of
Tennessee, and twenty-six other Demo?
crats who appear to have some con?
science left should have objected to
this sort of politics. The only man
who seems to have come out of the
scrap w'th a fair degree of satisfac?
tion Is Speaker Cannon himself. It
begins to look as If It will be neces?
sary for the Democratic House to adopt
some of the rules for the government
of that body which have enabled Can- 1
non nnd his crowd to keep the thing
going, If they really Intend to do any
serious business.
MOllGAX'S I.AST 00011 IJBEO.
Several days ago the Carnegie Trust I
Company In New York was closed by |
tlie Superintendent of Banking in that j
Slate. immediately the circulation of
alarming reports about the Instability :
of several other ilnancial Institutions !
in New York began, and there prorrt
Ised to be a little Hurry In financial
circles, which would have much lin- !
peded ilnancial operations ami have re- j
suited probably In disastrous conse- j
ouchecs but for the timely aid ren?
dered by Plerponl Morgan, who sup?
plied the necessary money lo help the
embarrassed institution, and that with
only a momentary disturbance in the
financial world. The three hanks In?
volved were kept on their feet and
the course of business is running along
smoothly and as If nothing had hap?
pened, or threatened to happen, of a
serious character.
The financier speaks o f.Mr. Morgan
as "Hie ilnancial saviour of tin-nation."
This is rather an extravagance of 1
Speech, but it affords us the oppor?
tunity of saying that. In spite of the
many severe criticisms of Ibis great
figure in the financial, commercial and
industrial world, he has done many/
good turns for the country. We re- |
gard Mr. Morgan as the j.-reatest and
best of tlie very rich men of the day. j
lie possesses tho cbnllder.ee of the
American people in a very marked
degree. lie Ik worth a urent deal of
money; he will doubtless make more
money by his action in the present
occasion; and there Is no reason why
he should not make more money; hut
It should not be forgotten, and it will
not he forgotten by those who are
sincerely concerned In the business
affairs of the country, that he has
saved the stockholders and depositors
in the throe shaky concerns in Now
York their savings and enabled them
lo go ahead with their activities with?
out serious Interruption. Thai was
worth doing, whether Morgan did it
Or somebody else; ami If Morgan had
not done It, it would not hove been
I done.
int. cook has "Comr hack."
i Thai is ft very striking letter from
.It Frederick A. Cook, the Original
Discoverer of the North Pole, to a
[friend of his in Charlotlesville, Va,
In which lie snyn; "The Polar conquest
I i?- an accomplished personal venture
I In spite of bitter campaign waged
against me I urge you to await with
patience the final judgment on ibis
problem, for in the end r'ght will pre?
vail and we. are. r.ure to win out "
tvimi ,i|.| v,e ten yon, dear 'coptem?
poraries? Have we not Insisted nil
nltjmg (liai yoji ivern wrong and that
wo were right In our approved JUtlg
[itK'nt of Lm. Cook's Immortal achieve:
I merit? We were sure lie would coino
back, a nil he has come hack; come
hack to his own dear America to light
for his rights und r?r the truth or
history.
As a lluie bit oi corroborative de
mil. the Philadelphia Inquirer prints a
tllspnieit from Holland. Michigan, whern
Royal A. Slanton. of Coblcsklll, New
Vo; it, is now a student In the Western
Theological Seminary. "Mo'ne." 0110 of
the Esquimaux who accompanied Com?
mander Poary on his trip Into the!
Arctic fourteen years ago, and who
took part In the preparations for
Peary's dash to the Pole, has written ]
to Brother Stnnton, under date of Sop- i
tember 2. 1910, from KJobenhoan, in
which he says:
"i know you will expect something
about Cook. Well. Bob. 1 hnvo gone
to the bottom or the matter, und no?
body up hen, believes that Peary got !
much farther than when he left his I
party. Ills name up here Is haled for j
his cruelty. Cook made a grout trip
north, lie ims nothing In the way >>f j
proofs hero that I ean find. I believe -
that ho went as far as any one. but
the polo Is yet to be found. Cook Is
loved by all, and every Ksklnio speaks
well of him and hopes that he had
the honor of Peary, lias he? ] will
know nil soon and will lot you know.
Como up here and l will show you
how to Und tho North Pole. I will
make you king. Then, If you want |
mo, i ?in go back to New York with
you. l will wait for 'you here, but
come bpforo I am frozen In the Igloo
with the crow's head pointing west."
It Is explained that "Mcne" accom?
panied Commander Peary on his dash j
for the Pole in 1 !?'!>. We are not in- j
cllned to accept his statement with- i
out further Investigation, which, of ?
course, we cannot hope to conduct ;
at this distance from the witness, and I
It looks very much like a clog fall, as,
according to "Mene," "the Pole Is yet
to be found,'' and when found It will
probably not be worth having, but tho
letter from Brother St an ton contrib?
utes something new to one of the most
Interesting controversies of tho day.
how to "WEAK THE ilATll.
"We knew that It would come In
time?a return to common s'n^e In tho
v. ay the women should dress th?>ii
hair. A writer In the New York Times,
whom wo assume to be Adolph S. Och?,
snyn that the largo pompndours are
utterly out. that tho hnlr should fall
low on the forohend in a soft clinging
way. that the swirl used last year Is
still used., but In a different manner,
being; now placed snugly around a con- j
tfal Psyche knot or group of curl3 In-J
stead of being swathed around tho
Whole head, that the closely swathed
head of last year becoming to only a
small number of women, and oven
when It suited, gave a very undressed
nppearance. and, finally, that the whole
tendency of this season's coining Is
toward softness and natural lines. "It
Is a blending of waves and tendrils to
display the shapeliness of the head,
and. seen at its best, It Is an Infinitely
becoming coiffure."
Of course, IC there is no natural
shapeliness of the head it Is clearly
Within the power of the woman so ills
figured by nature to make the mosti
of any artificial aid that offers: but It
Is always apt to lay her subject lo
suspicion, as having found that there
Is so much that Is false In tho make?
up of the coiffure ft need not bo won?
dered at if men and women, and par?
ticularly men, should reach the con-i
elusion that there has also boon tam?
pering with other parts of the human
form divine. As we wear neither curls
nor Psyche knots. It does not matter
in the slightest how they wear their
hair, as a wfttchrnun on the tower it
Is only our duty to tell Ihoiil what's
what.
w \h-tTmh "pTtltKs.
Tho high cost of living Ls the great
economic question In the country to?
day, but many people who passed
through the War Hotween the States
speak of war-time prices as the highest
point ever reached In tho cost of neces- 1
sities, Tli- South was blockaded; bin
the situation was different In the North.
The New York Sun has recently
shown the Northern situation?the
blighter side, It reprints the bill of
fare Issued to patrons of the Putnam
House In New York In 1868. Beef?
steaks wore to be had for 7 cents, n
porterhouse steak for 25 cents, chicken
for the same price, eggs " cents each,
coffee and enko 6 cents, oysters, any
style. 13 cents.
Contrast these low prices with the
famine prices, that prevailed In Rich
inond at the same period. Our Infor?
mation Is derived from tho Mncon Tele?
graph, which In turn gets Its Informa?
tion from a recent life of Alexander 1,1.
Stephens, Vlco-Presldent of the Con?
federacy.
"Delicately bred ladles" wer* de?
lighted to get course brogah shoes at
$100 the pair In 1808-1. Calico sold at
$10 the yard, and later at 525. As far
South ss Georgia, early in tho war,
ordinary 11*. cent muslin sold at 12.60
the yard, p.ichmond Physiotens wen
j obliged to charge $30 the visit. The
price of medicines was almost pro?
hibitive. "Throughout tho South tho
prices of all necessaries soared up?
ward." This was duo lo the deprecia?
tion of Confederate currency, the scar?
city or merchandise and food, the lack
of transportation facilities, the ever
tightening blockade.
Vlco-Presldent Stephens In IStt-l paid
in Richmond ?30 the day for meals and
la room, h'uel, lights and extras gen
erally cost hin) $.10 a day more. Think
of board In Richmond being $C0 tho
day I
In I S63, quinine sold at $100 tho
ounce. i,i April, is.fiH, at Richmond,
flour sold for $.1? tho barrel; In October
it was $7'i the barrel. A year later It
:?old In Richmond for ?275 the barrel,
in January, 1865, It was worth $700 the
barrel; on March 20 It was worth $l,r?00
the barrel. Many people "suffered for
the want of fooo and the majority
lived on short radons." In 1S?''< bacon
wn worth ?20 the pound, meal Sil')
Uis bushel. At the Oriental Restful
rant In Richmond In 1 S01 a boiled egg
cost and a cup ot I'offoo $:t and on
up the scale for meats and olhordishes,
in the meantime, Now Yorkers were
outing roast turkey at IS cents.
Kowhero lu the history of the wpiid
dl?l the people ever suitor mure Horn
the high COSl of living than here lu tho
South nonrly half a century ago. Un?
complaining, brave lo the lust, ball
starved but not subdued, they fought
until famine and death placed tho bitter
draught of- defeat to their Hps. What
know wo of this day ami time about
the nigh cost of living? What know
we of privation and suffering and
sacrifice?
II BAVE.VI.Y S KG tilt IT I KS.
Under the law of Tennessee the ad?
ministrator or administratrix of an
estate is required to give to tho clerk j
of the county court an inventory of
the estate of the deceased. It bocamo
necessary this month, therefore, for
Mrs. Cora Harris, wife of tho late
Dundy It. Harris, to make an Inven?
tory of the remaining property of her
husband, who lately committed sulclda
In a small Georgia town, worn by
years of faithful and efficient work,
his inlnd unbalanced by continued
troubles and ecclesiastical persecution.
A rare scholar, a line typo of Chris?
tian, Dr. Harris went down Into tho
chambers of death.
Tho Inventory of his estate written
by his wife has been published all over
the country. It was not Intended for
publication, It was and is tho sin?
cere, earnest tribute of an unusual
woman to "one of the sweotcst, clean?
est spirited men who ever lived."
When this "circuit rider"?for such
ho was?died, ho had $2.35 'n his purse,
file in ,-i bnnk. t?0 books, and tho I
eolith in which he was burled.
As to tho spiritual estate of this
man, his wife says:
The major part of big estate was In?
vested In heavenly securities, the j
values of which have been variously :
declared lu this world and highly
taxed by the various churches, hut
never realized.
He Invested every year not less
(usually morei than H.'-'QO lu charity,
So secretly* so inoffensively and so
honestly that he was never suspected
of being a philanthropist and never
praised lor his generosity.
lie pensioned an obi outcast woman
In Ben ton county, and an old BOldlcr
in Nashville.
He sent tuo little negro boys to
sell.od and supported for three years
it family of live which could not sup?
port Itself.
He contributed anonymously to
OViary charity In Nashville; every old
maid interested In a "benevolent ob?
ject" received his aid. Every child he
know exacted and received penny tolls
from his tenderness, lie supported the
heart of every man who contlded In
him with encouragement and affec?
tion.
lb- literally did forgive his enemies!
nn<l suffered martyrdom September i
IS, 1010, after enduring three years'
of persecution without complaint.
He considered himself one of the]
chief of sinners and-was- ever recog- j
nlzed ns one of the largest bondhold- ,
eis in heaven you con see how lnrj;o !
his estate was and how dldleult It j
would bo to compute so as to furnish I
you the Inventory you require for
record on your books.
'"if such Is the kingdom of Heaven.
A SUCCnSS OK GOVERNMENT ?
OWNERSHIP.
Vienna has furnished a striking ex?
ample of the success of government
ownership. The great Vienna tele?
phone exchange Is the source. The j
girls liiere employed are treated cour?
teously, and, though their wages are
low, the government, watches over
their health and comfort, and sells
good things to them to eat and drink!
at cost prices.
These "hello" glrl.s have to wear j j
uniform While in service, ft Is a green
dress, with gold lace on the collar. They
have soft slippers to Insure quietness.
Each Klrl serves SO subscribers, and
is allowed ninety seconds lo gel a
it um her.
The girls who work at night ar; paid
40 cents more than those who woric
In the daytime. When they get through
they are allowed four .hours' rest in
government beds, so that they may not
have to go home In the dark. Tho
beds are very comfortable, und thu
linen Is changed Just as soon ns tho
occupant has left. The bed rooms arc!
well heated?a rather unusual fact lu
Vienna. ?
For these telephone girls there Is
nlso n hospital and plenty of recrea?
tion; also a restaurant, where cof?
fee, with cream, Is sold for two
cents Hie cup. A roll hero Is worth
only half a cent, while a cup of milk
Is Just the same price.
When Mr. Rogers, the advertising
representative of Harper & Brothers,
was here tho other day, be said that
"Mary Cary" is the host seller of Hie
present year's literary output of that
publishing house, that it Is now run?
ning through Its hundredth thousand,
and Is good for n much larger run. Tho
most interesting part of Mr. Rogers's
story was that this charming story is
the work of a Richmond woman.
T?nst Sunday the Houston Post print?
ed on Its editorial page a short ser?
mon from Hie toxi, "Tho truth shall
iiinko you free," and In the next
column ibis paragraph:
"Do not forget that this beautiful
sunklsscd Sabbath morning Is tho
ninety-sixth anniversary of the great
Democratic victory old Andrew lack
son, of North Carolina, won in Now
Orleans on January s, isis."
"Old Andrew Jackson, of North Caro?
lina!" It Is seldom Unit oo infamous
n misapplication of sound Scripture
Is made even In Texas. In North Caro?
lina a statement of this sort might
have boon excused, or at lonst ex?
plained; but In Texas there wan no
reason for ll except upon the hypo?
thesis that knowledge of Hi" truth
gives the Houston paper the right to
misstate history.
COUNTESS NEMER?W
ONLY FIVE YEARS OLD
IIV I.A MAURI ISK IiII I'OXI'ilNtlV,
Litti.k nvu-yenr-old Countess Ne
nierow, whoso name appears for
tho first llino as swell in tho- Al
ninnnch de Gotha lor lSll. ro
i'?!vcii her title last year from hor|
grandfather, tlie reigning Grand nuke,
or Mecklonburg-strolR*. in order to ?
av<dd i he necessity of her ovor being
compelled i<> use the plebeian name
ot her Kreneii frith er. Her mother Is
the oldest daughter of the grand duke.'
only sister of tho Crown Princess of!
.Montenegro, and In nil unfortunate
moment, while staying in Prance with J
a chuperon. allowed herself to ho In- ,
ilUeod to wed tho good-looking George |
Jamotel, son of an apothecary or P"on-]
lalnebleau, who had made u fortuno'
by means of a patent medicine. Tlie i
marriage, which took place not In (.lor- ;
many, hut at Hew, In Knglatlil, In the j
presence of the duchess's aged gland- .
mother, the Downgor Grand Duchess
of Mecklenburg, who Is nn English !
princes:. >d the only surviving grand?
child ?: King George III., turned out!
very unhappily. .lamctcl, who. til- !
though his royal hrlde wan a Luther?
an, had considered It necessary to ob
luln from tho Vatican a title of count,I
managed to give offense, even at th? j
wedding ceremony at ICew lo Queen ,
Alexandra, and to Queen Mary, then
Princess of \ValOS, who were present, I
ami 'made so disagreeable an Impres?
sion upon his bride's royal relatives .
that, anxious as they were to please I
and help her, they wore compelled to I
hold aloof.
The couple took up their residence'
In Paris, and Count Jatnctel, finding |
that he had failed to obtain anv soolnl :
advantage by the union: that his wife's
grandfather and, after that, her father,1
a? rulers of .Mccklcnhiirg-Strolitx, de- ;
elided to bestow any princely title!
upon hi in. or lo receive him at their J
court, and that the doors of the lend- |
lug Pai ls clubs and salons remained
closed to him. commenced to neglect'
his wife. Indeed, his treatment of hoi
became such that, exactly two yearn
iigo, -lie obtained a divorce from him,
received tho custody ot the only child
of the union, a daughter of the nani"
of Marie, and returned to Germany to
live, resuming, with the consent of
her father, the title and dignity of n
royal duchess of Mocklenburg-Strolltz.
She now lives with her little daugh?
ter, who Is Countess of TS'emorow In
her own right, with the venerable
Dowager Grand Duchess of Mocklcn
burg-Strelltz, at Dresden, and .lame
to), who Is well known at Washington
and New York, 1s merely now a dis?
agreeable memory.
Queen Holen of Italv Is probably the
only feminine occupant ot a throne who
has ever accorded absolution lb n dying
person; and while there are those who
will bo disposed to question he;- ec?
clesiastical powers In the matter, ye!
there are few who will blame her when
the dramatic circumstances of the < iso
litre explained Ii ma v be recalled that
when the terrible earthquake took
place Hi Messina, King Victor Emtnnn
uol and his consort hastened to the
'. one. and wer,, umong the very firs'
to arrive. The approach to Messina
was terrible. It was not only the
.?molting ruins of the once so stately
and beautiful city, but the thousands
? if corpses Hint were floating In the
bay. and being dashed by the waves
against the shies of the ship Oil which
the King and Queen were making their
way Into port.
It Is useless to repaint hero ihn hor?
rors of tho scene and ..f the starving,
dying people In every direction. Hut
as the Queen passed through thx
streets on the water front, she found
an old. white-haired woman, who had
boon so horribly crushed an 1 burned
thai she was dying. She was filled
with terror'at the notion of parsing
Into eternity without receiving abso?
lution, and kept Imploring tiiose around
her for a priest, bcsoechlng them In
the most piteous accents to save her
from the fate that she was certain
awaited her In tlie hereafter If she
expired without receiving absolution
and pardon for her sins. While the
clergy did their duty nobly at the time
of the earthquake at Messina, as on
all analogous occasions, there was none
at that time within reich, and a lOOK
of Indescribable agony, worthy of Ilm
brush of Gustave Dore, camo over the.
face of tho old woman at the notion
that she was going down to eternal
damnation. Moved thereby. Queen
Helen threw herself on her knees and
exclaimed:
"Listen! I am tho Queen. I. the
Queen, you understand, Well, 1 ab?
solve you of all your sins, because I
am the Queen. Have you understood?;
Host In peace. You now have absolu?
tion." Uttering these words, tho Queen
placed her hand on tho head of the
dying woman, whose look Of terror
gave way to one of complete peace
and resignation, and who a moment or
two afterwards breathed her last with
a gleam of religious ecstasy In the
eyes, and that smile which has some?
times been described as "the taste of
Paradise hovering on the Hps."
There arc no people In the world to
whom the solemn words "RcqtllcScal
in puce" constitute a more hollow
mockery than to those who belong to
sovereign families. And particularly
Is this tlie rase when they have occu?
pied thrones. In the event of a revo?
lution their remains are almost cor
tain to bo disturbed and profaned; for?
tunate, Indeed, If thoy escape the fat?
of all those royal dead who were torn
front their tombs In tho Abbe)' of St.
Denis by tho mob during the Reign ol
Terror at the close of the eighteenth
century. Sometimes thoy uro disin?
terred under th.? pretext of historic
Investigation, for the mere purpose
of satisfying morbid curiosity, us was
tho case when llio unsavory King
George IV. Insisted on opening the
coilln of Charles t. at Windsor, one of
his attendants retaining a little linger
by way of a relic. In Lisbon all the
dead kings are on public view. In nlas.?
II.hied collins, nnd until the revolution
last summer the corpse of n queen who
had died near 300 years ago was pa?
raded, ulicolllncd, In solemn procession
through the streets ..?ach year, on tho
anniversary of her death." Historian]
delve Into their private lives, and, lay?
ing bare all their shortcomings, de?
stroy the kindly illusions with which
the passage of time has enveloped tllOlr
memory.
And now a now species of Inquisition
lias liven Inaugurated, namely, by phy?
sicians possessed of wealth, and with
R taste for history, who uro nblo t.i
devote (lo ir time und their knowledge
to research into the real causes of thi
death of the former kings mid queens.
'I'm re Is no monarch in French his?
tory whose career I? more, pathetic and
moro strange than that of Klnc, Charles
VI., of whom Krolssart and other con
temporary chroniclers have left such
curious records. One of the richest
?tnd most renowned physicians and
alienists In France. Dr. Dtipre, has been
delving in all this ancient and modern
literature about this King Charles,
from the point of view of the physi?
cian and of the speclallst of nerves
rnd -mental maladies, and In a moat
erudite and Interesting work Just pub?
lish-d not only clears up all the mys?
terious features of hl? maladies, ex
plaining their causes and their various
developments, but goes on to show
how, with the treatment now adopt? t
In such case*, the King could readily
have been cured.
Hut then, If tho King had been
cured, there would probably have been
no Knglish victory of Aglncotirt to
Inspire Shakespeare, nnd, nbove all,
there would havo been no Joan of Are
to become the national heroine of
Prance, and an object of such patriot?
ic enthusiasm that only ten years ago
two of the leading public men In
France fought a sanguinary dnej lu
consequence of a dispute about her
fair name.
Professor Dupro'g work, and espe?
cially Hie attention and Interest which
It lias excited, cannot fall, to enconi -
uiro oiher scientists possessed of simi?
lar iiieam and tastes to embark on
analogous researches, and the pro?,
pert of having all the- ailments from
Whlcli .th-9 monarchB of Hie Old World
have succumbed in uses past investi?
gated In Hie most inquisitorial manner
and laid bare. Tint merely in medical
works, but in tho lay press, cannot be
contemplated with either pleasure or
cntlsfactlon. Indeed, the .bad. .-spe?
cially the historic dead, should be per?
mitted lo rest In peace.
tCopyrlght, 1PI1. by the Brent woo I
Company, i
Make this Bank Your Eank
Sign your name to the list of
depositors and take a step to
assured prosperity.
State and City
OF RICHMOND.
Capital . . $1,000,000.00
Surplus . . $ 600,000.00
WM. H. PALMER, President.
JOHN S. ELLETT. Vloo-Prealdent
w.M. M. HILL, Vlce-Presldcnt.
J. w. SJNTON, Vice-President
JULIEN H HILL, Cashier.
Three per cent, per annum in?
terest allowed on Savings De?
posit?, compounded every six
months.
REPORT OF THE CONDITION OF THE
AT RICHMOND, IN THE STATE OF VIRGINIA. AT THE CTXJSE OF BUSINESS
JANUART 7TH, ?011.
IIESOI IIICKS.
Loans and illsrounts.$5,6 12,601 68
Overdrafts, secured and unsecured. 1,411
United Sluice bonds to secure circulation. 200..1 (if)
United states bonds to secure United States deposits. 15,000 on
Other bonds to secure United States deposits. 8?,)00 00
Fonds, securities, etc. 243,808 lt..
Banking house, furnnure and fixtures. 126.000 00
(tther real estate owned. "I'fi ?3
lute from national banks (not reserve agents].$369,545 69
Due from State nnd private banks und bankers, Irtisl
companies and savings banks. 606.920 05
Due from approved reserve agents. 514,480 49
Checks and other cash Heins. 2.240 01
Exchanges for clearing house. 113,782 7s
Notes of other national banks. 2fi,7?o on
Fractional paper currency, nickels and cents. 2,306 48
Lawful money reserve in bank, viz :
Specie . 115,202 50
Legal tender notes . Ml.SOU 0J
Cash and due from banks. 1,882,077 0.3
Kedemptlon fund with United Slates Treasurer (5 per cent, of circu?
lation ._iOeOOO 0/3
Total .?8,ao?,aim :ti
1.1 viiii.rrfRS.
Capltlil stock paid 111.5 200,000 00
SlirplUS fund . 750,000 00
Undivided profits, less oxpenses and tuxes paid. 225,145 no
National bank notes outstanding. 197,500 00
Due to other national hunks.$ 060,988 52
Dud to Suite and privat,, hanks and bankers. 8S9.49H 21
Due to trust companies and savings banks. 265,027 91
Due to approved reserve agents. 211.271 51
Dividends unpaid . 0.??
Individual deposits subject to check. 4,132,076 14
Demand eei'llllcalcs of deposit. 154,772 02
Cert Hied checks . iMZJ 5?
Cashier's cheeks outstanding.S2'?'; '"
United states deposits.??-.< K'lsi^Sg
Deposits of United States disbursing Ofllccrs. I...I...S S..
Dc)>osits
6,763,653 11
Deserved for Interest ._7.3.006 on
Total.?8^0<^3ll6 ?I
Slate of Virginia. Oily ..f Richmond, ss:
1, Thomas B. McAdams, Cashier of the above named bank, do solemnly swear
Hint Hie. above statement is true to iho r.csl of my knowledge and belief.
THOMAS B. Mr ADA MS, Cashier.
Correct?Attest: JOHN P. BRANCH,
THOMAS B, SCOTT.
M. C, BRANCH.
Directors.
Subscribed ami sworn to before me tills I nth day of January, 1911.
O. E. VANDEhSMCE, Notary Public
"Safest for Savings,"

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