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Bouth Richmond.lflt? Hull 8tr*?t Petersburg Bureati....109 N. Sycamore Sireel Lyochburg Bureau.IIS Eighth Street BY MAID O0> Six, Three One " POSTAGE PAID Year. Mo?. Mot. Mo. Dally with Sunday.I?.00 ?3.00 Ii SO .60 Dally without Sunday.... 4.00 100 LM ai Eunday edition only. T.09 1.00 .SO .14 .Weekly iWednesday). LOO .W :j& ... By Tlmes-Dlspatch Carrier Delivery Ser? vice In Richmond (and suburb?) and Pe? tersburg? One WecU Daily with Snndiy. IS centl Dally without Sunday. . 10 cents' Sunday only.?.. Scents Kntfred January ti. IKE, at Rlciiniond, Vs., as second-class matter under act of Congress of March 3, 1S79. SATURDAY. NOV13MBBH is. 1011. JUDGE JOHJi II lNt.i! KM. After an Illness of one week Judge Ingram Is dead, stricken in the prime of life nnd in the midst of his labors and usefulness. In him Virginia has lost n public servant, much beloved and lent* marked for his mentul ca? pacity. Of him It may be said thai lie was a judge all his life. Soon af? ter he had left his alma mater, the. University of Virginia, he was chosen Judge of the HuMlnps Court of the! City of Manchester, his native town, where he had begun the practice of the law. and where his solid attain? ments were perceived by his fellow citizens. Over this court b,e presided with ureat credit to himself until In' 1903 the dealh of Kdmund t \ Minor. Iho judge of the Dow and Equity Court of the city Of Blchntond. created s vacancy In the bench of that court.' which through his well earned repu? tation Judge Ingram was called to 111), though riot a resident or Kick-, mend. In this way It was the good fortune ot our city to secure for one of Its most Important courts a Judge who. though he then was little past forte years of age. was yet a seasoned veteran In Judicial service. .Indue Ingram held this place up to the time ef his deuth, meeting fully all the re? quirements of that onerous position. Taking an active Intercut In all public matters, and bring a man of wide In? formation and of a practical nature, he was chosen a member of the last Constitutional Convention, an office for Which he was eminently qualified and in which he did good service. As a trial Judge, he was unexcelled. Prompt In his rulings, llrm, patieut ami courteous, his mind well stored with p.il knowledge, he was able to con? duct the trial of the most difficult cases with ease to himself and with great satisfaction to the bar. In lila private life no man was mote tuteemed or beloved. ills frank. g< nlal manner drew to him all who met him. Ills simple manners nad In them the Irresistible charm of the Old Virginia gentleman. Uood-by. dear friend! Our hearts are deeply snd Crr.cd. lvace to thy ashes. A DECADE OK" Kill I ATION. < ii eater progress has been achieved in education in the United .Stales dur? ing the patl ten years than in any pre? vious decade in the history of'the na lion. The Federal Bureau of Education luig lately finished the laborious task of reviewing statistically the educational advance In the United Slates In the period .from 1900 to 1D10. The aunuul income of the schools has been Increased within the tlmo staled from $220,000,000 to $ 12."),000,not*. An? nual appropriation*, to normal schools for the training, of teachers have grown front $2,769.,06A . id*' $$,630,000. The value of the public school property in 1000 was $650,000,., in ll'l? U ex cceded $1,000,000,000. In the same period the average length of the common school term increased from 144 to 156 days, and the average attendance of. pupils enroll|d went from ninety-nine to lit days. The number oi public high schools Jumped from C<i?;, to tu, 213, The rutiiibcr of teachers in such schools in 1900 was 20,000; In 1910, 41.000. The total ot public school teticliera increased from 423,000 :v 612;000. Salaries of teachers sie larger than they were ten yturS egPi (lie uverago salary oi u mule teacher now being $65 j. nionth, as com? pared with $ttl 5. 1900. while the sal? aries of women teachers huve gone from $S4 a month to $52. An advance from $ 1 tin, 1 1 y>m to $273,126^000 Is shown >n the productive fund of universities, colleges and lotii atcal schools, at well an ah increase from $23,500.000 to $77.SO0,OO0 In n,c annual Income oi these schools from sources other than endowment, there sre now 180,600 tftudentt lii the.-, ichpols, as against UO.UOC ten yearsago and 27,800 Instructors,, compared j with 17.000. More than 900,000 high jscl.I pupllaj were enrolled !n 1 ?10, a:- agal: ii . ? i ??, In 1000. The tola] average lilc.vas? III schools of all kinds litt? appio:1'tnfttqll y.'< per cent, it is plain from stud: Ol IIicso , tlstlcs that aior.g all linen ill education there has been a notable advance, In fact, the decade which closed In 1910 was the most noteworthy In ihr- am als of the nation. In the last ten yean ?the annual income and the property oi public Schools ha\e almost doubled. The length of the common v hool term hat been lncrease'tl iwclvi da^s. The tv rage attendance showed substantial growth. There ar< thousands more schools and teachers, and the average salaries of the latter havi been in? creased." though not nearly enough, The Mgh schools, to, well ,,s tlie iow'ei grade schools, are Increasing caphll throughout the nation Kdticatlon I .progressing, and in e. rj pj rt of no country it I? reaching more people, tlm ever before. "Making education eoni ?non to all.'' as JU>well put it, is the edu i u'tlotial Ideal In tills republic, und that is Just ?"hat Is being dune mure and more in the l.'tlltcd Status as the days t'Oll <m into the years. BOOSTING?KOT MUCKRAKING. Cambridge, Massachusetts, lately was the s. cue of a vigorous campaign for H belter form of city government. Good government lost out. because the. ward-heelers and the bosses breught their heavy battalions into play, but Cambridge will yet have its needed municipal reform In thin light :\ cir? cular was sent out explaining the new plan proposed and giving reasons for Its adoption. Richmond citizens who have hear.i tin. argument that the form of government wo now have is best, may read wltjt profit this excerpt from the circular referred to: "Tin opponents of the new charter ask for Instances in which the present city government has been unsatisfac? tory. "Wo do not need to go Into this. "We are boosting: not muckraking. ?\\> believe our citizens will not require any parading of dirty linen lo persuade' I hem that their present rorm 'of city government is Inadequate. They know that liioftlcieiicy and waste are part and parcel of the two-chamber party system. They know that this system is now. out of date and Is being gladly abandoned all over the country for the commission form, which mil- ; foimly brings the desired relief. They , know that the modern commission form Is the most democratic aiui alto? gether the 'best form of city govern- i ment that American skill has devised." : To paraphrase another part of the j circular, the besi is none too good for i Richmond. Here it is. Vote for |t. The j stilish politician has everything to i lose: the voter has everything to gain. tin; obligation or tub prtmaha We nrr asked why one who votes In ? n primary election is hound to vote at j the general election fot the candidate w ho won in the primary. The reasons I are many, bill U few will suffice. I Broadly speaking, one is bound to vole at the genera,! election for the winning candidate of the primary in: which In participated for the same! reason that one is morally hound to keep any pledge, oxpresseTI "or implied, that he may make. If one 'phones to his grocer to send him ten pounds of ungar, ho Is morally bound to pay for that sugar when the grocer demands pay;- I The primary election is a device j adopted by political parties for the selection of parly candidates who, ut the general election, will have the full party voting strength to support them. If there be several party can? didates?Democratic candidates, for example?for the same office, each with a number of friends and .support? ers, the success of the party at the regular election requires that one of these, be selected as the party nominee who can secure at the regulur election the full party vote. The Democrats, therefore, who have different favor? ites for the Office, agree to let the majority decide for the whole party which of the candidates shall be put forwwrd n.i '.the party nominee for whom ull will vote at the regular elec? tion. A primary election, therefore, is held. All the cMiidtdateo, xn.l *.ich Democrat who comes into this pri? mary and votes for his favorite, give a pledge, expressed or Implied, to voto at the tegular election for the can? didate who receives the largest num? ber of votes in the primary?otherwise the party strength would not be polled at the regular election, and the parly candidate would (possibly) be beaten by t!:o candidate. ..f the opposing party. It Is altogelhi r a mattet of ex? pressed or implied promise or agree? ment One need not go Into a primary if he does not wish to. but If he ehooscs to go lilto a primary and vote for his favorite, lie is morally hound to abide by the result of thai primary and vote for Its nominee. One need not bet on a horse race if he does not wish to. but if one does bet t'i on his favorite horse and that horse loses the race, he is in honor bound not only not to take the othet, .man's money, but to pay to the other man the jr. he lost. In li..e manner, when one enters into a primary contest with his party USSOclatCS, and Hi favorite of his as? sociates wins the most votes, and, therefore, the party nomination, he is In honor bound not only not to voto against the nominee, but actually to vote for him at the regular eleetion. Mini 'tis favorite won, h< would have 1. id a right to demand that his party associates vote for that favorite; for him ri fi#e to accept the. decision ? ?( the primary, therefore, and vote, ,.t (lie regutttr election for the nomi? nee of the prlmury, is to perpetrate a pro*' fraud on his pail.- associates. < OJI1? I ti Kit IIMOMl, The first American Itou'ds Congress ). ?b! attract to Klehmond next week public spiiited citizens not only Jr? hi icvei; county au.j town und city In > irtMina. but al.-o from our neighbor There is nothing sectiblTaj about int good roada movement, unless it be that heiter highways are needed me,, urgently in the South than In any olltei part of the nation. >;ve?y State, ever;, city and every community are Interested In good roads, because wh-reve, they ,m built they mean " Prosperity, men happiness and icon wealtl The Rood road.- ques? tion in ol as much Interest to the old r/brtb staw and tin Palmetto etat;* as it in lo the Old Dominien, ?ntl Ii is hoped thai both these .States will be J represented by large delegations of I their publlu-sptriled citizens. ? other sections will be amply reprt | ?enteil at thl? meat congross n??. I M" Caron; Minist, , ?f ,?,?,.,. of Qoebe., and Hon. j. r. Kalnc. of Qu?, bee, win represent that province m 1 Richmond, and will, With other Cans dlnns, constitute the delegation from the vnst country that lies acroas our northern border. Good roads advocates from many Slates will como to Rich? mond next week, and North, Tin a I and West will not lack anything In ade? quate representation. The government will be represented by Secretary Wil? son, of the Department of Agriculture, whose address will bo one of the most notable features of the congress, while Osc.tr \V. Underwood, the Democratic House leader und a prospective candi? date for the Democratic uomiuutlon for the presidency; Senator Du l'ont, of Delaware, and many other iiiemboys oT Congress and several Governors will attest their belief in the vital Impor? tance of better highways by coming hero. The American Association for High? way Improvement, through Us etiiclent president, l?ogan Waller Page, a Vir? ginian, whose service for good toads bus been a credit to the Old Dominion, and through Charles r. Dlght. of West Vr glnla, the association's aggressive Held agent, has brought to a focus In Rich? mond all the interests which favor bcl ici highways. The automoblllats, tiiu, s;aie highway departments, the Statuj governments, the railroads and, chlefeat uinong them all, the farmers, will be foderUted here for one single purpose? the construction and maintenance ?t good roads?and the Impetus which will j be given to that movement here next ' week will be more than nutlon-wlde In its tremendous significance. This first Itoads Congress will be u force for economic uplift whose power cannot be overestimated. The point that we wish to malte la this: the larger the attendance upon this convention, the greater will be its success und the more powerful t.ie impetus which n will give lo one ol the greatest reforms In the country. Cvcry man who believes that his com muliltj or Slate should have good roads should COIllc to Klchmond next week, because his presence ut the congress v i!l sllOVi 10 the world that his commu? nity is Joined in litis great movement and because he can loarn things here about the necessity for good roud:-, their value to the community, their construc? tion, their maintenance and their divi? dend-paying qualities that he can learn nowhere else. At this congress he can hear the good roads experts of the United States tell the why and the how of good loads; here lie can eoino' into 'contact with the better highway live wires of the country ami learn from them what to do and how lo do It. The public generally should attend this convention. The people of Rich? mond, to whom good roads, both In the city und out of It, arc a crying neces? sity, should attend in large numbers. Del us hope that they will meet there immense delegations of the publlo-splr iled people of the two Carolinas, who should Join Virginia in making this the most notable economic convention over held In the United States. Come to the Good Itoads Congress. Virginians! Come to It, North Caro llnians und South Carollnlani' THE COUNCILMAN'S STUDY HOUR. "Mr. President, 1 ulioulo very ir.u,* ? like to have this matter deferred, be- ' cause 1 feel that there are many of us] who arc not sufitciently acquainted ' with this proposition to pass upon it now. and, therefore, Mr. President. 1 | move you. sir, that we postpone this! matter until our next meeting." These ' remarks "or 50,000 words lo that ef- j feet." usually formulate the parlla- j mcntary procedure by which members of City Council defeat measures by delaying them on the plea that not enough opportunity has been had for a proper consideration of the matter. In many cases delay Is asked for In good faith, but too often Is It desired for the filibustering that kills. No Councilman can ask such a delay properly. w hen the proposed changes in Richmond's form of government come up. Into the hands of every , member of the City Council there has been placed a copy of the proposed ordinances, the newspapers have pre sented the propositions from time to time, and right now Is the time for Councllmcn to "read, mark, learn and Inwardly digest," There can properly be no plea for deluy when |he matter comes up. Councilman were put on notice at an early date, and ignorance of the proposed law will excuse no tme. Now Is the time to study, gen? tlemen of the City Council. DOMIN ANT IHJt TORS. When this country was rocking In the < rudle of Its Infancy the doctor was a leader In the community, nnd he has been such ever since; but somehow he has been associated in the public mind with public duty and public office more in tlir- last decade than ever be? fore. In the cities the doctor has al beeil a man of Importance; In the country he has always been the man of importance. Dr. George W. Bagby, lu ills exquisite monograph on "The Country Doctor,'' limned n iype known from our end of the republic to tbel Other. Oj late years, however, the pub? lic funotlon Of the physician seems to I have been more keenly realized; he I come to be regarded not onlv as n professional man. but In b large an5 high .ens.e as a public man. The com paratively new science of public health h,-.s brought the relation of the doctor to t!.< community Into sharp relief, and a: i v riilt members of the medical us I on very generalis Unding themselves in public office. A doi lor of much experience, for nx ample, I? at Hie head of the United Mat en Army?General Deonard Wood. Kenatot Gallinger, at the boo/1 of the most Important committee of the Sen? ate, wi.:, a physician of much repute in New llnmrinhlrc, Many other In? stances could be cited Of medical men Who have made pood In polities and who have rendered tine public service. Doctors ore, by tho Way, muterlully In [ vudins tho realm of literature, and tho people ure reading more on medical topics than ever before. In education tho doctor Ik looming larger thun evor before. In the old ? days many col legos and schoole were I without their official physicians; now tho college or school without such un adjunct to the faculty is the exception. Nor is the doctor neglected In the executive departments of our great col ' leges und universities. Look at Prince? ton, all of the presidents of which were ministers of the gospel until Woodrow . WUboii was put Into tho chair in the ; long room In Old Nassau. Princeton lb [ looking for u man to take Dr. Wilson's ! place --Wilson' came very near taking j up tuedivtiie us a*profosslon, If we re-1 member aright?and Dr. J. M. T. Fln i noy, or Johns Hopkins, is now the lead- I j Ing receptive candidate for Princeton's presidency. The trustees hunted all over the country and Invaded Durop? in the quest of it man of the right mold for n great university head, but they are now tarrying In Baltimore. Dr. l-'inney is a surgeon of wide note. Ho Is "one of Baltimore's best known citizens." lie has been a member of the School Board of his city, lie has been prominent In many worthy char? ities, and in his work ut Johns Hop? kins has boon regarded as an a bio ad? ministrator. Tho Boston Transcript I tells us that "those who know him say, that he has the tact necessary to heal' the breach in Princeton's Internal nf-' fairs." ! The people arc coming to tho notion > that whosoever can promote the public' health of a community can also pro? mote It.;; political health. The training in principles atld ideals which the doc? tor gets to-day Ota him for service In education, In politics and in many other Heids not strictly within the con lines ,'f his profession. r.mperor William wants to go on the stump, but he had better follow the example of his friend, "the only Civilian who ever reviewed the OermaTT army," and slay off. Mayor Qaynor, of New York, has a hard lot. He told the convention of the New York State Federation: "The Mayor here has to be at the uervice of everybody apparently. He has to work like a slave during the day and get pretty roundly abused all the time for little or nothing, and one morning he has to go and speak to the children in a school and the next he has to come and speak to Sorosis and the women's clubs, and to-morrow maybe to some band of reformers who want to reform inebriates or some? thing like that, and so it goes. And so I have to make the best face of It that I can." Still, lie likes to come to Richmond and talk about waterways. Thomas Bray, of Grlnnell. fa., Is thinking of running for Congress, lie has a E/>od Republican name. The New York papers are making much n<lo about Levl P. Morton's change of residence from New York to Wash? ington. He used to be an office"-holder in Washington, but does anybody rec? ollect what ho was? Vincent Chlcco, John P. Grace and Colo Blense?how little these sound like the grand old names of the .South Carolina that was: Virginia Justice If absolute proof were needed to convince the public of young Beanie's guilt, the statement of Governor Mann' ?known throughout Virginia as the kindest of men?furnishes it. Kor the lirst time since he came Into office the Governor has refused to allow the date of execution to be changed: Nor did the confession of perjurv made by Paul Seattle enter Into the Governor's final consideration of tho case. Titus a sensational, eleventh hour attempt to avert the result of the trial has also failed. Justice is j to bo done. ? Washington Herald. The action of Governor Mann In re? fusing to giant Seattle a reprieve has cause<| general surprise. His refusal ! to interfere will meet with the gen- j oral approval of the people of the; Commonwealth.-?- staun ton Dispatch. The jury heard tho evidence and rendered an honest verdict. The Court of Appeals refuse,! to interfere, and Tiow the Governor refuses to take any hand In a case which has been fairly settled, The crime was one of the blackest ever perpetrated in Virginia. The State has done. Its duty. Justice has hud an open course, and the ends of the law denian,i the life of this man for that life lie took, ft Is hard, but U Is Just. ? Charlotte News. In the Beattie case, Virginia has *;et an example In the legal and de-j termlned process of the law which would well he followed by other States of the South. Under ordinary circumstances, a wealthy defendant accused by circumstantial evidence would have secured the advantage of delays and technicalities. But the Virginia COtirt showed that M was made of better stuff. Beattie and his; lawyers could secure no delays. They could secure the benefit of every right accorded a defendant under the law, of Virginia, but they eouM not avail themselves of any technicalities to Slav the advance of Justice. The Jury's verdict Indorsed the ver Abe Martin It seems like a woman's hair be? comes, unmanageable J'st as soon a? she becomes a delegate i' somethin'. MrH. Bdlth Mopps an1 her daughter Edytho Tuosdoycd here. A PICTORIAL SERMONETTE. (Cspjrurbtt 1*U: Jjr John T. idrfMU^m J The Woman Who Teil? Her Hub and All Hfa* 4>etty Trouble*. --?-II? ?.?? 1 , ? ill " l te? you, U '? n retty to get Wr ofier o long, W day of wo* ?W worry at A, qffoiT -?11 - " * * "----I ?" I , i "Oh, miliarer? had such a dreadful day to-day t Flrrt ti not one ifdng and ihm mokUr. I tuet kmm DW gnotr mm charged me on that ycart I bought yetterday ; and the baby cried nearly an hour thh afternoon, and the bread Itemed, and the dog chewed up one of your iHpper,, and the roof leaks, and the hall cargH b 0kL " And Y0* rninith Wl!Xe.I can't do a thing hbn any mor?. Bt bukt? on being a pbvt* wufem he grow, up, anTht knonvr well enough that me want Ann to bt a doctor. And rvt realty mat have a ntm kail carpet, and vom nuufn* abend the rw/', and b* *urv to r*e the grocrr about tkt yeast." " Great Scott I I gnee* l *? hot* to go down to the office again t*-?tphKm <ilct of the mintonH of newspaper readers who had followed the cane. Public opinion had couvlcle?] him of a heinous crime. Boattle. through his wealthy relatives and friends, carried his appeal to the Governor. But the Governor of Virginia says ho Is guilty and that he should die. Virginia has unsuredly set Alubama an example.?Montgomery Advertiser. The promptness with whleh this trial, conviction an<] sentence have been accomplished will probably have a salutary efTect. It will show that men, even though they may occupy high social position and standing in the community nnd the Statt in wnlch they live, cannot defy the law and commit murder and go unpunished.? Columbus (Ga.i Enquirer-Sun. As Governor Mann soe? the case, it Is a choice between Beattlo'a death ami the death of Innocent persons who would he,murdered if this notorious murderer was permitted to live. The logic of conditions nffectlng entire nations le on the Governor's side. In Great Britain nn<) In Canada long experience has shown that a murderer has little chance of escaping the death penalty. He is almost al? ways caught, and when ho Is taken lie Is punished without undue delay and with Impressive certainty. In the Culled states both the arrest anfl the punishment of murderers are shame? fully lax and Infrequent, and In this country the murder rate Is about twenty times ag high, in proportion to the population, as it ts In Canada or in tho British Isles. The opponents of capital punishment for murderers do not seem to realize that when they fix their attention on the saving of murderers' lives thoy do much to endanger the lives of men, women and children who are not murderers. Many an Innocent woman has been slain by the Influence of those who have prevented the execu? tion of cold-blooded assassins, with? out In the least realizing the terrible consequences of their misguided ac? tivities. Desperate criminals know what pun? ishment has the greatest restraining effect upon their kind. When they have to deal with a traitor to on* of their bands they do not think of any? thing less than death. They kill to prevent other crlmlnnls from follow? ing the course of the man they slay.? Cleveland Deader. Governor Mann rightfully gave no heed to the alleged affidavits signed by Paui (Seattle in which it was set forth that much of the. evidence it the star witness for the State was un? true. The essential point of Paul's testimony, that he did not have the gun on the Sunday preceding the kill? ing, was corroborated by ssvoral wit? nesses The contention of the defense that Caul did have the, gun that day was attested to by but a single man. Beattle killed his young wife and Seattle must pay the penalty pre? scribed by law.?Nowport News Daily Press. Having tested every chance allowed toy law nnd having been kindly per? mitted so to plead for his life. Henry Clay Beattlo now realizes that the law in Virginia means what It says. And every citizen of that State, wheth? er high or low. undoubtedly feels to? day a deeper reverence for that law.? Spantanburg (S. C.) Herald. Beattle has exhausted all the legal means at his disposal, and he hns not been able to escape from the law which condemns him to die for the brutal murder of his wife. All ovor the country tho papers are full of praise for the wonderful effectiveness of tho Virglnln execution of tho crim? inal law. The Old Dominion has dem? onstrated to the world in the Beattle case, as she has before In the MoCue ease and the Cluverius case, that she has little patience with murderers, be their station what It may. Virglnln has set an example that might well bo ctputnled In many States.?Chnrles kton (W. Va.) Gazette. La Marquise de Fontenoy BY LA MARQUISE ?E l'OXTBNOY. FOREIGN consuls-general In Canada seem to have Just as little con? ception of their oxact official status as their colleagues In Aus? tralia. Their refusal to attend the llrst drawing-room, that Is to say, of riclal reception, of the now royal Gov? ernor-General at Ottawa to-day, until the duke had consented to accord to them for the occasion the prerogatlves of full-fledged diplomatic envoys, has had Its counterpart in Australia, where Lord Dudley, when Governor-General, resolutely declined to yield to tnelr pretensions. Diplomatic envoyB represent their sovereign, or the executive of their government, and as such have from time Immemorial been accorded an alto? gether privileged position, comprising not only ex-terrltorlal immunities, but also precedence over the members of the Cabinet, and the leading dignitaries Of the Stale. Thus, at tho courtH held by King George an<J Queen Maty at Buckingham Palace, the ambassadors, the ministers, and their wives and sec? retaries. In fact, the entire Diplomatic Corps are received before the highest officers and the greatest nobles of the empire. Owing to these duties of rep? resentation, the Diplomatic Corps Is recruited from certain classes, and sub? jected to training of an altogether spe? cial character. Consuls have no spe? cial training, and far less care Is taken in their selection, while they have no standing as consuls at any court of Europe. Indeed, tho only appearance of a foreign consul at court abroad Is when his ambassador permits him to tak? a place, more or less temporarily, among the minor members of his suite. Consuls are appointed to fulfil cer? tain clerical duties In connection with the. promotion of the trade and the ? baring of tho shipping of their re? spective countries, and not for purposes of diplomatic representation. Inter? national law and treaties unite In de? claring that foreign consuls have no special privileges beyond other ordi? nary foreign residents, and aro sub? ject to the laws, civil and criminal. of tho country In which they reside. For? eign consuls in this country are obliged to obey a subpoena, and enjoy none of those Immunities from customs dues, and from arrest, that are accorded to all diplomatic representatives. The consular exequatur, concerning the naturo of which so many seem In doubt, has nothing In common with the letter of credence of an envoy. II is n document Issued to the consul, not by his own government, hut by the government of the country in which he is sent to reside, and which au? thorizes him to fulfil his consular duties as long as he behaves himself. If he gives any offense to the authori? ties of the land in which 'he Is sta? tioned, his exequatur may be with? drawn at any moment, and there have been several Instances In recent years when foreign consuls, notahly one In St. Louis, have had their exequatur tak? en away from them, by order of the President of the United States. Through good nature, ignorance of official etiquette, und Indifference of former Governor* - General of the Dominion of Canada, and of the various antipodean colonies, consuls and con Mils-general were In the past per? mitted to gradually usurp- diplomatic prerogatives and a status to which they were in nowise entitled, until they have grown to look upon themselves as full-fledged envoys, accredited as diplomatic representatives of their gov? ernment to the chief executive of the Dominion In Canada and the Common? wealth In Australia- They ended by putting forward, and by degrees se? cured, prerogatives that a minister plenipotentiary, or even an ambassa? dor, would hesitate to demand, and their constant squabbles, both among ther.'solvos and with the Federal and State officials, about silly questions of precedence furnish subject for ridicule. Ixjrd Dudley, having heard of this condition of affairs before sailing for Australiu to assume his duties as Gov? ernor-General of the Commonwealth, took counsel with the Colonial Depart? ment and with the Foreign Office In London, as well as with the lord cham? berlain's office there, and as a result thereof, Intimated very quietly on his arrival in Australia that he did not propose to continue to accord to the consuls any exceptional precedence or privileges, or to recognize In them en? voys extraordinary and ministers pleni? potentiary of their respective countries He added that during all the years that he spent as viceroy at Dublin, none of the foreign consuls there ever dreamt of demanding to be treated at the cas? tle and stato functions as If they were ambassadors of their country to the Kingdom of Ireland, and as ac? credited to his viceregal court. The result of this was that the for? eign consuls In Australia held aloof from the entertainments given by Lord Dudley when In Australia, which was their loss, and not his. Lord Grey adopted a similar course at Ottawa. A curious light has been cast upon the conditions of existence of some of the members of the House of Lords, by tho .recent unsuccessful suit of the Marquis and Marchioness of Towns hend, -to be consulted and kept Inform? ed of the management of the entailed estates of the marqulsato hy the trus? tees. It may be remembered that some years ago the marquis was pronounced by the courts to bo incapable of manag? ing his own affairs, the proceedings be? ing undertaken for the apeolab purpose of removing any participation In their control, from his father-in-law, a dis? barred lawyer of the name of Suthurst. The trial, which was a cause cele bro, culminated in a judicial decision to the effect that the diminutive mar? quis, who is as dwarfed In physique a.< he Is In intellect, was incapable of man? aging his own affairs, though not suffi? ciently demented to be placed under xestrainh Accordingly. Ms estates were vested in the hands of trustees, relatives of the marquess's parents, and they have been fulfilling their duties in connection therewith in the moat efficacious way, without remuneration for fchelr trouble. ' (Copyright, 1D1I, by the Brentwood Company.) Eleven Hundred and Nine East Main Street is the temporary home of one of Richmond's Best Banks.