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*Jb*io*m Otnc*.SU K- Mai? Btr**i South Richmond..19? Hull Btr*?. Ptteraburs Jiur??u....ic? H. Sycamore Strati Urnehbor? Bureau.SU KUghlb Htr**t BY 1UU On* Bis Thro* On* F08TAUB I'AIO Year. Mo?. Mo?. Mo Dally wllb Sunday.18-00 fx?o ti.lt> .11 Dally wltbout BunBay. 4.0? *.? >-<?'- .*? Sunday ?dttloD only.SM LSI .M -U WetaUr (Weonaiday).LH .M M . By Tfme*-Dlapa:ct* Carrier Delivery Ser rue la Richmond lac 4 euburbo) as* Peter*- | ?ars? Oae Waek Dally with Sunday.U cen? Catty wltbout Subdey.1* oentj k-niuy only. * CMU tCct*r*d January 17, IKS. at Rtcnmona. Va. *?(bnd-claa* matter un*Wr act of Con .? e>* ot Mnrcb t. ItTt. FR'DA V. ? ?CT? IBER JO. 1911. GOOD IIOADM fOR TUB NATION. The next great event In Richmond| win be the Convention of the Notional j Highways Congress. How many pcoploj will be here then, ho man can reckon; but it is known thai there wftl bej fourteen railroad presidents, cotnntls-l hioners from all the States, represents - j fives of business organisations, farm? eis1 organizations, merchants' nssocla-i tions. members of Congress, workers in lion and steel and coal, horny-handed sons of toll and a vast aggregation of plain citizens from all the States who huve influence of a very deslraolo sort ii il..Ii respective States und nelgM' ihoods mid all Intent upon the! accomplishment ??( the greatest good to tin greatest! number by the build-. Ihs ot good roatls which will be for the benefit of the Nation. The principal ilgure in the crowd of speakers and delegates In the great procession will be William Howard Tuft, President of the United States, who is coining here to certify by his presence ami his words of wis? dom that upon the platform of good roads all good citizens, whatever their differences of "principles." or their political name, can untie. Of course. Senator SwailBOn will be here. Ho will be ono of tlie Important men In thej Convention, for has he not undertaken j to obtain from the Congress an appro? priation "f $20,000,000 the year for the improvement of the highways for as many years us such appropriation may be required for the construction of good roads from end to end of our wide domain? Hundreds of millions have been expended for the Improvement of our rivers and harbors, other hundreds of millions have been spent and an' Still being- spent for the reclamation of the dry lunds of the West and hun? dreds of millions more will be spent for the same purposes; but here is an? other and entirely different, though, closely related, t|uestiou which must be considered. It touches every home und fireside In the country, North and South. Hast and West. It is really the most Important movement that1 has ? v.i engaged the Interest of our peo? ple. Ii means the expenditure "I a large amount of money from the public treasury, but it means eventually.: when the gootl roads have been bullt,I an actual saving of something like I S::ni',. tin year to the producers of the country. The time was neve:-; known when so little would save so much. We <lo noi know exactly where und how Mr. Tfift stands on this question; but wo are disposed to think that he will be found on the right side when! he comes to deal with it in an official capacity. The fact that after his long I and itresoinc^trtift in some respects not: wholly aajifsfafttory, journey through i the Had Lands he is coming to itiuh-j mond to align himself with the good1 roads movement, is one of the most encouraging signs "f the times. j\ ! man who runs about as much as he! over all sorts of roads will not be hard! to convince of the absolute necessity j of bitter highways for the good of the; people. His experience on his recent run to Manassas ought to hnve been enou?h to convince him that "Jordan ir. n h-jrd road to travel" )n the Common? wealth of Virginia, and it is a good deal worse in some of tlie other States. One of the ol/iects of tlie meeting at Richmond, as set forth in tin smell bills, is "to correlate and harmonize| thp efforts of all existing organiza? tions; working for road Improvement.'*'; and the President will understand how this 13 and how difficult it Is to ac-1 complish. The other special aims 6f| the Convention it. Richmond are; "To arouse anil stimulate sentiment 1 for road Improvement "TU slrjvo for wise, equitable : u<l I uniform legislation in ? very State. "To M id in bring in?, about efficient road administration In the Ml at es und ihrir subdivisions. Involving in.- intro? duction of skilled supervision and the elimination of politics from the man? agement Of the public road-. "To seek continuous und systematic maintenance of all roads, the classi? fication of all roads according to traffic requirements, payment of rund taxes in cash, and adoption of th principle of State aid and State supervision "To. advocate the correlation of all load construction so that the Import? ant roads of each county shall connect with those of the adjoining counties and the important roads of each State Hhall connect with those of adjoining Slates " These are questions which demand the moot thorough consideration The present movement Is not a local mat? ter; it concerns the whole country, it Jtaches every neighborhood In the country; it totichee ftvery man In busi? ness: It should have the earnest co? operation of every one who has nny re? gard for his nelghhor The Associa? tion that has taken the lead in thla sreat National work 1b the American Association for Highway improvement. r long nnme but no longer than It might to be. The President of the As? sociation is Logan Wullor Page, Direc? tor of the United Stutos Oltlco of Pub? lic Roads, and with him. In the direc? tion of (ho 'work of tho Association, are W. C. Ttrown. President of the Now York Central Lines, as Vice-President; Loo McClung. Trensurcr of the Unite.1 States, sb Treasurer, and .1. ES. Penny packer, Jr.. as Secretary. Among tho Dt vectors of the Association are such men; as W, W. Flnley, President of the' Southern Hallway; Louis W. Hill, Presi? dent of the Oreat Northern Railroad, a' chip oft' tho old block; J. Hampton Moore. President of the Atlantic Deep-' or Waterways Association, and u string' of other notable men of affairs, and ! with the Association ure twenty-nine, '?affiliated organizations," representing j every part of the country and every) interest in it. from the Mothers' Con? gress to the Touring Club of America.! President Page is a Virginian of Virginians. He was graduated from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, and from Harvard University, Is a mem? ber of the American Society of. Civil Engineers, and since 1905 ha- been di? rector of the United States Office or Public Bonds at Washington. With him in bis present work is that fine youngish Presbyterian, Charles P. Light, of West Virginia, who knows what' ought to be done ami how it should be done, and who is straining himself to make this meeting in ltlch mond the greatest and most earnest gathering of good roads people that lias ever been held In the United States. It is a magnificent opportunity, and it is hoped nnd expecbed that here a blaze will bo kindled that will sweep round the whole country. Thero Is no movement that directly concerns so many people, that affects so many In? dustries, that promises so great re-j svtlts. Other States are far ahead of Virginia In the building of good high? ways. Take the county of Mecklen? burg, North Carolina, for example, and in that county alone there are more than 12M miles of macadam roads. Take the county of Darlington, South Caro? lina, nnd in that county there are f.00 miles of sand-clay roads, and In these two counties there have been enormous strides In material prosperity, us there will bo In all other counties that would show the same spirit of enterprise, and in the whole country If the Congress will do its duty, nnd the President will do his. TUB CAPE t on CANAL. One of the most thoughtful and In? structive addresses to the Deeper, Waterways Convention was that of Commodore .). W. Miller, a .lerscy man by birth and a Cape Cod man by j reason of the important service In which he is now engaged?the building of the Cape Cod Canal, which runs'; through a short stretch of "the land of the sacred Cod, In which the Lodges walk with Ood." Commodore Miller wits graduated from the United States Naval Acndemy In 1S67. served In the United States Navy from 18611 to 1SR4, I Wjas engaged In the enrlicr Isthmian ' surveys, WAS connected with the coast? wise steamship service for twenty years, an<] he talked yesterday to the Convention in an informing way ailiout "the necessity for an increasing edu- ; cation towards n close, sympathetic nnd .joint relationship between Govern-' mental, State and corporate interests looking towards the development of our waterways along our Atluntte co.ist." The Cape Cod Canal if n'd, in fact, a canal at nil. but a channel built through a sandy isthmus for a dls-1 tnncc of eight miles. It has no locks,! little current and a depth of thirty feet ] at high' water, it ls <loej>or nnd broader ; than the Manchester, Kiel and the original Suez ennuis, and from deep, water In Buzzard's Hay to the end of the breakwater at its eastern end it ls thirteen miles long. It Is the . tlrst deep sea channel built by private ruplt.-il, and Is being built because the men who (ire putting their money In it know that it will pay. To-day 23, OOP.ono tons of freight, of which ll, 000 000 tons are coal, in the safe cur ring.- of which Virginia ie directly Interested, are subjected to the dangers of navigation off Cupo Cod, [ an<| It Is for tho protection of; this Immense business that the canal Is being constructed. This renal Is to be' one of tho stretches In the lntra-' coastal waterway from New England to ib.- oul'f of Mexico, and, as Com? modore Miller said; "Time alone' will show how und unrt'M- what conditions tho numerous stretches of bay, pound and river shall ibe connected, and what proportion of their improvement nhail be divided between corporation. Stuto and the Government. This Is a ques? tion which our Association will have to meet before the day arrives \\\hen the loa? of life off Untleras and Cape Cod can be reduced to n minimum, and craft safely ?all through Inland waters." It whs Oeorgo Washington, the Vir? ginian Slid tne first of Americans, who was the father of canals In this coun? try, and it was he who tlrst conceived the project of building a conul through the Cape Cod isthmus "for small ves from BarnHtable. to Buzzard's Hay; tee'.lng sure that he could outsail the ships of the enemy If a means were found through Inland writers to New York"; and It was Washington who Insisted on the military necessity of Inland routes. We may lemve for I future settlement the question of Oov j ernment. State and corporate control I Of the Cape Co<j Canal and other like v--.terwiays; but th?rc was one thing in I Commodore Miller's paper which should be of the deepest Interest to those who I are promoting the deeper waterways movement and to the people of the country *.t large. I The Cape Cod Canal has been half way completed. It runs through it nar? row wooded valley, where streams of the liest water I abound: whom the climate Is mild, and where tho rnllroud facilities arc good, ?nd already one thousand neves of land ulon^ Its hunks have been purchased for tho estab? lishment of factories. That Is signifi? cant of what would take place along the Whole line of the waiterwny When It Is opened from Cape t'od to the koys of Florida. Manufacturers would sock the canal for the benollts of the lower freight rate.? assured ihy lt"? con? struction, and villages and cities would bo built up In nine along its course to the great advantage of tho people and the enrichment of the Notion. The more this great project Is stirred the brighter It shines. The wonder Is that it has hoen so long delayed. It would ho criminal to neglect it any longer. oveh paid officials. In the opinion of the Newport News Press, tlie Stnte of Virginia can :<avo $100,000 the year by abolishing the fee system. The Hoanoko Times, com? menting upon the statement of the Press, says that |t has never seen any "conclusive facts and figures." As a mutter of f.?.-t nobody will ever get at the facts and figures until the fee system Is abolished. Nctcdy knows what the county and city offi? cials get but they themselves, nr.d they are too canny to tell. The Stale eaya i" the official: '.'Collect all you can: wive me a little bit. and keep the' change." Nobody ever knows what tho change is. The Times, thinks that the laborer Is worthy of his hire. The Press thinks not, and we agree with the Press. Two of tho local officials In Newport News get higher salaries than the Gover? nor. "Docs our Roanoke contemporary arguo that the duties of treasurer of a city of 21.600 people nre any more arduous or that the position carries any more responsibility than that of the Governor or a Stato of almost R.000,000 people?" Inquires the Press. The treasurer of Newport News gets about $7,000 annually. Tho city ser? geant gets almost as much. In Nor? folk. Richmond and other Virginia cities there are officials who get sev? eral thousand dollars more than these Newport News officials. Wo nre against the fee system for many reasons, one of which Is tnat the fee system causes a great and wholly unnecessary waste of public money. The money now spent by county officers itn feathering their nests ought to be expended for the benefit of the people. Why should we pay an official $10,000 for ordinary clerical work which Is done by a sub? ordinate? Why should we pay him so much when his work is not worth half the sum named? Why should we pay county rgulltictans twice as much as j,he chief executive of the Common? wealth? Wc give a college president, a man of brains and business ability, $2,600, but we give a county officer or city officer $10,000. Why? THIBI.'TK TO TDK BISHOP. In the Wednesday issue of the Bir? mingham Age-Herald uppears a tribute1 to the lata Bishop Van do Vyver, In which a Virginian living in the Ala-' bama city says: "I was living in Richmond when hci came there lrom Harper's Kerry, aa| vlcar-gcneral to uishup John J. Keane, now, Archbishop of Dubuquo. When .Bishop Keane was transferred to Washington as the rector of the Cath-I ?die University, the vlcur-genoral wasj chosen and consecrated as his succcs sbr. He wus then In the prime of life, I and was equipped In every way for the episcopal Office, but he begged the nated him, to the Pope to allow hlini to remain In the position he then held, j The bishopric was forced on him, but he went to work with groat energy and turned out after twenty-two years one of the ablest and most successful bishops In the history of th American hierarchy. "Being a cultured Belgian, he had thai charming bonhomie characteris? tic ot his people, lie became extremely popular with non-Catholics; so popular that when he sent his resignation to Home a few years, ago a mass-meeting of non-Catholics was held for the pur? pose of protesting against his-retire? ment, prominent Baptists and others, Protestants and prominent Jews, united In expressing their appreciation of Bishop Van de Vyver us a clergyman and a citizen. The Bishop was deeply touched, and resolutions adopted by the non-Cal'hollcs had such a ring of sincerity that he recalled his resigna? tion. "His rtoalh will certainly be deeply mourned in Virginia. Although Bishop Van do Vyver cared not for prefer? ment, h" presided over the diocese of his church longer than any other bishop in my recollection. Cardinal Gibbons was bishop jnsl four years, and Iiis successor. Bishop Keunc, only a few years." ' Thousands of p*npin scattered nil over the nation feel deep regret at the loss of 'his great and good man of God, "It begins to Innlt as though Amer? ican women really desire the ballot," says Brother William rc. Cameron in the Norfolk-Vlrglnlan-Pllot, which he brightens every day with his wit and wisdom, "and that being so It Is a question of a very short lime when they will he endowed with thai at? tribute Of citizenship by every State Of the Union." "I/Ooks as though." la a very tudginutlcnl wny of pulling It; It would have been perfectly safe If cur contemporary had siid that it is at c< rtaln as taxation and death, and what il ought to do Is to gol in while it la yet da>'i It argues wisely RI)f| well tImt there are difficulties to rnr mount; that there are bad women as well tin bad men; thut there are more1 negro women than white women in; South Carolina and Mississippi; that' "In Virginia tho negro women are far; more literate than the men, und the educational cor.ditlonp of registration., which nVo the only present bar to universal suffrage, would constitute no, efficient bar to their whnleaale em "scr.Ms i.ikk: 1 rrunohp-ement." an<i that thcso^Hro ?Olm? of tho questions that tho 'Wo? man's iii.. at Richmond will have '. to consider, wo have disfranchised, tlie negro melt for years without tho least compunctions of conscience; why should wib choke now on doing tho same thlhg with the . negro- womenT Besides, the Amendments to the Con? stitution did' Tint contemplate tho ex? tension of t'hja right of ?surtrage to the ' negro women. Many objections will be made by very good people to the enfranchise? ment of the women; but the women who are working for this right preser? vative of all rights may ")e depended upon to lix the suffrage qualifications so that the State will not suffer, and that Is all anybody could lislC. DKSKCHATlNfi THIS SABBATH. Crcutore'u Band was arrested In j Ashevlllo, North Carolina, lust Sunday for playing certain musical selections Which were regarded as a desecration ! of tho Sabbath day.' One of our Tar- ' hell contemporaries?we believe the Charlotte Chronicle, or. perhaps, it was | the Greensboro Record, we have lost , the name?observes: j "It would require an expert to dls I tlngtilsh between much of the music j played in churches and that played by ! such an orchestra as Creature's, except tliul the latter is innre akin to the finished product. We do not believe I In Sabbath desecration, but we are of ! the opinion that Mr. Creatore would i have ;.. play U long line before he would start his hearers to perdition. if good music is anything, it Is up-' lifting. There Is something Jn that view, to he sure. Many Is the time we have heard the organist work In a bit of opera music which would have been regarded as out of place In church. There is nothing that really sounds more de? votional on a church orgUn than Strauss's "Sounds From Home," which we have heard played with flno effect among the verji saints of tho Lord. Maseagnl's Intermezzo from "Cavallerl Rustlcana" has soothed many a trou? bled soul while the collection was, being lifted, and only lust Sunday Gou? nod's "Sleep, Smile. Slumber," was ren? dered with most delightful effect. Why is it that the best music should not be played on Sunday as well as the worst'.' Why lii it that "t'he world," as |t is called, should have the llnest houses, the most comfortable seats, tli" loftiest music, while the poorest of all these things Is given to the Almighty? We do not say that It Is wrong; we dare not do that; hut Isn't It strange? How ' does It happen that we are better than the ancients? "Praise Him with the sound of the trumpet; praise Him with the psaltery and harp. Praise Him with the tim? brel and dat'ee; praise Him with stringed instruments and organs," etc., etc. Such was the exhortation of David; but David did not live In these larger I and belter times, alas! SCIENCE) AXD RAGTIME. Dr. Brunner, late Instructor in the Imperial Academy of Medical Research, Berlin, thus describes the effect of ragtime music: "Your ragtime air jars the nerve centers and causes an irritation of the bmln cells. While the roll and thump of ragtime Is exhilarating to tho ; senses and acts as a stimulant It has the after effects of an injurious drug that will eventually stagnate the brain cells and wreck "the nervous system. j The doctor also remarks that It ls. the little minds that are crazy with ragtime. This scientific observation] can rne considered a test to show the' size of one's mind. Moreover, he says thai If something Isn't done the classics will vanish and wc shall be singing our national .ilrs In ragtime. Why do the general run of people like ragtime'.' Why do they demand it? Simply because it is the only kind of music that they come into contact wilth. They hear classical music In the form of sacred music, but rarely elsewhere. They frequent the theatres where ragtime Is rarely Interrupted by something of a higher sort. They never hive an opportunity to know classical music, real music, until they arc too habituated to ragtime to alter their tastes;. Even tho young girl musical student, preferring the better kind, plays ragtime When the boys come around. She knows that they woul<i I"- bored by Beethoven. When classical music is really popu? larized, and when the people arc made to rrali/.o that good music is not ?ne of the exclusive luxuries of the rich, thrill the, reign of ragtime will be over.] DAIIMIV OX WILSON. There i. now a full-fledged Wood-| tow Wilson Club at the University of I Virginia, one of tho four nlma maters I of tho Scholar of Princeton. Thcro Is to bo mi "awakening of the stu- 1 dents of ti. University to the noed of their till ! in bringing about tho nomination : Woodrow Wilson." Like movements arc on foot all over the country, hut this ls said lo be the Mrst collegiate Wilson club. An Un de-wood club Is sure to follow, a3 the House leader Is also an alumnus of the University of Virginia, and has publicly acknowledged his debt to that Institution, declaring that .It was there that he was grounded In the Jeffcrsonlan faith. >r Dabney, who, ns a student, was h close friend of Wilson, gave an In? formal tulk at the organization of the Wilson club. Ho suldi "Upon hin entranco to the Univer? sity ho took rank Immediately among | his fellow-students for his broad mlndcdncss and generul scholastic at? tainments. Very soon after his ad? vent he gained the reputation of being the bent orator at tho University. In his oration before the Jcftersonlan Literary Society In 1880. he showed him? self to be tho same, student of public nffalrs that ho Is conceded to be to? day, and led his fellow-students to recognize in him the same qualities tuat the American people see In him to-day. "in his speech, which was on John Bright, Wilson expressed his views of honest politics us a lifelong endeavor to lend first the attention and then tho will oX the people, and not to gain votes by crooked means." .* Dr. Dubncy then discussed Wilson as a Democrat, and there Is no man bet? ter fitted to tell a Democrat from s methlng else than this close stu? dent of the lire and thought of tho (irand Old Man or Montlcbllu. Dr. Dabuoy said: "This Idea, which expressed his sen? timent as a student, reveals the inan ?s a public servant. Thcro Is no man of greater character or less apt to plu) to the gallery or succumb lo uuv Icmptattoii Some have claimed that his advocacy of the Initiative, refer? endum and recall is radical, bill we can at least bo sure that this is Wil? son's idea of Hie right and not a grandstand play. Wilson cannot be called a radical dCinug?gUCi \v!lO hopes to smash things up. hut a Democrat in the liest s.-nse or the word. Clark Is a Bryanlsl, Harmon Is a conserva? tive, but Wilson Is a Democrat." And Dr. Dabney knows his Wilson. KA lilt A It ON KATNHS8. Coruldino Knrrar Is both a singer and a thinker?a woman of Ideas as well as of words, as .-io nfany women are not. Spcuklng of people reducing, their flesh,-she taken little stock In exercise or diet. Here Is her Idea: "The way to lose llesh Is to take an actlva, menial interest in everything thai goes on about you. The way lot any woman to grow, thin is to keep her mind away from growing fal. She should never think of herself us smut; never say to herself, '1 am too largi> to do this or to wear that.' A woman should always think of herself as a person young and buoyant, men? tally alert." Just . plain thinking?that is the Farrar recipe?and It is a good one. In order to keep thin, let the fat person read thoughtfully William James' book on pragmatism, or the commen? taries of William Blackstone, Instead of Chambers' latest best seller or other transparent stuff. Let the stout woman review, her geometry, delve Into meta? physics and dote on Dnrwln If she would become sylph-llke. The New York Sun says that at tho meeting- of the LaFollette people in Chlcu'go tho other day. Mr. LaFollette was. ?poken of as u "symbol." That Is a good name for htm; but the Sun spells It -wrong. It shouid be "Cymbal," which Is an entirely different thing. If the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals would look around u little they w,ould find a good many oases requiring Its attention. Ycstor day a white mule hitched to a coal cart was In agony every step he took down the steep slopes of Main Slreet, (be? cause the cart which he wu? drawing had no brakes on It. This ls n species of cruelty which should not be per-! mltted. The sort of Immigrants needed In Richmond and Virginia Is the sort 61 men and w,omen of which the Deeper Waterway's Convention la composed. They would be worth millions to this State, and here they would have op? portunities for development Into the best order of true American citizenship some of them do not enjoy at home. How docs It happen that dear old Charleston was not represented at the Deeper Waterways Convention'.' It Iihs as much to gain by the Intracoastal project as any other port on the At? lantic af-aboard. Every county In ' Virginia should have a large delegation at the tiood Roads Congress here next month. Voice of the People \\ outN Another Volume. To the Editor of The Tlmes-Dlsputch; Sir.? Please spare me u few Inches of space tu p?i in B word anent the re? cent diSCUSSlon of "The Long RolL" I belong to the generation tiiut is made up of the grandsons and grand? daughters of those who fought In tho War between the States; and on behalf of my own generation, at least, l wl.-di publicly to thank Miss Johnston for what 1 believe to be ihe truest, most comprehensive und certainly the most Inspiring picture of the llrst two years ot the war. 1 speak not only for my? self, but for numbers Of my friends, some of whom aro earnest students of history, wln-n I say thut no history,, biography or novel of war times has succeeded in etching so deep Into our hearts the inwardness of dully life as tho Southern soldier knew it. and the awful privations under which hol fought. Whether, indeed, the portrait of Stonewall Jackson bo ? true one I am wholly inopmpetent to Judge, but this I do know, that careful readings have fulled to show one Incident thut de? tracts in my mind from the glory that hangs about his Damp. The reviewer for Everybody's says of "The Long Roll" that neither .luckson nor Richard Cleve is Its central point, but rather; "the soul of a nation made incaiides- ' ecu I by war." As for objections raised against pro faulty In th?' book, COhllnOn sense tells us that the difficulties conquered ami hardships endured were met by a sprinkling of oaths. It is to the glory of tlto South thut ihe tinny wns com? posed not only of "the (lower of South- ; orn chivalry." but of all men able to beur arms. It is -atural that Dr. Mason I und Dr. Smith, who were the chief critics on this point among the mem? bers of Lee Camp, should not have heard much of the iHnguage that wo may presume lubricated difficult sltuu tlons. The cloth of u clergyman Is sufficient protection from such rough edges. The Confederate soldiers were none tho less heroes because they were very human; and Stonewall Jackson kits been rendered much more compre? hensible in the humanizing portrait Miss Johnston has drawn than If ho continued to bo raised on a pcdcstul and worshiped us a -deml-god. I awnlt with eagerness the publica? tion of the second volume of "Tho Ixmg Roll." LOREN A BOYD MASON. LET YOtn CHOICE RK AN ALERT HEATER Tbey require least fuel and give most beat. Ryan, Smith & Co' MASONIC TEMPLE. Daily Queries and Answers j Ohio Newspaper*. What ara the leading mot'nlng ha? pere of Toledo und Cleveland. Ohio? It. D. tt. I Cleveland Plain - Dealer. Cleveland j News, Toledo Blade, Toledo Times. Author ?r "Billy Baxter's Letters." 1. Is William J; KounUi Jr., author of "Billy liustei's Letters," dcud, and, If no, when did he die? 2. Is the players' portion or tho gate receipts In the Championship series now lining played divide I equally between j the two teams, or does the winning 1 team get u larger per centum? READER. ; I. Wo are unable to say .u present, but are investigating this matter, shall reply ns soon um possible. 2. The winning team gels a larger per centtim. Majority. , what Is the difference between ma? jority mid pluralit) 1 M. u. Majority Is the, amount or number by wJileh one aggregate exceeds all other aggregates, With Which It is con? trasted ; especially the number ?hieb the votes for a successful can? didate exceeds those for all other can? didates, plurality In elections Is the excess of the vote-; given for one can? didate over those given for another candidate. When there are more than two candidates, the one who receives the plurality or votes may have less than a majority. Cement. What is the difference between "Portland" und "Roscndalo"' cement? Why so named? W. I?. Portland cement is made by calcin? ing at nearly w.hlte heat un artificial mixture of carbonote "f lime and clsy in certain proportions, and grinding to powder th?j clinker so formed. "Portland" cement was originally so called from its resemblance, when set In artificial stone, to' the Portland stone taken from the celebrated quui - rles of that name on an Island "h* Hie coast of Dorset, In England. "Roecii dale" In applied to cements that are made from single natural rocks with? out admixture. The name Is from Rosondale. the place where natural cement waa first made. Turkey** Religion. What is tho religion of Turkey? Is It older than ours? C. II. Turkey ranks as the chief country, of Isiamlsm or Mohammedanism, al? though the British empire has a1 greater number of Mohammedans. The latest estimate places the world's fol-1 lowers of Christianity at 477,050.168, and those of Mohammedanism at 17r,,-! hMt.,172. Mohammed (670-632), the founder of Islumlsm, was horn in ' Mecca, Arabia, from whence he Was | forced to flcrt to Medina In 6?2. From this lllKlit. or iw.nl-,. the- Mohammedan era la reckoned. The Koran, or tticreil book of Islam, la mild to havo boon communlctitet" In purl to the prophet by the angel Qabrlol, with tho sound Of bells, but there Ik no doubt that It hi drawn from Jewish and Christian sources. The 1114 suras or chapters purport to be 'the addresses delivered by Mohammed at Mccoi. and Medina, j They proclaim Mohammed to he tho apOStle of Clod, deny the d'vlnlty but acknowledge the miracles of Christ sanction polygamy, but prohibit thieving, usury, fraud, false wit? ness, strong drink and gambling. This follower of islam Is charged with theso live duties: To bear witness that there is but one Odd, to rei-lte dally prayers, t" give tint appointed end legvil alms, in observe the Ramadan (a month's fust) und to make a pilgrimage to Mecca at less! once In a lifetime. And over} year more thin loo.ooo of tho faillu.il flock to Mecca to kls, the black stone of the Kaaba. Infantile PsrolyMs. I- Infantile paralysis still spread? ing, and what Is 1; like? II is ftuppb ed to havc been brought to America by Immigrants front Nortb ? in Europe, i inly ::'>" cases were known in the ti years ending 1904. but In tin- live years ending moo not Ichs (ban s on.i nses were reported, nearly two-thirds' of them In the United States, whore hourly every Ptnte was re cited. Through Isolation and other precautions, the disease seerrs to be diminishing. Massachusetts had 923 cases In IS"!1. 654 In 1910. but only ill in lite first eight months of 1911. The ?;i ,-ase i: :- been traced to a very minute organism?m> minute as to pars through earthenware?that Is taken Into the .blood through the mucous membrane of the noeo. Its effects are very often serious. It attacks children and Infants, and while the death rate Is low. It la veVy llablo to result In BOine permanent deformity. It begins with fever, vomiting and d'arrhca, parnlyels of some groups of muscles? as of an arm or * leg?following In a few hours There may he partial re? covery from the paralysis, hut the muscles affected begin to atrophy, and deformity Is very probable. An epi? zootic parnlysis In pigs and other ani? mals miy be the same disease and tend to sprrad It. N'ame. My r.imc is John Smith. If a strang? er should accost me and ask me my name ahould I answer, "Smith" or "Mr. Smith?" Tho former. "Mr." Is not part of your name. CLAN OF MACDONALD REACHES AGREEMENT by la MAnQUIKB du foxtf.soy.? r-j?i HE announcement m?de tn these I leuers tin- other day of the foci I that the three chieftains <>r the great Clan of Mar-uonald had at length rome to an agreement to de? termine questions of precedence when? ever they met, by the spinning of u coin, thus bringing to a closu a bitter feud that had been In progress for morn ttinn .">"" years, and that had been the cause of tnudh bloodshed! i rime, adven? ture, and romance, Lnn brought mo so many requests irom readers for more information about the MacdonaldS that the following brlel notes may be ut Interest. The founder of the family was the celebrated Somerled, tirst I^>rd of the isjes, who although married to the daughter of a Norwegian King, con? tributed more than any one else to free Scotland from the rule of the Nor? wegians, and of the Danes He was u shrewd man, and being once on a small island, with only u hundred Of his fol? lowers, and finding himself besieged there by the entire Norwegian fleet, he ?dopted a singular stratagem to frigh? ten them from landing. His Highland? ers being clad In goatskins, he or? dered them to march round the Island, with their ? olors llylng and their bag? pipes playing. This attracted attention, find the moment the troops were out of sight, the men were ordered by him to turn their coats Inside out, nnd with this altered exterior, anil with different ,tm. ?- being played on the pipes, they marched past the Norwegian Meet again. Having repented u similar metunior phosls several limes, the invaders be? came itlnriiied at the number of regi? ments apparently mustered to oppose them, and set sail, without beat of drum. At Humerled's death, his dominions were divided between Ins two sons, and from them came, the Lords of the Isles and the Lords of Lome. The Lord ot the IsleR of the time of Hoben Bruce was styled Lord of Innisgael, that is to say, Lord Of the Islunds of Gael, or of the Hebrides. Sir Walter Scott calls him "Ronald," for the poetical reason that this name is prettier. The grandson of Angus Or was named Donald, and his descendants were rail? ed Macdonald. The lairds of the Isles were independent until the lime of Alex? ander, who was defeated at the battle of Lochaber, In H20, and reduced 10 submission, by .lames f. of Scotland, The last of these Macdonald Lords of the Isles was John, who was likewise Karl of Ross. lie.was deprived of Ills honors ror rebellion against .lames II. of Scotland. Some of them were re? stored to Iiim on his reconciliation to the crown, but not the title of Lord of the Isles, which was retained by the King, and which bus nlnce the union of llu English and Scotch crowns been one of the most highly prized titles of the Prince, ol Wales. sir Donald Macdonald, who wan chief? tain ?f the clan In the days of Charles I., received a baronetcy, which Is see ond In point of seniority In the King? dom of Scotland Since last your, this baronetcy, created In 1021!, has been in tho possession of sir Alexander itoHvl'.le Macdonald, by virtue of u decree of Ihe Court of Session of Scot? land, dated Juno I. HilO, Issued after It luul been surrendered, as wrongfully iiejd, by iiis kinsman. Lord Macdonald, The baronetcy and the chieftullicy?for they go together?are known ns those or Macdonald of sioat. Bleut being in the Island of Skyo, county of Inver? ness. Both Sir Alexander Macdonald nnd his kinsman, Lord Mardonuld. nave royal blood In their veins. For they ore both great-grandsons of the third Lord Macdonald nnd of Lnulsu ISdSlr, who was a natural daughter of George 111.'s brother, the royal Duke of Gloucester, by the duchess's lady In waiting. Lady Aimerla Carpenter, daughter of the last Karl of Tyroon nell. Loulsu was brought up at Holy- j rood Pnlaco, and It was from thencol that she run off with the third Lord Macdonald to flretna Green. Owing to her having been n minor at tho time, there was a question in Lord Macdon- ! nl/l's mind as to whether the Orotna j Green ceremony hnd 'been valid. So; some years Inter, after the birth of his eldest son, he went through an? other ceremony of 'marriage with her. according to tho rites of the Church of England. When he died, his eldest son, born prior to this second marri? age ceremony of-^hts parents, was so convinced tn his own mind that ho was illegitimate, that he allowed both the peerage and estates to go to hlB young? er brother, Godfrey, and helng adopted by a very wealthy uncle of tho third Lord Macdonald, Alexander Bosvllle hy name, Inherited his large fortune and extensive ostates, as well as his name of BosvUle, and his armorial beur Ings. Two years ago, tho present owner of the Boavillc estates In Yorkshire, up to that time known as Alexander Bosvllle, became Imbued with a de? sire to establish his rights to the chief? taincy of the Macdonalds of Sleat. and also hlh rights to the baronetcy of SI eat, Legal proceedings ensued in tho Scottish courts, and they were even? tually terminated last year by a com? promise, sanctioned by the court, which held that Alexander lto.iv!He had sub? mitted Sufficient evidence to establish his rights to the baronetcy of Macdonald of Steal, and to the ch'eftalncy of tho Bleat Macdonalds, but not to the Irish barony of Macdonald, that la to say, the court held that the Oretna Green marriage of the third Lord MacDonuld and Louisa Edslr. and her subsequent life with him In Scotland, prior to the Anglican ceremony, legitimized their first-born, ft jm a Scottish point of view, and sufficiently to inherit his Scottish honors, though not enough to legitimist him In English law, or to qualify him as heir to an English or Irish peerage. So much for the Mac? donalds of Sleat. With regard to the Macdonalds of Clunranald. they are descended from a son of John, Lord of the Isles, by his union with Amy t)e Insults, this son bearing the name of Ranald, whence Clunranald. There has always been a doubt as to the legitimacy of this founder of tho Clanranald branch of the Macdonalds; und whereas the right of Its. chief to the chieftaincy of the entire Olnn of the Macdonalds has ul ways been contested by the Mucdon alds of Sleat, there aro many people In Scotland who have for hundreds oT years favored the pretensions of Clan? ranald. Tho present chief is Colonel Angus Macdonald, son of the late Ad? miral Sir Reginald Macdonald, and who, though retaining none of the lands or nis ancestors, haa still a number ot relics of those Stuart princes to whose cau.se his ancestors devoted themselves with so much chivalry. Among thete relics Is the claymore of the Young rntender, which he wore when he held court at Edinburgh, and which foil Into the hnnds of tho Duke of Cumberland, along with the rest of the Voting I'rotender's baggage, at the bat? tle of Ctilloden. For near eighty years It hung as a trophy on the walls of the armory In the Tower of London. But when George IV. visited Scotland, and held royal court at Molyrood, a cou? ple of years or so "after h's accession to tho throne, he sent for the claymore from tho tower armory, and presented It to the Clanranald of the day. con? gratulating him on tho loyalty and honor of his house, and expressing the hope that hearts that had beaten- so noblv for Prince Charlie jivould from thenceforth show equal fealty to the house of Hanover. If George IV. gave the claymore to Clanranald, it was because the latter already had in his possession the ac? tual service sword which tho Young Pretender hud constantly worn and used from Falklrk until Culloden, and which ho had presented to tho Clan ranald of his day, when he put on the disguise Of a woman's dress to escape from the Hebr'des with Flora Mac? donald. Few people aro awaro that after suedssfu 11y conducting the flight of the Young Pretender! without any breath of scandal ever attaching it? self to her name, Flora Macdonald mar? ried a son of Macdonald of Klngs burgh, a member of the Clan of Clan? ranald, and emigrated with her husband to North Carolina, where they made their home for a number of years, with their tivo sons and daughter. Her husband and her boys took part In the American War of Independence, on the British side; and after tho conflict they returned to Scotland, where "Flora died. In March. 1790. at. Pclnduln. She lies burled In Kllinull Church, wrapped In a plaid that had belonged to her prince, her grave marked b? an Iona cross of Aberdeen granite. Flora was not the actual offspring of the Clan? ranald of hor day, but his adopted daughtor. her father being a cousin of the chieftain. With regard to tho Glengarry Mac? donalds. Its chieftain spells his name Macdonnell. He is tho twenty-first chieftain of the lino, hears tho Chris? tinn names of Aeneas Ranald, and Is British vice-consul ut Baku, In Rus? sia. (Copyright, 1911, by the Brentwood Company.) We Want Your Account National State & City Bank RICHMONB. VA. Wm. H. Palmer, President; John S. Rllett, Vice-President; Wm, M, Hill, Vlce-Preal dent; J. W. Slnton, Vice-president: Julies II. Hill, Cashier.