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Va., st stCood-clasa matter uniltr ?et of Congress of .March a, is;a TL'CSD A V, NOVKMUKH 21, 1911. rtOOSE.1 13I.T tilt r.H'I'f Mr. Roosevelt's bid for the presl- J ioncy ahc-uld at least direct attention : u> his methods, it Is all yery well fot > the ex-Frealdent to call present condi? tions chaotic; to declare that the deci? sion in regard to the tobacco und oll trusts was a lamentable miscarriage of Justice, and to proclaim that he bus discovered thnt thu only escape fioiu these conditions lies In following his plan of governmental regulation, super Vision and control. The people, how ever, win think f?r themselves. They will recall that when Mr. Roosevelt was in power Paul Morton was white? washes when It appeared that Mr. Roosevelt's hrrnhled attack on lawless railroad corporations was likely to tcuch ono of his personal Cabinet. The public Will also remember that during Mr. Taft's administration the sugar trust was prosecuted, and that Mr. ftooscvelt refused to lift his flneer sgnlnst that law-breaking aggregation Of firiugslers and brigands, though the same evidence was laid before him that was laid before Mr. Taft. Alyo, the thinking men of the coun? try will consider that a government of law Is better than a government of personal whims; thut nn official who administers the law without fenr or favor ta B aofer nni) n better guide than ? ?no who Interprets the law according to his own sweet will. President Taft found the Sherman law in the statute hooks, and he en? forced that law. and thereby diu more to make the American people ace and understand the Iniquity of the prac? tices of which fionio of tho trusts were guilty than ten thousand of Mr Roose? velt's stump speeches could have ever kccompllshed. When the financial pinch came. In 1307, following Mr. Roosevelt's Violent denunciation of the suinc interests ho \o now seeking to placate, the then President, terrified and dismayed at Im rum he had so largely helped to bring about, ordered the Attorney-Qon jral not to prosecuto tho steel trunt. though at thut very time Mr. Roose .i!t knew that prima lade ths steel ? r net wns guilty under the terms of the; Sherman law, tiise why did he ?ive Instructions for It not to be prose? cuted; Now, when a spirit of unrest Is on tho country; when great ujji?ii < ? .et x of wealth are doubtful of what tho futuru may bring forth; when tho ad? ministration hus declared that It will enforce the laws passed by thu people of this country until those laws are altered, amended or repealed, Mr. Roosevelt comes forward with honeyed words, striding to make himself ap pear as the champion of vested In? terests, the protVeOtOf, friend, coun? selor antf*-gtildtj. of that Wall .Street which fie bus studiously neglected ever since B. ii. llarrlman, ulbo "u practi? cal man." raised a certulu 12l'0,ouu to carry New York for the colonel. As a matter of fact, Mr. Roosevelt has added nothing to what President Taft has already said on the subject. j As far bactt as Junuary, H'lO, In hta annual message to Cutujie-ah, President Taft declared that the object of the Sherman law was "not to throttle busi nt&b, or penalize, seize or destroy econ? omic* in production and administration. "but." said President Tuft, "if they (corporations or individuals) attempt, by a u?u of their preponderating capi? tal and by a au.u ol their goods tvtn porarlly at unduly low prices, to drive out of bubiiiess their competitors, or 11 they atteii.pt, by exclusive contracts with their patrons and threats Of ;ion-| dealing except upon such contracts, nr'j by other method* ot u similar char Ac* j ter, to uao '.i.e. largeness oi their re- ? sources and the extent of their out-1 put. compared with the total output,; as a means of compelling custom ami1 frightening off coinpetition, tuen they' difclose a purpose to restrain trade; and to establish u monopoly arid viei- I late the act" Would Mr. Roosevelt take exception to this statement.' Does the destruc- i \tlon of such practices us IhOso which were shown to be the methods of War? fare used by the American Tobacco Company mean necessarily the re? creation of unlimited competition BU' h 88 this country saw sixty years ago'.' Vtc think not! And Mr. llooseve t either knows that it would hot, or bis judgment is hot worth consider? ing. Nor Is Mr. Roosevelt any more re? markable in his alleged discovery of Federal control and nupct vision. In the same message in which President Taft announced the attitude of the government towards Illegal corpora? tions, he aald that the beat way tv> ef? fectively enforce the antitrust law wn? to require Federal incorporation, so that the central government might Vf.. factually Supervise the activities of corporations whoso size or whos^ posi? tion brought them within the ecopn of iKo antitrust law, thereby forestalling Mr. Roosevelt's Outlook editorial. The celebrated Roosevelt pronuncla inento or, trusts and how to handle thein is not new; it does not advance! the teitienient of j>hu guejUvn; rather, It rcturds l(, for It Is an open bid for the Republican nomination by u mun who, more thun any other In public hf>. has sol at naught the-orderly on for cement of the law. and, in its place, erected b Standard of bis personal wishes. Mr. Roosevelt may get the nomina? tion: he may make a coalition between the Progressives of the West and the Standpatters of the Kast: he may buy up the mercenaries of the South with the gold of the North: he may destroy the hopes and the ambitions of the man he made President by Hik? ing from him the nomination for the next term; he will not be scrupulous; he will bo effective: but, for the year ..I grace 1312, the Republican nomi? nation does not mean the election; J m> ItKNKWAI, OF THIS SHOK i <>n TltACT. ?'I want to say to the Governor and the people of Virginia that the eon- . tract for makluf, shoes in the peni? tentiary should not be renewed," de-? clued .Senator Thomas S. Martin at; the tirst session of the American As? sociation for Highway Improvement; yesterday morning. The people and; the press are In full accord with thlsi position, which Is that of nil progres- . Hlvo and enlightened Commonwealths, ? There Is general agreement that the penitentiary should not furnish the I means of personal profit to corpora- I tions; all monetary profit coming from I convict labor to any one except the. Sinu should be eliminated. This can never bo done under tiny form Of leasing convicts to private interests. That humane penal policy prevailing j In all advanced Slates demands that : the prlroners shall n"t stund In any re? lation to private persons, but shall bo' employed by the State for the benefit of the State under such conditions as will make for tho'r health in im? prisonment ond their usefulness be? yond prlsen walls after release. The Tlmes-DlspiUc.h believes that the Uener&l Assembly r.t Ito coming session should not renew the Davis shoe contract, but the Legislature should go further and appropriate all convict labor for the purpose of road construction and maintenance In this Common wealth. Road-making 1? ? legitimate use of state labor, and Is of practical benefit to all the people In reducing Ilm cost of transportation, and In generally promoting their pros-1 parity and well-being; therefore any- ' thing that will expedite the building i of good roHtle le for the common wel? fare. The convict labor of the State should be divided Into threo classes. Tho con? victs constituting the flret of these Classen, and constituting likewise a majority of all tho convicts, should be put to work on the public roads of Virginia under some systematic gen? eral plan of highway construction and maintenance. Tho second class, those physically Incapacitated for auch labor, should bo kept in the penitentiary at Richmond .it such light labor as may bo suited to their condition. The third class, conslMlng of those convicts whoso sentences are for life or a long period, should be put to work exen vatlng and oruslllng rock for use on tho roads. t?lnce this clnsa would be composed of the clangorous convicts, whom It would be uneiifo to put on ! the ronds under the ensy restrictions ' allowed short terni prisoners, there Should bo erected a penitentiary for j them In B section of the State when.' rock quarrte? of suitable supply could be Opened, At night these convicts j would be In safe-keeping In such a prison, while in the daytime they would be under heavy guard, unlike 1 the men on the ronds, for whom such I vigilance would be unnecessary, Under such a system one set of con? victs would be constantly at work supplying material for good roads, while the others would be constructing the highways, The road material could be supplied free to all citizens or communities upon their payment of transportation. All convicts Of sound body would in this way bo kept at work?and keeping them at work is absolutely Indispensable for both their physical and mental health. In this way sallow and sickening men could be transformed Into healthful anil more satisfied specimens of humanity,; Under tho present system our con-j vlcts compote With honest labor, and ' onion labor is against such employ? ment of the convicts. Putting therq on the ronds will. In large measure, If not wholly, remove this objection, but It is the moral duty of the Common? wealth to put till these men nt some healthful and beneficial work, no mat? ter who objects. The Slate has a moral duty to the helpless criminals in its charge?u duty to conserve their health, to keep their minds sound, to be humane to them; and It' must do this duty over all protests, i In the present case, however, there j ?reins to be little liability that the 1 proposed scheme will meet with any objection from organised labor. In fact. Attorney .lohn J, Soiisteby, repre? senting the Garment Workers' Union, said at the recont Rhode Island Con? ference of Charities and Corrections: "The making of roads Is needed In almost every State, and la an Ideal oc-j eupatlon for .iViCtS Aftei providing for the needs of the State and the State Institutions, thr surplus labor could be used In this way."' The Commonwealth has nothing to lose bv adopting tho plan to use prnc tlcally all convict labor on the high- I ways.. No private Interest can b? Im- J paired by suVh a policy, and tho pub- | lie interest will be greatly ?orved.' There are a hundred details of Mich a I Plan as this which cannot be outlined and a thousand advantages to be se- ' cured by such a policy, in various I forms, this .plan has already ' been j used In several States with irefnen | dous success, economy and benefit ! both to the Slate ?i.d the convicts. ' State, labor by the Stt.to Cor tho vfel faro of tho Stuto should bo tho m?xlm governing tho General Assembly In Its settlement of this most Important problem. VIltGIMA'S M1MCHAI, PRODUCTION. Almost S3.000,000 was tho |ti crease In the value of mineral pro dUCtlona In Virginia for 19ln over 1909.' while the gain over 1908 n mounted to nearly $5,000,000. Puch Is the remarkable statement ninde In survey Bulletin No. 6. Just Issued by the Virginia Geological Survey, which has co-operated with the Division of Mineral Resources of the United states Geological Survey In collecting the statistics of tho production and value of the mineral resources of the Old Dominion. In n. digest of this report, prepared by Dr. Thomas U Watson, the distin? guished State Geologist of Virginia, It is made evident that the tlgure.i for mineral production for 1910 aro well above the totals of most of tho mate rials recorded In previous years, espe- : oially in 190S ami 19D9. The Increase in production ntnl value of the mln- j ernl products of this Commonwealth , In 1010 over that of li'O'J Is particu? larly noticeable In most of the large industries, such as coal and colte. Iron ' ore and plg-Iron, stone, etc., und In litany of tho smuller ones. Tho total number of productive operations Is j great, embracing u variety of sub- j .lects. The aggregate voluc of their output In 1010 amounted to 122,766,161, na compared with S17.8S3.822 In 1908 and 819,836,670 In 1909. The quantities and value:* tJS the principal mineral producta produced in Virginia lu 1910 were: Troduot. Quantity. Valuo. Clay products. S 1.841,731 Coal, short tons..6.507,997 0,?77,480 : Coke, short tons. . I.493,665 3,734,384 Copper, pounda. . . 5,402 6S6 Cold, ounces. 42.96 SU8 ; Granite . 608,106 Iron ores, long tons . 603,877 1,!>45.144 Iron, pig, long tone 444.97?! 6,160,000 Lead, pounds. 198.856 8,750 Lime, short tons.. 141,257 063,667 Limestone . 471,908 Manganese ores, long tons. I,75i 17.S92 . Millstones. 6,273 Mineral waters, gallons .2,441.9:3 301,538 I'yrites. long tons 140,10C 526,487 Sand and gravel, short tons. 764,321 116,416 Silver, ounces. 158 69 Slate, squares_ 31,787 148,721 Talc and soap stone, short tons 25,90$ 510,7S1 Zince (spelter) pounds .1,688,HS ?6.75s I Other products. 94S,0::2 | Total value . ?22,756.161 | In connection with this table, It j should be noted that the mineral water i production Is exclusive of 48,252 gal? lons used In the manufacture of soft I drinks. The last Item, "other pro- | duets," Includes baryte3, Portland cement, feldspar, gypsum. Infusorial earth, insnumlferous Iron ore. ochre, rutlle, sand-lime brick and salt. The Increasing mineral output serves to recall tho fact that probably the most promising field for Investment in ', Virginia la In Its great resources of j well-nigh every commercial mineral | product, as has been pointed out by the State Department cf Agriculture j and Immigration. For mineral work- ? era thero arc In this Commonwealth cheap fuel, timber, abundant water, the best transportation facilities and ' climatic conditions such that outdoor j work can be carried on the year | through. Virginia mineral lttnds are ! reasonable In price, and every facility j Is held out to Induce capital to take 1 up the development of these products. I In her undeveloped mineral resources Virginia possesses a Held of Immeas? urable potential wealth A WOMAN IN TUM SENATE, There Is yet an unfilled seat in tho Semite of the Untied States. Colorado has been represented by a single Sen? ator Hlnee the death of Charles J. Hughes almost n year ago. The Leg? islature Is Democratic, but no male Democrat has been able to secure tho ite required for election. As no mere man seems to be avail? able, the suffragists have brought for? ward one of their number. Her name | Is Mrs. Sarah Platt Decker, and every j club woman In the country knows who | she Is ami what she has done One j of tho most promtnent suffragists in ' the nation. Mrs. Decker Is an e.x-pres- i blent of the Federation of Women's Clubs, a woman who has always stood lor progress und uplift lu American life, n leader of women of strong In? tellect and vigorous Ideals. She is n candidate for the Senate, nnd the news comes from Denver that her candidacy Is serious, and that she may be elected. It must be admitted that the en? tranne of Senator Decker Into the higher branch of the national legisla? ture would shock tho old-timers. It would be tho last straw for old (Tnclo Mo Ibv Cullom. However, It would be impossible for her to shock Denrose, Lorlmer, Stephenson and Cabot Lodge. She would soon feel ut homo among tho Democrats and Republican Insur genta. She would present a shining contrast to her collengue, old Gug? genheim, and, rcully, she would lend some light and color to one of the most dismal plnees anywhere to bo found. There Is no doubt that Mrs. Decker's presence In the body would have a wholesome effect on some of Its members Altogether, Mrs Decker would represent Colorado better than It hns.been .epreaonte* In many a year. The Senate needs n ' good ppanklng. rind she I? woman enough to do It. THE CITY AND THE P.VRMRTt, The Des Molnes Idea, that of redlin? ing the cost of living by bringing to-' gether producer and consumer," has been Improved In Indiana.' Mayor Shank, of Indianapolis, has been fight? ing Lbu blgii cost of living;, and ho has evolved a plan which, ho thinks, cun be successfully adopted by evory large city In the nation, i Indianapolis; already has a central ! market, but Mayor Shank Is of opln ' Ion thut wholesale and retail markets should be entirely distinct and widely nopn rated, and that n wholesale mar? ket should be run by the olty und occupied only by farmers and garden? ers who will make affidavit that they are the original producers of ff/hat they sell. The market muster would keep in touch, by telegraph and tele? phone, with these producers and their associations, in such a way he win prevent tho shortage of supplies which now tends under some conditions, of? ten brought about artificially, to an' unjust raising of prices. The Mayor has put his plan Into practice so far as potatoes arc con-, corned. He bus regulated the supply of that vegotablo and brought down prices LT, per cent. Ho Is naturally anxious to apply tho same Itlca to I produce In general. He sees uti In? crease in tho number of gardeners und: farmers In the streets of his city, and' tills, coupled with a decrease In prices, ntnkes him think that ho Is on thot right trail. HU Is a largo city, and his experiment, therefore, Is of na? tional Interest. David Starr Jordan, president of the! .Stanford University, la tho author of i tho following poem, dedicated to equal su tf rage: "Tliore once was a, lady e>f noto, Who vowed she'll elo nothing but vote. So by night and by day She kept on her way. And nl last 'got the enemy's goat-'' If It's limericks the BUfTraglsts want, they oukIu to call on Woodrow Wilson, lio Is eery fond of this form of poesy, and enjoys each now limerick with great .".est. , At Princeton lust winter ho showed a Richmond newspaper man with great glee a new limerick book Just added to hlo library. By the tlmo tho Jury box is full those IIvo sworn jurymen In the Mc Namara trial will probably be ad? dressed, by the lawyers aa "venerable men who have coino down to us from former generations." There Is a demand for American windmills In Egypt For tho first supply, how would Joe Bailey, of Texas, do? John M. Slalon hus succeeded Hokr. Smith 0.3 Qovcrnor of Georgia, by virtue of his offlco as president of the i Senate of Georgia, Slaton's lifetime j ambition has been to be Governor, but unfortunately his nr3t oiiictai business ; is to call a ecsElen of the Georgia Legislature to name his successor im- j mediately, I Voice of the People .Monument to Judge i mi run,. To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch:! Kir,?May the sod rest J.Kiilly on Hie tremuilis of Judge Ingram, the Jusl i Judge, tho genial gentleman, the faith- : tui friend) Loving monies to hie! memory will be paid by the bench, in? i bur, the pulpit and the press, but none I of the heralded evidences of the high esteem 111 winch this manly man was. held will bo freighted with the per- I fume of more sincere unu lender af- ' fecit- n than thu sighs from heart.-, "along the cool, sequestered vule. of life." Truly this man was nn ornament to the bench and an uplifting power to clvlo and social life, lie was one of the "lull, sun-crowned men who live j above the foj; in public act and private thinking." 1 think his taking oil will cause; OS de-ep general sorrow :is could I that of any citizen of our fair city, i Hut the keenest regret will be meas? ure,! by the estimate of hlni as u friend for he wai warm-hearted, sym pathotlc, solicitous, and as true- to I112 friends aa the needle to the pole. As his tliist was consigned to Mother Marth thiu afternoon 1 bethought mu of tho sentiment poeticully expressed-? "There Is no death! The stars go down To rise upon some fairer shore. And bright In Heaven's Jeweled crown They shine forever morol" f hope there aril] be a puhllo memo? rial service held In connection with the loss of such a superb character. 1 irupt. too, tbnt n monument to his memory ?111 be erected in Washing? ton Square In South Richmond, for It Ann Manchester who save him to us. .md the now oneneaa of t)t- erstwhile twin cities can be beautifully exempli? fied by the unity of desire to place a bron?..- statue of this lamented na? ture's nnblemnn In the park near his old home. Then beautify tho Square and name It fngram Park. Richmond, \V. M. RICKF.RS. l?e?rre* Siny of Belittle Sentence. To Ihe Rditor of The Times-Dispatch: sir. The writer, through the columns of your estimable paper, would like lo express his views on the action <>r tha Governor in refusing a stay of execu? tion In the Heattie cafe. Under the existing circumstances, where there Is a doubl of the truth ol the principal witness's statement, It would not only be more merciful, bill nlso more Justifiable, for the Governor ; to errant n stay until the truth of this I iffidavlt can He found out. If Paul Beattlo lied on the stand, ns his nf!l davll says he did, then his testimony' must be thrown out, and In this .case what evidence has the state against 1 Abe Martin What's become o' th' ole tlmo fa? vorite that made fifteen loaves 0' real bread ev.-r' Saturday Jist aa a niattet o' course.- 'Caslonally a end seat ho? turns out t' be Homehuddy that's only go-in*,a square, but such canes or very rare uu' widely t>catteredl THE INTERESTING BOOK AND THE AFFABLE 57RANGER. ? (Coprris-M: |M1| n? John T. MoCutchton J Henry Hcattie? Bo l.e gulltv or In nooont, without Paul's evidence tlio Commonwealth could not possibly con? vict him. When the Governor still ru fusts to grant a stay In the face of all this, and utterly refuse* to take any notice of Paul's alllduvit, then It looks to me us though it were persecution and not prosecution. The general pub lie does not want to see a mun rail? roaded In this .State, and from me talk on the street- every auy, this seems to be what the most <il .he people ot Richmond think. Let the Governor at least grant a stay of thirty cfays and In the meantime have l'aul arraigned1 for perjury, and If found gui.ty, men r?.op,.n the Beattie murder cits* and sc? |f the man can be convicted with? out Paul's tissue of lies. READER. Against ('initial Ptinlnbraenl. To tho Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir.?Kindly permit me space in the columns of your paper to enter my protest against capital punishment Which, In my opinion, is a most bar? barous practice. eaus Christ taught that God was a God of love and not of vengeance and Ho rebuked death by raising Himsell and others from the "last enemy" us St Paul calls death . In Bxeklel we read: "Tor I have no pleasure In the death of him that dleth, mhIUi the Lxird God. wheieroro turn \ uursi>i v es. u:;-J live ye." The command "Thou shalt not kill" a.ypl:?3 to 'tin Stato Just as natch as to the Individual. The Old Dominion State would do well to emulate the example of Maine. Michigan. Rhode Islond and Wlscotisln and abolish capital punishment. Life Imprisonment Is moro humane and in my opinion would answer every purpose. "VIRGINIA." Richmond, The Soldier Gravies In Tboruese Ooie trry t Mtauntou). Dead ond buffed long ago, Here they lie all .n a row; In solemn language, swoet and low, We'll sing the soldier's requiem. How they served '.heir Country weii, Died unshrlved of book and bell; Untimely Fortune rang their knell, And now In silence sleeping. Men will soon forget a name. Rut their Cause?a burning 'lame? Shall give to them undying famo, \\ ho followed Lee and Jackson. Thus we lay our laurels tender On the graves of those who render Death a victory?a splendor? P'jr the> loved their Country well. Dead and burled long ago. Here they He ull In a row; In language solemn, sweet nnd low, U e il sing tho soldier's requiem. El >.\1< >.N D FONTAINE. CharlottesvlUe. To u (.real l'oet. Hear him! singing In the twilight. Mourning the lost Lenore: Singing divinely, as the. nreligbt Falls across tho oaken floor. Love, und Faith, and Hope were his In that kingdom by the sea? The Spirit Willing, the Flesh was weak Poor, weak humanity. Lo his voice, In measured cadence-? Ah the angel Israfet, Singing to men the notes of Heavon From tho earthly Hell. Cries his soul, in bitter anguish, Too late, alus, too lute! For evil things In robes of sorrow Assulled Ills high estate. Hut the Poet und his heavenly music Cannot die, It cannot be! Tho' he sleeps beside his Annabel, In her tomb by the sounding sea. K DMON D FONTAINE, Lynchburg, Vo.. lsufl. Sonnet?Tu the N?rr Ilenulsnauce. How hath our vision leaped since Eden's curse! And Superstition slaved tho human mind: Hluck Ignorance lo doad! this homely verso x Shall mid new harmonies to thos* behind. Deep-etched upon tile page of Holy Writ, And 11.uner's epic lines, far-splendors ( bine": Sweet Shakespeare speaks for ajl in language flt? To prove his patent Is a right divine. Yet was their day but darkness! now on wings Of light we loose Orion's bands, and see Tho splendors of that Heavon which Knowlfdgc brings? Tho past and present and what ls to-be. Vet miiyusl thou c.omnnss sea und land, and fall, - Jf Faith Hhnll dio of Pride naught can avail. EDMOND FONTAINE. Cuarlotti5svlUe4 January, 19IL La Marquise de Fontenoy YOUNO LORD PETREJ, lieutenant In the Coldstream Guards, like old Sir Tolletr.aehc .--"Incla'r's grandson und heir, Archibald Sinclair (whose coming of uge I re? corded yesterday In these letters), U half American, and celobruted laBt week the attainment ot his majority, which cnaolcs mm to take hi? beat In the House of Lorua as u hereditary leK'siator. His mother, the widowed i-ju, t'utre, \?ttj Uiss Julia ("Pussy"! 'tuyior, ot New Yors. ulUest UaUslic: ol tho late liuo'sc. Caveuoisb layiur und quite a nun,our ot oilier rnumoerr ol uiu Petre tumlly have murrte? Americans, Lawrence Petre, a giaiio son ol ttie eleventh peer, haviutl leO to ttie altar Jennie, uuuguicr of A Williams, Ail Ciuoinnuti, ?nut Rcgi naiei Petre has a wife, Caroline daughter of tue late J. Aiexuuuet Preston, ol Hutt<more. Thti principal ieaiures of tho cele? bration of yuunK Lota Petre s com IHK ol age. Were gic-ui banquets and festivities for nie- neighbors, tenants ana employes ot nla two country beats, Tnoruuon Hull und lntialeStone, bom ot them in Essex, wulch hay a been in tue. punocD?.uii Of Ilia fain!l> ever ainco lliey were be-slowed by Henry \ 111. upon hie rSccrclury ol Slate, air William Petre. Owing to the fact that they were conr.beut>:d properly of the church, Mir vt lllla.ni would not accept them until his own? ership thereof teas con Ii r med by a papal t-uli, a precaution which not on? ly served to avert the blight which ?venia to have (alien upon most fami? lies who participated in the distribu? tion of "the forfeited property of the church, but likewise pruve.ni.-u any re? prisals on tho part of Wuec-n Mai:-, when she restored the Roman Catho lic faith and bent the principal Re? formers to the stake and to the scaf? fold. Thorndon Hall Is full of wonderful old painting*, umong the moat inter? esting of which la one which shows the amazing wuy In which Charles Radcllffe, tno Jacobite Earl ol Der wentwater, won the hand of Charlotte, Countess of Newburgh, the ancestress Of the present Lord Newburgh and of his slaters, who include Lady Isabel Howard wife of Esmu Howard, former? ly first secretary of tho iintis-: em? bassy at Washington, and now English minister plenipotentiary ut Herne. Dorwontwater proposed marriage, not Once nor twice, but a dozen times, to Charlotte, Lady Newburgh. who was quite resolute in her determination never to wed again, her llrst husband having been Thomas Clifford, of Chudlelgh, by whom she had had one daughter, of the name of Anne. Lord, berwentwater, however, was not thu man to take a widow's nuy, and one niKht he clambered down the chimney Into her sleeping apartment?the chim? neys were very large and roomy in those days-?and pointing out to her that she- was hopelessly compromised by his presence In her bed-room at that time of night, extorted from her a consent to their marriage. Unless l am much mistaken, this Is the only Instance in the annals of tho F.nsllsh aristocracy where a peeress In her own right has been won Uy a Bultor clam bering, not up to her window, but down the chimney of her room. Ingatestone, the other homo of Loid Petre, Is portrayed by Miss Draddon, the novelist, under the name of "Aud ley Court." In her most powerful and best known novel, "Lady Audley's Secret." The Petre peerage dates from the reiben of James I., ond was bestowed by the latter upon .Sir John Petre, son of Henry VIII.'h prudent Secretary of State. The fourth Lord Petre wni one oC tho victims of the perjured de? nunciations of the Infamous Informer Titus dates, dying as a prisoner In one of the dunpeons of the Tower ol London. Another famous member of the family was the Jesuit Father Petre or "Father Peters." as the people call rd him; the favorite counselor ot King Jair.es II. James mndo hlni clerk of the closet, that Is to say, his chief official spiritual adviser. But the lnst straw, In popular opinion, was his bestowing upon him the dlwnlty of | I privy councilor. The ninth l/ord Petre hud much to do with the pann? ing of the Roman Catholic relief act, in 1 778. King George 111. and Queen Charlotte viLited him In /state at Thorndou Hall. Vet to strong v...... the populai projutlloe uguiust Roman ?.uinolicu that When he utterwurda I raised, armed und equipped B regi? ment -for King Qevige's eurvico abroad, his elue?t son a religion warf I neiU to mutuality turn ti'oia eitner commanding it, ur avah (tum nuioina a cuiiiimcsioii as otttcer, uuu in con? sequence tuureOf ne served as a pri? vate in its rauKs. I vt hvnevirr a L.ord Retro dies, a new guhj sovereign und a loal Of nf. .... iuic preectilcu lo us many uliluws 00 i the estates as the numuer ot years of the ui.uu peer, 'iu oa, were young i L.uru Petre to din to-uay, at in- ago of j twenty-one, precisely that number of I wlaows wouiu receive tms uoio. the j origin ot Which goes buck to the lelgb. ot Queen Elizabeth. I Ihu tenth, eleventh and twelfth j Lorus Petra occupied the premier place ; among lue old ilumwi ijatiiollc arls locracy of England during the nrst, ! seven decades oi the nineteenth cen i lury, and ?o thoroughly was tne pre ? eminence in this respect acknowledged by their co-religionials, in and out of tile rioiy orders, that the lalu Cardinal Manning, on one memorable occasion, manifested some slight pique, tor when, ufter resigning nis archdeaconry 'in the- Church ot England, to become * Roman Catholic divine, in tne Aral fervors ot his conversion he exclaimed referring to the twelfth Lord Petre; [ "f thought that Saint Peter was the head of the Roman Catholic Church, but 1 Und It is Lord Petre." Eor thii ! name Is pronounced like that ot th* most famous of the apostles. I The present Lord Petre is the six teenth of ma line. The thirteenth was ' a prelate of the household ot Plus IX., kept a boys' school, tlrst at Wey bridge, and atterwards at the Isle ol I Wight, until his secession to the f?ml ' ly honors und estates, and thereupon enjoyed the distinction of being tht? lirst Roman Catholic divine to occupy a seat in Parliament?rln rhu House ot Lords?since the days of the ltefoima 1 lion. The fourteenth Eord Petra. hit younger brother, married Audrey, daughter of the Rev. Dr. William I Clark, Canon of tho Cathedral of Wells, and for many years professor of the University Of Toronto. He? i Lord Petre?uus a very cheery soul, his conviviality taking almost in | variably tho form of un Insane crav? ing to drive a hnnsom cab. If h* 1 could not Induce the hackman by means of money to surrender his seat I nnd the reins, ho would straightway knock the man down and then drivx off. Sometimes he found a congenial spirit similarly inclined, and then the drive wns apt to take tho form of a I mail chariot race between the two hansoms, which customarily culmln ' aled In a wreck, and In the appearance j of the peer In the police court. ] His younger brother, Philip, who euo I ceeded him us lifteenth peer, who the j black sheep of his family. He behav? ed so badly to ills American wife thai she was forced to leave him. taking her two children with her, and ulti? mately ho was sentenced to n term of imprisonment wUh hard labor, for a series of heartless frauds. When re? stored to liberty, he came to th's coun? try, where he lived under an assumed name, on a small allowance furnished lo him by his elder brother, the four? teenth peer. This allowance was only granted on condition that he waived] his claim to the entailed estates, In favor of his only son, Lionel, the pres? ent lord. The tlfteenth Eord Petre re? turned to England on succeeding to the family honors, but found that the remembrance of his former misdeeds, and especially of his conviction and Imprisonment, was still fresh In the minds of the public. So ho refrained from adopting the title, and died of alcoholism, it social outenat. 'n lodg? ings In one of the poorer quarters of London, where his Identity only ho enme known through the coroner's In qucst, held on his remnlns. In the he? llet that ha hod tnkon his own life. (Copyright, 1011. by the Rrentwood ConTbnny.i Eleven Hundred and Nine East Main Street is the temporary home of one of Richmond's Best Banks.