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Duflne&j Offlco.?16 IS. Main Street truth Klehmond.1103 Hull Street retenburg J3ureau....lC3 N. Sycar*?ere str.-at. , Dynchburr nerpnu.215 Eighth Street BY MAIL. One Six Three One POSTAGE PAID. Year. Mos. Mos. Mo Daily with Sunday.ftOO 13.00 11.60 .W Dally -without Sunaay... i.iO 2.00 1.00 . 35 Sunday edition only. Z.00 1.00 .60 .23 Weekly (Wednesday).... l.on .to .15 ... By Tlmcf ? Dl*pa teh Carrier Delivery Ser rlce In Klchrr.onrt und suburbs' anil Peters? burg? One Week. Daily with Sunday.1* cents Dolly without Sunday.10 cents Sunday only.*. 6 cents Entered jnnunry 27. i??3. at Richmond. Va.. r.t r?ccr.J-c:ai? matter under act uf Con stress of March S. 1?79. ' tll?HSDAV, lCBBUUAItY t>, 1911, i n r\ % io viis vet); lixaotiy half a century ago to-day. .leifersoh Davis whs elected Provision? al President of tlie Confederate States ?>! America l>> l he provisional Con gr<<s.< in session at Montgomery, Ala i.ania. At the same time; Alexander: Jl. Stephens, of Georgia, was elected yieorI 'resident. ISucii received ill! the votes cast Thcv were elected to hold * ..... . 1 pflici foi "ii<- year, or until the nah- j cent government should be succeeded j !>;? J: il Si. furry, in his vnldable ? t.'ivii History of the Government of j t'iic Confederate States," says: ?These officers wore elected by bal- | lot. ' ach State er/sting one vote. There had been no electlowering no manage blent, in? bargaining, tut promises. "Wh'i should )>e President engaged ear? nest attention; nml there was naturally jetiiiio difference bf opinion as to l.iie littest person for the high bilice. The, iiualil'.eationri of I ?avls. TobnibH and Cobh were ipiletly ? anvassed. but the differences were not so pressed as to , ,i -? delay of action or any ill-feeling. iSbltte dcjuitleH favored Cohh, some 'i\> nub.1-', bill Davis received unanimous and cordial sii| port. Resides large civil experience as Secretary of War! nnd member of Congress, in which po- ) ?? It ions he had won merhed distinction lor scholarship, anility and integrity. Davis had had military experience in the Mexican War, where lie had dis jngtilshed himself for courage and tne ti-.d skill, and it was known that his tasti'S and preferences were for mil? itary station.'' That Mr. I ?avls was hy 11? ? means ti ''receptive" candidate for the Presi? de bey of tiie new nation is shown by Iiis declaration in Iiis hook. ?'The Kise riii'd Fall of the Confederate Govern; ji*,c nt": '?'As this (election to the Presidency) had been suggested ua u prob?ble event, and what appeared to nie ade (Itiate precautions had been taken io ?prevent it. 1 was surprised, and, still Jnore. disappointed. Por reasons which li is now nbi necessary to -tale. i h;?d not beiieyod myself ;\s well suited td ihe office an some others. I thought iu\s'-if in be better adapted io com? mand in tiie field; and Mississippi hnd given mo tin* position which I preferred lb any other?the highest rank Iii bei" hrtny. it was. therefore, that l iiftor v.anl raid, in an address delivored in Hi.- Capitol, before the Legislature of i 'if* State, with reference to my elec? tion to ilie Presidency of the Confed ? i a ?'.. that the duty to which I was thus called was temporary, nnd that I expected soon to lie with the* Army of Mississippi again." During the election of the." Confed? erate Provisional President and Vice President, an immense crowd gathered ofi 'tie fibers ol Congress and in the paIIcries to behold the choice ol tiie first executive heads of the new re? public. The announcement of the elec? tion was loudly cheered ifhd applauded | all present. It is n Pact often lest Right of that when th<*so officers were re-ciectcdi p^c-sident Davis was elected under the., previsions of ihe permanent Constitution of the Confederacy for six years, and was then to lie ineligible for re-election; His term, therefore, ?would have endjfjd in |>ht three years before jhai time his office, along "v>ith tiie nation to whieh it belonged, vanished Into the. domain of the things 1hat might have both' and were not. It was one ..f the most .list lngutshed "bodlt? of tuen that ever thot in ihe Poitth which elected Davis and j-jtu llirns to Hie, highest positions in the Confederacy. Presiding over the delib? erations of the Provisional (;bhgrcss v > s its most popul?r member. How eil Cohh of Georgia, who had been Gby-j er nor of his State, Speaker of the Na? tional House and Secretary of the Treasury; r'roih Alabama eninc. .1. .1. Dlooprr. aecut.irv ot the Congress; i 3. M C'!it\ ?iid lohn <;ill Shbrlor, nf-j terwards wai' Governor o'f tlx- .State. J i or Pia sent Ho* Lallnit .1 Pat toll Ativ oerfibh at;d fnckVbn Mortbti; Among i.nofle in the i.iCbrgia deleg.itinn were tiie bt*a \e bin ili-f.itei T. Ft, i;. Cubb, rlestihed to ftiil in ic nie. the liriiilatu Benjainiii H. Hill. A lex'tnidcr II Ste? phens and the impel urius Toohibs. Charles M. Conrad, vlgoruu.: debater, und Demean !?' Kennet wer, ?i thos?' who represent d LouisUmn William F. Bnijy, J. A. p. i!.inipbcll ai'iti Alcr-laii df r M. ciaytoh t?Hoiii ..at i;: tii, m,s tJi??lpni coming vnt Tin Pal the t to Shaio seht such tiien as Hoben w Jlarnwell. funner i'nited States Sen? ator; L Mi K. nt. C. ?. .MciiiiiVingei and James Chesnui. ,ir. I'roni Texas ? ame Jolin Gregg and W. p. fbhiltieC. It. was ciiaracteristii bl tiie ih*?vis? foniil Congress that the men son) the,, by the states w ere ib..? wis.- <.,,, t\ imd e'drrs, Few really yt?uhg inep uai iii 1 ho convention. To-d?y the venera id e .luMg.-. I. a. J'. Canipbell, of x\)i.s?issippl, Is the hole surviving in<<inbei' of th first session of the Provisional Con fed praic Congress. a few who came .\i a Jntei sr: eion still live, Virginia was u h rorir ese n t eii In tin I?> h: csslon of the Provisional Coiigresi neraupo this state did not udoj.t at ordinance of seecs?lbii until Ajuii 1; 3Sf,i. The old Dominion held out i.,, Ill the last pbssibii inonient, hupiir that peace might avert the a ??bin union t of tin' sword. When the second ses? sion of (lie Confederate Cmgres* hici in .July, ISG1, Virginia wan ably rep? resented I? Thomas s. Uocock. .1. W. FJroekeiiboroiigtii K. M. T. 11unter, itob crt Johnson, W. II. Mcb'artand, .lames M Mason. Walter proston( William Kailard Preston. .Inntes A. SoddOn, Wal? ter K staple.?. Kogcr A. Pryor, ?l?hn Tyler. W. C. lilves. Charles W. Hussr-ll and Koberl K, Scott; It is a vivid and ilrantutir picture that rise.-: up before us to-day?a pic? ture that seems more a dream (ban aught else. There is the classic Sen? ate hall in (he State Capitol at Mont? gomery?little changed to-day from what it was then. The galleries and Ib.- Moors are crowded with eager nnd enthusiastic men and women?- South? erners through and through. The re? sult is already known, but with duo formality Secretary i looper hands the written summary to President Cpbb. With grave demeanor and solemnity befitting the hour. Cobb declares thru Davis and Stephens have duly received a majority of all votes oast, and arc. respectively, deciared President and Yi.'. -President of the provisional Oov ernmenl of the Cohfcderatti States. Then; with Co- vision of an independent country rising as ;i fair promise, before their eyes; Die people acclaim the hew oiliciis of the now nation, never dream? ing that in a little more than four y.ars thc-lr hopes will have iurncd to ashes and their government faded for? ever; Thai was fifty years ago to-day. Tin: PAPl-JIt-MAKIXU IM? ATICS. H is said that the Canadian recipro? city agreement will be acted upo fa? vorably by the House at Was'iingl-ui this week. The Democratic, cmirus has resolved to support it, the poople of tiie entire o?lthtry are back of it, the President has determined to proas Iis passage so far as hp can use his influ? ence wltli propriety. The Senate i? bunging bad., the Insurgents, Or Pro? gressives, or New Nationalists, or whatever lacy are, who raised so much I "Cain" in the late campaign about the failure of Mr. Taft to "revise the tariff downward,'' are guessing how ihey can get out pf it, and for tin last ten days or t >\ a weeks Washington h is watched with mild concern the work of the lobbyists for th>.' special Inter? ests trying to tinker the treaty to save I heir owii plunder. It Is a purely American scene, which the Canadians mit Hi be regarding with much con? tempt. 'J'lie reciprocity agreement must be accepted or rejected by the two Houses! of our Congress without 'imendmtht j or change. ,i; to minor details, or it ; will fall. The butchers and bilkers ; in! j candlestick makers in and <> it of our' Congress may be able t.> affect "sense" of the American t-cnaie; they cannot control the action of Canadian Parliahicnt, which will si.-t. as it should insist, upon the ac? ceptance of the treaty in it.,- integrity, or its rejection. It has lieen drawn with great care, it will be of large and steadily increasing ben lit t" Die 1 I American people, It will not dj harm to ?iiy legitimate or worthy American enterprise; The most persistent of Hie beggars! that are seeking to defeat the Irsnty are tin- paper manufacturers, vvlio are; t :. tl." iri" hnmmcrlng away at Piefid eiit and' Cabinet and Kopresertfativos and Sen? ators in their own interest. Thsy are buying their p'iilp-wihul cheaper than ever, they are selling paper now r6r niore money they they received before j the duty oh paper was reduced to (lie I extent of $1.25 by tho Payne lari.'f act, they are selling tL'.??t'.OOO pounds of paper annually to foreign consumers j for less than they ate selling n mi this) country and In competition with the paper made hi foreign countries, and they are sinning the same Ohl s-mg about the difference in the cost of pio d net Ion between making (taper in Die United states and making paper ?h Can??a. They say fhiit tlley will be ruiti.ed it lids treaty should tip aiioptodi Well, they ought to be. If \\ Wctt) true, which ii isn't, nothing heifer could happen lor the people >?:' the United Stales, it's ih ijjb dest rii- lioii of these i'iirn tes Die country wo;.M be J id of one of tae hungriest of iilj i'h'e trusts. * Would tin ; p'rrijtii il this : should prevailV No, not a bit of it.; onie reorgani/.atit at y, i' iiiigii i be ?r-makirig industry ?IprbcUy agreement not a Lit might be- ; und ad vi.-a' ke SilO.OOn i lo .-f rtiaki deb i.. comp men lie,I iiid wi to' ft a I the p(o|ib- who iita gaziiies, eons timers children wlio are icho?l books, the lind ii Cbmforl l:ig rinDnes, I lie plain read (lie newspapers and mi t lie pi opie who make wh 11 v < are toiu thai When flu.- lobbyists 0| the pap.-r trust wer?! asked by the Cohiihiitee on Ways and Mci.? tho pthpi day how it happened that tie Amt ii .-an manufacturers eotii 1 export their paper int.. Canada, and ? e!>. "'.*. 000,000 pounds abroad. I hey "somewhat detlrjhiiy ileciarr-.l n,.-, won id cihliihuc ii,.- prat (Ice ol holding their m.irkft = tie- American Congres: as long as tl treated them as 11 jj threatens- to d >. ' tlic ilouse and Sena ?ti tiding ati< :ont leinen ti icve ii.'V tl,i. is pure innif; and, boM.ic-.. i good iiianivCi-s, sind there \van i etter time fur you (,,, jnil a those bold buccaneers than rl VVJia! ilk*- country want's i i it) with Canada. It is )>oiind soon or late, and the sooner ter. IT ihe pi .-sent ("murr, is apptove the treaty tDo next will, ami tho liest Congress will bo called logetlior ^for thai specific i",v rfose. Mr. Taft bus determined to put Ibis treaty through, Iiiid the people nr tht! United staii-:-. without regaid (?i party i>r Stale linos, are with hi in almost i?i a man. excusing, of course, the Progressives, who don't knot'.' Where they arc or what they believe, exccpl that they would oiilburra is Ihe Administration of their own party in their own Interest. rni: vdoro i.\ i.lvcoi.v* statm. .Last Monday in Chicago twelve men and three woiiieh were driven from (heir homes bj a mob of sovonly-lix e men, armed with revolvers, clubs and si on os. The bouse ill which they ? Iwelt was partly wrecked. Two pianos which belonged to the inmates were demolished and the terrified vic? tims (?i the mob were fearfully braten und driven out with the warning that if they should venture into the neigh? borhood again their house would be burned down and they would be stoned to death or lynched. These twelve men ami three women were negroes and their assailants were white men. and tills occurred In the City of Chicago, the State of Abraham Lincoln, the great rhiiunci patpr of the race. The negroes had ventured into a neighborhood Inhab? ited by white people ami they wore driven put. SO far us we are informed, nothing has been done to punish their would-be murderers, and "the North? ern heart" has not been llred by this terrible demonstration or raco hatred in Abraham Lincoln's State. a in) tiUiiiLVSUORO. Oil Tuesday ihe city 61 Greensboro. North Carolina; adopted tho commis? si oil form of government. The plan chosen includes the features of the initiative, referendum and recall, and i j fashioned after the commission gov e'rhhiorii of ties Mohics, Iowa, and <.bil-j vestoii, Te.\us, though it contains ideas; t iken from other cities and some orig? inal provisions. Tiiree commissioners are to be elected in .May. one, the May? or, to receive $2,lit*0 the year, and the oilier two to receive $2,100. 'ihe result in Greensboro was achieved only after a hard-fouglit con? test, in which ihe opponents of the plan claimed that the charter proposed was undemocratic, though admitting that the idea of commission govern? ment is, per so, Democratic. j lore and there, in all sections of the country; the new form of municipal administration is being put into oper? ation by cities which arc weary of the antique plan which is now the rtile In AnviHcah cities. Tin: i-r.oiM.i: who ca.vt our mull. Cine of the most deserving of the many excellent charities in Richmond i Is the Home for Incurables: the people! who can't get well. They need the] sympathy and help of all who are moved by the misfortunes of their! fellows. This institution is dependent upon the gifts of the generous, and Occasionally throughout the year ap? peals are made in Its behalf. .Just now the Miss Mary Thomas Auxiliary in tetiiis- to turn Saint Valentine's Day to good account <ff>r particulars, see the small bills); and would have the I children dance themselves into practical I touch with this establishment. Dur? ing ihe last year the members of this! Auxiliary raised tor the Home a little inore than a thousand dollars, every: cent ot which was used to good pur? pose, ami il now wishes to double at least its contribution to this worthy cans.- the present year. Its members visit the Home regularly, help to mnln tain out! of the nurses, and seek to the lall extent of their means to contfi; blite to the comfort of the people In aflllctioh. The special object of their; present undertaking is to make the i dining room of the Home so attractive as to further cheer the inmates of the place and help them along over the journey they must I ravel before ihe i nd conies t., them and iheir troubles; Till: wick DO TOW.N OF newport. Newport. Rhode Island, lias been spoken of by a number of writers and speakers as one of tho moral plague spots ot iliis country, and last Sunday, the Rev. William Snfford ?I oh es j minister of tin- Chanuing Me? morial Church in that town, made some bbsoivatloiis on the subject of the im? morality of Ihe place which would! Scchi to lend coior to the things that Other less du refill common lutors have said about it. "Ihe majority of rieh dien ami women, who eoiir. hoie sttihr liier after summer." he said, "llvo ijuletly ami unostentatiously, give inj erully to our charities, and are liitcr U'd in civic Improvements. Rut, un? fortunately, a minority, by their lack 6/ morals and manners, bring the lair name of the city into disrepute, ami are a stumbling block and an offense to teal Christianity." Why coiulcmn ihe whole community lot : 11. ms oi "a minority'"' This is uol Scriptural; even Sodom ami fib ni?iTah would have been kaved if I herb biid been only a few righteous men lion-, and Newport, bad as ? is, is probably no worse that: either of (those ancient towns. D ethics, there I piighl oe Eoinc legal way to get rid i i of those, who are lacking In morals. Moreover, t nert> is no reason why the j '.<. )?? table people who go there : hould assotlaK with the wicked rather than tin righteous unless thai is why i hey g*' I here; Many of the worst places in New Vorl. ate -aid lo be Supported I by llb countrymen who visjl the mc ! t ropolh<. There- are white sheep among very, .rich ..ml there arc black sheep a inbng ; be very poor. Newpori h a uood enough summer r< oi i f.,, t hose who like Ii; but Old , I'oin: i,-; far bettor, and among tho mountains of Virginia Iben; are a ' n u in be j ol id a cos where clean people lean live without having their sense of decency .shocked by Uui vulgar' rich or poor. Tum imm;*s i)av. There Is a familiar a tinge. "Kvery ?lug lies Iiis day." which, however. Is not true in all details. Canine heroism has to,, Infrequently been rewarded, ami so Mrs. .lames Speyer, president of (he .Now York Women's League for Animals, has announced that hereafter dofr heroes will have a part In the annual workhorse parade on Memorial day. Dogs which save human life, drive off burglars, catch thieves, or perform other acts of her.-ism will hereafter receive oltieial recognition of iheir loa very from I ho League and their owners will he presented medals. This Is as it should be. The "red badge of courage" belongs to the dog, lor the horse and dog are man's tritesl and most faithful friends among the animals, and have so proved them? selves in the past. liAILHOADKNG !\ IOWA. Some time ago the farmers of; ?South? western Iowa reached the conclusion that they must have quick connection with the markets if they would pros? per in their Industry, and so they resolved among themselves to build the Atlantic Northern ami Southern Railway. It seemed t.. be a sound business undertaking, and they went into it with great enthusiasm. The Des Moln<s Register ami Reader nuw reports that the railroad is in a seri? ous financial plight, that there are current debts and bonded debts and construction liens and what-not against the company. There have also been developed among the stock? holders many factions and cliques, and the lawyers have been called in to straighten out the tangle, and the courts also and receivers and pro? fessional financiers and railroad ex? perts and a host of others, "with the result." ps the Des Monies paper ex? presses it, "Dial while the farmers are acquiring railroad experience, the other fellows will he acquiring the railroad." Probably so, hut in the end the general public will he bene? fited by its construction. "Railroading is not a profitable game for the ama? teur." say.s tin- Des Moincs paper. Railroading is really ?'! great busi? ness, requiring the exercise of the highest executive and administrative ability; the possession of immense re? sources and the sympathy of the nub Ilc. -There Is probably not a railroad president in the United Stales who would not starve to death trying t'> manage one of tiie richest farms in Iowa, and there. Is not a farmer i:i Iowa, we dare say. who could success? fully manage the least of the branch roads in that State without having first been trained for tiie business. Poets may be made, Topsy "just glowed up," but railroad men are trained for. their business. ??Tin; in si moss kmj or Tiirs Ciii u< ii.-' lion Sell/, is a business man, one of the keenest and most successful in this country, lie is the manager of the Pulitzer newspaper properties in New Yoil; City, an?l lie has directed their affairs with marvelous success. He lias found time in the midst of his business engagements to tramp over extensive areas of the earth's surface, to write hooks about his experiences: and to make addresses on various top? ics, to occasional audiences of intelli? gent people, ami be never speaks- upon any subject without, saying something that is worth saying, even if what he atiys cannot be accepted as the last word upon the .subjects he discusses: His latest deliverance was to the Uni? versalis! Club, of Brooklyn, touching upon the business side of tiie Church, and what he said has been much dis? cussed in the neighborhood by such ex? perts In polemics as St. Glair McKel v.ay, the distinguished editor of tha Brooklyn 13agle. Fortunately for Mr. Seltz, he is a Universalist, and. besides, the son of a minister, which gives us hope that he may be aide to pull through with the Orthodox. These ob? servations, however, are not intended to he personal, but to explain in a way tiie position Brother Scltz has taken as to the need of more business-like management in the Church affairs of the country. In the little town of Norway, Maine, fifty years ago. there were two church? es only?one a Universalis! Church ami the other a Congregational Church. Moi.- than a third of the town's people were church going individuals. Then I here came a Methodist mi nisi er, lind lie was followed in due course of time by a Rapt ist 'minister, and he In tutu by .in Kplscopal minister, who came to take charge <,f a church that had been established by tiie principal boarding house mistress of the hauilct, and, finally, when a number of French Cana? dians joined the population of Norway, a Catholic parish was founded there. There were sin churches Instead of I wo, and there are ?l>. churches to this day; but all of them are starving to death because 'the people of Norway are not abb- lo take care of them. The situa? tion in the Maine town is the situation that obtains in hundreds of other com? munities in this country, and it was upon this business of overdoing the es? tablishment of churches that Brother Seit*? addressed his club, Taking a purely business view ,of the subject, he contended that the Church, to be successful,Regarding It, of course, from practical and material, and not a spiritual, point of view, requires sound business management, just js any other entorprisfi requiring the employment of workers, u,,. payment of salaries, the support of industries or institutions. This is ;4 strictly tbusincss view, but it |,s a view that must com? mend Itself i,> the common mind at least, if not to the spiritual apprehen? sion. , B.ro)her Seit? deplored the coining of the money-bag into the Church. lie Would not have the Church run by the men whose purses uro Ion?:. lie does not despite or underestimate the value of money tis a potential force In the cultivation of good morals, ifut. he, would have the men with money to play a less Important part In Hie man? agement of the Church. lie would have fewer churches in good neigh? borhoods, and moro churches in poorer neighhorhoods. He boiiovos that the tJtilversalists should organize a busi? ness management ami pay it $10,ODO the year io administer the affairs of the denomination and to conduct Its business, as the business of other cor? porations Is conducted. The Christian Scientists have inrtde a great success of their cult by turning their affairs over to the direction of acute business men. Plymouth Church, in Brooklyn, has been conducted on business principles, whll? Tal mage's old Tabernacle has practically "gone out of business" bc 'causo It was not managed on sound business principles. Brother Sell/., having been called to law by Brother McKolway, of tiie Hagle, for his views touching "the bus-' In ess end of the Church,'.' told his Presbyterliih monitor a thing 01 two worth consideration. For cyamplc: "If tin- clergy were content to preach on the highways, as Christ did, ami to serve their cause without scrip or purse, as ihe Apostles did, there would he nothing left io say. Put this is not the ease. The Church has developed itself into a property-owning, wage paying Institution, and as such gets itself into precisely the same embar? rassments as any other concern oper? ating with property and wages, and with equally fata) results from had management or over-supply. Zeal, faith and spirituality ail fall before maladministration, especially in this age, when fervor and religious ccstacy are less potent to arouse than in the earlier limes, when there was less to Interest and encourage mankind i see no reason in morals or religion why .-, worthy, unselfish undertaking should not he us well handled in its ncce.-s.ary material aspects as a bank or a newspaper. Remember tin- story of the aged colored gentleman who prayed to th<- Lord for a week to fetch him a turkey, hut none came, and then al? tered his petition into the request to bo tak. n to the bird, and got one in half an hour." Of course. Brother McKolway, in his orthodox style, ha? replied to Brother Seit e, hut it looks to us at this distance as it Brother Seil/, had 'laid It all over" his Brooklyn critic. The mis? take tiial is generally made is that the Church is; regarded as a business en? terprise, instead of a spiritual force; bin oven as In the ancient days, when the world was much smaller than It Is now, there wen: temples nnd other houses of worship which, though ma? terial in their construction nnd mate? rial In their support, boasted a dis? tinctively spiritual quality hardly to be measured hy any Rule of Three that lias ever been known. Vet Brothe. Seitz, in looking at the. subject from a purely cold-blooded, business point of view, is entirely right, and we know of no reason In tiie world why business principles should not be applied to the. business side of religious things, else how would it be possible for the church or the churches to conduct all 1 their Immense activities in the domes? tic and foreign fields? Money must bo raised for missions, for education, for charities, and money is a purely business invention for the promotion of business ends. \\"e must Insist, however, that the greatest care should be exercised not to mix the spiritual with the material _ What is protcldV Dr. Thomas Os bornc, of tiie Connecticut Agricultural j Experiment Station, has happily solved i that problem. "Proteid," says he, "is an alkali albuminate, being also nitro? genous, louoocytopeiile and iclerogen < ric. its food value being greater when it contains sufficient bac rmnagl u tirilh to make It clasmobranticai." "Elas mobrant icnl" is. goo I. It reminds us of the noise made by the Kmporiu Mes? senger when si niggling ' with a mouth? ful of incomparable turnip salad. When President Taft appointed Jos? eph Ruck er Da mar to the United States Supreme Court. the Georgia papers were filled with reference:.! to other; Da mars who had been famous in hls tpry. If we mistake not, no mention was made of Albert R. Rainar, of I Georgia, who was assistant clerk of j Do- First Confederate Congress and j clerk of the second Congress. He was a prominent figure in legislative pro ccd me. Nearly fifty years ago this clause was incorporated in the Constitution of the Confederate Stntcs of America: "Nor shall any duties or taxes on importations from foreign nations be. | laid to promote or foster any branch of industry." That is Hie true Democratic doctrine now. ? Tin' Boston Globe says that Ballingor is geti.lpg ready to send a valentine to President Taft, reading thus: "Coal is black, And lumber is dry; Mucilage sticks. And so do I." Vcs, Ballingcr is evidently fond of that little line of Tennyson's: 'Men may come and men may go, Rut I go on forever." The Augusta County Argus i.; still true to its candidate, for in our con? temporary's last issue appears Hie fol? lowing: "So far as we. can see, President Taft is epiite certain to secure a ronomina t.ion, and will be re-elected unless the Democratic National Convention is leyig-headed enough to.place Hint most distinguished individual, the Hon. 11. 'st. George Tucker, of Virginia, In ihe position." j There !s no question as to flu ideti I llty of the Argus's favorite son. aeries nswers Address all communications for this column to Query Editor, Times-Dispatch. No mathematical problems will be solved, no coins or stamps valued and no dealers' names will be given. KIlRlltltlty to Prmnlr Patriotic Sneletlc*. Will you plcu.se nnswcr through your Query Column the following questions? rn "What are. iiio qualifications neces? sary for membership In the C?l?nliii Da irics? (2) What for Daughters of American no I'ojutloh? (;: > Which organization Is the more exclusive; land why? C. Ii. M> Under the constitution of the National Society, it 1? proscribed that j the member^ shall be women "who are descended In their own right from some ancestor of worthy life who came to reside In an American colony prior to iT.'i", which ancostry, or some one or Iiis descendants, being a lineal as? cendant b.f the applicant, shall have rendered efficient service tr. his roun Iry during the colonial period, either In the founding of a commonwealth or of an institution which has sur? vive I ami developed Into Importance, Or who shall ha v.- held an important position in the Colonial Government, ami who. by distinguished services, shall have contributed to the founding j of this great and powerful nation." Services rendered after 1770 do not entitle to membership, but are ac? cepted for supplemental applications. There is no admission save by Invita? tion. (2) Any w .man !s eligible who Is- of the age of eighteen years and is de? scended from an ancestor who. with unfaltering loyalty, rendered material aid to the cause of independence as 'i recognized patriot, as soldier or sailor, or "as a civil officer In one of the sev? eral colonies or State-, or of the United Colonies or States. The appli? cant must i>e acceptable to the society. -?) (3) The right requirements <>r the Colonial Daui< s naturally make it mori exclusive, though admission to clthei .society Is discretionary with the or? gan I xa lion. H. P. ttniter. Who was. the It. F. Butler who was the Attorney-General of the United States under General Andrew Jackson? it could not have been General Renja min F. Butler, of Massachusetts, en "spoon fa inc." etc.. because lie was to<j young, for lie was horn In ISIS, anv the biographical dictionaries. Sei Volume ill. "f "Messages and Papers of the Presidents," page for Mr Butler's answer to President .lack? son's Inquiry about certain legal ii''^^ t ions touching the "funds receivable for the revenues or the United States." dated March 3. lv:'.T. also see page J.S'.i (same volume), for letter dated Fen ruary If?. l^".T. und signed R. F. Butler, Secretary ot War. ad Interim. Very truly yours. C. T. ALLKN. This was Benjamin Franklin Butler of New York. who. slrahgi lo say, bore lauie name as the Union general though Hiey were not closely related. If at all. The Butler you ?slc aboui was born In IT'-d and tiled In IS 5 8, AI one time be was a law partner of Martin Van Huren. lie was an emi? nent lawyer In hl/j day, served In the New York Legislature, was Attornby Gciteral In the Cabinets of both Jack? son and Van Buren AI one time In acted as Secretary of War. Froth ISilS to ISM be was district attorney for the United State, fit New Y"ib. Von can ilrrl a long and IntcrcM ing sketch of him in Volume III. of the New international Encyclopedia. PRESENTED AT COURT OF KING OF SAXONY nV I.A >l\.Mttlsi; in-; KONTI-1.VOY. DHLSDKN hiiH 1 ????.-ji crowded with Americans during the court season there, which Una Just been brought to a close. Those bl tlicm who cannot .???? euro presentation at the court of Berlin twlntro the United states Am? bassador is restricted to presenting hoi more than four or five of his fellow countrymen and fellow-country women each season) tlml but little difficulty in securing admision to the court of the King of Saxony, which may be de? scribed as a sort of consolat'on stake?. it is a queer, old-fashioned court, where all sort.-, of rubs. recalling Thackeray's satirical descriptions of the Court of Pumpernickel, still pre? vail. Thus, at the court balls no tier mans are allowed to dance, unless the} \ happen to he nobles, or else are min- i isters of state, or the wives of the same. The Saxon population?at least that which goes to court?Is divided into five ?lassen, and only the two superior classes have the right of ink? ing their wives to court, it the latter arc hot noble, If the wife of a member of the third, fourth or fifth das- | nohh- by birth, then site, too, is entitled to presentation, nut not otherwise. The men uf the live classes are dis? tinguished from one another hy the amount of gold braid on their court dress, which every one is obliged to w.-ar. The members of the first class have supper by themselves Ami ". too, do the members of the second ? ?lass, hut in a different room, seated at small tables. The members of the third, fourth nnd fifth classes have to content themselves with a very excel- i lent buffet supper. Foreigners -usually j are included In th<- :-:<?<-ond ? las.-, being I regarded as adjuncts of the diplomatic party. The. various classes are deter? mined by their real or honorary tank h? the service of the crown, and their status in the nobility; The suicide the other day of Count Pofclyal Douglas in one of the suburbs of Perl In by means of cyanide of ppt?ssium, after having completely j ruined himself by unfortunate specula- | lions, serves to recall that the ancient Scotch house of Douglas is extensively 1 represented, not only In Germany, but' also In Scandinavia, most of these j scions being descended from a Douglas who took service under King Custavus Adolphus of Sweden in the Thirty ! Years' Wnr. receiving from hirn tho ! title of count in 1 654- | The principal member of the house to-day in .Sweden is Count I.ouis | Douglas, who resigned the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs,at Stock-! holm some time before the secession of Norway from Sweden, in token of I protest against the. conciliatory atti? tude of tiie late King Oscar towards the Norwegians. Dlko the present King of Sweden in those days, of whose household he was for a time the grand master, he held that conciliation would* inevitably lead to separation, as has proved ty be the case, and that a I policy of repression, even If necessary by means' of armed force, would have been preferable, at any rate as far as Swedish intorests wore concerned. Count Louis Doiiglas displays all the hereditary traits of the great and his? toric Scotch house from which he is descended, .having the peculiar Jaw, falling iindcrlip and dark complexion of the celebrated Black Douglas. Count. Louis Donglas, T may add, Is a grandson of Grand Duke. Louis ]., of Kaden- The latter, who reigned from 1818 to 1830, contracted a morganatic marriage with Catherine Werner, whom, shortly before his death, he created Countess" of Langerstein, and by whom he had a son and n daughter. The daughter mnrrled the late Count Charles Israel von Douglas, father of Count Louis Douglas- Count Louts had an elder brother of the name of Wil? liam, who was often described as Iiis I twin, owing to his having been born I in Ihe same year. One, however, came Into Ihe world *n February and tho other in December. William, who died] unmarried a. few years ago. Inherited all the extensive property In Germany, which had hern bequeathed to his mother by her falber, Grand Duke Louis, of Baden, and, entering the Prussian army, died as a German citi? zen. Louis inheriting bis father's Swed? ish property. Shortly before William's death the two .brothers were involved In an ex? traordinary lawsuit at Berlin, which hail some antilogy with the famouH Humbert swindle in France. It was known as "The Brandt Affair." and. as In tho Humbert ease, led to ail sorts tof prominent people being drugged into unwilling and unjustified notoriety, Briefly speaking, It hccius that sonic s I x ty years ago people of the name of Brandt; citizens of tie- little town of 'Asehersieben, went to the lali Count Charles Douglas, that Is to say, to the son-in-law of Grand Puke Ron's of Beiden, and told him that lhoy were heirs t" a fortune left by an ancestor '?t theirs at Amsterdam at the close of iho eighteenth century, and as^ed him. In hts capacity as burgomaster "i tin- town, to lnlp them in getting hold of what was due to them from the Dutch authorities They plaeod a lot of papers In his hands. Hit aftci glancing over tin -.- he Informed them that the affair seemed to him a myth if not. a swindle, ami warned them not to base any hopes thoreon. Nothing more was heard about the matter until l when the Brandts started i, s'iir against Count William and Count Do ills Douglas, flic sons of the burgomaster, to obtain money from them, on the ground that their father had retained the papers ami had made use of them to appropriate to himself, witli the connivance of the late Prince Bismarck, the Brandt fortune at Am? sterdam, amounting, as they declared, to s..t.oof) florins. They urged that the great wealth of the Douglases WOH due to the Hrandt money, and on Hie strength of the-, stories, and of Hie legal proceedings which they initiated, were able to obtain loans right and left. The courts eventually brought to light the absurdity of their claims, and made clear the fact. In the ilrst place, by documentary evidence that the late Count Charles Douglas bad returned til.- papers to the Brandts; secondly, that neither hit! nor Iiis sons hail ever ben ell ted one penny piece by any of the Brandt money; and. finally; that the alleged Hrandt fortune a? Amster? dam, burl, like that of the Craw fords In the Humbert ease, never existed, either at Amsterdam or anywhere else. While the result was wholly satisfac? tory to the two Counts Douglas, they were for several years subjected to no end of annoyance In connection with the affair, and were burdened with vbry heavy legal expenses in order to fie,- themselves from the imputations laid nt their door. There are still some other Counts Douglas who owe their title of count to the present Kmperor, and who were, created barons by his grandfather; old Emperor William. The bead of the family. Count lingo Douglas, is a great, ironmaster, and stands particularly hieb In the good graces of his sover? eign. He also is descended from a Douglas who served in I he Thirty years' War, but who did not receive any title by way of reward. There is much bitterness throughout Germany jnsi a I present against Eng? land, owing lo the refusal of the Eng? lish government to take part in the International Exhibition of Hygiene, which is to take place at Dresden fills spring. All the leading states of the world have accepted the invitation of the German government, and will be represented at the show, witii the solitary exception of England, owing to the fact that the Treasury in Down? ing Street declined to grant even as Small ;i sum as ?">O.O0C for the purpose; or to take any cognizance thereof, or (o move in any way in the matter. This, too. despite I he pressure brought to bear upon it by Hie Hoya) College of Physicians, the Royal College of Surgeons and the other great scien? tific organizations in England. Aside from hygienic and scientific considerations. motives of policy should have led the English govern? ment fo refrain from doing anything so calculated fo increase the national hit torn ess of Germany against Great Britain, as this pointed refusal to be. represented a I a German government, undertaking in which all olher foreign nations are taking part. (Copyright. 1011, by the Brentwood Com pa n.v. 1 Make this Bank Your Bank State and City Bank OF RICHMOND