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(Buaineaj Oiflco.918 E. Main Street Bouth Richmond.1103 Kuli Street Paterrburs Bureau....1(9 N. Bycainoro strebt Loncbburt- Bureau.n& ElKhtb Street BY MAIL. One Six Three Ont POSTAGE PAID. Year. Mob. Mo?. Mo Dallr with Sunday.MOO ss.00 fi.M .? Dally Without Sunday... 4.00 2.00 1.00 .89 Sunday edition only.2.00 LOO .60 .23 .Weekly (Wednesday).... LOO .W .16 ... By Tlmes-Dlspatch Carrier Delivery Ser? vice In Richmond (and suburbs) and Peters? burg? One Week. Dally with Sunday... Daily without Sunday fcunday only. .14 cents ,10 cente 6 cents Entered January :T. IPOS, at Richmond. Va.. t.M second-class matter under act of Con? cern of March *, 1879. wednesday, february 22, 1911) THIS DAY we C131jE1JRATE. Thl? if George Washington's birth? day. Ho was bom in Westmoreland County, Virginia, February 22, lT:;-\ and if ho had lived until to-day. ho would have been one hundred and seventy-nine years old. He dots live In fact. 3nd he will live forever in the hearts of his countrymen and In the history of his land' Athlotlc in form; a graceful and i \ port rider, fund of the wild Hie 6f woods ami encampment, hoi averse to amusements of any healthful sort; giving promise oven in his youth of j military inclinations, he lived to tight j the battles of freedom and to .establish j n government of the people, by the j people, for the people; His history is , well known to every American, parti? cularly to every Virginian; The first man of all the ages, won? derful in his prowess as a soldier, squally distinguished in statesmanship, de%rout in his piety, clean in his life, he stands to-day, as he will ever stand, the Model Man of the New World, and from generation to gone ration so long as noble deeds influence human conduct, the mime and work of Wash? ington n ill endure. Tin: mag vir.ixBs am> the <;ov lilihVMtlNT. The Magazine Trust Is making a i'lgorous fight against the proposed in- j :icasc of postage. Washington has Seen swarming with its representa? tives for ten days or more, who are outtonhollng every memben of Con? gress with their cries for help against nipending disaster. Tlic Trust Is also illing pages of space in the metropoli? tan newspapers with statements rot ling forth the situation from n wholly selfish point of view, and figuring out how much the Government would lose if the magazines should be compelled to pay more tor their carriage through the mails for less than it is now pro? posed to charge them for this service. With the present volume of adver? tising and the high rates of the news? papers filled with the statements of the Trust, it would look as if the ?100, 000 appropriated for this "campaign of education" would have, to be increased, The members of Con en ss have doubt? less already been impressed with the arguments thai have been made, which an" hot conclusive upon any poltet ex? cept that the magazines lire demand? ing more than they are entitled to. looking at the question from a strictly business point of view?we mean so far as the Government if concerned. This use of tlie newspupers is in? tended, it would seem, to create public sentiment against the plan recom? mended by the Postmaster General and i the President, as the advertisements of the T^ust close with this line done in bla-ck .type,'' "Wire or write your .Senators and Representatives.'* what is the use of that when the i rust lias been deluging tin- Senators and Rep? resentatives every day und night and day after day and night after night with their appeals and arguments tor the. benefit of the magazines? This is the fight of the magazines, by the magazines, for the magnzihes. The people who have been appealed to through the advertising pages of the newspapers will make nothing by it, but will lose a good deal in providing for the postal deficits of the Govern? ment, In yesterday's advertisement, it Is said that "beginning oh duly i. iiiii, the postage rate on every ?sheet' of periodical other than a newspaper on which any advertising is printed (will) be increased fron1? ohejee'rit to four cents a pound, except that periodicals mail? ing less than four thousand pounds, of each issue are exempt.'' That would leave, but most of the periodicals oili? er than ne wspapers In the country, and 11 would s.eem that four cents is reaiiy very little to carry a pound of maga? zine advertising through the malls to the remotest par til of this country, The people will note that lh< reading1 parts of the magazine, and the illus? trations and everything in the maga? zines that tin; people really care to read, and for which they buy the! magazines, will go through th?. mails j at the rate of one e< :it the pound. ' An analysis carefully made by Mr. Hitchcock ? shows thai not one of the: periodical:-'. other than magazines, | published in Virginia would be n tr* .? t _ ! t-d by the'increased rat* oi postage, and tl?e same thing would doubtless be shown by like analysis in all the other j Southern States. If* the periodicals published in tSouth cu Id hi their advertising business so that they would cany, say. <>.;,. hundred page* of reading; matter and ihre? hundred pages of advertisements, the; would probably be willing to pay increased pontage and be able to do i; at a groat profit. There is ho reasoM that we know -why a magazine s 10 2 have the advantage of being carried through the mails for what it 1st not. when the Southern Senators and Hep resentativo3 are apponlod to by tho agents of the Trust. It would be well for them to Inrjulro what tbero 13 In tho business for tho magazines and what there Is In it for thtf^Govern mori l. KILL. THE AXTI-OPTTON BILL. All the exporters of cotton in tho South are opposed to the passage of the Scott. Anti-Option Bill now beforo the Senate. Lust week the Chamber of Commerce of Richmond, a particu? larly conservative and responsible body, passed resolutions condemning this Bill as being a measure in re? straint of trade, and declaring that Its passage would bo disastrous to the cotton business of the South. So far as wo are able to judge, und upon this matter, as on all others, we are inclined to accept the views of those who are actuully engaged in the business?the pro? posed measure does not possess the least value to the interests which it is supposed to benefit. It would de? crease the value of the Southern cot? ton crop, drive to foreign countries the business that is now done here, curtail the borrowing capacity of planters and merchants alike by Im? pairing the collateral value of the staple, and would bo of no earthly beneilt to any business Interest in this country. it would result practically In putting the cotton exchanges of New Orleans and New York out of buslhess and would transfer the actual rut ton market of this country to Eng? land and the Continent. Its immedi? ate effect would be to place the farmer at the morcy of the manufacturer, and we can all very well imagine what that would mean to tho chief agricul? tural industry of the South. It is hoped that the Senate will re? ject this measure because it has noth? ing in it except evil for the business interests of tho country, and particu? larly for the business Interests of the South. TUB POLITICS OF IT. Entirely willing as we are to credit the Rev. Henry Pea reo Atkins will sin? cerity and non-partisanship, his ad? dress last night before the Anti-Saloon League Convention will, in all proba i billty, raise doubts in the minds of. some critics. The League, hits, rightly j or wrongly, been accused in the past j of playing politics and of making combinations with candidates. It would seem best to abstain from tho appearance of such things in the fu? ture. In advocating queries into the. past records of candidates for the United States Senate on their attitude toward , the licensed saloon, mere will be those who will say that this is intended to further the interests of one man. This, notwithstanding previous practices of the organization. When Mr. Atkins casts his vote, say, for a candidate for Congress who rep-' : resents his views on the subject of tho [ protective tarifi, does he think it necessary also to inquire into that candidate s views on the paving of Oak wood Avenue? When he asks Mr. Class how he would vote on a bill giv? ing tin; State police power over in? terstate shipments of intoxicating liquor, why should ho not be con? tent with the answer, and why should it. bo necessary to inquire how Mr. ' Swanson voted in a local option t-lec tion in Lynchburg, a score of years ago? It is such suggestions as these, un? fortunately, that tend to weaken the J work of the League. DIRECT I3LECTIO.NS IX CHICAGO. Five Republicans and three Demo? crats tire running for Mayor of Chicago. The primary election will be held next Tuesday. Four of the live Republican candidates have filed their expense ac? counts, amounting in the aggregate to ' ?!'.!,'?.and two of the Democrats have owned tip to having spent, so far, ?2l, 270. making a total of $70,95$ . ccotinted for down to this time. The expenses of the other I wo candidates will run up ! the total to more than $$?,000, and this I is tie- lea t part of what will be put ?iitij in the race. This is "direct vote j by the people."' it will be seen at once ! i that it eo-ts a good deal to bring it j out. H the "leading" Republican can? didate! should win at the primary, the amount (hat his election costs will have! to be mad? goon in some way, ami this \ where the people will come in, as |"tiio people pay the freight." TUR TREAT! IX THE SEX ATE. Senator Cur tor, of Montana, who is opposed to the reciprocity agreement ? with Cfuiaida. .-aid yesterday that lite I agreement w ould pass the Senate. He j made this statement after a hoart-to ! heart talk w ith the President at the I W hite House. Congressman McCall, ,>f Massachu | setts;, whose resolution was passed by i the House, and which has now gone id the Senate for action in that body, be? lieve., ilint the Senate will pass the measure. I ?eiiaiur Aldrlchj ?>f Rhode Island, has written to th< I 'resident, saying that In favors the adoption of the agreement with Caiiada, and Senator Bailey, of Texas, the leader of the Democrats Iii the iii niite, is reported t" be in favor of the measure, or be? lieves that it will pass, the Senate. ( The Business Mas Association of Hartford; Connecticut, has forwarded resolutions to the President and to I the Senators and Representatives from thai Stale, declaring that "the acecpt ajv i- of tin- agreement will bo ot great I beneili to Die future prosperity of New England, and will not jeopardize :?? an appreciable extent the farming Interests of the. country, but will bo of Increasing advantage to the peo? ple of New England." Oil the other hand, twenty-one farmers of New I Hampshire, protested vigorously yos I tcniay to the Senate committee against adoption of the agreement, and other protests have been made of tho same sort. It really begins to look as if the ngroomont, will got through the Son ato, but by a pretty close shave. President Taft has served notlco that If tho agreement shall fall In tho Son ato now he will call Congress togother In extra session Immediately upon the adjournment of tho present body and take up the whole matter again. Ho has also warned the membors of his own party that they would gain noth? ing by forcing him to this course. The next Senate will have more Democrats In It than the present Senate, and tho Republicans will be compelled to go to the country in defonse for having forced their own Administration to de? pend upon Democrats to obtain any measure of relief from tho exactions of the tariff policy of their party, with the result, as tho President has warn? ed them, that the wholo protection system will be ripped up and destroy? ed. That is a consummation devoutly to be wished, and while wo should re Joico to see it, tho Republican Senators ' cannot afford to take tho risk. Too high praise cannot bo given Mr, Taft for the manly stand-up, knock- ? down and drag-out fight he is mak- j ing for this treaty with Canada. It is statesmanliko work of a superior sort, and has compelled the admira? tion of the whole country, except of the discredited Republicans of the Senate, who seem to have learned nothing by the recent reverses of their party. THE CADETS Oll THE V. M. I. Seventy-seven membors of the Third Class at tho Virginia Military Insti? tute have been dismissed for insub? ordination and sent to their homes. They wore guilty of violating Article 123 of the Regulations, which thoy were bound to obey, and, greatly to the distress of the authorities, it was necessary to enforce the law; "disci? pline and the proper recognition of constituted authority," forming "at the same time the foundation stone and the keystone" of the Institute. So far as known, the dismissed cadets had not the least cause of complaint; but by combining among themselves to defeat the orderly administration of (ho affairs of the institution, they I forced the authorities either to permit the cadets to he a law unto themselves I or to enforce the "Regulations," and the law was enforced. It was a hard j thing to do; but it was the right thing, u3 the young men will realize when they think it over for them? selves. Wb wish they could be restored, but that is a matter for the authori? ties to determine and the conditions also of their reinstatement. Only a week or ho ago President Taft approved the Unding of the au? thorities at the West Point Military Academy in dismissing from the ser? vice a number of cadets who had been guilty of conduct prejudicial to the good' order of the Academy. A few years ago, there was a combination i among some of the cadets of the South Carolina Military Academy to destroy tho discipline there, und they wero ' dismissed and refused reinstatement i in spite of the most powerful political j und personal influences to force them | back into the school. Tn other academies in different, parts of tho country there have been "Insurrec? tions" and "combinations" among the students against authority, and in every case, where the men responsible for the ordorly administration of the affairs of these schools have done their i duty the law has prevailed to the ad vantage of the schools. It will be so at the V. M. 1. As General Nichols' says in Special Orders, No. 91, "Im- | mediate dismissal must necessarily ; ensue in such cases, and this whether one, a hundred, or the whole corps, is involved." Better, far better, an academy without cadets, than cadets without an academy. J AFTER MOTHER EDDY'S MOXEV. The tight for .Mother Eddy's millions I by her son and foster son is becoming more active every day. John D. Long, former Secretary of the Navy, has been added to the array of counsel on their side, and will co-operate with "Bill" Chandler in his effort to break up the settlement which was made by him for his clients, and by which they re? linquished all further claims upon the .?state. Whether Mrs. Eddy had the right to leave her own property to the Church founded by her or not, it would seem to be only fair that no more of it than they have already received should go to her children and their lawyers. CAUGHT WITH THE VETO. There was consternation In the South Carolina. Legislature last Friday, when, moved by a sense of his high official responsibility and mindful of his pledges during his campaign for Gov? ernor, the Hon. Coleman Livingston Blesse sent a special message, mak? ing the nineteenth or twentieth of an interesting series, to the General As? sembly, placing his veto on twenty live items of the. appropriation bill, and giving his reasons for his action. Many of the members had gone homo, others were about to leave the capital, and when the shock ?came there was I hardly a quorum present. Some of the "leaders," well pleased with them? selves and their work, had returned to their constituencies thinking that It wtts all over oxcept tho ratification of ! the appropriations they had made; but they reckoned without the strong man high-seated in the watch tower and careful of the Interests of the peo? ple. He. had "said on every stump in this State that what was needed In the Executive office was a man who had the political courage and the back? bone to veto these appropriations when they were extravagant, and that, if 1 wtts elected. I would do It"; and, by George! he did it. The twenty-five items in the appro prlation bill upon . which he . act his veto related principally, to education 'yHE Laundry Bag 6ays: "The pitcher that goes of? ten to the well gets broken at last. "That's equally true of collars that go often to the laundry? they must wear out. "Now the real question is: ' *Wkat collars can go oftenest to the laundry? "I know. "I don't mind putting you next sub rosa, of course. "Corliss-Coon Collars hold the record for trips to the laundry. "Take my tip and try them." 2 for 2^ al and charitable objocta, and called for 591,000. Nobody expected any? thing: of the sort, word having gone forth among the mombers that the Governor would "sign up"; but they didn't know the man. and, as wo have noted, many of them rushed homo in? stead of staying by the goods until they could get away with them. After the first surprise there was a hurry up call for the statesmen to come back, and they came back, and, after an all night session Saturday, succeeded in getting through thirteen of the Items which the Governor had disapproved, in spite of his veto. It was a bold thing for him to do; but If he felt that ho was right. It was the right thing for him to do, even If It were a thing that nobody had ever done. It will count for a good deal, as the I'nvertioi' reminded the members of tho Legislature, "when all of us again appear before the sovereign people." HIGGITY SENATOR HRANDKGEE. When Senator Brandegce, of Con? necticut, was asked the other day about his attitude on the reciprocity question, he replied: "1 announced a year or more ago that I would not tell how 1 would vote on any pending measure of public importance. I can? not break that rule now. I must de? cline to answor your ejuestlon." The New Haven Journal-Courier, though somewhat flabbergasted by the Sena? tor's statement, insists that "the peo? ple of Connecticut have a right to know his views and to compare them with the views they themselves hold," and reminds him that "the moment it becomes the rule with public servants that they are superior to their political masters. Just at that moment free In? stitutions will begin to totter." But nobody outside , of ^Connecticut has ever thought that the people of that State were "superior" to Senator Brandegee: nobody is "superior" to Senator Brandegee. Of course, he is not bound to answer all the questions that he might be asked; that is not what he was elected to ofllee for, and he is not paid for that sort of thing, and there is no reason why he should begin to explain his attitude on any tiuestion until Just before his campaign for re-election opens, when it will be found, probably, that he will answer whenever his name Is called. There Is r.o way Connecticut can get rid of him, however, until 1915, when his present term in the Senate expires, but it might be well for tho people to begin keeping the score now, Brandegee Is a Republican. Tho reci? procity agreement is a Republican measure with a good deal of sound Democracy In It. All the members of Congress from his State have cheer? fully explained their views on this question, and Senators of equally good standing with the Connecticut Senator have not sought to conceal their opin? ions. There is no reason that we can see why he should he at all uppity about it, and Brother Osborno is do? ing good service in exposing the mag? nificence of the Senator and holding him up to public reprobation and dis? trust. PREACHING THE SO.UARE DEAL. Some unnamed preacher has been delivering powerful sermons at Maur orsville, according to tho Harrlaoo burg News. We are not informed as to the identity of the speaker, but here is the report of tho News correspond? ent: "Last night the preacher made a plea for an every day religion, a re? ligion that would be with the mer? chant behind the. counter and malte him give 30 Inches for a yard, lti ounces for a pound; a religion that would be with the farmer in packing apples and would sec that the middle of the barrel would not be filled with small ones; a religion that would keep the farmers' wife from taking the eggs that wouldn't hatch after three weeks' I careful attention of the old hen to the store and palm them off as fresh; a religion that will make employer give an honest wage for a day's work, and the employee an honest day's work; a religion that will put a brldlo on the tongue of the gossip. Mo stated that, all other things being equal, the man who is a Christian is R hotter busi? ness man. a bettor mechanic, and a better neighbor. Ho further stated that religion never prevented any man from mnkiJig an honest dollar, but that it did augment the opportunities of every.;man to build an honest fortune for himself anil family." Hound doctrine that, every word of It. rand wc should llko to have more sermons preached along this lino of thought. For this 1b preaching tho golden rule, and tho goldon rule is nothing moro thun tho square deal. WOMEN RULE THE STAGE. According to Charles Frohman, who 1b unquestionably an authority in the matter. It is the womon who mako and unmake plays In New York. Ho has tlgures to prove it, for ho has been watching audiences for a week. Be? tween 68 and 69 per cent, of tho thea? tre-goers are women, he asserts. j Itoquested by one of tho great uni? versities of tho country to give somo definite statistics on the subject, Mr. Frohman secured statistics by putting ; checkers at tho door of five theatres ; where his attractions are playing in 1 Now York. These men kept track of the number of men and women enter? ing tho playhouse The results wero: 72 por cent, of Miss Maude Adams's audlencoB in "Chante cler" were women, and they contri? buted 69 per cent of MIsb Ethel Barry moro's audiences in the two Barrle. playu, "Alice Sit by the Fire" and "Tho Twelve Pound -Look." Sixty-eight per cent of those who saw Miss Billio Burke in "Suzanne," at the Lyceum, and 63 per cent, of those who saw Paul M. Potter's new farco from tho French at the Now Garrlck, called "The Zebra," wore women. Tho gen? eral proportion of women at all five productions was between 68 und 69 per cent. "The proportion of women in every audience is even larger than I hud be? lieved," says Mr. Frohman, "and Indi? cates bettor than anything else the in? fluence women have over the drama." Heretofore managers In general have estimated that women constitute 60 1 per cent, of the audiences, but even ' with "Tho Zebra," a French farco aup- j posed to appeal aB much to men as to j women, the proportion of womon was 3 per oent. greater. In Mr. Frohman'a Investigation every type of attraction but musical comedy Is represented. Fantastic poetic drama, j serious comedy, romantic plays, light ; comedy and farco were included In tho subjects. Some years ajio statis? tics wert; gathered as musical come? dies, and it was found that the per? centage of men and women was about oven. The balance shifted entirely with the type of the production. In legiti? mate drama, as has been shown, wo? men predominate. Upon a little rellection. Brother Al? fred Williams, of the Roanoke Times, will agree with us that Wade Hamp? ton would not have written that edi? torial article about Tlllman. Now that the Legislature has ad? journed, wo hope it Is not too much to ask that the Columbia State express its views frankly about the low assess? ment of the farm lands in its Stat6 j that it swears are worth from %:>(> to \ $200 the acre, and that are rettirned for taxation at from $5 to $10 the acre. Tho Norfolk Vlrglnlan-PHot has not yet made a special report on the as? sessed value of the trucking lands in Its neighborhood that it alleges to bo worth anywhere from $100 to $100 the acre. Bailey is entirely wrong. No one connected with The Times-Dispatch Is "exceedingly bitter," or bitter at all. towards Lorlmer. or anybody else. We always pray for those who despitefully use us. and that Is wholly Scriptural. If it be true, however, as it. must bo, that some persons aro born to be damned, we should be altogether re? miss In our duty if we failed to help It along. _ We are sorry, of course, for tho veg? etable growers in Texas, who have been frozen out by the present cold snap: but liiere is some comfort in the thought that the people In New York and other Eastern markets will not have to cat the truck that, is raised j down there. Better a can of Virginia' vegetables than a carload of "fresh" vegetables grown in Texas. "The Ton Commandments will not budge, and stealing will continue steal? ing," whether It be done to shorten the Church services or not. The State Senate of Washington has passed a local option bill mak? ing the county the unit. Cities of the first class aro exempt from Jts pro? visions, ami where the people have al- j ready voted on tho question the status I is to bo undisturbed for tho period of two years. The quantity of liquor a person can take, into "dry" territory is one quart, and the allowance of malt liquor is one case of beer. This meas? ure leaves the decision of the whiskey question to the people of the several communities, and there is wisdom in that. Another story, making the seventh, is being piled on tho residence of John D. Rockefeller, at Pocantlco Hills. This is his country home. Of course, Mr. Rockefollor can do what he pleases with his own money; but who ever hoard of a country home, a real place to live In, seven stories high? There is abundant ground at Pocantlco for a house that would ramble around, with one floor, and seem like home; but Heven stories In the country! Why, such a thing would be impossible to a i family man of good taBte. Whether they keep tho Ten Com? mandments or not, we have yet to see a man or woman in Richmond who would be willing' to give thorn up or who would consent to their mutilation. If the Chinese would confer with their yellow neighbors In Japan, they might ho able to make an arrangement which would put an end to Russian regression, irt the East. Knox ^||^ Hats Impart distinctive grace and unquestionable taste."? | SPRING SHAPES NOW SHOWN For rale at our agenda ererjrwhete. Daily Queries and Answers Address all communications for this column to Query Editor, Timos-Dispatch. No mathematical problems will be solved, no coins or stamps valued and no dealers' uameB will be given. "iVnuhliiRttm and the Cherry Tree. Will you not reprint tho anecdote about George Washington and tho ! cherry treo from Mason L. Woems's I "Life of Washington"? 1 know it IS i a fabrication, but I should like to road it. anyway. . VIRGINIAN. "The following anecdote is a case In point. Tt Is too valuable to bo lost, and too true to bo doubted; for It was communicated to me by the same ex? cellent lady to whom I am Indebted for tho last; i " 'When George.' she said, 'was nbout six years old, he was made the wealthy master of a hatchet! of which, llko most little boys, he was Immod? erately fond; and was constantly Koinv; about" chopping everything that came In his way. One day, In the garden, whore he often amused hlmsolf hacking bis mother's poa-sticks, he unluckily tried the edp;o of his hatchet on the body of a beautiful young English cherry treo, which he barked bo terrl- i bly that I don't bollevo the tree ever got the better of It. The next morn? ing the old gentleman, finding out what had befallen his treo, which, by the by, was a great favourite, came Into - the house, and with much warmth asked for the mischievous author, de- | elating at tho same time that he would hot have taken five guineas for his tree. Nobody could tell him anything about It. Presently George and his about It. Presently George and his hate hatchet made their appearance. "George," said hiB father, "do you know who killed that beautiful little ? berry tree yonder In the garden?" This was a tough question, and George staggered under it for a moment, but ; quickly recovered himself; and, look? ing at his father with the sweet fare 1 of youth brightened with tho. inex- 1 presslblo el.arm of all-conquering" truth, he bravely cried out: "I can't tell a lie, Pa; you know I can't tell a lie. I did cut It with my hatchet." | "Run to my arms, you dearest hoy." cried his father in transport", "run to my aims; glad am I, George, that you killed my tree: for you have paid rne for It a thousandfold* Such an act Of heroism In my son Is more worth than a thousand trees, though blos? somed with silver and their fruits ol purest gold." ' " Ranter, 1010. Please answer in your dally Query Column, what waa the date upon which Easter came in the year 1910? J. FIELD. March 27. "f'nrry Me Ilaelc to Old VlrRlnln." Please publish in tho Query Column of your valued paper the words to that famous Virginia song, "Carry Me Buck, to Old Virginia" and name of author. A NATIVE OK VIRGINIA. We cannot publish songs In this column. The name of the author of the song Is not known to us. James W. Itcadle. Please Rive me the Information to find a Confederate Veteran's war record? His name 1? James W. Keadle, I do not know what company ho was ? n, but he was major in the Confederate Army. He was captured and kept in prison in Port Delaware. Any information will bo gladly re? ceived. ROT FL KEADLE. , AddresB your Inquiry to Colonel Jos, V. Bldgood, Secretary of Military Re? cords. Richmond, Va. Invltntlona. In it good form to send a wedding Invitation or announcement of engage? ment in another envelope without writ? ing the name of the person for whom intended on the face of the inclosed envelope? No. S?-1tl?>meiit. To whom shall T apply for informa? tion in regard to the land that Is to bo thrown opon to (settler* in Oklahoma and Oregon in November? Writ.- to the General Land Ofiiee lit Washington, O. C, or to the following United States land offices: In Okla? homa?El Reno, Guthrie, Ijawton and Woodward; in Oregon?Burns, Lagrand, Eakeview, Portland, Roseberg and The Dalles. GLADSTONE'S FRIEND GOVERNOR OF MADRAS uv la HAitaviSE de ro.NTC.vov, SIR THOMAS OIBSON C?RMICHA Kl,, who has Just been up pol med Gov? ernor of Madras, with a teeming population as groat a>-: that of the untteii Kingdom and Irelnnd, was u particular frit-rid and favorito of Wil liain Ew?xt Gladstone, whom ho sue- ? ceeded as liberal member of Parlla meht ior Midlothian. Ills patronymic is not really Carmlchuol, but Gibson, and his family may ho said to have been founded by Sir Alexander Gibson, one of the most eminent jurists of the reign of King .lames I., who bestowed upon him, hot only a baronetcy, but also a barony, along with the title of Lord Durlo of Anticostl and a grant of some eighteen square miles in Anti? costl. Anticostl. as everybody knows, is an island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, now owned by Henri Menier. the French chocolate manufacturer, who uses it as a game and fish preserve; The. baronetcy; the barony arid tht land were inherited by Alexander Gib? son's son, who was. however, deprived of his titles and honors in lain, and they do not seem to have been revived by his ? heirs, nor has any trace bee: found of tho patents and of the war? rants among the records of the crown of Scotland, although the new Governor of Madras has in ills possession authen? ticated copies of these documents, made about the time of their issue. Another baronetcy was conferred upon the head of this Gibson family in 17<e_'( and, according to some, therefore, Sir Thomas Car mich a el Is tho four? teenth baronet of his line, while, ac? cording to others, he. is only the ninth Sir Robert Gibson, the ilfth baronet, tlied In America towards tho end of tho i eighteenth century, and It was his bro? ther Knd successor who, with the per? mission of the crown, and In accord? ance with tho entail of the Skirlinu estates, formerly belonging to the Earls or" Hyndford, through the marriage of John Gibson with Lady Helen Car? michael, sister of the fourth earl of Hyndford, assumed the name of Car michael, in addition to that of Gibson Sir Thomas may thus be regarded at the principal representative of the for? mer Earls of Hyndford and a claimant to their honors, which Include the vis countcy of Inglisbcrry and the barony of Carmichael. They have been der main since tho death without issue ol Andrew Carmichael. sixth Earl of Hyndford, in 1R17. Readers of Robert L. Stevenson's novels may be interested to know that the Barbara Grant who figures in his "Catriona," and who was one of the few actual personages ap? pearing in Ills romances, became in real life the Countess of Hyndford, and it was owing to her dying without issue that the earldom of Hyndford tho minor honors connected therewith fell Into abeyance. Most of the estates ol tho earldom of Hyndford have now passed into the possession of the fam? ily of the Aristruthers, and Sir Thomas, who has no children and who is i particularly rich, having been com? pelled some time ago to sell a superb collection of art treasures and histor? ical relics, dating from tho twelfth to , the sixteenth centuries, has absolutely ! declined to take any steps to est a bib I his claims to tho earldom, as proceed? ings of this kind are terribly costly. i One of the reasons, however, which led him to withdraw from Parliament was the question raised, among others by Joseph Chamberlain, as to whether he really had a right to sit and voto in the House of Commons, on the ground that by inheritance he was in all prob I abllltv a Scotch peer. In fact, a debate , actually took place in the House of Commons about tho matter, and it was In consequence of the possibility of ids voto on nnv important mensure In the lower chamber being invalidated on the ground that ho was a peer that .ho withdrew from the House of Commons. Until that time the Impression had prevailed that a member of the House I of Commons could retain his seat there, even after succeeding to a peerage, tin I til the moment when he received the I writ of summons from tho crown to the : House of Lords. The discussion, how i ever, brought to light the legal faol i that a member's seat in the lower lions* becomes invalid from the very moment that ho Inhorils a pecrngo, no mailer whether he receives a writ of summons or not. Lord Hood, whose- ongagement to Miss Primrose Stapleton-Cotton has Just been announced, is the oldest brother of Captain the Hon. Horace Hood, who last year married, at Burlington. Iowa Mrs.'George Nickerson, widow of a "wealthy New Englander of that name, and daughter of the late M. Touzalln of tho Santa Fo and of tho-Chicago, Burlington and Northern Railroads. jCantain Hood being now .tho command that the royal family in the matter liail "'trained at, a ghat and swallowed u camel"?the latter word having thw satno pronunciation in England as tins name of Campbell. The present Lord Hood Is a soldier by prolenslon, was major of the Gren? adier Guards, served in the last Ashanti campaign and in the South African War, has a flno country place of about 3,000 acres in Northamptonshire, at Bar? ton Seagrove, and is the fifth holder of a \iscounty created in fuvor of the famous admiral; Sir Samuel Hood, as a reward for his naval victories, espe? cially Ijin successful attack on Toulon and bis conquest of the Island of Cor? sica. Sinei- then at least halt a dozen members of this obi Dorsetshire family have fallen Jn battle, and, with a coll? ide of exceptions, every one of the men has done service either in tho army or in the navy. -Miss Primrose Staplcton Cotton, tho fiancee, of Lord Hood, is a woman of over thirty, and is a daughter of Col. the Hon. Blchard Staplcton Cotton, of tliu Scots Guard, who is next heir to. his nephew's Viscounicy of Combermere. and to tho Combermere. Abbey estate in -Shropshire, as well as to much landed property in Staffordshire. It must be a source of considerable satisfaction, noth to the present and to the future Lurd Combermere, that the late Vis? count railed In Ills efforts to sell Com bermero Abbey, which was leased for a seafaon, at an enormous rental, to tho lato Empress of Austria. The late l^ord Combermere's efforts to sell the abbey were due to the so? cial ostracism to which his second wife, the viscountess, had been subjected by the county families. This boycott was attributable to the figure cut by the now widowed Lady Combermere in the divorce court a number of years ago. A sister ot Sir George Cbetwynd, she was first married to C. II. Poolc of liar bury Hall, one of the most popular men in the county, but whom she abandoned, deserting also her young children, in order to elope with the Hon. Roberts Stapleton Cotton, (afterwards Lord Combermere) and then a married man himself. The. flight of the couple caus? ed a great sensation, and resulted in a double divorce suit. For the Hon. Mrs* Stapleton Cotton made it a cause for a divorce, while Mrs. Poole's husband lost no time in following Mrs. Staple ton Cotton's example. The consequence was that both Mr.^Stapleton Cotton and Mrs. IJoole were declared liberated from their respective matrimonial hondn by the, divorce court, taking advantage of which they wero Immediately unit? ed In marriage. Tho VIscountcy of Combermere was first conferred In 1814, on one of tho most distinguished cavalry genorals of the Peninsular War. The present Lord Combermere, who is a son of his fath? er's second marriage, is a confirmed bachelor, but no longer enjoys the an nuitv of $10,000 a veiir which was voted by Parliament for three lives at the lime when the first Viscount Comber? mere was rnised io tho House of Lords Combermero Abbey is situated about four miles from Whltechurch, In a beau? tiful country. The abbey Is said tc have been founded about the year 1130. by the Cistercian Order of monks. A very picturesque old building, and sit? uated on high ground, near the. lake, it has hardly a rival for beauty in the kingdom. It possesses a wealth of an? cient carvings and a number of well authenticated ghosts. (Copyright, 1911, by tho Brentwood (?.vuudiuoo Make this Bank Your Bank National State and City Bank OF RICHM?NO.