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DAILY? ?V K L.Y?SUNDAY. UuatuciM OfOce.tM K. Mala Str??> Sautb itlchmone.10Z0 Hull Blr?#i Ptlarsuurg; Uuraau....lC* N. Sycamore tueti Uyochbura Uuru^u.iL. lfilgbtb su??i BY U.A.IL, Od? SU IM? od? POSTAGE PAID V?r. Mos. MW Mo Hilly with Sunday.I? -? 1*-? ?? Dally without Sunday. ?.? ?.vn l.M .?. lunday edition only. iw i.? -K> Weekly iW.ja.iJt/).1.0? M .? . By Ttmes-DlM<ntcb Carrier Delivery B?r> nco Id Klcbaiond (?na suburbs) and P?i?r? ? urs? Ose w?c? Dally wltb Sunday.licon? Ually without Sunday.1? cent* lunday only.,.f oaau Entered Jnnunry ?. 1?06. at Richmond. Va.. i? seccod-claja matttr und?r act ot Oon f'tu ot March I. IST?. TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER IP, 19X1. CARRINGTO.\ AT Tin: PENITEN? TIARY. There is a good deal of talk about appointing some ofher physician ' to take the place of Dr. Charles V. Car ring ton as Burgeon to the Vlrg'nln State Penitentiary. What for? Why shrtild there be any chungo In this of? fice? Who else is bettor fitted for it than the incumbent? What has he done, or foiled to do. that would justi? fy the Governor of the State In nam? ing any other physician to tuke his Vlace? This Is not a political office, and should not be regarded as one of the loaves and fishes tobe distributed among the workers. It Is not a..per? sonal possession to be given away for personal reasons. It. Is an office* that snould be tilled by the Attest person, and the littest person. It seems to us. in the man who has filled If with dis? tinction, who hus been faithful to hlsj trust, who has initiated reforms, who has converted the State Prison from a breeding-place of disease and death into an institution where the inmates are treated with humanity, where the sick are well cared for und the death rate has been greatly reduced. The year before Dr. Carrlngton began his services as physician to the peniten? tiary there were thirty-seven deaths among the 1,130 inmates of the prison; the average number of prisoners in .the penitentiary during the last fiscal year was 1,265, and the number of ile?ths was 3 per 1.000. The difference between .17 nnd ft is the difference be? tween the management Of Dr. Carrlng? ton and the management of the peni? tentiary before he began his great work. Why should there be any talk of putring somebody else, unybody else, in his place? If he had not made good, if he had neglected his duties. If un? der his administration the sanitary condition of the pen had not been im? proved, if he had failed In any way to give good service to the State, we should say he ought to go; but why 8 tried nnd efficient officer In a place which should be free from the touch ;>f personal politics should be put out to put somebody else In, Is one of tho many things which we cannot under? stand. , H may be that there is noth? ing in the stories that a change in this office is to be made, there has been no official proclamation on the subject, at least, and for the present we prefer to believe that the appointing power would not make a change just for the sake of a change, or make any change without giving due consideration to the welfare of the public service. Dr. Carrlngton should bo kept where he is. because he has proved his fitness for his place. DEAD AGARS >3> HARMONY. In the last number of The Catalogue. Mr Bryan conies out strong against "Harmony' in the Democratic party. He doesn't want It. won't have it, It he can help It. and vociferates that "the nu-n who are now preaching har? mony should understand that harmony will cost the party its chances of suc? cess We have not had harmony In the party for fifteen years, but we have seen the progressive element of the party dominating Hie political thought of the country, and it is ready to sweep the country- Shall we turn over the fighting to th) progressive Republi? cans? ? ? . What we need is not har? mony, but a straightforward tight for principle in behalf of the public?such a fight will win." We do not know what effect this sermon will have on the party; but It show.- very clearly where Mr. Bryan stands, that he is willing to die rather thap yield; to rule or ruin tne party as he has ruled and ruined it for six? teen years. He has raised the war (ry against Wull Street again, declares that "Wall Street Is bribing the cor? ruptible, fooling the gullible and frightening the timid," and that "the Wall street crowd will be at the next convention, as usual, ready to sell liar tnony ut wholesale at the regular price, namely, the betrayal of the public " Down with the W&U Street crowd! Up with the banner of the Invincible Leader of the Derr.ocra.tic Party once more; the Boy Orator of the Platte, the Irreproachable Master of Men and Assemblies, the Great Unforgiving Tribune of the People: Harmony, avaolnt! The Democratic party can't win without It; but that is na^rssrrso why we should have Jt. Divided coun? sels, reckless expel iments, Irreconcil? able antagonisms, partisan differences, broker, confidences, helpless warfare? these are the elements of the great N'ebraskan's strength "Double, double toll and trouble; Eire burn, and cauldron bubble " Af matter of fact, the only time the Democrats have won since Mr. Bryan Resumed the mastery of the parly was when the party refuted to follow his leadership, when, tired of the unnal >.caj. divisions he had cultivated, tne voters made up their minds to sot on their own responsibility, and with the result that In the present Congress the Democrats havo an overwhelming majority. Mr. Bryun sought to make s Infiuoqco In tho organization of the Senate felt: his advice was rejected and the Democrats in the Senate wore never more effectively orgunlrod or capable of doing more and better work. He "demanded" that the Democrats in the House should follow htm: they fol? lowed L'nderwood, under whose leader? ship they have uecn woldod together In a lighting farce not known beforo since the malign influence of the Ne bruskun obtained possession of the] party. Ho submitted a catechism of] paramount questions to the Demo-j cratic candidates for President. Only one of them was weak enough to an- j swet. Not satisfied with tho Intimations he I has received that his advice is not re garded us In any senset necessary to the success of Democratlo measures,; Mr. Bryun now holds up harmony in I the party to the derision of the multi? tude. This is really tho queerest of I the many vagaries of Our Candidate;' but we know him woil enough to think] thai this is not the last curd ho hasj to play In his little game against tho I Democracy. Will he be a candidate for President? Is the weather cold atj the North Polo? TALKED AHOL'T THE TRUSTS. President Taft spoke at Dotroit yes. terday. His subject was "Trusts." He said nothing in favor of these j Industrial combinations In restraint of trade, combinations which were cre? ated and fostered, It must not be for? gotten, by the political party whoso support Mr. Taft is now seeking for another term in tho White House. His exposition of the recent decisions of the Supreme Court was entirely in keeping with the views already ex? pressed by this newspaper; the mean? ing of the anti-trust statute has been made clear after twenty years of liti? gation, and wo do not see how any contract in restraint of trade, mado for the purpose ot excluding compe? tition, controlling prices, or of main? taining a monopoly where it affects interstate trade, can escape the con? demnation of the law as finally con? strued by the highest Court in tho land. The decision of the Court is not legislation, but construction of legis? lation which would not by literal In? terpretation accompli!"!! the purposes for which the legislation was do :dgned. We agree with Mr. Taft that tho decisions of the Supreme Court havo cleared the air, that combinations hereafter formed In restraint of trade will be formed against the light; that the combinations heretofore formed must be dissolved; that wo can get along without monopoly; that we can get along with competition; that the public Interest has been conserved by the decisions of the Supremo Court; that amendment of the anti-trust law would only result in further embar? rassment to the business Interests of the country, and that tho business men of the country must square them? selves to the necessity of competition "or wo must proceed to State social? ism and vest tho Government with power to run every business." Mr. Taft'a speech on trie subject of the trusts and his exposition of the meaning of the decisions of tho Su? preme Court were exactly what might have been expected from him, in view of his frequent discussion of the same subjects; but wait until he tackles the question of the tariff ?und his failure to approve tho work of the Congress which gave him a chance to carry out the pledges of his party and his own pledges to revise the tariff downward, and there will bo doubtless qulm enough points of difference to make the debate both Interesting and In? structive, not only In the newspapers, but on the stump and In Congress | when this Issue of all Issues Is pre? sented for the decision of tho peoplo and of their representatives. A FT Elt SIXTY YEARS. Sixty years ugo, on the 18th of Sep? tember, the first number of the Now York Times was printed. Its editor was Hetiry J. Raymond and Its publish? er George Jones. Raymond owned a fifth Interest In the paper, Jones owned one-half, und E. B. Wesley the remain? der. The capital stock was $40,000. The paper was Issued from u narrow. Ill-fitted building in Nassau Street. It was a small foilo, with four pages of six columns each, und wus sold at one cent a copy or delivered by carrier at I <14 cents the week. Since that day in 1S51 The Ttmos has changed its home five times, and Is now building a new bouse In Forty-third Street, far above the city limits when It first began business It has grown from very small beginnings into an enormously big affair. Yesterday It celebrated Its six? tieth birthday with a special edi? tion, filled with a complete ?tory of Its I lifo and times, the men who made. It. ?he vsrled experiences and vicissitudes through which it has passed, and tho reasons for its existence. It Is a mov? ing story of lofty ambition, worthy purpo-e and high achievement. Many newspaper men of distinction celebr.it ' ed the ?vent with communications ' touching directly or remotely upon tho j history of the paper, the duty and j obligations of the Pi ess, the art of. j newspaper-making, and so on. When ' The Times was started, New York City had a population of about half a mil? lion; to-day it has a population of 4.766,888, and the little thumb-paper I of Jones and Raymond and Wesley has j kept even pare with the magnificent rrowth of the great community In I v Mch It has ever been a power for I gr.od. It Is now read dally by 100,000 neo?le, and iast year its cost of pro auction wai more than 1*1,260.000. As : Tho Times eays In Its birthday fellcltu tlons to Itself and Its readers: "In try j Ing to serve tho publlo well It has beat ? served Itself. its sixtieth year has j beun the most prosperous In Its his? tory." Our most hearty congratulations , to tho men who mako It every day and to the people whom It serves and to j tho guild to which It belongs. Length j of days and long lifo und peace to Tho 1 Times und Its puoplo. This birthday edition of our big con tomporary contains a great deal of food for thought about newspapers und what they nro and what they ought to be. "From the beginning the found? ers and tho makers of The Times havo held It and regarded It, not as an instrument of private servlco and util? ity, but as an Institution dovoted to the public use. . . Its guide has been the conscientious Judgment of its con? ductors in determining what alms nnd causes, what, men and measures, ought to be helped on and encouraged for tho good of the community and the coun? try." That must be a rather hard am? bition to live up to. for so many of the newspapers full to roach it; hut The Tlmos has lived up to its principles, and grown rich and powerful in doing it. In the opinion of Samuel Bowles, of tho Springfield Republican, who has contributed A valuable article to this birthday number, the guiding princi? ple and purpose in newspaper-making is "to convey information, to present truthfully, accurately, a daily record of tho world's essential activities, movements. experiences. tendencies. The newspaper producer may reason? ably seek to make his sheet enter? taining and attractive, us well as in? forming; he may properly lend the in- j tiuence of his editorial page to certain j causes; but such features should be subordinate to the main purpose, and I when the editor voluntarily or under coercion deliberately distorts and ex? aggerates the record of facts, and par? ticularly when he consciously magni? fies evil, for the purpose of seli-ng papers, he becomes false to his trust and an enemy of society." The present editor of The Times Is CbarleB Ransom Miller, a Dartmouth College man, und a most accomplished writer and sound thinker. The publish? er of Tho Times is Adolph S. Ochs, who learned how to make a newspaper down in Chattanooga, and who hus achieved amazing success In the larger metro? politan Held. That the people who work with him in the making of The Times think well of him wus evidenced in their congratulations to him on his tiftieth birthday, which occurred last' March, and which they expressed Hi-! these happy terms: "In their dally relation of co-work? ers, they havo found you just, consid? erate, resourceful, enlightened of view, | undaunted by difficulties and unspoiled j by success, preferring always the Straight and open way to the path ot j indirection, us mindful of public re-j BPOnsiblllty as of private duty, loyal to ; principle oven at the cost of present j advantage; and they are prompted by sentiments of very real friendship and respect to tender you In this way their good wishes." It was worth living and working for fifty years to win and deserve such a tribute as that, and we hope that he will be able to run out ut least another fifty years, Just to seo The Times con? tinue to grow. Tin: WEAKNESSES OF THE LAW. The Kansas City Journal snys that sometimes the law Is wcuk in little things and sometimes weak In big ones. A cold-ljlooded, unprovoked murder took place on the streets of Kansas City, in plain view of several specta? tors After a delay of live years the law Is powerless to fasten the crime on anybody. That is "ono of the big weaknesses"?not so much of the law ns of Its administration. Another man "beats up" a woman on the street, and the law regards It as a misdemeanor, when it should be a felony. That should be remedied. An undertaker ?-rets from a poor widow money to give her husband a decent burial, a sum small In itself, but large to her. In? stead of applying the money to tho purpose for which it was given and taken, the body is buried In the pot? ter's field, and the law of Kansas says that there Is no actionable offense of any sort committed?though the un? dertaker was Induced to return the price of another lot, burial in which removes the brand of pauperism. The law should provide some sort of pun? ishment for so hold a betrayal of trust, even If the undertaker had lost some money on the Job. In Kansas an unusually barbaric out? rage was perpetrated by a bunch of cowards upon a defenseless woman, who was subjected to Indignities that would have been unworthy of savages. Again the law Is "hazy" as to whether the criminals enn be sent to the pen? itentiary or escape with only n nominal punishment, The' voice of the law ought to be lifted against such crimes. The penalty of the law should be com? mensurate with the aggravated natura of the crime. "There is Uttlo danger", that the law will be too harsh," says tho Journal. "The danger Is all the other way In most Instances, and It Is rarely outstdo tho comic opera that the 'punishment' really 'fits the crime.'" "THERE AIN'T NO WEST.? . A Kansas City hoy a few days ago in! a moving picture show saw wild and' WOOlly picture fitorios of the West, in-; j dlnnS jumped up and down in their war: dunces, brandished tomahawks and] I scalped pale-faces with much action. Cowboys thundered up at the last min? ute Just In time to'save the beauteous maid from a fearful fate at the hands of the rapacious redskins; then re tuined to the ranch and galloped around herds of buffaloes The pral i rles bockoned and the canons called 1 .to the lad. He dreamed of himself as I a cowboy hero, elad In bearskin chaps I and armed with nj least two slx I shooters. So tho boy stoalihlly slipped away i from homo. Ho caught a freight train j and Btarted out into tho Wyoming ! wilds. The disillusionment came slow I ly- Ho saw nobody In the West that j could have been used in a "woolly" ' motion plcturo show without a good j bit of making up. Cowboys In chaps. I wearing big pistols, wcro not In evi ; donee. Street curs wsre running along i the old Indian trulls. The boy was j disappointed and disillusioned. He felt that ho had been cheated. Finally, the thought of home came ' to him, and he went buck to Kansas City. Ashamed to face his father, ho hid, and at lust was halod into tho ! Juvenile court, where he tuld the result ? of his journey of discovery. He said; ."There ain't no Weal-' Suro enough, "there ain't." Lads who toe Indians with scalping Knives on ' the motion picture wurputh cannot find' j them In real lilq ever so far out West Tho Indian of to-day is a very peace? able person. Kurely does he live in a! top..-e of boughs. He wears store- ' bought clothes. His children go to school. All this suggests to the Savannah New.-; that "It : i ght bo a good plan tor all motion pictures to bear the dato of their .-upposed uctlon." Let sculping scenes be dated 1SS5 or soon? er. Tho almost extinct cowboy of the old West and the "oud man" should be so dated thut youths may be spared the Journey In search of thnt which is no more. GLAD HE STAYED A WAV. There were twenty-live Governors at tho Conference out ol forty-six. Amon~ the absentees was His Excellency, the Hon. Coleman Livingston Blease, Gov? ernor of South Carolina, and somebody has offered what the Raleigh News and Observer calls "a tilting rebuke to South Carolina's Governor, who waa j not present at the Conference of Gov- j ernors when the biggest question of j this generation came b?foro that 1 body." The rebuke consisted In the | statement that while It was of In- i terost, It was of no significance, that j "the Stnte of Calhoun und McDuffio, i the State or Nullification, the State that j protested when the 'Star of th? West' was sailing to the relief of Fort Sum- j ter, and thut led to all the other States In protesting to the point of ! separation from tho Union, was not represented." But the Protestant seemed to forget that having done all this, the State of Calhoun and McDuflle, and the rest of the rljfmarole noted, should have been excused from taking part in one of the most foolish things the Con? ference of Governors has done. Be? sides. Governor Blease had "a pre? vious engagement." He was attending the convention of the Redmen at Cleveland, Ohio, an almost equally Im? portant gathering of the real sove? reigns of this country, and it was bet? ter for the good reputation of his State that he was at Cleveland tlian if iie had been at Spring Lake. WHO PAID THE niLLSt The cost of The Colonel's African hunting trip was $S0,000, of which ?57.000 was paid by the Smithsonian Institution, acting for several man ot wealth who contributed privately tho money. Who are these men? What relation did they hear to the famous sportsman when he was In thj White House? The Colonel began muklng arrange? ments for this expedition more than a year before he left the Presidency. It Is believed that while he was in '.hat office he committed the Smithson'an institution to the enterprise. He went almost directly from the White House to the wilderness. No other President or King ever went hunting in so much pomp or at so much expense. Very fairly, then, does the St. Louis Republic say: "We think the people would like to know who footed the bills. We believe also thai they have a right to know." We believe so, too. WHY WE HAVE FIRES. Former Fire Chief Edwartl F. Croker gives in the current number of "World's u ork" some reasons why wo lose yearly millions of dollars and thousands of lives on account of tiro. These reasons are: Carelessness In factories, which in most cases means dirt and rubbish and oily waste. Carelessness in the use of mutches. W.ho stops to watch where a lighted match falls after it has been used to light a cigar or clgurette? Bad electrical wiring. Careless housekeeping. Dark and dirty hullways. People at night scratch matches to rind their way about, and throw the match in a corner Into a pile of rubbish, and u few hours later there Is a call for the firemen. Dark basements. Tenants go down after coal or wood with a candle or with matches. A startling number Q>! bad fires occur in this very way. Oil stoves. 01d-fushion<-d oil lamps. Cigar and ligarelte stubs. All these causes are easily removed. A little more carefulness, and tho fire loss would be vastly decreased. SUBSTITUTES FOR EGOS. The evil days are upon us. Antici? pating the high price of eggs, an Amer? ican concern Is making an ogg substi? tute. It is being used widely In the United States, and In England Is even mnr> extensively demanded. The Brit? ish article 1? sold by almost every gro? cer. One brand of egg powder sells at 8 to 16 cents the tin, according to s'ste, and another at 8 to^H conts. or 1! cents per dozen small packets. There is also a new prodnot known as "Eggo," which is declnrcd to consist of now laid eggs In the for.rrvcf powder, which Is retailed nt 13 conts iho carton. These substitutes are not sold through agents, but directly by the makers to the various retail stores and grocers; thuv o-ro waU known!and.widely, used. I A method often ndouted to spread the j sulo of such articles Is to deliver small ' samples at householders' residences, j with names of nearest retailers. The prices of eggs on the wholesalo London market In the first week In August, por ten dozon, were: French, ! $2 to $2.80; Italian, $2 to $2,34: Danish, j $1.8$ to $2.36; Hungnrlun, $1.46 to $1.94: Russian, $1.62 to $1.76; English. I $2.43 to $3.01. A TREE'S VALUE. A construction company In New York cut down ;i tree and tho owner Hueti lor cfuitiutses and was awarded $500. 11 was a line tree, no finer than many , other trees. The decision Is Important, because it shows that the law regards a tree us valuable. On account Of thut tree, the public derived much pleasure, , and this fact entered into the value ' from the owner's viewpoint. The in? trinsic value of the tree might not ? have been great. There wan not more than $10 worth of wood In tlie tree. j but there was $500 worth of pleasure to the owner and his neighbors to? gether. SIGNS OP THE IIAND. Dr. Holmes, the psychologist of tho University of Pennsylvania, who is re? membered In Richmond as a speaker at the great, rally of the men':; Bible classes two years ago. lately address? ed the Delaware County teachers' In? stitute In Indiana. He suid: "Tho hands of an Imbecile or men? tally deficient person are ulniost al? ways smooth, with a pink skin like that of a baby, and when the hand is allowed to .relax the lingers assume a straight position. Sometimes th? fin? gers are short and stumpy, and hav.i bumps on them, although they may never have been used to manual labor." The doctor goes on. adding tests. If a child use Its thumb and fingers In picking up a pencil or other object. It is normal, according to the psycholo? gist. If one. In grasping a bar to pull himself up. places his- thumb on the opposite side of the bar. he Is nor? mal; but he Is dellclent if he put tho thumb on the same side with the fin? gers, as monkeys do. John H. Fahey. formerly a news? paper slave, but now a freo man. liv? ing In clover on what he made out of the business, has been "doing Europe" this summer, and when last heard from was nt St Andrews. "Scotland. In a note, written on a post-card and noi intended for publication, ho says: "The chief Industries of this town are Golf and Presby terlanlsm. 1 believe you would do well here; for you would qualify for the latter game If not for the former. I hope you are living up to the tenets of your form of super? stition, as well ns you can. in Rich? mond." 'Wright and Otis and Gray will all Join In the chorus: "The best j Chairman ever." It has now been discovered that the stone of Scone, on which the Kings and Queens of England elt when they are crowned, Is the same from which Moses struck water for the children of Isiuel on their long inarch through the wilderness. It has also been claimed that this stone was the one used by Joseph for his pillow at Bethel. Canon Wllberforce asionlshod the con? gregation at Westminster Abbey on Sunday by saying in his sermon that the stone was really the one Moses used In the wilderness. However this m.xy have been, there Is no evidence to support the theory, which !s almost' certain to be advanced, that the stone ' was found at the base of Chimney : Rock, In North Carolina. It Is speedily becoming plain that j Chnrles W. Glldden, of Lawrence. Mas? sachusetts, the 5S-ears-of-corn-eater. has a small capacity. George Murdoch on the U. S. S. Chester ate a trial meal early last week In which he consumed four dozen scrambled eggs nnd a cou? ple of steaks. A. A. Hudd. fireman on the U. S. s. Nebraska, is also some eater. Between 10:15 P. M. and 12.05 A. M. he got away with three dozen oysters, four sirloin' steaks, two smajl steaks, four platters of French-frltd potatoes, eighteen scrambled eggs, the usual bread and butter, one custard and two apple pies, nine glasses of milk and one cup of coffee. At 12:05 he leaned back and smoked threi cigars to help out hi? digestion. Eater Information received from Hartford is to the effect that the edi? tor of The Courant was not present at the reception to Governor Harmon because he was not Invited. That was, of course, a good reason why he Should have stayed away; but it was pure bungling on the part of the managers of the event that he wa.i not Invited. He is the sort of Repub? lican that Is worth converting. A New York magistrate has ruled that the cucumber is a fruit. It seems strange that any one should have ever thought that It was not. Cu? cumber pie Is a favorite with Peters? burg people, and Is highly regarded In ether circles of culture. The "cow cumber" has been much maligned, but It Is one of the choicest desserts. Probably It Is Harmon and not "Har? mony" that Mr. Bryan objeots to and would cruBh out In the party. Voice of the People | The Went Virginia Debt. To the Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch: Sjr>_Lot us suppose that West Vir? ginia desires to pay Its debt, but does not care to settle on the cash basts Why not roturn to Virginia Alsace and Lorraine, the counties of Berkeley and Jefferson? This would square out the line, be handsome amends and ex? tinguish the debt. No calculation has been made, but it is presumed that the assessed value of those counties would be about equal to the principal, and their tax Income would take care of tho interest. ALFRED J. MORRISON. HamPdcnrSldney, Va^ Septeniber 18 SL Klimm $t (&xt WILL MAIL, ON REQUEST. A COPY OF THEIR NEW CATALOGUE No. 104, FOR THE AUTUMN AND WINTER SEASONS. 1911-1912. SFiftlt Attrnm?. 3411? miu 3511? &tttvta. TStm flarfu Daily Queries and Answers Locution of Missions, Give tho locations of th*> old inln sions In California. Y. San Krancisco Solano mission, "-?o noma; Ban Rafael Archangel. San i;i fuel; Sun Francisco do Asls. Ban Fran olsco, Santa Claru, Santa Clara: Sun .Jose mission, San Jose; Santu Cruz Santa Cruz; San Juan BaUllsta, neat Sargents. San ("trios Borromoo, heal Monterey; Nuestra Senora de lu Sole dud, near Soledud; San Antonio. Je Fadua, twenty-six ml Ioh from King City; San Juan Cuplslrano, near San; Juan; Sun Antonio de Fala, at Pala: Sun Luis Hey de Francis, Octanslde; j San Diego de Alcala, near Sun Diego; Sun Miguel. San Miguel; San Luis j Oblspo, Sun Luis Oblspo: La Pu rlsstmu Concepelon, near Lompos; i (Santa Ynez. near Los Ollvloe; San- j j ta Barbara. Suntn Barbara; Ban i Duenu Vuntuaa. Ventura; dun Fernen-1 do, near San Fernando; San (labrlrtl Archangel, near Los Angeles. r.otd. What is the value of gold? W. Four, cents a grain, or SI? 20 an ounce. Violin. Can you give me any Information rcgurdlng a violin on which Is the following Inscription: "Antonius Strad ?arlus. Cremonensls. Faclovut, Anno The quoted lnnguagc la not oorreot. because the famous violin maker of Cremona wns named Stradlvarlua, and he lived from 1(549 to 1737. The value (i an instrument hearing the name and date of the make of this violin, maker can only ho told upon examina? tion by an expert. Inventor's Wife. Whero can l find the poem entitled "The Inventor's Wlfo?" H. R. I This poem, by Mrs. E. T. Corbett, Is ; to be found In "Choice Dlaleot" and In ! "Choice Selections," 26, In "Soper"!, I Scrap Book of Kecltatlons." 13, and In "Treasury of Humorous Poetry." What Is the membership of the or^ I der of Knights of Pythias? O. i At the beginning of tho current yea* the membership was 706,922. I Itelntlonsblp. What relation Is my niece's boy tq line? Also, what relation Is the boy's father to me? K. I Grandn^phew. The fathor Is no ro I lutlon. G. RARE WORKS SENT TO IMPERIAL LIBRARIES I BY l.A MARQUISE DE FOATENOY. , AMONG the rarest works contain? ed in a tew of the royal and | Imperial libraries of Europe, are! ??ertaln annual contributions from the! Vatican. Each year the Pontiff sends! to the Emperor of Austria, to the Kings of Spain, of Belgium, and of! Saxony, as well as to the Regent of I Bavaria, a volume, most artistically! bound In whit? vellum, and adorned with the pontifical arms In gold, con? taining a Eutin summary of the con- J tldentlal annual reports supplied to the Holy Father by his nuncios, Internun I ClOS and delegate? abroad. The Latin is of the most exquisite purity; and | Inasmuch as this practice has been if I vogue for the last ."00 years, und none have received these books save Cath i ollc sovereigns of countries in which ! Roman Catholicism Is the state religion. I they are exceedingly rare. For oven I nations, such us France, which have ; abolished monaschical forms of gov ernmcnt, or broken with the Vatican [ httvc nevertheless been keenly allvoi I to the value of the volumes as liter? ary and historic treasures, and have retained them as such In the stato archives, or else In the national library j 1 learn, however, that the new repub- ] lie in Lisbon, which is now engaged in] converting into sorely needed cash | much of the former crown property. Is | likewise endeavoring to sell the col? lection of these papal reports, that be? longed to the former Kings of Portu Igal: and although there is likely to be some heavy bidding on the part o? the ?tat? libraries of Germany, of Russia, and of. the British Museum In London, they would prove a remark able accession to some public institu? tion or private library, such as that of J. Pierpcnt Morgan, in the United Stat.-s. That is why I take this op? portunity of calling attention to theli impending sale. Emperor N'cholas has Just issued an ! amendment to the family laws of the j house of Romanoff: the first change j since they were completely reorganized ! by his father. Alexander III., In July, j 1SS6. According to the statutes as then decreed, it was provided that mar i luges of princes and princesses of the house of Romanoff should be restricted to members of reigning dynasties, and that all other matrimonial alliances! should be considered as of no account- j In fact, Alexander III. Instituted aj degree of exclusivlsm In matrimonial letters that not even the Hapsburga have ever dreamt of onforcing. The amendment Just Inaugurated by Nicholas II. Increases the range of con? sorts for scions of the house of Roman? off. For It declares that the latter are no longer restricted In their choice to reigning dynasties, but can from henceforth select their helpmates from nmong the dethroned sovereigns" fam? ilies, and even from the mediatized houses of the Central European nobili? ty. It was necessary for the Czar to do this, in order to enable tho marriage to take place of Princess Tatjana daughter of Grand Duke Constantino, to Prince Constantino Bagratlon, ol the Chevalier Gardes regiment, and who, member of the royal family that formerly reigned over the kingdom of Georgiu, . can traco his descent in an unhroken line from the biblical King David. Among the most useless things that I are. presented to royalty ui*e engrosser.! and illuminated addresses from public bodies and Institutions. It is doubtful whether they are ever read by the personages for whom they are intend? ed. If presentod on some state oc? casion, they are Immediately handed by the more or less distinguished re? cipient to an attendant; and that Is tho last that he Bees of them. In ninety nine cases out of every hundred, he does not see them at nil. Thus, when King Edward died. the. addresses of condolence to King George, and ot wishes for the success of his reign', numbered upwards of 30.000. They came not only from every municipali? ty, from every phlVuithroplc assocla tlon; .-'corporate body, public institu? tion;, and evon mere clubs, In Great Brltnln and Ireland, but also from sim? ilar bodies in the various colon'es In fact, It would have been almost a human Impossibility for King George to have rend them all. It to reported that there are no less than 15,000 of them lying still unopened at the Horn? Department in Downing Street, all hailing from different parts ot Great Britain. At tho Department ot tht Colonies thero are nearly as many more ntlll unpacked ; while the Foreign Office has likewise its share- ot these testi? monials of regard for the lato King, [ and of good will for King George, from British communities and socie? ties In foreign cities, and even from foreign bodies. All these addresses have received a i stereotyped official acknowledgment But that does not mean they have ever been seen by King Goorgu. and one I* tempted to ask oneself what possible use there can be In wasting the trou ' hie and money In sending such utterly useless things. Some of them are handsomely framed, others contained ...kuts. and under the circumstances it Is fortunate that the government de? partments at Whitehall have cnormoui cellar accommodation, where they maj j be left to molder and rot. In the library of the King of th? j Belgians at Brussels, situated In an an I nex of tho royal paluce. In a two* storied structure, hidden under a ro? mantic garb ot greenory, there ars many thousands of addresses, tendered to Leopold I. and Leopold IL, through? out their respective long reigns: ad? dresses from every part of their domin? ions. In honor of all sorts of occasions, and also addresses from the municipali? ty of London and of other foreign cities which thoy had visited. They are piled away thero under the stair? cases, the majority of them In boxes and packages that have never been opened since their receipt, und which are olowly being eaten away by weevils, without any attempt to preserve them, on the part of the librarians, who Just? ly look upon them as merely so much rubbish. i How little even the members of the imperial house of Hapsburg koew about the late Empress Elizabeth. - 1? shown in a rather striking fashion Id tho "Reminiscences" of the ex-Crown princess of Saxony, which have Just been published here and In Europe She devotes a considerable amount ol attention to the Empress in the book, but practically admits that It Is near? ly all second-hand gossip, since ahs scarcely kiuf-w her murdered kinswo? man, having only seen hor three times In her life: once when she was a child of eleven, and she happened to en? counter her in a corridor of the Hof? burg, and received a kindly smile as Elizabeth passed by without speak? ing. The second occasion on which the ex-crownprincess saw tho Empress was just three months after the tragedy of Mcye.rling, when, having attained her legal majority, she was presented by her mother, the Grand Duchess ol Tuscany, to the Empress, at the Hof? burg. In private oudlence. In order to receive from her hands the Order ol the Star Cross. During the entire cere? mony, which lasted about four minutes the Empress did not speak a single word, constantly raising her handker? chief to her eyes to wipo away the tears thnt were running down her cheeks. Tho only other time that the ex-crownprincess ever had the op? portunity of approaching the Empress, was when the latter lay In her coffin, Just before the funeral. When It Is borne In mind that the ex-crownprlncess was In those days a member of the Imperial family and an Archduchess of Austria, and that In spite thereof she saw so little of the Empress, it will be readily understood how Infinitely less her compatriots of Inferior rank had the opportunity of learning to know the llf-fated consort of Emperor Francis Joseph. (Copyright. 1911, by the BrentwoodT Company.) Become a Depositor with the National State and City Bank Your money will be kept in absolute security. Payment by check provides indisput? able receipts in the form of your returned cancelled checks. We offer the services of a strong, sound bank to the small as well as the large de? positor. National State and City Bank RICHMOND, VA. Wm. H. Palmer, President. John S. EUott, Vice-Prcsidcnt. Wm. M. Hill, Vice-president. J. W. Slnton, Vlco-Presldcnt. . Julien H. Hill. Cashier.