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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, April 21, 1911, Image 4

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DAILY?WEEKLY?SUNDAY.
Buslners Office..?18 13. MalD Slreot
j Couth Richmond.1020 Hull Streot
iJPetorsburg Bureau....109 IN-. Sycamore Street
'jLycchburg Bureau.....215 Eighth Street
BY MAIL. Ono Six Tare* Od?
POSTAGE l'AID Tear. Moi. Mos. Mo.
,Pally with Sunday.jo 00 JS.00 Ji.io .05
.Dally without Sunday. 4.CO 2.00 1.00 .SS
Sundny edition only.2.00 1.00 .tu .21
.Weekly (Wednesday). 1.00 .60 .16 .?
B7 Timss-Dtspatch Carrier Delivery Ser?
vice In lltchmond (and suburbs) and Peters?
burg?.
Ona Week.
Dally with Sundsy.16 cents
Dally without Sunday.10 cents
Sunday only.6 cents
Entered January 27, 1?05, at Richmond. Vs.,
fir e-eccnd-rlass mntter under act of Con?
gress of March 3, 1ST?.
FRIDAY, APRIL 21, 1911.
BRY AN STH.I, AFTER MARTI X.
William Jennings Bryan continues In
Ms pajv-r. The Commoner, this week
his attaiSt upon Senator Martin, of
Virginia, and urges the people ot this
State to retiro him from the Senate,
because, as he alleges. Mr. Martin Is
a machine politician of tho Aldrleh
brand, without the ability ot Aldrleh.
That is to say, air. Martin is not a
machine politician of tho Bryan brand,
and. therefore, is not. acceptable to
Bryan. Defeated in his livipudehr,
not to say Infamous, attempt to defeat
Mr. Martin for minority leader of the
Eonalo at Wa!sii.ngtoh, Mr. Bryan has
determined to "carry the war Into Af?
rica," and calls upon tlie people of
Virginia to Join him In his most out?
rageous crusade against the Senior
tsinator from this Stato.
We much mistake tho people of Vir?
ginia, whatever their personal feeling
towards Mr. Martin and their opposi?
tion to him In previous campaigns, if
they do not resent this attempt of the
Nobraskan to interfere with the purely
local affairs of the Democracy of Vir?
ginia. Their own self-respect, then
proved ability to manage their own
affairs, their distrust of the thorough?
ly dlf credited -'leader" who has led
them for fifteen years only to defeat.
Should make them say to this trouble:
nnker that they need neither his coun?
sel from n di.-tance nor his presence
among them.
There was never anything more Im?
pudent or disgraceful than Mr. Bryan's
nttcmp: to compel the organization of
the Democratic minority of the Senate
in his own interest. He was defeated
there, as he will be wherever lie shall j
strive to butler 1:1s own bread at the
expense of the party. The Democrats
who voted against Mr. Martin for mi?
nority leader of tlie Senate have since
expressed their entire approval of his
course since hi? election, of his fair
play to those who were opposed to
him at tho dictation of Mr. Bryaii, and
there will be, as there ought to he,
wide denunciation of his present ef?
fort to boss Virginia.
As for the comparison of Mr. Martin
to Mr. Aldrleh, it can be, and will be
shown. doubtless, before the campaign
in Virginia is over that Mr. Bryan
has been as unfair in this as lie has
been in so many of his other ventures .
into politics, and always for his own i
lienetil. As for Martin's "ability- as]
compared with that of Aldrleh. there .
Is little to say except that Martin is
mill a poor man, having devoted his '
"ability" to the service of his State;
and not to the promotion of "the in?
terests." It might very well be added
that Martin has beer, so busy discharg?
ing the legitimate functions of his of?
fice that he has hot bad the time to
use his mouth for the benefit of his
own pocket, :in;l Hint he has nol sought
to build pp '.a. jn.-i'ohino which might
assist him 10 larger national Import?
ance.
't lilt MI'IIA.VI- IX '! v/.i;\\ KM..
Score another point In the good
roads campaign for Southwest Vir?
ginia. Tazewell county gave tho pro?
posed (6-5,000 good roads bond issue tt
majority of Mil out of 1,310 total votes
<;ist In the election on Tuesday. Only
two precincts failed to give a ma?
jority for the bond issue, and In one
of these the majority was only one
on the rhili - bund Issue aide. In sev?
eral of the precincts, no vote was cast
against the bond Issue.
That I." a - bully" showing for Thxc
ivell. p was accomplished?this ma?
jority of S?4?against organized and
determined opposition, Things looked
rather unpromising for awhile, but 11,.
good road.-> advocates were undaunted,
und carried the day. six hundred and
twenty-H-.e thousand dollar* is a large
.Hum for a county to expend on a iilrijjln
object. But ihe people of Ta-iowtdl art
full of that progressive spirit that
makes a comity gnat and makes 11
grow, and they had the courage t>.
>ad view of to, proposition
ike
i-.nd to. back ii up with then votes
"Watch Tazeweli Crow'," Is the ad?
monition of .-. correspondent froni thai
county, but it t:. a Lit superfluous An.
county that will spend that much
money on good riiadS Is obliged to
grow?it can't help It?U ilcoiif 1.1
Matching, because 1 othinc can stop lt.:
growth.
Three things curried |ho blind issui!
5irTazewell: ihr efforts its proiircs
fdvo citizens, the Unswerving , ,?|
Bistent support of the pres4, and ihor
ritigh organization on ihe pari ,,f th,
irood rbftds advocates. These ihrer
factors w hen combined will .air:. .
hond issue any where, such a joinini
of forces is Irresistible.
Xor is it out of place here to rota
Ttient oh the superb vvorkifor good road
done, by tin TaxeweB Repilidlean .10
the Clinch Valley News, |,?th publishe
in Tniewell. Tiny gave column upoi
column of their spaoi to the ailvjcac
of the bond Issue nnd kept up heav
firing that resulted In victory. With
out their powerful support, tho duy
might Jrve boon lost. They never lot
up. They sot an example to other
newspapers in Virginia counties strug?
gling for good roods?the example of
keeping everlastingly .it It.
Ono of li.. newspapers Is Demo?
cratic, and the other Is Republican.
Yet both joined bands and hewed with
Joint, might and main for good roads,
a great public reform, which no party
can claim. The lssuP Is non-partisan,
for It affects equally the whole people
of the community. As It was In Ta/.o
w.ll, so It Bhould bo elsewhere?Re?
publicans and Democrats putting their
beads together and pulling in tho same
yoke for good roads.
TazewoU's example Is Inspiring.
Cannot some of the counties outside
of Southwest Virginia gather renewed
courage and visor from thinking on
Tar.cwcll and the fight that was made
there? Shall It be said that the only
progressive counties In the State are
hereafter to bo within tho confines of
I ho Southwest?
l.NCt IJATORS AXD IXSUltAXCE.
Are you raising chickens by the in?
cubator method? Is your property In?
sured in any lire insurance company?
Do you keep your Incubator In the
parlor, in tho kitchen, or have you a
special house built for it separate from
your residence? Have you ever thought
about the risk you are running by j
keeping rtti incubator in your parlor or
your kitchen? We have Just been told
that there is great activity among the
chicken raisers of Virginia, nnd that
the rate of Insurance Is from one
quarter to ono-half of one per cent,
higher to those who work Incubators
In their residences than to those who
insure ihclr property without Insuring
their Incubator. Wo are also Informed
that the man who Insures his house
nnd nftorwnrds establishes an incu?
bator In It without Informing tho In?
surance company, runs the risk In case
ot fire of losing his entire Insurance.
This Is nn Important matter for
those who hnve protected their prop?
erty against fire and It Is worth while |
considering. Of course, It is hoped
that the chicken raising Industry will
go right ahead, hut It would be well
for persons who have insured their
property and who contract the Incu?
bator habit to consult their agents lie
fore Installing the Incubators In their
parlors or bedrooms or kitchens. A
st Itch in time saves nine.
THE SONG OF TUR SOUTH.
Captain ,T. F. Merry will retire from
the service ot the Illinois Central Hall
road In duly. He has been connected
with It for thirty years, and h;V"S de?
voted a great deal of his thought and
service to the material development of
the South. It If not the same, thing
now that It was when he began his i
work. There was not much promise
In this Held many persons thought ?
thirty years ago. hilt during thai
period, the life of a generation, no 1
equal area on the face of the globe
has in all the annals accomplished so
much of substantial achievement
against so many apparently In?
surmountable obstacles as the South.
Captain Merry has paid a very
just tribute to the Baltimore Manu?
facturers' Record for its work In this
Held, and this has Incited our con?
temporary to a reminiscent mood.
When Capia n Merry started with ?.
the Illinois central Railroad, a great j
transportation system with Which we.
in this part of the South have no'
direct relations, the value of the fnrmj
products of tlie South amounted id
|CG0,00O,0C0, the yiiliie of Its factory j
products to J (?S,000,000, the value of j
its mine products to i 121000.000, and!
the value of Us forest products iol
^39.000,000, making a total of $1.10?.-!
000,006. At that time $21,000.000 was
invested in cotton mills anil J3.SOO.OOoj
in oil mines. The value of the export
railroad, then aggregated $26".,000,000. I
'i'!,.- deposits in its banks amounted to
less Ihlih j't 60.000,000, ami its total ;
wealth was estimated n t $7i505,0?O;?OOi
There has hem ah enormous growth
sin...- that fur away lime. In thirty
yehj-s (he factories of the South have j
Increased the value of their output!
from $ I ?"?Senn..i to $2.090,000,000. Ilsj
farm ' products have Increase'! In |
value, from iOtiO.OOO.OOl) t<. $2,1500,000.000,,
The Increase in Hie value of its lor- j
eist products measures the uifTerchce
c>te,| in South!
fourteen I inn s
as in 1880, In:
no tons of pin
? Plain Miri:- be
is mil' h (ti thirl
r. et more t
tilt country in
gcneriitloii1
the. South 1
?ue! the Wealth of the South Is now
|22,0OO,IIOO.vOO as compared j With ('?,?
,'i0r>,6oo.otio thirty yenrs ago in ;>;,
000,000 more than tin- wealth of in,.
whole country! lifty ysars ago.
Vet the South ha.? only smarted: 'ihn
rest of ihr world is beginning to Up.
'preelntc the' Inexhaustible resources of
? this pi?rt of the country, it country
I which bus been made great by its own
people in their own strength. rur n
the dOuigiiH of our eointucior* in the
w.ii tli.it was fought ?half a century
ago had been carried "ut. iiihiuad of
tills marvelous emptro of Industrial
and commercial grcntnoss the South
would have been converted ' Into a
wilderness. This, however. Is a Jar?
ring note in the "hallelujah chorus"
now resounding' from the Capes of
Delaware to the Gulf of .Mexico.
. Two days ago the lion. Franklin
MacVeagh. Secretary of the Treasury,
pleaded in an address to the South
Carolina Bankers' Association for some
sort of bl-party arrangement in South?
ern politics. We agree with him on
the gcnernl proposition, but wc had
two parties In the South more Ihnn
thirty years ago and the plan did not
really work out to our material or
soclai hcnellt. Wo should welcome two
parties now If they could ho organ?
ized nn<i conducted so that the wel?
fare of the pooplo would not suffer,
whichever gained the ascendancy.
Nothing wits ever gained for the South
In ll commercial and Industrial way
until the white people of the South
became united in the management ofj
their political affairs. If we could;
only get rid of tho one perplexing |
problem with which we have been com?
pelled to deal all those years, the J
situation might be so changed as to
justify a division among us on so- |
called "broad" political issues.
This, however, as we hnve snld. Is t
not germane to the present subject j
which la simply to again cxall the horn I
of the South.1 There is room enough ;
nod opportunity enough in this great i
region, upon which the sunshine of
God's favor rests, for all worthy peo?
ple; whether they come ' from .New
England or tho West, or from beyond
the seas, to share In the really un?
touched riches of this rich laud
which far outshine "the wealth of
Ormus and of Ind"!
Til 13 SEVENTH OX PA?AUK.
There was a memorial parade of the!
famous New York Seventh Regiment \
in the Metropolis on Wednesday which
recalled to The World "conditions of
public sentiment nt the time which are.
not u subject for civic pride to-day":
New York's sympathies with the South,
measured by the number of cotton
bales in Its warehouses, and the South?
ern planters at Suratoga and in Broad?
way hotels. NcXv York then "took no (
stock in academic theories concerning I
the abolition of an institution of which]
these were concreto products." The ?
project of a Mayor of New York when J
Suinter was tired on to organize an
independent State "vividly Illustrates
the sentiment o? the lime," and al?
though "it required more than the
Seventh's march down Broadway to
galvanize the city's patriotism Into
life, its Inlluencc to that end gives a
special significance to its anniversary
celebration." For I lie Seventh Was
"the lirst of local military organiza?
tions to depart tor the defense of the
Capital, and its match ill lighting
dress past the crowds probably did
more than any Illing else to arouse the
city's dormant patriotism" It really
?IUI not "galvanise the city's patriot?
ism into life:" but "it did more than
anything else to arouse the city's dor?
mant patriotism," which is, generally
speaking, very nearly the same thing,
the dilfercncc in this ease being the
difference between "arousing" and
"galvanizing."
We "dlsreinember" whether the
Seventh ever got u> the Capita! or not,
but thai is not very important so long
as it can hold on 10 the "prestige" ll
gained by "being tlie- lirst of local
military organizations to depart for
the defense of the Capital.'.' That ap?
pears to have been the beginning find
I he end ill its service to the country,
and now it has had a memorial day,
and has got its name In The World,
which does not seem to know. On oc?
casions', thai the war is over and that
flavor} has been abolished.
Ii?. MAXXlXfi SI MUX'S.
Manning Simons. M. IX, otic bf the
most distinguished physicians Ithd sur?
geons In tlie South, well known to the
faculty In Richmond ami a frequent
visitor to this town, died Suddenly at
In-- home in Charleston. South Carolina,
Tuesday night. There will be gen?
eral and sincere regret among profes?
sional men all over the South; for lie
hold very high rank among the first
of his calling and adorned his profes?
sion by honorable achievement, faithful
service and Unblemished character.
For fori} years a teacher In the !
Medical College of tho State of South!
Carolina, and hi the time of his death
and for many years Professor of Sur?
gery and GynceOlogy, member of the I
American Medical Association and,
having held al times the ofllco of presi?
dent of the Southern Surgical and
Gynecological Associa: Ion. of the South
Car..III.a Medical Assoolnllon, till '?
Houth Carolina Medical Society and a
incmbei likewise of a number of other
medical bodies, he lihd ilttnllicd by
the simple force iif his high character j
and wide learning many of the .most j
coveted places in his vocation. II.
was especially distinguished lor his
skill in surgery, ami lor the dilllcult
operations be had performed and his:
v. ritten contributions to the science
in which he. was: a leader.
For fortv-iwo years he had followed
the healing art simollg his own people,
an I in ili. town where be was born.
al:.I to all alike, lite p.ml a:- well at
the licli, bis pi i . n>-i- waa a bciie
1 .11 (lop Kvor.vhbdt knew him rind
:everyhod,\ trusted him. Following the
I '-sample of tin- 11real I'hyi'lclnn, Jii
j went about doing good continually l>
j lb. .n.i .,f nia days. Forty yearn Is
la Ions; period and forty years filled
with service to tin- poor and Hick and
! afflicted, day and night, rummer and
winter, in storm and I'hin -nid hun
I elilnti most bring wtlh it npl only (he
< onlldenee and alfecflOn ill one's nolgli
! bors, but (in- biesalug of c.d Almighty,
l?r. Simon- waa In hi. sIMv-llflli
year, and at Hie very Kvnlltjj or his
I .power:?. Me was not only ulrtcl In bis
I al l, but he wan a moat chlll'inlng
I companion, strong with the Btrongth
I <>t well-grounded convlctlono upon ull
questions of social and civic duty and
| responsibility, and true as steel to
Die highest a??i the best In prlvuto
living and in public thinking. At tho
1 hour of his tleulh the physicians ot
the State, attending tjio annual con?
vention of the South Carolina Medical
Association in session at Charleston,
wero being entertained at too resi?
lience of Dr. R. S. Cathcart, ono of Dr.
Slmons's former students, and when 11
was told that ho had died, as the sim?
ple account in tho News and Courier
relates, "inon whispered 11 to ono an?
other, and, in touching tribute to the
memory of ono so highly honored, one
by one. silently, and without exces?
sive use of words, hade their host good
night."
JAMI3S M. W?I.IjIAMS.
General regret Is felt by tlie nows
paper fraternity of Virginia, as well as
i by the people of Roanokc, that James
M. Williams, one of the editors of
the Roanoke World, lias 'passed over
the Great Divide into tho "undiscov?
ered country." His was a virile pen
and tlie work tlicit he did lives after
him. Kor many years an editor, he
helped mightily in advancing Ihe In?
terests anil progress of Roanoke,
ivnerc his life was spent. Ill but a
few days, he did not have the requlslto
strength to wnrd off the Grim Reaper,
yet In the. midst of his suffering and
feebleness, his Indomitable courage
and unflagging devotion to duly was
manifest when he strove to arise from
his bed, nnd tried to go back to Roa?
nokc and report for duty. Ills forty
two years were spent In service, and
he was just In tho maturity of his
powers when o\'er tho Invisible jviro
came the final, "SO."
"Why make -gome of Smith?" asks
tlie Colunihla State. Who's making
game of Smith? Why should what
Sam Blytho writes be called "slush?"
It may be and often Is: but -why use
such Cole Bleasc language in describ?
ing It? Why should the newspapers
which have printed his "slush" about
Smith be. spoken of as /'conduits?"
What newspapers does the State mean?
Resides, why should Smith be spoken
of in tills damnatory way: ".Such pow?
ers of speech as he has?" Itooray for
Smith! We know who elected him.
nnd why.v That was the time when
Smith was really good game.
The Montgomery Advertiser has got?
ten Into a bitter feud with the Dothau
Fugle about, the proper uso of tho
words "learn" and "teach " If It will
permit outside Interference, we would
suggest that it should do both..
"But thinking that it was merely a
delinquent subscriber, we kept on with
our work for several minutes." Tills Is
the first instance in the history ot
journalism where a country editor paid
no attention to a man who wanted to
"pay up." Of course, it happened in
the olllco of the Oral.go Observer, and
Sister Robinson must' have been thlnk
of the Ctoplnn lines of Kipling. "And
no one shall work for money and no
one shall work for lame."
Have you finished planting corn
yet?" inquires tlie Orange Observer,
Just as If In Orange the people piant
corn, instead of the corn planting the
people.
It is proposed to mukc a second at?
tack on the old battleship "Texas"
next Monday by a flotilla of torpedo
boats and a monitor. The plan now
is to try to finish the old ship with
torpedoes, the tire from the new bat?
tleship having rendered her so helpless
that almost any sort of craft can ap?
proach her with safety. If Phillips
had only been on board, not one of
them would have attacked tho "Texas,"
which explains th>- difference between
shooting at a mark and shooting at
something that could not shoot uack.
President Taft would probably size
up tho situation in Mexico it lie would
sign a dispatch to both Federals and
Insurrectos like ibis: "Von musn't
play In our back yard."
We suppose that Mr. Bryan would
admit, if placed in the?witness box; j
that tlie "price of a soul" depends
upon whether it sits Mi the orchestra,
tlie family circle, .? box or tho gallery.
I Voice of the People |
? toads i'im Monument*!. *"
To the Kdltor of The Timos-Dispatch:
Sir, ? In past ages the Idea of
perpetuating Ihe names and achieve?
ments of king-, warriors, statesmen
and philosophers expressed Itself in
statues "f. bron.'.(! or sculptured mar?
ble; oi- in arch, column or pyramid.
Mint al must could only appeal lo the
aesthetic or the sentimental In man:
KtlrrlngV the emotions ami awakening
feelings "( patriotism in the human
he.arl. thin indirectly affecting Ihe
In ogre* welfare anil development of
mankind.
In more roconi limes this idea has
expressed Itsell in memorial churches,
horpitiils, museums and institutes. In
loiiiU.il l.. promote the health, Intelli?
gence und moral interests ol" the peo
Ule? ii i.1111i111 [on of the sentimental
and iitillt.-irliiii phases ?f national life, j
Now, In III- beginning of Uila new |
century, we have another und more,
priictlcuI dovi lopmoiit of the memorial 1
idea; more in accord with tho prevail- i
Rig si h i; ol iin HiriOH. which may bo
Characterize.I -(be locomotive 1
Sl-lilt,! Ho- deslt-o for easy, pleasant
ami rapid change of ?|aec, as manifest?
ed In our i,.-cycles, automobiles.
'cannon-i.iili" trains, ami airships,
liayeiBiiu: it,. ..,,11, or cleaving tho
sky ai Ho- rule of sixty to a hundred
miles au hour.
The good j-ouiiH movement, now so
laplilly Inking hojd upon pur people,
mid a waki-niui mich widespread on
? huiiii., |.< outgrowth from this
M'lrit.ii in rio longer sntlslicd
w,'t.n M ? i muddy, ungraded lil'gli
' thai Her\fd Ihelr purposes before. |
Ihn advent ,.f our modern rs-'-* transit,
devices, when ihe movements of all
"" 11 were i.r-Ksarllv slow, and one
ilian or community had little advan?
tage o-. -i aiiothen- in n,o matter of
locoiiioi ion
"?" ' "ill,.., and more oSrpeditlOhs
'??'? '?I 1''? I tor i ho farmer, count i v
[''crehiuii and loiirUrl are demanded.
'.";?] "'. .? be aide to keep pace
V-'Mi Iho rapid movement of tho worin
them, mid thai they may have
' ?"d rapid , ommiiiileutidn with.
I and access to. thu railroads, that have
now bccomo tho vital arteries of our
business life.
In the building of those modern high?
ways thcro may bo a happy blending
of tho sentimoutul and the utilitarian:
for, despite the-rush and tumult of thin
husy, mntorlulistlc, commercial life,
thoro Is still deeper down In tho souls
?>f the people much of tho spirit of the
lorincr ngen; its witness tho widespread
protest against tho recently proposed
desecration of thu sacred precincts of
the home and tomb of Washington.
This blending of the two spirits maul
tests Itself In the propositions, no fro
qucnt nowadays, of building highways
to fucilltnlo access to noted historic,
places, or to commemorate ij?e services
of some noted warrior. patriot or
statesman, or of some intrepid pionoor
who periled his life and endured every
hardship to open up tho paths of
civilization Into the vast wildernesses
of our Western-world.
Tho proposition has been advanced
that tho life and services of Abraham
Lincoln bo commemorated by con?
structing a national boulevard from
the city of Washington, where ho died
n martyr for his services, to the nation,
to tho battlefield of Gettysburg, where.i
ho uttered Unit unsurpassed eulogium
of tho tno^l who died there, "Hint gov- |
ornmont of the people, for tho people,
und by tho people might not perish
from the earth." ? A far grander and {
nobler monument this, than' the $3,000,
000 memorial proposed to lie built at
the national capital, whatever form
that may ultimately take. Call it the
"Lincoln Boulevard," und thousands
Mill bless, the wisdom that devised and
the liberality that executed It; so hnp
r-ily blending the utilitarian, tho pat?
riotic and the sentimental In one grand
and enduring Work.
Then again, a magnificent highway
from tho nation's capital to that of
iho Confederacy, along tlfut historic
.stretch of country over which wrestled
the Armies of the Potomac, and North?
ern Virginia; touching Mount Vornon,
und as many of the great battlefields
as possible, and bearing in Its dif?
ferent sections the names of great ue
I tors In that tremendous drama, such as
are deemed worthy of Virginia's and
the notion's honors, Would form for
them the noblest, because the most use?
ful, of nil monuments.
The great thoroughfare now proposed
between Richmond and Norfolk, by
why of Wllllutnsburg, .Inmcslowii.
Newport News and Hampton. could
likewise, in nn different parts, be made
to commemorate some of our great Vir?
ginians Unit have merited the enduring
gratitude of futuro generations. Like?
wise that proposed between Norfolk
und Petersburg; or that along the his?
toric Shonandoah and Valley of Vir?
ginia, made famous forever by Ashbv
and .Jackson. Early and Sheridan.
It has recently been said Ihnl thorn
l>: it movement afoot In Kentucky to
construct a great highway front Cum?
berland Gap. where Boono first en?
tered tho State, to Boonshoro. which
ho founded on the banks of the river
that tgnvo the Stale Its name, to he
called the Hantel Hooue Boulevard, in
honor of that Intrepid pioneer who led
the vanguard of civilization Into the
dark and bloody ground along this
historic route, and over which poured
for n whole century the stream of cml
gintlon that built up the mighty em?
pire of the Central West.
The blind Homer lias tho "Iliad" for
Ills monument: tho blind Milton the
Paradise l.osi"; but the blind old
Applus Claudius has, to keep his name
ui everlasting remembrance, the mag?
nificent Applnn Way, trodden hv the
Aposlle Paul, by triumphal processions
of llomnii conquerors, bv kings and
Potentates, by the thronging multi?
tudes of Home. Capua. Heneventum and
Brundlstum; by the hosts of medieval
and modern conquerors; by prince and
peasant, for two and a quarter mil?
lenniums, down to tho present lime,
nnd yel existent as one of th" noblest
mid most Useful monuments ever con?
structed by. the wealth and power of
the ancient world. Shall \v.; build our
monuments as wlsolv and as well"
<'? V. CHAPMAN.
The Horse Holding tin.
l'o the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: I
Sir,?Hi your editorial. Issue April '
11. ''Future of the Horse," we note you
say that careful investigation shows 1
j that about 70 per cent, of the auto?
mobiles now operated are used for
j business purposes, and while voii ex
I press your confidence In the security
I of the position of our old friend (In '
which we agree\ most heartily), we '
feel sure that whoever gave you these
figures Is mistaken, unless some won?
derful stimulus that we can't sec has
In recent years been given the useful?
ness of ihe horse- that offsets to such
a degree any inroads the automobile
may have made and lenves such a bal?
ance In favor of the horse-drawn ve?
hicles.
it would be n reasonable conclusion,
were your ligures correct, that any and
all business looking to the care and !
eqnlpmcnt of the horse would have !
suffered. The reverse Is true. We I
mnke the statement that harness, etc.. 1
is being sold in Increasing quantities :
from year to year, and from actttnl i
experience give you some figures to
prove this: statement as affecting our j
business:
In IflOfl we shipped ] 3.4 46 sets oft
harness; in IfU?, we shipped 17,'.'OD I
sets of harness; for the first three i
months of this year wo shipped c.:il0 '
sets of harness; Increase over the lirsl
three months in last year, 2,i>\.: sets
of harness.
This experience is not peculiar to
ourselves, but is shared by our friends
nnd competitors nil over tho country
as far as we can learn. Then. loo. the
year book Issued by the United Stales j
government shows the value of Hie
horse to have more than doubled dur?
ing the past very few years.
Krotn personal observation we have
founil the automobile to bo a desirable
thing to possess, bringing to the owner
In most cases much pleasure ami
benefits. AL the. same time nuy one
?who has over driven a car knows It
to be an expensive proposition, and
not the thing to be owned by one who
must make every dollar count.
\Vc bellcvn the automobile Is a nice
Ihlng to own and Is with us to stay,
but we think It u long cry to that
point In their development where the.
position of Hie horse will be Seriously
threatened?certainly In the world of
business. In the face of facts like these
ll appears to us that you have un?
willingly done our ancient friend an
Injustice, and we believe a further
loot: 1 tig over your hand will provo the !
correctness of our observation. !
.1. T. PA LMATOR Y. I
Richmond. April -'0.
The Sprlner . Chorus of the Progs. |
The sunlight is sinking, and shadows
creep
Upon the marshes pondy deep.
And Ihe frogs am singing for rain:
Anil they solemnly blink, as they sit
and wink
And piously pray for rain.
In the solitude, with a grand prelude.
They sing to this refrain:
??ves. yes. yes!" the tenors chnunt,
With a tuneful catch from their reedy
haunt,
We need some rain right soon. ,
And the big bullfrog on his rotten log
Hells like a swce.t bassoon.
The stars shine, out. 'and bats a-wlng
Squeak niousily with n weird sw|ng.
And tho sedges are sighing for rain; ,
And the nightly voices, with Mo re?
joices?
For music Is halm for pain.
In the sollt tide, with a grand prelude,
They sing to ibis refrain:
"Dry dry. dry!" the Ironies begin
With n fanciful flourish of violin.
To the flute and soft oboe.
And th0 basses boom in Hie gathering
gloom ? ,..
"Ah. no! nh, no! ah, no.
With ihe footlights of heaven reflected
below .
Tho orchestra boa ves oral orl_o. v .
And (he chorus Is calling foi tain
'with a wond'rous attack, and phrasing
no lack
Tbev sing It over again.
In the solitude, with a grand prelude,
They sing tho same refrain:
"Von. you, you!" In harmony sweet,
With "the heavenly hautboy's musical
beul,
The nnsro drums rattle amain.
In ihe solitude, with tl- grand prelude.
The frogs lira singing for. rnln,
HD.MOND FONTAINE.
Chaiiollcsvlllc, Vit., 1910.
Daily Queries and Answers
Hook Agency,
J. Wliorn should I consult as to be?
coming- a book agent?
2. How old was Goorgo "Washington
when he died? W.
1. You can llnd advertisement for
agents in; the newspapers and maga?
zines.
2. Sixty-seven.
lint Agency.
Will you Obligo nn old subscriber
by letting ino know the name und ad?
dress ot ?? hat agency In TUchmond;
if severdl merchants handle thC3c hats
give me two or three.
M. E. BUCHANAN.
Send us self-addressed postal for re?
ply. Mention of makes of hats or ot
local dealers In this column is not per?
missible.
With Gloves.
Wliul poetic sentiment would be ap?
propriate to send to a young woman
with a pair of gloves as a birthday
pr?sent? I*. 15.
The following from tho writings ot
Thomas Pttnn English, author of "Ben
Bolt":
1 send a pair of gloves, of such
A texture as befits you rarely: \
Von won tliero, can wo wonder much,
When all men's hearts you win so
fairly?
And yet they're sent reluctantly;
My look with envy on them lingers;
Since they without reproof are free
To hold and press your taper fingers.
tireless.
\3'hat la the meaning of S. O. S., used
In .wireless telegraphy? D.
II Is the signal of distress adoptco
by tho international-wireless code con?
vention held In Berlin In 1D06. In tho
codo the letters do not stand for any
particular words, but wore adopted
because of the case lit sending
ltiioslnii I.lability.
What la the law of Russia In regard
to military service in the case o7 a
subject of that country who becomes
a cltl7.cn of the United States? R.
The liability of a Russian to military
service extends from the twenty-flrsi
anniversary of his birth until he at?
tains the age of forty-three. If he
becomes a citizen nt another country,
withoiit the consent of the Kmperor,
he h< liable to the lots of all his civil
rights nnd to perpetual banishment
from tho empire. Should he, after
having become a citizen of anothor
country, return to HuKsia ho Is liable)
to bo deported to Siberia. Whcrt a
Russian emigrates In his minority to
a foreign country and becomes a cit?
izen thereof ho Is liable to the same
punishment, unless when attaining Iiis
majority ho obtains tho consent or the
Emperor to his expatriation.
Melting Point.
What is the melting point for
platinum, gold, silver, copper, brass,
zinc and Iron? II. M.
The metals named melt at the fol?
lowing degrees Fahrenheit: Platinum,
?"0S0; gold, 2010; silver, 1S73; copper,
1000; brass, i860; zinc, 773, and Iron
(cast), 27S8.
April Fool.
What is tho origin of "April foolT"
B. S. C.
it Is supposed that the custom of
playing tricks on the 1st of April' was
derived from some ancient pagan cus?
tom, such as tho Hull festival among
tiie Hindus or (he Roman feast of th?
fools.
Finland. ,
Has Finland a Constitution, home
rule and a Parliament, or in It govern?
ed by Russia? F.
Finland has preserved tho Swedish
Constitution, reformed In 100C. It has
a national Parliament, composed b*
nobles, clergy, burghers nnd peasants
In one chamber of 200 members, chosen
by direct and proportional election.
The grand duke r.ummons nnd may
dissolve the diet. The government la
responsible to him.
Width of .Street*..
What is the width of Broadway,
New York: Broad Street. Philadelphia,
and Pennsylvania Avenue, In Wash
incton. p. C? 55; X.
Broadway, SO feet In tho old part
nnd 10O in the new; Broad Street, M.I
fr-t. and Pennsylvania Avenue, j ,ri
line.
which country has the distinction of
being the first to adopt a flag or
ensign? K. K.
Historians are not certain whether
It was Kpypt or Greece.
YOUNG DIPLOMAT IS
SENT BACK TO PEKING
IIY I.A M .MKlllSi: DK KONTHNOV.
EM1M0ROR FRANCIS JOSEPH, In
potcnttary at Peking, Ih sending
from Teheran, to be his: pleni?
potentiary at Pckln, in sending
this still young diplomat back lb the
scene of those exploits by means of
which he first won a celebrity shared.
If not surpassed, by that acquired by
his wife. For .Mine." von Rosthorn was
the heroine of the siege of the lega?
tions In the Chinese capital eleven years
ago. She is a typical Viennese, bare?
ly thirty years of ago, very pretty, ol
ti most sunny disposition, always smil?
ing, and whose shyness, not to say
timidity, as a young girl, prior to her
marriage, gave but little indication bit
the bravery she displayed at the siege
of tlie legations at Peking?a courage
to which every writer about the
eiege, from Pierre I/Mi to Putnam
Weate, has borne glowing tribute, and]
which was recognized by the Kmperorl
of Austria with tho Order of Elisa-1
both, by the French government with
the Order of the Legion of Honor: In
fact, Mine, von Posthorn has received
decorations from almost every Eu?
ropean government. She is a datightci
of the late Or. Plchlor, who was bno of
the leading dentists of Vienna, and ati
the age of barely eighteen married
younc Arthur von Posthorn.
Son of one of the government in
specters of factories in Austria, and
a native of Vienna."Von Posthorn pass.
Cd through the educational coins.- bl
ills own country, and then went to
Oxford, ,1111(1 took a degree there. On
the recommendation -of Iiis father's
friend, Dr. von Schcyr, the well known
explorer, who was at the time Austrian
Consul-Uonernl at Shanghai, he en?
tered, at the age of twenty-lhreo, the
Imperial Chinese customs service un?
der Sir Robert Hurt. During a visit
home on leave, he was brought into
contact with, tlio Austrian -Minister of
Foreign Affairs. Count Golouchowski.
who was so much struck by his clever?
ness, and by Ills knowledge of men and
conditions in China, that lie urged him
to enter the Austrian diplomatic ser-,
vice, promising him rapid promotion.
He returned to China as secretary of 1
tile Austrian legation at Peking, and
a few months later, his chief' being
transferred to another post, he was
left as charge d'affaires.
His young wife, noi even twenty
years of age at that time, had just
? liiilied Peking; for Shanghai, to take
ship for her father's home in Austria,
where the birth of her tlrst child was
to take place. Whon on the eve of
her embarkation, she was made aware
of the danger which was about to
overtake the legations at Peking, In
connection with the Boxer Insurrec?
tion. Absolutely refusing to leave her
husband alone to face the peril, sbo
managed at tho last moment to be. dis?
embarked, and from .Shanghai return?
ed to Pelting, arriving there just be?
fore the legations were sltui off from
the ouler world. She was the life and
soul of the defense, organized the am- |
bulance arrangements, and even the
perilous service of keeping the de-1
fenders of tho outworks supplied with]
ammunition, in which she, in spite of
the delicate condition of her health,
took an aolivo part.
After the siege wait over, and after
Von Posthorn returned homo, with his
wife, to niid-tliomselvos famous, he was
promoted to the post of Minister to
Persia. There, too. Von Roslhorn did |
well, wlillc young Mine, von Posthorn
distinguished herself by a still farther
feat of courage during tho revolu?
tionary troubles which Cor sevcrHl
years past' have rendered the Shah's
capital an extremely unsafe place of
residence. While driving home one
afternoon, with the wife of the envoy
of Russia, from a reception, a sentinel
on duty before one. of the government
departments, leveled hia rille lit the
two women, and tired, the bullet strik?
ing tho carriage, without, however,
injuring Us occupants. "Without a mo?
ment's hesitation, Mme. von Roslhorn
stopped the carriage. Jumped out, rush?
ed up to tlto sentinel, snatched his
ride from Iiis hands.'and seized him by
tho dollar, Hie man being so astonished
by the onslaught '.hat he made 111 tie
attempt at resistance, uniil the janis?
sary of the Atistrlau legation had come
to her assistance. Fortunately, some
officers and police, attracted to tho
spot by tho noise of the shooting, ap?
peared in time to take, the man into
custody.
According to the accounts' of the
subsequent inquiry. It seems that ho
had while on duty become imbued with
a sudden sense of the misfortunes of
Iiis country, which In. his cuso took
the form of absence of pay, nnd the
consequent destitution of his family.
And, taught by the lower classes of thp
fanatic Moslem clergy that nil the evils
of Persia are due 10 the foreigner, lie
tired off his gur. at the tir.-u foreigners
who had come into sight, namely, Mine,
von Kosthorn and the wife of the
Kassian envoy. He was subsequent
hanged.
Prance's Prime Minister Monis has
Issued an edict to the effect that c.\
rnetnberM ol the Cabinet arc to re?
tain for the rcmalndei of their dttva
the official stylo of address, "Mpti h r
Iii Mlnlstre," which, of course, carries
With it the predicate of "rixcclh
While this Is something entire)' new
in Krame, where it has glvcti great
satisfaction to those principally cop.
corned, something of the same kind
prevails in mo<si other european coun?
tries, owing to the fact that Cabinet
mlnlstora become, ex-oiltcto, members
ol the Privy Council, and retain tlielr
ran)< as .such, with the style ot Hxci I
lencv, lor life, lliciilcnlajiy, it may b?
mentioned that the Cabinet of Premier
Monis is the tirtt. .unlesa 1 am muco
mistaken, In which there is no mcm
ber of liie aristocracy. In inland*
Cabinet there was the Admiral de
l.ap. y: ere. and In the previous Cabinet,
namely, that of Clcmcnccuti. the latter
himself represented hlriii und ancostry,
his family belonging, as I have bad
occasion to say In these letters, to ilo
petty nobility of Brittany. lioubet had
several nobles as ministers, including
General the Marquis de Gttlllffct, Prlnci?
do Martlgues, ihe Comic de Kreyclnet.
anil M. de Liincssan. M. de Frcyclnci
likewise llgures as minister under
President l-'aure and President Carnot.
who als>? had witli him M. de Many, as
well as M. de la Porte. Xo less than
eighteen nobles nourished as cabinet
ministers during the presidency of
Marshal Macmahon, Including the lain
Duke Doeazcs. the late. Duke tie Drogllu,
Admiral the Marquis do Montalguac,
tho Marquis de Banncvlllc, General
Baron de Chnbaud la Tour, and the
Cpmto de rtemusat,
Koseneath Castle, whlc^lr has Just
been almost entirely destroyed by fire,
belongs to the Duke, of Argyll, ami has
always been preferred by Iiis royal wife.
Princess Louise, one of the younger
daughters of tho late Queen Victoria,
to Inyeraray Ctisllo, which is the prin?
cipal country seat of tliu Duke of Argyll,
and Is now let by the duke to his broth?
er, I^ord George Campbell. Rosenealh
Castle is an ancient landmark In S\ot
tlsb history, picturesquely fronting
Campsall Bay, at the entrance to Gnve
loc.i. Some of the most stirring scenes
of Wallace's warfare against the Kng
llsli tire indentltled with Koseneath.
which Is also associated witli Sir Walter
Scott's novel, "Tho Heart of Mldlolh- .
Ian." The ensile seems to have served
for centuries as :i fortress of Ihn Camp?
bells; but In the reign of Charles f.
it was titled up by the then Marquis of
Argyll as a subsidiary residence to
Inverarny Castle. In 1802 a portion of
the castle was destroyed by fire, and
in the following year it was restored
according to the designs of Bononl. A
feature of the place, which I under?
stand has escaped, is a circular lower,
from which n magnificent view Is ob?
tained.
(Copyright, 1911. by Ihe. Brontwood
Company.)
,: Carload of Beautiful Dining
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Grand Rapids.
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Our customers value and "bai.k on",
our ability to assist them in evety way
consistent with safe, sound banking, arid
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Ii cir account he large or small.
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and City Bank
OF RICHMOND

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