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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, January 17, 1911, Image 4

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Bu?lne?a Offtc*.(IS E. Mate street
Couth Richmond.1103 Hull Street
Petersburg Bureau....109 K. sycamore str.o>
?<yoehbur? Bureau.?1S Eighth Street
BY M.\ It- One Six Three Ona
POSTAGE TAID. Year. Mo?. Mo?. Mo
Dally with Sunday.ft.OO s? ?? ? ?1.60 .SJ
Dally without Sunday... ?.00 !?0 1.00 .53
Sunday edition ouly. 5.00 100 .60 .?
y,'e?kly (Wednesday).... 1.00 .60 .25 ...
By Tlm?s-DIjpt\tch Carrier Delivery Ser
rlce In Richmond tend ?uburb?) and l'ciprj
burg? i
tJalljr with Sunday...
Dally without Sunday
tunday only.
One Weck. |
_14 cent* ?
....10 cents J
.... 6 crnu I
Entered January ~. 1?M. at Richmond. Va.. I
aa ?econd-elat? matter under act of Con
greta of March J. 187?.
Shall th? Constitution bis amended so
that United States Senators shall liore?
after he eleeted by direct vote of Hie
people? We hope not. The Judiciary
Committee of the Senate lias decided to
make a favorable report on the reso?
lution authorizing stich an amendment :
hilt It is predicted that the measure
will die with the present Congress and
?will have to be tnken up ngaln next
One of the provisions of the resolu?
tion which was adopted after a rathef
hard fight In the Committee directs
that "the times, places and manner ..t
holding elections shall be prescribed
in each State by the Legislature there?
of." The New York World thinks that
this provision "meets one of the most
ticrlous objections advanced against
?uch a change." bb under this provision
"frnr of Federal Interference with
Btrte elections would disappear': that
"each State would ho free to follow Its
c.wn election methods"; but how ond'
why? Each State Is not left free to
. follow Its own election methods in the
election of members of the House of
KepresentatHes: why should it be left
free in the election of Senators? There
ere now In at least one of tin- States
? of the Original Thirteen, State conimls
etloner? of election and State managers
i of election and 1'ederul commissioners
of election and Federal managers <>i
election. There are in that state
separate polling places and sepa?
rate ballots and altogether inde?
pendent machinery for the Stale and
the Federal elections, and if stich is
- the case as to the election of Iteprc
t-entativos. why should It hoi be tliti
case as to the election of Senators, and
even more so? There would be
greater reason for Federal supervision
.' and Federal direction in the election 6|
-' Senators than in the election of Uepre
Seutatlves because of the difference,
Inherent and Impossible to escape, in
list nature and essence of the oitlccs,
tlie Congressmen representing the peo?
ple and the Senators the States. The
prov(sloh recommended by the Jitidl
riary Committee that all the Senatorial
?lection machinery be turned over to
the States, whatever its Intention. Is
the merest pretence and can only have
tin effect of obscuring the real Issno
which relates to the character of the
office of Senator and the wise purpose
for which it was created by the foun?
ders of this Government; before the
I curse of pot ty spirit bad begun to' do
Its baleful work.
The question of electing Senators by
direct vole of the people Is not a new
question; but It has vexed the coun?
try for a good many years. The oh
jk ;*rt!ons to this method were very a illy
'set forth by Senator lioai1, of Mas?
sachusetts 1n orj, address to the Senate
..in 1893,''til'support of a resolution sub?
mitted by htm declaring the proposed
!'amendment to the Constitution to be
Inexpedient because such a method ol
. choosing Senators "will essentially1
? rhenge the character of the Senate as
'conceived by the Convention that
frnmcd the Constitution and the people
' who adopted It", "v. Ill transfer the
?est of political power in great Stater,
HOW distributed evenly over their ter
illory. to the great cities and masses
of population"; -will create m w ioiiip
ttitlons to fraud, corruption ami other
Illegal practices", "will absolve the
larger .-tales irom the constitutional
obligation which secures the equal
representation of all the states in the
Senate by providing that no State shall
be deprived of that equality without
ttn consent"; "will lestilt lh the over?
throw of the whole ?eben.; ,,?
dr. igncd and established |>y i
ers of the Constitution ami t
Though dead. Scnht or 11 f>u r still
? IitrtHn. The objcc'ilohi !i? nri'dc t
proposed change |n the Criiislitutlon,
?ti'I thereby in t ic rVrv nature of ti
office of Senator, hold good to-day. and
th(i uvll-ordercd government II hilft
be/rn since its foundation, <vlt Ii lim
States enjoying c'liiai representation I
In the Senate because of their State?
hood and the people of lite States firi;.
Joying i'ept* oscillation In the House "1
Jl-pi 'sentatlve - according to their nu?
merical strength. II Senators arc to
he elect eil iiy the people aid for tliej
people, population Should ho the ha-is
of"representation In the senate, :c well
sr. In '.he House. The iHghl ofiho States
lo rrpre-ent.itInn In the Senate a*- poli?
tical entitles heilig disturbed Hie
Knie.n'Jrr.ent should C" fisr 1:i*-j and pro?
vide that Stales without :< certain hum
-her of people should !?<? deprived of
representation'In the Senate, The ob?
ject In changing the method of choos?
ing Senators lr. to make tiio Senator*'
more directly representative of the
people, as they may be affi ? led by tin
changing pas-ion- of t!.' hour, and as
thai a arc no people to ?peak of In >oiua
of tin? st.-\:o?. it would bo manifestly
unfair id tho State* having the larger
populations to lie placed upon t> footing
with stich rottonboroughs ns Rhode
Island and such deserts as Nevada.
Clcarl> Montana, with less than t00,p00
population,' should not be given us
many United states Senators as New
York, with more than D.OOO.Ot'O popula?
tion. Direct elections by the people
should Imply people.
I HK KATIONAIi 1.11 M l .
"I: rippcars io nie it i.s now high Unit,
that wo du something for llie oid sol?
diery' dcelared u liberal Congressman
llie other day on the Hour of the House
speaking: In advocacy of the Sullownv
bill, which would add lust forty-llvo
million dollars to the annual pension
budget of this country. Despite tho
foot that three billion tour hundred
million dollars in pensions, and many
additional millions on extra relief
measures, huve been expended by the
Government in aid of the ok-?nloij sol-;
dlerj ihl1- buhcoinbe-speaklng member!
j of llio House boldly asserts that It Is
I about tiiiie that "ive do something for
the old soldier." It would bo interest
; lug to know what "something" Is. Yes,
I ''we" ought to do "something" to this
pension gralt: "we" ought to check the
terrible drain on the national treasury
v.hi. h this expenditure is causing, and
make the grafters who arc hiding be?
hind a fake war record come to lime.
There are few applauding echoes of
what this woubl-be spendthrift of the'
I it 1)11c money would do for tin- vctoir
nnj. How much more patriotic, how
much more honest, was the statement
of Representative Hushes, of New Jer?
sey, who said titot the forty-live mil?
lion dollars a year carried by lite Stil
loway bill "Is too big a price for the
country to pay to bring mo back to
Congress!" That hit the nail exactly
on the head. These vociferous pleaders
for pensions are heeding the threats of
the old soldier* and playing to the gal?
leries of the folks at home. No\er was
there a better manifestation of bun?
The press of the nation, how
over. Is not asleep as to the
gigantic graft which the pen?
sion system shelters. The Springfield
Republican Says: "The publication ot
the pension roll must be insisted upon,
if tin- Snllowav bill should be
? it.ii led. Quito so, but why not in?
sist on the publication of the pension
roll as it now stand?, honeycombed
witli the rankest fraud ever perpe?
trated for almost half a century upon
any free people?
The Philadelphia Record says, with
great force:
"Of course, if the Senate follows Ott
anil passes the Snllowav pension bill,
adding $45,000;000 to yearly expendi?
tures, without any provision of further
taxation to meet added charge or to
overcome existing delicti. President
Taft will have no recourse but to veto
the measure. Il will not be fair to
pliicc bint between the horns of such a
Speaker Cannon is justly reproved
by lite New York Sun, which says:
"For such a flapdoodle speech as the
lion. Joseph <:. Cannon delivered In i
favor of the Cy Snllowav 5 I ?'.<>?10, ?00 ad?
ditional pension bill?the Sneaker de?
scending from the ih.ill to the lloor of
the- House lor that discreditable pur1
post?the lion Joseph O, Cannon ought
to be ashamed of himself.'*
No one questions that there are many
meritorious appeals for further relict
from the Government, ''tit these are so
closely interwoven with fraudulent
claims that a separation of Ihc two
kinds of cases seems well-nigh Impos?
sible. Tlie maxim, "It were better that
ten guilty inen should escape than that
one innocent man should suffer." can
no: apply to the distribution of the
enormous sum proposed to be added to
the already swollen amount given- year?
ly lo ex-Union soldiers. The time to
cap a bait has come, and we mistake
greatly the rcntimcni of llie people of
the United States If they do not desire
Immediate checking of this stupendous
drain on the public treasury.
1111. (;H.\t TICK'S ItF.WAHO.
BtislneSS crooks and politicians stole
fj:,,000,000 from the State of Pennsyl?
vania during the erection and equip?
ment of the new c.pitoi at liarrlBburg,
.-even years ago.
^More l ban ?'t.Obo.OOO has been rc
covered froui these grafters and then
estates. l.veiy important man engaged
In this theft from the public purse is
in jail pr In his grave. Several no ?
tadcr being convicted and sentenced.
Their disgraced faiiiilles have been
I'strfjipeii ..f their iil-gotieii gains in
j order In bring about restitution.
i \itiiiM.ini: t \ v-iiOiKii-'.tts.
i\'?jni'jMi-olici:jO(!ii'ori(i 'l>ii)|>li .lontit re
Voits ilrii mure thnn 11 inllllon iterys
df In ml *? s ? ;< i ii- uiMitioli in South Car?
olin, I... IH--, I; l.-i noi shown on the
tas duplicates, and catmoi h<- put tliorc
until it lins be'e'li iielillltely ^located" In
particular tax districts!. PtfrSOiiH own
in;.- property !n lldjai cut school dis?
trict? often return all of it In tin- dis?
trict hiving tin- lowtlsi lax. or potto
and the fChodl districts in some of the
I counties hnvc been so Kerrjihandfjrbij
?.<? tu 'create districts of the most itb4
Mil i and inconvenient sinund, pre.
lunnahty, with 1*110 object of escaping
tax tilon. Jones will rnuko a report to
. the Legislature, now Iri session, insist?
ing that this blot oil (he 'sculchc'.oh ot
the blue ribbon tax-dodging Slate In I
ilo- South ii'e rrhipVeu> If lie sliaH'suo.r!
I reel In hi ' rntlcaVor;. tlicVo should be
j added to tip- taxable values of the
'state not jess thai) (?,0ftO,0t>0, liiiififlfl all
t he land that has been covered up and sc
[er^ted belong t? the clfisiiof land varl
out'ly described by the Columbia State
worth anywhr i r fr?n) $.ri to $"oo lue
; iere -is warn it canbo found mid got
on the tax books, and (300 when any
one Wants to buy It .or the owner
wi-lo !? to borrow money op It from
nine trusting but bloated bank pres?
.1 ones' ??: in favor of having an fleeu
Jrate Httrvcj of ;.l! district lino, made.
I to that ilm Umt can be cu ighl. and
! vvlillt! he Is about II ho should go a'
stop further and have a commission
appointed'to report to the noxl session
>>r tlio Ooncral Assembly the tux-dodg?
ing extraordinary thai the land-owners
in Sooth Carolina hi\vo been doing all'
ilio.se years, without anybody to mo?
tet tlioin or in ihr them nfrnId, while j
thev have been "raising Cain" in the|
meanwhile about the fearful wicked-1
ne.ss of the bunks and railroads and
other undesirable citi'/.ens In hiding out !
i heir plitnder. In this light, of course.'
the i'01111111.ia State will bail. It knows;
v. here there ate thousands of acres that I
fare rot tinted tor taxation now. and
have been ?n returned for years, at
j loss than a llftb of their market and
I actual money-making value, and with
these thousands of acres ns a starter.
..loins and the .State would be able to
kindle such n lire under the land ink
i dodgers as would greatly enrich the
State and lighten somewhat the bur-J
I den of those who have been carrying a
largo )>art of the load for year.;; not I
tli.it they are more holiest than their I
land-owning neighbors, but that tliey
halves not been able to hide what they |
have so well.
There was a great dinner at the
Lotos Cluii in New York Saturday night
at which Governor Dlx war the guest
of honor, lie snt on the right of the ;
President of the Club and Henry L. '
Stlmson sat on the left. It Is re- j
ported by The Sun that "the good feel- J
ing and amiability of the dinner were |
further enhanced by the friendliness!
manifested by Mr. Pis toward Mr. !
St I his on and by Mr. Stlmson toward
Mr Dlx. While tho courses were on
the Governor and the ninti who had
been his unsuccessful opponent were
b ailing toward each other and mak?
ing Jokes across President Lawrence's
shirt front." Thst must have been an
inspiring sight, to be sure, and wo are
glad that Hollo Ogdon an 1 Don Scltz
and Sain I'litermyer were there to sco
President Lawrence was very happy,
if a bit sarcastic. In presenting tho
Governor to his assorted audience; but
the Governor was equal to the occa?
sion and said a good many things that
should have been said, and when Sir. I
Stlmson spoke there was much ap?
plause and repeated laughter at Hie
points he made. Ills concluding words
were particularly fine: "Criticism you
are bound to get, sir (addressing the
Governor directly); but I am glad to
say that so fur as I am concerned that
criticism win always be measured by
my sense of fairness and by my per?
sonal regard for you." That was Hue, |
very tino. and "when the Governor I
arose and indicated that he wanted to
siiakc hands, the two stood for a few
seconds with hnnds gripped while the
Lotos folk cheered wildly." Of course
they did: that wns the psychological
moment for cheering, and they met the
moment like men.
Wo are delighted that Dlx will tit
last have the support of stlmson, or at
lenst that hereafter Stlnison's criti?
cism of Dix will be measured by a
sense of fairness We wish that had
always been the ease, during the cam?
paign in which they were opponents
as well as after the conto.-; was over.
Wo do not wish to thresh over any old
straw; but simply for tin- purpose of
keeping the record straight We would
refer to some of the Incidents of the
late unpleasantness In New Vork. If
our memory is not at fault. Mr. Stlm?
son made certain statements about Mr.
Dix in his speeches which rcllected not
only upon Dix's integrity of character
but upon bis litness for the ofllce of
Governor of New York. So far as we
know, Mr. Stlmson did not withdraw
Iii? accusations when he was informed
of their injustice. It really looks as If
he should have sold something like
this to the Lotos Club Saturday night:
"During the recent campaign in this
State 1 made some statements about
my opponent in the race for Gover?
nor, who is your honored guest to?
night, which I have since found to
have been Incorrect. I wish to say
here and now that, having round that
I was mistaken, I seize this oppor?
tunity to express my' regret for my
misrepresentations of him, because I
would have it clearly understood that
my criticism will always be measured
by my sense of fairness which my per?
sonal regard for Governor Dl\ would
liever permit me to wilfully abuse."
But it Is nil right; if Governor Dlx
i willing to shake hands with him
and make jokes with him over Prcsi
'li in I .a u i cure's shirt front we hayfc
liol the least objection; ho' we should
like to know exactly where the line
should be drawn In political discus?
sions. We do not understand really
why there should not be "party rivalry
of high achievement rather than party
rivalry or pottlnoss and dishonor," in
tin- language of Mr. Stlmson lit tho
Lotos flub dinner, during a political
campaign as well as after. Possibly
Mr. lion Sells and Dr. Holl ) Ogdon and
Lawyer Samuel ijntcrmycr call ex?
plain; but, as we were saying, If Gov
I crnor Dlx did not object to shaking
I hands with Mr. Stlmson It Is not our
business to object.
Congressman Macoh, of Arkansas,
who has been making tho light against
the promotion of Commander Peary to
I he rank of near-Admiral and the in?
crease of lib: pay. has explained that
tiie favorable report of the Mouse Com.
tnlttee op Naval Affairs, which provider
tor the promotion of Peary t<> ihn rank
of Rear.Admiral and to pay him rfs.ono
? er, was obtained by snap Judgment,
I he re being only ten of tho nineteen
member? of the committee present
when the favorable report was agreed
.i and even then the vote stood
nine :>, ope In favor of the measure.
"In other words.-' nald Mr. Macon,
-.ehe:, he was 111 Philadelphia the other
?lay, "but nine of the nineteen metn
; bers voted io nut the iitamp of recog
' iililou upon Peary's oxi)lt?J.t. Tin-ra la
no reason why Congress; should place
Hie slump of legitimacy upon his al?
leged discovery. l?cnry admitted bo
foro Hie conunittCC tliltL Ills compass
was pointing to tin- magnetic pole
which Is 1,200 miles away from I ho
supposed location ot the North Pole.
Ho also admitted that he tool; no
longitudinal observations during the
last 300 miles of .his Journey."
We suppose that Mr. Mucon has no
.?pedal grudge again-I Cominuiulor
I'cary, hut that he simply wishes Unit
he shall not receive high honors- anil
increased pay for the achievement of a
feat which It Is by no means certain
he accomplished. According to the
Coast and Geodetic survey at Wash?
ington, Commander Peary, i>y his own
observations, missed the Polo by one
mile and six-tenths. That was near
enough for all practical purposes, but
as no practical purposes were Involved
or secured. 30 far us the Government
which Commander Peary represented
h is beeil informell, there does not seem |
10 he any reason why Commander
Peary should he mado a Itcur-Admiral,
ami certainly there is lib reason why
he should be paid a salary of 18,01)11
tlic year so long as he shall live for
doing something which he did- not ,|o.
Many a game has been lo^t by a nar?
rower margin than Commander Peary's
failure to reach the Pole und Hie games
which have been lost In this way havo
not been counted for the persons who
lost them. Wo believe with Admiral
Schlcy that both Pear) and \>v. Cook
reached the Pole, or as near the Pole j
as anybody would cue to get.
a scaxda1, ix Till: navy.
Admiral Barry has asked for Imme?
diate retirement from ihu Navy, and
the newspaper* are tilled with all sorts
of vague reports about the reasons
which have led to this result. One ot
the reports in the New York World Is
that the officers of his flagship, the
West Virginia, waited upon him in a
body and demanded that lie get out Of I
the service or that he meet the Charges
that would be preferred against him.
that it was suggested that a loaded
revolver be. scut to him with the sinis?
ter Implication Which It would carry,
and that tho ofllccri have sent a report
t-' the authorities at Washington set?
ting forth the charges against him, al?
though this paper was to be kept Untier
I61 k and key contingent upon ills'resig?
No suggestion has been made in the
newspapers carrying the story as to
the nature of the Charge? against him,
although It Is said that he denies Hint
there Is any foundation in fact r,u
them. It is certain that he has naked
for retirement; hut it Is hoped that ho
will withdraw his request and stand 01
fall after a fair trial. If l.e have been
guilty of conduct unbecoming- tho ser?
vice In- should not be placed on the re?
tired list, hut be punished for what?
ever offence he has committed and bo
dismissed from the Navy. The retired
list should bo a list of honor. Besides.
Admiral Harry lias nothing to gain by
retirement; his only chance is in meet?
ing his accusers face to face-, come
what may. Better tills than to suitor
the disgrace which has already been
fastened upon him by the newspapers.
Tin; nocTHiM-: ok skhvicr.
When .lames I. Houghtellng, who
died recently at his home In Chicago,
v. as a student at Yale University, "lie
was a man of society, a man of busi?
ness, a man of the world"; but the
Waterhury American says that he de?
voted a large part of his life, after he
had finished his University course, to
the promotion of the .St. Andrew's
Brotherhood of t|le Episcopal Church,
of which hr- was the founder, and
through this Order "lie found time and
opportunity In tho midst of a busy life
to extend the kingdom of God in a
practical way." Reflecting upon the
lesson of this man's life, our Connecti?
cut 0.111 temporary discourses upon the
Men's Church Club as a means of vital?
izing their interest In religion.-: matters,
of making them "feel that the Church
is in some part their own": that "it
arouses a certain feeling of obligation
to take part In regular Church activi?
ties, ami to give to the Church some
of their time and thought." This Is tho
seas.>n In Waterhury when the Church
Club for men is very active, and It Is
the same way in Richmond, It Is con?
stantly holding meetings, having din?
ners, listening to lectures and plan?
ning for new methods by which It can
be of service in the most Important
Wtfrk that can engage the' attention of
men as responsible members of society. I
There Is no cant In this sort of work.
The members of these clubs do not
stand on the street corners and thank
God thai they are bettor than anybody
else; bul. taking a wholly practical
view of tlio u.u-ld about them and with
vvh'cli they conto In ccntact all tlm
time, they act upon tlm conclusion that
they can serve the slate best by mak?
ing the Church 11 living part of tho
generation In which they live.
In bis matriculation address at tho
opening of Yale University In October,
I the Rev. Anson Plielps Stokes. Jr., sec?
retary and spiritual advisor, or ehap
laln, of the University, discussed Ser
? vice as 'the dominant purpose of edu?
cation, service being, as he expressed
1 It, "the highest goal and the only
satisfying one" of the well ordered col?
lege. As Rr. Iladlev. the President of
V.ib University, onco expressed* '1. life
should bo a measure to be tilled, uol a
[ . up to lie drained, and It was With this
idea in mind that Mr. Stokes com?
mended to the students of Vale Hie
preparation of themselves for honor?
able and useful lives by making them?
selves nt for substantial service to the
country and to society after tliolr col?
lege course has been run. The making
.-f friendships during their University
? our e should not be the main goal.
Tin rc Is ?'great dea.l in Ibis, ot eottrs?.
but the thinking son*, the gaming
1.table, good fellowship, all pleasant
I enough in tkvlu wui'. is not. Uto.cuU-and
nlm of Intellectual existence. Know
led go also Is one of tlic goals of educa
IIoji. As Mr, Stokes suld. 'ilko friend?
ship, It Is a means, not an end," anil
Ihprc Is breadth of view and lucrcaso
of power, both of which uro well
.oigh In their way. but "tho man of
broad culture who docs not yearn to
help his fellows usually becomes a dil?
ettante, while the large-minded citi?
zen, dominated by tin- .service Ideal,
makes of his breadth a power for rlght
. COUsness"; and tho only Increase of
{power thai come to the college bred
tean worth possessing Is the power for
good and not the power for evil, und
the larger ability and larger earning
power obtained from a university
course "will he lime and money thrown
! away unless power Is dominated by an
! altruistic Ideal ,"
"The true goal of student life Is prep?
aration for service.fills alone." as
! Mr. Stokes sold, "g-tiarantoes that col?
legiate privileger. will he turned to
good account. Friendship. Knowledge,
Breadth and Power are good by-pro?
ducts, but the thing towards which this
University strains every nerve Is to lit
each of yon for a life of vital helpful?
ness." In order that the University
student may be of most value to his
fellows and of most satisfaction lo
himself, he must cultivate a true sense
of proportion. lie cannot Indulgo In
tho sensual pleasure of the moment
without living to regret, with all othe*
decent men. the sin 'committed. lie
cannot neglect bis studies without real?
izing In time that he has thrown away
1:1 a chance to make himself fit for life's
work, lie cannot resort to unworthy
practices for securing- temporary popu?
larity without running tho r'.sk of los?
ing the respect of his classmates. He
must follow right standards which will
enable him to shun the evil and uphold
tit" good, or he will find In t'me that
any wrong senso of proportion in His
college days will nmkc him a failure
In the larger work of real life
Mr. Stokes commended to the stu?
dents of Yalo religion as th? Inspiration
to servlco?not mere creeds or church
organizations, but the realization of
"the life of bod In the soul of man."
Cultivating religion and laying hold of
the "Christian's birthright of spiritual
kinship to the Eternal Hod." they
would find the ultimate goal In life to
bo to give. not. to get. Religion, as Mr.
Stokes argued, helps towards servlc
mainly in two ways?first, "by making
you plan your character from an eter
nol rather than a temporal stand?
point." and. second, "by holding up tho
objective standard of Jesus Christ."
The true test of good citizenship and
pood living 1? service. That Is what
the church clubs which are now so ac?
tive In Richmond, as well as In W.ttcr
bitry, Connecticut, are trying to etc
courage?the working side, not the
preaching side, except as work '"'!
preaching. It Is service, not ceremony.
Tills Is the complexion to which all re?
ligious work must come at last.
Last month 13S.SS3 pr:r?ons in London
wero receiving relief from the Poor
Fund In that town. This number was
".ftfto less than the number dependent
upon charity In London last Dccomber. |
The number of those calling for relief
steadily Increased from irtnO up to lOOD.
but during the last two years the con?
ditions have been Improved, and there
are fewer people now out of employ?
ment than for nearly ten years. Last
month In London I he number of de?
pendents upon the Belief Fund was
only about 1,00ft less than the entire,
population nf the city of Rich?
mond. Stated In this way, the figures
are appalling, but stated in another
way they do not make quite so bad an
Impression, as according to the census
of 100! the population of London was
6,581,372^ or three times the popula?
tion nf the entire Slate of Virginia.
James A. Iloyt, editor of the Colum?
bia Becord. has been electc-1 Clerk of
Die South Carolina House of Repre?
sentatives, which goes to show that
there is one political body In this coun?
try at least which knows a good thing
when it sees it.
Ezra Prentice has determined In quit
being chairman of the Republican State
Committee of now York, and will turn
over the effects of his office next Satur?
day. Ho didn't want the place when
lie go! It, and lie had a hard tlmo with
It: but he stuck to the Job until ho
paid all the debts of the Committee, and
wishes now lo go hack to work and
make n living. We wish he would tell
us before he steps down and out how
II was he made up his wonderful auto
electlon predictions.
'?Abraham Lincoln Lodge" was the
headline that caught our eye yester?
day in the Providence Journal At firm
we thought It referred to Henry Cabot
Lodge, but. ?f course. It did not. In
hin distrust .of the people, on I in pas
sablo chasm yawns between Lodge and
Lincoln, tho friend of the plain people.
A very good story was told the other
nlBht, it doesn't mattor where or by
whom, of what Chief Justice White,
of the United States Supreme. Court, In
conversation with one of his friends
and admirers about tho Incidents or
the Monday when a small company of
men from Richmond nppeurcd In that
Court, the most Impressive figure
among them being Thief Justice Keith.
i.f the Virginia Supremo Court of Ap?
peals. When he was told that Judge
Keith bad been In Court, the Chief Jus?
tice remarked something like this:
Keith should have been on this Court;
this would have been the plr.ee for
him. _ _
This is the greatest day In the life
of tho Hon. Coleman Lallapaloosa
Blcase, who will take the oath as Gov?
ernor of the grand old State of South
Carolina at Columbia. For his own
sake, as well /is Cor U"* sake of the
Conimoiiwru'thv It'' K ,sb;eei ely hoped
that lie wHUi/luttf? s^cttaOul adinin
I and College Inn
' Clark at Randolph, Chicago
HICAGO'S Newest.
most beautiful and
most conveniently located
Hotel and Restaurant.
757 ,Rooms, every one
with bath. Distilled ice
water in every room.
Large Convention and
Banquet Halls on second
floor. Moderate prices.
i Open to Guests Jan. 23d
Daily Queries and Answers
Address ull communications for this column to Query Editor,
Times-Dispatch. No mathematical problems will be solved, no
coins or stamps vulued und no dealers' names ttIII bo ftlven.
I'm Dllivol?.
A friend contends thai. E*ra Dlavolo,
the title churaeter In the opera of that
name was a man In real life. Is he
right? Who wua the author of tho
opera, and when was It written? Who
was DIuVolO? '/..
Tho opera was written by Aubor In
1830, but the- libretto was by Scribe,
Krti Dlavolo was tho uobrhiuet of
Michel Voxzo, a Culabriun insurgent,
lie was born In lTOS. llo became tho,
head of a band of robbers in Calabria, 1
and in IT'j'.i was the leader who heuded
a counter-revolution In favor of tho
Bourbons In Naples. Because of hta
part In this movement ho was par?
doned lor all the crimes charged
against him and was given a pension.
He thereafter lived In pcaco until ISO?!,
whin ho again entered tho Hold In
favor of tho expelled Bourbons, threw
open till the prisons and forced tho
prisoners to tight with him against the
Bonapartlsts. He was captured by the
Bonapartlste, tried, condemned and
hanged In Naples, Tho opera was In?
spired by this individual, but nothing
of the true character of the brlganftl
appears in the opera.
Are persons who live beyond the
limits of a city or town in which there
Is a free library entitled to draw books
from that library? X.
That rests with the trustees or ?II
rcctors of tin: library. If you have any
p?rticUlar library In inlud, address Hie
librarian for Information.
What Is the origin of "bloody-' as]
applied to Englishmen? W. j
It Is a vu|gar Intensive used In it J
variety of ways by London roughs.;
Doctor Murray in his dictionary holdsI
that tltero Is good reason to hellovo]
that It was at tlrs.t a reference to the;
bat,If r.f the "bloods" or aristocratic!
row.lies of the end of the seventeenth I
century and those of the beginning of;
the eighteenth. "Blood-.- drunk'' must
have originally meant as "drunk as a'
blood." Then tho adjective was ex
icudud to kindred expressions.
.Honey on Pledge*.
How fur back does thu system of
leinltnK money on pledges go In Ills
History lias It that tho Itoinun Ltu
pcrors wero money lenders, und that
m 1?,I3 depots called ".Monti dl plela"
wero first Instituted'n Home by churl
table persons who wished to rescue
tho poor and needy from usurious
money lenders. They advanced small
Bums of money on the security of
pu tlgefc, at a rate of interest barely
sufficient to cover the expenses of tlm
institution. Subsequently the name and
system were Introduced In Trance and
.Spul n.
nlnt'overlng Nationality.
It lias been told mo that there la
a rule by which an observant person
con tell tho nationality of peoplo by
tho way they enter u hotel. What la
It? XZ.
It Is a saying on the continent of
Europa that when a man and woman
enter a hotel together they are French;
when the man comes In llrst and the
woman follows, tho couple are English,
nnd when the woman bustles In. fol?
lowed by the man. they are Ameri?
Gopher* mid Mole*.
What In the best way to keep
gophers and moles out r.f a garden?
Special poisons and particular traps
??. obtained from seed dealers.
Jack London's Address.
Whore does Jack London live?
(Renn Etlch, California.
Is there any kind of perfume that
fascinates perrons and causes tliem to
approach those who use it? E. C.
Thin department does not know ol
such a perfume.
WIM Li-: objections may bo en?
tertained to welcoming King
Potor at foreign courts,
owing i? Ho- tragic circum?
stances connected with his acquisition
of tin thron.; of Sorvla an<l his persis?
tent refusal to Inflict any kind of pun
Ishmt hi upon tin; assassins of his 111
lated predecessor, there Is one capital,
at tiny rate, where he Is sure of a
friendly retjt ptlon, namely, Paris, where
he is to pay a state visit on Febru?
ary 30, remaining a week.
For Frenchmen cannot forget that he
Is a graduate of St. Cyr. where he was
a clussmntc of Generals i>odd?, lia
gron. Privat, dlrardel, etc.: that he was
also graduated from the staff college,
und that when the war of \n~.n broki
out he. although he was graduated as
an ofllecr, enlisted In the foreign legion
as a. private, ami received a commission
as lieutenant for conspicuous gallantry
under fire. Ho took part in all the
operations of the army of the Loire,
in all its battles and minor engage,
mcnts, ami afterward joined the statt
of General BoUrbnklh, commanding the
army of tho East.
Before the war was brought to a
close he was decorated oti the battle
lleld with the cross of the Legion ot
Honor, which he still wears to-duy. In
preference to lite grand cordon of the
same order, which lias been bestowed
..'poii him since becoming K lug of Scr
Oho of the features of his stay In
Paris will be the dinner given in bis
honor at the .Military Club, by all tho
ofllcers of his class at St. Cyr. where
be went by the nickname of "Kara,'
an abbreviation of his patronymic,
No Heir to Menxles Haronetev.
Although the late Sir Neil Men
K|os; who died so suddenly in Paris the
other day of pneumonia, leaves no
heir to his baronetcy created by Ising
Charles II. shortly after his restora?
tion, yet he is succeeded in the chief?
tainship of the great Scotch clan ot
Menzlcs by Frederick W. Monzles, a
lieutenant of tin- Second lleglrnenl ot
Life Guards, and who was married just
a year ago to .Miss Hetllo Davenport,
daughter of the late .lohn Davenport,
of New York, and granddaughter ol
Gouverneur Morris.
The origin of the clan of Mctizlos
dates back to the times <?f King Mal?
colm III., surnaincd the Great Head,
who reigned over Scotland at the be?
ginning of the eleventh century. Sir
ltdbcrt Menzlcs was lord high chamber?
lain of .Scotland, under Alexander 111.,
and the Monzles family still hold chat?
tel;; of lands granted to (hem by
Hubert T? In 1329; and by DaVtd II..
in i::ao.
Alexander Menzlcs, of Castle Men?
zles, was croated a baronet by Charles
II. This dignity become;; extinct
through the death of Sir Noll, who
recently sold his estate of Foss, lu
Perthshire, to Sir Michael Nairn, pro?
prietor of tin. great floorcloth manu?
factory of Klrcaldy, and already owner
of Lord Itosslyn's ancestral home.
Uysnri House, in Perthshire.
Sir Nell, who served In tho Scots
Guards throughout the Sudan cam?
paign, figured In tin- divorce proceed?
ings between Lord and Lady Stair, and
eventually married I lie countess, to
whom It Is understood that ho has
bequeathed Castle Menzlcs, as well as
bis great wealth and his remaining
estates. It is a grand old place, dating
from l'.7t\ and standing on the north
bank or tho Itlver Tay.
Created n Hrironet at Five Years.
Sir Coleridge. Konnnrd, whoso en?
gagement has been announced from lOur
I opo to the only daughter of Sir
George itan-iay, the British Minister
Plenipotentiary at Teheran, and of his
American wife, who was Miss Beatrix
Chapman, daughter ?' 'ho late Henry
fl. Chapman, of New York, served for
:? time as subaltern in the Grenadier
Guards before Joining iho diplomatic
service, and enjoys the unique ex?
perience of having been created a
baronet at the early ago of live.
ilis grandfather', the lato Coleridge
,1. Kennard, of Fernhill, near South?
ampton, was for n number of years it
member of Parliament for Salisbury
one of the leading bankers of Lour
bard Street. London, and one of.the
aUuuacs.LuunI niuaL giutuous.. suvugtU*
eis of tho Conservative cause. It was
in recognition thereof thut ho whs
nominated for a baronetcy. Hut bofbro
tin- patent could bo made out, he died
stiddenly, and us bis oldest son had
predeceased him. the baronetcy w?a
bestowed upon his five-year-old grftlVd
Son. At tile sanio time Queen Victo?
ria conferred tho title and prece?
dence of tho wife of a baronet upon the
old banker's: widow.
Sir Coleridge, before being assigned
10 the British legation at Teheran,
was attached to the embassy at Home.
He was the corespondent in the di?
vorce suit brought by Captain James
Francis B?ckloy, of castle cordon.
Carmarthenshire, against his wife, and
11 was wldi the object of breaking off
bis Inf n tu.at I on for the lady In the
case, who Is some ten years his senior,
thai In- was sent out to Persia.
Apparently, the eure hon been suc
c< i l For Instead of marrying Mrs,
Buckley, now that she is free, he is
marrying .Miss Barclay; the daughter
of his official chief, and who. through
her mother, is half American.
Nevv Chief of Corbet Family.
Sir Poland Corbet, who, through the
death of his father, Sir Walter Cor?
bet, RURcQcd8 to the family baronetcy
and extensive estates. Is the new chief
of otic of the very few families thut
can Imast of sin unbroken descent In
the ill reel male Uno from Hoger de
i oil,ct. who accompanied William the
Cdnqueror to England In lO'JC. receiv?
ing extensive lands in Shropshire, His
elder brother, Hugh, succeeded to the
'family estates In Normandy, while
another brother, Reginald, accom?
panied Hugh. Count dn St. Paul, to
the Holy Land In the first crusade;
and founded the Do Corbet family of
Fhiutlcrs, of Belgium.
The family motto for all theso thou?
sand ynars has been "Denn Paselt Cbr
\ os." which means. "G'pd feeds the
Corbnts" --that is. the ravens, and a
rsiven also llgures on the shield.
The iinccstral castle of the family,
known a?t Morton Corbet, was de?
stroyed by lire 111 the Civil War be?
tween King Charles und Ills Parlia?
ment, end never having been rebuilt, re?
mains ;i beautiful ruin. Another house,
jicwevcr, was built on the estate, which
Is now known as Acton Reynold, near
Sb row s bury.
(Copyright, 1911, by the Brontwood
Make lliis Bank Your Bank
Sign your name lo the list ol
depositors and take a step to
assured prosperity.
State and City
Capital . . $1,000,000.00
Surplus . . $ 600,000.00
WM. H. PALMER, President. ,
JOHN S. ELLETT, VI co-President.
WM. M. HILL, Vlce-Presiaont.
J. W. SINTON. Vlco-Prcsldent,
Three- per cent, per annum in?
tercst allowed on Savings De?
posits, compounded every six

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