rS%DnS-KnSovSpRm?w. WHOLE NUMBER .18,526.
RICHMOND, VA., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 30, 1911.
THE WBATIIKIt TO-DAY??Fair. PRICE TWO CENTS.
Measure to Take Kinks
Out of System Gen?
WILL GET ADVICE
Rules Suspended and Ordinance
Goes to Board?Members Ad?
mit That Antiquated Meth?
ods Have , Gone Far
ter to Committee.
"'The l/irrl sent It, if the devil did
liiiiig it," was the characteristic ln
dorscmcnt given by Councilman Ccurge
Jlcb, Blake t-? ili. resolution offered
in the Common Council last night by
Councilman Gilbert K. Pollock, pro?
viding for tin appointment of a com?
mittee in prepare a plan for simplify?
ing ili.- methods ol city government.
Under suspension 01 the rules the reso?
lution was adopted with Only two ?II.-1- !
?so'titlng vote*. Council Moi'gu It; Mills.;
who led the- oppoRlttdn, objected inerc- !
|y a-- tu proc4.-ili.u f- and us tu the ad- j
vlsabliltj of ussociutiug ? itizens with j
tin.- committee in its deliberations, and
Mated that lie fully concurred in the |
necessity of cutting through the lap
glcil well In which tin- business affairs
of the city arc now administered. j
.Nut for ti CbiiimhiMloii.
In asking suspension of the riiles
l-i order that the resolution might he i
at one 6 adopted, Mr. Pollock stated
that every member realized the neces- ,
s-.lty of changing business methods and
facilitating the management of city i
affairs; "This resolution docs not look
to a commission." said Mr. pollock. ;
"1'lveii nt-tc we to advise that step it
would tint In- In tili' power of the next
Legislature to grunt it. a.- it woulft i
require an amendment to tin state ;
Constitution. We merely propose a.
committee tu study condition:; and pin- j
grcsslvij method* of administration to
sec if we cannot devise a way to re- ;
move the cqhweba from about our
Mr. Mills thought the resolution J
should ku to the Committee on Ordi
nance. Charter and Hcfbrni, objecting
to having ?'outside people try to come
In and manage the city's business." j
I conuur as to the need for reform- j
lng the present method of govern- !
menu" lie said, "but we should hot pass
the resolution as offered,"
CrovfiiIiir \n iirk of Council.
Mr. Pollock >aw nothing to bo
gained bj a month's delay, and thought
li tie- greatest service the Council
could perform for the citizens und
community. A report simplifying the
government, ho said, would be the
crowning work of this ? tmcil, tor
which It would always be remembered.
There was general laughter at Mr. |
Blake's humorous reference to Mr. ;
Pollock, but Mi . Blake came but ?
strongly for the resolution, and espe- '
dully for that part, to which Mr. Mills !
objected, holding that tin- point of
\ lew of outs'ders called in In an ad?
visory capacity would bo invaluable;
Taking no offense at the story told at'
his expense by Mr. Blake, ending with ';
the expression, "The Lord sent it, if I
tin. devil did bring it." Mr. Pollock re- I
plied that if In- were given a good
committee lie would promise to "play i
the iJevU" with red tap.- and Ineffi?
ciency and waste which abound In ex?
isting conditions. The roll call stood j
25 to 5 for suspending the rules. Before i
It was announced Messrs. Cease, burns- J
den and Batkins changed from no tot
aye, making the vote stand 28 to 2i the ?
noes being Messrs. YV. B. Bradley and j
Morgan li. .Mills. The resolution was J
then adopted without d'sscnt.
Text nf ItcMOlutinh.
The text follows In full:
"Be ll resolved by the Council of the
city of Richmond <the Board of Al?
"1. That a special joint committee
?f five, to consist of two members of
the Board of Aldermen and three mem?
bers of the Common Council, to be ap?
pointed by the presidents of the re- i
spectlve branches, be, and is hereby, ',
constituted und charged with the duty j
of making a thorough Investigation I
and study of the. present government ?
of this city in the light of modern '
municipal governments, with a view ?
of securing to the city of Richmond
such changes in government as will, i
In their opinion, result in greater econ- j
omy of administration, and facilitate!
the dispatch of city business generally. |
The said committee shall present a re- i
port of Its recommendations to either j
branch of the Council.
"2. That the said committee are
herehy authorized to associate with
them In their deliberations three resi?
dent citizens of the city of Richmond,
?who shall be entitled to exercise all
of the functions of members of the
?aid committee, except the right to i
vote upon propositions pending before I
?aid committee, but the said persons]
so acting In association with said com?
mittee shall bo entitled, If they so de?
sire, to formulate and present to said
commitee a separate report or reports
of the conclusions reached by them,
or any one or more of them, which re?
port or reports shall, by said special
committee, be returned to the Council
with their report."
') C'lfy Attorney'* Opinion.
Mr. Pollock also presented an opin?
ion from the City Attorney as to tho
legality of authorizing the proposed
committee to associate with it three,
or more citizens not members of the
Council. In which the City ''Xtiorney
says that he Is of the. opinion that the
Council may authorize the committee
to make stich association, but cannot
delegate to such citizen members tho
right to vote, but may authorize them
to make, and submit to tho committee
the result of their deliberations, which
report may he forwarded to the Coun?
cil with the report of the committee.
Mr. Pollard concludes: "1 consider
the proposition to have such association
In muking the investigation proposed
not only permissible, but wise, for the
situation, in my judgment, demands
(Contdl?Ted on Third?TageTy
Famous Hungarian Statesman,
Standing on Speaker's Ros?
trum, Addresses House of
Washington, I' C, February 0.? .
Tl<t; u usual sceh? of a former Speaker
of the Hungarian House of Represen?
tatives standing on the Speaker'
rostrum and addressing the low? r
branch of tin.- American Congress was
Witnessed In the HouKe to-day, when i
Count Apponyi* wan formally presented
aiid brought a message of greeting to
"The Representatives of the New
World from a Representative of the
The House took a recess of fifteen
minutes to permit of the exercises.
Count A pponyi was warmly greeted
when he appeared in the chamber, and \
frequently was Interrupted with ap- j
pi a use during his brief address. When |
he hud finished speaking the count !
held an informal reception, all the',
mein be rs of the House liling by and]
shaking hands. In introducing tlie ;
distinguished visitor. Speaker Cannon i
? It affords rue to-day grout pleasure
to Introduce one with v. lo se reputation
i\ e are acquainted not only through 1
multiplied thousands of his own
countrymen who have made their
homes und are making their homes |
here and have become our countrymen, i
hilt as u mat. who has had forty years'
service In the House of Representa?
tives of Hungary, tvlib for many years
was leader of that body, and now is
not only a member of that body, but
a member of the Cabinet. Minister of
After expressing Iiis thanks for the
honor of addressing the House, Count
A pponyi said:
"1 know \?>u inwardly ask your?
selves what has the Old World got to
say to the New World? Well, gen?
tlemen, I think It is sjbout this, you !
com.- from the Old World, too; you j
wore horn under a happy star. j
It* Pride nnd Burden.
"Thai Ob) World has legacies of
tradition which are its pride and its!
burden, when your ancestors left the
Old World they were privileged to
take away with them the very best of
those traditions and to leave behind
what is the burden of them.
"'Yon took with you the very best
things, the very highest point of de?
velopment which the Old World had at?
tained in those days; you took with
you the sound, healthy, vigorous tra?
ditions uf British liberty
"You developed them and - ou adapt?
ed them to the condition found in the i
new hemisphere to which you had
come. You were people who left he.- j
hind you what was burdensome In the
traditions of the old World. The mu?
tual animosities end distrusts, the call
lor blood again you were enabled to
leave behind you out of a., the in?
heritance of hatred, of antagonism nnd
animosities.0 Gentlemen, you feel it
more keenly than 1 can express that
this fortunate situation lays a Treat
responsibil'ty upon you, and 'f l am to
speak hero before you on behalf of the
Old World. lsay this; We uf the
Old World, desiring to come out of the
devouring waste of the ancient spirit
of animosity and distrust, appeal to
you for assistance to do away with the.
hateful legacy of hatred and war and
antagonism between men who ought
to |>e brethren.
'.'This is tu object of my mission
In America. This is what I think the
spirit of the Old World has to say to
the spirit of the New World, and after
hav'ng delivered you this message, let
me again thank you for the high honor
wh'ch you have done to me. It appeals
strongly to me personally and to my
country In allowing'me to.aauress you
here and to enjoy he eclio which these
sentiments to which J give expression
have found In this house, because it
has found them in your hearts and in
Visits the Senate.
The Hungarian statesman also oc?
cupied a seat beside Vice-President
Sherman in the Senate for a time. Ho
was accompanied by Baron Hcngel
inuller and was escorted to the cham?
ber by Senator Cullom. of Illinois,
chairman of the Committee on Foreign
Relations. Count Apponyl was enter
tnine'd at luncheon at the British em?
bassy by Ambassador Bryce. and to?
night was the guest of honor at a
dinner and reception given by Baron
Hengelmuller at tho Austro-Hungarian
embassy. He will return to New York
EXPLOSION ON DOLPHIN
Two of Crew Injured AVlicn Saluting
ChitrRC I.eta Go.
Washington, February 9,?An explo?
sion of one saluting charge of a gun
on the American gunboat Dolphin,'now
at Port-au-Princo, -Haiti, caused "ex?
tensive superficial burns" to two eif
her crow, according to a telegram re?
ceived by the Secretary of tho Navy
to-day from Captain Laws,-of the ves?
sel. An eyo of one of tho men was
injured, Captain haws stated, and this
seemed to bo the most serious result
of (he accident. For the purpose of
meeting the needs of the Injured, the
Dolphin immediately loft Port-au
Prince for Guantannmo, Cuba, where
the United States Atlantic fleet is en?
gaged in battle practice. There are a
number of naval surgeons on tho ileet.
Am soon as the two wounded men have
been placed in the hands of the phy?
sicians, the Dolphin will return to
Port-au-Princo. Captain Laws did not
report tho names of tho injured men.
FAIL 10 UNCOVER
Police Make Fruitless|
Search for Desecra
tors of Tomb
IS TAKEN AWAY
Remains of Mrs. Anna M.
McCollum Stolen and Every
Casket in Mausoleum of Late
Millionaire William L. Scott
Be Held for Ransom.
Erie, Pa. February t>.?A search of j
twenty-four hours has failed to un- j
cover a sinxlc clue to the Identity of
the ghoul- who; s.'in" time during the
past four days, desecrated the mail-|
sole um in the Erie Cemetery of the
late Congressman William L. Scott, j
millionaire railroad ntagnrtto. and ear- I
ried away the body of his sistcr-lti
law, Mrs. Anna M. McCollum.
hue to-nlght the police found a holr i
in t to cemetery fence about 50.0 feet ,
from the vault, and the woman's body |
Is believed to have been removen ;
from this opening. !
An Investigation of tin vault has
shown conclusively that the ghouls
were persons familiar with the work
undertaken. When the copper plates
in front ot the crypts wer? torn awa>
a sharp, hooked instrument was run
into the crypt and the name plates j
pulled from tile caskets.
This has led to the belief that tie
robbers were looking for the casket
for Mrs. McCollum. Besides her body, ,
there Were five others in th* vault, and ,
the caskets of all had been tampered
w i t h.
The Erie Cemetery Association has
offered it reward ol $1.000 for infor?
mation that will lead to the arrest and
conviction of the ghouls.
Developments to-day indicate that
the body of Mrs. Anna M. McCollum
^^r.jHi.) ia^stio -"'Mi iuoji u" v:t ua?q P?M
i lie door of tho vault.
its removal from the mausoleum. Parts j
jo.\o p.usnr.'s punoj o.m.u t?^sa;i bqi jb '
All the bodies in the Scott mauso- j
leum were tampered with. Aside from J
Mrs. McCollum the following were In- j
ten od in the vault:
William 11 Scott. Mrs. William L. |
Scott. Richard Town send, of Washing-;
ton. Pa.; Edna Townsend, an infant j
daughter (,f Mr. and Mrs. Townsend, I
of Washington, and .lohn McCollum, j
whose wife's body was stolen.
The crime has stirred this section i
of Pennsylvania in Indignation at its
daring as nothing has since the sensa?
tional kidnapping which occurred In
this vicinity a few years ago.
The discovery was made by two wo?
men walking through the Erie Ceme?
tery. The family was immediately (
notified, and a watch was placed in I
the cemetery at midnight after all as- j
suranees were made that the missing j
body was not In the vicinity.
Details of Erie police kept watch at J
the tomb during the night to greet the |
body-snatchers should they return. The i
only disturbance they met was from
newspaper men early this morning,
who were ordered from the cemetery
at the point of revolvers.
nndy nf Slffter-lii-l.fivr.
While the police have been Informed
of the grave-robbing, no name Is at?
tached to the missing body by them.
The first Information to the public
came from the family, but again no
name was given. It is known, how- |
ever, that the body taken by the ghouls
is that of Mrs. McCollum, a slster-ln
law of the late Mr. Scott. The police
believe the body is being held for ran?
som, and that the vandals also intend'.'
ed to carry away the bodies of the mil?
lionaire and his wife.
When the women in the cemetery
found broken chains and open doors in
the mausoleum they notified Mrs.
Charles H. Strong, who is a daughter
of Mr. Scott, and the wife of Charles
II. Strong, president of the Erie and
Pfttsburg Railroad, the Erie County
Electric Eight Company and the owner
of the Erie Dispatch, the morning
newspaper of this section. Mrs. Strong
notified the police, and all further in?
formation was deemed unnecessary.
As soon as the news of the grave
robbery reached the Strong home, Mrs.
Thoro Strong Ronalds, a granddaugh?
ter of William I* Scott, started for the
cemetery with her father. Charles li.
Mrs. McCoilum's casket was the first
on the lower tier at the north side of
the mausoleum, and directly opposite
it, on, the second tier,, is the casket
containing the body of Mrs. Scott, the
wife of the millionaire who built the
The wall here also was broken, and
when It was examined It was found
that this casket was half-way out and
to all appearances was ready to be car?
ried away. The remains of the million?
aire were lying next to those of his
wife, but his casket was not disturbed.
A number of palms stored In the mau?
soleum had been broken down, and two
other caskets were, broken Into, but no
attempt waa made to carry either of
That tho body was carried away In a
(Continued on Third Page.)
Democrats Win Fight
for Increased Number
IN NEXT HOUSE
Battle Led by Hay, and He Is
Supported by Party Men and
Republicans Who Refused to
Be Bound by Caucus.
Slemp Helps Save
Washington. D. Cv. February '.'.?The
Democrats uf the House, aided by a
few Repu bli aus. who declined to he J
i bound by the party caucus, to-day won
'? their light for an increased ropresen
I iation In the lower branch ot the Con
j gross under the census of 1910. They
voted down the Republican caucu bill
j to maintain the membership at 301. as
! at present, and then passed the origi
! nai Crumpaeker bill, Using the mem?
bership at 133 on and after March
: IS)is. li Arizona and New Mexico
should he admitted to Statehood, they
1 will be given otto representative each,
bringing the total up to 135.
To-day's action of the House must
be ratified by the Senate. The House
leaders believe that the Senate will
follow the wishes of the lower branch!
Under the new reapportlonmcrit
, plans, no State loses a rnrnibcr. Tho
following States gain tiie number in?
Alabama. 1; California. 3; Colorado,;
1; Florida, i; Georgia, i; Idaho, 1;
Illinois, j; houisiuna, 1; Massachusetts,
Z : Michigan; I; Minnesota, 1; Montana?
1: New Jersey. -. New York. r>: North j
Dakota, l; Ohio, l; Oklahoma, 3; Ore?
gon. 1; Pennsylvania, i; Rhode Island,
1. South Dakota, 1; Texas, Z; Utah, l;
Washington, if; West Virginia, l.
illbiv n( South Defeated.
The House spent more than live
hours in discussing and voting upon
the bill and various proposed amend?
ments. An amendini nt offered by
Representative Bonnet, of New York,
and designed to cut down Southern
representation, was voted down by 15 1
to mi. Representative Crumpacker. of
Indiana, chairman of the Committee
on the Census, and author of a num?
ber of hills to reduce the representa?
tion from State? in Ce South, voteci
to-day against the Bennet amendment,
and was applauded by the Democrats.
The Democrats lost hut one decision
during the entire fight. A committee
amendment in the bill, providing that
States should be redistrlctcd by the
Legislatures, was voted down on an ap?
peal from Republican members of the
Missouri delegation. They declared the
States should be permitted to redlstrict
themselves in their own way.
The advocates of a membership of
301 fought for i heir c ause up to the
very last minute, .lust before the Una I
vote was taken. Representative Camp?
bell, of Kansas, moved tin; recomnilt
men: of the 4::.", hill, with instructions
to the committee of the whole House
to report a substitute providing for
301 members. This motion was lost by
a vote of 131 to 171. This reflected the
sentiment of the members so decisively
that the vole by which the bill was
passed was decided in the affirmative
without a division or a roll call.
Champ Clark, of Missouri, in favor?
ing an increase in membership, de?
clared that tho real work of the House
would continue to be performed in com?
mittees, and that the number of Repre?
sentatives on the lloor would mako
lit iL. or no difference.
Credit to liny.
Credit for to-day's victory should be
given to Congressman .lames Hay. of
Virginia. He .vas assisted by some uf
the members of the Virginia delegation
and Representatives Page, Thomas.
Webb and others, from North Carolina.
Since the tight started to cut down
the representation of the* South the
Congressmen mentioned have been un?
tiring in their efforts to have passed a
bill which would permit the number
of their States remaining as at present.
Lined up with the Virginians and
North. Carolinians In their efforts to
keep their States from losing one mem?
ber each were the following Southern
Republicans: Slemp, of Virginia: Lang
ley, of Kentucky, nnd Austin, of Ten?
nessee. To-day Congressman Austin
made a strong appeal to his fellow Re?
publicans to si and by the committee
report and mako the membership of tho
House 413. saying that if the Republi?
can party ever expected to make gains
I In the South it woulel have to make
them in the "bolder" Stntes, and men?
tioned especially Virginia, Kentucky
and Tennessee. Langloy also made an
urgent appeal, and Slemp, to saw his
own seat, worked among the Republi
cans to have the. membership made 143.
So far as known, the three North Car?
olina Republicans made no open effort
to have the committee report adopted,
as they retire from Congress March I.
Favor* Inercnneri Unto.
Washington. February 9.?Magazine
publishers will have to pay a rate of
1 cents a pound on the advertising sec?
tions of periodicals carried as second
i las- mail if an amendment to the post
office appropriation bill, adopted by the
Senate Commit tee on Post-Offices and
(Continued on Third Page.)
Two Names Added to Airs Death List.
Doital, Krnnce, Kchnmry 1).?Two more name* norr added to the denth
roll of the air to-day. Tlie aviators, Noel and Drlntorre, were killed while
conducting; a trial of n military miichinc liefore expert* from the Wnr De?
port men}, prcvlnu* to Its delivery to the army. Xocl nn? the pilot and IJel
atorre n paiaenger. ?^
AccordlnK to the requirement*! of the department, Noel put the ma?
chine through It* paced for an hour, and the trial, which um considered In
every way ?iicccunful, wan practically at an end. The nvlatora .were
plnnliiK down from a height of about UftO feet, when Kiiddculy the wIiirm
folded up, nod f.be mneWnc fell hondlonp; to the earth. The men were
taken out dead. Their nLuIIs wer? fractured and they were badly crnwhed.
WINS FIGHT FOR VIRGINIA
lltai'ft BSBNTATIVK .IA3II3S IIA Y.
OROZCO PLANS TO
Apparently This Ends His
Threatened Assault of
City of Juarez.
REBELS ARE QUARRELING
Junta. Divided Against Itself,,
and General Blanco Obeys
Kl Paso. Tex.i February 0.?Members
of the revolutionary junta to-night
said (hat General Orozcp, who was
reinforced this afternoon by 250 men I
under General Cassllln, would start j
south to contest the road to Juarez |
with the federal troops under General I
Navarro. reported yesterday about |
eighty miles south of Juarez.
This, if it prove true, will end fur!
the present the threatened attack on
Juarez. It was General Cassilla and
not Alanais who spent Tuesday night
twelve miles east of here across the
river from Vale la at Saragosa. It look
him until this afternoon to make the
junction. lie had a brush with tho
federals last night, but eluded them.
At Sixes uud Sevens.
A more serious fight occurred be?
tween unidentified forces opposite Fort
Hancock, iifly miles east, last night.
Sixteen participants were wounded;
The report of the light came to Fort
Illls.s from American soldiers guard?
ing the border. Some of the wounded
reached the. Texas side and were cared
for by the Americans. Plans of tho
Insurrectos were at sixes ami sevens
this afternoon. The junta was divided
as to whether Orozco should remain
near Juarez, nursing a hop'- I hat
Blanco would come to his aid. or
abandon the campaign for retreat.
A member who favored retreat said
that Orozco's force had been purposely
announced as larger than it was. All
told, he said, the insurrecto force
under Orozco had not numbertd more
than 360 men. This was the real rea?
son that Juarez was not attacked.
Orozco determined to retreat. Ho
was unable to get food from the
American side, and, despite his long
wait, reinforcements had not joined
him. Leaving a rear guard of fifty
men across from the F.l Pnso smelter,
he began the march south.
Meanwhile the local junta was busy
on the legal question of sending food
across the river. After much consult?
ing of the law. United States Commis?
sioner Oliver decided that food could
be taken across the honndary.
The Mexican government had not
declared provisions or anything else
contraband of war. To do so. it was
said, would be to recognize the bel?
ligerency of the provisional govern?
ment. The American troops had mere?
ly to prevent the crossing of armed
men and to preserve tho neutrality of
This decision, sent post haste, reach?
ed Orozco at almost the same minute
as the advance guard of General Cas
siUa's force. lie camped at Rancho
Fibres for the night.
If he carries out his plan of attack?
ing Navarro, Orozco will have fiOO men,
ali told, save the remote possibility
that General Blanco . joins him. The
latter is said to be forty-rive miles to
There Is serious friction between
Blanco and Orozco. It began two mopths
ago. Blatten declined to obey an or?
der of Orozco, and the latter ordered
his arrest, sending twenty-five men I
for the purpose. Blanco had 200, and
laughed at the warrant. Since then
the two have remained apart, operat?
Abraham Gonzales, provisional gov?
ernor of Chihuahua, within tho last
weak has repeatedly ordered Blanco
to join the detachment threatening
Juarez, but Blanco apparently ac?
knowledges no superior. This friction
Is said to account largely for the in?
effectiveness of tho revolution to date.
A work train on the Mexican Con
Gives Committee Facts and
Figures on Paper-Making
POINTS TO SOLUTION
He Believes' Ratification of Re?
ciprocity .Agreement Will
Washington. February 0?Tho paper
and pulp wood provisions of the
Caiiadian reciprocity agreement formed
the subject of a prolonged session of
the House Ways and Means Commit?
tee to-day. the principal witness being
Chairman John Norris, if the paper
committee of the American Newspaper
Publishers' Association Mr, Norris was
reinforced by Don C. Seilz, business
manager of the Now York World, an?
other member of the paper committee.
Mr. Nortis made good his promise
of yesterday to make emphatic by tin
array of facts and figures his advocacy
of the ratification of th> reciprocity
agreement exactly as It stands, Includ?
ing, especially, the pulp and paper pro?
visions without amendment of any
Mr. Norris characterized the agree?
ment as "the greatest economic ad?
vance made by the United States in
the present generation, it broadens out
our markets. It promotes Interchanges
that will immediately and directly
benefit 90 per cent, of the population."
Ho said ho appeared "as the repre?
sentative of newspapers which pay
more than $50,000,000 per annum for
news print paper. They are deoly con?
cerned In tho paper and pulp clause
of the treaty, and they ask you. to
approve that clause exadtly as It ap?
pears in the agreement."
Add i??,00O,000 n Year.
"The tangle of the American govern?
ment with Canadian provinces and the
tariff burdens imposed upon print paper
have added more than $6.000,000 per
annum to the price which newspapers
would pay for raw material under nor
mal conditions. The complication with
Canada and tho excessive duty have
enabled American paper makers to
to combine for advance in print paper
Mr. Norris alleged that the organiza?
tion of the paper makers was ".syste?
matically starving the market," nnd in
December last "exported more print
paper than Canada shipped to us. All
but two of fifty print paper makers of
the country," Mr. Norris declared, -are
violating the Sherman law l>> restrict?
ing the use to which the paper they
sell can be put."
Dilating upon the alleged restrictions
upon distribution, Mr. Norris said that
to-day it was "Impossible for the larger
newspapers to obtain quotations from
more than one mill at any price."
The largest buyer In the country
who uses 100.000 tons per annum will
probably pay an increase of $0.00,000
per annum for his paper because of the
methods of the papormakers.
Since the passage of the Payne-Al
drich law, though the duty on print
paper lias been reduced $2.25 per ton.
that is from $tf to $3.7". per ton, the
paper combination has advanced prices
$3.50 per ton ami threatens further ad?
vances. Publishers whose contrails
are expiring find that they canned get
any terms except from the mill which
had supplied them. A uniform price
of $15 per ton has ?een established by
the paper makers. It makes no differ?
ence what the freight rate is within
a given zone.
The speaker went on to develop his
description of conditions in tho paper
trade as affecting the newspapers, de?
claring that paper Is sold abroad at
less than the eloniestic prices. Never?
theless, tho up-to-date paper' mills in
the United States make print paper
cheaper than the ? anadian mills.
The price of print paper has boon nd
vanced nearly 50 per cent., that is from
$31 to $15 per ton, since, the combina?
tion of thirty-two mills Into tho Intor
(Contiuucd on Seventh Page.),
STANDS TRUE TO
New Parliament Reaf?
firms Belief in Free
TO KEEP HANDS
Amendment in Reference to Re4
ciprocity Agreement Is De?
feated by Overwhelming
Vote?Unionists See in It
Breaking Up of the
Taft's Campaign j
Washington, n. C., February ?.??
The enmpalgn of the Taft adminis?
tration and tin* various elements
allied In the Manie cause for the rati?
fication l?y Congress of the recipro?
city agreement with Cnnniln, moved
on apace to-day. The House Com
mittee on Ways and Means held
Ks (innl hearing, nnd is expected In
executive session to-morrow morn- (
Iuk to vote to report It favorably
for the consideration of the House,
President Tnft left late to-night
for I he West, mid In speeches to?
morrow at Columbus, O., nnd Satur?
day at Springfield, III., will take oc?
casion to cniphnsir.c still further his
advocacy of the reciprocity agree?
Secretary Wilson, of the Depart?
ment of Agriculture, to-night ndded
his word to the pro-reciprocity,1
chorus in the form of n long and
forceful "open letter" addressed to
the Not I,, 11 ni f>'range.
The Demnrrnflc members of the
Senate will meet In caucus nt it
o'clock to-morrow morning. Os?
tensibly the conference of the
minority ivns culled to outline n
program lu relation to all pending
legislative matters; but it Is be?
lieved the Canadian agreement will
consume practically nil of the dis?
cussion nnd that the Democrats will
determine upon a policy in respect
The first open voice In support
of the agreement in the Senate was
henrd to-day, when Senator Bever
Idge. in a strong speech, advocated
.lohn Norris, chairman of the
paper committee of the American
XewHpaper Publishers' Association,
to-day made the final argument be?
fore the Ways and Means Commit?
tee hi support of the pulp and paper
clauses of the agreement, earne?tly
urging Its ndoptlon without amend?
London, February ;>.?In the first dl-?
vision of the new Parliament, tho.
House of Commons, by a majority oC
102, to-night reaffirmed adherence to
free trade principles. Tho division was
taken on the opposition's amendment/
to the address in reply to the speech,
from the throne, urging fiscal reform,
with special reference to the proposed,
reciprocity agreement between Canada
and tho United- States, which was
moved yesterday by Austen Chamber?
lain. The amendment was rejected by)
a vote of :!-I to 222, The Nationalists,
who heretofore have always abstained
from voting in fiscal divisions, on this
occasion supported the government, as
did also the Laborit.es.
The debute had far greate'r vitality
than many former fiscal debates, owing
to the reciprocity agreement, but this
very fact reveals such a divergence off
opinion on the side of the Unionists
as to how to meet the new situation
that in spite of Austen Chamberlain
having presented arguments in tho
ablest speech he ever has delivered, no
whole-hearted enthusiasm was shown
by the Unionists.
Premier Asquith, in a speech which,
was devoted to arguments in support
of tlie government's position with
reference to the agreement, denounced
the. tariff reform agitation. .Mr. Bai
four, leader of the opposition, declared
that lite Unionists, convinced that
their fiscal policy was right, would
continue the fight to the very end.
llamar Crieenwood, Liberal, said that
what strengthened Canada commer-:
daily strengthened the empire politi?
cally. Organized immigration, and not
protection, was the secret of Canada's
success. The tariff reformers were not
taken seriously there, but were re?
garded as using the over-sea dominions
as a pawn in the domestic party game.
Donald McMaster, Unionist, suspect?
ed that politics was at the bottom of
the agreement, which was the first
wedge in the cleavage of the empire,
ami might amount to an imperial dis?
Discussion of Reciprocity Agreement
? Begins lu Canada.
Ottawa, dtit., 'February *J.?Tho Ca?
nadian House this afternoon began tho
debate on the reciprocity agreement
with the t inted States. The great In?
terest In tlie measure was indicated
by crowded galleries and an unusually
large attendance of members.
The result of the discussion was a,
declaration by Finance Minister Field?
ing that, parliament would put through
the measure without delay, with a pro?
vision that U should come into forca
as soon as the United States has taken
favorable action, and a declaration for
tlie opposition by Mr. Borden. Conser?
vative leader, that, after a forty-yea?
development struggle. Canada had
reached a position, whore reciprocity
and Increased-trade with the United
States was no longer desirable, but
that Canada .should continue to seek:
British markets with her surplus prod*
ucts. Referring to the reciprocity
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