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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, March 02, 1911, Image 4

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J0A1L.Y?WEEKIA-?PUNDAT.
Statin??? Ofllca.?9 IS. Main Btreel
. ?outh Richmond.1103 Hull Street
SPotcrsburs Bureau....ICS N. Bycatx?~ro Strict
i-yBchbure Bureau.216 Eighth Btreal
BY MAIU Ono Six Three On*
POSTAGE PAID. Tear. Mos. Moi. Mo
Dully with tiunaay.SLCQ ?J.00 j:.w .53
itelty without Sunday... ?.00 2.00 1.00 Ja
tuniJcy edition only. 2.00 100 .W .22
.Weekly lWedne?day).... 1.00 .W J5 ...
By TImes-Dlspatoh Carrier Delivery 8er
?1oe In Bichmond (and auburbt) and Fetsr?.
' One Week.
Dally with Sunday.14 cen:a
Dally without Sunday.10 cent*
Sunday only.6 cents i
KntttreC jsr.uary 27, 1S03. at Richmond, Va..
?? aecond-olass matter under act of Coa?
tTTVBB of March J. lfTS.
THURSDAY, MARCH 2, 1911.
CAN'T CLOSE THE DOCK.
Under the Act of Assembly of March
16, 1910. the State Corporation Com?
mission has authority, upon proper ap?
plication, to close or discontinue at
any time any private dock or wharf
affected with h public use or case?
ment. The Act does not say that the
Commission shall, but that it may. an^
in tho exercise of its discretion tho
Commission has decided that the City
"Dock, now the property of the bond?
holders of tho Trigs Shipbuilding
Company, shall not be closed, n is a
Tory valuable piece of properly, more
valuable to the city and its commercial
interests than it is to the bondholders
or their heirs and assigns. It coyors
a distance of eleven city block.-, run?
ning from Seventeenth Street to Twen?
ty-eighth Stroet, and could be made
of very great value to ihe business
and industrial life of tho community.
The. property is now In a fearful
condition of neglect, being of compar?
atively little use to the city. Its own
I era. will not develop it, and it is Worse
than useless in its present condition.
It cannot be said, we believe, that it
is not used, because a steamer from
Petersburg is a daily arrival at tin
dock, and last year five hundred ves
./acls, of one 3ort and another, arrived at
the dock, but if fully developed it
would accommodate a ileet of ships to
; tho advantage of the town. The pros
tb:. .
ent owners of the property have asked
permission to close the dock, so that
they might fill it up anj dispose of tho
.property by selling it as sites for
manufacturing establishments, which
would contribute greatly to the busi?
ness development of tho city. Tho Cor?
poration Commission will not permit
this to be done, and as the Commission
has not power to compel the owners to
rebuild the rotten wharves or develop
the full capacity of the dock for busi?
ness purposes, the situation has not
been improved really by the decision
of the Commission.
As It stands, the dock i? a disgrace
[s^to. the city, and it will continue in its
present dilapidation until '.hero is a
change of ownership, either by a new
combination of private capitalists or
by the city itself acting lor the gen?
eral good. It is claimed that t he
bondholders could .sell i ho property by
dividing it into manufacturing .sites
for the sum of $500,000. It Is further
said that bondholder: have offered to
? Fell the. property to the city for $1J".
000, although it is not known whether
or not this offer still holds good or
?would be renewed. It is impossible
as it stands either for use or for looks,
and something more than the decision
of the Commission that the dock" shall
not be closed is needed, and steps
should be" takevr" -to..?..see that It i.^
opened. An unused dock is worse than
no dock at all.
TAMMANY IS ALI. RIGHT AT TIMES.
The deadlock at Albany has not yet
.'been broken. Mr Shepard has retired
from the race for United Stat sen?
ator, but Mr. Sheehan h.ilds on. it In
eaid that he will also retire from tho
race if the Democratic caucus of tho
New York Legislature, which placed
him in ihe field, shall Dominate an?
other candidate to take his place. In
announcing his retirement from t he
contest, Mr1. Shepard wrote a long
Jetted to "Dear Brother Hare." setting
.-krth'&if reasons for g'yihg up the J
fight, declaring that the .-an. i- held
In Albany in January, which nomi?
nated Mr. Sheehan for Senator, was
Oheerly a device by which Hie minority
should rule the majority," and thai
"tinder the discipline of Tammahj 11
their votes had been put into a tins:
and were to be cast by one voting
trustee." the same being Mr, Murphy,
the head of tin- Tamumnj Hall organi?
sation, who is, by the way. not a mem?
ber of the Legislature
' In the course of his letter Mr. shep?
ard reflected severely upon the ty?
ranny of Tammany Hall; and with an
expression of regret for Hi 11 itei
life of the Democratic party In N-w
York State, which seemed almost
unctuous In its quality, with iliiink.
to the minority anil warmest congratu?
lations for its tselfish labor in his be?
half, which he* Interpreted naturally to
be in behalt of the party, ho bowed
himself out of the Hng. The letter
of Mr. Shepard was remarkably well
written, his "finished skill as a dialec?
tician" being freely admitted by Mr.
, Murphy, the head of. Tammany. \V<
hoped that ho would be s?n) t" the
:' Renate.because of his great ability and
' . hlr, earnest purpose to be of service
'to hb State, but we do not. think his
farewell addrefs wa-- altogether ci'ndi
's table to , himself or fair to 1;ir-s op?
ponents. ' '
There Is a good deal of hypocrisy
1
In politico and it is?natural to de?
nounce Tammany Hall which has un?
questionably done a great many Ihinf
it should not have' done and b-ft a
great many things undone which it
?hould linv. done,' but Tammany llaSI
Is, in faot, no worso and no better thnn
any othor political organization of tho
sort which has had a long lcnso of
power; certainly it is no worao than
the Republican mochino. wlrch has
resorted to all manner of dishonest
and disreputable tricks In tho manage?
ment of the affairs of the party for
which It lias stood.
Mr. Murphy has replied to Mr. Shop- j
ard'o letter, and a very clever reply]
ho hn3 made. Mr. Shepard: did not de-i
'cline tho support and assistance of j
Tammany when he was a candidate
for Mayor of .New York City. lib
sought the support of Tammany In tho
pemocrat'c Convention at Rochester
when he was n candidate for the Demo?
cratic nomination for Governor. He
would have accepted gladly the sup
port, of Tammany in hiss light for tho
United states Sonatorshlp. Tammany i
did support him tor Mayor; Tammany i
would not support him at Rochester, \
and Tammany has not supported hiiii ]
at Albany. That appear:: to be the case, j
as Mr. Murphy look;, at it. and if
.Murphy is right, Mr. Shepard hi wrong
in trying to place all the blame on
Tain many Hall for whatever ill fortune
may come to the Democracy in Now
York State on account of tho deadlock
.-. t Albany.
Mr. Sheehan was nominated for
Senator 'by the Democratic caucus, lie.
is a very capable man. .Nothing has i
ever been said to his discredit Oil ac?
count of his character or Iiis ability.
He has: been supported by a majority
of thO Democrats in the New I'oVk i
Legislature. We wish he had not en?
tered the race. We wish thai .Mr.
Shepard had received the Democratic
nomination, but it cannot be .said !
truthfully that, in staying in the light
.Mr. Sheehan has been disloyal either w
bis State or to Iiis party. If Murphy 1
and Tammany had been tor .Mr. Shop- ;
aid instead of Mr. Sheehan evidently
their support would not have been re
pulsed' by him or his friends. Snob at.
least appears to be the case from tho
long hard struggle that !;?? mid Ills
friends have made to break the Tam?
many lines in his Interest. There are
two sides to this question, and :ill of
the good Is not. on the side of .Mr. Shep?
ard and the peoplo and Interests who !
have been backing him. Of course,
Tammany will be blamed for the mess
that has been made at Albany, and
that is what. Tammany Is for. In
politics as in religion there must be
a setipegoat, and Tammany ig con?
venient to every Abraham who gobs
out to make a sacrifice.
LURCHER GOLDS ON.
I.orimer will continue to represent
Illinois in the United States Senate,
that body having determined yesterday
by a vote of 4i; to 10 that his qualifica?
tions are .such as to entitle him to a
seal among the mighty. Bleven Demo?
cratic Senators, all from the South,
voted for him. and eighteen Democratic
Senators, sixteen of thorn from tho
South, voted against him. Both of tho
Senators from Virginia voted against,
him.
This case has consumed a great deal ;
of the time of the Senate, to the n<- -
gleet of far more important business,
and tho result of tho contest will ex?
cite mucli criticism. There is no doubt
that fraudulent votes were cast for
Lorimer in the Illinois Legisiature,rand
thnt. several members of that body re?
ceived money for voting for him lie
denied that he had spent any money
in his own behalf, and the actual . rime
of bribery was not directly fastened
upon him. It is true thai he would
have had a majority in the Legislature,
if all the admittedly fraudulent votes
. had been excluded from the count; but
he certainly looked guilty. That is no
I reason, however, why he should not
retain his seat in the United States
Senate; other men equally guilty as
he of obtaining their elections by Ir?
regular means, having -sat in the Sen-!
ate. where they are "all honorable'
Ilten."
Lorimer has had rather a hard timol
in bis lite. It is a for cry from a boot
i black lo a#United States Senator, and
' he has deserved most of the success he
has achieved; but lie should not havo
bought- his seat in the Senato. It is
not to b.- expected that he will ever
have much intluor.ee in that body, al?
though he will doubtless try to re-es?
tablish his reputation for "a godly
wiilk ami conversation.'
A bit re majority of the Senators
I thought he was just as good as they,
and some of those who voted for him
did so becnuso I heir sympathies bad
been touched so deeply as to cloud
their judgment. There were two causes
utitVlde '?? th.- Senate that unquestion?
ably hail something to do with bis
j triumph toe Intemperate persecution
'of him by the Chicago Tribune, which
? itr'ed the country for evidence,
aghitisi him and /ansueked all the
book; for terms adequate to his proper
denunciation?and the vindictive and
stupid behavior and speech of the
?Colonel at the Chicago dinner. l-'aii
I mind* d mi n resented those methods
' of torture, and wis have no doubt that
' more than one vote was changed in the
j Senate by the Tribune and the Colonel.
The average American likes nothing
.so much as fair play.
Now that tin Lorimer case is but of
tli" iva,Vj it i.s hoped that Sena loir BallcV,
who made Loi'lmer's defense and a
great defense It was, will ^o to work
and strive just jih hard for the Mucce:j?
of tie Canadian agreement it is real?
ly Worth inoro to the country than a
Senate full of Lo rimers
si NO \} IN w ami l.M. VOX.
Associate .1 us tine Harlan, of the
United states Supierne Court, made H
very striking speech at the thirtj
fourli'i annual banquet of the Presby?
terian Alliance .a Washington Tuesday
night. In which he arra'ghed the rich
for their flagranl desecration of tho
I id's Day. "Here j,, Washington,!'
(?aid he. ''you eu,n dm! a desecration
of Sunday everywhere you look, it is
a shame that certain pCOplo fi'Oltt St-w
York with big bank roll? should b?
allowed to comp to Washington and
give Sunday dinners and supper parties
when that day they should be devoted
to tho work of God. I wish there was
some way to stop this Influx Into tho
Capital. 1 wish It could be stopped.
Those parties are given by these preda?
tory persons on Sunday evenings, when
they should l>o devoied to other and
higher thingn." Justice Harlan hoped
that the Presbyterian Alliance would
j undertake active work for the correc?
tion Of these conditions, and that
i among the Presbyterian families or I
j communities at the National Capital
tfferc would be all'ancc offensive and
defensive against the evil teneloncier?
of Ihe times and the steadily growiiuv
i disposition on tho pari of the rotten
J rich to disregard tin: proper observ?
ance of Sunday.
Qthcr speeche.s of the same general
tenor wore made by other distinguished
men at the Presbyterian dinner, but |
shall he told (hat this country has I
outgrown Ihe Pur'lau period, the blue!
laws age, when prompt punishment i
was inilicte<i upon those who violated
any of tin- provisions of the Divine
(kimmnmltiieuts.
Justice Marian has undertaken a
great work, i he trouble with this '
country fs that the family is dlsre- ;
garded. In older and better times the I
I
father was the priest of the household, J
and there was taught and enforced in
ihe family the duty of high thinking'
and clean living. It is nut so now I
any where that wo know of. "The old j
hiAn" in these modern times has be?
come "one of the boys." He finds It'
easier and more to his natural taste
to let things Jog along and they jog.
If the jam'ly were belter organized
and controlled I here would be a vast
change: in the affairs of State.
The statement marie by Justice Har?
ia n in In.-: speech to the Presbyterians
of Washington would sceni to sustain
fully the Impression made upon Mayor
Gaynor, oi New York, on his visit to
that town last fall. When he got pac'.
to his home in I'.rooklyn, the City of
Churches, he is reported to have said
that he found more wickedness in
Washington than he had been able to
discover in his walks about the great
.Metropolis.
Just ice Marian's plain speaking about
the uhdesirability of the very rich and
ambitions people who are Hocking to
the National Capital will excite, of
course, a passing thought:, but it has
been t .e history of tue world since
the foundation thereof that as men
grow rich and countries grow grciil
the character of the people changes
and the springs of life are poisoned. It
has always been so; it will always be
B? so long as men are corrupt and
women common.
AT Til 13 CORONATION.
John Hays Hammond has been named
by President. Taft ns his representative
at the coronation of George. "My the
vjface of Cod," etc. Sorno suggestion
has boon made that Mr. Hammond j
Would be persona noh grata to the
British Government because of his
connection with the .lamleson raid many
years ago in South Africa, lest his
presence at the coronation might be
resented by the Moers, for the Boers
will be there also to acclaim tho new
King as others of his faithful subjects.
If they can afford to take part In the
coronation ceremonies, we du not sc?
how they could make any objection to
Mr. Hammond l ecr.use bo was engaged
in an unworthy enterprise against
them many years ago. Besides. .Mr.
I Hammond was pardoned by the Boors)
j for his predatory flos'gns upon them,
Mrs, Hammond having paid the Roers
the sum of $125,000 for the discharge
id' her husband when he was under
sentence of death. The Boers surely
have nothing against Mr. Hammond
now. They got. all he had once ami
probably more than he was worth.
HOW IT WAS DONE: IN ?A3.
The Boston Herald Is printing a sup?
plement to its Sunday edition?tile
Boston Sunday Herald of the war per?
iod, in facsimile. it carries the mind
'brick to a most interesting time in the
i history of this country. The last
number of this old-time paper, bearing I
: date March 1. ISGR, contained twenty?
! eight columns lilled with most interest?
ing matter, much of it about the prp
gri ss of Hie war, and only two columns
i of ii lilled with advertisements of ri
; modest and effective sort. The tele?
graphic dispatches did not fdl more
than half a column, but the "news"
was directly pertinent to the times.
I There were no "sensations" In It. very
little muck-raking, lour columns n't
excellent editorial matter and a sulllol
eni quantity of good reading.
One of the items prhtled in this pa?
per, tilling six lines and heaiittg a
Washington date, covered the gisi of
n letter written by the Secretary of
War in answer to a resolution of the
House, and showed that there had
"been paid for transportation since
?the Rebellion to railroads between
Washington and New York $10,022,000."
; That is the whole story and it carries
with it ils lesson, but if anything of
: the sort should be printed now In the
Boston Horuld of this day it would be
I regarded as worth at least a column of
I spaee, with interminable reflections and
conclusions to suit the supposed temper
of th*- people.
Only a few weeks ago. when Dem
Seltz, of the Now York World, was In
i Richmond, he whs talking in an intel
I ligeht manner about the way in which
great events were formerly handled by
1 the newspapers, and one of the profes
Koi's ;ii Harvard University has re?
cently written a book about "The Corr
| siean," the same being Napoleon, in
which the things the great Kmperor
of the Kronen said till but a .'?mall
space Napoleuin. as we believe, was
OHO of the greatest men that ever
lived, yet WhOli this Harvard Profes?
sor b' gait t" hunt down the things he
I Vtttri oaliiallv sa.iil ho found that they
Hakes Kcms Baking Easy
Absolutely Pure
Tho ossSy {baking powtfar
mado from Roysna Gs^ape
?reafss of Tstriss*
NO/UJUMWUME PHOSPHATE
could all be Included within a very
sinall volume.
Look at the Colonel; look at Na?
poleon ! Volumes upon volumes; and j
yd I again volumes about the one. and j
a poor little lean book about tho other.
Both great men In their own estima?
tion, but one a cowboy and tho other
a king. The obi way. it seems to us.
was a belter way than the now. The
history of the creation of the earth
and all that it contains is told In one
chapter, tilling not more than ti column
of the ordinary newspaper, while (ho
story of the making of the Colonel
could not be accommodated in loss than
a live-fool shelf of fat volumes print?
ed, with abundant illustrations, in
small typo.
There wore no Interstate Railroad
Commissions in 180", when the coun?
try was lighting for it;; life, and the
amount the railroads gol from tho
Government for hauling soldiers be?
tween Washington and New York,
while not more than the service was
worth, would justify nowadays sonic
court or other in shaving the bill.
siixATon noi itxivs wswkh.
At almost the very time Jonathan
Bourne was denouncing President Taft
as no bettor than a ward heeler, and
was using the Federal patronage for
the accomplishment of his Executive
purposes in thu coercion of members of
Congress to support his politics, a
statement was sent to Congress by the
President, in compliance with a Sen?
ate resolution doubtless intended by
the enemies of thu Administration of
its own political party to put him In
a hole, showing that there are ?lll,:i
persons in the Government service,
that of this enormous number the
President appoints 9,SlG by and with
tho advice and consent of the Senate,
and that tho President makes only 993
appointments of his own account, S4t>
of which appointments are confined to
the Department of /Justice.
Wo do not think that any further
answer need bo made to the violence
of Senator P.ourno.
IiOADBD WITH PIS Alt LS.
llr.i. Maldwln Drummond. of ling
land, formerly Mrs. Marshall Field.
Jr., of Chicago, is said to have been
robbed of jewelry worth $130,0011
while on hoard the steamship "Amer?
ika." which arrived at Hoboken, New
Jersey, several days ago. The jewelry
Is said to have consisted of two strings
of 273 pearls each, one string of
pearls, one large black pearl ring set
with diamonds, one large \vhlt.e pearl
ring set with diamonds, ono pair of
large pearl earrings set with diamonds,
ono. black pearl brooch set with dia?
monds with a black pear] pea-shaped
pendant.
We are rather glad that the jew?
elry was stolen. No woman, unless
she i= on the stage, should travel by
sta or by land with such a stock of I
precious jewels as that; Where did
she got them'.' What did she want to
wear them for, and why should she
have toted them about with her on a
steamship, and particularly why should
she have put them in a drawer In a
writing desk in her cabin while she
was on her way over'/ The sharpest
of the detective force in New York
have been assigned to the work ot
recovering this treasure, and tho inci?
dent has . been made the subject ot
much comment throughout the coun?
try. It Is really not good form for
any woman on an ocean voyage to
load herself with baubles of this sort,
dud when .the treasure i? lost there
Is not much sympathy with tho angels
who have been plucked,
AMERICAN LITI'.lt V inte,
j Dr. Hamilton W. Mabic lectured a
! few days ago In Philadelphia under the
j auspices of the University Extension
t Series of the University of Pennsylva
1 nia. Despite the fact that bo is a
member of the Outlook staff, ho rallied
i to mention the Contributing Kdltor in
his address, which 'bait with AmciT
I can literature.
hi tlic beginning, Dr. Mahtc said:
j "The quality ami civilization of a
nation are judged i^v its literature
more than anything else. Orient '?
epochs in history have produced meal i
'literal ore. Ihey have boon I lie Inspi?
ration of genius without which a man.'
r.iited with any talent, whatsoever,
< puld mn have produced masb rpiec.es.
The real measure of literature should
be its vitally and not its CXpcrtness.
"Li to rat uro is .only one form of ex?
pression, hlit to he really effective u
must have some great event . to ex?
press. Power lies more in a receptive
Imagination than In a creative imagi?
nation. A nation or a race are great
in the'work which they accomplish for
the spirit, not as measured by eco?
nomic success." i
It was correctly pointed out by Dr.
Mabic that the Unilcd Blutes falls
to have so far a grout reservoir of
national ideas and experiences. He
S'ild that it he wore asked to name
II? reo American wrltcro who hrc so
typically Amcih.au that Um.. i'uhhJ not
1 ? i?v ? ? been infi-n uny\yhoi'<! ?lso and
Wim express "all that best in ahmt
ieun Ideas.*' he would select Kr?hkliu,
Kmer;?on und Ahraham Lincoln.
Aiiol her very striking thing said
hy l>r. Muhle was:
"in literature Iti America there have
been few voices which have had carry?
ing power across the edit I incut: Great
(i'iiHis are brought only from suffer?
ing; a divine suffering <J?at Inspires an
artist to his grcatos*. ?.v"vk. America
Im not yet received o> buffeting that
wo'iM have created this national
suffering. Anguish r?f the soul will
pi ess Out expression which nothing
else could ever lOUCll."
In such a .statement as this. Iii*,
Mablc very rightly looks On the Amer?
ican nation as !!!?? product of 'he cru?
cible of the War for Southern Inde?
pendence. The colonies were born in
ihe Revolution, but, as he himself puls
it. "th" American nation eamo out of
(be Civil War." Until that time there
was no real nationalism and all tho
literature before that was local and
;?? et tonal.
Various writers who have "done
great things" for their community arc
thus listed by I>r. Mubie: Cable for
New Orleans, Harris for Georgia;
.lames Lane Allen for Kentucky, E'lten
Glasgow for Virginia, Mrs. DeLand and
Dr. Weir Mitchell for Pennsylvania,
Sarah Drue Jewett and Mary Wllkins
for New Knglund. fiowells and Mat?
thews for New York, Norrls for tho
West. Marie Twain for tho Mississippi
and Bret Harte for the Pacific Slope.
"Great plays, plays close to the rug?
ged heart of this country, arc being
written, and while they lack in per?
spective they are strong on vivid
Hashes of realism." Dr. Mabic Dsscrts
with great truth. Certain plays,
cast from their Origin for presenta?
tion, are. much more expressive of the
American passion for nature and lib?
erty than any other form of fiction
horetofor:* produced in this country. |
K?r instance, such plays as William j
Yanghan Mopdy/s "Great Divide,Pho
Lion and the Mouse," Ned Sheldon's
"Salvation Nell," and others go rloser
to the heart of certain phases of Amer?
ican life and feeling than thousands of
novels and essays.
WIIILV TO PJIOPOS13.
Lady Troubridge, of London, is about
the most sensible woman in matters
matrimonial that we have hoard of 'n
many, many days. London papers navo
precipitated a controversy in which
she has taken a leading part. The
question is: when should a man pro?
pose marriage to the girl of his selec?
tion? Some have suggested "At the
first opportunity."
What every woman knows is uttered
by Lady Troubridge, however, who 's
wondrously frank. She insists that
men should propose by day?which is
what every man does not know. She
thinks that half of the unhappy mar
ridges are caused by the fact that pro?
posals are so often made and accepted
in the conservatory, at a ball or In a
softly lighted drawing room. The
lights, music, the flowers, dinner, all
these, says Lady Troubridge, tend to
carry the men away from tho practical
viewpoint, to make them view tho
world through roso-colored glasses, I
and to plunge headlong into a serious
enterprise. If they had halted for the
"unromantio daylight," she asserts,
they would never have ventured to
propose. Lady Troubridge, who is hap?
pily married, advlae.v that proposals bo
reserved for tin- coolness of the day,
the morning in preference, even before
breakfast.
This titled woman has almost divine
common sense. If all our matches were
made before breakfast we. should be.
slower to choose and slower to speak.
While it is wronK to judge people by
the way they look and act at their
worst, it is equally unscientific to judge
them similarly at their best. The. aver?
age is the. point of decision. Many men
and women are propelled toward mar
riago to a great, extent by stago effects
and illusions. The romances wo read
all take place in the light of the moon
or on star-lit waters?never under the
beating rays of tho sun.
However, daylight proposals aro not
always so successful. Yv"e know of a
very wise young man who proposed
while standing on the curb of the
busiest street of New York, and while
he was accepted at the time, he has re?
turned to his former status quo. Per?
haps he now wishes that he had done It
the night before.
How happy we could be with either
were 'tother dear charmer away. Both
are good men, and both are. Democrats
of approved courage, and either would
make an acceptable President; but
that is no reason why the members
of the Texas Legislature should be
touting either to the advantage of the
other at this stage of the proceedings.
The two men aro JUdsoh Harmon and
Woodrow Wilson. We may need both
of them before the. world is a year
older.
As the season of tho open car draws
draws near the gum-chewers are man?
ifesting themselves in public places,
I
more and more. We hoped that tho
tribe had died out, or that the pretty!
girl;; had been told that they lost a
great deal by continually working
their jaws at the ten, twent', thirl"
drama, or on the street cars; but It
seems that they were only waiting
until more people could see them. The
papers say that Congressman Victor
Murdoch, of Kansas, has been sent to
the sanitarium at Battle Creek be?
cause he ruined his digestion by chew-j
ing gum.
Misunderstanding of a request, for
prayers caused a congregation in Bos
/ton to pray for Mayor* Kltzgerald, In?
stead of May Fitzgerald, but the energy 1
was not misplaced. >
Vale 'men will be shocked in learn
,that Pr?sident Taft is blossoming outi
in crimson tics.
: il I?
fit
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life
ill
Chicago's newest, |
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located hotel 1
757 rooms, every |
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sillllllHIBllllIllltlllllllllllilllllllllllllllllilllllllllllllElllIlIlIlllIBIIIIIIlllllllUlIlltUtlrS
Address all communications for this column to Querj Editor,
Times-Dispatch. No mathematical problems will be solved, no
coins or stamps valued and no dealers' names ?will be given.
< 'iiriicprlr'.?* Philanthropien.
Please give In dots 11 Carncgio's dona
lions for philanthropic causes?
L. McK. G.
Libraries.$ 53.000,001)'
Education Foundation. 15,000,000
Pittsburg Insiituto. 10,000,000
Washington Institute. 25,000.000
Ponc? Foundation. 10,000,000
Scotch universities. 10,000,000
Hero funds. 5,000,000
Carnegie Steel Company
employes . r.,000,000
punfcrmllno endowment... 5,000,000
Polytechnic School, Pitts
burg . 2.000,000
Peitce Temple at th*? Hague 1,750,000
Allied Engineers' .Societies 1..".00,000
Ii?reaii American Republics 750,000
Small colleges In United
Slates . 20.000.000
Miscellaneous in United
States (estimated). 20,000,000
Miscellaneous In Europe
(estimated) . 2,500.000
Total .$192,500,000
To a.
How long has tea been know 11 as a
beverage? I. A. C.
It was used by some Chinese as fat
back as A. D. 350. but did not coma
into uenoral use in that country until
the year SG0.
Scat* In Comincrelul Kxc?nDgrn.
What were the prices of seats in
commercial exchanges In various cities
in 1909? X. Z
The foil/iwlng tire the recorded high
and low prices of seatB tn various com?
mercial exchanges In 1009: Baltimore
Stock, $4.1 "0. 52.700; Chicago Board of
Trade, !?2.t?"0, $2.100; Chicago Stock,
$4,250, $i.U0; Cincinnati Stock. $3,500,
$2,500; Cleveland Stock, $3.000. $2,000;
Los Angeles Stock. $2.500. $1,500*. Min?
neapolis Chamber of Commerce, li.tiOO,
10(i; Montreal Stock. $21.000. $23.000;
New Orleans Cotton, $4.15<?, $2,050; Now
York Coffee, $1,7 50. $1,500; New York
Olotton. $L*0.onn, $12,000; Now York Pro?
duce; $750. $*'7S; New York Stock, $94.
000; $73,000; Boston Stock. $20,000, $10.
000; Washington Stock. $4,400. $7,000;
Pittsburg Stock, $5,100, $3,o00; St.
LoUfs Stock, $4,000. $1.000; Toronto
stock. $20.000; $10,000; Washington
Stock. $5,400, $3.100.
Japanning.
What In the name of the "powdered
?oi.l" that lr* used in japanning var?
nished surfaces? P. D.
Vent urine.
Voting.
A says that a man twenty-one year?3
of ag.? can vote on his father's naturally
zatlon papers. B. contends that ho can?
not. How is that? VOTER.
If the man twenty-one years of hcs
came to this country as a minor end
during the period of his minority his
father became a citizen and lie was liv?
ing In the United States at the time
his father was naturalised, he became
a citizen by virtue of his father's nat?
uralization ami under those conditions
can vote on his father's papers.
Cnrdi?.
Wh Tell Is considered the highest
authority as to card games and disputes
and arguments arising during play?
P. O. B.
The latent editor of tioylQ as to cards,
and the New York Clipper an to dis?
putes.
The Sis Mont Perfect Mi?e?.
What are usually considered the sir*
most perfect lines In the English lan?
guage? H. M. S.
So far as we are able to learn no
lines have thus been distinguished.
C! en oral agreement as to such a selec?
tion is In the nature of an Impossibili?
ty ' ? ' ' '
COSTUMER WILL HIRE
CORONATION ROBES
UV LV MAItaUISE DE FOXTKNOY,
EVERY adult peer and peeress on
titled to attend the coronation
of King George next June bus
received from the leading the?
atrical costumier In London, a circu?
lar offering to hire out to them the
necessary robes for the ceremony.
These am of velvet, taped with mini?
ver and barred with armlne, tho num?
ber of the ermine liars being grad?
uated according to the wearer's rank
in the peeruge. The length of Use
trains of these robes varies from two
yards in the case of a duchess to only
one yard for a mere baroness, such as
the now Lady Decles. who was until
so recently Miss Vivien Gould.
Robes such as these ate very ex?
pensive, and since they can only bo
worn on the occasion of coronations,
and differ In toto from what are known
as the parliamentary robes of the peers,
they constitute a rather heavy burden
on the exchequer of those unfortunate
Lords, and their Ladles, who have been
so Impoverished by the fiscal legisla?
tion of the Chancellor of the Exche?
quer, Lloyd-George.
King Edward created more than a
hundred peers during his nine years
reign, and King George has already a
dozen creations of peers to his credit.
None of these have coronation robes,
while many of the peers and peeresses
who had coronation robes ma.de for the
coronation of Edward VII., have un?
doubtedly already turned them to
other purposes, or else converted them
Into cash.
To all of these the offer contained in
the London theatrical costumier's cir?
cular will provo very attractive. He
makes no secret of the fact that he
can subsequently either sell them? or
hire them out for stage purposes, and
for those pageants, reviving historic
scenes, that are so constantly being
organized for the celebration of nat?
ional anniversaries. When peers and
peeresses in moderate circumstances
arc called upon to choose between the
hiring of coronation robes at a cost of
perhaps fifty dollars, and the purchase
thereof at an expense of about a thou?
sand dollors, they will naturally prefer
the costumier's proposition. Thus fin?
ancial exigencies will bring about the
Invasion of the coronation ceremony In
a manner calculated t? affect the
solemnity of the latter.
It. Is owing to the Inevitable stagi
ness of such ceremonies that they have
been abandoned by all the monarchs
of Europo, excepting Russia, Norway,
Hungary and Great Britain. In the
case of Russia and Hungary, the. peo?
ple, owing to their Asiatic origin, are
so profoundly imbued with theOriental
taste for show and symbolism, that tho
coronation.-, serve a very important
purpose, by creating a deep Impression
on their extremely susceptible minds.
King Haakon's coronation was princi?
pally intended to mark the revival of
the ancient kingdom of Norway, after
So many hundred years of alien domi?
nation, and it is probable that when
King Olaf succeeds to the throne of
the most democratic nation in Europe,
he will, like the King of Sweden, and
liko his grandfather and the present
King of Denmark, content, himself with
swearing fidelity to the Constitution,
and will dispense, with coronations.
In England, despite the grandeur
of the framing of a ceremony of this
kind, within the thousand year old
walls of West minster Abbey, the in?
vasion of the theatrical costumier into
the affair l? calculated to diminish the
sense of solemnity connected there?
with, as well as Its sacred character,
and to emphasize, its character as a
mere pageant, the tone of the present
age in England and elsewhere being
in tho direction not merely of demo?
cracy, hut also of Irreverence, and to
the ridicule of things th'abhave hither?
to enjoyed respect. In one word, the
London theatrical costumier's circular
constitutes a blow to tho repntltlon of
ccromonles of this kind in future.
j Capl. the Hon. Dudley- -Carloton, who
I has spent several seasons at Newport,
I and a winter In New York, and who
1 during his stay here has been
frequently reported engaged to this or
that American heiress, is now about
to wed one of his countrywomen. Hin
I Bride is not, however, his former
I liancoe. the lovely Violet Monokton,
daughter of Lord Gal way, nnd who,
through tho bequest of an uncle, he
' came tho owner of valuable estates in
Surrv. and an income of 3100.000 a
vcar. It is because she jilted him, tint
he caino to America tor consolation.
?She Is now tin- wife of Captain G. H.
Skofllngton-Smyth. The girl whom
Captain v'arleton, future. Lord Doi -
Qhestei I.- about to wed, is the only
daughter of Lord de Blaquiere, heredi?
tary Great Alnager of Ireland, and who
has" niunv connections on this side of
Die Atlantic. For Lady Do Blaqulero
is the daughter of George Deshnrsts,
of Montreal, while a branch of his own
family has been established In the
Dominion for near a hundred years.
Lord de Dlaqulere may be said to
owe his peerage to the conviviality of
his great-grandfather. The latter, af?
ter being relieved of the secretaryship
foi Ireland, remained on in Dublin,
first as a speculator in political corrup?
tion, and then as one of the agents
employed by Lord Castlereagh and his
colleagues, to bring about the act ot
union between England and Ireland
John De Blaquiere, as he was then, a*
a dinner party given by Lord Cast?
lereagh. organized with the sanction
of that nobleman a scheme whereby
thirty Or forty members of the Irish
House of Commons should until tho
act passed, always dine together in one
of the committee rooms, so as to be
ever on hand for any emergency that
might arise. This combination develop?
ed Into a fighting confederacy, each
member of which was pledged to pick
a quarrel, or light a duel, with some
anti-Unionist. After the act of Union
had been passed, largely through the
instrumentality of John De Blaquiere.
he was by way of reward, nominated
by Lord Cornwlllls and by Lord Cast?
lereagh for an Irish peerage, Lord
Cprhwlills's written recommendation to
the King running as folllws: "For
having kept the friends of the Union
together by hia great conviviality."
Other acknowledgments of his ser?
vices consisted in a pension of $10,
000 per annum, and tho hereditary
oflice of Great Alnager of Ireland which
in those days was worth $'.'0,000 a year,
but is now purely honorary.
The Great Alnager was the official
at the head of the department entrust?
ed with the task of the. government in?
spection and measurement of textile
manufactures, to determine the quality,
and estimate the duty thereon. For
until about seventy years ago, the Eng?
lish government Imposed heavy duties
on Irish manufacturers, in order to
hanaicap them In their competition
with English industries. The word
Alnager comes from tho Frenoh word
"nulnc," which stands for tho English
measure "ell." tho process of measure
! ment, according to old French, waa
"aulnage." which the English corrupt
! ed into "alnage," whence the title Al
nage. The Do Blaquerieres are ot
French Ptiguonot origin. One of tha
sons of the first Lord settled in Canada,
where, he died as Chancellor of tha
University of Toronto. It is hih grand?
son who is the present Lord De Bla?
quiere.
Captain Dudley Carleton is next heir
to his mother's peerage, her Barony ot
Dorchester having- been ?rst created
in favor of General Sir Guy Carleton,
as a reward for his services during the
first American war. Indeed, it is,
thanks to him, that England remains
to-day in the possession of Canada,
Instead of that vast Dominion form?
ing part and parcel of the United
States. He was the. last English Gov?
ernor of New York, which ho evacuat?
ed after an Interview with Washing?
ton, and was second in command of tho
British forces which captured Havana
in J762. Others of his family were
also British Governors here in colonial
times, while several founded families
in Marylang, Virginia, and In other of
the Southern States.
^Copyright, } \y the Brentwood
Company.)
Make this Bank Your Bank
National
State and City
Bank
, OF RICHMOND.

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