Newspaper Page Text
Bwf?mw ??SS> Bi^pcifrh
* ? > ?? Office.KG B. i<l4n etrer?. South Richmond.,;A.PCO Hull titraet Petersburg Bureau....10) N. Sycamore Street Lynrhburg Bureau.216 Klslith 8tre*l BT MAIL One Six Three On* POSTAOK i'AID Tear. Mo?. Mos. Mo. Dali; lirith Sunday.I&.00 13.00. ?1.60 .(? Dally without Beoday.... 4.00 X00 L?O .SS Sunlay edition only. 100 1.00 .00 .2t WeeKly t Wedncsuay;. L?0 .60 .26 ... By Tlmcs-Dlsputch Carrier Delivery Ser- ; vie* In Richmond tiinu tuburas; und Pe? te mburs? One Weei Dajly with Sunday.:. 15 cent! Dally without Sunday. !0 cents e-dudajr only..... .' cents Entered January n. IXC, at Illchntor.j. Vs.J cs second-class matter under act of CoucraSI of March S, Utk WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 15, Uli, WESTII \ ?P rON'S PLICHT, Seldom 1ms the fruit of tho tree of: knowledge eif eood and evil boon mote temptingly displayed than when tho i lion. William D. Poulke told the peo? ple ?1 Richmond some of the good! things that foreign cities give their' citizens, whotnrr ther me tax-payers ?ir not. Among other special privi? leges for citizens of Frankfort, a mu? nicipality which Mr. Poulke so spe? cifically described, Is the effort made by tho municipally owned street rail? ways to loster suburban travel. The object of this elTort is to Rive the working people cheaper rates to tho ,cotintry, bcoauso land is less dear, rents are consequently lower and (he vital-; Hy and happiness of tho citizens are increased. No auob altruletlo id-an hamper the Virginia Railway and Power Company in Its drallng with Westharopton. For a flfte-?u-mlntlte scneduln the citizens of V? v - ' .lampton uro offered a thirty- j minute service from I A. M. to 10 A. M. > and from S P. M. to T P. M. Nor has, the railway agreed oven to build a Shelter at the fntci section of Robinson Street and Floyd Avenue. It Is net contended hy the munici? pally owned street railways of Ger? many that nil suburban triiflle, pays, *nd we do not suppose lor one moment that the schedule requested by the sltlzcns of Wosthanipton will pay from the start. But a street railway com? pany that has a monopoly on tho lighting of Richmond und a monopoly on Main Street and the heart of Broad Street might with reason bo expected to make some concessions for the de? velopment of the community from which It draws lurge revenues. Since the matter has gone to court, both sides will receive a legal de? termination of their mutual rights, but, unless the cost involved ia pro? hibitive, it Is hard to see why a cor? poration which has been as public spirited and progressive as tho Vir elnln Hallway and Power Company since it got into the hauda of the Goulds should now rcfuso the request of the Wcsthnmpton citizens. THE "WHIPPING nOY'S" EXPLANA? TION. The best thnt can be said of Chan? cellor von Bethmann-Hollweg'e labored attempt to prove that In the Moroccan negotiations Germany gained a vic? tory over France Is that ho made the best of a very difficult und embarrass? ing situation. His task was not an enviable one, for apart from being constrained by his position to defend what wos In many respects an Inde? fensible Imperial policy, as expressed : In the lnltlul phase of the Intervention Itself, he was muile the Whipping boy for the Kaiser-.by-the opposition, who did not heBltate to "lay on und spare not." The only victory Germany gained was a victory over herself, through the assertion of common sense that dictated acceptance of France's terms. When the chaff of the "conversations" has been winnowed out, the kernel that Is lert Is thut Germany was . beuten, virtually, on every point. Tho residuum of the whole Is German hu- ] millhtlrm and unpaired prestige. Noth? ing could be more conclusive of this than the chauvinism displayed In tho Reichstag, with the approval even of the Crown Prince, and In u certain rec.tion of the German press. The truth Is the German pitcher I went to the well of Interference once too often, end came back badly crack? ed, if not broken. The Kaiser leaped heforo he looked, and landed In ? bramble bush. All that has followed has been little more than an effort to nave Germany's fhce as far ns possible, and Prance has very considerately and generously helped :o salve the scratches. The Kaiser reckoned with? out his host, or rather without the' French hosts. In that he found the' conditions and the popular French temper he had to deal with fai differ-1 out from what they were when, six years ago, he mode his dramatic Tan? gier speech, compelled agreement to thei Algeclrss convention In order iu prevent possible war, and humbled France. Then France was not too corfident of the strength of het itrrhy; the people, though excited over Ger? many's aggressive interposition, gave no Confortid assurance thai they could ; be defended upon to uphold the hands of .tho ministry, and. for the sake of peace, M. Delcassc the Minister of War, who had for yam been pro] .1 ing for. ap ultimate trial o( con In Hons with Germany, i>;.o to resign, on the demand of the Kola* ' But tho whirligig of linn ? i evolution circumstances have brought tJel'dassc ample revenge, and wrought wonderful el ngns In the present Instance dcrmany found the French musses calm, self-confident and practically a unit m support of the ^nlnlstry. possessed of full faith In tl.e military power t>f the nation, and firm In their determination not lo yield an Inch that would;- cost Franco her Hegemon* 1ft Morocco, and related Northern Africa. More-than that, ehe found Great Britain more Irrevocably committed to ?buttressing the French cuuso than ever befc-xj. Honoe, the Kaiser wifely decided to atop short of the line of an Insistence, the crossing of which would probably hnve brought ? >n an armed conflict. In which. In the nature of France's uillan-oa and tho palpable weakening of the Triple Al? liance, Germany would obviously bo tt a serious advantage Anothor con? sideration that contributed potently to putting ?he Kaiser on the defensive und to warning- him that 'twere well to halt, was that, to their credit be It said, rhe banking and Industrial de? velopment Interests of Germany, which were large borrowers from France, exhibited no sympathy with tho Raiser's Moroccan pretenslous. It Is true tbnt In tho compromise which entered Into the complication as .-? side Issuo, and virtually an after? thought, and W,hlch' France agreed to, in order to avoid future friction and null Germany to the counter of no rnrth- r Interference, Germany gains a largo Congo territory,-capable of being made exceedingly valuable to her In days to come. Hut this Is inconsider? able compared with the triumph of France In securing recognition of her right of domination In Morocco, which rounds out conceded French over-', lordship of the Southern Mediterranean littoral from the Pillars of Hercules to the western Trlpollta- border, a*id adds to her possession? another big stretch of hinterland. rot, in spito of att this, it is better .that the chancellor should have mad the explanation and the defense Of tho tm] erlal policy bo did, lame as they were; for It his disclosed that back of and apart from tho chauvinists, those smarting under the humiliation and the political leaders who would make capital out of the Kaiser's "sur- ' render.-" tbero Is a large, influential and powerful conservative element which stundG for peace at any prlca cave that of honor, and which, at lha last, hns the lost word with the Kaiser, This counts Immensely as as? surance that Germany would not pre? cipitate war without long und sober second thought, the alarmist, the timorous, the prophets of evil and the professional rcrasters of tho mnp of Buropo none the less. That knowledge Is the world's gain from tho Incident, ; and a vast gain 11 Is?the greatest gain of all. For It l8 the strongest of assurances against a general European upheaval brought on by Germany's ambition, which hns been so often con? fidently predicted, and "spells large" the quieting of world unrest. rtKGISTBn. Within three weeks ull persons de? siring to vote must register for the June municipal election, at which the . Mayor and Councilman are to be elect- ' ed. Every cltlr.cn who would promote the prosperity of R'chmpnd and servo his city wull should mttko It a point to register for the June election. If the registration In December Is not tremendously Increased It will be (J disgrace and a shame upon the city. Why? Because It Is possible that the proposed plan for an effective and bettor city government will not be > approved by the present Council. As- ] Burning, for sake of argument, that '? such will bn tho case, the succeeding Council, elected In June, will have in Its hands the disposition of this great plan for Richmond's progress. Yet, if the number of registered voters Is not much greater than It la now, a new Council will go Into office uncommitted und possibly unfavornble to the pro- ' posed changes In our Government. The city ofllceholdors und their friends muster a vote of about l.fiOO. which, coupled with a little more opposition, would defeat the proposition If there Is only n normal registration. It Is Imperative that all who wish a t.'-ttcr government should not only register, but should Influence others to register. It was suggested the other day at n meeting of tho board of directors of the chamber of Commerce that every employer should require his employes to vote, and see to It that they do. That is a good policy, a good j business policy, and tho employers of ! Richmond should Insist right now ! upon It. It Is nn outrage that so many young men in this cltv do not register. If till tho intelligent young men <n ! business In Richmond voted. Richmond would have n government run on bust- j ncsB principles. , r>t every citizen register and cause others to do so. n the present Co?n- . ell will-hot adopt the iio.v plaii let us. be In a position to eleut In June n i Council who will. I Mi: IIOOI \M> TI HKIll 1 I.OMV, State Superintendent of Public ln Btructlon Egglestbri last week jour? neyed out to Oos Molnes (ut Its ape- , clttl invitation) to address the Iowa; glat( Teachers' Association, and tho j !?? , Meines Register "played him up" | h< vy headlines, Ills theme was ] rural lendershlp, and he handled it In a practical and effective way, so that j th< jowti teachers wore much Impress- j etl !?-. both (he riiun and bis message.! . ; leadership Mr. Kggleslon de-j fined tit "nn Inventory of actual con- I dlttous; a diagnosis of tlgt1 basic trottbli or dfscasjo; a capacity to pr-j guhize the demerit that could' pro? duce a cure and 0 (earless determina? tion to effect the cur< ' iCmpnastslrig i-. is point, he cited an Insyince 6f a school superintendent who saw.tiiat his, rilsritot needed good roadt, telephone's and (L social utmosphrrr to drive away the nioh<5tony and dullness.of isolation. That superintendent brought all these things to pass, because he kept per? sistently at work for them. Another i iral leader Ivan a preacher who tern por rily vacated hit, pulpit und went t<. work" with bin coat off for pducn. I turn, coniudorlng It at the time the pre^tinAt ii'.ccrislty Of his people. There l* u coins need, no^ in educa* 1 tSon for ''the man who dooe things," j Mr. Eggleston pointed out, telling I of u college mi tiiln Virginia who was turned down for a aohool aupertnten dsnoy stmply heoauae he folded his hands und deplored tne condition of thing*, and did not suggest a remedy. In his stead, the position was. given to a man with but a limited educa? tion, who was tho man to carry out . certain reforme. When Mr. Eggleston spoke of the functions of public schools, ho made u most Incisive criticism of some pres? ent day tondenctes in education. lie f c are that wo "havo lost sight of tho functions of tho public sohool," which are "r# healthy body, a trained capacity and a desire to 6orvo tho community." Wo. hoar much about tho "fundamen? tals'* In education, but what are they? "A sound body and an unselfish out? look on lifo" Is Mr. Eggleston's an? swer. He went on to say: "And yet, year In and year out. wo permit the children to go to school and to acquire arithmetic and adenoids; history and hookworm; algebra and astigmatism; cube root and tubercu? losis; Caesar and spinal curvature. And then they go forth to serve?them? selves. Now what does It profit a Stnto If Its children gnIn the whole world Of knowledgo and lose both health and the soul of good citizenship?" That Is n most effective statement Of tho viclousncss of an educational system based on the letter and not the spirit of education. The pupil who is led In the narrow vale of mere learning has little promise in him of future good citizenship or clvto interest. lie feels that the commu? nity owed him nn obligation which It discharged In educating him, and not that ho owes the community a debt which oan be oleared only by public splrltednfese. All too many school children now are so educated that they look back upon their training as nn InqulEltorlal proceeding and not an nn Inspiring sourco of breadth, sympathy and servloe. THE HOUSING I'ltOIILKM. In nn Intelligent and high-minded cure of its citizens, a city does well to look to their housing. Tho dwell? ing of tho citizen has a most vital hearing upon his health, his efficiency, and even his outlook upon lire. A badly housed citizen Is rarely a good citizen. The plan to establish In the larger cities bureaus which will look after housing the city's tenement dis? tricts ts an excellent one. nnd students of municipal questions wisely devoto attention to this matter, as the Na? tional Municipal League, now In ses? sion here, will to-day. Proper nttentlon to housing mtana the wiping out of overcrowding, filth and conditions breeding dlseose and Immorality, Ignorance, carelessness and unclcnnllhcss can be cured by regulation and inspection. Upon proper housing arc based municipal health, municipal beauty and municipal pro? gress. WOMEN AND TUB RECALL. California hns discovered that sho bus, to a great degree, placed the re? call of all Statu officers, Judges not excluded, Into the hands of women voters. Now there Is wonder as to how the combination will turn out. When the women take n dislike fjo an official they can send In a petition nnd have an election called. The petition need be signed by but 12 per cent, of the voters, and tho women alone, tonstltuto about 00 per cent, of the total vote. T.he suspicion obtains In some quar? ters that the California bench leans too much toward tho railroads. The ' Judiciary Is unpopular, and the recall may soon bo applied to some of its members. Women, however, are .conservative by nnture. An honest judge has noth? ing to fear from them. Women are! tarely demagogues, rarely destructive.' They sre for peaeo and quiet- The State of Washington hns both wo- i man suffrage and tho recall, but. ox-' reptlng In Seattle, no undesirable re. suits have been brought about. TWISTED HISTORY. The New York Times's announce- j mont'Sunday of tho Washington and l.ee alumni banquet, held in that city, was a wonderful piece of history of tbnt institution with history left out or twisted. Washington did not give that James River Company stock to Augusta ACademy, but to Liberty Hall Academy, the successor of Augusta A( ..?!? my", nnd predecessor of Washing? ton Academy. Washington College and Washington nnd t.eo University. Nor did the "real history" of "Wash ? | gton and l.ee begin wjth the Wash donation, it began in Colonial times, through, the men who directed Its early destinies. These were promi? nent In the events leading tip to the Revolutionary War, and also In the ; formative period of tho republic. Moreover, had not certain trustees t of old Liberty Hall Academy, who were members of the Virginia Conven? tion that ratified the Federal Constitu? tion, voted against the Instructions of their constituents. It Is probable that; Virginia would hot have entered tho I Union.. Henry had ? strong following In the | ;:jROHHtltuericy, which afterwards, how-j ??ver, vindicated the action of their j representatives. iv \.\SAN ORIGINALITY. in Lincoln Centre. Kansas, recently j a young girl school teacher of Irre -1 proochabl' character ..wok enticed Into! taking a buggy ride into the woods with a hired emissary who nosed as an admirer, was there met by n com- I mlttee of tho most prominent citizens of the town, stripped naked, nnd tarred and feathered. Her only of? ten.-.,- was that of noi being liked 'by the Wives of the leading men of Lin? coln '.'..niiy. w)?? persuaded their hug bands. It Is stated, to express their dislike in the manner aforesaid. Now It <? learned that Lincoln Centre begs that tho newspapers of the country will oeasa to give our renoy to accounts of the incident, on the plea that such advertising will "Injure the honor" of tho community. . Kansas Is the prollfto mother of original and unique Idoae, political, soolal and other, but in this instance she has excelled herself; tor there could not bo a more original and unique idea than that euch a com? munity had any honor to Injure. The concept is the very embodiment of the genius of originality and the concrete essence of vivid imagination. "Will clash this afternoon." says tho Suffolk Jiorald of "the Y. M. C. A. football team, and tho 'Panthers of Portsmouth.*" Bounds like the days of tho Christian martyrs In the arena. Puck muk?s an Interesting compari? son of what Paul Itovoro would have done about tho British If he had been living In 1011 instead of In tho cen? tury after the Northampton Protest, the first declaration of Independence in this country: "Tho Paul Rovcre of. 1775: 'To arms, all, of you. und rouso your neighbors! Tho British have left Boston and are tiow murchlng this way. They'll bo hero beforo daybreak!' "If it happened In 1911: 'Hello, Long Distance! Oivo mo one-soven-scven six Lexington. . . . This Lexington? Well, this is Revere. The British uro coming! Tip off Concord, will you? Thanks. Uood-by." " And it's dollars to baked beans that If he were not to put a nickel In tho slot that Massachusetts "Central" would never have let him said a word. Wnero is the old-fashioned man who knew tho Constitution of the Untted States hy heart? Thors was but one tenant of tho City Hall at the session of the Municipal Leaguo yesterday morning, but he looked mighty Interested. EVery county in Virginia should ho represented at tho Good Roads Con- j gress hero next week. Dr. Cook has come back again, and | probably will go. where he belongs into vaudovllle. College professors who write leurned ; "bum"-sollers w.ould be vastly repaid If they knew how literally and gen- j erally public men appropriate their | thoughts. Even tho price of prunes Is going up. and no longer therefore will the boutxl tng house denizen at breakfast ho as? saulted with the quostlon, "Fruit?" One of ' the most eminent of the Southern delegates attending the con? vention of the National Municipal League is Prosldent S. C. Mitchell, of '< the University of South Carolina, one,', of the best informed men on Southern J needs ami problems, and an educational leader of remarkable constructive genius- In Its golden age, the South Carolina College had William Campbell Preston, of Virginia, at its "head; when! tho oollcge was shaping Itself for a| new order It was Frtyiklln C. Wood-1 ward, of Virginia, who guided It-with! a master's hand, and now It Is an-j other Virginian?Dr. Mitchell?who Is \ broadening It Into a university of' ever-expnndlng service to tho peoplo: nnd the State. If there were more, men of the Mltcholl mold In South Carolina, that ancient Commonwealth would not now be covered* with sbatnu and disgrace. Voice of the People New Stntc Ofllcer Suggested. To the Kdllor of The Times-Dispatch: 1 Sir,?Knowing full well that u groat many pcopK Hunk wo already have of- : lioers enough, 1 nm going to suggest, another. No well-Informed man will dispute tho fact that Kggleston, K?lner and Wilson are worth many times their , cost to the State In educating the peoplo In their respective lines, and the Departments of Agriculture, both, national and State, are doing magnltl cent work in teaching tho farmers how to make more of the various pro? ducts to the ncro, but what Ib needed is* some one, with plenty of efficient . assistants, to teach the producers how ; to realize the full value for their pro? ducts after being raised. Tho buyers of tho various products uro so well organized or understand euch other so well that Hie great mass of pro-' ducers are almost completely at the mercy of the buyers. Think of the thousands nnd thnusnnds of dollars; that would be Bavcd to the producers ! of apples, peanuts, cotton, tobacco and ho on If marketed intelligently: Think . Of the prosperous farmers anil tnxa- j l>le values wo would have If the far- I rners now got what often goes to on- I rich Northern speculators, who do not ' pay any taxes In this Stnto. The old ' slate will hum Indeed when the far? mers get full vnlno for what thoy produce, and you may lay on all the taxes you please for schools nnd roads and you will never hear a murmur. Li t's have n commissioner, superin? tendent, or sonie other name If von please, to tench our people how to market their products to tho best ad vantage^ and if ho will do his duty ? e- ralthfully as some of our present nuiccrs are doing theirs our State will go forward In both private nnd pub? lic improvements :m never before. .. .. ? k W. ('. COUSINS, batnalle, .November 1 n, 1911. Severe on 'The Long Holl." Co he Editor of The Times-Dispatch: j sir. -! read with Interest In to-day's ! Issue, undo:- headlines of "Stonewall Jackson" nnd ?The Long Roll," an artl Samitoi h. Woods, of Ch'arlottes vlllc, vn This work 'by Miss Johnston seems to have been written without In? formation, an! from the standpoint of notoriety and gain, at the expense of iiei people What a fearful price 10 bo paid foi any i-onsidcratlon! It Is clcarls n case of "F.t til, Brute." She should receive the condemnation of the Olttlre Southern States and want ot respectability of States nt largo, whore manhood, honor and chivalry are ro spected, as means of taking care of p.-.st. rity, me State of Virginia should i oppress further sale and publication thla work, as we have no tight to loach our children any such fallacious? ness. The criticism by Miss Johnston of Stonewall Jackson (certainly to our Southern peoplo) is llko a Lilliputian on the back of a giant. It is clearly a case of "he who suffers ?y the add? er's fang might have the crawler crushed, but could feel no resent? ment. ' Thank God. ho rest* in sloop before any such Imputation hy a Vir? ginia woman. WILLIAM. D, GRIFFIN. I Petersburg. EVENTUALLY THEY'LL HAVE TO COME TO IT. (_I La Marquise de Fontenoy BY LA .MAIKIUISE DO FONTENOY. LADV PAUL* who haa Just been con- j domncd by tho Engll?h courts1 to pay damages or half a cent to j her husband's sister, tho fasci? nating but somewhat notorious Mrs. ! lhomas James Athnrton, Is thu wife of I Sir Aubrey Paul, fifth baronet of his line, and Is n daughter of tho celo brated Polish violinist, Wlenlawskl. (>no would havo Imagined that after all the disagreeable newspaper no-! torlcty which Mrs. Atherton had ro- I celved In connection with her divorce case from Colonel Thomas Jamea Ath? erton. of the Twelfth Lancers. In her suit for breach of promise against Lord Churston. and her citation In at least two other divorce cases, she would have been rendorcd impervious to criticism. Hut sho seems to havo taken offense at the remark made by her sister-in-law, Lady Paul, to the elTect that she hud been turned out of the Savoy Hotel at Cairo by the man? agement, and sho accordingly- auod l.ady Paul for Impugning her charac? ter, associating In the outt her broth? er, Sir Aubrey Haul, as responsible for als wife's utterances. While tho Jury returned this mini? mum verdict of damages against Lady Paul, they still further Intimated their opinion that sho had much ex? cuse for her uncomplimentary refer? ences to her sister-in-law, bv placing the burden of the costs Of the trial upon Mrs. Atherton. The latter Is fortunately well able to pay these, hav? ing an Independent fortune of some 125.000 a year of her own. The Pauls, of Gloucestershire, who liavo nothing In common with the similarly baronetted Irish Pauls of County Carlow, aro u Cromwelllan fam? ily, nnd through the marriage of Dr. , John Paul, u physician of Salisbury, to i the only daughter of .Samuel Snow. ! one of?the leading bankers of Lon? don, became Identified with the llrm, which from that time forth was known as Snow, Paul and Company. Their son was created a baronet In 1S21 bv reason of his eminence us one of the leading bankers of the city of London. | Ills eldeBt son, however, tho second baronet, brought the fortunos of the family to grief. For In 1855 tho great bunking house of Snow, I'oul nnd Com? pany closed its doorB. with liabilities of several millions of dollars, and re? latively few onsets. No sooner had an official Investigation of the affairs of the bank commenced than warrants j were Issued for tne arrest of Sir John Paul, on tho charge of Innumerable frauds, Including the forgery of th? signatures of many of his customers nnd relatives to the documents de? posited by them In his bank. Sir John, who up till that time had enjoyed a very great reputation In religious circles, and who had been : one of the most respected member.-! of j London society, a county magistrate,! and deputy-lieutenant, was arrested at his fine country seat, near Ileigate. j Driven to the railroad station, he ar? rived thero Just ns the train was leav? ing. His captors who were not In ' uniform, thrust him Into a first-class : carriage, and wer.) about to follow, ; when the obsequious railroad employes, | thinking that these two rough look? ing strangers wcro Intruding upon their popular and revered local mag? nate, pulled them back, and held them until tho train had gone. Tho conse? quence was that Sir John got clear away," and for forty-eight hours lay lost In tho house of a friend In Lor- I don. Ultimately, by the advice of his family, he drove down to the How j Street police station, and surrendered himself. He and his partners wero | each sentenced by Judge Alderson. i father of the late .Marchioness of Salis? bury, to fourteen years' transportation. ' that la to say, shipment to the con- I vlet settlements In Australia and Tas? mania, In two sailing vessels, cooped up In Iron c.agoB, between decks, like wild boosts rather than human be. i inK?. ?lr John not only survived his pun Uhment, but on liberation on ticket- | of-leavc, was married, for tho third time, to a lady who Is said to havo been' the daughter of one of the chief warder^ of his Tasmanien prison. Ho survived until 18GS. His dishonesty had tho effect of ruining not only most of bis former customers, but like? wise his sisters, who had left their i entire fortunes In his hands. One of , them was married to Edward Fox Fitzgerald, onlv son of Lord Edward Fitzgerald, and another to Francis | George Hare, father of the well known i Augustus Hare, the author, who was the mentor of tho present King of ) Sweden thirty years ago, nnd who has : left such Interesting remlnlsconccs. One of Die most extraordinary In? cidents in connection with the Hare | family was the suit for llhel brought, against Augustus Hnro by his repro? bate brother; Francis Hare. Their sis? ter. Lsmernlda Hare, the heroine of Kdniond A bout's well known novel "ToHa.'i a member of tho Roman Cuth ollo Order of tho Bleeding Heart, died at a house In Brook Street. Iy>ndon. with every appearance of having suc? cumbed to poison, and on her death? bed sh* Is said to havo told tho nurso who was attending hor that she owed, her death to Francis. Augustus re? peated this charge In Private letters to some of his intimate friends. One of these letters felt into tho hands of Francis: who Immediately began suit for libel against his brother. When the case came un for trial at Gulldford. tho iudge declined to try It. on tho ground that he had never known of an action for libel by one brother against another brother, arising out of a suggestion that the former had mur. dered his sister. He Insisted on th? affair being settled out of court. Au? gustus agreed -to- -withdraw--the- Impu? tations, and the case fell to the ground. _ . .-, franclfl liar ft once an officer oi the I Daily Queries and Answers Eligibility to ?ho Presidency. 1. Can a man born In the United States I of foreign parents be a candidate for the oflleo of President of tho United States? 3. Must tho father be naturalized I beforo the son (born In tho United States) reaches eighteen yctixs of age. I so the son csn qualify for candidacy j lor the presidency? 3. Can a boy born In a foreign coutt- ! try to American parents vote in tho I United States without holng natural? ized, und could ho become a candidate | for the presidency? A- M. C. 1. Tho Constitution says: "No person I except a natural-born citizen shall be eligible to the office of President, neither shall any person be eligible to I that olllcu who ehnll not have attained i tho age of thlrty-llvc years and been fourteen years u resident within tho United States." Under that provision, any person born in the United States, no mutter of what parentage, may bo come a candidato for the preatdency. If. however, tho foreign father never changed his citizenship, nnd his child, on atiainlng majority adopted the cllt- ' senshlp of the father, the child. I though born In the United State ceascH to bo a citizen thereof, and would not be eligible. 2. No. 3. If the American norrntp were tem? porarily sojourning in a foreign coun? try, or traveling through one. when! a son was horn, tho son, If living in the United States nt the time of at? taining his mujorlty, would not have I to ho naturalized In ord'-r to vote. Whether a citizen boru under such cir? cumstances would be eligible to thai presidency cannot be answered until the Supreme Court of the f'nlted States shall be called vioon to Interpret the meaning of "nntural born." Nevndn I.und. Can a citizen of the United States I who Is not a citizen of the Stnto of Nevada talte up government land In I that State? L, n. s Yob. Debt. What Is the debt of the United' States? it. A. H. According to tho last annual state? ment, ?2,704,141.281. with cash In the Treasury at the tlmo that official state? ment was mude, ?1.707.201,167. CoIorriilA ildmcstcsd l/*Trs. Pleaso give me the substance of the Colorodo homestead laws. How much of each year must tho home? steader stay on land? What amount 6f Improvement Is required? M. Tho residence and cultivation re? quired by the homeatead law moans a continuous maintenance of an actual homo on tho land entered, to the ex clualon of a home elsewhero. and con? tinuous annual cultivation of some portions of tho land. A. mere teni Sooond Ltfe Guards, had been obliged to leave the army, owing to his forg? ing narnos of brothor officers to pro? missory notos, on which ho obtained money. For the honor and credit of the regiment, the matter tvas compro? mised by tho victims, nnd no criminal prosecution took place Francis Hare'j accomplice In tho matter was a French? woman, wife of a man who was serv? ing time In tho French galloys for forgery, nnd when hor husband died she became Mrs. Francis Hare. Old I<ady Seafleld's will must have been a cruel disappointment to tho present earl, and chieftain of tho Clan of flrant. It had generally boen under? stood that she had loft him the en? tire estates formerly belonging to the earldom, and (J-hleh had boen be? queathed to her. without condition, ab? solutely, by her only son, tho eighth Kurl of Sea Held, the present carl be? ing tho eleventh of that Ilk. It was widely published on both sides of tho Atlantic at tho time of hor death, that ho had inherited tho entire property, which had thus revoftcd to tho earl? dom. This Is not tho case. Sho hus left all her property in tho hands or trustee*, who aro speolhcaUy ban'etl from paying to tho present earl, or to bin successor, nn allowance of more I ban ?20.000 a year from the property. Meagre provision is nlso made for his brothers and sisters, ono of the lat? ter having recently gone on the stage, is " member of the Gaiety Theatre chorus, in London. The trustees nro forbidden to pay any one of them an allowance. In excess of ?1.500 n year. Tho now earl can also occupy the an? cestral castle, known as Cullen -gome, and Castlo Grant, only by tho permls porary sojourn on the land, followed hy occasional visits to It once In el? months or oftcnor, will not satisfy ths requirements of the homestead law and may result In the cancellation of tho entry. No specified amount of either cultivation or Improvements la requlrod, but thore must In all cases bo stich continuous improvements and such actual cultivation as will show tho good faith of the cntryman. Voting Age. la which. If any, of the States in which women have tho right to vote that je, full auftrage?can they vote a: the age of eighteen? The Constitutions of Wyoming, Col oiado. Utah, Idaho, Washington an*! California declare that citizens must be twenty-one yeara of ugo bet?r, they can vote. Land and Water. What Is the urea of the. land surface of the world and the area of tho water surtacot II. M That of the land of tho earth, is 52, UOl',000 square ^nllej und that of the water about 146,000,000 squaro mllo.i. Olympia. Who was Olympia, or Ollmpla? J. 8. O. Olympia Is a character in "Orland< Furloao," f'ountes.i of Holland, anc wife of Blreno. (.'ymosco of Krlza wanted to force her to marry hie son Arbantes, but Art>antes was sluln. Thin arous'-d the fury of (.'ymosco, whe seised Blreno and would have put bin. to death If Orlundo had not slain Cy moseo. Blreno having deserted Olym? pia, she was hound naked to n rock by pirates, but Orlando delivered her and look her to Ireland. There Kinn Oberto espoused her cause, slow Blren" and married the young widow. Ollmpla was n proud woman of high rank. When Borne wns sacked by iBourbon she flew to the high altar of a church, whore ehe oluriK to u golden cross. On the udvance of some soldiers of Bourbon she cnal tho huge crosa from Its stand, and as |t fell it crush? ed to death the foremost soldier. One attempted to rescue her. but she would not allow a foe of her country to touch her, therefore flung herself to ?>e p^vemewt.-e^Ml. was hilled. Hospitality to Tramps. Publish a few reason.-, why tramps should not he ted. II. M. WOODWARD. The reasons usually given are thai tin y Bhould be discouraged' In every wny because: 1. They are a monaeo to socltity. 2. They are social parasites, living on others, spurning honest work. 3. If they are not fed they are morn likely to go to work , 4. Vagrancy bteeds criminality. slon of the trustees, arm for such time of tho year as they may determlim upon. The remainder of the estate |* to bo held In trust until all the Itl cumbrancos thereon (which at the timo when old Countess Soatlt-ld >'ic ceeded to the property amounted to over ?5,000,000) have boon complete? ly wiped out, and If that can bo ac? complished before the death of the present earl, tho trust Is to he con? tinued until hin demise. When that; takes place, tho estates, which are sup? posed to yield an annual revenue of near ?400,000. plus the accumulation-; accruing during the lifetime of tho present earl, are to pass to his suc? cessor in ti'.o earldom. Provision Is made for entailing tho entire property with the earldom. The latter, like a number of other old Scottish peerages, passes through Hie female lino, in default of male Is? sue, und as tho present earl has an only daughter and no son, the Earl? dom of Spallold and the Sonflcld es? tates, will go to her, and she will thus become Countoss of Soutleld In her own right. The Earldom of Soallold, tho Vlseounty of Rejdhavon, and the Bar? onies of Ogilvy, or Drskford. and of Gullen, all of them Scotch honors, will go to her; tho Barony of Strathspey, which Is a peerage of tho United King? dom, nnd therefore heritable only In the male line, going to tl?e. earl's brother, the Hon. Trevor Grunt, win? now makes his homo in Now Zealand. The trustees, consisting of The Mackin? tosh. Sir Reginald McBeod. Captain Balrd, and others, nrc authorized to make provision for the future Dord Strathspoy, In that event. (Copyright, 1911, by the Brontwood Company.) Eleven Hundred and Nine East Main Street is the temporary home of one of Richmond's Best Banks.