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!Su*lnei.j orflco.816 E. Main Streit Bouth Lfohmond.1103 Hull Street J'-piersbure Hui eau-W N. BycaiPori? 8trtt4t i.ycchb'urr Bureau.115 *El??hth Strcti BT J4AIX. Od? Six Three Od? <*?06TAOE PAID. Year. Mos. Mos. Mo Dally with Sunday.IC.W $5.00 $1.50 .W Dally without 6u no ay... ?.00 S.W IN .S3 6und?y ?dltion only. 1.00 1.00 .CO .23 (Vcokly IWodnesday).... 1.00 .W .25 ... By Times-Dispatch Carrier Delivery Ser? vice in Rtehrnond land suburbs) and reter?. One Weck. Dally with Sunday.M cents Dally without Sunday.10 cents Bunday only.6 c??nt? Enterefl January T!. 3S03. at Richmond. Vj . r.s ?econd-closs matter under act of Con irrcss of March S. 1S7J. T?SBDAY, FEBRUARY 2S, 1911. IflE COAST ARTILLERY WIPED'OUT. I^ast August the Virginia Volunteers of the- Coast Artillery Corps were or? dered to a tour of duty at Fort Mon? roe. This arm of the military estab? lishment of the state consisted of foui companies from Norfolk and Ports? mouth. Their conduct was so unrhili tary thai Governor Mann, the Coin: mander-in-Chief. felt conrpelled to or? der a Court, of Inquiry to make a thorough investigation of the behayioi of the soldiers. This Court was 'oni posed of Major Martin, of the First Infantry; Major Bowles, of the Rich? mond Light Infantry Blues Battalion: Major Wright, of the First Brigade, und Captain Johnson, of the First Field Artillery, as Recorder, all well trained ?c'.diers familiar with the proceedings ci military tribunals and intent only epon dring their whole duty as offi? cers ar-d gentlemen. They conferred **'tch C&ionel Townsley, command'ng t s United States forces at Fort lion r:-: and interviewed all the officers of %&M ~.;c.:'.ir Array familiar with the :::.-:::;-; trh?h the Virginia Vol?n t<*-?rs were on duty. Atter f??l investigation the Court i r*icfc*(j the opinion that "discipline in j an--- scr.?-? of the word does not exist i I [la tho Coast Artillery Corps of the V'.-r-.'.r. Volunteers"; that "the most i p.irLr.g breaches ci discipline have j I? pissed ever without notice being til--.^:: of thesrii save in some cases a ? ' pers'On&l reprimand was given;" that .' **CAf: after rase has occurred wherein *t:Uit?d sen were allowed to treat j thrir officers disreapectfully and no- I body was j-ur.ished tserefor;" that "the I ...officers do hot .seem to rea-Ize their ? ?responsibility beyond their own re? spective command!!, and only in a few 1 ? rases do they seem lb feel any respoh- i Eibility at all," that "the attendance j of this Corps upon their duties at Fort j Monroe iu August) 1910. was in the j .nature of an outing or picnic in so far as a great number of the enlisted | " men were concerned, and in so fair as I any effective steps were taken by the ! officers to persuade the men that they i .. were there as a military organization ? for military service " Upon the fin dings "f the Court of inquiry. Governor Mann has ordered the dismissal nf the entire Coast Ar- \ tiliery Corps front the service ?f the ; State, and fit: win be sustained in his j action by the people of the whole State. 1 Officers have been designated to take . possession of all the property and equipment of the discharged soldiers; ? and the State is v. ell rid of officers Who would not command and uf soldiers , who would not serve Then is regret. . rf course, for .such of the officers am: men as tried to do their duty; but foi the Corps as a^Vhoie^i the State i.- r;i t ' ? better off wiitho'ut "it. The. Adjutant-General of the Starv has concurred in th" recommendations ?>'? of the Court of Inquiry, and in doing ?'fo nas proved the true quality <-f 1?i metal, as the discharged companies art largely mr.de up of his personal hud political friends CIlKt 1\ 1 ??lt THE MEAT Tin S/| Their- is a power and dignity in tlie way the English people do things thijt compel the admiration of the world: a direitncst In dealing with questions of lav.- ar.fi administration, .. prevision that proves the strength a to! courage of a self-soyernlng pe'ople ti.-ii might well be taken to heart by ihe raw democracy of our own blessed country. Yesterday Sir c v.'. Weist Minister of Trade and Cust'ohis, (if ih<; Comrnonweaith of Australia, gave this memorandum io the press; "For several montlis past it has been Hi open Secret thin r.-prcsenia't; ve-. ,tf the. American Me n Trust haw- bei -n visiting Australia, osfetisihly with the r-bjt of extending Its operations here The Government is dete? mihi.il t., >a P.. Immediate and drastic u..n to di courage and. if necessury, .,, prohibit Its operations in- Australia. Jt is not proposed to wait until the < oinbihe k ecu res vested Interests in this <.t,n it try. "The action of the Government will extend to Trust operations in Atuitrii lia, whether conducted directly or ih ? directly,' and will hot permit the re? petition in Australia ol tlie i-eahdiiis ' end merciless methods f haracterizlrik monopolies in othei parts of the world.'" There is a Government that governs,;! that take* care of the Interests <>T the jjpebpie, that denes the American ine-l thud of surrendering to the demands of wealth and political powei4, that! takes the Meat Trust by the nape of -tho neck and throws It out of the new territory Jt would occupy; that does ? not wait to lock ihr- st?hle until after the horse Ifi stolen jfn our own conn- i .try. where the people are supposed to govern, no law has been found for 'the suppression of the American Meai Trust. There, have been "proceodii . in abundance; but the American Meat Trust lives on, and the Govern then I at Washington through it Interstate Commerce Commission decides that it 'shall not pay a fair price foi getting tts stuff to markV-t. ' ''The vested li ttrcfets ' aro In tho faddje. Jt Is dlf-% ferent In Australia. Down there among tho Bushmen there arc Englishmen ad? ministering the-law who do not pro? pose to surrender to the Meat Trust. NOT A QUESTION OF SYMPATHY. The example set by the Governor of I the Plate in the case of the Coast J Artillery Corps was a good example for the Board of Visitors to follow in the case of the eighty cadets re? cently discharged rrom the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington lor In? subordination. Pound ny their pledger, when they entered the Institute to obey all reasonable orders of tire au? thorities of the Institute, these cadets chose to act as a body itr dellance of constituted authority, and their re? instatement, was sought on sympathetic grounds. Wo are very sorry for them, as sorry for- them as they are for themselves; hut we have held that Hie integrity of the Virginia Military Instl ? inte is of far greater concern to the State than the Interests of the cadets, and that the future of this great schob! I of the soldier was involved in the sup? port of the efficient officers charged with the administration of its affairs. Surely they were entitled to as much consideration as officers of the Instltu (ution a? the cadets they were com? pelled by the ltegulatlons to dismiss. It is purely a question of authority, not ;i question of sympathy, and au? thority won. JACK SON BOLTON. ? Worn out with the duties and diffi . ulties of forty-two years of faithful service to the city, Jackson Bolton, First Assistant City Kngincer. went to his reward yesterday. Regret at his death was generally and sincerely ex? pressed. The circumstances surround? ing Iiis death were tragically pathetic. For some time. Mr. Bolton's. friends have known that his duties in the last twelve months have borne more heavily on him than ever before, and that the results of a lifetime of in? cessantly hard work were beginning to tell on him. The physical and mental strain on Mr. Bolton was aging him prematurely. Charged with costly errors in the performance "f his work, feeling that Infirmity was pressing j upon him. the future could not have seemed bright to him. Forty-two years of labor, day in and day out behind him; possible adversity confronting him?the outlook may have appeared to him unpromising. If ho made errors, they were- errors of the hand, not of the heart. In all his life no one ever thought that Jackson Bolton was not honest. His character was unimpeachable; he gave the city the best that was Iii him Weary of his burden, lit a moment of supreme despair, with? out premeditation, he laid it down. The peace for which he must have often longed has ? bine to him at last. TIG. PENITENTIAL SEASON. Lent begins to-morrow?Ash Wed? nesday I; is the penitential season In the Christian Church and is sup? posed to be strictly observed In some of sii" Churches or denominations. Originally the duration of this fast ap? pears to have been only forty hours, and in the time of Gregory the Great it consisted of only thirty-six days of fasting, since Foe Sundays were omit? ted and .ill the Saturdays except one. L r.' we are told, by one of tho en? cyclopedists cannot be accounted strici }'j as "an. Apostolical institution." but] it is of ex ironic antiquity, It does not immer, however, when its observance hegah. It is o good thing, regarded from every point of view, physical as wcjl as spiritual. Men eat and drink lob much, and it is. well that there should be an occasional vacation in this respect. Luring tho Lenten sea? son, men, and women as well, are re? quired by the rules of the Church tc abstain from certain sorts of food and drink in order that the material man ? may be built up so that the spiritual i :uan may be able to see with clearer j vision Iiis duty as a responsible morn bei' of tin- community of Christ So lit, surely, can be found with regulations of the Churches for the observance of this season; the only fault thai can Ik found is with the In sin erlfj of the people who profess to Im ih v. and who do not follow their professions In some communities the observance of Lent is dodged by the itit'ti and women, particularly by the ??men \ ho make it. instead of a sea .-".i ??! confeeslon and penitence ami practice of duty and piety, the furl} days In which they can play out all tii. games ;h;?t were not finished ii iii'.i.- the bdsy whirl of social lifo through which they have been passing in "the -, season.'! We do not know \vhal engagements have been made I by ati> i>f our delightful social organi? sations Here, but dear sistern, you will i pardon us lor suggesting that there is a tine- and a season for all things, and ? that bridge, however entertaining it may be, is not designed as an aid to I large growth , in the spiritual lift:. Bridge is interesting enough in a way, ; v.' suppose - not quite ho dangerous as draw poker, perhaps, and requiring "?\i&'g::calculation of a sort than faro or j roulette, but we prescht for your con- j sidcrutlon tho proposition that forty (j.-i>:i out of throe hundred is not more than rtdttid reasonably be ashed as n season of jienltence for the tricks that may have been missed In the develop? ment of t lie git me. Lent begins to-night. To-morrow ; will be Ash Wednesday, when our I friends will go to Church, it is hoped that they v. ill pray that they may be Strengthened in their disposition to obey the rules and commandments of their holy religion. ItKCIIUtOOriM ItOt'XI) TO \\ IN. Toe Washington correspondent or the Baltimore Suh, who has taken n :ehsh| of the new I'nited States Sen? ate; concludes (hat'lf ah extra !>es?slbn 2hull be called tho SenaU "will ut.it>! i more strongly for the Canadian reci? procity agreement than It does now." 'if the fourteen new members of that .-tody whose terms will begin on the (tli of next month, every one is fm Canadian reciprocity. Eugene Hale, of I Maine, who has been obstructing the agreement, will bo succeeded by Sena j tor Johnson, and Johnson will vott j for the treaty. Townsend. of Michl ! gnn. will succeed Burrows, of that t State, who Is on the fence, and Town j send will vote for the treaty. Works, j j of California, will sucdoed Flint, who j is opposed to the agreement, and j Works is in favor of it. Polndexter, of Washington, will succeed Tiles, who is opposed to the agreement, und Poln j dexter will vote for it. So it runs j throughout the list, and Mr. Taft will ! win at the extra session, even If he shall fail, because of the stubborn "op? position of members of his own party, in the present session. Tills ought to make Mr. Taft entirely satisfied with tlie situation so far as this agreement is concerned. What the Senate will do at the extra session, besides confirming the agree? ment with Canada, is a thing no man can foretell. The Democrats In the J next Congress, however, will be "load? ed for bear." The four weeks which will elapse between the adjournment of the present Congress and the con? vening of that body in extraordinary session will enable them to determine upon a line of action that will make t!..- conditions all the wor.^e for the ; arty in power when the next elections ire held. It Is announced that during these four weeks Mr. Clark and his associates lu tho new House of Representatives wjll set their trig? gers for very activo work on the re? vision of the tariff. Mr. Taft has served notice on the recalcitrant mem? bers of his own party that failure to agree with the Canadian reciprocity treaty will result in wiping out the protective system, the prospect ol j which reconciles 115 to the holding of ) an extra session of Congress. What the Democrats ought to do j Just now is to keep their heads, while ' .ill about them are losing theirs. "Wo have got the enemy going," and can keep them on the run if we shall only trust in C.ud and keep our powder dry. NO X EG It OES FOB CANADA. Winnipeg is the chief gateway to j ilie Canadian Northwest. Last Friday \ a company of negroes from the United ! States attempted to get through. They wore turned back by the Cana? dian officers, on the ground that they | were undesirable ci Uschs and that there was no place for them in this new < country. The negro population in the Northwest of the United States has been increasing rapidly in the last few- years and now threatens to over? flow into Canada. Canada does not want them and will not have them. The immigration officers have author- '. Ity under the law as It stands to en- j force their will, and they have served > notice on the negroes of the United j States that they are not wanted and will not be permitted to force them- J solves upon the Dominion. The Cana- j dian Government has been very strict in enforcing the laws against the ad- j mission of Orientals?Chinese, Hindus | and Japanese.? and it intends now to keep the negro out also. Canada is a , white man's country, and if it shall J insist upon keeping the negro out it j Will present additior.nl attraction to! the race-cursed people of the United! States to make their home in a land where the white man is alway.i on top. We arc toid that representations have been made to the Government at Washington in lite case, of the negroes; who were excluded last Friday; but it is -aid thai the Government has no means of forcing negroes on tlie Cana? dians. They will have To stay her? until, after exhausting1 all other methods for their control, the conclu? sion will ho readied that the radical niton cd" the race question in tlie United States is to be found in depor? tation. The longer the experiment is tried the wiser appears to be the view <?!' Abraham Lincoln that it is impos? sible for two diverse races to live on the .-.line, .'?.oil upon terms of social and political equality. TIXKHIUXG WITH THE LAW. Wo have not heard within the. last week what progress the Convocation of Canterbury Is making with its trimming of the Ten Commandments. Dr. Samuel H. Wood row, of the First Co n g r ega 11 on al Church In Washing tori, does not think there Is any room for improvement. "To the modern man the commandment not to covet hi? neighbor's ox, nor his ass, Is a little m peril nous," Dr. V/ocidrow said Sun? day night. "He would be more apt to covel his neighbor's automobile, or bin stooke and bonds than either his ox or ids ass, or his servants. The Doctor appeals to have lost sight of tlie Inst '?lause of t!ii.-- Commandment, The ob i< -1110..-. enumerated in the Command? ment arc specific, but it concludes with nn omnibus clause in these words: ?Nor anything that in thy neighbor's," I which would appear to provide against acquisition of any sort of property belonging to Homebody else any of us miwht be Inclined to covet. The preachers who are talking so ich arhouNthe Commandments would lind their study a most delightful oo j cu pat Ion. ' :v" A POPULATE A'HTOHY. "The greatest legislative achieve etil of the state in fifty years" Is the; characterization applied by Governor Hiram Johnson, of California, to the enactment of the Esnloman.-Stetgon railroad law by a unanimous veto. Tho long light against tho domination of California by the Southern Pacific Railroad machine has ended In n great victory for all thq people of a great State. The result." of the last election^ in which the reactionary faction con? trolled by the railroad gang, was de-. The official Government tests show Royal Baking Powder to be an absolutely pure and healthful grape cream of tartar baking powder, and care should be taken to prevent the substitution of any other brand in its place. With no other agent can bis? cuit, cake and hot-breads be made so pure, healthful and delicious. Royal Baking Powder costs only a fair price per pound, and is cheaper and better at its price than any other baking powder in the world. It makes pure, clean, healthful food. Royal Cook Book?800 Receipts?Free. Send Name and Address. ROYAL BAKING POWOER CO., NEW YORK. fcated, paved the way for reform. The new law provides that the Rail? road Commission, which consists of three members, shall have power to fix absolnte instead of maximum rates only, as under the present law. The body is empowered to establish and make fair division of Joint rates be? tween the roads, as well as to order through tariffs. F?rthor provision is made that the comniisstoh shall have the means to ascertain th<> physical valuation of tile roads; that it shall hear complaints of shippers; that it shall have the power to begin investigations of rates without complaint, it" it shall deem this proper. The unanimous passage of stich tin act as this is it h?ht the most conclu? sive defeat of a railroad lobby and a railroad machine in American politics. THE V. n, C. A. AXD THE CATHOLIC'S About ten days ago the i*. M. C. A. in Atlanta began a campaign to raise a fund of SG00.000 for the purpose of enlarging the facilities and broaden ing the work of the Association. The campaigners depended for. the success of their work In some measure upon the indorsement of Archbishop Ire? land, who wrote a letter some time ago indicating bis sympathy with the work of the Association and making a contribution of $250 upon the prom? ise of a high officer of the Assoeiation that at its next national meeting the rule would be amended which has hitherto excluded Catholics from full participation in the affairs of the Association. The promise was not carried out, whereupon the Archbishop immediately notified the Association that he withdrew his indorsement and forbade the further ose of his letter. Catholic ministers from their pulpits on Sunday advised the members of their congregations not to contribute to the building fund, and there the matter stands. it looks a little queer that the oldest of Christian bodies in the world should t.e excluded from full membership in an association calling Itself Christian: that is to say, unless it Is sectarian which it is said not to be. There is no (|Uestion about the .splendid work the V. M. C. A. has done all over the world wherever it has been established; but it would seem to an innocent by? stander that it should either admit tho Catholics to full membership or quit asking them for money. In some of the cities the Jews have been-lib? eral contributors to the V. M. C. A., without enjoying some of the privi? leges of tho body; but the .lews aro not Christians and we can understand why they should not be admitted to full membership, but we do not Quite appreciate the ban upon the oldest of Christian organizations. LOCAL OPTION IN' INDIANA. Forty cities and townships In In? diana will vote under the new local option law this week. On Sunday, In all those election districts, tha church people hold rallies and heard sermons preached by earnest men against the liquor tradio In most places the wo? men of the W. C. T. II. have organized and will be at the polls this week try? ing to Influence the voters to cast their ballots against the traffic. We are told by an Indianapolis dispatch to tho Washington Post that "the re? peal of the county local option law and the substitution of the city and township units have aroused the peo? ple, and nothing is being left undone to rebuke tho Legislature for making the changes." We do not know what "the changes" were, but the method prescribed tor the settlement of this Issue appears to bo wholly Democratic, each community determining the Issue for itself, and with a full knowlcdgo of all the conditions involved. Seventy of tho counties In Indiana are dry. The net prohibition majority against the sale of liquor in theso counties nt the last election was C7,01'5. There has been a very active sentiment for State-wide ^prohibition. There are thirty-two dry cities of fi.OOO ? population and over in the Slate. Tho present elections are to be held, as we have noted, in forty cities and town ships. This Is hotter, it seems to us than in trying to establish for the State as a whole a policy which has never boon successful, .which would throw the State Into a great ferment, which would excite bitterness among the people it would take generations to remove, and would fall at last, be? cause what might suit Indianapolis in the way of regulation might not at the same time suit Terra Haute. run mi.i: in this united status. G. it. Ask with has tiled a special re? port with the London Board of Trado ! of certain economic observations he made in the United States. Ho has found that there aro more of the "idle rich'.' class in America than in any other country: less than ."0 per cent of the people of the United States hav- I Ihg any gainful occupation, in Grea'l Britain only 11 per cent, of the peopls are ever employed In any. monetary pursuit. In the United Kingdom 12.06 per cent, of the people are employed iu agriculture, in Gor many 05.11, in the United Stutes 35.64, in Prance 41.22, In Italy 59.06, in Austria CO.Sn, In Hun gury 70.15. In the year 10QS the num? ber of unemployed In Germany was but 3 per cent., as against 2S per cent. In New York State alone. Yet the United I States Is making great progress, there being more multi-million tires In this country than in any other country In tiie world. There must he something wrong in conditions which would permit tho few to grow fat at the expense of tho many, would impoverish tho multitude for tho benelit of the traders, multiply the unemployed while building up all the time the fortunes of those who rob the people under the law. Everybody In the United States should work f<>r his living. There should be no han? dicap upon Industry or thr'ft, but tho crutches with which "the Interests" have been walking for one hundred years should be taken away from them and then, protected by law, every man should count for what he Is ami what ho does. That country is in a bad way, indeed, when only a littlo over one third of Its population Is making its living by honest industry. A 1110 THING BY ?ITOXT. T. Coleman DuPont. President of tho DuPorit Powder Company, of Wilming? ton, Delaware, has announced his pur? pose to build a boulevard 150 feet in width, with room for tho installation of public utilities, the entiro length ot the State of Delaware, extending from Claymont, on the North, to Shelby ville, on tho South, a distance of 103 miles, nt an approximate cost of $2, 000,000. and present this highway to the State. If tho Governor will appoint i a State Highway Commission to keep the road in repair. This Is the most valuable gift that lias evor been made to-the poople in any of the States of tho country. We wish that other millionaires would fol? low the oxample of Mr. DuPont. The man who builds roads for the people is the man entitled to Immortality. Judging by tho picture of the woman who 13 "waging war against kissing," she is in no danger of attack. Watermelon and sugar cane stealing is larceny by a recent act of the Ala? bama Legislature. Some of the colored Alabamlans aro said to be protesting that this is class legislation. A sneezing match was recently held ! in Pennsylvania, and the cup was awarded to a man who scored thirty two sneezes on one pinch of snuff. a?mbmm iw M"^'*'Mgm?a ^m^8 YOU will never regret taking the Bitters when the appe? tite lags, when the digestion is poor or when you suffer from Colds, Grippe or Malarial Dis? orders. Try it. IjOSTETTER STOMACH BITTER ._ ?-. ? ? ? ??" ^"-"-n I - 1 Daily Queries and Answers Address all communications for this column to Query Editor, Times-Dispatch. No mathematical problems will bo solved, no j coins or stamps valued and no dealers' names will bo given. j Weapons. When did tho javelin, bow and ar? row, slingshot, buttering ram and gun? powder come into use to inflict Injury upon mankind? O. C. The javelin was llrst used by the Kornaus about 720 13. C.; tho bow and arrow dute back to the Bible, for lah muel became an archer In 1892 B. C.: David commanded the use of the bow to be taught 1.055 B. C.; tho slingshot was first used by David when ho slew Goliath; battering ram was invented by Ar lemon, a Lacedaemonian employ? ed by Pericles 441 B. C.; the invention of gunpowder Is credited to Krlar Bu con and to the Chinese, tho latter using It, so it Is claimed, In prehistoric times. The llrst record of tho use of gunpowder in warfare is its use by Tbang's army, A. D. 757. Diplomacy. Upon what novel was "Diplomacy" written for the stage, and by whom? T. O. It Is an adaptation into English of VJctorien Sardou's "Dora," by Salvillc und Bolton R?wo, GIiihh Snake. What Is the glass snake that, break. all to pieces and reproduces Itself? READER. The only known species of the "glass snake" is found In the United States It Is about threo feet long. Tho bodv und tall are marked with transversa lines of black, green and yellow. It I? remarkable for the readiness -with Which the pieces of the tail break ofl on irritation, those thrown off being soon reproduced! The caudal muselc-s do not pass from one to the other, ho that the breaking of the tall Involves no rupturo to muscular fibres and there is only tho separation of ono musc?lai Plato from another. Automobile Denthn. How many deaths have occurred In n. year as ? result of automobile ac? cidents? A. D. Wo know of no statistics on this subject. Brunswick Stew Recipe. Will you give me a recipe for real old-fashioned Brunswick stow? P E NN SYLVAN I AN. We regret that we have no such re? cipe, but possibly some reader will send us ono for you. If so. wo shall bo glad to print it. "Olnd to Ifnve Met You." A girl meets a gentleman at a party. When it is over and they are leaving. Is it proper for her to say; "I am very ?lad to have met you. Mr.-," or something to that effect, or should she ' .lust bid him goofi-night? Please an? swer Immediately! GIRL. The former phrase Is correct if 11 j Tie spoken sincerely. OtherwiKi? it may be misinterpreted "Good-night" Is i quite sufficient and a trifle more re? served; ! THtccMoii of Diamond. For the :-ak<- of an argument which j we fellows have over hure, l wish you I would settle It by answering this: qucs ?-7 ,.??. \ -~?.; tion in to-morrow's Times-Dispatch: (1) In what direction is the pitcher from Ihc homo plate, or do they bat the ball northeast or northwest? (2) Tell mo whether Broad Street runs direct or Indirect west. Awaiting your early morning's pub? lication for an-answer. WILLIE A. WELLS. (1) No special direction is observed In the laying out of a baseball diamond. (2) Slightly northwest and south cast. To 111 lug. Ja It not a breach of etiquette for two or more guests at a reception in a pri? vate liouso to talk; even In a whisper, while some one Is singing or render? ing an instrumental selection? C. It :s. and is an evidence of ill breed? ing, us well as disrespect to host or hostess. LnugunKe of Stamps. Will you givo the stamp language and tell what It Is? S. T. Tho "language" ia the placing ot postage stamps In a manner to convey a certain meaning, understood between two persons. The following is giver) as the language, which may bo added to in any manner agreed upon by send? er and recipient: Upper left bund corner, goodby; sami? corner upside down. I love you; samo corner crosswise, thy heart is another's: samo corner horizontal, I hato you; upper right hand corner, business, or I wish your friendship; same corner up? side down, write no more; same corner crosswise, 1 send d kiss: same corner horizontal, do you love me? in tlie mid? dle at top (upright), yes; samo plucu upside down, on condition; in middle at bottom (upright), no; samo place hori? zontal, my parents object; lower left hand corner (upright), 1 seek your ac? quaintance; same corner upside down, 1 wish you Joy; same corner horizontal, will you meet mo? lower right hand corner, you are very cool; Bamo corner upside down (upright), con you not trust me? same corner horizontal, you are changed; In middle at left hand side (upright), accept my love; same place upside down. I urn engaged; samo place horizontal. I long to see you; in middle at right hand sido (upright), write soon; samo place upside down, t am sorry; same place horizontal, I am married. Cork. whore is the cork of commerce pro. duced? Is It tho bark of the cork tree? CORK. Tho bulk comes from the cork tr^e forests of Spain and Portugal. Tha cork tree 1? an evergreen, which at? tains a height of about thlrty-Ilvc feet and a circumference of three feet. Tho cork Is not tho bark proper, but a fungous growth which envelops the true bark and grows until by disten? sion it cracks and falls on in largo Hakes, and a new formation takes tho place of that thrown off. Cork intend? ed for tlie market is generally stripped off :i year or two before it would com?? ??ff naturally. The process Is repeated at Intervals of from six to eight years. Healthy trees will yield for about l'iC SIR WILLIAM GRANTHAM REBUKED BY PARLIAMENT ! I1Y LA MAIKll ISH l>E I'oS'TEXOV. SI rt WILLIAM ORAIsjTHAMi who for the second time in lilt-: ofltcial career lias been subjected t<< grave rebuke in Parliament lor tiie indecency of bis political parti i sunshlp, displayed on the bench of tho ! Supreme Court, Premier Asquith g'nng I so far an to announce the other day In the House of Common;, thrU the government intended to carefully eon i sidor the heat way >>c dealing with what, was happily a unique situation in the British Judiciary; Is a man of most unfortunate temperament, of the most Inconceivable indiscretion of speech, wholly lacking in a sense of humor, and Inordinately and foolishly vain. .lodges, no matter to what politioal party they owe their appointment, on the bench, are quite as celebrated in England as the members of the Su- | ? preine Court of the 1'nlted States lot j their absence of party spirit. In fact, so unblemished ia the reputation of the English Supreme Court judges in this respect that, with the sanction of Parliament, and with ttie approval of the people, they .ire intrusted with the duty of determining, without the assistance of Juries, questions of elec? toral bribery and of contested legisla? tive elections. The only nidge who in modern times has shown a pronounced political bias is Sir William Grantham, who has been the object 6i denunciations oil the part of Parliament, of tho bar, or] tho jtress. and of the public in geh- ' r-ral in this connection. I have only to recall his conduct in presiding over ] the election trials of Bodrnin and of] Yarmouth. There is nothing that his I egregious vanity and his recklessness ' of speech does not lead him to talk about when holding court, from un frlondly remarks concerning tho phy? sical and even tho intellectual condi? tion of his colleagues on the bench to his inquiry of a husband who in the witness box was festitylng^ to the dis? obedience of his wife, ?"W hy on earth didn't you box her ears'.'"* Tho one i thing in his favor is his fondness for horses, and when ho presides at the Old Bailey, in London, a ihild sensa- j lion is created Jn the city by his ar? rival, top-booted and white.-breec.hed, i on a splendid hunter, which he steers I through the Ira flic with amazing skill. As to his vanity, no more amusing instance need bo mentioned than his j assumption of an ancestry to which ho was not entitled. In the "Pirates of Ponzance," Gilbert makes somebody ?ay: "I have bought this estate and the chapel on it. In the chapel thera are ancestors. Whatever Is In tha chapel is mine. Therefore they are my ancestors." This droll and fantas? tic situation Is recalled by the action of Sir William Grantham. The family to which he belongs is of Sussex, and of extremely modern origin, tho learned judge being the first of its members to achieve distinction, most of the other Sussex Granthams having been either petty traders, farmers or peas? ants. Now, three hundred years ago there was in Lincoln a very ancient and aristocratic family of tho name of Grantham, which figures extensive? ly in the old annals of the county ot Lincoln. In some way Sir William ascertained this, as well as tho fact that tho family in question, which had become extinct in the reign of Charles I hi had left several memorials, notably a large alabaster altar tomb, bearing the date of lClfi. with recumbent efll gies of Sir Thomas and Lady Grant? ham, in St. Thomas's -Church at Lin? coln, and a stained glass window bear? ing the date 1057. Illustrating tho ar? morial bearings of the old-time Gran t ham.s of Lincoln; in the parish church ot Go]the. Sir William managed to purchase both ihe tomb and the stained glass .window, without, however, going through the requisite legal procedure of procuring what is known as a "fac? ulty" from the Diocesan of Lincoln or from tho ecclesiastical commissioners Then ho had both the window and the* tomb conveyed to his country place' at Barcombe, In Sussex, and secured the permission of tho rector of the parish church there, to sot. up over the altar the stained glass window from Golthe, apd later on to accord a place in tha church for the tomb. When Sir William was first' knight? ed, on his elevation to tho bench, near? ly a quarter of a century ago, and ob? tained from tho Koyal College of Her? alds armorial bearings, he - was ac? corded tho motto of "Forward!" Rut since he has secured tho stained glass window- from Golthe, and has sot it up In the. parish church at Barcombe, lie has Quite naturally adopted, in lieu of his former motto, that of the Grant I hams of Lincoln. "Commn Dien grant J it,"' which appears on the window. While there are hundreds of cases of people}; even of the loftiest rank and title, usurping armorial hcai-ir.gr, an? heraldic devices to which they have ; no vestige of right, this constitutes j the first Instance outside of Gilbert and Sullivan's "Pirates of Penzancc,* of tho piratical appropriation, not ; merely of arm?, but actually of an ? astral tombs, and that, too. by a judgn of the highest court of the land?a : member of the tribunal charged with i the interpretation and execution of the letter as well as of tho spirit of I the law of the land. Lord Melville, whoso country placo In Northamptonshire, a stately Eliza? bethan pile, known as Coitcrstock Hall, possessed of many associations with the memory of tho poet Dry den, was Almost destroyed by fire the othor day, must, not he confounded with the Earl of Melville, and Leven, who usually styles himself by the latter of his two earldoinf. For, whereas tho patro? nymic, of the young earl is Melville, that I of Viscount Melville, is Dundas. The viscount has many American friends and acquaintances, whom he j hospitably entertained at Chrlstiattla during the many years which he spent ! there 'under the name of tho Hon. Charles Dundas, as consul-general of j i treat Britain. The nrst Viscount Melville was Hen [ ry Dundas, the own particular friend ' and colleague of William Pitt, to whom ! he owed his elevation to the peerage, i He was Pitt's secretary -of war, ami I before he died was compelled to sub I mit to lihpeachment by the House <>f Commons for malversation while troas 1 urer of the navy, being duly acquitted after a trial by the House of Lords. I He left, a very largo fortune, and the I present viscount owns, in addition 10 [ bis country seat In Norihamptonshire, I so seriously damaged by fire, also Mel j villo Castle, near Edinburgh. I Tlie great historic house of K?nigs? i mark, in Germany, seems bent upon ! keeping In the limelight, in an unpleas? ant fashion, the disreputable Count Gunther Konlgsmark being again In trouhlo. this time at Nice, in connec? tion with certain fraudulent mortgage manipulations. nis name figures in i the "Grneflicher Taschenbuch" of tha ? "Almanarh de Gotha." as still a lieu l tenant on the reserved list of the Prus ; sjari army. But this Is not correct, and he has long since ceased to hold a I commission. He has boon divorced no less than four times, his last wife* ! being Clara Luckmann, who achiever! ; some fame In literature under 'the , pseudonym of "Count Salviak." and : having made Germany too hot to hold ' him, has been recently endeavoring to , contract a llfth matrimonial alliance I on the Riviera. The Konigsmarks have played a very conspicuous role In tho annals I of Europe. It' was l ire Countess Aurora Konigsmark. renowned for her beauty who found favor In the eyes of King j Augustus of Saxony, by whom slu; i became the mother of that famous military leader, the Mar'eschal de Saxo, : who gave the English such a drubbing at the battle of Fontonoy. It was an? other Countess Konigsmark who was the favorite of George T. of England, j while a Count Phil in Konigsmark was 1 murdered by the officers of that King ? as lie was emerging one night from I the apartments of* the. Queen. He had ? been betrayed by one of her ladies, a \ Countess Platen, whose advances he ? had spurned, and who, when ho la? ! on the floor of the palace expiring of I his wounds, stamped upon his Hps with j her heels. The Queen, it may bo re? membered, was placed under restraint, ? and kept a close prisoner In the Castl< i of Alden for thirty-two years, j (Copyright, IDII, by the Brentwood _Company). j Make this Bank Your Bank i National ? State and City Bank OF RICHMOND.