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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, September 25, 1911, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038615/1911-09-25/ed-1/seq-4/

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Vuaincs? otoce.IU IS. Maiu street
koutb Uicbuion?.WiO tiull dirv.
feteraburf Bureau.. ..10* N. sycamore btreet
Lyochburg Bureau.1U Elghlb Street
BY iii.lL. Quo Sn Three Oat
PObTAaii PAtD Year. Mob. Mos. Mu
Daily wllh Buudar.$?.00 |*.W ?LtO .li
Ually without Sun*a>r. ?.09 ceo 1.00 .Si
feundsjr edliloa only.10? L00 .M u
Weekly iW.4u.iOi>-).1.00 A? .i. .
By Ttmw-Dlspatca Carrier Delivery 6?.-. j
rice lo Hlcbtnond (and suburbs) and rotere- !
>af?J t
One \v*c>.
Uaily with Sunday.UeiM
Uaily wltbuut Sunday.10 ceno.
fcunday only.a cs.it>
Entered January S7, at Richmond. V?.
? > KcoDd-i'lui matter under act or Con*
irssa ,.f Morch *. ur.W
?srext Monouy morning, at fifteen
inlnutos after 12 o'clock, the How-Dye
Do Special Train will leave, the Main
?tioet Station in KichuionU bound for
North Carolina. It will be made up
of four Pullman sleeping cars, two
dining cars, and two baggage cars, i
and before It returns to Richmond will
travel at least a thousand miles. It
will be loaUod with representatives of ?
all the commercial bodies In this town.
Of many of the progressive merchants
end bankers un<| manufacturers and
capitalists of Richmond, who will take
with them into North Carolfhu the
good wishes Of all tho people of this
imperial city set upon these everlasting
hills. Mayor Richardson us tho otn
ciol head and spokesman cf his people,
will be with the Boraters, and will
give a dignity that his high official po?
sition will impart to all bis utterances
on this excursion Intj the great
empire lying to the South of us.
and nearer to us in situation and sen?
timent, than any other of our neigh?
The Special Train will maku friend?
ly visits at sixteen of the nourishing
towns and cities of the Old North
State, where the voyagers will bo re?
ceived with a hearty welcome by the
men who have built them up and who
regard this expedition of the business
men of Richmond with great favor.
Having completed tho run In North
Carolina, the Special Train will move
upon' Itonnok-.;, and touching at Lynch- ;
burg, Charlottesville. Orange. Culpepcr
'und Alexandria, will pause for a night1
at the Capital of the Nation, and
thence return to Richmond.
Nothing like It waB eveV at
tempted before. Tho Timei-Dlspatch
has thought that it would be o! the
largest benefit to Richmond if the;
Richmond people were better known
;o their neighbors. It believes that
there la a great deal In the close per
SOnal human touch, and so It will t;o
down Into North Carolina next week
with all Its banners flying and with
the happy prospect of bringing a lot
of good people together.
Next Sunday, or the Sunday after,
or some Sunday soon, a special col?
lection will be lifted in the Presby?
terian Churches of th^ Southern Gen- ?
eral Assembly to help the Committee
on Foreign Missions out of the rather
awkward and embarrassing position In
which It has been placed. The Com?
mittee, which is the Church in this
case, Is In debt to the extent ot $121,
871. It has been running behind fori
five years. In 1507 U was short $27,G1:*.
In 190S the debt had Increased to |40,
f.R7; In 1909 the Committee was still i
further In debt to the amount of $Srfl.
961, and this, year the* Committee-,
which la ..th<}. Chtfrch?ae.n't forget
that!?Is casting about for T121,S71 '
with which to meet Its past due obli-,
gallons, besides enough additional '
funds to carry on Its activities In the,
foreign field. During this debt-mak?
ing period, the annual receipts of the
Church for foreign missions has In-'
creased from $276,000 to $152.000. and.
without explanation, the ordinary busi?
ness man would say that the Church
was dedng more business than Its
capital would permit; but this Is not
so, as Dr. Cecil explained In a very j
satisfactory and bu.-lness-Uke way to
his congregation yesterday.
A very large part of the contrlbu
tlons made In recent years was made
for specific purposes, and could r.ot be '
used for the general work in the for?
eign field, but under the term.? of tho
gifts had to be applied to the special
purposes for which they were designed
Any business man, or business lawyer,
will say that the Commif.ce pursue.!]
a Mrlctly business course in so using
these gifts. Banking on :h? Church
or upon the pledges of the Church
members, which Is tho same thing, In
a sense, the Committee has gone ubuad
with Its work, Increased Its fore- In
toe, foreign field?it la nearly twice as
great how. as it was five ye-u-< :.g<> ?
and it cannot be claimed that the Com?
mittee in lengthening Its cords anil
strengthening its stakes among tho.
heathen was doing anything that an:
ordinary biiBlnt-ss man would not have
done In the circumstances. Debts of
honor are always paid, and the tubi
scriptloiia which are made tor Church,
purposes mny be regarded, we. should'
say, as debtr of honor of the most1
binding e-hatarter.
When the prese.nt Assembly year
began tii6-.^Committt-e?which Is the
Church?had on Its books pledged
from congregation!! and Individuals
amounting to more than ISlO.OOO,
and it looked like "good business''
for it to go ahead wit,h its operations
on the larger snd neuer plans It had |
drawn. At the clone of the year the
Committee found that of these pledges
$117.000 had not been redeemeel. The]
Commltt<:.-r ejould not help that; but it'
Would sec:n that p.* a matter of com- i
Boil honesty the people anj the con-1
! gre: atlons which put ?jown should now
put up If they owed so much In a
business way thoy would ?oll all they
have '"before they would allow anybody
to say that they had not "mode good."
It would appear, therefore, thut tho
debt of the Presbyterian Coinmlttco
on Foreign Missions Is up to tho Pres?
byterians and to such of their well
dtsposed. friends and neighbors who
may feel disposed to bo neighborly In
a matter of such vital Importance. It
was with the object of making this
matter very plain to his particular
people thy. Dr. Cecil proichcd to thorn
yesterday from the te:t: "How much
owcsl thou to my Lord?" The ques?
tion will be answered next Sunday or
the Sunday after, or some other Sun?
day to be hereafter appointed for {}te
Of course, this is not a proper sub?
ject for the meditations of a secular,
newspaper; It is "none of our busi?
ness." w* know that; but It has i great
deal of human nature in It, and con?
cerns millions of people In this and
other lands, One of the cloth, but not;
of the Presbyterian persuasion, though
really of Presbyterian raising. said |
yesterday he believed that all the]
churches, or denominations, us you
please, were very much In the sainn
condition as the Southern Preshy-j
terlans?their activities In mission
work have exceeded their means, and]
he attributed this situation to tho
Laymen's Movement in considerable
measure; from which It would seem
that the laymen also have u groat
work to do. They have bcon so effec?
tive in getting men to promise, that
i hey should make It their special
business now to make them reform.
Has woodrow wiison organised a
"C.imjwiKn Room." whatever that is?
Has he established press bureaus in '
New York and Trenton? Are they,
"costing a lot of money?" "Who Is
putting up the money for his campaign
boom. an?i why?" These are the ques?
tions asked by the Anderson Dally |
Mall, and It insists that they shall
be answered, and It buses Its right to
know exactly how it Is on this ground:
Publicity as to campaign coutrlbu- .
Hons Is recognized now as good Demo- '
cratlc doctrine, -nd we have been told
so often that Governor Wilson Is the
best Democrat that ever-was. Let him.
or his friends, then, tell Just whai
Is being spent in order to make him
the nominee of the Democratic party!
for the Presidency?and who is spend?
ing It. Full und accurate information
along this line would clarify the sltua
lion coi.slderably." The Anderson
paper says further: "Tho liberality
with which money is being spent tar'
Wilson looks suspicious, to say the i
least, and an explanation Is In order." j
How did The Mall ever get the Idea
Into Its head that money was being
spent by Governor Wilson or by hist
friends to secure the nomination? Does
it know of a single dollar that has
been g;>orit in Its own State or else?
where for such purpose? We do not.
Does It believe for a moment that any ;
money could ibo spent in an Illegitimate
way for such a purpose? thut the
nomination could be purchased for any
candidate if all _ the money In the
country were nt his disposal? We do
not. If It be true, as Tho Mall says, j
that Governor Wilson "had declared In
favor of everything except the sub- |
treasury plan." and "is the most en- v
thuslastlcally unanimous public man
that has loomed up In quite awhile,"
does anybody In his cold, sober senses
believe thut people who have money!
to spend would' put It up to secure
the nomination of a candidate like
If the Anderson paper has any'
positive and direct information that
a syndicate has been organized with!
the .object of securing the nomination!
of Governor Wilson for President, and
that it Is spending piles of money]
to carry out Its purposes, it should
name person.- and places and agencies,
or It should refrain from any further!
suggestion that Governor Wilson and
his friends are employing any unfair
or dishonorable means to promote his
political fortune?.
Last Monday it was stated In o spe- !
clal cablegram to the New York Sun '
fron. London that Canon Wllberforco !
had said In a sermon nt Westminster j
Abbey the day before that the Stone
of Scone, otherwise yclept the "Stone
of Destiny." was the same that Joseph
Used for a pillow at Bethel We ac?
cepted ihe statement In good fulth. be?
cause far be it from us to question
any affirmation that Canon Wllberforco
would make upon any question of
archaeological or theological value. Ofi
course, we knew that Joseph's father. I
Jacob, had used a pillow of this gen?
eral description, and that while he j
Blepl he had ? dream of a ladder that j
i ( ached up from his lowly resting- j
place into the\ heavens by moans of I
which the angels descended and as?
cended. Wc had no means of know
ing how the good Canon had found
out that Joseph was at Bethel, and
al^o used a stone for a pillow, and we
never thought for a moment that the
New York Sun. which is very apt in
.; rlpturo, would have confus-d Jacob
with Joseph. The Incident appears,
however, to have caused some search?
ing on the part of our readers, as is
-evidenced by a note we have Just re?
ceived from Mr. W. C. Smith, of Pu
l.ukt. Virginia, who encloses the edi?
torial paragraph from The Times-Dls
patch with only this marginal note.
"Jacob?Genesis 2S." On a post-card
from Frederlckehurg. where the Book j
Of nooks lg s;IU read with apprecla- j
tlon. Mr. .1. 11. Hcnderllto writes \it
?Twice recently your editorial col?
umns have spoke of the stone used
by Joseph as a pillow. Of course,
there Is no question among the sober
I minded as to Its Identity with the
St?ne of Scone (originally from North
JCarollnu); but had the editor an
other sponsors or the Bcthel-Scone
Carollna tradition made It Jacob's pil?
low. Instead of his son's, wo might
have doubted."
This subject is here noted again bo
cause of tho interest thot It appears
I to have excited, and the fact that the
statement accredited to Canon Wllbcr
' force by the New York Sun has been
; called In question. Wo have no means
I of knowing whether or not Joseph
over spent o night at Bothel?all of
j nur books of reference are silent on
! this point: but If Canon Wllbcrforee
i can establish the fact thnt tho Stone
of scone was really the rock from
! which Moses brought forth wutcr In
! the wilderness, we have no right to
i say he could not also prove that Jo
BCph actually slept at Bethel with a
; .'?tone for a pillow.
Wheat, corn, oats, hay and potatoes
! may have fallen somewhat short of
! their last year's yield and of their
! average for a number of yours, but
some of the lesser crops whicn moan a
! good deal to many people, are well up
I to the standard or above It. The
Cleveland Leader says that "from tne
! point of view of the mo who said that
I be did not care for the necessaries of
; life If he could have >no luxuries, the
' season now ncaring Its close has been
a very fair one In agriculture."
The buckwheat crop Is about as big
as usual- The yield of maple syrup
in tho spring wn-s all that could have,
been desired It has heen a fine yenr
' for melons. The apple crop, accord
, ing to our contemporary, is above the
' average In size and In quality. In sev?
eral States there was a remarkable
yield of cherries in tho early summer,
which offset the deficient crop of later
berries where drought prevailed. Lou?
isiana expects the largest sugar out?
put in her history. Taking the coun?
try as a whole, grapes promise a fate
Tobacco Is grown In great bulk, and
it is reckoned among the great crops
of the country. In money value and
In Its Importance to extensive produc?
ing districts, but it can scarcely be
called one of the absolute necessaries
of life. This year tho crop Is very
short, therefore constituting an excep?
tion to the rule of good crops of the
luxuries of agriculture- Among the
minor crops which, on the contrary, re?
port very fair harvest results are rice
and flaxseed.
On the whole, the year has been
a fairly good one in respect to little
crops which ere not essential?they
have fared better than the big ones
about which so much interest centres.
In the matter of diversity in vital
statistics, India assuredly takes the
load. Tho natives of that weird coun?
try, especially tho.-e of the northern
provinces, not only die from unusual
natural causes, the plague, for exam?
ple, and famine, hut aro frequently cut
off by wild animals and poisonous ser?
Dwellers In those blessed lands
which know no jungle terrors will
hardly credit the amazing totals which
the British departmental officers havo
made public In this connection In
1910. according to the statistics, more
than 250,000 people were killed by wild '
animals and snake;.. This Is tho high- .
es? record since 1907. The number of j
cattle killed by these creatures of the I
iunglo was nearly 93,000, a tremen?
dous loss for the native owners, whose
goods and chattels arc small.
Of course, reprisals were made by
the natives. Hunting parties were of?
ten sent out, man-eating tigers were
tracked and trapped, marauding ele?
phants wore repelled. It was against
the snake that the men of tho rlco
Heids waged most war. In 1910 the
natives killed more than 10.000 ele?
phants, tigers, leopards, boars, wolves
and hyenas and nearly 91.000 snakes.
Cheese contains all the essentials of
human food, declares a recent bulletin
of the Federal Department of Agricul?
ture. The common idea that choose.,
even when green or unrlpened, Is hard
to digest is not Justifiable. The milk
solids in cheese, are easily digestible,
and constitute "an almost perfect food."
With the addition of rennet and tho
development of lactic acid In cheese
making, a few chemical changes occur,
but these do not transform digestible
solids In milk into Indigestible solids
in cheese. The digestive disturbances'
attributed to peculiarities in the cheese;
it;< !f nie probably due simply to over?
rating or to the custom of eating
cheese only at the onVt of the menl
when one has already had more than
enough food
Skim-milk cheese, when sold as an
entire milk product Is a fraud that Is
a real injury to the dairy business;
but skim-milk cheese, stated and sold
as such. Is entitled to consideration
by consumer and producer alike. it
Is digestible It has u food value.
When marie to have an agreeable tasic.
It could be sold cheaply to poor folk
Cottage cheese Is another cheap, palat?
able product, much of which could bo
added to the dietary at a great econ?
omy In the totul cost of food. Indeed,
all sorts of cheeses, even the highly
ilavored and so-called condlmental
cheeses, have a rflgh^food value.
America has much to loarn from the
Continent Many European people eat
to a largo extent of cheese, either
nlone or sprinkled on vegetables or
cooked with other food. Tho Italians
have many foods, such as macaroni,
with which cheese Is mixed. They have
cheese grated and constantly ready as
n flavoring very much like our use of
pepper and salt. The Swiss eat
much cheese, which, with bread, forms
the greater part of the diet of this
very healthy people. The Swiss farm?
ers who have settled In Wisconsin
continue to show the athletic attain?
ments and the physical endurunce of
their ancestors. Tho Germans uso
much of the highly flavored sklm-mllk
cheese. Such cheeses arc wholesome
Their flavors are derived from benefi?
cent micro-organisms. Tho consump?
tion of cheese by the American people
should be increased from the view
point, both of economy and of its su?
perior food value, according to the
Journal of tho American Moulcal As?
sociation. A pound of ch-cse has al?
most the same food value us two
pounds of lean meat or oggs or tho
samo quantity of ham it Is superior
in food value, und It furnishes nitro?
gen without the Increase of acid In
the system. For this reason It may he
tho food of those Inclined to gouty
affections to whoni meat Is not allowed.
No longer will free towels be sup?
plied to patrons of the Southern Pa?
cific Railway, either on Its trains or
boats. The explanation of the com?
pany Is that IL'I.OOO worth of towels
were lo;t last year. So great a loss
cannot be accounted for. In the opin?
ion of the company, save by theft. Its
employees apparently are not sus?
pected. It does not hesitate to lay the
charge at the door of travelers. It
may be that It has means of surveil?
lance over Its employees. Perhaps It
thinks, with reasonable probability,
that a man wrho wnuld steal towel/
from his employers would steal other
things and ?.ct caught.
The Washington Star seems to know
something about the matter, and It
says in an editorial article:
'It Is known to be the practice of
many travelers to help themselves not
only on trains, out in hotels, to all
sorts of linen, and many of them after?
ward display their raolls boastfully
as though It were 'n so no way smart ',
r.nd clever to steal from u hotel or a
railway company. These people would .
.never dream of taking towels or other i
articles from the houses of thelt j
friends while visiting, but they have
no compunctions whatever about stuff?
ing goods of value Into their traveling
bags while they are 'on the road.'"
This Is a further development cf
the souvenir collecting mania of which
we hear much. One way of chowlrg
that one had traveled was t? get hotel
labels pasted on orte's baggage. An?
other was to slip spoons, mugs and
the like Into one's pockets. The;-., was
plain talk about this habit, and it la
out of fashion.
There Is little to say aoont the rase
?the evil is obvious. A sleeping car
or stateroom towel, with, say, PPCC
woven In the texture, can hardly ap?
peal to any except those who wish to
add to their linen stock without ex?
pense Neither hotel proprietors nor
railway companies can protect tiiem
.selves against petty thieves without
returning to the promiscuous and dan?
gerous roller towel. One thing Is cer?
tain?the people who steal towels are
cheap people, who are not accustomed
to riding In Pullman cars, and who be?
lieve that what they can get out of
any well-to-do corporation they are
entitled to.
Society editors In Texas are really
artists?perhaps they might be called
linguistic, florists. Out in the mesqulte
grass and onion fields of the Lone Star
State are hidden talents that should shine
In better places. For Instance, the so?
ciety editor-of the Coleman "Voice"*
shows decided "artistic temperament"
In the following soulful description of
a "social function" in Coleman:
"A most brilliant function to impart
Its pleasing grjee to the people of
Coleman was the reception on Tuesday,
when Mesdumes Wyman and Wilson
enterialnod In compliment to Mrs. C. F.
Ryan, who is a bride of a few days.
The affair was nto3t pleasant in theme,
a: sumlng, as It did, the extending of
an introduction to Mcsdames Wyman
und Ii. Wilson's friends, who are de?
lighted to number Mrs. Ryan among
their acquaintances. In each apart- I
ment of the home of Mrs. Wyman the ;
chosen motif of adornment was highly j
attractive and reflected mo3t artistic:
taste. Beautiful ferns and La Franc,-,
roses with pink petals gave soft fra- <
grance. and a delicate color graced :
the parlor, where the heartiest greet- I
In'gs of the hostesses were extended,
presenting each guest to the honored,
who stood In line. In the punch roont
the bridal tone was developed, the
table being banked with fragrant white
roses, nmld which the spnrkllng crys?
tal howl nestled, fern foliage enhanc?
ing the beauty."
If that Ifn't a symphony, what Is It?
Some five or six years ago David
Belasco concluded to curtail the or?
chestra In his playhouse. The policy
proved successful. Slnco then he has
dispensed with It entirely.
This Is impossible, of course. In
vaudeville bouses or In theaters where
musical comedy and opera are pro- j
duccd. It is possible with plays re?
quiring no music and most of the
dramas of the last and present sea
: ons can well do away with the or?
After Belasco had been a ploneor in
this matter. Frohman followed his ex?
ample, and at last Chicago has dropped |
Into line
There Is no doubt but that the or?
chestra's playing between the acts I
adds a certain degree of pleasure, but, i
after ail. It Is a matter of habit, which,
in many Instances, delays ^ho perform?
ance and lengthens the time of the
It has become the fashionable fad
In late years to enjoy a light lunch
nfter tho play Is over. When a man
Uvea In a distant suburb and when
he ennnot leave, the thsater until 11:30,
It makes a hier difference.
There are other reasons advocated
by.the theatrical reformers for dls
contlnulng the orchestra, but It Is un?
necessary to discuss thorn In full. It
Is enough to aascrt that wherever tht>
experiment has been mndo It has suc?
ceeded. I
Many leave bctweon nets for n
smoke or something. Those In tho
boxce devote the Intermissions to con?
versation. Few pay any nttention to
the orchestra?In fact, some chuttcr
ln- '"mules try to drown It out. The
music is regarded as a part of tho
evening's routine . -oeeedlngs. The
ushers Interest muny.
It is different in tho case of a
musical comedy. With opera the or?
chestra is obviously indispensable,
with vaudeville, with Its varying
musical acts, it Is also a necessity.
Tho well-equipped orchestra, woll
balanced and organized on a concert
scale. Is dllfcrent, for such an orchos
tra always commands the attention of
music lovers.
The managers now In- tho East
and West and everywhere else are
paying less attention to tho orchostra.
They are giving more attention to tho
play than to the musicians. In somo
cases, moving picturos have been sub?
stituted foe music between the acts,
for people can talk and at the same
time take In moving pictures.
The assertion of the refiners that
the present high prices of sugar are
mainly due to tho practical prohibi?
tion of the Importation of beet sugar
from Europe by the cluuso in the
Payne-Aldrlch tariff which requires
the Imposition of countervailing duties
upon bounty-encouraged sugar seems
to have some foundation. The value of
beet sugar Imported from Europe un?
der this tariff foil, according to Gov?
ernment statistics, from $8,203,309
worth In 190S to $43 in 1910. Kussla
is said to have a surplus of a million
tons of sugar on hand at the present.
We ....ght, therefore, still have cheap
sugar, but for tho benevolent Interpo?
sition of tho "best tariff the country
has ever had."
Mrs. Maggie Reilly, of wilkos-Barre,
Pennsylvania, was arrested the other
day and lined 15 and costs, which iho
willingly paid, for burning all the
good clothes of her husband, which
she heaped up in one of the rooms of
their house, saturated with coal oil
anil set on fire. It was a "durn-ycr
resort," as sho admitted when haled
before Acting Mayor Thomas, and
which she explained by saying that *ho
"guessed she had stopped her husband
gallivanting about with other women,
at' least for a time, as he would not
make a hit In his working clothes."
Vet some people say that women
would not know what to do in politi?
cal emergencies, if they had the right
to vote. More muscle and long life to
Mrs. Maggie Hoilly!
It must be trying for a girl to fall
in love with an actor, thinks the Eos
ton Globe. Leaving out the misery
of seeing him malte love on the stage
to other women, there must always
lie at the bottom of her mind a doubt
whether he may not still be Just uct
ing when he makes love to her. No
matter how unintentional his plagiar?
ism, a lino from a play that should
turn up In his conversation would
sting her?and tho better actor she j
knew him to bo, the oftener she would :
get stung.
Chicago has the record for the j
meanest man. A burglar out there re- |
ccntly broke Into an orphan asylum. |
Employes of Colonel Jacob Astor'*;
Place at Rhinecllff. New York, sent
his hrido a bouquet of roses on tho i
occ .ion of their wedding. That
bouquet has already cost Colonel Astor I
J9S0, and It will cost him as much
next year, and possibly for several \
years. Accompanying the roses was
n card bearing the narnos of the donors. |
To each of the signers Colonel Astor
has given an lncreaso of wages,
amounting on the average to $10 the ?
month. As the Savannah News re?
marks, "it is a wise employe who j
bands out a bouquet to his employer !
LetJCansas be revered In bright fu-'
ture 81 e 8 when women rule the world:
In Kansas women have made great
progress toward political supremacy.
There nrc now forty-nine county su- ;
perintendents, H\v county cKrks, five
county treasurers, ten ? eglsters of |
deeds, two probate Judges and one;
mayor, all women, In the Sunflower,
States. All those who hold elective
office, except the one woman mayor,
were elected by the votes of mon alone. \
Ten years tigo there was not a woman
holding elective office In tho State.
The question of full suffrage Is to bei
submitted to the voters at the next j
election, and It Is asserted that every
indication points jo its adoption.
The Hon. R. L. Borden, the hern of
tho hour In Canada, is a very likely
looking man: hotter looking, in fact,
than Sir Wilfrid Eourler. whom he
licked to a frazzle In the election on
Thursday. His namo Is a good old
North Carolina name, and ho doubtless;
possesses many of the sturdy virtues J
of his kinsmen In the Old North State.
"I never knew a William to be a bad
boy," sayB Tho Colonel- Why, thcro
fore, his refusal to dlno with Old
We Can Suit You in
Kinaud, Paris, Mary Gar
>den Perfume, $2.00 ounce.
'Original package, cut glass
bottle, very dainty, $4.00 the
package. -' v-_
Other well known makes at prices
ranging to appeal to every one.
Mad. 3199. , 519 E. Broad.
Daily Queries and Answers
Tell me about musical pitch. T.
For a long tlmo standards of musi?
cal pitch vailed greatly. Sooklng uni?
formity, tho French Academy P?
posod In 1859 Its "diapason normal,'
according to which the A next obovo
middle C has 436 doublo vibrations per
second, and this waa soon adopted In
Fruncc, Italy and Gormany. It was I
1 not until 1892, however, that Amerl- :
? cun instrument makers accepted tho
i French pitch. The human voice has
; a pitch about onn octavo higher In
females than In males, and Its range
? Is about two octavos, raroly three oc
: taves. The lowest musical sound ever
i produced by the human voice seems
, to have been tho note a below tho
' bass stave, and the highest was II.
. an octave above the treble. Lucrezla
Ajugarl, who sang for Mozart In 1770,
, rouched C of 2,CMS vibrations por sec
; ond. and sang as low as G of 132 vl
' bratlons, the compass of her voice
i being nearly four and a half octaves.
I -
: Phonetic Spelling.
Cun you give mo any Information
! on the subject of phonetic spoiling? I
! If possible 1 would llko to know the
1 origin of It? I* D. |
Phonetic impelling Is of very ancient:
1 origin. History traces the use of tho j
I art with dellnltenuss back to the tlmo ?
' of Cicero, about 70 B. C. The In?
vention I? sometimes credited to Clce
I ro himself, und somctlmca'To his scc
1 rotary, Tulllus Tiro. The philosopher
Seneca Is suld to have added much to
! Its elllclency. Centuries later It was
! used bV the Christian Fathers,
i The first use of phonetic spoiling,
I as we understand It. was Introduced
i by .lohn Willis In 1R02. During thai
following twenty-five years about ten I
_ ?
publications i%ppearod. each with new
character-lsMou, but the only one that
Kalned a lasting reputation was that
of Jenny Rich In 1654. During tho
latter part of tho eighteenth oonturv
some tifty others wore Introduceu.
Ibuuc and Ben Pitman aro to-day rec
cgnlzed as tho foundors of tho pres?
ent extensive system of phonetic writ?
ing. In phonetic writing a great
many words uro Indicated by word
algns, but generally just the conso?
nants nre written and the vowel
sounds indicated by position.
Ten I.nrKi'?t Cltlce.
Will you kindly print a list of tho
first ten cities of the United Slates no
per tho late census?
Would also like to know the popu?
lation and rating of Detroit rind Buf?
falo, If not included In the above.
H. F.
The population of the ten largest
cities In the United States Is as fol?
lows: Now York. 4,766,SS3; Chicago,
2.185.283; Philadelphia, 1.519,008; St.
Douls, 702,247; Boston. 670,585; Cleve?
land, 560.6?3; Baltimore. 5G8,403: P'tts
burg. G33.905; Detroit, 465.76G; Buffalo,
423.715. Detroit and Buffalo aro the
ninth and tenth cities In tho Unlt"d
States In point of population.
Grammatical Question.
PlcaBC Inform me which of theso
scutenccB Is correct: The mall has not
come yet. or the mall has not camo
vet, and why?
The first Is oorrect. "Came" Ib used
alone In the past tense. It la never
ustsfl with any form of the verb "to
the advanced ago of seventy
seven, serves to recall a royal
romance of many years ago, when, ns
a young clergyman, he was tutor of
Queen Victoria's youngest son. Prince
Leopold, Duke of Albany. Ho fell In
love with his twelve-year-old pupil's
most fascinating and gifted sister.
Princess Louise, who. according to
court gossip, was not altogether In?
sensible to the admiration of the hand?
some young curate. The matter reach?
ed the ears of Queen Victoria, who
took the princess to task, without suc?
cess. Duckworth, mindful of the fuct
that be owed obedience to the Queen,
not only as sovereign, but also as head
of the church, surrendered the very
Innocent but rather romantic corre?
spondence that had passed between
himself and the princess, and retired
gracefully from the scene. By rights
he should havo become a bishop. But
his preferment would have caused too1
much talk. So ho was given, first of
all a lucrative rectorship In London, to
which were subsequently added a can
onry and suh-deanshlp of the Abbey of
Westminster, carrying with them a
most picturesque residence, and nil
sorts of prerogatives and emoluments.
The discretion which he manifested
about the whole affair was keenly
appreciated by the reigning house, the
members of which treated him with
the utmost regard. Queen Victoria, anil
King Edward In turn, appointing him
ns their chaplain. Ho never married,
passing through life n very popular
llgure In society, with this halo of
u royal romance resting on his head,
which was us handsome in his old age
as In his youth Princess Louise mar?
ried within a year of Duckworth's re?
tirement from court In 1S70. the then
Marquis of Lome, now Duke of Argyll. ,
As Mrs. Edmund Wlckhum. widow of
the English army colonel of that name,
is again engaging the attention of the
public In connection with her preten?
sions to Imperial rank, ns alleged lineal
descendant and principal heiress of the
sovereign dynasty of Paleologo. which
was occupying the throne of the
Byzantine Empire at the time of the
capture of Constantinople by the
Turks. In 1453, It may bp Just as well
to state that no mention jyll be found
In the Almanach de Gotha, or In any
other standard work of reference, eith?
er foreign or English, of the title of
Princess Paleologo. nssumed by Mrs.
Wlckham, nor yet of her four sons, j
each of whom styles himself a Prince i
She lives In London, In a modest '
house looking on to Hyde Park, and ;
possesses an Imagination that Is the
most Oriental thing about her hcsldes |
her titic. since. If one is to believe i
her, no less than three dramatic at- !
tempts havo been made upon her life. !
She Insinuates that she and her Sony !
constitute a peril to the dynasty now I
ruling over Greece, since the people of i
that country would naturally prefer be- j
Ing reigned over by a scion of the i
Imperial Greek dynasty of Paleologo!
than by an alien house, such as that of !
King George. In fact, she hints that I
the latter would he relieved to hear i
of her death, the inference being that j
he, poor man, may have instigated the |
attempts upon her life, concerning i
which nothing Is known by the Eng- '.
llsh police. She styles herself "Eugenie !
Crlstoforos, Princess Paleologo Nice
phorae Commenae, hereditary Princess j
of Mltylenc, of Enos, of Lemnos, and j
of Chios." and declares that her fath?
er was one of the candidates for tho
Greek throne In 1863,
This Is rather an unfortunate ad?
mission. For those who will take the
trouble to refer tp the circumstances
of the election, will*find that the Greek
people did not choose a foreigner for
thelt; ruler until they had made a most
exhaustive Investigation, and had ab-i
solutely convinced themselves of thei
Impossibility of discovering any au?
thentic descendant of the last Chris?
tian emperors of Constantinople, or
any bona fide representative of the
former reigning dynasty of Paleologo;
that Emperor Constantino. Paleologo
himself was killed at the storming of
Constantinople by the Turks In 1453:
while some members of his' family are
rumored to have escaped, and to havo
found refuge In Western Europe. His?
torians are unanimous, however. In de?
claring that these refugees became ex?
tinct shortly afterwards; and this im?
pression prevailed until some twenty
five, years ago.
If was then that Mrs. Wlckham sud?
denly put forward a claim to the effect
that sho was the lineal descendant and
principal heiress of the Paleologo
dynasty. She accumulated an im?
mense amount of documentary evi?
dence from tho English parish regist?
ers, from the British Museum, from
tho Royal College of Heralds In Lon?
don, and from the National Library at
Paris, tending to show that sho was
dosoer.ded on tho distaff side, from a
certain Theodore Paleologo, who died
in 1636. and lies burled In the old
parish church of Llandulph. In Corn?
wall. This Theodore Paleologo claim?
ed to he the great-great-groat-grand
son of Thomas, an Cllegcd second and
younger brother of Constantlne VTII.,
tho last Creek Emperor of Constanti?
nople. Concerning Thomas's existence,
however, historians are silent.
For a long time Mrs. Wlckham's
pretensions were derided. but sud?
denly, at a moment when the relation:*
between St. Petersburg und Athens
wero exceedingly at rained, she was In?
vited to submit the documentnry evi?
dence which she had gathered together
concern, ng her Uncage to the Holy
Synod at St. Petersburg. One of Its
members, the Metropolitan of Moscow,
eventually wrote her a letter. In
which ho recognized her pretensions
to bo a descendant In the female lino
of the last, but one of the Byzantlno
, Emperors of Constantinople, and styl?
ed her "Imperial Highncas. the Prln-.
I cess of Eugene Paleologo." while her
j eldest eon was described In the *am4
I missive as "the future protector of
? the glorious traditions of the Ortho
] dox Byzantine Empire."
Tho Russian government, however,
I had nothing to do with this cxtraor
! dlnary document, and neither Mra.
1 Wlckham nor her sons are on the vlslt
' Ing list of the Russian embassy in
London: while It Is needless to add
' that neither their princely title nor
! their Byzantine name are recognized
j at the Muscovite embassy In England.
or by any of the European courts.
I In fact. It Is difficult to describe the
j extraordinary action on tho part of
the latu Metropolitan at Moscow In
the mutter of addressing the letter
which ho did to Mrs. Wlckham, to any
t tiling elBe than a wish to make tho
j reigning house of Greece feel uncom
i fortable by ahowlng to King George
and to hin son, the Crownprince, that
! the Pan-Slav Society had a candidate,
j not only for tho throne of Greece,
i but also for that of the Sultan, In the
I event of the Turks being driven out of
j Europe Everybody In Russia l:?
I awaro of the hope entertained at
' Athens that Greece Is destined to In
! hcrlt Constantinople, and that tho
reigning house of Greece should rulo
on the shore? of the Rosphorus. This
would not suit Russia's plans or pro?
jects. In one word, the late Metropoli?
tan of Moscow, who was Imbued with
Pan-Slav Ideas of the most pronounced
type, wished, In recognizing Mrs.
Wlckham as a descendant of the By?
zantine imperial house of Pulcologo, t-J
hold her In reserve, as a card to play
against the Hellenic CrownprSneo
Constantino's pretensions to the Greek
throne of Constantinople.
1 It la hardly necessary to point out
that even If Mrs. Wlckham was ever
ao much an authentic descendant from
the mythical younger brother of tha
last Emperor of Constantinople, the
very fact that her descent Is through
the female line, robs It of any dynas?
tic value. For otherwise there are,
as I have shown In these letters, pro?
vincial butchers and grocers, who,
able to trace their descent through tho
female line to former Kings of Eng?
land, such as Henry VII. and Edward
IV., would be entitled to style them?
selves Princes of Great Britain and
The name of Paleologo. by the by,
la by no means uncommon In Greece,
and among the Levantine families of
Greek origin nt Constantinople and
Alexandria. There was a few years
ago an Alexander Paleologo In the ser?
vice of the Egyptian government, who
owed his note to the beauty of his
wife, while another Maurice Paleologo
Is minister plenipotentiary in tho
diplomatic service of France, after
having acted as one of the delegates of
the Department1 of Foreign Affairs, nt
the Dreyfus court-martial at Rennes.
There Is also a Jean Paleologo, an
artist, formerly of Paris, but now of
New York, who for a number of years
past has been earning his living In un
honest fashion as a portrait painter
and Illustrator, content to be known
merely as an artist. He has never to
my knowledge styled hlmsr-lf prince,
or made use of any such title, al?
though endowed therewith by some
foolish friends, against his wishes.
I am glad to have had an opportun?
ity of writing this, as I have lately
boon In receipt of a number of let?
ters from renders, particularly In NNcw
Jersey and Illinois, nsking me for In?
formation about the Paleologos.
(Copyright, 1911, by the Brentwood
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