DA I L.V?W B B K LY?BUND A V.
Uuelaeei urrto?.?IS EL Main Street
Pouth Rlcbraoca.1020 Hull Street
Feiereburg- Hureeu....lO N. Sycamore Street
Lynchburg Bureau.n. Klghth Street
BY Mail. One Bis Three cue
l'tihf.. :>i: PAID Tear. Mo?. Mo?. Ho
Dally with Sundar.I* co ??.???*?
Dally without Sunday. ?iv a,uo LOO .? |
Sunday eiililon odI?.100 1.00 .10 .Zi
Weekly (WeiujeJay). 1.00 .H JS .
Bf Times-r>;s;itch Carrier Delivery Ser?
rice la RUhmond (?od euburbej und Peter?
Delljr with Sunday.IS cell? ,
Dally without Sunday.10 cent! I
Sunday only.( ce.lt i
Knterea January 27. 1K6. at Richmond. Va,. '
it cecoDd-clase matter under act of Con.
g-es? of Mnrch t. 1S7S.
Tl'KSDAY. .IVIA 11. Uli.
(WO SIDES TO DOLLAR DIPLOMACY.
There is n disposition on the part
of our statesmen of the cheaper sort
to discredit the services of the repre?
sentatives of the I'nited States in
foreign lands, and particularly the
Americans who'have a great deal of
money, and some of whom make a dis?
play of their wealth for the delight!
of the courts in wh'ch they move for I
B brief season. It must be admitted:
that there is too much of this sort of
thing, that it Iiis a lather vulgar lookij
yet it must be confessed that the am- j
bassndors and ministers would make 0
sorry appearance that we should not
tike any better if It were worse. About J
a week ago. the Hon. Robert L. Henry,
of the Eleventh Texas District, made'
the rotten rich stand from under and j
the mob to rejoice at his powers of |
Invective when he opened his heaviest]
batteries upon John Hays Hammond,
and Whltelaw Held, who have been
disporting their splndlinF shanks be-.|
fore the combined royalties of effete |
There Is another view. However, ofl
"Dollar Diplomacy" besides the ex- I
postirrs Envoy Hammond and Am?
bassador Reld have made of their
underpinning, that will strike the busi?
ness sense of the country with favor.
After putting their heads together for
the purpose of "taking slock." so to
pay. President Taft and Secretary Knox
pave out a statement about a week
ago in justification of their policy of
"Dollar Diplomacy." It was very brief,
but very much to the point. During
the fiscal year ending June .10, 1911,
the domestic exports from the I'nited
States were worth more than $2,000.
000,000. That was their case and there
does not seem to he any way to get
around It. except to say tIrat if the
Democrats were In authority the value
of this trade would have been far
greater in both volume and value. It
is admitted by Democratic authorities
that the work of the diplomatic and
consular service has been an Import?
ant factor In producing this gratify?
ing tesult. Under the direction of the
State Department, minimum tariff rates
have been negotiated with Germany,
Franco and other rountrles. which, it
Is claimed, have added at least $75,
000,000 to our trade with these coun?
tries. Through the same service there
has been n very large increase of out
business with Brazil and other South
American countries. The conditions
have also been vastly improved in
the Far East, our trade with Japan
alone having Increased from a value
of 116,046,605 In 1910 to t2S.S0S,0S8 in
the tirst three-quarters of the present
year. The recent treaty made with
Japan, will affect from five to ten per
cent, of cur trade with that country.
The condition o> the Chinese trade is
gradually but.surely improving. Rus?
sia is reaching out for American capi?
tal. A hundred million dollars or so
of American capital have been placed
In China, and all these things taken to?
gether spcuk for "Dollar Diplomacy" in
a dialect that the plain people can
What difference does it make whe?
ther Hays Hammond wore knee
breeches at the coronation Of George,
or that Whltelaw Reld spends Iiis
money freely when the American eagle
Is expected to squawk its loudest, so
long as the markets of the world are
opening to the products of American
werkingmen, the fruit of our looms, iht
harvests from our fields, the wealth of
THE W13A IV EST IM 11 VI .
Out In Alabama they are seeking for
a successor to Dr. .l?hn W. Abercfom
bie bb president of the Sinte univer?
sity. The last Incumbent was a prac?
tical educator, skilled in the science
of education, and In speaking of the
desired qualifications for bis successor,
Dr. Abercromble says ihn I "only a
professional educator Is qualified for
the position, nnd no other character
of man should ho considered. Educa?
tion is as much a profession as Is i.iw
or medicine or theology,"
Surely no truth . r.ui,] be more obvi?
ous than that here expressed by Dr.
Abercromble, and yet we disregard ;t
almost utttrij in the selection ol ri
great proportion ??( our educators. It
was of this strange fiiet and Inex?
cusable inconslsteii thai Charles .'G.
Milphls, Secretary of the Virginia
Education Commission^ ypoke ' last
week at the laying of the corner?
stone of the new normal si heo'l at
Frodericksburg, "Ignorina, Hi* fact, '
lie said, "that the material: wit Ii which
the teacher works Is the precious
plastic material of tTiilrfhood we too
often nie willing to entrust our chil?
dren at the- tender ages winn im?
pressions are most easily and last?
ingly produced and hat.Its formed to
teachers with little preparation, no
experience and destitute of truliilng
As Mi MaphlN wept on to illustrate
this point, we employ none but train* ri
law vers to plead our causes or to de
! fend our criminal*, because blind Jus
! ttce might allow her scales to be un?
evenly balanced, und we might bo
deprived of some benefit or have some
liberty Interfered with: wo Insist on
trained phytielani to heal our Ills; j
we will not license the minister until j
he hits taken n prescribed theological |
training:, lest man and the truth suf
lcr at his hands. The druggist wh-j
prepares our medicine, the dentist who
removes our teeth, the veterinarian
who heals our horses, the undertaker
who buries us?these must he specially
trained men. skilled In their profes?
sions before they can be permitted to
work for us. We Insist that the doctor
I for our mules and horses shall be
trained, but it doesn't make any differ?
ence about the man or woman who
te'ehes our children. Why should
they be trained anyway?
Hear Mr. Mitphls further:
"And yet we. who Insist on these
requirements In the vocations men?
tioned, none by common consent rank.
. Ing above thai of teachers, are willing
i to accept for the Important and ro
| sponslble work of fashioning l:i largo
I measure, the lives of our boys and
I girls and determining their future
! characters, some young. Inexperienced,
untrained. Irresponsible und ofltlmos
frivolous girl of eighteen or a crude. |
i young man of awkward manner and j
! limited knowledge and experience,
who lias a future In some other pro?
fession?law. theology, medicine or
politics?before his nmbltlous mind's]
eye and desires to bo helped along to?
ward his desired goal, advancing at
their fthe children's) expense."
The picture Is not overdrawn. The ?
fault must not be laid at the door of
the teachers. It Is nt the door of the
people of the State. We refuse to pay '
the price which will Justify the teach?
ers to train themselves for their work
j nnd which will enable us to require
the best qualifications from them. How
I little Incentive there Is for a teacher
to endeavor to qualify herself or hlm
! self as much as possible, to keep In
I touch with the latest Ideas arid
methods! If he or she do try to be
j better equipped, there is little chanco
that there will ever be nny remunera
j tlon for the fulfilment of such an am?
bition. Better equipment Is not equiv?
alent to n raise In salary. Often the
slouch and the scholar work side by
side at the same salary, and there is
no hope for either of them. Men and
women who would have made good
teachers make more money as stenog?
raphers or clerks. The average chauf
fettr Is as well paid In many places I
as the average teacher. Teachers'I
salaries are too smull to offer any I
hope of accumulation for old age and I
against si. knese and disaster.
I What is tho solution?
Hotter salaries first. Insistence on j
et'.icient equipment for teaching, second. ;
These two go hand In hand. We .-hall
hot have one without the other. We'
must put ourselves in a position to ;
demand from our teachers that they j
lie us well trained as our doctors and 1
lawyers?that they lake up teaching
i as n profession and not as a long
j drawn out avocation. The National
I (educational Association is ahoul to
begin a nation-wide campaign for
! better salaries and better teachers
' May It succeed: In the meantime, let
' us In Virginia remember that from
j a one-horse teacher only a one-horse
? education may be secured. An educa
; tlonal system is no stronger than Its
Weakest point, and Its weakest point
? is untrained teachers.
??'litt: WOULD" WORKING KOH TAKT.
Richard Croket is reported to have
said to a representative of the New
York Herald in Dublin last Saturday:
"Murphy is making a mess of it. Isn't
I he?" The World is not so sure if
! that, as, in Its opinion, "it depends
i upon what Murphy seeks to do. lie
\ may desire as Mr. Croker does, the ro
? election of president Taft, He is at
least doing much to bring it about."
i Probably so: bill Is he doing as much
1 in that direction as The World itself?
I Our contemporary charges Hint it is
j the New York Legislature that is niuk
| itig a moss ot it by passing ripper
j bills to make political jobs plenty, by
forcing a charter Upon New York City
1 to i'ii use the boss, by violating home
' rule In a dozen various measures, by
I putting off six months' the pledged rati?
fication of the income tax. by giving
Murphy bis machine advantage in the
Levy election bill, by forwarding make.
; believe primary reform, by pensioning
Devory. That seems to be a very long
I string of sins that Murphy must an?
swer, for In- is said to be responsible
lor everything that is done that is
What ..f ||? Why should the sins
und Shortcomings of the New York
; Legislature be made the occasion of
I giving the people of the whole coun?
try four years more of Taft? What
i'does The World expect to accomplish
; by Its daily assaults upon Murphy and
j Tammany and piXi except to strengtli
. en Ti.fi with the country? Is Tho
, World for Taft or against him?
I in: HOAn TO l.r.VI\(.TO\.
Really It was not ii case of "self
Importance." as the esteemed Clifton
T'orge Review suggests: but a ques
tlon of railroad schedules .'?ml changes
1 of curs that prompted certain recent
observations In these columns as to
j the rather difficult means of reaching
tin- town of Lexington It did not
' amount to very much with the writer.
j as he will probably never go there
? .main; bat the case was stated for
. the benefit of those who have frequent
j occasion to visit that place, and was,
j in fttct, intended to represent their
views as freely expressed on the trains
I and a* the several places where the
cars were changed.
The Lexington Cotlnlj News, which
' is on the Kiound and In dally touch
1 with the situation', and which cannot
, be charged with ispeaklr.g from any
sense -if self-importance, reprinted
1 v hat was sa!(| in The Tlmos-?)?Pdtpth
? nnd .-aid on Its own account: "The kit*
I uation at the County -News hus often
said before affords a real grievance
against the rnllroud company, nnd
Lexington should be unwilling to rest
under it." This does not mean the
Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, aB wo
understand, which is of a truth one j
of the greatest railroad systems In
the South, und always disposed to 1
I give the best service within its power I
I to the people, but the Baltimore nnd j
I Ohio Railway, which owns or controls [
I the line to Lexington, we relieve. In- I
I stead of going to law about tills j
grievance, or taking the case to the
Railroad Commission, our Lexington I
j contemporary makes the wiser nnd j
better suggestion that the Business
Men's Association of the town go
directly to President Willard, of the !
Baltimore and Ohio Railway, with their j
grievance in this matter. Says the
County News: "Let a delegation of j
earnest citizens visit him and present
the subject, calling to his attention j
that it is a grievance of thirty years' I
standing. Should their friendly of - j
forts fall, which wo can hardly think j
probable If Lexington shows itself inj
earnest, there is a remedy to be found I
in the way The Times-Dispatch sug?
gests. The State Corporation Commis?
sion will give relief."
We accept the amendment, it la
better, far better, in all such matters
to see the railroad authorities llrst
They are almost always ready and
willing 'to come within the rule of
reason in dealing with their customers.
As for what the esteemed Clifton
Review says about tho rest of the sub?
jects upon whtch It touches, and
touches so pleasantly, it is welcome to
the satisfaction that It must have ex?
perienced In speaking so generously of
"the self-importance of some people," .
and "the whims of a newspaper."
AGAINST IT IS CULPEPER.
Inviting the several legislative can
dldatea from Culpeper to tell the people
how they stand on the fee system, the ?
Culpeper Enterprise says:
"The fee system is a great curse to
the State und n drawback to Its prog?
ress. The next Oeneral Assembly !
should abolish the fee system; it is'
something that Interests every voter,
and each candidate for legislative
honors should announce his position on
this Important question. Vote for the
candidate who pledges his vote and I
influence to eliminate the fee system." I
Sound advice that, and it ought to
he followed. As N. C. Manson. Jr.. Of
Lynchburg, said at a recent political '
meeting in that city, "the fee system
has been extended, and the fees exacted
from the people of the State are con- I
tinnously growing larger and more
numerous," The time has come to i
solve the problem by abolishing it.
This graft has pone about far enough,
and the portly gentlemen who thrive i
on the system should be made to come j
down from the public free lunch
Law Notps, commenting upon the re-1
1 b?ke which Thomas B. Felder, a
Georgia attorney, received from Judge
Em?ry Speer, who is a good Judge (the
Roanoke Times contra i. says "we sup?
pose 'nigger' is vernacular In Georgia
and not always and necessarily more
opprobrious than the word 'darkey-' "
; it will he remembered that In the Feld.
I cr case the Court severely censured
Felder for his repeated contemptuous
use of the word "nigger" With Cordelia
! In his arms, points out Law Notes, King
?Lear said. "And my poor fool is
hang'd!" using the phrase as one of
endearment. Senator Tillman. hot so
! classic, in the course of a speech in
, the Senate, used the word "nigger"
. when testliylng with intense earnest-:
i tiers to Hie unquestioned und unques?
tionable fidelity of his servants at
home. "Now. God help thee, poor
monkey!" said Lady Macduff, to her:
I little son- "Monkey' was here a word]
implying admiration. Our legal con-'
temporary also tells of an interesting;
! fuct about the well-known legal text-1
book. "Beach on Contributory Negli?
gence." In that book "nigger" was.
? one Of the wolds in lue letter "N" In
the Index. Beach is a Kentucklan. The;
second edition of his work was gotten
lout by a lawyer in Connecticut, who
I complied a new index for It, omitting
j the "nigger" title.
j The word "nigger" is not objection- j
j aide, per se The manner in which ill
Iis spoken, the tor.o. the Inflection, tho:
'context are the things that may makoi
J the term opprobrious. Even the black
[ folk themselves refer to each other
\ jovially and smilingly as "nigger'
Without any fear that the razor may bo
unsheathed "Nigger" is simply a cor?
rupted form of "nlger," the Latin ad?
jective meaning "black." "Negro" is a
better word lb list, because it is the
correct form, not a corruption.
\t II \ IS iA EXPRESS COM PAN Yf
,\mu that Senator K. <'. Koikes Is as
J sured of his seal in the .Senate of Vlr
j glnia, wo shall probably hear some!
j more Impertinent questions propound-1
ed to the express companies doing
I business In this state! while he i?
j it bo tit it, lei us hop. that he will read!
lb the Senate a recent editorial leader
j which appeared in the Rocky Mouh
j tain News, under the heading, "Why tsl
: An Express Company.'"
HI '; Tin- News sa\.-.
j "The News asks tho question In dill
I .seriousness. And from the public point '
! of view we have been quite unable to
j lind an answer \\ e cart see no reason I
I Of public policy for permitting express!
: companies, as such, to exist. The work '
j of an express company is either rail- i
i road business or it is postoflice busi- |
I in-ss. if railroad business, then it
Should be handled by the railroads. If'
J postoflice business, then It Should be
? transacted by the postoflice To call
into being a third party merely lo
manage the distribution of a special ;
class of freight <>,- a special type of i
postal packages strikes us as nbsuv.l.;
And we know it Is expensive."
Look at it from the pontofllce point ,
of view, says the news What Is the
business of the express company? The j
carrying of package mall, Even a I
\ letter Is nothing but a small se ile,I j
I package, The present Hin t of pack-1
ago slr.es which tho postofnce will uc
COpt la four pounds .low was this
limit created? By a law ?a law which
was paused to aid the bunlnes? of the
expre.rs companies. A"l other civilized
governments handle much larger pack?
ages In their postal departments than
wo do. Why should wc not do the
Look at the railroad side of tho case.
Express packages arc simply small
parts of high-class freight. They are
hauled by the railroads. Is there any
real reason why the railroad should
not accept them, transport them, de?
liver them and colloct for them with-1
out the intervention of an express com
puny, which Is not much more than a '
tenant of the railroad?
Again, why Is an express company?
Ask this question from tho view- i
point of a private snap, and the answer
is easy. The express monopoly Is "the
richest and easiest worked gold mine j
there Is on earth." Tho Adams Ex?
press Company, our contemporary says,
Is capitalized at $ IS.000.000. On?-fourth
of this stock Is paying 12 per cent,
dividends. The rest la In bonds which
pay l per cent. Interest, "All tho
bonds and most of the stock are water.
The bonds, without exception, were
given ns dividends; and hardly any of
the stock represents actual original
investment." It has been derived ?
from the business itself. The company
also has a surplus of almost ooo,
000. which Is soon to be distributed.
The WellS-FargO Company last year
declared a 300 per cent, dividend. Be
foro that dividend Us cupltul stock
was $8,000,000. The stockholders got
J8.000.000 In eush, or a 100 per cent,
dividend, and $10,000.000 tn new stock,;
or a 200 per cent, dividend. Still, for !
the year 1!U0 that company collected
13 per cent, net on that Immense issue ;
Of watered stock and paid 10 per cent, j
The rest is being saved up for nnotherj
Six express companies control SO per !
cent, of the express business of the 1
United States. They are "six tremen?
dous gold mines." The News says that
they "form little wheels within wheels,
inner circles of finance, to which only
the elect are allowed admission."
.lames J. Hill would not allow them
to do business on his lines. "Why,
should they be allowed to do business!
on any railroad?" James J. Hill formed!
his own express company to do parcel
business over the Northern Pacific and
Great Northern lines "Why." again
asks the News, "why shouldn't we ex
lend the postoftlce to <io express busi?
ness over all lines or make the lines
do that business themselves?"
Express rates in the United States
are unreasonably high Thnt Is a fact j
of common knowledge. The citation of!
express company profits la enough to j
show that rates are far too exorbitant.
These excessive rates put a high wall |
between producer and consumer They I
add directly and greatly to the cost
of living. The News sayti that they j
help to corrupt the management or;
railroads and the'deliberations of leg3- j
la lures and congresses.
Why Is nn express company?
CLOTHKS TOHTt ItlS.
Xr!t many men will be sufficiently 1
courageous to follow the example of!
a progressive New Yorker, who has
discarded underwear to keep cool. He:
proclaims his discovery In a city news- j
paper thai hot days are Just as cool
as cool days, or may be so made by
omit tins: underclothes.
First, he found out that .sleeveless :
undershirts were more comfortable
than any other sort. Next, by logical
sequence, he omitted the whole under?
shirt to be proportionately comfortable.
Carrying his discovery to its logical
extreme, he finally deprived himself of
all his undergarments.
As a reformer should do, he then
sought to make others do us he had
done. Others, however, laughed at him
and ridiculed his Idea. They regarded
the wearing i>: underclothing as 0 itbrt
of moral obligation. They asserted
that from a hygienic standpoint under- j
wear Is especially necessary in sum- j
mer, in order to absorb perspiration!
and they said that the kind they wore [
was so thin as to make no difference.
The underwearless man found that he;
could not win over the standpatters, I
and so, like l.i Kollette a few years'
ago. ho is a progressive, alone, aloof,
wrapped in git dm and little else.
"The famous battle between tho I
.Monitor and Mcrrimac at the cool]
Academy thlr week" is the head over ;
the "amusements" columns of the ever j
esteemed Index.Appeal. Something less
than fifty yens ago Petersburgers saw
bigger lighting thnn that for nothing.]
"Denn Hog- to speak on the Vir?
ginia Debt/' say-8 the Charleston, West I
Virginia, Gazette Well, he's Ihe right1
mini in the right place.
Somebody teils the Claremont Herald
that since matches are made In heaven j
Ihe girls will now all want tn run fly-1
With less than 1,000 population.'
?erryvlllc is oiling Its streets to keep
down the (lust: Sometimes you have;
to go to a small town to find progress
Judge John Randolph Titcker, of
Bedford, has the courage to vary in!
pleasing form his- announcement of\
his candidacy thus: "Thanking you for:
the honor heretofore conferred on moI
as your representative In the Senato]
"of Virginia. I hereby announce my can 1
dldacy for rei lecttqh, subject to your]
approval, In the Democratic primary-."
That's so * much hotter than the old.
monotonous phrases which we have'
read for countless yehrs.
Taking ?> piper out of the post-ofllce
make: the rcclplenl linble for the bill,
according, 16, u late .decision of the
Missouri Supreme Court The case
was: o. i>. a istir., a Butler, Missouri,
publisher, sent his paper to Charles
I Rui'ko, who took It out of tho post
I oltlee, but refused to pay for It. Mere
I acceptance created a liability, In tho
view of the court, and B?rge lost out.
Tho court went on to sny;
"Tho preparation and publication of
? a newspaper involves much mental and
j physical labor, as well as an outlay of
money. One who accepts the paper by
continuously taking it from the post?
oflice receives u bvncilt and pleasure
I arising from such labor and expcndl
: lure as fully as if he had appropriated
I any other product of another's labor,
: and by such act he must be held liable
for tho subscription price."
There's the rule of reason for you!
II. C. I-owry. one of the live eandl
| dates for tho House of Delegates from
Bedford, says In Ids announcement: "I
am in favor of paying every ofllcer of
! the State a salary Instead of fees,
thus saving thousands of dollars to the
State." The other candidates are
slhnt as to this great economy in tho
handling of the State's money.
There is to be no fair at Blackstone
this year; but the walfles are still
Those are not the melancholy days
for the old man at home with his
family away at some resort sitting in
rocking chairs and fanning off the
mosquitoes from a turbid creek near?
by. The best of the land Is his, and
his heart has so warmed to the Joy of
living that hi- lias garlanded with
mint his mother-in-law's most aus?
Why such a commotion In the news?
papers because a man preferred a
baseball game to his daughter's wed?
ding'.' Most men, not excepting the
groom, feel funereal at n weddlna. and
a good hitter at the bat is a fairer
sight by far than a weak-kneed bride?
Thero were those who "viewed with
alarm" the installation of the kiosk
in Capitol Square, and from the way
it has been behaving lately the feeling
was highly justifiable. A committee of
the General Assembly should be ap?
pointed at onc.j> to investigate it and
find some method for equalizing it
during the various seasons
"Curious" wishes to know the Da tin
name for "rabbit tobnero." Respect?
fully referred to the Index-Appeal,
who smokes it all the time.
Why is it thut our cafes do not
serve kohlrabi among tfieir fresh veg?
etables? There is none more delicious
Natural Bridge has Just received a
large Importation of Orange onions.
The Observer was there to receive
We hasten to make proper amends
for calling the Lunenburg Tribune the
Lunenburg Times. It wns the Tribune,
not the Times, that wrote so intelli?
gently and with so much heart ahout
the work of The Times-Dispatch in
Seeking to build up the waste places
in the Old Dominion, and we thank
It now in Its right name- for its ap?
Voice of the People
To the Editor of The Times-Dlsnuteh:
.Sir.?At a meeting of the Conleder
ate Veteran Camp of New York, held
on June 27, the attention of the camp
was called to an article published in
tin New Orleans Picayune, dated New
York. May 28. 1011, purporting! to
give an account of the memorial ser?
vices held by the camp at Alt. Hop..
Cemetery on May 2S, 1911,
This article is false in many particu?
lars, and needs to he. corrected.
The memorial services wert; held
oh Muy 2>.. 1911, and the graves of the
rifolerai" i'.e:,,I sleeping at Mt. Hope
were decorated with beautiful flowerij
by loving hands.
Tin- ceremonies were presided over
by Commander Hubert W. Gwathmey,
Confederate Veteran Camp ol New
York, veteran of the Army of North?
Colonel Edward Owen was not pres?
ent a: the cemetery; did not preside
over the ceremonies, and is no longer
a member of the Confederate Viiter.in
Camp of Now York.
Tiie oration delivered by Captain
John Lamb, Veteran, Third Virginia
Cavalry, Army of Northern Virginia,
was Interesting and acceptable to
til i , pros nt. If there was miv~r.se
criticism it originated with the writer
? ?i' tho article in the Picayune, whose';
)i dgment is doubtless as unreliable
a.- bis nowspapei renortb.
Colonel Hamilton, representing the
'? .. ott< Post, ?5 A. H, was present
;.t Ml. Hope, and placed a wreath, on
(i:- Confederate Monument in -lonor
of our dead Colonel 11.million stated
ai a meeting of the Confederate Vet- i
(ran Camp on June 27, at which 'je
was-a guest, that the reason the Hag
was not placed in the wreath was:
that he did not have time to prepare
It. This will account for the absence
of tin- Hag in the wreath, which was
eighteen (18) Inches, not eighteen (IS)
foal in diameter.
This courtesy from the G. A. R .
which has been gratefully acknowledg
ed by l!ie Confederate Veteran Camp,]
Is o.ie which Im-? prevailed for several
years and Is highly appreciated,
The Confederate Veteran Camp, as Is !
Ilielr custom, placed upon the tomb
61 General r s. Grant, on May 30, Dec?
oration Day. a wreath of llOWOrs, In i
testimony of their respect for that
distinguished soldier. The .courtesy
has been acknowledged by General
Frederick D. Grant, in an apprecia?
tive letter. The observance by the
enmp .f this courtesy does honor alike
to the great soldier, and to the Can
federates who opposed him with all
t ??.< lr strength.
Tiie effort of the writer of the ar-j
title published in the Picayune to attr,
up strife between the representatives
oi tin two gieat armies of fifty yearsI
tgo falls op barren ground.
The United Stales (lag was used at I
the ceremonies at Alt. Hope, on May.
28, and the Confederate veteran needs
no prompting of hi:; duly to the llug i
ot his coiiutry.-" ,->id most especially
fi.i on- who cannot write truth-:
fully of the ceremonies In honor of
their dead. ? ? J
The mutual respect each fo>" the ?
other of the armies who wore the
Gray and the Blue was born upon the
Hold of battle,
Since the close of that gigantic j
struggle II liar, grown by a move in- '
tlmnto knowledge of its peoples, the
result of closer Affiliation, and il Is
t.... late to Interrupt the flow of go<-J
feeling nnd good will by false nows- j
paper reports. . ,
The Nov.- Orlenns Picayune itt re- !
speetf.ully requested to publish this:
ntatement in as conspicuous a place i
In Its columns as the article of .'I.iy
2S was Riven. Very respectfully,
(Signed) HO We GWATHMEY
1 lommander Confederate Veteran C amp
of New York.
Daily Queries and Answers
Which Chief Justice of the United
States Supremo Court served the long?
est term, by whom appo'ntud, und
stiuo the character of his derisions?
John Marshall, of Virginia, wan ap?
pointed Chief Justice of the United
States Supreme Court by John Adams
In 1S01, and served until his death In
1835. His decisions tended to strength?
en the Federal government.
Whut do we get from 'he Hawaiian
islands? n. o.
The Hawaiian exports in 1010 were
sugar to the value of $42.G2i'.,0G9;
coffee, $211,535. and fruit, $1.440,792.
Please toll rno who wrote th's:
"A mother Is a mother still.
The holiest thing al've."
W. F. C.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It comes
from a poem by h'm, "The Three
What dny of the week was July 30,
1S70, August 1. 1S7S? A. T.
Saturday and Thursday.
Who was It Mary Anderson, the
actress, married, and where Is she
now? X. V.
She married Antonio de Navarro. and
her address Is The Court Farm. Broad?
way, Worcestershire. F.ngiand
When will tlie planet Mercury next
be at Its greatest eastern elongation
from the sun? O. S.
Auguat IS. 4 A. M.
Arrest by Private I'fmnu
Has a rlt'zen the same right to make
an arrest as an officer of the law,
providing an arrest Is Justified?
A clt'ren. not an officer of the law.
hns a rlitht to arrest only In criminal
cases an actual or a suspected crim?
inal For a crime committed In his
presence or for a felony committed, al?
though not In his presence, a privat?
person may arrest the offender with?
out a warrant on reasonable suspicion
that the arrested party has committed
a felony. This is regulated by statute
In various Jurisdictions, hut not so In
Virginia. This right of arrest by a
I private citizen is of extreord'narv de
grec. anil great care should bo exor?
cised in ustfig It- It is rarely Invoked.
If irVlctlm" will send uo Betf-ad
dressed stamped envelope, stating ago
of persons referred to in his <|Uery,
and all details, we shall be glad tu
give him the Information he desires.
in talking with an old grandmothoi
the other night she expressed the opin?
ion that the ushcake und hoe'iak - \\.
of aboriginal origin, which is opposed
t-i the generally accepted Idea mat
they were- lust made by the negroes.
Can you givo me any light on IhU
subject? 1. w. K.
The maize, or Indian corn, c* .vhiuh
this manner of bread la made was
cultivated by the aborigines an I found
here when Columbus discovered Amer?
ica, it was not previously known lo
either Europeans or Africans. But tun
Indian fashion of cooking it wan a sort
ot hominy, Probably the southern ne?
groes made the ilrst hoecakes and ush
cakes peculiar to this section. Corn
bread in any form Is not properly
made outside of the South. An expert
whom we consulted on the quoutlon
"lloccake, pone und dodger. The
average Easterner has no conception
of the toothsomonoss of corn bread iis
It Is known and made In the South.
The Southern hoecaki- is made ol corn
meal and cold water. That Is all No
salt, no grease, no sodu. no anything
' hut water and meal. Of course, just
la pinch of salt does no particular
'harm, only It Is not the Southern way.
I The Southern none Is made lr. the
'Fame way?no Ingredients, Jus', coin
meal and cold water. The- colder the
! wat. r the better, but under no cir?
cumstances should iced water be used.
I The onlv difference between hO-J.'tako
and none Is that the hoccake is spread
on the hoe thin, while the Dono as
Usually made m about an Inch thick,
sometimes a little thicker, Many per?
sons who ought to know better ton
fuse the terms none, and dodger. A
dodger Ik a corn rm*?l dumpling, boiled
with green". It is not especially dla
tlngnlahed for it., whob Homonesa and
cr.rnot in anv instance be recommend
ed as a steadv diet for person" with
?Next to hoecake and pone, the
sueetest bread known In the South
Is the asheake of blessed memory. Per?
haps I should have said the very sweet?
est. Wood ashes are necessary In the
making of this cake. The dough
Is m?de precisely in the same ma t
nor that none dough Is made. Tho
pniy diiTcrence Is in the baking. The
hoecake lr. baked on a hoe, the port"
In an oven or pan. while the nshcrt^n lr
baked by wrapping It In ashes?hick
orv ashes preferred "
OFFICE IS BESTOWED
ON YOUNG GLADSTONE
nv la MARQi isF. nr: roNTBXOV.
y ? IN?; GEORGE, on the nomination
. IS of Premier .Vequlth, has Just be
' * m Gladstone, eldest grandson of
I the famous statesman of that name,
I and o\vn?r of the Hawarden Castle ca
I late, the ottirr- of lord lieutenant of
the rotinty of Flintshire In vhlch
: HsWarden Castle, the bourne of so
j many American pilgrimages, \t situat?
ed. Voung William G. Gladstone, who
j is now in this country, acting as pri
i vate secretary to Ambassador Bryce,
1 and as an attache of his mission, la
.but twenty-six years of age. end thus
obtains at one bound a dignity1
I equivalent to that of general In the
I army, or vice-admiral of the navy, and
j of ciilof magistrate of the county In
whic!) he ha* become the sovereign's
I principal representative, as such tah> |
? lug the "pas'" of every one- else In
i Flintshire, no matter whether duke.
marquis, earl or commoner.
I The office dates from the reign Of
j Queen Elizabeth, and in those day?
I the holders thereof were Intrusted
with the duty of mustering and traln
I Ins the local militia, of maintaining
' order within the horders of the coun
! ty. and of guarding its boundaries and
.oasts, if any. from Invasion. At first.
, lord, lieutenants of counties were only
, nominated in tirr.es of diftlculty. war.
! or danger. But gradually the office be*
: came a permanent one. and the power
i until then held by the sheriff, was
; vested Ih him. and he was termed the
! vice-regent of Its sovereign. In course
, of time the office of puatos rotulorum
: became associated with that of lord
lieutenant, and the two offices are now
? in variably held bv the same person.
: the result being that the lord lleuten
ahi alwaya appoints fellow territorial
; magnates to the positions of deputy
'? lieutenant and of Justices cf the peiicc.
? In this way, almost the entire county '
magistracy of Great Britain has come
Into the hands of the land owners and
squirearchy, who administer the law
?according to their own interpretation,
visiting with especial severity of?
fences against the game laws: poach -
j Ing being considered the most hein?ua
i crime In their calendar.
As lord lieutenant, young Gladstone
i will not only have the right of ap?
pointing the magistrates of Flintshire,
but la also at tlie he-ud of the terri?
torial military force of the county,
which has taken the place- of the for
met county militia. In fact, the lord
lieutenant Is by virtue of his ofticc I
gehe-r.il of militia, or of the tt-rrl
: torlal reserve, and as such is entitled i
to wear a rather gorgeous uuilol'm, I
closely resembling that of a generali
I of the regular army, the only differ?
ence being that the scarlet tunic and
black trousers are laced with silver I
Instead of with gold.
In counties that border the sea. the
lord lieutenant also bears the title
of vice-admiral, this dating from thej
times when he was supposed to pro-j
vide for the defense of tho county
from descent upon Its shores either by j
torcign foe or by pirates. Thus, thej
Earl of l.onsdab- is Vlce-Admlral of
Cumberland; the, Eurl of Londes-J
borough is vice-admiral of Vmk-j
shire. while the earl of Mount '
Edgequmbe is Vi-c-Admlral of Corn-,
wall. These peers have as such a
number of queer prerogatives, Includ- '?
Ing the right to vessels wrecked on \
I he shores of their county.
Voung William Q. Gladstone before |
Joining the staff of Ambassador Bryce
at Washington, acted for some time
a.- private secretary to Lord Aberdeen, ?
the Viceroy of Ireland; and while at;
New College. Oxford, won distinction
as one of the best speakers of the
famous Oxford Union, which for gen- I
orations has been the principal debat?
ing society of the university, and the j
School where some Of the. most cele?
brated of British orators and states- !
men have acquired their knowledge of
Hawardcn Castle, which Is ills home,
never really belonged to the Grand |
old Man. It wits the- property of the i
latter'a brother-in-law, sir Stephen |
Glynne', and was left by him In trust
for the newly appointed Lord Lieu- I
tenant of Flintshire, the great states-I
man being accorded a life Interest m !
the property, and appointed one of the !
trustees. He carefully husbanded and
developed the resources of the Hi war?
den e>-|ate. spending all of his own
money that he could spare upon the
place, transforming It from an unpro?
ductive and heavily embarrassed estate
Into an extremely profitable one. In?
deed, he was far more successful In the
management of the fortune left to his
grapdson by Sir Stephen, Glynne than
In the administration of his own
finances; arid thanks to his discovery1
of minerals and of cool at Ilawarden,
the hitter now yields a very large in
Then. too. young Gladstone has >
benefited largely by the will of his'
mother's father, the last Lord Blanlyre,
who died a few years ago. Lord 1
ri an tyre bequeathod to his daughter, i
tile lion Mrs. William Henry Glad-I
stone, widow of the Grand Old Man's
eldest son. a sum of $250,000, |n trust
i for her boy, us well as hla stately
London mansion., in Berkeley Square.
j with all its furniture, paintings, art
treasures and silver plate, as well a*
the horses and carriages in the stable*
I oelonglng tliercto.
i 'Although matter of llawardqn Cas?
tle, young William Glynhe Gladstone
! is not in any sense of the word the
'chief of the Gladstone family. Tht't
lid a dignity whbh does r-ot even be?
long to Lord Gladstone, the Governor
General of Sou:;. Africa', but to the
, Grand Old Man's nephew, sir John
Gladstone, a retired officer of the
oti) Guards, and who, like his father
I before him. Is a typlcat Tory b:tror:"t
Indeed, his father, the late Sir Thomas
1 Gladstone represented Ipswich as b
Conservative for many year*' in the
.House of Commons, invariably voting
I against his younger brother. "ha
Liberal leader. The brothers r.ev.-r al
i lowed any political differences, to inter?
fere with their fraternal relations.
; Sir John. too. always appeared very
devoted t" his farnous uncle, who used
OG islonally to visit him at Fasque,
the family place In Scotland, and sam?
ple some of the excellent whiskey di?
tilled on the estate, und for which
I Fasque, is celebrated throughout the
i'nited Kingdom. Sir John Is one of
I the great whiskey distillers of Scot?
land, and bis distilleries at Fasque are
known far and wide as the Fetter
calrn distilleries The Castle of Fni-.que
Is one- of the stateliest castellated
mansions In Scotland. It stands on a
wooded slohe. surround id by a hohle
park and woods that extend some
eighty miles. Sir John Is a tall, good
looking and t.road shouldered giant, la
unmarried, and expresses his determi?
nation to remain so. So that tiit-re hi
considerable prospect that hl? baron?
etcy may some day go. along with tliO
great Fasque estates and the Fetter
cairn distilleries, to Ambassador
Bryee's private secretary, William Q.
Henry Charles North, who has Just
been successful In a suit for breach
of promise in London, holds an office
in connection with the royal house?
hold known as that of the "Court
Newsman." which dates from the reign
of King George IV. when prince re?
gent. He is a journalist, whose pro?
fession:!] activities are restricted lo the
compilation of the so-called "Court
Circular." which appears daily in the
English newspapers, he being intrust?
ed with the distribution thereof to the
various Organs of the press. The
Court Circular, although compiled by
the Court Newsman. Is edited by tho
sovereign's principal private secretary,
now General Sir Arthur Bigge, who
has just been created u peer of the
realm, and is supposed to receive tho
King's personal O. K. before being ac?
tually sent out to the daily news?
t.'tieen Victoria made a point
throughout her reign of Invariably
supervising the- daily Court Circular,
anil used it as the means of communi?
cation for many r. message 10 her sub?
jects, some of them being expressive
of her grief at the death of a favorite
statesman or general, or nt jhe demise
of some cherished relative. It was
the Court Circular that she likewise
selected for the purpose of conveying
to h'-r people her thanks and grati?
tude for their sympathy in momenta of
grief and of rejoicing.
II seems that George IV. when prime
regent became SO indignant about the
indisi reet revelations concerning.royal?
ty in the press, that he asked Sir
Richard Blfnle whether he could ley
Iiis hand upon a sensible newspaper
Writer who would set down what he
was told, and no more. Sir Richard
Blrnle sent for an old crony of |iis.
who bad been In turn shoe-black, a
coal-heaver, then a turnkey at New?
gale, and p Row Street officer: ana
finally a hanger-on of Sir Richard
Birnle. Ho went by the name of "Old
Townsend," and It bcamc- Ills duty to
semi to the leading newspaper offices,
? tally Court Circulars, containing
authenticated news, the papers being
warned against publishing any Other:
at the same time all approaches lo
the pnlace wore guarded against ir?
regular Incursions by the newspaper
men. That was the origin of the
Court Circular, an.1 of thr Court News?
(Copyright. I9U, by the Brent wood
Safe Deposit v Boxes
Which afforel even,- safety and conveni?
ence lor your valuable papers, jewelry,
etc., when you don't want them, anil
handy when you nccil Mietn.
and City Banls
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