SminiM OfQce.SIC E. Mala Street
Fouth Richmond.lOiiO Hull Street
Petersburg Bureau...!lt? N. Sycamore Street
JLynohburs Bureau.Il? Eishth street
BT MAIL, Odo SU Thica One
POSTAGE PAID Year. Mob. Mo?. Mo.
Dally with Sunday.JC.CO JIM }1.60 .61
Dally without Sunday. 100 x.uo J.00 .35
Sunday edition only. 3.00 1.00 .to .Z3
.Weekly (Wednesday). 1.00 .60 M .?
By Tlrnea-Diapatcb, Carrier Delivery 6er
Tlce la Richmond (and auburba) and Foteri
Dally with Sunday.15 ceota
Dslly without Sunday.10 conte
Eunday ouly. 6 ceat?
Entered January 27, 16C6, At Richmond, Vs.,
ai aecond-clo-es matter under act of Coa
v" ??? of March 3. 1S7S.
TUESDAY, MAY 23, 1911.
AYCOCK KOlt THE SENATE.
Charles B. Aycock has announced his
candidacy for United States Senator
from North Carolina. In a letter to
Colonel Nathan It. Whitfleld, of Kin
ston, he sets forth with engaging
frankness the considerations which
have led him to soy that If the pcoplt
of North Carolina want his services ;i i
Washington they can have them. He is
a Democrat, and has "always stood on
the National and State Democratic,
platforms without question, believing
as 1 do that the assembled wisdom of
the Democracy of the Nation and State
is far greater than my own." Ho "can?
not under any circumstances enter Into
a canvass with a view to presenting
to North Carolinians my own deserts."
They are already known to the people
of his State; but when the* time comes
for the opening of the campaign next
year ho will tender his services to
tho party organization to do battla In
behalf of Democratic principles. Such
speeches as he shall make then, how?
ever, "will be made in the service of
the Democratic party and without re?
gard to their possible effect upon my
own personal interests." Rend this
from Governor Aycock's letter to Col?
"I shall make no campaign looking
to my select Ion 'or the aoitatorshlp,
ISy financial condition Is such that it
is absolutely essential that 1 pursue
my profession as a lawyer with un?
abated energy until such time as the
people shall lay other duties upon me.
I iuivo no money to spend perfecting
an organization, and if 1 had it I am
convinced that the greatest evil of.
this day, politically, is the "use of
money In securing nominations and
elections, and I therefore would hot
use It If 1 were able to command a
fund requisite for such purpose. ]n
addition to this reason for refusing to
attempt an organization In behalf o?
my -candidacy, I have, a feeling that
the senatorshlp would be worthies:-,
to me If secured by any such methods.
If. 1 shall go to the Senate 1 must go
free from special obligation to any set
of men, and/ therefore, under equal
obligation to every man. Going to the
Sonate In this way would put me
In a position to give to the people the
highest service of which 1 am capable.
1 shall therefore entrust my candidacy,
without reservation, to tho people of
the state, and shall hot seek to shape
their selection by organization or by
personal nppeals to them."
If the people do not elect Governor
Aycock after that statement from him,
they are not what they have cracked
themselves up to be. There Is no clap?
trap -about ? It or about him: if they
want him they can have him, but with
his hands untied so that he can be of
use tr, them after they take him. We
have read nothing more refreshing
than this letter of the first citizen of
North Carolina touching n matter of
the lar'gest-tmpf.'rtance to the people of
that State, In which he expresses a.
willingness to servo them: his proper
Eenso of the dignity of the ofllce of j
Senator; his purpose to organize no j
campaign In his own Interest to obtain
It; his honorable confession that his I
necessities compel him to pursue his !
profession, and his honest and cred?
itable view that "the greatest evil of
xh'.s day, politically, is the. use of
money In securing nominations and
elections" It Is an even bigger and
better thing really to enjoy the dis?
tinction of being a private citizen with
clean hands than to be a United States
Penator who has become such by the
use of money or resort to any of the
cheap arid unworthy methods which
neve so often resulted in the attain?
ment of this high place.
Jf the North Carolinians are what
they used to be it will hot he necessary
for Governor Aycock to say another
word. We have not the least Intention
of taking pari In the Senatorial cam?
paign In that State. Thorn are four
candidates for ihe office, till very good
men, wo believe, and all Democrats
with variations; but we do not mind
saying that Aycock Is primus inter
pares, and that It Is such men as he
thai would restore the South to some?
thing like its old-time strength and
? glory in the councils of the Nation.
The Northern Presby terians are mak?
ing trouble !;s;;'.in. At their Gcneiai
Assembly, now In session at Atlantic
City, they have been discussing the
abounding wickedness prevailing In the
city of Washington and have made sug.
gestloris which they hopo will result
In the better observance of the Sab?
bath Day, not only I:: the National
Capital, but In all parts of the country
under their ecclesiastical jurisdiction.
BccatiEo of the prominence of Wash?
ington in our national life, the Sab?
bath Observance Committee think that
den of Iniquity should receive their
first attention and they have set
forth some of the things which are
done there that should not he done
anywhere, as, for Instance:
"On Sunday retail stores are open In
many parts of the city, building opera?
tions and street repairs go'on accord?
ing to the will of thii crintrnrYor: news?
papers are publish*.', both morning and
afternoon, und tire\ <;rl<d out through
tut, etreelB as op_ ptW days. Theatres
and f> nnd 10 cent shows nnd saloons
are In full blast.
"Sunday Is a popular ?linner and
luncheon day In Washington society.
Some Washlngtonlnns placo tho blame
for it upon the diplomatic corps, whoso
?continental Sunday' Is gaining ground
with the smart set of Washfngton.
Nearly every Sunday sees half a dozen
smart breakfasts at the Chovy Chase
Club and an equal number of big din?
ner parties: also match golf games un?
der the supervision of the club.
'The sentiment that laboring men
should strike for a six-day week us
well as an eight-hour day Is growing
and meets tho approval of labor lead?
All of which is respectfully submit?
ted, and much of which Is undoubtedly
true. Among tho resolutions embodied
In the report was one to the effect that
college presidents and faculties be re-1
quested to abolish Monday morning j
recitations so that students would not!
have to study on Sunday, and It Is not |
at all unlikely that this part of the re. |
port will have the unanimous approval |
of the students. Objection has been j
made by a number of ministers to tho
stringent recommendations of the com?
mittee and particularly to the abolition
of hot meals on Sundny so that tho
servants might rest, and they protest
that what is wanted is a sane Sunday
nnd not the Sunday which some of us
used to enjoy. The stricter the better,'
say we?can't make it too strict to suit
us; but we doubt that any substantial |
progress is to be made by attempts to'
legislate morality Into any people, par-!
tlcularly Into the people of Washing?
However that may be. a bill was in?
troduced in the Senate ycstordd.v pro?
viding, for tho proper observance of
Sunday as a day of rest In the District
of Columbia. It will not be satisfac?
tory to tho people who have started
this reformatory movement. For ex?
ample In tho first section, It is pro?
vided that "persons who are members
of a religious society who observe as
a Sabbath any other day In the week
than Sunday shall not be llnblo to the
penalties prescribed In this act (which
cro line or imprisonment, or both in
the discretion of the court) if they ob?
serve as a Snbbath one day In each
seven, as herein provided." That
would never do, of course, because
while it would compel the Jews to ob?
serve their Sabbath, the only .-'ab bath
In fact authorized and commanded by
the Almighty, it would permit them to
carry on their business on Sunday,
which Is the day tho Presbyterians
wish to observe.
Some of the clergy of Washington
have been much offended by the evil
prominence given to thai city by the
Sunday Observance Committee The
Rev. Dr. Herbert Scott Smith, rector of
Si. Margaret's Episcopal Church, doubts
that "Washington Is more guilty in
the matter of Sabbath desecration than
any other Eastern city;" Mgr. .lames F.
Mackln, pastor of St. Paul's Roman]
Catholic Church, declares that "the'
observance of Sunday In Washington
Is an orderly nnd as dignified as in
any city of similar size in the United
States," nnd the Indies who hove given
dinners on Sunday are practically, a
unit in holding that there Is no harm
in giving dinners on that day.
It is n very lilfncult thing to handle
and we doubL that it can be effective?
ly reached by legislation. It can be
reached only by bettar training In the
family, and the more severe the legis?
lation the less practicable will It he
of enforcement. Wo notice that sev?
eral trials for heresy are to be settled
by the. General Assembly at Atlantic
City and the. disposition of these cases
will be watched with Interest by nil
outsiders who will be curious to see
how much these people believe In what
they teach. Last year. It will he. recol?
lected, thai the bars were let down for
at . least one young divinity student
who was goin^ to the Far East as a
Christian missionary, although on his
examination he was frank enough to
say that he did not believe In the
deity of Christ. Going to China to
prdnch Christ without believing In
Christ seemed to the lay mind a very
remarkable mission for this evidently
very sincere young man to undertake
LET HAWAII WAIT.
Into Congress there has been In?
troduced it concurrent resolution which
would put the Hawaiian Islands on
tlie main road to statehood. The
measure will have few supporters at
this time, for li will ho generally
looked upon :ls unseasonable and pre?
mature Hawaii was annexed to the
United Slates in IStiS, and became a
territory two years later. Since their
? organization as a territorial posset:- j
iSlori <>i tills country the Islands have
made some progrc-Bs, but they are not
j yet ready for tho conferment of those;
tights nnd privileges which belong
t<i full members of the Union.
The population of Hawaii consists
chlofly of natives, Chinese and Jap
j ancee, with a good sprinkling of
I Americans. The Americans tiro by no
(neans strong enough in numbers to
nil. the islands In a crisis. Hawaii is
ambitious, but It Is not asking too
j much of her that site wait longer.
A PINl-J RECORD FOR RICHMOND. !
There are now only two cosos ol'
typhoid fever In the city of Rich?
mond; a week ago there was not n
single case. The death rate last year
from tills cause was l>7 to the luO.OUu
of population; the death rale tills year
lias been 20 to the 100,000 of popula?
tion. Tb-', type of the disease, ho far
as there ban been any manifestation
of it, has beer, of the mildest form,
only two of the cares having proved
fatal, and they only after the patients
had been In tho hat.da of tho surgeons
for other treatment than that neces?
sitated by this malady. Good water.
Improved tanitutlon, active work by
the health officers nnd the adoption
of preventive mMfMr'-s have practi?
cally driven the disease out. of this
The total number of deaths from
typhoid fever-In the regiutratlon urea
of tho United States in 1909 was 10,
722. Tho death rate fell from 25.3 to
22 per 100.000 population, a* marked
reduction from that of tho previous
year, and nearly one-third lcua than
the rate shown for tlia live-year period
1901-1005. Even with ttiis reduction,
however, the deuth rate Is Rtlll twice
as large as that in England and Wales; '
but the conditions have so greatly Im?
proved that there Is grout d for hope
that the disease will ho eradicated so
that residence and travel In this coun?
try. *Vill be as safe in this respect
as In the best regulated countries of
Europe, where tho disease Is becom?
ing practically negligible as a menaco
tc public health. Such, at any rate,
is the expectation of the health au?
thorities of the country.
The conditions In Richmond, as thoy
are In all Souchorn towns, have been
hard, there being so largo it. number
of indifferent, not to say dependable,
people here, who have always been
careless of their surroundings. The
record made by Richmond Is one to
be proud of," and with' Improved sew?
erage and an abundant supply of
puro water, und with cleanliness of
living. It is certain that till the foci
or this dread disease will he destroyed
aha tho community delivered from its
l a vages. The health officers, under tho
directions of x/r. Ennlon Williams and
Dr. Allen W. Freeman, bollevlng that
It is cheaper and moro ellicaolous to
prevent than It is to cure, have direct?
ed their efforts to tho removal of tho
COULDN'T RUN OVER TJIF, WIDOW.
Miss Minnie Belle McCrackon, a lass
of twenty summers of South BuLler,
Pennsylvania, has sued Samuel Leroy
I'ortertleld, a railroad engineer on tho
Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad, for
55,000 damages for breaoh of promise
to marry her. The story, as told by
the New York World, la that the en?
gineer and tho lady agreed mon a
code, ono toot of the locomotive, whls
tlo meaning, "I love you dearly;" two
toots, "Be back to-night," and three
toots, "Marry you to-morrow." When
the three toots were sounded, Miss
McCrackon got her trousseau ready
and waited, but waited In vain fot?
her lover, who went off and married
unothcr girl, a dashing widow down
at Clarion. Hence the suit for dam?
ages. But what was the engineer to
do when a widow got on the track,
and he found that the only way he
could shoo her off was to take her In,
and In adopting this course, much as
wo will all sympathize with tho love?
lorn maiden at South Butler, we must
look at the case In the light of rea?
son, as tho Inter-Stntc Commerce Com?
mission certainly will do when the
ense reaches that tribunal, nnd give
the prisoner the benefit of the doubt.
GOOD ROADS I BETTER FARMERS.
One result of good roads, according
to tho Savannah News, Is that they
have "raised a higher standard" among
the farmers. Heretofore, it hus beon
thought, declares our contemporary,
that the easiest way to malto bettor
farmers "and put agriculture upon a
higher plane was it, nave the embryo
farmer pass through agricultural
schools and colleges and gat the
science of It. That is an excellent
plan, but it is interesting to learn,
that "the building of good roads is
bringing about very much the. same
result among farme.rs who have never
spent a day in an agricultural col?
An illustration of this fact ,ln
Georgia Is to be found in Sumter
county, where within the last three
years the county commissioners have
constructed almost 150 miles of smooth
and sightly sand-clay roads. Chair?
man Frank Sheffield, of the Sumter
County Commissioners,, testifies as to
the Influence of good roads on farms
"It Is this way: In the first place,
good roads are an object lesson, but
that alone would not bring about tills
result; !t required self-interest, and
that has come in the shape o? In?
creased values of land."
Land In Sumter county which sold
three years ago for $15 to $20 the. acre
now sells at from $10 to $00. The. re?
sult Is that a man who three years
ago owned a 100-ncre farm worth
$1,500 to $2,000 to-day, has a property
worth from 54,000 to $0,000. Iiis In?
vestment capital has trebled or dou?
bled. "He mu?t got moro interest and
more profits, consequently, to m.ike It
This fact has resulted In double and
sometimes greater Increase In the yield
on ninny of the Sumter county farms.
The farmers aro terracing their lands
better than ever before, building walls
where they aro needed, ploughing
deeper, using more fertilizers und in
every way contriving to mnko the
same land yield two or threo times as
much as formerly.
In three years the good roads built
have more than doubled tho property
values of Sumter. They are still go?
"MY WHITE POLKS."
It is n groat pity that Albert Bush
nel! Hurt. William Lloyd Garrison the
last, and some of their kind were not
In Gnstonio, North Carolina, n few
weeks ago when there was a notable
dinner Illustrative of the kindly rela?
tions subsisting between tho whites
and tho old-fushionod colored folk's.
At this dinner tho hosts were former
slave owners. The guests were their
former slaves. Those who dispensed ]
Hie hospitality were those who had |
worn the uniform of the Gray
Immortals and their wives and
I daughters. Tho guests wero the
"mammies" and "uncles" of "bofo' "do
wah" limes'. These guests were made
moro than welcome, and everybody had
a good time and felt at easo and at
home?a condition loot is none too fre
q'nont In the rein lions of the present
Tho tlo of affection that binds the
former slaves and thoir former own
ors Is yet strong, though tlio nuinbor
of each-Is growing very, very small as
tho days puss on. Tho fidelity of the
slaves to their owners fifty yoars ago
is a prldeful memory 10 both races.
Thcro wero times when the slaves hod
It within their power to perpetrate
fearful excesses, but be It said to their
credit, that thj cloud of suspicion
never rested upon them. None or few
of them could have given the diction?
ary doflnltton of "trust," but the black
men and women lived that "trust" bet?
ter than any have yet defined It. The
striking recoil of the black man's
fidelity to the helpless family of the
Southern white man in the sixties 13
one of tho very best reasons why now
and hereafter the Southern people
should with patience and with appreci?
ation strive to adjust racial relations
to the end that there may bo a renais?
sance of tho amicable rolatlons of the
old days. Not the least tine part of
that great epic period was that played
by tho colored people.
The Gastonla dinner was a pleasant
occasion. The white-headed old white
men saw to it that the white-headed
old negroes had a good dinner, the best
that the land ufforded. After it was
all over they all sat around In <-lto
"manner of friends and neighbors,'!
and swapped reminiscences of the days
that were. These were lauduiores
tcmporls actl above crltlc'sm. "Old
Miss" and "Mammy' sat down sldo by
side and talked about the children of
tho years that are Hod, some dead
these many decades, some In haU
forgolton graveyards and some on tho
field of honor. The.i the old men,
white and blaok, told of the hunts and
chases and the happy times of their
youth when they fared forth together
on pleasure bent.
The white people at Gastonla agreed
with the son of a Confederate soldier
from Georgia, Henry Grady, In hXa sen?
"I want no better friend than tho
black boy who was raised by my side,
and who Is now trudging patiently with
downcast eyes and shambling figuro
through his lowly way In lifo. I want!
no sweotor music than the crooning of '
my old 'mammy,' now dead and gone
to rest, as 1, heard it when she hold
me In her lov'ng arms, and bending ;
her old black lace above me stole tho
cares from my brain, and led h\e smil?
ing into sloop. 1 want no truer soul
than that which moved the trusty
slave, who for four years walle my
father fought with the armies that |
barred his freedom, slept every night
at my mother's chamber door, hold?
ing her and her children as safe as
If her husband stoo l guard, and"ready
to lay down his humble life on her
threshold. History has no parallel to
the faith kept by tho negro in the
South during the war. Often five hun?
dred negroes to a single white man.
and yet through these dusky throngs
the women and children walked In
safety, a-d the unprotected homes
rested In peace. Unmarshaled, the
black battalions moved patiently to
the fields In the morning to feed the
armies thoir idleness would have
starved, and at night gathered anx?
iously at the ..ug house to 'hear the
news from marste.r,' though conscious
lhat his victory mode their chains en?
during. Everywhere humble and kind?
ly; the bodyguard of the. helpless, the
tough companion of the little one; thai
observant friend; the silent sentry In
his lowly cabin; the shrewd counselor.)
And when thV dead came home, a I
mourner at the open grave. A thou-?
sand torches would have disbanded I
every Southern army, hut not one Was]
Of such were those whom "my white:
folks" ho .ored at Oastonla.
If there should ever be war between j
Japan and the United States, Japan j
will not provoke It. That Is the opln- i
ion of Henry P. Bowie, an eminent
California lawyer, who . has lived In
Japan for nine years and who makes a
vigorous protest In the San Francisco
Argonaut against the malady which
had appeared sporadically in different
parts of this nation, and which the
Boston Globe calls Japanophobla.
Mr. Bowie enumerates the various
small reasons for the American fear j
of Japan, and shows that they are all
unfounded. It Is true that Japan Is
working day and night "to' make her
army and navy stronger, but "are we
to be deluded Into the belief that
Japan, with her great war debt and
with two such powers as China arid
Russia for profitable enomies at no dis?
tant future. Is unprovolccdly going out
of her way to antagonize her earliest
and best friend and largest customer
?tho United States, the most wealthy
and powerful nation on the globe, with
a population twice and a half that of
Japan and with resources of money
and materials of war practioally illim?
itable? The idea, is preposterous."
Those who seek to keep alive
Japanophobla do this country no good.
It almost gives ono the shivers to
think about how the residents of Mon?
ument Avenue must bo suffering from
the cold these days when all the rest
of their friends and. neighbors are
fairly melting. It was learned yester?
day from the best authority that "It
was so chilly Sunday nigJU up there
that blankets were required to make
one comfortable." Down at Old Point
last week, as we are also credibly In?
formed, two blankets were none too
much to keep out the cold.
The crop of June'bachelors is flour?
A New York court has sustained a
man who kicked a bill collector out of
his office. This decision is much more
popular than the Standard Oil deci?
Get ready to buy commencement
presents. . ',
Denver has started upon nn elabor?
ate post card campaign of advertising.
Half a million cards will be sent
through the malls in tho next three,
months, ',1'heso cards.'If piled together,
would make a stack ini feet .high. If
placed on end they would strctch\ al?
most forty mllcfl. Each of tho 40,000
school children In the city will be
given five 'curds to moll to friends.
Business houses will send them broad,
cast. Tho cards will contain pictures
of Denver anrf Colorado oconery. Tho
post cards has found high favor as a
means of publicity In lato years.
The Montgomery Advertiser says
that "aftor awhtlo thore won't bo a
slhglc Democrat holding ofllco under
a Republican administration. *' That
seems hard, but tho Advertiser goes
on to say, "becauso thero won't bo any
sucn administration." Correct.
Tho trouble with that professor who
Is trying to dig proof out of llio Wyo
River?that Bucon was Shakespeare is
that he failed to carry any of tho
IChariotie historians with him.
Voice of the People
Preserve the Confederate Rolls.
To the Editor of Tho Times-Dispatch:
Sir,?1 have Just read the communi?
cation in Tho Tlmcs-Dlspatch of the
15th Instant from Bedford City, Ya.,
signed by Mora Klngsley Hurley, about
the lack of Confederate records, e'tc.
Many years ago, while 1 was a citi
xen of Missouri, I thought of this lack
of records, and I determined that I
would do what 1 could to perpetuate tho
names and fact of service In tho Con?
federate army of thoso brave men und
gallant boys who wuro in my company
during the war. fortunately, I pre?
served some two or three pay rolls of
my company?Company 1'. Second Regi?
ment, Virginia Artillery?and from
them and memory 1 madj out an al?
phabetical list of about 170 men and
boys, who .wore with nie from the first
rovclllo to the last tattoo, noting the
deaths, the wounded, tho killed, etc..
Including a sketch of the company's
service. Us officers, etc.. reoorded
whole In a first-class book, ledger slio,
UBing the best ink, that which Is gen?
erally uBed In recording wills ajid
I sent thij book, to my father, then
living. Colonel R. H. Allen, of Lunun
burg county, Va., inclosing an order
of the County Court of the county, and
asked him to take the book and order
to the County Court (that was when
we had County Courtsl. and mako a
motion that the court recclvo tho book,
enter the order on its record book, and
place the Confederate book among the
archives of tho county, which was done.
I also wrote out In tho book u good
tleal about the war. its hardships, suf?
ferings, privations,- eta, making in
all quite 100 or more pages of written
mutter; and In the clerk's o?leo of the
county that roll of honor will femaln.
Men and women a hundred years
henco?yes. a thousand years hence?
can place their (Ingers on this
or that name and say, "Hero is my an?
cestor's name, written by tho captain
of the company in which ho served
during tho terrible War Between tho
On that roll are tho names of quite
a number who lived In Brunswick,
Dlnwlddie and Nottoway counties, as
well as those who lived In Lunenhurg.
What a contribution to history
would such, rolls be. If every captain
In every county In Virginia, and. In?
deed, In the whole South, had done
what 1 did! Is It too late to do go
There are yet living a sufficient,
number of the "old boys" to make out
a pretty good list of their commands,
If not all, a large number of them,
procure an order of court to have
them recorded In a suitable book, and
placed In the clerk's olilce for sale
It is a shame that so many men and
woman born since the war, now with
families of their own- can't tell
in whose company their fathers oi
brothers served during the war'. A
few clays ago 1 read In the Petersburg
Index-Appeal two letters from a widow
In far away Arkansas, asking for In?
formation about her dead hiisband's
service in the Confederate army. His
name was Tim Parrlsh. My brother
in New York saw the letters, sent the
paper to me, marked, and I immediate?
ly wrote the widow, asking for a de?
scription of her husuand, etc. I have,
no doubt her husband was one of my
soldiers, ana his name Is recorded on
the roll of honor In Lunenhurg county
clerk's office. It will be a grotlflcatlott
to me, should It turn out that Tim
Parrlsh, of Arkansas, was the Tim Par?
rlsh of my company, to , give her an
affidavit thut her husband was a Con?
federate soldier and that his name Is
on I.unenburgs roll of honor.
Is It worth while, Mr. Editor, to
make out such a roll of honor In every
county in the State7 Will tho day
ever come wnen our grandchildren and
their grandchildren will not care to
know from whom they arc descend?
ed? I hope not, but I do sometimes
"think that it is strange. Indeed, that
young men and young women now liv?
ing don't seem to take much interest in
C. T. ALLEN.
. Cochran. Brunswick county.
Doenn't Llko Mr. Urynn.
To the Editor of Tho Times-Dispatch:
Sir.?This Bryun rule or ruin policy
is. becoming somewhat serious. Some?
how his dogged persistence in whinlnsrl
over and hounding around the Demo?
cratic party Is unendurable. Tho par-I
ty must surely have dwindled to devil-j
lsh small proportions to permit this
man to define (?) what Democracy is,
and then tell who shall bo voted for.
His brazen ? impudence In Interfering
with Virginia politics and dictating as
to whether we shall or shall not elect
Senator Martin tops tho intlnite of
Insult. If the thing were not so hid?
eously brazen-faced I swear It would bo
really comical. ?
Ho has well-nigh disrupted the party,
and if allowed to continue his lead-er
Ing, will finally bury it. If the solid
South Is ever dissolved?which God
forbid?It will be through the-loadings
of Bryan; verdict, died of n Bryan. He
has led three Republicans into the
White House already, and will con?
tinue to fill that houso with tho same
kind so long as the Democratic party
Is sillv enough or fool enough to sub?
mit to his L-o-a-d-e-r-s-h-l>p?save
tho mark. "How long wilt thou abuse|
our nation, O- Catiline?" He docs noti
Pretend to lay claim to the least mod?
esty; then why should he expect others
to respoct him"? As sure ns you're born,
that fellow Bryan is tough. I move wo
send him to Haytl and there ? lot him
Can It be possible that this Willing
.1. Bryan is on the payroll of the G. O.
P.? It smells mightily tlwu way to
mo If ho Is not ho ought to - he.
"I charge thee, Billy, ning away am?
bition; by that sin fell tho angels."
'.'Love thyself last." Live and let live.
Lot the party alone. It has a fair
chanc/i for.success, now. Don't spoil It.
TV.' P. G.
After Almfer Street, Llhtlcu Sirccf.
To the Editor of Tho Times-Dispatch:
Sir,?I admire very'much your nlp
qtieneo in behalf of Shnfer Street. Don't
you think something ought to be dona
for Linden Strcol. which lends to tho
front.door of tho City Auditorium,
whore nil tho great public gatherings
arc held? It aeoms to mo that the
city owea It to herself to ? pnvc this
street nicely from Park Avenue to
the \uditorlum, and then to keep 11 In
i every respect and always In tho pink
[0f condition. Don't vmi^owliiim.v
Our Home Office has recently purchased 500 SMITH PRE?
MIER TYPEWRITERS at an extremely low price. In order
to move these machines at once they have authorized us to sell
these machines at $25.00. The regular price is $35.00.
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work of anew machine. We guarantee them for one year the
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The Smith Premier Typewriter is well and favorably known
as one of the most durable typewriters on the market. This is
an exceptional opportunity to save TEN REAL DOLLARS on
the purchase of a typewriter. Do not hesitate, but call to-day.
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Operating the Typewriter Exchange,
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Daily Queries and Answers
Cnrurirlc Hero Fund. .
t. What ia thu address of tho society]
supported by Carncgto which awards j
medals for heroic deeds? i
2. JIow may proper proof bo submit?
ted for their consideration?
3. If merited, aro they awarded
gratis7 "A. B. O."
1. F. M. Wllmot. Pittsburg, Pa.
2. Cet up testimony and havo it
sworn to before notary. *
? 3. Yes. ?
?Vo .Mathematical Questions Answered
T. G. Pool, of Vlrgillna, will kindly
note that wo answer no mathematical j
questions In this department. Tbat is
our Invariable rule.
Dancing; With a Handkerchief.
In dancing Is It better form to hold
the lady with a white or a colored
Use the white sort by nil means, as
the other might discolor the partner's
dress. The social usago of tho colored
handkerchief is u very dlllicult art. und
it Is always best to use the white
kind, although It la unnecessary to use j
a handkerchief at all, so far as dancing
To I'rmerve Color.
Is there any way to preserve flowera
in their natural colors? M, Q.
The following is the mode in which
thv color ran he preserved; A vessel
with a movable- cover and bottom la
provided. Having ' removed the. cover
from It. a piece ot metallic' gauzo of
moderate fineness Is flxud over It and
tho cover ropluced. A quantity of sand
la then taken, sulllclent to IUI tho ves?
sel, and passed through a slave- Into an
Iron pot, whero It Is heated, with tho
addition of a small quantity of. Stear?
ine, carefully Btlrred, so as thoroughly
to mix tho Ingredients. Tha quantity
of stearlno should bo half a pound to
lOo of sand. The vessel, with Its cover
on and the guUzi beneath It. Is then
turned upsldo down and. tho bottom
holng removed, the flowers to bo oper?
ated upon aro carefully placed on tho
gauze and the sand gently poured In, so
as to cover the flowers entirely, tho
leaves being thua prevented from touch?
ing oach other. The vessel 1? thon put.
In a hot pluce, where It la left for
eighteen hourti. Tho Ilowera thus be?
come dried and they retain their nat?
ural colors The vessel remnlnlnR bot?
tom upward, tha lid la taken off and
the sand runs away through the gauze,
leaving ihe (lowers uninjured.
Slat erM-ln-I.n ?v.'
Two brothers marry two girls. Aro
ihose two wr.m'-n slaters-ln-lriw? What
Is a f-Uter-ln-ln wY M. V. W.
A sister-in-law Is the slslfr'of o;v's
husband or wife; also tho wife of one's
In other; sometimes the wlfa of one's
husband's or wife's brother.
TO BECOME KNIGHT
nv la marquise de foxtenoy.
IN spite of the announcement that tho
Investiture of th0 Prince of Wal's
us a Knight of the Oriier of the
Onrter Is to be of a private chfcraiir
tor. it will prove to be a more solemn
ceremony than anything of the kind
that has ever taken place since the
reign of Charles II.- It will begin with
a chapter or the Knights of the Gar?
ter In the Waterloo Chamber at Wind?
sor Castle, where the voting prince Will
have the gold collar of the order placed
around his neck, the star nfllxed to his
left breast, the Jeweled garter around
his left leg. Immediately below the
knee, and the mantle of the order
hung about his shoulders.
That will complete the ferimony In
so far as tho chapter Is concerned.
Hut for the t'.rst tlmo In near three
hundred years it will be followed by
u religious ceremony in .-:t. George's
Chapel, which Is the chapel of the or?
der. The procession will stc.-t from
the Waterloo Chamber; and will be as
follows; The Military Knights of Wind?
sor: all veteran otllcers of the army, in
fulr uniform. Their correct title Is
really -'the Poor Knights of Windsor."
They are deserving officers, without
fortune, who ere given a residence
within the castle, as well as an allow?
ance In addition to their pension, and
other prerogatives. They will be fol?
lowed by the choir of St. George's
Chcpol, by the Minor and Greater
Canons of Windsor, by the heralds and
pursuivants In their gorgeously em?
broidered medioval tabards, by the pre?
late of the Order of the Garter, who
la the Bishop of .Winchester, by tho
chancellor of the order, who Is the
Bishop of Oxford, and by the regis?
trar, who Is the Dean of Windsor. They
In turn will be followed by Ganor
Principal King of Arms, by (tie. Usher
of the Black Rod, who Is Admiral Sir
Henry Stephenson; and then will come
thi Knights of the Garter, two by
two, in their gorgeous Garter robes,
the King and Queen, and the Prince of
Wales. The procession will make its
way by the Albert Memorial Chapel,
through ' tho Horseshoe Cloisters, and
will enter St. George's Chapel by the
The religious service, which will be
of an Impressive nature, will then take
place, and the Prince of Wales will
then bo conducted to the stall assign?
ed to him as a Knight of the Garter,
and from which ills banner will be
In the eventng the IClng and Queen
will banquet the Knights of the Order
of the Garter; and much curiosity Is
felt 113 to whether the Duke of Marl
borough will be comprised dmong the
guests. For on the occasion of the
last chapter, held during tho reign of
King Edward, tho duke did not re?
ceive the customary Invitation to din?
ner at the castle, whllo tho .duchess
was Ignored altogether, these being
manifestations of royal displeasure for
the publicity which they, had given to
their mutrlmonal differences.
Sir Rogor Twysden's nccession, at
tho ago of seventeen, to tho baronetcy
of his distant cousin. Sir Louis Twysdon
of Hoydon Hall, Kent?a baronotcy
dating from lflil, nnd therefore, one
of the oldest In existence?serves to
recall tho extraordinary suit. I mny
call It a cause celubre. which took
place two years ago with regard to
tho second baronotcy of this ancient
fnmily: a baronetcy created In 1666.
The name of Twysden Is a fnmllinr one
to every reader of Thackeray, for it
Is tho one which he gavo to his "Com?
missioner of the Powder and Pomatum
Tho first baronetcy, tho ono which
has Just passed, through death, from
a very old man to a boy, was originally
bestowed by King James I. upon a
knight of the name of Sir William
Twvsdeu. of Roydon Hall, who had con?
ducted that monarch from Scotland to
London when he came south to as?
sume possession of the throne of Eng?
land. Sir William had two sons:
Roger, who'succeeded to his baronetcy,
nnd Thomas, who becamo one. of the
lodges of the Court of King's1 Bench,
nnd received In his turn a baronetcy
from Chnrlos II., six years after tho
For moro than half a century, and un?
til the close of loon. It -was a baronetcy
which was marked down In "Burke's
Peerage," and In other works of refer?
ence, as having become extinct In 1811.
But some eighteen months or ,mpro
ngo, a claim was put forward, nnd the
litigation which ensued sarved to-dis?
close a very Interesting; eighteenth
Tt seems that at tho beginning of tho
reign of George HI. the second of tho.
Twvnden hnronctolos was held by S!r
Roger Twloden; who spolt his name
with an "l",lnstcnd of n "v." and) Who
j was the fifth of his Una- He had .'three
aons, the second of whom, Wll'lam,
was a lieutenant of the royal navy.
Invalided from his ship, ho was nursed
hack to comparative health at the
house of Mrs. Kirk, the widow of a
fchlp'a t'UDiier, (that Is to say, a war
ran: orhcer,) at portsea, and falling
In lovo with her pretty daughter Mary,
married her. llfs family, who wero
Immensely proud of their ancestry,
<l.itt::g as It did from Ada:a d* Twys
'len, who possessed the estt-tu Ol
Twyiendeh, in Kent, in ihc reign oi
Edward l.i wore beside themselves with
indignation ai this mesalliance, would
not regard it as a marriage at all,
and declined to have anything more
to do with William. In faei. Sir
Hoger settled the family estates In
such a fashion as to exclude his sec?
ond son. William, and the latter's
children, by his union with Mary
The eldest and unmarried son of
Sir Roger predeceased him, and so,
too, did Lieutenant WilHum Twisden
of the royal navy. But Instead of tho
letter's son Inheriting the baronetcy
and the Considerable estates, the.so
went, by Sir Roger's HCt of resettle?
ment, to his own youngest son. John
P.ipillon Twisden, who assumed the
title: a bequest of J5.000 being, how
over, lett to the lieutenant's eldest
boy. who was described In the will as
a "natural," that Is to say. Illegiti?
This boy, who won christened John,
was brought up to the navy, and waa
shown, by the evidence produced at
Hie trial, to have been the recipient
of much financial assistance on the
part of his uncle. Sir John Papilion
Twlsdon, who evidently was endeavor?
ing thereby to atono for what lie knew
to be his wrongful possession of the
baronetcy and estates. He also left
him a handsome bequest at his death.
Sir John Papilion Twlsden's own son
and namesake succeeded to the bar?
onetcy and estates,' and died in 1X11,
leaving a married daughter, to whom
he bequeathed the entire property,
the title being regarded as having
become extinct through his demise.
It was this title that In the fall of
1909 formed tho subject of a suit,
brought by the Rev. John Francis
Twisden, of Bradbourn, Kent, and by
his aged auni, Miss Emily Twisden,
the latter a granddaughter of that
Lieutenant William Twisden who mar?
ried the gunner's daughter. Indeed,
she was nominally the chief party to
the suit, since the application to tho
courts was not for the baronetcy, but
for tho Judicial declaration and recogni?
tion of the legitimacy of her father.
Tho latter once established, tho bar?
onetcy went of Its own accord to her
clergyman nephew, but of course with?
out any of the Twisden estates. Tho
presiding Ju.dgo found In favor of the
petitioners. For although all efforts
failed to discover tho actual certifi?
cate of marriage of tho lieutenant and
of tho gunner'n daughter, yet tho cir?
cumstantial evidence that the couple,
were duly married was of such an
overwhelming and abundant charac?
ter as to carry. conviction that they
were legally man and wife. Tho im?
pression that they, wero not married
soems to have originated with the re?
fusal of the Twisden family to recog?
nize tho gunner's daughter a3 William's
wife, on tho ground of her humblo
extraction; while ho was In such im?
poverished circumstances, and so bed?
ridden, that ho was unablo to make
anv fight for hla rights.
Tho trial was of the mo3t Interest?
ing description, and entailed the pro?
duction and the reading In court of
all sorts of family correcpondcnec of
tho Twlsdens, dating from a period
prior to tho American War of Inde?
pendence. Oltl Miss Enilly Twisden
died six months later, having lived
just long enough to act ns principal
in the suit. Without hor assistance,
her nephew, tho clergyman, the present
holdertof tho baronetcy, could not, ac?
cording to the peculiar provisions of
English .law, have established _ his
(Copyright, 1011, by tho Brentwood
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