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?nm timeh founpto un ?1_WHOLE NUMBER 18,789. RICHMOND, VA., TUESDAY, OOTOBEf, 31, 1911. THE WEATHER TO-DAY?F?ir PRICE TWO CENTS. Chinese Emperor Sorry for Past Neglect of His People. BLAMES HIMSELF FOR ALL WROMGS imperial Edict Issued, Granting , Immediate Constitution and , Cabinet in Which Nobles j Shall Have No Share?Par I don Extended to All Po? litical Offenders. Poking, October 30.?The demand of : tho National Assembly for a complete constitutional government has been ac- j ceded to by the throne. An Imperial edict was issued to-day. upologlztng for the past neglect of the throne und granting ^ji Immediate constitution, ?with a Canlnol. from which nobles Khali be excluded. A second edict grants pardon to political offenders connected with the revolution of lsas and subsequent revolutions and to those compelled to join In tho present rebellion. The Imperial edict, which Is from the hand of the Emperor, Hsuah-Tung, gays: "I have reigned three years, andj liuve always acted conscientiously In, the Interests of tho people, but I have not employed men properly, as I was ?without political skill. 1 have em-! ployed too many nobles in political , position;, which contravenes constitu-i tlonallsm. "ftn railway matters one whom I (trusted deceived me- Hence public opinion was antagonized. When I urge reform, officials und the gentry seize the opportunity to embezzle. Much of the people's money has been larfen, but nothing to benefit the people has been achieved. I,nv?a Nol Obeyed. "On several occasions edicts have promulgated laws, but none of them lias born obeyed. The people iito grumbling, yet I do not know. Dis? asters loom abend, but 1 do not see." ! After refcrrlnK to uprising In vari? ous places, the edict continues: "The whole emptr.- I> -e.thir.K. T'k Spirits of our nine deceased Kmpefors are unnble to join the sacrifices piop-, crlv. whll? It is feared that tho people Will suffer grievously. "All these things arc my own fault,; ftnd I hereby announce to the world i that 1 swear to reform, and, with our) ibliltra and people, to carry the con-! stlfWlon faithfully, modifying legis latl?n, promoting the interests of the, people and abolishing their hardship)!. | all In accordance with their wishes anil Interests The old laws that are unsuitable will e abolished. The union of the Manchus and Chinese, mention? ed bv the late Emperor. 1 shall carry , out now. Finances and diplomacy have reached bedrock. "Even If all unite. I still fear that ; ?c may fall. If the empire's subjects do not regard and do not honor fate, and are easily misled by outjaws, then! tho future Of China is unthinkable. 1 ' am most anxious day and night. My bhly hope Is that my subject}, Will thoroughly understand." The throne promises to organize n ? Cabinet without nobles forthwith. Tho | Manchu Prince Shlh Hsu, president of j the Assembly, Is permitted to resign, tho Chinese Dlchia <'bu succeeding. TThc Manchu Kuel-Chun, Minister of Constabulary, has been removed, and the Chinese Chac Ping Chun supersedes , Mm. Tho lines around Peking are tight- ; enlng. While there is no great panic; among the higher classes and the for? eigners, there has been a perceptible tensloning everywhere. The legation quarter is preparing for emergencies, and In some cas*s temporary fortifies-I tions have been erected of bajjs of ' sand. i Xot Yet Snfe Prom Attack, Strong detachments of troops guard ' the palace and the gates of the city, j but while the throne has made haste to comply with the demands of the; 20.000 soldiers ?t the Third und Twen? tieth Divisions and the Second Mixed Brigade, composing the second linpe-1 rial army for the Yang Tse campaign. Which were presented by the National 'Assembly. It cannot be said that Peking Is yet safe from attack The Imperial edict has been widely dlscuKSed, and it Is generally believed ll whs Issued In order to provide \ nan Shlkan a powerful lever to use In his negotiations with the rebels. Its ef? fect In Peking already Is gtod. The fear of the people, ?hieb was great | this morning when It became known that the capital was threa'W ne?l with en attack unless the government ac- I ceded immediately to demands of far reaching Importance, had somewhat subsided to-night. although G0O.?O0 Chinese continue to fear u massacre, While 100.000 Manchu:- are in dread bl h Chinese attack. At Tlcn Tain the foreign troops mart-bed around the ? onc?ssi?n to Im- j press the natives with theli numbers, armament and general preparedness. The custom;! commissioner receive,! n letter, signed by Shuh Yen Fang, in bi - , half of the Tien Tsln branch of lhe> revolutionary command, nnncuncing its. intention soon to take possession ?>(' both Tien Sin and Peking. -? j F.xpecl \tlnel. on \\ urhnnz. H?nkow, China. October '-'tl (vial x Wulm, October 30).?-The imperial ', ''forces are preparing lo follow up their victory over the rebels last week by .an attack on Wuchang, which the revolutionists have protected by elab? orate emergency fortifications, and Hanyang, which la regarded as of the Utmost importance on account <<f the aroenu'l there. Admiral Sell Chen Ping yesterday riollnnd the foreign consuls thai he was about lo begin a bombardment of Wuchang, and uske,] that all foreign? er's be ordered to leave al once. The ??loyalists are. now In undisputed pos? session of the entire elty of Hankow, Including the powder factory. They *l:.o hfe In control of the railway. (Continued from Sixth Pugo.) DIX ON STEEL SUIT Soja Co-oprrntii.ii Should Be Conaerv ed, Nut Annihilated. Albany. N. Y.. October 80.?Governor DIx Issued a statement regarding the suit to ?b so!v thi: United States Steel Corpomtion and the comments of President Taft |n regard to the en? forcement of the Sherman antitrust law. The Governor says he takes a great Interest In this matter, ow'ng to his position as chief executive of the State In whleh most of the large corporations have either their -xocu tlve homes or their financial fOft lag. "Rational aclintlon." he says, 'de? mands that Wi ranti.it rest placidly in the political Ideas of past centuries and the individualistic methods thtt governed the economic norld uo to the last decades of the nineteenth cen? tury. The world moves. Combina? tion and co-operation ore the great facts and fore** of the age In which wc live. "The modern forces of combination and eo-oper.ili-.ri hav? their origin In the spirit of American enterprise and national need and ? .importunity. They are fore*. which should not bo annihi? lated, hut conserved and regulated In the people's interest. "We are suffering from a plethora of laws and regulations aimed at the conduct of business "When great enterprises make for economy ami elflclency they should be let alone by t!.. law; whc'l lh':y aim at opprrslon and extortion through; monopoly they should be curbed andi regulated. . he annihilation <.f so-called big business In thlt country Is Impossible. "The great need of the time I? to I cease Ml-cunsldered Interference and.' consistent with human rights, give the' fullest play POSMhh' to the energy Mlldj resourcefulness "f the American peo-. pic." , SACRIFICE HATS TO SAVE MEN Women to I.rate Thrni Off In Church, Robbing Mnlm of Kxenae. Ithaca, N. Y., O'-'ober 30.?To de? prive h.ornr -.f tit, men ..i the churchi of the cxcisj that thiy do not attend] divine servsois became they eanr.otl sec the ininlsli l.-:ji-?; - t th ? ">f women's hats, 15.' woinsn members of; the First Methodist Episcopal Church.: of thlB city, have agreed to ronitte! their hats In chinch The question whs bro.ight up at ai meeting of church members, when Rev.] Wallace E. Brown tatfully SUpgeSted that one reason advanced for the lncnj not attending was the preponderance of millinery, and suggested that the, women might perform a helpful scr- j vice by taking up the question. Pi null>. one of the men offered a resolu? tion that women no longer wear their hats. All men were burred from voting, and the motion was carried by a ma? jority of women votes. COPPER RIVER ROAD WINS Miners' Salt for tt* Right of W or PU ( uriluti TldrlnnriR In Healed. Tacoinit, Wash . October 30.?The Copper Itiv-r Railroad, owntd by the Morgan-Gugglmheltn syndicate, has v en a SUit 111 which others contested Its right to the ownership of Cor? dova lidelandt), which arc absolutely ? necessary tor its maintenance of deep sea terminals. The decision was by Judge Thomas Lyon of the First Alas? kan Judicial District. The railroad located its right of way along the tidelunds of Cordova Bay, and later Jack Oslton and Al Low located mining Claims and wanted to extend their boundary lines over tho right of way. Long -ma complicated 1 litigation followed. The decision gives Dalton title to up land and mineral ground, but the rail? road Is given compli te title to Its right of way. Ualton and Lowe must remove their subway and crossings under and over the railroad tracks. VICTORIES DUE TO AIRCRAFT Hal) lind? Them Valuable lu Tripoli.' TurkH Piilaon Well*.' Rome (via tin frontier), October 30.?Official report.- from Tripoli dc StTlbi the great value of the aero? planes In the war. By their recon? naissances It has been possible to learn several hours in advance the move? ments, the strength, and some units the efficiency of the enemy. In this way tile Italian commander has been al.de to distribute his troops In such a manner as to make almost certain : tlit- repulse of nn attack from any dl rectlon whatever. Military critics h.-re are of the optn-i tori that when a signaling system from ! the aeroplane has !>? en perfected, th*1 real direction of engagements will dc vclve upon officers In those machines. | .\. cording t.> further official reports. Hi. Turks nave resorted to all methods of opposing the Invaders Including the poisoning >?( wells. This, however, has . failed In it. object, as. in comPliuIICO i with th< orders ol General Caneva, I which have been strictly enforced, no? body Is allowed 10 tOu?h water before It is scientifically examined. NOW EN ROUTE TO NEW YORK1 Body of Joseph Polltser Heinis Takru 1 There for Uuriul. Charleston, S C, October 30.?Ac-1 .cohipanled hj the widow , his son. Her-j I.ort. and his .secretaries, the body of I Joseph Pulltser. publisher of the New York World, who died aboard his strum VBChl Liberty In the harbor yesterday, was taken to New York at 4:.".:, ihis afternoon. A private car. draped In mourning, was attached t.. an express train on the Atlantic Const Line. Mr Pulltte'r's eldest son. Ralph, will meet the funeral train between i ere and Rlchmoni!. Others of the farri llv :irv bound for Now York. Scores of teieg'.'nins of eon dob n<-r have been received bv the widow and son. the expressions coming from pcoiile of prominence In many Holds. GOATS' MILK FOR iNEBRIATES SuRjicaicil an Remedy by Woman Doe tor of ItOMtOO. Boston, October D0.--Ooal?' milk Is tin latest remedy for th- drink hii.bit. Iir. Adelaide M. Abbott, superintendent of the department ol health and. hered? ity of the Woman's Christian Temper unce Union, declares that It Is a spe? cific, and recommends that the city keep a herd of goats In Franklin Park, and distribute the milk once or twice a day to Inebriates throughout the city. "If an abundant supply Of pure goats' milk could be provided at the cost of. distribution b> Ihc city or State It would be a great aid toward the sup? pression of Intemperance, pauperism and all evils growing out of alcohol Ism and Improper nourishment," says Dr. Abbott. "I believe this Is the solu tlcn on the greatest .economical and so? ciological problem \i'hlch ottnfronts the countri to-day." "j ADMITS POSSIBLE DEFEAT OF PARTY! Taft Surprises Hearers by Apparent Air of Hopelessness. FRIENDS ATTEMPT AN EXPLANATION Ascribe His Utterances to Great; Weariness After Long and Arduous Tour of Speech making?Steady Strain of Past Weeks Has Told on Him. Chicago, 111.. October r.O.?President' Taft surprised a large audience at the dinner of (he Hamilton Club to-day by what most of his hearers construed Si .hi admission of the possibility of Republican defeat In the coming na? tional deetion. lie was speaking to what hud been promise 1 to I"- ;m un? usually enthusiastic audience of Kepub II cans Those present hastened to OScrlb? the President's utterances to weariness after his long tour of speechmuklng, and especially after the three days' hard "campaign" in Chicago. It was his last public utterance !n Chicago before leaving for Plttsblrg to-night . "Now we are at. some people think, the crisis In the Republican party with reference to Its continuance in the gold nice of ibe nation." the President said. "I am sopeful that the good peo? ple of the country, who know a good thing when they see It. having only chastened us in an off year. In order that we may he better hereafter, but with no Intention of shifting from shoulders that are titled to bear the bi rdens of the present problems and carry them to a successful solution, to, those which are untried utiti which have new theories of action that we 1 do not believe m, and thut we don't j believe the people believe in. "However, if so be It. and they de- j sire to make a change, we shall loyally ] support the new government under: any conditions, with the hope It will ; inure to the benefit of the country; but with the consolation that If aftf-r on> trial the people think thoy ought to go back to the old party thht has1 served them so well In the progressive . da? of the nation, they will do so. We can bear thai, my friends; that is all." After hia address the President re? tired to hi. hotel for rest. Though bo professed no weurlnebh. the three days' steady strain uad told on hint, und It was a tired man who led the presi? dential party out of Chicago at ?:?u P. M.. over the Pennsylvania Railroad for Plttsburg. The address before the Hamilton Club, in which the possibility of defeat found expression, followed the laying of the corner-stone of the new home of the Hamilton Club, one of the lead? ing Republican clubs of the Middle West. JUDGE ACCUSES DEFENSE .*ayn II Is TrylDst to Circumvent flul incr of Court. U<i- Angeles, October ."0.? Judge Walter Bord-le'l accused the defense in the McNamara murder case to-day of trying to circumvent his ruling ami rejected two challenges against tales? men, these challenges having formed the basis of his accusation. He also refused to the defense the privilege of challenge again at a juror who said he would not convict a pris? oner In a capital case on circumstan? tial evidence alone, holding that this challenge was available only to the State. Under these rulings the Jury box contained at the close of court to nlctht three men passed for cause by both sides In addition to the four pre vlouslv Qualified. To both of the court's main rulings Attorney Clarence H. Harrow took ex? ception In behalf of his client, James B. McNamara. who Is on trial for the murder of Charles J. Haggerty, a vic? tim of the I.os Angeles Times explo? sion a vear ago. HUND RED S~SEE A SUICIDE Poorly 11 reused Mnn Jump* From llrlricc Iteforc Crowd. Wilmington. Pel.. October :i0.? .lumping from the Eleventh Street Bridge yesterday afternoon a man. who ho? not been Identified, was drowned In the Rrnndywlne Creek while several hundred persons stood on the banks, powerless to rescue ; him. The man's act was deliberate. Those who saw him walking across the bridge said he was under the ln lluenec of liquor. IH- stopped at the cast end. tossed his hat Into toe water ! and then plunged over the railing. Rltjah ITIgglns. a boatman, brought him io the surface with a bo.-.t hook about ten minutes lster. and Dr. A. Robins, who was passing, ordered Hie man sent to the hospital, us he fottnil signs of life, but the man died In the ambulance. Nothing was found in the poekets that would furnish a clew to the Identity of th" stranger, who was about forty-five years old and poorly j dressed. WIRELESS STRAYED AFAR ' Message* llrlween Culm nnd Punninn Picked l'u Iti linnM?. Washington. October ;>'?.?Army and I navy officers who nre developing wire? less for the services would give a good I deal to know hoe.- D squad of signal men recently -prictl^lng near Port Leu ven worth. Kan- and equipped with only regular army service net of instruments and an aerial pole forty feet high picked lip wireless messages being fixehnrigcd by the nnv'al station at Ouanlastamd, Cuba, with the Isth-' mils of lJnniiina. Usually the instruments cannot bo depended upon (u work (dearly more than 100 miles, hut they sometimes betray peculiar sensitiveness, .such us I was shown In this cusc. SULLEN WARSHIPS PROVIDE THRILLS SeaMonsters A reViewed by Hund reds of Thousands. LINE EXTENDS FOR EIGHT MILES Giant Dreadnought Florida Takes Her Place in Armada, and Fleet Now Is Ready for Review by President Taft and Secretary of Navy, Four Great Naval Mobilizations of 1911 I nltrd Ntnte? review n? l.o* AiiecIcn and New York) nnf(lr?hlp* . 2? Armored ernlaera . ?I I>eHlroyerH, torpedo boat*, *uh mnritie*. cunhontH und auxil? iaries . IK! Totnl .I'M KnRlnnri'n review ol Splthrrid: Uattlcahfps .32 Armored crulHvrM . 23 De*tro>*crM, torpedo boats, nuIi marine?, couhontn ami ntlxlll nrteii .I Hi Totnl ..173 (?erninuy'a review at Kiel! Rattlenblpi . 23 Arrooreil crulMT? . II Dextrojer?, torpedo hoitin, ?til> ninrlnen, Kimbern? nod nnxlll nrlea .103 Total .132 French review nl Toulon: Rnttleahlpx . 2.', Armored cruiser* . 10 Destroyers, torpeilo bonti, sub? marinen, Kiinbontn nnil auxili? aries . 47 ToIbI .K2 \s i.Hr thin table nhonn the f.er nion innblll/.nt Ion to bnu sl\ more ships thno the Amrrlcnu. the Amer? ican mobilIjtntion overtop* the <irr mrm Id tonnnicc nail rnnkn nrrnnd onlj In the F.nnMlsh review nl Splt hend on Corountton Dnj. New YorkrOcteh*- SO. ?With search? lights flashing and hulls and rigging outlined in myriad incandescent lights, the vessel? of the great lleet assem? bled here for presidential review, pre s rited a picture of marvelous beauty to-night. The Hudson Ulver, where the warships lie, stretching out nearly two-third* of the length of .Manhattan Island, was illumined as never before by night. People flocked to the river front by hundreds of thousands to witness the spectacle, which outdid in brilliancy , even the great display during the Hud son-Fulton celebration. The battleship line was extended to its full length to-day, when the last of the rea righters assigned to take Part in the review ? the Dreadnought Florida?steamed slowly from her berth at the Brooklyn Navy V.ird. on her tirst trip under her own steam, and joined the armada. Crashing salutes from the other ships greeted the new tighter. U ith the bringing of the Florida in? to line to-day. the collection of war shops was practically completed. All told the vessels now number an even till ii.i red. Its Prodigious Power. The prodigious power of this grim I array is fearful to contemplate. In fifteen minute;; they could blow New : York off the map. Dork, sullen, Im? pressive, the spectacle of the sea mon? sters by night provided thrills for thousands of Manhattenltcs ..nd visi? tors who thronged toward Riverside Drive this evening and gloried In the play of searchlights. In the chug-Chug of launches as parties of bluejackets lett their lloating homes on shore leave and In occasional snatches om martini music by the sailors' band wafted over the waters by the wind. The vessels are grouped in three divisions and extend northward from Fifty-seventh Street in the Hudson for a distance of riant miles. The tlrst group is comprised of battleships, cruisers and colliers. They face New York. The submarines arc Just astern of the battleships. The second group consists of destroyers and auxiliaries. The third group is made Up of tor? pedo boats. The lleet of battleships mounts ex? actly 100 guns, manned by about 17. OOrt officers and men. The total dis? placement of the fleet Is 577,099 tons. The Secretary of the Navy and party will review the vessels from the deck Of the Mayllower to-morrow. In the evening. Hallowe'en night, the whole 100 shliis-of-w.tr wl)| will bo strung with electric lights. On the day fol? lowing Secretary Meyer will Inspeot one vessel In each division. There are thirty-one battleships and armored cruisers in the harbor. In the destroyer < lass thirteen of I'nclc Sum's total lleet of thirty-four ves? sels are in New York. Nine torpedo bouts out of a flotilla of thirty-two, and eleven submarines out of eighteen owned by the I'nited Sta.tcs arc also here. These smaller bouts will play a prominent pnrt in the manoeuvres which will mark the mow.Illation. Waters Well Petroled. Orent care has heentnken by Ttcar Admlral Osterhouse. ranking officer of the Meet, to see that the shipping of the harbor is not In tore tor ed with, and on the d.iy of the naval review, police boats and launches from the squadron will patrol the waters and.keep order among the thousands of pleasure cruft and excursion boats that , will crowd the Hudson. Much Interest Is manifested ai to thn exact nature of the manoeuvres thut (Contii?itii " ?n~ r?gc "acvcm) OPINION ASSURES FEDERAL CONTROL Power of State Commis? sions Over Railroads Eliminated. COURT DECIDES MOOT QUESTIOiN Safety Appliance Law May Be Enforced on Equipment Which Is Used in Intrastate Traf? fic?Interstate Commerce Commissioners Are Jubi? lant Over Outcome. Washington, D. C, October 00.? Complete control of all the railroads of the country by the Interstate Com I niorce Commission and virtual olitnlna ' (Ion of the State coin missions from such control Is foreshadowed in an opinion bunded down to-day by the Supreme Court of the United States. [The court held that hereafter nil loco I motive.-, curs or other equipment usefl on any railroad which Is a highway) of Interstate Commerce must comply with tbe Federal safety appliance ab?. in its opinion the court held that compliance with Federal law Is compul? sory on all railroads which are engaged j in tho transportation of persons or I freight from . no State to another. Elaborating this, however. It held that I the rar? or equipment of such rouds, I evm it engaged in stich transportation within the eonllnes of a State, must be considered us part and parcel of the road, and therefore completely under the jurisdiction of the Federal coin ! mission. Commission .Jubilant. Members of the- Interstate Coinmerob Commission, who have been embar? rassed on numerous occasions by clashes of authority with State com? missions, are Jubilant at the ruling ot the Supreme Court, which was unani? mous. Referring to the court's oplnlou. Commissioner Franklin K. Lane de? clared "it meant eventually that there Is to be no dual control of Interstate carriers." I The determination of this moot ques? tion was laid down In an opinion read I by Justice Van Uevantei' in a case In Istilulcd by the government against the I Southern Railway. The point at issue I was whether the Federal act applied In 1 the case of a shipment from one point I 111 Alabama to another point In the ? same State, the shipment being In an I improperly equipped ear. The lower I courts held that there: had been u vlo I luilon of the law, and their Judgment ! was sustained by the Supreme Court, i Justice Van Dcvahtcr held that the ; law applied to all equipment on a ' highway of Interstate commerce, j whether or not at the time it was cur ' ryln^ interstate or intrastate commerce. I He then held, and was sustained by the court's ununimous opinion, that the safety appliance act war. constitl' tlonal. "Sneaking only of railroads, which are highways of both interstate and j intrastate commerce," says Justice Van j dervunter. "these things are of common ! knowledge- Both classes of traffic arc j at times carried in the same cur. ami i when this Is not the case the cars In which they are curried are frequently i commingled In the wurnc train, and In i the switching and either movements at i terminals ! "Cars are seldom sot apart for -x elusive use in moving either class of , traffic, but generally are used Inter j changeably In moving both: and In the i situation is much the same with j trainmen, switchmen and like em i ployes. for they usually. If not nec ! ftssarlly, have to do with both classes j of traffic. Resides, the several trains on the same railroad are not inrto | pendent in point of movement and safety, but arc interdependent; for whatever brings delay or disaster to ? one. or results In disabling one of Its ' operatives. Is calculated to Impede the. ! progress and Imperil the safety of I other trains. And so the absence of j appropriate safety appliances fro:n : anv part of any train is a menace, not only to that train, but to others." Effect Fnr-ltejichlns;. The decision of the court generally I Is regarded as of far-reaching sig? nificance and importance, li will en I able the commission hereafter to en l force, practically without queslion, its ' orders bused upon that law. Those i who casually examined the opinion i were divided us to its bearing on thrs '.lunation as to whether a Stute may regulate freight and passenger rales on Intrastate traffic when such regu? lations interferes, or might Interfere, with interstate commerce. The Su ; prenie Court Is to consider the ques? tion next January, when It licars Hie J so-called Minnesota and Kentucky rate : cases. It Is the best Judgment of ? those conversant with the situation. : however, that to-day's decision nus i little. If any. bearing upon the rtito i cases. J .Mr. Lane said he was gratified that the Supreme Court hud rendered t'.io decision, because it made for bettor, .safer and more economical operation of the railway systems of the country. j ex-shah wins*; russia aids I Teheran lleHrn of Defeat of fJorrrn ment Force, Onr'a Troops Assisting. Teheran, October 30.?Dispatches ro I eclved here s-.iy that the ex-Shah's 'I'm - ! comans. assisted by Russian troops und the fire of Russian gunboats, have conv : pletely defeated a government force j near Render-Oez. The camp of the ox-Shah is now near Gunesh Tepe, where the deposed Shah l t'rsl landed on his return to recapture the throne. It Is further slated that he has ordered 5.000 rifles and ten rapld-tlrera from European firms. girlsT?stW^^ So They Had to Make Hike of Six? teen Mllcn. Terre Haute, Ind., October 36.?Six girls yesterday pnl.l a tiot they lost on the recent world's baseball series by walking to Brazil, n distance of sixteen Hilles. The girls were on the rond six hours. They returned last night on 1111 Interurbon cur. They ore. members of 11 soclul club, und took 'nn active In iVcst In buucbull tttxlva. DISASTER IS EXPLAINED Austin Dam Hot Built According to Plan?, Albany, N. Y.. October 30?The re? cent disaater at Austin, Pa., resulted from alleged failure to carry out the original plans for the construction of the dam. according to a statement given out to-day by the State Conser? vation Commission, based on ft prelim? inary report by Alexandor B. McKim, Stato Inspector of dams, who. with the consent of the Pennsylvania authori? ties, inspected the Austin dam, Octobor 11. "Mr. McKim found that In two vi? tal points, which herotoforo havo es? caped public notice." says the state? ment, "portions of the dam as actually constructed dlfferod so widely from the original plans that from the outset It was doomed to failure. In tire first pluce he was dumbfounded to find that at least one portion of the dam which drawings published showed to be thir? ty feet thick at the base, was only twenty feet thick. "To make matters worse, he could lind no trace of the existence of a cut? off or ?key." which tho drawings show id extended the entire length of the dam ffom bank to bank of the stream. The designs showed that It was to bo sunk four feet Into the rock and be four feet thick In the direction of the (low of the river. The primary pur? pose of this cut-off wall was to pre? vent tho Impounded water from creep? ing under tho dam and lifting It up? wards, a vital point. In addition to this function It was Intended to pre? vent the sliding of the dam on the bed rock. "Only twice In Ita brief history was this dam tilled with water, and then only for short periods. The llrst time j the water rose to the top of the dum I was on January SI, l!'10. Two days ; later the dam slid down stream about j eighteen Inches, and the water was ! drawn off. as the newspapers slated at i the time. The water never got so deep again until the rains of the last week of September. Hill, brought tho water nearly to the crest of the dam again, und utter failure resulted. In view of th.- conditions noted above, no other r.sult was possible." TRIBUTE TO CARRIE NATION Women Bow Henris When Her Name la .VJcutloacd. < Milwaukee. Wis., October 30?Every woman attending the National Women's Christian Temperance Union convention to-day bowed her head when the name of Carrie Nation was read at tho memo? rial service. A symposium on "How My Depart? ment Promotes Prohibition" was a fea? ture to-day. "No harem, no hobble nor high heels." announced Dr. Louise C. Purlngton, of Boston, national superintendent of health and hereditary department, In laying down laws for women. "We Insist that as much care be given to the breeding and welfare of children as Is given to Improving Stock In horHos and hens." Mrs. Martha W. Allen, of New York, world superintendent of the depart? ment of medical temperance, suld: "To us bus been assigned the herculean tusk to destroy the main root, which Is the popular belief In alcoholic liquor us nourishing, strengthening and stim? ulating In times of Illness." In support of her contention th.it this Is a fallacy, she quoted Dr. Harvey w. Wllt-y. chief of the government Bureau of Chemistry. "To win such a man as Dr. Wiley to our cause Is equal lo winning a State for prohibition," she said. SEEKS LEGAL LIGHTS iv iekersbnin Wants the Best to Asal?t In Truat-BuHtlng. Washington, October 30.?Attorney (Jenoral VVickcrsha'm within the next few days 1? expected to announce tlio names of the lawyers who will assist Jacob M. Dickinson, the government's special counsel. In the suit for dissolu? tion of the United States Steel Corpora? tion. The Attorney-General Intends that the government's lawyers will not suffer by comparison with the counsel for the defense. In the meantime, the Department of Justice is organizing its prosecution, lie turns are made dally as subpoenas und copies of the complaint are served on the defendants. The government's plans are tentatively shaped and the Attorney-General's office does not ex? pect to he taken unaware by technical tactics. Chairman Stanley, of the congres? sional committee, which has been In? vestigating the United States .Steel Cor? poration, telegraphed to his represen? tatives here to-day that he would come to Washington Immediately after the election In Kentucky next Monday and plan for un early resumption of tho committee's Inquiry. One of the tlrst things the Stanley committee expects to take up will ho the Steel Corporation's returns with transportation companies. It has been claimed that the corporation enjoys some unusual advantages through Its Interest In railroads. BUSSE RESPONSIBLE Through Ifliu Thnt l.orlmer Wna Elected to Semite. Chicago. 111.. October ,10.?Former Mayor Fred A. Buss.-, of Chicago, was responsible. Indirectly, for the election of United States Senator William Lor Inier, according lo testimony given to? day by former Speaker Edward D. Shurtleff, of the Illinois Legislature, before the Federal senatorial Investi? gation committee. Shurtleff said ho owed his election as Speaker in no stnull part to the advice and support of Busse. Previously, Ho? ger C. Sullivan; Democratic national commltteeman, and Congressman Ira t'. Copoley had testified that Lorlmer's elevation to the Senate was an out? growth of Shurtleff's election as Speak? er. Sullivan said thai Lorlnrtcr would not hnve Kim.- a.> the Senate but for the election of Shurtleff. Tho former Speaker of ihc Illinois House to-day traced the history of the Eorimer election and swore that so far as ho knew there was no corruption In connection with It. ONE DEAD. ONE DYING Hinunter OxertnUcs \u(o Party of Four In Maine. Welle, Me., October .10.?John W. Far nuro, Jr., a Boston commission iner i chant, was Instantly killed to-day 1 when an automobile In which he was n passenger got beyond control mid plunged over an embankment at the roadside. He was twenty-two year.* old. Of the. three others In the car only one escaped serious Injury. David Hunter, aged forty-eight, of Boston, had the r*tgh| side of his head so badly crushed that physicians declare he can? not recover, and Fred E. Farnum, a brother of the dead man. suffered r lop fracture. It. A, Price, of Boaton Hie owner and dHver of the gar, was pinned beneath it when it overturned, but liTunagOd to free himself In time to crawl to the aid of Fred .Fur num. who had lauded In a brook, and lull for Price would liaVs been drowned. PLEAD WITH COURT TO APPROVE PEAR Attorneys for Tobacco Irust Urge Its Honesty. ANSWER FILED BY WICKERSHAM Attorney-General Does Not Con-* demn Dissolution Scheme, but Deems Many Restrictions Necessary to Assure Real Compliance With Man? date of Supreme Court. New York. October 30.?The prt posed plan for reorganization o* Tobacco Trust submitted !ry tfca A\ lean Tobacco Company and codete ants to the government's antltr suit, was both praised and condemr. to-day before the Circuit Court Judg. of the United States for the Southoi District of New York. After Attorney-tlcneral Wlckershan had filed the government's answer to the plan, counsel for the defendants pleaded with the court to accept tho dissolution proposal. Lewis Cosa Led, yard. arguing for the defendants. In? sisted that it was an honest plan to comply with the requirements in tho mandate of tho Suprem Court for a reorganization that will restore com? petition in compliance with the terms) of the Sherman antitrust law. I'rac Court's Approval. Supporting tho plan, representatives) of tho preferred stockholders and bondholders of the American Tobacco and constituent companies, urged ap? proval of the division of the trust lhto four principal segiagated companies, to be operated absolutely independent of each other. In support of these In? terests thero appeared Joseph IT. Choatc and others, who Insisted that the reorganization plan was a slncora one. and plcadod thut no hostllo ele? ments be permitted to destroy It, though It might be subject to sumo amendment calculated to assure pro? tection to the property rights of cit? izens. Independent manufacturers, dealer and producers of tobacco unanimously disapproved the plan on the ground that It would not result In effectually breaking up the "trust,'' and thut It Is a sham proposal to divide the prop? erties, control of wh.ch still would bo retained by the group ot individuals now dominating the industry- Unuls f. Braudels, of Boston, made the prin? cipal argument against the proposal, mid sought to convince the court thut It would bo Impossible to bring about thereby a restoration of the competi? tive system In the trade. Opposition Not General. Attornev-Gencral Wlckcrshnm, ap? pearing with the special prosecuting j attorneys. J. C- Mclteynolds and Edwin P, Cirosvenor. will be heard to-morrow. I The answer of the. Attorney-General, j Hied to-day. did not express general . opposition to the dissolution plan, but , contained for the guidance of the court ) manv restrictions deemed necessary to ! assure restoration of competition In j the tobacco Industry, i Creation of a now condition, "hon? estly in harmony with and not repug? nant to the law." Is insisted upon by j Attorney-General WlcHersham. The answer urged that any disi i integration plan accepted be subject I to revision within live years, and askod i the. court \i> grunt a permanent in ; Junction against each of the defend i ants, their officers, employes, etc., rc ; straining them from "continuing or currying into further effect tho com? bination adjudged Illegal by the 3U? premc Court." After referring to the directions oi the Supreme Court that competitive conditions In the tobacco Industry be restored, the Attorney-General said: "Obviously the effect of any plan ot ellsintegratio submitted to the con? sideration of the court must be more or less a matter of conjecture, and it Is impossible for the court to deter? mine in advance whether or not a plan which proposes to restore com? petitive Cond'tloiig will actually ac? complish the purpose Intended." May Jfeed Partner Relief. Therefore, he contended, the gov? ernment should be given the right to apply for further relief at any tlmu within five years, und. to that end, each of the now corporations proposed to be organized to carry out the plan should be brought in anil made a party to this suit in order to be subject. (I to the- jurisdiction of the court. Any plan adopted. Hie Attorney-Gen? eral urgod, should prohibit tlie cor? porations among which the business of the combine is distributed from having officers in common, oivning stoek in each other, employing tho same selling or purchasing agents, re? taining the sunn- office force or oc? cupying the sum- offices, or holding Stock In any corporation, any part of whose stock is also helei by any of the other corporations :unong which the properties or the combine are dis? tributed. As to the distribution of properties, the government suggests that no cor? poration >,c allowed to aceiuirc prop? erty that would invest it with us much as 40 per c ut. of any particular lino of the tobacco business: that alt covenants restraining the activities of members of tin.mbinatton he re sdlnded, and that the United Cigar Stores Company be sol,j and dis? tributed to parties other than the de fondants. In asking for tho injunctions, tho Attorney-General sets forth that tho defendants should he prohibited from recreation of the if>mbine by convey? ance of property or stocks, making; express or implied agreements, rofua lug to sell to jobbers or In any other way. Wllltnins OppoiFN Pinn. Further opposition to ther disintegra? tion scheme was offered by Henry it. hinter, on behalf of the independeuc ?etall tobaconlst3 of the country; At 'orney-GenernI Williams, of Virginia, vbo spoke also on behalf of tbh Inda? >erdent?; Attorney-General Blckett, of North Carolina, and Atteirney ilent 'el l-you, of South Carolina, and John W?