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Uwvlntsa Of2co.910 IS. Main Street South Richmond.1103 Hull Street Petersburg Bureau....109 N. 8ycar??ro streat kyncbbur* Dur?au.215 Klghth Street BY Uail One Six Three On* TOSTAOK PAID. Year. Mo?. Mo?. Ho Dally with Sunday.l?.0O ?3.00 a 1.60 .61 Datly without Bunday... 4.00 2.00 1.00 .33 Sunday edition only. 2.00 1.00 -JO .2S Weekly (Wednesday).... 1.00 .14 J5 ... By Tlmes-l^lspatch Carrier Delivery Ser rtce tn Richmond (and auburb?) and Peter?, burg One Week. Dally with Sunday.1? centa Dally without Sunday.10 centa | Sunday only.6 cent* Entered .TP.r?tnry 1-7. 1PC3, at nichtnonfl. Vn., F.? second-class matter under act of -Con? gress of March J. 1679. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1911. HI.1)1 t 1". IT. A matter which has been hanging fire ice long is to bo considered this week by the Council Committee on Ordinance?. Charter and Reform. it i?> the proposed ordinance reducing the ?xeossivo. allowances made to the Col? lector >>f City T.ixes. Councilmcn Lynch nnd Bollard aw leading the agl- I tailor, for such a reduction, and it is hoped thai they will keep at it until a j satisfactory result has been reached, j Nearly half r. year ago, Mr. Pollard proposed a reduction in the fees of the I Cltv Collector's office from live-eighths to three-eighths of one per cent, of the amount collected by the office. it is shown by the city records thai the fees for IflO cost tin- city ?11;'02"::?5, and it. Is estimated that with the anno ation of Manchester and the new assci : - incnt the ofllep will cost th^ taxpayers this year from fiSiOOO to Slfi.OOO tor receiving taxes for the city. The j same duties are performed for the State by two or three clerks in the Treasu? rer's office at about one-fourth the cost. The committee has kept the ordi? nance for live months without hearing from Mr. Pollard or Captain Cunning? ham. The sub-committee to which the prop.-irition was referred has evi? denced no disposition m meet the ir-snc. In fact, the failure of the ror.untttee to art. on the proposed ordinance has been equiva? lent to Its indefinite postponement. Real - Ding this, Mr. Lynch has offered two resolutions, one instructing the City Attorney to secure from th - next Leg? islature a charter change abolishing the office, and the other for Council ac? tion in the Interim, putting the Collec? tor on a definite salary basis of, $3,500 These resolutions should be swiftly and unequivocally acted upon by tho Committee en Ordinances, Charter and! Reform and reported favorably without deia> to the Council for (thai action. The mailer lias been In the air long chough. The time has conic to act. The popularity of t/ie incumbent nnd his personal tpitiiities should have j nothing to do with the question. In the first place, the entire dilice is ijnrecessary and ought to be abol? ished. By adding two or three clerks to aiinther department of the city gov? ernment, great economy would be j brought about without the least disitd-j vantage to the city. The bl?ce of City 1 Collector is superfluous. Whether or not, however; liiere is' agreement that, the ollioe. ran be dis? pensed with, there must bo unanimous j concurrence In the position that a re- ! Auction is necessary. There are many men performing much more arduous, ! much more responsible, much more val? uable services at S-'.r.tni the year than the Coilectfii; ?w:ouldt perform at ?!l,T?0?_ und $?.,:.('.$ is h bo tit due-third of the present income of the Collector. Chairman M. It. pollard, jr., ,,f tiie Flnancq Committee of the City Coun ??II. is gerieraily regarded as one of the most conservative, fairest and most business.-]ike members' of the legisla? tive branch of the city government. When he estimates that the salary of the City Coilectoi for this year will rnr.se from $13.000 to $15,000, it is safe to say that lie has not ovorimot the mark. He knows the facts about the finances of the city, and his figures are based on them. One o! the miilri reasons tor the pies ferit vigorous iiitack on tiie fee system throughout the State is that tin- cits fee officers, including the < ity collec? tors, tire getting a compensation out bt >!1 propbrlioh to the ktu'vices rendered l-nd tn the compensation receive,! by officers in smalit i places fur siniilai tefviceSi The City Collector pays \ \? ,.\. , clerk hire and 0111a c^p'ensH Tito res Idue of the amount reudv^i'fior* |?|, Si" '<wr teieb r.i 'I'-, t-i figures as n basis r.f estimate, jiie i-t Collector, after Pavl'tiu office i,,., Ihn Trc Die officers. City At tor Die other > Ho high a s tvere th ore B? mensurate wit Is ihWitf-r of ? tii? sen i ?. o :. lector ar< no Bible or vaj . other Stat. 'Die duties ot Isterlai and < There is a. Richmond for economical at government. mon red toa'Hj of n. natur< cii vnnee, hut it o w ind go thai the City ('.(>) rcspon as I hose ofileors fender, ire pimply inih* >U? demand in .I: f.!? tory and ion of the city du. I'll! is to take doth not It is certain that tI nlng that, cuuld bo m;>. appear, l"it ist begin'' o. the City Council would be to reduco Ihc compen? sation of the City Collector to n dofi nlto and rcnsonnble llxod salary. If the ofllcc were to be abolished, it would be better for the city, but waiting the permission of tbe General Assembly, the nductlon of the compensation Is all that pan be done at present. There Is no justification for the amount of the present allowance made to the City Collector. Every reason Is on the other side of the proposition. The time has come for the Council and its members to dispense with per? sonal regard for the incumbent and sentiment in this matter and put the ofllce of the City Collector on a bus? iness basis. Economy and Justice de? mand it. tue soi iii clearing through Richmond. To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir.? In the latter part of the year: 1907, when the winde United States was enjoying an unprecedented era of bus? iness expansion and prosperity, the Knickerbocker Trust Company, of Now York, became involved in financial dif? ficulties and went into receivers' hands, following litis great calamity, other banks got into difficulties there, and soon Southern banks were- notified that Ihey could not withdraw funds on de? posit in New York. As a result, we of the South, who were largely an agricul? tural people, and at that time getting better prices than ever before for our products, wore forced, without any rea? son Of our own, into a panic caused by j New York banks refusing to permit US lo withdraw our deposits. It was gratifying to nie to see from a rcc. nt statement of the condition of your Richmond banks that you now! have more than forty million dollars of deposits, an Increase of mote than four hundred per cent, in ten years. It seems to me thai (lie time has now arrived when the banks of the South should resolve to form a Southern clearing House Association, and that Richmond is the pit. for ii. and that the millions carried by .on- banks in N'ew York should be carried in Rich? mond, and have the clearing lions-' there clear through New York, with the re? sit 11 that millions- could be saved lb the South, and another Neu- York panic would net materially nffcci us. Now that the Southern Commercial Congress Is soon to meal in Atlanta lo consider the greater development of the South, why not have your bankers and Cham? ber of Commerce take up this great question before that body and see If some plan cannot be devised to put into execution this suggestion? VICTOR C. MeADOO. Greensboro, N. C February IT. Tills looks very good in us; but we <Io n<d know how it can he worked out. Till?, however, is the problem to which the bankers of Richmond should giv their retention. In France, there is one j Paris; in Germany, there is otic Berlin; in the United State.-. I hero is one New) York: in all the world, there is one: London, and only one. This is the view I expressed by a wise man whom we consulted about the merits of .Mr. Mo- J Adoo's very attractive proposition^ and ? ivc do hoi see how. in case of panic in New York, the Southern clearing house in Richmond would bo able to get Its money away from the clearing house in New York, which would probably lind some wa> of bobling on to the South? ern money, as the New York banks held on to the Southern money they had when the Knickerbocker concern went to the wall in 1907. There Is a gr^nt deal of money inj Richmond?real riioncy, money made by honest Industry, and money that should attract io this town the. buisih'ess of! the South. There is also a disposition here to make Itlchmonri the financial . and I uslnoss heart of tie- South. aml| wc wish it were possible to carry but j the McAdOo suggestion. II may be. j we do not know, hut it is worth think? ing about. Anything that will promote !:i< development of Richmond is worth i while, hot only for the benefit of Rich? mond, hut for the benefit of the whole South as well. I THE '-<>! no: OF ST AH i'l v v'eiis. I ?'.-tar baseball players! as a rule, are; born in tin- hamlets or country, not in t'ae big cities." This is simply one: of the depart nichts in which the excel? lence and lioaithfiiliiess Of rural lifo manifests itself. 1 It is an unquestioned baseball fact. 1 Eddie Coliihs, Eddie Plank, cjiief Ren? der, Krank Baker,/ Jack Coombs, Cy ! .Morgan ami Jimmy Dygcrl are some of' tlve Athletic players whit were born in sin.ill towns. Eddie foi'liis bist played lite game j in Miiioridbi New York, on which fact | that hamlet bases its s?le claim to Iminortnliiy; Chief Render was born in Braiiiurd. Minn.-sota Coombs hails Dom l.e Gi'iiml. Pennsylvania. Frank P.aker claims Trappe. Maryland, as his iwttive h-aC: u>d it is more heath than an> thing else. Tnp.--.cy iiitr'ucl votes P; \\'cj|i:;e.i;.n, Ohio, while Cy i .Morgan comes frbrp Fomeroy, Penn ! s; ivani.'t. <>r ihe t'tibs. Manager Fiahk Chtiuco ; arid Orvde ov. i ti: ;,ie from Fresno and I Yi.snUa, respectively;, these pli-ices' iie ihg in Ctillftirhiii Frank Schult., is a Cosi.bc.tohiio. Shcekard is from <\? liOiibla. Pennsvivariii .Miner r,ro'.\ ti is froh? Roscd?lt?, Indian 'I'! ? I mlgit! bo multiplied indeli Ihilcly: In l|uspba)i. as m other fields Ol He roe effort and endeavor, flu ' count! v is holding its own. rni: im \ Nil's < iti:i:??. Iii recent issue of the Tradesman appeared .the following statement of 1'f?HOtis why a citizen should liny in Iiis home city. In one. of the ?-i11< a ?l i.lio smiiller class this motto lias been posted ii> Blreei enrii and in iupv in;--;>lct-.n-e shows: i 1 MUY AT ilOMK - j lici.uisi my interests are here; j Ito.ausc tin- t'ouimtinliy that is good enough for me to llVe In is good enough foi pic to I>11y In. lloeuuse I believe in trrosnellng triisiiM >s wli.ii niy friends. Hccause I \yant to sen the goods. Hecutmo i want to g<". what i buy when 1 pay for It. Because my home dealer 'carries'' nie when I nth run short. Because every dollar I spend at home stays ttt home and helps work for tlic Welfare of the elty. Because tho man I buy from stands back of the goods. Because I sell what I produco hero at home. Because the man I buy from pays hl? part of the town, county and city taxes. Because the man 1 Buy from gives value received always. Because the man I buy from helps support my schbol, my church, my lodge, my homo. Because, when ill-luck, misfortune or bereavement conies, the man I buy from is here with his kindly expres? sions of greeting, his words of cheer, and hts pocketbook, If needs be. Here L live and here I buy. 1 BUY AT HOME. DO YOU? ? Here are all the arguments in a nut-shell. Answer them it' you can. They apply forcibly to Richmond. OS OI.il .I013 CA.XXtl.VS TRAU., J Jt is reported from Danville, Illinois, that "two enormous campaign funds are alleged to he responsibly" fOr the return of Joseph ?;. Cannon to Con? gress in ioor and 1010." In 190S the .Cannon barrel is said to have con- i tairicd $00,000 for the Danville l-'lsr I trict, and In 1910 Vermlllion County, alone, the adopted home county of; Mr. Cannon, for it must not be for- j gotten that he is. in fact, a North j Carolinian, is alleged to have absorbed 120.000. Without vouching for tlie truth of the stories in any- way, but denying instead that Mr. Cannon would be willing to spend so much money, even it" be had it to spend, we should like to know positively where ho got it if he spent it? lie hasn't got the money from his East Indian bequest yet. didn't know, in fact, and doesn't know yet. that he will ever get II, and everybody has supposed all along that be didn't have anything to speak of. for he has boon in Congress for over so long earning nothing hut bis salary, and really not earning that, a lid if ho 1 spent $00,000 In 1908, ami JL'O.OOn more in (910, the quest ion naturally arises where did he got it. and why didn't he stive it "for a rainy day," which appears to be on hint at last, as we were surd it would be if he should keep on in his downward career. Where did he ;ret It? Why didn't he keep it? Who >;'>t it from him? What did they do with it? Why is it that Illi? nois should be so corrupt thai 1t must be bought all the time for somebody;? I We know t'ta.t there must be excite- j muni for people of the Illinois sort all j the time; but why couldn't the North I Carolinian be honest even if he do live among thieves, or among people who will sell their votes to the hlgli- I esl bidder as if their votes were a i commodity and not a high privilege? We shall be sorry if the facts show thai Mr. Can no n should go to jail in? st odd of to Congress, even if it ho true that the most of those in Con? gress from the Northern part of our country should )><? locked Up instead of being permitted to make laws for the rest of us who haven't yet been caught; but we shall regard his iri ca rcernt'on with Christian fortitude and rather rejoice that his own adopt? ed people have found him out at last; It is encouraging, however, that there should be objection in the present Congress and among the prosecuting attorneys in Illinois to farther activity in the business of htiyihg votes in the Danville District. 'Ill i: WORK OK COX Fill") KB vin WOlf K.N. About ten days ago The Timos-Dis- I patch printed a very interesting letter ' from the Rev. nr. Pitt. Editor of the Religious Herald j suggesting that all j the Confederate soldiers write their . personal recollections of the war, so that they might, be preserved for the. true historian who will be coming alone, after awhile. We thought, that the suggestion was :>. very good one, j and that ti e work should be done and ? done now while any of the thin gray line are left among us. A number of obi Confederate soldiers have agreed that it is tl-.e thine thai should be done. Mr. Philip !?'. Brown, who has contributed several articles to Tho Times-Dispatch, and who is a member of the rt. E. Bee Camp, writes that he thinks of writing his reminiscences of th ? War and giving the .story to the Camp, and we hope sincerely that lie will do so <nie of ^lYo most gallant Confederate survivors, at Portsmouth, heartily approves the suggestion, but reftiixcH' that it would be "difllctilt to get oiii- comrades up to the writing point." ami says: "I think if each Camp would employ a stenographer !"i their meetings and have the ex? periences of its members taken down In their own language it will iieconi plish much towards carrying out. Dr. Pill's idea, "and at tin' same time add j interest to the meetings. 1 hope you will suggest this plan as supplement- i tif.v to your ?*n luublo editorial;'' our only purpose was to help in ? preserving the story of the ^reat struggle for Constitutional liberty as told by those who look tin active part' in Jt, and we hoped thai there would lie unanimous agreement! as to the value of the "recollections" which we i nought in ibis way to preserve; but wo ! have just received it letter from Mrs.! Norman V. Randolph, of the Con fed- I erat.- Museum Committee, wondering | whether i>r. Pitt and The Tlmes-bls ; Patch know of the work that "Ibis! Committee has been doing along Hint I line ;" the Confederate Museum." We ? cannot niiswer for Dr. I'.tt. but we i ?an say for The Times-Dispatch that it is fairly w ell Informed* as to what tho women have done; that (heir work has been don,- without reward or the hope j of reward, and better done than if the ; inen had attempted to elb it; but we j do net quite understand why tlie old ! soldiers themselves should not add to j the weaRl! of the material the women have collected; The Confederate Museum now has one hundred bound volumea of the roc ords of tho men who fought, contain? ing over JVwenty thousand names. Many of these - records contain only the names of tho soldiers and their per? sonal connection with tho service, but many others contain "details'? of their bnttlcs .and experiences in thu field. This work has been done by Mrs. James NT. Dunlop. Ch- '??man of tho Memorial Committee, and well done. Last year over ten thousand records were collected by Mrs. Samuel Grlflln, of Bedford County, and Mrs. Neoly, of Portsmouth, and five thousand by Mrs. Johnson, of Prince William County, to be added to those already bound und In the Museum. "So you see." writes \ Mrs. Randolph, "while the men wero ! thinking of tills work, the women of I Virginia were doing it. If we had had the S17.000 expended by the State In the Military Records ofiicc, think what we could hr - accomplished! Put this j has been a.labor of love . 'th thoso i women, and 1 wanted you to know it." | Tlioy have done noble work; they arc! always doing noble work, and they are richly entitled to the thanks*and praise and help of nil the men who have any regard for the truth or history. Rut. wo do not yot see why the suggestion of Dr. Pitt Is not a good suggestion or how it would conflict with the work the Confederate Museum ha:; done and is doing all tho time. ? The Con federate Memorial Literary Society of Richmond has announced tho publication of "A Calendar of Con fed- ' crate Papers." It contains full ab? stracts of nil the war manuscripts ! which have been accumulated in tho I last decade by the Confederate Museum ' in Richjnond, ?"and tints opens to the public tho largest collection of Con? federate material now existing outside of Washington." This volume contains live thousand unpublished papers re? ferring lo many important events of Cue war. among which are letters written by GoriernL Leo. hitherto unpublished; papers by Stonewall Jackson, etc., etc. The table of contents shows what it la and lmw valuable It Is from ? histor? ical point of view, as follows: Papers Relating to the Medical De? partment of the Confederate States of A merlon. Papers Relating to tNo Richmond Campaign of 1 Sfi-I: The Harrison ijoori. | Pat.crs of Brigadier-General W. X. R. j Real!. j Journal of Charles K. Lining, ?. Si s. Shonriiidoah. M Iseollancon.s Manuscript s. Papers Relating to the Trial of Jef-l ferset: Davis: The Shea Memorial. Exhibits Prepare,i for the Defense' of Jefferson Day is. Letters of J. vF. Mason to Jefferson Davis. Confederate War Maps. Muster Rolls. Ret urns and Rosters. Ante-Belium and Post - Bellum PapeTs. PART TWO. Bibliography of Some Confederate Publications In the Confederate Muse? um?. The price of this bonk is $2.50. 11 contains 615 pages, and can be obtained from Miss Manry at the Confederate! Museum. There has never been a more valuable collection of war records and war reminiscences: but what Dr. Pill is after, and what we think should be made, is the preservation of the little things of the Confederate soldier's life, the stories thai were told about the campllres or on the march or In prison that have never yo| been told for pub? lication by them, and that will never be told by them except in the intimacy' of their conversation when they gathor fit the'r reunions. This does not mean that Hie women should abandon their splendid work or that any one underes? timates what they have done, hut that the things which the professional writer of the day would not think of recording should be preserved in some shape for I he use <>f the writer who is to come after us, and who, with the aid of such stories, would be able to live the days that are dead. CODDLING THE CRIMINAL* Charles ?'. Nott.t'Jr., points out in al recent magazine article the .safeguards v lii'. b life law throws around persons j accused of crime. in 1 OOP. MO I cases of felony were disposed of in the coun? ty of New York. In oriier to ascertain what the chances were that out of (his large number an injustice could have been don.- to the defendant, Mr. Nolt ana? lyzes the figures of the record. The grand Jury in that year dismissed 1,312 cases. P aving ?,059, no defend-t a tit as yet having been wronged. Of 1 these 5.059 cases the district attorney j recommended Co- discharge of the de? fendant or dismissal of the indictment In 92S eases. leaving 1.131 cases and no defendant wronged. Of these 41131 eases, iS] were disposed of In various ways (such as hail forfei? tures, discharges on writs of habeas corpus, etc.) favorable to defendants, leaving 3,G 0 casus, and no defendant wronged. Out of these 3,650 cases. 2.r.t"i2 defendants pleaded guilty, leayitip LOIS cases, and still no possi? bility of injustice to a defendant; inj r.sr. out of ihesc 1,0IS cases, acquittals, eil he - by dire'*, ion of the court or by verdict, resulted; leaving only if,:; crises out of fi.lOl in which any mis? take against i defendant could have been commit ted. This residue of 103 oases left from G.iot cases was inva? riably presented to juries under in? struction- by the court that twelve men would have to lie convinced as one man. beyond a reasonable doubt, of the il. fehdahts' guilt before convicting; and in each of these 103 eases twelve men Tvero so convinced, and returned a verdict 11r guiity. The law further p'roiected 'he rights or'ttrbSe defend? ants. \Vhilo the Stale was disallowed an appoaf in any of tho 5S5 cases In which it was successful, each defend? iint convirted had a perfect right of fippeal, and l'>! appeal:! were, taken liar-iv the year, resulting in eleven reversals of convictions, and leaving 4.52 eases as the tinal result. In which there could- have been any chance of injustice to a defendant. Of theso 45 defendants a number rccoivod suspond ed sentences, and to tbo romulndcr an application for oxocutiVe clemency or action is always opon. This simply shows that tho tendency of our courts Is to throw every pro? tection around tho supposed criminal. If anything, our system loans too much on the side of tho person charged with crime. TIIl-J ULTKCTS OP TOBACCO. Tho Montgomery Advertiser, a some? what partial and prejudiced authority, thinks that it is strange that "after all these years since Sir Walter Ra lclgh introduced tobacco Into civiliza? tion from tho American Indians, mod leal authorities are not agreed upon its effects on tho human system." They havo never como to a unanimous con? clusion as to whether or not Its mod? erate use is injurious to the systoni. The effect of alcohol is a point upon which there is more likely to be a meeting of minds. During tho session of a recent med? ical congress in Washington, two well known physicians declared that exces? sive smoking caused angina pectoris, a grave affection of tho heart. Several I other physicians of equal rank In tho profession denied this. No conclusion was reached. Tho problem Is yet un? settled. Tho latest statistical inquiry Into the offect of tobacco has boon con? ducted by Dr. Georgo Moylan. of tho gymnasium of Columbia University. Ills statement is likely to destroy some prejudices. Ills experiments dealt with 22? students of whom 115 or about 53 per cent., smoked. In the two years during which the experiment was carried on, the smokers grew morn quickly und put on more weight, as a whole, than non-smokers. Dr. Moy? lan, nevertheless, thinks that this may be explained in part by tho fact that the smokers on an average were eight mouths older than the non-smokers: Wlilie the smokers had tho advantage! in physical gain, tho^on-smokers had a distinct advantat;?; in scholarship. Fifty-six per cent. of all varsity athletes at Columbia are smokers, as compared with 52 per cent, of all tho students. Dr. Moylan. summing up his conclu? sions, says that ho does hot wish to defend tobacco, adding: "There is no scientific evldoneo that the mode rat o use of tobacco by healthy, mature men produces any beneficial or any injurious physical effects that can be measured, '"There Is tin abundance of evidence tha/ tobacco produces Injurious ef? fects on certain individuals suffering! from various affections, 'persons with | an idiosyncrasy against tobacco; and all persons who us0 It excessively." The neutral quality of tobacco, so far as health is concerned, seems to be borne out by tlie fact that the sale uf tooacco is increasing annually at a very great rate. XO EXCRP'tTOXS. C. II Williams, of Smlthllold, candi? date for the State Senate from Isle ? of Wight, Nansemond and Southamp? ton. ga.vc out an interview In Norfolk a few days ago on the fee system, though he said that ho was unprepared to state- his position on the question in* all phases. According to the Newport News Times-Herald. Mr. Williams said that lie w?s "in favor ?f a modification of It ("the fee system >, such as would place tlie fee jobs in the bigger cities and counties o? a salaried basis." Asked this question, "Would the modification affect tho fee officers of Isle of wight, Northampton and Nansemond?" Mr. Williams: said, "No. it would not." This statement is given to show what, in our opinion, is a great mis? take on the part of those who really would attack the fee system. It will never do to pass a law abolishing tho system which will contain exceptions. Limitation of the working of the prin? ciple i.; out of the question. If tho representatives from Isle of Wight, Southampton and Nansemond counties try to except those counties from the rule, so will the representatives of tho other ninety-seven counties of Virginia. There must be special rights to no county. It v ill not do for legislative candi? dates to take the position: "I am for the abolition of the fee system, ex? cept ;is t.) its operation in this county." Such ii position as that will mean that nothing at all will bo done. This idea of excepting the legislator's own coun? ties smacks too much of currying favor with and winning over the otll cers who now are enjoying the fruits of the fee system. X clear, unequivocal, unambiguous position against the feo system is i what Is needed now. A dinner was given by President Taft the other night to the Speaker of tlie House, the same being the vote buying Joseph O. Cannon, of the Dan? ville District. This was the last din? ner of the sort that will ever be giver, to him', but what about the dinners to Champ Clark? Suppose he. should keep on fooling with such delicate matters as the Canadian agreement, how is the President to get out of it. now that lie has sot the custom of giv? ing a dinner to the Speaker of the House? A real Rembrandt was sold In New York the other day for $70,500. The] Times notes that "the interest was evi-1 dontly .more particularly hi' the. prico than In the picture." Yet New York Is said to be a great art centre. Mr. Bryan thinks that if a Southern man is nominated for President in 11)12, ILoko Smith should be the man. This Is What ho said at Atlanta last Thursday, and he added: "I will work as hard for him us he did for me on the occasions when I made the race." Daily Queries and Answers Address ?11 coioainnlcatiemo for this column to Query Editor, Timoe^?wnatoh. Wo mathematical problems trill be ?olved, uo coin* or stamps valuta and no dealer*' names will bo filron linier? of Nut in u?. Which 1b tho propor way to address mi envelope when sending a letter to liiu i um;i via u. uiiuuii t ...... The President of tho United States should bo "Tho President. White House, Washington, D. C"; tho King of Eng? land, "Iiis Majosty Tho King. London. England"; Emperor of Germany, "Ills Majesty, tho Emperor of Germany, I Perlin. Germany"; President of France, "Monnlour tho President do la Republic Francalae, Purls, France." To Re Noturallxed. An alien comes to the United Stutes during his minority and lives In tho country of IiIb choice for ten years con? tinuously; does he. In order to become a cltlzon, have to go through tho sumo form as ono who has jimt landed from a foreign oountrv? FOREIGNER. If tho alien did not fllo a petition to become a oltlzon beforo ho became eighteen years of age ho will have to go through the same form as any other alien, except that he may apply for his second or final papers two years after declaration and making proof that he. lived at least five years continuously in tho United States prior to applying for the eecond papers. , Tbc Snnil-IllnM. Is the sand-blast that we see clean? ing stone buildings a new invention? How does it work or what makes it work? MECHANIC. The building-cleaning apparatus is a portable machine for producing and ap? plying the gand-blast, which was ori? ginally Invented by Oencral B. C. Tllgh. man, of Philadelphia, and submitted to ! the Franklin Institute in 1871. The Invention was designed as a means of cutting or engraving stone, glass or bard metal. Quartz sand In a hopper is let down through a tithe with a line, prifl.ee, and a blast of steam or air from a tube surrounding the sand tube driven the stream of sand against tho object operated oh with neatly the velocity of the steam or air jet. The propelling jot may bo steam released from a boiler at a pressure of SO to 300 pounds per square Inch, or air from a swift fan flower, such as a 30-lnch fan revolving l.soo or 2.000 times a minute. In tho early experiments, a diamond was easily made to show wear, and n hole f'~ inches In diame? ter was bored through a tV?-ihch block of corundum?nearly; as hard as the diamond?In 2f> minutest. Paper or gelatine resisting the cutting, may nerve for. patterns in carving -hard materials. Resides its later use for tho ruler W. W. cutting away tho .stalncfl surface of buildings, tho s?nd-blas/t has been cm ployed for a groat variety of purposes, such as removing scale from castings, boring und engraving or polishing stone and glass, decorating buttons, making pottery, refacing * grinding wheels, and making printing blocks. The Discovery. PleaSO glvo a brief account of tho Discovery, by whom sent out, its mis? sion and various trips. F. G. The Discovery was a srnull ship un? der the command of Captain Georgo Waymouth. Urst sent out by the Hast India Company, to tlnd a northwestern passage to China. She sailed with the Godspeed from the Thames May 2, 1G02, intending to make the coast of Green? land, but the voyage had no Important result, though Waymouth probably paved the way for Hudson's discovery. In April. 1010, the latter sailed In the Discovery, and entered tho strait which bears his name in Juno. Karly in August he entered Hudson Hay. Ho spent three months in exploring it, and in November the vessel was frozen In. In June "of tho following year she was released, and shortl" after a mutiny occurred. Hudson ami others wero set adrift, and were never again seen. The Discovery was taken home by the mutineers, and two years after this she was again sent to the North? west with tlm Resolution, under com? mand of Sir Thomas Button. He dis? covered Nelson's Itiyor, which he called Port Nelson, and several points. In 1015 the Discovery set out with Wil i Ham Bollln and * Robert Bylot, rfttd again In 1610. In both these voy apes many important discoveries and explorations were made. Old French Tnlr*. Will you kindly give me Home in? formation regarding the cent Nouvelles Nouvelles ? X. x. Tho cent Nouvelles Nouvelles was an old French collection of tales, first I printed In folio, by Yorard. without date, from a manuscript of the year 1156. The cent Nouvelles Nouvollca are to all intents and purposes nroso fabliaux. They have the full license, of that class of composition, its spark? ling fun, Its truth to tho conditions of ordinary human life. Many of them are taken, from the work of the Italian novelists, bib ail are handled In a thoroughly original manner Tho Stylo 1p perhaps the best of all the late mediaeval prose works, being clear, precise and definite, without tin- least I appearance of baldness or drynCSB. EMPEROR WILLIAM BEING CRITICIZED 1JY LA MARflttJISE Ii|3 1-<?NTi;.\0V. EMPEROR M'ibiJAM has been milde the object of a good deal of dis? paraging comment in tlie Ameri? can press during the last two weeks by means of comparisons be? tween King Georcro's manner >>f pun? ishing, his traducers l>y the ordinary laws of libel and the Kaiser's appeal to the mediaeval laws of lese niajestc, In tho case of anything that ran be con? strued as disrespect to his person or to his acts. In this connection it !:> mentioned that during the first ten years of his reign a thousand years bf imprisonment had been Imposed by tho German tribunals by way of punish? ment of tho various eases of lese nia JcSt ? brought before them. This is not fair to Emperor William ^Jt Is hot Bufllclently known tbat penal? ties for lese ma Joste are Inflicted not only upon those calumniating him, but also upon everybody guilty of th> Slightest disrespect to the twenty-odd petty sovereigns of Germany and the members of their respective houses. If a careful list of the charges of los* majest? brought before the German tribunals during the twenty-three years of the Kaiser's reign were to lib drawn up. It would be found that tho large majority of them are instituted at the instance of these petty sove? reigns ami by the members of their families, and that relatively few have been brought before the courts at the instance of the Emperor. Kor Wil? liam is ptiperlor to them nil In the pos? session of a very strong and modern scpse of humor, In which thev are la? mentably deficient, and. moreover, he i.c in rnanv respects extremely up-to date Lieutenant .lohn Lowther, of the Eleventh Hussars, whose engagement to the lion. I.ilah White, elder daugh? ter of Lord Annaiy. has just been an? nounced, is the heir to his brother's baronetcy of Lowther, and grandson of the late ami blind Sir diaries Hugh Lowther, who died in ISO I, at the ad? vanced ape of ninety-one. For centuries the Lowthers have been prominent in Westmoreland. In Cumberland, and in Yorkshire, taking their name from the many streams of water that run through the woods ?>: Lowther Park, in Westmoreland, I?ow tber meaning. In Anglo-Saxon, "clear running water." Peerages were sev? eral times created in favor of the Lie? ther family, and as often became ex? tinct. In the eighteenth century the Viscount Lowther of the day was raised to the earldom of Lonsdale, at the In? stance of Lord Hute, the unpopular minister of George III. This .lames. Karl of Lonsdale, married Lord Bute's daughter. When he died childless, in 1803, it was found that he had left vast possessions to a very distant kinsman. Sir William Lowther, of Swilllngton, In Yorkshire. This Sir William Low? ther was immediately created Earl of Lonsdale. and thereupon surrendered his own estates around Swilllngton to iiis younger brother John, who was created a baronet by George IV.. and who was tho great-grnndfpthrr of the young subaltern of Hussars, John Low? ther, who Is now marrying Miss White. Perhaps the best known member of this so-called Swilllngton branch of the house of Lowther was the Bight Hon. James, or "Jimmie" Lowther. of Wilton Castle. Redcar, Yorkshire, who sat In one of Lord Boaeonslield's cabi? nets as chief secretary for Ireland, and who was more conspicuous a H^ure on the turf than fie was in polltios. In fact, when Lord Beaconslleld appointed him as minister for Ireland, it was re? garded as one of the great Tory pre? mier's characteristic jokes. Jimmie Lowther turned out. however, far bet? ter than was expected: for his fame and character as a sportsman appealed to the sympathies of tho Nationalist element in Parliament, and It Is no exaggeration to assert that there, was more friendly feeling between tho Irish secretary's department and tho home rule party during his tenure of oflicc than under any otber administra? tion, whether Liberal or Tory. He never tired a shot in anger or In spart, never made a bei, and never smoked a cigar. But he was a devoted at tendant at Newmarket and all the prin? cipal race meetings, and for many years was not only steward of tho Jockey Club, but was likewise, in his private capacity, always called upon to act as arbitrator In difficulties, whether of a sporting or of a social character, llo had a classic and Johnsonian style of writing and sneaking, which was characteristic of rneTSritish aristocracy In the early part of the last century, and was not afraid to call a spade a spado, or to use strong language on occasion. Vigorously opposed to grand? motherly legislation in every fonm. ho was nevertheless a staunch churchman, and never missed attending church on Sunday. Let me add that it is the. Lord Lons? dale who was the son-in-law of tho Marquis of Bute, and who flourished In tho last four decades of the eighteenth century, who is still remembered In Westmoreland as "The Wicked Earl." and not, as so many suppose, the elder brother of tho present Lord Lohsdale. Ho seems to have been more eccentrlju than evil, and iriiteli of his oddity may have been due to .1 grout Borrow In hin lifo, namely, thr prcmat ire death f?r a poor but lovely girl with whom ho had become Infatuated. She was a farmer's daughter, and after her death he caused her body to bo em? balmed and preserved In his library at Lowther Castle, that he might con? tinue to contemplate her beauty. This and other peculiarities led people Id ascribe to him all kinds of evil, or which ho was probably g illtless Ld tl tradition- in West morel a nil sayj in? deed, that Ills wickedness continued after his death, and that his body ob? jected so strongly to bo buried that it actually hustled the officiating cler gj man at the funeral Moreover, when he was finally entombed lie inn tic it his business to annoy and Insult nil the other occupants of the graves In the churchyard, driving over them with his phantom coach-ahd-slx, dancing fandangoes on the tombs, playing cards and carousing on the alt.::- of the Church, and carrying on generally like a bold, bad baron of the feudal rig* - lint it Is (obi. with a sigh relief, how one night, when he was trying t 1 frighten some one over the edge 01 tl.o elllTi a shepherd rolled a ^reat Stone on the top of him, ami the peasantry point to a large ro~k, known by the name of the "Wallow Rag," as Lhq stone which holds htm down, except on certain nisrlits of the year, when j he Is said to visit Lowther Castle In his phantom equlpage-and-six. Marlborough House, by the wish of Queen Alexandra, has 'been restored to very much the same condition as it was when she previously lived there for thirty-fight years as Princess of Wales. All her personal bo! anfing.'* from Buckingham palace and Windsor Castle have arrived there, and are bring placed In the positions assigned them; while a number of works of art, curios and .'ine rilijna have been dis i patch",i to Marl borough House from I SundrJnghatii; This week sin- is to visit ^Marlborough House for purposes <>' inspection, and will find everything in npplo-plc order. She will not. how? ever, actually tak..> up her residence Hier.- until she returns from her forth? coming cruise in the Mediterranean on board the yacht Victoria and Albert, in time for the coronation. The privat?; apartments of Princess Victoria at Mallbo'rough House are in close prox? imity to those of Queen Alexandra, and overlook the beautifully kept gardens. (Copyright. 1911. by the Brent wood Com pa ny. 1 Voice of the People Com miinlcnllon.i must not con? tain more than .'100 word*. When this limit Ik exceeded let? ter/; will Ii.? returned. "Vo nnonymou.f communications will be accepted. A simmo-d envelope, with the writer'* ntldreHN. 1nu.1t accompany every communication. v I The Fisheries Commission Report. j To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: I Slr.-'-We are indebted to The Times Dispatch of February 1) for a portion of Hie annual report or* the Commission of Fisheries for the year ending Sep? tember 30, 1910. In your editorial, "The Fish Commission Report," of Feb? ruary 15, you (piloted the words from j said report: '.'Until residents and po? litical factors will accord honesty of purpose to oyster officials and support ! fliem In their plans for resuscitation"? j making this exprcpslon applicable in 1 all the oyster country, when you Will 1 see bv closer reference the above1 ex i pressloh" was intended only for Mob Jack Bay and York River.* T think it I Is but right that the other sections should not have this uncalled for and ! unwarranted and untrue charge brought against them. The. report has very much more in tho Indictment against Mobjack Bay and York River, and the oltielals dwell, It seems, with peculiar emphasis on our section. Th< charge is not true, and if the Commis? sion of Fisheries fail to sustain the indictment, then let tho Governor ac? cent resignations, which certainly will be in order By reference, to tho I report. 1 think r am right. J. N\ STB BBS'. I Woods Cross Roads. Make this Bank Your Banlt State and City OF RICHMOND.