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'Uu?lne*? Ofnc?.SIS K. Main Street 'couth Richmond.:?!? Hull Streut Petersburg tture.m....l?> N. Sycamore Street Lynchbur*. fiurcau.EIS Eighth Street BY MAD* One Fix Three One POSTAGE l'AID Tear. Mop. Mos. Mo. pally -.?-Uli Sunday.?S.CO J3.e0 51.C0 .65 J'a)!} without Sund?}'. 4.00 ?.00 1.00 .85 Sunday edition only. 2.00 1.05 .to .25 Weekly (Wednesday). :.0\> .00 .?:> .? By Times-Dispatch Cairlcr Delivery Ser? vice :r. Richmond (and suburbs) and Peters? burg? Pally with Sunday.... jjaily without Sands Sunday only. Entered January T,, 1905, at Richmond, Vs., ps second-class matter under net of Con- j pitst of March J. 1?79. TUESDAY, MARCH 2?. 1911. "1 TOOK THE CANAL ZONE." In his address at the Charter Pay exorcises of the University of Cali? fornia. Colone' Theodore Roosevelt spoke of the Panama Canal as his own peculiar achievement. He Is interested in It because! he "started it." He told tlie young men <<f the University: "If 1 had followed traditional conservative methods I would have submitted a dignified State paper nf probably two hundred pages to Congress, and -he debates on it would have born going on to-day. but 1 took the Canal Zone J and let Congress debate; and while the debate goes on the Canal does nlso." Ths.1 was a truthful but shame-! fill confession, and hot a thing to .be' boasted of, we should think, by any ; honest man careful of the reputation <d his country: but it is exactly what inlirht :-.ave been expected, except that most persons who commit dishonorable acts seek to conceal them rather than to acclaim them as achievements of great in^rit. j It is true, ."ts the New York Times j says, that the act of Mr. Roosevelt in t"he Canal Zone was an act of perfidy,! arid that "It has had a lasting effect j iti engendering in all the South Amer- | lean republics a sleepless suspicion bf cur motives and alarm at our policies whenever we have had occasion to make a move in their direction." There was never a truer thing sain than that. ?\\'e boast of our national honor eoh stimingly, and wo boast likewise at th.-? same tithe of our national perfidy. 'The nations, and particularly the na? tions, or countries, of Central and I South America olstrusi us naturally because we have not been square with tnem and with our treaty obligations. As the New York Times points out in Its discussion of the Colonel's confes? sion at the University of California, the United States was under solemn j-covenant with Colombia to git a rah tea its rights of sovereignly and property to which it had succeeded in the settle men; of Us differences with New Granada The Isthmus of Panama be? longed to the Republic of Colombia The United States guaranteed tho se? curity of this property to Colombia. The United States violated this moai solemn guarantee and encouraged tho insurrection which resulted in the- es? tablishment of the so-called Republic of Panama. This was done by a de? monstration of force, and it was done in defiance of n 1 ? the rules controlling the actions of civilized governments. 3; was done by Mr. Roosevelt, Presl drnt of tlie United States, who, without any authority whatsoever from Con? gress, accomplished the alienation of this country from its rightful owners r.iid by force and arms sustained its revolutionist 3 in their disloyalty to Cu-ir own country until it came to pass, as ? olonc-V Jtooft'cvelt assured the tit'idehts of a great University, that nothing so becomes a great nation as the art of stealing when It Is success? ful. "I took the Canal Zone." We arc not surprised Hint the people from the lesser Americas should dis? trust its in our international relations. They have abundant cause. Look at Hawaii. H was stolen from the gov? ernment of its own people In vary much the same way that the Isthmus of Panama was stolen from the Re? public of Colombia. The Hawaiian' Islands, formerjy tho Sandwich Islands, lie away our in the Pacific Ocean, 1\200 miles southwest of Kan Francisco. Their people probabiy came from the Polynesian Island.-, and they were passing up by sure but steady steps lr.tr, a civilization of their' own and a high civilization at trial; Then, had >-etn many differences among them, pi ? o'irse. and the:-e differences were eri c on raged naturally by the white people who obtained a foo hohl among them. A committee of thirteen revolutionists ia IS!*?, passed resolution declaring bt to be their sense that in view oi the unsettled conditions of affairs then One Week. _14 cent? _10 cents .... I cents ^prevailing the monarchy should he dls-] ??stablished and the Hawaiian Islands t lit annexed to the l olled States, .lohn! Ii. Steven?, t hft United States Minister then stationed at Honoiu'-u. had u forci hi one hundred ai:d fortj soldiers arid marines landed from-the' United States ?hlp "Boston* for the so-called pro? tection of American interests and &t' once recognized the provisional gov-j crnment on behalf of his own. This provisional government, as a pan or its scheme <?! plunder, sent commis? sioners to #ihe United States to nego? tiate a tre?ty of annexation, but with but wafting for the action of. his home government Minister Stevens, on hlv own responsibility, declared Hawaii to >hc under the protection of the United 'i-jtatcs. President Harrison submitted 10 Congress a treaty of annexation, but upon the accession of l'rc-s blent Cleveland Hie treaty was withdrawn, 1 he Minister's action disavowed ami n special commisalonei v...s son) to the Islands to report upon the situu ilun. 'I hi* commissioner reported that ? the action of S to Yen 8 had hern un< warranted, and that the landing ?>r tlie United States marines had made tho success of tho revolution possible. Tho Republican party was rcetorea to power later and the theft of the tluwallan Islands was accomplished in regular form. Wo are not surprised. In view "3f tho stealing of tho Hawaiian Islands, that the United States Government under the administration of a Republican President should have cheerfully en? tered upon the theft of the Canal Zone. We are not surprised cither that the people of Central and South America should seriously question the good) faith <if -the United States. Neither Is It to bo wondered at that Mr. Roose? velt should boast of bis perfidy In the seizure of the Canal Zone. The Unitod States is a great and powerful nation of more than ninety million people, unlimited in its resources and strong In its lighting ability?strong enough we should say tr> be honest: the sort of common every day honesty that Is hot less honorable in a great nation than it Is in a private citizen. Doing acts as President that impugn the character of the country which has honored him far beyond his great de? serts is not a tiling wo should think 11 it even the Colonel would boast of, and particularly in the presence of young university students who arc being educated for the duties of citi? zenship and not for tho service of tho snob. i THE JAPANESE. A gentleman in Richmond, now liv? ing at The Chesterfield, who has spent n good deal of time in Japan and. is thoroughly familiar with conditions in that country, cannot understand why tho Japanese should insist upon acquir? ing landed property in the United States, when they will not permit any foreigner to acquire property In fee simple in their own country. Foreign* ers are permitted to lease property therfi for as long a period as 999 years, blit they cannot acquire actual owner? ship except by marriage with the Jap? anese. In tlie circumstances, it would scfiu to the ordinary Western mind that the Japanese should not object, to the point of going to war against us, to the Indisposition on the part of the people In some of our American States of giving them rights in our country which they withhold from Us in their own. Wc .lo no: t->.ke tlie least stock In the talk about war with Japan. In the first piace, Japan does not want to flgui us, and. in the second place, we do not want to tight Japan. Japan is In po condition to engage in hostilities with the United States, and the United Stales is not exactly ready to tight anybody just now. Besides, we are assured by the Administration at Wash? ington and by the Imperial Government at Tokio that the recent treaty be? tween the two countries has estab? lished very friendly relations between the two nations?friendlier relations than have ever existed, and which we all hope will continue forever. THE GOVERNOR OF SOUTH CARO? LINA. Under tho Code it is made the duty of the Governor of South Carolina to appoint special Judges to hold special terms of the. Circuit Courts in that State upon the recommendation of the Chief Justice of tho .?Mate Supreme Court. It Is the duty of the Governor to appoint; it is the duty of the Chief Justice to recommend. The language of the law is clear and explicit. It says "shall," not may.* A special term of Court was ordered by the Chief Justice lor Union I'ounty. and as there was no Circuit Judge disengaged who could be as? signed to this service, the Chief Jus? tice, an required by law, "ra'spectt'ully recommended'1 to the Governor that he issue a commission to Ernest Moore, of Lancaster, "learned In the law, as a special Judge to hold ih0 said Court;'* Tho Union County Bar Association re? quested the appointment of Mr. Moore R. C AVylio, a lawyer of Lancaster, happening to lie at the State Capital, was asked by Mr. Moore to visit the. offices of the Governor and the Secre? tary of State for the purpose of ob? taining Information as to whether or not the. necessary commission had been issued, and did so, taking with him I a letter from Mr. Moore explaining his ! reason for writing, so thnt if tho way were clear he cbuld leave his nome In Lancaster on Sunday in time to reach Union for tho opening of Court on Monday morning. Tho Governor would no: read, the letter from Mr. Moore, and when Mr. Wylio called on "His Excellency*' Saturday, "His Ex? cellency" said, as reported In the Columbia State: "Ifa B. Jones (the Chief Justice? can mandamus or God-danius or do any? thing ho pleases. I am not j.:olng to I appoint Ernest Moore as special judgn for the Union County Court. You can take back these papers'" That wars a fine thing for the Gov? ernor Of tho State to say; hut it was about what Governor Blcase might have been expected to say, comporting as it dors v:\in his seme of official dignity and responsibility. Moore la o lawyer of high reputation and Judl rial mind, lib; appointment was re? quested by the liar 01 Union County. Blcase claims that the Bar afterwards withdrew 113 ree.ommendation, but hi.'; statement on this point has not been confirmed. Tho Supreme Court may take some official notice of his mes? sage, but it can hardly hold him for contempt. Please has said that ho in? tended to ''stand by his friends," that j he would not show any consideration for his enemies, Gnd ho has kept ills pledge down to this time lie baa pardoned ever so many convicts In the penitentiary; but he has treated with the utmost discourtesy the Supremo Court and sei at defiance all sense <<t decency in the administration of his office We do oof know what Ira B. .lones will do abuu1. tin.-, la lest irisull to tl>e Court; hut we wish he could J And <"? Way to .?hut the mouth of this I demagogue and tvach him that the do cent people of South Carolina have some defense. It would he fur moro to tho purpose, however, If articles of Impeachment should be brought against him nt the noxt session of tho General Assembly, so that the State might got rid of this disturber for the good of tho State. Probably his Impeach? ment would fall; but If It should the Infamy of the Blease administration would then be shared with the repre? sentatives of tho people and with tho people. the CARDINAL'S JUBILEE Next Juno the golden jubilee of the ordination of Cardinal Hlbbons as a. priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the twenty-fifth anniversary of his elevation to the dignity of Cardi? nal will be celebrated. Now the senior of all the Cardinal Bishops except Car? dinal Oreglia, it is the desire of the faithful to distinguish his anniver? saries with come adequate testimonial to his service to the Church by the building of a Memorial Hall on the Catholic University grounds that can be pointed to for all time as worthy of him and of tho cause which he has honored by his work. When Cardinal Gibbons began his priestly career there were about 0,000 priests in the United States; there arc now 10,000 earnest men who have i given their lives to tho Church, and to his example, rather more than to the lnlluenco of any other of the great men of tho Church, has tho work pros? pered. On his deathbed, Archbishop Ryan recently pronounced this eulogy upon him: "1 am now, as I have evei been, profoundly convinced that you are the instrument of Providence for the; promotion of every good thing for our Church and our country." An appeal has been made to the Catholic people In every diocese In the United Stales for contributions to the Memorial fund, ami we can weil understand why there should be a most liberal response to this call tor so worthy a purpose. We cannot speak, of course, "as one having authority.' but we can speak and do speak for the separated brethren that no honor could be be? stowed upon Cardinal Gibbons that would be too 5:igh for him, n?r any distinction at which tue people of this country would not rejoice; because whatever hi:, ecclesiastical position, ho has proved by his long, honorable j and useful life that ho is not less a i good American because, he is priest and Cardinal. REAL ?'HUMAN BEINGS." United States Senator Owen, of Okla? homa, believes in women, lie admit? ted to an audience of a thousand peo? ple of the People's Institute, in Jersey City, Sunday afternoon, that "they are human beings and should have the rights of hitman beings. Men make laws," said he. "that will take the life of a woman, and why shouldn't women have a say as to who shall ad? minister those laws." Warming up to his subject, Senator Owen then de? clared . "There are more educated women titan men. Men sometimes fancy they know morn than women, and they do about some things. And women know more than men about other things; Women arc more moral than men. They have taught men all lite.manners and morals that they know. If It were riot for women 1 believe that men would he barbarians. "1 was glad to see that women exe? cuted the ballot wisely in Seattle by putting the Mayor nut of oftlce." With George Harvey holding the right of the line on the Atlantic, arid Senator Owen in the centre, and ex - Senator Patterson safely entrenched in the fastnesses of the Rockies, and a lot of reserves waiting only to see how the cat will jump, It begins to look ns If there is to he more or less of a demonstration ail around and about u.s before wo know it. 500 places to be killed. Congress will convene In extraordl-1 nary session next Tuesday, a week from to-day. Trie Democratic caucus will be held next Saturday, anil Wash? ington is filling up fast with an army of ofllce-seakers. They conic from the Cast and West and the North and the South, a Southern Congressman told the Sun correspondent Sunday that "1 never saw anything like It." They all want something. There are five hun? dred places, or so, to he lllled, and there ore Democrat:-, enough In tho country to nil them. There are five hundred Republicans holding office*, and there are Democrats enough to take them and to fill them better than they have- ever been tilled./ No mis? take about that; They all say so, and we know that it is so. These Repub? licans have been drawing three-quar? ters of a. million dollars annually out of the public treasury, to which the Democrats contribute more than thcii fair share, arid 11 is time thai they were getting something out of It. Tho Southern Congressman referred to lives fo-.ir miles from Washington, firid says that more than :: hundred ot his constituents have written to him urging him to secure them jobs oi one fort and another about the House. There will be 2t>7 Democrats in the new House, and If their constituents have not neglected their opportunities, as the Sun shines it out, there, will he 26,700 aspirants for the 500 place:-, anil tlie odd? are not so great that ' any one should hesitate to . risk at j 'east a. 2-cent postage stamp on this j es. \\ ,; esteem it tho duty of every Democratic voter who ' would like to be on the Federal pay-roll to write immediately to the member from his district. It will be like news from h?hte. It will make the members* ot Congress feej j ha I UiC> have not been I forgotten j / H?tt the people "back I home" are -till thinking about them. I Three-quarters of a million dollars bj i? heap of money, ami the Democrat:! j have not had any for a long time. I Why shouldn't they want ?', and ash for It, and Insist upon getting their share or it? Ab Virginia is so near to Washing? ton, it ovvohld not l>e a bad Idea for those living within this State to "run over to Washington" to see what they, can do about It. The Congressmen from this State will be glad to see them and take them around and show I hem the Treasury, where all this money Is kept, and how they will he I paid off regularly when they get their jobs. The trip to Washington would not cost much, and there is nothing like "a personal Interview" in such matters. Our advice to all who would like to get positions Is: If you j can't go. write to-day. Tho distrlbu- j lion of the places will be agreed upon > probably next Saturday, and those; who are successful will want to make! their arrangements for leaving home during tho Besslon. if vor WOULD IN in SIXKSS thrxvk, A by but I S B. H. N. McKlnney, of tho N. W. Ayer Advertising Agency, of Philadelphia, spoke to the graduate school of bus iness * administration of Harvard Uni? versity one day last week about "What Advertising is." It is a great business, requiring great business sense, if it is to be done right, .its main purpose Is to create thought and to direct it in the right way. its success depends upon an accurate knowledge of human nature. "Given an article to adver? tise, tho capable advertiser asks if there is already a demand for it. If not, how can a demand be created? If there Is. how can It be Increased? Who Will buy it? Where do they live? How do they think? What argument will appeal to them? Through what me? dium can they be reached?" Once these questions have been prop? erly answered, the intelligent adver? tiser will immediately prepare his ?v.opv," with carbi so as to reach the public he is after, and take it to the newspaper, in Rii htnond, to The Times-Dispatch, preferably, with carc tul instructions as to the matter of display and to "position." "First," as Mr. McKlnney told the Harvard gradu? ates, "the article (advertised) must possess real merit, meet a real need, and he sold at a fair price, and afford a satisfactory profit. The advertiser must have i> sales organization to in? sure the distribution of his goods, wherever the advertisement goes, j Truth and honesty arc the only foun? dations upon which a worthy advertis? ing structure can be reared, but with tills granitic base upon which to build, no other business is so inspiring." This is one of Hie ' trade secrets." so to 'sny, upon which successful adver? tising is done, and when it is well done it. cannot be overdone. Long time ago the church or courthouse door or some convenient tree near the place where men were accustomed to gather war, used to placard the "notices" of the community; but that time has passed. The newspaper Is now the accepted channel of communication between the people who have something to sell and the people who hnv* money or credit to buy. Manifestly, the thing fr?r mer? chants and bankers and manufacturers and real estate dealers and railroads and all the rest of those who are en? gaged in business is to keep the news? papers filled with attractive statements of what they are doing and what they would like to do. as it Used to tie. One of the elders of Prince Edward county, .1. W. Cruce, has been telling the Farmvtllc Herald about the good old days in Virginia. Among the things commented upon by Mr. Crurc was that Ions s<cro a mistress of the old school who had unusually crisp and brown wafiler. for breakfast would wrap some of them In a napkin, plnce them in a covered dish, entrust them to a small darky who could run fast, und tell him to hurry with them to a certain neighbor. Though that neigh? bor rriigl t be more than a mile away, the wattles usually got to their des? tination hot. When the little negro came | hack he was given all the waffles and I molasses ho wanted, which, of course, j explains his speed in delivery. "That | was an act of gentle and generous courtesy which helonged only to by- j gone," ays the Herald. It was a pleasant and hospitable custom typl- i cal of that neighborly spirit which has always been so strong in the Old J 'bminibii. The ManaSsas Democrat calls atten? tion to tho bell in the Presbyterian Chorch at Fr e d e r 1c k sburg, saying that It "has a history of which many people, should be proud." The placing of this bell in the steeple in 1870 had a direct connection with the War for Southern Independence. Workmen were lately repairing the Church arid in so doing their attention was attracted to the inscription on the bell: "Blessed id the people that know the joyful sound. Purchased by the ladies of Frederick Bi? burg >n IS71) to replace the bell freely given In i $62 to the Confederate States end molten into cannon, our land, our law. and bur altars to defend." Somo day some one will write an interesting book about the many historic bei!? In this country, and, when It Is writ? ten, this -.id hell of Fre.derlcksburg will be Included, testifying as it does to the patriotic and consecrated spirit which has ever been characteristic of i the women of I i-edcrlckshurg. I_ SunMci oh Hie Pcnkii of Otter. Over Hie edge of tho wide world's brim, Into the slant of the sun's red rim, With the solemn tone of an evening by inn, The daylight sinks in glory: And the shadows speak to each gilded peak A s.trnhgo and wondrous story. Silver and gold and sapphire tints. Matchless shades and marvelous glints on the mountains shine reflected, whence The 'olios fadei in telling; Thru thJnj* called Art, of Life a part, ? ? i Pot : ? compelling. Set Hi the oriel of the West, Heavenly choirs and Beauty's best, Mako music for our nightly rest? Decani and Cantoris; or n time tin rung and things unsung in tho navo or Heaven boforo us n, , H ., EDMOND FONTAINE. Chariottesvlllc. Voice of the People Comraanlcatlono must not con? tain more than 800 word*. When ihls limit Is exceeded let? ters -?Till he returned. No anonymous communications will bo accepted. A stamped envelope, vrith tho writer's nddrrna, must accompany every communication. .Uagiuclttcs und the MallH. % ,G 1l:dHor of The Times-Dispatch: I? Vwi? f ,.t.,be tr,J^>? as 11 undoubtedly ... that without the profit on advor ?slng magazines (and newspapers as \fc aC I"0**"1- subscription rates' would bo Impossible propositions, is' L not then equally true that an in-! pleased postage rato on the advertising pages would be just exactly; no iribro. no less, a "tax on education" as an increased rate on the reading matter or on the whole magazine would be? ? hat difference could it make whore or how the increased rate fell? Would it not be a tax on the whole? Were you tho owner and publisher, would your Income Show any better of worse cost of production and distribution bo , affected in the least, by any change In tho portion of the business on which the additional tax or expense wn? '? Placed? Carrying anything whatever for any- I body through tho mails, for less tlmn 1 cost may be wrong, both in theorv I and practice, but let us be fair to th" . magazines, and amongst other things quit, balling them a "trust." when thev arc- not. Furthermore, where is tho justice, and is it sound public policy, to per? mit the trashy magazine?., so called, to dump two tons per Issue Into the! mulls at the cent ti pound rate when ? all the reading matter they carry Is of the cheapest, vilest anel sorriest, and ! only meant as -a cloak for advertising i matter which their readers would be Vastly bettor off never te> see? Dublin, Va. .1, M. WEISER. The I.cngriic and Alvnh Mnrtin. To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: !>ir,? In recent issues of your es? teemed paper there have appeared nu? merous Interviews with Mr. C. R- Gar? net t, styled as "General Manager" of tho Virginia Democratic League, the mirpo^e Ol raid league being to purge the body politic. At the outset nf this organization these new apostles of civic righteous? ness presented to the public a vast und comprehensive plan of reform; the State boundaries being the only limit to its scope, but as yet all other issues appear to have been subsidized to the ?sole criticism of political affairs In Norfolk county, Anel the above pen t Ionian is apparently devoid of ideas here, for he only makes a grandstand play In ridiculing the donation of $7 000* made by Mr. Alvoh 11. Martin, clerk of the Norfolk county court, to the School Board of his county. Any erne who knows Mr. Martin knows this offer to be but the generosity of u public-spirited citizen to provide the chll/lrcn of Norfolk county with ade? quate school facilities for the remain? der of the present term. The attempt thus made to impugn the motives be? hind the gift will, in my opinion, find few sympathizers, for this Is only one of the many benefactions which Mr. Martin has made to Norfolk county. Mr. Garnett also raises a great hullabaloo about the ability of Mr. Martin to retain the clerkship by means of what he calls "fusion votes " To any well posted man on political af? fairs It will not appear so strange when it Is shown that, the normal vote of Norfolk county is almost equally divided between the Republican and the Democratic parties when no I oca} issues are involved, so. therefore, what must be the choice of that large body of Independent voters when a most popular son presents himself? C. M. D. Richmond. V Ban ElMoh'h History. To the Editor of The Tiriics-1 .Msuatch: Slr,~Ybur editorial of the loth on Roarioicb College history was approved and appreciated by every trite South? erner who loved the Old South as well as the Now South. But imagine our surprise when your paper of the 11th brought us an editorial, the quotations therein deceiving and misleading. Now. as I understand the facts, the president of Roanokc College and the faculty indorsed the so-called Elson's | History and did all in their power to 1 have "the board of trustees, at the meeting held In the college on March 1911, Indorse the faculty and the | history, and when it was developed j near the close of an all-day meeting that the majority of the board favored j removing said history, then the, presi dent of the college brought in the j resolutions finally adopted as a sub slilute to the original resolutions of- j i tered by Joseph D. Dogon. The last, or ninth, resolution In a manner ordered the book out of the college, but left the class without a history, allowing the professor and j students to read any history In their i preparation for class or lectures. As the class was already supplied ; with Elson's History, they naluraWy .?so lt. and it is said the b?ok Is often ! seen in the class room. However, tnis. ?s hearsay. On the morning of March .$. when the faculty and students were called ; ".o worship, the students were called j .-m to indorse, not the resolution.-. I adopted by the board of trustees, but , ?..hose adopted by the faculty; thus re- j mediating tho true spirit and In ten- | lion of said board. _ | Now, will you ask the president and I /acuity of Roanoke College to state, ' ;heir opinion of Elton's History, and :f they would not have continued Its ise had not the board ordered other? wise? Ask them if It la true that it at present tho only history in the ass used by a majority of the stu? dents in their preparation on the sub? ject for class lecture. Nothing short of the to tri 1 destruc? tion Of this book will satisfy the peo? ple who oppose its use. CITIZEN. Salem. The .Jnokfion Slnlur. Tt, the Editor of Tho Times-Dispatch: Sir.? c'rom an artistic, sentimental and practical standpoint. I do not think that a statue to General Jackson at Lexington is to be desired, no mattet who designed it, what it cost or who pays for it. In other words, 1 belie vet that it would bo better not to have a statue of General Jackson at the Vir? ginia Military Institute, which is al? most a replica of the ofte now standing lii the cemetery at Rexingt?n. j am well aware that an equestrian statue of him would be (he proper thing, but that it would be too expensive. For this reason I suggested a panel set in the wall, as It would in all proba? bility come within thp amount prom? ised by Mr. Ryan. Very respectfully, R. A. PAINE. JF early spring finds yon nred and languid, with no appe? tite, clo?fJ.cd bowels and im? pure blood, try the successful plan of thousands who really know?a course of OSTETTER STOMACH Mfosoiutieiy Pure The official Government testa ?how Royal Baking Powder to be an absolutely pure and healthful grape cream of tartar balding powder, and care should be taken to prevent the substitution of any other brand in its place. With no other agent can bis? cuit, cake and hot-breads be made so pure, heakhfui and delicious. Royal Baking Powder costs only a fair price per pound, and is cheaper and better at its price than any other baking powder in the world, it makes pure, clean, healthful food. Royal Cook Book?800 Receipts?Free. Send Name and Address. _________ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., NEW YORK. Daily Queries and Answers Address all communications for this column to Query Editor, Times-Dispatch. No mathematical problems will be solved, no coins or stamps valued and no dealers' names will be t>iven. Ten Lnrtrrm Cities. Please print. In order of size, the ] ten largest cities in the United States. 10. n. 11. j Scv: York .... .. .] .I,7G?.SS" Chicago.2,lsMs8 i Philadelphia.i,543.0oi ' St. Louis . i\s;.02'j I Boston . ?570,585 ; Cleveland . r>60.063 Baltimore . 558.48:1 Pittsbur? . 533,005 I Detroit . 4*6>766 I Buffalo 423,715 Mrnnlns; <if I nl'd-l'nn. Win.; is t)i? meaning of "cat At paw.' n.? applied ti> a person? E. O. To make a cut's-puw of a person !:? !o employ hihi to do something dan ncirotis Bhinnofnli or degrading, which you will n?t do yourself. The reference id to the fab to of the monkey, who; having roasted some chestnuts and Unding them too hot to touch, c-ught a bat. and. holding her fast, used on" of h?T paws t<> rake the nuts out of the lire. NEW YORKER RENTS CASSIOBURY ESTATE BY LA MA HQ l. I SIC lit: F?XTENOY. CASSIOBURY/; which ha.s lust b'< en reined for tii?? summer by Otto M. Kuhn, of New York, from the j Liirl of Essex, and from lila American wife, who was .Miss Adolo Beach Grant, of New' York. Is situate ) In the heart of Hertfordshire, and hau been the home, of the Cupels since the reign of King Charles 1.. when Arthur ? '.pel, who was raised to the peerage by his ill-fated master as Lord Capel married Elizabeth, sole heiress of Sir Charles Morrison, of Cassiobury. and| thus came Into the possession of this! beautiful country seat, ft has, always, however, been a residence of the (treat of the land, and not only figures as such in Doomsduy Book, but la known to have been the home of Cnsslolanua in tin reign of the Roman Emperor Au? gustus Caesar; I. e.. some ton centuries before the compilation of Doomsday Look In Saxon lime:; the manor Cas sib formed part of the endowment of the Abbey of St. Albans, which had leceived it from its founder, Oft'a. Kiftur of Mercia. On the dissolution of the monasteries am) religious orders by King Henrv VIII.. he bestowed the lordship of the Manor of Cassio, which hud meanwhile become Cassioburv upon Sir Richard Morrison, whom he had employed In a number of diiriu ma tie missions, notably as his ambasi fiudor to Emperor Charles V., on which occasion he was accompanied bv Loner Ascham, the scholar, Latin secretary to Queen Mary and to Queen Elizabeth and who taught their brother. King Edward VI., how to write. It was the grandson of Ambassador Morrison who, dying without male issue, be? queathed the place to his daughter. Elizabeth, wife of the first Lord Cape!, end the'r son became the first Earl of Esses of the present creation, this earldom having nothing whatever to do with that of Queen Elizabeth's fa? mous lover of that title, who was :t i e\ ereux: The Capots were originally London merchants, and the first one of any note was Sir William Capel. who was lord Mayor of London in 150;!, white his son. Sir Giles Capel, distinguished himself so greatly at the Battle of Spuis. that he was knighted then and there by King Henry VIII. The Ilrst Lord Capel was beheaded bv the followers of Oliver Cromwell for his loyalty to Charles I., and his son and heir, the first Capel Earl of Es? sex, who had inherited Oissiobury from his mother, met with an equally tragic i nd. Having been lodged in the Towei of London on the suspicion of bolnc concerned with the celebrated Lord llussicl] in the so-c9lled "Fanatic riot.' he was found there one morning, with his throat out. nobody knew bv wlioni Among his visitors at Cassiobury. pi lot to his imprisonment, was John Evelyn r '.? famous for his memoirs, which con? tain a description of his stay there. The tlfth Earl of Essex of the present, line tore down the entire house and f.'iused it to be rebuilt in 1800. bv .lames Wyatt. architect of the Fpnthil] \bbcy of Beckford and of-the restora? tion of Windsor Castle. wyalt seems to have taken Tennyson's lines? "Round the cool srreen courts there ran a row Of cloisters, branched like mighty woods, Echoing all night to the sonorous flow Of spouted fountain lloodsi" for his in.-piration in laying out the present Cassiobury. It stands on high ground, fronting to the west, over a downward sweep of the broad park, to where the lazy river Gade and thf neat canal run side, by side. The statt) apartments- are on the south side, look Ing out upon the dark cedars, thai shade one of those lawns such as one sees in England In prardens and parks that have been In existence for manv centurien. Along the efist side are tho private rooms, also opening on to lawns, while the north side of th;* quadrangle bobl.v. the. kitchens, the servants' quarters and the great clock l? Among the features of this beauti? ful manor, or rather castle, are tho series of cloisters around the Inner quadrangle, and the gardens, as well as a superb avenue of ancient trees, have been laid on*, by that celebrated landscape gardener. Le Notre, the creator of the gardens and pat k of Versailles. This fifth Earl of Essex, the author of tho Cassiobury of to? day, married as his second wife, al the age of over eighty, the famous ballad shifter and actress. Kilty Sle phouH. of the Theatre Royal, who died as dowager countess, universally be? loved and respected, some forty years ago, and whose beautiful memorial In the neighboring churcti of Watford, boars 11?*- inscription: "Rest undisturbed within this peaceful shrine. Till auK<-!s wake thee with a note like" thine " Contrary to gcnei ?1 belief, she left no children, and the -*;fth earl wort succeeded by his nephew, grandfather of the present und seventh earl. The latter served for a tinto in th< Grenadier Guards, and has been twl e married; his first wife having been Miss llarford. mother of Ids son an - heir, Lord Maiden, formerly an officer Of Seventh Hussars, arid married to ii Very p-otty woman, with little or h ? money. The earl's .second wife is, as l have Stated above. Adelo IJefiCh Grant, of New York, who was a conspicuous member of the late km.; .. ana was foririerly engaged to be ?nt> Tied to the late Earl Cairns, familiarly known as "Gumboil," but iiiuiir . match on the eve of the wedding) an l after the completion <>i '*'?>??? trounse ?wl?g to his preposterous demands fnr pecuniary settlements upon himself. Cassiobury |g within easy motoring distance of London: indeed, an Ideal suburban home, the stately park em? bracing nearly a thousand acres, ami has frequently been lot. to rich min? isters of the crown, whose cabinet and departmental duties necessitated their being much in London, despite their predilections for country life. Indeed. Cassiobury has been rented to strang? ers almost uninterruptedly since Miss Adelo Reach Grant married Lord Essex, owing to the fact that neither she nor !?.? :? husband are rich enough to retain the place in their own hands, or t" ! keep It up. i They hod hoped at one time to hene ; lit largely under the will of the late Lady Meux, who was through her mar-; i riage a near relative of Ixird Es.-cx. and I thus to DOT placed in a position to make their home at CassJobury. But Lad} Meux Instead Of leaving. as every on', had expected, the hulk of her property to Lord and Lady Essex, cut them off with a legacy of $I.".,000, and selected as heir to her great fortune, and es? tates, one who was in nowise related to her. namely, Lord Durham's sailor brother. Admiral Sir Hedworth I*amh ton. of Ladysmlth siege celebrity, ex? plaining her testamentary dispositions j with regard to Lord and Lady Essex, i by the assertion in her w ill that neither oi thcrii hud ever known how tp treat her with due consideration and respect. Poor Lord lluntley. the premier mar? quis of Scotland, and who as Lord Mcl ; drum. In the peerage of the United Kingdom, is entitled to a seat in the House of Lords; is again debarred fron? occupying toe latter, or from voting as u hereditary legislator ut Westmin? ster, owing to his reappearance in the bankruptcy court: this time at Peter? borough. He has been brought be? fore the bankruptcy courts of the United Kingdom .'it least thlrtv times, since his marriage to Amy. daughter and co-heiress of the late Sir William C. Bremkes, over forty years ago. and It was financial trouble that compelled him to abandon his office of lord in waiting to Queen Victoria,and of cap? tain' commanding her gentlemen-at arms, under somewhat sensational clr ctt instances. So strong, however, is the sentiment ol popular regard in Scotland for the great nobles of ancient descent, and for the chieftains of tho principal clans, that despite his insolvency, he was repeatodly elected Lord Rector of the University of Aberdeen. His niar qu Isafe dales from the year 1559. and to-day he is wholly penniless, being entirely dependent on what he receives from his wife. who. herself is to a great extent disinherited by her multi? millionaire father, owing to her hus? band's extravagance, and forced to content herself with a relatively small annuity. 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