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Bualncaa Ofrtco.?II k. Main Street South Richmond.1103 Hull Street Potcraburg Bureau....109 N. 8ycai*?ore svrtss? Lynchburi: Dureau.215 Kistuh Ktre?! by Mail One Six Threo Ona r-OSTAGK paid. Tear. Mos. Mo?. Mo Dally with Sunday.ftV.00 ?8.00 J1.60 .Mi Dally without Sunday... 4.00 2.00 1.00 .S3! Sunday edition only. 2.00 1.00 .60 .23 \V?eUl>- I Wednesday)_1.00 SA X> By Timea-Dlapatch Carrier Delivery Fer? ric* Id Rlchmoijd tand auburba) and Peter?, burs? One Week.j Dally with Sunday.14 c*sli Daily without Sunday.10 cent? iunday only.S centi Entered .January it. 1903. at Richmond,. Vs.. f.? ?ecor.d-clajs mutter under act of Con ctefs of Mrrch S. 1S78. TUESD?'V, FEBRUARY 14. 1911; TAKT MAKING GOOD. Thanks to the Democrats in the House of Representatives at Washing ton, the reciprocity treaty with Canada will be passed by that body. When a tote was taken yesterday on the ques? tion of. whether or not the MeCall bill, carrying but tin provisions of this agreement, should have I mm cd i ate con - J Fidei at ion, 136 Democrats and SO Re? publicans voted for it. and 101 j Republicans and 2'.? Democrats voted; against it, the vote standing 1?C for it| and 121 against It. Only six of the Insurgents, or so-called Progressives, I voted for it. "ml fourteen voted against St. That shows where they are and what they are?mere political pikers. Without form and void, utterly useless: to themselves and treacherous to their parly as they are to the country. After (his test vote had been taken In the House. Champ Clark appeared at the opening session of the Pah-Amc-ri Pnn Commercial Congress, now holding In Washington, and announced with evident delight that the Administration had won In Its stand-up, straight-out fight for reciprocity. Yes. won by tho almost unanimous vote of the political opponents of the Administration in tho House, and in spite of the unnatural antagonism of the political friends and party associates of the Administration This is the most notable and at the same time the most encouraging inci? dent in the political lite of this grow? ing country for generations. In this victor:.- the Democrats have justified Die coniidence of the people placed In thorn at the late elections, and tho President has established his claim to the public favor, without regard to party or section, for Iiis courageous leadership; More significant even than the vote on t'c.t; McCall bill was a declaration made by President Taft nt the Pail American Congress. Champ (Mark said "Spcahihs for myself, not for Prosh Jent Taft or any one eise, I am foi i reciprocity, hot only with Canada, hut with :;U Southern and Central Ameri? can republics. In fact, I'm In favor of reciprocity w'th nil nations of the earth. My principle is that honest trade never hurt any nation." Taking the words out of Mr. ("lark's, mputli; "the last speaker and the next Speaker," as ho described him. Mr. Taft said: t "it is a great pleasure to be with him In the promotion of trade in one part; of (lie world (Canadah lie l? In ffttvor ; of reciprocity in till pans of lite ivtirhi?' and so it tit I." Of course, as the President suhl, there must, be a discussion of the measures that are necessary to bring about this happy condition of affairs? this i* the w?ay we long have sought j and mourned localise we found it not-- ! and there will he differences to com-j pose, r.s to the right and most om'eiotil measures to be adopted; but the Pres-j ident. has declared himself in no tin- j certain terms as to tiie desirability of closer trade relations with all the World; and out of the present situation there will develop some plan or oilier upon which all the sincere political forces of the country Khal) be able tu unite. Yesterday was a great day for Mr. Tntt, and ? rcr?at day for tin' Democ? racy; and a great day for the country. It was a bad day for the Progressives, for Speaker Cannon, who ti led to knife the President when he visited the Illi? nois J egislHturc last Saturday, and for tiie dunghill roosters of the Insurgent cfhip, who can't stand the gaff. \ rnrmi.r.sx \MICR1CA. Dr. William T. IFprhrtday, of New York, ah rvppr, student of lord and animal life, har. fiouhded warning that I'shouid be taken to hear! in every State of the Union/' according to (he Atlanta Journal. After extended oh ?er vat ion, he declares th*t unless there If ? stay in tiie present ruthless tie. ttruction of bur furred ami feathered friends. America; in a few more doe ades; wiii be well-high barren of game, and that, the song birds win perish, never to return. The prevention of such a misfortune our from pra< lieai fis wen as sentimental reaeohs, Tho doctrine of conservation, now so popular, applies not only t., the for psts, but to their bird and animal den techs. ' The value or' tercats runs They arf- t ho i lye destroyers pests; thai 1: farmer. Long realized iiiis fU< i tnodoraiion In the nnd wild animals, appropriates largi tho maintenance whore hlrda may pi irrls to agricultural lh? into hilliiohs annually st wuTchf ul and effect* -r insects arid olhor ><nl tho Crojis of the igo European countries und have practiced the i inugiiier ..? hints oaietv. This is considered tasehtjjtl to the Heids nnd orchards of that progres? sive country. The most active destroyers of insects are sons birds. In preserving them, we help the farmer. ? There arc few States which have proper game laws, and Virginia is defi? cient in this matter. Wise laws wero proposed at the last session of tho General Assembly, only to he rejectee!. The next Legislature should pass a practical and adequate game law for this State. HOOT'S WAKMNfS TO Tili": SOUTH. Klihu Hoot, of New York, made a Striking speech In the Senate last ?vcok in opposition to the election "f i'nited States Senators by direct vote ?>f tin people, nnd. In the course of ?lls remarks, uttered several very stag? gering warnings to the Southern Sen? ators as to what the adoption of such an amendment to the Constitution would mean for this part of the coun? try. When asked by Senator Bacon, of Georgia, whether or not the Senator J from New York meant to say that! Congress would have the power to annul the suffrage amendments of the Constitutions of the Southern States, if the Sutherland Amendment under consideration in tho Semite should be adopted along with the resolution pro? viding for the election of Senators by popular vote. Mr. Boot declarer.! that he ha*l not the ' slightest doubt upon this point, ami that he meant to place the Senators from the South, and tho whole country as well, on notice that such would be the result of the adop? tion of the amendment providing foi the election of Senators by direct vote. Immediately the Senator from Georgia declared that the amendment under consideration looking to this end seem? ed to present too gucat a risk for the Southern Senators to run. \\'e were not as much impressed by the warning of Mr. Boot as the South? ern Senators appear to have been. Out objection to the amendment of the Con? stitution providing for the direct elec? tion of Senators is not political, or partisan or sectional. but fundamental, nnd it was this feature of Mr. Boot's speech that i impressed us rather than his rescue of the bloody-shirt from the innocuous desuetudes Into which it has fallen and its restoration as an active political force. Tho proposed change In the election of Senators, as Mr. Boot said, is inconsistent with the fundamental designs of the framers of the Federal Constitution. They wished to malte the Senate as much unlike the House as possible, more deliberate and conserva? tive and more secure in its tenure. ? The Sehate," said Mr. Hoot. "Is constituted to protect tin- American democracy against it self. The f miners 'of the Constitution reali/.cd that there should bo si guardian of tin- sober second thought "f the. people The proposed ' change only tends to make both 1 branches of Congress more alike." I Senator Boot also was entirely right in his contention that the proposed amend mont of the Constitution is liascil Oil the theory of the incapacity of the people of the United States to elect faithful ami honest lei: isla tors, lb- suggested that the resolution should read something like this: "Whereas tho people of the United States are incompetent lo elect faith? ful and honest legislators, therefore be u ? KKSOlA'HD that the Constitution of tie- I'nited States be amended by tak? ing the power of electing I'nited States Senators from the Lcglslntu res ami vesting it In the same Incompetent hands." That appears to us to he the whole situation boiled down. There Is no reason, in sound politics or good morals, in the proposed change in, the manner of electing Senators. We do I iit.t attach much importance to Mr. Root's warning that tin- National j Government would bo compelled to take practical charge of the election I of Senators If the amendment should 1 adopted. The "grandfather ? lause" in tin- Constitutions of several South Tin States and the other expedients \ adopted in the South might be affect? ed, and unnecessary excitement and ; trouble might ho caused by so-en lied ? redcrai management of Senatorial J elections in the Southern States; but |as the South has prevailed in the past (against other and more serious at? tempt s to regulate its political af? fairs, we have not the least doubt thill in any emergency that might bo pre? sented the South would jib glad to take care ? of Itself and its I'nited States Senators. Wo come back, there? fore, '?' ;i re statement of our position on this subject. The objection to the amendment of the Federal Constitu? tion providing for the election of Fnlted States Senators by direct pop? ular vote is fundamental and hot par? tisan or sectional. It is a matter of principle, not a question of fear. This is a distinction we should like to make, ilid -landing upon the foundation upon which this Republic was built we shnll be secure from all the assaults of j sectional statesmen and party spokes t-UMTOH Me HM 11 AMI Till} (7,WI. Silas MiiHrp,'.odilor of The Church? man, Kew York. ialkcd to the Czar of Russia last SnUtfday for nearly an hour on the subject of a hotter under stanrilnc bbiwoeh the churches that would lead to closer lies and common action; We have no doubt that tho Czar was vcrv much interested, and wc are sure that Brother McBce put his best. American foot forward when he impressed upon. Nicholas the desira? bility of closer Intercourse between Russia and the United States. Brother McBec is also to have conferences with Fr?? nil or Stolypin. Metropolitans An? tony and Vladimir, S. M. I.oukinnuff; chief procurator of the Holy Synod anil Peter Iswolsky, former procurator* Ml of these brethren arc said to br very nine]) interested in the movement 16 brine tho churches tonretlior, \v<j do not know, of couroo. all that, took plnro between Brother MeBco and the Czar and the Russian brethren, but wo hope that lie took occasion to ?peak n word for the .lews of Russia who htive not been treated, surely. In u Christian spirit. There has been nothing to match the brutal atrocities practised I upon tho Jews of Russia in all the history of tho world und Brother Mo j Beo lost his chance, if he did not j plead with tho Czar and the Holy Sy ? nod for theso unfortunate victims of Russian barbarity. STILL KICKI.VG B15CAUSE UK is A MKdtO. Professor XV. E. Burghardt Dubols. of tho Atlanta University, is still talk? ing about race prejudice in the United states. He made a speech to the Twentieth Century Club in Boston the other night on ?"The Individual Ne? gro and Society." in which he said that race feeling is not only tremendously greater than it was ten years ago, but that it Is increasing in every way. and that unless it is stopped it means i trouble in the United States, and in other parts of tho world. He probably hud in mind the feeling against the negro "up North"; tho conditions down South have not materially changed and will never change. The negro down hero will always be the negro, occupying his own place, respected bv his wlilte neighbors when lie is worthy of respect, helped by them when he deserves help, protected by law in his rights to prosper by his own indus? try, and yet always the negro, mov? ing In ills own orbit and, when leCi to his own devices, content with his lot. It may not be so "tip North." Dubols said to tho Twentieth Cen? tury Club: "You do not realize how far this discrimination goes In the Northern cities. In the North of the United States it is a uuestion with ine whether I can get a meal at any time of day or hot. It is a question of re? fusal. Insult or trouble. Even In the building where 1 live. 1 send my sec? retary and have my lunch brought down simply because I want to avoid trouble." This Is probably not true; that Is to say. it Is true only because Dubols wants to take bis meals at places which are reserve,] for white customers. If ho would go to some colored restaurant, or eating house we have no doubt that he would bt served precisely as other customers pi these places are served and without being refused, insulted or troubled Whv should he exuect to be served j where be knows he Is not wanted, and whv should a dining-room or restau? rant catering to white people bo ex? pected to sorve him because he thinks he is just as good as. or a little hot- j tcr than, the whlto people? Doubtless, lie is a better man than the majority of the white men in Boston; but tor some reason which wo do not under? stand the Almighty did not make him altogether white, and nobody In Bos? ton or any whore else can change this fact. He would not think it nearly .so much of a burden if ho would only look til it in 'lie right way, and hoi try to make himself and his race what they are not. Dubols docs not think that segre? gation will solve tho race problem; yet that was tho solution which the Great Creator designed when in making of one blood all the nations of tho earth, in His omniscience He determined the bounds of their habitation. It is true, as Dubols said, that the negro prob? lem "is a great human problem." ami the. men and women of this race should he recognized as men. and women: hut this does not mean that they are to be extended any .special privileges or advantages on act bunt of their race Well-behaved negroes can always "gel a meal at any time of day,' In the South, without refusal, insult or trou? ble, if they wijl only go to the places where meals are served to this class of customers. Wo suppose that it. Is j the same way up North. "Why should n negro object to eating with negroes i yt a negro eating hause? How can j he find fault with the white man for not caring to eat with him so long ?s lie does not care lo cat with people of his own kind? ATTEND Til RSI. j To-night at 8:13, In tho Richmond t College chapel, Dean Walter S. McNeill of the law school of that institution, will deliver the llrst. lecture In thn series to be made this year by several members of the collegiate teaching staff Mr. McNeill's subject will bo ' Schools of Economics," to which ho will bring a broad nnd Intimate knowl? edge of the field, acquired in his resi? dence as a graduate student at tho University of Herlin No one -.nn fail lib be interested In what the speaker I ' i will say, for his method of treatment and ability as a public lecturer are well known. This lecture and those which are to follow should be largely attended by the people of Richmond. Realizing its public function as a disseminator of knowledge, Richmond College has wisely Instituted this .scried of public lectures, intended na much for the people of the city as for she students of the college. In nn informing way, the members of the! faculty will lecture on subjects to which they will bring a breadth of view and a rh greo of learning which the average Individual cannot have. HOMIhS FOH nif'I.OMATS. I The Government is about to provide fit residences abroad for its ambassa? dors, ministers, and consuls. The House lias lately riassed a bill appro? priating (500,000 thti year for ton years to this end. The measure is economi? cal. The world has looked upon this country for some time as being too pour to provide such residences. At present, the Government syiehds more than $'JOO,000 annually for rent. The bill provides that no residence, th? ai tiding Giucn&a of site, shall bo moro [ than $150,000. Jzi ten yours the ontlro 1 hold will be provided with siritablo ! houses. I Tin-; xkiah-hkkh m isanci:. j I'roni the Augustn Chronicle we leurn tli.it tho near-beer dealers of Rich mond' County, In which August? is sit? uated, paid $29,200 In tho State Treas? ury during the last year. Thai indicates sufficiently tho failure of prohibition in Richmond County, it .simply means that with low licenses and poor regulation and worse wjhls koy, there are open saloons in A!ugusin and its environs. Noar-bcor is simply an euphemistic phrase applied to tycer'j and whiskey. ! Prohibition in Georgia is about as much of a success as Wultor Wellnmn's trip to Europe, via dirigible; as sisi'rz saw kicii.uoxu. Don Seit/., of the New York World,') spent .a night and part of a day in Richmond last week, and picked tip some interesting facts about this town, which ho has repeated 10 tlie readers of j The World in this fashion: Tho war-worn Richmond Is no ntoro. A splendid city is growing, with true American rapidity and on lines of splen? dor. IJcautlful now houses are plenti? ful, and majestic business buildings are cropping into the sky. Big steel works clang and roar on Belle Isle,' where the prison is now but a memory. | Tobacco is doing much of It, but im? proved agriculture and Intense; industry; are doing more. Tbc South Is solid ? in wealth and progress?and Richmond Is still its capital. j Uncle Sam still has some sentiment, j Two sections of tho walls of the bid I'os'i-Oflleo are being worked into tho new one. now building, because they were the onty ones that stood when! Godfrey Weitzel marched into the! Homing town in April. lv0".. The ar? chitect has followed the old lines. ?Richmond now has 127,62S people,! art increase of 50 per cent, in ten years. Some -10^(119,849 folks rode in her Jim Crow street cars last year. It is a cit> j of churches. They arc well attended i and a few days ago 5,000 members bl j men's Bible classes marched in a street parade. There are more than 11.300 Baptists In the town. The Presbyterian population ha* grown considerably within the year. A colored chauffeur can be hired for 1 S2"> a month in Richmond. The uptown railroad station Is called Elba. Corn meal Is still a substantial ration, , and water mills grind the best quality. The razor-hack hog is going, and the Virginia ham promises to become a : memory with the increase in thrift. Razor-backs and sliif tlesshess haVo ah I a (Unity. If Seltz would go around more and see tilings for himself, ho would bo a Wiser and q happier man, ami likewise a more useful and public-spirited cit? izen. But lie makes one mistake in hla thumb-nail sketch -..f Richmond In what he says about the razor-back hog j and its relation to what lie calls "shiftlessness." As matter of fact, j there Is no affinity between the two things. The razor-hack is the king of} hogs. He is not shiftless, but, instead,' the most independent and self-reliant, and industrious of bis rice. With him to root 18 to live, and not t j root is to die. No bars can restrain him; lio takes more chances than the hogs on 'change in Chicago: he rushes in where his fat and well-fed brother of the! West would fear to venture; lie is a bundle of energy, fleet-footed as the', deer and cunning as tho fox, and when lie has run bis race and is treated as only creatures of his kind can be i treated at Snilthfleld, Virginia, lie! makes the finest eating in tho world. Seit;: thinks, evidently, that because the razor-back 5s thin in person, so to say, that he is shiftless; but he is not. If ho were running <*t newspaper in Now York Iiis pace would ho lor. swift even for Tho World, which comes very near exceeding tho speed limit at limes. Cooked at the Westmoreland Club, add served with hominy made from Vir? ginia corn, ground In an olrt-fpshionod mill, tun by ah overshot wheel, fed by a race overgrown witli mosses and ferns, there is nothing within the range of things worth rating to he. compared to the razor-back, except for those who like, to swim in grease. A "tip" came from New York last night that two young men had flooded East Side boarding house keepers witli Confederate bills. A former resident of Charleston, now subsisting in Co? lumbia, who was advertised ten ou twelve years ago as "still using Con? federate money." will be glad to learn that there is one place. In this reunited country where the "real stuff" goes. The District of Columbia has asked Congress for a good deal of money this year?S12;S09,306 in round num? bers?and as Washington is the seat of the National Government, tho Dis? trict should get the money. That is to say. If tho appropriation for tho con? vict settlement Is so securely guarded that not one c<vnt of It can be expended for the completion of the enterprise at Belvoir. ne.-<t door to Mount Vernon It Is hoped that the Virginia Con? gressmen and Senators will look out for that. Such things havo a way of sneaking into an appropriation bill, and it were bettor that tho District should have no money nt all than that it should have money for such a pur? pose as this. If the. Canadian reciprocity agree? ment ho rejected by Congress an op? position in this country will be aroused "that will know no moderation," was. the message delivered to tho Illinois Legislature by President Taft In per? son and' by iyort1 of mouth last Sat? urday. That i the sort of thing we should Welcome, but we should not think it Is the sort of thing tho party In power would hanker for. Mr. _ Taft s luck appears to have changed entirely. Only a few months ago nothing seemed to bo coining his way. i.ui now nearly everybody has a, kind word to say for him.' At tho ses? sion of the council of confederated bishops at Mobile. Alabama, on Satur day?a council composed of nccru bishops from all purls of tho country ?Bishop Loo. ?ir YVllborforco, Ohio, de? clared that tho President was not a friend of his race. Bishop Turner. ?>1 Georgia, expressed tho opinion that the negro has no rights in this country, and that the "so-called .Supremo Court of tho United Mates has always been rubbing the negro of his rights, and Congress and the President sit silently by without saying a word." All of which Is distinctly to Mr. Tafl'sy ad? vantage. Sunday night Frank Collyn. a Wright aviator, broke tho world's night alti? tude record by ascondlng 800 fect at Savannah, Georgia. That was a groat thing, hot only for tho aviator, but for Savannah. If ho found the anchor? age good up In tho air, tho Savannah people might arrange it so that tho aviators in that port during tho mala? rious months could go up above tho ilver to sleep instead of being com? pelled to go ashore. The other day ?10,000 was paid by a man named Miner, of Chicago, for a bull calf, which was a reckless waste of moneys seeing that he could have bbugnf, at the assessed rating, about I,G00 head of cattle In Boanoko for tho same amount of money. The Savannah Morning News says, commenting on the rumor that tho Hon. James Bryee, the British Ambas? sador to the United States, has been offered tho presidency of Princeton University: "But why should Princeton wish fori an executive head, when there are so! ninny of its own alumni available?" Well said. Why didn't tho News mention as a possibility Stockton Axton, who is not only one of the ablest and most popular members of the Princeton faculty, but a Georgian as well? Poulson is superintendent of the Ne? braska Anti-Saloon League. The Sioux City Tribune tells us about hi in. "As all such superintendents, he seems to he a letter writer also.'" He Indited a letter to a member of the Logisla- I lure from Omaha, Grossman by name, and intimated that Grossman's olll cial course was dictated by brewers; When ho came into tho lobby of the Legislature In the interest of so-called prohibition Grossman saw him ai?u called him a "liar." "cur," and a "con? temptible pup." Then Grossman mash? ed his face In and rubbed his^nosc with the offensive letter. There was no "soft answer'' about that. Singular opposition met the com? mission form of government Idea last week In Galesburg, Illinois. The rail? roads lined up their men, S to 1. in op? position to tho adoption of the newer form of municipal rule, and the plan wuS defeated. 2.193 to ?SG. Pekln, III , Farlbnult, Minn., and Apploton, Wis., however, adopted the commis? sion form of government. The pro? portion of cities adopting this reform to those rejecting It Is more than 3 to 1. Howard Chandler Christy barely es? caped membership in the Ananias Club. Old Spottsylvanta must be a delight? ful country, to dwell In,' for a corre? spondent of the Fredericksburg live? ning Journal admits that "l cannot get. my consent to leave Spotsylvania, for po where I may, o'er land or o'er sea I am convinced that I shall never ueo a better place until T sitrfit the New Jerusalem." All of which lr. true as we look nt it, but thorn wore some "jolly-go-free gentlemen" in blue, coats in Spottsylvanla in the sixties Who found tho country anything but health? ful. The next Hbuse of Bepresentatlves will he composed of 433 members, if the new apportionment hill shall go through. Why not moko It. a thous? and? It. would cost more, to be sure, but it must bo remembered that thla is a country of over ninety million people, and it does not. stand to rea? son that so many people, should be ex? pected to cor. along with so few "rep? resentatives." The Virginia Gazette is jubilant over tho popularity which the Wit llamsburg public, library enjoys a I present. That is good, very good, hut the Gazette ought to drop Into tho State Library hero in Bichmond sorno afternoon and sea every scat filled, the young and the old Increasing their knowledge and Informing themselves. Bright faced lads looking with rever? ent understanding upon tho portraits of Lee and Jackson and other great Virginians; fact hunters on the trail; everybody reading; education in the very atmosphere of the. plaro. The political pot in Orange must bo warming tip. The Orango Observer says: "The following is a summing up of the political situation in Orange coun? ty: One candidate said 'Git.' Another oandldato said ?Nit.' And then they Fit. And then one candidate Quit. But which one wo will not be able id tell until after the clnction." . Bight! '_ FOR 58 YEARS has been the choice of those who know from experience they cannot equal it for Stomach Ills or Grippe: - 4Y0U ARE AS WELL AS YOUR STOMACH' HOSTETTER. wm&m CMeago 1. Chicago's newest, 1 most beautiful and 1 most conveniently 1 located hotel. I MM 757 rooms, every | one with bath and 1 Pwm distilled ice water. I I NOW OPEN Moderate Rates. i nli!iiiillllllllliiiiiiilllllllllllliillillllilli!llllilllllllilillillllllllllllllliillllllll[j|iiliin Daily Queries and Answers Address all communications for this column to Query Edltor? Times-Dispatch. No mathematical problems will be solved, no coins or stamps valued and no dealers' names will be given. Openers. What Is the rule In draw poker in regard to winner showing his hand! Must ho Show the wholo hand or Open* ni's only? POKEJlt Rule G of the rules as laic] down In "Poker?How to Win" Is that "if all pass up to the player who broke tho pot, the latter takes tho pool, and can only b?- compelled to show the jacks or better to break the pot. Of course. If the opener Is called he must show tho whole hand." The same book. In a section under "Disputed Points," after quoting rule fi, says: "Why should a player hr> conipclled to show any morn than enough to win the pot, If thero Is no one against Dim?" lloyle says: "If all pass up to the player who broke tho pot, the latter takes tho pool, and can only t.e compelled to show tho .lacks, or bettor, necessary to break the pot." The Snjie Charity. Is the plan of charity and benevo? lence by Mrs. Russell f-'ago to give to Individuals assistance after investiga? tion? C. R. A. Tlie deed of gift says: "Tho founda? tion will not attempt to relievo indi? vidual or family need. Its function i? to eradicate, as far as possible, the causes of poverty and Ignorance rather than to relieve the -sufferings of thoso I who are poor and ignorant. Tho sphere | of higher education, that served by j universities nnd colleges,; Is not within! the scope of the foundation." Tho foundation has already acted In tho direction of playgrounds, the preven? tion .of tuberculosis and suburban homes for workiiiKmen. flriiiiKcrn. What was tho association known as1 tho "Grnngers," or "Patrons of Hus? bandry"? W. T. K. It was a secret organization formed in Washington, D. C, December 4. 1S67, for tbo promotion of agricultural In? terests. Its object was to aid tho farm? ers by enabling them to co-oporato and purchase tho.tr supplies at first hand. It was declared to be a nonpolltlcal body, but its efforts to cheapen trans? portation Involved it in a quasi-politi? cal warfare with railroad companies. .So liOiig. Is tho oft used expression "so lonfi* an Americanism? SDANG. The Ixmdon Notes and Queries says that It Is doubtless an abbreviation ot tho old English phraso: "Ho long as we are parted, take care of yourself." ''Horn me." I contend that this expression in cor? rect: "The hat I wore last year be? came mo." "Became." I am told. Is un grammatlenl and contrary to good usage, and that "wan becoming" can only bo used; If sneaking of tho present, we .say, "something becomes me," can we not then say, speaking of the past, "something became ;uo"? Then if in the present wo have, "It becomes" and It is becoming." should no', tbo past be "It became" and "it was becoming"? Am I correct, and what rule of grammar covers this point? X. T. V. You are right. It Is grammatical: whether it Is IdlomaMe, v.e doubt. Shakespeare says: "Nothing in this life became him like the leaving.'' Th? verb. In this usage, transitive. RESCUED FROM FIRE WHEN TWO DAYS OLD n> la >iAnauisn ni; foxtkxoy; LOIID IIOUQHTON'S name was so well known In tho United States twenty years ago, ns one of tho most popular and frequent visi? tors to tills country, as a friend of tili its leading public men and literary lights, and as the greatest enthusiast In Fngtind about everything Ameri? can, as a poet, an author, an eloquent speaker, and as a most, witty convor Kirtlonallst, that there will bo many people Jiere, especially of the older generation, who will lie interested to learn that another Lord nought on has appeared upon the scene, to continue the name of that, brilliant grandfather' Of his. who tiled in 1S85, and a consid? erable portion of whose memoirs are devote?] to things American. Young Lord lioughton made his en? try into this world of Buffering on Tuesday of'last week, and possibly by way of indication that his career is di mined to prove momentous, Crew? House, in Mayfalr, the homo <>f his pta rents, the Barl and CounteMif Crowe, was partly burned down two night.-! afterwards, the mother and tho bale, being reScucd from tho Haines with ?some difficulty. Lord Crewo is at prcse-nt the Secre? tary of State for India, the leadcf of the government in Hie House of Lords, and bus been In turn Secretary of State for tho Colonies, Lord Presi? dent of the Privy Council; ioid in waiting to Queen Victoria. Gladstone's home rule Viceroy of Ireland, while here In Amerlcttt" be was known as the late Lord Iloughton's only son ami constant companion, under tho name of ''Robin Milne." Lady Crewo was Lady Peggy Primrose, the second daughter of'the Hurl of Hosrhery. Lord Clowe's first wife v/as the lovely Sibyl Graham, daughter of Sir Frederick Graham of Nethorby, and a sister of the Duchess of Montrosc. She died after seven years of mprriage. follow? ed shortly afterwards to the grave by her little boy. and Lord Crewe's sorrow for this d?ublp bereavement found ex? pression at tho time in a very touch? ing poem entitled "Seven Years." She also left, him with three daughters, and who, about the sanio ngo an their stepmother, have been most Intimate, friends from childhood. Although Lord Crewo and Lady Peg? gy Primrose have been married for twelve years, yet their In every other respect happy union remafned child less until last week, when the long yearned lor and anxiously awaited in? fant w - born to Inherit his Earldom of Crowe*, his Barony of lioughton. at his very extensive estates, for all of which, until last week, there had he-en no heir. Crowe House, the London homo of Lord and Lady Crowe, which had just boon redecorated and enlarged, in view of tho impending coronation, and of the expected birth of an heir, and which has now been to a great extent destroy? ed by I ho flames, Is a low pitched, wider fronted mansion, with Ionic columns, standing in tho midst, of spacious grounds, the velvety lawns of which are shaded by majestic trees, and cut off from the busy traffic of Curzon Street by a brick wall, fronted by a green hedge. The latter, in eonneedlon with tho quaint looking porter's lodge, all covered with flowers and creepers, gives the entire place a rural aspect, which contrasts in rather a graceful fashion with tho huge carved stone' palace of the Due-boss of Marlborough, known as : Suhderland House, just across tho way I It. was formerly known as YVharncllfte House, the home of the Lords of YVharn c.liire, and built in the reign of George i II., was in the Wharncllfl'o days, at tho j end of tho eighteenth century, and I throughout the greater port of the nlncdeenth century, tho renelczvous of everything that was brilliant In Lon? don society, Its salons cnjbylng an in? ternational fame. It was-sold by the present Lord Whnrncliffo to Lore' Crewo. about fifteen years ago. Mayfalr did not always enjoy the prestige which it now obtains as tho most fashionable and'ultra-exclusive quarter of London. Tn the reign, of Charles II. It was the scene of a groat fair and popular festival, held there In the honor of Mny, in that month each year. It was noteel In the seven? teenth -and beginning of tho eighteenth centuries for tho brawls anel popular disturbances of which It became tho scene every spring. These grow to ho such a source of trouble to tho authori? ties that early in the reign of George III. the: fair was abolished. The name e>f the district, he.wover. remains, nut the garden of Crowe ' House and Its magnificent old trees are about all that aro left of tho days when the district was wholly and truly>rural. Dike ro many other houses of On English urlstoci i< v. that of I.onl Crew? had its origin In trade. No Industry la old or than the manufacture of cloth, und throughout the greator part of tho eighteenth century, the cloth trade ot \VnK< Held, One of the most prosperous centres of commerce in the north of England, was ? something very much akin to a monopoly, namely, that of tho Ml Ines. Hailing originally trout Derhyi shire, they had been settled at \Vako lleld since 1h7o, and by degrees Iiecam?] nlllcd through marriage to many of tho houses of tlit, unfilled and titled aris? tocracy of Yorkshire. Of this Milne, family, Lord t.'ro .ve in now the chief. Cawdor's new Thane, who through tho death of his father, succeeds, aa third fail of that ilk. to his honors and estates, has hitherto beert known as Viscount Emlyn, ran for Parliament three years without success, and an captain of tint Carmarthen militia artillery, saw some service during the Hour War. II" is married to Joan Thynr.e, a daughter of the receiver general to the Dean and Chapter ol Westminster, and a member of that historic house (;i which the Marquis of Hath Is the chief Ho becomes through Iiis father's death tho owner of Cawdor at Nairn. In Scotland, where Macbeth Is supposed to have murdered King Duncan, while the memorable meeting of tho Thane of Cawdor wlth'the throb witches, took piaco on the "blasted heath" In tho close vicinity of the cas? tle. The latter is a gloomy pile, tlift grim and massive fortress strongly suggesting, by its gaunt and menacing aspect, tho lie reo and troublous times which Shakespeare lias pictured in Ids most famous tragedy, and in an old chamber of the castle tower visitors are .still shown tho spot where tho "stiver skin" of King Duncan was "laced with his golden blood." Tt may he added by way of explanation that "Macbeth." Thane of Cawdor, on be? coming King of Scotland through tho murder of Duncan, resigned tho Thane ship of Cawdor to the Caldern. In the lifteonth century tho "wild Campbells of Argyll" carried off Muriel Caldcr, the infant heiress of Cawdor Castle, and when she grew up, they married her to John Campbell, tho fourth son of that chieftain, tho Mac Callum Moore. When Muriel Cnldor was carried off by the Campbells as a child, a piece of her finger was bitten off by her nurse in order to insure her vir? tual identification. Curiously enough, thorn are. still a very largo number of peasants employed and residing on tha Cawdor Castle estates, bearing tho name of Caldcr, This Is ascribed to tho fact that after the abduction of Muriel, the Campbells reduced the members of I her dan to the position of serfs. Silica Muriel'3 abduction, there has always bc?Ti a Muriel in the family of tho Campbell Lords of Cawdor, the Camp i bells constituting a branch of that historic house of which the Duke of Argyll is tho chief. A feature of Cawdor Castle Is thi historic hawthorn. It seems that th* original Thane of Cawdor was directed in a dream to load an ass with cold, turn it loose, and build the castle whera it stopped to rest. The donkey halted beneath a hawthorn tree, around which I tho castle tower was accordingly l erected, and tho venerable trunk is still j to be seen in tho dungeon tower, its roots spreading out heneath- the door, and its trunk penetrating through tho stone vaulting above. Against the wall in this same dungeon Is the ancient iron-bound oak chest which contained tho gold loaded on the donkey's back, and which was used to build the cas? tle. Each year the Enrl of Cawdor of Iiis day assembles his guests around ; th? old tree in the tower dungeon to drink to the "Health of the Hawthorn" ?in other words, prosperity to tha Thane of Cawdor. (Copyright, 1011, by tho Brcntwood _Com pan y.)_ Make this Bank Your Bank National State and City Bank OF RICHMOND.