. ..,,.?.? orace.?16 K. Main Biratt
i- ulb lticbioond.HStf Hull Bueti
l ? ? . k Uuro?U....10t N. Sjum. u HU06!
U.iihturt Lurtiu.1U Ulfthth Street
ul MAIL Or.f BIS Three On*
I'OSTAUfe I'AlD Tear. Mo?. Mihi Mo.
Dully with Sunday.(6.00 }?.<-. Jl.tJ .M
Daily wltbout Sunday. 4.00 1.1? 1.00 .u
Sunday edition only. IM l.M .W -ti
Weekly (WodncaiSay). 100 .M JS .
By Times-Dispatch Carrier Delivery Ber?
ti ?e to Klcbmonil (and suburbs; and l'eters
Laily with Sunday.JScent
t>al!y without Sunday.10 cent!
Sunday only. ? ce.it?
nntsred January T7. 1K6. at Richmond. Va..
t .? scccnd-claas matter under act of Con
r';??? March ?. in*.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 16, mi.
THE TAXG1.E OX TUB TH KATIES
II If reported from Washington that j
there is to be a serious conflict be- ,
tween the President and the Senato J
over the arbitration treaties. The :
?Senate insists upon amending tho
treaties by striking out the provision j
which empowers the Joint high com- |
mission to determine the propriety of 1
arbitrating In International disputes,
nn<i the President insists that this 1
provision shall stay in the treaties. J
Both Senate and President are stand-I
ing firm, and It Is said by The Sun
correspondent that "not since Presi?
dent Tntt entered the White House
has such 11 general feeling of hostility
against the Executive In the upper
branch of Congress seen threatened as
by the Itsue Involved In those arbi?
tration trontles." It Is further said :
that the. President will "carry tho ;
matter to the voters of the country," j
iwhjoh would bo very bad for thej
treaties. Tho only members of the
Foroign isolations Committee who
liuvo supported tho President's view
are Senators Cullom and Burton,
liodge, Smith, of Michigan, nnd U'>rr,h,
Republicans, and 13acon, Shively, chirk j
and Rayner, Democrats, are against
the President, and 'Root would bo also j
If he did not have a professional feel?
ing for Secretary Knox, who holds his j
?Id pliicc at the head of the Depart
tnent of State.
It Is a rather bad mlx-up as It
Stands, nnd there is a good dcsl to be
said on both sides; but It teems to
us If the treaties are really for thej
purpose of preserving; peace among ,
the signatory nations that this end ,
would be more nearly secured by the
submission of their international dlf- j
ferenecs to the high Joint commission;
than to subject these differences In j
any of the,lr aspects to the consider- j
?tion of the Senate, a political body
wholly unfamiliar with tho arts of '?
diplomacy. "The Pnclllc Coast States."
wo are ^?ld. "arc frightened ut the
'yelloy. peril.'" and "their reprCaenta- j
lives contend that with the nrbltru
? lion policy of tills Government onca ?
generally extended It would be Im
possible Id avoid submitting such
questions as the exclusion of Japanese
from public schoolB In California to
arbitration." It is not likely that
any such questions would ever arise
under the treaties; but suppose they
should nnd that Captain Hohson
should be In the L'n'ted States Senate,
ns he probably will be some day, does
any one thlul; for a moment that he
would be able to deal with the ques?
tion ns the dignity of HiIb country
would require in tho settlement of
Issues of this character? Wo should
rather trust to the Intelligence und
*>roa<j vlew.-of.-the Ifigh Joint commis?
sion than to the narrow prejudices
of tho army of Jingoes with which the
Senate might bo tilled. An arbitra?
tion treaty Is not like a primary elec?
tion law; there ought to he no local
or partisan or sectional politics In It
or connected with It.
If the object of the Arbitration
treaties Is to preserve the peace of
the nations and avoid the horrors of
war, treaties that will accomplish this
divine result should he adopted for
this reason and for none other.
Treaties that have met with the favor
?f the countries acrustomcd to war
are not treaties thnt should be sot
aside even for the high and noble pur?
pose of preserving the rights and dig?
nity of tht- American Senate. If wo
intend to play In the game with the
groat World Powers, we must play
tin; trame as, experts and not as ama?
THE MAN W ITO IOIM) Tin: POLK.
"As he travels rbout a Middle West?
ern Chautauqua circuit to-day he Is
mulling, assertive, self-satisfied and
patronizing In his manner toward
tlf.se with whom lit- tomes In contact,"
says the Washington Heruld. Well,
why shouldn't he? "Speaking to great
crowds dally nnd gathering thousands
of good, hard-earned dollars.'' we
should thlnl: that he would have the
right 10 feel tolerably well assured of
Iiis position. He was the first white
riiari since the earth was formed, so
far as there is any authoritative evi?
dence upon the subject, to roach the
11 p. of the world, to plant the Hag of
his country at the North Pole and to
? bring bock from the fields of purple
li r- through dangers and sufferings
that Would h ,vc conquered a less self
reliant rnnn the s'ory of the capture
of the farthest North.
What wonder is It that "his smile
? is vacant and mci hanlcal," that he Is
"totally lacking in personal mngnetlsm
and sympathetic responsiveness," that
'?'fh*> clutches w)th feverish eagerness
nnd with both bands the palms extend?
ed to him," that "ho Is tin cold as the
Ice Melds that he - id or didn't cross
In the Arctic!" IL . ? had cough to
mbke him lose ti 1 unan touch, to
ji.ake him even dt his own good
ruth, to make him : loud of those
who approach him lost they would
toko from him the triumphs he Is win?
ning on tho lecture platform; but with
thtit dogged detormlnutlon that has
sustained him and conscious of his
own reetltudo of purpose. If not of
achievement, he Is going right on With
tho story of how he reached the North
Pole before Matt Henson got there.
It Is one of tho wonders of these
strange fimos that this persecuted man
who has received honors from tin
Kings and scholars of tho world, and
the freedom of cities and tho adulation
of multitudes should with all the ob^
Stades that have been erected against
him be still strong enough to plead
his own catiso and to tell the peo?
ple of the West of his triumph in
the North. Great Is Dr. Frederick A.
Cook, the Original Discoverer of the
Till; STAKE) IX PENNSVliVANIA.
All tho barbarians do not live In
the South. On Saturday night a negro
named Ezeklel Walker killed Special
Policeman ltlce, who discovered him
wlille he was engaged In robbing one
of the miners in tho neighborhood of
Coatcsvlllc. The community was tor
libly aroused by the commission of
this crime and started on u hunt for
the murderer, who was captured on
Sunday after a long chase. Anticipat?
ing the fate probably awaiting him.
the negro tried to take his own life by
shooting himself in tho mouth. ills
ultn was bad, however, and ho was?
taken to tho local hospital, where ar-1
tor receiving mndlcul attontlon he was
bound to a cot and plnced under the
special guard of nnother policeman.
Sunday night a mob oomposed of 400
men battered down tho doors of the
hospital, seized the negro and carry?
ing him out of the hospital on the cot
dragged him to the place where he
ha,d killed Officer Rice, and there put
him to death with tho most fiendish
CQielty, Manacled to the cot, his ex?
ecutioners heaped plies of old fence ^
rails and other easily burning material I
over him and roasted him alive. This ,
is the brief account of the horrible,
eno as described by the New York i
Sun: < !
The lynching was accomplished only I
nfter the negro mad from pain had
leaped, from the blazing fagots piled
over him and tried to escape, dragging
tho bod to which he was bound by his
A crowd of 2,000 watched the mob
lenders beat the negro with fence mils,
and force him shrieking back Into tho
Three times he bounded up nnd three
times wns thrust back, until finally his
quivering body fell Into the Uro. Only
then was the mob satisfied.
The account given In Tho Times
says that when the poor wretch at?
tempted to escape from the mob they
thrust him back Into the llamos with
pitchforks, nnd the Apaches could not
have invented a more terrible death.
Coatesvllle la only about forty miles
' distant from Philadelphia, the "City
! of Brothorly Love," and wns probably
a station on the old Underground Rail?
road; it is certainly in tho heart of
one of tho groat States, which boasts
I of the civilization of its people. Its
churches ' and Sunday Schools. Itu
: Young Men's Christian Associations,
its general piety and respect tor Law.
i The mob did its work on Sunday night.
I one of the reports representing the
people running out of the churches to
keep up with tho pi ogress of the event
, if not to assist in the burning of the
negro. The funeral pile was set 111
t the presence of 2,000 people who stood
' and gazed at the fearful spectacle, and
nol one man In the whole company
protested ngaltiBt tho atrocity. The
whole community Is Hitlil to havo stay?
ed awake the whole night expecting
trouble with the colorod people, and
ready to do still further violence up?
on the slightest provocation. No lynch
j ing over committed in tho South was
nttended by acts of greater barbarity,
; und while we cannot and do not de
? fend our own crimes we enn at least
] point to tills uffalr in Pennsylvania ius
I exceeding In the art of cruelty any act
; of the mob that has stained our annals
1 und ^brutalized us in the eyes of tho
j Only a fow years ago one of the
! most brutal lynchlngs In American
history was committed In Delaware.
: Negroes huvc been slain by the mob
In New York, In Illinois, In Ohio, in
j Indiana and In other Northern States,
! and all to the shame of the American
! people. Tho outrages committed against
I property, tho loose methods by -which
I laws are passed und Justleo adminis?
tered are beginning to have their ef?
fect upon the security of life What
will Pennsylvania do about this aw?
ful crime? Nothing. Tho mob which
was strong enough to defy the law
will be strong enough to defeat life
LOOKING PORWAUD IS C?NNKCTI
Ulder Montgomery, President of the
Indianapolis Conference of the Seventh
Day Adventlsts, has uttered a prophecy
relating to the end of the world which
draws on apace. "It may be next ycar.lt
may be five years; but I 'do know that1
it will come before the death of the lust j
man who saw the fulling of the stars
on November 13, 1S33." This prophecy!
hus set the Hartford Courant think?
ing to the extent of a column or so
about the end of the world. It does
not believe ' that Elder Montgomery
knows anything about it, and holds
that "the end of the world Is going on
for mankind nt every hour," and conies'
through the individual, a though!
which ought to make the Courant more
careful what It soys about oth'cr in?
dividuals lest It be Judged Itself by
the same measure of Judgment with
which It would Judge others.
"Some people," say? the Couranl
"think that tho end of the world |s|
like a wedding or a dinner party, for j
which man must put on his best I
clothes. They wont to Hin a little
first; to steal a little; to lie a little, to]
backbite a little: to wallow In the
mire a little longer with other dirty
boasts llko themselves." Such being
the condition of things In Connecticut.
H Is not surprising that our contem?
porary should Insist on putting off the
Jay as long an possible; but we must
protest against tho suggestion that
when tho day comes tho men of Con?
necticut must go In their "every day
clothes." What sort of a Ilguro would
f)r. Clark, for example, present If ho
should be called In the shoddy that
he wears and which he not only wears
himself, but which he encourages the
manufacturers in his State to make
and sell to people in other parts of the
We oan very well understand why
there should bo objection in Connecti?
cut to Elder Montgomery's prediction;
but, so far us the Courant and Its mis?
guided readers ?re concerned, it
would be a happy thing If there could
be the end of the world within the
next twelve months; for it will be nil;
the worse for them If it should be
postponed live years, that being about
the time when Woodrow Wilson will
be fairly settling down to the business
of making ?11 tho enemies of the
rights of the people come to time. Bet?
ter, far better, that the Courant and
its people should go right now than
for tho evil day to bo put off for even
one term of righteous rule In this
country. Laugh at the Seventh Day
Adventlst as much as It please, ther?
Is nothing for the Courant In being
suffered to cumber the earth for thej
next five yours. With tho warning It
has received, It Is to be hoped that It
will not brar.cn It out any longer, but
that It will come over Into the Demo?
cratic camp before It Is too late.
"TJWOIjB JOE'S" RETIREMENT.
It Ih said that tho lion. Joseph G.
Cannon will retire from public lifo I
upon tho completion of his present!
term In Congress; If. when the time
arrives, .he shall think It a desirable
thing to do; If an attempt shall not
be made to drive him out: If his con?
stituents are willing to give him up.
Nobody knows exactly what he will
do about It; but the politicians out In
the Danville District nrc already cast?
ing lots for his garments. It Is known
that he feels bitterly his treatment by
his party, nnd now, the Washington
correspondent of the Chicago Tribune
snys, "nobody pays any attention to
Uncle Joo. The Czar Is dethroned.
The good old dnys ure itonc and he Is
beginning to feel he ought to go with
Wo think so. too; but before he goes
somebody ought to say that he has j
been most outrageously treated; that
bis party, whose bidding he always did
In scorn of consequence, made him
the scape-goat for its sins and drove
him Into tho wilderness. The ablest
and most typical Republican of bis
time, he has been neglected, vilified
und aplt upon by tho party which he
served with all the ardor of his vicious
nature, and he has stood the ingrati?
tude of his associates like a man. With?
out the ability, tho resourcefulness, the
rugged strength of their chief expon?
ent, but with all his meanness, he
should have some acknowledgment
from his traducers of his service to
When he retires, Mr. Cannon should
go back to the State of his nativity
and thero reflect among honest people
upon tho instability of tTarthly great?
ness and tho utter lack of Honor In the
j Republican party.
AGAINST Till: JEi; SYSTEM.
The Virginia Division of ihn farm
j ers' Educational and Co-Operatlve
' Union of America, of which D. M.
Gannaway, of Guinea Mills, is presi?
dent, has, through Its executive eom
! mltloe, udopted n legislative pro
I gramme. Two of the sections of this
j programme, tho adoption of which the
i Union wishes to bring about, arc:
( "A bin aboMshlirg the fee system
! and providing regular saluries for
j public ofllcors.
i "We are for a government economi?
cally conducted in thu public Interest."
These two declarations go hand In
hand. They are Inseparable. The
farmers are the backbone of any gov?
ernment, and whatever weakens that
I government weakens them, The feet
system Is a parasite, a pest, a political
weed, giving the county officeholder!
j Undue power and donating money to
' him which ought to be put in the
j treasury for the public good.
Tho Retail Merchants' Association
! at Its recent Convention likewise con
j demned tho fee system for tho com
I pcni.ation of county and city officers,
and called for Us destruction Ttu
merchants, as business men, know thai
j it Is unbuslness-like to hire a clerk
and not agree with him beforehand
what pay ho is to get. Yet, the Statu
Is doing that very thing and does not
know what its clerks arc getting.
Now is the time for action. Let all
'. our organisations which arc Interested
In the common good take a stand
j agulnst this system. Behind the fee
1 system, fighting for IIa maintenance.
; are well developed, strong organlza
i lions, ready to use their Immeasurable
Influence with the members of the
General Assembly to perpetuate the
Let all bodies who would unllft Vir?
ginia declare In no uncertain words
against this Iniquitous graft.
WHAT CAUSED THE WAR.
In Giles .lackson's History of the
Negro Race, which has been adopted
as a text-book for the colored public
schools in Virginia, the statement Is
made that the War Between the
States was "not stnrted primarily for
the abolition of slavery," and that the
firing on rort Sumter resulted from the
sending of troops to reinforce tho gar?
rison of United States soldiers station?
ed there "without the consont of the
Btate authorities "of South Carolina
and contrary to the Constitution at the
United States,"* Wo are not greatly
surprised that Giles should tako this
view bocauso he was "raised right;"
but It la a llttlo surprising, though
gratifying as surprising, that the
New Haven Register should express
tho opinion that "with the negro him?
self tuking so intelligent a view of
hin history and position in this coun?
try,, his future bouomos the more
hopeful." We aro getting along, sure?
ly, when newapapors published right
undor the drippings of New England
sunctuurics reach the point of admit?
ting that tho view exprcssod by Jack?
son is "intelligent."
REDUCING THE COST.
The report of the commissioners or
Birmingham for the month of Juno
has lately been published, that city
being under tho commission form of
government As compared with the
month of May, the report shows that
the- operating expense of tho city was
$53.60u less. In May the tolul expense
was $162,032; in June, tho expense was
It cost Birmingham 113,000, in round
figures, to run its police department
In June; $1S,000 for the lire depart?
ment; $12,000 for the health depart?
ment, and $1,000 for collection and
disposal of yarbuge.
The city government cost is divided
as follows, the amounts being approxi?
Board of commissioners.$2,211 19
Purchasing agent. 250 00
Comptroller general. 29$ 33
Auditing department. 416 03
Tax collecting department.... 32S 60
Public improvement depart?
ment . 623 72
Assessment of taxes. i>7 4 &0
License Inspector. 419 75
City attorney. 395 00
City hall expense, Birmingham 514 41
City hall expense. Ensley..... 9 50
City hall expense, North Bir?
mingham . 3 75
City hull expense, West End.. 2 23
City hall expense, Woodlawn. 53 07
Recorder's court, Birmingham 815 S5
Recorder's court, Ensley. 151 85
CHy engineer's offlco. 354 96
Street commissioner's oflloe... 636 28
For nearly four months, when this
report was made, Birmingham had
been undor commission government.
Tho expense of governing the city has
been cut down something more than
jir,,w.o0. No one has complulncd of
being badly goVcrned. The citizen?
ship of the city has been highly bene?
fited by the change. The people
know exactly who is to blame It any?
thing goes wrong. All Is above board.
What a difference commission gov?
ernment would make to the people of
Wade Harris, of the Charlotte Even-1
lng Chronicle. Is an iconoclast, and'
appears to have no poetry in his soul
; nt all. Editor Hale, of the Fayettevlllt
Observer, having gone Into rhapsodies
lover the morning glory and given this
counsel: "Plnnt morning glories, house?
wives, and mukc the home beautiful."
Htirrls ups and says that this advice
should be qualified; that "ovary sensl
ble housewife Will keep the morning
glory out of her garden;" that "It is
a greater nuisance than king grass.'
Not satisfied with this denunciation!
of one of the loveliest of the tlowerlng|
j vines, Harris adds:
? It is a common experience that a J
negro with a hoe at a dollar a da;
cannot keep the morning glory vines]
from choking tho gardens and pull?
ing down tho fences. The morning
glory is as pretty as a poem on the
front porch, but whin It gets started
In the garden It Is worse than the boll
weevil to tlie <otton patch."
That is a brutal view; but we arej
not surprised thut the Chronicle should;
give expression to such unworthy
sentiments. Its ideas nre wholly prac?
tical, and it hates to work In the
garden. If instead of hiring n negro
at a dollar a day to chop down the
morning glory. It would get up earlier
nnd take its own hoe and piddle around
a bit In the garden itself, it would find
that 'he morning glory, "specially if
it be grown Crom Virginia seed, can
be trained to do almost any sort of
climbing stunt, and always with
cheerfulness and beauty that appealj
to the Imagination that has not beenj
contaminated by too close touch wlthl
the commercial spirit of the age ln|
which wc live.
Talking about morning glories?havej
you noticed the beautiful display on |
the little roadhouse of the Richmond,'
Frcderlcksburg and Potomac Railroad,:
between Laurel and Harrison Streets
In this very town, how tenderly it isj
cared for by tin.- watchman and howl
it 1.tightens that busy thoroughfare!
with suirgestiom- of new fields and |
pastures green out in the country
where the Almighty loves to dwell:!
Chop down morning glory vines! Dull-!
ed bo tho hoe assigned to this , vandal:
work and curses on the man who
would strip tl.earth In its wastest
plans of this beautiful vine given to
us by Nature t,. hide the scars that
are made by utilitarian hands!
A strange light in thrown on the;
character of the groat Napoleon by|
a Utter lately gold with other auto?
graphs In London, it was written by j
his surgeon at St. Helena, who says j
In it: "He (Napoleon) has lost one of
his tooth lulelj (a wisdom one), the |
first surgical operation ever perform?
ed on him. He did not, howewsr, be?
have very gallantly on the occasion,
for the surgeon who officiated was
obliged have nun pinioned down on
the door before ho could extract it."
Even Napoleon was afraid' of his
Kansas, after having swnttod the
fly and muzzled the dog. is planning
to sliavi: tl,,- cat. The Kansas State
Board .of Health charges that the cut
with its long hair carries more germs
than any other animal. A few months
ago n Chicago i.urgcon said that he
had found six different kinds,of dead?
ly germs on tho whiskers of an alley
cat- So Dr. Deacon, of the Stale
Board, has issued an order to shave
?he cats and keep their hair short.
Just like that of dogs and horses. The
cat does not bathe, and for that reason
Is said to be a gorm rofugo.
Tho Orange Observer says:
"And now Colonel Amos Quito pre?
sents his bill and demands payment
in blood monoy."
He gets It In blue currency In
Voice of the People
A Itighteotia Man's Opinion.
To tho Editor of The Tlmcs-Dlspatch:
Sir,?In your paper of the 12th in?
stant it Iookb to one who sympathizes
with both cleanness and prosperity that
I the standards of The Times-Dispatch
I were somewhat sold for a mess of
j American pottage, amd that the title
j of your editorial shotild Jiot rcud. "The
I Crime?Not the Woman." bi\t rather,
J "Tho Coin, by Way of the Crime and
! the "Woman " And this Is borno out
. by tho assiduous activities of the edi?
tor's militiamen?-tho newsboys?whose
astuteness sees beyond your editorial
excuse and makes use of tho pictures
to sell the papers, thereby securing
the end In view. Irrespective of the
character of tho one portrayed.
We have loved you; we want to love
you. and wo will love you; but be a
man; don't give us excuses for a bad
m stake when we want a cleun paper.
When we ask for clean bread, don't,
don't give us a dirty stone.
GEORGE FLOYD ROGERS.
Covington, Ya.. August 12.
In the seventh chapter of the Gospel
according to Saint Matthew there is this
admonition: "Judge not. that ye he not
I Judged. For with what Judgment ye
judge, ye shall bo Judged."?Editor of
1 The Times-Dispatch.
The Single Tax.
I To the Editor of The Ttmes-Dispatch:
Sir.?I want to thank you for your
editorial on the "Single Tax in Seat?
tle," as I claim to be the pioneer single
taxer In Virginia. Your .definition of
the single tax Is accurate, but It la
not quite specific enough. You define
It as a tax on a single source of rev?
You 'omitted to say that under the
head of land values Is Included also
public utilities and franchises, which
are also community-created values. It
Is hardly a debatable question that all
land values "are community-created,
though a part Ib a prospective future
value. Now, you speak of this as a
theory, though It Is a demonstrable
fact, and as a paradox you end up by
saying: "The experiment In Vancouver
I has been most profitable."
The young giants of the "West are
I teaching Old Mother Virginia the way
I to economic liberty and real Jeraoc
I racy. Virginia Is driving away her
own children by taxing Industry, and
then spends $20,000 per year In trying
to replace them with aliens.
Blind leaders of tho blind!
Charlotfesvllle. Va.. Aug. 7. 1911.
The Battle Abbey.
To the Editor of ThP Times-Dispatch:
Sir,-?1 have read with much pleas ire
your admirable editorial of a day or
so slno in regard to s properly equip
Vd municipal library and our shame?
ful backwardness and neglect In this
respect, wherefore this Idea presented
Now that the Battle Abbey BSSlYli to
bo an assured fact, what are w.e going
to put In It. since relics art becoming
so scarce? Might It not be an appro?
priate and advantageous thing to use
this building for a great municipal
library, called the Battle Abbey Memo
rial Library, or Otherwise appropriate?
ly named? The Battle Abbey fund
would furnish an endowment for run
Ining expenses, while the city might
stock the building with the proper
The Supreme Court Clerks.
To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
. Sir,?In your issue of the oth instant
you have an editorial on the subject of
the fees of the clerks uf the Court Ol
Appeals. These clerks arc all calthful
and efficient Officers, and, no doubt, de?
serve all the compensation which they
receive, and nothing In this letter is
intended to suggest that either of thube
clerks receives more than a fair com?
pensation. But this statute operates
aa a grievous injustice against the pur
ties to an appeal In the supreme Court,
for it. in effect, requires the litigants?
the unsuccessful litigants?In llie Su?
preme Court to pay the salaries of tlie
clerks of this court. Nor Is this all,
for the clerk of the Supreme Court t'oes
not perform, and in the nature of
things cannot perform, uny service
for these litigants f?r which they ure
required to pay tlie.se fees. This fact
can best bo Illustrated by a case in
i ourt us follows: The Circuit Court en
lei.-, a decree against the plaintiff, und
he desires to appeal; he Is required to
obtain from the clerk of the Circuit
Court a copy Of the record; he pays
I for this, and the Circuit Court charges
his foes for his actual work; the plain?
tiff's attorney then prepares his writ?
ten petition and attaches It to the
record copied' by the clerk and pre?
sents It to the Supremo Court, which
giants the appeal, nnei the record is
then forwarded to the clerk of the
Supreme Court; that clerk la then re?
quired to have the record printed, and
for this purpose he Is required to de?
liver (his copy of the record?for he
only has one copy?to the printer.
He is then allowed to charge "for his
services in superintending and examin?
ing the priming. Indexing, distributing
and filing the records, conducting the
correspondence, et cetera," ah amount
greatly In excess of the charges made
by the circuit clerk for-an actual copy
of tho recortl.
There is no substantial labor that
(he Supreme Court clerk can possibly
de> in this matter, for the only record
in the case Is In tho hands of the
printer, who Is setting it up In type
li was a method devised when the
Stau- wns scarce of money te> provide
for tho payment of the salary of the
Supreme Court clerk, without calling
upon the Treasury of the Slate. The
practical effect of this statute Is to
make the litigants pay these salaries,
when these clerks do not, and can?
not, perform any services for tiiese
lit 11;:? nts in return. If we should
strike out of the .statute all that the
Supreme Court clerk is required to cio
by that statute, the litigant would
never know the difference. Tho.ro is
nothing In the nature of things for
the clerk tr> do but to deliver the
copy of the record to the printer; the
printer docs all the rest, for there
Is nothing to do but to print the rec?
ord, which tho Circuit clerk makes
and delivers to the appellant's attor?
This system of paying the salaries
ol the clerks of the Supreme Court?
for such It Is In effect?should be
Changed and the salaries of these
clerks should be paid out of the pub?
lic Treasury. Tho present method Is
not only grossly unjust, hut It often
amounts to a denial of justice. 1 hope
that you will press this Injustice upon
the attention of the General Assembly
and procure the proper change In this
statute, which Is section 3507 of our
Code. BENJAMIN HADEN.
General 11. Lindsay Walker.
To the Editor of Tho TImes-Dispaveh:
Sir,?Reference is made In your is?
sue of to-day (Saturday; that the ar?
tillery training camp noar Taylor's
Crossing has. no, n numed'ln honor of
my father, General ft, Lindsay Walker.
It Is stilted that he was born nt "Point
of Fork.'- Ooochland county. Please
allow me to correct this statement as
follows: General Walker was born at
Logan, Albemarle county. Logan being
that port of the Castle Hill estate cut
off by Dr. Thos. Walker and given his
son. Captain Thos. Wnlkor. who was
the grandfather of General R. Lindsay
Walker. The original Castle Hill 'es?
tate descended to the Rives family
on account of the marriage of Mr.
Rives to tho granddaughter of Dr.
Thanking you for this correction.
THOS. H. WALKER
PembertOA. Va? August 5.
Daily Queries and Answers
To Secure Carnegie Medal.
Could you Inform mo how to proceed
to get a Carnegie modal for a young
boy who rescued a young lady from
drowning? L S.
To secure a Cnrneglo medal wrlto to
F. M. Wllmot. Oliver Building. Pltts
burg. Pa., stat'ng full clrcumstnncefc
of tho case.
, Prohibition States.
Please name the prohibition States
I and others where It partiv prevails.
Mate prohibition preva. Is In Alaba?
ma. G orgln, Mississippi, Maine, North
. Carolina, North Dakota, Kansas, Ten
I ncssee and Oklahomn. Arkansas has
I 67 prohibition counties; California, S
! prohibition counties; Colorado, 100
1 towns; Connecticut, hnlf of the- State.
! Delaware, two-thirds of the .-'tat.-,
: Florida, 30 counties; Illinois. 39 coun
I tics, 2.500 towns: Indiana, two-thirds
of tho State; Kentucky, ?."> counties.
Louisiana. 33 parishes; Maryland, 15
counties; Massachusetts. 260 towns and
: cities; Michigan. 30 counties; Mlnne
1 sota, 1,611 towns: Missouri. 77 coun
' tics; Nebraska. 26 counties; New
Hampshire. 1S3 towns; New Vork. -J-'-'i
towns; Ohio. 61 counties; Oregon. 21
i counties: Rhode Islund. 20 lownsj
1 South Dakota. '32 counties. Texas. 151
I counties: Vermont. 212 towns; Vir
I glnla, 71 counties; Wisconsin, 189
j towns; West Virginia. 10 counties.
' niacfc Rent.
Please tell me what was known as
j the "black rent." 1J. S. R.
I The "black rent" it an annual sti
i pc-nd paid by the English settlers
i within the pale to the Irish chieftains
I on their borders, in consideration of
I their restraining their followers from
j raiding the. English settlements. Bls< k
' rent was llrst paid about 1110.
English Emancipation Act.
j When were slaves emancipated In
I England? G. T. S.
I The English emancipation act wai
passed In 1833 for the abolition ol
I Blavery In the British dominions, it pro
vlded that all children under six and
QU born under the passing of the act
should be froo. All other slaves were,
for a period of twelve years, to
servo their masters for three-fourths
of their time, the remaining fourth be?
lli? their own. This period was sub?
sequently reduced to seven years, and
after being tried for four years the
system was abandoned, und all slavos
completely freed. Twenty million
pounds was voted as compensation to
tho planters for tho loss of their
Discovery of Coal oil.
Please state when coal oil was first
discovered und when? J. A. L.
Like many other similar discoveries
that of coal oil has boen traced s'mul
taneoualy to soveral localities and per?
sons. It is certain, however, that for
many years ? 11 had boon observed
lloatlng on the Burfaio of the wator
In a well not far from Tltusvillo. Pa.,
J and while It was used it was merely
in a small way, and for medicinal pur
! poses. in the year 1853 Dr. Brewer
I suggested Its use for lighting and lu
| brlcatlng. aud in lSil the first oil com
j pany was formed, but the dull times
I came and the operations of the con
| corn were In a rather Indifferent con?
dition. However. Messrs. Drake and
', Bowltch. of the company referred to,,
? concluded that they would sink a well,
\ and they wore nt once satisfied by see
i lng from 40? to 1,000 gallons of oil a
day being the product. The "boom"
thus given caused thousands to flock
to the oil regions, and in two or three
years experiment had shown pretty
: nearly the boundaries and capacity of
| the oil pr duclr.g region. Up to 1861
I the wolis found wee thosf where tho
I oil bad to be punr.ied out by various
i rnethnda all the way from the common
pump up to the most Improved ma?
chinery, and in quantities varying with
the appnratuu employed. But In the
year Just indicated the first largo Sow?
ing well wus struck, and tho oil roso
so plcnteously as to dow over the sur?
face, yielding" from 800 to 1,000 barrels
dally. The oil region of the State Is
but one of a number of extensive dis?
tricts on this continent which are very
WOULD REMOVE CLOUD
BY LA MARQUISE DE KONTKXOY.
WHAT Is known as a "private act
of Parliament." has Just been
passed by the national legisla?
ture, under -ho title- "An act to remove
doubts as to the nationality of Richard
Maximilian. Baron Acton, and his is?
sue." The peer concerned Is the pres
. em Lord Acton, who Is n lord In wait.
I lnu to King George, as he was to Bd
j ward VII., and first secretary of the
j British legutlon at the Hague. That
I such hh act of Parliament should have
l become necessary is due to the fact
! that Lord Acton's father, und paternal
'grandfather and great-grandfather
; and great-great-grandfather, had all
been burn abroad, and that the Wjves
1 of these forbears were all with one ex?
One of those ancestors, namely. Sir
John Acton, sixth baronet of the line,
was prime minister of the King of
I Naples ut the beginning of the nine?
teenth century, and commander - In
Chlo'f of the Neapolitan army and navy;
eo that his English citizenship was. to
sny the Last, a mutter of some doubt,
? The present Lord Al ton has been vot?
ing In the upper chamber for the goVr
trnment. If it could be shown that, by)
, virtue of his foreign birth and foreign
'ancestry, there was n Haw in his Biit
? iBh eltlxenshlp, much trouble would re
: suit, since all the votes that he has
least would be Invalidated, while he
! himself would be liable to a heavy lino
? for each time that he had voted. That
' Is why the matter has now been set
i tied in favor of Lord Acton by what
Is known as a private act of parlla
.' mont. '
Lord Acton's father was one of the
closest and most valued friends of
: Andrew Carnegie, and at the time of
I hla death had Just completed the by
i no means easy task of forming the
i private library of the Scotch-Amorl
I can multi-millionaire at skibo Castle.
? There were 10,000 volumes to be select?
ed, and the money which Carnegie as?
signed for the purpose amounted to
[?160,000; The Laird of Sklbo could
certainly not have found any one bet
i tor qualified to undertake the task.
I For the late Lord Acton was one of the
. most learned, and in every sense of
: the word Intellectual members of the
, tipper house of Great Britain's Parlla
ment. He wns reglus professor o:
I history at the University of Cambridge;
land the late Mr. (Jladstone. who was
j no mean Judge, was wont to declare,
I that of all the persons he had ever
I met. Lord Acton was the one who?"
j learning covered the widest range, md
[whose sources of knowledge were the
! most extraordinarily extensive.
I The Actons are one of the oldest
I Shropshire families, figured prominent?
ly in the j-.'lgn of Edward III., nnd re- I
Icelved their barom'tcy from Charier. I.
. They have always had foreign aflill;. ? ;
I tfbns. John Acton wus admiral - In
I chief of the imperial Gorman navy In
the Adriatic in the eighteenth cen-i
tury, Joseph was lieutenant-general!
i of th- Neapolitan army. Charles was'
? commodore of the Neapolitan navy.
William, Ferdinand and Emeric were j
jail vice-admirals of the Italian navy, |
I and their younger brother, Gustavo, .1 i
; commodore In the same service, two!
jot them serving, in turn, as Italian
Ministers of Marine. Their only sister,
j la now Dona Laura Minghotti, who, af-1
ter Jilting the lute Kali Grnnville. mar- j
ried the late Sicilian Prime Campo- !
reale, and after his death the Italian
! premier, the late Marco Mlnghettl. She .
j had two children by her first marriage :
I One of them is Princess Buelow, wife i
I of the former Chancellor of the German
Empire. The other Is S'uiator Prln_-c :
I Camporeale, married to the daughter;
i of John Binney, of Hoston, Mass., and
j divorced wife of Thomas KingsJund, of I
With regard to the Sir John Acton |
who wus slxlh baronet of the line, and
whom I describe above as having!
Played so Important a role at Napl"i,*|
as Premier, at the beginning of the]
nineteenth century, and who llg-i
mod so prominently in connec?
tion with Admiral Lord Nelson,
Queen Caroline of Naples, and the
English ambassadress, Emma, Lady
Hamilton, ho was succeotled In his
baronetcy by his eldest son, Ferdinand;'
hla second sen, Charles, becoming a I
cardinal, and. In his turn, Prime Min?
ister of the Kingdom of Naples. 3lr
Ferdinand married the only daughter
and heiress of the last Duke of Dal?
berg, and died five years later, his
widow thereupon marrying the late
Earl Granvillo, who intrusted the edu?
cation of his young stopson, Sir John]
Acton, first of nil to Cardinal Wiseman,
and afterwards to the celebrated Pro- !
fessor Dr. Dolllnger, at Munich, Dr.
Dolllngor was tho founder of the de?
nomination known as the Old Catho?
lics, nnd his pupil. Sir John Acton, bo
camo imbued with his vlows, and dla- I
tlngulshed himself in 1809 and 1870 by
I his hostility to the doctrlno of paps I
' Infallibility. Sir John In 1861 was
' elevated, on the nomination of Mr
i Gladstone, to the peerage, us Lord Ac
I ton, marrlcJ the German Countess
I Marie Arcl, was lord In waiting to
I Queen Victoria, and u parth ular fav
I orlte of Empress Frederick,
j The present Lord Acton, his son, la
' therefore through hla grandmother
(the wile of Sir Ferdinand Acton) the
j chief representative of the ducal house
I of Dalberg The latter claims to bo the
mo il lent and Illustrious family in
Germany, and to b-: able to trace Its
descent to a near relative of the Sav
Ipur. who became a Homan centurion,
und sei tied at Hermstein, near Worm.-t
For centuries tho Dalberg? played a
conspicuous role In thu history of Ger?
many, on the pages of which their
names continually appear. Whenovcr
the Emperor-elect was crowm-d as rul?
er lit Germany and of the Holy Horn in
Empire, a herald Invariably demanded,
in loud tones, "Is uny Dalberg here?"
an<l If any one of that name was pres?
ent, he was Immediately knighted,
then and there, by the new monarch.
The penultimate Duke of Dalberg was
Arch-Chancellor of the Holy Roman
Empire, In the closing years of its ex?
istence, and when the Empire was
overthrown by Napoleon at the be?
ginning of the nineteenth century
and when ?11 further resistance
to the latter had become useless. Join?
ed his fortunes, and was appointed by
I.im president of the Federation of the
Rhine, which Napoleon had created In
order to take the place of the Holy Ro?
man Empire. Napoleon also created
him Grand Duke of Frankfort, and do.
signuted his own stepson, Eugene de
Beauharnala, us his successor. He died
without Issue, being succeeded In his
Dukedom of Dalberg by his nephew
Enteric, last Duke of Dalberg, who was
with Talleyrand at the Congress of
Another of the Dalbergs figured con?
spicuously In the army of King Gusta
vus Adolphua, in the Thirty Years" War,
and is still known In military hutory,
us "the Vaubun of Sweden."
Lord Acton 1m. like his father, a mod?
ern and liberal Catholic, received his
education at Magdalen College, Oxford
and Is married to Miss Dorothy Lyon,
daughter of Thomas Henry Lyon, of
Appleton Hull, Cheshire. He owns
Aldenham Park and estates, extending
ovor an area of 10,000 acres. In Shrop?
I Rut the famous Aldenham library.
Comprising a collection of no less than
i 60.000 rare volumes and priceless man
! uscrlpts, constituting the most cele?
brated collection In existence, of works
on the history of the various Chris*
! tlan i hurches, was bequeathed by the
lato peer to his friend Lord Morley
of Blackburn, now Lord President of
the Privy Council, and leader of the
government In the House of Lords. As
Lord Morley Is not a man of rficans,
ond did not know how to house tho
hooks, realizing at the same time that
It would be most ungracious to dis?
pose of them l.y sale, he presented the
collection, as it stood, to the universi?
ty library of Cambridge as a me?
morial of the Iftte Lord Acton. Tho
university has since then been obliged
to pay ?2.000 for the. mere cost of tho
removal of the books to Cnmbrldge
from Aldenham Pork. In addition to
this, the structural alterations neces?
sitated -at the university library .to
house the hooks, the provision of book
casos, etc., cost $12,000 more. Then tho
work of scientifically cataloguing th-3
library, which has only just been com
pleled after several years' hard work,
has cost another $12,000 or $15,000,
while tho printing of the catalogue,
und the binding of the books, has
eaten up another $10,000. So that the
total estimated cost to the University
of Cambridge entailed by the ac?
ceptance of this gift of tho late Lord
Acton's library from Lord Morley has
amounted to the neighborhood of $10,
(Copyright. 1911, by the Brcntwood
It's a wise woman who puts a
^ittle- money In tho savings hank
regularly. No woman can tell when
she'll neod money pretty badly. The'
National State and City Bank has
many women among Its deposi?
tors. Why not prove your thrift
nnd wisdom by becoming one of
National State and City Bank,
w in. H. Palmer, President.
; John S. F.llelt, VIce-Prealilent.
Wm. M. Ulli, Vlce-Prealdent.
< J. W. suit.mi, Vice-Preaident.
I Julien H. Hill, Cnahter.
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