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. ..,,.?.? orace.?16 K. Main Biratt i- ulb lticbioond.HStf Hull Bueti l ? ? . k Uuro?U....10t N. Sjum. u HU06! U.iihturt Lurtiu.1U Ulfthth Street ul MAIL Or.f BIS Three On* I'OSTAUfe I'AlD Tear. Mo?. Mihi Mo. Dully with Sunday.(6.00 }?.<-. Jl.tJ .M Daily wltbout Sunday. 4.00 1.1? 1.00 .u Sunday edition only. IM l.M .W -ti Weekly (WodncaiSay). 100 .M JS . By Times-Dispatch Carrier Delivery Ber? ti ?e to Klcbmonil (and suburbs; and l'eters tur?? Ona Week Laily with Sunday.JScent t>al!y without Sunday.10 cent! Sunday only. ? ce.it? nntsred January T7. 1K6. at Richmond. Va.. t .? scccnd-claas matter under act of Con r';??? March ?. in*. TUESDAY, AUGUST 16, mi. THE TAXG1.E OX TUB TH KATIES II If reported from Washington that j there is to be a serious conflict be- , tween the President and the Senato J over the arbitration treaties. The : ?Senate insists upon amending tho treaties by striking out the provision j which empowers the Joint high com- | mission to determine the propriety of 1 arbitrating In International disputes, nn<i the President insists that this 1 provision shall stay in the treaties. J Both Senate and President are stand-I ing firm, and It Is said by The Sun correspondent that "not since Presi? dent Tntt entered the White House has such 11 general feeling of hostility against the Executive In the upper branch of Congress seen threatened as by the Itsue Involved In those arbi? tration trontles." It Is further said : that the. President will "carry tho ; matter to the voters of the country," j iwhjoh would bo very bad for thej treaties. Tho only members of the Foroign isolations Committee who liuvo supported tho President's view are Senators Cullom and Burton, liodge, Smith, of Michigan, nnd U'>rr,h, Republicans, and 13acon, Shively, chirk j and Rayner, Democrats, are against the President, and 'Root would bo also j If he did not have a professional feel? ing for Secretary Knox, who holds his j ?Id pliicc at the head of the Depart tnent of State. It Is a rather bad mlx-up as It Stands, nnd there is a good dcsl to be said on both sides; but It teems to us If the treaties are really for thej purpose of preserving; peace among , the signatory nations that this end , would be more nearly secured by the submission of their international dlf- j ferenecs to the high Joint commission; than to subject these differences In j any of the,lr aspects to the consider- j ?tion of the Senate, a political body wholly unfamiliar with tho arts of '? diplomacy. "The Pnclllc Coast States." wo are ^?ld. "arc frightened ut the 'yelloy. peril.'" and "their reprCaenta- j lives contend that with the nrbltru ? lion policy of tills Government onca ? generally extended It would be Im possible Id avoid submitting such questions as the exclusion of Japanese from public schoolB In California to arbitration." It is not likely that any such questions would ever arise under the treaties; but suppose they should nnd that Captain Hohson should be In the L'n'ted States Senate, ns he probably will be some day, does any one thlul; for a moment that he would be able to deal with the ques? tion ns the dignity of HiIb country would require in tho settlement of Issues of this character? Wo should rather trust to the Intelligence und *>roa<j vlew.-of.-the Ifigh Joint commis? sion than to the narrow prejudices of tho army of Jingoes with which the Senate might bo tilled. An arbitra? tion treaty Is not like a primary elec? tion law; there ought to he no local or partisan or sectional politics In It or connected with It. If the object of the Arbitration treaties Is to preserve the peace of the nations and avoid the horrors of war, treaties that will accomplish this divine result should he adopted for this reason and for none other. Treaties that have met with the favor ?f the countries acrustomcd to war are not treaties thnt should be sot aside even for the high and noble pur? pose of preserving the rights and dig? nity of tht- American Senate. If wo intend to play In the game with the groat World Powers, we must play tin; trame as, experts and not as ama? teurs. THE MAN W ITO IOIM) Tin: POLK. "As he travels rbout a Middle West? ern Chautauqua circuit to-day he Is mulling, assertive, self-satisfied and patronizing In his manner toward tlf.se with whom lit- tomes In contact," says the Washington Heruld. Well, why shouldn't he? "Speaking to great crowds dally nnd gathering thousands of good, hard-earned dollars.'' we should thlnl: that he would have the right 10 feel tolerably well assured of Iiis position. He was the first white riiari since the earth was formed, so far as there is any authoritative evi? dence upon the subject, to roach the 11 p. of the world, to plant the Hag of his country at the North Pole and to ? bring bock from the fields of purple li r- through dangers and sufferings that Would h ,vc conquered a less self reliant rnnn the s'ory of the capture of the farthest North. What wonder is It that "his smile ? is vacant and mci hanlcal," that he Is "totally lacking in personal mngnetlsm and sympathetic responsiveness," that '?'fh*> clutches w)th feverish eagerness nnd with both bands the palms extend? ed to him," that "ho Is tin cold as the Ice Melds that he - id or didn't cross In the Arctic!" IL . ? had cough to mbke him lose ti 1 unan touch, to ji.ake him even dt his own good ruth, to make him : loud of those who approach him lost they would toko from him the triumphs he Is win? ning on tho lecture platform; but with thtit dogged detormlnutlon that has sustained him and conscious of his own reetltudo of purpose. If not of achievement, he Is going right on With tho story of how he reached the North Pole before Matt Henson got there. It Is one of tho wonders of these strange fimos that this persecuted man who has received honors from tin Kings and scholars of tho world, and the freedom of cities and tho adulation of multitudes should with all the ob^ Stades that have been erected against him be still strong enough to plead his own catiso and to tell the peo? ple of the West of his triumph in the North. Great Is Dr. Frederick A. Cook, the Original Discoverer of the North Pole! Till; STAKE) IX PENNSVliVANIA. All tho barbarians do not live In the South. On Saturday night a negro named Ezeklel Walker killed Special Policeman ltlce, who discovered him wlille he was engaged In robbing one of the miners in tho neighborhood of Coatcsvlllc. The community was tor libly aroused by the commission of this crime and started on u hunt for the murderer, who was captured on Sunday after a long chase. Anticipat? ing the fate probably awaiting him. the negro tried to take his own life by shooting himself in tho mouth. ills ultn was bad, however, and ho was? taken to tho local hospital, where ar-1 tor receiving mndlcul attontlon he was bound to a cot and plnced under the special guard of nnother policeman. Sunday night a mob oomposed of 400 men battered down tho doors of the hospital, seized the negro and carry? ing him out of the hospital on the cot dragged him to the place where he ha,d killed Officer Rice, and there put him to death with tho most fiendish CQielty, Manacled to the cot, his ex? ecutioners heaped plies of old fence ^ rails and other easily burning material I over him and roasted him alive. This , is the brief account of the horrible, eno as described by the New York i Sun: < ! The lynching was accomplished only I nfter the negro mad from pain had leaped, from the blazing fagots piled over him and tried to escape, dragging tho bod to which he was bound by his handcuffs; A crowd of 2,000 watched the mob lenders beat the negro with fence mils, and force him shrieking back Into tho IIa mos. Three times he bounded up nnd three times wns thrust back, until finally his quivering body fell Into the Uro. Only then was the mob satisfied. The account given In Tho Times says that when the poor wretch at? tempted to escape from the mob they thrust him back Into the llamos with pitchforks, nnd the Apaches could not have invented a more terrible death. Coatesvllle la only about forty miles ' distant from Philadelphia, the "City ! of Brothorly Love," and wns probably a station on the old Underground Rail? road; it is certainly in tho heart of one of tho groat States, which boasts I of the civilization of its people. Its churches ' and Sunday Schools. Itu : Young Men's Christian Associations, its general piety and respect tor Law. i The mob did its work on Sunday night. I one of the reports representing the people running out of the churches to keep up with tho pi ogress of the event , if not to assist in the burning of the negro. The funeral pile was set 111 t the presence of 2,000 people who stood ' and gazed at the fearful spectacle, and nol one man In the whole company protested ngaltiBt tho atrocity. The whole community Is Hitlil to havo stay? ed awake the whole night expecting trouble with the colorod people, and ready to do still further violence up? on the slightest provocation. No lynch j ing over committed in tho South was nttended by acts of greater barbarity, ; und while we cannot and do not de ? fend our own crimes we enn at least ] point to tills uffalr in Pennsylvania ius I exceeding In the art of cruelty any act ; of the mob that has stained our annals 1 und ^brutalized us in the eyes of tho j world. j Only a fow years ago one of the ! most brutal lynchlngs In American history was committed In Delaware. : Negroes huvc been slain by the mob In New York, In Illinois, In Ohio, in j Indiana and In other Northern States, ! and all to the shame of the American ! people. Tho outrages committed against I property, tho loose methods by -which I laws are passed und Justleo adminis? tered are beginning to have their ef? fect upon the security of life What will Pennsylvania do about this aw? ful crime? Nothing. Tho mob which was strong enough to defy the law will be strong enough to defeat life law. LOOKING PORWAUD IS C?NNKCTI 01 T. Ulder Montgomery, President of the Indianapolis Conference of the Seventh Day Adventlsts, has uttered a prophecy relating to the end of the world which draws on apace. "It may be next ycar.lt may be five years; but I 'do know that1 it will come before the death of the lust j man who saw the fulling of the stars on November 13, 1S33." This prophecy! hus set the Hartford Courant think? ing to the extent of a column or so about the end of the world. It does not believe ' that Elder Montgomery knows anything about it, and holds that "the end of the world Is going on for mankind nt every hour," and conies' through the individual, a though! which ought to make the Courant more careful what It soys about oth'cr in? dividuals lest It be Judged Itself by the same measure of Judgment with which It would Judge others. "Some people," say? the Couranl "think that tho end of the world |s| like a wedding or a dinner party, for j which man must put on his best I clothes. They wont to Hin a little first; to steal a little; to lie a little, to] backbite a little: to wallow In the mire a little longer with other dirty boasts llko themselves." Such being the condition of things In Connecticut. H Is not surprising that our contem? porary should Insist on putting off the Jay as long an possible; but we must protest against tho suggestion that when tho day comes tho men of Con? necticut must go In their "every day clothes." What sort of a Ilguro would f)r. Clark, for example, present If ho should be called In the shoddy that he wears and which he not only wears himself, but which he encourages the manufacturers in his State to make and sell to people in other parts of the country! We oan very well understand why there should bo objection in Connecti? cut to Elder Montgomery's prediction; but, so far us the Courant and Its mis? guided readers ?re concerned, it would be a happy thing If there could be the end of the world within the next twelve months; for it will be nil; the worse for them If it should be postponed live years, that being about the time when Woodrow Wilson will be fairly settling down to the business of making ?11 tho enemies of the rights of the people come to time. Bet? ter, far better, that the Courant and its people should go right now than for tho evil day to bo put off for even one term of righteous rule In this country. Laugh at the Seventh Day Adventlst as much as It please, ther? Is nothing for the Courant In being suffered to cumber the earth for thej next five yours. With tho warning It has received, It Is to be hoped that It will not brar.cn It out any longer, but that It will come over Into the Demo? cratic camp before It Is too late. "TJWOIjB JOE'S" RETIREMENT. It Ih said that tho lion. Joseph G. Cannon will retire from public lifo I upon tho completion of his present! term In Congress; If. when the time arrives, .he shall think It a desirable thing to do; If an attempt shall not be made to drive him out: If his con? stituents are willing to give him up. Nobody knows exactly what he will do about It; but the politicians out In the Danville District nrc already cast? ing lots for his garments. It Is known that he feels bitterly his treatment by his party, nnd now, the Washington correspondent of the Chicago Tribune snys, "nobody pays any attention to Uncle Joo. The Czar Is dethroned. The good old dnys ure itonc and he Is beginning to feel he ought to go with them." Wo think so. too; but before he goes somebody ought to say that he has j been most outrageously treated; that bis party, whose bidding he always did In scorn of consequence, made him the scape-goat for its sins and drove him Into tho wilderness. The ablest and most typical Republican of bis time, he has been neglected, vilified und aplt upon by tho party which he served with all the ardor of his vicious nature, and he has stood the ingrati? tude of his associates like a man. With? out the ability, tho resourcefulness, the rugged strength of their chief expon? ent, but with all his meanness, he should have some acknowledgment from his traducers of his service to his party. When he retires, Mr. Cannon should go back to the State of his nativity and thero reflect among honest people upon tho instability of tTarthly great? ness and tho utter lack of Honor In the j Republican party. AGAINST Till: JEi; SYSTEM. The Virginia Division of ihn farm j ers' Educational and Co-Operatlve ' Union of America, of which D. M. Gannaway, of Guinea Mills, is presi? dent, has, through Its executive eom ! mltloe, udopted n legislative pro I gramme. Two of the sections of this j programme, tho adoption of which the i Union wishes to bring about, arc: ( "A bin aboMshlirg the fee system ! and providing regular saluries for j public ofllcors. i "We are for a government economi? cally conducted in thu public Interest." These two declarations go hand In hand. They are Inseparable. The farmers are the backbone of any gov? ernment, and whatever weakens that I government weakens them, The feet system Is a parasite, a pest, a political weed, giving the county officeholder! j Undue power and donating money to ' him which ought to be put in the j treasury for the public good. Tho Retail Merchants' Association ! at Its recent Convention likewise con j demned tho fee system for tho com I pcni.ation of county and city officers, and called for Us destruction Ttu merchants, as business men, know thai j it Is unbuslness-like to hire a clerk and not agree with him beforehand what pay ho is to get. Yet, the Statu Is doing that very thing and does not know what its clerks arc getting. Now is the time for action. Let all '. our organisations which arc Interested In the common good take a stand j agulnst this system. Behind the fee 1 system, fighting for IIa maintenance. ; are well developed, strong organlza i lions, ready to use their Immeasurable Influence with the members of the General Assembly to perpetuate the fee system. Let all bodies who would unllft Vir? ginia declare In no uncertain words against this Iniquitous graft. WHAT CAUSED THE WAR. In Giles .lackson's History of the Negro Race, which has been adopted as a text-book for the colored public schools in Virginia, the statement Is made that the War Between the States was "not stnrted primarily for the abolition of slavery," and that the firing on rort Sumter resulted from the sending of troops to reinforce tho gar? rison of United States soldiers station? ed there "without the consont of the Btate authorities "of South Carolina and contrary to the Constitution at the United States,"* Wo are not greatly surprised that Giles should tako this view bocauso he was "raised right;" but It la a llttlo surprising, though gratifying as surprising, that the New Haven Register should express tho opinion that "with the negro him? self tuking so intelligent a view of hin history and position in this coun? try,, his future bouomos the more hopeful." We aro getting along, sure? ly, when newapapors published right undor the drippings of New England sunctuurics reach the point of admit? ting that tho view exprcssod by Jack? son is "intelligent." REDUCING THE COST. The report of the commissioners or Birmingham for the month of Juno has lately been published, that city being under tho commission form of government As compared with the month of May, the report shows that the- operating expense of tho city was $53.60u less. In May the tolul expense was $162,032; in June, tho expense was ?118,181. It cost Birmingham 113,000, in round figures, to run its police department In June; $1S,000 for the lire depart? ment; $12,000 for the health depart? ment, and $1,000 for collection and disposal of yarbuge. The city government cost is divided as follows, the amounts being approxi? mate: Board of commissioners.$2,211 19 Purchasing agent. 250 00 Comptroller general. 29$ 33 Auditing department. 416 03 Tax collecting department.... 32S 60 Public improvement depart? ment . 623 72 Assessment of taxes. i>7 4 &0 License Inspector. 419 75 City attorney. 395 00 City hall expense, Birmingham 514 41 City hall expense. Ensley..... 9 50 City hall expense, North Bir? mingham . 3 75 City hull expense, West End.. 2 23 City hall expense, Woodlawn. 53 07 Recorder's court, Birmingham 815 S5 Recorder's court, Ensley. 151 85 CHy engineer's offlco. 354 96 Street commissioner's oflloe... 636 28 For nearly four months, when this report was made, Birmingham had been undor commission government. Tho expense of governing the city has been cut down something more than jir,,w.o0. No one has complulncd of being badly goVcrned. The citizen? ship of the city has been highly bene? fited by the change. The people know exactly who is to blame It any? thing goes wrong. All Is above board. What a difference commission gov? ernment would make to the people of Richmond'. _._ MORNING GLORIES. Wade Harris, of the Charlotte Even-1 lng Chronicle. Is an iconoclast, and' appears to have no poetry in his soul ; nt all. Editor Hale, of the Fayettevlllt Observer, having gone Into rhapsodies lover the morning glory and given this counsel: "Plnnt morning glories, house? wives, and mukc the home beautiful." Htirrls ups and says that this advice should be qualified; that "ovary sensl ble housewife Will keep the morning glory out of her garden;" that "It is a greater nuisance than king grass.' Not satisfied with this denunciation! of one of the loveliest of the tlowerlng| j vines, Harris adds: ? It is a common experience that a J negro with a hoe at a dollar a da; cannot keep the morning glory vines] from choking tho gardens and pull? ing down tho fences. The morning glory is as pretty as a poem on the front porch, but whin It gets started In the garden It Is worse than the boll weevil to tlie <otton patch." That is a brutal view; but we arej not surprised thut the Chronicle should; give expression to such unworthy sentiments. Its ideas nre wholly prac? tical, and it hates to work In the garden. If instead of hiring n negro at a dollar a day to chop down the morning glory. It would get up earlier nnd take its own hoe and piddle around a bit In the garden itself, it would find that 'he morning glory, "specially if it be grown Crom Virginia seed, can be trained to do almost any sort of climbing stunt, and always with cheerfulness and beauty that appealj to the Imagination that has not beenj contaminated by too close touch wlthl the commercial spirit of the age ln| which wc live. Talking about morning glories?havej you noticed the beautiful display on | the little roadhouse of the Richmond,' Frcderlcksburg and Potomac Railroad,: between Laurel and Harrison Streets In this very town, how tenderly it isj cared for by tin.- watchman and howl it 1.tightens that busy thoroughfare! with suirgestiom- of new fields and | pastures green out in the country where the Almighty loves to dwell:! Chop down morning glory vines! Dull-! ed bo tho hoe assigned to this , vandal: work and curses on the man who would strip tl.earth In its wastest plans of this beautiful vine given to us by Nature t,. hide the scars that are made by utilitarian hands! A strange light in thrown on the; character of the groat Napoleon by| a Utter lately gold with other auto? graphs In London, it was written by j his surgeon at St. Helena, who says j In it: "He (Napoleon) has lost one of his tooth lulelj (a wisdom one), the | first surgical operation ever perform? ed on him. He did not, howewsr, be? have very gallantly on the occasion, for the surgeon who officiated was obliged have nun pinioned down on the door before ho could extract it." Even Napoleon was afraid' of his dentist. Kansas, after having swnttod the fly and muzzled the dog. is planning to sliavi: tl,,- cat. The Kansas State Board .of Health charges that the cut with its long hair carries more germs than any other animal. A few months ago n Chicago i.urgcon said that he had found six different kinds,of dead? ly germs on tho whiskers of an alley cat- So Dr. Deacon, of the Stale Board, has issued an order to shave ?he cats and keep their hair short. Just like that of dogs and horses. The cat does not bathe, and for that reason Is said to be a gorm rofugo. Tho Orange Observer says: "And now Colonel Amos Quito pre? sents his bill and demands payment in blood monoy." He gets It In blue currency In Orange. Voice of the People A Itighteotia Man's Opinion. To tho Editor of The Tlmcs-Dlspatch: Sir,?In your paper of the 12th in? stant it Iookb to one who sympathizes with both cleanness and prosperity that I the standards of The Times-Dispatch I were somewhat sold for a mess of j American pottage, amd that the title j of your editorial shotild Jiot rcud. "The I Crime?Not the Woman." bi\t rather, J "Tho Coin, by Way of the Crime and ! the "Woman " And this Is borno out . by tho assiduous activities of the edi? tor's militiamen?-tho newsboys?whose astuteness sees beyond your editorial excuse and makes use of tho pictures to sell the papers, thereby securing the end In view. Irrespective of the character of tho one portrayed. We have loved you; we want to love you. and wo will love you; but be a man; don't give us excuses for a bad m stake when we want a cleun paper. When we ask for clean bread, don't, don't give us a dirty stone. Faithfully yours. GEORGE FLOYD ROGERS. Covington, Ya.. August 12. In the seventh chapter of the Gospel according to Saint Matthew there is this admonition: "Judge not. that ye he not I Judged. For with what Judgment ye judge, ye shall bo Judged."?Editor of 1 The Times-Dispatch. The Single Tax. I To the Editor of The Ttmes-Dispatch: Sir.?I want to thank you for your editorial on the "Single Tax in Seat? tle," as I claim to be the pioneer single taxer In Virginia. Your .definition of the single tax Is accurate, but It la not quite specific enough. You define It as a tax on a single source of rev? enue?land values. You 'omitted to say that under the head of land values Is Included also public utilities and franchises, which are also community-created values. It Is hardly a debatable question that all land values "are community-created, though a part Ib a prospective future value. Now, you speak of this as a theory, though It Is a demonstrable fact, and as a paradox you end up by saying: "The experiment In Vancouver I has been most profitable." The young giants of the "West are I teaching Old Mother Virginia the way I to economic liberty and real Jeraoc I racy. Virginia Is driving away her own children by taxing Industry, and then spends $20,000 per year In trying to replace them with aliens. Blind leaders of tho blind! "PIEDMONT." Charlotfesvllle. Va.. Aug. 7. 1911. The Battle Abbey. To the Editor of ThP Times-Dispatch: Sir,-?1 have read with much pleas ire your admirable editorial of a day or so slno in regard to s properly equip Vd municipal library and our shame? ful backwardness and neglect In this respect, wherefore this Idea presented Itself: Now that the Battle Abbey BSSlYli to bo an assured fact, what are w.e going to put In It. since relics art becoming so scarce? Might It not be an appro? priate and advantageous thing to use this building for a great municipal library, called the Battle Abbey Memo rial Library, or Otherwise appropriate? ly named? The Battle Abbey fund would furnish an endowment for run Ining expenses, while the city might stock the building with the proper hooks. CONFEDERATE READER. The Supreme Court Clerks. To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: . Sir,?In your issue of the oth instant you have an editorial on the subject of the fees of the clerks uf the Court Ol Appeals. These clerks arc all calthful and efficient Officers, and, no doubt, de? serve all the compensation which they receive, and nothing In this letter is intended to suggest that either of thube clerks receives more than a fair com? pensation. But this statute operates aa a grievous injustice against the pur ties to an appeal In the supreme Court, for it. in effect, requires the litigants? the unsuccessful litigants?In llie Su? preme Court to pay the salaries of tlie clerks of this court. Nor Is this all, for the clerk of the Supreme Court t'oes not perform, and in the nature of things cannot perform, uny service for these litigants f?r which they ure required to pay tlie.se fees. This fact can best bo Illustrated by a case in i ourt us follows: The Circuit Court en lei.-, a decree against the plaintiff, und he desires to appeal; he Is required to obtain from the clerk of the Circuit Court a copy Of the record; he pays I for this, and the Circuit Court charges his foes for his actual work; the plain? tiff's attorney then prepares his writ? ten petition and attaches It to the record copied' by the clerk and pre? sents It to the Supremo Court, which giants the appeal, nnei the record is then forwarded to the clerk of the Supreme Court; that clerk la then re? quired to have the record printed, and for this purpose he Is required to de? liver (his copy of the record?for he only has one copy?to the printer. He is then allowed to charge "for his services in superintending and examin? ing the priming. Indexing, distributing and filing the records, conducting the correspondence, et cetera," ah amount greatly In excess of the charges made by the circuit clerk for-an actual copy of tho recortl. There is no substantial labor that (he Supreme Court clerk can possibly de> in this matter, for the only record in the case Is In tho hands of the printer, who Is setting it up In type li was a method devised when the Stau- wns scarce of money te> provide for tho payment of the salary of the Supreme Court clerk, without calling upon the Treasury of the Slate. The practical effect of this statute Is to make the litigants pay these salaries, when these clerks do not, and can? not, perform any services for tiiese lit 11;:? nts in return. If we should strike out of the .statute all that the Supreme Court clerk is required to cio by that statute, the litigant would never know the difference. Tho.ro is nothing In the nature of things for the clerk tr> do but to deliver the copy of the record to the printer; the printer docs all the rest, for there Is nothing to do but to print the rec? ord, which tho Circuit clerk makes and delivers to the appellant's attor? ney. This system of paying the salaries ol the clerks of the Supreme Court? for such It Is In effect?should be Changed and the salaries of these clerks should be paid out of the pub? lic Treasury. Tho present method Is not only grossly unjust, hut It often amounts to a denial of justice. 1 hope that you will press this Injustice upon the attention of the General Assembly and procure the proper change In this statute, which Is section 3507 of our Code. BENJAMIN HADEN. Flncastle, Va. General 11. Lindsay Walker. To the Editor of Tho TImes-Dispaveh: Sir,?Reference is made In your is? sue of to-day (Saturday; that the ar? tillery training camp noar Taylor's Crossing has. no, n numed'ln honor of my father, General ft, Lindsay Walker. It Is stilted that he was born nt "Point of Fork.'- Ooochland county. Please allow me to correct this statement as follows: General Walker was born at Logan, Albemarle county. Logan being that port of the Castle Hill estate cut off by Dr. Thos. Walker and given his son. Captain Thos. Wnlkor. who was the grandfather of General R. Lindsay Walker. The original Castle Hill 'es? tate descended to the Rives family on account of the marriage of Mr. Rives to tho granddaughter of Dr. Thos. Walker. Thanking you for this correction. THOS. H. WALKER PembertOA. Va? August 5. Daily Queries and Answers To Secure Carnegie Medal. Could you Inform mo how to proceed to get a Carnegie modal for a young boy who rescued a young lady from drowning? L S. To secure a Cnrneglo medal wrlto to F. M. Wllmot. Oliver Building. Pltts burg. Pa., stat'ng full clrcumstnncefc of tho case. , Prohibition States. Please name the prohibition States I and others where It partiv prevails. M. A. Mate prohibition preva. Is In Alaba? ma. G orgln, Mississippi, Maine, North . Carolina, North Dakota, Kansas, Ten I ncssee and Oklahomn. Arkansas has I 67 prohibition counties; California, S ! prohibition counties; Colorado, 100 1 towns; Connecticut, hnlf of the- State. ! Delaware, two-thirds of the .-'tat.-, : Florida, 30 counties; Illinois. 39 coun I tics, 2.500 towns: Indiana, two-thirds of tho State; Kentucky, ?."> counties. Louisiana. 33 parishes; Maryland, 15 counties; Massachusetts. 260 towns and : cities; Michigan. 30 counties; Mlnne 1 sota, 1,611 towns: Missouri. 77 coun ' tics; Nebraska. 26 counties; New Hampshire. 1S3 towns; New Vork. -J-'-'i towns; Ohio. 61 counties; Oregon. 21 i counties: Rhode Islund. 20 lownsj 1 South Dakota. '32 counties. Texas. 151 I counties: Vermont. 212 towns; Vir I glnla, 71 counties; Wisconsin, 189 j towns; West Virginia. 10 counties. ' niacfc Rent. Please tell me what was known as j the "black rent." 1J. S. R. I The "black rent" it an annual sti i pc-nd paid by the English settlers i within the pale to the Irish chieftains I on their borders, in consideration of I their restraining their followers from j raiding the. English settlements. Bls< k ' rent was llrst paid about 1110. English Emancipation Act. j When were slaves emancipated In I England? G. T. S. I The English emancipation act wai passed In 1833 for the abolition ol I Blavery In the British dominions, it pro vlded that all children under six and QU born under the passing of the act should be froo. All other slaves were, for a period of twelve years, to servo their masters for three-fourths of their time, the remaining fourth be? lli? their own. This period was sub? sequently reduced to seven years, and after being tried for four years the system was abandoned, und all slavos completely freed. Twenty million pounds was voted as compensation to tho planters for tho loss of their slave property. Discovery of Coal oil. Please state when coal oil was first discovered und when? J. A. L. Like many other similar discoveries that of coal oil has boen traced s'mul taneoualy to soveral localities and per? sons. It is certain, however, that for many years ? 11 had boon observed lloatlng on the Burfaio of the wator In a well not far from Tltusvillo. Pa., J and while It was used it was merely in a small way, and for medicinal pur ! poses. in the year 1853 Dr. Brewer I suggested Its use for lighting and lu | brlcatlng. aud in lSil the first oil com j pany was formed, but the dull times I came and the operations of the con | corn were In a rather Indifferent con? dition. However. Messrs. Drake and ', Bowltch. of the company referred to,, ? concluded that they would sink a well, \ and they wore nt once satisfied by see i lng from 40? to 1,000 gallons of oil a day being the product. The "boom" thus given caused thousands to flock to the oil regions, and in two or three years experiment had shown pretty : nearly the boundaries and capacity of | the oil pr duclr.g region. Up to 1861 I the wolis found wee thosf where tho I oil bad to be punr.ied out by various i rnethnda all the way from the common pump up to the most Improved ma? chinery, and in quantities varying with the appnratuu employed. But In the year Just indicated the first largo Sow? ing well wus struck, and tho oil roso so plcnteously as to dow over the sur? face, yielding" from 800 to 1,000 barrels dally. The oil region of the State Is but one of a number of extensive dis? tricts on this continent which are very productive. WOULD REMOVE CLOUD FROM NATIONALITY BY LA MARQUISE DE KONTKXOY. WHAT Is known as a "private act of Parliament." has Just been passed by the national legisla? ture, under -ho title- "An act to remove doubts as to the nationality of Richard Maximilian. Baron Acton, and his is? sue." The peer concerned Is the pres . em Lord Acton, who Is n lord In wait. I lnu to King George, as he was to Bd j ward VII., and first secretary of the j British legutlon at the Hague. That I such hh act of Parliament should have l become necessary is due to the fact ! that Lord Acton's father, und paternal 'grandfather and great-grandfather ; and great-great-grandfather, had all been burn abroad, and that the Wjves 1 of these forbears were all with one ex? ception foreigners. One of those ancestors, namely. Sir John Acton, sixth baronet of the line, was prime minister of the King of I Naples ut the beginning of the nine? teenth century, and commander - In Chlo'f of the Neapolitan army and navy; eo that his English citizenship was. to sny the Last, a mutter of some doubt, ? The present Lord Al ton has been vot? ing In the upper chamber for the goVr trnment. If it could be shown that, by) , virtue of his foreign birth and foreign 'ancestry, there was n Haw in his Biit ? iBh eltlxenshlp, much trouble would re : suit, since all the votes that he has least would be Invalidated, while he ! himself would be liable to a heavy lino ? for each time that he had voted. That ' Is why the matter has now been set i tied in favor of Lord Acton by what Is known as a private act of parlla .' mont. ' Lord Acton's father was one of the closest and most valued friends of : Andrew Carnegie, and at the time of I hla death had Just completed the by i no means easy task of forming the i private library of the Scotch-Amorl I can multi-millionaire at skibo Castle. ? There were 10,000 volumes to be select? ed, and the money which Carnegie as? signed for the purpose amounted to [?160,000; The Laird of Sklbo could certainly not have found any one bet i tor qualified to undertake the task. I For the late Lord Acton was one of the . most learned, and in every sense of : the word Intellectual members of the , tipper house of Great Britain's Parlla ment. He wns reglus professor o: I history at the University of Cambridge; land the late Mr. (Jladstone. who was j no mean Judge, was wont to declare, I that of all the persons he had ever I met. Lord Acton was the one who?" j learning covered the widest range, md [whose sources of knowledge were the ! most extraordinarily extensive. I The Actons are one of the oldest I Shropshire families, figured prominent? ly in the j-.'lgn of Edward III., nnd re- I Icelved their barom'tcy from Charier. I. . They have always had foreign aflill;. ? ; I tfbns. John Acton wus admiral - In I chief of the imperial Gorman navy In the Adriatic in the eighteenth cen-i tury, Joseph was lieutenant-general! i of th- Neapolitan army. Charles was' ? commodore of the Neapolitan navy. William, Ferdinand and Emeric were j jail vice-admirals of the Italian navy, | I and their younger brother, Gustavo, .1 i ; commodore In the same service, two! jot them serving, in turn, as Italian Ministers of Marine. Their only sister, j la now Dona Laura Minghotti, who, af-1 ter Jilting the lute Kali Grnnville. mar- j ried the late Sicilian Prime Campo- ! reale, and after his death the Italian ! premier, the late Marco Mlnghettl. She . j had two children by her first marriage : I One of them is Princess Buelow, wife i I of the former Chancellor of the German Empire. The other Is S'uiator Prln_-c : I Camporeale, married to the daughter; i of John Binney, of Hoston, Mass., and j divorced wife of Thomas KingsJund, of I New York. With regard to the Sir John Acton | who wus slxlh baronet of the line, and whom I describe above as having! Played so Important a role at Napl"i,*| as Premier, at the beginning of the] nineteenth century, and who llg-i mod so prominently in connec? tion with Admiral Lord Nelson, Queen Caroline of Naples, and the English ambassadress, Emma, Lady Hamilton, ho was succeotled In his baronetcy by his eldest son, Ferdinand;' hla second sen, Charles, becoming a I cardinal, and. In his turn, Prime Min? ister of the Kingdom of Naples. 3lr Ferdinand married the only daughter and heiress of the last Duke of Dal? berg, and died five years later, his widow thereupon marrying the late Earl Granvillo, who intrusted the edu? cation of his young stopson, Sir John] Acton, first of nil to Cardinal Wiseman, and afterwards to the celebrated Pro- ! fessor Dr. Dolllnger, at Munich, Dr. Dolllngor was tho founder of the de? nomination known as the Old Catho? lics, nnd his pupil. Sir John Acton, bo camo imbued with his vlows, and dla- I tlngulshed himself in 1809 and 1870 by I his hostility to the doctrlno of paps I ' Infallibility. Sir John In 1861 was ' elevated, on the nomination of Mr i Gladstone, to the peerage, us Lord Ac I ton, marrlcJ the German Countess I Marie Arcl, was lord In waiting to I Queen Victoria, and u parth ular fav I orlte of Empress Frederick, j The present Lord Acton, his son, la ' therefore through hla grandmother (the wile of Sir Ferdinand Acton) the j chief representative of the ducal house I of Dalberg The latter claims to bo the mo il lent and Illustrious family in Germany, and to b-: able to trace Its descent to a near relative of the Sav Ipur. who became a Homan centurion, und sei tied at Hermstein, near Worm.-t For centuries tho Dalberg? played a conspicuous role In thu history of Ger? many, on the pages of which their names continually appear. Whenovcr the Emperor-elect was crowm-d as rul? er lit Germany and of the Holy Horn in Empire, a herald Invariably demanded, in loud tones, "Is uny Dalberg here?" an<l If any one of that name was pres? ent, he was Immediately knighted, then and there, by the new monarch. The penultimate Duke of Dalberg was Arch-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire, In the closing years of its ex? istence, and when the Empire was overthrown by Napoleon at the be? ginning of the nineteenth century and when ?11 further resistance to the latter had become useless. Join? ed his fortunes, and was appointed by I.im president of the Federation of the Rhine, which Napoleon had created In order to take the place of the Holy Ro? man Empire. Napoleon also created him Grand Duke of Frankfort, and do. signuted his own stepson, Eugene de Beauharnala, us his successor. He died without Issue, being succeeded In his Dukedom of Dalberg by his nephew Enteric, last Duke of Dalberg, who was with Talleyrand at the Congress of Verona. Another of the Dalbergs figured con? spicuously In the army of King Gusta vus Adolphua, in the Thirty Years" War, and is still known In military hutory, us "the Vaubun of Sweden." Lord Acton 1m. like his father, a mod? ern and liberal Catholic, received his education at Magdalen College, Oxford and Is married to Miss Dorothy Lyon, daughter of Thomas Henry Lyon, of Appleton Hull, Cheshire. He owns Aldenham Park and estates, extending ovor an area of 10,000 acres. In Shrop? shire. I Rut the famous Aldenham library. Comprising a collection of no less than i 60.000 rare volumes and priceless man ! uscrlpts, constituting the most cele? brated collection In existence, of works on the history of the various Chris* ! tlan i hurches, was bequeathed by the lato peer to his friend Lord Morley of Blackburn, now Lord President of the Privy Council, and leader of the government In the House of Lords. As Lord Morley Is not a man of rficans, ond did not know how to house tho hooks, realizing at the same time that It would be most ungracious to dis? pose of them l.y sale, he presented the collection, as it stood, to the universi? ty library of Cambridge as a me? morial of the Iftte Lord Acton. Tho university has since then been obliged to pay ?2.000 for the. mere cost of tho removal of the books to Cnmbrldge from Aldenham Pork. In addition to this, the structural alterations neces? sitated -at the university library .to house the hooks, the provision of book casos, etc., cost $12,000 more. Then tho work of scientifically cataloguing th-3 library, which has only just been com pleled after several years' hard work, has cost another $12,000 or $15,000, while tho printing of the catalogue, und the binding of the books, has eaten up another $10,000. So that the total estimated cost to the University of Cambridge entailed by the ac? ceptance of this gift of tho late Lord Acton's library from Lord Morley has amounted to the neighborhood of $10, 000. (Copyright. 1911, by the Brcntwood Company.) WOMEN It's a wise woman who puts a ^ittle- money In tho savings hank regularly. No woman can tell when she'll neod money pretty badly. The' National State and City Bank has many women among Its deposi? tors. Why not prove your thrift nnd wisdom by becoming one of them* National State and City Bank, RICHMOND. VA. w in. H. Palmer, President. ; John S. F.llelt, VIce-Prealilent. Wm. M. Ulli, Vlce-Prealdent. < J. W. suit.mi, Vice-Preaident. I Julien H. Hill, Cnahter.