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pfipll Sam's Oases?How the Government Engineers
Are Making Gardens ?f Great American Deserts the3 Oft bat ahkbicax desert, showing sage brush. THE HOME OF A SETTLER IN MITCHELL, NORTH PLATTE PROJECT. S'U IUVCr Pr0 cct- Apoche I?dl,n. ?V?^a /in 7.'. /ove^en.^J,,!5 Map Showin* Uncle Sam'i new oaaea, now hrlns; created In the arid Weal. Sixty Million Dollars Already In? vested and One Million Acres Under Water?The Mighty Dams of the Arid West and What They Are D?ing?An Irrigated Empire in the Heart of the Rockies?Where Apple Is King?California Projects. All About the Reclamation Service and What It Has Already Accomplished. BV FRANK G CARPENTER. Washington. D. C. The Great American Desert is a thins of (he pest. Like Moses of old in the Wilderness of Sinai, Uncle Sam. Patriarch, has struck Its rocks with his magic rod. and the water has gushed forth, - creating oases richer than the Valley of the Nile or the Ganger. He has piled up tens of millions to reclaim the hare lands, and has an army of englneert and laborers at work turning them Into farms for his peo? ple. Last year he had 14,000 men dig? ging, blasting and damming. He has already built so many canals that If they were laid end to end they would reach from New York to San Francisco and back to New Orleans, or if meas? ured upon the Pacific would extend from California to China. Some of these canals carry whole rivers. He tine built about son miles of wagon roads, has excavated more than twenty miles of tunnels, and altogether has taken out enough earth to equal a ditch three feet wide and three feet deep running clear around the world at the equator, and In addition to equal a hole Jhree feet equare run through the globe from one side to the other, and a similar tunnel dug at right angles to this from pole to polo. Where the Oa>es Are. This is the work of the reclamation service, which Is backed by a capital of about ninety million dollars, and of which sixty millions are already in? vested. There are ten millions left of the reclamation fund and in addition twenty millions more which have been ap? propriated by Congress nnd are at the command of the service. This great work is headed by some of the ablest organizers and most shllled engineers of Uncle Sam's scientific army. I have spent this week at their office build? ing in Washington. > It has a Inrge number of clerks, al? though the actual constructive opera? tions are scattered all over tho West. The Washington bureau has photo graphs of every stage of the work. It receives dally reports of what Is being done, and one can get a bird's-eye view of the mighty undertakings which are now under way. The government scientists have made maps of the country, testing every slope, hill and valley. They have measured the water In the air overhead, and with diamond drills have tested the beds of the can? yons beneath in sinking the foundations for dams which will store up the rain? fall. They have done so much drill? ing that if the holes could be placed end to end they wquld reach more than ten miles down into the rocky heart of old Mother Earth. ? ? In company with Dr. F. H. NowsJI, the'director, and one of the engineers, Mr. C. J. Blahchard, T have gone over the maps showing where the various reclamation projects are situated. Broadly speaking, thsy cover tho whole arid West extending from the great plains to the Pacific. Those of the great plain? are in a country which haa been vgely devoted to grating and which had enough rainfall to pro? duce food for the millions of buffaloes '"?Mch once wandered over It These * fore ground. 0 projects are In the western parts of Kansas, Nebraska and the Dakotas. Another division is situated on the great plateau which lies between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevadas and Cascades, while others are on the Pacific Slope still farther West. There are In all thirty-four of them, in each of which workls now going on, and in many of which water is al? ready flowing over the lands. TInrle Sam's Rig Dams. Every one of th6se ..oases contains wonders' enough for a letter; and some are so remarkable, that they cannot be passed without notice; They are .all watered by dams which have created reservoirs In the mountains, and some of these dams are of enormous extent. Take the Shoshone. which holds back the waters of the Shoshone River, in Northern Wyoming, on the borders of Yellowstone Park. That dam Is a w'edgo of. solid concrete higher than the dome of the National Capitol at Washington, and it holds back a beau? tiful lake 100 feet deep, covering more than fi.000 acres Tha dam Is' eighty five feet long at tho bottom.' and It rises up to1 a distance of 328 feet be? tween, nearly perpendicular cliffs meas? uring about 200 feet wide at the^.top. It Is the highest of all masonry dams, aind It will, reclaim 132,003 acres of some of the richest land upo^ earth. Of this. 123,000 acres are public prop? erty, and they will bo opened to set? tlement by the Secretary of the In? terior when the works are completed. Just below this dam Is another, which diverts the stream Into a tun? nel over three miles in length, carry? ing the waters Into a broad canal and thence out to the farm lands. Thou? sands of acres of that tract hav? al? ready been settled. Hundred* of fajnl lies are established and towns are springing to being. The Pathfinder. Another great dam Is the'Pathfinder, named after General John C. Fremont, the notel explorer. General Fremont nearly lost his life while attempting to cross In a boat. The structure will be 215 feet high, and will store enough water to cover a million acres to the dupth of a foot. In connection with the dam and the reservoir, the government has built a canal ninety five miles In length to carry the water on to the lands of Wyoming and Ne? braska This canal Is lined for miles with cement, and in places the water Is carried over the country on viaducts made of concrete. This Is In what is known as the North Platte project. It Is located about 100 miles north of Cheyenne, being tributary to three different railroads. About 80,000 acres of land hava. already heen taken up. and they will soon be covered with farms. The Roosevelt Dam, The largest dam of all, however, is the Roosevelt dam. the completion of which was celebrated last spring, an'i whue water Is now flowing over thousands of acres which a short time ago were, as 'thirsty and' dry as the heart of Sahara. This is situated In the Salt River Valley, |n Southern Ari? zona, not far from Phoenix. In a re? gion so arid that It has heen nick? named "The Land THat God Forgqt.". Nevertheless, It was irrigated' to some extent in ancient times, and the whjto man has Irrigated farms there for over forty years. Apache Indians here aid? ed In the government work. The dam will hold back a million and a quarter acre feet of. water, and it will make 2*0,000 acres a very Gar? den of Eden. The country there is rfW hot that a vast deal of writer will bo needo to keep tho lands moist AjS much as four feat can be used to ad-; vantage, so that if the water used In a year should stay on the land it would cover it to the nelght of one's chest. In the Yuma project, which is still farther south, at the Junction of the Olla and Colorado Rivers, the .climate is still hotter, and the land can drink up five and a half feet of water per annum, so much that if left It would drown out all the girls under five feet six who will soon be living upon it. The Roosevelt dam Is made of sand? stone and cement. It Is ss high as any office building of twenty-one sto? ries, r.nd its length at the top Is equal to two city blocks. It is in fact over 1,000 feet long. It is 170 feet thick at the bottom, and over a third of a mil? lion barrels of cement were used In its construction. ThiB was made by the government at works created for the purpose, resulting In a saving of $600, 000 on that Item alone. This dam will j furnish electric power, which will be used for pumping water from under? ground in the Salt River Valley, add? ing something like a thousand more" farms to the cultivated area. I'nrle Sum's Irrigated Farms. These dams and the others connected with them now being made by the re? clamation sejvire will add enormous? ly to our national fruit and bread bos? ket. The lands reclaimed are natu? rally the richest of the world. They are made up of the earth washings of the mountains, whose fertilizing mate? rials have not been carried away by the rains. The soil is as hot as that of a hotbed. In most places it surpasses that of the Kile Valley, and altogether there is so much of It that It will add more than seven Egypts to Uncle Sam's, farms. All the land now cultivated ?n Egypt Is a little more than 6,000,OOfl acres. When our reclamation projects are completed they will reclaim 45. 000.000 or 5".000,000 acres, and If the land should support proportionately ss many people as does the valley of the N'lle. they will feed something like 77.000.000. This means results which are far In the future and somewhat,beyond what the engineers now claim Mr. Blanch ard tells me that there will undoubt? edly be enough land for 1,000,000 fam? ilies, and In this he estimates the farms at thirty or forty acres each. One acre of any of these oases Is easily equal to five or ten acres of Illinois Or Iowa, and It Is said that a family can be supported on a five or ten-acre patch. About 1.oon.OOO acres have al? ready been covereov "with water, and homes by tt\e hundreds are being cut out of the sand. On many of, the oases towns have already gone up. street railroads have been built, s/h?olhouses and other public buildings constructed, and social nnd political communities are well under way. Whnt Hns neen Done. Let me run over some of the pro? jects and tell you a little of what has been done. Take Yuma on the Colo? rado River, on the southeastern boun? daries of Arizona and . Callfornl?. There Is a dam there almost a mile long that ts as high as a two-story house, which will eventually irrigate about 07,000 acres of land. The dam was completed about two years ago, and a distribution system of 187 miles of canals, his been laid Out and Is well under way. The lands here are partly in California and partly in Arizona. The total area redeemed will he about 100,000 acres, of which 8n.600 will he In Arizona. About 5,000 acres of land are already under Irrigation on tho California? side of the river, and other 'lands are open to settlement. ? 1 The country never has frost, and Its hot tropleal sun flta it for the culti? vation of oranges, lemons, grapefruit, dates, etc. It Is an Ideal region for ostriches, and It will vie with South Africa in the raising of feathers for our American market. Jumping to the extreme north, where the Shoshone- River has now I been turned on the lands, a number of towns have been laid out and some are fast growing. Cody, whlrh was named after Buffalo Bill, has a popu? lation of 2,500. with three hanks, stores^ lumber .yards and hotels. An electric plant furnishes the town with light and power, and It has a sulphur plant, a brickyard and a flour mill, which grinds 125 barrels every day. j Garland, another town, has about R00 people, and Pow?ll and Ral.'ton are other settlements which are rapidly growing. Here the soil Is a rich, sandy loam, fitted for alfalfa, grain and deciduous fruits. There Is a grazing country about, and the nn Irrtgated lands are well fitted for sheep. The Work In Montane. From Shoshone let us go north Into Montana and take a look at Huntley. which lies at the Junction of the Northern Pacific and C B. & Q. Ball roads, on the south bank of the Yel? lowstone River. Here He about" 20.oon acres upon which1 Uncle Sam has put water, and whlrh he Is now giving out to settlers In tracts of forty acres and eighty acres eactj. The most of the farmers think forty acres enough to yield a good Income, and say that Is all the land ono man can comforfahly handle. They tell, however, of extra? ordinary yields of vegetables, sugar beets, fruits and grain, and are mak | Ing good In every potyilble way. The town of Huntley Is fast growing, and It has churches, banks and hotels. I Oshorn Is another town which has sprung up, and near It is Ballantlne, which has five stores and a post-ofHro. while "Warden and Newton are also fast growing. The Irrigation system here was prac Mca,lly completed in 1907, and hun? dreds of families are now on the lands. Many are* raising alfalfa, which they sell for |8 a ton. and not a few have diversified crops, from which they are getting from $ST00 to 12.000 per annum on their forty-acre farms. Neverthe-, less, the soil hod not been scratched bv the plow before the government took hold of It. Uncle Sam had to spend $1,000,000 before It was r*eady for settlement, but the lands are now being paid for, and'every cent of this money wfll eventually come back Into the Treasury. Where Apple I? King. Going westward Into Oregon and Washington, we reach the fruit lands, | where |he ctunces aro even greater than In the Irrigated sections farther East. Hero are the Yaklma projects In a region where full-bearing apple orchards produce crops worth from $300 to $1,200 per acre, and where peaches do quite well. Yaklma county i Is shipping hundreds of thousands of! boxes of apples each year, and millions of young fVees are now growing.' Alfalfa h?y brings there $5 a ton In' the stack, a'nd In one year the vallayl where this protect Is s'tunted sold Its hay crop for $2,000,000 This Is a coun? try of towns, newspapers ana up-to date people. There are many private irrigation works under way, and the products of the valley are so well known that thev command a ready market It Is a land <tf hanlrs. schools and churches, and one where the so? cial conditions are already-established, j The government estimates that by proper storage sufficient water can be saved to Irrigate IfiO.flflfl acres, and a large area Is now under water. Dams have been put up, canals dug. and the farmers are tilling the soil. .The cost of the land on the ten-year Instalment plan Is $S2 per acre, and the main? tenance charge Is Of, cents per acre per annum. This seems rather high for, one who d?es not understand the conditions, hut when It Is remembered that orchards are worth from $500 to several thousand dollars per acre, when they have once come Into hear Ing, the possible profits are plain. Another fruit project In Washington is the Okanogan. which will redeem 10,000 acres of high-grade fruit lands. This la completed. Going south we come to the UmittUa Irrigation works on the edge of Wash? ington. In Northern Oregon. Here an earthen embankment a half-mile long and 100 feet high will hold back the Hoods. The soil Is porous, and many of the canals have been lined with cement on that account. Several towns have grown up In this region, of which Hermlston has 1.000 or more population. California Work*. Still farther south Is the Klamath project, on the boundary of Oregon and California, which will reclaim 190.000 acres. Of thla about 30.000 acres are nlready under water, and about 10 per cent, of the work has been completed. A storage dam has been built which makes Clear Lake a reservoir, and there are other storage projects which will ultimately Irri? gate this vast tract of land. The Orland project In Northern Cali? fornia, Is also progressing About 77 per cent, of the work is completed, and the- East Park dam there will store water for about '14.000 acres. The dam Is 139 feet high, and It has a reservoir capacity of 45.000 acre feet. This lies about ninety miles north of Sacramento on the * Southern Pacific Railroad. The greater part of, It will be opened this year. . The Heart of the Rockies. Some of the biggest schemes which the government Yiow; hns under way lie in the heart of the Rockies.^ or. rather, on the great western plateau. In Utah we have the strawberry valley project, which Will redeem fio.ooo acres. It Is now 45 per cent, com? pleted. In Nevada is the Truckee Carson pm.teet, which Involves more than 600 miles of .canals, nnd 50,000 feet of dykes and dams. This, when finished, will irrigate 260.000 acres, and the first unit Is now ready. And then there Is the Boise project, where a dim forty-five feet high has been constructed nt the mouth of a cannon not far from Bo'se City This turns the waters of a river into a canal, which In the non-lrrlgnted sea? son .throws them into a reservoir which will store 1S6.00O acre feet. The Mlnnadoka project'Is alre?dy Ir? rigating the Snake River Valley, and Ik furnishing electric power to pump water on to land,, which are too high for the gravity canals. The total area there under ditch Is 130.0"0 acres, and about 50.nan acres are helng Irrigated, by pumping. In Colorado the Gunnison River has been carried under a mountain 2.000 feet high by a tunnel, six? miles In length into the Pncompangre Valley. This Is a part of a scheme which ?ventually will Irrigate 140,000 acres. And the engineering connected with it is most remarkable. The tunnel was made In eight-hour shifts, the work being kept up day and night, and It was completed In the shortest time upon record. In one month 823 feet were made, and one gang of laborers 'dug out 7,500 feet In one year. Some Operation* In Texas end Ne? braska. I have already written of the Path? finder Pam. Th's is connected with ' the Nebraska project on the North Platte River, and It Includes a diver? sion dam 600 feet long and 20 feet high, which has been ibullt "cross that river near *>e station of Whalen. An Interstat'' nal carries the waters ? Btored in the Pathfinder reservoir through th<s dam over the lands of Wyoming and Nebraska. This project Is about three-fourths completed. The cant!, has been dug to a length of ion miles, supplying about SO.0Q0 acres of land, and the men are now at work upon reservo'rs which are to be filled during the non-Irrigating seasons. The watered lands are helng settled and are yielding abundant crops. An Interesting situation Is that of the Rio Orande project, which Is Just across the river from Mexico, and as to which Mexico objected, as It diverts the waters of the river, which forms the boundary of the two countries. This matter has. beon settled by the reclamation servlco placing Its dam near the station of Engle. on the Santa Fe system, and agreeing to give the republic of Mexico an annual sup j ply of 60,000 acre feet of water The reservoir which will be made will have a capacity of about 2.500.000 acre feet, snd It will Irrigate 1S0.0OO acres. The work Is already In progress there. A railroad has been built from Engle to tiie dam site. Sonic Pumping Projects. In North Dakota the government proposes to pump water from float? ing barges In the Missouri River, using the cheap lignite coal, which Is found everywhere In that regk-m. By this means It. will Irrigate the Bench land? In the vicinity of Willis ton and Trenton, ultimately reclaim? ing perhaps 20.000 acres. During the past year about 2,40t) acres hnvo been lirlgated In this way. In South Dakota the Pelle Fourche project has been 83 per cent, com? pleted. This is an important system. Including a storage reservoir, an enormous storage dam and a large canal. The protect will water 100.000 acres of land, Of which about half Is nlready supplied. (Copyright. 1911. by Frank G. Car? penter.) Howardsville Socia.1 News [Special to The Tlmes-Dlspateh ] Howardsville, Vs.. August 5.?A de? lightful ten was given Wednesday afternoon by Mrs. .1. K. Irving at her home. "Selhua." Ref.eshments were served by Miss Courtney Irving, as slated by Misses Mary Irving nnd Elizabeth Rentley. of Richmond. Mrs. James Morrison, of Lynchburg; Miss Nan Clayborne snd Mrs Willie Anderson are the guests Of Mr*. Charles McCulloch at "Dornoch." Miss Fannie Brady of Wheeling, Is visiting her brother. A. F. Rrady. Miss Cunningham, of North narollnn, Is the guest this weeU of her uncle, G. W. Gllmer. Miss Willie Glover, of Rurklngham. Is visiting her brother, Pr S. R Glover. Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell Horsley. of Warmlnster. were the guests of Mrs. G W Glhuce this week. Misses Courtney Irving and Katie Scott, and Messrs lohn and Henrv Burns and Jack Lewis returned home last week from the summer school In Charlottesvllie. Mrs Leslie Rlalr. who has been | spending the summer with her sisters In New York, Is expected home this week, i Harrisonburg Social News ( Harrisonburg. V? , August 5.?Mrs John E. Roller and three children are visiting Miss Carolin? Cahell, of Inglewood: Nelson county. W. H Tallaferro. of Baltimore, Is visiting hlr wife, who is spending the summer here with her moth?r, Mrr. Kent Mrs Kate Maltland, of Richmond, Is visiting her uncle, J, A. Pavne. near I.lnvllle Misses Ressle and Effle Giles. of Poanoke, are ?pendlncr some time at the home of W R. Fallls. near Mt. Clinton Mrs. A H Strotber. of Baltimore, Is visiting her sister. Mrs C. D Harri .son. ? Miss Frances Mrlntvr.?. of Philadel? phia, is visiting Miss Sue Rradlev . Miss Katherlne Harney. of Rich? mond, was hostess at a recent enter? tainment st Hotel Elkton. in Elk ton Among the guests were Mlises Prls eilla Annan und Helen Chancellor, of Raltlmore; Mildred Chancellor. , of Washington Mrs. S A- Harney. of Richmond was .a chaperon. Mr. and Mrs. Trout and Mis. Anne Gary and Dr. Lewis Richard?, of Roanoke. arc recant arrivals In Elktotti Dr. Richard? visited hla father. Dr. Qi ? W, Richards, of Island Ford, and took h'tn In his automobile to Gettysburg;, where thu elder Richards participated in th? strenuou, engagement a half a, century ago. Miss Luclle Rosenberger Is giving; a house party at the home of her; parents. Mr. and Mrs. A. R. Rosen? berger, on Eaat Market Street. Arnonj the visitors from a distance are Dr. and Mrs. Howard Williamson, of Ports? mouth. O.: Misses Mary l.amheth and Anna H. Khkpntrlck of Nashville. Tenn.: Kate Lee Carter, of St. Louis: Fannie Lee Stevens, of Boston: Emma Webb, of Bell Buckle. Tenn., nnd Messrs William Ford, of Luray: Georgo W Lone and F.d. MeCulloeh. of Point Pleasant. W. Va.; Jose Legaspl. Pedro A'i'iada and Zomas Aprla, of the Philippine Islands; Hugh Locke, of Birmingham. Ah. Miss Tre<-a Rhodes, of Roanoke. has bean visiting Miss Lula Heatwole, ot Davton Ills- Reulah Loewner has returned from "Richmond and Roanoke. Mrs. T Tt Willis and children have returned to Lynchburg, ? accompanied by her daughter. Mrs. Frank Dolan. Miss Anna Crn'r hns returned to Richmond, after n visit to the home* of W. E Manor Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Dllworth, of Phil? adelphia, were recent guests of Frank Block'burn. pierce and Irvln Heatwole have been visiting their parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Heatwole. of Dayton. Miss Annie Lancaster, of Ashland, IS visiting her sister. Miss Natalie Lann caster, of the State Normal School. Mr. arid Mrs G. Clark Grelner. of Citra, Fla., are guests of Mrs. Ernest* Wilton. Winchester Social News [Special to The Ttmes-DtspatchO Winchester. Va.. August 5.?The ftrstf of a series of thr,ee midsummer dances was given last evenlnc In the ball? room at the Winchester Inn. under the auspices of the Young Men's Club of Winchester. Many out-of-town peo? ple were in attendance. A buffet sup? per was served about midnight, and, the dance continued for another hour, Mrs. Hiram Brown, who has beenr visiting Mr. and Mrs. Logan R. Fay at Hackwood farm. riear Winchester, returned to her home at Chestertown, Md , on Wednesday. Rev. J. H. Lacy. D. D.. has TeturnecV to Winchester, after spending some> tlme at Capron Springs, W. Va. Miss Mnrv Ella Gordon, of H?gers town. Md., is v'sltlng friends near* Winchester. Mrs. George A. Dalgetty-Kerr sndi children, of Lynchburg, who have been" visiting her parents. Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Wall. In Winchester, left this week} for Mnssanetta Springs. Misses Luella and Gussle Harfortt left Winchester several day? ago on 8. visit to relatives at Frederick and L'bertvtowu, Md. Mr. and MrE- Newton Griffith, ot Washington, have been spending bov eral weeks with relatives In Winches-* ter and vicinity. Miss Bossle Marks came from Alex-" andrin several days ago on a.visit ta relatives In Berryvllle. Miss Nancy Baldwin, who has been, visiting friends In Frederick, Md., has returned to Berry villa. Mlss Catherine Pulllam, who has heen visiting relatives in Mlddleburg, has returned to her home at Berry vllle. Mrs. William Wattles, who has been passing part of the summer in Clarke, has returned to her home at Alex? andria. ? Mrs. James P. Reardon. of Winches? ter, iE visiting nt the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Colborn, at Frostburg, Md. Mrs. Dalngerfleld Lewis and Mtsg Margaret Byrd Lewis, of New York, are visiting the Misses McGuire, al Berry vllle. Bristol Social News [Special to The Tlmes-Dlspatch.l Bristol. Va.', August 5.?A marriags_ of much Interest in Southwest Vir? ginia was solemnized at the home of the Rev. x. L. Clendennen. at Wallace, on Monday, when Miss Flora Clenden? nen. the young daughter of Mr. and Mrs Clendennen. became tho hrlde of Professor J. C. Boatrlght, superintend? ent of public Instruction In Leo coun? ty. The young couplte left In the after? noon for "Niagara and Toronto. Mr. and Mrs. Tobe S. McNeil left this w.oek for Toronto, where they will spend a month as guests of Mr. Mc? Neil's relatives. They will also visit Niaga rn. Mayor and Mrs. W. L. Rice are spending ten days at Unaka Springs, on the Tennessee-North Carolina bor-, der. Miss Myrtle Nichols, who spent a; month as the guest of her sister, Mrs.^ Tobe S. McNeil, has returned to her; home at Salem. James G. Wyman nnd bride, neS' Thompson, who were married recently.. ,In Oklahoma City, have arrived here,' and will make Bristol their home. The groom Is a son ot a prominent lum-. berman here, and Is associated with! one of the banks. Miss Bessie Cullop Is spending a] short while at Hunter's Alum Springs, near Pulaskl. Miss Delia Arnette Young, daughter* of Mr. and Mrs. I. N. Young, of Mout? of Wilson, Grayson county, was mar-? rled to William Phillip Greer, of North, ('nrcfilnn, here this week, the Rev. Tj C. Taylor officiating. Misses Saraphine Kendriek ?nnd Blanche Wilkinson nre spending a, week with relatives of Miss Wilkinson, at Chllhowle. Miss Eulalia Kendriek Is spending two weeks at Crockett Springs. Mrs. A. S. Gump haR roturnefi from) Baltimore, where she spent more than a month with relatives. Dr. and Mrs. J. F. Hicks and their daughter, Mrs. Wr. A. Read, have re? turned from Linvllle, N. C where they spent ten days. ' Cismont Social News 1 l Special to The Times-Dispatch.] Cismont. Va.. August 5 - Among the" mnny charming guests now visiting lr? thlt. neighborhood are Sirs. Charlea Dickinson and little son. staying with Mrs .shnckleford at "Seven Oaks"; Miss Grace Lyon and Mrs Todd. of Richmond, at "Baynham Hall"; Mrs, Nelson, the Misses Nelson. Miss Crutch-. Held; Mrs Fox and Miss Fox. of Rich? mond, at "Belvldere"; Miss Scott, of Aniherst; Miss Cleeton and Russell Bowles, of Richmond, at "Klnloch." Mr. and Mrs.. Joslln. of Clover Hill, re away for the summer In New Hampshire. Miss Marlon Poor, of Richmond, la visiting Miss Helen Money at Horn, la House." Mr. andMrs. F.nrle Monev were host nnd hostess of a very jollv tacky party at Belvldere Saturday night Mr. and Mrs. Julian Morris have left Camphell for a round of horse shows beginning at Orange, where they now are. The hopeless illness of Hugh Mor? rison, who now lies at Saranae, New York attendcj by his wife, has cast a, shadow of distress over the neigh? borhood. ? ? Pocahontas Social News [Special to The Times-Dispatch 1 ? t'"<--;hontas. Vr . August 5 ?Mr. and Mrs. Thomas B. Dennen have for their guest Miss Josephine Dennen. of Rich? mond. Mr and Mr?. H. Marvin t'mbergara have for tne;r guests this weok Mrs, .-.Prague and daughter. Elvlna. of Cin? cinnati. O. J. G Pole left Tuesday-for his vac*, tlon, whl.-h win be -pent In Lexing? ton Mrs Joseph Mats nnd son. who hav* been visiting In Chi-ago for the past month, have cejnr-ied home Miss Nettle An? " of North Fork, W. Va . who ha:i b< en the house guest of Mr and Mrs I W. Karsley, left Wednesday for her home T. Marks, of Charleston W Va . was here this week the guest of relatives. Miss Rhoda/ Shockey, of ManneMnir. W V i who bas been th? guest of Mrs. Ja me, \v. R.iiiey, on East "Water Street, left Wednesday for her hom<?.