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West Point Social News
[Special to The Times-Dispatch.] West Point, Va,, July 29.?Tho School ' Board met Thursday night and ap? pointed as teachers for tho coming' session Misses Katheryn Ilowcrton. Mundo Bland, Nottlo Williams ond : Murv McQuorge. A principal has not os ydt boon appointed. Professor Clyde F. Oreon, who was principal of tho | "West Point High School for several, yoars, has accepted a position In Bris? tol. Tho Peninsula Association Is In ses? sion at Union Baptist Church. In I Gloucester, and, umotig others, Misses I Kunnio nnd Annlo Smith arc In at- ' tendance. Mr. and Mrs. Boy P. Benzlev und ' family, of Ch*?c City, nro visiting Mrs. Beazley's parents, Mr. nnd Mrs. Judson Taylor, hero this week. Mrs. Joseph O. Butts, of Rosemary, Jf. C is visiting her parents, Mr. and ! Mrs. George Felld, and brought with i her hor sister-in-law. Miss Lucy Butts, Of Hallfax, N. C. George Felld who has I a position in Washington, D. C, is also at homo on hla vacation. Mrs. Sheldon Ware, of Arlington, N. I I., is visiting In tho homo of Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Waro. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Warnook. of New York, aro visiting relatives In town. Miss Inez Palmer Is a guest at a, house party given by her friend, MIbs Annie Ogburn, of South HIU. Miss Margaret Palmer Is on a visit to Miss Jessie Cummins. Pall's, Va. Mrs. R. B. Edwards Is on a visit' to her mother In her former home, Ablngdou. Mrs. It. P. Turner and little daughter | left Wednesday for Beulahvllle, where Mrs. Turner will attend the marrlago | of her niece. Mr. and Mrs. Neustadt and little son. Otto, after spending several weeks In West Point, returned Wednesday to New York, their home. It Is probable they may return to this section before cold weather and make a homo In this section. On Thursyay a largo excursion from Clopton Street Baptist Church, South Richmond, enjoyed the breezes and amusements of Beach Park. Miss Emily Puller Is In Urbanna, where she will spend tho remainder I of tho summer with friends. Farmville Social News [Special to The TImeB-Dtspatch.J Farmville, Va., .Tulv 29.?Mrs. D. T. plain returned from tho mountains last Monday. W. C. Newman, who has been quite Blck with an attack of fever, In Im? proved. Miss Olive Lyons, of Petersburg, Is Visiting Miss Nannie Ranson. Miss Lizzie Redd, of Birmingham. Ala. is a guest In tho homo of Charles A- Price. Dr. and Mrs. William E. Anderson bavo returned homo from a trip across the continent. Captain II. H. Hunt has gone to St. Paul to attend the sessions of the Na? tional Photographers' Association. Mrs. R. Ft Rice, who recently was operated upon by local physicians. Is convalescing. Miss Florence Robinson, of New York. Is visiting her sister, Mrs. Simon I Lasky, of Farmville. W. D. Weaver, who rccontly whs; injured by a Norfolk and Western train, sustaining the loss of a portion I Of one leg. has so far recovered as to' return to his homo, near Rice Depot I Mrs. Russell and her son. Albert! Russell, of Richmond, arc guests In the home of William G. Venable. W- A' p,llmore and children are spending n month with friends in Powhatan county. atipulaVk|EAlnmrQW .and chlI<Jren are ?1-. ri Alum Springs, a. M and Mrs. Barrow and bnby Ire also ?non,Y ,n??J??Sth at th6 name resort" -on.rberi- Travl<> end NDrwoodI uavls I W- M. and Mrs. Duvall. of Farmville Geoffrey Creyke. wlfo and XbVVr* 5? il'an-d ?ttfi?? ^r?0?: Doraoy T. Davis and nf Brazeal and Mrs. Hobson are with ' Pj- Charles A. Blanton. of Richmond IZ aandVlv,,c,n?tyh!S '^'^ Farmville Preshyterian Church la a Buest at tho manse. "urc". is a Blacksburg Social News tJ^Pi^J*1 fo Times-Dlspatrh.] Blacksburg, Vn.. j?jy 29.?Mrs AI-I bert Henry and children, of Hazolhurst Miss., are guests of Mr. and Mrs Wirt Dunlap for the Bummer. Misses Sarah and Elizabeth Bell of Staunton, and Miss Mary Patterson of Philadelphia, are house guests' of Miss Loulso Black. Mrs. Creed Davis and Miss Annie Davis, of Lynchburg, are with Mrs Mary Lybrook for the month of vu gUfit. Miss Mary Hannah, of Charlotte N. C., has Joined tho party of attrac? tive young women who are guests of Miss Eugenia Barrlnger at President Barringer's home. "The Grove." Miss I^ura Miller left this week to Visit relatives in Roanoke, ond her Ulster, Mrs. O. C. Rueker, In Bedford City. Miss Jessie Peters, of Lynchburg, ls| spending several weeks hero with her ulster. Mrs. R H. Hudnal, of the Vir? ginia Polytechnic Institute. Mrs. ,T. R. Johnson, of Ohrlstl.ms burg; Mrs. Richard Johnson und chil? dren, of Pikesville, Kyi, and Missl Pauline Barnes, of Miller School, are i guests at the homo of Professor ami Mrs. T. P. Campbell. Dr. nnd Mrs. C. M. Newman, with their three Children; have returned from a month's visit to Bristol, Tenn. Miss Ethel Lacy, librarian of the Institute, has returned from Wash? ington, and has ns her guos? Miss Grace Wood, of that,1 city. Miss Louise Nellson, registrar of the' Virginia Polytechnic Institute, is at' homo from a month's stay at Virginia i Beach and Ocean View. . Miss Augusta Newton left for her I home in Norfolk Wednesday, after a, month's visit here to Mrs. Alexander/ Black I Rev. H. P. Ilnmll, C. W. Gardner and .T. L. Eakln aro in Lexington for tho meeting of the. Roanoke District Conference. Culpeper Social News [Special to Tho Times-Dispatch. 1 Culpeper, Va.. July 29.?Miss Bessie Peter, of Bethsaldn. Md., Is visiting In Culpeper. Mr nnd Mrs. Edward I.ongerbeam have returned to their at Tho Plains, after a week's visit to Mr. Longer benm's parents on Jameson's Hill. .Mrs. Man Jennings and children, of Newark. N. .T., nre the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Dandy Clarke, on Railroad Avenue. . Miss Ellzaheth Strother has returned CHILD MORTALITY IN SUMMER Every summer the newspapers are full nf horrifying stories of the death list among infants and children and extremely old people, tn nursing infants and children still being fed largely on milk this is usually due to the quality of the milk itacU, USE and in aged people to a general weakening of nd ?at nrirrT T ?G svstcm because of extreme heat. Still, a SYRUP PEPSIN trouble, and these can usually be avoided by the timely use of a reliable la.xative-tonic. There is no remedy for this purpose that lends itself better to the uses of children and aged people than Dr. Caldwcll's Syrup Pepsin, which for a generation has been the reliance of thousands of mothers and which is gaining in favor every' year. This remedy, unlike a purgative, salt, laxative water or "infant medicine," contains nothing that is dangerous to the health of the weakest or youngest person, and its repeated Use does not form a habit, as is the case with narcotic remedies for children. Go to your druggist this very day and buy a 50-ccnt or SI.00 bottle, and, like thousands of other parents, keep it on hand for an emergency. You can obtain a FREE SAM PLE BOTTLE by addressing DR. W. B. CALDWELL, 400 Caldwell Bldft., Montkello, 111._ EVMOVi rat Mi See Window Display Specials In My New Bargain Annex Everything in the Annex Children's $1.00 Tan Oxfords, 49c See the Window Display Men's Oxfords, $1.49 See Window Display. from a visit of several weeks to her! uncle and aunt, Judge and Mrs. | Strothor, In Rtippahnnnock. John Norrie, of Denver, arrived In Culpeper several days ago, and will r spend the remainder of the summer hero at the old Norrie home, on Main! Street. Mr. and Mrs. Max Samuelson chap-j eroned a dinner party given by Major King and his officers at the camp on ?Tuesday evening. Guests from Cul? peper were MIbsps Mildred Blsham, Lucy Wiltshire, Jessie Watt and Archie Goodloe. Dr. Orayson Fltzhugh. of MelCees port, Pa . was the guest of his broth? er. Pembroke Fltzhugh. on Sunday Dr. Fltzhugh has ju6t returned from 1 a trip through New Jersey and to New York, which he mado In hin auto? mobile. Rev. C. E. Pleasant, of the Methodist Church; Mr. Schlosser, Charles Forbes, I Sr.. and J. W. Swan attended the Meth-,t odlst Conference In Greene county this week. Miss Genevleve Rust left last week: for visits to friends In Warrenlon. Ma- \ nassas and Alexandria, attending the j horse show while In Manassas on | Wcdnesdav and Thursdav Mr. and'Mrs. K. L. Griffith and little! son, of Staunton, are the guests of' Mrs. Griffith's mother, Mrs. David Bailey, on Main Street. General Vaughan and the officers of the encampment have been the re clpents of a great deal of social at? tention during the week. One of the most Attractive entertainments was the lawn party given in their honor on Wednesday evening by Mr. and Mrs. Max SAmuolson. The porches nnd yard of their charming homo on East Street were decorated with many flowers and potted plants, while numberless Japanese lanterns shed a soft light over the scene A Dutch supper was served during the evening. Rev. Frank L Well3 and Mrs. Wells, who spent the month of July In Cul? peper with Miss Gertrude Armstrong, left for home this week. Mrs. Rebecca Shackelf ord, who has been spending some time with Mrs. Randolph Morris, Is visiting her sister. Mrs. Williamson, and her niece, Mrt. Metz, at Casonova this week. Later Mrs. Shackelford will visit friends iu Clifton Forge, but probably will be In Culpeper again before going there. Mrs. Norrls's granddaughter, Miss Dorothy Conway. of Rapldan, Is spend? ing this week with her. Miss Marie Alvey was hostess to a merry party for a straw rido and picnic several evenings ago. The party, which Included Misses Jones, Wl'lio Newhouse, Maud Parker. Hattle Browne, Helen Macoy. Annie Karn. Carolyn Dohme; Messrs. William nnd James Yanccy. Archie Goodloe. Will and Mercer Jones, Hamilton Nowhouse and Dr. Martin, went to Mount Ponv In the, afternoon, where they buUt a camp fire and ate supper, returning to Culpeper about !l o'clock. Attractive tennis courts have been laid out In th? grounds of the old A. P. Hill residence, on East Street, and a tennis club has been organized, with Miss Lucy Wiltshire as president. Other members are Misses Jaquelino Ware, Annie Bickers. Mildred Blspham, Louise Fray, Mrs. Max Famuelaon. Mrs Louise Jennings. Mllllan Brooke, Mr. and Mrs. Roger Bickers. Archie Good- | loo, Dr. Marshall, Randolph Shotwell I Beverly Jennings, nnd Rev. Thomas Hooper. A grent many courts have been made or renewed this Hummer, and the game promises to be extremely popular. Mrs. Roger Bickers, who has but lately returned from her wedding trip, gave a large nard party on Wednesday morning to the members of the Billf ken Club, of which she was formerly a member, and some of her other friends in Culpeper. Her guests in-, j eluded all the. members of the Btlliken ! Club, with these additional: Mesdames j James Strother. Ira D. Rhodes, Robert i Matthews. Marian T,cwls. Glassell Fitz hugh. of Charlottosvtlle: Franklin Duncan, Misses "Jack" Stearns, of I Farley; Dong, of Louisiana. Alvev, of i Richmond; Julia Miller Blake. of Greensboro; Helen Armstrong, Bessie I Mackall and Mary Edwina Coons, of Culpeper. The visitors' prize, a pair of embroidery scissors, was wnnby Mrs. I Ira Rhodes, while Miss Mary Jones ' captured the members' prize of a deck i of cards. Mrs. James Sfrotlier entertained on [ Thursdny. with a most delightful, card pnrtv and luncheon at Kinlock, in ! compliment to her house guests, Mrs I Ira D. Rhodes, of Welch. W. Va., and Mrs. Charles Shumate, of I.ynchburg. rorter Nalle gave, a most enjoyable dance this week ?t the home of his parents, Mr. nnd Mrs. Wallace Nalle. on Railroad Avenue, in honor of Miss Maud Parker, of Washington, and Miss Hattle Browne, of Roanoke, guests of the Misses Newhouse. The large I parlor was cleared for the dancing. ' His guests included the younger danc I ine set and several of the young mar? ried people. A most delightful feature of the evening was charming vocal Be j lections renderfcd by Mrs. Robert < oop er. of Rocky Mount. N. C.. who hns 5 been spending the summer in Culpeper. ! A refreshment supper was served dur? ing the evening. . , , I The Matinee Bridge met this week | with Mrs. Samuel Booker at the home of her slater. Mrs. Clyde Lewis. on Jameson's Hill. The guests of tho i club were- Mesdames D. James Coleman. ; Robert Cooper, Mcrr'r Jennlncs, Misses '? Julia Rollins and Lucetta Knox, the I latter two bctn* the guests of honor. i The Wednesday Morning Bridge was' cnte.ruilned by Mrs. H. T. Underwood. In addition to the members of the club there were present Misses Mary and ' Florence Vass. Marian Sampson, and her guest, Anna Briggs, of Winchester. The highest score was made by Miss, Mary Vass. thus wlnnlns: the prize, a' hand-painted salad howl, which she presented to the guest of honor, Miss' Brlgcs. Refreshments of |ros wer? I served. Tho crowning social event of the week was the dance given on Tuesday by Miss Byrdlo Pullfam in honor oC her house guest. Miss Julia Rollins, of <"'ovlngton, Va A string hand fur? nished the music. Tier guests Included Missen Bara, Cora and Knth?rlna Vaughan, of Franklin; Hattle Brown<\ of Roanoke; Maud Parker, of Wash? ington; Peririleton Browne and Edyth Shnnc, of Fast Orange, N. J.; mil. of Richmond; Elizabeth Kggborn. of Egg bornsyllle; Fannie r.ouis.- Rlxey. Helen Macoy, Annie Kam, Carolyn Dohmc, Mary, Jannie. Nan ami Mamie Jones,, Lucy and Margaret Roberts, Marie1 Thomas, Pattle flarke. Willie New house, Georgle Newhouse, Elizabeth Drewry, Kathertne Bggborn and Elisa? beth Smith, all of Culpeper; Messrs, Porter Nalle. Chllton Yowell, Bernard Ashby. Hunter Ashby, Stanley Wool* fork. Randolph Shotwell, "Bob" Lamon, Nelson Wampler. Ernest nnd Frank Hough, Roberts Pulllam, Robert Tins ley, Mercer Jonea nnd Dr. Marshall, all of Culpeper; Fred Esquith, of Staunton; Captains Moon, Gill nnd Porter: Lieutenants Coleman. Dabney, Conrad. Snecd. Howard. Duffy. Rady and McGee, all from the ivscampment. About 12 o'clock ices and other re? freshments were served, after which dancing was resumed and kept up until a late hour. Marion Social News [Special to The Times-Dispatch.1 Marlon. Va.. July 29.?Vincent M. Miles, an attorne.y of Fort Smith. Ark., and his wife are visiting Mr. Miles's mother, Mrs. George W. Miles, and other relatives. Mrs. Bessie Smith and little daugh? ter, of Bristol, recently spent some time In town, visiting the former's purents, Dr. =nci Mrs. P. W. Atkins. Mrs. C. F. Haller. of Memphis, Tenn.. Is spending the summer at Mrs. J. w Fell's. Dr. W. W. Buck, of Rural Retreat, recently has been looking over Marion with a view- to a possible change of location. Mrs. P. W. Atklna entertnlned quite a numher of her friends at progressive "forty-two" at 3 o'clock last Monday afternoon. Misses Kathleen and Lois Richard? son, daughters of Colonel John W. Richardson, of Richmond, have been the guests of Miss Mary Miles for the! past ten days. Among the recent interesting social j events of the county were the mar-; riages of Miss Anna Belle Beattle, of j Chllhowle, daughter of Hon. and Mrs. A. C. Beattle, to James E. McSpadden, I a prominent and successful former of ; Washington county, and of Gray Gard-f ner, a successful business man. and Miss Belle Young, of Edgcwater, Grny son county. Dr. Robert S. Preston Is in town, visiting his aunt. Mrs. Virginia Shef fcy Haller. He will locate September 1 In Richmond. Mayor R. T. Greer's family is spend? ing a month with home folks in North Carolina. Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Collins and little daughter, after some weeks' stay with I* p Collins, returned to Staunton this week. Mrs. E. M. Copenhnver nnd children are at Washington Springs. Mr. and Mrs W. A. Knox. of Old dings. Tex., are here on a visit to their daughter. Mrs. M. M. McFerrln. Rev. and Mrs. Robert Knox. mis? sionaries to Korea, nnd located at . Mokpo, are visiting Rev. and Mrs. M. M. McFerrln Radford Social News [Special tc. The Times-Dispatch.] Radford. Va., July 29.?The Ladles Aid Society of the First Baptist Church gave a lawn fete Thursday evening on Mrs Boh Robinson's lawn. There were candy booths. Ashing ponds, fortune-tolling. Ice cream and j cake. Mrs. Isaac Kenderdlne. of Mt. AtryJ Philadelphia, Is the guest of Mr. and ! Mrs. Werner J. Kenderdine. Mrs." P. I/. Duggon and daughter,' Miss Carrie, of Barton Heights, loft Wednesday, nfter visiting Mrs. J. T. Maglnnls nnd family. Mr. and Mrs. R. R. Took and little son. Frank. Mrs Cook. Mrs. Lucy Amnion, and Bernard Cook, of Salem,.; came to Radford Saturday In their automobile and spent Sunday with Mrs. L O Bullard. Thoy wer?, accompanied home by Miss Dossi.- Bultard. Mrs. R. J. D?na hop and sons, diaries and Robert, of Wltiston-Snlem. N. C, are guests of Mrs T. E. Vaughn. Mr. nnd Mrs. B, V. Ivimbelh and Pnn.1, Guy and Stacv. of Birmingham. Ala., arrived Thursday, and will spend some time with Mrs. Iamhert's mother. Mrs. L. O. Bullard. Miss Rolston and Miss Margaret Wade, of Christiansburg, spe??! Thurs? day with Misses Laura and M?ckle Ingles. Mrs. D L. Brown Is visiting friends In Pulaskl, Horace Jones. Mrs, S. B. Jones and Messrs. George Lyle and Eilet Jones have returned from a visit to Norfolk. Mrs. E E. Vaughn left this week for Philadelphia, Atlantic City. New York and Washington. Miss Mamie Whaling left Tuesday for Christiansburg, nfter visiting Misses Idelle and Lulle Scolt. Mr. nnd Mrs. Fred Whaling nnd children are visiting Mrs. M. M. Whaling. ._ Winchester Social News [Special to The Tlmcs-DlKpatch.l Winchester, Va., July 29.?A muslcale. given at the Winchester Inn on Thurs? day evening, under the auspices of tho Civic Improvement Society, attracted a large gathering- of people from tho ranke of fashionable society. Rev. and Mrs. William M. Dome, of Baltimore, are spending e. month In Wlnohester. Mrs. 8. Porter House, of Washington, has been spending the past week with friends in Winchester. Mrs. Charles Rldgoly White, of Bal? timore, has been visiting her mother, Mrs. Marshall Willis, in Winchester. Major Robert W. Hunter left Win? chester this week to spend some time in Richmond. Mr. and Mrs. Fred S. Anderson, of >\ inchestor, have returned from Wood? stock, wbero they attended the Wun cler-Logan wedding on Wednesday evening. Mrs. Harry H. Wlngneld. of Win? chester, left this week on a visit to relatives In Woodstock. Mrs. B. G. Harris, who has been visiting her mother. Mrs. W. McP. Ful? ler, in Winchester, has returned to her home In Charles county, Md. Miss Lulu Winders has returned to her home In Harper's Ferry, W. Va , nfter visiting Miss Bnrlev In Win? chester. Mrs Alice O'Neal, of Richmond, and Miss Rallie Ford, of Fairfax, are vis? iting at the homo of Mr. nnd Mrs. George W. Haines. In Winchester. Mrs. Thomas Elliott, of Flowing Springs. W, Va., Is visiting at the home of Mr. and Mtr. James R. Aff? leck, near Winchester. Mr. nnd Mrs. Fred Kremer. of Hag erstown. Md., have been visiting at the home of his parents. Mr. and Mrs. George W. K romer. In Winchester. Miss Rudolph came from Raltlinfjre Several days ago to visit at tho homo of Mr. and Mrs. .1. E Cnrrell, In Win? chester. Miss Mattle Taylor, of Staunton. is Visiting Mrs. John B. Nelll at Berry Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Marks have returned to Hagerstown. Md.. after visiting relatives la Clarke Miss Elizabeth Bowen. who has heen "pending tho past winter and spring In New York, Is at Berryvllle for tho remainder of the summer. Mrs. D. H Scanlon. of Richmond. Ky.. Is visiting relatives in Warren. Mrs N S. Mott. Misses Catherine and Elizabeth Mott, of Gloucester, and Miss Mattle Moore, of near Lexington, are visiting the Misses Moore in Rerrv- i vllle. Mr. and Mrs. Marshall MeCormlok. Of Berryvllle, have been spending tho past two weeks at Atlantic City. Rev. and Mrs. Robort K Massle. of Alexandria, are vlPltlng the latler's parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Hilton, at Berryvllle. Miss Lucy Brockenhrough. of Bal? timore, came recentlv to visit Miss May c. Wall at Berryvllle, Misses Ellzaheth and Jeesle Kern left Winchester this week on a visit to frlend? In Staunton Mrs. Oeorgle Buckner nnd children, ?who have h<-en visiting at the home of Mr. ajid Mrs. C Fred Barr. In Win? chester, have returned to Washington. Mrs. Dorsey Walter and her daugh? ter. Miss Eulalle Walter, who have been visiting the former's son-in-law and daughter. Mr. and Mrs. .1. M. Orn doff. In Winchester, returned to Bal? timore several days ago. MIhs Lena Gore left Winchester this week to visit Dr. and Mrs. Joseph L Campbell at their cottage at Mottn-i tain Like Park. Mrs. Ralph Steele nnd children, of Washington, have boon visiting her parents, Mr. nnd Mrs. N. W. Solen berger, in Winchester. Miss Helen Jeter, of Richmond, has been visiting Miss Bessie Ridgeway In Winchester for tho past two weeks. AT BLUE RIDGE SPRINGS Blue Ridge Springs. Vn., July 29.? These closing July days finds tho sea? son at this resort In full swing, nnd when August comes It will have rule over a "full house." The week was opened with an after dance supper, given by Mr. and Mrs. Barton Pope, who, nfter a six weeks' stay here, left for Roanoke. They will make their home In Richmond In the fall. An after-dance supper was given by Mrs. Ayers. of "Roanoke. to which the. entire colony was Invited, and a lavish hospitality was extended. Sandwiches, punch and ginger ale were served. Philip F. Brown. Jr.. of Richmond, gave a large bowling party on Tues? day, complimentary to Miss Julia Todd. of Norfolk. Fine scores were made, hut Mrs. Barton Pope was the lucky competitor, nnd won the box of choco? lates, while Charley Brown, the young? er brother of the host of this delight? ful party, made the highest score among the men. and presented his trophy of chocolate bonbons to one of tho young women. One of the roost elaborate of after dance suppers was given to the guests of Blue Ridge Springs, by Mrs. Irby Hudson. In honor of the Misses Kalo and Ruth White, of Chatham, on Wed? nesday night. Miss Ruth White entertained with an appropriate selectlop In monologue. Mrs. nnd Miss De Vault, of New York, are pleasant additions to the colony. Miss De Vault has a. lino soprano voice, which is always in demand and greatly enjoyed. .Mr. and Mrs. Charles Pressley nnd Miss Marguerite Pressley, of Augusta, Ga., are old-time patrons, who after , having lust returned from a two years' stay In Europe, are here for an ex-tend? ed time. Mr. Pressley Is a prominent lawyer of Georgia. Many 'harming yning women nrn now registered here, and there has been a large influx of men. which has given nr. added zest to tho tegular evening dances. Make the Liver Do its Duty Nine rimes in ten when the Irrer t* right At stomach sod bowel* are tight. CARTER'S LITTLE LIVER PILLS gently hut firmly com? pel a lazy liver to do it* duty. Cure* Con? stipation, Indigos tion, Sick Headache, ant) Distress after Eating. Small Pill, Small Dow, Small Prk* Genuine munt*? Signature Our Customer-. All Agree that we made i ten strike when we Introduced Liggett'* Ornngeade at our fountain. We serve It Ice cold. It's delicious and palatable. Made from pare orange Juice only. Sold for Be, only at Polk Miller's. The Kexall Store, $31 East Main Street. " TEN AMERICA* ANf> mf.UHOP?'.'t AVOSDg Trie OUST ?Y EVERY TLST TO-MORROW, MONDAY, FIRST SHOWING OF EARLY FALL STYLES IN LADIES' AND MISSES* SUITS AND CO ATS INCLUDED ARE A NUMBER OF STYLES IN THE NEW DOUBLE-FACE CLOTH POLO COATS SECOND AND BROAD STREETS. We Close Saturdays at 1 P. M. Other Day's at 6 P. AT. The Total Cost of Transportation BY a A. THOMPSON, FIELD SECRETARY. NATIONAL RIVERS AND HARBORS CONGRESS une or the most momentous decisions which the American people have ever been called upon to make, and one which must be made In the. near future, has to do with the transportation ques? tion. Transportation affects the prlae of everything bought or sold by any individual citizen- It limits the terri? tory tributary to the trade of every city. It determines the development of the natural resource!? of States. More than any other one thing. It fixes the share obtained by any nation in the commerce of the world. Its subtle, all pervasive, far-reaching, lncscapablo in? fluence, equally potent for weal or woe, extends alike to the Interests of the humblest toller and the mightiest empire. It Is a fundamental necessity of civilization, standing second only to agriculture, and It is as vital to commerce and Industry bb the blood is to the body. It necessarily follows that the transportation question mer? its the most careful consideration of the citizenship and the best thought of tho statesmanship of the country. In recent years an Increasing appre? ciation by the general public of the vital Importance of this question ha3 led to the growth of a great move? ment looking towards the improve? ment of our Inland waterways. In ad? dition to the continued development of lake and ocean harbors. Some of the leading railroad men of the country, among whom may be mentioned .lames ?T. Hill, of the Oreat Northern: .Tames T. Harahan, late of the Illinois Cen? tral, and W. W. Flnley, of the South? ern Railway, have repeatedly gone on record in favor of this movement, which they recognize as designed not to supplant, but to supplement, the railway as a carrier. In the matn, however, the alltcd rail? way Interests of tho country have nl , Ways opposed the movement. Until [recently their opposition has been car-1 rled on by methods which were silent,] .secret and sinuous. It Is n striking testimonial to tho headway which has been gained by the waterway move? ment?a testimonial oil the stronger because of Its unconscious and unin? tentional?thnt all the railway Jour? nals, all those periodicals which, while ' rtomlr.ally Independent, always take the railway side In any contro? versy, and many railway presidents and other high officials are now fight? ing fti the open against the proposed development-of waterways. Many of the arguments advanced by those who wish the railways to have a monopoly of all traffic except that necessarily carried by wagon, ore more ingenious than Ingenuous. Just now much . stress Is being laid upon the claim that the total cost of trans? portation is greater by water than by rail. The Railway Age Gazette re? cently said editorially: "The fundamental question that ought to be settled before the gov? ernment of the United States engages in extenslvo development of Inland ?waterways is whether the total cost of transportation on such waterways, Is, or probably can be made, less than the total cost of transportation by rail Is or can be made. The rate that tha shipper pays to the railways ? ? ? covers the total cost of transportation by rail. The rate that the shipper pays to the owner of a boat covers only a return on the Investment In, and tho operating expenses of tho boat. To arrive at the total cost of water trans, portatlon there must be added to this expense what the public pays In taxca for the development and maintenance of the waterway. Therefore ? ? ? comparison between tho rates paid by rail and by water given no cluo to the relative c03t of transportation by rail and by water." The writer of thnt editorial has mis? taken a spur track for the main line. The fundamental question to be. set? tled before the government of tho United States engages extensively In development of inland waterways Is whether such development would, or would not. benefit the people. The ro? tative total cost of rail and water transportation Im simply one. of a num? ber of questions collateral to the main question Just stated. Nevertheless, It is worthy of careful consideration, especially as those who nre unfamiliar with the facts may bo misled by the half-truths stated, and the unfounded claims made by tlioso who advocnto a monopoly of traffic by the railways. One of their arguments runs about as follows: The average rate per ton-mile on In? land waterways Is nbout six miles in France, five miles In Germany and six one-half miles In Relglum. Onreminent expenditures for (lie maintenance of canals and improved rivers, and for interest on the money expended for their devrlopment, amount to 4 mills per ton-mlfe on water-borne traffic In France, to 1.6 mills In Belgium, and to of a mill in Germany, or If the Khlne and the Elbe be left out, to 2 mills per ton per mile. This makes the total cost of transportation per ton mile 1ft mills In France. 11 mijls In Belgium nnd fi mills In Oermnny. The nverage rate on the rnllwoys In the United States In 1!>00 was 7.6.1 mills per ton per mile. That Is much less than the cost hy water In France and BelKlum and only a little more than -7 per cent higher than the average cost in Germany. Therefore (we are ex? pected to conclude), the only safe, snne I and sensible thing for the American people to do Is to fill up what canals we hn.ve left, abandon our rivers to the muskrats and turn the whole busi? ness of transportation over to the rail? roads. What they can't carry can lie and rot. To begin with, the figures above given, which purport to show tho nver? age price paid for .transportation by wator In tho countries named, are neither official nor accurate. Thev are simply the average, of rates given as illustrations In IAndley's report to the] British Royal Commission. If there aro any statistics published which j give the total amount paid for trans? portation on the waterwaya of Eu-| rope the wrltor has failed to find them. Lacking these It Is impossible to de? termine the exact rate per ton-mile. Furthermore, they relato to metric tons of 2,204 pounds and must bo re? duced by a little more than one eleventh before they are compsrablo with American transportation rates, i which aro based upon net tons of 2,000 I pounds. I The average rate per ton per mile I Is a convenient generalization, which I has a place and a use In the discus? sion of transportation questions, but It does not answer all tho needs of such a discussion. All tho factors which j enter the making of this avcrapjo rato must bo known before Its meaning can be clearly understood. Slzo of locks, which limits tho 'capacity of boats, width and depth of channel, which limit their speed, length of haul, and character of trnftlc, all exert a tremendous Influence on iho ton-mile cost of water transportation. The locks adopted as the standard In France will pi:ss a boat carrying f.00 tons, which Is only a little larger than those on the old Erie Canal. But Up to 1906 less than half of the canals and only two-fifths of the rivers had been brought tip to this standard. Some of the French canals accommo? date boats holding only SO tons, which ore hauled by men. Some of them run Into mountainous regions, one. of them, the Canal do Bourgogne, attaining an elevation of 1.634 feet In 1G0 miles. On another cnnal water Is pumped to an elevation of 268 feet to supply tho summit level In summer. But the cost cf transportation under such conditions as these Is Included In the average rate per tone per mile. Nobody Is proposing to build canals like that In this country. The locks of the new Erie barge cnnal will pass boats carrying 2,500 to 3,000 tons. Tho i anxiety of certain railway magnates I nbout canals In the United States Is I Just about as touching nnd Just nbout I as well founded as the grief of the glr: who was found by her companions at a picnic weeping on the bank of the river. When asked tho cause of her sorrow, she sobbed out: "I was just thinking that sotnotlme I might get mnrrled?and live in a house close to the river?nnd have n bnby?and tho poor little thing would fall In and get drowned." Tn 1005 the average length of haul on the waterways was only 13.3 miles In Belgium, 02 mllea In France and 139 miles in Germany. In 1909 tho averago length of haul on the railways of tha| United States, considered as a sb'stetn, was 261.1 miles. Nr. compnrlaion of] nverage rates per ton per mllo Is fair which falls to take length of haul Into] consideration, as Is plainly shown by nn analysis of the tariff of a leading American railway. T iking the average of the rates on the eight classifications which covor the great bulk of general merchandise shipped In less than car? load lots, we find the following rates per ton per mile for the different dis? tances shown: Bate per ton per mile. Miles. Cents. 15.S 8.3 25.1 5.5 K'1.7 3.2 -'00.4 3.1 ?US.5 1.6 These figures do not represent thel R.verage rato at which the traffic was Carried, but tho averago of tho pub-| llshcd rates, which Is n very different! matter; but they do show plainly how' rapidly rates per ton-mile decrease | with length of haul. If the railway people hud taken Second look at that reference to thol waterways of Germany they would never have mentioned It at all, for it is loaded with dynamite and It shoots! backward. ' Any thinking man that read3 the Statement that government expend! i lures In Germany amounts to 2 mills per ton-mile when the Rhino and tho Elho are left out, but to only .84 of a mill when they are Included, sees ut onco that the coat per ton-mile those rivers must have been extremely low. And ac in fact It was. for Lund loy's report to tho British Royal Com? mission shows that in 1005 tho avor age coat per net ton per mile of traffic to the Prussian government was about 1-3 of a mill (.33) on tho Elbe, a llttlo I mere than l-i-. of a mill (.17) on tho j Rhine, and less than one-fourth of a mill (.23) on tho traffic of tho two rivers combined. The great underlying principle which Is revealed by a study of these figures, is this: The deeper nnd wider the channel, the larger the locks (where locks are needed i. the greater the car? rying capacity of single boats or fleets of Largos, the longer the haul and tho larger the truffle developed, the less In the cost of transportation. If we have the best railway system nnd the lowest railway rates In the world, the thing for us to do Is toi build the best waterway system In the) world and get the lowest possible cost of transportation. Our natural oppor? tunities In this respect are-unsurpass? ed. The rlv.irs now' navigable In the United States have a greater length than all the waterways, Including csnnlB ns well as rivers. In France. Holland, Belgium nnd Germany com? bined. The combined length of the twelve chief canalized "rivers of Franco la only equal to that of the Ohio. The only waterway In that country which has a chnnnol as large, na that now under development In the "Cape Fear Rtver from Wilmington to Fayt-tte vllle, North Carolina, is the portion of tho Seine from Paris to the sea. The! only Inland -waterway In Germany wlthl a channel comparable to that of th? improved Ohio Is the 110 miles of thet Rhine between Cologne and the Dutch* frontier. Nor are we compelled to look, to tjj^ future for oxamplos of low coat and/ efficiency in transportation on Ameri* can rivors. Tho greatest cargoes mov* cd At one time aro not handled on thef Great Lakes, or even on the ocean, but in tho Hoots of barges carrying coaly down the Ohio and Mississippi River? ?the record cargo being 57,500 tons* handled by tho tow boat Sprague. Tha board of Engineers that recommended the improvement of the Ohio report that great quantities of coal have been transported on that river at a charge of less than .4 of a mill per ton per mile?a rate as low as is given on tho Great Lakes for coal from Buffalo to Duluth, which coal is taken as return, cargo?and say that they never heard of a lower rate except in deep draft occan vessels traversing great dls-: tances. Sugar was cnrrled 2,000 miles ui?, stream from New Orleans to Plttsburg In 1305 and 1506, at nn average charge of 1.14 mills per ton-mile, while tho nverago charge on sugar for the ocean haul of 5,000 miles, from Rio Janeiro to Now York, was 1.27 mills. While the exact expense per ton-mllc. due to rost of maintenance and Interest tn cost of construction, would v-iry with., tho amount of traffic developed, if tha . entire amount woro loaded on to tho traffic already developed on the Ohio? tho "total coet" of transportation. Would not be ono-fourth as much aa tho average rate by rail. In considering the "total- cost" of? transportation we must not forget to figure how much that total cost might bo increased if the railways wero orp? llrely relieved of tho effect of the com? petition of inland waterways. Before l\he locks at tho cascades on tho Col? umbia River were built, freight rate? I on nnlls and that class of goods from Portland to tho Dalles wero $6.10 pep ton; As soon as the locks w^rc open? ed, the railroad rate dropped to $2 pep ton. That tho difference was due to tho river Improvement :s shown by tha fact thnt rates were net reduced be? yond the point to which tho steam? boats could run. For instance, tho rate on salt- In carload lots wos $1.60 per ton-mile to tho Dalles and $10.21* per ton to tlmotllla? $t.f.O per ton fop tho eighty-eight mile;? with watcp competition and $8.70 per ton for thai next 100 mil's without water compotl-* tlon. If It Is proper for the people of tho> United States to consider the "total cost" of transportation before enter? ing upon an extensive scheme of water-* way development, it Is even more inn portant that they consider the "total cost" which results when the' trans-* portatlon system of tho country Is overloaded and breaks down, as It did In 1006-f>7. There are many people whuj: have hitter memories of tho losses ins curred through tho Inability of thai railways to hundle promptly the traffic* offered them In those years. They" recognize tho fact that the public inJ terest demands the Improvement ot?l our waterways and the turning over tee. them, to as great an extent ns possible* of tho raw materials which are chiefly* responsible for the clogging of tracks nnd terminals, leaving the railways oif the country free to uso their equipments! in the transportation of traffic of s? higher grade. It Is to the Interest of the preplan thnt. transportation be as primpt. its* clilclent and as cheap ns possible. L'O" less the railways of the United States, can prove that their average rates catv and will be reduced to something neat* tho average figures which have bconj Indicated for the Rhine. In Germany* and the Ohio and Mississippi, In tha United States, there Is no question thnft tho public interest demands tho im-? provement of inland waterways. Iff the railways could conduct transportai tlon at n profit at prices somewhat neait tho present "total cost" of transportai tlon on the Rhine, there Is no escape^ from the conclusion thnt their pres* ent rates nro outrageously high. FOR TSE HAIR An ideal, refined hair grower, hair beautifier, and dandruff remover. Parisian Sage Destroys dandruff germs. Eradicates Dandruff. Stops Falling hair and itching scalp, and puts vigor and radiance into faded and lifeless hair. 50 cents at druggists everywhere. Girl with the Auburn hair on bottle Sold sad Ouarsntted br Tragle Drusr Co.