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DA I LT??V G K KLY-RUND AT.
Bualucaa umce.?16 B. Main Street South lllchinond.I0."0 Hull Sire*; Petersburg Bureau....109 N. Byctmon Street Brncbburs llureuu.tli ElKbth Stieei UV it All. Ose Six Three Uoe POSTAGE 1'AID Tear. Uoi. Mos. Mo Dally with Sunday.16 00 tJ-tv fLM MI Dally without Sunday. t.oo cuo IK .JS [ Sunday edition only. 2 00 1.00 ,m> -U \ Weekly (W*4asjday). 1.00 M .? j By TtmeK-PL-ratcb Carrier Delivery Ber- j rice la Hlchtnond (and auburba) und l'etera bu ra? tine Week. Dally with Sunday.1? cent! Pally without Sunday.10 centa Sunday ooly. t ce.i-i Entered January r. 1906. at Rlch.nond. V?. at aeccnd-claiie matter under act of Con. S'rsj of Mnrch ?. 1F7S. SATURDAY, .H'DY 1 b, 1911. WANTED?THE DEST. "The reformer doesn't always attack the motive of his opponent, nor does he always have to claim that the con? ditions to be corrected are worse In his community than anywhere else I haven't hoard that Atlanta has had abuses In her city government I have not been told thai Atlanta has been graft-ridden. Rut what they have told me everywhere Is that Atlanta Is n city that will he satisfied with none but the best." This statement, made by William J. Bryan to the people of Atlanta at A recent mass-meeting. Is equally appli? cable to Richmond In both these riti?? the people desire a better form rtf cnve.rnment than tha.t under which they now live, but neither their desires ?nor'Mhe efforts of those who are lead-J Inp them can fairly he construed to Implv rhat the presem-t government | Is corrupt, craft-affording and wrong-j ful or that Councllmen deserve repri- ^ m.md and reproach. Peeking the best | government costs no moral reflection on a lest efficient form of city ml* Richmond, like Atlanta, should be ra.t Isfled with none but the best govern? ment, and he is n poor citizen Indeed who dn?! not Insist that the govern? ment of his city shall be the best possible In Atlanta, there Is organ? ized opposition from the City Council to the commission form of govern? ment proposed for that city by Its leadir.tr citizens, notahly Its business men Mr Bryan went on to tell his henrcrs thai he had never fn-.md a city In which the commission form of gov? ernment has failed to be a success. It has been crltl.My.ed. hut no new form of government pleases all at the out? set "Often people are ton confident In a form of government, and fail to do their duly." However, continues Mr. Bryan. "I believe the principle of commission government is sound, and T feel sure that It will prove a suc? cess and a vast improvement over the nld system" The commission plan. Mr Bryan thinks, is better for large Cities than for small, meaning, supposedly, that the opportunity for graft la much larper In a great city than in a small one. A lack of responsibility has ever been one of the chief faults with tho aldermainic plan of city administra? tion. There ha? been much graft in the hip cities?New York, Chicago. Phila? delphia and cities of their class All municipalities should take warning from this fact, realizing that the larger they grow, the greater, under the aldernianle form of government, nre the nppert.inltles and the field for corruption. The citizens of every city should, therefore, he warned by the 101 of greater, cities to take such steps to correct :\nd. r?form their mode of government that the potential source jjf u-reat harm and wrong may be de? stroyed. <"in this point, Mr. Bryan says: "The duty of all the people of this city, a? all cities, Is to remove the temptation for craft and to strengthen their n?leialf Commission govern? ment places men in the glare of pub? licity, where they can be watched all the time, where they cannot escape responsibility. It puls tho burden on them to nvike good with their con? stituents, and experience has shown they don't co wrong." Ward lines are unjustifiable, accord Ing to Mr Bryan "There Is no rea? son for them." he declares If there if no reason for them, they ought not to exist. "There are two reasons for Ftares and counties, in the national end In the Sta.te representative forms , of government. The first Is that the Character Of remote people cannot he j Judped except by representative dele. I pates, and the second is they have n diversity of Interests." The exact op? posite Is tru? of the city All tho com? munity constitute* a unit The man tn one ward know? and does business m-ith the man In another ward" The ward system divides power and .- .it ters responsibilities among many." As a result of this, It Is difficult to pet men to serve ar. rounellmen out of purely patriotic motives. The remun? eration is small. If any'at all; the duties are arduous. ?'Therefe.;-e they often go In for loa;? foiling reason*." cor.rl id's Mr. Bryan, who goes or. to nay: "A city government Is purely a business proposition It ,.? a preat big partnership, and all the citizens are stockholders They ought to elect j their omejai5. ju?t as the stockholders of a corporation elect their directors, and then hold them responsible The' great trouble witn most cities is that i business principles have not been an- j plifd to the handling of business af- I fairs Why create an office simply to | put ;i map into It'.' I'nder ,t commission form of government you can select men of character and ability and put tr:ern on good salaries. In the plare .->t publicity, and they will Juttlfy ihe confidence reposed in them and (rive your city a good government emnoml tallv administered." Oiher cities are succeeding with a new form of govern men I No one .an show why Richmond would not. It in Bot s question of whether commission ?roverr.ment la aoana and right. That I* sedtled. It 'Is it question of how long it will take Klchmond to profit,hy the example of either*. TUB HEV. DM .JOHN POLLARD. The "strong staff and the beautiful rod'' of a life nobly lived were broken } yesterday, when the Rev. Dr. .lohn Pollard heard the "one clear call" ofl the Captain in Whose service he had spent half a century. One of the strong, fine fluures in the Baptist Church of Virginia, be mourned by the steal host who knew him as pastor! and spiritual leader. No less deep la the sorrow of the vast company of students who sat at his feet during the fifteen years of his scholarly labors n.- professor of English In Rich? mond Coilece. Unnumbered other:; knew him as a fearless fighter for the, right, as a cenulne cltlxen and pa? triot, as one of wondrous capacity for . friendship, as a stricken sufferer, yet patient and of serene faith. Joyous In' the expectation of that day when he' might sc? his Master fa-e to face. H? : left the world better than he found It, pnd his memory la blessed. THE BEST TIMM; HE KNEW. I Perhaps charity is never ?o sweet. \ as in hot weather The Minneapolis' Journal tells a pleasing story about .-. man in Kansas City who was asked by r. reporter if he had any news. The man replied that be had something better than news, but not too good to. print It was the story of a prominent' manufacturer, who. starting out for a ride in his motor car to escape the 100 degree heat that persisted In the city C-VCn after sunset, bethought himself of other people who needed I relief fi'Om the excessive heat more than he did So he rHing up the neirest settlement house-and said he would like to take two passengers for a drive--"the two I tj at needed it most." A few moments Inter he picked up] at the address given him by the set-] tlomcnt ofllce a poor woman who had j just been discharged from a hosplt.il. ' She had a sick baby that had scarcely slept for several days' The mother was nearly exhausted from caring for the child. After fifteen minutes In th.i open nlr In the car the child went to sleep and slept without cessation for | two hours. The mother was revived ! and strengthened. She saw the boule vnrds. the Cliff Drlv*. Electric Park. Pe.nn Valley Park and other parks for the first time, although she had lived In Kansas City for many yenrs. A> the Journal says. "While this Is not always a practical thing for every motor owner to do. there are times when It might be ensly done by some of them it is a practical charity and ; In addition it might become the itrentest pleasure ride the owner could have." There certainly would be no difficulty In any city or town in find? ing poor people to whom a cool ride would be more pleasing and beneficial than money itself. THE RR BAT BAN AX A. In t late Issue of "The Bulletin." the publication of the Pan-American Union, there Is a very interesting ar? ticle with full information about what has come to be a* staple food article in this country, and consequently a commodity that enters very largely Into our foreign commerce?the banana. More than 125 steamers are now in the banana-carrying trade, and Baltimore, according to the Star of that-city, next to New York, is the main port of delivery in this great and rapidly increasing commerce. There has lately been a merger of several of the lines controlling the banana business, as a result of which several millions of dollars will be In? vested In additional steamships, with a corresponding spread in the sources of supply. This enlarged company controls unexcelled terminals. The banana Is not only an Impor? tant Commodity In the water-borne commerce of the United States, but, as the Star points out. In recent years has entered extensively Into our In? land commerce. Last year there were distributed throughout the United States and Canada more than 60,000 carloads of this familiar tropical fruit. Euch carload represented .inn bunches Costa Rica leads the bnntna produc? ing countries, but the supply distri? buted through this country comes front more than twenty Southern sea Islands nhd other tropical places. The business of banana culture Is continu? ously and speedily expanding In re. Sponse to the continuously growing deman-t Railroad lines have been built In the hanana growing countries ' that are sustained almost wholly by! the transportation of this fruit from the Interior of the coast The banana Is much more Important than one would think, it is figuring largely in world commerce. RAILROAD BUSINESS OROWlNO. Poor's Manual of Railroads for ion. which was published Wednesday. Is itself evidence if the grent extent to which fhe transportation business in the United States has grown, for It is I a bulky volume of almost 3.ton pages. I From its small beginnings two ; generations ago. Tha American rall | road Industry has expanded until It If r.ow represented by a eapt I tal stock of ts.3Sft.8l9.i9n, a bonded I debt of t?,6?0.Q34,9u6, other bond obli? gation.- of nearly $1,006,000.000 and total liabilities of $21,938.360,766. Con? sidering the first two Items, for use us a comparison, it is seen that there has been a tremendous Increase In the last ten years: the capital stock in 1900 was only $5.SOI,.1(6.250 and the hoiidedr.indebtedr.es.? JS,758,692,76 I. In the meantime, however, there has been * very great increase in the value of the railroad property of the country and In its earning yowtr. Uro^s earn Ings In 19on wore ?l.3ni,r.9;..RTS and not earnings $483,247,526; In 10n< gross rose to i2.801.DS0.939 and not to $919. 1'60..112#. I These latest figures may be com? pared with profit with the correspond? ing totals for 1909. Gross earnings In the earlier year were $2.519.212,713 and' net $352.153.280. It should be noted that just what is meant by the year 1910 by the compilers of the manual is not clear. Seemingly, however, some of the figures are for the fiscal year 1 ending June 30. while others arc for j the calendar year ending December 31? ; The compilers work out a gross increase of Ml.59 per cent, over 1909. while the: Interstate Commerce Commission, using the reports for the year ending June 30 figures the gain at more than 14 per cent. The important fact Is that there was a substantial gross increase, accompanied by an Increase In net. calculated by Foor at 7,8a per cent. There are now 242.107 miles of steam road track in tfie 1'nlted States. , against 238,356 miles a year ago. The increase. 3,781 miles, is small com- j pared with that of some eurllei years, but Is enough to show that we are ? still building railroads at a very good! rate. The total length of the. rnllmuds J of the world Is about 630,000 miles, our share of which Is nearly 40 per' cent. Against our 212.107 miles, Rus? sia has 41,000; Germany, 37,000; India. .11.000; France. 30,000; Austria-1 lun- j gary, Jfi.onn-. th-' United Kingdom, I 23.2S0; Canada. 22,986; Australia. 10,- | 250, nnd Argentina.15..".00. If there are added to the figures for this Colin- ^ trv ill"-" figures for second, third and fourth tracks, siding, etc. it will be j found that the aggregate Is 349.870) miles, against 343.387 in 1909. and .133.776 In 190? and 324.03.1 in 1907. Further testimony to the late growth Of the business Is to he found in such j details as have to do with th? Increase In the size of the rolling stock in use. ' Thus R new locomotive for the Atchl- j son road has an aggregate weight of. 462,450 pounds, or. with the tender. 700,000 pounds, as much as a whole train would have weighed a few years! hack WH AT'S II IS GRUDGE! That would-be Warwick of the Dem-' ocratlc hosts, the editor of the Con.- ? runner. has published a list of ir.fr whom he names as "eligible" for the Democratic nomination for the presidency. Wood row Wilson1 and Champ Clark are notable in the list Folk is counted ' In, as well as Heke Smith. Governor Marshall, of Indiana and Senator Cul beraon of Texas. Nor are Shafroth, of Colorado, and Ollle James, of Ken? tucky, allowed to play hide nnd seek j any more Chief Justice Walter j Clark, of North Carolina. Is given a seat on the wagon, as well ns Gover? nor Plained, of Maine From the far West. Mr. Bryan calls Senator Cham? berlain, of Oregon, and Senator New lands, Of Nevada Senator Kern, of' course, would do. and Senator Owen, of Oklahoma. Is admitted. Even Dlx, of New York, can come Into the Com? moner's front yard. Inspection of this list sftggests at once the omission of Governor Har? mon, of Ohio Yet ho has a hundred? fold better chance for the nomination than most of the men on the Bryan list. This Is plainly a declaration of war upon Harmon* It Is equivalent to saying that In the opinion of Mr. Bryan the Ohlnan Is unfit for the presi? dency. Rut why? That the Nebraskan has no love for "Uncle Jud" has been known a long time, but surely Mr. Bryan does not think that the Democratic party will repudiate one ol its distinguished sons | simply hecause Mr Bryan doesn't liko j him. Is Mr. Bryan so foolish ns to believe that he cm plead "Incompati? bility" nnd get by with it? All fair minded Democrats are from Missouri In this matter. POLLUTING A PURITAN POND. I^aurenie P. Grose, of Boston, who! probnbly wears big black tortoise! shell spectacles and drinks copious I draughts of lea, has been complaining bitterly to the Boston Transcript about the quality of the boys who aro I now swimming In Waiden Pond, near' ?Concord, made famous by the forest hermit, Thoreau. He has visited this s...red puddle lately and his Barret Wendell sense of the aesthetic has been rudely shocked by the fact that he found there "boys of the rougher sort." who were "without adult super? vision to check their profanity." It s.-ems that Waiden Pond Is the hered? itary swimming place for Concord lads' as welj as a sacred shrine for those who revere Thoreau. That any but ? miniature aristocratic mollycoddles should be allowed to lave themselves in these sacred waters seems Incom? prehensible to Mr. Grose. An expla? nation is made, however, by Samuel Bowles. Jr.; of the Springfield Repub? lican Bowleses, who is visiting the Sherman Hears at Concord Bowles denies that all the swimmers are of the hoi polioi, and indignantly pro? tests that almost any dav you can go j to the pond nnd see the siick heads of Mayflower descendants sticking up out of the water There, says Mr. Bowles, you will see Fndlcott and Philip Low. ell, descendants of Governor Endlcott, of Connecticut, who probably never saw fl bathtub; Henry and Frank1 Coolid^e, sons of Henry Coolldge, clerk ' of the State Senate, nnd cousin of the ' Beacon Street Coolidgea; Julian Bal? lon, son of Murray Ballou, president of the American Powder Company. Me.idman B. Hoar, son of the late Hon. Sherman Hoar and admiring brother of the young political Boris Sid Is, Roger Sherman Hoar. State Senator, stamp [collector and captain of the Harvard ?chess team in the year It won from Yale. Tong Pao' On. son of a great Chinese mandarin and International merchnrUi and Charles rcdgarlon. son of C. S. EdgarUm. of the President Suspender Company; the sons of .lames J. Storrow. of Stedman Buttrick, "or any of a number of other prominent i Lincoln and Concord families." However, and the admission is rude ! ly Iconoclastic, Mr. Bowles admits that some of the rabid.. i;et in the water, too. Ho does not think that "scions of European nobility with governesses" are needed, but he concedes that he, has seen In the pond boys who might j say that they "were born without ancestors." though "their conduct is so uniformly courteous that the most careful mothers In Concord do not hesitate to let their daughters, accom-, pained by some older person, go swim mlng in Waiden." Shades of the Alrotts! think of It! ! "Hoys of the rougher sort" swimming in a pond not far from "the rude bridge that arched the Hood "where j th embattled farmers flrPd the shot! heard 'round the world." Endleotts and Honrs and Buttrlcks and Coolldges j permitting Smiths and Joneses and Greens and Fitzgeralds and Lnmafi- ; neys to swim in their exclusive pud- ; die! How iniprop. r. Waldo, to do such n thing' Retire to your scriptorium und peruse Bfty pages ol Emerson at U ITCH EN ER DESERTS. Lord Kitchener has not only been at the head of vast troops of soldiers hut also has been chief of an army of many million bachelors Ills Indiffer? ence and hostility to women long ago caused him to he catalogued by the j fair sex as "hopeless." He was looked Upon as n bachelor In perpetuity. But ] to almost every man. soon or late, , comeih a Waterloo of the heart, and J Kitchener has. at the age of sixty- ? one. deserted the ranks of unmarried | males. His bride-to-be Is about thirty.1 and Is described as very charming. j Kitchener's aversion to women has been noted in verse, for it, was of him that it was said: "For you preach the merciless gospel j Of the tyrannous gods of ston?. That the soldier travels the fastest } Who travels the road alone." Kitchener used to declare that he had little use for a soldier who loved j a woman. Once he refused promotion to an officer who had a sweetheart at home. His change of position shows | that It is never too late to soften the ? heart of the most crabbed bacheior. I Mrs. Kitchener will show him a thing or two about tactics, and he will find out who's general In the. Kitchener! household. A STANZA OP PEACE. Surely the Philadelphia Press is J right in believing that "If President Taffs activities in promoting univer? sal peace resuDed In nothing more Ihnn the eliminatlrrn of a grotesque stanza from the. English national an? them, our kin beyond the sea would have ample reason to Tie grateful to the Chief Executive of this nation." The verses of "Amertco." by Dr. Sam? uel Francis Smith, titled to the same melody as "God Save the King," ore j solemn, dignified a*nd reverent in their sentiment of patriotism. The English borrowed this same tune from the Germans and musical antiquarians have traced the tune back, to the In? vading Huns, who may have taken It from Asia Into Europe. Anyhow, Henry Carey, the author of "Sally In Our Alley," was most unhappy In perpetrating such a stanza as this: "O Lord, our God, arise, Scatter his enemies. And mike them fall; Confound their politics; Frustrate their knavish tricks; i">n Hun our hopes wa-rtx; O. save us all!" This absurd verse has given way under the influence of the movement for international arbitration to one which is said to have been approved by King George. It Is: "0 Lord, our God, arise. Seal tor his enemies, Make wars to cease; Keep us from plague and dearth; Turn Thou our woes to mirth; And over all the earth. Let there he peace." Retaining the old stanza In the Eng? lish national anthem has often added point, we are told, to the assertion that the British lack a sense of hu? mor. "Confound their politics." an expression which conveyed a different meaning in the latter part of the seventeenth century. Is comical now. the new stanza is so much better. VIRGINIAN STATE PltlDE. President Robert Burwell Fulton, of the Miller School, in a recent address delivered at the dedication of the new library at the University of Mississippi, paid this glowing tribute to the Old Dominion: "State pride is one of the chief bill- I walks of our American republic, and we do well to place Its cultivation next to the conservation of State honor. "In the old plantation days of my childhood In Alabama 1 heard among the loik songs that were common one I that had in it a peculiar strain of ' patriotism and of pathos. The refrain c.f this song was. '"Oh! carry me back to old Virginia's shore." "Th" Virginian, whether master or slave, who drifted westward with the tide of settlement and of civilization in (he earlier years, to the end of his days, sang this refrain. Since I have become a Virginian I have learned many reasons for this. A beautiful climate, enchanting scenery, the heritage of a noble his L tory filled with honorable achieve in. nt and devoted self-sacrifice for the common good?all conspire to instil patriotic sentiment that Is strong and everlasting In quiet dignity this grand old Commonwealth knows, though she does not boast of. her ser? vices and her vicarious sacrifices. Her children love her and honor her for what she has been and what she Is. ' There is In (ho old Slate a beautiful expression of patriotic sentiment, in words that go from heart to heart like tho lines of Scotland's poet Burns, which all good Virginians there accept. and which their faith malces wholly true. "The words. In part, nro theso: " 'The roses nowhere bloom so white, As in Virginia': The sxinshine nowhere shines so bright As in Virginia; The-hlrds sing nowhere quite so sweet. And nowhere hearts so lightly heat. For heaven nnd earth both seem to meet Down in Virginia." " A vary graceful tribute thnt. and one which Virginians will appreciate wn rmly. It is a safe bet that Delegate Wlcls ersham, of Alaska, and Allornoy-r.en cral Wickeraham are not claiming kin ' now. No, "Anxious Inquirer." Gogorsa Is the name of Madame Barnes's husband, and Gorgonzola Is the name of the cheese. Ccmlng events cast their shadows. A Wisconsin man Is suing for divorce because his suffragette wife Intends to run for Governor. Voice of the People Tn\ Itefurm. To the Editor oi The Times-Dispatch: Sir.?Many vague charges are being made against the press of the State, and the Pres.- Association meeting at Natural Bridge was obliged to notice and ret utc these charges. To my mind this outbreak Shows that the people are realising more and more the great power of the press, and also that the pre.-., is trying to meet its obligation in serving the people. The great mass Of the people "feel things." Instead Of thinking them, and when things go wrong somebody has got to smart for It. Hence these e ha rges. '1 he average man kt)OWB that some? thing is wrong (for he can feel It). Ho reads In the papers Of the tremendous prosperity and growth of this and that city or section, nnd how (as the papers state) the wealth of the South has In-, creased in the sum of $600,000,000, or some such incredible figure, in such and such A time. The local paper will boast of t.hc sums of money made ('.') In speculating in city lots and country places, and carry whole-page ads tell? ing the people how rapidly the prices ol lots are going up around town. Take an average family of six. Is It prosperity for them to have land quadrupled In price around town and pay more rent. Is It prosperity for ihem to have farm land, which pro? duces their food. Jump from $10 to $100? Is It prosperity for them to have millionaires buy 10,00U-acre estates, anil turn productive land into a pleas? ure park? Is it fair to them to tux their little mite in personal property to the limit tif they arc honest? nnd let the speculator In land pay on a tax assessment which is I here In Virginia) from ..bout one-fourth of its real value to one-tenth? Of course. It Is not possible to pre? vent the natural economic rise in land values, but The Times-Dispatch f in I common with most other papers) has I not guided public opinion along eco-l nomic lines as It should have done. Tho public Is now suspicious. Do you! know that only 20 per cent, of the lnnd of Virginia is cultivated, when food Is so high? Do you know that hundreds of our young men and young women arc leaving the Slate because thoy cannot buy land? The president of the Virginia Press Association stated in his speech that the great question of to-day was tax reform. Is It not so? "PIEDMONT." Charlottesville, Va.. July h. ion. Take Better Cnre of Sbiit'knr Cemetery. To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir,?visiting as I often do?person? ally Interested?the ancient necropolis, Shockoe Cemetery. It Is pathetic to note its neglected condition. Weeds, worthless vines hold riotous sway, creating n Jungle, n hiding place for tho moccasin and other creeping hor? rors. Granting its precincts are now almost In a state Of desuetude, there sleep In Its bosom tho ashes of the illustrious dead, conspicuously Chief Justice Marshall and many lesser lights of celebrity?the conspicuous In our State's history, whose names will never die. Richmond stands for her public spirited sentiment nnd unanimously responds to every call, and in her prosperity It Is a commentary that the oldest cemetery property around which clusters such time-enduring fand should be hallowed) memories, bo so ignored by our city fathers. It Is a much-sought Mecca to sightseers be cause of its antiquity and Its famous sleepers. How sad to behold the de? cay of time and oblivion! There Is no more fitting memorial to Richmond and her ancient regime than Shockoe Cemetery. Only one man employed there to do everything, grave digging, etc. One has but to see Its piti? able condition to be Inspired to plead, to the committee on such affairs for a betterment of the state of old Shockoe Cemetery. The builders of our splen? did city, many of them, nre resting there (may I say forgotten?). I hope you will make a strong appeal for one more man In the rare <"if Shockoe. My faith Is strong in your pen. which could not work-in a holier or more deserving cause. MBS. H. B. GAINES. For Better Pension*. To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir,?Please give me some Informa? tion: Why Is it that we old soldiers who get a little pension don't get more every year, as so many die during the year, which leaves many thousands of dollars? What do they do with it? Don't think It right nnd Justice to those of us who are almost dependent on what little we get. to live on to pension all the old soldiers who have farms and money in Lank, ns some are advocating now to pension all of them: If so. we will never get any more. We think we in Justice ought to have a good deal more; so few of US left. AN OLD SOLDIER. This is the Day BANKRUPT STOCK Hats, Shoes, Shirts WILTSHIRE 1009 EAST MAIN THAT'S ALL COUNT IS SENTENCED TO PENAL SERVITUDE BT I.A MARQUISE OE FOX TEX OY. LAST spring Counl Patrick O'Brien de Lacy, a conspicuous figure of St. Petersburg court society, an<t of the Muscovite aristocracy, being de? scended from une of those Irish and Scotch well born soldiers of fortune who were induced by Peter the Great to enter his service two hundred years ago, was sentenced to penal servitude for life. In the most remote corner of Northeastern Siberia, for having In? cited his confederate, Dr. Patchenko! to poison by means of cholera and typhus germs certain of his relatives. In the expectation of inheriting tortunes that would otherwise have gone to them. His wife's only brother. Major Counl Vasslll Bouturlin. was one of the vie-' Urns, and an attempt was also made on O'Brien de Lacy'a father-in-law, old General Count Bouturlin, which did not kill hint, but rendered him nn invalid. O'Brien de Lacy endeavored to stay th>- prosecution by baring all tne scandals of his father-in-law's life, but without avail, and when he wan con? victed, and giv.>n by the courts the extreme penalty allowed by Russian law, that Is. penal servitude for life, his wife, who had persisted, against all evidence. In believing In the In? nocence of the husband to whom she was so devotedly attached, lost, her reason, disappeared, and has never been seen since, although soughT far and wide, and In spite of the fact that large sums of money have been spent in endeavoring to rind n clue to her whereuoouis, or to her fate. General Bouturlin had a widowed and childless sister. Mine, de Lazari. who was likewise the object of on at? tempt upon her life by Dr. Patchenko, at the instance of Count O'Brien do Lacy. She recovered, hut was so alarm? ed by her experience, that she did not consider herself safe any longer at St. Petersburg, convinced that every one was after her money, and took up her residence In Paris, where she made every effort to conceal her Identity, and to live In the most quiet and un obstrusive manner. She died quite suddenly two weeks ago In Paris, of heart disease, and now her fortune, amounting to lU'.fifiO.uOO, goes, accord? ing to her will, which she made many yeara ago and which she forgot to change, to her niece the missing Co mtess O'Brien de Lacy. If the lat? ter la dead, then the fortune should go to her husband, the life convict. At the time when O'Brien de Lacy conceived these murders, nnd Insti? gated their execution. lie was over? whelmed with debts, and was Im? patient for money. Had he delayed a little longer, he, or rather his wife, would have been placed beyond the reach of any further pecuniary diffi? culties, by this bequest of Mme. de Lazari. Many people are convinced that the missing countess Is dead. But since it Is necessary to establish her demise before the estate of Mrne. de I^azarl can be settled, the search for her will be renewed, and will extend to this side of the Atlantic. For It Is con? sidered Just possible that she may, af? ter recovering her reason, have sought refuge and complotc oblivion from the terrible past In America. If Count O'Brien de Lacy was not sentenced to death, It is because capi? tal punishment In ordinary criminal cases has been abolished In Russia ever, since the reign of Catherine the Great. While it'does not exist In civil procedure. It is retained for military and naval offenses, and If the Musco? vite authorities are enabled to send Nihilists to the scaffold, It is because political offenders, particularly those who have been concerned In Nihilist ' outrages of one sort or another, are I not tried by the ordinary tribunals. | but by courts-martial, as being beyond the pale of the ordinary law of the land. Unique among the honors conferred by King George on the occasion of his j coronation, was that bestowed by him upon one of his favorite physicians, who had likewise been the principal i physician of his father, and of his grandmother. Queen Victoria, namely. Sir James Bold. For, according to an official announcement In the London Gazette, George V. has by warrant, un? der his-royal sign manual, granted to Sir James, authority to add to the heraldic devices of himself and of bis descendants, following the "honorable augmentation": "On a chief gules, a lion passant, gunrdant. or. armed and langued, azure, (being one of the lions; of tho royal nrms.'i" This Is to con? stitute a lasting recognition of tho I oare and attention devoted by sir James to Edward VII. and Queen Vic? toria. Sir James, who Is married to the Hon. Susan Baring, sister of Lord Bevelsioke, and of Cecil Baring, and formerly maid of honor to Q.tieen Vic? toria, is a son of the late Dr. James Reid of Aberdeen, nnd his connection I with the royal household came when he was selected by the late Sir Wil? liam Jenner. Queen Victorias regular medlea) attendant, to look after her and the royal household, during her stays at Balmoral. This occurred some thirty years ago. Sir James, like most of his fellow Scotchmen at the court of England, Is possessed of much sturdy independence, and on one occasion, In the early eighties when Queen Victoria. ' resented his remonstrances. he de? liberately left Balmoral, .,nd did not return until pressure was brought to i hiring him back. The squabble was j caused at a moment when she had given 'way to some extravagances, which had 1 become a source of great concern to i all those around her, as, for Instance, I when she forced her entire court and household to don mourning and attend the funeral of a young med'eal stu | dent, whose only claim oh her con? sideration was that he had heen tho j nephew of her favorite personal at? tendant and gillie. John Brown. At tho solicitation of Princess Beatrice. Sir .Tames expostulated with the Queen, fully realizing that It was most pre? judicial to her health of mind ard of body to humor these, tendencies to? wards melancholia. , The old Queen, however, took Sir James's expostulations very much amiss. She wag very Imperious, and belnr; accustomed to administer wig? gings to such august dignitaries as th?i Archbishops of Canterbury and York, when they ventured to offer spiritual advice to her not In accordance with her views, and to even coldly silenco the torrential eloquence of the into Mr. Gladstone, she declined to toler? ate remonstrances coming from a re? latively young and obscure doctor, who owed his entire rights to the fact that he was attached to her household. Whin he left, however, she'Immedi? ately wanted him back, nnd from that time forth he became a great favorite, not only with her, but also with every one else connected with the royal household, and especially with her children, by whom he was often In? trusted with the task of reasoning with her. when their arguments had failed. No one will ever quite know what Sir James went through during the last stay of King Edward at Biarritz. The King would not admit that he was ill. Yet Sir James spent night after night, sitting by his' bed? side, to watch for those choking tits, which might come on at any moment, and prove fatal. Indeed, It was a perfect miracle that he managed to bring Edward VII. homo alive, to die - surrounded by his own family and among his own people. Among tho honors received by Sir .lames are a baronetcy, the Grand Cross of the Vic? torian Order, and the Knighthood of the Order of the Bath. By degrees, a number of little pieces of kindly thought and con? sideration on the part of King George and Queen Mary are becoming known, and contributing to still further in? crease the growing sympathy with which they are being regarded by tho masses. It seems that both of th<rn have a warm corner In .heir heart* for that very picturesque class of Lon? don street traders known as coster mongers, and with the view of showing them some token of regard. Invited the presidents and secretaries of the \Mhlte chapel and Spltalflelda Cdstermongers' L'nions. to view the coronation pro? cession from seats specially set npart for them In the stand reserved for the members ?.of the royal household, on Constitution Hill. The. Invitation was conveyed to them in the nnme of the King and Queen, by the former's private secretary, General Sir Arthur Hlgge, couched In the most cordial terms. As soon as the procession was over, they were conducted by one of the royal servants, from the stand to Buckingham Palacp. where they were received by one of the gentlemen of the household, and taken to a private room, where a lunch had been laid out for them alone. During the meal this of? ficial sat with them, drank to their heairh In the name of the King, and put them completely at their ease, sending them away delighted. All this was done on the personal in? structions of George V. and of hla consort. (Copyright, 1011, by the Brentwood _ Company.) 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