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DA IIA*?WE E K1 iY -SUNDA Y.
Business Ofnce.?16 Main Street e<nith Richmond.KUO BUH Street Petersburg Bureau....109 N. Sycamore Stiebt I-ynrk M;t ?.; B.urcau.?B Eighth Street UV MAB. Ott?! SiK Three une POSTAGB PA ID Yen?-. Mo?, Mos. Mo Tally with Sunday.$G.C0 J'.'.-C* 51 50 .5>Q . V'ally w ithout Sunday. t.W -to 1.00 .:?".> Sunday edition only.2 00 J 00 .W .2-3 Weekly (Wednosday). l.OQ .60 .23 .? p?Uy with suml Dally without fi Hundn.-. o?.l>-. Entered Jamtai it? second-class fiTiS of March WEDNESDAY. MA ECU U: EU1'_ ItBACillNC I OB 1 ill" XEl K. Bust night the Chamber 61 Commerce | nt which representative inen of the I Northern Neck tallied to representative i ?,,,? ,j,r Richmond about Iho building ot" | u stnnilard g?tige railroad froth Dos- ; wei;, or Ihertmbo?t? do ;i point on tho j Wtcotnioo Diver, whirl, will open t" j the trade and commerce of Richmond ? pn entirely new territory covering an ? arch of iliore t hati a thousund square mile's, cdutaiititig a population of ; seventy thousand people. T-.e proposition to build "tills road ? has beep made by Mr. Chahnihg M; , Ward, a nati' e of mis state, and for I twenty-nvo yours actively engaged Inj managing and building railroads. We ! can te?lify, and do testify most heartily j to what wp know he has accomplished In other holds, particularly in the man- j a gerne nt of the old South Carolina and Georgia Railroad, now a part of the Southern System: when he took < trgc of it under the Chamberlain re :? ivcrship, a railroad without terminals ? i connections, a sort of orphan In the railroad world, much run ?. ivri in It:^ material equipment and worse off in its financial streng t it. lit the course of live years he built up this property until, at the time of his leaving Its Feryice to engage in work in a larger hold. Its cotton business had nearly doubled; Its terminal property had been greatly improved and enlarged, Its sec. bhd mortgage bonds, which, at I he be? ginning of his administration were worth nothing-, were valued in the ro organization at DC cents on tho dollar, and its tonnage hud grown from about cloven Hundred thousand tons to more than sixteen hundred thousand tons, and its net earnings to ?500,000. Wo have never known Mr. Ward to do mi unworthy thing, and coming id Rich mom) now, to help so fair as he can In the upbuild. of tho Capital env? oi his own State, with auch financial hackl?g ns will enable him to make Ids engagements good, lie is commend? ?ii to tlie co-operation of the people of this town "> .o are interested in Its de? velopment. He has stilted through the Chamber of Commerce, such co-opera? tion, and thai influential body, which does things for lite general good a fid not for tho selfish piirpijsos of any spe? cial interests in th? community, has placed the .veal of it? approval on tho project. Richmond has been asked to raise f 150,000; and lb,- response made last ! night indicates that Richmond will do Its part: a very small part, it seems \ to us. when tho benefits Richmond will receive from the building and opera- ' . . ? I firm of this road, continuing for all ' time, are n^lace,^ jsf<* tiie scales and it true account kept.- in tiic first plhde, it will add seventy thousand people id ' tne trade of Richmond arid ti thousand square miles of territory from which ! Richmond is now absolii jy shut out. ' It will give this town a fair chance | for a tra.de, counting boiii ways ? that i is to .-ay. what will ciVirie in and what ' will go out?valued :,t about $10,000, Cm. Jt will not only henctit Richmond ! but it will benefit the whole Staid. New peopic will ijome in from other pans of the country to take up 'he unde? veloped sand,; that lie in thousands of tU'res in the Northern Nook. A (.art ? ful estimate ihnde of whet tho Oh'esa Jieake and Ohio Railroad alone w'Ouid P-:.t out of the construction of 1115- i-osi.l r.s amounting to -s little more than hair ; b million dollars, ami this benetl! would : increase n? fh< country filled tip lii/d j? Its people were given a chance bi n! ,i . Nock. Every man hi this town with owns real estate, who cbhii?< *?- n ba'hk, WHb manages a store, who makes any? thing fo sell, rind the buyers' iti? woli us Hm sellers, Nbbubj piovo titelr fi itjh hy their -.vor):;-, ti.eb- interest In the material prosperity : iUehnibnd; There has been talk' fo.- yeai? about iv-aching the Nei U and ? < > ,? ,.. the most reasonable anil ?? ??:? !,:: propost tion that has i boon mad'.-. Not for Ward's sake, not for the ('ban.r or Commerce, but for Richmond .Oiouid Iho present offer he iioeep:od tib.v, Tlie undertaking is that the road will lie built and tho trains running in two years. ft 1? a plain Lmsino s proposi? tion for the consideration of pi'a|i, i,?L. lnoss men. i t CK V : "?lt i HE < ot I it \ . S!>- States have rejected the iricoirie Tax Amendment to the Federal Cbn ?jIlti/Hob, four f.f these states being re gaiided as absolutely committed against it, and there being a lack of agreement in .,the Legislatures' of tho other i u'o fit ales. T .venty-fottr States have ap X?rc<vod tho Aniendinent?a maj-ority of the States iri the Union; but it happens, fortunately, that the Amend merit < ii not bo adopted it n I cits t wo ? thirds of ell the Mate..) 'in the Union favoi it. This is \ ory luck)' for the country '.n ? ?iir opinion As soon as tho people of the .States which have voted for, tho Aniohdment slial! have time to think it over they will m^ret their precipi tate action in the matter. The wisdom of tite leathers was hover more cleiiriy shown than In the restrictions which ihc>y drew about changes in the fuhda inehtiil laws el the country. If public j nets should always l>e governed by public clamor this republic Would not long endure. "We hope sincerely that )ne< me Tax Amendment will lie de? feated Sutvlv the Federal Govern? ment ilre'ady has a tuple range in its j lift wets of taxation. j I ill". GIFT OF TWO VIIKil.MA.VS j When Sir Moses Fzcklei. the grcnt I Virginin sculptor whose works hhVo.! commanded the admiration of the ar? tists of all lands, w as at the Virginia- j M llltnry Institute last summer bei told General 10. \v. Kiciiols, the Super- j Intended! of the Academy; that he! would t'o pleased t-? reproduce Inj bronze the statue of Stonewall Jack? son he Itnd made for the Daughters of the Confederacy in Charleston. West Virginia, for the institute, doing the j worl; ami ustnt; his casts without re- ! ward if it could be nrriiuged Hint the materials and other necessary details! were provided by other.--. 11c would i also design a suitable marble base for ! the statue. Recently this most pen- j crops offer was renewed by Sir Moses i in a letter to Gcnernl Nlchblfl. The cost of the stiituo and the base! will be ??>.0<u\ nn amount the Institute] could hot afford. A day or two ago! Joseph Button, representing the Board ! ? f Visitors, went, to New York with | tho offer of Sir Moses, and yesterday the very gratifying news came that Thomas Fortune rtynn had contributed tlu- $6,000 necessary to carry out the wishes of the sculptor. That was a very tine thing for Mr. Ryan to do. and he did It with n cheerfulness which w ill bo appreciated by all the people of his native State and all the men j and women of the South who will re- \ Joicc to know that Stonewall Jackson: Is thus to bo honored at the grent j military school which to this day re? veres Ids memory and prides It sell i tliiit his spirit still lives in the insti- ! tuto which was made great by his ser? vices. sir Mtis-es llzeklel was educated at tho Virglniri Military Institute and with the cadets at New Market he1 fbughl with distinguished bravery, lie was an honor to tho service in which he was enlisted as be Is an honor to the art which he serves. AH honor to hi in for this new sign of his devotloh t<> th? brave days of old. and nil hon? or, likewise, to Thomas F, Ryan forjl 11to liberal part he has played in the nceothplishtut nt of this most worthy ?hdertu hin?. . ^ tiii: Tiuit tti.F. at ti11;s\ikr no i,t. Thunderbolt It; a presumably dry town in the State-wide prohibition State of Georgia. From the Savannah News we learn "for the purpose of bringing about what they declare wotild lie better conditions at Thunder- j bolt, the citizens of that place who . .< organised for the purpose of | ntaking the town dry on Sundays made new move at their meeting- yester? day, in the meantime the new or? ganization is not sleeping on its plan to make the town dry on Sundays." It seems that Thunderbolt Is a "wide-open town." It is mar to Sa? vannah?maybe that explains it, as Savannah long ago nullified the State? wide prohibition law, .iutt its huhihor Jess oilier Georgia towns and eitles !:a\< done. Thunderbolt Is not orderly :ind law-aldding, but slays open on Siuidtiy; when its saloons du a lnnd ofllce business. Of course, it will be admitted by all ibal under the license system In Virginia. Sunday Is observed with a strictness that Is unrivalled. Not so with Thunderbolt. The saloons there I do business seven days-out of the week, morning, night and noon. They never lose a week in Thunderbolt saloons i I times 21 bouts, without Intermis? sion Tin' bartenders work by relays. Tiirp peoph lh the. town are longing now fof tjtder Sundays?the Sundays hey used !<? h.ive---liut they cannot get iltd i |he State-wide prohibition til at Thunderbolt as ail lie conductors of the Sa i Company, which runs a hmnuerboit; say that if Hing were to cease only tit number of cars w ould ns. but it pours In ''"111111 MltW.l \ II WOODS. Mb ajtth Woods dir,i \ es-tr i - bo'ihci at ("harlottesville, !ti *titittidit he loved so well. jide'r .Ijicksbth for forty-one unjbnweaith's attorney of Al bohhlyl with opposition but ? m: \>y of Virginl.i, a fearless ilitizci SI sjid.i . d.cl uing all offers of hbnoi i btiler than loose be enjoyed In his lit , IUt co-mtv. lie w.im con ten I to rejojne j charge of the du ties of bis office, lie probably prrtsecuted more men In hi. I time than any other mail in *; like ca ,pa<i >, and right faithfully represented j the Sine .it the Bar. lib Ins.- will be deeply felt by borts of friends ahc ?w. \\. sll , <.'Jo:..-- 111 twilight the young wbrnei*' Mncon Woman's < gi.t lu red In front Ing of l in Sil founder and prei Smith. It s h I day; perhaps the I his life iii! HAI,!,." Saturday iiftorhofi of tiio ittinribip ?liege, at l<ynchbut\ "f ?Iii: inain build irtion to honor it ddent. Dr. W. ? W 1 : Ixti'-Slxth blrl b The student body wished to show some evidence of thoir affect ion Cor Mr. Smith, and to mark the ilay for all time, am! s->. i.iy t h,. permission of the board of trustees, with appropriate ceremonies ijiey christened the main building of the college "W. w. Smith Hall." At ih>- same time a groat clus? ter of American Beauty roses was be? stowed upon Pr. Smith. In a speech that rang with emotion, lie expressed his appreciation, drawing in his clos? ing words the ideul which ho hud Cor' tlie college. But .1 few years remain? ed for linn, he said, but ho would glad? ly toil on until he heard the summons Of tlie .Master. The By 1 ich burg Ad? vance says "tear drops stole Into the eyes of many as this father, as il were, talked to ins children of things present and things to come, his hopes, desires, asplrutlohs?all for them.'' Tills tribute to Dr. Smith was as deserved as it was graceful'. Through fog ami mist and blight day, die has toiled steadily onward for this col? lege, to which lie has given What was in Iii il* of energy and affection?nay, more, all that ho had; There was a time in the history of the college when failure in securing an endowment fund was Imminent. Into the breach ' came Dr. Suiith and Mrs Smith, giving j tlieir home in this city as a cheerful sacrifice to a noble cause. Tor some? time lie worked lor another educa? tional system, receiving $10,000 for the service, which lie promptly turned in? to the treasury of tlie college In I sixty days lie raised $100.000 for the I endowment of tho college. He has wrought with a master-hand for high? er Christian education in Virginia and in ilib South. Service and sacrifice he has faced unfalteringly. He has been tlie constructive genius of lhu Ran? dolph-Macon Woman's College, and it is sweet and altogether llttlng that his students, out of the gladness of thoir hearts, have so honored him. * D15)N'T KNOW HIM. The Colonel h: making his way through tho Southwest. He has had large audiences generally at the places lie has visited, ami has expressed him? self us having been very much pleased with tlie greetings ho has received. Jt is not tie same thing at all, how-j ever; thai It wast only a year or so ago, and H will never be the sari.--! ihing again. The wonder its that it lias kept up sb lorigl Tlie longest stop made |jy tho Col one] ||, h|s trip til rough Texas was tit Houston; whore he was? held up for j throe hours In the middle of tlie day, | and where lie spoke to an audience of J 10.000 persons for more than an hour j on "Good Citizenship, ' That was j line theme upon which to exhort the Tex ans, and wo trust that tho Colonel ] made some impression tipoh them. The I gratifying thing is that tlie Colonel; did not seize, command of tho army i When he was in Texas. He denied absolutely as "absurd" the. story that i ho had arranged for ? conference with j tho Mexican insurgents while ho was' in the Lone Star State. lie did not ; really review tho troops in camp hear San Antonio, bid ran by tho long lino, j '?>f tents in an automobile,..was saluted by tiie artillery and then hastened back to tho city to make an address under the wall of the historic Alamo. There was no formality about tlie in? spection of the ramps, as the men were not in ranks, but those who recognized him cheered him arid waved their hats at him "Most of them, however, did not know hifn." we aro j told, "as there was nothing about the tour to distinguish it from an ordi? nary sightseeing party." That is very queer to us. Whore was the halo'.' What was the matter with tho atmosphere that it did not fairly tingle with the .sensation ot his presence? Alas! Alas! "We aro but mortals a t ier all." PnisACinNC \T nttoTiir.it glass. Crank P. Class Is one of the owners of tho Montgomery Advertiser. Asso? ciated with him is Colonel Wallace V?** Screws. Both of the'rii are men of good character, and they make a jrood news? paper, one of the host in the South. Colonel Screws is an episcopalian and Brother Class is a Presbyterian, a : Presbyterian elder, in fact, which is j different from being a deacon, its elders arc ordained to look after the spirH tiu] affairs of the Church, and tho. spe . ial ecclesiastical function of the dca i on is to manage its temporjil affairs. The ofiioe of eldei Is really higher, tin rofore, than tho otllco of deacon, although it must not be inferred thai some deacons aro not ns spiritually minded as some chirrs. Those obsorva lions are intended only by way of iri t induction to tho recital of some tacts iduelling a somewhat, unpleasant Inch deal in the life of Brother Class, who a ruling elder In good and regular itandirig in the First Presbyterian Church of Montgomery, ami occupies on stand occasions a pew near the 1 pi i. Bast Sunday night tho Rev. R. a. linden, a pfesbytcil&ri missionary sta? tioned at Soor how; China; now- on a visit to this country fo.* the purpbi? presumably of encouraging a larger interest In his work, and. Incidentally WO suppose, tin4 benefit of Iiis heal I h, 111 led the nulpli at tiie First Church, an 1 there was Brother Glass seated in hi- accustomed place and ready to ihielt to the message of Gils mission? ary to the heathen, and this is what ? heard as the preacher, picking up a copy of the Advcrt'sei* from forninsl tie P.ihle and holding it in hit hand. "No wonder Christian people are not dblllg their duty, when such a paper as tili- will come .mt on Sunday with (ii.irty-tw? pages of matter, including ti roe pages of society, one devoted to ?ports, and not line of church he? ll ? oi it. f understand further that the paper is against tho prohibition r*irt?>monf and in fiivor of the cs*,ab? ltshmcnt of the saloon." S' That waft enough to make Brothci G11?fc sit up and taue notice; hut hi opened not his mouth, and Uiu mission :ny continued; turning to the pastor of the Church, the Rev. it. hJdrnonds, who tried to stop him. out couldn't, say'ng that lie understood thtit this pa pet Is owned by gentlemen who are proinlncntiy connected with the Chris? tinn denominations of the city; and 'i understand tiiat one of the owners having a controlling interest in this paper 's a member of the session of Ibis Char.:!-.. What yon need is a house cleaning." And there sat Brother Class through? out the whole of this remarkable exhi? bition of how the Gospel is preached to the heathen. "I've got tho Moor: let nie finish!" exclaimed the mission? ary when the pastor tried to stop hhn. I " The fact remains that this Is a Suh ] day paper without a single church no? tice in it"; tints proving, it - would,, j seem, that he had confined his reading , of It to "society" and "sports," as after I the services Brother "lass repaired to j j his olllce and found upon examination | I that the paper actually contained eicht ! stories relating to the local churches. ! the pictures of three of tho leading I teachers who will take part In the Bible Conference to be held in Mont? gomery next Sunday, a notice of the Baptist Sunday School workers-, a no? tice of the Christian Endeavorers and their work, notes about the Young Men's Christian Association, an ac? count or the I.onten services held at the Empress Theatre, a statement about the music to be rendered Sunday night at St. John's Episcopal Church, and a live-column story about the great work being done at tho indus? trial School for Alabama hoys, with the object of making them better citi? zens and better Christians. On Satur? day, as Brother Glass further deposed, the Advertiser contained ample notices of the services to be held at the Churches on Sunday, the publication of these notices being made on Satur? day Instead of Sunday, at tho special request of the Ministers* Union. It would appear from this statement that the Rev. R. A. Had on was proved to have made from tho pulpit absolute lnlsstatements, not to .-all them by any I harder name.^, After the service? were over. Br.olhcr i Glass staying until it was all over, lie j was appealed to by a number of other j eiders and begged not to say anything j to the missionary about it, and as be J starte,i down the. aisle to the "htrance j of the church he was greeted by many i of the men and women of the congre? gation, none of whom appeared to have hern drinking, we dare say, with many expressions of indignation at the brutal attack of the minister, and assured that if he had left the building while tin- missionary was speaking they i would have followed him in a body, j J.ater, five of the elders formally wait cii upon Brother Glass- at Ills Office and | expressed to him their regret at the performance of the preacher and their lack of sympathy with what he had said. Instead of "a house-el jii ning" in the First Presbyterian Chufch at Mont? gomery, it would look as If "a house' cleaning" lit the missionary field at Spoch&w, Chi mi, would be better In this case; for if the R< v. .Mr. Iladcn would not tell the truth about one of his own brethren at homo, how can be be expec-d to tell the truth to the heat hen in their blindness, who bow down to wood and stone? WHAT DIAZ HAS HUM;, Strong resolutions were adopted by the Socialist.'; ot Bristol, Connecticut, the other day condemning the Govern? ment of Diaz in Mexico, and the friendly attitude of the United States towards that Government. The reso? lutions review the history of J >taz and his administration of his otlice. "which lias resulted," as the resolutions re? cite /'In 'Barbarous Mexico.'" Here wo have one of the impressions made upon the pe.hlie sentiment of this 1 country by the magazine muck-rakers, who are more dangerous to good gov? ernment than the most pronounced anarchists. The' facts are that Ida/, js the Builder of Modern Mexico, the most effective of the rulers it has ever had, and that, under his direction, tbn Re? public has attained a very high de? gree of material prosperity. Born of j an Indian woman in 1830, he has since be was sixteen years of age been con? tinuously enlisted in the service of Iiis country. IB- has shed his blood for .Mexico, and on many fields proved his devotion to his people and coun? try. Since 1884 be lias been Presi? dent of the Republic by repeated elec? tions, and during this long period he has built up Mexico from a condition of penury to ;> proucl place among the governments of tue world. tie has opened the Tehuantepec railway route to the. Far Bast; produced a national surplus of $L'O,O0O,000; encouraged home industries; placed tho finance.: of Mexico on a gold basis; built rail? roads, telegraph lines and public roads; established an efficient public. liobl system; developed agricultural and mining resources; abolished tho religious congregations and cultivated friendly relations with nil nations. '! hose are not achievements tlrat even the Socialists should condemn, ami they speak well for the great man agaihSl whom the hand of the revo? lutionists has been raised in civil war. The question for well-meaning people outside of Mexico to ponder is what have the Insnrrectos ever done to pro more the welfare of Mexico anil what have they promised to do, except to luing about a change In the personnel of the Government? RA Til ICH HARD ON MOW VOItK. .lohn Sharp Williams, United States Senator from Mississippi, is reported Sutherland & Cherry Special?Oddn and ends In Furniture, iron Beda, Mattings. Stoves, etc. Chs&p it close them out. 310 icast uiioajd. If a man's face is his fortune, then he should frame it in a good collar Clr.rtt. PCnbotlt t'ninpariT, Tro?,N-TV York by the Columbia State to have 5>abl recently tbnt fluting the seventeen years lie served in tlie House at Wash? ington "I never knew three men of fair intelligence from New Vork, Chi? cago and Philadelphia combined." t" which very wild statement ho added: ''When a bill gets the reputation of leaving New York and Chicago behind K has as much chanco as an antl fnrtncr'a union candldato for Justice of the peace at Benton, Mississippi." We doubt that Mr. Williams said anything of tho sort, but there Is probably a good deal of truth in the statement, whether be made It or not. j More's the pity. The fact that more ! capable men'are not sent to Congress from Now York. Chicago and Phil? adelphia, reflects upon the political sense of tho people of those communi? ties; the fact that Congress rejects the measures offered by these Indifferent represcntat'ves reflects upon Congress. Besides we should hesitate a long while before we would be willing to have public measures decided as the people of Benton, Mississippi decldo the questions submitted to thetn. Wo tiro willing to admit that good measures might originate even! with the Congressmen from Now York, Chi? cago and Philadelphia; Of course, It does not. mean that the Congressmen from those places aro all that Con? gressmen should be in respect of per? sonal character and intellectual force, btit that measures of consequence to iho public at largo should be determin? ed hot so much by their paternity as by their merit. TALK TOO MUCH. The lion. Jacob M. Dickinson, Sbcro- I iary of War, was In New York tlie other day and, according to tho Even? ing I'o:it of that city, made some com? ments upon the situation on the Mex? ican frontier which It seems to us were. j wholly unnecessary in tho circum? stances. "In order to maintain the neutrality laws," he is reported to havo said, "it was doomed advisable to so rid troops to the border, but this snot was originally selected as tho best tplaco for tlie training of officers and manoeuvring, and this along a some? what larger scale than at first planned." That is hot spoken Hive an old sol? dier, nor like a man in high authority; hut it reads more like a newspaper story, n space filler, than like the de? liverance of a Cabinet officer whoso particular business It is to look after the fighting end o? the government. As we have supposed, the mobilization of tlie United .States troops fin tin Mex? ican frontier and the active hostilities now in progress in our neighboring Republic aro wholly coincidental. VVc have novo.- supposed that the move? ment, of United States troops to the Mexican frontier was influenced in any :k :.sc by tho actual or threatened vio? lation of the neutrality laws, and we do not understand why Secretary Bid;. Inson should havo given color to the newspaper stories that have been told about the real moaning of the rpresent army manoeuvres, a meaning which has boen discredited by the President himself; and which Is not accepted by the loyal Mexicans. One of tho troubles with Mr. Tnft's officers is that they appear to talk too much tor publication. The Charlotte Observer ought to know that there is oxygen also in the air of Richmond, oxygen to spare for all the North Carolinians who shall come here, and the purest oxygen in the world; oxygon that would make the oxygen of ^Charlotte look like the miasin of a Catawba River swamp.. In Reno, Nevada, a woman was late? ly divorced from one man at ]] in the morning and mauled to another at 1 in the afternoon of tiie same day. The delay was due to the fact that she had to put on her hat. No use. There is to bo no war. Richard Harding Davis Is playing golf in AI ken. A correspondent of the Tidewater Democrat says: "Now, if Mr. Jones is olecled to the Sonate. who will take his place? What's the matter with t Bo old war horse of tlie bloody r.th, tiie Hon. I'? ll, P. Wright? I always said i would love to vide for him for Congress." This Is tile second good nomination for the. seat now held by Mr. Jones. The Ohio State Journal, one of the best newspapers in tihlo, says: "One si-n of the 'awakening of the South' is that the University of Vir? ginia has decided to begin Instruction in the building of wagon roads. Stu? dents are to bo taught hot only how to raise the crops Virginia grows, but also how lo get. them to market, how tf> save expense of transportation on I hem w hen they are grown. "The lesson of good roads is one of the first which agricultural com? munities learn when thoy awake and decide Id become progressive, The University of Virginia, is beginning in tlie right place when slio prepares to .send out her book-taught farmers with a full knowledge, of road-building." Of .course the University Is right. Daily Queries and Answers Address all communications for this column to Query Editor, Times-Dispatch. No mathematical problems will bo solved, no coins or stamps valued and no dealers' names will be given. (iulnpngo.H iNlmttlft. Please triform mo through your Query Column whether or not the Unlfcd states owns the Galapagos Islands, west of Ecuador. It so, how did she acquire them; if hot, who owns them? X. V. '/.. Ecuador owns them. Outside Copy. Do metropolitan papers that have a Sunday supplement accept copy from outsiders; that is. from persons not em? ployed on the regular staff of the Jin per ? W. \V. They do. [f otneopnt b y. Was [luhncmaun the originator of homeopathv? If so. Who was to; and when did he live? It. M. Yes. Samuel Christian Frederick [lahhemann. born tu Melsseii, Germany. April 1(?. 17r,. died at Koethon, July 2, isla. Which Is the Oldorf YVltieh Is the older, allopathy or homeopathy, as ;i practice of medicine'/ X. The allopathic method was In vogue before the founder of the homeopathic method, liahnemann. was horn. lie was the ono who invented the term allopath;., to distinguish it from his nictnod. I'OftSCSftlvCi In using such tin expressloh in writ? ing as ',*ahy one's house" should the. apostrophe bo placed between e and s in the ilrst word? 1'. M. Yes. I'rcslili'in'T. 13 there any law regulating the sue-; cession to the presidency of the United State.- in ease of the death of^'.ha Pres? ident and the VIco-PrcsidciiL'.' If so, what is it" I' The presidential succession Is fixed by chapter 4 of the acts of the Forty - ninth Congress, iirst session, in case of the removal, death, resignation or disability of both the President ami Vice-President, then the Sccrotary of Slate shall act as President until the disability of the President or Vlcft President is removed or a President Is elected. If there be no Secretary of State, then the Secretary of the Treas? ury will act; and the remainder of the order of succession is as follows: Tho Secretary of War, Attorney-General. Postmastcr-Gbnoral, Secretary of tho Navy, and Secretary of the Interior. The Secretary of Agriculture and Set tetary of Commerce and I^abor wen; added by subsequent enactment. Tito acting president must, upon takln? office; convene Congress, If not at ihn time in session, the, extraordinary ses? sion, giving twenty days' h'pt.ico. This act applies only to such Cabinet otii cer.s as shall have been confirmed by the Senate .and are eligible under tho Constitution to the presidency. Cleveland. When was Grover Cleveland first elected President of the United State:.? D. T. M. November, 1 ?S4. Oil. What Is the difference between sweet oil and olive oll? D. II. None. s Must Prclaro Intention. A youth sixteen years and ten months of age landed in the United States from Ireland twenty years ago, but never declared his Intention of becoming a citizen. Is he entitled to the rights of citizenship, or must ho make decla? ration v n lie must declare his Intention, and two years thereafter. If he has resided live years continuously In the United States; he may apply for final papers. VAST IMPROVEMENT IN CONGO FREE STATE UV LA MAHQ.UISE DE ro.M'KXOY. SO marvelous has been Iho ameliora? tion of conditions In what was formerly the Con so Free State, and which Is now Belgium's only eolori;'. that King OodrgO and his gov? ernment have resolved ip officially recognize the Incorporation ot thiH particularly rich slice of the Dark Con? tinent in the dominions of King Albert, and it in probable that the United Siatrs government will slmllariv ac? knowledge the transformation of the free State into a riolglaii colony; Eng? land and tho United States arc the onlv two great powers that have re? frained from conceding this recogni? tion) taking Use ground that they had by tlm terms of tiie treaties of lUSlj creating tlie free state, placed them? selves under certain obligations, both with regard to the Interests of their own eonntrynien in that part of Aft lea. and also in the matter of the welfare. Of the natives. Until tibbtlt a coup!" of years before Tc-opold's death, conditions all along tiie Congo Valley were so abominable, there was such tin obstruction to for? eign trade, so much insecurity to foreign life and property, and such barbarous cruelty towards tlie native:-, that the United S.-jj'to.s and England, nr. well as several others of the great rower;!, filtered into pour-nailers with one an? other, with the object or depriving King Leopold of the sovereignty of this great African empire, on the around of maladministration, and the utter disregard of all his pledges. In? deed, some stich step would undoubt? edly have boon taken, had not Leo? pold averted the blow, by transferring the sovereignty of the Congo Free state to Belgium, thai-Is to say, to a I responsible government. Most of tlie | bowers hastened to express their sat? isfaction with this move on the part "i Leopold, and did not manifest any hesitation about officially recognizing the repeal of all tiio treaties by means >>f which tiie Congo Free State had been brought into existence, and ac? quiescing In its conversion into a Bel? gian dependency. Rut England ami the UhJted States held out. They de? clined to acknowledge the now order of things until it had boon definitely I shown if. them that the change meant an Improvement of the treatment both of foreigners and of natives in Congo land. it is now admitted that the change has been of the. most radb-ai character, and that :t dates, not. from Leopold's death, hut from nearly a year prior thereto, that is to say, from tlie time of tho memorable visit of King Albert, as heir presumptive, to the cjongb Val? ley, which he traversed from one end to tho other. Foreign trade Is now unobstructed; cruelty and injustice to tho natives are rigorously punished, and tho entire aspect of tho country has changed all along the banks of the river, villages having everywhere i.n rebuilt, and the people having re? turned to their former homes, from Which thoy had boon driven by the. atrocities perpetrated lipon them by Leopold's own officials, and tho agents of those chartered rubber companies in which he was.tho chief stockholder. The London Times, and in fact, all those English newspapers which were t!io most violently Congophobe during the reign of Leopold, and which led the orusado against htm, holding him up to tho execration of the entire civi? lized world, aro now loudest In Ci.oir praise of tlie complete .and marvelous changes, no? only for tho bettor, hut for the best; in Congoland. attributing most of the"meril In the matter to the per? sonal initiative and action of King Al? bert; who, as 1 mentioned in these letters some time ago, has devoted the greater portion of the money accruinc to him from tlie Congo crown lands, and from tho late King Leopold'-: estates there, to put poses of philanthropy and of general utility in tho oniony. In fact, public opinion, which formerly demanded tlie removal of King Bed; pold from the sovereignty- of tlie Con? go, denouncing him as. a twentieth cen? tury Caligula, is now demanding of England that she shall show her ap? preciation of what King Albert has accomplished in tho Congo by official? ly recognizing its transformation from a Eroo. State into a colony of ids crown; and from what f gather from London. King George and Ills govern? ment are about to defer to this public, sentiment, acting in conjunction with President Taft, and tlie government of the United State?. Since Arthur do Rbcliecho?art. who is twelfth Duo do Mortomart in Franco, and who makes Iiis homo In tho Fan hour- St. Gormaln, 1 Ru< Ht Dominique, in Paris, and at the Chateau d'Entraln:?. in the Department of the NlGvre, pos? sesses, iiinoni; his other honors, tli.it of ernndeo of the first class, in Spain. It U only fair to him to explain that he has nothing in common, beyond a resemblance In title, with that other Spanish grandco who until r.ccehtlv made lit; home in Madrid, and who hears the ancient and historic title of Duke of Montemar. The latter Is now a fugitive front justice, somewhere in South America,* with warrants but for his arrest and extradition. Some years ago he marri? ed h rich heiress, a daughter of Uie Wealthy old Countess 1 >e Dos Andes, who owns a large amount of proper? ty, and especially of vineyards, in tho Xcres district, whert the best Spanish sherry Is produced The du Ice has al? ways been spendthrift, and has an 'unenviable reputation in connection with dissipation and gambling. Nor v> tany one surprised when, after about u year of marriage, the coupli parted, hi- mother-In-la w; thcrCountcss l- l?s Andes, agreeing to make him tut allowance of about 5 J .o on a month. This wa:. altogether inadequate fer n hiah r,f the duke's habits. He was soon up to the ears in debt once more, and, pressed for funds, turned to lomi brok? er As hia separation from his wife had not been of a judicial character; and was merely known at court and among the memheivK of the sol in which he and Iiis wife moved, it was suggest? ed that be could obtain quite a largo amount of money by securing mortgages on sonic of his mothe.r-ih-lnw'a proper? ty: and accordingly he found a woman who resembled her In looks, in manner, and In age. and putting her forward as his mother-lh-law; the widowed Coun? tess De Dos Andes, hp obtained, with the help of two other confederates, who figured as her legal advisers, a very considerable sum 'on bogus mortgage* on the Audits estates. lie then saiini i'Qr South America, making his way in the iirst place to the Argentine Repub? lic, and it was after he had reached Buenos Ay res that the old counters was made aware of the fart that she was supposed to have mortgaged her prop? erty for the benefit of her son-in-law, She has placed the information which site possesses about the duke at tho disposal of the authorities, with a view to hi* cap; ure and extradition: the ?ov ernmont and the banks who advanced money on these fraudulent mortgages being alike interested in his captiir* and conviction. Admiral Sir William May, the tidy command er-In-chief tit Devonport, Is one ef the most popular officers of tho British navy, and has held many ofllcofl, including that of controller of the navy, of second sea lord of the admiralty, and of commander of the Atlantic licet uiiif also of the Imme fleet. It was lit, who added Christmas Island to the British Empire, assuming < barge of the an? nexation, ami has probably done more than any oilier officer In the service to develop the use of the torpedo, of which he Is regarded ns the leading expert of the day. He took part in Admiral Sir George Nares's Arctic ex? pedition In 1875, being badly frost-bit? ten, and was a particular favorite ef Queen Victoria, also standing high in the good graces of tho Kaiser, to.who:-o service he is generali j* attached when that monarch visits England. Ho en? joys the distinction, somewhat raro among British navel men. of being '? remarkably good linguist, and in spite of his having been called noon to sup? ersede Admiral Dord Charles Beresfpril; on the occasion of that popular officer's somewhat sensational removal from his command two years ago, has never forfeited the gopd will of either the navy or of the public^ 1 (Copyright^ 1011. by the Brentwood Company, i WOOD-WORKING Department Plant. Biggest of the kind in the South. Try us. Don't allow even small sums to remain idle. Put them to earning interest. You can safely invest even the smallest amounts by opening a savings account. Your funds will earn 3 per cent. OF RICHMOND. Capital.... .$1,000,000.00 Surplus. 600,000.00 \VM, If. I'.M.Mril, Pre* Iii en*. .IOHV S. RLIjETT, Ylcc-Preiiident, \\yi. M. Hll.Ii, VIcc-PrcMdcnr. .T. W. SINT?N, \rloe-Pre*ldcut. .11; II. II 11.!., Cnnliler.