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?HB DIBPATCH FOUNDED JMO.
THE TIMES FOUNDED USC. WHOLE NUMBER 18,631. RICHMOND, VA., FRIDAY, MAY 26, 1911. TU K WEATHER TO-D A V?Fair. PRICE TWO CENTS. WILL NOT ABIDE BY PARTY CAUCUS Martine Deelines to Be Bound on Moral Question. SENATOR BAILEY IS ON HIS TRAIL He Would Read New Jersey Man Out of Party for Refusal to Accept Majority Decision. Senator Martin's Resolu? tion in Lorimer Case Is Adopted.' Washington. May 25.?After four hours' caucus to-day, the Democratic Senators voted 24 to 1 to support the resolution offered by Senator Martin, of Virginia, on behalf of the Demo- j cratic Steering Committee, providing for a relnvestlgatlon of the bribery charges In connection -.vlth the election of Senator I^orlmer, of Illinois. A per aonal colloquy between Senators Bail? ey, of Texas, and Martine, of New Jersey, featured the caucuB. The Mar? tin resolution proposes an Inquiry by the Committee on Privileged and Elec? tions. The verbal encounter between Messrs. Bailey and Martine originated In Mr. Bailey's demand for Beneral support of the Martin resolution. Mr. Bailey declared that any Senator who refused to be bound by the caucus had no rightful place In the party councils. This aroused the Senators who favor the La Folletto resolution providing Cor an Inquiry by a special committee of new Senators. Mr. Bailey contended that more than two-thirds of th? caucus favored the Martin resolution, and It was thus the duty of ell Democratic Senators to abide by that decision. Mr. Martine replied that, while wllllns to compare hlB party record with that of the Texas Senator, he was unwilling to be bound by a party caucus on a moral question, lie said he understood that the meet? ing was a conference and not a caucus, and he ha'd no understanding that any binding action was to be taken. Saying he would not bandy words regarding the character of his own Democracy as compared with that of nnother Senator. Mr. Bailey insisted that all Senators were duty bound 1 ko abide by the two-thirds decision of the caucus. I Mr. Martine replied as pointedly, and ?he colloquy continued until Mr. Mar? tine withdrew from the caucus, relter ktlng that he would not be bound by It on any but a political question. Al? most every othor Democratic Senator Participated In the debate. It developed that the Regular Re- ' riubllcans had practically agreed to ?.bandon the Dllllngham resolution in 'avor of the Martin measure, and all -Jcmoerats were urged to support the lrovlslon as a matter of party dlacl illne. The caucus supported the Martin ?esolutlon with the understanding that iny Senator should be free to offer and ;upport amendments. It was expected hat the Lorimer question would come ip In the open Senate to-day, but It vas crowded out by other questions. ?Senator La. Follette expects to conclude ils speech to-morrow, and after one ir two brief speeches In reply It Is laid a vote will be taken. The pros? pect now is that the Martin resolu lon win be adopted without material imendment. Continues HI* Attack. Washington, D. C, May 25.?In a vrltten speech. Senator Jeff Davis, o/1 \rkansas, to-day continued his war! hi the Post-Office Department, because! hat department refused to accept for j he second-class mall about 100,000 i oplea of a St. Louis weekly paper on he ground that the addressees were \ot bone, fide autascrlbers. Mr. Davis harged that this action was an unfair ?scrlmlnatlon and due to a feud that irose during ? Postmaster-General Cor elyou's administration between the de jartment and the publisher of the pa >er. He asserted that the express x-mpanles co-operated with the de? triment In the warfare. I Charging the Postmaster-General [?/Ith despotism, Mr. Davis said that ?fflclal makes his own law to suit :ls own purposes. "He is not deterred >y the ruling of the Supreme Court hat every act of his must he founded pon, some law," ssld he, "nclthor is he cterrcd by the statute which requires hat all his regulations be 'consistent efth law." He Introduces, In the form f regulations, rulings or orders, what ver novelties he pleases. He Is practl ally without restraint. The citizens f the United States, and especially lubllshers, are at his mercy." Mr. Davis presented a resolution pro ldlng for a, general Investigation of ;ho Post-Offlce Department, but lio ctlon was taken on it. Senator Burton made reply, calling he Arkansas Senator's charges "extra rdlnary and reckless" and calculated o bring undeserved discredit upon the 'ost-Onlce Department. Will Permit Vac of Iteport. Washington. D. C, May 25.?Presl lent Taft probably will permit the re uHs of tho Investigation of the steel rust, made by the Bureau of Corpo atlons, to be sent to the House com? mittee now engnged In Inquiring Into he United States Steel Corporation. Inder the law tho report of the bu cau goes to the President, but It Is aid at the White House to-night that Ir. Taft at present has no objection o permitting the House committee to ook it over. The President wishes, owever, to examine the report before e let3 It go to the Capitol. Secret? ary Nagel, of tho Department of Com lerco and Dahor, explained to the In estlgatlng committee at an executive ession to-day that the President must uthorlzc tho submission of tho bu oau's report. Extrnvosnnco Questioned. Washington, D. C. May 25.?The ex endlfure of $7,500 In the refurnishing f the offices of Postmaster-General Hitchcock \nnd the chief clerk of tho ost-Offlce Department was the sub? let of an Inquiry to-day before the ouee Committee on Rxpcndltures In in Post-OlTIco Department. Chief-Clerk Weed, of the department, ild tho committee that requiring com etitlve bids and awards to lowest XQgntlnued .on Tbjrd Page.). PRESIDENT MAY GO Invited to Attend Julillcc on Field tit Dull Kim. Washington, May 25.?President Taft to-day conditionally accepted an Invita? tion to participate In a Jubilee to he heir] by veterans of the Union and Con? federate armies on the battlefield of Manassas, .luly 21, the llftlclh anniver? sary of the ilrst battle of Bull Run. The Invitation war?, extended by a committee from Manassatt, representa? tive of the Grand Army of the Repub? lic and the Confederate Veteranrj' As? sociation. Representative Charles Car lln. of Alexandria, Va., Introduced the delegation. In the party were lieuten? ant George C. Round, of the G. A. R.: Captain Westwood Hutchison, J. R. Tll let, one of Mosby'a men; G. R. Rat cllffe, of the Mahussas Chamber of i Commerce, and Dr. H. U. Roop, presi? dent of K?steln College. They told the President that every surviving veteran lias been invited to attend this "love feast of the blue and Kray," und Mr. Taft replied that he would he delighted to be present, and would make every effort to arrange his engagements ho as to go to Bull Run. "If 1 am not at Beverly July 21 1 will ?? to Manassas." promised the President "1 can assure you that you will not be at Beverly." laughingly replied Rep? resentative Carlin. General Leonard Wood promised the committee to detail two troops of cav? alry from Fort Myer to participate In the celebration. FOUNDATION IS LAID Uncle Sum So?n Will Have Nucleus of Aerial Fleet. Washington, May 25.?The founda? tion of Uncle Sam's aerial navy was laid to-day when Assistant Secretary Winthrop signed contracts aggregat? ing $13,000 for the delivery at the Naval Academy by July 1 next of three aeroplanes. Theso will represent the very latest developments In aero? nautics, being capable of rising from and alighting upon the water or the deck, of a snip; of carrying at least one passenger In addition to thw avia? tor, and of being equipped with a fifty pound wireless outfit. Two of the ma? chines will be 61 the Curiiss type, oni with eight cylinders and the other with four, and the other aeroplanes will be furnished by the Wrights. Prices range from 12,700 to J5.500. Immediately upon the delivery of the machines a naval school of Instruc? tion for aviators will be established at Annapolis, under the care of Cap? tain Chambers, who has made a spe? cialty of aeronautics. WYOMING IS LAUNCHED Great nnttlenbln Will Be Second to None In World. Philadelphia. Pa.. May 25.?The bat? tleship Wyoming, the latest Dread nought of the United Slates, and ont of the six first-class battleships now under construction, was launched to? day at the yard ot the Cramp Ship and Engine Company, In this city. The I new battleship was christened by Miss ! Dorothy Eunice Knight, daughter ol ! 'ormer Chief Justice Jesse Knight, of j Wyoming, In the. presence of Governor ! J. M. Carey and a delegation from that J Siate. Secretary Meyer, of the Nav> Department, and other naval official? j were among those who stood on the launching stand when the battleship slid Into the Delaware River. With Its full armament the Wyoming will not be surpassed by any flghllnK ship In the world. The length over nil Is 550 feet, breadth at the water line 93 feet, and displacement 2(1.000 tons. She will have a speed of 20 1-2 knots an hour, and will carry 54 officers and 1,030 enlisted men. CASE STILL UNSETTLED Judge Folia to Give Decision In George B. Cox Wrangle. Cincinnati, O., May 25.?Although j announced for to-day, the decision was ! not given by Judge Dlckson In the dispute over the form of the entry dismissing the perjury Indictments against George B. Cox. The decision was to be on the question raised by Prosecutor Hunt,, who would not agree to an entry dismissing both lndlct .nents. Judge Dlckson said he had been ill yesterday and was unable to prepare his decision. He said also that In the mandamus proceedings brought by Prosecutor Hunt In the Circuit Court to compel a choice between the two indictments there is a possible con? struction that Judge Dlckson Is en? joined from taking any further action in the Cox case until the mandamus writ Is passed upon by the Circuit Court. AMERICA LAGS BEHIND Han Not Kept Pace In Contest for Commercial Supremacy. New York, May 25.?"We must loosen our pursestrlngs and stimulate our foreign trade In just the same manner and with Just the same In? terest as we stimulate our home mar? kets," was the advice given this af? ternoon by Horace G. Knowles, Amer? ican minister to to Bolivia, to half a hundred American manufacturers who want to extend their foreign trade. "The nation that furnishes the money to develop South American re? sources Is the nation that gets the bulk of South American trade. Mr. Knowles was the principal speaker at a meting held under the auspices of the National Association ol Manufacturers. He told his au? dience that America had lagged in the contest for International commer? cial supremacy. Germany and Eng i land, as a result, wero far ahead. WANT ALL-ON HAND Standard OH Employes Told to Prepare for Reorganization. New York, May 25.?Employes in tho New York office of the Standard Oil Company have been asked to take their vacations early this year, so that I when the time comes to put into effect j the pluns of reorganization now under I consideration nil will bo on hand. Aside from this development there I have been no'indications of the com \ pany's intentions. An executive officer I said to-day that the directors would ; know better where they stand when i they read the decision of the Supreme 1 Court in tho caso of tho American To I bacco Company, which Is expected next I Monday. It Is understood that the To bttcco Company Is thoroughly prepared I for an adverse decision, and already has Its pinna well under way. On Wny to Coronation. Winnipeg, Manitoba, May 25.?Prince ' Leopold, brother of the Queen of Spain, arrived here to-day from the ! Orient on hla way to the coronation. I "The Crest of the Dream In a story descriptive of ihr real woman nnd the real man of to-day. It Ih from the pen of Rdwln I,. Sabin, and will be published In the Illtis trnted Mngnnlnc of The Times-Dls ItntcU next Snndny. It I? only one of ninny high cIiimh llternry 'offer? ings In this ningaiJne number. Conference Asks for In? stitution for Feeble ? . Mi'-ded. NEGROES TALK OF SEGREGATION Say Real Problem Is to Have Sanitary Housing for Race. Teachers of Richmond Hear Address by Miss- Garrett on Instruction in Sex ? Hygiene. As a tangible result of Ihn first Child Welfare Conference ever held In tho South, which closed Its sessions last night, resolutions were adopted calling upon the General Assembly of Virginia, at Its next session, to enact various measures for tho good of the children of this State. The committee on resolutions, composed of Dr. W. F. Drewry, Barton Myers and Frank W. Duke, "made Its report at yester? day morning's session, the resolutions being adopted by unanimous vote. Mnny Changes L'rged. Among the recommendations made to the Legislature are the following: That the Superintendent of Public Instruction be authorized to investi? gate and report upon the backward children In the public schools of the State; that a larger amount of money be appropriated for tho preservation of the work of the State Board of Charities and Correction, and that this boavrd's powers be so enlarged as to enable It to protect the State against dependent, delinquent and de? fective persons entering the State, who are, or may become, burdens and public charges; that a temporary com? mission be created charged with the duty of Btudylng the needs of un? skilled boys and girls In the industries and reporting upon such plans as will better their vocational training: that an Institution be established for the care of the feeblo-mlpdcd: tnat the parents of Illegitimate children be required to provide for their support, and that the mothers be encouraged to nurse their offspring: that a general system of Juvenile courts with proba? tion officers be established In Virginia, and that the cities be urged to avail themselves of the enabling act now In existence In this direction. Unvo Permanent Exhibit. In addition to these recommenda? tions to the Legislature, the conference directed the committee on exhibits to proceed with the work of gathering a permanent exhibit on child welfare for use at the State Fair, and It also In? vited all established agencies In Vir? ginia for the care of the child to be? come affiliated with the State Confer? ence on Charities and Corrections. Be? sides, the conference extended Its thanks to the speakers who have given their aid at this meeting, to the newF papers of Richmond for their reports of the proceedings, and to the organi? zations which have given the use of halls for meeting places. In her address on "Instruction In Sex Hygiene." Miss I^aura Garrett. of the American Purity Alliance, handled .i difficult subject in a most effective manner, and won pralsr from the most critical. Her address was made the feature of the last day's session, and All the teachers of the city were per? mitted to attend, the schools being Slven a half-holiday for this purpose i>y Superintendent J. A. C. Chandler. Therefore Miss Garrett faced an au? dience which crowded the auditorium of the Mechanics' Institute. She Illus? trated her methods of Instruction by objects and pictures. The address of Mlas Mary Johnston rvas largely alnmj similar lines, mak? ing for the Instruction of the young in matters which have heretofore heen kept as secrets. Colored People Interested. The last two sessions of the confer? ence were held In the First Baptist Church (colored), and were designed especially to secure co-operation be? tween the races for thr physical, edu? cational, mental and moral betterment of the colored children. The result was satisfactory to the leaders In the con? ference. By several of the speakers the recent segregation of tho races In Richmond was made a point In the discussion. Mrs. B. B. Munford, who has been ob? serving recent conditions among the negroes, expressed the conviction that the subject might have better been ap? proached from a community standpoint rather than that of race. Dr. Graham, a colored minister of Hampton, snid that the problem of segregation was not the important one?that the ques? tion was one of providing sanitary liv? ing places for the negro.- Similar sen Uments were expressed by Rev. D. Webster Davis, who. In what Dr. T. Jesse Jones, of Hampton, called a mix? ture of wit and good sense, probably did a good deal toward bringing the races Into co-operation for the good of tho colored child. Don't Seek Knowledge. Dr. Allen W. Freeman discussed health conditions and told of the fear? ful ravages of disease among negroes. He was Impressed with the fact that while the State Is in the business of disseminating knowledge of how to keep well and how to get well, rarely does a colored porson apply at tho State' Health Department for informa? tion on this Important matter. This, Dr. Davis wittily explained, was due to the negro's dread of intruding where ho might feel he was not wanted. Several colored women active In set? tlement work made-talks which sur? prised most of the audience by .their good sense and excellent expression. T. C. Walker, of Gloucester, an old time colored man. spoke of the work of placing out orphan children Into homos along tho Unas of the work carrlod on by the white people In tho Children's Home Society of Virginia. Will Get III? Deirrce. [Special to The Tlmes-Dlspatch.J ' New Haven, Conn., May 35.?Among the students who will receive tho bachelor of arts degree at Yale com-; mencoment, June 21, in the academic department, la William McKce Dunn, of Hot Springs, Va, ANOTHER HOT WAVE COMING Washington, May 2fi.??Willi snow fnllluK In Munlnnu oucl frceslns temperatures In Nevada nnil Ore Run, ii hut ivnve In now concentrated uvcr the Middle West and the Suiitll, aud Ih headed for the ICnM. The Weather- Ilnrcnii reports to-nlgM hIiow that Chicago, Louisville, Onin lia, ISvnnsvllle, Iml., Kciikuk, Iowa, nml Coucorilln, Kansas, Jointly In I it flrNt hnnurn In the iLay'f* bent ri'conl, | it Ith ?4 decrees, olllclal; while nt I Ueno n rceoril of 30 ilesf?? marked the colli.-.t iilncc In the t'ulteil j Sint.-n. The cold ?pell In tue north? ern Itncky Motintnin region In ill normol. The Intensely warm weath? er Ih expected to' continue In Ohio nnil the Mississippi Valley during the next tivo days, and In tlie Slid- I diu State? to-miirrun, und another hot irnrii thut mur run up scores us high un 00 or more In dur In the KnNtcxn States by Saturilny. Fore? caster Howie nald to-night that the Indications were that thin hot spell In the Must would not he an uncoui fortuhlc nnd nn pronounced iw the one which held the Knut In Ith >;rn*p Ncvernl duyn npi, with result* thnt broke records for forty yeor? hack In Intensity and In duration. SITUATION STILL ACUTE Southern Knllwuy Firm VkuIuM De-1 inaiids of Klremrn. Washington, May 25.?.?rter a confer? ence this afternoon between represen? tatives of the Brotherhood of Locomo? tive Firemen and President Flnley and other officials of the Southern Hallway. It was announced by representatives of the firemen that the threatened strike had changed but little. The firemen arc determined In" their efforts to obtain the 20 per cent. Increase In wages which they domand. Their position Is such, according to H. O Treat, vice-president of the Brother? hood of Locomotive Firemen, as to call a general strike of the firemen at once should the officials of the Southern Hallway refuse to accede to their de? mands. Little progress was made to-day at the conference. President Flnley and his advisers offered a concession which the firemen said they could not con? sider.' The Increase which President Flnley offered would amount to about 2 per cent, on a few engines. Mr. Fln? ley declares that the demands which the firemen make would amount to an outlay of about $400,000 a year, while the firemen contend thnt It would not amount to more than $150,000. Vlce-Prcsldcnt Treat said to-night that a strike would not be called until after the railway officials had been given every opportunity to consider the matter. He said to-night that he hoped to leave Washington by Saturday. He' will confer again with President Flnley to-morrow morning. 17-YEAR LOCUSTS ARRIVE Many Colonies In New Vork, Say* the State Entomologist, i Albany, May 25".?The arrival of the sevehteen-year locust, on schedule time to a day. was bulletined yesterday by the State Entomologist at the Capitol. Professor E. P. Felt, who holds that post under the State Agricultural De? partment, said that If there was any pleasing feature to the arrival of the pest, so far as he was personally con? cerned, IfTvas Its punctuality. "Two months ago." said Mr. Felt, "I predicted that the seventeen-year locust would make Its appearance on May 20. The firEl of the, grubs ap? peared above ground close to the New Jersey border last Saturday. You can figure out for yourself." The State entomologist Is receiving almost hourly information with refer? ence to the doings of the locusts. His last bulletin recorded the appearance of the Insect at Stony Point, in Rock land county. "There are thousands of large col? onies In the Hudson Valley," said Mr. Felt. "I would be very glad If the people generally would keep tab on the insect and notify me of the result. After seventeen years' retirement, the average life of tho locust Is only about six weeks. The season lasts from May 20 to the end of July." CHANGES ANNOUNCEMENT T'ntuht Officials on Southern Railway Are Shifted. Knoxville, Tenn.. May 25.?Announce? ment of a number of changes In Southern Hallway freight officials, ef? fective June 1, was made here to-day. The headquarters of Ii. H. Shaw, as? sistant freight traffic manager, will be removed from Washington to At lnnta; J. M. Seaborn to be private secretary to Mr. Shaw; I. L Graves, of Memphis, to bo general freight agent at Atlanta, n new office created. The Jurisdiction of H. L. Miller, gen? eral freight agent at Knoxville, will be extended to Include the Ashevllle and Murphy divisions: D. C. Cardwell, to be assistant general freight agent at Columbia, S. C: J. C. Cnldwell to he division freight agent at Columbia. S C; J. Mi Smith to be division freight agent at Augusta, Ga.; M. M. Emert to be commercial agent at Lynchburg, Va.; M. R. Luckett to be commercial agent at Charleston. S. C. JUDGE IS ON TRIAL Bookkeeper ToIIn How Her Accounts Were Juggled. Toledo, O.. May 25.?Miss Emma Woodward, bookkeeper, formerly em? ployed by the Ohio German Fire Insur? ance Company, testified In the trial of Judge Michael Donnelly, the Indicted president, to-day that checks issued for the payment of interest, on which tho embezzlement Indictment is based, were charged by her to accounts for tiiivellng expenses, local agencies;, ad? justment expenses and losses. The dc ftntlunt told her to do so, she testi? fied. Frederick p. Prentice. Indicted for? mer secretary of the company, wan recalled from the drnthbod of his moth? er this aftornoon to resume his testi? mony. His mother, Mrs. Jacob Pren? tice, died this morning nt hor home near Napoleon. The State practically has concluded its ense In chief. BONDS READY SOON Then, Any One May Have Government Securities for the Atkins, Washington, D. C, May 2S.?The first of tho postal saving bank bond a will be issued vory soon. Treasury offi? cials havo been notified that deposi? tors at many of the banks are turn? ing in thoir accounts and asking for tho new sseeurltios. Tho new bonds will bo In denomina? tions of $20, $50 and $100. nnd will pay 2 1-2 per cent. Interest. Any de? positor in a postal bunk can become a holder of. government bonds for the askina. DECISION BLOW AT GOVERNMENT Harlan Files Dissenting Opinion in Standard Oil Case. HIS ASSOCIATES TAKEN TO TASK He Holds That Constitutional Power of Congress Has Been Usurped by Court, WhicK Reversed Itself in Hand? ing Down Opinion. Foresees Litigation. Washington, D. C, May 25.?Associate Justice John Marshall Harlan to-day filed in the Supreme Court his formal dissenting opinion in the Standard Oil case. Not satisfied with his oral dis? sent from the court's decision, as handed down by Chief Justice White.' Justice Harlan entirely rewrote the stenographic report of his remarks from the bench. The oral dissent formed merely a framework for the final doc? ument, containing about S.000 words,: put on record to-day. J'ustlce Harlan brands as mischievous' the modification made by the court in the decree of the lower court permit? ting subsidiary corporations of the Standard Oil. after dissolution of the combination, to make "normal and law? ful agreement" among themselves.! Chief Justice White' had characterized this modification as a "minor matter."| A .Menace to Business. I The further- declaration Is made, by Justice Harlan that he Is convinced the court's opinion "will throw the bus- ; Inesa of the country Into confusion and1 Invite widely extended and harassing, litigation, the Injurious effects of-whlch will be felt for many years to come." I In connection with w.hat he terms a| "mischievous modification," Justice. Harlan quotes the Chief Justice as say-! Ing that "It does no' necessarily fol-, low that because an illegal restraint of! trade or an attempt to monopolize or a! monopolization resulted from the com-j blnatlon and the transfer of the stocks) of the subsidiary corporations to the; New Jersey corporation, that a like re- | strain! of trade or attempt to inonop-, ollze or monopolization would neces? sarily arise from agreements between, one or more of the subsidiary corpora-j tlons after the transfer of the stock1 by the New Jersey corporaton." "Taking thl3 language in connection' with other parts of the opinion," says Justice Harlan, "the subsidiary compa? nies are thus, In effect, Informed?un-i wisely, I think?that although the New! Jersey corporation, being an Illegal combination, must go out of existence, they may Join' In an agreement to re? strain commerce among the States, lfl such restraint be not 'undue.' " Former Killings Reversed. As In his oral remarks. Justice Har? lan devotes himself largely to criticism of the court for holding that not every | restraint of trade violates the law. He ; reiterates the court reversed Its former > rulings In tho trans-Missouri freight' and joint traffic association cases.1 Quoting several hundred words from] each of these opinions, Justice Harlan says: j "These utterances show so clearly] and affirmatively as to admit of noi doubt that this court, many years ago,| upon the fullest consideration, inter? preted the anti-trust act as prohibiting and making Illegal not only every con | tract or combination, in whatever form, I which was In restraint of interstate commerce, without regard to its rea ] sonableness or unreasonableness, but i all monopolies or attempts to monopo I llze 'any part' of such trade or com i morce." Justice Harlan, referring to other; decisions as bearing out his lnterpre-l tatlon of these decisions, calls partlcu-j lar attention to one of Judge Taft, now President, In the Addystone pipe case. | "Judge Taft said." continues Justice^ Harlan, "that, according to the decision', of this court In the freight association! case, 'contracts In restraint of Inter- j ; state transportation were within tho statute, whether the restraints could bo regarded as reasonable at common law ; or not." " Senator Nelson Quoted. Tne Justice, In further support of [ the statement that the whole country, including the courts and Congress, un? derstood that "every" restraint was pro? hibited, quotes at length from nn ad? verse report made In 1A09 by Senator Nelson, on behalf of the Senate Jtidl-I clary Committee. In reference to a bill ( proposing to amend the Sherman antl-i I trust law to distinguish between rea I sonable and unreasonable restraints. j "After what has been adjudged,"! I Justice Harlan says, "upon full con-i ' sldera t ion as to the meaning and scope! I of tho anti-trust act, and In view of I ; the usages of this court when attorneys! (for litigants have attempted to reopen! 'questions that have been dellberatoly j [decided, I confess to no little surprlsoi ; as to what has occurred in the present. "On reading the opinion just deltv-| ' cred," he adds, "the first Inquiry will be that as the court Is unanimous In! holding that tho particular things done, by the Standard Oil Company and Its subsidiary companies In this case worci illegal under tho anti-trust act, whoth-! or those things were In reasonable or. iinronsor.nblo restraint of Interstate! commerce, why was It necessary to j .make an elaborate argument, as is done | ' In the opinion, tc show that, according| to the 'rule of rcaso'n.' the. act passed | by Congress should be Interpreted as : If It contained the word 'unreasonable' or the word 'undue.' Wrong Fifteen Years Abo. "The only answer which in frankness can bo given to this question Is thatj the court Intends to decide that its de-: liberate Judgment fifteen yoars ago, to! tho effect that the act permitted no] restraint tvhntevor of Interstate coni morce, whether roasonahlo or unreason-, able, was not In accordance with tho 'rule of roaHon.' In effect, the court! nays that It will now, for the first time, I bring tho discussion under the 'light! of reason' and ?pply the 'rule of reii-j son' to the questions to be decided. Ii hnve tho authority of this court fori saying that such a course of procecd XContlnuod on Third Pago.). BRYAN STANDING PAT Han Not Hern Won Aivny From Free Wool Doctrine. New York. May 25.?William J. Bryan to-day reaffirmed his adherence to the doctrine of free wool. In connection with a report that Speaker Clark had caused him to change his mind In this regard. "I wish to deny emphatically," said .Mr. Bryan, "that Mr. Clark has ever tried to win me away from the doctrine of freo wool. I believe wool should be free. It Is not so material whether the entire duty is removed at onco or part of it by degrees. I shall not be? lieve that any considerable number of Democrats c.-.n be persuaded to vote to retain a tariff on wool. If the tariff is retained, those who favor It ought to be honest enough to admit that they favor protection and quit talking about tariff for revenue only. "Congress has done well so far. but If those who favor protection can make our Democratic Congress compromise on the tariff, we may be rebuked as the Republicans were last fall." TO HONOR CARDINAL Celebrntlon In Baltimore Will He Xa tlonnl hi Extent. Baltimore, Md., May 25.?Practically all details for the popular civic cele? bration In honor of Cardinal Gibbons, to be held on June 0, wore perfected to-day at a meeting of the committee In charge of arrangements. It was agreed to make the affair a national function, and In addition to extending Invitations to President Taft. Vice-Presldent Sherman und former President Roosevelt, all the Judges of the Supreme Court and foreign ambas? sadors will be Invited to attend. Tele? grams inviting the Governors of all States and the Mayors of the leading cities will he sent. The demonstra? tion, while prompted by the fact that the cardinal celebrates this year his twenty-fifth anniversary as a cardinal and his golden Jubilee as a priest, will be entirely non-scotarlan In character, rind Is designed as a recognition of the Influence which he has exercised for hl?h ideals In citizenship and patriot? ism . v LONDON HAS 7,252,963 Increase In Population Is Confined to "Ouler Hing." London. May 25.?Provisional figures returned by the Census Office give the population of ElU.'.i ad and Wales this year as 36,075,269, compared with 32.527.S43 in 1901. While most of the cities and counties show an Increase, there are many cases, particularly In Wales, where there has been an actual decrease. Greater London's population has In? creased to 7,252,963, from 6,5S1,402 In 1901. This increase Is entirely In what Is known as the outer ring, showing that the people are moving from the more crowded centres. In fact, many of the old metropolitan boroughs and the city, of London proper have lost their population to tho suburbs. The County of London, including tho city of London, and the boroughs im? mediately about It, shows a decrease from 4,538.267 In 1901, to 4.522,961 in 1911. MORE BOOKS FOR BLIND Plans for Pulillnhlnt; anil Circulation ' Are DIsciiKMCd. Washington, May 25.?Plans for In? creasing the number of books publish? ed and circulated for the blind were discussed here to-day at a meeting of the National Library for the Blind, presided ovor by Thomas Nelson Page. Addresses were made by Mrs. Champ Clark. Mrs. Ernest W. Roberts, pres? ident of the Congressional Club: Miss Etta Jossclyn Griffin, Miss Ella L. Dorsoy ; Representatives Loud, of Mich - j Igan, and Slayden. of Texas. and I Chaplain Henry N. Couden, of the I House of Representatives. ' Mr. Couden. telling the story of his own blindness, urged doing every? thing possible to brighten the lives of the SO.000 blind In the United States GORE INDORSES WILSON Come* Out Strongly In Favor of Neiv .lersey Mini. (Special to The Times-Dispatch.] Washington, D. C? May 25.?Senator Gore, of Oklahoma, to-day came out strongly In favor of Woodrow Wilson for President. Replying to an Invita? tion to attend a Wilson meeting In Baltimore, lie said: "We must not overestimate our own strength or underestimate that of our adversary. With New Jersey and New York Democratic, success is possible. Without those States defeat Is Inevita? ble If any one can carry these States Wilson can. If he cannot no one can. If point of avalllblllty. therefore, he outranks his Democratic compatriots." SAVED BY CLOTHESLINE Six Persons Slide to Safety nt Tene? ment Eire. New York. May 23.?Six persons were saved from death by tire In a four stoiy uptown tenement early to-day by a long slide down a clothes lino, j The flames cut off tho escape of the' six, and they were marooned on a bal? cony overlooking the street. Pinnies were shooting out about them.' when one of the party, a six-year-old boy, with n jackknlfe, cut down a I long piece of clothes line, which was handing from a pulley over his head. He tied the slender rope to tho edge of the balcony, and one by one tho six slid to safety. The boy went last, j CRUSHED BY STEAM ROLLER Man Whoso Duty It Was to Warn Others I? Himself Hun Down. Melrose, Mas;., May 25.?Roslln Fish, n city employe, whose duty It was to walk ahead of a steum road roller wav? ing a red flag to give warning of Its approach, was run down and klllod by the machine on Main Street Inst night. The roller was passing through tho business section, crowded with shop? pers, when Fish, who was apparently fatigued, became caught beneath the heavy roller on the asphalt street. Tho machine ran nearly to his shoulders before the engineer could stop It. SUIT IS ENTERED Ne-iv York Central Asked to Account fur Acts of Mlsninnnnenient. New York. N. Y., .May 25.?Suit against tho Now York Central Rail? road Company, growing out of that company's acquisition of the Rutland Railroad, was entered normally to-day by James N. Hunnewoll, of Boston. On behalf of himself and other stock? holders of tho Rutland Railroad simi? larly situated, Mr. Hunnowell alleges that the New York Central sold prop? erty to the Rutland nt -.xorbltant prices, and asks that the Central be made to account for allogcd acts of mismanagement ?liice It acquired tho Rutland TioM\ In 1905. The complaint charges also that the New York Central In acquiring its va? rious leased roads, and especially tho Rutland, violated tho Shornian anti? trust law. FINAL TRIUMPH OF REVOLUTION IS PROCLAIMED General Porfirio Diaz Resigns Presidency of Mexico. HIS DOWNFALL MET WITH CHEERS Shorn of Power, Mexican Dicta? tor Lays Down His Office at Command o f Successful Rebels?Madero's Repre? sentative Now in Charge of Troops in City. Mexico City. May 25.?President Por? firio Diaz. In a letter read by the president of the Chamber of Deputies this afternoon, resigned the presidency of the republic of Mexico, and at 4:51 o'clock the acceptance of the resigna? tion by the deputies was announced. Vice-Presldent Ramon Corral's res? ignation was also accepted, and Min? ister of F*orelgn Affairs f ranclsco Loon de la Barra was chosen Provisional President to serve until a general election can be held. Every one had expected an uproar when the announcements should be made, but within tho chamber the words announcing the ovent were fol? lowed by silence. Tho deputies seemed awed by what had taken place. In the streets, black with people, the news that Diaz was no longer the President was the signal for wild shouting and manifestations. There was no violence or destruction of property. On the motion to accept the Presi? dent's resignation. 167 deputies voted aye. while no expression was made by Denlto Juarez, a descendant of Presi? dent Juarez, and Concepclon Del Valle. As their names wero called, all other log'slntors rose and bowed their aftir matlon. De In norm Choiien. In the same-fashion the resignation ot Vice-President Corral, now In France, was unanimously accepted, and. similarly, Sonor de la Barra. re? cently ambassador to Washington, was chosen Provisional President. Senor da la Barra will take the oath of office at noon to-morrow In the yol low parlor of the national palace. Of scarcely less popular Interest than the resignation was the assump? tion of military control of the Federal district by Alfredo Robles Domlnguez, Madero's personal representative. In? suring the handling of popular demon? strations by a leader of the new regime. Personally. Domlnguez commands only a small body of local rebels, but the F?deral garrison is under orders to make no move whatsoever without his approval. I Senor Domlnguez said that he could bring 5.000 organized troops Into the city within three hours. Their baggage, and horses' are aboard , trains furnished by the gover-nment at Cuernavaca, Pnchuca and Tlalncpantla. Letter of Itenlgnntlon. Domlnguez to-night said that the troops would remain at their present stations unless they should be needed ; In Mexico City to<control the situation. President Diaz's letter of resignation follows: "Sir: "The Mexican people, who gen? erously have covered me with hon? ors, who proclaimed me as thejr leader during the international war, who pa? triotically assisted me Iii all works undertaken to develop industry and tho commerce of the republic, estab? lish Its credit, gain for It the respect of the world and ohtaln for It an hon? orable position In the concert of na? tions: that same people, sir. has re? volted in armed military bands, stat? ing that my presence In the exercise of tho supreme executive power Is the cause of this insurrection. \ "I do not know of any fact impiitable to me which could have caused this social phenomenon. but permitting, though not admitting, that I may be unwittingly culpable, such a possibil? ity makes mo the least able to reason out and decide my own culpability. Therefore, respecting, as t have always respected, the will of the people, and In accordance with Article S2 of the Federal Constitution. I come before the supreme representatives of the na? tion in order to resign," unreservedly, tho office of constitutional President of tho republic with which the national vole honored me, which I do with all the more reason, since, in order to continue In ofllce. it would be neces? sary to shed Mexican blood, endanger? ing the credit of the country, dissi? pating Its wealth, exhausting Its re? sources and exposing its policy to In? ternational complications. "I hope, gentlemen, that when the passions which are inherent to all rev? olutions have been calmed, a more con? scientious and Justified study will bring out In tho national mind a cor? rect acknowledgment, which will al? low me to die carrying engraved in my soul a just Impression of the esti? mation of my life wheh throughout I have devoted to and will devote to my countrymen." Patriotic to RcsUvrn, Vlco-Presldont Corral, In his letter of resignation, dated Paris. May 4, says In pa rt: "In tho events which have shaken the co.tlntry during these latter months the Presidont has been brought to feel that It Is patriotic to resign from the high office that the almost unanimous vote of Mexicans conferred on him In 1 the last election, and that It Is advis? able at the sa;i\ ? time. In tho Interests of the country, that the Vice-President do likewise, so that new men and new energies should continue forwarding; the prosperity of the nation, and, fol? lowing my program of seconding Gen jcral Diaz's policy. I Join my resignation with his, and In the present note I re? tire from tho office of Vee-Presldont of the republic, bossing the chamber ?o ; accept the same nt the ramo time as that of tho President." The one dramatic speech of the day;