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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, July 27, 1911, Image 4

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i ? . . j- without Sunday. ?.00 i.vo 1.10 ,M '
6unduy edition only. St? 3.00 .Ut M
Weekly (Woaousday). 1.04 .W .*) .
Bf Tlmea-D. | Itch Carrier Delivery Ger
?i ??? in Klchuiood tnud suburbs) ui.d l'eter?
One WeeK
Dally with Sunday.16co'il 1
Oally without Sunday.to ven i
Sunday only. a h,iu I
Entered January 17. 1WR. at Rk-h.uon*. Vt.
?? ?cond-elatj matter ur.der net of Con- '
rui of Mnrcb S.
On June 27 a resolution was adeptoo.
by the United States Senate request
ins the President to transmit to that
body copies of all letters, map.?, exe. ti
tive or departmental order.*, or in?
structions, surveys, applications t.. en
ter land or for rights of way for rail
roads or otherwise, and all other docu-j
mentt.. recommendations, reports, rec- ;
ords from the War. Interior and Agri
cultural Departments or of any of the
officials or bureaus connected with :
these departments relating In any way ,
to the elimination from the Chugoch
National Forest. In Alaska, of lend
fr-ntlr.g upon Controller Bay. and so
on. and so on. The President has com-;
piled fully with the request of the
**r.ate and has accompanied the sub?
mission of these documents "with u
statement in narrative form of tho
action of the Administration with the
reasons therefor."
it Is a moving story that ought to',
pet at rest forever, and will set a<
rest forever, the slanderous Intima?
tions that the President and his ad?
visers have In any way sought to pro?
mote tho Interests of any of the mvi
' or syndicates who havo Invested their j
money in the development of the fn- I
cllitios at Controller Hay at the ex?
pense of the public. The President
assumes the entire responsibility tori
the enlargement of the proposed eltmt
nation of the land on Controller Bay ?
from 320 to 18.000 acres, which hol
ordered because the land so ellml-l
na ted Is in no sense necessary for
forestry purposes. but is neces?
sary for the commercial develop?
ment of Alaska. So far as he
knows, the Morgan-Guggenlielm syn?
dicate, which has heon worked to aj
finish by all the muckrakers and pro?
gressives, has no Interest In the pro?
jected railroad on Controller Bay. the
Government has protected the rights
of the public by reserving In its In?
terest alternate sections qf the laue
fronting on the Bay. the "valuable con?
cessions'' about which there has been
so much talk and so much misrepre?
sentation are separated from the main?
land by two or three miles of mud
Hats, all of which belong to the Gov?
ernment and cannot be alienated from
it except by epeclal authority of Con?
gress; out of the 12.S00 acres elimi?
nated by the President's direct order
11,000 acres still remain open for entry
under the provisions of the act of
Congress, and "the prospect of a monop?
oly in one railroad company is most
remote." The President's message is
distinguished by a most refreshing
candor which will appeal to the com?
monest sense of Justice.
What he says about the story that
P.lchard S. Kyon wrote to Secretary
Balllnger?the "Dick to Dirk" letter,
as it has. b>ver) oallod?saying that he
had "sent for Charlie Taft and asked
him to tell his brother, the President,
who it was I really represented," and
that "tho President made no further
objection to my claim," will impress
the honest public mind with the fact
that the President has acted In all
this matter with an eye only to the
welfare Of tho public. In tho first
place, the "Dick to Dick" postscript
was never written as a part of the
?Ryan letter. Balllnger never saw it.
the clerks in the office at Washing?
ton never saw it. the President never
saw it. Charles P Taft never wrote
to or spoke to the President In refer?
ence to Richard S. Ryan or on the
pubject of Controller Bay or the grant?
ing of any privileges or the making
of any oilers In respert to Alaska,
Charles P. Taft has nr. interest in
Alaska, and never had. ar.d never
heard Of the Controller Bay P.allro;.d
until he received an inquiry by cable
from the president askii.g him about
the matter.
It would appear from the President's
statement that he has been foully
dealt with, and what he has written to
the Senate should sting the slanderer*
and arouse public sentiment against
the dirty work of those who have
been engaged in tho muck-rakini;
business to the di.-honor of th|8 coun?
try The President confesses his full
sympathy with the view that the
valuable resources of Alasku should
not be turned over to be exploited for
the profit of greedy, absorbing and
rr.onopol'MIc corporations or syndi?
cates; but he does not lose sight of
the fact that "the resources of Alaska
cas never become available either to
the people of Alaska or to the public
of the United States unless reasonable
opportunity 's granted to those who
would invest their money to secure a
return .proportionate to the r'fk run
in the investment and reasonable un?
der ail the circumstance.--." The con?
cluding words of the President's mes?
sage are worth repeating here, because
they HCl forth plainly one of the dan
geru of the avtdity with which t'.i
people have been taught to accept
Whatever story of scandal may bo told
hy the reckless and dishonest scandal-'
' monger* rs of these sensntionnl times.
say? the President:
"On the other hand, the acrimony of
spirit and the Intense miller that have
been engendered In respect of the ad?
ministration ot the government n
Alaska and In the consideration of,
measure* proposed for her relief, and
the wanton recklessness and eagerness
with which attempts have been made
to besmirch ttie characters of high
Officials having to do with the AlasKTTh
K?vernmcnt. and even of persons not
in public life, present a condition that
call* for condemnation and requires
thut the public be warned of thc de?,
morallzat'on that has been produced ;>>?
the hysterical suspicions of uood peo?
ple and the unscrupulous and corrupt
misrepresentations of the wicked. Th?'
helpless state to vvhlc. tho credulity of
some and the malevolent scandal
mougerlng of others have brought the
people or Alaslta In their struggle for
its development ought to give the pub?
lic pause, fcr until q Juster and fairer
view be taken investment In Alaska,
which is necessary to Uf development,
will he Impossible, and honest adminis?
trators and legislators will be em
hnvrussed In the advocacy end putting
into operation of those- policies in re?
gard to the Territory which are neces?
sary to its progress and prosper'ty."
\V" are much impressed by the Pres?
ident's frank do-Ming with this ques?
tion, and wp believe the people will be.
It's a rare day when somebody in
Congress does not Introduce a resolu?
tion to Investigate Att?rney-Gcnerul
Wickersham- Yesterday "ihoy" wantefl
to know why he hadn't prosecuted the
Harvei-ter Trust; last week Delegate.
Wickersham, of Alaska, was lifter him
about why he had allowed the statute
of limitations to run agalnal the prose?
cution "f certain rascals in that far
off region, which he hadn't, and to?
day it will probably he something
else. It looks as if "thev had made
up thMr minds lo get him whether
there Is really anything against n
or not. nnd It would save a lot ?>!
trouble If he would only plead guilty
ar.'i be done with it
To our way of thinking, Wicker- ,
sham has done some excellent work ".:'
late, really more effective worlt thin
Whs accomplished by -all of The Col?
onel s staff of attorneys, regular and
special, in the course of his seven 1
years of loud professions and empty
deeds. Rut that is no reason ivhy
Wickersham should be suffered to es?
cape. He is a Republican, and that
ought lo be enough to convict him
before any unprejudiced jury.
Senator Cummins'* bill to require
the monetary commission to hand In
Its report and disband on the first
Monday In December has received a
favorable report and will pass. That
commission would hold on forever If;
1? were not thus choked off. It is
always the case that a big Government
salary and plenty of leisure put off a
termination of duty. Mr Aldrich has
already Indicated that he can be ready
to report when Congrc.-6 meets This
Is no doubt because of the Impatience
, of the country.
Nursing a job Is just as reprohen
slble as any other form of official cor
i ruptlon. Some men. w hen they get ??
I fat Government Job. prop their feet on
the table, light a ten-cent cigar and
smoke. If a laboring man w^cre to
! go to work digging dliches at il..in
the day and should light a pipe and
j talk politics an hour, he would be
I "canned." The case of the monetary
' commission and other 6uch commlt
' tecs Is Just like that of the laborer,
except that thc eommltteemnn get? a
' higher wage and has a big pull. These
j "lame duck" committees ought all to
j go.
The military annnls of South Caro
i Una would hav*? been much poorer
had the principle been established <n
; during the happy reign of Governor
i Clinch Heyward that it was incon?
sistent with the duty of the stuff cor
' respondent or reporter of a newspaper
J tu serve on tho staff of the Com
mander-ln-Chief of the Military and
Naval Forces of the State, lest tho
j duty of thc staff In the tented field
I or the imminent deadly breach might
i conflict with the duty of the reporter
j or correspondent to the greater or less
j public representfd by him In hi? "Mar
I ginalla " Think of what the rending.
! public would have missed if Colonel
! August Kohn had not been present
1 directing the movements of the Gdver
i nor on a celebrated occasion near the
j town of Nlnety-S!x. nnd on many
I. other desperate adventures when tho
i Colonel was always there with the
? right to go through the Hoes whor.
there was news tu be had and serious
conferences to lie held. Then, there
: wns Colonel Ebbte Watson, and Col-,
| onei Jim Hoyt. and Colonel While
; Ranks, and lonel Billy Ball, and
j other Colonels, who served both their
! newspapers, with ready uccess- to all
. the inside information, and their Stale
. In arms without anybody thinking for
? a moment Unit they would he, or could,
be, other than straight in their report-.
Ing or disloyal in tneir military ser
vlce Neither Hcyward nor Ansel, his
: successor in the office of Gov.-i nor.
! thought for a moment, we dare aay,
that he was "tixlr.R" these bravo nnd :
loyal men by conferring upon them n
distinction which showed only his re-1
gard for them personally nnd his wish |
to recognize At this simple way his
appreciation of the pi-ess of the 8 to to,
nnd there was not r,r;e of their number,
we should l,e willing to make affidavit,
who could have been Influenced In
his journalistic service by so pretty
but empty a compliment.
One of the advantages of this ar?
rangement, looking at it from a news?
paper point of view, was that it placed
' these Colonels on the Inside, thus glv-.
j Ing them a very decided load on their'
' less fortunate comrades, who had to
hunt for the. "news'" which, on account
of their Strategic position, they could,
make, as circumstances warranted |
Time was. we bel'eve, when It was |
not regarded .is wholly Inconsistent
with their inllltiiry responsibilities for
Colonel Koiin und Colonel Watson Olid
Colt noi Hoyt and Colonel Qonsulea to
hold councils in tin- office of the fern
mander-tn-Chief to determine what
woe "news" and what wasn't "news.",
and that, too. without any failure
either of th<Ir duty to the puhlloj
through their columns or to the mill- i
tary proprieties by which tliey were I
always governed. It seemed to be an
utterly harmless conjunction of Jottr
nalistlc sagacity with military efteo-;
tlveness, tind v.-nen the history of those i
eventful days l> written it will appear
thai the Bt..te tost nothing, while the
newspapers e.nlno.1 n grout deal.
Thfse observations appear to ho!
wholly pertinent to the retirement of
Colonel Loon M. Green from the staff |
of his newspaper rather titan to surren- .
tier his place on tho stnff of the Gov- 1
ernor of ltls St tte.
A riualilted elector has the right to
vote even If an Impersonator got to
the ballot box first and used his name.
No man may be cheated out of his
vote, in Pennsylvania the election
officers have long been In the huolt ol
holding that an impersonator, if an
early bird, could deprive u qualified
??lector of bis rights, The Pennsyl?
vania courts, however, stand, ready to
punish any election officers who de?
prive a voter of his rights This blow
is aimed at machlno polities, it is good
law. and will nettle nil disputes of
this nature hereafter, The real voter
cannot be shut off from depositing his
ballot hv nn Impersonator, and the
Inspectors in Philadelphia, who, on
such * ground, excluded a voter are
to be put In Jull.
The impersonator In the Philadelphia
cast lias not yet been apprehended,
and the pending case is an effort to
punish the election officers who ex?
cluded the real voter from the ballot
box. They have been sentenced, and
the highest court of Pennsylvania lias
sustained the sentence.
Seattle. Washington State, Is one of'
the boom towns of the Far West. In
1900 it had a population of SO.671; In;
1910. its population was I!".191, a I
gain of i.",n.?2S In ten years, or 194 per
cent. This enormous gain was made
in the face of many obstacles, notably
among them being the people of
Seattle who are described as "Knock- [
e.rs," and who have stood In the way j
of progress there as they stand In all 1
communities that are cursed by their
Last week the workers for Seattle i
determined that they would call at
tent Ion to the knockers, and held n J
celebration at which an enormous
hammer was burned in one of the most
public places In tile town. The ham?
mer weighed six hundred pounds, and
the ceremony of burning It was at?
tended by a remarkable demonstration.
There was a procession, headed by a
hand of music, through the principal
business streets, in which past and
present city officers and prominent
citizens took part, and when the ham?
mer reached the stake, so to speak,
there were thii|jy- thousand men. wo?
men and childron thero to rejoice at
the spectacle, and they sang and
i heered and danced till broad day?
One of the Boston newspapers says
that the demonstration will cause the
knockers to be scarce In Seottle here?
after. The knockers are, however,
very hard to choke off; we should say
, that they are the nut-grass of all
civilised communities, hard to kill, or
; r.o use to anybody, and are sent, we
. suppose, for the good purpose of keep
1 Ing their useful neighbors up to tho
fighting point when It comes to the
place in which they live and work.
' Among the results of the recent tn
' surrection in Mexico Is the freedom
t of the Press in that country, the Idea
of the new Government being that an
'intrammeled press would help to
f reite a National spirit, ond prove a
substantial aid in the support of pop
i ular government. "But." says the New
; Haven Register, "the Mexican is hot?
headed and erratic, and that sort of
I temper, If it controls the utterances of
a newspaper, doesn't always make
that newspaper an unmitigated hies:
inc. A free press in Mexico will be an
experiment, but with wise men as
leaders Of the Government, it should
prove a successful one"
Probably so; but the Mexicans would
do well to consult some of the lead?
ing men of the United States before
eor.^entlnir to too much llherty for
the press in their country. In hin
speech last week on the reciprocity
bill, Senator La Follette charged that
the press of the United States was
corrupt or subject to Iniluonces that,
imperiled tho safety Of our institu?
tions; that In his own State of Wis?
consin he knew of a certainty that a
whole bunch of newspapers had sold
their editorial columns to those who
were opposed to certain "reforms" he
and his supporters favored: that in
his fight against reciprocity ho had
found It Impossible to make any head?
way against a practically united press
influenced in Its attitude upon this
question by the benefits, It would de?
rive from the removal of the tax or.
wood pulp and print paper.
The other day. Mayor Gaynor told
the members of the Georgia Weekly
Press Association, now on a visit to
that town, that "I am sorry to say
that we have here In the city some
newspaper proprietors who are abso
lutely corrupt?there Is no other way
t., express It?who do not hesitate In
saying any falsehood or entering any
home or uttering any falsehood with
tegartl to those In office without any
scruple. . . . Bill this does not In?
clude the whole press here by any
means. We Have a very respectable
press here in tho City of Now Yolk
Those whom I have mentioned do nob
belong It, the Cltv of New York. They
?-am* from elsewhere. The Press here
Is K-enerally moderate In tone. I thlnlt
down In your country they have to
be moderate In tone also. At all events
they have to refrain from lying and
scandalising, or they might have to
answer for It on the street corner. It
may be that that will have lo come
to pass here In the North beforo WO
get rid of some of the ruffians who
have come Into the press here. I hate
to use tho word In connection with
anybody on the press here, because
the tone of so many of our New York
papers is so excellent and the manage?
ment of them Is so discreet. . . .
Here, owing to a few exceptions, the
press has been dragged down lo the
lowest depths ever known on tills con- !
tlnent: but wo shall be able to out- !
live It. And. strange to say, the chief- ]
est of those who have scandalized or ,
dragged it down think, that they arc
tit to hold any oflice In this country
from the highest down."
in Virginia there have also been'
many charges that the press Is cor- j
rupt; that It Is bought with a price; 1
that it is not dependable because It Is I
purchasable. The same churges have;
been made at times In all the States. :
and the prcs:- Itself his helped along
the campaign that has been organized .
against it by giving circulation to all
the lies that have been spoken to Its
discredit. One newspaper, probably
two or threo. has acknowledged that |
Its conduct was not Journalistic, front .
nn ethical point of view; but the whol-.i
body of the press has been included
In the gener'il denunciation. We de j
not think this Is fair. We do not ;
think Mayor Gaynor was fair in his '
denunciation of the New York papers.
The press of New York is corrupt:
the press of New York Is not corrupt. >
The Press of New York "has been
dragged down to the lowest depths
ever known on this continent"; "we
have a very respectable press here In I
the City of Now York." "The press ]
here (In New York) is generally mod-'
orate In tone": but It may be neees
Sary to shoot some editors In New
York for "a few exceptions." which
few exceptions the public, reading
Mayor Gaynor's speech without much
care, would regard as the rule and not
the exceptions.
The point we would make is that
In denouncing the newspapers they
should not he denounced us a body or
class, but as individuals. Mayor Gay?
nor should have slnpled out the "few
exceptions." should hnve explained
how a generally honest and respect?
able press could not be described as
corrupt because there are a few black
sheep In the flock. :-hould ha ?* named1
nsnies and recited offences and glv-?n
the reasons why the scabs should be
driven out of a noble calling We do
not think that the press is altogether
without blame, that Its criticisms of
public men and measures are invari?
ably /well considered nnd Intelligent,
but. In the main and as a class, news?
paper editors and publishers have
either with the Law or the Gospel,
either with the Law or theGospel.
Before determining the question as
to the freedom of the press In Mexico,
it would be well for the authorities
down there to make a careful study
of the conditions in the United States,
where journalistic liberty has not In?
frequently been degraded Into Jour?
nalistic license. It n-.ay he said at a
venture that the press In this country
Is largely responsible for the esti?
mate placed upon It by both crooks
nnd reformers: that Is to say. If It
thought more of itself It would be
thought more of by the higher critics
on the outside and by the general puh
; lie as well.
! "For the most part." we ore told,
"it triij n peaceful gathering"?the
: Democratic State Convention at Fre?
mont, Nebraska, on Tuesday. A plat
I form was adopted without anything in
1 It to speak of; no new paramount
Issues were sprang; Mr. Bryan's name
was not mentioned: excessive harmony
prevailed, and the convention ad?
journed, leaving things in statu quo.
Charles Wooster. of Morrick County,
wanted to take a straw ballot as to
what candidate for President would
he favored by tho convention; but he
was choked off by parliamentary
I methods, and the break which ? hod
been freely predicted, and which it
1 was hoped would come, was postponed
until the National campaign Is a little
furtlwr advanced.
How It happened in this way Is ex?
plained: The representatives of Mr.
Bryan said that they would not Insist
en his name appearing in the resolu?
tions, If the Dahlman crowd would
ngree that no other leader should he
condemned, and the Dahlman crowd
agreed, and that was the end on't.
All of whb h would seem to show that
Mr. Bryon Is not quite so de.ud a cock
in his own State as some of his one-,
nnes have said that he is, and O. Bliss!
0. Joy! ho may get there yet. It will
be time enough to decide what shall
be. done with Dahlman when we havo
got what we want.
In the Federal District Court at At?
lanta, Judge W. T. Newman looks with
disfavor on mere technical pleas. This
Is shown In the case of Banker Charles
W. Morse. After all tho other motions
j and appeals had failed, and the peti?
tion to President Taft had evoked a
I sharp refusal, the latest effort to pro?
cure Morse's release was on the ple-.s
! that the sentence was Illegal, and that
j he was In the wrong Jail, and these
pleas were the ones denied by Judge
Newman. The contention of Morse's
counsel wns that the utmost penalty
for any count upon which hq was eon
vlcted was ten years, and that as thc
Ilfteen-year sontence hart not been ap?
portioned itmnn? the counts) but Im?
posed as a gross sentence, it was five
years nioi o than the law provided tor,
and that, therefore, the entire sentence
was Illegal. Judge Newman declined
to put technicality above common
sense, and rulcu that It would be
time enough to consider the alleged
excess of sentence when 11 r. Morse has
rounded out his ten years. On the
other plou, that Morse was not sen
ten, eel to hard labor, but hod been
wrongfully Imprisoned In a peniten?
tiary where the prisoners were com?
pelled to labor. Judge Newman held
that he did not know of any peni?
tentiary where the prisoners were not
r. quired to do sonic work, and that,
if there were such an Institution. It
was worse for the prisoners.
Both of these decisions were reason?
able and right. Such Judicial positions
lend to dlscouruge wealthy wrong?
doers, who believe that the courts are
made to evade.
The Chicago Record-Herald tells of an
Arizona man who was in the Windy City ;
lately for the purpose of buying several
thousand dollars' worth' of supplies/
He was entertained ns a prospective
customer by a well-known business!
man at one of the country clubs. Just:
before they went In to dinner, the host
asked the Arlzotilun to do the club the
honor of registering, saying that the
club liked to have the signatures "of
all prominent men who come here."
Th.- Arizona gentleman looked at the
register to discover what other -prom?
inent citizens had written their names
thero. und near the top of the page he
noticed the namo of Benjamin Hooper
II. A little below was the name of
Addison Bosworth III. Mr. Bosworth
had been follow, d by a humorist.- who '
under his name hid written "John
t?mtth XIV." "Well/' sild the Arlzo
nian. "these chaps ain't got nothln' on
me. I guess " So hp wrote "Hank
Watlies, I."
The manager of the House restuu- j
rant In Washington has heen fired, af- j
ter holding the Job fourteen years. He
charges that he has been removed for
poll tit a 1 reasons. Just as every other
fired man has charged for the last cen?
tury. The real reason of his .dismissal.
It Is said on good authority, is that he ,
failed to have b-con and snaps on the
menu every day.
Several days ago the New York
American published a special dispatch
from President Taft thanking It and
the oth?-r six Hearst newspapers for
their Invaluable aid In pushing through
the reciprocity bill. But how come"
We were under the impression that The
World had pushed the treaty thorough,
and that without Its powerful aid the
President would not have heen able to
turn a hand. It has often happened
that the men who have done the work
do not get the credit. Long time ago
the workmen who worked In the vine?
yard all day long, bearing tho heat
' and burden, did not get any more for
their labor >than the workmen who
! came in at the eleventh hour.
~ *~ ==lm?-=
Dr. Wiley, around whom a fierce po?
litical storm has gathered, was seen
hatless on a Washington street car
the other evening. He was asked why
I he wns without his hat. and he replied
that the hat habit tins heen carried to
I Irrational lengths. In the daytime a
! hat keeps the sun off or the snow, rain
or cold, as the case may be. At night
there is no sun. and In warm, dry
I weather there's nothing else to k?.-ep
; off. The idea Is a good one. We wear
? hats too much, anyway.
"Petersburg, without regard to de?
nominational affiliations, will regret."
j says the Index-Appeal, "the decision of
the Rev. Dr. W. C. Taylor, pastor
of the First Baptist Church, to resign
his charge nnd take up his staff in
another field. Dr. Taylor Is a' fine
typ.-, of the Christian gentleman, la?
boring tor the advancement of Chris?
tianity. He will he missed in Peters?
burg, and will prove a distinct gain for,
any city in which he may live nnd la?
bor." Our contemporary Is right
again. The Rev. Dr. Taylor Is a man
of fine ability, of that breadth and
strength of character which always
mark the successful minister and the
eflicient citizen.
Depppradops who tried to rob a Se?
attle mnn rnn away when their Intended
- icilm began to recite poetry. And yet
some people think that poetry Is use?
less nonsense.
In Baldwin, Knnsas.^there are many
bed-ridden people who cannot get out
to hear the sermons, and so In that
town there Is an organization, the
function of which Is to provide for
such persons. When the society finds
n bed-ridden mnn or women It at- once
h;:s n telephone put Into the house and
an Instrument placed at the bedside.
The sole requirement Is that the sick
person shall hold the receiver to the
ear while the sermon Is going on at
tho church.
A Philadelphia servant girl In court
some time ago declared to tho magis?
trate that her mistress was "no lady."
When called upon to explain what sho
meant she said that her mistress
limited her to breaking two plates,
two cups and two saucers per week,
nnd "no lady would do that." Her
notion of a lady Is evidently one who
would put no limit on the breakage
of crockery.
The latest fad at Newport Is for the
women to sport canes. They do not
tie ribbons nround them.and swing the
cenes In their hands, but plunk along
with them just likn the men. Another
evidence of thc encroachment of wo?
men on masculine Jurisdiction.
7 ?I .1 i i
Daily Queries and Answers
Habit? ?r the Shud.
Kindly tell me something about tho
habits of the shad, and aro >thcy
over cuugiit in the ocean? J. W.
The shad la a member of the hen in,;
family and the largest of* Its Kind.
They are natives of tho Atlantic Ocean
though they were Introduced Into tho
rivers of the Pacific coust about forty
years ago, und aro now sold to be
abundant there also.' Thoy llvo In tho
ocean comparatively noar to tho shores,
It Is believed, und ascend tho rivers In
the spring of the year only, and solely
for the purpose of reproduction. Tho
movements In tho spring are con?
trolled lurgely by the temperature of
.the waters and takes place chlclly
svhon the waters aro between 66 and
06 degrees Fahrenheit. The movement
of the schools boglns In tho southern
districts (Irst and progresses northward
as the season advances. The chief runs
in the Totomnc occur In April; in iho
.Susiiuehuunu und tho Dclawaj-o In April
und May: In the Kennebec la May and
Juno. The males predominate during
the curlier part of tiie season und
during tho latter port the females, or
l oo shad.
The eggs nre deposited anywhere
above brucklsh waters, at the mouths
of creeks or at the head of rivers.
After the spawning, the shad, which
are lean and starved, begin to movo
seaward. The young remuln In tho
livers much longer, not tlnally going
to sea until the fall They remain
at sea for three or four vears, until
they mature, and then begin, like the
others, to ascend the strenms ot the
spawning season. A peculiar charac?
teristic is that they invarlubly ascend
the same streams in which they them?
selves wero propagated. Duriag the
last few years, when the demand on
the ordinary supply of shad has bee:l
s>uch as to reduce tho numbers, they
have been largely kept up by artificial
propagation, which, in the main, has
been very successful, thu methods uf
hatching used result In a much larger
percentage of hatches than tho natural I
What is a good cxtermlnant for dan?
delion? N. D. V
Cut the tops off In the spring or j
summer time and pour gas tar or
sprinkle snlt on the wound. Either of'
these will kill the root by eating t.-> |
the very extremity.
riMiioc itod.
Which is considered the best rod for
trout tlshlnp, atcel rod, epllt bamboo,
tinsplit bamboo or lanrewood. jointed''
There I? a'diversity of opinion among
experts. Kach owner of a rod believes1
that the particular kind he uses Is tho ,
How Diamonds Are Set.
Will you kindly state how diamonds |
nre set? C^ T |
The act of setting Jewels Is com-1
poratlvely simple, the skill of a setter'
depending upon his knowledge of the
strength of ih* material and tho dell
cate touch required, which can only
be gained by years of practice. There
arc only four distinct methods of set?
ting u diamond, though mountings are
made which involve two or more of
these methods. The most common Is
the clamp or claw. The operator Im?
beds this mounting, whatever It may
ho. In warm ehbllac on the end of a
Mick (six Inches of broom handle Is
generally used), leaving the setting
exposed. This cools and holdH tho
delicate oleces of Jewolrv Arm in all
purlB. lie then, with a thin lllc. 11168
all tho clamps, bringing them up to
sharp points. Thon, with-u scraper or
graver shaped llko a chisel (all his
! cutting tools are miniature chisels of
[ different shapes), he digs out a bear?
ing or shoulder for tho edge of tho
stone on thu inside of each clump. He
now, with a pair of aharp-po'.nted
pliers, bends the clamon inwards or
outwurd as they happen to require till
tho stono will Just squeeze Into tho
circle of clamps. Then the stone Is
pressed firmly down until the edgo
rests squarely on the benrlng of each
clump. Thin leaves tho ends of tho
clamps sticking up past tho edge of
tho stone. The next step Is to push all
these onds over the edge and burnish
them tight. A piece of soft steol about
three Inches long Is used for this, filed
to a small square end, and fitted In a
round handle. When the clamps aro
all Arm In their places, they are bright
cut. as tho term is. Tho clamps aro
trimmed to a point with three cuts,
two on tho sides and one on the top.
The setter cuts away from thu atone,
and must be careful not to dig too
deep Into the gold, or ho will push the.
whole clamp away from the stone;
then, to make n good Job, the stono
must come out and the clamp bent
forward nguln. Some who manufac?
ture the finest goodB do not believe In
bright-cutting clumps on rings, as tho
Sharp edttes left are very severe on
gloves worn over thorn. A setter em?
ployed by these firms merely sets tho
clumps to a point, and the poliaher
buffs it round on top, when the work
gets the last tlnlsh.
ninek Friday of *(lf).
Please give an account of the Black
Frldoy of 1S69. D. M.
September 24, 1S6P, Jay Gould and
James Flsk. Mr.. attempted to create a
corner In the niarket by buying all tho
gold In the banks of New York City,
amounting to Jl5.000.f.>oa p(>r sever il
days the value of gold rose Steadily,
and the speculators aimed to carry It.
from HI to 200 "Friday the whole city
was In n ferment, the banks were
rapidly strlllr.R.. gold was at 162 1-2 and
still rls.lng Men became insane and
everywhere the wildest excitement
rawed, for it seemed probable that tb?
business houses must be closed from
lcnor."nce of the prices to he charged
for their goods. But in m'.rlst of th^
panic it was reported that Secretary
Boutwell, of the United States Treasure,
had thrown tl.000.000 on the market,
and at once gold fell, the e:<r|teme:>t
ceased, leaving Gould and Flsk the win?
ners of $11.000.000. The dnv noticed
above is what is generally referred
to as Black Friday In this country, but
the term was first us?d In England,
beln? orplled In the first Instance to
the Friday on which the news reached
London that the young pretender,
Charles Kdward had a-rlv<d at Derby,
crentlng a terrible panic, and finally to
May 11. 186S, when the failure of Over
end. Guerney et Co . London, the day
before, was followed by a widespread
financial ruin.
AN English marriage of American
Interest. Ii that of Min Elms I
Gordon-Cummlng, daughter of
dir William Gordon-Camming,
and of ins wife. Florence, daughter of |
tne la:e Commodore Garner, of the New
York Yacht Club, tu Maurice Anthony
Glbbs, HOn of the late Henry Glbbs. ilia, ?
tlirough him. grandson ot the .'lrot Lord
1 Aldenham. Young Maurice Glbbs pos?
sesses a. Very considerable fortur.e. Is
twenty-five years of age. and has in?
herited the good looks of his family.
; while his fiancee. Miss Elma Gordon
Cummlng. now nineteen years ot age,
tears a remarkaole resemblance to her
I mother, at the lime when she gavo
! her hand In marriage to Sir William
! Gordon-Oummlng: a union which ex
| cited the utmost resentment on the
part of her relatives on both sides of
the Atlantic.
For Sir William had at the time been
I forced to resign his commission In the
j army, as lieutenant-colonel of the
. Scots Guards, and to surrender toe
1 membership of all his London clubs.
: owing to his being defeated in the
I suit for slander which he had been
I compelled to bring agaln?t Mr. and
t -Mrs. Arthur Wilson, of Tranby CrMtt.
lor having accused him of cheating at
a game of baccarat, played under
j their roof, and at which King Edward
(thgn Prince of Wales) was present
It may be remembered that the suit
was the last occasion on which King
Edward appeared ,in the witness oox. .
I atid submitted to cross-examination hv I
insel. The judicial decision of the
case left the army authorities and the!
' clubs no alternative, but to act as they
, did towards Sir William. But it Is
i only fair to add that there has always :
I been a certain amount of doubt us to '
i his guilt, und as to whether he was ;
not reully the victim of some feminine |
I Alastair Oordon^Curnmlng, his broth- j
er, Is a popular member of the Metro- j
I politan Club at Washington, is con- :
netted with the Bureau of American '
Republics, and is married to a daught?
er of Charles Eames, formerly United
States minister at Venezuela. The I
Cummingses are a very ancient Scotch i
family, and owe the additional name
of Gordon to the fact that the second
baronet inherited, through the female '
line, the estate*, of thc last Sir William ;
Gordon, of Gordonstoun. who was the
premier baronet of the baronets of No- !
va Scotia. Sir William has two country i
seats, one of them being Gordonstou.-., ?
in County Elgin, and the other Altyre,
Forrees, his estates embracing about
50,00n acres. Miss Constance Gordon
Cummlng, the traveler, and the inven
ter of a system for enabling the blind
In China to read, is his cousin.
The Glbbses are English merchant
princes: of that class, indeed, from
Which the British House of Lord; has
been so largely recruited. The house !
of Anthony Gibbs & Co., In Lon- !
don has been In existence since the '
American War of independence, and '?
for the last hundred years has been j
particularly interested In South Amer?
ican trade, especially In tho trade with
Chill. Indeed, the fortunes of the !
house of Glbbs are to a great extent \
identlrted with those of the Chilian j
republic. The head of the house, *.\id
of the firm. Is the second Lord Alden- (
ham, who at tho time of the war be- '
tween Russia and Japan, resigned his j
seut as member of Parliament for thc]
city of London, owing to the fact that
the British government, by way of In
directly helping its Oriental ally, pur- j
chased two fine Chilian men-of-war. ?
which would otherwise have gone .to
swell the size of tho Muscovite navy.
This purchase was made by the Eng?
lish government through Anthony
Glbbs & Company.
Now there Is an unwritten. law in
England to the effoct that people In?
terested in government contracts can?
not sit in the Houso of Commons. It
is a rule more honored In Its breach
than Its observance in recent years, i
Alban Gibba, however. a3 Lord Alden- I
ham was then, and his brother Vlcary
felt that with the altogether unblem- I
ished traditions of their firm, the name I
of which Is the synonym for every?
thing that is high principled In trade,
not only at homo, hut also through?
out South and Central America they
cou!d not allow any question to be
raised a.s to their views In the matter.
Albnn Glbbs, especially, held that as
member for the city of London, a
eVgnlty which entitled him on the
opening day Of Parliament to
among tho Cabinet ministers, on the.
Treasury Bench of the House of Com- I
mons, rendered it Incumbent upon him
to avoid anything that could in tho
slltrhtest degroo affect the honor apd I
tho name of the (treat commercial con?
stituency, for wfilch he had been the
spokesman in the legislation ot the
Empire, for over ten yea.oa, Needless
to a_d. that after his resignation he
was at ance re-elertcd by on over?
whelming majority.
M:as Ruth brand, who Is about to
become the wlfo of Lord Morrk Bret
ton, has a strain of American blood
In her veins, through her grandmoth?
er, who, wile of Sllvuin van der Weyer.
. .. many years Belgian envoy In Lon?
don, was the daughter of Joseph
Bat ?;?.<,, the American partner ol the
London banking house of Baling. The
bride's father Is n younger son of
Henry Hampden, who was created
Viscount Hainpden lor his services as
.Speaker of the House of Common.-,
and six years later succeeded hla
brother .it; twenty-third Lord Dacre.
With regard to Lord Monk Hretton.
his father was associated with tho
first Lord Hampden ? deputy Speaker,
and bore the name of John Dos?n.
Lord Monk Bretton is a much better
looking man than his father, and also
more brilliant, indeed, lie was pri?
vat?! secretary to Joseph Chamberlain
throughout the latter'* tenure ot tho
Secretaryship of State for the Colonies,
apd Mr. Chamberlain is not a man who
when in otlice was wont to tolerate dull
men around him. Lord Monk Bretten
wa3 ulso for a time private secretary
to the late Marquis of Salisbury, and
served as Secretary of Embassy in
Barls, under Lord Uniterm, and at
Constantinople under the late Lord
Currie. At the time of the Armenian
massacres at Stamboul in 1S9-I. when
Sir Michael Herbert, us Knglish
Charge d'Aff alrer, landed most of the
sailors from the British guurdship In
port, Lord Monk Bretton look charge
of the Brltisii Consulate, and did ex?
cellent work in protecting not only
his own countrymen, but likewise
many of the Armenians, from death.
His father may be seid to have re?
ceived his peerage owing to his dreari?
ness, and In order to get lxjm out of
the way. It was In fact a caae of be?
ing "kicked upstairs." Son of the
vlcar-general of the Province of
Canterbury and Dean of Arches, ho
had inherited from him a taste for
theology and ecclesiastical literature,
end may bo said to have owed his- rise
in life to the fact that he used to talk
theology to Mr. Gladstone. As he al?
ways Implicitly agreed with tho
Grand Old Man. and permitted the
latter to do all the talking. Mr. Glad?
stone naturally came to have a hl?h
opinion of his Judgment and of his
learning, and not only got him Into
the House of Commons, but likewise
Insisted on giving him one fat office
after the other. Indeed, he actually
got him Into the Cabinet, as Chan?
cellor of the Duchy of Lancaster: a
post without any particular Import?
On one occnslon. when he did not
support Mr. Gladstone's views against
the remainder of his colleagues at a
Cabinet meeting, quite us strongly as
he ought to have done, John Bright,
who was present, rebuked him, with
the contemptuous words, "Dodson. you
were put into this Cabinet to support
Mr. Gladstone, and you don't ever do
At length Mr. Gladstone's colleagues
In the Cabinet declared tbat they could
not stand him any longer: that he was
too dull, too dreary, and too obstlnute
So ho was quietly shunted from the.
House of Commons to the House of
Lords, where he disappeared from
view, being no more heard of, until his
death recalled to mind the fact that the
homely looking Lord Monk Bretton.
and the boro Dodson, were one and the
same person.
(Copyright, 1911, by the Brent wood
Safe Deposit Boxes
Which afford every safety and conveni?
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etc., When you don't want them,- and
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