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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, May 04, 1911, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038615/1911-05-04/ed-1/seq-4/

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JBuilaeu Office.?16 E. Matu Street
(Couth Richmond.1CJ0 11,1.1 ?treot
^Petersburg Bureau.. ..10? N. Sycamoro Street
' Lynchburs; Dureau.tu Eighth Street
BT MAIL. One Stx Thrc* One
j FOBTAOK PAID Tear. Mos. Mo?. Mo
Dally with Sunday.f?.00 fj.00 .6?
Dally without Sunday. 4.00 2.(0 1.00 .33
Eunday edition oalr.2.00 1.00 .50 .SS
Weekly (Wednesday). 1.00 . 60 .33 .?
By Tlmes-Dlspatch Carrier Deliver}' Ser?
vice In nichmond (and suburbs) und Peters?
One Week.
Dally with Sunday.?.16 ernte
Dally without Sunday.10 cents
Eunday only. 6 ce.Ha
Entered January n. 1805. at rtlchr.iond, Va .
19 sccond'CUis matter uoder set of Con -
Siess of March S. 1ST?.
THURSDAY, MA V i. mil.
sni Tiu.it\ pin 13 i.YSi;itA.vdi:.
More than thirty-live insurance com?
panies domiciled in tho South have
begun a movement In hohitlf of their
own Interests mid arc asking Hie peo?
ple of the South to support this move?
ment. Their principal purpose in thus
?working together is ;o obtain a grcatei
share of the fire Insurance business
r?f tho. South. They are depending
Wholly upon "the Integrity of their
contracts" und the known facts of
their underwriting ability for the ad?
ditional business they would do. j
As the Louisville Courier - Journal j
puts it: "There. has been inanl-i
tested no disposition to exploit j
the fact that blood is thicker
than water." Tho companies Inter- I
csted have contented themselves with
showing that lire premiums kept at
home cnlarpr the circulation of money '
tn the South and assist very materially '
In tho development of that section,
provided that the home companies arc
?riven nil the business they can write, j
The most trustworthy tiro Insurance;
statistics show that during the Ui*l
three decades fourteen Southern States j
paid JiOT.sps.riST for tire protection;
Of this sum, only JCS.lSl.li2 was paid ?
to companies domiciled In those States,
?while the tremendous balance of $0 -
C1T.2T5 went to the North inid io
Europe, leaving not even the most In- j
direct of advantages to the section 1
that produced and paid out the money.
These figures "may well interest not 1
only Southern underwriters, but South?
ern financiers and either men of af?
fair* as well."
The territory now covered by lite
association referred to comprises vir- |
gihia. North Carolina. South Carolina, j
Georgia, Alabama. Mississippi. Louisi?
ana and Florida. It Is the Intention i
of the Organization to extend iho ana
of its operations to Include Kentucky,
Tennessee and Texas, so that fifty
companies shall benciit by the efforts
uf tho Association and more thnrt $2r>,- I
000.000 of capital and assets bo repre?
sented. Complete co-bpcrallon between
members Is being practiced, 1111,1 even I
the few Southern companies not mem- j
bets Of the Association are enjoying
some advantage from tho movement. j
The underwriting record of the
?Southern companies, upon which i.-.
based the chief argument in tjicir
campaign for Southern business, is a
strikingly clean and honorabJo Ode
when comparer, with the experience of
she country as & whole. Searching i
scrutiny of the rtroras of Southern I
?*mt.r-?.nl*s ihfct retired from lh< field j
durieu the laet thirty years shotSfii s
very s:r.r.li -l&l lot? ut t ihat lor* '
<?s?s tnt-y liquidated at <? consiaerar/it
premium above par. The humbtir of
Fou'hern companies vyhlch ' . -t?!*s 1
In that period wa'i r.o; nearly so sretit
proportionately h% the number of
Kastern and Northern coirjpanles,
for one reason or another they v.<:li'
out of business.
'J he case for th<- Southeir, c<t. j.,
tele? Involves two consideratlo'hi P f
the benefit to the South tt.ro . =
culatlon of money at home. .
the certainty of protectt?ri tri!!" at
lord ar shown by ihtir record in '1
.past. These two t?>r.."m? jjiould jjrm
rntnd the movement to the rnjri ful
Blderatlon of the peopl? the
"All the country I.? await in a to
tho Iniporinnri o( KOpri roads ?
that have here1 tpforV bceii tndiff? 1
or only spasmodical!" ::!!'. In
matter have sudden"!;. rt-i!!/.-d
improved highways mcait, and tab
lug Step* to S< ore thehl "
That Is the opinion ?f the Nltshviti
Tehncssoan, ami faot.s -t. 1 ?
behind the statement'; New V?.t 1- <
pendod $S,006,000 on her rioads [.<
year, and will put another $1 tn 1 i
on them this year. Texas Iii pii
?pent $7,000,000 In Improving I 1 r -
Ho roads. Georgia's road iilll 1: ?t > ??:
wag $5,000,000, West Virginia's $1,156',
000. Virginia's $5X0.000. whllf ?i'jrt
Carolina paid out $500,000 In the
roads cause.
In Arkansas the farmers i-"' t
Jtrlher one fine day and constr .
seven miles of improved rn.nl:- h
tween sunrise and kirnet. The l b
Ida Legislature ir, considering a b
providing for a bond Us lb of $10,00
0)0 for highways, and It \y bcllev
that the bill will pass easily. It
slso likely that in Florida lh<> conti
lease system will be abolished
, tho convicts bo set to working on
roads, und nothing but tbo roads.
Maryland lias spent several millions
on improved highways, and has al?
ready provided more money for the
same purpose.
The Teunesseai! says:
"All this has been done without any
fanfare of trumpets or beating of
drums. The people are awake; they
reulir.e that nothing so hinders devel?
opment?untiling makes lite in I lie
rural districts more distasteful?noth?
ing adils more to the burdens the
fanners groan under?than rantshriokle
roads. The cost of biiildlng ten miles
of highway looks very big when the
figures arc presented in a lump, but
tile loss to each man who. uses the-'
Stretches of boss and sloughs which
puss tor roads in too many Southern
States mounts up every winter to dou?
ble what tlie Improved road would
Tlie problem Is this: the farmers do
not rcallr.e how these small sums,
taken from III,- pockets of ench of
them by wasted time, wornout horses
nnd wrecked wagons?nil caused by
bad roads?costs ? the farmer much
more than the sum which each man
would be called upon for road building.
in his speech at Hie pewter Platter
Club in Norfolk, Governor Woodrow I
Wilson Bit Id: ''Kor twenty years 1 i
preached to the students at Princeton
I hat (he referendum and recall were j
nosh; 1 have since Investigated, and I j
.van! to apologize to those students."
We don't like this, and we are dis?
tressed that Governor Wilson should
lave changed his view so completely:
:e.it We must admit, that there is a
srent deal of virtue in that word
'since" It means variously?when
ised as an adverb. "from then till
low": when ttstd as n preposition,
'through nil the lime fMlnwInc." or
tvlien used as a conjunction, "from
he time when." nnd so on.
We should prefer to accept the view
? f ]>r. Wilson during hi-- twenty year's
<f arduous study a'. Princeton rather
hau the opinion of Dr. Wilson "since"
:he* cichth of last November, when
ils whole hnblt of thought appears
[6 have been changed suddenly, as in
the twinkling of an eye. We do not
Ihlnk thai the students at Princeton
require any nptjiogy from him.
Justice Dilmar; of tlie rutted 5tni.es .
Supreme Court. Is making: good. Woj
were sure that ho would! lie Is one '
r.f Mr Tnft's Democratic appointees 1
Lo the Henclt. (
justice Daiiiar is reported to have j
undo a most unusual record. The ?rst | '
;ase he decided was one on which the! '
.'curt equally divided about it yetir I '
IgO. It referred to the Interpretation;
.0 be given to the twenty-eight - hour j '
nw regulating the shipment of live
itock. He wrote nit opinion in which
be entire i'o'ii I .lolnod. Last Monday,
Itistlcc I,iimar made another tch-strlltp
n the decision of the Grlmiiud case,
nvolvlng the validity of indictments
or pasturing sheep on forest rrs-crves
vlth the permission of the Federal
iovermnent. A your ago the Supremo
Jotirt was equally divided In Its oplu
pti on this case, lipon a rehearing tlio
icw Associate justice wrote an npui- j
un In which the ohtl
These were sni'1 t" \}i very remark- I .
blc incidents, but justice fvimar may I
I i|Ji' .. !.l I : i .
ie assured that it will not
If i
with himself and the Court. We
*I ItC - I'. ' KCII.I \ SOCIK'I 1 .
:: I:-.-.-:::, v. has 'err, rr.sk.ins "a j
of :rMills:.': .r. Its relation to j
Idle for Chiller's Weekly; has
appro- ?
vith the ;
ritlrig"; :
? great
is truth. ?
tie dVl'l I
cf prl
reads j
with I
b-t known HCi I bey ;ire, what paper
iey represent, ??.ret Whether or not
?y an- talking to their Informant ful
liblkfttlon; .?ml, fourth and lastly,
Why shonM
i ? wrpaper i>
portet! be :?. g'ni i. nan? Nearly every
mo v.e klloWj if be |* wo:".), ills suit, le,
h'U ivliy v..n. bo hi ,i tu apparent!',
remarkable Hint ti,o ?, o m,^ men who
wrlle f..r the papers ni.onld |i:.Vc 'tiny
IJi l.he of det ntiry and nelf-rt <ip?'Ct Oil
their own account/ wltliom bullig In
structcd as to what they should .do with
confidences placed In them 'by those
with whom they come In contact In the
pursuit of their profession?
Tlie St. Cecilia Society, of Charleston,
holds the lirst .place In the present
chapter of Mr, li win's "study of Journal?
ism." nnd the newspapers' of that town
are bold' up as extreme examples of
"too great delicacy" In "printing the
news." This criticism Is based on their
failure to devote columns of space to
the murder of a fin" young man In that
community n few years ago. who was
oOlcltiliy connected with that organisa?
tion. The murder was ti brutal affair.
"The press bureau.': sent columns of fact '
and conjecture to the remote corners of
the country." but the local papers pub-j
llshed "Just what came out in the cor?
oner's Inquest?-no more." That was
really nil there was in it for newspaper
purposes; all the "facts" that were
brought out were brought out at Ihc
Inquest. Why should the papers have
filled columns of space with "cohjoc
There is the St. Cecilia Society, and
It Is. as Mr. Irwin says, the "oldest
s". tal organization In the United
States." It is a very nice Society, and
a great ninny very nice people belong
to It. There is nothing mysterious
about it. except that It tries to pre?
serve its self-respect. There are
grenl ninny very nice people in Charles-j
ton who do not belong to it, and yet
people with whom its members are
the best possible terms. Organized
originally as a musical society, it lias;
become purely a social affair, and as j
It does not desire newspaper publicity,
there 's no good reason that we can
Imagine why it should be "written j
up" by the reporters, ninny of whom
Have belonged to It. even If It be true,
its Mr. Irwin snys, that "tlie class of j
people who create most of the best
news, as modern Journalism dclltics
news, belong to this circle." Henry
Watterson was wholly right when he
silld that the main indictment against
Btir press Is the transgression of pri?
vate right.
Wo . re told that "the St.
Cecilia Society publishes, nt the be?
ginning of each season, a one-inch
advertising notice of its assemblies."
Well, what of It? or so much of It
us Is true? Why take a column to
publish what can be said in one Inch?
That would not be "good business,"
und; besides, why should a Society
which does not wish publicity of Its
purely social affairs have publicity
thrust upon it simply to gratify the
:urlosity of those who are In no sense
interested In 't "r responsible for It?
What possible difference can It make
to Mrs. Jones, who does not nttend the
lialis, whether Mrs. Smtth wears yel
ow m'.ille or pink broende with Rhlno
'tones or diamonds? Whose business
Is It? Why should the name of -'a St.
Cecilia woman" be draeged into print
simply because she Is "a at. Cecilia
tvoman ?"
Mr. Irwin says that "on* Charles?
ton (meaning The nver.ing Po3t)
tins kept up .1 society column,
liffering from a similar department
in Northern newspapers In the fact
thrit real society.' as viewed by
rhariestoh; Goes not t-.ppoar therein.''
This is only ha'.f true. All "society"!
-i-.n appear Iii this column if It feel I
so disposed, and much of it does ap
ir.ir; hut ti e paper respects the wishes
>f those who do not care to have their
jrivat'e a/fairs talked about. A ?en
Llerhah elves p. dinner to a company
tl gentlemen at his private residence.
gives ''coming-out party" for bis
latighter. and it is his right to rr
juest H f.*. iio mention be made of eith
afls'.r in the newspapers, affairs
? .-? have no public significance what
?bevej i^.'ic 1? Journalism of the bent
??r.'i highest order which respects the
wishes of 'hose who do not seek pub
l Icily or notoriety. Mr. Irwin snys
that Charleston "reporters and edlt
irr? k'itp lists en their desks of the
St Ceti'.t^ members and thf-lr fanii
li':?, lent they tranrj?ress the unwrit?
ten law " There Is absolutely not one
word of '.."Ith In that staterne-nt. not
a '.vo.-d. Charleston re-porters and ed?
itors do not havo to be told what Is
To? hifrit praise cannot be given to
President Cwriey, of the Wednesday
Cl'lb, and ills associates,' to Herr Scrlv
enor ar.d Mian Tilgg, indor whose
fertlvttc training the Chorus achieved
.-i wonderful triumph nt each of the
pe'1'forrhah'ces given here, and to Hie
meri and worn tin, of '-his community
v. ho eo-bporalaO so heartily Iii Hie'
eflorl made this year to supply the
r.'-ople of ilKhmoild with music of lite
I igh'-st arilfitle, and. therefore, high
. ?' < ducallonnj, value.
We nre sti???, It I? Maid, of a season
Of full Hiand Opera neyi -.-ear, and in
working irj ibis end tin Wednesdi
CHib ijV.ouliI , have the suppoH of all
the people of the community. These
Oilii|?? B.?l:u ti town gte.-.t. '| i;. ;- tnl;.
Uli? hot quite --ii i" the high maik
"*.I"1 ?t ??> great dty like nils.
wijh its schools and tedleg. 'i. it., wettlili
nd leliilemejil, It* Itliilory iifid tradi?
tions. We rejoice with tlie peoplo of
tie Well.? flay Club In their gre<t
StU'-.eas toil. year, and W<: Invite for
tlicm Ii tf.e;r larger and more ;.j
hillOUlS d'-elKhs lor tin., future tip-!
ti'.i;', eo-e/pe-rallon of nil the people
Hi PJekiriVnii v.ho nre worth while
Th.-t /.as .-, ma;,pitic,.r,i uudlen? ..- at
ihc City Audltciriuih Tuesday night,
and ihy n.urle, oh: tttp- muidc, would
luve mad.. Hi Cecilia hnE.-lf Hie leant
bit envious 'if tin.- marvelous volcj
with wI.jell (Duck 'harmed tlie bouIi
"I I., r entllUKlastlit hrare-rH Sviitil ,p,e
It if.atttsi thai Martlii failed c. i<w.'
her charming prcsonco! Not n word
has been said In the sploudld criticisms
of Douglas Gordon about these Grand
Opera Concerts that wo would change.
H is auillolchl to soy Hint tho cnltl.
clsms of the nut sic were no huo as the
music Itself, but thoro wns ono point
in tho descriptive work ol the news?
papers which appears to have been
neglected, and that was tin- perfectly
lovely way in which Madame Cluck
dresses her hnlr.
There were rats, and switches, and
pompadours, world without end. nil
over the Auditorium, but tho central
flKure on tho stage was Madame Cluck,
and shoi wns so beautiful and unarm?
ing that some of tho old fellows In the
audience began to wonder how It hap?
pened that she looked so different from
go many of tho rest. It was her liulr
?Hie way it was dressed, with the
part straight in the middle and with
tho hair resting beautifully on the
temples and looped back over the oars.
Tlic voice of this wonderful singer en?
tranced every one, and she was so
lovely in responding to tho many calls
of her enraptured audiences, so wo?
manly and beautiful In her womanli?
ness, so independent of the artificial
aids employed in tho coiffure of theso
modern days.
There bs still talk about the leasing
of the Carolina, Cllnchflold and Ohio
Railroad by the Chesapeake and Ohio
concern. 11 Is known that the buttling
of a Hue from Dante, Va., to Elkhorn,
West Virginia, is now actually under
construction. This contract Is most
expensive for those who aro backing
it, and it means a great deal more than
the building ot thirty miles of rail?
road through one of tho most dlfllciilt
countries In the South. There is not
enough business nt Dnnto for Elkhorn
to Justify tho enterprise, nor as much
business at Elkhorn for Dante as
would make thirty miles ot railroad,
built at probably on averago expense
of probably $90,000 tho mile, worth
Wo do not think that thero is any
doubt that the Chesapeake and Ohio
concern will Anally absorb tho Clinch
field and Ohio Road, because that road
could be used by tho Chesapeake and
Ohio In Its business to good advantage.
The Cllnchfield coal rencb.es contain
millions of tons of the most vnluablo
coal in the country, and thero must be
a market for It. and thero Is now a
rcadyniado market for it In the Caro?
linas and Georgia. Besides, thero Is to
be an enormous development of our
commercial possibilities with Panama
and the South American countries
through the port of Charleston.
It u- known that the authorities have
teen figuring on this combination for
some time, and we have no doubt that
they will flgurd in the way that most
people think. The Chesapeake and
Ohio Company do not lose many tricks.
We understand from the Anderson
Mall that down In Charleston tho con?
clusion hns been reached that It Is no
longer necessary for the peace of tho
community and tho security of its In?
stitutions that drnd men shall bo voted
in the Democratic primaries. This is
an example thn*. might very well be
followed by our friends down in Nor?
folk, where the only question appears to
be how long a man must bo dead be?
fore he Is ineligible as a voter.
The Democratic outlook In Illinois
is promising. It looks very much as
it Illinois will tie one of the uncertain
Staio3 next year. Political unrest Is
plainly discernible In the State. The
l.Orlmer case has ripped the Republi?
can machine terribly, and the voters
are against machine politics In the
Republican party as never before. An
Illustration <.f this Is afforded in the
inun'cipal election :a?t week In Elgin.
Edward D. Shurtieff, who wns Speaker
of the lower house of the Legislature
that sent Lor I met- to the Sonate of the
United States, ran for City Attorney
with tho expr. ?-.,! Intention of seek?
ing vindication for ills courso at the
polls, but lie was overwhelmingly de?
feated, every ward In the city going
dgalnut him.
In 1908 Illinois gave Mr. Toft a
plurality of 175.122. At that tlmn tho
Republicans elected nineteen of the
iwenty-tlve Congressmen, but last No
v tuber the Demo .rats carried eleven
of tlie twenty-five congressional dis?
tricts, in I00(i, ;ho present Republi?
can Governor, Deiiecti, received a plu?
rality of but 23,1115 out of a total voto
of l,I.VI,0I2. Tin s.: figures alone Indi?
cate tint Illinois is to bo debatable
giound in lb-- j;<-:<t Presidential elec?
it wit, hill tip: "odoriferous onion"
that drove the tramp from the liorlfcr
oiH ay net n hi of the Orange Observer,
6i nrdlng I b our contemporary, who
s'ayn: "It v. as because he was afraid
he might ??onfront nn angel in
,\rc wn id understand from
i i 1m thai Hie Observer was about to
? .. lim nix-shooter from her girdle
anil give the hobo the "dotiblc-crnsS"?
"We certainty (mini have a circus In
Ot lingo ibis season," says tho Observer;
iviij ? Whiit'n Hie use when Hie oli
H> I l Ol If still In i own ?
At Ins) the Ornngo Observer bus
IOlned ill the League for tho Abolition
of th<- <"'ml, for our contemporary says:
".Maid of Ornrigo. come, O, como and
real your jaws from Hint chewing
Keep tip the llghl, contemporary.
Why lire ll?- Irecti so much greener
in Virginia I ha n anywhere else?
Voice of [he People |
i'e ii n I nit 11, it Seminary,
To Uni Edltor >.f The iimos-Dlspulch:
Ir, With no little Inlerost the
writer road your editorial. "ITowiod
Down " lie pi'pined for college nt
I'dinincton Homlnury. Ah a graduato
The only baking powder
made frcrn Royal Gragae
(Bream of Tartar
of the Institution I am proud of whnt|
the alumni did at the New York ban?
quet lo lion. Desllo M. Shaw.
The seminary is (he property of.tip;
Methodists of Now Jersey. For well
nigh forty yours one man was heud
of ibo Institution. Tho writer was
one of his first pupils, and owes more,
to bim than lo any oilier man he uvei
knew except ills father. lie wits t
man of sterling iiunlltiivn and thorough
ly adapted to the responsible position j
he held for over :i third of u Century.
Ho drilled Into his students, above nil I
things else, to stand for the. right
though Iii? heavens fall, to be pro?
gressive, and never hesitate to support!
a worthy cutise. however, feeble or tin- I
The writer was not at tho New York '
dinner, but tun satisfied most, if not I
nil, of those present had nat under j
him ns an educator. The results of the;
training they received from hla lips j
were made manifest when they "howl?
ed down" the honor guest of the oc?
casion, simply because he dnred run I
contrary to what they believed to be
right, and. apparently, from the press |
reports, cast u slur on the Governor
of the Statu of New J Orsoy. Hon. Wood
row Wilson, one of the noblest men in
the political arena to-day.
Doubtless most of those present were
Methodists and Republicans. Mr, Shaw?
ls a Methodist and has more than
once been honored by a sent in the
General Conference of the Methodist
Uulscopal Church. Governors Kord am)
Stokes me also Methodists (and, lr I
mistake not, both are sons of Mctho
'list ministers), and prepared for col
lego at I'cuutnglon Semlnury. Gov?
ernor Wilson is an honored member of
the Prcsbytorlan Church and a Demo?
I mention this to show that the
training of young men m Ponnlnnton
i-i not hounded by church denomlniv
tlohnlintn or political purtyinnt. but bj
the higher, broader and holder princi?
ples of what is right.
The man who for nearly forty years
was president of this time-honored in- i
stltutlon of learning was born In New !
York City of Irish parents and raised j
n Roman Catholic. When hi work at
his trade (carpenter) In New Jersey j
he attended a Methodist revival, was
converted. Joined the Methodist Church
mid the Methodlsl ministry. When In
the ministry a few years he entered
Princeton College, of which he Is Hit
honor graduate. Me is still livlny, welt
alilck'ti in years. Ills name Is Thomas
?'iinnlon. Ills home in at Ocean Grove
N. .1.
The writer joined tho New Jersey
Methodist Conference on graduation
from Dickinson College, from which in?
stitution graduated Hon. .lohn Mar?
shall, Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court of the United States, a man of
whop! '-very Virginian Is Justly proud.
Later be transferred to Detroit Con?
ference, still later lo the Hast Ohio;
Confer, p.-e, whence he had an Invlta-1
tl"h to tho North Ohio Conference, of)
which he Is now n member. In all of :
his work and tin vela he has looked
back lo the days spent nl Pennlngton
Seminary ns among the best and hap?
piest of Iiis busy life; all because of
what tin- Iben president of lite Insti?
tution, Rev. Thomas O'Hnnlon, D. O.,
1.1.. D.. did for him.
Moral: lallten tors should rend their
students out Into the world not with
head knowledge alone, but With that
moral fibre thai will always and every?
where make them heroic for tire right.
Herein lbs He- secret of those who
at the Pennlngton Seminary banquet
In New York City darod bowl down
Leslie M. Shaw, the invited liAnor
guest of tlie occasion, and stand by
thai noble man. Hon. Woodrow Wilson.
Aholhth Mother*' Clubs.
To the Kditor or The Times-Dispatch:
sir. Please permit mo a word
through your columns to say in jus?
tice to the schools, i am a member
of the Mothers' Club of tIiis city and
a mother myself, but without a doubt
1 think the greatest curse to the city
Schools to-day are these mothers'clubs,
r thlnlt It la a shame for the School
Hoard of. this city to organize such
a nuisance. The teachers tire nearly
worked to death, with not n minute
lo rest, with about llfty children to
Jump from one study to another all day
long, and then examine papers until
way In the night hours. Now, I think
ir they would teach tho children the
good common sense that was taught by
the teachers like Miss Chappell and
Miss Bracket! when 1 went to school
to my children I will be very proud of
Unit. The finishing touches can be
gotten without working tho poor
teacher to death. Do away with this
Mothers' Club and lot the mothers stay
ut home und try to tell their children
their duty; to help the teachers, In?
stead of worrying them to death with
this Mothers' Club. When I tell you
a number of those women who belong
lo tliOHO Mothers' Clubs, really haven't
Hie education of the children In 2 D
primary, I think the School ?oard
could at leaMl (ind something more
lu-lpful to worry people with. Tf the
mothers do I heir household duties llko
my mother and yours, they would not
hnvo tlnio to bother with Mothers'
Clubs. I think Hie School Ronrd hail
bettor ho called up about tho ten-hour
law. Tho teachers of our city are
working until long hours In ihn night.
Tlie itohools are bettor off without tho
women's clubs. MRS. ir. K. '/,..
Member "f linst Rnd Mothers' Club.
The Voice of Nature In Springtime.
When ns the greening Barth gives bar]
tuul eve '
Such satisfaction, mid sweet odours lie
Upon the sense; then all Join In the
?Merrily sings be. In his bush so free, |
Just hack from the warm South
To his constant mnto. his most ardent
Stringing the nototj from his mouth.
Hol laughs the Sun. as little buds peep
" out;
Tito waters murmur?children danco
Sweet birdies trill their little hcarto
most out; . .
?What do they care, tho' tholr nests
be bare,
Can they not build another?
Homes bought and sold, homes buWt
with Gold,
In such homes Love will smother.
Hop! goes the. Robin, and tho perky I
Cocks up her eye In prayer like pious
men: . ,,
Ah, lift! the Hast Wind sings, mm nil
loin In:
A homo for two?Just me und you,
Ami possibly another;
Mv Henri's Desire-'; the heavenly din
Of Love shall live forever.
Chnrlotlesvlllo. May 1, 1?10.
'.'"" "\ " ' m ??n
Daily Queries and Answers
United seilte? Coins.
Pleuse print In your Query Column
the designs nnil (lutes whon Ilio coins
of tho United Stutos wero Issued to ho
coined of tho dollnrs und lower coins
It. II. N
Tho luw forbids tho printing of de?
signs of colus oxcopt whon "used In
Illustrating numismatic and historical
boohs und journuls and tho circulars of
legltiimttc publishers and dealurs In the
The United States coins, dollar and
below, were Issued as follows:
Dollar (gold)?Small size, 18-10 to
1864: large size, 1861 to 18S9.
Dollar. Louisiana Purchuso (gold) ?
Jefferson head, 1902 and iU()3: McKin?
ley head, 1902 and 1903. There Is no
colhngu date on these coins.
Dollar. Lewis and Clark (gold) ?
1901 and 1906.
Dollar (silver) ? Liberty head. 170*
to ISO I; Liberty seated, 18 10 to 1873:
Liberty head, 1878 to 190-1.
Dollar. Trade (silver) ? 1S70 to 1SS3.
Dollar. La fay Otto (silver)?1890.
Half-dollar (silver) ? Liberty head.
1791 lo 1797. ISO! to 1803. 1S05 to 1S15.
1817 to 1839; Liberty seated. 1839 lo
IS91; Liberty head. 1S92 to 1911.
Half-dollar. Columbian (silver) ?
1892 and 1S93.
Quurtcr-dollur (silver)?Liberty head.
1790. ISO I to 1807, 1816, 1818 to 1825.
1827 and 1S2S, 1831 to 1838: Liberty
seated, 1S3S to 1S91; Liberty heud, 1892
to 1911.
Quarter-dollar, Isabella (silver) ?
Twenty-cent piece (silver) ?187? to
Dlmo (silver)?Liberty hood. 1790 to
179S, 1S00 to 1805. 1S07, 1809. 1S11. 1811.
1820 to 182.-1, 1827 to 1837; Liberty aoat
ed. 1S37 to IS91; Liberty head. 1892 to
llnlf-dlmc (silver)?Liberty head.
1791 to 1797. 1800 to 1803, 1805, 1829
to 18S7; Liberty seated. 1837 to 1S73
Throo-cent piece (silver) ? 1S5I to
Five-cent piece (nickel)?Shield, I860
to 18S3; Liberty bead. 1S83 to 1911
Three-cent, piece (nickel)?1805 to
Two-cent plcco (bronze)?ISO I to
Cent (copper)?1793 to 1814, 1810 to
Cent (nickel)?Ctigle. IS57 and 1868;
Indian head. 1859 to J SO I.
Cent (bronze)?Indian head, 1851 to
1909; Lincoln bond, 1900 to 1911.
Half-cent (copper)-?1793 to 1797.
1800. 1S02 to 1RI1. 1825 and 1S2G. 1828
und 1S29, 1S31 to 1836. 3810 to 1S57.
?Tlnfccr?? Dam."
For tho benefit of one of your regu?
lar renders, plraso give orlcin of tho
saying, "He's not worth a tinker's
dam." ROB.
The usually accepted explanation is
Ihls: When an Iron, gas or water l'lpo
I was being laid lit a trench In tho
ground, necessarily a tlirht )oint was
', required. The small or "he" end was
j Inserted In the hub or "she" end. bnt
; t'-'l up close against the Inside shotlt
1 der of tho hub. then some tow or
oakum was rolled up Into a soft rope
and pn'koil tight, making a gasket.
A mass of putty or clay was also rolled
into ropo form and wound around the
joint, the onda almost meeting on the
top of the pipe. At till:; point morn of
the plastic material' was formed Into a
cup or dam. tho hole In the bottom of
tho dam connecting with the channel
or air space runnlntr around tho pipe
Inside of the hub. Load, having been
melted, was poured into this dam.
which naturally running through thlh
channel, sealed the Joint whep n hard?
ened, and the putty or clay having
served its purpose. Its cohesion de?
stroyed by the heat, was brushed aside;
worthless. Fifty years ago, before tho
Banltary and honest plumbors had boon
ovolvod from the ltlnorunt tinker, gas
|>lpo wns muda of lead and the Joint?
"wiped" (molded of hot loud). Tho
luttor was poured la u dam and then
as It gradually cooled tho dam was
wiped on* with a cloth of several thick?
nesses held in tho hand, and tho cool?
ing lead rorced into an oval In tho
same way as Is now dono by the
plumber, who has discarded the dam,
but drops the hot solder onto tho Joint,
holding the cloth bononth. Hence, as
the tlnkor's "dam" Is now obsolete
(no longer used), It is classed as
worthless. The "dam," you will notice,
was a contrivance of lead, not a swear
The Hon n IHrdf
To settle an argument, please an?
swer this question: is a hen a bird'.'
X. M. T.
In n recent cttso tho F?deral Court
of Customs Apponls, In a case sont up
from the port of Sun Francisco, handed
down the following: "Eggs coming
from China usually are broken out or
the shells, packed In tin cans and
frozen. Customs oftlclals contended
thoy entered this country 'n competi?
tion with home-laid eggs and assessed
a July of r> cents a dozen. Tho im?
port or objected, declaring they should
be free of duty under that section of
the tariff which put the eggs of birds
on the free list, lie contended that at
the most thoy wore only ulbumen. r.nd
dutiable as such. The full bolir-h of
fieo .justices agreed that the. luipoi tor's
claim thnt a hen 'a a bird lacked merit,
and that nn egg !p an " gg, In the sh.-ii
or out of It." Recently the court hold
that a yam was not :? swept potato.
Hence, if this eminent Federal nuthcr
Ity Is to bo accepted ns llnnl, a hon In
not n bird In the legal meaning of that
word. l'or contra, Wohster, iwlibse
definitions of Engl'sh terms aro gen?
erally accepted by tho courts, defines
"bird" ns follows: ]. Originally li
chicken?the young of fowls. and
hence a -small fowl. 2. In modern
use, nny feathered animal: technically,
nnv M'dlvidual 'belonging *o a cass of
warm-blooded vertanrnto animals
(Ayes), charctorl7.od by ovlpr'ous gon
ortlon. a covering of feathers, a
beak, tho posterior extremities organ?
ised ai fret ind th* antcr- n* extroni
Itles as wings, generally formed for
flight. Rlrds have a doubts -.-IC'jttla
t'on and aro toothless.
.Ilimoii end Illxon'n I/lne.
V.'hnt was the looatlon of "Mason and
Dlxon's line," and give ino its origin;
B. P. C.
Mason and Dlxon's linn was ihn name
given to tho boundary line, between
Pennsylvania and Man-land, surveyed
In 1702-67, by Charles Mason and Jer?
emiah Dlxon. two English engmeors.
for the purpose of settling Hie long?
standing: border disputes between the
two Colonius. It ran duo west In
north latitude. 39 decrees S3 minutes
26.S seconds, for "IT. miles, and for
tho first 1S2 miles was marked with
stone posts, at Intervals of one mile.
The phrase. "Mnson and Dlxon's line."
was probably established In the lan
RUngo of the people from Ihn fact that
John Randolph, of Roanokc. mndo frc
Quont uho of it during the exciting do
tiuent use ?>f It during tho exciting d< -
excluding slavery from Missouri, and
referred to It as the boundary lino
between slavery and freedom.
Fnlr SHr*.
What was tho acreage of the fol?
lowing worbi fair sites: Centennial,
1S70; Columbian fair, 1S92-3, and Mid?
winter fair. San Francisco, 1804?
? It. V.
Centonnlnl, 280 acres; (."olumblan,
666; Midwinter. 160.
SIMULTANKOUtlLiY with tho news
thru gold burs to the value of
$30,000,000, representing part of
tho lato Dowager Empress of
China's colossal hoard, had been ship?
ped secretly to England, and are now
deposited in the bank of England,
uomOa the news of tlio death of l-i
Hien-Ying reputed tho richest man In
the Celestial Empire, and who was for
near half a century tho chief advisor,
the most inlluenilal confidant, in one
word, not only thu Chief Eunuch of the
Court of rekln, but also ihn de facto
i'rlmo Minister of the Empire. .Sinei
tho death of "Old Buddha," the name
by which the late Empress Dowager
Was so widely known, hu has been
failing in health, and on March 4, no
sucoumbed, at Pao-Ting-Eu. In tho
province of Chl-EI, to which ho had
withdrawn at tho beginning of the
present reign.
Starting life os a oobhter's appren?
tice. In the small provincial town ot
Ho-Chien-Eu, hu entered ilia imperial
household at the age of eighteen, and
was promoted to the post of 'Thief
Eunuch of llie Court of Peklh In I860,
after Iiis equally notorious predeces?
sor, An-Te-iial had been summarily
decapitated by the Viceroy ol Shan
Tung, for assuming Imperial dignities
and Insignia, while engaged on a trl
bute-lcvylng expedition in that pro?
vince. Before that dale, however, l.l
l.ien-Ying liad attracted tho notice and
won the fnvor of Empress Tsu-llsi, by j
loyal services, rendered at a time when
her own authority was not yet firmly
established, by bis remarkable phy-i
Hicui comeliness, his cood manners, and
his lntulligcncu. He was un adept at
organizing and conducting tho routs,
Hie masques, theatricals, and picnics,
wherein tho heart of tho pleasure lov- i
Ing Empress ro.lolccd. To tho end of her|
life, bis services in this capacity made
him indispensable to her, and won for
"Mm n familiar camaderl? which shu
vouchsafed to no one else, not oven to
her faithful klndsmnn .lung-Eu. lie
was a good rcconteur, able, and willing
to distract her mind in dull moments,
of a nimble wit and cheerful disposi?
tion, and although ignoble and vicious
In many respects, ho served his mis?
tress with it lifetime of dog-llko devo?
tion and affectionate care.
ills hand was powerful, not only In
tho linuncos and administrative affairs
of tho palace und of tho provinces, but
also in tho higher matters of state. Mo
above all others was instrumental in
Inducing tho late Empress T/.Ti-Hsl to
suppress with violence the reform
movement ot 180S, and to condemn the
unfortunate Emperor ICwang-llsu to
tho httniilallon of a glided prison, which
only ended with his lifo.
It was ho who 111 ,ills colossal Ignor?
ance persuuded her' to believe In the
mystic powers of the Boxers, aittl In
(heir ability to "drlvo tho foreigner Into
tho sea." His blind hatred of tho re?
formers und of foreigners, was, Indeed,
largely due to solt-lHlorost, since they
hud repeatedly denounced the Eunuch
system, which constitutes the banc and
curse of Manchu rule, and made Its
abolition it plank in their programme
of reform, with tho very general sup?
port of public opinion. Ills faith in
llie Boxers was entirely genuine, and
to tlio very last days of the siege ot
the legations, he continued to reas?
sure tho Empress ot . their eventual
After the capture of tho city of Pokln
by tho allies, nnd the flight of tho
count, his courago forsook him, nnd
for many mouths lie went In fear that
tho Empress would bo forced by the
domands of tho avenging Powers, lo
hand him over for punishment, with
tho other lenders of the Boxer move?
ment, lie owed his eventual safety toi
the Influence exercised on his behalf
by Hie Russian government, which, with j
an eye to past and future favors, from
lila good will at Pckin. Intervened to
shield him nnd others from thotr well
merited punishment.
Nevertheless, ho did not escape scot
free. For one of his hoards of treas?
ure, hidden In tlio vicinity of Ilm palace,
at Pokln, was betrayed to tho French
troops, and by tliem looted. lie sub?
sequently recouped himself by pro?
vincial exactions of the most unblush?
ing rapacity whllo the court was In
residence at Ilsl-An, and when his mis?
tress died, was known as Chinese
Squcczcr-ln-Chief, archtypo and foun-1
min head of otllci.il corruption, nml an
fin; richest. Jtiultl-inlllionniro in China,
possibly indeed the wealthiest man of
The Eunuch regime still continues,
ami to-day Ll-Llen- Ylng'a place I
taken by Chang-Tc, now chief Hunueh
of the iirescnt Empress Dowager,
Lung-Ku, aunt ami guardian of lite
little Kmtipror. Ho Is barely thirty
years of age. He Is as reactionary and
as reverse to reform as his predeces?
sor in oince, and exercises unbounded
Inlluenee over the IGniprcss: a fact
which foreign Towers will do well to
bear In mind.
Baron Knut H?nde, .Secretary of thn
Swedish legation nt Berlin, whose
marriage to Miss Grlzol Anstruther.
daughter of Colonel AnBtrnther of
Charleston, has Just taken place in Lon
don, Is the sc/n and heir of Huron Carl
H?nde, of Hrlcgborg, which Is a magni?
ficent Chateau, situated at a distance
of some miles from Stockholm. In thn
midst of an estate extending ovnr an
area of fiO.noo acres. The pnrk around
tlie chateau is a creation of ivnotre.
who designed the gardens of the Palace
of Versailles. Rrlcsborg has been for
hundreds of years In tho possession of
the Hondo family, is filled from cellar
to garret with prlncelcss treasures of
art and history, among them tlie throne
of Charles VIII. which occupies a con?
spicuous position In the grand .-:nlon.
The chateau is particularly famous for
iUs wonderful collection of books and
manuscripts, which include the corre?
spondence nr.il the records of the
Baron- riotide, ns well ns of other Swed?
ish noblos related to the family, who
hr-id high oflice In the service of tlie
crown In the fifteenth, sixteenth, seven?
teenth and eighteenth centuries. Among
Others, there are a number of letters
of Cardinal Itieholleit, of the Mcreschnl
ile Luxembourg, of King Gustavus
Adolphns, of Cardinal Mnzarin, and of
Frederick the CJreat.
The worthy gardlan of all these liter?
ary trensnros, Hnron Carl Rondo, pub
lls'ncs each year a volume of anecdotic
history of the reign of Gustavus III.
There arc few families who have
played a more notable role in tlie his?
tory of Sweden tlinn Hint of the
Ha tons of H?nde. Kor it hns furnished,
not only numerous archbishops, field
i marshals, admirals. premiers, and
I errand scneachals to tho klncdom, and
i likewise two Kings, one of whom Is
thrs national saint, namely, St. Eric,
I who reigned over Sweden from 11?. 1 to
llilfl, and Charles VIII.. who reigned
from 1I3S to I I TO. In the seventeenth
century R.iron 'lustav Rondo was Grand
Treasurer of the Kingdom, nnd Presi?
dent of the Council of Regency, dur?
ing tho minority of Chnrles XT. A Bar?
on Charles Bondo was the Plenipo?
tentiary of Sweden nt the. Court' of
Versailles In the reign of Douis XIV..
and negotiated In Rondon n treaty of
oIu>nHivo and defensive alliance be?
tween Great Britain nnd Sweden. In
tlie eighteenth century another Barer.
Gustav H?nde was Chancellor of thn
ancient University of Upsola: nnd bis
namesake. Baron Gustav Bande, was
Grand Chamberlain of the, Court lo
the last of the Vasn Kings of Sweden,
at the beginning of thn nineteenth Cen?
The father of Bnron Carl Bondc wat
special ntnbnssador to notify the
forelprn Powers of thn accession to the
throne of King Charles XV., undo of
the present King; while Baron Carl
Bondc. himself was selected by Iho
latter for a similar mission three yearn
ago. on his own accession.
(Copyright, Jftll, by the Rrentwond
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