bualneaa Office.911 K. M.-. u street
Boulb Rlobmon?.1020 Hull Bit**'.
X'ateraburg Bureau....10t N. Sycamore Street
Lj-ncbburs Bureau.1U Eighth Street ?
BY UAH. one Mi Trre. One
POETAGE BAIO Tear. Mo. Sl?i Mo
Oalljr with Sunday.I6.C0 (S.*o 11.50 .61
Pally without Sunsay. t.00 ln 1.00 .Si |
Sunday edition only. IM 1.0C .M> .11 '
Weekly < W edn.-aday).LOO M J* .?
By Times-DLir-a-.cn Carrier Delivery Uer.
*>ce In Richmond land suburbs) und Peter?.
One Weok 1
Dally with 8undiy.15 erne
Bally without Sunday.10 erat? ,
tiunday qply. t cemt
Sintered January 17. 1006. at RlchruonS. Vs..
ae aecond-claee matter under act of Coo- |
??????? of March t. 1ST?.
THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1911.
TUB M Alt TIN LKllTltS.
The letters, over the signature of
Thomas S Martin, read by Mr Jones at
Petersburg on Tuesday night, are In \
the nature of after discovered evi?
dence These loiters boar very Strongly
on Senator Martin's denial on Monday
nlpht that any Improper or clandestine
relationships had ever existed between
himself anil the railroads.
At this writing The Times-Dispatch
has not been .ible to secure from Sen
t*tor Martin a statement based on the
is-it- ? raised by these letters Until
Senator Martin shall have been
given an opportunity to be heard, Tho
Times-Dispatch will reserve Its JU'Ik
TAB IFF AM) CLOTHING.
By the first of the year seven ready
made clothing manufacturing concerns
In Cincinnati will bo forced out oi bus?
iness. Twelve hundred tailors, cutters,
house he?(iers and salesmen will be out
of employment. The house-* that have
already liquidated or are now liquidat?
ing, according to the Cincinnati En?
quirer, are Marks & Friedman, Bett'
man, Bloom A- Company, Summorfleld & ;
Company. Season good, Gulterman
Company, L,ocb Brothers, Hnrburpcr
Brothers it Mayer, Scheuer, Offner I.?
Company, a firm which was formed in
isr>5 and wns the foundation of tho
International banking concern of Kuhn,
Loeb & Company. These Industries
have been destroyed by too much t?t-.
Iff. and the twelve hundred workers
Will be out of work for Ihe same rca- j
son. The Cincinnati Enquirer says:
The liquidation of these houses Is the :
most serious blow that has struck in- i
dustrlal Cincinnati in many years * ?
Their proiits have been dwindling, as
one manufacturer explained, "not be-,
cause of the loss of business or sharp
competition, but because of losses In
manufacture, due- to the poor qualityj
of cloths on the market."
This poor quality of cloth Is attrlb- !
utable. the manufacturers say, "to the
nfgh protective tariff on wool and1
woolens." Again hear the Enquirer: I
"The greatest drawback to the Whole-I
?ale clothing business to-day Is tne
hish tariff on wool," said Max Silber-'
berg, of Fetler. Silberherfr. & Co. ? ? ?
"The wholesale clothing Industry was
prosperous under the McKinley law.
and also for the first few years under I
the old Dlngley law. Thai was BecauseI
of the great competition In the woolen
business: It produced good cloths.'
Then the American Woolen Company
came along and absorbed thirty-two
of the beat mills in the country. Binco
ihen conditions have turned unfavor?
able to the clothing manufacturers;I
prices advanced and the quality of
J. H. Varner, of the Standford ?t- Val
ner Company, and other manufacturers
similarly analere, the .-libation. One
of them gives tire'details of what took '??
placo after the trust bad secured enn- i
trol of the situation and Oinployed the.
tariff to deprive Americans of goou '
cloth. He declares:
"These cloths look workable on the
sample, but when we have them shrunk
and the mill gloss taken off. they won1'
work right. The weave is ions- and
"the cotton shrinks and draws when
the garment Is completed, making an
unsalable product. A bolt of goods
will run from sixty to eighty yards,
and the shrinkage, which the maker
must pay for. will run about six yards
In other words, since the cheap foreign
woolens are tak-?n out of competition,
the American mills have taken to
stretching the cloths and pressing
As the Indianapolis News fays, this
rather gives the He to tho plea that
the high tariff Is necessary "for the
sake of the worklngman." Here. In
this specific case, the tariff not only
Increases the cost of tile worklnginan's
clothes, but at the same time, In the
possession of a trust, takes the quality
out of the clothes of the worklngman
and finally throws him out of work
When commission government was;
substituted for aldrrmanlc government
In Shreveport. Louisiana, the newly-j
elected commissioners promised that!
they wouTd save the lax-payers of
the city one hundred thousand dollai
on paving contracts. The actual sav- j
ing effected was seventy-eight thou-j
An additional e!c.hte(ti thousand dul-!
larB would have been saved but fori
the fact that a new schedule had been I
adopted, which called for thirty thou- '
sand sqtinrr yards more of ereosoicd j
wood blorg paving, instead of aspha ??
JpSt^i'. at first provided The w
blocks cost sixty cents per >ard more
than the asphalt.
This additional eighteen thousand
dollars that would have been saved
had the original plan been adhered to j
would have run the total saving to
ninety-six thousand dollars?only four;
thousand under tho sum promised at
the outset, close enough to give rea?
son for saying that the commission
has made good
How was this ?re.it economy
?ctiieved? Merely by applying busi?
ness principles lo city administrati ?
ve commissioners sold tho bonds,
using the money derived therefrom to
of by hypothecating the jDomls with .
the paving contractors as the previ?
ous administration has been charged ;
with doing. The difference was made
up In the charges for the work to be
CI.AIUC WO PHECKIIEXTS.
Champ Clark said the other day that
''no man ever declined the Presidential,
nomination; no man ever will." This
precedent will hardly he broken by the
Speaker of a precedent-smashing
llou.-e lie also said: "Only two men
have declined the nomination lor Vice-j
President after It was really made."
Mr. Clark limited his remarks to the'
nominees of the grcaX/Purtles; declina?
tions have been frequent among the
minor parties. Three, rather than two.]
nominee's for Vice-President on the
tickets of the major parties have re?
jected the nomination. John Langdon.!
of New Hampshire, in 1812, when Bl
hrtdge ?Jerry, of Massachusetts, was
substituted. Silas Wright, in 1844, when
Ocorgo M. Dallas, of Pennsylvania, was
substituted, und Benjamin Flf/.i a trick. |
?if Alabama, In I860, when HcrSChol V.
Johnson, of Georgia, was put in his
place on the Douglas ticket. All three
of these were Democrats.
Mr Clark would do well to remember
that no Speaker, even after an Interval,
has been elected to the Presidency, ex-,
ccpi one. James ha Polk?and he was a
dark horse. ,
WEAKNESS OK THIS itl'.t \l.l.. ;
One of tiie most searching analyses:
or the question of the recall of public'
otllcers that we htivo seen has been
made by the Christian Science Moni- I
tor. It Is: j
It is alleged that a careful recheck
lug of the names aftlxed to u petition
demanding the recall uf the muyoi
of,a Western city reveals the fact that
out of 4,647 signatures, J.3TS are
fraudulent. This incident Is taken in
some quarters as confirmation of the
Impression that resort to the recall
would promote rather than Ulscourago
political dishonesty. This may, or
may not, bo the fact; but the weak?
ness of the recall, we believe, lies In
the petition process. Bvcit where the
petition contains only genuine names
? and whether It has relation to tin
recall or to some other matter?it is
unreliable as a political instrument,
often, just to be obliging, people sign
petitions with which they have no
Many of the States and rommuiil
tics, after experimenting with numer?
ous devices to protect the purity of
the ballot, have adopted the Australian
system of voting, mainly because It)
insures secrecy. in tho Australian
booth the voter may mark Ills ballot
US he pleases. Nobody is looking over
his shoulder. Nobody Is trying Ii, \
Influence him For the time being?
tlie vlhll time In a political contest ?
he Is alone with his conscience. No
matter bow he may be bound up In
personal and political obligations
? luring the campaign, he Is now. ut
last, a free agent, and if his Instincts
arc right, he act's the part of a good
The Australian ballot has done won?
ders for the uplift of the American
electorate. It dealt bossism Its rlrat
and hardest blow. Those whose ex?
perience tuns back that tar know full
well thar political conditions lo-day
nie vastly improved over what they
were twenty years ago. To this Im?
provement the Australian system oi
voting has been a large contributor
The petition process is a reversal
of the Australian method. It under?
takes to commit voters openly to sup-1
port or opposition in cases where '
they would prefer to keep their sentl- |
mcnta to themselves, They are led to;
sign their names frequently in direct!
contradiction of their Judgment and
conviction because of social or politi?
cal considerations. The petition pro?
cess puts a premium mi Insincerity.
It is possible, of course, that other'
ami better safeguards for the ballot
box, that other und more effectual]
means of recording the will of the
people at the polls, may be found In
the future; but up to Hie present tin.
the secret1 ballot has given greutestj
satisfaction to thoughtful and right-1
minded people. The offorts of the j
ablest political reformers have been '
directed through all time mainly to?
ward releasing the ordinary voter,
from outside Influences, whether these(
Influences might be simply selfish ort
wholly corrupt. To this end every!
form of Intimidation and bribery hail
been made reprehensible In the sight
of the law. To this end the former
custom of canvassing around the polls
has been prohibited The employer i
of labor may no longer use undue ?
persuasion It is itnsnfe for anybody
to Indulge in Intimidation. Vet',
adoption of the petition process makes'
possible a return to all the evils elltiu-j
nntcd by the secret ballot
If there is to be a recall at all. and i
as to tills honest people differ widely.]
It should be brought about through I
Instrumentalities that guarantee every,
elector the privilege of casting his
vote as he thinks best.
This brings out a fundamental fact
In regard to petitions?that those
who sign them often do so without
thinking or because they wish to be
accommodating to the circulator of
the paper. Let US look at the case of
a recall of a judge?a State Supreme
Court Judge, tfftr Instance. Take u
given community and llnd out how
many would refuse to sign a recall;
petition against' that judge,, when a
popular local lawyer was circulating
the petition It Is safe to say that
the latter would get many, many
names simply on account of his pleas?
ing personality Not enough would
the merits of the question be consid?
ered. Ignorant persons might be the
instrumentality In a case of this sort
by which a great groundless move?
ment might be started against a good
CAPITALIZATION OK It ACE PRKJV
"When the letter T appears In red
upon the placards which announce that
apartments are to be h-t It means that
another 'black belt' Is to be estab?
lished in this nitjr," says the New York
Times editorially. It is pointed out
that a white owner has had a quarrel
with white tenants or an adjacent
landlord, and has handed over his
house to negro management. Inci?
dentally, It Is set forth that the prop?
erty Is for s.-.'ii- at an ex -fnslve?price.
"Bate prejudice In thU city Is capi?
talized. Mini tills Is ihr way the col
, i rid folk reap the rev.'ards of the pre?
judice". nh-?-v*s ? > "rimes. Ninety
eight Harlom jiroperty owners con
trolling a ci-rtaln neighborhood have
agreed among themselves "not to al?
low any part of tholr premises to be
occupied In whole or in pari by any
negro, mulatto, quadroon or octoroon
of either sc\, whether as n tenant,
guest, boarder or occupant in any
The Times declarcB that the rigor uf
the prohibition Is somewhat mitigat?
ed by cluuses permitting the employ?
ment of negro servants and by tho
careful statement that the property
owners do not desire to preclude or
prevent negroes or citizens of African
deso nl from occupying the premises
because of their color or race.
If color and race are not the ob?
jection, what are?
AN O:\IKCT LESSON.
Still another use for moving pictures
has been proposed by James Korbes,
who is regarded as unusually well ln
formed about tramps and the life they
lead Mr Forbes says that there are
250.000 tramps. This body includes at
times practically all the worst crimi?
nals in the nation All hinds of boys
ore among the tramp element Unem?
ployment is responsible for a heavy
contribution to tho trump army, but,
the most numerous recruits, in the
opinion of Mr. Korbes, arc boys drawn
to the road by curiosity, love of ad?
venture and natural restlessness. He
would show up tho life of the tramp
on the moving picture sc renn, thereby
robbing it of Its false glamor. Hi
would set forth without exaggeration,
from photographs of actual dally
set nes, Its miseries, Its bondage, Its
moral degradation. He would make It
plain that the boy tramp Is the fag,
slave and moral victim cf the older
I. amp; how he must beg and steal
and He for his masters, and must
eventually acquire all the vices of
men who have the least incentive to
decency. The moving picture, by
showing the truth, might do a great
deal Of good here.
Dr. David Felmley, president of the
Illinois state Normal University, is
one of those In charge of the simpli?
fied spelling movement. He Is of
opinion that every school child loses
two years of school life on account
of Involved spelling. Ho admits that j
the movement lor phonetic spelling is
so low that it would require an ex- J
pert to delect it. He predicts, never- j
theless, that In half a century the
English of to-day will not be read with
any more ease thun tho English of
Chaucer Is read now.
The doubt in the mind of the aver- j
age young American, Dr. Felmley be?
lieves. Is attributable to our "atro- I
clous" spelling. Ho asserts that the
pupils begin with logic. They are
tiitigltt thut cause shall produce a cer- j
lain result. "They study philology."]
he says, ?'and the Insanity ol spelling
Is revealed to thorn. Then they begin'
to doubt everything." '
Dr. Felmley Is disgusted with the
spelling now in vogue. He has dis?
covered titat H por cent, of a written
page is worthless, because of super- j
Quous letters in the words used. There
would be no difficulty in effecting a 1
change, the Illinois educator asserts,:
If It were not for "emotional reaction." j
He says that people shy at phonetic]
spelling for the same reason that a
horse shies at the sight of something
new. Dr. Felmley has founii that out
of l,:i72 persons who failed In civil
service examinations, 1.S53 were burred
on account of spelling. "Not one per- J
smi In twenty to-day can spell his ]
writing or speaking vocabulary cor-'
reetly," Dn Felmley says.
Despite the logical arguments for
phonetic spelling. It will not t?
adopted without the persistent oppo- i
sillon of many who care for the de?
rivation of tile English language and
who appreciate the confusion thatwould
come up Iii the minds of those who
have grown accustomed to the lun
gtuge as it Is. j
RETRENCHMENT UV RAILWAYS.
In all parts of the country the rail- !
ways have started a policy of rigid
retrenchment. The general course of I
business Is followed naturally by th"
The cost of railway operation tvsns
vastly Increased last year by the great
raise Ih wages. An Investigation by
the Bureau of Hallway Economics
shows that upon ten representative
systems, operating n total of 17..M>0
miles, there Is nn estimated wage ac?
count of $315,163,000 for 1911, as
against $:>?<),f>27.000 for the same force
In 1010. The increase f<>r i:n2 will bo
more marked, for much of the advance
took effect In It'll. Along with the
need of meeting nn Increase In wages
amounting already to 4.S7 por cent,
has come a general decrease In reve?
nue:'. On five miles out of every six.
It Is said. Hi" force employed Is smaller
than In 1010. Itcports Irom almost <;?>
pur cent, of the total mileage Indi?
cate that during the year the labor
force hus been cut by almost 10 per
ARMT oVfICERS WANTED.
Major-General Leonard Wood is in?
viting American high school and col?
lege graduates and other fairly edu?
cated men between the ages of 21 and
27 to take the competitive examina?
tions to b? held at Washington and
nt several centrally located army posts
on September G for appointment to tho
174 vacancies In the. grade of second
lieutenant, United States Army. This
la the first examination of tho sort
open to all American citizens between
the ages Indlcnted without political ns
ilstanco, While the War Department
steins lo expect thai a majority of the
applicants will be college men and
high school graduates, nny person who
can past the examination will be con.
sldercd on his merits. The pay of a !
second lieutenant begins at $1,700 the
year and Increases 10. per cent, with j
each live years of service In that
It seema i]Ulte logical that after
Marse Henry's proposition for county
option was killed his first article in
the Oourlor-Journal occupied throe
columns on "the soda water Industry "'
An actual census reduces the popu?
lation of China 100.000.000 below
former estimates. This should bi? con?
soling to Seattle.
The patience of some women Is'
shown In the case of Mrs. Baker, of,:
Philadelphia, who had her husband
arrested on a charge of cruelty, but
when the case cume to trial she cried
and begged the Judge to let her hits- \
band* go home with her. Sin- said that
lie had spanked her nt least once the
week for two years, but that sh<* had
gotten U80d to it and did not mind. ;
The aviators have not yet got
things all their way. They have been
talking about dropping nltro-glycc- ;
rlne bombs on the decks of warships, j
ami In that way crippling or destroy?
ing a navy. The navy people have
"come back." however, for they hnve
produced a gun that will throw an1
explosive shell IS,000 feet in the air
It is a small gun, quickly handled,
readily aimed. It is so accurate In!
Its manipulation that an expert might
atmost wing a bird with It
According to tho Washington Star,
"Uflcle lChen-' defines a political party
as "sumptln" like the church choir.
De man dnt make the mos' noise in It
ain't allus do one dat is most promo?
tions of harmony." The Commoner,
of Lincoln. Nebraska, will please copy.
Tho Toronto correspondent of tho
Boston Transcript Is predicting that
reciprocity will carry in the parlia?
mentary elections by large majorities,
He expects Inrgc Liberal gain In On- j
tarlo ahd Western Quebec, heretofore j
regarded as pratectionlst strongholds.
As a net result he says the opposition
will lose from ten to twenty-live seats.
A. J. p.. in Pleasantvllle, N. J.. has;
been convicting motorists for speeding
as they pass through the town and I
notifying them of the penalty by mail.
He Is living up to the name of the
Voice of the People
1)1,In I Mill Her Mr,,1a
To the Editor of The Timos-D'spatch.
Sir,?A sensational story detailing '
mythical circumstances connected with '
an alleged selling of my brain was re- j
cently telegraphed from Athens, Qa.,
all over tho country. I denied the j
story through the Atlanta Constltu- !
tion and then trusted to the Intel!!- j
gence of the people to recognize the 1
Impossibility of such a transaction, j !
lind, however, that ignorant people are
being misled by It.
The story oil; ated In silly, but !
unintentional mlsstatetncnts. It was
seized upon, added to, and circulated
by one or two persons who wished to
do me harm. The sensationalism of
the press did the balance.
I never sold my brain or was asked
to sell It. I have no such memory
as the story Imputed to me. J never
planned a "settlement" of any kind.
C. S. PARRISH,
Montague mid llyrd nt Orange.
To the Editor of The Tltnes-Disputeh: j
Sir.?I trust you will allow me space j
In your valued columns to submit a'
few truths through your valued pa
pares In reference tu the Montague
By id speeches as made at this place
yesterday, ?Ug?St 28, as same has,
been so very grossly misrepresented
in the Richmond Virginian. As a cit?
izen of tTfis grand old county, amongst
Whom 1 have .-?pent most of my life, I '
desire to say above my signature that
tho account .is published in the Vir- !
glnlnn is absolutely devoid of truth.
That I make this statement after due \
deliberation and stand four square to
prove my charge by the best and most
representative men of this county.
The facts in the ?ist are as follows:
Last Tuesday. August 22, I person?
ally Inn) posters printed, announcing
that the Hon. Andrew Jackson Monta?
gue would speak at this place to the
voters of Hits county at the court?
house on Monday, about II o'clock, on!
the senatorial campaign, and Invited i
the public generally to come oui and |
hear this gifted son of the Old Doniln
Sun lay. while In town in the after?
noon. I was told by Mr. -lud Browning
that Mr- Byrd would also be here on
Monday to speak
On Monday morning T was called up
GILLETTE, $5.00 and $6.00.
Leather, (told, nunmetal, silver.
DURHAM DUPLEX, $2.50 and
"EVER READY," $1.00. Made
by Wm. Enders.
T. A. MILLER CO.
510 East Broad.
Mad. .MW. Hourly Deliveries.
?ASK MR. BOWMAN**
VIRGINIA TAXI SERVICE CO.
Electrical Shoe Shine5c
A T. GRAY
CIGAR COMPANYS STORE
836 E. Main Street.
TEN AMERICAN ANDaKlfTlOPEAH AKI?D3
Pi ?VERY TEST.
by my personal frlonC, Judge Shackcl- I
ford, and told that Mr. George I*.j
Bronwlng wanted to see mo In refer- '
encc to arranging for a Joint debate I
between Messrs. Montague and Byrd. !
1 at mice went up to the place of I
meeting, and thoro conferred with the i
chairman of the Democratic party of!
this county and Mr- George I> Brown- ?
lug. I told them as tho challenged i
party. Mr. Montague, would have thej
privilege of dictating tho terms, ns I
thU was parliamentary. And that l|
had no doubt but that Mr. Montague
would bo only too glad to "moot Mr.
Byrd in joint discussion. The chair
men informed me that he thought a
fall" program would be as follows::
.Montagu lead off in a speech of an ?
hour, Mr. Byrd r rly in one of an i
hour and u half, and then Mr. Monta?
gue llnish In a reply of half an hour.
This I told him I thought <-ns fair.
-Vt this Junction Mr. George I?.
Browning remarked that they (the
Iii ni people) had speken for the court?
house building. 1 told him that as
It was only known that Mr Byrd would
apeak on Sunday, and as we had nd- i
vertlsed our man to speak as far back 1
as Tuesday. August 22. that I thought j
we had priority, and that 1 was under!
the Impression that the public hulli-1
Inga of the county belonged to the.
citizens of tho rounty. and the first to
make claim for them wore justly en?
titled to them But that the mailer
wa.s too .small a matter to haggle over. I
As soon ns Mr. Montagu arrived Ij
Informell him of what was wanted by
the Martin forces, and he (Montague)
said he would want their (the Martin
for?os) proposition in writing- This
was submitted by Mr. Byrd, and turned
down by Mr. Montague, who. In turn,
submitted a proposition to Mr. Bryd.
which was likewise turned down.
The Martin forces then proceeded
to tho courthouse building and were
Invited to come In by Mr Georgo L.
Browning, while Mr. B Lindsay Gor?
don gave n similar Invitation to those
who wished to hear Mr. Montague
speak In the Interest of Joiich and
Glnss to assemble around the porch of
the Hotel Colemnn.
The bulk, possibly 90 per cent., of
tho large crowd. In all approximately
400 men. remained to hear Mr. Mon?
tague,. Soon after Mr. Montague be?
gun his address Mr. Byrd forsook the
courthouse, and his handful of listen?
ers came over to the Hotel Coleman
and proceeded to "butt" In. Being
from his manner net only excited, but
angered. Mr. Montague politely re?
marked: "Well, Byrd, what do you j
want, or what can I do for you?"'
He (Byrd) then proceeded to let off |
some hot air and was told by the
crowd (nil of fhom prominent citizens) j
to shut up and get out In no uncertnln
words. After this gentle suggest Ion. j
the Speaker of the House, the Hon
Richard Evelyn Byrd, "fo'.ded his tent
like the Arab and quietly stole away." I
later he was seen resting himself on !
tho porch of the courthouse, where he
remained for the greater part of Mr.
When Mr. Montague had spoken for
possibly two hours (he spoke for two
and n half hours to a throng which
not only filled the large hotel porch. ]
but blocked the entire street). The)
Martin forces proceeded to ring thej
courthouse bell, and again invited the
crowd to come over anil hear the j
great one from Winchester At this
last invitation possibly fifty or sev- I
enty-flve men went In from the court j
green to hear him.
Personally, 1 did not go over, but
was told by Mr. Frank Terrell that he
? iid not think there were over fifty in
the courthouse when ho was there,
but. to be absolutely fair. I stated that
the Hon. Bichard Evelyn Byrd, the
hutinskv of the Martin forces, had not
over lOti to hear him.
When Mr. Montague hid finished his
address of two and a half hours the
crowd wanted more, and begun to call
for <3ordon. Gordon! and our Lindsay
addressed them in good old Virginia
The address of the above two men?
tioned gentlemen produced a most fa?
vorable impression for Jones a.nd
Glass, and many there were who came j
here as Martin and Sunnson men went |
away convinced not only by the logic]
Of Montague and Gordon, but disgusted !
with the actions of the lion Richard
Evelyn Byrd. and resolved from this
day forth to stand by the men who
have stood four square for Democracy,
tlrst. last and all the time, and dis?
gusted with bossism. Byrdlsm and
In fact, little more can be said of
this Jones-Glass day at old Orange
further than to pronounce the benedic?
tion, ring down the curtain and render
a eulogy to the Rep -Democrats. Mar
tlon and Swanson. so hero 'tis:
Tom Martin died, a happy thing to do
When twenty years affiliated with De
Released, he hopefully for entrance
Before the gates of Aldrlch's paradlse
Hnnt been through purgatory. Aldrlch
I have been exposed and Tom bowed
Come In! come, in! and welcome, too,
ICvpopure and purgatory are as one.
In bliss supreme, Tom entered Ald?
And found the Joys ho ne'er had
Tom, scarce had entered at the gar?
When little Claude Swanson sought
The selfsame question Aldrlch asked
Hast been through purgatory? N'o?
What then? ?
Thou canst not enter! did the sage
Tom who went In was there no morn
All that Is so, but Tom has exposed
And so on earth has suffered for all
Kxposcd. 'tis well! For I've been ex?
Begone! we'll havo no fools In pnrndise.
H. O. LINE.
The Senatorial Rare.
To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Sir,?TS Bis fair In politics is hardly
to be expected, but you emphatically
denounco a candidate as though ho
alone Is the embodiment 61 all evil.
How ahout the others to whom you
are thus throwing votes? Mr. Glass
brands Mr. Swanson ns a traitor to
his trust, etc. How about Mr. Glass
being a director in a national hank
whilst on the Committee of National
Banks and ?Currency, and during his
services there the national hanks are
accorded many more privileges? It
seems In common parlanco being much
like the pot calling tho kettle black.
And how about Mr. Jones using otolen
property as a text for his vdlgar vitu?
perations? These gentlemen are by
no means without reproach, '.hough
apparently Without fear, and not real?
izing that there is one pla<% where
tho eecreta of all men wlll.be known.
: ElKton. Md. i f.- . - t
Daily Queries and Answers
Whut was Governor Pnrdoe's ma?
jority over Franklin EC. Lano for tho
office of Governor of California.?
Ucorgo C. Purdco received 110.331:
votes. Franklin K. Lane 143.7S3, Riv?
ing Pardeo u majority of 2.64D
What Is the minimum and maxi?
mum salary paid an Immigrant In?
spector In tho United States?
Tho salary of Immigrant inspector
runs from J1.3S0 to $1,400 a rear.
Which Is tho hottest place in tho
world? How about Yuma, Arlr..?
The following published In an east?
ern paper some time ago Is an an?
swer to your question: "The hottest
roglon on tho earth is on tho south?
western coust of Persia, where Persia
borders the gulf of that name. For
forty consecutive days In July and
August the thermometer has been
known not to fall lower than 100 do
grees, day or night, and often to run
up as high as ICS degrcen.
The greatest heat for Yuma, Ariz.
The Veto Power.
Is there any State In tho Union In '
which the Legislature cannot pa?B a
law over the veto of tho Governor?
Which Is correct. "All tho school
were leaving." or, "AH tho school was
Where and what Is Faster Island?
Kasfr. originally Davis Island. Is In
tho Pafillc. latitude 27 degreoa 10 mln.
south, longitude 103 degrees 20 mln.
west. It is of volcanic origin, rlslug
1.200 foot above tho sen. and Is mod?
erately fertile, but almost destltuti
of water. It belongs to the Poly?
nesian Archipelago, of which It formi
tho eastern extremity. On this Island
Inhabited by a fow savages, there ox
1st mult Kudos of rudo stono statues,
Home of colossal size, and standing on
long platforms of Cyclopean masonry
The Inhabitants, whose language very
closely resembles that of Tahiti, have
no tradition of tho race thut mad.'
them. Tho existence of the .statues h?.
strengthened the conclusion, arrived
at on other grounds, that the Poly?
nesian islands are relics of a sub?
Which Is the mor? beautiful. Vose
mlte Valley, California, or Grand Can?
There Is no comparison to be drawn
between the two. as the scenery Is
ontlroly different. The measure of
beauty depends upon I ho personal Im?
pression that ono receives on viewing
the grandeur of either place.
What kind of mineral Is found at
Land's End. Cornwall?
Copper, silver, lead, zinc. Iron, man?
ganese, antimony, nrsenlc, cobalt, bis?
muth and tin. The mining Is princi?
pally confined to tin.
Is there any hook or course of study
for ono desiring to qualify as an ex?
pert on handwriting, or how ran ono
become an expert?
By studying Ulldt r somo well known
To settle a dispute, ndvlBO If thera
Is such a word In tho English lan?
guage as "alright." SUBSCRIBER.
STIRS HORNETS' NEST
UP OVER PRECEDENCE
BY LA MAB.QLTSE DK FO.NTEJTOY.
I <BW things In the world aro mors
fertile und discontent and of bad
blood, than questions of preced?
ence, and in England the officials of
the lord chnmberlaln's department have
managed to stir up a perfect hornet's
nest In connection therewith, both at
King George's coronation, and on the
occasion of his subsequent State visits
to Dublin and Edinburgh.
It may be recalled that during his
Btay in his northern capital, he held
a court, or rather levee, of all the no?
tables of the realm, at Holyrood Palace,
and in the newspapers on the follow?
ing morning there was printed a list
of tho persons present, and of the pre
BCntstlons made, the list being an offi?
cial one. Issued by the lord chamber?
lain's department. This list was head?
ed by the Roman Catholic Archbishop
of Edinburgh and St Andrews, Koman
Catholic, primate of the Northern king?
dom; and two other Roman Catholic
prelates, namely, the Bishops of Ab?
erdeen and of Argyll, as well as six
af the seven bishops of the now dis?
established Anglican Episcopal Church
of Scotland, occupied n very prominent
place in the list. Immediately after the
peers, and before any of the baronets,
knights, or other dignitaries.
Now, In the Table of Precedence for
Scotland, determined by a royul war?
rant cf Edward VII In 1905. It waB
decreed that the moderator or metro?
politan of; the National Church of
Scotland, should occupy a place on the
Table of Precedence, before all dukes
rmd other peers, above the I,ord High
Constable of the Kingdom, the Secre?
tary of Stato for Scotlund. the Keeper
of the Great Seal of Scotland, etc, nnd
Immediately after the lord high chan
?ellor for the United Kingdoms of Eng
and and Scotland. Therefore, undoubt?
edly, the moderator, as the only ecclesl
iistlc mentioned in the Scotch Table of
Precedence, and as the Primate of tho
National Established Church of Scot?
land, should have figured on the lord
chamberlain's list before the Roman
Catholic Archbishop of Edinburgh.
The National Church of Scotland,
which is the established or State, church
of the Northern kingdom. Is Presby?
terian, and its highest dignitary Is a
moderator, who is selected each spring
by the General Assembly at Edin?
burgh, that lasts for a fortnight, nnd
Is presided by some peer of tho real.
In the name of the King, as hrs lord
high commissioner. The imodwrator,
although a mere minister of tho Pres?
byterian Church, Is officially addressed
during his term as the "P.lgltt llevcr
end," in tho same way as bishops. This
naturally led the lord chamberlain's
department to regard him as inferior
to a prelute who was an archbishop,
and entitled to the prefix of "Most Rev?
erend" As soon as the mistake was
noticed, King George caused the lord
chamberlain to address an apology to
tho modert tor, and to expluln to him
that the place accorded to him on the
list was a mistake, due, to the fact that
he, the lord chamberlain himself, had
been absent from the levee through Ill?
ness. The moderator expressed him?
self as perfectly satisfied. Unfortunate?
ly, however, a number of Presby?
terian ministers took the matter up.
called public meetings at Edinburgh
and in other Scottish cities, and ad?
dressed communications to tho lord
chamberlain, to the Secretary of State
for Scotland, to the premier, nnd even
to tho King, protesting against the
'.'gross outrage on tho Protestant re?
ligion, and the churches of Scotland.
In plating the names of Popish and
Episcopalian priests?priests of two
alen systems which in the past drench?
ed Scotland with the blood of Reform?
ers and Covenanters?before tho min?
isters of the Church of Ccotland, und
tho members of Scotland's ancient no?
bility." Some of the petitions address?
ed to the King were of the most extra?
ordinary violence; nnd In one of them,
Indeed, a Dttnfermllne minister of tho
name of Jacob Primmer demands the
"rooting out of tho nest of Papists anil
Jesuits who have by their outrageous
audanclty and Impudence revealed their
presenco In the lord chamberlain's de?
IL would have been well If the au?
thorities had romalned content with
tho explanations glvon to and accepted
by tho moderator of tho Church of
Scotland. Kor the lord chamberlain's
letter to Minister Primmer, dntcd from
St. .lame's Palace, and expressing re?
gret for tho mistake made In the plac?
ing of tho name of the moderator ?Yi
the list, may bo .tuBtly regarded by the
large numher of odheronta of tho Ro?
man Catholic Church, and of tho Angli?
can Church In Scotland, as a t.olorance
of his extraordinarily vlolont attacks
upon theso two churches.
But it 1b not only In Scotland that
bad blood has been created during tho
past nimmer In connection with this
everlasting bugbear of precedence.
There was all aorta of unpleasantness
connected therewith during tho coro?
nation of, K'ne- George; unpleasantness
which la calculated to affect the Interi
national relations of the British Km*
plro In the future.
Thus, newa has juss been received
from China, that thu native press la
filled with Indignant protests over tho
umilKntlud position allotted to the Im?
perial Prince Tsal.-Chen, the princi?
pal representative of the Celestial
Kingdom, and there Is much popular
111 feeling ugulnst England In con?
sequence thereof. It Is claimed at
Hckln that he was treated with abso?
lute Indlffetence, and that In the dis?
tribution of orders of knighthood ho
only received the Victorian Order, In?
stead of one of greater importance.
What especially aroused the anger of
the Chinese Is .that he should have boen
compelled to yield the "pas" to th?i
various vassal 1'rlnces' of India. Nat?
urally the envoys In Pekln of countries
whose politic.il and commercial Inter?
ests are opposed to thos.o of England,
are making the most of this r.atlvo
feeling against England, and fomenting
It by every means In their power.
Then there Is the case of Prlnci
Vtifsuft-lzzedlne of Turkey, who war
not only embittered by tho precedence
assigned to him at tho various stato
functions, pageants and royul proces?
sions, but who also at tirt:t declined
to accept the Orund Cross of the Vic?
torian Order, on the ground that his
rank, and tho importance of the Em?
pire Which he represented, entitled him
to the Order of tho Garter, lie left
London, fee.lug that he had been cruel?
ly slightd. and tilled with the most
unfriendly feelings towards the Eng?
lish reigning family, tho government,
and tho people: feelings to which h?
Is certain to give plenty of expression
when he succeeds to the throne of hla
uncle. Sultan Mohammed, in the near"
Jutur/-. Emperor William, fcvith his
customary shrewdness, availed hlmsolt
of the Irritation of tho Ottoman heir
apparent, to Invite him to Berlin, where
he loaded him with honors and distinc?
tions. In such a manner as to complete?
ly win his heart
Nor did young Archduke Charles
Francis of Austria leave England, af?
ter th.- coronation ceremonies, with the
feeling that he had been tToated with
the proper amount of honor and con?
sideration. He, too, had expected that
its heir presumtive to the thrones of
the Dual Umpire. Tie wouud have re?
ceiver the Garter, or falling that, tho
Order of the Bath, but had to remain
content with the Victorian Order.
This caused much bad blood at tho
court of Vienna, whero exception was
likewise taken to the fact that the
young Crownprlnce of Servla had been
given the "pass" over the archduke.
It may be remembered that at the
funeral of King Edward, a year ago.
Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the next
helr'to the throne of Austria-Hungary,
was rendered so indignant by the place
assigned to htm In the funeral proces?
sion, that he left London for the Con?
tinent, ns soon as ever the funeral ser?
vice was over, without waiting to take
leave of the British royal f .mlly, and
without putting In any appearance at
the State banquet which King Georgo
gave on tho evening after the funeral,
to the German Kmperor. and to all thd
other reigning monarchs, and Princes
and Princesses of the Blood, who had
come to England for the obsequies.
An attempt was made to Induce Fran
els "Ferdinand to represent the Dual
Empire at the coronation. But he de?
clined to go to England when he found
that difficulties were certain to he
rased about, the precedence to be ac?
corded to his wife, the Duchess of
Hohenberg, in the event of her go?
ing. He had already had a bitter quar?
rel with King Victor F.mmanucl, then
CrownpTlnee of Italy, In London, at tho
time of the diamond ubllee of Queen
Victoria, on the subject of precedence;
a quarrel which has never yet boon
honied, and which Is calculated to still
further strain tho relations between
Austria and Italy when he succeeds to
the throno of the Dual Empire. Nor
does he harbor any love for England
and the F.ngl'sh, each of his official
visits to England having been signaliz?
ed by some disagreeable episode.
(Copyright, 1911, by the Brentwood
It's a wise woman who puts a
little money In tho savings bank
regularly, No woman can tell when
she'll need money pretty badly. The
National Stato and City Bank has
many women among its deposi?
tors. Why not prove your thrift
and wisdom by becoming one of
National Stite and City Bank,
Win. II. l'slmer. President.
John S. Ellftt, Vice-President
Win. M. UBI, Vlee-PrcMldent.
,i W. Slntln. Vice-President,
lullen H. BT*?li Cashier. ^.
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