8Tht>anrrH# tfgggi^ Bl?mkh
DAI LY?W B E KLT-SUNDAJT.
Business Otflee.?18 ?>? Main Street
Kouth Rlohmon?.1020 Hull Street
I'oterabure Duro?u....lW N. Sycaracm Street
J.ynchtmr? Bureau.115 Eighth Street
BY MAIL. One SI* Three One
POSTAGE l'All) Tear. Mos. Mo?. Mo.
Dally with Sunday.16.00 |S.tO |1.W .05
l>alty without Sunday. 2.0? 1.? .S5
Sunday edition only.J.O0 1.00 .K> .?
Weekly (Wednesday). 1.00 . 60 .SS .?
Uy Tlmes-Dlsanteh Carrier Delivery Ser?
vice In Itlcbroond (and suburbs) und Peters?
Dally with Sunday.IS cents
Dally without Sunday..:.10 cents
Sunday only. B coats
Entered January ?, I?6- at Richmond, Vs..
as fcrond-class matter under net of Con?
ti ess at Mnrch S. 3S7A
' SATURDAY. A PHIL 29, 1311.
DO IT NOW.
"Oh. well, ?no vote, can't make any |
That Is the chief argument advanced
by t'noso who arc not paying up their j
Why should the citizen pay his poll
Because voting Is both the right an4
duty of th.i citizen.
Because the attitude that one vote
makes no difference carried mit to its
logical extent would abolish elections
Because the smaller the number of
voters, the more powerful the regis?
tered purchasable vote.
Because the smaller the vote, the
easier to work corruption in the re?
Because the failure to vote weakens
good government and strengthens bad
.Those are general reasons applicable
anywhere, hut to those must he added
special reasons affecting Virginians
?who should pay their poll taxes and
qualify to vote.
Because county oITlcers are to be
voted for nt this election.
Because all the members of the
House of Delegates and half of the
members of the Sonnte are to ho chosen
nt this election.
Because two United States Senators
are to be named at tills election.
There are special reasons why cltl
r.cns of Richmond should pay up and
Because there is every prospect of
si special election for City Collector
in case the ofllco is declared vacant.
Because the Richmond delegation to
tho General Assembly is to be elected
nt this election, and it Is Important
that this delegation bo composed of!
men who can secure the legislation in
regard to e.hnngos in the city charter
desired by the city.
The poll tax must he paid on or
before May fi In order that citizens
may vote in the November elections j
and In the various preceding primaries.
Only s.fiOO citizens In Richmond have
En far paid their poll taxes. General
apathy in regard to these elections
seems to exist?and yet this is to bo
the most important set of elections for
several years. Upon the result of tho
elections this fall bingo many mutters
touching tho welfare and progress of
Vlrglnln. Into tho hands of those elect
oil are to bo committed groat powers
and responsibilities which should not
bo entrusted to until or mediocre men.
Pay your poll tax now.
TUP. FIRST Pt I.I.MAX RKPOKT.
A poor boy In Chautnlirjun County,
New York, sometime In the fifties
learned the enhinot-maker's trade.
Later ho made money ns a house
mover, hut not until he converted two
ordinary railway coaches Into sleeping
cars did George Pullman become
known to^tko world His sleeping cars
?wore Kjtcc<isttfuf. an,I so. In ISCS. he
built. "The Pioneer" at a cost of $1S.
000. It was tho (irst Pullman ear. In
JSr.7 lie organized the Pullman Com?
pany, of which he was president. Tho
company started mil with a capital
of Jl.250.000. To-day the capitaliza?
tion of the same company Is ?I20,
6(10,000. No new capital has boon sup?
plied. Only earnings have been added
to the original capital.
Origin::! stockholders who have re?
tained their shares until the present
have the satisfaction of knowing that
each share, valued at 51.000 at the out?
let, is now worth on the market $100.
t'00. Add to this tho enormous cash
dividends which hove been paid out
flnce H>C7 and it will ho soon that
each Pullman share lias meant a
goodly fortune to the holder. .\ easlt
dividend of <, per cent, is paid on tho
shares, and last year $"O.?0O,00O was
distributed In dividends. The average
net earning of a Pullman cur per day
is $7.C2 As the company operates n.SS.I !
??rs. the dally not earning amounts to
Jhe pitiful pittance ?f $40,2r>6.tr,, There!
tire only thro,.- railway systems In tho
United States on which its cars du not
These HguroF are derived from the
first report that the Pullman Company
has made In Iis forty-four years of
existence. They serve to show n -mar
felons development and the Importance
to the business life of the country of ]
this gigantic, industry. They also
prove that the Interstate Commerce
Commission was amply justified In as?
serting Its Jurisdiction over this
tremendous enterprise. Tin- report
thoroughly warrants the Commission's
assumption of authority, <.--poelaliy In
the matter of the reduction of raten.
The Pullman Company, bo ll remem?
bered, vigorously resisted the Commis?
sion's effort to bring it within the
Jurisdiction of the Interstate commerce
laws and fought fiercely 1he Commis?
sion's reduction of Pullman rates. The
Pullman Company did not want to
make a report. "Wo are in the hotel
business," said the Company, "the roll?
ing hotel business, as It were." Courts
had for many years decided thai the.
Pullman ear was not governed by Hie
rules applicable to oommoji carriers.
und that It had no analogy Inj law to
tho ordinary ooach.
On tho other, hand, if thcro Is a
single industry that ought to bo under
the watch-care of tho Commission It
Is the Pullman Company. It touches
vitally the dally Interest of the public.
It has nearly all railroad systems In
Its power po far ns sleeping arrange?
ments are concerned. It enjoys a prac?
tical monopoly. Its vast earnings indi?
cate how groat and far-roaching is Its
power. It has the railroads by tho
throat and nt its mercy.
The peculiar thing about the Pull?
man Company is that it is cngngod *n
n strictly non-contpctltlvo undertaking.
It hns built up a well-nigh impreg?
nable monopoly. Only ono company
ever tried to compote with tho Pull?
man, and it was bought out for $20.
Why has tho Pullman Company no
PIlOlirCE THE PROOF.
If there have been any Improper re?
lations between the Virginia Railway
and Power Company and certain mem?
bers of the City Council, let those wno
have tho evidence of such transactions
now come forward. In what seems to
have been n private mass-meeting In
Clay Ward on Wednesday night. Coun?
cilman Pon Loavy, n representative of
that ward, was severely assailed for
vo'ting ns a member of a subcommittee
of the City Council Committee on
Streets for h compromise inensuro rif
fcctlng tho matter of a new schedule
fop Westhampton car service. Thfc
subcommittee bad no power to demand
anything from tho street car company,
and simply accepted a concession from
the corporation, according to tho state?
ment made by Mr, Don L>envy. The Inti?
mation was made nt the meeting refer?
red to that alleged evidence should be
placed before the grand jury, the In?
ference being that certain Oouncllmcn
uro too closely attached to the street
car interests. No formal chnrgos "were
made at the meeting, but "reports"
were discussed ami It was proposer!
that Mr. Don Leavy be asked to vncato
his seat In tho Council.
Wo hold a brief for no ono In this
matter, but simply urge that if there,
exist evidence of Improper relations
between any Councilman or Council
men and the street car company. It
should bo produced at once. Let tho
people have facts, not Insinuations. If
there Is to be reply to Mr. Don Loavy's
vigorous denial, let it bo definitely
made by responsible persons.
Three hundred million dollars an?
nually will be saved to the consumers
of the nation, if the so-called Farmers'
Free List shall be adopted by Con?
gress. Such Is tho estimate of tho
Washington correspondent of tho New
York World, who submits the follow?
ing In support of his assertion:
The consumption measured by the
net supply, in values, of the. articles
on the free list runs as follows:
Agricultural Implements, $90,037,110.
Rugging for cotton, sacks, burlaps,
Cotton ties, hoop, or band Iron, $12,
Leather, boots and shoes, harness
and saddles, $493,0011,263.
Fresh and preserved meats, $614,395.
Flour and grits, cereals and bread,
Lumber, laths and shingles, $699,599
If the free Hal bill becomes a law
anil prices settle down in time, ns sonic
of the advocates of tho same believe
they will, the consumers may save the
On salt, $4,802,005.
Agricultural implements. $13,870,5-11.
Ragging, sacks, etc.. $6,992,099.
Cotton lies. $2.017,336.
Leather, boots and shoes, etc., $37,
Par bed wire, etc, $32,861,066.
Fresh and preserved meats, $133,493,
Flour, grits, etc.. $1S,355.146.
Lumber laths, etc., $59,955,659.
The farmer will be Iho chief bene?
ficiary rrnm this Hal if It shall be?
come lawful, but It must not be
thought that the benefits bestowed by
the list will be conferred exclusively
upon any class of the Amerlcnn peo?
ple. The blessings of the proposed
change would full on all sorts of peo?
ple In all conditions of life. The aver?
age fnlhor, regardless of his occupa?
tion, will hall with delight tho $37,
483,788 to bo saved on shoes. Nor
will there bo any discrimination among
tho housewives who are to benellt from
tho $133.193,752 to be saved on fresh
and preserved meats, or tho $18.355.146
saving In flour, grits, cereals and
bread. Nor Is an economy of $59,965.
659 In lumber, laths, otc, to bo enjoyed
only by the farmer. In tenement and
nit the form, In homes of pcbblcdash
und In mansions of brownslone, tho
difference will make ItseU fell.
"Political soothing syrup" Is tho
phrase which tho Republicans apply to
this Irinnsiire. Tho term Is not with?
out its merit, for. as the Birmingham
News suggests, ''It ought to have, a
soothing effect upon the tinroriunnto
consumer, who for a number of years,
has been systematically looted by the]
h|g combines through the co-operation
of the r liubllcan party." Liberal :ip
plicutlo / of this Democratic llrilm of
Gllead will be received with popular
"After tin nb3oluto ownership of ono
hundred and twelve years by Iho Snow
ilenfe, tho Alexandria Gazette will on
the Hr.-t day of May pass Into other
hands." Kn begins the valedictory of
Hubert Snowdcn, for almost half u
century connected with the Gazette,
nnd its present editor and owner.
On May l Ibis fine old paper lo to be.
transferred to other hands than Umso
>.f the Snowdens, t hough Hubert
Snowdcn will always retain an in -
I ti rest 111 the paper. "This reluctant
slop of parting with Ibis old and val?
uable properly" was taken because Mr.
Snowden Hilda that he must lead a
"less strenuous" lifo than heretofore.
The Gazette was founded in i TK4.
From that time, 127 years a^o, it has
been consecutively published, siivo In
1861. when Union troops took posses?
sion of the olllco end published n pa?
per of their own. In 1SG2 tho troops
?destroyed tho plant and tho fortunos
of war'caused the Gnzotto to 1)0 pub?
lished only Intermlttontly until ponco
dwell In tho land once more. Tho
Gazette has hlstorlu Interest nttnehod
to It In that It was Uie home papor of
Goorgo ?Washington and George .Mason,
both of whom frequently visited Its
The Gazette Is, as this last of tho
Snowdcns calls It, "the ablest of Alex?
andria Institutions." Its record bus boon
proud, and an honor to the escutcheon
of its owners. One hundred and twelve
years of absolute control by one family 1
and ono lntorest is an unusual achieve- |
meat in Journalism. Through all these i
years tho Gazette has hewn straight j
to the lino, Independent, individual,
fearless, and that It shall continue
so to do and so to bo Is the sincere
wish of its contemporaries.
GOOD TIM ISM ON THIS 1U>A|1.
According to tho Boston Globe, there
are two present facts which 3how that
tho country is working toward better
times. These are:
The balance of trade Is greatly In
favor of tills country. The llgurcs up
to April 1 show that the rest of t lie j
world owed us ? 141.000,000 for food,
clothing and raw materials.
Tho forecasts of crops nro favorable,
j The wcuthcr conditions under which
wlntor wheat was planted and since
developed are exceedingly satisfactory.
There are good signs of prosperity,
but like the "spieler" at the side show ;
entrance, we say, "Hurry! Hurry!
Hurry!" to the argosy that is plough?
ing Its way toward us.
TM G GOVERNOR'S EPIGRAMS.
Some days ago at Mnhnssas, Gover?
nor Mann, who was probably In that
neighborhood about half a century ago
"protickiii'" with a musket, made a
practical address to the Farmers' In?
stitute, which pleased the farmers and
so struck the Mnnnssas Democrat that
It publishes ill the current Issue four
"epigrams of the executive." They are:
"Dream and then make your dreams
An educated ,man is ono who can
make natural fo'rees the servants of his
The man who can he a prosperous
fanner la smart enough to succeed at
The best way to roach a farmer Is
to teach his son to raise bettor crops
than his daddy."
That Is llrsl-rato sentiment and the
best kind of common sense. Practical,
helpful talks from Governors I hose
days are rare, and for that reason Gov?
ernor Mann's addresses nro commend?
able exceptions to the rule. What
the people want to hear from their ex?
ecutives is lesb episodes and more eco?
If more comedies like "The For?
tune Hunter" would come here,
we Should bo much boiler oft
and in a much better humor, for
there Is much moro comic value
in such n play than In half a dozen
noisy and nonsensical comic operas.
Wo do not know what corporation
has erlioered the Montgomery Adver?
tiser, as honest a newspaper as will
be found anywhere In tho country,
but it must have boon ?'touched" by
some sinister ipfluenco or It. would !
not venture to speak of the great NJ?
braskaii us follows:
"Mr. Hryan, in his Commoner, strikes
Senator Martin another blow, and all
because the Virginian doesn't look to I
the firnnd ?instcr from the West for
marching orders. Parly toleration oft
the Peerless, having gone on for llf-j
teen years, has badly turned his head. J
Factional strife und potty bickerings j
nro out of place at Ulis time, but it;
is vain to hope for pence so long as j
the Hryan' vanity is permitted to as?
We think the Advertiser is entirely1
tight, but, of course. It must pay the
penalty of Mr. Bryan's distrust, be?
cause It does not agree with Mr. Bryan
in his political views, and is not will?
ing to trust the fortunes of tho Demo?
cratic, party or of the country to his
That keen wltted Hoosier phlloso-,
jiiic'r, Abe Martin, says that "a sympa?
thizer is a feller that's for you as long
as It don't cost anything." Which \a
another turn of the old saying thai n
mail docs not know wlio Ma friends are
until he is "down."
Tho Macou Telegraph lias a nice.]
sense of discrimination. It says:
"The Commoner charges Senator '
Martin, of Virginia, with being a 'mas?
ter of manipulation.' It getting votos i
makes a man a master of manipulation,
then ihe Senator is one, and tho editor :
of the Commoner cannot plead guilty."
Yes, but. let not the Telegraph for?
got that? I
"llopc springs eternal In tho human
i Man never Is, but always to he blest."
The editor of the Commoner agrees
Because lie insisted on pronouncing
tho "eh" in "orchestra" like "eh" in
"chicken," .lohn Otis Shipmnn, of St.
Louis, has been "shipped" by his IIan
c.ee who prefers the affections of tho
[lev. .la8per Darnell, who, judging by
Iiis name, must be an unsparing evan?
Governor Wondrnw1 Wilson has ap?
pointed Samuel Knlish to Ihe Supremo
Court of New Jersey. This is the tirst
time ihnt the honor lins been bestowed
upon a -lew in Ihe State, although in
other Slates .lews have fi'oiiuently
been elevated to the highest court. In
this connection, the Petersburg Index
Appeal remarks Hut I "tho American
lawyer who became loader of Ihe F.ng
llsh bur was a .low?.Hidah I". Benja?
min." though our contemporary er?
roneously slates that Benjamin was n
United Slates Senator from Florida, it
was Louisiana that he represented. He
wrote a text hook on tho low of sales
that hau held unapproachable suprem
ncy In this country and Croat Hrltaln
for two generations. No rnco has
given moro gifted, more Incorruptible,
moro just Judgos to tho world than
"tho scattered nation," as Vnnco called
What's this? In a certain prohibi?
tion town of great size In this Slate
Is published a fervidly "dry"; news?
paper, in ' 11 wo read In yes?
terday's Issue that n certain associa?
tion of men gavo a smoker recently
at which refreshments wore served
by si woman's church auxiliary. "It
was unanimously considered tho best
ever served tho association," wo nro
told, and then In the menu we llnd a
possible explanation for this satisfac?
tion In such Items as "Martini cock?
tails," "mints," and "wines." Mark
the plural of the last Item. Now every?
body guess what place this Is!
Thoso triplets that the Colonel and
the President refused to name havo
been 1 christened by their paronls ns
Ralph, Ruth and Ruby. If we had
known that tho "Three Rs" wore go
I ing to be used, wo would havo sug?
gested "Roadin", Rltin' and 'Rlthme
i He.Rithmetlc" suggests femlnlno
j character bettor than any other name
Some of tho New York papors are
talking about 'real Kentucky ham."
Who over henrd of such a thing? Are
the Kcntucklans not content with pre
tending that the Blucgrasa mint julep
Is the real thing?
Voice of the People
The Monroe Doctrine.
To tho Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Sir,?You havo seen Champ Clark,
of Missouri, has bceti chosen by a cau?
cus of iho Democratic members of Con
[ gross as the nominee of their parly
for speaker of the next House of Rep?
resentatives. This Is equivalent to an
election. You may also have seen that
in a recent meeting of the "Periodical
Publishers' Association," held at the
Waldorf in New York, Mr. Clark was
one of tho speakers, and that In the
I course of his remarks he made somo
astonishing utterances. lie seems to
have been1 In a gushing exultant mood.
He is reported as saying: "It Is a good
thing for a man to come out and boost
himself." "Blessed Is the mnn who
hlowcth his own horn." said he, "lest
It be not blown." And. again. "All
things come to him who goes out
after them. That's the way I've been
going after the speakorshlp." Isn't
It next to incredible that a man of Mr.
Clark's prominence and abilities should
be guilty of snob vapid, vainglorious
deliverances? Rut It Is to his dis?
course In a more serious vein that 1
Wish particularly to call attention, llo
is reported as using the following lan?
"The Motiroe Doctrine means now
that we hereby take the Western Hem?
isphere under our wing and warn the
nations of Europe that If they touch
the least of these republics lliey die.
Thai is the old Americanism."
If any European nation touches Iho
least of the South American republics
It must die. If Great Britain under?
takes to planl Its font oh the soil of
the least of these republics it must
lie blolle,| from the llsl of the nations
of the earth as effectually as Poland
Was, Why, the only time the United
States ever practically asserted the ex?
treme view of the Monroe Doctrine
that this country would not only pro
te< t its own territory from future Eu?
ropean colonization, but would nl30
protect the South American republics
from European aggression, wns on the
occasion of the running of a new divid?
ing lino by Great Britain between Brit?
ish Guiana and Venezuela, by which
she was to acquire a larger territory.
President Cleveland arrived In Wash?
ington from one of his duck-shooting
visits to Wldewnter, dnwn on the Po
lonine, and hurrying to his desk In the
White House, addressed a letter to tho
British minister at Washington, de
mn lid Ing thai Great Brltnln should
slay Its hand and agree to a joint com?
mission to he appointed by the United
Slates and Great Britain to lay off
the dividing line. To the surprise of
most people, the British minister as?
sented to the unjustifiable demand of
Mr. Cleveland, and commissioners were
appointed to ascertain the dividing
line between British Guiana and Vene?
zuela. This was Iho extent of Mr.
Cleveland's demand, a demand that
was regarded by the constitutional
lawyers and jurisconsults of the world
as nn Imperious and high-handed act
But he diil not make the absurd de?
mand that (?real Britain "must die."
Mr. Chlimn Clark would have hail him
go that far. "The future Spenker Is
mistaken In saying that the extinction
from the face of the earth of the ag?
gressive European nation was "the
old Americanism." No: it Is the new
Americanism, the Jingoism of your
young America. Let us see If this is
hi IS23, the last year of Mr. Mon?
roe's administration, he sent to Con?
gress a me!=sncc enunciating the "doc?
trine" which bears his name. .lohn
Qttincy Adams was President Monroe's
Socrotury of Stiilo, und the probabili?
ties all nre that tho message wus
wrltton by his hand. Certain It Is
tlmt no ono was morn competent than
ho to understand Its true and roul
Two years after tho enunciation of
the "Munroo Doctrine" President
Adams, In a spoclal message to Con?
gress, advocated the sending of com?
missioners by tho United Stutos to tho
proposed "Panama Mission." This mis?
sion was a congress of the new Span?
ish-American republics of South. Amer?
ica, to be hold on the Isthmus of Pan?
ama to confer for their own safety,
and adopt mcasuros to prevent tho
occupation of their territory by tho
nations of Kurope, and the United
Statos was Invited to sond deputies to
the eongrcls. It was to bo a sort of
Amphlctyoillc council. It- was seduc?
tively prcsMitod In tho administration
papers nnd captivated all young and
ardent Imaginations. The monarchies
of Kurope had formed n "holy alliance"
to check the progress of liberty, and
It seemed but Just that the republics
of tho Now World Rhould confederate
against the dangers or despotism. Tho
people wero roused, and u majority
In both houses of Congross gnvo way
and adopted a resolution to send dep?
uties. John Sergeant, of Pennsylvania,
nnd Richard Clark Anderson, of Ken
lucky, wero nominated by tho Presi?
dent and confirmed by the Stannic. But
the Democratic momhers of Congress
almost unanimously opposed the
scheme as being ngnlnst tho principles
of our1 government nnd ngnlnst our
policy of avoiding "entangling alli?
ances" with foreign nations. The
"mission" wns never actually held, but
no question of that day, or of any
other day. produced n more heated and
Tiie message which tho President
sent to Congress, and which, as stated
above, was doubtless written hy his
Secretary of State, Mr. Adams, con?
tains an explicit refutation of the con.
struetlon sought to be put upon the
Monroe Doctrine hy the filibusters and
Jingoilsts of tho. present rtny-?-the con?
struction put upon It by Mr. Champ
Clark. Tho message sets forth nt
length the objects of tho proposed
congress or mission, so far as the
United States could properly engage
In them. Tho fourth of those enumer?
ated objects wns in the" following
"An ngroemont between all the par?
ties represented nt the mooting that
ench will guard, hy Us own means.
ngoliiKt any future European colony
wlthlti Its borders. This was more
than two years since announced by
my predecessor to tho world as a prin?
ciple resulting from the emancipation
of both tho American continents. Tt
may be so developed to the new south?
ern nations that they mny feel It as
an essential appendage to" tltfir Inde?
Now. hero wo. have an tnlornretntlon
of the "doctrine" from Mr. Adams, a
member of President Monroe's Cabi?
net, presiding over the department
I from ^jich the "doctrine" emnnated.
Thor? ^r^flri hint or Intimation that the
doctrine mount thnt the United Suites
would protect tho new republics from
European colonization. On the con?
trary, there Is the express declaration
thnt It monnt Unit euch of these re?
publics should, by Us own moans,
guard Its own territory from Etiro; j
NOW that the construction of Ihe
Panama Conal nnd the rival claims of
San Francisco nnd New Orleans for tho (
exposition of 1915, to commemorate
Ihe completion of the great work, will
carry the minds of ninny hack to the
Pnnnmn Mission, and Incidentally to
the Monroe Doctrine. I think It may
he well, Mr. F.dllor. to give tho above j
a place In your widelv rend paper.
L. S. MA BYK.
I'rmrreBxlncr 8 need 11 y.
To the Kdltor of Tho Tlmos-Dlspnteh:
Sir,?In response to the articles of
"Veteran" and "Comrade" In your
paper of April 27 and 2S. I bog to say
that the plans for the Confederate
Metnortnl Institute are being perfected
as rapidly ns possible, and that the
executive committee appreciate the in?
terest that Is felt In their work, ond
will hasten the completion of the
building ns speedily as Is consistent
with Its proper construction.
I am always glad to answer any j
questions In regard to our work, nnd
If "Comrade" or "Veteran." or any
other person interested, will bo good
enough to roll at my Office. 921 Mutual
Building, I shall at all times be glad
to give any Information that 1 may
possess In regard to our plans with
reference to the Confederate Memorial
J. TAYLOR KLLVSON.
President Confederate Memorial Ass'n.
Sonnet?to the Rainbow.
Tn Coptic symbols caught from out the
God made n covenant with mortal
And placed Ills sign among the rain?
By sunbeams after storms, when skies
Such poetry of Pomp was never writ
By Runic pen, or irtgmonts clapl upon
A canvas fram1!. The spectral colors
As fleeting strains of music, hall
Ethereal Phantom nf that future time.
When human eyes shall piorce the
And see the splendors of the Poet's
Thou nrt tho. glorious arch of Jfcav
And so from seeming nought shall Na?
In spectrum bands of beauty In the
Pleuse puhliah Ihr r.lii rhyme in
Will ell are the names of the sovereigns
j of Knglt'.nd. eommenclng with William
I anil closing with, Victoria.
j First Wlll'nni the Normoh, thon Wil?
liam his son:
Henry, Stephen ami Henry, then Rich?
ard and John;
' No.Nl Henry the Third, I'M wards One,
Two and Three;
j Again after Richard, three Henrys wo
Two KdwardSj tH'.rd Henry, if rightly
Then Jamie- I ho Scot. and Charles
whom they slew.
Again followed Cromwell, another
Then .lames, called the Second, ascend?
ed the Hi rone.
Then William and .Mary together came
T'll An ue, Ceorge Knur and fourth
William all past;
Cod sent us Victoria, the youngest and
The Chinese ha ving no Sunday, or day
of rest; kindly Inform me how many
holidays they have. R. N. IT.
The Chinese do not observe holidays
In the sense that the people of this
country do. but Ihey have feasts and
festivals at stated periods. There is
the feast of graduation observed when
pupils are advanced in their studies, a
festival In honor of spring. I lie new
year festival', the feast of lanterns, the
festival of the tombs, and the fount of
if a 'child is burn lo American pa?
rents In a foreign country, does such
child have lb bo naturalized on com?
ing lo the United Stales In order to
vote? VIROINM a.V.
Ii the child was born to American,
parents in a foreign country while the
parents wove traveling through iho
country or the rather was In the dlp
loniiiiie' service, representing the
Hulled Stales, such a child would be a
citizen of the CuRod Stales and ontl
tl.-d lo vole as If born on Hulled Stales
soil; hut If the child was born to Amer?
ican purfiiils In a foreign country and
spell parents had renounced citizen?
ship, the child on coming to the United
Slates would be an alien, and before
he could vote would havo to lie nat?
1'iinnnui Cnnnl Queries.
Please publish answers to lbe follow?
ing questions: Have New Mexico and
Arizona been admitted inlo the Union
as suites? How much does the Panama
1 Can til lack Of being finished? What Is
the estimated cost? Is the United
States to bear all the cost? And will
the United Stales protect It when com?
pleted? M. B.
New Mexico and Arizona have not
been admitted as States. After Con
press fully approves the Stale Constitu?
tions, they will be sent to the. Presi?
dent for his signature, when they will
become Slates. This Is likely to bo
done at the present session of Con?
The Panama Canal, it has been an?
nounced, will be completed and in use.
by ,l:inuar>- l, 1915. The cost osllmnled
by the present commission for com?
pleting the cnnnl Is $325.201.000, which
Includes $20,053,000 for sanitation and
$7.3R2.000 for civil administration.
These llguros do not Include the $.r>0.
000,00(1 paid lo the new French Canal
Company and to the Republic of Pana?
ma for properly nnd franchises. Hence
It Ik estimated (hal Iho total cost of
the canal to the United States will ap
I proximate $375,000.000.
I It will require severnl yenrs to com?
plete the foil I Heat Ions and plnro the
guns, and the board urges that the
' construction of the defenses be begun
during mil. It Is recommended that
the full sum of $11.101.293 be appro?
priated by Congress, and thai H.000.
noo be made immediately available, it
Is osllmaled that, at least threo and
one-half years will he necessary to
completo I ho forllflcatlons.
Please give me the names of the
different ambassadors sent from the
United Stales lo foreign countries.
Austria. Illehnrd C. Kerens: Brazil,
Irving B. Dudley; Prance, Robert Ra?
tion; Germany, Havlii J. Hill, recently
resigned; Groat Britain, Whtlelaw Reld:
Italy. John O. A. I.otshman; Japan.
Thomas J. O'Brien: Mexico, Henry I.nno
Wilson; Russia. William W. Rockhlll.
to be succeeded by Curtis Guild; Tur?
key. Oscns Straits, to bo succeeded by
William W. Rockhlll.
Found in the finest biscuit, rolls, cake,
etc., is due to the absolute > purity,
fitness, and accurate combination
of the ingredients of the <^?^.
Royal Baking Powder.
The best things in cook?
ery are always made with
the Royal Baking Powder,,
Hence its use is universal
??in the most celebrated
restaurants, in the homes
of the people, wherever de
licious,wholesome food is appreciated.
is sold in every civilized country,
the world over.
It ts tlie only Baking Powder made from Royal Grape
Cream of Tartar.
Royal Cook Book?800 Receipts?Free. Send Name and Address.
ROYAL BAKING POWOEfJ CO., NEW YORK.
TO ACT AS REGENT
?V I.A MARQUISE DE KILXTE.VOV.
QUEEN ALEXANDRA, according
tu tlir latest reports rrom Lon?
don, Is to act as Regent, dur
li>g the nhsenco of the King ami
I of the Queen In India, next fall and
j winter. Tho Duke of Connaught Is ar
I riving in Canada, to assume his Office
of Governor-General. In September, and
:lt hasi been found both Impolitic and I
Inadvisable for him to return only a
few weeks after taking up Ills duties
at Ottawa, to assume the regency dur?
ing the three months absence of the
In entrusting the regency to Queen
Alexandra, ratiier thnn to his cousin.
Prince Arthur of Connaught, who Is
too young, and who would he placed
Ih theulways awkward position of out?
ranking his own father, the King is
j after all aeilng In accordance with
I precedent. The precedent that applies
I lo this particular case Is the regency
i bill of lT'i.'i. when the persons de?
clared by Parliament to ho entitled to
the regency, lu the event of the de?
mise or Incompetence of the crown,
during the minority of the then heir
to the throne, were defined as, lirst of
nil. Queen Charlotte, and then the
Princess Dowager of Wale?, mother
of George 111.
Were George V. going to India alone,
i the regency would. aecordSig to the
terms of the regency bill of lasl sum?
mer, be vested by law In Queen Mary.
Rut since she Is accompanying her
consort to India, ?jneen Alexandra, as
the sovereign's mother, will take Ills
place during his absence, and become
acting ruler of every part of the Brit?
ish Empire, even to tho extent of sign?
ing the. acts of Parliament relating to
India, while George, the Emperor of
that Country, Is holding his durbar
Drummond Castle. In Perthshire,
which has Just been leased by Lord
Ancestor, and by his American wife,
formerly Miss Elolso Breese, of New
York, to Ebon Dyer Jordan, of Boston,
Is one of the most picturesque and In?
teresting place.i In Scotland, replete
with historic memories. It lies about
three miles southwest of Crloff. and the
castle gates are reached through grand
old avenues of trees, which are with?
out equal in the United Kingdom. Tho
oldest part of tho castle dates from
1431. when It was built by the first
Lord Drummond, a nobleman whose an?
cestors, descended from tho undent
Kings of Hungary, came to Scotland
with Prince Edward Athellng of Eng?
land when he lied from Iho latter coun- J
try after Iho death of King Harold at I
the battle of Hastings.
The Drummonds furnished no less
I hau three Queens to Scotland, the best
known of nil being liady Margaret
Drummond, consort of .lames IV., who
\?ns poisoned nt Drummond Castle,
along with her two sisters, in enable
her husband lo marry PrlnceS3 Mar?
garet of England, sister of King Henry
VIII. Mary Queen of Scots was a
frequent visitor to Drummond Castle,
and her son .Tamos T. and her grandson
Charles I. of England often stayed
In the days of Cromwell the castle
received some rough treatment, and
again in DISK the ensile was partial?
ly demolished. The Young Pretender
Slept there on the eve of the to him
so fateful battle of Culloden. and In
1743 the widow of the fifth Earl of
Perth (her husband's tide of Duke of
Perth, bestowed by King James II. at
SI. Germain never having been recog?
nized by the English government)
raxed a portion of the walls, to pro
vent the castle being used as a fortress
by the military forces of King George,
then operating In Scotland against the
The ensile, however, was completely
restored At the end of the eighteenth
century, and Is still surrounded by the
world-famed gardens, which were al?
ready celebrated as far back as tho
reign of Charles It., and have as a
general ground plan the design of Ibe
Scottish Hag. Marking the cenlro Is
nn Immense multinlex sundial, con?
structed In 1630, nnd which, having no
less than fifty faces, indicates the time
of day In every direction.
Queen Victoria was there in 1842, nnd
recording in her diary the visit, ex?
presses! her ndmlratlnn for ri superb
gold ewer, wllb bnsln of the same
metal, three feet In diameter, dating
from the time of thai Irfidv Arabella
Drummond who married Robert TIT.
of Scotland, and became mother of
Scotland's poet King. James HT., whose
authorship of the fnmous love story
in verse. "The King's Qtihnlr," Is now
universally accepted by scholars. Drurh
mond castle passed from the Drum?
monds Into the possession of the Bcr
tlns. of whom Lord Ancnster Is the
chief, through the marriage of the
twenty-first f,ord Wllloughby of Eros
by. nnd second Lord Owydyr. with the
Lady Clementina Sarah; daughter and
sole heiress of James Drummond. Enrl
of Perth. The twenty-fourth Lord Wll?
loughby of Eresby was created Earl
of A neuster some eighteen yearn ago
by the lale Oneon Victoria, and the
present Lord Ancasler Is his son.
The fifteenth of the so-called "Phll
llpps" sales, which In taking place this
week in London, and In which'the lots
include the original ngroemnnt. of the
Durchaso of Buckingham Palace In 1762
by Oeorgc III., may render timely a
brief reference to the creator of the
world-fumed Thfrlstano Mouse collec?
tion, familiar to bibliophiles, to his?
torians ami to archcnloglsls. In all
quarters of the globe. His name was
Sir Thomas Phllllpps; and, born In ,
1792, he marled, even ns a schoolboy
at llUgby,.'and afterwards as an un?
dergraduate at Oxford, to devote all
his spare cash to the collection of such
letters and documents as came within
his reachj liefere the death of t'leorgo
111. he hail become, to use his own
words, "a convinced and militant vci
loinaiilae;" und Broadway Tower, his
picturesque country seat In Woroesler
shlre, had evurv room already ther.
tilled to overflowing, with missals,
heraldic visitations, monnstle cartu?
laries, huge volumes of correspondence,
and piles of musty deeds. Frequently
he bought n quantity of things that
he did not want. In order to seeure spe?
cially valuable Items, and If he even?
tually purchased Thlrlstane House, at
Cheltenham; from Lord NorthwU.it". It
was to obtain possession of his entire
collection of MF.? of every kind. lie.
fore he was forty, Sir Thomas liiil
llpps enjoyed European fame.
In 1832; that is to say. during the,
reign of William IV., the director ot
the British Museum, Sir Henry 13111s,
expressed n wish to secure Sir
Thomas's collection for the great nat?
ional institution of which he was chief.
Sir Thomas wrote In reply ns follows!
"It cannot be expected that I should
make a gift of my collection of MSS.
after the enormous sum I have paid
for them. But yet 1 am willing to cede
thorn for nothing If the Treasury will
pay for my outstanding obligations,
and which, while not large, have been
Incurred In connection with the acquisi?
tion of these MSS. The money thus
paid would therefore not be lost to ths
nation, while the MSS. would ho gain?
The government foolishly and short?
sightedly declined the offer, and missed
Its chance. The opportunity never oc?
curred again. Sir Thomas had been
merely temporarily ombnrrased. and be?
tween that time and the date, of his
death, in 1ST'-', he Is recorded to have
spent nearly $2.000.000 more In adding
to his collection.
When he died it was found that hp
had left nothing to the nation, hut
had bequeathed everything to his
daughter. Mrs. Fcnwlck. By her di?
rection, the collection was not sold en
bloc, but Is being disposed of in peri?
odical sales, of which fourteen have
taken place since 1ST". Not more than
half of the collection has been sold,
and whenever one of these sales Is an?
nounced. repres*titallves of foreign
governments, bibliophiles and collec?
tors, assemble from all quarters of the
globe. The United Stales In particular
Is extensively represented at the llf
teenth sale, taking place this week.
(Copyright, Hill, by the Brcntwood
and make all needed re?
pairs. Completely equip?
ped shops for reuphols
tering, repairing and re
Finest work. Estimates fur?
nished on request.
Hopkins Furniture Co.,
7-9 W. Broad St.
LADIES' TALOR AND SUIT
S. W. Corner Seventh and Franklin
Streets, Opp. P. O.
Madison 5175. Monroe 103
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