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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, August 14, 1911, Image 4

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C>e*a of Unrch ?. 1ST?,
MONDAY, AUGUST 14. 1911.
"I know enough of your Bar to
know that the practice of law Is here
a profession and not a business.'- said .
William H. Taft three years ago in
addressing the Virginia state Bar As-'
sociatlon. No happier description could
have been applied to an institution
which, if not among the most ancient,:
is, at least, among the most honorable
In the Commonwealth. To an outsider,
in attendance upon the twenty-third j
annual session of this body at Hot
Springs last week it was strikingly1
noticeable thnl the commercial spirit
was not manifest in either the. dobar.es
or the conversations Of the members
of the Bar of the Old Dominion. Those
who were there were there for enter- ;
talnment and instruction, but not for;
financial gain. If lawyers discussed
their personal practice, it was only i
to extract from it an interesting;
reminiscence or a convulsinc anecdote!
? and none are better raconteurs than,
Virgihl*. lawyers. These are the days'
of money madness, but the commercial
spirit finds no place in ihc councils of
the Virginia Bar.
Nothing could be more pleasantly
informal than the social intercourse
of the virgin'a lawyers. Gathered In
groups on the spacious porches or In
"Peacock Alley," they renewed old
friendships, laughed over the past, and
spoke hoSefully of the future. There
were no secret conferences. No matter,
who sauntered up to Join the group
he was always welcome. Politics was'
discussed, of course, hut not heatedly j
nor at length. The chances of this man
or that for a political position were
considered, but in no partisan way. J
Some talked earnestly of changes that'
should be brought about In the law,
of legislation that should be effected,
but there was no acrimonious discus?
sion of any kind. Judtres and new
lledged barristers mingled together,
and the country lawyer and corpora?
tion counsel found each other con?
genial. All constituted an agreeable
company of Virginia gentlemen. There
was no Etrtitting. no pompous parade
of the broad-brimmed black felt hut
and the ostentatious "Jitnswinger."
Even a layman would have found
much profit and pleasure ]n the formal
sessions of the Association. He would
have been delighted with the scholarly
monograph of Judge George 1? Chris?
tian, the retiring President, on tho
true Taney?a luminous picture of a
great man, an exquisite biographical
composite fashioned from many sources
and set by a master hand. Nor could
he have failed to hear with mure than
ordinary interest the paper of Judge
A. W. jWftllac*-; of Froderlcksburg, on
the lifo and character of Lord
Brougham, one of the greatest advo?
cates who evor spoke the English
tongue. Through an hour and a half,
u man or woman who had never heard
of the rule in Shelley's case would
have listened without effort to the
Utopian dream of Holm Bruce, of
Louisville, that soon the nations of
the world will bow In submission to
the decree of an International supreme
court to huul down fo-ever the r<-d
Hag of war. While perhaps not so
interesting to people without the pale
of the profession, the papers read l,y
Trofessor Raleigh C, Minor, of the
University of Virginia, and Walter H.
Taylor, of Norfolk, were extremely
valuable. Though one of the younger
members of the Bar, Mr. Taylor's ar?
gument for abolition of trial by jury
In civil cases was as able as It was
ingenious, singling out many defects
in our present jury system. In I he
dispassionate judgment of an outsider,
Professor Minor's paper ,vas the best
of all. It was original, it was scholar,
ly, but, best of all. it was constructive
It found a defect, but it proposed a
remedy, it might be described as a
suggestion that the short ballot be
applied to State government?thai tho
Governor appoint all the prlhe'pu)
executive department officers and be
responsible to the people for thuir
neglect or misfeasance, if this could
be effected, In the opinion of Profes?
sor Minor, the State government would
be more centralized und stronger, and.
therefore, heiter fitted to ward off
the encroachment upon State powers
and rights By the Federal Government.
The paper was an Incisive .analysis of
the weakness ar.d the strength of the
State Government r,f Virginia, and if
Professor Minors suggestions could
he adopted they wouiu make for
economy ar.d efficiency In the adminis?
tration of the people's business. It is
not too much to say that Professor
Minor's paper reflected the highest de?
gree of credit not only upon himself,
but upor. tb' law sehool of the t'r.l
Matter.? Having to do with law v ?
form principally -?ngaged the atten?
tion of the Association, afcide from the
I speeches. Moro would have boon ac?
complished hud a greater proportion
of tho membership been present, and
It in to bo hoped that next year the
attendance will be so great that It
will mark nn epoch in tho history of j
the Association as achieving far- j
reaching reforms In the btatutes of j
Virginia. As It was. however, tho As?
sociation Is to be commended warmly
for pnssln'g a recommendation to tho
Legislature to reduce the fee compen-j
sation of the clerks of the Supremo (
Court of Appeals to a salary hast-?,
for appropriating $1,000 for the preser
vatlon and equipment of the John '
Marshall house, for recommending to .
the General Assembly tho establish?
ment of expert testimony on an official
nnd not a private basis, for requesting
the General Assembly In appeal eases
where the amount Involved is small
to substitute typewritten records for
printed ones. Three of these construe- :
tlve measures look to the simplifica?
tion of legal procedure und the reduc?
tion of the high cost of litigation, and :
will, for that reason, he generally ac?
ceptable If enacted Into law, tis they
surely win be.
In a delightful essay on "The Old j
Virginia Lawyer," Thomas Nelson j
Page lolls us that in the old days the
Virginia lawyer for the plaintiff
would file a blank declaration and
that the counsel for the defendant
would (lie a blank answer, because, to j
use their own expression, wishing to1
avoid the tortuous process of prelimi?
nary pleading, they wanted to "throw j
out the foolishness and get down to
the guts of the case." For a good
lone time that Is lust what some of
the members of the Par Assorlatlon
have been fighting to do. and it would
seem that they will soon prevail. A
movement is on foot for the simplifi?
cation of pleading nnd practice and
for the excision of technicalities, nnd (
it will come to tho surface at th??1
next meetlnpr. In fact, the Association
Is more and more devoting Its atten- I
tlon and effort to reform In all
branches of the law, so that tho law
will be just, cheap, and fair to every
litigant, no matter whether he be
rich or poor, friendless or Influential.
No one can attend a session of the
Virginia Bar Association without bo
coming conscious of a certain dis?
tinctive atmosphere which pervades
that body?an atmosphere suggestive
of tenacious loyalty to the traditions,
of old time, yet of recognition of that;
which Is good In the now. of a con- ?
servatism consistent with construc?
tive purposes, of impersonal nnd dls- .
passionate Judgment. Conscious of j
tho fact that they are the successors
of Wythe. Marshall and Mason, tho'
members of the Virginia P.ar take euro ;
; that they shall attain to the standard
of personal conduct which actuated
I those greater Virginia lawyers of for?
mer days, even If they may not attain
! their fnmo. The shyster nnd the
: trickster do not make their appear?
ance. For tho Virginia Bur Assocla
! tlon is. of a truth, n brotherhood,
i moving In the spirit of good ft-llow
I ship and good feeling, sincerely and
' simply striving to "uphold nnd elevnte
' the standard of honor. Integrity and
courtesy In tho legal profession"
Thern is such an organization as the
.National Independent Political Rights
I League, and Its name would seem to
1 indicate that it is widespread in Its
j objects. What its strength may be
i In the South, we shall not expose at
! this time; but It Is at work up Nuth.
and Is ull the more to be watched for
' that reason. We assume that It is
generally composed of negroes with an
Infusion of white blood sufficient at
j least to supply It with the necessary
I munitions for the conquest upon which
It has entered.
I One night last week the Citiions'
Auxiliary Committee of Boston held
: a meeting nt the new Twelfth Baptist
Church, at the South End. In that town.
: which wns addressed by Dr. O. M.
j Waller, of Brooklyn. New York, and
he made some startling disclosures, to
thc effect that for the last fifty years
j the Negroes of this country havo been
. living under the most rigid nnd clever?
est organized conspiracy that any
I weak race had ever been compelled to
I endure. The heavy villains in this
, play are the capitalists of the North
I who have over $ invested
In the South, and the Bourbons of the
South who want It to stay Iriv?sled
i there. Going somewhat Into the par?
ticulars of this dastardly conspiracy,
; Dr, Waller said, as reported In the
Hosjon Transcript, which doubtless
knows more about it than It is willing
i to tell:
"The head of this organised ion
: Splracy is u Negro?n man Of splendid
genius. In my opinion, a diplomat, r.n
orator and a splendid organizer. It Is
Booker T Washington, of Alabama,
who is at the apex of this organised
combination of Northern capitalism
-.:..] Southern Bourbonlsth. You notice
thai ia.-- people who are engaged !ri
keeping the Negro race In a subdued
state occasionally let the cat out < f
the bag. You find both the North .-rn
capitalist and thf. Southern FJ.Tirh.in
Urging the Negro to follow mor? close.
|y the teachings of Mr. Washington.
You lind thnt the people of tho North
arc perfectly wil?r.g to give their
mono; id help educate the Negro along
Industrial lines.
"TW*'* is another point in thlr or?
ganized conspiracy Yon hav?- under
this r.ystem tome 1,600,000 erf .Negroes
who are ?killcd laborers and mecr.uii
Ici that can be carried by traits to
tike thc places of white men who no
out on strike. I am glad to say that
the white laborers in the last three
years hove become aware of the situttr
lion, and arn Jtift about getting tnerf
heavy hand upon It."
P.ooker appears to he plavlng In
i rathor hard luck In these latter days;
but it Is hopol that,he.will not give
up Tis strangle hold ni the monev o'tg>
of the Northern oapi.trtllste until he has
j hied them mons . prof t(sely than :i<> n:.s
; so far succeeded in doing. But just
I to think that Is really the work that
the Ogdon Movement has boon doing
! all theso years, and that we have sus?
pected the leadors of that great edu- :
; catlonal aggregation as themselves j
' having doslgns against tho whlto peo- |
pie of the South and their control of j
their own uffalrs, when here It has I
leaked out in Boston that Hooker has. i
In fact, bocn the active tool of tho j
Vankco capitalist and tlio Southern
Bourbon to keep "the Negro In a sub- t
dued stato." Surprising things aro i
happonlng almost every d:\y. and ono
cannot toll what will happen next. If j
It be true, however, that our old 1
friends Robert C. Ogden and Seth Low !
have been really standing in with ?
Booker Washington In this conspiracy j
to manage the race question in tho '
South so that it can do no particular I
harm cither to the whites or the blacks |
in these parts?if this has boon their |
serious purpose, we can only admit
that we have been mistaken in our I
estimate of their activities and Invite j
them to come to our arms.
The struggle In Atlanta for tho
adoption <>f tho commission form of
city government has enden in a com?
promise, under which the Georgia
metropolis will probably have what
is properly termed by tho Birmingham
News "a hybrid plan of government."!
which Will be neither commission nor!
nldermnnlc. but a combination of both.
The Atlanta plan, now up to the
Legislature, will undoubtedly be sub?
mitted to the people by that body. It
provides for a commission Of five men j
and a Council of ten men. Tho num
bar of wards Is to be reduced to ten. j
and the Councilmen will be from these,
wards, though they will be elected by |
nil the voters of the city. The Conn- j
? ?'lmcn will set s salary of J300 the'
year, and they will constitute the I
legislative hody of the city. The five;
commissioners will be elected from
the city at lnrge. They will have
complete charge of the administrative
business of the city. The Mayor, who
will be chairman of the commission,
will receive $6,000 the year, and the;
other four commissioners will be patd|
$5.000. The Mayor will serve two
years and the other members of the
board four years.
The proposed charter contains ni
modified, unique form of recall. It
provides that a recall election can be
had on petition of seven mernhers of
the COitncllmanlc board. Thus, to a
certain extent, the Councilmen are
entrusteu with an axe to hc,\(\ over the
heads of the commissioners.
This proposed change will be moro
satisfactory to the people of Atlanta
than the present cumbersome system,
with Its numerous Aldermen and Its
various boards. It cannot equal, how?
ever, the commission plan In efTertivZ
I ness or in the speed with which public,
j business can he transacted. Eventual?
ly. Atlanta will find that its City
Council of ten Is superfluous. This
I board Is a concession to those who
j opposed commission government. It is
' a rompromise in behalf of harmony,
j only that and nothing more. The five
i men that Atlanta will elect commis?
sioners, if tho new charter Is adopted,
, will be as capable of legislating for
j the city ns the Councllmeii. Expe
j rlenco will show that tho Council is
a political excroscenco.
j Atlanta Is doing by degrees" what
I It ought to have done all at once.
I Last Friday Governor Blease, of
I South Carolina, made n speech nt the
! Red Men's rally at Young's Grove, In
: Newborry county. Two thousand peo?
ple were there, and the Governor made
jit hotter than the weather for "the
j dirty, unscrupulous Hounds" who have
been assailing him for alleged dis?
courtesy to n lady at Belton on a
recent occasion, the story being that
in buying his ticket for his return
to the State Capital, where he lias his
present place of business, he was guilty
of conduct unbecoming an officer and
a gentleman. Some of the bystanders
or persons of good Standing of the
vlcinnno have certified that such was
the case nnd two or three notaries
public have been removed from office
by the Governor for their part in the
ThiM brief, arid necessarily incom?
plete, recital of the unfortunate inei
Jdent brings us to the Red Men's rally
' at Young's Grove Digressing for n
'few moments from the l?-xt of his
I address, explaining the objects of thej
'Great Order and extolling Its virtues,
the Governor recurred i<> the Beltoh'
matter, "which he has bitterly denied,
; and declared that this was Only nn
! other effort of Iiis enemies to discredit
j him with the State which has elevated
; him to the highest olllre In its gift.
Having tried 10 bent him with every
other kind of abuse and vituperation
they could Invent, they had in this
lease gone "to that extreme, to which
tall dirty, unscrupulous hounds like
them will go, thinking. 'Now we will
strike him with a woman; we will
bring him Into controversy with a wo?
man." " There were many women In
. the ntldlence who had known the Oov
1ernor from boyhood, and to them he
appealed, snylng "if nny of them be
I Moved lie would Instill n woman with
but provocation! he wanted them to
Stand up or raise tlielr right hands."
Nary one stood up or raised her hand.
Turning then to tht men, the Governor
made the same request of the men. and
j the only response he received were
; remarks to the effect that ho ought
to know the people of Nowberry did
not believe any such thing. In the ,-ir
icumstances n I? not to be wondered
:at thai the Governor should have ex?
letal med with n depth of emotion ihnt
must have touched the most callous
'heart- 'M> friends. I thank you. God
' knows I do."
It is reported by the Spartanburg
Her.ild, an antl-P.lCase paper; "H6 wan
J enthusiastically rocolved and was fre?
quently Interrupted by applause, and
I he said this afternoon that the warm
] reception which ho had received at
tho hands of tho pooplo of his native
j county made his heart glud." Yet there
uro ?omo persons, who do not llvo In
South Carolina and who do not know
tho people of that Stute, who Insist
that Governor Blcaso does not repre?
sent that State. A pooplo, however,,
must be Judged by their representative
man, the man they select to their
highest omcc, and Judged by this rulo
it cannot be denied that Governor
Bleaso Is typical of his State. If he
Isn't, why did they put him In their
highest place? He has announced his ^
intention to be a candidate for re-:
election, and if he is not their very I
own choice they will have a chnnco
to prove their faith by their works at
the Democratic primaries next year, j
All the "dirty, unscrupulous hounds'^
who have been pursuing him thus far
should slick to his trnli till tho hunt
is over next summer.
A good man has succeeded a good ,
man in Suffolk. Polonel J. E. West
will represent that district In the Sen- !
ate of Virginia, taking the seat for- j
merly occupied by Congressman E. 13. !
Holland. E. II. Williams, Colonel j
West's opponent, has wlthdrnwn. Col-j
oncl West made a good record In the 1
House of Delegates nnd Is nn uggre?-'
Slve, constructive representative, who
ecn be depended upon to represent
his district to Its best interests. Ho!
played no small part in lighting for puro
elections in the Young-Me.ynard con?
gressional contest. Colonel West, <ti
may be added, included In his platform
a plank looking to the reform of thej
fee system, and doubtless will he prom- I
inent in the fee system reform legis?
lation which will be presented at the
next session of the General Assembly.
Fifty-two years in the active service
of his city. That Is a sufficient epitaph
for Robert Gwathmey Lucas, who died
Friday, aged seventy-nine. His was
the longest nnd most honorable record
in the annals of Richmond. He was of
unimpeachable Integrity. He refused
to receive pay for what he did not do.
He worked always, under all condi?
tions, without a murmur. On Sunday,
in hottest weather, In icy winter wa?
ters. Mr. Lucas worked for the city,
uncomplaining, cheerfully. manfully,
courageously. No matter how old he
was, or how he felt, he was "on the
Job." When he retired, ripe In years, rich
In honors, but not In material things. I
Mayor McCarthy In his annual message;
gave him rare praise, saying that hot
would be proud to see a picture 5f j
Mr. Lucas In the reception room of j
thc City Hall, adding "1 know of no
more heroic character ever connected;
with the city government, nnd his ex-'
j ample should be preserved for future'
years to inspire to faithfulness and!
'duty the officers nnd employees of the
city government." By special action of
the Council he was retired on full
! pay?small reward, indeed, for his su-j
pcrb service to Bichmond
In these days, when so much com-1
plaint is heard of tho inefficiency and'
corruptibility of tho employees, stipe-'
rlor and subordinate, of American
cities, it is refreshing to contemplate
'lie record of tills man. who gave the'
best that was in him to his city. Here
was a city employe who did not think'
the city owed him nil he could get)
out of It. whether he was entitled
to It or not. Fifty-two years on the!
Job! We doubt If there is a parallel!
instance In this country. Here was an'
upright man. n good and faithful ser-j
vant. nn honorable citizen, nnd his |
city is bettor because he lived. Better!
; the memory of such a remarkable ser?
vice than all earthly hereditaments:
The Illinois Central Railroad Com- j
pany and the Yazoo and Mississippi;
Valley Railroad Company conduct an j
Educational Bureau, with the object
; of increasing the efficiency of their
j service to the public, and have issued!
a number of pamphlets, or leaflets. '
covering all branches of tho servlco, t
nnd especially the relations subsist- (
Ing between the transportation lines,
and the public. Ono of the most in- j
terestlng and thoroughly practical of i
the series of pamphlets Is that upon
the subject of "The Value of Courtesy."!
It \va> written by W. L. Park, Vice-:
President and General Manager of the
j Illinois Central System, for the instruc-j
j tion and guidance of the employes of \
j the railroads with tho hope that It may
I Improve the character of the service!
I by increasing the efficiency of those!
j engaged in it. Many of the mlsunder
I standings between tho public nnd the
: transportation lines have been the re
j suit of the had ten,per nnd 111 manners
I of the employes of tho roads, and there
j Is money In courtesy. It Is "abso-j
; lutely essential to a successful sales
: mnn: those engaged In railroading are
illtng transportation-!?they cannot
I fill responsible positions acceptably if
j they f"ni 1 to practice the principles of
j Courtesy," and this pamphlet treats in
. n general way the application of tho '.
j ordinary rules of polite conduct by
railroad employe? nnd officers to all
ihelr relations with the public ;
It would be a good thing for thent
und n good thing for tho railroads and
It good thing f'T the public. A good
.? thing for the employes; for, as Mr. \
Park say.-, "in 'sizing up' some par?
ticular person for promotion, his dis?
position is one of the first things to he;
considered; in some departments It is I
the prime consideration?unless the,
man Is a 'mixer,' no mntter how well j
he may be qualified In other respects, .
he In 'passed up' as undesirable. Other,
things b?lh*g equal, the employe who!
Is uniformly civil and courteous In i
his dealings *.Rh the public und his '
fellow employes, i? vory likely to he j
tiven Preference." A good thine for
tho railroad; for "a crabbed employe
no matter what his position may be,
is unpopular," and "Riving tho public
a bad impression of tho railroad re?
sults in unpopularity, which may lead
to advorso legislation or impositions,
that in time may affect the prosperity
and domestic affairs of the employe."
A good thing for tho public: becauso
"a rnllioad for which nil employes aro
loyally ondenvorlng to win the good
will of the public would need no bet?
ter advertisement," and, possessing
this good will, would bo all the bettor
able to perform tho service for the
public, which it demands and has tho
right to demand.
Many of tho misunderstandings bo
tweon tho railroads and tho public
have been caused, we havo not tho
lenst doubt, by the attitudo of tho
employes of the railroads towards tho
customers of the roads, llttlo things
which appear harmless enough In
themselves, perhaps, but little things
which keep tho peoplo stirred up and
for which tho owners of the property
nre in no sense responsible and really
should not be blamed.
There are In tho United States 1.48?.
30f> persons engaged in rnllroad ser?
vice, not counting the officers and
general managers, who number 1.1,514,
and upon these people there Is depend?
ent at least four million other people,
an i what a difference It would make
lor them and for everybody else lfi
.they were all courteous in their bear?
ing towards the other larger public on
the outside who mny be called tho
general public, hut whose good will
Is necessary to the prosperity of the
transportation Interests of the coun?
try. To stato the case simply Is to
impress tho men who run the rail?
roads with "tho v;?tuo of courtesy."
There is some very tine cotton grow?
ing in the Norfolk district, end there;
ought to be more, of it. not only down.
Hier?, but in other parts of Virginia.
Cotton is a money-making crop when i
its price is anything like eleven or!
twelve cents, and what is needed in
Virginia Is diversification in our crops. ,
We should not he surprised If. with a j
llttlo careful cultivation, it would be j
possible to produce In this State a long
staple cotton as fine as'the finest of
the Sea Island staple.
For a little while last night It looked
as if it had not forgotten how to rain;
but things will Improve nfter next
Wednesday, when the conjunction of
Mercury and Saturn is advertised to
take place.
Congressmen are still Inserting in
the Record "applause" thrice to the
pa ragraph.
The weather in Richmond has been
so suggestive that the merchants are
now engaged In making their August
blanket sales. Think of that! Blan?
kets In August. It fairly brlr.ss out
all the goose-tlcsh.
Some people on an castbound sleep
Ing car Saturday were so ufraid that
they would sleep until they passed
Richmond that they got up three hours
before the time the train was due in
this paradise. Everybody wants to ,
come to Richmond, and nobody really I
wishes to go anywhere else.
It Is not at all to be wondered at ;
that Senator Percy should have been|
greatly disappointed by his defeat at;
the recent election for I.'nited States;
Senator In Mississippi; h.tt that is no
reason why he should have played
the Bailey act in resigning Ills seat In
the Senate. He owed something. It
seems to to tho members of tho
Legislature that elected him for the
unexplred term of Senator McLaurin
and he owed a great deal to the people
of Mississippi who at the recent elec?
tion cast their votes for him.
I Voice of the People |
The Gentlemen From Richmond,
To the Editor ol The Times-Dispatch: I
Sir,?"And they a'l began with one .
accord to make excuse."?Old Book.
Like, the heroos of the ancient story, j
the aspirants for legislative honors In i
Richmond and vicinity, in answer to i
Mr. Lwlman's pointed queries, began
to make excuse.
it Is interesting to note, however,
the startling lack of originality In
their replies. They appear to havo
learned somewhere their lesson per?
fectly. Like good little boys In school,
lhey evidently had the lesson drum?
med in, unlil they could nil stand up
in o row and recite It without a break.
We can well imngine who was the
But another thing surprises us in
the rocital of their common excuses.
It doesn't seem to have dawned upon
these incipient statesmen that they ;
were flatly contradicting themselves
in the two ends of their story.
They do not believo In State-wide
prohibition, because that would be in
contravention of the Democratic doc?
trine of "home rule." They do not
believe in restricting the liquor trade
to those cities or sections that by
their votes allow It, and barring it
from those cities and sections that
by their votes have excluded it. If
they believo in "home rule," why not
make it apply to the liquor business
and give the people In dry territories
the benefit of their own local self
government us expressed nt the polls?
The simple truth Is the "gentlemen
from Richmond." those who have de- |
livered themselves of their well-conned
lesson, all believe, in Utate-Wlde liquor,
but local prohibition. Thoy are not
troubled about the principle Involved.
They ure troubled about the applica?
tion. They are not anxious about
"home rule' so much as they are about
rum rule. With them It Is Stato-wide,
for rum; and local option for tho
The people are not to be deceived.
Their high sounding phrases mean
only State-wide rum. But the people
want Stale-wide prohibition, and tho
pollles (stands for parrots or politi?
cians, SB you like) may as well un?
derstand It. "A word to the wise Is
sufficient." For the otherwise a whole
dictionary would he wasted.
Richmond. Aiutusi 12. 1011.
/C?W>v , ^^^^^^^l^^l ? ^ J.X. MORRIS & CO., r)iitrib?!?r?
Begets Health ^???^^J
Daily Queries and Answers
. T. Tron-brldge.
Please toll me what you can of J. T.
Trowbrldge. Whore does he live, und
how mnny books of his uro on tho
market? What aro tho titles?
P. D. Q.
John TowHsend Trowbrldge lives at
Arlington, Mass. He was born In Og
den, N. Y., In 1827, and In tho course
of his long lifo has published quite a
number of books, from "Father Bright'
Hopes-' (lS.r>3) to "A Pair of Mad Caps",
(lOOfi). Ills complete poetical works;
were published in 1003. The titles of,
s< me of his books are: "Jack Hasard
and His Fortunes," "A Chance for
Himself." "The Silver Modul." "Tink-;
ham Brothers- Tide Mill." "Tho Little j
Muster," "Peter Bludstone." "The Kelp
Gatherers." There aro many others.
Ho has been quite a prolific writer.
Bonk on Socialism.
Can you tell mo some good book
to read on socialism? I.. W. D.
Write to J. Mahlon Barnes. National
Secretary. ISO Washington Street, Chi?
cago, and he will likely supply you
with Information of the kind you ask
and perhaps a good deal of literature.
"Old DUr.y."
A newspaper snys: "If old Dizzy
i were alive Henry Asqulth would not
tlnd it such an easy matter to abolish
the prerogatives of the jeers.' Who
was Old Dizzy'?" L, B
Benjamin Disraeli, Karl of Beacons
fteld, grout English statesman and lead?
er of the Conservative party for many
vears, was so nicknamed.
Mr. Brynn'e Speech.
(a) When William J. Bryan was
nominated for President In 1850 was
the Democratic convention that nomi?
nated him hold In Kansas City, Mo .
And also would like to know where he
made the famous speecti lliat th'-y
claim caused him to be nominated
(b) Didn't they have a iarge hall
in Kansas City that they aimed to hold
the convention In. nnd didn't It burn
and they put op n new one for that
purpose? G 1'
(a) .The Democratic National Con?
vention of lfct>6, at which Mr. Bryan
was first nominated, was held In Chi?
cago. It was there he made thc cele?
brated "Cross of Gold" speech.
(b) Thc Democratic National Con?
vention of 1900, at which Mr. Bryan
secured his second nominal Ion. was In lr|
In Kan..as Cily. We do not recall the
Incident of the fire. The convention
was held on the date fixed.
Cnt Hoax.
What waB the cat hoax? P. O.
The "cat hoax" was perpetrated aij
preparations were being made to take
Napoleon to St. Helena In 1S15. Hand?
bills distributed In Chester by somo
wag stated that rats swarmed In thej
Island, and that 168. would be paid for
i vory tomcat. 10?. for every tabby, and
2s. 6d. for every kitten able to feed
Itself. On the specified day men. wo?
men and children, with cat* of every
description, poured Into the rlty. A,
riot followed, the cats escaped, and
for days they infested houses, sheds
and barns, hundreds of them being
Hook Contract.
Will you kindly inform me If I im
Compelled to take a book I signed n,
contract to take? I paid no money.
If the other party to the contract
compiles with all of Its stipulations
you are legally obligated to comply
with your promise.
BERESFORD Is so frequent n
visitor to the United States, and
so familiar a figure on this side of
the Atlantic, that his arrival In New
York to-morrow night, on board the
Olympic, would excite but little atten?
tion, were it not for the fact that h<\
is accompanied by Lady Charles,
known among her relatives and
friends. Indeed, by half of English so?
ciety, as "Dot" She has been a great
beauty, and Is a brilliant, gifted wo?
But If her gallant hushand Is re?
nowned for his brecsy frankness,
which has frequently Involved him in
controversy and has rendered him a
subject of apprehension to the bureau?
crats at the admiralty, what Is to be
said about Lady Charles? She has
never had the slightest scruple about
speaking out her mind, especially In,
defense of her husband, and. possessed
of that thorough Independence of char?
acter which may be regarded as war?
ranted from birth, wealth, beauty and
cleverness she has been even more I
frank than the admiral. Possessed of
a keen sense of ridicule, and with a
gift of the most pointed satire. It Is
not astonishing that remarks, and
even pamphlets, holding up to de?
rision, and sometimes obloquy, person?
ages most highly placed', should be as?
cribed to her tongue and pen; nnd if
she has escaped demands for legal re?
paration, it Is because most of her
criticisms and her satires have boen
so true that the people concerned were
afraid to face the music if they had
moved in the matter.
Lady Charles had some voice In the
origin of the feud between her hus?
band and Admiral Sir John Flshei.
which reached such national propor?
tions. Ten or eleven years ago Fisher
was at the head of the Mediterranean
squadron, and Beresford was his sec?
ond In command. The headquarters of,
the Mediterranean fleet are at Malta,
nnd there both T^ady Fisher and Lady
"Dot" took up their residence. Now,
Malta, besides being, like all garrison
stations, a perfect hotbed of mis-,
chievous gossip. Is a very small place:
far too small to hold both Lady Fish-'
er and Lady Charles, especially wlth|
the latter in a secondary position, of-i
ficlally subordinate to Lady Fisher.
The respective salons boon became
rival camps, and T^ady Charles, with
beauty, wealth, elegance and possess
ed of all sorts of tnlents. in particular
a perfect genius for music, carried the!
day in a social sense. This was bit- |
terly resented by Lady Fisher, and In
course of time she communicated her!
sentiments to hor husband. Mischief-j
makers promoted the feud by repeat?
ing to the two women remarks, satir?
ical and critical, heard in the salons
of the one about the other, and to?
wards the end the situation had be?
come so intolerable that the two ad?
mirals, namely. Lord Fisher nndi
Lord Charles, were scarcely on speak?
ing terms with one another. Of course.'
the fact that Lord Charles on two me-j
morahle occasions during the sham j
war operations in the Mediterranean
managed not only to inflict slpnnl de-1
feat upon Lord Fisher, but likewise by
hlfs e'eee,- ...-.-.tetrv placed him In a
somewhat ridiculous position, did not
tend lo mend matters between them
Lady Charles, who. with the Mur
chloness of Ripon nnd Henry Hignlns.'
may be said to have founded the Cov-!
ent Garden Opera In London as it now!
exists, has besides her town house a
beautiful suburban place near West
Hum whori "'?<? ??. nlwnvs surrounded
by a large circle of admiring and very
devoted friends. Its situation is ideal,
lying as It does Just outside one of
the entrances to Richmond Park. Tho
house Is reached through a long arch
of trees, forming a shady avenue, and
is characteristic of its master and mis?
tress, being thoroughly unconven?
tional, and withol most Interesting,
nrtlstlc and in perfect taste. The ex
I traordlnary niimber of Chinese idols,
some of which Lady Dot insists aro
speaking likenesses of her husband,
are mingled with presentation photo?
graphs, with Inscriptions of devotion
lo Lady Charles, which ah-: w tho great
rang* of her friend.?, including the
groat Prince Bismarck, the three Ger?
man F.inperorjt. Kitchener. King Ed?
ward, I-ord Benconsflold. King George.
Field Marehal Von" Moltke, General
ciordon. of Khartoum, Cardinal
Vaughsn, Mr..Gladstone, Gamhotta an<l
King Humbert.
Lady Charles, whoso daughter, Miss
Kathleen Boresford. is already in this
:buntry, staying with Colonel and Mrs.
Robert M. Thompson, at Southampton,
Long island, is Indirectly responsible
for the fact that on the occasion of
the great naval review the other day
at Spithoud, In connection with tho
coronation, nil the ladles on board tho
various warships were ordered below
and out of sight while the royal yacht
was passing through the lines Dur?
ing the great review he,ld in connec?
tion with, Queen Victoria's diamond
Jubilee, three years before her death.
Lord Charles signaled from his flag?
ship a message to La<]y Charles, who
was a guest on board one of tho other
battleships, a message to the effect
that he would bo unable to join her nt
dinner, as he with the other flag of?
ficers hud been commanded to dine
that night with the Queen. This mes?
sage, couched In his customary breezy
fashion, was wigwagged x while the
Queen was passing along thc lines.
While many naval men. both on board
the roynl yacht and the other ships,
saw Lord Charles's signaling, somo
of them being able through their
knowledge of tho code to read tho
message offhand, yet nothing further
would hove been done about this slight
breach of etiquette had It not been
for Lord Mayo's brother, the Hon.
"Algy" Bottrke, a member of the
stock exchange, who for the occasion
was representing the I-ondon Times,
and on board the man-of-war whore
Lady Chnrles Beresford was a guest.
From her he heard of the message
which she had just received from her
husband, and very indiscreetly he re?
lated the matter In the account print?
ed on the following morning In tho
London Times, giving, if my memory
serves me right, the message just aa
sent, and which was certainly never
Intended for publication. In this man?
ner the affair was brought to tho at?
tention of thc Queen, who chose to
see therein n gross piece of disrespect
to herself, expressing indignation that,
any admiral, especially one who had
been in command of thc royal yacht
nnd a nnvnl A. D. C. of the sovereign
j like Lord Charles, should have BO far
forgotten himself ns to signal from
his flagship private messages, when
I the monarch was passing his ship In
[ review.
It followed In consequence of this
that a series of > stringent rules wero
Issued, providing for tho etiquette to
bo observed on tho warships durin?
naval reviews by thc sovereign, ono
of the features thereof being that no
women, and for the matter of that no
civilians, should be in evidence on tho
deck of any warship while the review
i Is In progress.
Lord Chnrles and his wife are a most
devoted couple, and may be said to
have spent their entire lives in cham?
pioning one another's cnuso and tight
! Ing one another's battles.
I Lady Charles, let me add In conclu?
sion, hns a great fondness for Jewels,
of which she has a wonderful collec?
tion nnd which nre particularly suit?
ed to her style of beauty. She is en?
thusiastic on the subject of Wagner,
and can dissect With singular astute?
ness tho merits of Zola, Tolstoi, Mae?
terlinck, Ibsen, Shaw, etc., has- a most
remarkable mastery of foreign lan?
guages, a singularly melodious voice,
i with a clearness of diction unusual
among well bred English people, and
Is a daughter and coheiress of the Into
Richard Gardner, M. P. for Leicester.
(Copyright, 1911, by the Brentwood
It's a wise woman who puts a
little money In the savings bank
regularly No woman can tall when
she'll neod money pretty badly. The
National State and City Bank has
many women among Its deposi?
tors. Why not prove your thrift
and wisdom by . becoming, ono of
National State and City Bank,
Win. H. Palmer, President.
John S. Kllett, Vlec-Prciililent.
Win. M. Ulli, Vloc-Preiililent.
J. W. sin too, Vlce-Prc?|dent.
.Inllon H. Htll, Cnshler.

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