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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, April 08, 1911, Image 4

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SRtpSRntP^r^^^ Sijefpalrk
DAILY?WEK KLYjj-SUND A Y.
Busttuss Offleo.M? 13. Main Street
tiouth Htchmond.1020 Hull Street
Petersburg Bureau....109 N. Sycatnoro Street j
Lynchburg Bureau.211 Eighth Street'
BY MAIL. One t>lx Threa Ono
POSTAGE PAID Year. Mos. Mos. Mo. |
Dally with Sunday.$6.00 f3.W $1.50 .65;,
Dally without Sunday. 4.00 2.00 1.00 . 35
t-uuday edition only. 2.00 1.00 .60 .25 !
Weekly (Wednesday). l.O? .60 .25 .?!
By Tlmrs-Dlspatch Carrier Delivery Ker- j
vice in Blchinond land suburbs) and I'etors
hu.-K?
Ono Weck. !
Daily with Sunday.15 cents <
Dally without Sunday.10 cents j
Sunday only.',. E cents j
Entered January 27. 1?05. at Rlchr.tond. Va.. ;
as seefttid-clajs matter under act of Con- !
crss of March S. 1S70.
SATUHDAY, A PHIL S, 11U1.
THE ELECTION OK SEXATOBS.
In the opinion of the Columbia Re?
cord, "the New York deadlock will
greatly accelerate the movement for |
popular election of Senators." Why i
should It? The members of the Legis-j
lature were fresh frbin the people. Tltey j
wore chosen by popular election. They j
represented, presumably, the wishes <>f!
the people touching all things a f
feeling the welfare of the people, and j
for three months, realizing their re- !
Kponslbllity t<> the people from whom
ttfiey had just come, they manoeuvred i
for position in their devotion to the j
people until rurally they elected a Sen- j
a tor acceptable to the people and cred?
itable to the State. Beside:;. South'
Carolina has been electing Its Sena- !
tors by popular .lection, and nil its
State and county officers, as well, and
We do not believe that South Carolins
has been greatly benefited by the plan. ;
Mr O'Oornianj th* new Senator tram
Now York. |g an unknown quantity in
tho sort of work f?>r which be i,t,s
been chosen: but. as IToyt's paper sjiys,
"It is for Iiis future career to disclose
whether he will render any higher
service than some of the nonentities
that have been seni to the Senate by
popular vote?in Somit Carolina, for
instance"
The Legislature of Maine has passed
f direct primary bill which provides
for direct vote of the people. Out In
Oregon there is a plan by which can?
didates are selected by tht "popular*']
method, and b>; .lonalhan Bourne is
the outcome of this wonderful scheme.
If there had been such a plan in Mas-|
sachusct'ts, it is claimed that Foss j
?would have prevalletl in his light
a grains! Lodge. But the point Is this,
if the States, each acting Independently
of the others, and attending to its own
affairs in Its own way. and with full
knowledge of its own circumstances,
can devise a plan of popular elections
for Governors and Congressmen and
Senators satisfactory Id itself and care?
ful of its interests, why should there
be an amendment of the Federal Con;
stltution to enable them to do what
nil of t^jpm have the so far undis?
puted right to do and wlljch some of
them are already doing and have been i
doing for years'.'
OLD IBM TO'.t IJBI'EW.
Within the lasl few days some of the j
newspapers have been printing a
"group" photograph, so lo say. of
Chauhcey bepow and .lames A. O'Opr
man. tin old and the new Chlteii states
Senators from New York. It is a
"snapshot taken in Washington at the
first meeting of the two since the
breaking of the Alban- deadlock." ami
Dr. Depew is represented In the act
of congratulating his successor. Both
of them look r.ally as if they were
posing for the picture, not as If they
were uausUli. at it ;'t ail. but were
wholly conscious of the artist. People
at home and people till over ihn coun?
try are expecting much useful work
from the now Senator, his long snd
honorable career on the bench gTving
them reason to expect equally lion:
orablo and useful service in legisla?
tion.
Whftt we wish to do how, however,
is to ".-peed the parting guest;" the
Inimitable, good-hearted, well-meaning
old Doctor Depew. We have known
him a long time, and we have hover
known him to do a mean thing. lie
was handicapped in his public service
by tho impression he. had made tu..',
lie was never serious, thai he was linj
dinner company, that he never falle?
to see the humorous sid< of situations'
that he was (he representative of 'thv
Jhterc3ts" and that he had no eoiiei rn
for the general welfare except as if
was involved in the selfish concerns of
the party for which he stood. Wh?ii
the Insurance fight was on, he made!
the mistake of returning cortajii i
money that had l>ecn paid to hltVi as
attorney in tlie Nylllc affair, tin;.- giv
\ Ing his critics occasion for much of
4heir hostility to him, whereas he
should have said to them something
lllcc thus: "?es, 1 was pail $20,<> <i <,,:?'
whatever the. amount Was) for per-i
forming certain services. ; was en?
titled to it. and 1 took tlie money and
I Intend to keep it, because it is mine.
?So far as we know, that J.: the only
act of his life which embarrassed
him and his friends, and b\tj for taut
break he could not have been put 0:1
the defensive.
Of course, there are oceans of tilings
that could be said against him he
cause of his politics, for ho is a Re?
publican, a machine Republican, an
"Old Guard" Republican, ami we have
never known anything good in a poll -
ical sense of a man like. that, lie was
generally on the Wrong Side of all
public questions in which his party
?hnd taken position, for he was a tu....
and thin partisan; but When lie felt
thai he had any liberty of action he
could see. the right 'and Hie wrong
and often clung to the right. Possess?
ed of talents of unusual order, in va?
riably, looking at the bright ?ido oi
j tilings, tin Imprcsslvo speaker, a ready
j debater, an excellent business man.
ln> was far bettor than many of his
political follows, and having .uc
many men laugh In his time lie win
lind much consolation in ?-.s reUre
I mcnt In this comforting rctlccllon: !
"Alas, poor Yortck! A fellow of Inn-|
ttlic bst. of most excellent fancy. . ? . 1
Where lie your gibes now. your gam-j
pol?, your songs? your (lushes of mcr-1
rituent. that were wont to set tlie ta-j
ble on a roar?"
IMU5TTY SA KK *; t 11>I :s.
Brother IS. Moseley. Manager and
Associate Editor of "The Methodist."
the oillclal organ of the Danville Dis?
trict of the Virginia Conference, docs I
not believe (hot controversial articles
'?furnish soul food." Kor this reason
he has refrained front publishing In
his excellent newspaper tlie many com?
munications he has received touching
the position hi:; paper had taken on
the subject of the criticism of the i
newspapers of the feinte by the re- ,
cent Convention of the Anti-Saloon;
League at Newport .Nous. lie could j
till the greater part of his space with,
the communications that have been j
?written to him regarding his temper-I
ale review of the conditions, hut he;
believes that lib; space "can be better
used with matter more entertaining-i
as well as helpful to our readers, so
wo declined to publish tiny of them."
"When we differ with folks," says
Brother Moseley. "wo prefer to read
for our guidance the Thirteenth Chap?
ter of First Corinthians and Galatlans
\i. 1. as we think- of their faults."
There is a great deal of sound philoso-j
phy in this view. As all of our readers '
must know, the chapter in Corinthians
to which especial al lent ion is thus
directed is that marvelous statement]
of St. Paul touching the virtue of char
iiy. and t'ae reference in Caiatians, as
all of our readers miist know also, {
is that other appeal of St. Pa til Iii I
which brethren are exhorted to bear
oiiu another's burdens. Brother Mose?
ley appears to have said tiie last word
on this subject, and he has said it re?
markably well.
SEPARATING THE HACKS.
Mayor Muhool, of Baltimore, has
signed the ordinance passed by the
City Council of that town providing
for the segregation of the races. The
i
ordinance forbids negroes to move into!
the blocks now totally inhabited by j
the white people. U does not allow]
the negroes to have churches or places|
of amusement in such blocks. It per?
mits white persons and colored per?
sons now living in Certain blocks to
remain until these blocks shall be?
come either wholly inhabited uy ne?
groes or by whites. It is said U ;
the negroes will contest the matter
in the Court, hut (he ordinance has
been passed. It represents the sen?
timent of a large majority of (ho
people of the community, anil It will
j make its way to general acceptance if
I it shall only be administered with torn?
I peranco and equity.
I It Would he a blessed tiling for both I
I whites and blacks .in this country If
some region could be found where .v.vfi
negroes might he set apart to work
out their own destiny in their own
way. iv'e do not know of any h'ettcr
disposition dial could he made of the
Philippine Islands than to use them
j for the colonization of the American
i negroes. Tin- climate woul 1 stilt Ihcni. j
i The country ir. fertile, and. under
American protection, they would there1
be ttbhi to build up their own civilian- '
lion.
CHAPLAIN CO I DEN,
j II was :> signal honor that the House
, of Representatives paid on Its first
day to its beloved chaplain, the Rev.
Dr. Henry .N Coudoii. Departing from
its custom of electing all its officers
j together, ti.e llmise took a separate,
vote ?hi the election of chaplain Cou
d'en and i,,, received the unanimous
vote of the lower branch of the Amerl
, can Parliament.
j The House, chaplain is a Republican,
lost he received the undivided vote bi
all the Democrats. Ho lost Iiis:
:? ::;!.t froth a wound received after
I three years of gallant service in tlie
? Chi'in army, but tuen who wore the
gtlay and the son:; of men who wore it
gladly Joined in re-elcotlhg Chaplain
Coudou. When the last Democratic
ilotuso dissolved and the Republican
IIons,? ciMtie into power sixteen years
; Ugo, a bcmot'ral v. as chaplain. Never
ilu less,* t he Republican majority re
. I--. n.d him until lie laid down ijicsi
c'..uii(-s b{ Iiis ofilcc in rcclprdofitldh ;
<?; this graceful net of tile Krpubll-j
cans and oat of its esteem for Chap- I
lam Cotiden, the Democratic majority'
voted to keep him In oiilee, although
in- \i- a m ein her of tin lb-publican
patty.
Tiiis constitutes a precedent which (
ought to he followed always The of - I
live of chaplain is really non-partisan, j
anil -.mould hot lie one of tin- spoils
.?1 the majority.
In his :.!.-'. prayer under the new
iioui'c. Chaplain COudeh said: "impress,
we In ee.i h '"hoe. each member of this
House with tno great responsibility
resting upon him, that with high ideals;
of statesmanship he may give the best j
that i-. in him to his country, lyji Thy I
blefiKins descend upon tin Speaker,
that with clear perceptions, noble en- |
! delivers, ami lofty purposes, he may
preside over tiio deliberations of this
? Mouse v. ith justice ami equity and
lead to toe highest results." This is
the prayi r of all good citizens of this
republic, not merely the petition of a
*arty.
Till-' HCVr LOCAL tiOVI'lUXMllN'!',
This 13 what the SpringllebJ IP.-pnb
Itcan has to say about, the commission
, plan of municipal government:
"That plan his the merit of gi< t
simplicity, economy; directness rind
clear responsibility In 'he conduct of
local government. It Is. moreover, the
robot highly democratic of all the
piana .suggested, while appearing to bo
the lca.-.t tio. Although L'teatly ecu
ttull/.lng governmental power and re?
sponsibility, the people eve placed Iii
close add uircet control over their'
whole government to uri extent notI
renched by any other plan present ?d.'?' l
Commenting on this statement, the
Ohio State Journal says that there are'
In the commission plan simplicity,
economy, responsibility and a highly
democratic working principle. "The
people ought t?> Insist that their city
governments should possess these vir?
tues. It Is the only way to escape the
confusion, complexity,. Plunder und Irre-j
sponslbllity that the present plan; of
city government Imposes. It is very |
natural that professional politicians i
should defend the present plan, for it
is in this confusion and Irresponsibility
that It thrives."
What the people should understand j
fully is the statement that the. com- j
mission form of government is "the!
most highly democratic, while appear-;
tug to be the least so." That is strlk- '
ingly true. Centralization of re?
sponsibility is thoroughly dcnio
? ratio. The trend or government in
llo- next decade will be toward estab?
lishing a direct personal relation, im?
mediate and specific, between the peo?
ple ami their representatives. That is |
democratic, and that is the principle of I
commission government.
.*?J auch inc Til hough ii alt im ohm. j
fifty years ago on tin- L9til of April
the Sixth Massachusetts Bcgimeut
marched through the City of Baltimore
mi its way to the front, which, we he
lleve, it never reached. It did not
behave very well, if our recollection
is not at fault, on that occasion, but
the anniversary is to be celebrated atj
Lowell. .Massachusetts, which city has j
appropriated $2,500 for the occasion, j
and the State Legislature is expected ;
to appropriate $'1,300 more to make the!
event of greater importance. The 1
Mayor of Baltimore and the Governor
of Maryland have been invited to bo
present. There is to l>o a military
parti de ma da tip of United States troops
and volunteer militia, the Sous of Vet?
erans. Grand Army Posts and civic or?
ganizations. The Spanish War Vet- 1
era us are to hold their Convention at
Lowell on April 1S-1!? and The Colonel
lias been invited to be present, so that
1
he can take part iictho march through ;
Baltimore. \Vb do pot know thai any '
special good is to be obtained by such
a eelel.ration as this by the survivors'
of such a body of soldiers as that. To ;
make the occasion realistic, the cole- !
hratlon ought to take place in Bal?
timore, and not In Lowell.
Tino i'in:ss ami tiik pulpit.
"Advertise your churches in tin.'
newspapers and keep in touch with
newspaper men" was the advice given
to the New Hliigland Conference of
Method i si Churches at Cambridge,
Massachusetts, last Wednesday by Die
Lev. Dr. Leisner. Pastor of Grace
Methodist Church, in New York. "It
is a great mistake," said this clergy?
man, "for sotno clergymen to keep
aloof from newspaper men and refuse
I to be interviewed WJiy, everybody
reads the newspapers, and if you want
to get your interests before the public
you must advertise in this important
agency. They will always treat you
fairly if you give them reason tor do?
ing so. Why, 1 never could gel, a COri
grogatlon in my New York church
did I not get the newspapers on my
side."
We have often wondered why these!
two greatest of all the agencies for'
; the encouragement of right conduct
should hoi pull together. The news?
papers at e preaching every day, preach
lns to men and women who cannot
be reached by the messages from the
pulpit, and they should be taken Into
j the confidence of the clergy in every ;
! good work.
! Last Sunday the Lev. Dr. .lowett,
j the recently elected pastor of the Fifth
j Avenue Presbyterian Church in .?ew
i York, preached to an immense con.
grogntion. It was his. lirst message.
A day or so later lie was installed as
pastor of this Church, and there were
? only several hundred people present;
. But for tlic New York papers what
? was said at his installation would nut
J have been known to the community.
IMl.VT know 'PIHO south.
Lovers of green tea, according to a
I Washington dispatch to the New Yoi ,v
: Tribune, "will find it Impossible to pro
cure their favorite beverage in this
I country alter Mac 1 " Not if tin.- lov
era of green" tea really want green tea
iind in>t the siuff treaicd with copperas
and other .solutions that lias been
s<?hl in tin- country under this name:
Heal green tea is made in tin- United
States al the IMnehursl Tea I'arm, in
Sutntnorville. South Carolina; ?t in
better green tea than has been Im?
ported to the I'll I i od States, and it is
not treated with anything to make it
green. Tim people who do not tike
it are green, hut we are not surprised
at this, as there are comparatively
few North of the Potomac Ulver who
know that tea is grown In the United
States, lhat tlie product is increasing
every year ami getting better every
; , ar. There are milliom; of people
North of the Potomac Hl'ver wIio^mvo
never been South of that stream.
Tliat'M the trouble With them, hut It Is
! just as well, probably; that some of
tlteiy do not come South, as they might
' shove out some of the natives in their
i rush for the good things that tire
j lying all about us.
sixxr.n wjaixs'I'.
j Andrew Toth was lately liberated
j front a Pennsylvania prison after he
had spent twenty yens there for a
crino thai he did not commit. evidence
discovered two decades after his eon ?
I \ ictlon conclusively aflirinod hi , inno
jCeijce; This is an impressive illustra?
tion of the sin that society can commit
against the Individual. The State nut de
lit mistake; the man suffered terribly:
yi ? u in i hi i unto onl from prison he
?i.waa a wronged man without redress,
j.?-\
Twptity years of penal servitude, and j
no recompense for the lujustieo of It
all! No wonder some men are unar
ciiisls!
A member of the New York .Senate j
was much affected by this Pennsyl?
vania case, and has Introduced a bill
Into the Legislature amending the par?
don law so as to give a man unjustly
imprisoned the right to recover dam- j
ages. This legislator said in offering
the bill: "I am advised that whereas
one may recover damagos from the
Stale for property taken for public cse |
or for injuries to the person or prop- I
er.ty by reason of the State's nogli- j
gem o. there is no remedy for an in?
nocent person unjustly convicted of a
crime and sentenced to a term of Im?
prisonment."
The Hartford Couranl Is rightly or
the opinion that that "duo process of |
the law" which may send an innocent!
man to prison might reasonably be j
made broad enough to provide for pay- |
incut to hini of daily wages for the I
time he is unjustly incarcerated, To!
this the Springfield Hepiibllcan adds:
"There is no man living who will claim
that justice as administered by men
never makes a mistake?and society
should be ready to pay for the errors.
It has every advantage over the
wronged individual."
There ought to be on the statute
books of every State in tlie nation a
law compensating adequately men who j
h;'vr> been unjustifiably Imprisoned.
The relation between the individual
and society is reciprocal?each owes)
to (lie other the duty to do what is
lair. Just and equitable.
INTO STItANOK HANDS.
everybody agrees thai new settlers
arc welcome to Virginia, w elcome to I
work here ami to enjoy the things
that we enjoy ami to share the prlvl-J
leges wo have, but it must he ad?
mitted that we watch with regret the I
passing of historic homesteads and j
plantations into alien hands, in a cur-j
rent State exchange wo read of the
transfer of a colonial house, once In?
habited by a Governor of the Old Do- j
minion; to a wealthy Westerner.
Somehow, we cannot understand why,
the love of money and the lure of lucre
can impel Virginian;: to .sell the es?
tates that belonged to their fathers
and their fathers' fathers. Perhaps Itj
is a vain desire, but would not It be j
liner if these old places remained in
the hands of those to whom they have
been Itanded down from generation to j
generation'.'
The old Madison Square Garden inj
New York City has been sold to a ?
company, and Is to be lorn; down and
lit its place five modern skyscrapers
arc to' bp erected. The Garden has
never been profitable; It was opened
In lSfirt, and is said to have been oper?
ated at a loss nearly every year since
It was finished. It covers a great
deal of ground, it has been used tor
many purposes. It is the" largest place
of assembly In New York City, but It
was so big that It dlfl not pay. ami
it had to .go.
According to the Mantissas Demo-j
erat, the students of Eastern College,
nre debating the prohibition by law or
the wearing of harem skirts. We are!
shocked to see that a young man
named Mather is defending tlie nega?
tive. Surely he is no kin to old Cot-j
ton Mather, the destroyer of witches.
Brother Berkeley, of the Parmvlllc
Herald, says that the State Normal
School girls assert thai "men are such
helpless things; they can't even fall in
love without n good bit of assistance."
Moreover, says our contemporary, "A
son of a gun has added that the as- i
sistaneo is always at ready command."
If this be true, li.?h we say to the,
men folk of Parmvjlle: "O fortunatl
nitnium, si sua bona norlhtl"
The- Valley Virginian Was in smok?
ing ruins just a year ago, but it is
now better and braver than ever be?
fore.
Why does not Commandoi-in-Chlcf
Goldman Lightning Rlcasc by virtue oil
his authority and as an act of mili?
tary necessity free all tho criminals In |
tlie Palmetto State?
The municipal administration of Chi?
cago is riescribi d as "tho government
of Dinky Dink, by 11 inky Dink, and
for lllnky Dink.*' In other words, it;
i.= thoroughly Loriinerlzed.
Chancellor Day, of Syracuse Univers?
ity, is not so unwise after all. Ho
say.;; "i know iess about woman than
about any other subject on earth." So
does every other man.
Voice of the People
The Negro Nut Ungrateful.
To the editor of Tlie Times-Dispatch:
Sir..- I'h iHow me space in your
tlui irnal te/Vrcply to a com-I
rhunication which appeared in your j
issue of the ::iat of January, under]
?he In id r?f the "Ingratitude of
?h< It Man," ami over the name of
G, Curiington Moseley; Tho writer
charges th< negroes of this country
with Ingratitude; and quotes Dr.
Thbhius y.. ,1, page as saying, "The
South found him a savage and a
cannibal, nid in "Jon years gave 7.000,
'< civilization, the only civilization
?' !?ds hoi the dawn of history."
I deiij le.tii oi these! charges. I
have lived i,j the South till my. lifo,
?>u< nave never before heard any one
-' rlou ly c| , . ,|le negro with in
grrttttudc. Ss to myself personally,
there He buried in South Carolina a
" whip man a Confederate sol?
dier, u !o, im parted to me when wp
v" :" both hoy.s, tho rudiments of an
education, and was otherwise kind to
me* and another, a man of that lime,
and who afterward became a Presby?
terian minister, taught th? lb know the
? rue and living Cod. These two were
white men, slave-holders, and I was
slave; hui hecausp thev were kind
[{? 1 '"ye I hern In their graves, and
'" ?motigsi the brightest mom
," '*?( "f niy past and present life.
1nre inahy of my race who could
K VP like experl'enco, Reputable
? .'O.ulhprn white people have home
w !'U?R <? ?i. lo thn grateful dls
"i in.\ race, and some Iip.vo
even talked of ? rcotlng a monumsnt
in memory of the faithfulness of tho
slaves during the War Between tho
States.
An to civilization, undent and sacred
history corroborate each Oilier as to
the ancient civilization of tho nugro.
Numerous passages from the Blblo
lhlght be cited, but let tho two follow?
ing, one from the Old and the other
from the New Testament., sulllce: Second
Chrun. xlv. 0-15, tthtl Acts viil. 20-39. !
The University' ?heycl?pcdln, page
L'.?S, says: "In sacred history Ethiopia
Is repeatedly mentioned as a powerful
military k'ngdom." Gliddon tells us
that from the twenty-second century
B. C. to the third century A. D., not
one single Instance occurs where tho
monuments record negro labor as;
being applied or directed to any agri- '?
cultural or utilitarian objects. And !
Herodotus slates that eighteen of the
Kgyptian Kings were Ethiopians.
O. Ml STEWARD, SB.
Bichmond.
(iciirKO Wythe und .lohn Mttr*!iutl.
To I he Editor of The Times-1 Mspatch:
Sir,? It must 'have afforded your
readers much pleasure to have read
the very handsome editorial In Tho
Times-Dispatch of last Sunday on j
Cioorgo Wythe. the great chancellor \
aiul l.iwycr. statesman and patriot, of!
whom Mr. Henry, so beautifully said: j
"Shall I light up my feeble taper be- ;
fore the brightness of his noon-day j
sun? It were to eompnro the dull dew- ;
drop or the morning to the Intrinsic !
beauties of the diamond."
With all deference, however, 1 can-!
not .subscribe to tho Intimation or sug- i
gc.stfoti contained in the.editorial, thai
Chief .lustice Marshall s broad and .
liberal Interpretation of the Coustltu
Uoh of the United States was Inspired
by the teachings of Wythe, at whoso
reel Marshall studied law. It Is!
true (hut with Marshall. Madison, Kan-!
dolph and Pcndloton the Incomparable'
chancellor and jurist, was a strenuous ?
advocate of tho adoption of the Con-,
stltutlon as against Henry and other1
advocates of State sovereignty, who i
opposed Its adoption; but it is hardly ?
fair on that ground to class him with i
the broad or liberal Interpreters of the j
Constitution, for there were not a few
advocating' its adoption who after- J
wards belonged to Hie strict construe-I
tloii school of politics and judicial In- i
tcrpretation: it is also true that Mr.
Wythe's enunciation of the power of a
court to declare an act of the Legisla?
ture unconstitutional preceded that of
Chief Justice Marshall in the great
ease of Marbury vs. Madison, to which
yon refer: but this proposition of law
had no special reference to the Inter?
pretation of the Constitution; the prin?
ciple was applied by State and Federal
courts alike. Nor. I, submit, is the
fact that Marshall studied law under
Wythe a slight Indication even that
Wythe Inspired the constitutional in?
terpret ation of Marshall, for Jefferson
was his pupil and law student alsdi
his Intense admirer and Intimate
friend: yet .lofterson regarded Marshall
as one of tho most dangerous enemies
nf the Constitution, and their views
of that instrument 'were as divergent
it's the two poles.
On the other hand, and ns ufllnnu
tlvoly Indicating Mr. Wythe's disap?
proval or dissent from Marshall's In?
terpretation of the Constitution. Mr.
ILnry Hitchcock, in a very able lec?
ture before the University of Michigan
in IKSn. refers to this historical inci?
dent. He says: "In 17 f? r. the ratifica?
tion of .lav's treaty with Kn gland
added fool to the flame. Bitterly de?
nounced by the Republicans every- i
where, both for its commercial fen- I
lures and for its alleged unconstitu-j
tlonallty. it was so odious In Virginia 1
thai the friends of Marshall who. j
against his own remonstrance, had :
again been elected to the. Legislature,!
urged him for the sake of his own
Inlittence, if not Iiis personal safety; t<>
lake- no part In the legislative debates j
on thai subject. Resolutions had been
adopted by n public meeting in Rich?
mond, at which Chancellor wythe pre?
sided, declaring the treaty "Insulting
to the dignity, injurious to the inter?
ests, dangerous to the security, and re?
pugnant to the Constitution of the
United States." It is true that Mar?
shal), in the Legislature, compelled his
opponents to abandon their objections
to the constitutionality ?;. the treaty
by an overwhelming argument, which
gave him great fame at tho time, but
"We are not told that Chancellor Wythe
was In the Legislature or that he
abandoned his opinion.
As a Virginian, tit one time belong?
ing to the "defunct" school of strict
coustriictionists in polities, r much
prefer to think of the pure and able
and ideal chancellor of this Common?
wealth and country as belonging to
that class of constitutional interpre?
ters, although they nre now in dis?
repute. Roger R. Tnney, the successor
of Marshall, may have been Marshall's
inferior Intellectually and judicially;
but had be, with his theory of const!- i
lutionai Interpretation, preceded Mar-'
shall public opinion op that proposi?
tion may have suffered a reversal, and
probalily the ideal of a confederated)
government, with the rights or the j
States preserved, as intended by the j
fathers or the republic-, would have!
been the result of our political evolu?
tion and development, rather than a i
consolidated I'nion with the States as
mere provinces. .1. R. TUCKER, i
Bedford City, Va.. April ?. im I.
Lee inn! Picket*.
[Tim following letter adds a new
chapter to the controversy oonremlng '
the military relations of Generals Leo i
and Picket!.? r"d.l
Colonel John S. Mosby:
Dear Sir,? 1 inclose a clipping from !
The Times-Dispatch of yesterday.!
which undertakes to disprove your re- j
ecu I statement concerning tho arrest:
of General Pickett on the retreat to ,
Apnomn t tox.
Colonel Venablo, who was my hroth
r r, several years before bis death gave
me an account of this affair, in which
lie was a participant. I think it was
soon after the light at Sailor's Creek'
that Generai Lee. s'-elng General Pick- j
ett and General Anderson, of South :
Carolina, riding by; became very much '.
excited, and cried out: "Arrest those. :
stragglers!" and then commanded Col- j
onel Venablo to writ" an order df*- 1
missing those two cronornls from the
army, which was done. Immediately.
Colonel Venable further stated that tit
Appomattox. when General L'>o saw
General Pickett mlnnling with other
Confederate officers there, ho was
much displeased, and said; "What is
that man doing here?" 7f this state?
ment can be of any service to you, T
am very glad to make It.
Respectfully;
I PALL O. VENA BLR
Kartuvllle.
Marsliair? N'eirleeted Grave.
To the Editor of The Times-;Dispatch: |
Sir,?Now that the City Council has
dope the right thing and turned the
John Marshall house over to the As?
sociation for the Preservation of Vir?
ginia Antiquities, I beg leave to sug?
gest through your valuable Journal
thai the same association take charge
of Die "crave" of the great jurist and
keep It forovor green and In present?
able condition.
Some years ago the Mayor of Ro
! ehester. N. Y.. rolled on mo to take
I him I" the list resting place of Chief
i .lustice Marshall, but the condition we
I found, the section in embarrassed me
i very much as a citizen of Riehmond.
WM;Nl. ZIMMER MA N N.
.Sonnet?To Tlinnins .Tofforsinn.
Shall men remember thee for that thou
wast ?
Or' Time, recall who lived an hon?
ored life;
Who sought the truth, and scattered It
broadcast.
And serving well the State In legal
i strife?
Wise with the wisdom of an older age.
He molded with his pen a Nation
new, ,
And placed the sceptre in tho peoples
gauge. , ,
And prayed for knowledge, and a
higher view.
What needs an epitaph for him who
His Talent to illuminate his time?
Ills liest, (that plumed conqueror of the
A polislmd'thought, a chiseled slope,
a rhyme. j
So. in thy mountain grave thou mind?
est yet ... '?? ,
Tin- Government, and men will not
CO,'"(!t" ED MOND FONTAINE.
Charlottesvlll?. Ve., April 6?
The Only Baking Pow?cf Made from SloyaR
Grape Cream oS Tartar.
Cfiemisls* tcats have shown that a part of the alum from
biscuit made v/Itia an alum hauinfj powder passes Into
the stomach, anil Shat digestion is retarded thereby.
Road tfoo SaboB and make sure that your feaklngt
Bsowd&s* is not mado from alum*
Slave Liberation ruder CoiiwHIulIoii.
1. Ik it not true that the negroes
were not freed tiecbrdlrig to the ?'.In?
stitution miti 1 the vote was taken on
it after the war','
'1. 1h it not true that the Primitive
Baptist ami Hard-Shell Baptist are
one und the same? \V. 15.
I; Strictly ?speaking, yes. The eman?
cipation of flu? slaves was an act of
military necessity ordered liy Prhsldehi
Lincoln In his capacity an commander-?
in-chief of the army, The post-bellum
a mend men t really gave constitutional
und permanent force to the liberation
Of the slaves.
Yes.
Oath or HlppncrntcH.
What was the famous oath of Hippo?
crates, the physician?
The oath of llipipocratcs, long the
pattern of a physician's obligation, ran
as follows:
"I swear by Apollo, the physician,
and Ascleplus, and I crill tly go inland
Panacea and all the gods to u'Wjfo-ss
that to the best of my power and
judgment the solemn vow which j now
make I will honor as my father the
master who taught me the nrl of medi?
cine; his children I will consider as rny
brothers, and teach them my profes?
sion without fee or reward. I will ad?
mit to thy lectures and discourses hiy
own sons, my master's Sons and those
pupils who have, taken the medical
unth; i.ut no oho else, l will prescribe
HUch medicines as may he the best
suited to the cases of my patients, ae
cordiilg to the Pest of my knowledge;
ami no tcniptntlon shall ever induce
it:'- t'i nd ml ulster poison, i will re?
ligiously maintain the purity <>i" niy
character and the honor of my urt.
Into whatever house I enter, I will en?
ter It with the solo view of relieving
tlio sick and conduct myself with
propriety toward all the members of
ihn family. if during my attendance
1 hear anything that should not he re?
vealed, 1 will krej? it a profound secret.
If I observe thin oath, may 1 have suc?
cess in this life, and may I obtain gen?
era! esteem after it. if j break It, may
tin. contrary bo my lot."
Height of Lookout Mountain.
Kindly tell me the height of Look?
out Mountain at. Chattanooga, Tcnii.7
.', HI! nSCRlBKH,
Two thousand and three hundred
feet.
I >r no in I lint ion a I fluent |ou.
iL Which. Is the oldest religious s'-ct:
Methodist, Hapttsi or Presbyterian?
L'. Woe Anne Hutchinson and itogcr
Williams HaptlatsV
L The Presbyterian.
?2. Y e s .
?V I,A MARO, DISK IJI3 l'(t\Ti;\() V. ,
TO-MORROW being Palm Sunday,
the Barons Bresca will, In ac- 1
cordance with time honored i
custom, exorcise the privilege
granted to their ancestor over three i
hundred years ago, of furnishing palms i
to tho Vatican, the adjoining latho- j
dral of St. Peter, and all the other
Basilicas and churches in Homo, for '
distribution lo Catholics after eonsei I
erat Ion, This monopoly, of pontlfi- j
cat origin, has remained in existence,
without being in any way impaired by j
the altered fortunes of the church, nor 1
yet by the Papacy's, deprlval of Its '
temporal sovereignty.
The clrcumstnnce.H of Its grant by
Sixtus V. are curious. It was ritiring
his reign that the immense Egyptian
obelisk, which now figures in the j
centre of the square In front of St. j
Peter's, was erected, by the primitive'
expedient of hauling it Into a vortical
position by means of ropes. As it was j
feared that the .slightest sound might
distract the workmen and bring about
an accident, a Papal edict was issued
forbidding any one to speak under the
pain of doath. Thq work of hauling
the heavy monument Into position,
therefore, went on in perfect silence, in
the presence of Pope Sixtus, of the
dignitaries of his court, and of an
immense crowd. Hut in spite of the
efforts of the workmen, the ropes,
though stretched to the breaking point,
refused to act on the pulleys. Seeing
the danger, a Cgnoeso sailor named
Bresca, forgetting the edict, shouted:
"Wet. the ropes, you fools'. Wet the
ropes!" Water was brought, ami the
ropes when wet quickly brought tint
obelisk into place. Bresca had been
seized by the guards for disobeying
the command of silence. But instead
Of being put. to death, ho received from
Pope Sixtus V., for himself and his
descendants In perpetuity, the mono?
poly of furnishing all the palms used in
the Roman churches on Palm Sunday.
King George will. I hoar, take ad?
vantage of his visit will: Queen Mary
to India next December to bestow the
(Uder of the Kalsr-l-HInd upon several
Americans: not as a reward for their
efforts at pronely tiam among his Indian
subjects, but in recognition of the
courage and devotion to the cause of
humanity which' they have displayed
III connection with the plague, which
still causes many tens of thousands of
deaths every week in the Indian Em?
pire. The average number of deaths
per week from the plague alone Is In
the neighborhood of r.o.ooo. yet. In
spite of this appalling mortality, it is
already known that the census taken
on Sunday last throughout the length1
and breadth of the dominions of King
George will show an increase of over
12,000,000 in India alone since the last
counting of the people, just a decade
ago.
Tho work done by these American
missionarlos in the way of medical at?
tention and education Is beyond all
praise, and In ono of the last speeches
delivered by T.ord Harris before com?
pleting his term an Governor of the
Presidency of Bombay, which had a
population of over n0.r?00.0i*io. there was
I an eloquent tribute to the American
missions. "Our gratitude towards
I tiicse American missions has been pil?
ing up arid piling tin for the last, hun?
dred years." And he went on to ex?
press to the President of the United
States, "the most grateful thanks of
I he government of Bombay for the as?
sistance which the American people
are rendering in pushing forward the
cause of education in India." It Is the
fact that throughout the past cen?
tury American missionaries have been
! foremost In civilizing the people of
British India, .since A don I ram Judson
I wont out to Soramporo and Burma,
I and Hall and Molt, driven from Cal?
cutta, were welcomed by Sir 13van Xe
pean, Governor of Bombay, In 1812. At
least" two American missionaries have
I already the Kaisr-I-Ilind Order. Queen
! Victoria bestowed It upon the Rov. Dr.
Illume, who ryus stationed at Ahmod
nagr, on tho. recommendation of her
viceroy. Bord Curzon. and King Ed?
ward likewise conferred It upon an
American missionary, whose name does
not at the. moment occur to me.
Sir Reginald Pole On row. who made
Hitch a bitter attack on his brother
general, Sir Jan ITa.mllton, the other
dax in tho Houho of Commons, charg
Inj; i11xii with fligntlneas arid unreli?
ability In hin statement-;-, arid accusing
Mm of servility in writing a book ripr
proving Lord llaldarie'a ntternpta to
reorganize tlx; British iirriiy, is an ex?
tremely good-looking man, who served
with a good deal of distinction during
tin: South African War, and married
one of the most beautiful women m
English society, Lady Heutrlce Uutlcr,
eldest daughier of the Marquis uf
Ormonde, 't in- latter Is known oil this
side of the water as the Co mm.>r< of
England's premier yachting organiza?
tion, tin? Hoyel Yacht Squadron, be?
sides which, he is hereditary chief
butler to the crown in Ireland.
Sir Reginald represents the younger
lino of linn ancient house of ?: .
sir Henry Ca row of Haccombc, in Oe^
von, Is the chief. The Ca rows are one
of tin- very few fatuities now remain?
ing that can trace tholr descent with?
out Interruptloh from the Anglo-Saxon
period of English history, the founder
of their house having been Ot ho, a
powerful English baron at the tithe of
Edward the Confessor. Haccombu,
which figures In Doomsday Hook as be?
longing to tin! Courtney's, came into
the Carew family through Hie marrl
itge of Joan, daughter and heiress of
Sir Hiigh Courtney, to Sic Nicholas
Carew. the direct ancestor of sir Henry
Carew, the present chief of the family,
and father of Alexander Carew, who
founded the Carew Antony line, now
rep .-??sent e., by General Sir Reginald
Pole Carew*.
It is said that Sir Nicholas Ctrirew
won both his bride and her inheritance
by his fulfilment of the wager that lie
Would swim his horse a mile out to
sen, in Tor Hay, and hack again. In
memory of the feat, he nailed the four
iron horseshoes worn by the horse
to tile great oaken door of the quaint
old church adjoining the Manor House,
and two of the .shoes remain Intact to
this day, as well as the rusted rem?
nants of the other two, still fastened
to the door to which they were nailed
more than f>00 years ago.
Sir Henry likewise enjoys, a.i the
owner of the Manor of Hnccombc, ex?
emption from all taxation and customs
duties, by virtue of a royal grant to
John Carew, who was commander of
too army sent to Italy by Klug Henry
VIII., and by his ally. Klug Francis I.
of Prance, to rescue Popo Clem en i VI1.
from the prison, into which he had
been thrown by Kmporor Charles V.
of Gormany. One of General Sir
1 Reginald Pole Carow's sisters, Caro?
line Pole. Carew, married some fifteen
years ago Francis William D?ring of
Bdston.
The general's name. Is pronounced as
If spelled ''Pool-Carey," and It In
thoroughly in keeping with t'::e lopsy
turveydom of things in England, whore
names tiro concerned, that the" well
known Carey family in Devonshire,
should pronounce its name as if writ
i ten "Carew."
I Sir Reginald is. strictly speaking,
a Carow through the female lint!, and
though the sole representative of the
Ca rows of Antony in Cornwall, is by
lineage a member of the Devonshire
house of Pole, which plays so great a
rolo in the history of England. Por
Sir .lohn Curew of Antony left no sons,
1 but only daughters, the eldest of
I whom. Jane Carew. tphcrited Antony
j and Hie family estates, and hequeath
I od them lo her grandson, Reuinnld
! Pole, who assumed the name and the
arms '?f lli/> Carew family, in addition
I lo his own. on succeeding to Antony,
j Ho was Secretary of State for the
I Homo Department in the Pitt admin?
istration during the reign of Georgs
11T.. and General Sir Reginald Pole
Carew is his great-grandson.
(Copyright, ion. by the Broniwood
Company.)
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