Newspaper Page Text
SsutUnets Offlco.?is E. Main Stre?! South K'chaiond.1103 Mull Street Petersburg Bur?au....lC) N. 6ycai>?f>ro gtr?:.>? ILynchburg Bureau.215 Eighth Street BY MAIL.. One Six Three One POSTAGE PAID. Tecr. Mos. Mo?. Mo j Dally with Sunday.$6.00 tS.OO ?1.60 .hi Daily without Sunday... 4.00 200 1.00 -S3 Sunday edition only. 2.00 1 00 .60 .2J i [Weekly (Wednesday).... 1.00 M .25 ... By Tlmes-Dlspatch Carrier Delivery Ser? vice In Richmond land suburbs) and P*?ter?- ( fcurg? One Week. Dally ^:th Sunday.14 cents JDally without Sunday.10 cents \ Eur.day only.6 cents j ?? i i Entere? .Tsnusry 27. 1S03. at Richmond. Va.. j r.s second-class matter under act of Cob press of March S. 1S7S. FRIDAY. .1 AN Ail Y 27. I I'll. WHEN BOOKER Ol MM) W I TH THEOOOltEc Booker Washington has been contri? buting ? chapters From Sly Experience*'j to The World's Work Maga/mc. The n'ftji of the series is printed in the February number <?f that publication, and in it Washington tells why he has never held or sought a Government job. He docs not like politics: he does not believe there is anything in politics for the men ot Iiis race; that "in the' long run they can earn more money and be of more service to the com? munity Hi almost any other position than that of an employe* or oslice hold? er under the Government." The most interesting t-ilng in this account of Washington's acquaintance and long association with ItoQseveJt relates to the dinner he took with Roosevelt at the White Mouse in the fall of 19.01- All sorts of Etories have been told about this affair?how Wash? ington went to tlic White House to j confer with the President about certain i matters In which they were mutually Interested: how it happened that just at. the time of his visit, und before ? they had finished their conference, luncheon was announced, and how in fin Impulsive way the Presidooi invited him to come to luncheon with him so thajt they might finish their conversa? tion at the table, and how Washing? ton, not thinking of lite embarrassment that the incident might cattse to his j great and good friend, accepted the ; invitation and broke bread with the \ President, and how Washington bad ! main times regretted his part in this ! little domestic affair. This is :he story I t:.;-.: has been generally accepted as a true account of the incident; but in his contribution to The World's Work, AVashington for the first Ihne breaks his silence upon the subject and tells ihr true story of ihe. affair which caus? ed meat excitement throughout this country nearly ten years ago. In ihe fall of 1901, while Washington was making a tour of Mississippi; be received word that Roosevelt would like :o have a conference wi>h him. as c-oon as It was convenient, concerning some important matters. lie doubted seriously whether or not he should take on other responsibilities In addi? tion to those lie was already bearing, but, after considering the'matter care? fully, and with the hope that such new responsibilities as he might be asked to assume, would "bring new oppor? tunities for usefulness" to nia race, he concluded thai it was his duty to visit Washington for the conference which Roosevelt requested. Washington's own story continues: as follows: '?Immediately after liitlshing my work in Mississippi. I wen: to Wash? ington, 'm'' arrived there in the after? noon ''ami* Went to the rouse of ;t friend, Mr. WhitefJeld McKinliiy, with whom I expected to stop during my stay in Washington. This trip u> Washington nrlngs mo to a matter which 1 have hitherto constantly re? fused to discuss in print or in public, though I have had a great many re? quests to do s.o. ?t the time 1 did not care to add fuel to the controversy it aroused, and I speak of <t how only because it seems to me that an expla? nation will show the Incident in its true lif,'ht and in Its proptr propor? tions, j ' When ! reached Mr. McKInlay's house. I found mi invitation from Provi? dent. RooSevcIt unking mc to dine with him nf the White lioiiKe thai eveulng nt el^lH o'clock. At the hour ap? pointed I went to the White House and dined with the Pres'dorit and members of his family and a gentle? man from Colorado." This clears tip the Situation com? pletely. Washington did put regard xhf invitation of the President as lead? ing tho way 'in bringing about tho social intermingling of the two races." .He i.t "sure that nothing was farther! from the- President's n.ind than this.! certainly" iL was not in my mind.''. Yet, j r.f. Washington had taken tea with Queen victoria at Windsor Castle, had I dined with t/;o Governors of nearly every State In the North', had dined In the same room with president Mc? Kinley, at the: i'eace Jubilee Dinner Iii Chicago, bad dined with cix-President Ifarri.sor, in Paris, and with many other prominent men. he iogardr..-i the public! interest aroused by this dinl.jg with Roosevelt "all the; mere extraordinary and uncalled tor/' lie respects tho prejudice- of the South and he trie;, to regard them In his conduct, and all that. He; writes in a very Tr*nk and open way his views upon this sub? ject, but the meat of tj-.c fifth chapter In hlr. experiences is in the account he gives of the famous dinner with Roosevelt at tho Whiii! '.Ions.-. Ifc did not ask for the Invltj-tloii, but h* felt that he should not decline it and lie is net to be hlame-d for ha' ing- accepted it. Neither do we- blame Roof-volt. He had the right to select his own": company, but if no had |-.rPf-. RCSseeX 'half tho sens, of hl? negro guest he would have; found Home otb< r way of honoring the greatest man among the negroes of ilr.s country, If not of the negroes of the world. The titory that Washington tells is patti ?ularly Interesting because' it places the responsibility for au event which caused wide ami bitter discussion ill' over the country precisely where it be? longs. It Is announced that in las lour dur? ing (lie month of March, Colonel Roosevelt will ..wing around Ho- South on Iiis <vuy to the Paclfle Coast, and that he has accepted fifteen engage? ments to speak. The topics which ho will discuss have hot yet boon an? nounced, but he is expected to speak in Atlanta before the Southern Com? mercial Congress, on March ;'? before 1 tiic Child Labor Convention, In 'Sir- 1 mingham, on March in; a! .lie invita? tion of Governor Noel at Jackson. Mississippi, on March 11. before the Commercial Club, of New oilcans, in! the rvcniiic of the same day; before! the Cattle Kaisers" Convention, at San! Antonio. Texas; on March i:. and upon J his arrival at Albuquerque. New Mexico, on March 1.".. he will foregather 'Jith the j Rough Riders', and so on and so op It is to be expected, of course, that lie ? will respect tin peculiar prejudices of ; the Southern people on tins tour, and ' lliat be will not refer to the incident ' at the Wnlte House which Booker Washington has so exactly described in The World's Work. THE CA lt.IIA CK \MKXDMEXT, It Is worthy of note that In separate I cases yesterday, the Suprenu Court of I Virginia took occasion to express an opinion as to the justice and wisdom of a law. In addition to quoting the' decision of Mr. Justice Hurt on. of the! United States Supreme Court, in up- j holding the constitutionality of the ( C'armack Amendment to the Interstate, Commerce Act. the Virginia court said that the law was just and proper. Most railroads nowadays agree with Hiis position. The unfortunate shipper who must seek the culpable carrier in a distant State would naturally I uften be unable to spare the lime ami money necessary to prosecute his Ldaim. It is altogether easier to have j the transportation lines perfect agree? ments, depending upon checking de? vices, by which the road which loses >r damages the shipment will pay whatever amount the courts may de ree the initial carrier is responsible for?which is the value of the goods. Many smaller claims would be lost j under any Jthor ruling. Had Senator! i Car mack done nothing else, this law; sustained as it now is'by another dis- I t inguished' Tonnesseean. would entitle] IIIui to tlie pasting esteem of Iiis conn- ! iryim-n. GKTTI.V? .\l,p.\ti WITHOUT HIM. When Clifford Pinchot retired from .he ofllce of Chief Forester of the Cj?y-'j eminent, many persons who had been I impressed with Ins effective work feared that it would not lie possible for the president to find anywhere a man of like genius and ability to take ids place. Mr. Pinchot is now deliver? ing a scries of lectures at the. Yale School of Pores try, and we have no doubt that they will lie very excel? lent lectures, because Pinchot is a very able man. In an interview on Wednes? day, Pinchot spoke in enthusiastic terms of the wrfrff" of Professor 11. S. Craves, of the Vale School of Forestry, bis successor as Chief of the United States Forest Service. In Ills opinion. Graves "met a sit oat inn which no other man in the United States, in my judgment, could have handled as suc? cessfully as he has done. With Pro? fessor Graves at the helm, tho service lias retained its spirit unimpaired. The very, serious attacks which were being made upon it by men who should have been the first to protect it were defcat td, shd the service as a whole has come through the trial period of the last year -just as strong as when I was removed." It appears from this statement, made by Mr. Pinchot himself, that the For? estry Seryico of the Government lost nothing wh UsOever by his retirement. Tho only criticism we would make about what Mr. Pinchot has said of hi.* successor is contained in the rellec ?lion which he makes upon himself in the words, "just as strong as. when 1 was removed." We do not think this is <iuite true. Mr. Pinchot, if we are not greatly mistaken, in effevt "removed'' iiimscif. But (his i.; a mere difference as to terms. We are glad lie has found, after a year's retirement from the Government service thai the work which \\i began has been carried on without him as well as iL could have been carried on with him. IM.ACH I'Oll S MX A TO ft PAVNTKri. I Senator Payntei-, of Kentucky, lias tho coiirag* of his convictions, and wo think all the more of him for it He is a member b? the subcommittee of tue Senate which brought in a report exonerating l,orimcr, the Senator from Illinois, with whom the colonel would not eat when lie went to Chicago dur? ing the late campaign; and who is al? leged im have secured his seat in the Senate by bribery and corruption. Sen? icor Payntei made a speech in the Senate on Wednesday, in which, while d eel a ring that he did not appear as j "the apologist of bribe-givers or bribe lakers,"' he spoke of Lorinier as "a man of perfect morale," which ought to makt it a good <ie,*ii worse for I*ori i'ner in viCw of the testimony that he K"t hi. seat ii. the Senate by methods which "a man ?>i perfect pnorals" could not approve. Sehatoi PaynieV brought President Tuft into his speech mid resented with much eloquence the story Dial the President is using ids personal, If not his political, influence against Loiiniet, a thing which, in Sen alor Pay liter's opinion, would be "calamitous and humiliating," the Sen it. being the tolo Ju<lg< of the olec? ? ;.f it.-, ?wh members, in this view Senator Payntcr appears to be. entire . right mj tili aa tiic proprieties aio con' corned, but lie has noted, probably, thai there has boon a" most insistent demand in New York that Governor pis shall go into tltc light against j sheehan because some of his advisers i think that hp should not be elected, from which it would appear that; in certain circumstances at least, in the opinion of leading Democratic news? paper:: and politicians, it Is entirely proper for the Executive to get down into the sawdust along with the boys. However that may be. and declaring our own deliberate opinion that Lorl inor Is in no sense lit for a seat in the Senate, we would remark that the most i striking and courageous passage In Senator Paynter's speech was his dig? nified response to the "demand" made upon him from his own State to op? pose borimer, In these words: ''In the consideration of the judicial question that i-; before us, if 1 knew tout every man. woman and child Iii Ken? tucky wore of the opinion that 1 should I vine to unseat Mr. Do rimer, I would not; do ii. If i know that my vote would j retire nie from public life, it would not niter my course in this matter, nor would I have the slightest regret that j 1 had reached the conclusion which I, did in this case." It docs not matter about the rest, so far nr. Senator Pnynter is concerned. \V*c think his judgment is at fault in the conclusion he has reached about] Lorimer; but we have only admiration j for the courage with Which he has do- j dined to be Influenced in his conduct as a Semitor by the pressure from his own State, find pressure exercised doubtless by those who have given lit? tle attention to the merits of the case and who certainly have no responsi? bility for it. Senator Paynter need no*, tear the effect of his independence of judgment upon the people back In Ken? tucky: they will think more highly of him for having the courage to do what, be thuiks is right In this case, and! there is probably not a in.'in, woman or child in his State who will not thank him for it. not because tin:.- believe LjOrimer should !"? seated, but because thpy have faith in the integrity of their own Senator. A SIM.I'MJIl) lU'l'OUTlMTV. "If a man die, shall he live again'.'" This is the. great question or all ages. First phrased by a Biblical writer, it was asked thousands of years before by primitive man. fearful of death, yet catching1 a faint glimmer of hope in the darkness that enshrouded his life ml thought. Is man immortal'.' De? spite the teachings of the inspired pro? phets and writers, despite the assur? ance of the Man of Galilee, doubt has ever arisen in the minds of men as to the deathless attribute of the human soul. . Kings and vassals, soldiers and statesmen, poets and philosophers have pondered on this subject, and certain thinkers in the psychic realm have in vain attempted to wrest an answer from "the undiscovered country, from whose bourn no traveler returns." As man has progressed, as civiliza? tion lias increased, so has the question assumed ever enlarging importance. Mi' lern doubt if as widespread, as per? sistent, as the doubt of ancient days. Men of vast intellectual power have risen to combat the fundamental truth ! of religion that for man there is a hereafter. Infidelity and agnosticism array to-day in their train a fearful and fighting host of adherents: Sir Oliver Lodge, on the one hand, bids us hold to the faith that the soul is im? mortal, while, on 1 he other hand. I3dl son, as well known to science, as Dodge, if not n true scientist, scoffs at the idea that there shall bo a resur? rection of the body into the life evor 1 fisting. To those in Richmond who are interested in this subject? the most vital in the universe?there will be afforded next week a superb opportunity to hoar a master thinker and a master speaker discuss the great phases of the problem of modern doubt. Xo man in doubt should miss Diese lec? tures. George II. Wendling, who has no su? perior and few peers on the public I platform in this or any other nation, will deliver in Richmond, beginning next Sunday, a series of six lectures touching on modern doubt. To those who line- heard Wend ling's matchless masterpieces oi' oratory, his splendid delineations of Mirabcnu and Stone? wall Jackson, little need be said. To others, let it be said that AVenclling is to-day famed from one end of the coun? try to I he other. His command of the tongue we speak, his wonderful power oi analysis and character delineation, his true and majestic oratory, have made him a speaker of national repu? tation. There are but three living men in Die United States who are famous for their pronouncements on the snb jei i of the immortality of the soul? William Jennings Bryan, in his "Prince of peace ; Lyman Abbott, in his sermons on the text, "If a man die, shall ho live again?" and George R. Wendling, in his "Modern Doubt" lectures. To iear Wendling 5s to hear the peer of any public speaker. The Christian men of Richmond, working through the Young Men's Christian Association, have succeeded in securing contributions sufficient to guarantee the coming here of Mr. Wendling. Let it be said from an un hlnserl source -hat In bringing about) this series of lectures, the Association and the men of Richmond assisting it have performed a great service to the cans ? of Christ in this cljy. Great benefit is. as sure to follow as the sun? shine, after Die clouded day. Tho lirsi lecture, comes on Sunday afternoon at 3:30, when Mr. Wendling will -peak at the Academy of Music on "The Man of Galileo," a famous lecture, which has been expanded into book form and widely circulated. All the other lecture* will lake place at 3:SO ..i night at t/ie John Marshall High School Auditorium. On Monday the mbjeot will bo "Unseen Realities"; on Tuesday, "The Hebrew Lawgivor": on Wednesday, "Saul of Tarsus'.'; on Thursday, "The Imperial Book"; oil Friday, "IB Death the End?" The loctures are mainly for men. though women may hear the lectures when accompanied by contributors. No seats will bo held after S:30. Tickets should bo secured at once from tho Young Men's Christian Association. This is a splendid opportunity for the men of Richmond, and they should attest by their numbers their interest In the supreme interrogatory of all times. lfllO.1l RICHMOND TO THIS SKA. But for the ferry across the river at Newport News, which cannot be made in less than an hour, and bar? ring the law which forbids automo? biles to run faster than twenty miles tho hour on the roads of this State, it would be practicable, as Tho Times Dispatch said yesterday, to make the journey lrom Richmond to Norfolk by I he new highway in an hour and a half. As a matter of fact?that Is to say because of the long trip by the ferry and the speed, limit on the run? ning of automobiles, it will require something like five hour;-, and a half to make the run from Richmond to Norfolk; and the slower the belter, because there will bo so much on tho way worth seeing. The road is to be built primarily for the use and benelit of the people and not as a speedway for auto-cars. There will ho a hundred farmers' wagons and carts and other vehicles on the road to one automobile, and, while it Is not desirable that the latter shall not use the toad at all, its main ad? vantage will be for those 'who have been hoping and praying and working for an easy and inexpensive way to market ever since tho Colony was founded. The dijeam of three centuries Is about to cofAe. true and the hills and the sea are to be Joined together ! at last by a great highway over which the people will pass in comfort and security. Post Scriptum: On the day when he swept Cervera's Spanish fleet from tho sea, Rear-Ad mirul Wiiifield Scott Schley sent this historic message! "There's glory enough to go round." That's the way the New? port News Daily Press thinks about the Peninsula Highway from Richmond to the sea, but, only in order that the record may be kept exactly straight, i irotes the fact that the good roads rally at Williamsburg the other day "got together at the call of tho Cham? ber of Commerce <>f Newport News," and not the Norfolk'Chamber of Com? merce, as erroneously stated in these columns. Then the Daily Press acids: "The Peninsula Highway between Richmond and Newport News, with ferry connection to the Norfolk Boule? vard, was conceived in Newport News, the plan adopted at tho Williatnsburg > meeting was framed in Newport News, | and the delegates w ho attended the j rally and formed the Peninsula Good : Roads Association gathered at Wil iiumsburg and lunched at the Colonial Inn as the guests of the Newport News Chamber of Commerce and George F. Adams, of Old Point. There la lib occasion for a row over credit for the movement; We trust there will be credit enomrh and road enough for tis all." Spoken like a man. or rather in the true good roads spirit, which plans not for the benefit of Richmond or ; Newport News or Norfolk or any one of them alone, but for tho human race and for the horses and mules as well. The undertaking is too big a thing to tie affected by any local or community jealousies, and it is in this spirit that the present work has been projected, and will be carried through. EGBERT LEIGH ON GOOD ROADS. Last summer, when the people of the Taylor district, in Orange County, were considering tho subject of good roads, Mr. Egbert G. Leigh wrote a letter to Henry T. Uolladay, of Rapi dan, in which he presented with great clearness and force some very practi? cal suggestion?. He urged that either no bond issue be recommended or that the meeting to be held in this interest 'commit itself to one sufficiently large to secure a system of good roads that will serve every part of the district," and this for the reason that "in no' other way can the full collective force of the community be enlisted and polled in .support ot the proposed movement," and this for Hie reason that "where all must contribute to a great public work, as nearly and as evenly as pos? sible, each should share in the benetlls to ho derived." Mr. Leigh expressed Hie opinion lhat a bond issuo of $100, 000 would yield a good roads service to tho district, which, estimating the population of the district at t.hirty-five hundred, would make tho interest cost on such hond issue not more than ?1.(56 2-3 per capita, or, estimating Hie population at twenty-five hundred, would make the interest charge per capita not more than $2. The annual charge against a great many of the taxpayers would not be more than ten or twenty-live, cents. In providing for tho building of a system of koo.i roads by this method, Mr. Leigh pointed out. that "the thrifty farmer who operates his farm to make ?< living would pay less and gain more, relatively, than those who are not so dependent on their farms for a living," tho reduction In tho cost of putting the products of his fields in market of necessity Increasing to tho extent of such reduction "the net returns of the held, while (he gross yield would be increased by affording more time for careful, proper cultivation." Thus, good roads would actually make a field more productive and .decrease the charges against tho product." Treating seriously the objection? that had iicen urged against the issuing of bonds for the construction of good roads, oh the ground that the. lux would Impose n burden not only on the pres? ent generation, but would bequeath a burden'of debt to posterity, Mr. Leigh argued that neither of thcso proposi? tions was well founded; that "in Its nature and essenco, the money spent on good roads Is an investment, pure and simple." and that "tho immediate returns from it in saving costs nro su? perior to intorest and all other barges." Instead of being a tax on the present generation, tho Interest on bonds Issued for the building of good roads would, in fact, remove a most grievous tax, happily described by Mr. Leigh as the "mud tax," no less re? lentless and merciless than the tariff taxes Imposed by tho General Govern? ment, the high tariff rates and bad roads being, in Mr. Leigh's opinion, "the twin cut-worms of the farmer's income." This point was enforced by Mr, Leigh In this convincing way: "High tariff rates are imposed by the greed of organized outsiders; but who is responsible for the perpetuation of bad roads? Not outsiders. The suc? cessful conduct of every business re? quires two elements, In combination or co-exlstent and at hand?cheap pro? duction and cheap transportation. This applies to farming Just as surely as It does to manufacturing or any other business. Economic law, unlike the tariff, is impartial in Its scheme?cre? ates no favored . iass and in its orderly administration shelters no violator. Admit the necessity for cheap and easy access to market; then upon what principle can the Initial haul from farm to depot bo excluded from tho proposi? tion? It seems to me that this initial haul more directly concerns the farmer than the railroad transportation. When railroad transportation, by reason of high grades and reverse curves, re? quires the use of two engines to do what one could do under proper con? struction, the loss resulting therefrom and also from shortening the life of the property involved, Is distributed among a large number of stockholders Not so when four horses are kept to do the work that two could do under rational conditions, or when both teams and wagon are prematurely worn ont from the inhuman strains imposed by hauling over awful roads, across awful hills. Where docs the loss fall then? I On tho investment public? Not much." What Sir. Leigh has said is so plain, so reasonable, so much to tho point that It Is worth the serious study of all the people of the State, and partic? ularly of all the farmers of the State, who have been paying, generation after generation, the "mud tax," at the loss, actually, of millions of dollars. The Leigh letter should be distributed widely as a leaflet In the campaign of good roads education. WORKING THE WRONG WAV. Fifty thousand members a re said to bo the strength of the Dock and Cotton Council of New Orleans. It controls the handling of all freight that reaches that port from the time It arrives In Now Orleans until It has been loaded on the ships. There are ten or more unions affiliated with the central coun? cil, and they control tho whole busi? ness, from the unloading of a bale of cotton from the train to the hauling of it to (a cotton compress, to the com? pressing of It, to the hauling of It to the :?hlps, to the marking of it and to the loading of it, and the organization is so strong that the business of the port can be handled only through It and its affiliated societies. The other day a jury in the United States Circuit Court at New Orleans returned a verdict of guilty against James Byrnes, former President of tho Council, and now Staie Labor Commis? sioner of Louisiana; Philip Pearsaw, former President, of the Local Coal Wheelers' Union, and U. S. Swan, for? mer President of the Longshoremen's Union, the two last persons named be? ing negroes. Two years ago there was a ?tlike among these people because the Coal Wheelers' Union would not coal a steamer then In port.- non-union longshoremen having been employed to load the vessel. These representatives of the Council were charged with con? spiracy to interfere with foreign com? merce, In violation of the provisions of the Sherman Anti-Trust Law, and the jury found them guilty. There will probably be some an? nouncement from Gompcrs on the sub? ject, and doubtless many protests against the infamous oppression of the law, the Sherman law having been matn Jy intended, as many persons thought at the time of its passage, for the reg? ulation of organized capital, without any reference to the conspiracies that might be formed by organized labor In restraint of trade; but tho laws must be uniform and equal before they can be just, and they must bo administered equally if they are to have full force and effect in protecting tho rights of both capital and labor. According to the Kennebcc, .Maine, Journal, a search of tho premises of Alphonse Poullot, In Rlddeford, lately by Deputy Sheriff Johnson, of Sanford, and Ed. II. Emery, field secretary of tho Civic League, brought to light four pints of whiskey, one pint bottle hall filled, and seventeen empty bottles, all under a rug in Poullot's bedroom. And this in a "prohibition" State! "Several young men" of Savannah "recall meeting him (Senator Luke Lea. of Tennessee), in Atlanta," says the Savannah Press. But that's nothing. There are men In Richmond who went to the University at Sewanec.wlth him. What we can't understand, and a thing that requires explanation. Is what was Luke Lea doing In Atlanta? A man so young as he and with such a future should avoid the appearance of evil. "Abe Martin," of the Indianapolis News, asks: "What's become o' th' olo fashioned girl that used f say 'Hps that touch wino shall never touch mine?'" She has probably gone to one of the Prohibition States. "Culumbla May Get .Corn Exposition.' That means, ''Columbia": but. the print? ers in the State ofltco spell It. as tho natives pronounce it, and as Andy Car? negie would have it pronounced. Daily Queries and Answers Address all communications for this column to Query Editor, Times-Dispatch. No mathematical problems will be solved, no coins or stamps valued and no dealers1 names will be given. At the Morgnnflcld Hold-Up. In reply to your inquiry in to-day s Times-Dispatch. 1 write to say that I was present en the train the night of the hold-up by- Morgan field ami .Searcy, and that 1 heard Mnrganflcld's lecture, recently delivered in Richmond. JOHN O. ROBERTSON. Phone Madison 3014-.1. Cnr/d Finnic**. llOw is tho1 carat fineness of cold ascertained? X; Thn onlv wholly roliablo test of tho fineness of gold Is assaying, either by means of cupellatlon, which Is known as the drv method, or by chemical analysis, called the humid method, When, therefore, any largo quantity of gold is to ho tested as to fineness, a small quantity of It U subjected to assay by one of those methods, which separates the precious metal from all other substances and shows its propor? tion by actual measurement. ToaMinaMer** Dutle?. What are the duties of a toastmas ter? Does.be have to make a speech? BONQUO. Tito tonstmaster presides over a din? ner or banquet. He is the chairman of the occasion. Ho makes a short speech Just before introducing the speakers, which may contain a few Jokes or anecdotes, and explnlns or refers to tho object and purposes of the dinner or banquet. He should never speak more than live minutes. He must in? troduce each speaker with a fow ap? propriate words, which should never amount to a speech, lie keeps order, lie must sit at the head of tho table. What ho says ho should say gracefully and pleasantly. Secretary. ' Who Is the United States Secretary I of State? W. I Philander C. Knox. MniiehcMcr Canal. What was tho cost of the Manchester canal? SUBSCRIBER. About $77.000.000. The nlebest. Who is the richest man in America'' E. T. John D. Rockefeller is the richest man In the world. RESTORES OLD NAME TO WALL HALL ESTATE BY LA .M A IUIUISI'j DI3 FONTI3XOY. JP1ERPONT MORGAN, JR., now that he has purchased from Colonel William Dugald Stuart the picturesque country scat known as Aldenhain Abbey, in Hert? fordshire, which lie had leased for several years, lias restored it to its former name of Wall Hall. It was built at the end of the eighteenth century by George Thellussou,, brother of the t'.rst Lord Rcndlcsham, arid second son of that eccentric multi? millionaire, Peter Thellussou, whose extraordinary will, directing that Iiis great properties should be tied up, and invested at compound interest, for gen? erations, and then to j;o to his eldest irialc descendant, resulted in a tre? mendous amount of litigation, and ul tlmati ly In the enactment of a law by Parliament known to this day as "tho ThellusKon Act," which renders it im? possible, lor personal property to be tied nit for more than twenty-one years after the testator's death. P< tor The llusaon, who was born at Geneva', as a Swiss citizen (and whose father. Isaac Thellussou. had figured as Swiss ambassador at the court of Eon Is XV. of France), came to London in 1762, at the age of about twenty live, secured letters of naturalization as an Englishman, and embarked In bus? iness, accumulating a large fortune, estimated at some $5,000,000, by suc? cessful investments, enterprises and Bpeeulatl ms, as well as by tho utmost, avarice. H^ seems to have been a most disagreeable old man, with a harsh, hard voice, who so terrorized his family that his wife Is said to have died of a broken heart; while after his death, his portrait, which still figures at Rendlesham Hall, the family place in Suffolk, was shot full of holes by his disgusted sons, when they found that according to his will nejther they nor their children were to enjoy any of the vast property which ho hail left behind him; The will provided that the fortune should go on accumulating at. com? pound Interest during tho lives of his three sons and of his grandchildren; then the entire property was to be convoyed to the senior great-grand - child, on the condition that ho assumed the name of Thollusson, if he did ri?t already possess it by birth; and thai in default of this compliance with his wishes, or In tho event of the failure of any great-grandchild as heir, the accumulated fortune should be applied, through tho agency of tho Sinking Fund, in reduction of Hie national riebt. His motive lit making this will was partly a malignant hatred of his children and grnndchildron. and parti", too, vanity, anxious us ho was that nearly a century after his death, his .name should be perpetuated by the largest fortune In existence. Of course his testamomnry dispo? sitions created a great deal of con? troversy, criticism and litigation. an<l | led to the enactment of tho Thellus? sou Act which I have mentioned above, and wliich became a law of the land in HOO. But. it was not retroactive, and his will, though contested, was upheld, by a decision of the House of Lords, of June, 1S05. Litigation con? tinued however, among Hie various members of the family, for the fol? lowing fifty years or more, enriching generations of lawyers. The last sur? viving grandchild died in February, 1S50. and then a question arose ns to whether tho eldest mnlo descendant, or the senior male descendant of tho oldest son, should inherit the property, the matter being brought to a con? clusion in final appeal in lS?O, in favor of the senior male descendant of the oldest son, namely, the present and fifth Lord Rendlesham. H is said that owinrr to the extraordinary expenses of all those sixty years of litigation, the fortune which came into the pos sessicn of Lord Rendlesham at that time was only about twice the size of the wealth left by old Peter Thel? lussou at (he lime of bis death. If Charles Dickens did not imme? diately intend the Thellusson case to be the original of "Jarndyce versus .Tarndyoc," he at any rate makes an obvious reference thereto in tho pre? face to "Bleak House," written in 1853; in tho following words: "Thorn is another well known suit in chancery, not yet decided,.which was commenced bfore the close of the last century, and in which fabulous sums have been swallowed up In costs. If f wanted other authorities for Jarndyce versus Jarndyce. I could rain thorn on these pages." The present Lord Rendlesham. tho only member of the British peerage whoso family was founded by a Swltzer, Is one of the* most popular all-round sportsmen In England, has several times held office as steward of tho. Jockey Club, and has achieved distinction as a shot, ns a yachtsman, and In the hunting field. Ho has no seat In tho House, of Lords, his peerage being an Irish one; the first. Indeed, created since the Act of the Union, and makes his homo at Rendlesham Hall, a hoautlful place in Suffolk, which old Peter Thellusson bought in the eighteenth century from the AYombwell family. Queen Alexandra's former private secretary. Hon. Sltlney Greville, who has .hist been appointed by. King George to tho paymnstership of tho royal household, an office which carries with it a salary of $5.000 a year, in addi? tion to all kinds of perquisites and ad? vantages of one kind and another, Is a brother of the Earl of Warwick, and of Lady Eva Dugdale, who has been the favorite ' lady in wailing to Queen Mary over since, the hitler's marriage, standing in much the same relation towards tho latter, as Miss Knollys does to Queen Alexandra. Sidney Greville was formerly private secretary to Lord Salisbury, and Is kfciown to a number of Americans as having been invariably in attendanco upon King Edward during tho latter's Slav at Marlonbad. The Greville family is very far from rich. In fact, whop thirty years ago Warwick Castle was considerably j damaged by fire, ,lho late Earl of War? wick issued an appeal to his fellow countrymen, of :<uch a character that a public subscription was started, for tho purpose of enabling him to repair (bo Injuries. Sonic $ir..000 had boon subscribed before John Ruskin put an extinguisher upon tho entire project by a letter in tho London Times, in which he declared that though lie was ?an old-fashioned antl thoroughbred Tory," !?c was lit that time trying to help a family of eight, living In a single room in London, and "If a noble family cannot rebuild their own cas? tle, In God's name, let them live In the nearest ditch until they can." The- Count ?rsslch whose appearance as defendant In legal proceedings brought against him by his step? daughter at Vienna is attracting so much attention llu-io bears the Chris? tian name of George, It Is only fair to mention this, as the family Is a rather numerous one, and |ho has always been more or loss the black sheep thereof, the other- members en? joying not only respect, but also a certain amount of popularity In tho Austrian capital, despite their being ?Croats. Count Georg?' married, about twenty years ago. the operatic favor? ite. Catherine Abel, a woman at least ten years older than himself, who had a very pretty Illegitimate daughter, of the name of Marie or "Mltzi." who had amassed a considerable! fortune on tho stage, by means of careful Invest? ments, and through presents from her admirers, one of whom, the late Count Henry Ilardogg. had left her a very handsome annuity for life. A year after tho actress had married Count. Orgsich, her daughter was at his instance married off to I/juIs von Kautz, who Is at present the agent lor thr: large estates of Count llunyadl. At the time of this marriage it was agreed that the daughter should re? ceive nn allowance of |-'00 a month, and that at her mother's death she should Inherit the lattor's entire for? tune and very valuable iowela. Before the count and the actress had been married ten years, she was giving as art excuse* for the nonpay? ment of the. allowance, the Insane extravagance of her husband, and when she died, six years ago It was found that nothing, absolutely nothing, re? mained of her property, even all her jewels having been sold, to satisfy her husband's demands. Eighteen months later the count married the daughter of a very rich .Jewish banker of the name of Goldschmldt, and bin step? daughter, brau von Kautz, is now suing him lor the recovery of her mother's fortune, based on written agreements, and also on correspondence. The let? ters of the unfortunate actress to her daughter furnish a Horry picture of the count, whose own letters to his. stepdaughter, alleging the elosefisted ness and the unpleasant temper of his present wife, as a pretext for tho non? payment of his indebtedness, place him in an even still more contemptible light. (Copyright, 1911, by the Brentwood Company, i Voice of the People CoErmmnleo^ lorn mud not con? tain more than 800 words. WEien this limit lc exceeded let? ters will be returned. No anonymous eominanlcatlomi *?*u be accepted. A stamped envelope, with t&8 vrrlter'n address, must accompany every communication. The Vote of the Traveling Man. To tlie Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir,?Apropos of the sermon deliv? ered by the Itev. Dr. S. C. Hatcher at Broad Street Methodist Church last night, on "Every Man's Duty to Enter Politics." I fully agree that it is every man's duty to exercise the rights of citizenship by the taking an Inter? est In current politics, recording his vote and. if called upon, tilling a local or national position as representative of his fellow-citizens to promote tho enactment of Just laws, conducive to the betterment of general conditions. The laws arc for the people and by tho people, therefore the people ought to be very particular whom they elect te> make and enact laws and represent them in local and national assemblies. Every young man ought to look for? ward to the opportunity of being placed In the proud position of repre? senting his fellow-citizens of his own community as town councilor, Justice of the peace, alderman, etc.. without emolument, if reepilred, tho reward be? ing the satisfaction of knowing that ho Is doing good in his elay and gen? eration. > As a traveling man T have continu? ous opportunities for rubbing should? ers with knights of the grip, and fnartv expressed regrets do I hear from elrummors at election times that the exigencies of their business prevent them putting in an appearance at the polling booth, being so far away from their homes This class of men take* great. Interest in politics, as demon? strated by debates I have listened to, many of them so conducted as would veflect credit upon Senators and Con? gressmen. Vet. in view of that fact, tbev are practically, and in many oases actually, for many years of their lives, disfranchised. One. of the most Im? port transactions in life Is the passage, of money between man and man. Vet thai is successfully accomplished. Tho drummer may be 1,000 miles from tho house ho represents. He receives a letter, opens the same, takes out a slip of paper known as a check, and on proner Identification receives Its faco value in the coin of tho country. Would It not ho eciually possible for the drummer to roeorel his vote, wher? ever he might he, with eepial safety, a clearance house for votes being estab? lished on tho same'principle as a elenr anco houso for checks? JOHN CASSIDY. Make this Bank Your Bank National State and City Bank OF RICHMOND.