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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, January 24, 1911, Image 4

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Buslneta Office.91? B. Main Street
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~" i r ;:si >.\v."iani'aky 2-L 1911.
\ MO.VTIi IN li.UI.nOA? I'A'SMMiS.
The hearing before the Interstate j
Commerce Commission on the freight j
rate question has been closed and the j
railroads are going on with their busl- (
news, in a way, t.t a steadily Increasing i
loss, while the authorities at Wash
Ington are pottering with their bust- |
ness. The prescht controversy has ex?
tended over a period of eight months.
Etid the reports which have been tiled
with the interstate Commerce Coninilsf
Eton show that there has been a steady!
decrease, tailing the country over, in 1
tlie net revenues of the transportation j
lines. The falling'oft in net earnings]
during the "month of November aggro-j
gated 510,4SS.?SG, or 11.02 per cent,
nr- compared with November or
tho previous year. The gross earn?
ings increased during tpls period
5000,511", and although these earn?
ings were somewhat larger than in
November, 1909, the gain In gross earn?
ings was the smallest of any mouth of
tho new fiscal year. These figures are
taken from a careful compilation made
by the New York Commercial and
financial Chronicle from the reports
tiled with the Commission at Washing?
ton and cover nearly the full railroad
mileage of the country, or 237,596
miles, and the returns from 7S0 roads.
In l?oo. the cross earnings of those
roads aggregated $215,051.263, ami Iii
1910, $24 6.650,774: In 1909 the operat?
ing expenses of those roads nmounted I
to ?151,S72,342i and in 1910 to ?1?3.-1
860.7.'l9. There was an IncrcHSC, as the
official figures show, of $999.511 In the
gross earnings of these roads and an
Increase of ?11,4SS,397 in their operat?
ing expenses. Taking the railroads by
groups, 'he official figures show thai in
Groups J and >'., Including 155 roads In
the Southern territory, the gross earn?
ings during the month of November,
1901?, wi re $29,i60;lUS. ami during, the
month of November, 1910, $ttl,l22>369;
ftn im rease in pros:} earnings of $1,
6'>2,2;il. i> tiring this month the net
earnings ..f the railroads in these'
groups amounted, in ir?n0, to $11,14$,
017. and. in 1!)10, to S1 CS 1 o.s.'.l, a tle
ci.a.-e of $3S7,166 in the net oiltilings)
during 'his single month. - i
During '.tie month of November ot
tie.' current year the total expenses ot
Ho- Atlantic Coast Line weUc $ 1,742,,Vj;t,
us com pared with $1,553,392 In the
month of November, l p or*. The net
earnings of this system in November
of -he current year were SI,144,373, as
compared with $1,192,9SS during mo
month of November last year. 'liie
taxes o:" the Atlantic Coast Line In
November this year and last were S'.'.,,
500 during the month of November;
In -lie case of the Chesapeake ami
Ohio RariVoad the earnings in Novem?
ber of'the present year nmounted to
$2,131,910, as compared with $2-,I7S.4:!!i
In November last year. The passenger
earnings in November this year amount.
tri to $403,229, as compared with ?::s j,
030 in November last year. The total
earnings of this road in Novembei bl
the present year were $2,639,073, its
compared with $2,657,437 last year.
The expenses of maintaining the right
of way and Structure In November ln<s
year were $301?,427, as compared with
$266,17". last year. The expenses of
maintaining the equipment of the road
were $502,135 this year, as compared
with $525,618 last ye;'/. The total ex?
penses of tho Chesapeake ami Ohio in
November this year amounted to $lj
693.374; as compared with $1,575,111
last year. The taxes for November o4
the current year amounted to $76,750, hg
compared with $67,500 In November
last year, and the net earnings i iv
November this year were $865,400, as
against 5J,010,760 last year.
The Norfolk and Western road
earned in November Mil'- year from
freight, $2,553,896, as ctjunptired with
$2,500,064 last year; from passengers,
131S,'185, as compared with $301,604
lest year, making the total gros- earn?
ings in November this year $.2,967,714,
as compared with $2,996,353 in No?
vember last year. The maintenance
expenses In November this year for
jvay and struct tire were $310,855; as
compared with $:{0S.S"S in November
last year. The equipment expenses in
Nov. mber this year were $613.160, com?
pared witii $470,847 last year. The
total expenses for November tins Vent
W' ie $1,046,81)4, as compared with $],
69.6,1513 last year. 'J'he. net ,eartilugs
for November this year were $1,021'
ft;> compared with $).,2d3,539 in No?
vember last year. The' taxes of ;|,e
Norfolk and Western for November
this year were $93,000. as compared
with $84,000 last year, and the final
net earnings for November this year
were $926,376, as compared With j i ,
208,862 in November last year.
We know that statistics are very
dull reading, but these figures art!
pli'iin and so eloquent 'that limy should
command the attention of all 11,.. >?
who are In favor of lair (day in dis?
tributing tho burdens of government.
Manifestly, .the railroads cannot main
udu D-.iuuaul.YLa iVlth .thu JjU-adj,. faliJpj:
l oft of ten million dollars or so In their j
n-i earnings In tlie course of a month.
j The bankers of New York held their!
i fifteenth annual dinner Monday night
? la<t wee'k, at which the principal I
speaker was former Governor Frank ss. j
Black, who urged upon his distln-,
| gulshed audience the folly of the;
[course they have been pursuing In at-1
tempting by silence and inaction to
(heel tMo demagogue in his work of,
misinforming I lie public for the pur?
pose of- keeping himself in place w e
thjiik this was a very proper criticism; i
The pe.bp.le are honest, but the people,
iitusl he Informed and those who are
Jepending in a large measure for the
success of^ iheir business enterprises
must lake the people into their con-|
lldehce if they would be saved front t
the disaster which constantly Springs J
from a misled electorate; The present
campaign against the railroads has
been fomented by those who are in?
terested for selfish reasons in keeping
the rates down in order that they |
themselves might fatten at the expense
of the transportation Interests. The
chief actors in this ilcht against an in- j
crease of freight rates have' not been
the people themselves, bill the com?
binations of meat packers- and produce
handlers who have made it cheaper toi
die Utah to live in this country; rite
raiiroads are not responsible for the
high cost ?'f living, surely, because the
railroads are doing business to-day at
the rates which have been in existence
for twenty or twenty-five years. It is
tibi so with the shippers and tile pack?
ers and the people who ate crying out
against such an increase of freight
rates as would enable the railroads 6i
the country to do business at a fair
profit without increasing the burdens
of the people.
b?ke Lea Is thirty-two years of age
lie Is a lawyer- by profession and a
newspaper man by choice, being the
publisher of the Nashville Tenncssceau,
Carniack's papor,*which recently swal?
lowed the Nashville American. lie
was educated at the University of the
South at Sewanee and at Columbia
University, New York, lie belongs lb
one of the oldest families in Tennes?
see and has money. lie is a Prohi?
bitionist and ? .Democrat, and took an
active part In the light against Gover?
nor Patterson, and through his paper
con t nib tiled t? t he downfall of mat
inlghty force in Tennessee politics ami
to ttio disruption of the old-line party
in -that State and the sticccss of the
coalition between the Independent
Democrats and the Republicans in ihtj
recent State election and the success Of
llooper, the Republican candidate for
Yesterday, Mr. Lea was elected
United States Senator from fenncssce
by CS votes on joint ballot, beating
lieu ton McM'lllin by twenty votes and
having two more votes than were
necessary to his - election. ? Ehloe, the;
Fusionist candidate, got out of the
?way, General Luke Wright Wouldn't
comb In, and Fnr/.ler got scared before
the race was called. Mc.Milltn stuck to
his guns to the last and went down
With his face to the toe and his heart;
in the right place. Nobody 'knows, ot
course, what sort of Senator Mr. Lea
will make; but he has ambition, intel?
ligence, character and the enthusiasm
of youth, and although lie is lacking
In legislative ami office-holding experi?
ence, we are looking towards him with
confidence that ho will make good.
The ghost of Car mack walked again!
in Tennessee yesterday.
John Temple Graves makes a Rood,
point in a rocent utterance about
Champ Clark, saying, "His unanimous j
noihinaiioii on the first ballot to the
Spe?kership by his party recalls the
j fact that the party caucus balloted
for a week before they could harmonize
' on Charles E. Crisp, the last Demo?
cratic Speaker, and this united Con?
gressional following is a vast advan?
j So it is. The Democratic House that
! was one- divided against itself was
' reunited and it shall stand. In the pre?
liminary discussions there may be
sparks ot" discord, but when the great
issues and the Important acts are
forged there will be harmony, complete
and victorious,
All .-ort- of Merles are being told
about Mr Norton, the President's
Secretary, who, it is said, will throw!
j up his job tu return to business on j
his own account. A Washington leitet
to the Ncv York Globe says that
Hitchcock ami A Id rich havo made if '
vi t i
so bot tor him that the .White House.
can't hold hint, although in the next,
breath n>.-' nance is given that "(bet
President and Mr. Norton are entirely,
trie ml I.e." etc., etc. One of the storiea
Is that Norton urged (he Administ ra?
tion last foil to gbl rid of Abl'rlch,
Camion and Ra Hi tiger, that Hitchcock
lias had his knife out for Norton, thai j
aecietarj .M' Veat;,'i has been, afraid'
, that Norton was plot ting lor bis port'
; folio, thai Norton lias been rattier soft
im the so-called Progressive movement.
I Ueeii ?'tllt:. of .,11 sorts of other high
I crimes ami misdemeanors, ami that ho
I has actually given offence by assuring
j an Iowa politician, who was seeking
to nidkc h'a> with Iiis constituents; that
j..- Coilid Mel what he wanted in the
ivay of patronage.
Ordinarily) we shoul.i say that hang?
ing would be too good for Norton; but
as Im? is such a nice fellow , wc* Would
suggest that he be punished by the
President keeping him wife re he is.
That would be making his punishment
lit ins crime. Ihn crime ,,f being de?
cent and self-respecting and thought-,
fnl of the Interests of the Adminis
I rat ion rather than of the gang.thai
I? trying to get things'out of the Ad
iniptsirntton for Its own ben eilt, du?
ihlng at least.can be .said fot* Norf on ?
'arid no bettor thing could bo said
I about anybody, in hia ,?lut,c~ha hi
faithful to his chief, and. Mr. Taft nm>? j
believe us or nol. a.s he plotiso, thai]
is something worth considering in I ho
That was an admirable address made
by Professor Vates Snov.den, of the]
University of South Carolina, at "tho
celebration of l^ee's Birthday in
Chat-lesion last week. It. was not do- j
voted to an account of General Bee's I
achievements as a soldier or of his j
life iis a citizen: b.ul dealt largely with!
tin- tributes of various writers to Mm
ami the opinions of the military ex?
perts of other countries as io his
qualities of leadership. Professor
Snow d> ii spoke of the lack of a true
biography of General Bee, and I obi I
of tiie number of books that have been ?
written about him. hut he believed J
lhal the definitive life of the great Coii- j
r--derate Soldier was yet to be written.
:nd that it would he written In time
by that accomplished scholar and gal
Inn! soldler, Captain W, Gordon Nlc
Cabe, of Richmond, to whom the let?
ters of General Bee have been turned
>vrr. ami to Captain McCobe, as Pro- j
Tessor SrioWden said, the South Is look- j
Itig for a complete biography of the |
'rreat Commander.
The lion. William .Tcnnings Bryan
haying written to Rditor Gonzales, of
the Columbia state, that a party plat- j
'orm is binding upon the members of i
'.lie party, Bailey, of the Houston IVs'-!
a ho docs not like Mr. Bryan, although !
tlie great leader of the Democratic !
hosts has bought a plantation In '
Texas, asks this somewhat embarrass?
ing question: "Is tho platform written
by a convention more binding than are
the nominations made by a party upon
the participants in the primary elec?
tion".'" But why bring up that Dahlmann
business all the time? Are we never
to hear the last of Mr. Bryan's
trilling defection In the recent cam?
paign? Once before, we believe, during
his earlier career in politics, Mr. Bryan !
did not feel that he was bound by the
wishes of his parly, hut that Is hoi
reason why the other members of his
party should not stick to the party
through thick ami thin when?the
parly Is with Mr. Bryan.
To the editor of The Titncs-Dlspatch: |
Sir: On reading your editorial in The
Times-Dispatch this morning on tue]
vote of Senator Boss, of Kansas, which t
prevented the removal of Mr. Andrew
Johnson from his position as Preside til
of the United States, an event, which
most probably would have been fol?
lowed by Imnllscntion and disfranchise- j
iiient, and many-other attendant evils!
in the South, I can but wonder? what
would have been the result hud the
Senator from Kansas been in closet
totich with the people in his -State;
had he have been, for instance, elect,*!,
by the people, as is now proposed to
lie done, instead of by the Legislature.
It seems to inc that the situation
then wits saved by the wisdom of the
Cramers of our Constitution which pro?
vider! the Senate a.s a check and safe?
guard fur the rights of tho minority
against, the unjust, and sometimes
frenzied, demands of (he majority, in
times of popular excitement; and thai
we in tin: South, who are in tin
minority, should hesitate long bet?re
we give our consent to the proposed
amendment to the Constitution of the.
1,'uitcd States, by which it is proposed
to "popularize" the Senate.
ill l.l, CA BT Kit.
Richmond., January J3.
Mr. Canter has given the case ot
Senator Boss, of Kansas, precisely the
right application, and the more it is
pondered the more It will Impress
thoughtful people with the danger
which now menaces tlie security of the
States and the rights of the.minority.
Senator Carter, of Montana, matte a
stirring speech in the Senate last'
Saturday in opposition to the resolution i
providing for tin- election of United
States Senators by popular vote, in j
which lu- warned the Senate against I
the adoption of the resolution on the;
ground that it would give limited Na?
tional sanction to the dlsf ranch isement
of the negroes in the Southern States,
and. therefore, to the permanent sup?
pression of more than a million votes
at elections to choose Senators. If this
were all. we should welcome the adop?
tion of the resolution and the proposed
amendment of the Constitution; but
the objection to the amendment is tar
deeper than the race ami color of any
of the people in this country, as it
would destroy the very theory of our
Government which Is, In fact, a govern?
ment of the minority and of tlie States
as political entitles.
The proposed change in the method
of electing Senators, as Senator Hoar,
of Massachusetts, pointed out In ins
great argument nearly eighteen years
ago is a change in principle and es?
sence of the most vital character, and
will lead, logically, to other chaur.es
equally \ltnl ami essential. Mr, Hoar
was hold enough and frank enough to
say io the American people that "It is
(iahgerous to trust any groat power of
government io their direct or incon?
siderate control." ami it was James
Madison, of Virginia, who said in his
lime, and when lie was the acknowl?
edged advocate of the rights of thO
people, that "although every Athenian
citizen might lie a Socrates, every!
Athenian assembly would still be a;
'flic i'oust 1! ut ion w.'.s adopted by the
people fit a time when they were com
pel led "lo deliberation, to sober
thought, to delegated power, to action
through selected ngencles and instru?
mentalities, to thinking twice before
acting once." The Idea of the Fathers
was to-secure a dual legislative assem?
bly, so that "every act of the legisla?
ture wc.s to be twice considered ami
have the approbation ot\ two different,
separate houses"; so that these two
houses would have a different con?
stituency, and every proposed law
would have to run "tho gauntlet ot
i wo diverse Interests and lie judged
from at least two points Of view"; so
that rite Senate would represent "the
equality of the Slates." "the otic nrlh-j
clplci" as Mr. Hour, auid, ".which would j
never-hove .been y fehl cd by a mujorlty
of the States when* (be Constitution
was made; und which has been made
eternal as far as posslblo by the pro
vision Hi alt it shall n?>t lie clmngoU
without tllb consent of every State-*';
and, finally, so that (lie Senate would
"represent deliberation In the expres- !
slon of the popular will by the length
of the term of office of Senators and
by Its removal from the direct popular
vote in lhe method of . hoiec."
These are the principles upon which
the Senate was established and they
are the principles which cannot beaban-j
doned without peril to the cbuTilry and
irreparable Injury to the interests ot
the people and the Integrity of the
Stales. Under the terms ?f the amend?
ment as proposed In the resolution now
before the Senate, according to Sehn->
lor Carter, it would not be Impossible]
for the Stales to elect one person fori
ten terms in the Senate at one tlmo j
or ten persons for one term, and "with
power to elect Senators of the United
States for an Indefinite number or
terms at one time, the way would, be
made clear for the passage of lnllHihed
passion, partisanship or sectionalism
from one generation to another. It
will, of course, be contended,'' said
Senator farter, "that no State wotna
pass a law authorizing- the things sug?
gested, to which I reply, no State
should be invested with power (o enact
sucli a law."
The Senate as it stands has rehdoled
the country good service. It has not
always yielded to the passions of thoj
hour. It has geneTaTIy proceeded with
deliberation in Rio settlement..of great
luesttons. it has not followed blindly
the counsels of the hustln.gs.-i and it
should stand as It is tor' the sake" of
the people and the perpetuity of our
Wi It. Holt, tho English reporter,
who made a record-breaking trip to
America for the London Dally Mall
.iust before Christmas, has been tell?
ing the readers of his paper a great
many interesting things that he saw I
and heard in this New World, lie Is,
Inclined to u6ast h little bit about hin
performance', and declares that he beat
the world's record, taking his expedi?
tion altogether. 11" has written in
an Interesting way about the cocktails
Ijio met and tho reporters and the taxi
cabs and the bootblacks and the states?
men of this country. II" was particu?
larly impressed with his brief view of j
President Taft, whom ho found "a tall,
straight, stalwart dragoon, dressed in!
a beautifully cut morning suit"; a re?
production of "Aline." with "a clear
eye, a transparent complexion and a
drooping yellow mustache. Ills laugh
is the jollicst thing I heard in Amer?
ica." says Mr. Ilo'.t. Soldiers. 1 am
told, assert that the laugh finishes at
his n*dse and that there is no merriment
ill his eyes.' Unhappily, 1 did not hear
or that until 1 had left his room and
the detail, if It be true, escaped tue."
It takes an Englishman to find out j
these things about Mr.* Taft, bill Mr.
Holt declares that he saw "throe dif?
ferent Mr. Taft? within twelve min?
utes," which was "going some," as the
American slang has It
Wo have always thought that there j
was something of a twinkle In the1
President's eyes when he laughed, but
it does not "matter really whether he]
laughs with his eyes or laughs with j
his mouth. lie has managed to im?
press the American .people with his
good nature; and ii must be said that
there have been times since lie succeed
ed to the Presidency when there was !
nothing to laugh at.
Perhaps the cost of living is rather
high, but there is consolation and com?
fort in the thought that more dia?
monds arc being imported Into tins
country than ever before. Three years
ago the value of diamonds coming Into
this country annually was $17,000,600!
two years ago. it was ">1*9,000,000, last
year it was *MS;060,000, near three tune? j
the value of the importations three
years ago. The diamond trade is not
stiff ering.
This Is cheerful news, for the dia?
mond la really a democratic gem, bo
cause It is within the reach ot all ?
who have the price. The clubmen and
the barkeeper, the debutante ami thy
servant girl, all are entitled to wear
It thrills one with a sense uf con?
tentment and w.inntb to think that the
diamond trade is not decreasing. it
should make everybody feel prosperous
to reflect "ii such an optimistic fact,
though to handle such a ge"!n would
make the majority of us puss into
"error," as they say in Christian
Pilgh .1.. of ihr- Washington bench,
has handed down a decision that where
l be plaintiff, ,-, young man. having been
In love with the defendants a young
woman, gives her a diamond ling worth
$_'00. and then changes his mind as
wishing to marry her, the plain!lit j
cannot recover the ring. In Hie judg?
ment it was said: "The young woman
still bus the ring. It is hers. She
will keep it, if she so desires, forever,'
Tliis is most unjust. After" having
expended a small fortune In theatre
tickets, bonbons', carriages, laxiciibs,
(lowers, new novels, dinners and sim?
ilar follies, the young man cannot re?
cover the only thing of value that he
can get bach. The gift of the ring is
simply livery of seisin of the person 61
the potential husband, and It Is in?
equitable for the woman to take the
twig and not gel the tree. She ought
to have both the ring and Ihn man. or
neither. The ease Is Interesting. Sup?
pose lhe ring were, as has been the
ease, borrowed, to be returned after
marriage. Suppose the ring were
brass, and not gold; glass, and not dia?
mond, would the woman have an fiction
for deceit?
However, the day of cuual rights for
both sexes comes, apace. Then, in those
[rood days to conic of Justice, equality
and fraternity, the man giving tho ring
shall receive In return a dinmond scarf
pin. equivalent In value to the ring.
Kqual rights means equal jewelry.
Baltimore would like to have the
Democratic parly hold Its Presidential
Convention there, and some of its
enterprising men have, gone to work
to get It. Norman .K. Mack, Chairman
of the National Committee, lias told
the Baltimore News how to go. about
It The Committee will meet in Wash?
ington or somo other city next. De?
cember, or possibly not before Janu?
ary next year, to select tlie place, and
tlie selection is usually made upon tho
representations of delegations from
chambers of commerce or other re?
sponsible bodies as to the entertain?
ment that will bo provided. The last
Convention was held at Denver "for
various reasons," but chlelly because
"Ms committee made the best fight
for It in tho first place and offered
the Committee for expenses more
money than any of the others, tho
amount being, if 1 remember correctly,
That looks like a good deal of
money; but Denver did not lose any?
thing by putting It up, however much
the party may have lost by holding
the convention there. If the Conven?
tion cannot be held In Richmond, we,
of course, do not know of a better
place for it to meet than Baltimore;
and Baltimore can afford to put up as
much for It as any other place. Be?
sides being on the border line of tho
two great sections of our country and
thorough-going In Its politics as It is
In its business, a hotbed, so to say,
of the true'Jeffersonian Democracy and
the city In which the first Democratic
Candida to for President was nominated,
there Is every roason in good politics
why the next Convention should bo
held there.
CIIAl'TK.n FtltST.
Women will soon take their first
step in dressing llkn men. They are
to have pockets which will no', be
hidden under several layers of petti?
coats? a pocket accessible without re?
treating from sight.
Jt is announced by fashion arbiters
that the pocket is to coiho Into fashion.
Hereafter, when a woman gets on a
pa y - ?s-y du - enter car ."he can got
change out of a pocket In plain sight
on the front of her waist and will not
have to delve through the trunk-IIKe
contents of the small dress suit shop.
Ping bag she carries around with hvr.
Instead of keeping Impatient met: out
itv the rain until site produces the coin
which lets her get by, getting oh the
car will be one continuous sweet song.
\? e agree with the. Nashville i cn
ncssenu that "it is a sign or tho
triumph of stiff raget tism when .woman
banishes the handbag and puts her
change and her handkerchief out writer's
they can be reached without extensive
Bm?v? ipntion is in sight. The lirst
chapter In that interesting work, 'jjust
1-lkc a Man,'' has been written.
One of lite three college newspaper
exchanges we receive Is "The Cadet,"
Issued by the corps of the Virginia
Military Institute. It is an excellent
publication, especially when It is re?
membered that the life of a cadet la
mostly work; there is little time for
him to give to student activities of any
sort. The Cornell man who wanted co
get out of Ills examinations because
lie had work to do on the college paper
would walk a thorny path at V. M. I.
The Cadet covers its whole field well;
it has crisp athletic news, good reports
of all the meetings, locals, and alumni
personals, pertinent editorials, interest?
ing clippings, and is ably managed on
its business side. It is a credit to "the
The legal profession is gaining new
representatives in the United States
Senate. Johnson of Maine, McLean ot
Connecticut, l'omereno of Ohio. Kern
uf Indiana, and Works of California
arc members of the bar. There may be
more in the near future.
The New Haven Register has a very
't-lear idea about the newspapers and
the politician-. It says: "No public
man should coddle the newspapers, for
they are quick to detect his Insin?
cerity, and It would do him no good, j
But if he is wholly at odds with them,
the chances are stronger that he Is
wrong than they areflu* bearings
of these observations lies In their ap?
plication." as Captain Bunsby would
say, to tho somewhat nauseous situ?
ation in one of our tributary States.
Governor Foss, of Massachusetts,
made a tip-roaring campaign against
Cahot Lodge, arid was inclined to
withhold his .signature from Mr.
Lodge's certificate of election because
of alleged Irregularities In his elec?
tion: but he lias been advised by the
Attorney-General of tlie Commonwealth
that he "cannot, as Governor, consti?
tutionally Interfere witli the legisla?
tive department, cither a.s a body or a
collection of individuals." and that,
therefore, he has no power to act In
tho case as Governor. This murft be
a great disappointment to Governor
Foss, but it Is what might have been
expected. The pink tea situation that
t lie Governor predicted when he
promised to split the welkin In Massa?
chusetts- against Mr. I.odgo .Iocs not
appear to have worked out as the Gov?
ernor Intended.
"There .ire few men in Houston,"
says the Post of that city', "who have
worn their overcoats more than seven
times this winter." While tlie Texas
Legislature is in session an act should
he passed requiring the pawnbrokers
of Houston to have more regard to
the weather. In periods of intense
cold, no man should he deprived of his
top coat, even for tlte sake of bus?
- ?wl^^B?and Colle?e in ~s m
ftvl|:S^^^^^S' Chicago's Newest, most beau
fewS^^ra^^B tiful and most conveniently located
Nff4||i^^M%^4^^^| *~*?t<?' anc* Restaurant. 757 rooms,
l^l^^^^^^^^^^^l every one with bath. Distilled ice J$||
water in every room* Larse A/
?/i^ft^^^i?^^&ffi? Convention and Banquet Halls on Jpg?
$^^'^?B^i^^^^^ second floor. /Moderate prices. x.<J|p^
"~Now Open to Guests ^0^'
I Daily Queries and Answers
Address all communications for this column to Query Editor,
Times-Dispatch. No mathematical problems will be solved, no
j coins or stamps valued and no dealers' names will be given.
i i?- ?
EtrtiHcnn VuncHi
Whnt iiro the "Etruscan vases"?
Where were they discovered, itnd by
whom made? SUBSCRIBER;
They worn found in tombs In Etru
rlaj which was lite ancient kingdom of
Italy. It is admitted that will? few
exceptions these vases are Grecian,
both in design and workmanship; They
tire elegant in form and enriched with
bands of beautiful foliage and other
ornaments of a highly artistic char?
acter. One class has black llgurea
and ornaments on a red ground, the
natural color of the clay, while an?
other has ligures of the natural color
und the ground painted black. Tho
lirst belongs to ai dato about 000 B. C.,
while the latter is a century later.
The Fez.
What Is the origin of the fez. tho
rimless red felt cap worn by tho mem?
bers of the association known as
Shrlncrs? X.
A writer on Turkish dress and cus?
toms has It that "the fez is worn by all
classes in the Turkish empire and even
beyond Its limits. It is said to derive
its name from the African city of Fez.
In the Levant it Is more commonly
known under the modern designation
of 'tarbosh.' While the fez is now
distinctively Turkish, its use is by no
means ancient among the Ottomans
li is said that tt was introduced to
Turkish use by Sultan Malunud 11..
who adopted It from the tlrceks."
Electric Lighting.
When was I' discovered that elee
trlcltv could bo used f?: IkghtltiK or
Illuminating purposes, aiol by whom
"and where was It first used'.'
The possibility of using electricity
for Illuminating purposes was first
brought to public notice by Greener
and Stalte in lSt6. and for two years
1 "or Sta'te and Petrlc devised appti
rntus for regulating the electrlo
light. But previous to that, in 1S10,
Sir Humphry Davy, at the Royal in?
stitute In London, England, demon?
strated that when a continuous cur?
rent from a battery of 2.00'} celli was
broken a bright light appeared. Jules
Duboscu exhibited a practical electric;
lamp at. the Paris exhibition in 1855,
and this lamp was used by Professor
Tyndall at the Royal Institution, Lon?
don, for Illustrating lectures ott light
and color.
lias the Protestant Bible been re?
vised In the last 100 years? R. '
In 1570 the house of convocation
proposed a revision of the Bible, and,
step'* were Immediately taken to that,
end. In 1881 a revised New Testa-,
merit was Issued, and the revised Old]
Testament followed In 18S5.
Mutton Picture!.
Were any motion pictures taken off
Colonel Roosevelt while he was ort
his hunting trip In Africa?
A U. C.
There have boon such pictures
thrown upon the canvas. They weri
annoutp*ed as pictures of the hunter
Ott his famous trip.
I' I " B.
Where can 1 find an authentic ac?
count of the flag that floated over Fort
McHcnry, and which inspired Francis
Scott Key to write "The Star-SpanKlcd
Banner"? W*.
In a volume on flags, written by
Commodore Picble, of the United stales
N a v y.
\ on niitl Mr.
Which Is correct: "The automobil?
chauffeur will call for you and 1" or
"for vou and me?" GRAMMAR.
The latter.
ADV MEUX'S will, and tue dlsp?
slllon ot the great furtum- of
this very we?thy and eccentric
ivomori, who. prior to her mar?
riage, was a music hail an<l vaudeville
actress, continues to form a fa'v?rlt?
topic for discussion in English socictyj
which had kept Its 'lours to a groat
extent closed against her. For this
she rendered her dead husband's kins?
man, Lord Essex, and his American
wife, formerly Miss Adele Beach Grant,
of. New York, largely responsible. Blip
had looked to them to promote her
social aspirations, and in those days
had Intimated to them that they would
be her principal heirs. But they failed
to fulfil her expectations, and, cutting
thc'rii off with a relatively small
legacy, she explains in her will that
It Is because they failed to treat her
with proper consideration. The most
extraordinary bequest, however, is
thai of an annuity of $1,000 a year to
Cicely Gordon, the now twelve-year
old daughter of Lady Grnnvlllc Gor?
don, and the question of whose par?
entage, formed some seven or eight
years ago the subject of one of the
most sensational causes celehres in
England, culminating in an announce?
ment in the Official Gazette, by the
Lord Chamberlain, that he had re?
ceived the commands of the litte King
to cancel Lady Grahvllle Gordon's
presentation at court, thereby exclud?
ing her therefrom, and holding her up
to pUblic obloquy as an object of so?
cial ostracism.
Lady Granvillo Gordon, who now
makes her homo In tho South of France
witir her daughter, is an American wo?
man, and hails from Chicago, where she
lived at Highland Bark as Margaret
Humble, daughter of the late William
Turner Humide, and married as her
tirst. husband Frederick B- Close, a
wealthy American, from Minnesota,
whose brothers, William and .lames B.
Close, still live in Chicago. Her hus?
band was killed while polo playing,
and left his considerable fortune to
his widow. Site went to' England, was
presented as an American widow tit
court in London in 1891, and three
years later married Christian Fred?
erick Gordon, son of that Colonel Gor?
don who was for so many years comp?
troller of the household of Prince and
Princess Christian.
During her. marriage to Christian
Frederick Gordon, better known by
his nickname of ??Eric," he gave birth
id a daughter, who received the name
of Cicely Margot- Three years hater,
that |s to say, in 1902, her husband
was compelled by his relatives to sue
for a divorce from her, owing to the
fact that she was living openly with
his cousin, Lord Granvillo Gordon, who
was named ns co-respondent. Thero
was no defense, arid the custody of
the child was awarded to the petition?
ing husband. Mrs. Gordqn, however,
refused absolutely to surrender the
child. Matters dragged on and on.
The decree was made absolute, and
Mrs. Gordon married the co-respond?
ent, the late Lord Granvillo Gordon.
Filially, Erl? Gordon, forced once
more by his relatives, took proceedings
to enforce the surrender of the child,
in accordance with the terms of the
decree of divorce. Lady Granvillo Gor?
don, instead of giving up the child,
went Into court, and not only swore that
Cicely was the offspring of Lord Gran?
villo Gordon, Instead of her former
husband, Eric Gordon, but even pro?
claimed that she hod been intimate
with Grahvllle while still Mrs. Close,
and before she had married Eric. Site
added that Eric Gordon had{ known
throughout her second marriage of her i
intimacy with Lord "Grannie" Gor?
don; and had offered no objection
thereto, giving as a reason that he was j
penniless, while she had a lnrgo in
come in her own right, Inherited part?
ly from her father and partly from
her American husband, Frederick B.
Close. It was following this evidence,
virtually confirmed by Lord Granville
Gordon, that King Edward caused the
issue of the public announcement of
the cancellation of her presentation.
The trial culminated in an order by
the presiding judge that llltle Cicely
Gordon should at onco he given into
the custody of Eric Gordon's parents,
since both Lord nnd Lady Granvillo
Gordon, no matter what their relation?
ship (o the. child, bad shown them?
selves, by their own confession, to bo
altogether unlit to be intrusted with
the bringing up of a little girl. Lady
Granvillo Gordon, In lieu of obeying
the order of the court nnd giving up
iior daughter, dlsgulsod the latter aa
a boy by cutting off her hair atV/4
dressing her in masculine habiliments,
managing in this way to escape with
tier to Prance, despite tho watch kept
on her movements by actectlvea. As
there is no extradition for such cases
as these, Lady Granville Gordon has
been able cvor slnco to live in Vranee
without being disturbed by tho British
author I Una. But thero is it warrant
out for her arrest in England, which
would be put Into execution the very
. moment of her rotting foot on British
] soli, or even on a British ship; while
|ber daughter would be taken from her
if .-die ventured Into England before
attaining her majority,
j Lord Granville Gordon died in tin
' summer of 1007, very suddenly and
i unexpectedly, on board a liner In the
' Mediterranean, and when his will was
I admitted to probate it was found that
j be bad bequeathed all his property,
I amounting ti> some f SO,000, represent?
ing about $2,500 a year, to little Cicely
Gordon, his child in reality, though
u<>?. in point of law. If be left hla
money to her, rather than to his widow,
it is becau.se the latter is rich, where?
as the child has nothing.
Lady Granville Gordon came to this
country In the summer of 1009 with
her little daughter, arriving here ?Mi
August -'1, to spend a couple of
months with some friends in New
York, who had a summer home on
the St. Lawrence, and shortly after?
wards there was a rumor of her en?
gagement to a well known and wealthy,
Now York man, somewhat younger
than herself, who would have beconio
her fourth husband. But I cannot find
any record that this fourth marriage
of hers toed', place, and tlie works of
reference! and standard "Peerages"?for
the current year, in dealing witli the
family of the Maretuis of IJuntley, tu
which Lord Granville Gordon belonged,
Still print her name as his widow, ami
make no mention e>f any further mat?
rimonial alliance.
Lady Meux'S bequest of an annuity,
to little Cicely Gordon was not
prompted by any friendship for Lord
or Lady Granville Gordon, but was
purely an act of sympathy for the
i child. She did not know the Gordons
at all, but was lirst of all moved by
the maternal affection of Lady (Iran-,
ville Gordon, who preferred to lay
bare her shame rather than to give
up her little girl, and then, too, she
could not help feeling sorry for Cicely
Gordon, who, by reason of the pub?
licity given to the proceedings on tha
subject, of her custody, was destined
to go through life, with the stigma of
11 legitimacy. The bequest of the annuity
of $1.000 to the child Is contained in a
coellcil, dated shortly after tho trial,
and differing from most of the other
provisions of Lady Meux's will, has
never undergono any repeal or modi?
Lady Mctix. in spite of her terrible
vulgarity, was a very warm-hearted
woman, quick to generous Impulses, of
which many instances oould bo related.
1 recall one in particular where a,
man had been unjustly convicted by
the Hertfordshire magistrates of somo
trifling offense or other, and had been
.subjected to an unusually harsh sen?
tence. His fate excited a good deal
i of sympathy among his humbler
neighbors, and Lady Mcux was moved
thereby to espouse his cause so ac?
tively that she not only obtained a
remission of his sentence, but when
ho was released fetchetl bjm herself,
in a carriage and four from the jail
and took him to her country place.
Theobalds Park, wlrere ho found all
his friends and neighbors assembled
by her to welcome hiin.. Naturally, this
elld not endear her to the county fami?
lies and magnates, nor promote her
social ambitions, of which she made a
sacrifice here as on other occasions
to her impulsive generosity? and warm?
(Copyright, 1011, by the Brentwood
j Company.)
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