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^dTbpatcfhSbSum WHOLE NUMBER 18,544. RICHMOND, VA., TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1911. the weather to-dav-p.!,. PRICE TWO CENTS.
V, M. I. CADETS
Pleas for Mercy Made
by Parents Prove
MAY COME BACK
Their Re-Enlistment Will Then
Be Dependent on Record?State
Cadets Lost Appointment.
Affecting Scenes at Capitol
as Friends and Rela?
In the face of tlx- tears of parents
*nd eloquent pleas for mercy from
friends and attorney*, the hoard oj
Visitors of the Virginia Military Insti?
tute laut night unanimously refused to
reinstate any of the eighty members
of the third class of tue Institute, which
was dismissed on February -0 for
mutiny. Those who nppcarcd for the
former cudets were accorded full time
tn which to stnte tlielr case, uud t in?
board showed the greatest sympathy
for Individual cases where the hard?
ships were fully recognized.
General E. YY. Nichols, the superin?
tendent, made a clear and dispassion?
ate statement of the case, and took
occasion to pay a high compliment to
the class as a whole, for its position
Hgainst hazing, for Its intellectual at?
tainments, and for its good behavlot
heretofore. Further, he stated that the
oflcnee for which the class was ex?
pelled was committed entirely under a
mistaken sense of honor. But he waif
forced to say, and was upheld in his
view by the board, that the boys had
been guilty of one unpardonable sin
In a military school?the crime oi
mutiny, which is not to be tolerated
in any institution purporting to be
conducted with discipline, especially In
the foremost military school in the
United States save the Military Acad?
May Start Anew.
The refusal to reinstate does not
prejudice the case of any dismissed
jttdet to apply for re-enlistment next
September as a new student. Each ap?
plication will then be considered on Its
merits, each student admitted will be
placed In classes In accordance with
tho results of his entrance examination,
and his former record will be consulted j
with a view to barring him if this is |
not satisfactory. Hut their expulsion !
stands; they have no standing in tho j
school, and the State cadets lost their j
appointment Under the circumstances ;
'.l is not believed for a moment that
any one of these can again secure thi
free tuition which he has forfeited
through his own conduct.
To those who attended the
hearing, the difficult situation of
the members of the board of visi?
tors was fully apparent. Tremend?
ous pressure was brought to bear upon
each one individually. Letters and
telegrams and personal appeals for
clemency deluged every member. The
heartbreaking stories of widows and
of parents who are struggling to giv?
their boys an education in the school
which is the pride of the South, and
the tears of mothers and sisters, were
enough to wring the hardest heart. But
the board Btood lirm for what it be?
hoved to be right, and its members
will at least have the npproval of their
own consciences. They fully manifest?
ed their possession of that quality
known as backbone.
Text of Resolution.
Th'c board's resolution was as fol?
"The board, having beard the report
of the superintendent concerning the
causes which led up to the dlsnii??al
of eighty cadets on February It), 20 and
21, 1011, and having also listened to
the arguments of parents and friends
of the said ex-cadets applying for rc
Inntatc ment, nud having maturely con?
sidered the entire subject, ?riqualiflctlly
Indorses the action of the superinten?
dent, and Im of the opinion (tint thu
discipline and host Interests of the Vlr
glnla .Military Institute would not Ire
promoted by reinstatement of nny of j
the snid dismissed cadets, nnd the '
board Is therefore constrained to deny j
Nald requests. This decision of the )
hoard, however, shall not prejudice the
case of any of the cadets heretofore
referred to, who shall have the right
to apply for re-enllstmeut in the Vir?
ginia Military Institute at the hegln
alng of the next academic yenr, the
appointment in eneb ease to he con?
tingent upou a review of the class
standing and conduct by the superin?
tendent, who shall have full authority
In each ease/'
Nine of the eleven members were
present when Chairman Borer A. .lames
'jailed the board of visitors to order
at 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon. They
were: Borer A. .lames, Danville; Col?
onel Joseph Button, Richmond; Cap?
tain Thomas E. T?te, Pulaski; former
Lieutenant-Governor Edward Echols,
.Staunton; Superintendent e>f Public in?
struction .1. D. Egglesti n. Jr.. Rich?
mond; Adjutant-General \V. YV. Sale,
Bichmond; George W. Browning,
Orange; General Charles .1. Anderson,
Bichmond; General C. C. Vaughun. Jr..
Franklin. The courtroom of the State
Corporation Commission, where the
meeting was held, was filled with rela?
tives and friends of the ex-cadets.
Statement of Case.
Superintendent E. W. Nichols was
asked to make a statement of the. i
whole nffair as an introduction. lie
told of the troubles which led up to
the dismissal of?th^ third class. It be?
gan; lie said, with the displeasure of
tho boys at what thoy regard eel as
?the oyorzealous actions of some of tho
cadet officers. This was manifested in
the throwing of bombs and attempted
"roughing" of tho oflicers.. The third
class boys blamed the second class men
with these disturbances, which the lat?
ter class denied.
This situation had been going on
for about three days when tho atten?
tion of General Nichols was called to
XCorUInued on Second Pagoii
CAPTAIN C. A. MoLKA.Y.
Makes Bitter Reply to Letter
Written by l?dward M.
Holds Retired Candidate Re?
sponsible for All Harm
Done to Party.
New York, February 27.?Charles F.
Murphy, leader of Tammany Hall,
broke a precedent to-night and Issued
a nlno-pngc typewritten statement re?
plying to and bitteriy attacking Kd
ward M. Shepard, who characterized
Murphy's dominance as a "voting
trust" in his letter of yesterday with?
drawing from the United Stutes sena
torshlp light. He holde Mr. Shepard
directly to blame for the deadlock at
Albany, and says he is inclined to be?
lieve that Mr. Shepard and his friends
would not/have, been so <pdck to crit?
icize Tammany Hall had It supported
Shepard. To clinch this assertion he
says that Shepard's friends begged his
I (Murphy'sj support.
"Their criticism of Tammany Hall Is
beside the point," says Mr. Murphy.
"It is the old resort of the loser. They
knew In their hearts how unfounded
arc the charges which they made
against the Democratic organization in
New York county."
OlTered to Withdraw.
.Murphy reveals in Iiis statement tirai
immediately preceding the senatorial
caucus. Sheehan offered to withdraw
if Shepard would do so also, but lie
was informed the latter had refused,
"I now assert, that if harm lias come
to tile party as a consequence of the
futile effort to elect a Senator, it has
been directly caused. In the first place.,
by Mr. Shepard and accentuated since
by his friends of the minority In their
work of preventing the majority from
electing Its candidate.
"Mr. Shepard now talks of Tammany
Hall as n voting trust." the statement
continues. "Hut I hesitate greatly to
believe that Mr. Shepard or any of his
friends would have found any fault
with the support of Tammany Hall 'f
they had succeeded in their efforts to
secure such support for him as Sen?
ator any more than they would hav
been put out with it if Mr. Sheparo
hail succeeded in being nominated for
Governor at Rochester instead of Mr
The Tammany leader says he agrees
with Mr. Shepard that the integrity
of the party is at stake, but that the
threatening factor is an attempt tr
.overrule the majority.
Mr. Shepard ami his friends are then
charged with trying to defeat effort?
to strengthen the party in this State,
and Mr. Murphy concludes that if they
succeed in "setting aside Democratic
usage and principle and preventing the
overwhelming majority of the party
from governing, then it is upon their
shoulders that the responsibility for
ensuing disaster must rest."
Sheehan Stands Firm.
Albany. N. Y., February 27.?With a
view to bringing about a break In the
senatorial deadlock, it was stated to?
night on high authority that the men
most prominent in the councils of the
Democratic parly have been endeavor?
ing to persuade William F. Sheehan,
the caucus nominee, to withdraw.
Mr. Sheehan has turned down all
sucli suggestions, it is understood, con?
tending that the caucus nomination en?
titles him to election.
The withdrawal, however, of Edward
M. Shepard, has encouraged Governor
Dlx, who said to-day that he was hope?
ful that the situation would soon be
It is said that Governor Dix has con?
cluded that Mr. Sheehan cannot be
elected, ami that it would seem to be
bis duty, in the interest of the party
to retire gracefully in favor, of a com?
It is not definitely known that Gov?
ernor Dlx has any special man in mind,
but he feels that there is plenty of
available men who would cement all
factions of the party.; He declared em?
phatically lo-night that he himself
"Is not a candidate for the senatorshlp,
never has been, and would not accept
it under any circumstances."
To-day's joint ballot following the
withdrawal of Edward M. Shepard. was
unimportant, as no quorum was present,
except that It marked a further scat?
tering of Insurgent votes. Three new
candidates were voted for-? Rleutenunt
Governor Tiiomas F. Conwuy. ex-At?
torney-General Simon W. Rosendule,
and Edward M. Grout, former comp?
troller of New York City,
Entire Command Ousted
From Military Service
ALL COMMISSIONS I
Court of Inquiry Report Says
Discipline Does Not Exist.
Two New Companies Will !
Be Organized?Three Hun?
dred Men Go Out With?
Acting upon tlte recommendation?
submitted1 by the court of Inquiry
which recently made an examina?
tion of the affairs of the Coast
Artillery Corps, Virginia Volunteers,
Governor Mann yesterday issued an
order disbanding all four companies
of tiiis branch of the service, and re?
voking the commissions of the officers.
"Discipline in any sense, of the
word," ?ays the report of the court,
"dnes not exist in the corps. ' It is
also stated that the attendance of this
! command on their duties at Fort Mon
I roe during the encampment of last
summer was in the nature of a picnic
to a great number of the men, and!
I that the officers did not attempt to par- ;
I Bttade them that they were the.ru as a]
military organization for service. It
Is further said that the officers atid;
men, for the most part, seem to btl |
ignorant of the fundamental duties und
?responsibilities of soldiers.
This scathing criticism is based up
I on the evidence taken during the hear
j ings before the inquiry court. The
stenographic report Is in the posses- |
! slon of General W. W. Sale, but Im \
does not Intend to make It public un- ]
less some of the officers whoso pres?
ence in the service has been at once a I
Joke and a reproach should dare to ]
Attempt to re-enter the military, and ]
to present their names to the authorl- j
ties for commissions.
A storm of protest from the officers I
and men thii3 publicly disgraced will j
unquestionably ensue. The artillery- |
men all have their friends and their in- j
! lluence, and It is anticipated that their j
I cries will reach to high heaven. The
members of the court of inquiry, the]
Adjutant-General and the Governor
will all come. In for excoriations, or i
all tho military men of Richmond will i
miss their guess.
McLean un Commander.
Captain Charles A. McRean. the corps
commander, goes out with the. rest, hit
commission being revoked. Captain
McLean is in command of the First \
Company, and has been at the head pi
[ the corps by virtue of being tlte oldes*
captain In point of service. Many at?
tempts have been made to elect a ma
I Jor, but without avail. The long dead?
lock between him and Captain Charles
I Parker Breese has done much to fo?
ment strife in the command. The vote
I was a tie between the two men.
The more recent cause of the court I
of Inquiry was the publication of a rn- I
port made by Lieutenant-Colon el C. P J
Townsley, of Fort Monroe, severely |
criticizing the whole business for tho ]
utter lack of discipline, the want bl j
military training ami the general un- j
satisfactory condition of the corps. j
In case, as the result of adverse
comment, the Adjutant-General tinds 14
advisable to publish the testimony ad?
duced at the hearing, the situation, it
! Is anticipated, will become still more
interesting. While the officers of the
court and the higher authorities have
preserved the silence of the grave,
it is well understood that the type?
written evidence, which makes an
immense volume, contains some mat?
ters which would be exceedingly more
interesting reading for the public than
for the men referred to therein.
As the Governor says in his order,
there are some officers who have tried
to do their best for the command, and
these the State hopes to retain. It is
planned to organize two companies In
lieu of the four which existed up to
yesterday, one In Norfolk and the othei
in Portsmouth, anrl It is probable thai
the better officers, those who attempt?
ed to do their duty, will be elected;
MnM Take Inventory.
The matter of checking up and tak- j
Ing an inventory of the military prop !
erty will he no small task. Probably
the corps has at least $25,000 worth
of arms and furnishings belonging to
the United States government, ami this
must all be accounted for.
The order involves 2S0 men, two ol
the companies being located in Norfolk
and the others in Portsmouth. Tt is
worthy of note that the company
placed at the head in military efficiency
is the Fourth, which is the youngest,
having been organized only about a I
No such drastic action in military j
affairs can be recalled in the military I
history of Virginia. The discharge of
an entire arm of the service is recog?
nized to be an act of the utmost signi?
ficance, which would have been taken
only as a last resort, and with the
conviction that the corps was in such
hands that a reformation was hope- |
less, and that only n revolution could j
be of effect.
One of the local officers said lasl I
night that he knew nothing of the evi- ;
donee, but that ho one could fail to j
admire tlte backbone displayed by Gen- I
oral Sale, who thus, for the good o( !
the service of the Virginia Volunteers :
dismisses an important branch of the \
military, men from his own town. j
The opportunity for the Coast A-r^
tlllery are Unquestionably great. Tho
War Department looks with great
favor on this service, arid will do prac?
tically anything for it. President Taft"
during a recent visit to Richmond, told
General Sale that he regarded the Const ?
Artllelry as the ultimate solution of
the problem of the defense of the Im?
mense coast line of tlte United States.
A sufficient number of regular troops
to guard the seaeonsl would be an im-1
possibility, and militia must be made
(Continued on Third Pago.i~ '
OF USING POWER
Denounced by Senator
Bourne, He Finds
Oregon Man Claims President
Has Wiel/^d His Patronage
Club, and Cites Famous Bur?
ton Letter Written to Un?
named Iowa Congress?
man as Example. >
Washington, D. C, Februnry ?T?
President Tafi, by Inference, vra?
j chnrged to-nlgbt ?Ith using his ap
? polnttve power lo Intimidate members
; of Congress. The iafrrrcd charge was
: mnile in n speech In the Senate *?y
; Senator Jonathan Mournc, of Oregon,
j president of the new Progressive lie
publican l.engue, and until the recent
: trouble over an Oregon nppolutmcut,
the intimate friend and golfing com*
] pnnloii ur the executive,
j The Mirprlslng thing na? that, nl
t-hough all of the Senator's audience
construed his remarks us an attack
upon the President, not a word was
ultered in reply.
Tito famous patronage letter, writ?
ten by Secretary Norton to an un?
named Iowa Congressman, while Presi?
dent Taft was at Beverly last summer,
declaring that the President had with?
held Federal patronage from certain
I Senators and Congressmen, but would
discontinue that practice, was brought
into the limelight. On previous occa?
sions Insurgent Senators have threat?
ened to read this letter In the Senate,
but until to-night no public reference
had been made to it.
Steam Boiler to Scrap llcnp.
Mr. Bourne opened his speech by a
i discussion of the Oregon law. He de?
clared that when this law it, enacted
by all the States It will destroy the
power of the Federal machine to re
nominate i IJr'esl^int or determine h'a
successor. The steam roller, he says,
will be relegated to the political scrap
j heap and its operators to the shadow
: of things forgotten, while fourth
I class post masters will cease to bo a
political asset for anybody or any
Senator Bourne said that the use ol
the presidential appointing power to
coerce members of Congress would be
either bribery or intimidation?brib
j cry if patronage was used as a re
' ward, and intimidation If withheld aa
j punishment. In this connection he
! read section ">450 of the Beviscd Stat
i utes. making it a crime for any person
' to offer or give anything of vaflifs to
any member of either house of Con?
gress with intent to influence his vote
I or decision upon any matter pending in
either house. Continuing lie said:
I'ncd I'nti-onnge Club,
j "The natural inference from the
i Norton letter is that the President of
the United States used Federal patron?
age to inlluence the action of member?
of Congress. This is a charge which
no citizen can discuss without regret
I yet the whole subject Is of such vital
importance in the preservation of rep?
resentative government that I would
feel remiss in my duty if 1 failed to
call it to the attention of the country
and place In available form such in?
formation relating thereto as may
some to my attention. The undented
statement indicates a deplorable and
dispicablc subseuvience upon the part
jf the legislative branch and a dan?
gerous and demoralizing usurpation
upon the part of the executive.
"I would have as much respect for a
common ward-heeler who buys votes
at the polls as for a President of the
United Stutes who uses his appointing
power as a means of forcing or per
snarling members of Congrdss to de?
termine or change their course of ac?
tion. One transaction Is as dishonest
as corrupt and as depraving as tho
other, but the latter is more danger?
ous, more Insidious, more perni?
cious than the former, because it
strikes at the very foundation of
free institutions, sets a precedent
for corrupt methods in all offi?
cial life und marks the beginning of
dictatorship and decadence Of the
"But. Mr. President, the use of the
appointing power to inlluence the ac?
tion of members of Congress Ls only
one means by which this power may
be abused. Federal patronage is also
an effective nnd dangerous power
when wielded for the creation or
maintenance of a political machine
with the purpose of forcing renoml
?nation of an executive or tho nomi?
nation of a man of his choice."
beginning of Dictatorship.
Mr. Bourne outlined the manner in
which civil employes arc sometimes
used to control national conventions,
and particularly he complained of their
use. in sending delegations from South?
ern States which never send Republi?
can representatives to electoral col.
legos. Concluding, he said:
"Extension of the power of tin ex?
ecutive is the beginning of dictator?
ship. The remedy ls to make Presi?
dents directly accountable to party,
and general electorates by enacting
laws for presidential primary votes,
thereby destroying the power of politi?
cal bosses and their backers, the cam?
paign contributors. The people can
he trusted. The composite citizen
knows more and acts from higher
motives than any single individual,
however greatly experienced or well
developed. In the composite citizen
s<)lishness Is minimized, while in the
'individual it is usually dominant."
Notice was given by Mr. IJourno that
he would Introduce a corrupt practices
act in the next Congress,
City Official Commits Suicide
FROM HIS PURPOSE
He Demands Real Action
(>n Reciprocity With
Sonic Hope to Forestall Extra
Session by Getting "Test"
Washington, D. C. February 27.?
President Taft maile It plain to-night
that he will not be deterred from hit
determination to call an extra session
of Congress to secure action on tin
Canadian reciprocity agreement by any
vote which the Senate may take on
the question unless it is plain to him
that such vote is a real test on tho
merits of the agreement and not mere?
ly an attempt to avoid an extra ses?
Demands Hauest Vote.
Intimations were made to-tiay thai
j the President might be kept from con- I
I veiling Congress in extra session if ,
. some sort of a vote could be secured, |
whether direct or not, tending to show ?
j strong opposition to the measure. Hf- j
forts were he'ng made, it was said, to j
secure the votes of a number of mem- 1
. hers who were in .avor of reciprocity
i but opposed to an extra session, the
Intimation being that the President
] would be satisfied with a test vote
' which sitowed that the oppos'tibn
; against reciprocity would not be over
I come even in an extra session. The
: President declared emphatically to
' night that nothing would satisfy him
j but an absolutely honest vote on the
I merits of the bill. This was after a
conference at tlte White House. : t
' which Representatives Payne, Dal/.ell.
Dwight and Olli were present. 'I ne
( President also had summoned a num
; ber of Senators, but owing to the night
session they could not go. and will
see the President to-morrow. '
DlncuHMiug the Date.
The subject discussed at the con
i ference was the date for the meeting
of the extra session- The date now
rests practically with the Republican
loaders, and the President will wait
! until he has iicard from them beforo
fixing the time definitely for the re?
convening of Congress, should it bo
1 necessary. His original intention, bo j
I explained to them, had b en to call it
! without delay. Then, in deference to
the wishes of Democratic Readers
i Clarke and Underwood, who desired
' him to give six weeks- respite, lie bad j
suggested a compromise date. April l. j
, tentatively. N'ot wanting it understood,
however, that this date had been
I dellnilely llxed, be summoned the Re
j publican leaders to get their views as
I lo the time which they thought best
for the reconvening.
COX INDICTED AGAIN
[Republican Lender Charged With
Perjury mid (?raft.
i Cincinnati, t).. February 27.? A sup
I plementary indictment to-day was re
I turned against George R. Cox. the lie
I publican leader. Dike the first bill, il
;cluirgcs perjury. The original indict
nienl charged Cox with testifying be
j fore the Hamilton county gram! jury
I in IflOC that he had received none <>|
j the "gratuities" paid by banks to coun
I ty treasurers. It tit tiled thai in point
of fact. Cox received $18,500 from John
D. Gibson, a former county treasurer
Tlie supplementary Indictment includes
this charge, and also alleges (hat Cox
I obtained $17,500 front Tilden R. French,
I also a county treasurer.
1 The second indictment whs served
I on Mr. Cox to-day. lie gave hail foi
GIVES LAST LECTURE
I Professor C. AlptioiiMii smith Conclude*
Serie? in Merlin,
Rerlln. Fehrbary J7 -C Alphonso
Smith, profc.sor of Fngllsh literature
at the University of Virginia, gavo
the final lecture of his series as ox
i change professor at the University of
Rerlin to-day. The. hall was crowded,
among tho auditors being many Amer?
icans. Rector Rubiier, in a speech of
thanks, paid a high tribute to profes?
sor Smith, who, he said, had opened
.a new Held for American literature in
1 the university.
They Succeed in Advancing"
Case to l"Josition of
GAME OF ALERTNESS NOW
Roll Call May Be Started, and
Opposing Senators Can't
j Washington. D. C. February -7.? It
I took several hours to accomplish it,
I but supporters of Senator Lorlmcr to?
night advanced the ease to where a
roll call may be started, at any time
I when the antl-Lorlmcr forces may be
! caught napping. After several Senators,
had consumed time with "home con?
sumption" speeches on tho subject of
popular election of Senators and
Canadian reciprocity. Senator BaUey
; took advantage of a lull to move that
when a vote Is taken on the Lorimer
resolution it be by calling tho ayes
und noes. Senator Brandcgee, who was
i presiding, lost no time In submitting
the question to the Senate, and It was
Although -he Lorlmor forces hoped
to get a vote to-night, they expressed
themselves as very well pleased with
tho advancement made. Under the par?
liamentary position of the Horlmer
resolution now, a roll call may be
started without preliminary motion
and the response of a single
Senator to his name as called
i would prevent interference until the
roll Is completed. If the Horimer sup?
porters have the votes claimed by them
the effect would be to dispose of the
case. Under the existing situation some
nnti-Lorinier Senator of exceptional
alertness" and with perfect knowledge
\ of the rules of the Senate must be
j on the watch every second of the time
from the present to noon Saturday if
I .a vote ls prevented.
Satisfied with this proceeding, most
of the Lorlmer Senators retired to the
cloak rooms to smoke, while Senator
Crawford began a review of testimony
m the case to avoid the submission of
the resolution to the Senate.
With voice hoarsened by the vc
lenience with which it had been lifted
during the afternoon while engaged
in his denunciation of the Illinois Sen?
ator. Senator Crawford at 10:15 o'clock
resumed hi* speech in opposition to
.Mr. Ijorimer's retention of his scat.
The galleries of the chamber were
crowded all the evening, while long
lines of the disappointed stood ill the
corridors awaiting a chance for a
The grim determination of Ujo pow?
erful members of the Sonate to force
a vote upon the ponding measure tlear
est to the tieart of each to-day tlirov
that body into its Drst night sitting
of this session. The Senators wcr^
Bailey and Cummins; the measurer
wore the Lorlmer resolution and the
permanent tariff board bill.
Senator Bailey wanted a time?some
time, any time--fixed for a vote on tho
l.o rim er case. ?
Senator Cummins wanted the same
thing for the tariff board bill, and
apparently he wanted it just as innen
as the Texan wanted a Lorliucr cote.
"It will be a test of endurance." said
the Texan, and the lowau appeared
quite content to pit his powers a gains)
those of the leader "f tho l.orimei
Hares His Heart.
A notion by Senator Halo to take
a recess until s o'clock was matte at
:.::;u o'clock. Senator Bailey was will?
ing if a IImo for a Lorlmor vote could
be fixed, Senator Cummins objected^
and bared his heart that the Senators
might see liyv dear to it was the tar iff
board pbin.V Hut the Texan was ol>
dur.it.>. for V . too. was cherishing a
liope that Lor Ither might be declare.!
by (Iii.-, Senat, to ;.<? entitled to his
So Into night session (ho body went,
but with u heW presiding officer. Vice
President.Sherman had business else
where.'' CoTling Senator Kean, of Now
Jersey. t<> the cht? Ir. the Vice-Preside?!
started for his home in sonn- haste
There was a reason. Ho had invited
the members" of the Senate to meet
tin- diplomatic residents. The event
seemed t>> bid fair to be sbuiewhnt de?
void of Senators, hut a very largo pro?
portion of ofncinl and social Washing?
ton still was expected, and Mr. Sher
ih'trt had to be its host. No sooner had
St* pa tor Halo's motion for a recess
been made thin Senator Bailey suit!
that tf the Lor liner question could be
(Continued on Eighth FAgeT}'
Assistant City Engineer
Inhales Gas W ith Sui?
BODY FOUND BY
Severe Criticism of Official Acts
by Councilmen Responsible for
His Desire to Die?Oldest
Mao in City Government in
Point of Continuous
Worn out by forty-two years of pub?
lic service. First Assistant City Engi?
neer Jackson Bolton committed sui?
cide by inhaling gas in the bathroom
at his home. 110 North Third Street
yesterday morning about 7 o'clock. He
had been connected with the engineer?
ing department since 1869. and whs
tho oldest official of the city govern?
ment in point of continuous service. Hid
was sixty-one years of age.
Apparently the act of suicide wan
entire unpremeditated. Mr. Bolton
left no note or word of his Intention?;
no message to City Engineer Holling
or members of his family. Ho made a
tour of several largo pieces of con?
struction work now in progress on
On Sunday night he was with Chas
Sehlen and others and seemed in his
usual spirits, there being no indica?
tion of depression.
Fun iid in II? tli room.
About (5:30 yesterday morning his
son heard him stirring in ills room. An
I hour later his daughter went to call
I him and found htm lying on the (loot
of his bathroom fully dressed. The
flexible rubber pipe used for a ga*
stove had been taken from the stovfi
and was lying near his mouth, giving
every indication that he had deliber?
ately inhaled the gas with the inten?
tion of producing- death.' Members of
tlu> family hold to the view that death
may have been accidental?that the
! gas pipe may have become detuched
I from the stove and the entire room
saturated with gas. causing death. Cor?
oner Taylor, who viewed the remains,
said that-every indication pointed to
self-destruction, and his certificate
reads "apparently suicide."
Tho body was still warm when loiind.
Dr. W. Armistead Gills was culled and
worked over the body for some time
in hope of resuscitation, assisted by
Dr. Worth, Dr." J. G. Trevillnn, Dr.
Herbert Mann and Ambulance Surgeon
Coroner Taylor decided that an in?
quest was not necessary. He examined
the premises and interviewed members
of the family and others. City En?
gineer Boiling. Mayor Richardson and
other city officials were prompt to call
at the house and offer every assist
Ilenelicd Sudden Determination.
I At the City Mall it was generally
i believed thai Mr. Bolton had reached
I a sudden determination to end his life
i as a result of recent criticisms. About
two years ago he offered his resigna?
tion and withdrew it at the request ot
City Engineer Boiling. It has boeu
remarked within the past year that
he had aged rapidly. No ono ques?
tioned ills personal honesty at any
time, but several mistakes and In?
stances of negligence have been
charged to him, beginning with t ha
building of the Broad Street deep
sewer, which was under his charge.
The report of a recent Investigating
committee which prepared a plan for
reorganizing the Engineer's depart?
ment censured Mr. Bolton by name for
negligence in certain instances.
Wils Inder Investigation.
A second Investigation was to have
j begun yesterday afternoon at 4:31}
l o'clock, when a subcommittee, consist
! ing of Messrs, Vonderlebr. Miller ami
j Ciunst. was to have gone into charges
brought by Contractor Clarence Cr.
Hurt on. These charges, which iiava
been in substance admitted to be well
founded, were to the effect that tho
department had two sets of specifica?
tions for sewers, by the unit system,
and by the linear foot, that through
carelessness bidders In some instance:!
were not informed that they could bid
either way. and that In one specific in?
stance a clear error bad been made in
cah-ulation.s. making it appear that an?
other than the lowest bldder-cVad se?
cured a contract and also making the
? total cost far exceed tho estimate. The
error was discovered and crnrectcd be?
fore the contract was signed.
Thi- commit toe was also to have in?
vestigated alleged overpayments
through error in calculation to I. Jj
Smith M Co.. and possibly to other eon
tractors. Those familiar with the
charges state that in no Instance, wan
there any intimation of dishonesty or
? graft ?no charge of any criminal ac
, lion Members of the Investigating
committee say that Mr. Bolton had
been all his life a plodding, faithful
man. never brilliant, but always true
to Use city, and that having aged and
j failed to some extent, the commission
of obvious ami accumulated errors
weighed on his mind. it Is not be?
lieved that his act was premeditated!
i but. that be suddenly determined yes?
terday morning to end it all Thera
is no indication that he was mentally
of Well Knonn Fnmtly.
Mr. Bolton was a son of Dr. James
Rolton. a well known physician and
surgeon of Richmond, a professor In
the Medical College of Virginia a gen?
eration ago, He was ^brother of Major
('banning M. Rolton. at one time hlef
engineer of the Squthotu Railway, ???ho
Is now living on his country place
PUT IT IN YOt It ITHS?;.
A box of Brown's Bronchial Trochta,
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