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THE DISPATCH FOUNDED 1S60.
THE TIMES FOUNDED ISM. WHOLE NUMBER 18,622. RICHMOND, VA., WEDNESDAY, MAY 17, 1911. WKATHKR TO-DAY?Pair. PRICE TWO CENTS. FOR FIRST TIME Not One Case on Health Department Chart at City Hall. REGARD RECORD * AS MARVELOUS Pure Milk and Pure Water From Settling Basins Looked Upon as Causes Which Bring About Remarkable Sani? tary Conditions?Dr. Levy Speaks. For the first lime since accurate records havo been kept, and In all probability for the first time since this town emerged from a village to a township a century ago. Richmond was yesterday without a single case of ty? phoid fever. , The big chart on the walls of the Health Department at the City Hall, showing location of typhoid cases, was wiped clean. Chief Health Officer E. C. Levy, said that It was by far the most rt-markahlo record over obtained by the Health Department?one that was eltupiy marvelous In view of condi? tions " elsewhere and of conditions In! 'Richmond in recent years. While winter typhoid Is believed to be spread ' mainly through the medium of water] or mlik. It Is the belief of the authori? ties that summer typhoid Is mainly: spread front case to ,-nse. by unclean- | liess or lack of careful nursing, result- I lug Iii spreading the Infection to those j about the patient. Slnte Wiped Clean: Without a sinKle case In the city from which to breed such contagion, Dr. Levy expresses the hope that the summer typhoid may be reduced to a mlnlmUm, although from time to time cav?a may hi; brought Into the city for hospital treatment- Such cases are al? ways under adequate supervision, and seldom result In any spread of dis? ease. "The f ill significance of the situa? tion." said Dt\ Levy, "ran only he ap prei lati-'l by those who realize the enormous toll In lives and illness which typhoid fever has exacted in the para. .Since the reorganization 01 the Health Department. In .June. 1909. i : ??<): Improvement has boon brought ! about. The figures for the year priori to 13"?".. In ko far as they relate to the actual number of cases of typhoid in the city are not reliable." Tnhulntcd Statement. In order v> show the contrast be? tween the typhoid situation this year] and for the same period of the past four years, the following tabulated ' st.-^jinent was prepared by Health De l/irtinoni officials yesterday: 1S0T. !'X>i 13%. 1310. JJU. Typhold caie? reported .'or first four months. ?3 125 (1 41 n ? ????< on hand May 1... :i :o 13 3 3 Typhoid deaths to ?May 1. 11 11 6 a 3 Typhoid deaths 10 Juno 1. 11 16 5 5 First four and a half months of 1011,14 cases; cases on hand May 1 tl, none; denths to May 1, 2, deaths to May 16, ::. I)r. Levy'* Statement. "This statement," explained Dr. Levy,I "gives the number of cases and the ] number of deaths from typhoid fovcr only since 1307. Ueglnnlng with the I year 1307 there was a most marked lowering of the record from previous] years, and In viewing the present situ? ation as regards typhoid fever in Rich? mond, the fact must be takon Into ac? count that even lite first four of the | above years were far better than any previous years on record. "While wo are exceedingly gratified | at the showing made by these com? parisons, and believe it has been brought about directly by tho activi? ties of tthe Health Department, It would be wrong for citizens to gain the Idea thnt typhoid has been con? quered. Only by following out the policies adopted with even greater visor than In tho past, will the city be! able to maintain Its record, and In this effort every citizen must do his I part. The Health Department assumes! Immediate supervision over every re? ported case of typhoid, and glvos full' Instructions to prevent the sproadlngj of tho disease to others. We, there- j fore, look to physicians to report 1 every case Immediately, and we looki to tho people to carry out the ltis.lruc-1 tions given by the department for their safety. If these things are done, We have every reason to hope that when tho end of 1911 cames, typhoid nguresi for tho entire period will agnin lower: all previous records. In spite of the | fnct that wo have so many times In I tho past five years broken all previ? ous records In this direction." fircat Advertisement for City. Other city offlcinls expressed thel view thnt there could he no greater 1 advertisement for the city than tho] announcement that there was not to? day a singly ense of tyhpold fever] within Its limits. The result Is probably due to a num? ber of causes rather than to nny one cause, though primarily the activity of the Health Department In Inspecting every case reported nnd watching vigi? lantly to see that proper precautions oro taken to prevent spread of Infec? tion, has had first plnce. Tho move? ment to lower the typhoid rate may be said to have begun with the milk cam? paigns of several years ago, whloh have continued with unabated vigil? ance, 'until Richmond to-day has what the Health Department proclaims to bo the purest milk supply In this country. Tho second contributing cause was the completion of the settling basins, giv? ing to the city a continuous supply of clear and pure water, drawn from the river many miles above tho city, and scientifically cleared of all Impurities, end furnished at all times In abund? ance. Still another contributing cause to the good health of the city has been tho liberal policy of the Council In (Continued on Third Rago.) MODEL FOR PEACE PACTS Proponed Trcntj- of Arbitration Ileudy to Submit to Hiigltiuil. Washington. May 16.?The proposed treaty of arbitration between the United .Stales and Croat Britain, upon which rests the hope of the English Speaking peoples for a permanent ponce between tho two great nations, and which probably will be a model for peace pacts, with othor nations, has ut last reached the stage where It Is to bo presented to the British govern, tnent for Us approval. Ambassador James Bryce, of Great Britain, before the Cabinet met to-day. had a half-hour conference, with Presi? dent Taft, during which certain points In the treaty were thoroughly discuss ed. This was tho final conference of the numerous ones which these two ad? vocates of permanent peace have had alncc tho President announced his In lontlon of negotiating with Great Britain for such a treaty. Officials of the Stale Department have been constantly at worlt upon the , treaty, and to-day Secretary Knox presented to ,lhe Cabinet for Its ap? proval a tentative draft of the treaty. Apparently It was most satisfactory to j tho President ,nnd his official family j as a whole. , Secretary Knox, as he was leaving the White House after the Cabinet meeting, announced that a tontatlve plan of the treaty probably would be submitted to-morrow to Ambassador Bryce. for transmission to the British Foreign Office. Exchange of notes be tween the two nations will follow. When the final draft Is accepted by both countries, the completed treaty will be Hlgned and submitted to the 'United States Senate for approval and ratifi? cation by that body. MENACE TO UNITED STATES Itooaevelt Wnrun Aunlnut Materialism nnd I'ngantnnt. New York, May 16.?Theodore Roose? velt spoke for nearly an hour at the: Clerical Conference of tho Federation of Churches here to-day, but after tho meeting not one of the 1.200 ministers who alone were permitted to attend, would give even so much as a hint as to the tenor of the colonel's extended ! remarks. Notwithstanding tho reticence mani? fested, Colonel Roosevelt is reported , to have told his auditors that ma- | tcriallsm and paganism are a serious menace to the welfare of the United , States, to have repeated his recent characterization of dynamiters of I buildings ii3 "murderers," and to hava declared that unless something Is done j to remedy present conditions the re- ! suits will he dire. He is said to have urged tho ministry to get together Ir? respective of creed nnd make an effort at allevlutlon of the conditions he de? plored. The colonel Is also said to have ex? pressed his disapproval of the phrase "business Is business," when business men used It to Justify their employ? ment of -attorneys to tell them how tar they could go and keep out of tho law's clutcties: there must be some? thing more than materialism, and it must be supplied by tho rbjrrhea. INDICTED BY GRAND JURY Ohio l.rg-lHlntorn Chnrged With Solici? tation of Bribes. Columbus, O., May 16.?Senator Ed? gar T. Crawford, of Carroll county, and Representative A. Clark Lowry. i of Lawrence county. Republicans, anil ' Representative Owen J. Evans, of Stark county. Democrat, were ' indicted to? day by the grand Jury for bribe solici? tation. Crawford is alleged to have, asked 1200 from \V. H. Cook, of Springfield, secretary of the Ohio Butchers' and Grocers' Association. in connection with trading stamp legislation. Lowry. against whom an Indictment had previously been returned on the evidence of dctccfjvcs, Is now charged with soliciting $1,600 from Opha Moore, secretary of the Ohio Manu? facturers' Association, for his vote on the nine-hour day for women bill. Evans Is alleged to havo. solicited a bribe of $650 from John F. Weiss, of Canton, O.. secretary of the Stark Tuscarawas Brewery, for his vote in (lie city local option bills. All the indicted legislators entered their appearance and gave bond of ?5,000 each. The trials of Indicted assemblymen will begin Thursday. H0FFST0L IS ACQUITTED Not Guilty of Bribery Charge In Con? nection With Councllmanlc Sonndn). Pltlshurg, Pa., May 16.? Frank N. lloffstot. the banker-manufacturer of New York City, was acquitted on thu charge of bribery In connection with ! the |,ank depository ordinance, exposed in the c'Oiinciimnnic graft crusade. The ' bribery case wont to the jury late j this afternoon, and the verdict was ro- i turned in a little more than an hour. J iloffstot. on the witness stand, denied ' that lie had any knowledge of tho 1 bribery of Councilman to pass the bank i depository ordinance, until after I he | exposure of the councllmanlc scandal.; FOR U. S. DISTRICT JUDGE Appointment , of Former Governor A urteil Urged Upon Prcaldcut. Washington, May 16.?The appoint? ment of former Governor M. F. Ansell, of South Carolina, as United States district Judge for South Carolina, to succeed Judge William H. Uiawiey. who has announced his resignation, was urged upon President Tint to-dav by Senator Smith and Representative l'inley, of South Carolina. Governor Ansell accompanied the Congressmen The President Is considering tho names of several candidates, and may not make n decision for a week or two. RENTS^eFfIRST OFFICE. .Mrs. Hetty Green Token l.cnae of Rooms In Big Buslnena Building. Now York, May 16.?Mrs. Hetty Green Is said to have her own office for the first time In her notable career as a financier. Tt was learned to-day that she has taken a lease of rooms in a big office building in the Wall Street district, next to that recently rented by Wil? liam E. Corey, former president of the United States Steel Corporation. Strike Declared Oq. Auburn, N. Y.. May 16.?The strike of 360 Journeymen carpenters In Au? burn was declared off to-day. after tho bulldors and contractors had acrreed lo tho terms demanded. $is nor ?week, with half-holidays on .^'-?urday during the summer month*. Upper Branch Cuts Out Forty-eight of Its Fifty Sections. FORD PURCHASE GETS APPROVAL Award of Contract for Mayo's Bridge Finally Gets Through. Money Set Apart for New School Sites?Nine-Hour Scale for City Hall Employes. Eliminating forty-eight of the fift.v [ sections of the carefully prepared traf? fic code, the Hoard of Aldermen last night adopted a single section, roqulr- j Ing drivers and pedestralns at all limes lo comply with directions given by any police officer, with voice or hand, ifn uer penalty. The resolution lo oc o.uire the Ford's Hotel property was concurred In, after some debate, and the award of contract for the new Mayo uridgc confirmed. A large num? ber of slruel improvements were au? thorized, and a number of ordinances of lesser importance were cunuurred In, und now gu to tho Mayor for his ap- i prpval. A nine-hour day was fixed for all city employes, engaged in manual la? bor; *ll,otiu was set apart for sites for new public schools, including the j Van Low property. A resolution con drilling award of contract for Uus j Works coal was recommitted, it appear? ing thai the contract had not gone lu the lowest bidder. Trntllc Orillunnce. The tralllc code already adopted by the Common Council and ordered print? ed al a previous meeting of the Board was taken from tho table. Mr. Bllley opened the fight by characterizing It as the "worst ordlnunco ever present? ed." Mr. Bennett agreed that it should be burned?not passed. Mr. Gunst opposed further amendments, and the throwing' of ordinance "from pillar lo post," month after month, without concluded action. After prolonged de? bate. Mr. Bllley moved to strike out the entire ordinance down to section 46. making that section 1, amending section 4G, making the penally from $2 to $10. instead of 5HU), und making the enacting clause section 3. Mr. Don Leavy protested that people ' alighting from cars and pedestrians j had some rights, and that squeals had ! been heard in the lower branch from automobile owners, while In the Board the "undertaker trust" was seeking to kill ihe measure. Objection was made that as amended the ordinance gave the police certain rights lo regulate traffic, but did" not place any require? ments on drivers or chauffeurs, allow? ing them to go ns they pleased, pro? vided there was no police. Interfer? ence or directions to the contrary. The Clause .Adopted. The only clause left In the ordi? nance, except the penalty and enact? ing clause, reads: "Drivers and pedostrlans , must at oil times comply with any direction given by voice or hand of any officer of the police force as to stopping, start? ing, approaching or departing from any place, and also as to the 'manner of taking up or letting off passengers, and tbe loading and unloading of vo l.lcles." The other forty-eight clauses eliminated specified the manner In which various classes of vehicles should use the streets, their elimina? tion leaving tho wholo matter with? out Instructions to any passing police ofllcer. The vote on the Bllley amend? ment, apparently rejected on viva voce vote, resulted on roll call 11 to 10, as follows: Ayes?Messrs. Adams, Bennett, Bll? ley. Cowardlu, Grimes, Hobson, Kaln, Mellon, Nelscn, Patram and Whlttet? 11. Noes?Messrs. Atkinson, Butler, Donahoo, Don Leavy. Gunst, Mitchell, Moore. Perdue, Powers, Rennolds?10. Mr. Don Leavy and several others asked to ho recorded against the amended ordlnanco which was adopt? ed. 1'.' to 0, as follows: Ayes?Messrs. Adams, Bennett, Bll? ley, Cowardln, Grimes, Hobson, Kaln. Melton, Nelscn, Patram, Perdue, Whlt? tet? 1 2. Noes?Messrs. Atkinson. Butler. Don ahoe. Don Leavy, Gunst, Mitchell. Moore. Powers, RennOlds?9. The ordinance gees back to tho lower branch for concurrence in a mendmonts. Purchase of Ford'? Hotel. There was some debate over the res? olution appropriating $165.000 for ac? quisition of the block bounded by Eleventh, Twelfth, Broad and Capitol Streets as a slto for a courthouse. Mr. Don Leavy objected to the manner of purchase by agreement, rather than by court condemnation. He did not think that tho property would advance in value or that the city should be "sad died with a $1,000.000 debt" for a court? house. Mr. Adams spoke In favor of j the purchase, saying that he did not j believe the city at present needed the J lot or n courthouse, but that It would l need It In the future, and should buy While the property could be obtnlned \ at a rcnsotinble price! He thought that the city should look to the future, and argued that the price was reasonable, as compared with surrounding values. On the roll call Messrs. Don Leavy and Melton were the only dissenting votes, the Board concurring, 19 to 2. ? New Concrete Bridge. Without debate tho Board concurred In awarding the contract for a rein? forced concrete bridge over James River, to replace Mayo's Bridge, to T. J. Smith & Co., Incorporated, at the bid price of $224,73-1. An appropriation of $260,934 was concurred In, to Include the bid price on the bridge propor; approaches, to cost $21,000; engineer? ing and supervision, $1,200; testing ma? terial, $3,000; Belgian block paving, $S,000. An appropriation of $1,400 was made for export engineering ndvicc se? cured by tho Committee . on Streets In making the award. PEACE IN MEXICO SEEMS ASSURED General Armistice Will Be Declared With . in 24 Hours. DIAZ TO ivESIGN ? IN TWO MONTHS Formal Signing of Agreement Probably Will Take Place Within Next Two Days. Insurrecto Demand for Three Cabinet Port-. folios Granted. Prospects Bright. w re.Illusion, D. C, May HI.?Prcn Ident Diaz, of Mexico, probably will rcnlgn In tvro iiiouthN, according to a telegram received at the White Mouse, to-iilslit rroiu Colonel Stcc vcr, In eoiiimiinil nf the United Stolen troopn at El I'dmo. The telegram fllllOW !! I . "I'roBpeela. for penee brighter to? day i rind nrnil.ntlce will probably he ??Krecfl upon ' In twenty-four hours. .Unilem demands Tour plneea In Cab? inet, one of llicm Secretary of Wnr, mid fonrtceu governorshlpN. Moil enn K'oermnvnl agrees to jjlvc him fiiihcrunclon und Justice nnd pon?l bl.v one other, ivhlle the Secretary of War In to he chimco Jointly hy the t?o parties, Mndcro ?III likely Kct ten governorships. Olnr. to resign lifter new (rnvcruors nppolDtcd, Probably lu hTii montlm. Thin Ih the intent fair Information I can pro? cure." Juarez, May Iti.?Peace, the fervent hope of Mexico, now torn by rebellion, to-night seems almost an accomplished fact to those who are negotiating a settlement of the revolt. Judge Carbajal, the Federal peace envoy, hao announced that, barring the unforeseen, a general armistice will be declared within twenty-four hours. Provisional President Madero Iias de? clared that mutually acceptable pre? parations have at last been reached, and peace Is assured. The formal signing of a peace agree? ment probably will take place hero within the next two days. President Diaz probably will resign within two or three months, at any rate when pence shall he restored. Two principal questions have all but been agreed upon, namely, the num? ber of Cabinet members and Go^70^nors to be allowed tho Insurrectos, and the othern conditions have for some time been tacitly determined by both sides. Now, It will ba merely a matter of technical detail to draft tho peace terms formally, and lo arrange a mo? dus operandi for the discharge of their provisions. Price of Peace. The price of peace paid by the Fed? eral government Is the resignation In the near future of President Diaz, and the granting to the rebels now of three Cabinet positions, and fourteen gover? norships. The price paid by the Mexican peo? ple Is at least a thousand lives, un? told suffering to many hundreds of wounded, sick and poor, the destruc? tion of millions In property, and the probability that want for many months may haunt the inhabitants of possibly a fourth of the republic. Up to to-night tho government had acceded to the Insurrecto demand for three Cabinet portfolios, namely, those of war. justice and gohernaclun. and word was awaited from Mexico City as to the exact number of govcrn ships to he allowed the rebels. There is little doubt that fourteen' will be the Hnol nnmbor. The Cabinet portfolios, It is said, probably will be filled as follows: Minister of war, General Gonzales Salaz. Minister of Justice. Senor Vasquez Tagle. Minister of gobernacion. Dr. Fran? cisco Vasquez Gonioz. In the. selection of General Salaz for minister of war and of Senor Tagle for minister of justice, tho rebels have chosen two men who have not taken active part in the revolution. In fact, General Salaz is one of tho foremost figures in the Mexican army. In Dr. iVnsquez Gomez, who has been active in the revolution, and who 13 likely to be minister of gobernacion, the revolutionists will have a man who Is n personal friend of Senor do la Harra, minister of foreign relations, and one who Is said to bo generally acceptable to thij government. Tho post minister of gobernacion has no parallel in tho American Cabi? net. The minister of gobernacion has gubernatorial Jurisdiction over Mexi? co's three territories of lower Cali? fornia. Topic and Quintana Hoo, and the Federal district, which contains Mexico City. Will llccomc Candidate. Dr. Gomez probably will occupy the office for only o short time. In about four or live months, it Is plarfifcd, the present revolutionist party, which probably will bo known hereafter as "the Progressive party," will nominale him for Vlcc-Presldeni, as a running mate, to Francisco l. Madero, Jr., the presidential condidijte. These two opposed President Diaz and Ylco-Prosidont Hamon Corral on the annual re-election ticket a year ago. and It was the controversy which (Continued on Third Pago.) Unique Literary Feature A series of thrilling detective stories, by aoiue of America's lead? ing writers, will be started Ii. nes;t Sunday's Issue of the Illustrated Mugazlnc of The Tinien-DIapatch. The first story will be "The Token," by George Hlhbnrd, There arc other fine literary feature*, nnd the cover, in n beiiMtlful design by Christy. Declaration Made in An? nual Oration at U. C. V. Reunion. ROYAL WELCOME ! TO OLD SOLDIERSi Address of Dr. Cave Will Be Distributed to All Camps?In? tense Rivalry for Next Year's Reunion?Report on Con? federate Memorial Institute. I.Ildi- Hock, Ark., .May 111.?>?| hold tiMK the responsibility for the Civil War, tvltli nil the hloml and treasure tbut U coat, nnd all the desolation mid ruin that It brought, Justly rent* upon Ahrnbnm Lincoln und hin adrlscra.*' This, tiie declaration of Dr. lt. C. Cave, of Si. Louts, who delivered tho annual oration at to-day's reunion of Culled Confederate Veterans, formed the feature of to-day's proceedings at the great gathering. Greetings from President Taft, to which a message in 'kind will be sent In response to-morrow; the oration by Dr. Cave, addresses" of welcome and the naming of the committees made up to-day's proceedings. - The address of General .lames F. Smith, commanding the Arkansas divi? sion, opening tho convention, referred to the events of the war of lSGl-'65, the days of reconstruction, the organ? ization of the veterans and the twenty one years' history of lhat organization. After the invocation by the Itev. It. l.ln Cave, chaplain-general, the United Confederate choirs, led by Mrs. J. Griff Edwards, of Portsmouth. Va., sang Southern songs. Memories Will Live. Governer George \V. Donaghcy, or Arkansas, welcomed the delegates on behalf of the State. Dr. H. H. Hartzog, of tho United Sons of Confederate Veterans, In u welcoming address, roused the assembly to frequent cheers by his promise to the veterans that their descendants would keep alivo tho memories of the war. To tho addresses of several veterans, through which ran the spirit of civic pride and desiro to accord honor to tho old soldiers, Commander-ln-Chict General George W. Gordon In reply praised the city for Its hospitality ex? tended ihe veterans. After paying a tribute to the South. Dr. Cave In his address discussed the memories kept alive by reunions of the veterans and their descendants, and deplored luiy efforts to keep alive bitter sectional fooling. Ho said, "t earnestly doslre to see tho pcoplo of both sections ruled by tho spirit of fraternity and harmoniously working together for the welfare' of our com? mon country: but I don't think tho j men of the South should be asked or expected to sacrifice the truth of his? tory, and go down to posterity branded as rebels and traitors to se? cure that end." A resolution was adopted Instruct? ing tho adjutant-general to have tho oration of Dr. Cave printed In pamph? let form for distribution to tho vari? ous camps of Confederate Veterans and throughout the Sons' organizations. Intense lllvulry. As the time for choosing the place of meeting for the reunion next year Is to-morrow, rivalry between Okla? homa City, Houston. T,cx.; Macon, Ga., and Jacksonville. Fla., grew keener to-night. Literature was distributed, and campaigners are busy among tho delegates. Supporters for Macon and the Florida city are most In evidence. Precedent, It Is contended, cnlls for giving the reunion one year to a city west nnd the next to one east of the Mississippi River. Tho United Sons of Confederate Vet? erans elected tho following officers: Commander-ln-Chief, W. G. Prltch ard, Charleston, S. C. Executive Council?:Past Commander In-Chlef C. J. Owens, Washington; W. W. Old, Norfolk, Vs.: J. P. Norfleet, Memphis: Thomas E. Powe, St. Louis. Department commandors elected are: Army of Northern Virginia. George | R. Wyman, Louisville, Ky.; Army of: Tennessee. John I* Moulton, Mohllc, Ala.; Trans-.MIssiBsippi, W. N. Brandon, Lit lie Rock, Ark. Historian-General, Thomas M. Owen, Montgomery, Ala. To tho retiring commandcr-ln-rhief a loving cup was presented. An amendment which would havn changed the name of the organization lo Sons of Confederate Veterans, In? stead of United Sons of Confederate Veterans, was voted down, the margin being eight voles less than tho re? quired two-thirds. It Is declared there are moro old Dixie, warriors gathered for this re? union than have been assembled sinco the conflict between tho Stntas. Memorial AH>oclitiIon Report. Tho Confederate Memorial Assocla-; tlon. In Its annual report, said: "It Is with pleasure wo announce j that we have, received during tho year: tho deed securing the gift by the Com? monwealth of Virginia to the site for tho location of tho Memorial Institute, which as heretofore reported consists of that portion of the Soldiers' Homo properly which lies between Stuart Avenue and Kensington Street, nnd between the Boulevard and Khoppard Street, which land fronts 379 1-2 feet on the Boulevard and runs back be? tween parallel lines 732 feet, making In all a beautiful little park of about six acres. The Boulevard, on which tho building will front Is one of the principal driveways of tho city of Richmond, and is now being Improved with granolithic, sidewalks, grass plots and rows of trees, and In a fow years will bo the most attractive driveway In tho city. "We were very anxious'that tho best possible, design for the Confederate Memorial Instltuto should bo secured, j nnd to that end no pains have been I spared to obtain It. Wo Invited I IhioiiRh advertisements in the prpfos- ] slonul Journals and many of the lead (Col?itT?cd"o'n ElghTh Png?T) DIVERGENT VIEWS Advlsnhltlty of Open Space? Around City Dwelling* Discussed. Philadelphia, May 16.?Divergent views as lo the advisability of open spaces around city dwellings were ex? pressed by the English and New York delegates at to-day's sessions of tho National City Planning Conference. Lawrence Velllcr, of Now York City, secretary and dlrectot of tho National Housing Commission, declared that al? leys were unnecessary pest spots, that yards were a waste of space an(l used only for accumulation of rubbish, whllo passageways between houses wero gcnerully tilled with "brokon baby carriages, tin cans and torn umbrel? las." lie strongly urged that all houses In the districts inhabited by working people be built In solid blocks, contending that yards wero of no avail as gardens, for when a man came home from work lie did not earn to labor, but wanted to rest. Arnold W. Urunncr, of New York. Indorsed Mr. Veiller's remarks, but Raymond Unwln ami Thomas Adams, the English delegates, disagreed em? phatically. They contended that each house should be separate, and havo a yard at least fifteen feet long In the rear. They were suro that It given space for gardens working pcoplo would cultlvato them. VIRGINIA IS SECOND linptivts Mnkc Splendid Showing; In Contributions for Missions. (Special to The Times-Dispatch.] Jacksonville, Kin.. May 16.?Signifi? cant were the words with which this city first recognized the nresenco in Its midst of the advance guard of tho Southern Baptist Convention. . "How lovely are tho messengers that preach lo us." A chorus of seventy live, sans these words, as the open? ing nuinnor of a concert in honor of the convention. Part of tho evening program was a lecture by Dr. Stratton. of Baltimore. The collection wont to Columbia Col? lege, at l.ako City, whose president Is Dr. H. W. Trlbble, formerly of Vir? ginia. In contributions Virginia comes sec? ond among the States, both for homo end foreign missions. The total for foreign missions Is tMO.OOO, rind for home missions J:i?,3.000. The delegates are arriving, nnd by to-morrow afternoon, when the con? vention meets, probably 1,500 will bu or. rolled. Virginia probably will not have more than slxty-nvo delegates. So far seven have registered. It Is likely that Mr. Toverlng will bo re-olcet??l president, but the names of Dr. Lansing Burrows and Dr. \V. 13. Hatcher are mentioned. Oklahoma City, Ashovlllc and St. I.ouls are osktnic for tho convention in 191.'. THEME FOR CONVENTION "The Opeu Bible and the Uplifted Cross" will He Emphasized. Boston, May 16.?"Tho Open Bible nnd Uplifted Cross," tho great themu of the convention, will bo emphasized at each session of tho International Sunday School Convention, lo bo held In Snn Francisco Jtinc 20-27. accord? ing to the tontatlvo program, which was made public to-day by W. N. Hartshorn, of Boston, chairman of tho executive committee. it Is expected that more than 100 representative men nnd women from various parts .of North America will prpsent messages deullnc with tho different phases of Sunday school work. Rev, J. Wilder Chapman. D. D.. will speak at the first regular session on the convention theme, nnd will glvo a brief address at each morning and afternoon on "Soul Winning and Chris? tian Service." Ho will nlso toko the closlnir hour of the. convention, Tues? day evening, June (27. MAY CALL GENERAL STRIKE bailor Lenders Seek to Force Demands of "Shop Cnrpentera." Holyoke, Mass., May 16.?A general strike of all craftsmen connected with the building trades In this city is threatened as the result of a contro? versy between 150 "shop carpenters," and three firms, in which tno illrpen? ters demand a fifty-hour wock, at tho same wagos now paid for a week of fifty-four jvorklng hours. At a large? ly attended meeting of tho carpenters' union last night, It was voted unan? imously to call a gonernl strike, unless the demands of the "shop carpenters" were granted. The labor leaders pro? pose to call out every man In the liulld Ing trades, who works on any build? ings where materials turnod out by tho three firms are employed. Should a general strike be :le ilared, about. 1.1 Ox) men connected with nine different unions would bo affected. PLEADS NOT GUILTY New Indictment Against Charles Hyde, Former City Chamberlain. New York, May 16.?Charles Hyde, the former city chamberlain, to-day pleaded not guilty to an Indictment superseding tho original indictment against him, and was given until May 26 to change his pleading. Tho new Indictment charges that Hyde used tho power of his office to induce Josoph G. Bohin. as principal shareholder of the Northern Bank of New York, to mako loans to the Car? negie Trust Company, and that the ar? rangement between them was to the benellt and advantage of Hyde, thereby constituting bribery under the penal code. NURSE GETS FORTUNE Bulk of Walter K. Uur.vcn'N Estate I.rft lo Ills Housekeeper. New York, May 16.?By tho will of Waller 13. Duryen, the crippled athlete and broker, tiled to-day, the hulk of his fortune, estimated Ojt 52,500,000. goes to Miss Klounor Peregrine, -\ tiallied nurse, who tinted as his house? keeper for the lust twelve veers of h|? life. She is given $50,000 outright. f.'IO.OOO In trust, n houso In MonUinlr, N J.. and fill the residue of the estate] after certain legacies havo hncti paid I lor total shurc Is thought to ho worth 81.500.000. Walter Duryen broke his hack In diving. In August. 1S9!>. Ho spent the rest of his lifo In n harness, hut, de anlle his slendor hold on life, managed his affairs with great shrewdness. FLAMES DROWNED OUT Forest Fire Which Devastated Vast Beginn Under Control. Burrlllvllle. R. f.. May 16.?Tho for? est flro which devastated nearly twen? ty square miles In throe States was brought under control, after "two train loads of men had been taken to the. scene, rind rain to-day completed the work of drowning out tho llamcs. The flreswepl region comprised a large area of thick woodland in the north? western part of this town nnd over I ho boundary lines In tho towns of Douglas, Muss., and East Thompson, Conn. DECLARES COURT EXCEEDED RIGHTS IN ITS OPINION Justice Harlan Denoun , ces Usurpation of Leg? islative Functions. MOST ALARMING TENDENCY OF DAY Refuses to Be Party to Reversal of Decisions Heretofore Ren? dered?President Taft Said ' to Be Keenly Disappointed at Limits Put on Anti Trust Law. Washington. D. C, May 16.?Govern? mental Washing-ton, In all Its branches ?legislative, executive and judicial? gavo over the greater part of to-day lo a discussion of the Supremo Court's disposition of the Standard Oil case. While Ihcro was much gratification In administration circles over tho or? der for the dissolution of the giant cor? poration, which had been declared "an unreasonable" combination and monop? oly in restraint of trade, there* unques? tionably was also some misgivings as to the Interpretation of tho anti-trust law, giving to courts tho right to de? termine whether or not a monopoly wa3 "reasonable" and declaring a "reason? able" monopoly not to bo In contraven? tion of the statute. President Taft, who, a little more than, a year ago. In a special message to Congress, declared that under Su? premo Court precedents there could be no such things as "reasonable" and "un? reasonable" restraints of trade, or. In other words, "good trusts" nnd "bad trusts," was said to-day to hnvo been rather koouly disappointed that the court should have seen fit to reverso Itself In this Important matter. Tnft'ii McsHnge Rooted. President Taft's message was freely quoted about the Capitol to-day. and the seeming similarity of his views as to tho scopo of the anti-trust law to the view expressed by Associate Justice Harlan In his dissenting opinion of yes? terday attracted ronewed attention to Justice llurlan'n position, as outlined In his statement to the court. I Jusllco Harlan hold that his brother judges had no right to usurp tho funo ! tion of tho legislative branch of tho government by writing lnbp tho statute a differentiation botween "reasonable" and "unreasonable." He declared that Congress had resisted all appeals to so amend the act, and that there was every reason to believe that such an amendment never could be put through tho legislative branch. Under these cir? cumstances, and In their extremity, great aggregations of wealth applied to tho court In on effort to have It con? strue the law In a way that would be a tlut reversal of what It had held on two previous occasions. Justlco Harlan declined to be a party to such a reversal, and hence his dis? senting opinion. He denounced as "the most alarming tendency of the day" tho tendency to judicial legislation. Men of power, he said, always were trying to get the courts to do what Congress would not. President Taft In his special messag? to Congress of January 7, 11U0, urging a Federal Incorporation act, declared that to put the word "reasonable" In? to the anti-trust statute, and thua leave It for the courts to say what was a reasonable restraint of trade, would bo to put Into the hands .of the courts "n power Impossible to exercise on any conslslent principle which would ln auro the. uniformity of deolslon essen? tial to good Judgment." "It Is to throw upon the courts," he added, "a burden that they have no precedents to onablc them to carry, and to glvo them a power approaching the orbltrary, tho abuse of which might involve our Judicial system In disas? ter." Views of President. As to the doctrine of "good trusts" anil "bad trusts," which the majority opinion of the court, ns expressed by Chief Justice White, seems to have laid down, President Taft In his mes? sage written more than a year ago said-. "Tho public, and ospccllly the busi? ness public, ought to rid themselves of the Idea that such a distinction Is practicable or can be introduced Into tho statute. Certainly under the pres? ent anti-trust law, no such distinction exists." Relying upon the former opinions of tho Supremo Court In the so-called trans-Missouri and joint traffic cases, the President said: "The Supreme Court in several of Its decisions has declined to read Into the statuta the word 'unreasonable- be? fore "restraint of trade." on the ground Ihat the statute appllss to all re? straints and docs not Intend to leavo to the court the discretion to deter? mine what Is it reasonable restraint of trade." The apparent reversal In the Stan? dort! Oll case of the court's decisions on these former occasions formed tho basis of much of the discuailon and speculation Indulged in here to-day. Although the President's Ideas as to (he "rule o freason" seem to bo diver? gent from those of tho majority opin? ion, and to coincide more closely with the dissenting views of Justlco Harlan. Mr. Taft was quoted by c.illers to-diy us saying: "I defer to thn decUlon of the Su? preme Court: I am willing to take my law from It" stltuthte'-fpreGergou'flCi'b taoin shrd Generally speaking. Democratic Sen? ators and Representatives to-day frankly expressed their disappoint? ment as to thn "rule of reason" fea? ture of the decision. Chairman Adam son, of tho House Committee on Inter? state and Foreign Commerce, declared the Supremo Court had no constl'.u tlonal power to writo the words "rea? sonable" or "unreasonable" Into tho Sherman antitrust law. Will He Carefully Considered. It was reported to-night that aovcrai