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DAILV? iV ?.1-.1.Y-SUNDAY. ttuaiuca* o.'Cce.SU Ii. Mala sttaoi south r.lchmou*.1020 Hull Btreet fcteriburc I]ureau....lO? N. Eycunor? street Lmchburg Uuroau.Iii KUht? Street BI MAIL Od? BIS T?re? Od* I'OSTAGS PAID Year. Mo* Mos. Mo Daily wllb Sunday.?6.00 JJ.00 .44 Daily wlibout Suuday.?-CO x.uu l.W .54 Sunday edition only.100 LOO to ? Weekly tW?Ja?d?y>.1.00 .M ? 8r Tlmes-Dlspatea Carrier Delivery Bor. ? ice la lilcbraocd la-d *uaurt>a> bu<1 i'elcri tur?? One WeeK Dally with Sunday.IS con I Dally without Sunday.10 centi e'unday only. c c?ai> Entered Jar.uar>- 21, 19?. at Itlcnrac.ua, V?. it ieccnd-ela;a mutter under act of Oou ?-c?s of Mr\rch S. lfTS. WEDNESDAY. JULY 26. l?ll. FIXING THE I'HICES. A staff correspondent of the Chicago Trihune says that the recent utter? ances of Attorney-General Wicketshnni "are regarded as extremely signifi? cant " Wc should think so; but sig? nificant of what we are not exactly j sure. They go ahead of anything that has yet been proposed by the most ladlca! of the "reformers," and will j have the effect, it Is hoped, of oxtend- ; ing and confirming the view now held : by a very respectable number of per? sons that too much of a good tiling ; Is too much. Mr Wicltersham is re- | ported to be much surprised at the way his suggestion that the Govern- . meut should regulate prices has been taken: but some of the statesmen at' Washington, notably, of course, ' most Of the progressive Republicans, favor Federal price regulation." Even so eminent a conservative Progressive as Senator Clapp, of Minnesota. has reached "the conclusion that sooner or later Congress will be forced to take steps for the regulation of the prices charged the consumers by great combinations of capital. When any ! combination." says this deep thinker, "secures a monopoly on anything the people have to use. then the people through the regular channels of Gov- I ernment have a right to step in and say what prices they shall pny " That's It exactly: and the sooner the Letter. There is the matter of rice, ifor example: one of the staple crops of this country, and a crop that can be grown in only one part of the coun- ' try. A groat deal of capital Is re quired in this industry, and it is sub- i Ject to many natural and unavoidable perils: but It Is a thing the people Want?pity more of them do not use it! j ?and it can be controlled by the \ planters who make it Last year there J ?was talk of proceedings In the United 1 States Courts against the rice-growers lor a romhination they had made for I the manipulation of the market end the fixing of prices Then, there Is cotton. It. too, is touch In demand not only by the spin? ners and weavers of the North, but by the spinners and weavers of the worid It can he produced only In the Southern States of the l.'nlon, and to advantage in not all of these. Cot? ton-growing is a natural monopoly, so to say. The people must have It. The growers can raise lltt'.e or much of It as they please, and sell It f.or what they think it If worth without regard to the wishes or necessities of those who must have It to keep their fuc- [ tories going or of the people who must have cotton shirtings wherewithal they may be clothed. There has also been talk of appealing to the courts against the alleged exactions of the cotton-growers who were not wllilng to sell at the prices "the people" who use the ettfV.e ti.o"ght they could afford to 'pay. .Every year in their granges or unions or associations, res? olutions have been adopted declaring It to be their purpose to hold their rotton until It was worth., say. 15 cents the pound, or thereabouts, and their agents or representatives have gone nbout the country preaching from the text: "Hold your cotton for 15 cents!" It was on this Issue that Ellison Durant Smith, of South Carolina, was elected ? L'nlted States Senator, and acquired 1 the soubriquet "16-Cerit Cotton Smith " * Instead of being ashamed of the part he played in encouraging the organ? ization of this monopoly he Is proud of It. as he ought to be. Here comes Senator Clapp. of Minnesota, a State in which cotton cannot be grown, with the announcement that "when any combination secures a monopoly on anything the people have to use. then the people through the regular chun ne'.s of Government have a right to step in and say what prices th?y shall pay." Shall pay for what belongs to somebody else. If the Government can fix the price of cotton?It will be re? collected that the Department of Agri? culture has been repeatedly charged With manipulating the crop reports with the result that It ha3 practically fixed the price?why cannot the Gov? ernment go one step further and pre? scribe the acreage the farmers shall devote to the cultivation r.f cotton, and thus, by directing the acreage, control the supply and the price at which cotton shall be eo.d? It Is so with sugar and tobacco, and with all the other crops that are grown.. The people who mnke these crops could form monopolies If they would, and if there should be Federal regulation of prices as to one product why should there not be Government regulation of prices as to all products'." "With a Federal commission to fix the prices of everything." says the New York Herald, "a few giant cor? porations would only have to fix the commission and the American people would- be properly fixed. We would then need only to have another horde of Federal appointees to pry into every man's private affairs to lix the amount he should be taxed on his income ?from whatever source derived"?from hard earned savins*, the work of his bra In or his dilly labor?to make us all happy citizens of a thoroughly re? modeled 'free republic':" That is very well put; but why not? With commissions, paid for at tho ex? pense of tho tax-payers, to Instruct the people how to live In their own houses, und commissions to regulate the number of babies thut shall be born, and commissions to sec that the children in the public schools shall wash their faces and brush their teeth, and commissions to determine that the children of selected classes shall not ! work to help support their families I as the heads of the families shall j direct, and commissions to fix railroad i freight and passenger rates even If j the rates so fixed shall force the roads to do business at an actual loss, and I commissions to regulate everything i on the face of the earth, why should : there not be commissions to flx the prices .of cotton and rlco and bacon nnd flour and all tho other things "'the people have to use"? Some persons will say that Wlcker shatn is foolish, but we do not think so?ho is only logical, and he has put the caso of too much Government In a way that even a Progressive can sec. und on uccount of which every Social 1st In tho country should rejoice. The j approach to Anarchy Is getting easier; every day. HARMON UKADQCAHTURS. Friends of Governor Harmon are said ? to be organising headquarters for him in Washington. Two committees have been formed among the Demo- , crnts of the Ohio delegation In Con- j gross, and It Is said that tho sentiment' In favor or establishing a central bureau at the National Capital In the' interest of Harmon's candidacy for i the Democratic nomination for Presl dent Is strong. Senator Pomerene Is c,t the head of one of the committees find Representative Cox Is at the head ??f tho other. This may be "good politics"; hut. If we may be permitted to offer a sug- | gestlon. Washington is not the place to nominate candidates or elect Presl dents. It Is really true that Wash? ington does not touch the country even In the high snots; It Is an official centre only, nnd the men who are there are. In a ^or.se only birds of passage. It has r.o Influence with the political affairs of the country, and is Impor? tant merely because It Is the point nt which those who are looking out for something or who have polten something congregate. The first and j best thing for Governor Harmon to j do Is make sure of his own State In the National Democratic convention. That would bo worth a good deal: far | more than he would gsln by the es- j tabllshment of headquarters In the twilight zone of the Republic. FARMER W ILSON UNDER FIRE. Farmer Wilson, the head of the United States Dopartment of Agricul? ture. Is now under fire. It Is freely predicted that he will retire from the President's Cabinet, because he recom? mended the dismissal of Dr. Wiley, the food expert, who employed without au? thority of law some experts at largo expense to the Government. Dr. Wiley has been a very efficient officer, and has done a slsht of good work, and It would be a public loss if ho should be dismissed; but Secretary Wilson has really done more and better work than all the rest of the Cabinet officers put together, so far ns the people are con? cerned In tr.elr dal'iy f.fe. and It would be well for the President to think sev? eral times before either asking or ac? cepting his resignation. Of course. Mr. Wilson has done some things he Should not have done, or has per- | mltted men under his dlroctlon to do things which could not be approved; but among all the Department chiefs at Washington he has been a power for good to the country. WHITICI.AW it LIU'S ADMISSION. In an address at tho London Hospi? tal and Medical College, the Hon. Whltelaw Reld, the American Ambas? sador, said at least one thing that is worth noting. This 1b taken from the report of his speech in the LondAti . Doily Telegraph: "The Hon. Whltelaw rteid said he had been referred to as representing the United States. In that capacity It became him to remember that ho was addressing students and teachers of an Institution that had already a third of! a contury of useful public service be-1 hind It before tho United States were born." Mark the words, "before the United States were horn," not before tho United States was born Thero is a good deal in that Would it not be in order now for eon-.o village llnmpden In Congress to Introduce a resolution directing the Secretary of State to ask Mr. Reld what view he holds as to the great country he represents?Is the United States or are tha United States? is this h ration or Is It a republic of re? publics'.' "Were" wo or "was" It? WICK BRSflASI AND THE WOMEN. Dr. Patience S. Bordeau-Slsco. of the department of health and heredity of the Woman's Christian Tt mperanco Union and a member of tho staff of Washington Sanatorium, made a speech In Baltimore Monday night In which sho Inveighed agalnft the habits of the women In dress. She Is down on the hobble skirt, high collars, squeezed feet and tight lacing, .-,11 ?f which are simply relics of barbarism, or worse. Tho Chinese custom of squeezing the foot Is not BO had as the American custom of squeezing the waist. "Tight collars lmpedo tho flow of blood through tho largo arteries and veins supplying the head: hands about the. lower limbs at the kt..-,- in '.erfere with the blood supplied to the feet; tight waistbands nnd the corset are doubtless among tho greatest causes of backaches and all female suffering. Tight lacing nevor has Im? proved tho ilgure. and It never can. because It spoils one of the chief ele? ments t of physical beauty?symmetry and the harmonious proportion of ; parts." That Is what we have been telling them all along; but. having ears to hear, they have heard not. and have kept oii with their foolishness until I It would bo hard to tell now. Svlth at! the styles we have every year, exactly What s real woman should look like. , Uats that one cannot seo over or around. J foot that are almost monstrous In size and shape, form? that appear to ! have been cut out of pasteboard, waists ', that seem to begin and end nowhere hair that some poor dead Chinawoman ' carried with her to tho grave, corsets that make them walk as if thcr feared to tangle their feet with tho front and back extensions, skirts that are so skimp they must affect a goat-like. . gait, and all the rest of an outfit that ? shows how fearfully and wonderfully ; they are made. Wonder 11" Wlckersham could not work out some sort of hypothesis upon which the Govormont might as? sume charge of this larger and better half of humanity'. THE TRIUMPH OF "TAG.*' Not long ago a ten-year-old lad in Wisconsin, named Maechtle, was play? ing during recess In the school yurd. Fifty other "fellows'" wore playing with lilni, among them a boy named Briese. Two games were indulged in?| marbles and the good bid game of "tag." Maechtle was on the tag end, while Briese toyed with the alloys." Suddenly Maechtle came tearing around a corner, bumped smash into Briese nnd knocked hint down, hurting his eye badly. Thcr. things began to hap-; pen. j Briese told his papa about it. Maech? tle told his. and said that of course he j didn't mean to bump Into his play-1 mate. The Maechtle father, arguing; that just such an accident had happened 8 million times before, thought no! more about it until Brlese's papa asked I him to settle for his son's damaged; eye. Papa Maechtle refused. Papa Briese went to law, nnd so ten-year old Briese sued ten-year-old Maechtle. Tho case has just been decided. It originated In an inferior court, but rose In dignity until at last the Jus? tices of the Supreme Court of Wiscon? sin were called upon to say who should be "it" In this legal game of "tag." This high and honorable court, after hemming and hawing, with many sage sayings about negligence, the. respon? sibility of minors, capacity, under? standing, due care, felonious Intent and so forth, held that a game of tag in a school yard is all right, and if a boy get hurt It is his own lookout. By this decision "tag" has been con? served for the. youth of the nation. It is a fino game, one which mollycoddles can't play at all. one which develops brain and muscle and makes a fellow a game player ar.d a healthy chap. THE COLONEL AND THE PRESI? DENT. If some great National crisis should arise nnd the American people should take It into their heads that he. and he alone, could save the country, or if there were some bis job to he done and popular opinion should point un? mistakably and overwhelmingly to him as the man to do it. The Colonel would i'6 willing to make the race for Presi? dent once more. "It must be a na? tional and not merely a party emer? gency." "a call from practically the wholu country," a call that would make tho sacrifice a sacrifice for the country and not merely for the pur? pose of getting "the Republicans out j Of a hole or save them from being pushed Into one." It would he only , under some such conditions that The j Colonel could be again dragged Into, the Presidential arena. He does not) think that there is any Immediate prospect that such a call will come: it i Is not impossible, however improbable; ; but, come in tho morning or come in the evening or come without warning,! Gadzooks, or By George, or By My I Halldome, he will be there to answer! This Is the story with which Sidney Brook? has beep entertaining the read? ers of Harper's Weekly, edited by George Harvey, which he vouches for in these words: "That I believe to be an accurate representation of Mr. Roosevelt's present attitude." It is a mighty fine attitude. The Colonel is a National figure In the broadest sense. He Is no mere parly man. If ho Is called, he must be called hy the whole body politic. There's nothing srmill about h!m.\ He is half-way inclined to the view that there |s a conspiracy on the part of the newspapers to keep him out of the limelight, they do not advertise him so freely as formerly, they do not appear to think that his speeches are as important as they used to bo; but there Is the. heart of the American people, and from It his Image can never be removed. The most In? teresting of Sidney Brooks's divulge menta reiates to The Colonel's altitude towards President Taft, upon which point he says: "Mr. Rooseyelt is still frankly dis? appointed in Mr. Taft. Ho chose him for the Presidency, not as tho Ideally i-est man, but as the best man avail? able lie knew too much of human nutuie and 'of politics to expect grati? tude from Mr. Tuft, hul he did at least 'Ok for a certain continuity both in poll and In personnel In neither respect ha* he been gratified Both the Roosevelt Cabinet and tho Roose? velt policies have been abandoned, and Mr. Taft'? whole conduct of his Office bus forced the ex-President to confess to .1 decided efror of judgment in se? lecting him as his successor. "But while he owns to having been mistaken In Mr. Taft, is out of sym ptfthy with his Cabinet and his policy, and regards him, like the rest of Amer? ica, sa a perplexing failure, he is not to bo reckoned an antl-'Jaft man. Whenever he finds anything in the V'rosldont's programme that he can sin? cerely support, he supports It. Thus ho has publicly approved Mr. Taft's action in promoting reciprocity, in creating a tariff board, and In dis? patching American troops to the Mexi? can border. Mr. Roosevelt, it is al ! ways worth remembering. If a good I Republican, and party sentiment and I loyalty operate upon him as powerfully . as ever. ' "It Is probably for this reason that 1 although In close touch and agreement with the Republic in Insurgents and . with most of their programme, lie has ; declined to join the league they havo formed or to put himself forward as their leader. The average American. ! in consequence, accustomed to labeling ? all politicians either black or white. , finds some difficulty In deftnin* Mr. Roosevelt's precise position?a position which to Mr. Roosevelt himself seems simplicity itself." There appear to he some discrepan? cies' in the Brooks story, as, for exam? ple, when he say* that The Colonel would not be willing to run for Presi? dent Just to save the Republicans, and In the next breath almost vhat "party sentiment and loyalty operate upon j him as powerfully as ever." The main thing is that he is disappointed in Mr. I Taft, doesn't like It because he would ' not continue the old Roosevelt Cahl , net in office, doesn't like It because I he broke the continuity of things In I both men snd measures?in a word, doesn't like Old Taft because he [wouldn't let him rur. the whole ma I chine Just as if ho were still In the White House. He was mistaken in i'!f> fnan. he though*, that there would only be a change of names, that Taft would act as a sort of head butler for him and simply execute his decrees. We ca:: appreciate his disappointment, but Taft had sense enough to see that four years more of Roosevelt would not leave anything of popular government that would be worth saving. It is one of the most preposterous of The Col? onel's hallucinations that Mr. Tatt ever agreed with him or gave the least sign of . a disposition to keop his Cabinet officers In place Mr. Taft would have rejected outright such a proposition had it been made; as mat? ter of fact, if ho is to be criticized at all, it is not for any lack 01 considera? tion for The Colonel, but for confer? ring with him at any time upon any subject with which he has had to deal in the administration of his office. There has been nothing In American politics more disgraceful, positively, than Mr. Toft's treatment by The Col- j onel, and there has been nothing more admirable than the courtesy Mr. Taft has shown The Colonel. We think that he has been, too polite, that he has not exercised the spirit of resent? ment when it should have been exer? cised, that he has "Theodorcd" when be should have Thcodainned; hut at least he has preserved his own self respect, and has sought with all his power to build up the places that were . made waste by his predecessor and | regarded the welfare of his country of larger concern than the gratifica? tion of his personal vanity. The Colonel will never come hack. John L. Sullivan couldn't do It; Jam*B J. Corbett struts occasionally on the mimic stage; Boh Fitzsimmons 1.? forgot? ten almost as If he never had been, and Jim Jeffries will never more hear the plaudits of the multitude ringing In his ears. It will be so with The Col- i onel. REDUCTION OF THEATRE PRICES. Daniel Frohman and other theatrical j managers do nol propose to stand pat; while their gallery attendants are filched from them by the moving pic-] ture shows. Mr. Frohman has already 1 cut gallery prices In one of his New York houses, and he Is trying to per? suade some Chicago managers to do likewise. He proposes to make his movement country-wide. Ho thinks' that very many people go to the mov- j ing picture shows Just because they I cannot afford to see plays. "We need the gallery gods." asserts Mr. Frohman. The last time that Sir Henry Irving, was In the United States he sadly com- ! menied on the fact that his beloved gods were missing. "They are a most potent factor in the prosperity of the drama, because they are Interesting, enthusiastic and demonstrative." If they like a play, they show it; if they disapprove of It. they show it. They form the "best barometer of public opinion." If a play Is not meritorious, the sooner it is found out the better. As Mr. Frohman says, "we wish to make this proposition mutual by bring? ing the drama within the reach of peo-] pie who cannot afford to attend." That tells the story. The cut-price movement should reach, however, lower than the galleries. Lower prices throughout the theatre should be at? tempted, and it may be shown?in fact. | we think It would certainly he?that j lower prices all around would bring more money to the box-office than pres? ent price; do. Sidney C. Love, erstwhile leader of the wheat pit In Chicago. Is seeking a divorce from his wife, Marjorie Burns Love, "the most beautiful woman In America." and. according to the Chi? cago Inter-pcea n, proposes to raffle his wife's vermiform appendix for enough fnoncy to pay the costs of the suit. As ho paid to have her appendix re? moved, he claims that it belongs to him. and that he can legally dispose of It as he pleases. Probably so; but It Is a rather low-down thing f?r him to do. E. C. Bruffey, one of the star men of the Atlanl . Constitution, and one of the oldest and most active, of news? paper reporters md correspondents In ti.e South, has written the story of "how Thomas Edgar Stripling killed his man. was sentenced to life impris? onment, escaped from prison, boenme Chief of Police of Danville, Vn., and, after fourteen years of freedom under an BR?umed name. was apprehended, brought back'to his native state, and. after in iking ,i most remarkable right for pardon. I? now scrvlna his Uto term In tho Georgia penitentiary." The story Is printed In book form under the title. "A Georgia Jokyl und Hyde." Is Illustrated with pictures of the mur? derer and his victim, "scenes" of the tragedy, and is written In a free and graphic way that holds the reader to the end. If the Wlckersham plan shall be legislated Into a working arrange? ment, the Springfield Republican wants to know whether or not Government regulation of prices shall extend to lawyers' charges Why not? But It must be understood that only the law? yers who arc engaged In Interstate litigation would be affected by any such legislation, and so the lawyers who are keepers at home would bo immune. The New York Times seems nlinoxt human at times. It actually writes ..'..'?it the mint julep with remarkable Intelligence, saying thai "it suggests Ir&grant green pastures and cool re? cesses far away." says that It should be made with ice, thut "whoever said that a mint julep should contain water: Is (It only for chocolate sundae* and such things'; that the mint should not , be crushed or bruised, and that III should be inude either of good Bourbon whiskey or of brandy and whiskey mixed, these ingredients to be appor? tioned and mixed by the hand of genius. Then, with the heat of .lily! weather In New York before its > y s. The Times gives this sober counsel: "Keep the mint Julep In Us place. ;-s a work of art. and qqchch your tin: u with water of a mode-rate tempera? ture." Good udvlce und a fairly exact description of what the mint Julep is '? like. There must be some Virginian about The Times otllce. No man who '. was raised In any one of the New England States or in New York Itself knows anything about the julep r.r how to make It. and few in that pirtj of tho country know how to take It ! and when. 1 Voice of the People High Prnlsc of Martin. To tho Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir.?1 wish you would print In The Times-Dispatch what the New York American says about "The Semis Democrats and Their Dealers." and particularly so much of the American's editorial article as relates to Senator Martin and the part he has played |n the work of the Senate during the present session. I lncT?Fe the article and feel sure that It will be read with interest aTTd pride by all Virginians who value faithful service. \V. Tbe Senate Domnrmtn nnd Their Lender*. The unanimous agreement by the Senate to vote on specified days befor* the 6th of August upon the five great measures of the extra session Is a source of satisfaction and serenity to the country. While It might have been accom? plished Just as easily a month ago. adjournment comes timely, and the forces that brought It about are enti? tled to congratulation. The Democratic minority In the Sen? ate has grown much more compact and harmonious within the last few weeks. The Democrats called conservative, who are half Republican in effect, have diminished in numbers, and muster now as a smaller and less Important coterie under the leadership of Senator Bailey. No small part of the Improved co? herency and effectiveness of the Sen? ate Democrats Is 'lue to the ngitresslve vigor and ability of progressives like Senators Williams and tjnre and Owens and Stone. It Is nothing more than Justice to Senntor Martin, the official minority leader^ to say that his wise and capa? ble leadership has been potential to this end. Senator Martin deserves es? pecial credit for the tact and loyalty with which he has brought the Senate Democrats together. Coming Into the leadership under active opposition and the suspicion of sympathy with the conservative fragment, his fairness and ability have won the respect and confidence of every Democratic Sena? tor. His votes have been invariably with the progressive wing of his party, and his committee assignments have been beyond criticism or complaint. He has demonstrated that he is the right man for the place he holds, and Is entitled to the- thanks of his general party for conspicuous service in time of need. The American especially approves Senator Martin's reply to Senator Oal llnger's protest that the Martin at? tempt to fix July 10 for the Finance Committee to report the woolen bill was a discourtesy to the committee. "It appears to me." said the minor? ity leader, "that the essentials of tho business life of this country are en? titled to consideration, and are not to he thrust aside by talk about courtesy to a Senate committee!" And again, when Penrose tauntfd the Democrats on the woolen hill with disregard for the men who raise sheep and the men who make oJothing. Sena? tor Martin replied: "I think the 30,000.000 men and wo? men who wear woolen fabrics are enti? tled to a little more consideration than a few people who raise wool or manu? facture woolen fabrics." There was sound sense and sound character in both of these replies, and Virginia has reason to appreciate her senior Senator. Tbe Northern Neck Hiiilrond. To The Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir.?In your editorial, "Still Hanging to the Neck." published to-day. you have certainly "hit tho nail on tho head." By all means follow this up and keep at it until dear old Richmond is thoroughly, aroused to the Import? ance of putting a railroad through to the Northern Neck country, and thus gain access to one of the best trade sections of our State. I am not a citizen of Verden?sim? ply spending my vacation here. I was raised in Richmond and dearly love her. I am a traveling man in the Southern territory, and If such a ter? ritory as the Northern Neck was as close to Atlanta as it Is to Richmond there would be a railroad there r.s sure as fate. Why should Richmond not come into her own? Why lay I down and congratulate ourselves on a few skyscrapers while Baltimore Is getting tho cream of our trade?. If the Richmond business men and capi? talists will get together we could soon have, that road, and the day the road Is completed will he the dawning of a grand era of business prosperity, and prove to the world that there Is a "Creator Richmond." And If you can succeed In arousing and crystallizing u movement to this end you will mit Richmond eternally in your debt. Trusting that The Tlmes-Dlspntch will not he weurv In well doing. I am AN ODD RICHMOND BOY. Yerdon, Va., July 25. 1 Daily Queries and Answers I l.uttu Trnusdallou. i Pleoso translate the following ver ' batlm: 'Dil laborlbus omnla vendunt; ! Nosso haec omnla salus est: Qui non j proflclt, dellclt; Amor pulrlao duclt. J. D "Dil laborlbus omnla vendunt," The I sods sell all things to labor.; "N'osse ' haec omnla Salus est." To know oil 1 then Is safety; ''Qui non proflclt. deil | clt." He who docs not gain, loses: "Amor patriae duclt," Love of country : If ads. ? Duty 41 ii Cloth. I Would you kindly let me know If n ' man coming from Ireland to tho United 1 States can bring In about thirty yards j of cloth In a web for his own uae. such as to make a suit, overcoat, etc.? IMMIGRANT. I You would have to pay duty on this cloth. Tho law pro.-ldes that an Amer? ican citizen can bring Into this coun? try wearing apparel, or anything for personal adornment, to the extent of 1100, but a "web of cloth" Is to m.iKo j wearing apparel, and It Is dutiable. Armament Iludgetn of .\utlous. How much money is annually ex? pended by the world in armament.' D, E. The total annual military expendi? tures of the world approximate ?2,2?0, 000,000. The annual armament budget of the ton most progressive nations 1?: United States. S2S2.U7.000; Russia, J284.9S2.000; Great Britain. $312.81)0,000; Francs, $232,308,000; Germany, $216. 975,000; Italy. $95,672,000; Austria-Hun? gary. $82,265,000; Turkey. $55,197,000; I Japan. $53.80S,000; Spain. $39,085,000. Iteud Churucter In Finger Nails. Please tell mo how tho eharactor Is read by the linger nails. O. C. A whlto mark on the nail be?peaks misfortune. Pale or lead-colored nails Indicate melancholy people. Broad nulls Indicate a gentle, timid and bashful nature. Lovers of knowledge and liberal sen? timents have round nails. People with narrow nails are ambi? tious and quarrelsome. Small nails indicate littleness of mind, ohslinacy and conceit. Choleric, martial men, delighting In war. have red and spottod nails. Nails growing Into tho flesh at tho polnt:< and sides Indicate luxurious tasies. People with very pale nails are sub? ject to much Infirmity of tho flooh and persecution by neighbors and friends To Nome. When did the big rush of gold seek? ers to Nome. Aluska. commence? E. T. H. July, 1S99. DIPLOMATIC CAREER COMES TO SUDDEN END DV LA MA fltlt'1 NE DL KONTEN OY. BARON MAYOR DES PLANCHES, and iiic baroness, made so man) friends In America during hl? long stuy at Washington a? Italian ambassador to the United States, that there are many who will he sorry to learn that his diplomatic career hus been brought to a summary close by his sudden recall (roth the post of ambassador at Constantinople, whore he has been superseded by the Marquis C. Carrohl, prefect and gov? ernor of Genoa, and hus been placed on the retired Hot, without any recogni? tion or commendation of his services. Having been most useful to hit coun? try as its ambassador at Washington, where he CoRtrlbutod so much to fos? ter friendly ications between Italy and the United States, it seems an irony of fate ir.at it 1? an American cause which should have led to his un? doing. For the filial straw that brought about the wreck of his career was ins signal failure to obtain for Italy, 1:1 Tripoli, concessions and grants which Americans had experienced no difficulty whatsoever In securing from the Sublime Porte. Italy has always regarded Tripoli as her particular sphero Of Africa, and as destined, on the break up und partition of the Ottoman Em? pire, to fall to her share. It 1? true that until now she has almost mono? polized the foreign trade of Tripoli, and that the foreign population of the province consists almost exclusively of Italians But Italians have been some? what too lndlsciee; In their avowal of their intentions with regard to Tripoli, exciting the resentment of the Turks to such a degree that the Porte Is prepared to favor any foreign nation In Tripoli, at the expense of Italy. It wan had enough from an ltnl<nu point of view, to see the public works m Tripoli Intrusted by the Porte to German contractors. But when tho Italians saw last ?prlng that the Amer? icana, too. were getting ahead of them In Tiipoll, and receiving concessions and advantages, whl< h they had striven In vain to obtain, the fat wos In the tire. Mayor des Planches, the ambas? sador .it Constantinople, waB over? whelmed with abuse, both In the nat? ional legislature and in the press, for the clleged negtect of the Interests of his country In Tripoli, and availing himself of the occasion. Prem:- r Glollttl, who has never liked Mayor des Plan-hen. insisted on his recall, nnd on dis helng placed on the retired list. Glollttl cannot forget that Mayor des Planches was for years the principal private secretary and "ame damr.ee" of Crispl. who when premier, took 'ad? vantage of his, Ololittl's, perfectly honorable relations with the Ill-fated Banca Romans to Implicate him in the scandal connected therewith, although It w .s subsequently shown that he hod been entirely Ignorant of any wrong? doing. Glollttl. who Is the soul of hon? esty, has never forgotten or forgiven the manner In which Crlspi endeavored to publicly brand him with the stlgm.i of a thief, and to secure his arrest as such, from which he only escaped by seeking refuge in Germany. Naturally any one so closely and Intimately iden? tified with Crispl and his policy as Mayor des Planches must be an object of aversion and resentment to Glollttl. nnd this has played no small role In the orders given for his summary re? tirement. , It must be confessed, however, that Mayor des Planches has never been a Buccesa as ambassador at Constanti? nople, and his record there presents a striking contrast to that which he j made for himself in the United States. Indeed, he had not been many weeks at f.tamboul before he became em- ! broiled in a street row. which culmi? nated in his being subjected, with thei baroness, to a very unpleasant mob- j tilnfj, and a good deal of Indignity. The1 ambassador, in full uniform, with hlS| wife, attended by their Orlental cavass. i or Janissary, did not have their own cui l?ge, when leaving some official! entertainment at which they had been i present, and consequently hailed a pub? lic ear to drive, them to Pera. The huckman declined the fare, nnd got' into (i discussion with tho cjvass, wliich degenerated into a luil-tteugcU tight K'UVeon tiio two. rite ambassador went to tho assls , t?nce or the cavass, and siruok tho . cabman over the head witli his cane, I whereupon the fellow turned upon him, anil was only kept at arms' length, by tue uinoussador drawing his court sword. '1 tie cuvuss alto drew tho scimitar with which he was armed, and \ the Situation was becoming serious, owing to tho threatening altitude of crowd, which sicied with tho cab i man. lavishing abuse and Insulting epithets Upon the ambassador and ani ! bassadress, when fortunately some army ! officers happened upon the scene, com j Ing tu the rcb'.ae ot the Mayor ueu 1'lanchea, secured another cab for them I and etcuru-d tnem out of thu crowd, i Hud such an indignity been placed upon Baron Marschall von Bieberstein, j too Kaiser's huge and buriy ambas? sador, upon thp English. Austrian or j French envoy, something very muoh i akin to an ultimatum would have Im tuealaiely followed, und falling to re [ coivo full satisfaction, the aniuassudor . would have ai once left Constantl ? nople. Hut Mayor des i'ianches, up predating prububly the fact that his government would seise upon the oc i casioh to shelve him, if he withdrew from Constantinople, remained on, and : not only tailed to secure the punish? ment 0,1 the huckinac and of the three or lour policemen, who had made no attempt to protect the ambassador ami I ambassadress, cr.eouruging the mob by ; their Indifference, but actually found himself unable to obtuln such apologies and redress us would have been ottered by the Sublime Porte to any of his [ colleagues. The fact that he had seen thus sub? jected to public indignity, without ob? taining suiiMiictioii, resulted in Ir? reparable injury to his prestige. In native official circles, und uuioug the population of the Ottoman metropolis, deprived his utterances and written communications about other matters of the weight which they would but for thai have possessed, and generally im? paired his usefulness as ambassador. It is always a mistake for an envoy to necome involved' In a street broil, such us that which served to inaugu? rate Baron Mayor des PlanChes's term of office at Constantinople, especially if It results in his being subjected to Insult and Indignity. Fur by reason or his rank, the indignities, Buch as they are. are suffered not only by himself,' but by the nation, the government, and above all by the sovereign whom ho personally represents. But what was absolutely fatal to the baron's reputation as a veteran diplomat was that hu should have con? sented to remain on at Btamboul af? ter having tailed to secure the fullest kind cf satisfaction and redress from tho Porte. Even If his government had taken advantage of the affair to shelve him. he would have retired with unimpaired prestige, causing his coun trj nen to feel that they owed him some reparation; whereas, now, he :? tires in such a fashion that It is very unlikely that he will ever bo employed again; condemned as a distinct failure at Constantinople, with all his splendid services as ambassador In the United States completely forgotten. Fortunately he Is not dependent upon his retired pay. which is very Email, having Indeed abundant means. This renders It all the more surprising that he should have hung on at Constanti? nople after the street row there last autumn. In fact, the course which he adopted can only be ascribed to a fear that, once out of office, his public career would be at an end, and that he is lllled with ambition, having been. In? deed, mentioned on several occasions as a candidate for the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs. The best that he can now hope is to receive, like Baron Fava, his predecessor at Washington, a seat in the Senate. But this is Im? probable in the extreme, as long ns i.'.iollttl or any member of the present administration has the slightest voice In the conduct of affairs. (Copyright, 1911, by the Brentwood Company.) To those contemplating a foreign trip we suggest the convenience of TRAVELERS* CHECKS or LETTER OF CREDIT. The holding of the checks not only insures ready money, but gives the traveler a standing in foreign cities at all times. Richmond, Virginia Wm. H. Palmer, Pres. Wm. M. Hill, Vice-Pros Jno. S. Ellett, Vice-Pres. , J. W. Slnton, Vice-Prcs. Julien IL Hill, Cashier.