Newspaper Page Text
DAILY? ?V '? GICL.Y?SUNDAY.
Uuiinc.? OfJce.?16 K. Mal? Street fcoulh Hlcbmond.IC."."' Hull Street 1'cKrsburg L'uroau-10* N. 'syoamoro Street Lyuebburg Bureau.Iii Eighth Street BY MAIL One Six Tbree One POSTAGE PAID Year. Mo?. Mo?. Mo Un.ily with Sunday.I6.W Ii? ?1.60 .65 Dally without Sunday. 4.TO ?.IV 1.00 .35 Sunday edition onijr..._?.09 1.00 .60 .15 Weekly (Wednesday). 1.00 .60 U Oy -Tlnies-D'.spatch Curler Delivery Ser HC? In Rlcbmond (end suburbs; and Peters? burg? One Weck. Dally with Sunday.16 cents Pally without Ouoday.1" cents tunday only. 6 c?nts Entered January 7!, IK'S, ?t Richmond. V?.. i'? *cc?nd-cla;s matter under act of Con ?jot! of Mnrch S. uns. WEDNHSPAY. JUX 13 2S, 1911. PITTING TAKT IN A IKIl.tS, The insurgents, ami the lew Demo? cratic Sunn tors who are trying to put Mr. Taft in :i hole In order that tliey might obtain a very doubtful ?political cd vantage, tire simply trilling with il" reciprocity question and proving their i linfitness f<u- service In the highest legislative body in the land, and they are steadily losing. We are surprised at Bailey, because he Is generally very sensible, and very much ashamed of him for his course; blit he and :ho misfits who are using him are bound to lose out. and at the same lime make u very big issue upon which the. Ad? ministration can go with confidence to the country It the reciprocity measure shall fall. Yesterday there was a good deal of confusion In the Senate about fixing e day for the vote on the reciprocity bill and suggestions were made that it would be "good politics" for the Sen Bto to take the. vote on the tariff bills first, with the hope of "putting Mr. Taft In another hole. In our opinion that would be very good politics for Mr. Taft, as It would give him n chance to "revise tho tariff down? ward," which he foiled to do when he 6lgned the Payno-Aldrlch tariff bill much against his will, and only be? cause ho could get nothing better nt tho time of Its passnge. According to the press dispatches, Mr. Taft has told tho Senators who have consulted him on the subject that while he thought reciprocity should have the right of way?the present extraordinary session of Congress having been called for the consideration of that particular subject?he would not shrink from dealing with whatever tariff bills may ;lip submitted to him. >> e should liilnk thai he would welcome tho op? portunity, and, in view of some of his recent utterances on the general subject of tariff legislation?for ox tuiTpie. when he told the manufacturers In Providence only the other day: "Wo must recognize that the time for the Chinese wall Is gone"?Hint nothing would he more dangerous really as a political experiment than to' give tho President a chance to approve tho tariff measures upon which the In? surgents nnd their Democratic, allies In the Senate depend for the defeat of reciprocity. We hellcvo that the reciprocity bill will pass, and how any Democratic Senator can oppose It, after'two Demo? cratic Houses have passed it, is one of the things that nobody can under? stand. THE FEE SYSTEM I HOW TO KILL IT. It Is onU; -n llttlo more than two months befo?c the'Democratic primary election will be held In (his State to ? nominate candidates for members of the legislature, The most Important question with which the members of the Legislature will have to deal at <he. next meeting of that body will be the question of abolishing all offices In the State whose incumbents are paid hy foes, and not by ilxed salaries. The State. County and municipal officers ought to have fair, even liberal, com? pensation for their work. There is no wish to deprive them of good wages for ' good work. Those who are now paid too little ought to be paid more: those who get more than they actually earn ought to be paid less. There la no equity In the fee. system, and it should be abolished.' 7t is almost ti crime that the clerks and tax officers In some of the counties should make more oul of their offices than the State allows t<< the Chief Justice of the highest Court In the Commonwealth; that any subor? dinate county or municipal officer should receive higher compensation than the! Governor ?f the State. We can learn a good deal from North Carolina in ibis as well as other things. Th'' Bristol Herald -.Courier notes that "t. single county In Western North Carolina, and n poor county :n that, saved $!0,u0<' to the taxpayers last year ?x u result <>i its first vein's experi? ence without trie fee system.*' The Virginian-Pijot makes this statement the text of tin admirable sermon tin the rubjef t of economy in the Ddmlnlstrn ; I Inn of our public affairs and ns to the ': dul." and opportunity of the ?t-indernt lr voters of ?Virginia nt the ?jvpioneb lng election, saying.* "There Isn't a county In Virginia . vhich wouldn't save fully as much by 'abolishing the f<f system and siilisti luting in Its stead ihe fixed salary j.'; i ' thod of compensating public officials. '. ; : e .saving to taxpayers; howovor, S; I uiigb important in itself, is by no |i ' ouns the only or the chief consider i : Ion demanding d,e institution or this bj i ?form, Promotion of efficiency In the '-(ministration of public arfalrs, initi? alization of the Incentive to political ' iriiption, elimination of the" oecniilon '?f r prostitution of Justice to sivlllsh nnd i rdld ands, and general Improvement Ii public service snd political eondl t!"iit>?tjicee Hie t)ie results which nat^ U' .lly would follow Inauguration of the cl.arigc, and these are'the ? consldcra tlons which Imperatively urge Us lu? st! tut'.on. "The next (lenernl Assomlily could do the State no;* more valuable service than to eliminate the fee system, root and branch. It will* If the people as? sert their riebt and power, demand of nil legislative iihd senatorial candi? dates full and frank statements as to bow they ?'and on this Important ques? tion, nnd then nominate and elect oilly incise aspirants for their suffrages who In advance of nomination and election have unequivocally pledged themselves to use their voices, votes and Inllucucc to bring about the desired and needed reform. Otherwise, Hu- office-holders' syndicate will continue to control the Legislature, and so perpetual.- condi? tions of which they are the beneficia? ries and the public the victim. The question is squarely up to the quail lied suffragans of the Commonwealth." Thai 1.? a fuii. square statement of the question from the point of view of the people, and the people will deserve nil they get If they shrill fail to,elect members of the Legislature ? who will eilt out this heavy drain upon the peo? ple. The fee system should go The people of the State would be hundreds of thousands of dollars better otT with? out It. It will no at the next session of the Legislature it the voters find out before tii... primaries on September 7 bow tile candidates for the Legislature stand on this question, and will vole Only for those who agree with them that the selfish interests of the office? holders nre not to be regarded of larg? er concern than the business Interests of the State. IIAI.TI.IKIHK am) T?R PAliTY. Baltimore is a very progressive town?a great many Virginians live there. It does big things' in a big way. It bus just now subscribed JlOO.Cflil for the purpose of having the. next Democratic Convention hold there In 1012. This In Itself is worth while, but the holding of the Convention will be n far bigger thing for Baltimore und the res) of the country than the raising of the money to pay the nec? essary expenses ot that great assem? blage of the representatives ot tho plntn people. Fifteen natlonnl nomi? nating conventions have been held in Baltimore, fourteen of these conven? tions by tho larger political parties. Five Presidents received their nomi? nations In that town?Jackson In 1S32, Van Buren In 1835, Polk In lStl, Pierce In 1S50, and Lincoln In 1SG4. In 1SS1. 1SS t and 1S52 both .of the' large po? litical conventions were held In Balti? more. In 1S60 two nominating con? ventions of the Democracy were hold there. In 1S72 Horace Greeley was nominated for President In Baltimore. The candidates nominated there hnvo generally been elected.- Wo agree with the Washington Star, from which we hnvo obtnlned these facts, that "democracy nnd hope for success must He in the East and geographical con? sideration should weigh as heavily In Baltimore's fnvor ns against It." We do not know, of course, what the Democratic National Committee will do?whether or not It Will order the Convention to be held In Baltimore, accepting the subscription that has been made for the payment of Us expenses by the patriotic people or the Monumental City; but 11 Is hoped for the sake of the party that Baltimore will be determined upon as the place for the next meeting of the National Democracy. Some objection will .-doubtless be made to such selec? tion. The more radical and Insurrec? tionary element In the party .would doubtless prefer to go West, but as the main strength of the party Is in tho Rast tho next Convention should he held in the Fast. We have tried our luck nt St. Louis nnd Kansas City nnd Denver, nnd ns we wnnt to win the next time we should hold the Convention in the heart of that part of the country which Is devoted to the 'Democracy. Not only should the Con? vention be held In Baltimore, but It should he controlled by the most con? servative Influences in the party and, in the selection of delegates to the Convention, the people of nil the Stales, and particularly of the South? ern States, should exercise great wis? dom. ' We want to win the next time, nncl we can win In only one way: by standing fnst in the old paths?the pat Iis which Jefferson and Jackson and Cleveland marked out for the party and by throwing overboard all (Lite Jonahs and their paramount issues which have led the party only to defeat. xo uu in mi Foil nit va.v. "Assuming thnt Mr. Bryan proposes 10 b?w loyally to the verdict of the Convention," says the Norfolk Vlr itlnlun-Pilot, "we cheerfully concede to Mm the freedom of choice which our? selves shall exercise: alwnyfe with the proviso that his fight on Harmon be k,pt within legitimate hounds." Unity tolty. holly tolly, indeed: but uho is to say whether Mr. Bryan's fight on Harmon is kept ?.within legi? timate bounds? What * right has .the Virginian-Pilot, or any other man, to "assume'' anything nt.out Mr. Bryan, oi to set the "bounds" to which he shall cu In defending the liberties of the people-.' Mr. Bryan makes no tight against anybody (hot he does not re? gard "legitimate." Our salt-water contemporary con? fesses "n very high, opinion of Gov? ernor Harmon." it says: "So far as rcrsor.nl Illness is con? cerned, fixity of political principle and experience in the management or men and afl ilrs, we believe he would prove a much safer and more eflicler.t steersman of tho ship of state than either of the other Democrats who have been prominently mentioned in that connection. The progress of CSoycrnor Wilson towards radical views hos been too- rapid and extreme to impress us. with, reliance on his stability of judgment; and again, on the score of availability, It is very doubtful whether a candidate an fully Imbued wit;-, Br.r.^VeUlah doctrines could CHrry.elther Ne<v York or Massachusetts." There 1b a good da'?.! In that, and II I? exceedingly well put, and all lhat follows, In which the right of opposing'Mr. Harmon In the columns' of Iiis newspaper Is conceded to Mr. Bryiin; all until the Norfolk paper tts sumes to warn Mr. Bryan that he will only be permitted to light llnrmou "within legitimate bounds." We would give our contemporary to understand once for all that Mr. Bryan will tight Harmon in whatever way he thinks will be most effective, nnd that he Is legitimate?nil wool and n yard, wide? in whatever he does. It might not be Improper to say that the harder he shall light Harmon, the better it will be for Harmon. A large part of Hur mon's plurality of 10n,:i77 at the elec? tion in Ohio last November could be credited fairly to Mr. Bryan's light against hint. Our present, purpose, however. Is simply to servo notice on the Vlrglnlon-Pllot that Its "proviso" that Bryan's "fight on Harmon must be kept within * legitimate bounds" will not bu entert n I nov. or u mo? ment. 1 IIOMK MKttCHANTS l-'OH IIOMK KOI.KS. In the opinion of the Greensboro Telegram "we should spend our money it- the community aiming the .mer? chants with whom wo live and from whom wo derive the larger part of our own sustenance." This Is a very clear statement of n principle Hint should control the conduct of all good citizens. If Hie homo merchants pro? vide for lite home market, and sell their goods at reasonable prices and make It their business to anticipate tho wants of their customers tltcy should be preferred to the merchants of any other place whatsoever. Yet there are men and women, more women than men. In Bichmond who rush to New York at the beginning of every season to supply their wants that could be- equally well supplied j In tho home market. Those who can I afford to follow this course are able I to do it because they have made their money here?couldn't have mode it < anywhere else, probably?and he're they i should spend It so that nil the shops I here would be so much better than they arc?and they are the best shops in the country, not excepting the shops of New York?thai they would be con? tent to take what Is offered nt home rather than to go elsewhere nnd come j back looking not n bit handsomer or better dressed, In fact, than the wo- ' men who buy their dresses at home. It was not always so; but since the "pattern" business began and expen? sive dress-makers established them? selves In the South, It Is as easy for a i woman to look fashionable In n gown made at home as It Is for the grandest lb king of their kind who nro pos? sessed of the Idea that they must go nway from home to look well at home. The home merchants, the home dress j makers, the home shoemakers for homo ' people; and as for the rest it doesn't j matter. THE COI.OXP.I, DOWN AND Ot'T. John B. Brownlow, n man of much consequence arrrong the Republicans of Tennessee, has written.- on Interesting j letter to tho Chattanooga Times about I The Colonel nnd the reports which por ? slst that he will be' a. candidate for j President next year. Ho believes that ! when The Colonel returned from his hunting expedition in Africa It was his purpose to be a candidate for a third term in the White House, and that It was for this reason he took possession of the Republican organiza? tion In New York, and dictated its ticket j nnd plntform. but In that contest was I so overwhelmingly defeated that ho j nbandoned his Intention nnd concluded then and there that lie would not I force himself upon the people. Not only was the Republican party In New York under the leadership of Mr. Roosevelt defeated, but Mr. Brownlow notes that the party was also disas? trously defeated in New Jersey, In? diana and Ohio and wherever he made speeches. When he started out to carry New York for Stimson and his own purposes The Colonel replied to tho question of a reporter ns to how he felt: "I feel like a Bull Moose, and we will heat the Democracy to a fraz? zle; we will knock them outside tho ropes." As Mr. Brownlow notes, however, when the lighting was over nnd tho votes had been counted, the Colonel locked h'lmself up at Oyster Boy for twelve days and refused any commu? nication with tho newspaper frater? nity which sought from him some ex? planation of how It had happened. Snys Mr. Brownlow: "Probably since be was twelve years of oge Mr. Roose? velt had not kept his mouth shut for twelve minutes at' a time? except when asleep?until he received tho shock of the last election In New Vorlt and other States."' Brownlow believes that Taft will be rchoniinntod. He does not think that The Colonel will be nble to control the minority which still swears by him for any other candidate, In case of a close light in the Republican nominating convention. He. belloves, .further, that either Champ Clark or Woodrow Wil? son will be the nominee of the Dem? ocratic party, and that "elthor of them could defeat Taft unless business 'con? ditions Improve, and either of thetn could easily defeat Roosevelt whether business conditions Improve or not." But The Colonel will keep on teach? ing and preaching. Ho can't help -it, nnd wo are rather glad of It, because he says so many things Hint add to the gnytty of the nations. We do not know what has become of the Inves? tigation threatened Inst year into Tho Colonel'a traveling accounts whon he was crushing the combinations with the one hand and accepting favors from them with the other. Xll the fads' will probably come out In the course of time, and doubtless there will be oth^r ?."oxourslons. Into en-, nobllng experiences" before the cam? paign, year is ended, but we can all take heart of hope In tho statement of old Tom Reed,. which Mr. Brown low quotes, that "repeating the Ton Commandments nnd the Sermon on the Mount ns something he had just discovered or originated," is not so successful in politics now as It was only u few sad yeurs ago. for A man may cry "Church!" "Church!" at every word, With no moro piety than other people, A daw's not reckoned a religious bird Because It keeps a-cawing from a steeple. THIS COST OF TIUO CORONATION. | There has been a good deal of tnor- ! alixlng of a very cheap and common ; sort about tho'enormous cost of the . coronation of the King and Queen of England. Rolling their eyes to heaven at the sinful waste, many of our most ? eminent hypocrites have sought to ills- j lurh the occasion by their reflections j upon the general wickedness of man- j kind uiul particularly mankind of tho j royal and aristocratic sort. in nil that has been said, apparently no account lias been taken of the fact that by far the larger part o* the j money that has been expended on the coronation and its attendant celebra? tions has gone into the 1 pockets of j industry. The railroads nnd steamship j companies, the tram-car lines, the j 'busses and taxis, tho butcher, the ; baker, the candlestick maker. the weavers who made tho costly fabrics of whicli tho coronation gowns were fashioned, the women who embroid? ered the wonderful patterns on them, tho tradesmen who sold them, all got their' fair share of tho profits. All that the King nnd the Queen have gotten out of It has been the popular acclaim of their loyal subjects, and the ambassadors and their people have paid for what thoy have received. There have not been such rich pick? ings in London for many the year, and careful calculation would doubtless show that nine-tenths of tho enormous cost of the Royal event went Into the hands of- the Industrious who made the marvelous spectacle possible. A coro? nation celebrollon every few years would lubricate the wheels of com ? merco lu a surprising way. This is the business side of the af? fair that appears to have escaped the observation of those who are always trying to accentuate tho lines between tho rich and tho poor. When the rich spend freely, there Is always the chance that the poor will get some? thing out of it. It Is bolter to spend than to honrd. HOT, HUT HEALTHY. Things that worry In weather like this: For the elevator to be golns up when one wants to go down; for the gentlemen who collect and empty the nsh cans to smash them on the ground twice under the windows of the neighbors who are trying to sleep; for the New York Evening Post, a re-" spectable family nowspnper, to print stories nbout the mercury standing at 114 degrees in Kansas, wh'en every? body knows that It Is far hotter than that In Savannah: for visitors to Lex? ington and Gordonsvllle to say how cool It Is In those places: for the can? didates to be worrying the people | about politics. But think of what nil this heat and molsturo nnd restless nights mean for the things that are growing In the fields, the wheat that will be made Into biscuit a llttlo later, the corn that will be fashioned Into the appetizing hoe-cake and pone, the tobacco wo shall smoke In our pipes or roll under our tongues, to the dis? tress of all good housekeepers. This life is full of compensations. It Is dry In the desert ploeo3, but there are verdant meadows also. It Is a pretty good old world, after all; 'specially In the town of Richmond. Think of tho nolse(and sweat and confusion of long journeys In this and other lands, and thank God you can slay at home nnd have a good time without working yourself to death and paying out all sorts of money to get It. Of course, It Is hot; but It.will cool off a bit in a day or so, nnd next winter, when the roads get swampy nnd the ra\n and snow begin to fall, we can nil change the tune nnd pray once more for the good old summertime. WATERMELON HIN!) PRESERVES. The Montgomery Advertiser admits that it is "rather old-foshloned in Its taste," nnd ? confesses that it has "a weakness for something good to eat." In Its opinion nothing loo good may he said of fried chicken, stewed chick? en, chicken pie or chicken In any other form, and it stands ready to praise sweet potatoes, peas, butter bean!) or any other garden truck. Rut it Insists that the finest tiling it knows of In tlie way of sweets .Is preserves made from watermelon rind, and then it proceeds to tell liow this confection should be made. The raw material is 10 he sliced up and-placed In a big old pan In which It is to be boiled in syrup, "either Alabama cane syrup or syrup made from white sugar Is good, Inn the cone syrup is better.ton to one," The very thought of this deli? cacy drives the Advertiser Into this extravagance of speech: "Tho frag? rance emanating from such a pan will draw a crowd away front a roso gar? den, and the delicacy when served will moke any reasonable man wish ho had never seer a restaurant." We ""are willing to follow the Adver? tiser In its opposition to the politi? cal fakirs nnd fallacies of the day. We rejoice with It In the greatness of. our common country. Wo arc ready to admit-that the Virginians who have settled In Alabama and given strength and courage nnd respectability to tho citizenship of that Stato are the best people In Alabama, but we must pro? test by the ashes of tho past that thero is nothing quite so horrible In nil tho range of culinary outrages ns pro serves made from watermelon rind, and particularly from the rind ot tho leading staple of this form of vege? table life Invented by the Hon. Reuben F. Kolb. of that great State. "Here wo rest." We can follow our contemporary no further, and to think ot making watermelon tind preserves after boiling the rind In Alabama sorghum Is really too much for any one holding the least respect Tor the Inner man to regard with pa tloner. Made with sugar the water? melon rind preserve Is bod enough? made with cane syrup It Is worse than the aristocratic beans of Boston cooked with molasses. The only ex? planation of this emotional Insanity on the part of our contemporary Is that Us ICdltor-ln-Chiof has been visit lug recently in Georgia. Althost any? thing would taste good after a few weeks* experience with the native dishes of the Gopher State. PENSIONS* F?ll ISVEIlYUpnY. The New York World lias proposed that in Ibis ago of pen ton-giving the taxpayers shall receive pensions also; but the Now York Globe protests that "this Is a very unintelligent com? plaint" for tho reason that the pen? sion system cannot be ?applied every? where all nt once; that it must bo taken up by groups, and that "In time everybody should get a pension." Why not? We are now spending in this country $200,000,000 a year In pen? sions of one sort and nnother. The men who "saved the L'nlon" fifty years ago are a steady drain upon the Treasury to. the .extc nt of $150,000,000 tho year, and there uro thousands of men on the pension roll who never toted a gun or smelt powder. ' But there Is a good time coming. All city employees In New York are to bo pen- j sloncd upon their retirement from thtj public service. It is i roposcd, fur? ther, that the employees of public service corporations shall be provided for in this way, and that the em? ployees In private factories nnd work? s') ps shnll be also taken care of. After what the Globe calls "homeless persons and so-called, vagrants" havo boon looked after by a generous and paternal y,< v ntnent, provision can be made for the taxpayers, and In the end we shall all he getting'somethlng out of the general fund to tho glory of our great American Institutions. TIIH YELLOW STREAK. Andrew Fisher, prime Minister of Australia, is one of the distinguished visitors to England during the. Coro? nation period. He Is a natlvo of .Scot? land, where he worked as a pit boy, nnd years ago went to Australia to seek employment In the mines of that great country. He Is now Prime Min? ister of Australia, and he has been behaving like .-.- pit boy on his present visit to London. The University of Oxford wished to confer an honorary degree upon him, just as It conferred such degrees upon other Prime Ministers of tho Empire, but he failed to appear and ho also declined a degroe offered to him by the University of Cambridge. We do not suppose that his declina? tion in cither case will greatly dis? turb ,he authorities of those institu? tions, and it will give Mr. Fisher a certain vogue among those who dis? regard the finer things of life. Oxford nnd Cambridge will go on probably about as usual, and when the "Aus ?rallan people recocer from their sur? prise, they will . probably Indicate their preference for some representa? tive who will regard the proprieties. They ought to. VOLUMINOSITV. Once upon a timo a Congressional committee mnde a report on a new gun, which report was very voluminous and wordy. It was submitted to Presi? dent Lincoln, who said of it: "I should want a new lease of life to read this through. Why cannot an investigating committee occasionally exhibit a grain of common sonse? If I send a man to buy a horse for me. I expect to have him tell me his points and not how many hairs he has on his tall." That was typical of Lincoln, who valued clearness and brevity and neat? ness. A long-winded public document is rarely of any consequence or intlu-j once. Nobody reads it, but everybooy puts it aside for a future reference that Is never made. In , a wildornesa of words, thought Is hoplessly lost. Persons In Richmond not accustomed to traveling who get as far nway from horte as Washington would never m'ss the] train'if they would only keep In? formed as to schedules. Hawkins is his name, and be Is an open I anil avowed candidate for President the Republican ticket. He lives in Loilisvlllo, Kentucky. Never hoard of] 1 hin) before; b.ti that doesn't matter. Th} only thing worth saying about his announcement is that there is at this time but ono mnti' In Kentucky who woltld make a fine President, and he wo He lldn't have It, and his name Is | try Wntterson. 11 red-blooded Americans pride the nisei ves on .the-'fact that the Hon. ,Iol n Hays Hammond, Ambassador Extraordinary to the coronation of Ge irge and Mary, lost nothing by com pailson with any of the effete remains on the other side in respect of his calves. here Is to be a month of baseball haiieston, and under the direction of I.Mr. PorclVal H. Whaley, who ain derptands tho game, and who has.made remnrknhlo records In tennis, lt.- s hoped that It may be posslblo to put the Association on a paying has s. There have been times In Charleston when many ? great, .records wets made on the diamond, when Mo I Kernun played on second base and Rugs Raymond occupied the pitcher's box, whcn.a great Judge o( the Na? tional Gnmc laid down tho proposi? tion that ""a- put out Is a put out"; \y.\ch1 men who know nothing about i. ? game at all sat In the boxes and bet their llttlo money In a very cautious way on whothor Sid Smith could make it or not. But a month of baseball In the mlddlo of the Stim? mer Is rather more than most com? munities would care to undertake. Un? der YVhalcy's manngoment, however, the thing Is almost certain to succeed. ?The same Southern woman from whom we have elsewhere quoted also writes in an appreciative way about Henry Harrison's book, "Queed": "I was so Interested that I did not skip a bit, as I usually do; but the style Is Ynost peculiar. Tho way that 'Sharloc' Ignored her mother's rights to any opinion about Iho recovered money was very cool." Only a few weeks ago. when he was In Richmond, .Mr. Richard Welghunan. who wlolds a wonderful pen, said that he regarded Harrison's "Queed" as the most readable of all the books rcoontly published, and tluje seems to be tho opinion of all who havo read It. J Toko down your check reins, gen? tlemen and ladles. Your horses would like it, and they would work bo much better If thoy wore only given a fair chanco. / Writing about the President's recent "Sliver Woddlng," a very accomplished Southern woman suys: "The account of It in the paper was very nlco. It Is odd how much more Mr. Tuft appeals to one's Interest and liking than did Ills predecessor. There seems to be a simplicity and genuineness in. his character that Is very attractive, and so opposite to the everlasting posing for effect of the other." It Is worth noting, perhaps, that tho "snaps" habit Is growing In the better class of eatlng-clrcles. Tho board of health should see to it thnt no Texas watermelons are sold In tills market during the present sea? son. Tho Texas melon Is known to bo tho special habitat of tho hookworm germ and the boll weevil. ORDER OF THE GARTER BESTOWED ON DUKES UV I.A MA II fir ISK l>B RIXTKNOY. T11J-; bestowal , of the. Order of tho Garter upon the Dukes. of Argyll and of Fife, on the' oc? casion of the coronation of King tJeorge, serves to show onco again how much more accommodating and friend - ly tho Liberals aro to tho sovereign lhan the Conservatives. And In spile of tho fact that Edward VII. was credited, as is also his successor, with Tory leanings, H is a fact that they have lnvarlubly met with much less opposition to their wishes from the Radicals than from tho Conservatives. Thus, when King Edward wished on the occasion of his coronation In 1902, to bestow the Order of the Garter upon his son-in-law, the Duke of Fife, and .upon hl6 brother-in-law. tho Duke of Argyll, Lord "Salisbury objected on the pretext that while the sovereign had Hie power to bestow the Order of the Garter upon any English-princes of the blood or foreign royalties that he liked, he could not confer tho Garter upon :i Drlilsh noble, Bavo on the nomi? nation and wltn the consent of the premier for tho time being; und more? over, that while tho number of Eng? lish and foreign royalties, who are ac? counted as extra knights, is unrestrict? ed, the number of non-royal British members of the order Is lixed by sta? tute. Prime Minister Aequlth, however, more nrnlablc than the lute Lord Salis? bury towards the crown, Intimated to Klnp George that ho saw no obstacle In the way of the appointment of the Dukes of Argyll and of Flfo to the Order of the Garter, ns extra knights, In view of tho fact that ho regarded thom as belonging by marriage to the royal family, and they have thus be? come possessed of a distinction this week which both Queen Victoria and King Edward endeavored In vain to bestow upon them?an order which a British subject values more highly than nny title In the peerage: on order which many European sovereigns have asked ?or" without success. Grnnted to the late Nasr-r.ddln, the murdered Shnh of Persia, ar.d only bestowed two years ago upon the Mikado, It wns persistently refused by Queen Victoria and by King Edward to Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey?not, as alleged, be? cause of his Moslem creed, but on ac? count of hl? character. The nephew and heir apparent of the present Pad? ishah, who has been representing his uncle at King George's coronation In London, seems to have been cruelly dis? appointed at his failure to receive the Garter, and to have at first declined to accept the Grand Cross of ihe Victorian Order, only taking it after some delay, and after getting peremptory com? mands from tho Sultan at Constanti? nople to do so. There Is no doubt that he has returned to Stamboul thorough? ly embittered against Great Britain, by what he considers to be the slight placed upon htm In this affair, and that when ho succeeds to the thron* at Con? stantinople, he will display an Ill-will towards Great Britain that will be very prejudicial to hc-r Interests In Turkey. But It would have been obviously Im? possible to give him the Garter without heslovlng It upon his uncle, the Stil? ton, who shares with the King of Bulgnrlo, the King of Servla, and the King of Saxony, the questionable dis? tinction of being the only monarchs of Europe who do not belong to the Order of the Garter. For King Albert of Belgium has already been notified of King George's Intention to send be? fore tho end of the year a special embassy to Brussels, to convey to hlmi England's oldest, most Illustrious and most historic order of knighthood.' Inasmuch as pictures of the recent i investiture of the young Prince of. Wales with tho Order of the Garter at I Windsor Castle have been widely pub? lished in this country, It may be worth) while saying a few words about the! elderly warriors. In odd, old-fashioned uniforms, who figured so conspicuously In the proceedings. Clad In scarlet tall-coats, of the kind that were worn by English generals seventy years ago. with garter-blue velvet facings, and gold epaulettes, ornemented by the red cross of St. George on a silver ground, n cocked hat. adorned with a tall straight plume of red and white feath? ers, and trousers with a broad red stripe, a cross-nahdjed ?Word Uko that i of the Garter Itnlghts, suspended from it while sword-belt worn across tho brujst, they present a vory picturesque uppooranee. They are the eighteen so called Military Knluhts of Windsor. At the time of the foundation of the Order of the Garter by Edward III., after his victory of Cr?.:y over Philip VI. of France, he decided that each of tho members of tho Order of the Garter should sustain at his own charge ouo of thoso poor unfortunate knights who had expended their substance und been disabled by wounds In his French wura, and that they should bu lodged at royal expense within the precincts of Wind? sor Castle, and in the Immediate neigh? borhood of' tho Chapel of St. George, the patron saint of England. In the beginning these knights, twen ty-alx in number, corresponding with the original establishment of the mem-' hers of the Order of tho Garter, worn known as the Alms Knights and also ns the Poor Knlghte of Windsor. In olden times they were habited in a soutane or cassock of garter-blue, with which they wore u scarlet mantle, tho left breast of their cassock being adorned with tho red cross of St. George, with a star of silver. After 1816, tho veterans of the Peninsular War, and of the battle of Wnterloo, ap? pointed to tho j.'0-callcd foundation of St. George's of Windsor, petitioned the crown to lie permitted to wear their old uniforms, Instead of tho cassock and mantles of the ordur, and this was accorded by George IV. as Regent; Wil? liam IV. afterwards ordering, Instead, the special military uniform which they now wear, and tit the tame time trans? forming their designation from "tho Poor Knights" to that of "tho Military Knights of Windsor." They occupy Tudor houses, built for their accommodation by Queen Mary, surnamcd "the Bloody," art eighteen in number, nnd arc selected, as they havi been for the past 600 years, from of licers who have held commissions In the regular army; and who, In accord? ance with the old statute, "have served in our wars." They receive their lodgings free, rlso a number of per? quisites nnd prerogatives, besides a spe? cial allowance, which, added to their pension, enable? them to live In a good deal of comfort. All that Is asked of them in return Is to attend, In uni? form, morning and evening service in St. George's Chapel, and to do duty. In the capacity of gentlemen-at-arms, on the occasion of state functions held at Windsor, In the rclgn of King George III. a number of old naval oftlccrs were added, and the entire foundation was otllclal ly known as tho Military and Naval Poor Knights of Windsor. But tho naval knights were legislated out of existence during the last century, and the funds for their support wero trans? ferred to the Greenwich Hospital pen? sion list. At one time a good many abuses hall crept Into the foundation: so much so, that Edward VII. thought of their abolition. He found that the residences which the Knights of Windsor occupied within the- ca"siie precincts, were part of the time not merely lent, but some limes leased, In return for cash, to persons whom It was In no sense of the word desirable to have as part and parcel of the Windsor Castle establish? ment; all the more, as to be a resident of Windsor confers a conslderahlo amount of credit and prestige. But when It was pointed out to him that parliamentary legislation would bo necessary for the purpose of abolish? ing the knights, and that he would be bitterly criticized for turning adrift a number of ancient veterans, depriving them of the lodgings and allowances which they had every reason to be? lieve had been granted them for life, he made up his mind to continue their existence, at the same time instituting a number of rules by which the abuses to which he took objection have been effectively prevented. Although officially styled "Knights," thev are not entitled to the prefix to their names which falls to the share of those who recelvo the honor of knighthood, either by patent or else by a tap on the shoulder with tho sword of the sovereign, or by that of his Viceroy of Ireland dr of India. (Copyright, 1911, by the Brentwood Company.)" To those contemplating a foreign trip we suggest the convenience of TRAVELERS' CHECKS or LETTER OF CREDIT. The holding of the checks not only insures ready money, but gives the traveler a standing in foreign' cities at all times. \ Richmond, Virginia Wm. H. Palmer, Pres. Wm. M. Hill, Vice-Pros Jno. S. Ellett, Vice-Pres. J. W. Sinton, Vice-Pres." Julien H. Hill, Cashier.