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Business Of.lce.?16 E. Main Street Booth Richmond.1103 Hull Street Petereburn Bureau....ICO N. 8ycai??ro street Lynchburv Bureau.215 Blghth Street BY MAIL. On? KIjt. Throe One POSTAGE PAID. Year. Mo?. Mol. Mo Dally with Sunday.?6.00 ?3.00 ?1.60 .53 Dally without Sunday... 4.00 2.00 1.00 .39 Sunday edition only. 2.00 1.00 .60 .23 NVeekly (Wednesday)_1.00 .w JS By Times-Dispatch Carrier Delivery S-r elro In Htchmbnd (.and nuburbs) and Beter? burg One Week Dully with Sunday.It cents Dally without Sunday.10 cents Sunday only. 6 cents Shtercd January 27. 1M3. at Richmond, v.r. as second-c^n? matter under net of Con? gress ef March S. 1S79. MONDAY, .1ANUAUY 30, 1011. RICHMOND AND Tin: St) I 111. Iri tin upper room tit the Common? wealth Club Saturday night eighteen Byrlous-mihded men. on pleasure ? bent, foregathered at a flue dinner. .lohn Kerr Branch w.is the syriiposinrch; and Arthur Glasgow, temporarily residing In England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales and other British Possessions beyond Ihe sen?the same old sea which Com? mander Sim?, of the United States Navy, will cross to spend his money and shed his blood for his English hill if Germany or any other Power dare to touch them?was the bright, partic? ular star, or the piece de resistance, j Among those present were the .Denn of i the financial world in these parts. Mr. j John P. Branch, and representatives of the commercial, manufacturing, trans? portation and investing interests in this community and State, and besides men of distinction who practice and those wlu> interpret the law. it is hot intended to attempt any report here' either of the ?linner itself?that is t<> spv, the vittics?or of the general pro? ceedings : but only to indulge in sun? dry reflections suggested by the very , serious tone of the discourses towards the end of the evening. East week Mel. t'. Branch went down to South Carolina on a business mis? sion. He was riding in a train with one of the progressive citizens of that State, who called his attention to a strip of land through which they were passing, 'land." as Mr. Brunch ex? pressed it. "that, did not look a bit more fertile Utah tlie land in Chester held County," and was told that, these throe thousand acres had yielded last year a revenue <<f seventy thousand dollars, net. which hud been turned into the State Treasury. There are hundreds of thousands of acres of other lands in that State and in other Southern States that are just as fertile and that would make Just as much un? der the right sort of cultivation; where? fore he was <?f the opinion that the South is the territory which should I? cultivated by lliehmond. This was the spark that set John Korr Branch off in fine si vie. and for the space of half ah hour; or there? abouts, lie spoke of the Sou til as tin richest part of this country aiici the part which should attract the largest | and most practical interest of the hank ers ami merchants anil capitalists of Bichmond, which should ho the finan? cial hub of the South, as it is in very truth the historical heart of the South. Last year tin. cotton crop of th<- South was worth a hill Ion dollars In good und lawful money. It is a crop that never fails and which tin- world must have. Moths do not corrupt it. It Is proof against the weather. It Is a money ort*p,- it staiids by Itself among nil the ??prod irets di our fields. It can? not \>t- grown North or East or West. It can he increased '." lift con or twenty million bales upon demand. Tlie; wheat and corn of the West are im? mensely valuable; hut cotton is still king. Then in the South liiere are. practically inexhaustible deposits of foal and iron, woods (if till v.'trlotles," frtiits and vegetables in endless pro? fusion, and all the elements of net tin 1 wealth. Besides, the South has nut: only clinhlilc advantages possessed by up other region of this country, aiiti wafr power in turn the spindle.- a till l"<->ms and shafting of the continent. It: the North there are lakes; in the Investment.8 arc safer in the South thai) in any Other part of the COiihtry. Investments are sec tire. The returns on Capital are 3-.rg.-r than In any other rcgioh, Tin fat no : s life prosperous. They are living better tban they ever lived before. Ha-, dig proved by expe? rience that they ttniid exist on 11 ve v eut cotton, tin y rir< iji?k'ihg. big money ?with cotton at fifteen c?;.hts. it j? into a 1 * 1 have tii<; ptrbpli have riiorifcy to i Other people. ;n>. gotn? in to oeeup> the land; other investors froth (lie North are tryirit; to gist tin- cicaihl Ivast year':! Atlantic Coast Line itailn.ad syslehi, and ?.l tills number -'..'??"> were kittled in Florida. Othci ihousuhds itre coin? ing in. and all these people and their Intc'usis afford ifiohfnond, with It.-f tifirlvailed situation and its abundant t;M?i(aij opportunity for j-rt-aior things IJram-h, hut they will give 11i?- thought? ful and progressive people of (hit- iowii something to think about, and wnat- ho said Saturday night >yaa supported by President .Sam Morgan, of fertilizer fame, who knOWH me South from t.:e falls of the James River to the light at Cgniont Key, niirl who regards It ns the richest stroteh of country In tho world und fairly bulging with opportu? nities. A ?real volume of Northern capital has been Invested In .Southern enterprises; why not Richmond capital? Tie; North Is Unding out tho South; why should not Richmond lind It out ami go In and hohl It against all com ers? The South Is growing stronger evory day. and year after year; why not make the South, the riebest and most promising field for trade and industry and finance In tho world, tributary to Richmond ? It docs not matter about the dinner particularly, although it was very good; the great thing about tho symposium Saturday night was that it put the com? pany in close touch with the industrial life of the South and opened the way for Richmond enterprise in the land whore the Heids blossom with golden fleece and the livers run with oppor? tunity. As Morgan said, it is at just sheh little assemblies of men with a pUrposc that some of the largest 11 nan - citll <and industrial undertakings in tins country have been launched. TUM .MO\t l UK ASSAl I.T. "When matters have reached such j a state that an attorney in pleading j a case and representing his client's interest is set upon and beaten by witnesses on the other side, it is high time that the law take such matters in iiahd and protect the practitioner." That is tlie commendable view held i by the Rosslyn Com men wealth .'is toj tli?' recent brutal and unwarrantable! assault oh R. C I,. Moncure, a promi? nent Virginia attorney, made by cer? tain persons at Rockvillo, Maryland. The attack on Mr. Moncure was an outrage, lie had done only that which his duty required him to do, and ho whs not conscious of the fact that he had aroused the hitter enmity of any one. Coining out of the Rockvllle court-house on Wednesday lie was set upon ami beaten unconscious by six men, because of what he said in the course of his duty as attorney. This was done- by Maryland men in a Maryland town, und is a reflec? tion on the administration of justice in that. State. It is said that. Sherirf VP it w ill lie charged with not going to the assistance of Attorney .Moncure when informed that the latter was being beaten by six men. That, if true, was a flagrant breach of official duty. Mr. .Moncure is still in a critical con? dition, hut we trust that In- and his friends will insist oil bringing to judgment the inch who assaulted him so brutally and unwarrant? ably on Wednesday Tho as? sailants were plainly acting in con? tempt td court, and they should be punished lor that as well as for the Injuries which they Indicted upon' an honorable man ami an uptight lawyer. if we are to judge by this occur? rence, Rockvllle, Maryland, is about as much civilized as the villages in tin I African jungles. ??ivfiKicors oucisioxs. For the passage "f tho income lax amendment to the Constitution of tlie | United Mates the outlook Is much; better' than ever lief fire, however much | such a tendency is to i>e deplored, It] seem.'- that the political overturn inj November lias given new and powerful i Impetus toward the rulltlcatlon of tlie federal income tax amendment. In tli.- lust week tin Senate of North Carolina ratified tin? amendment by a vote of 12 to 1. und jiist a lew days j before the General Assembly of Oreg.uti assented to the |iroposed change In the organic law of tin nation. Ohio, iasi year under Republican control rejecting ihn proposed amendment, raillied it this year by ah alindsl unan? imous votoi tile I >enioerat s being in control. It hot improbable that twenty-four more Slates, the required number, will vote in favor of I lie pro? posed amendment. The States t li.<t have adopted the suggested amendment are: Alahama. Ceoighii Kentucky, Illinois. Maryland. Mississippi, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Sotttii Carolina and Texas. North C'hrp llnti i- practically assured, Covci'lihr lia.->", of Ne\y I lanip'shire, has til led I'u ti Heat ion ol this constitutional change, uiid it is probable that it will j he favored hi that St,tie. Vermont, it j Should l>e noted, has lately rejected the |iroposed a uieiidinetit. favorable aciioh i;; looked for in Maine. The M ?.-saehur-ct is House wishes the adop? tion of tin- sUga<;stcd change, ami i.ioy ernor | favors it. hut the result is in tloubf, on account of file Senate. The situation is thus seen to be distinctly favorable to ihe passage of the proposed Income tax amendment. It ste id( of voting against it. as they should have done, the Soulheth Staies! have be. ti too quick to approve, the change. The proposed amendment is it pernicious alteration in our national fundamental law. and it should not Southern Stales which i t<> i'y'cbi'il themselves oh I .t ? t should officially resent I ion of Mates rights, this | toward tlie centralization of! the Federal Government. j TUB MiM.r.Ult l. \XI) TUM ,llll|.\. The I to -ion Herald is nothing, If m>t conscrynlive. What it says about the ran- question js n I most barometric ol South in it.- relations to the black; ihaiii Very hopeful, therefore, is tlie following editorial article from our loiiteinporary: Kdwanl S. Brown, a colored man ol Bichrnohd, Va? who d|ed a few hays since after forty years' service as janitor and assistant in the State Law Library, was honored l?y 'in- Bar Asso? ciation of that city in a set of reso? lutions expressing the warm appre? ciation fell by the betieb ami bar lor his faithful and Intelligent Work and l.u "extraordinary knowledge of legal l tlX, the feeling North as bibliography." Tho resolutions Bpoak of him us u "friend" of thoso who thus boar testimony to his usetulness. Judge Christian added in an Inter? view his sense of personal friendship for tho deceased, and said that the meeting at which tho resolutions were adopted appeared to him one of tho most creditable ever held by the Uur Association. It is well to remember that for a dozen tales, of race conflict that reach us from the South thpro uro 10,000 daily acts of mutual kindness between tho races, and in this inet and in such action as that by the Klch ntond i^ar lies the hope of a peaceful solution for the problem looming so large In the eyes of men both isorin and South. ? t'cs, ten to ten thousand is about the right ratio. The white man's Inhuman? ity to the black man and the black man's inhumanity to tho white man got into type, but the kindly recipro? cal acts shown by one race to tho other pass unnoticed. The bout horn man of real breeding recognizes the good qualities und the ability of the black man, and gladly acknowledges it. IC the Herald had Known Kdw?rd .Brown, ii would have been better. Dignified, courteous, kind to all, the colored assistant in the Virginia Lrfiw Library was a model whom all men, white and black, might well follow.: He was not the sensitive pessimist that Du Bois is; he would have taken little interest in what William Lloyd, Gurrlson, of Boston, would say; he would not have greeted with any warmth William Monroe Trotter.1 Hiown was a lawyer, taking pride 1? what he did, helpful, but not vain and puffed up, respected by all who knew ! him. With all their faculties anil I ? ' plants.'' the Northern universities can teach the colored youth nothing half so valuable as that w hich tfrown might have taught them. NOT ALONIC. For tlie pencil 1 of the District of Coliuuhiu Commissioners be it said that the impels nf Virginia are not alone in their protests against the. proposed placing of a reformatory near the home of Washington. Out of the many utterances which We have seen in newspapers of ulher States, we repro? duce that which appears in the Chi? cago Becord-ilerald: "The Commissioners of the District of Columbia have purchased a site In Virginia fur a criminal reformatory and have asked Congress for authority to build. With what seems a curious tendency to affront patriotic- sentiment, and general propriety, they have lo? cated within three miles of Mount. Ver non and the tomb of Washington. "This threatened action has naturally stirred up the association that has re? stored and maintained Washington's home and tomb as n national shrine. The protest of the association against the plan as a national ?dishonor' tu our country will naturally be supported by tlie sympathy of gooil and patriotic citizens." Yes. it is an affront to patriotism. Those who have In their discretion the decision of this matter err greatly when they oppose the tide of public opinion. In them there appears to be no rever? ence; no patriotic sentiment, no sense of tiie fitness of things. It is hoped thai people ^11 over the nation and newspapers everywhere will indicate to the Commissioners their displeasure} at I In- contemplated action. Tili; DAILV S'KWSl'Al'Elt. Bliss Perry, Professor of Lhiglish Literature, in Harvard University and formerly Editor of the Atlantic Month? ly, places a very high estimate not only upon the historic value of the average daily newspaper, hut upon its literary merit as well. He resents: the common criticism of superficial observers that the daily newspaper is poorly written. lit a recent lecture on ??Libraries and the Community," Prof. Perry spoke witli line appreciation of the English ? if the daily newspaper, which ho said is often of a higher standard than that of the hooks, and thai it is of a lar better duality than the speech of every day life. t,e praised very highly the daily newspaper as a historical source and charged librarians to beware of disregarding its value as an essential element in the shudy of contemporary Bi'e indeed, the newspaper, if properly conducted and fairly represent si tl ve ol the community of which it is a large pail, is the most I rust wort by source of Information as to tlie move? ments of the day in all matters affecting i h<- Hie of i he people ? "a map of busy life." upon which is .-pre.ul out every day the history ol the world generally and of the Hti?c world in which the newspaper revolves upon its own axis and wunin its own hurticulur orbit. The great deeds that are dune, tlie passions and prejudices of tin- hour, the events, big and little, ih.u stand out from day to day, tlie I em per of the people, the waves of thoughl by which they arc controlled; ; 1story, written currente calarno, is the olllce and work of (he daily press. .\<n only do the newspapers possess distinct historical merit, but In their criticism of the literary adventures ol the makers of books the> often dis? cover "gems of purest ray serene" Unit might otherwise have been thrown out upon the dump by ?'them literary id? lers." who hold to the standard that some older judges have sot. "The ex? pert assessors of the Hall of Fame," said Prof. Perry, "found out the other day what any competent janitor of a puiMtc oururj could have told mem for the past fifty years?namely, that Edgar Allen Poe was famous. The librarian should he keen-eyed enough to sei- thai "Mr. Pooley's' Wit is as (lashing n hd his satire as Irene haul as was Mr, Samuel Hutlcr's, or Ooorge Canning's, or .lames Jt?ssell L?wen s. The 'Odyssey' and 'Don Quixote' ami ?Iii liias' are on the accredited list of romance or advent lire. It is i.u librarian's (ask to perceive that no Iii? r ivy canon could accept those stories and al the same time reject 'Huckle ln l'rof. .Perry's opinion the Ideal du. Ilhraxv will know how to utilize hi ; ry Pinn.' " nowspapef?, not moroly as historical resources, hut as an essential element In studying- and comprehending 'con? temporary Ufa. "It Is often tho habit among hulf educated and among ovor educated poople," Bald Prof. Perry, "to decry nowspapcrs as injurious to tho cultivation of literary taste. Our c?ti ijron aro solemnly warned in school and coll ego against newspaper English, but ?vho bids thorn beware of breakfast tablo English, playground ~ngllsh, do partmcnt storo English, afternoon lea English, pulpit English? 1 should hazard tho opinion," concluded Prof. Perry, "that tho averago editorial column In tho New York Hun. for ox ample, Is bettor written than tho average page In tho Atlantic Monthly, and that tho English of both tho Sun and the Atlantic Monthly is hotter written than that of the average book sent to those Journals, for review.' This cstimato of Prof. Perry Is well worth considering, because he speaks with authority, being regarded rightly the best man Harvard has in English literature. His reputation has been greatly enhanced throughout tho coun? try by such lectures as ho delivered on tho Thomas Foundation at Rich? mond College two years ago, and by other lectures that he has delivered at the University of Virginia. We are pleased, of course, that he ; should have spoken with such appro- ' elation of the literary value of news-j paper work und of its historical value.} Journalism Is not literature regarded j as literature, but journalism of the | better sort Is better literature In fact j than masses of tho stuff that masque? rades under this title. When it is con? sidered that the daily newspaper is Ulc work of many hands, that it is always made up in a hurry, it Is not to be wondered at that the lenses should oc? casionally get twisted, that the num? bers do not always agree with lac verbs, that the periods sometimes lack rhetorical polish and that tho exact words do not always come with tue Ideas, that there are early malls to be caught and cranky machines to be considered and bad proof reading. It Is a daily miracle that the dally news? paper of the belter sort should possess so line a literary sense in its construc? tion. Tltia ORKAT QUESTIONS; The Council of the National Econom? ic I,eigne, which is composed of some? thing like SOO university presidents, professors, judges. lawyers, bankers, merchants, manufacturers, editors and others who help in the shaping of pub? lic opinion, has been voting on the se? lection of subjects for consideration by the League in the coming year. Two ballots have been taken, the lirst bring? ing tip fifty-four general subjects sug? gested by members of the Council. Of these topics, but eleven had suffi? cient votes to go on tho second ballot. From the second balloting two sub? jects wore chosen as the most Impor? tant of all those submitted. They were: Dirbct icgislatiotv Including direct primary nominations, direct election of United States Senators, Initiative, ref? erendum and recall. incfllciency and delay of the courts in the administration of Justice. The first subject received 56.5 per cent, of all the votes east, and the sec? ond 4:5.5 per cent. Other topics on the second ballot were, in the order named: Regulation and control of corporations, centralization of power in the Federal Government, conservation of natural resources, tho tariff, the public school system, efficiency and economy in Fed? eral, State and municipal administra? tion, corporation influence in politi.-s, taxation, relation between employers and workmen. In the membership of the League's National Council there aro represented all classes, interests, opinions and pol? icies. The vote of the Council is, therefore, significant in showing the trend of public sentiment. In the view of (he Council, direct legislation must have the right of way over all other proposed reforms, ft may be that the attitude of this body is indicative of the national attitude on great qUes l ions. liEfilSl.ATI VI'-! sr/.Ks. The Boston Cilobo has made a very interesting comparison of the sizes of the various State Legislatures. New Jersey, for example, has a Senate of twenty-one members and a House with sixty. This gives that State a joint vote Of eighty-one. Nevada has twenty Senators and forty-nine mem? bers of the lower branch, with sixty nine votes in Joint assembly. These are -mailer than all of the other States on joint ballot, excepting Delaware, which has a total of fifty-two votes, and Utah, with a total of sixty-three. There are but seventeen Senators-In Delaware, and but eighteen in Utah. In a majority of the States the Sen? ate membership is between thirty and fifty. In Oregon, Vermont and West Virginia liiere are thirty members. In Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado and Con? necticut the number of Senators is thirty-five^ In California, Massachu? setts, Kansas rind Virginia there are forty members. In Iowa, Indiana, Pennsylvania ami North Carolina there are llfty Senators. Minnesota, with sixty-three, lias the largest Senate. New England leads all the coun? try in House membership. The New Hampshire House contains !tS'J members This is greatly In excess of. any other state. Massachusetts has 2-lp reprcsonialives, Vermont has 216. I Coiihecthitil has 2.96. Maine has 1.11, find Rhode island Is limited to ion. It ho le island is the. only New England St.it.. that is anywhere near the States ot the West in the moderate size of its Goimrnl Assembly. , The Houses In some of the Slates contain the following membership: Oregon, 60; Ohio, 119; Tonnosaoo, 99; ToxiiB, 109; Virginia. 100; Now York, 160; Kontucky. 100; California, 120; Col? orado, 103; South Carolina, 134; Wash? ington, 96; West Virglnlu, SO; Illinois, 153; Indiana, 100; Iowa, 10S. These figures, the Globe says, "illustrate thu individuality of tho Commonwealths." No rulo has been obscryod, but In tho newer States there Is a decided tendency toward small Assemblies and tho possibility of rotten boroughs. Tho oinullcr tho legislature, tho shorter its session. Fewer bills are Introduced, there are fewer men who take up hours "talking for buncombe." A small Legislature Is very hard to corrupt, as tho Dolawaro Assembly showed in tho notorious Addicks caso. CUTIilSRY ITOFOitM. Goldberg, the cartoonist, has recently drawn a very amusing sot cf pictures under the heading "lSdtlng Becoming a Complicated Science." This is a play on tho number of knives, forks and j spoons used at dinners tho3o -Jays. One J picture shows three people at a table, I each looking at the other so as to j try to ilnd out what implement of the epicure to take hold of llrsl. This Is rightly described as "a critical mo? ment In every man's life." Another cartoon shows a man with two or j three dozen instruments over his ! shoulder. A friend asks him "Are you ' going to crack a safe or commit mur? der?" und the reply Is "We're going to have usparagus for dinner." A third picture shows a man with a most be? wildered expression looking over a set of dining tools by his plate, saying. "Fxcuse me for being so rude, but you forgot to give mo a set of directions." In docs seem that wo are going to extremes In cutlery for dinners. Fads and fashions cause constant changes in this direction, and only a close student of etiquette can keep pace with the evolution of tho jagged fragment of stone with which our ancestors of that tlrst four hundred created by the survival of the tlttest ate bear steaks and ichthyosaurus patties. The number of dining tools'required seems to in? crease with the years, and make much truth cling to the saying. "Nowadays you have to be a plumber or a me? chanical engineer to enjoy a meal." In Texas, the people carry their din- j Ing implements In a sort of hollow Wooden tube, which has a top that is ! screwed down so as to make the outfit portable. We are living these days In too complicated a fashion. Tnere are thousands who are ready to use In in? surgency and bring about cutlery re? form. It may be atavism, but we are surely drifting back to the plain knife and fork primeval, without allied and auxiliary forces of silver tu the right of us and to the left of us. The Chattanooga Times expresses the hope that "the ghost of CarniaeK. having "presided at the election of ('.apt. iiooper to be Governor and Le i to be Senator, will be laid from this time on and he permitted to rest alone In tho admiring memory of his friends.'* Hut the Times will understand, of course, that ghosts have a queer way of moving about when people arc out o' nights who ought to be at home. Besides it will be many a year before the people of Tennessee will forget the deep damnation of Carmack's taking off. "Richmond; Va.. has all-night car.-." says the Savannah Press, "while At? lanta hasn't. Really, It would sceni that. Richmond has more people to hold than has Atlanta." Not "seems,'' con? temporary, but has'. Not. only has Richmond more people, hut. it has bel? ter people, more money, more enter? prise of n substantial sort, less foolish? ness ami a better time and a bigger time generally than Atlanta has Over k nown. Word comes from Washington that the Treasury Depart nicht has deter? mined to assess countervailing (lutiis on all Scotch and Irish whiskeys im? ported into tlds country from Great Britain. The effect of this order Will be to add nun- cents a gallon to the duty already imposed, whlcji will bring Into the Treasury about $l2?,0(!ti the year. Trade In Scotch and Irish whiskeys now amounts in the United States to about $2,500,000 annually. This will he sad news for Houston ami other temperance communities. When the Orange Observer takes us to task about anything, wo feel that we should like to have some one cry out in our behalf, as did some lad at the recent, suffragist meeting In New York. Three men were being carried about by a suffragist "oratoress" as "specimens" of what the species of male voters is. They were held in custody by this woman, until some lad cried out "Scoundrcless, release those men!" So when tho Observer denies that, the onion is its favorite flower on account of "sentimental" reasons we need somebody to speak out for us. The Observer admits, though, that the onion is n "homely eatable," which proves that our contemporary eats the delicious fruit of tho earth if it do not. choose it as a favorite ilower. However, we aro glad to know that] the brnsslca oleracea Is dear to Hie heart of the Observer, whether or not it he affected by plasmodlophora bras sleae. it is just as well. Tho V. ?f, T. Cadet says: ".Sherman said 'war is hell.' Wonder if ho ever attended reveille In Janu? ary." Right. Reveille is terrible punish? ment for uncommitted crimes. Children Cry FOR FLETCHER'S C A STOR 1 A Daily Queries and Answers Addjwms all communications for this column to Query Editor. Tlmoa-mepatch, No mathematical problems will bt aolvod? no coins or stamps fitted and no dealers' names will ba Eligible to itio Presidency. Aro Cuthol'cs and Jows ollglblo* to tho presidency? I Roosovelt recently addressed the American IIobrc\v congregation in ses? sion in Now York, and is quoted as; saying: "llo hoped to see the tlmo when the .Jew and tho Catholic, would be equally ellglblo to the prosldency." What did ho mean by tho words "ell- j glblo to the presidency'"' .1. R. G. Catholics and .lews aro ollgiblc to the presidency. Mr. Roosevelt never made tho remark you attribute to him. The Constitution says nothing about tho religious belief of a candidate. Ho must be a natural born citizen, and shall have attained the ago of thirty live, nnd fourteen years a resident with? in tho United States. PnTit of '40. Have heard It stnted that in early days In California, away back in 1840. flour sold for a dollar a pound and other articles; in proportion, but have not been able to discover anything that will verify that statement. X. Z. Francis D. Clark, who wrote tho storv of "The First Regiment of New York Voluntcors." commonly known as ".Stevenson's regiment," who came to California In IS 17. has the following in regard to. prices of commodities: The writer passed tho winter of 181S-9 on the Moktlumno River, about one mile below the hill, and the fol? lowing were the. prices demanded and paid f<ir provisions, clothing, etc., In Unit locality: Per pound?Flour. $"1; sugar. $2; coffee. $3; pepper In gral,n. S5; salt pork, ?5; salt. $1; blankets, per pair. $50; flannel shirts, $25j com? mon boots, per pair, $100; common shoes', per pair, $32; Moxican scrapes (shawls), $100. Hantier, Wliut banner or standard or equiv? alent for a (lag did tho Jews have be? fore tho fall of Jerusalem? Cannot* llnd anything on that In history. W. They had what Is called "nees," :i signal raised on some special occasion and "dogoli" a military standard, to designate a largo division of an army, and '?oth.'* a small one. In an en? campment, which was about three miles square, the occupants, living in families, did not occupy as much room as so nuLny soldiers would liavo occu? pied. Tho standard (degel), a glit? tering emblem on a polo, marked the camp, and the ensign (oth). the family. There were four standards for pact) camp of three tribes, according to tra? dition the four cherubic forms, the. lion, tho ox, the man and the eagle. For Instance, tin- lion was the emblem of Judah. the ox that of Ephraim, ami tho man and tho eagle that of Ezeklol. Snw. Is there any foundation for the old saying that tile moon spoils a saw? X. The London Notes and Queries Bays: "One cannot help thinking that a su? perstition so universal bad In Its origin some connection with solar worship and was suggested perhaps by tho metal's malleability for iiscftn pur? poses when subjected to the solar fire. As tho beneficent rays of the Kit? at? tack tempered Iron exposed to them, so the rays of the moon (maletlcunt, as usual) would drjiw the temper from tin Iron or steel implement, whose use? fulness depends entirely upon Its tem? per." ESME HOWARD"GETS " RANK OF MINISTER I1Y LA 3IAIK1I ISM IIB I'OM'KNUY, ESM? Ho WA KU made so many friends in America during lila stay at Washington us'eouncllor of the British embassy that there are many who will be Interested to learn that he has been promoted from the post of consul-general nt Buda? i'e>;th. to the rank of minister at Berne, lie is the fourth son of Henry I toward; of Grays toko Castle, in Cum? berland, and a grandson of that Lord Henry Howard who was the brother of tho twelfth Duke of Norfolk, lie 1-erved as private secretary to the late Lord Carnarvon when Viceroy of Ireland, also to Lord Kltnberloy when Secretary of .State for Foreign Al? lans, and through the Boer Wat as a trouper in the Imperial l'comunry. His wife,' Lady Isabella Howard, is not only the daughter of a Scotch peer, but also an Italian princess by birth: for her father was the eighth I.ail of Nowburgh, Viscount Kynuairil ?Mid Baron Lovlngsiuhc, all in the peerage of Scotland, and als., Prince Glustlnianl ami Marquis Bandlni, ol Lome, and Duke of Mondragone, as well as Count of Carlnola, -.f Naples; His family; namely, that of Glustlnianl, reigned as sovereigns over the Inland of Chios, until It was seined by the republic of Genoa in the fourteenth century, and he c??ld trace lus un cestry to Edward 1 of England. The lute Lord New-burgh's honors cane him through his mother, on her death, ami mi order tu enjoy the prerogatives thereof, he secured letters ol natur? alization as u British subject. The' earldom of Newton gh and the minor Scotch dignities associated therewith were bestowed in the (lrs| pluce by Charles 11. upon one of his la vor I to genth men in waiting, Sir ?Limes Levlhgstone, of Kynnalrd, who hail been ono of the most devoted Cav? aliers of Charles 1.. and had tici oui punicd the lattcr'a son and successor into exile. The second carl died with? out mile issue, and his Scotch peer? ages .passed to his daughter Charlotte, who was first married to Hugh Clifford, ? if Chudlelgh, and afterwards to Charles Rudellffe, fifth Earl of Der weht water, who lost his head on Tow? er Hill, in London, for his participa? tion in the Jacobite rebellion. Char? lotte had a daughter by her fust mar? riage and a son by tin second mar? riage. The son became fourth earl. Iiis son. Live lift ti earl, died without issue, and the earldom ol New hilf gh and the other Scotch peerages there? upon reverted to the Boihhn Prince Vliieenzlo Glustlnianl, grandson of Charlotte's daughter by lo r tust mar? riage, I' was ibis Roman groal grtindson of Charlotte and of Hugh' Clifford who became sixth earl. lie left no son, Ion a daughter, wild on his death became Countess of New 4 burgh in her own right. She married a Roman patrician, the Marquis Ban? dlni, w ho was authorized by the Pope j to assume and continue the liile of Prime Gltistlnhtni, which had belong? ed to bis wife's father. Lady Isabella (toward is his granddaughter One Of j lor sisters is the wife of Prince Ca - millo Hospigliosl. Another is the wife j of Duke Mario Grazlcll. while yet an? other. Lady or Princess Christina, is a huh of the Sacred Hear:. Estno Howard takes the place at Berne of Henry Bax-lronslde, who also spent a number of years at Washing? ton as secretary of tin- British em? bassy, am! who Is now promoted to tho post of envoy-es t raordinary and min? ister plenipotentiary in the kingdom of Bulgaria. He enjoys the reputation of being one of the most learned mem? bers of the English diplomatic service, and possesses a most remarkable knowledge of Oriental languages, lie Is particularly prollcicnt in Turkish und Persian, and while confidential secretary to the late Sir William White, ihc strongest English ambassa? dor "t Constantinople in the last, fifty years, obtained a wonderful insight into the intricate politics of Southeast? ern Europe. He is a member of the Travelers' Club, in London, owns a pretty country seat in the county of Durham. known as lloughton-le Spring. and has some American con? nections, throufh his wdfe. who died' lt.st fail. She was by birth a Countess Oyldenstolpe, and her brother. Count A. Oyldenstolpe. now Swedish envoy in Paris, Is married to tlie daughter of Sir Francis Plunkelt, one time Brit? ish ambassador to the Austrian court, and wdiose widow is a daughter of Charles W. Morgan, of Philadelphia. Monsignor Granito di Belmontc- | Pignatelli, who bus just resigned the position of nuncio, that is to say, of pontifical ambassador, at Vienna, under peculiar conditions, is a nephew of Cardinal Rampolln, and formed part of the special embassies of the papacy j at the coronation of Nicholas II., at j Moscow, In 1896, and at the time. of the jubilee celebration of Queen Victoria in London, in the following year. His Christian name is j Oennario. and he is by birth a prince I of the historic. Neapolitan house of | Pighalelll which was founded by Lucio | Pignatelli, Grand Constable of Naples] In 1102, and to w hich belonged Pop.-i Innocent XII., who reigned in the last decade of I ho seventeenth century. Two of its members, namely, the Duchess of Torrnnova and Princess Rosa Pignatelli, are ladles of the pal? ace 'to the Queen of Italy, und, in fact, the allegiance of the house Is pretty equally divided between tho Vatican und the Qulrinul. According to llmc-honored custom and tradition, the papal nuncio at A'ienna should on relinquishing his post receive from the hands of (he Eihporor the be re tin of cardinal, granted In response to ti demand on the purl of the imperial government. But. Monsignor Granito di Belmontc has Interfered- so much In the inter? nal administration of both Austria and Hungary, mainly In connection with school affairs and in championing the cause of the Clm-lcaV and reactionary political opposition against tin- Cabi? nets ol Vienna anil or Pcsth, that hih reeall was ropeutedly applied for, on U)u ground that he was persona non grata. situation was rendered more diflicuit by the fact that, al? though lie know French very well, yet he did not know German or Hunga? rian, and was therefore unable to ?et Into touch with the lower clergy, or to uc(|ualut himself with popular senti? ment m Austria and Hungary, as ex? pressed by the daily and serial prt an. He was convinced, loo, thai he was carrying out the views of the Holy Ifiiliter nnd of his Secretary "f State In combutlUK by every means in his pqWOr all (hat savored in any way of, modernism. The Vatican, on the other band, de? clined to recall tie- prime, unless the Au Utah government would re.-ill it.-, ambassador to the Vatican, Count Nich? olas Szecsen, who had Incurred (ht! displeasure of (he papacy, first, hy freqtienilny the palace ami the enter? tainments of his Intimate friend and colleague, the Austrian am Im ?so dor to the Qulrlnal, under whoso roof lie was accustomed tin meet Italian statesi i!)-n .ad dignitaries of the court -?( King Victor Emmanuel, ami also be causi i-ount Szccseh had been unfor lunate enough to .-??cute the admission of a Viennese professor to the pri? vate ufJSS of the Pope, who turned oil! to be a professed unbeliever, and v. h. had sipat out the sacred wafer when receiving the communion! The count had not been personally acquainted with tie professor, and bml merely recommended htm in the ordinary (?Urse ol routine, yet was held by the authorities at tin- Vatican to bil responsible for the sacrilege In fact; i"i ? ? 111 thenceforth his position there became most unpleasant. As soon as ever a vacancy occurred, through the death of fount ?pudi" Khevenbuller at Paris, ho was Immediately transfer? red t"? the post of ambassador to France, whereupon the Vatican lost no time in withdrawing Prince G rani to di ?clmonte Put the Austrian government, lit, view of the trouble which the prince had caused ivy siding with Do- nulitleill opposition, declined to make, the cus? tomary request for his cardinals hat. And thus, for the first time in genera? tions, has a papal nuncio ieft Vienna without receiving tins token of ap? proval of bis own /sovereign, and tint o; the one to whom he was accredited. As the Pope has decided to hold no consistory this year, in view of th< fact that it is tin- fortieth nnniversary of tin- loss of the temporal nov'e'reigiity of the Holy S>e. Prince Granite ill Iblnionte will have to wail another twelve months before lie receive;;, not at the hands of the Austrian Kmperor. bin at those of Piux -\. himself, the. red ii it. and appointment to the Sacred College. In the meantime It is said that he is retiring to Naples, to spend several months there with his aged and wldo.wed mother, whose health Is cx i e< dingly frail. (Copyright, 1011, by the Itrcnl wood < loinpany. > Voice of the People Commtrnffrfitloni mu?t not eon. tnln more tlinn imo vrorda. When this limit* 1? exceeileil let? ters trill be returned. No nnonymonn mmiimntratlnni ?-?4 be accepted. A stnmped envelope, with tSna vrrlter'a uddre??, nmnt nfcoropanr every eoinmunlen tton. Hulking Title Charge*. To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir(?Cur legal friends in this city have recently signed an agreement binding themselves ' to" make the fnl lowtng charges for the examination of titles of real estate, to go into effect on February l: On the valuation of 51,000, the sum of $10, and on every additional 51,One, or fraction of same, the sum of $J. The charge for this work, up to this time, has hem on the valuation of $1,000; for I he sum of $10, and on every additional $1.000, or fraction of same, the sum of 51. The writer would like to ask thest' legal gentlemen on what grounds they make this extra charge. It is, of course, true that as time goes on the links in tiie title chain increase, but It is also true that the titlc'of neat ly every piece of real estate has been examined, ami Hie previous abstract or abstracts are procurable, necessitating scarcely any? thing more than a verification of same. The work of finding liens and taxes is no'more than formerly. Again, on a valuable piece of real estate the (barges will mount very rapidly, whereas a piece of property or this character is almost certain to have a perfect title, and one. which can be examined with comparative ease. It Is supposed that professional ethics require our friends to combine, on these charges, of which, so far as the writer can learn, no notice has been given the man in the street; but 11 would not he out of place for these, disciples of Ulaekstone to explain their position to a deeply interested public. TUR MAN. IN THE STREET. Make this Bank Your Banli OF RICHMOND.