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South Richmond.10? Hull Street Petersburg Bureau....109 N. Sycamore Street Lynchburg Bureau.213 Eighth Street BY MAIL One Six Three One POSTAGE PAID Year. Mot. Mo?. Mo. Daily with Sunday.(6.00 13.00 11.00 .60 Dally without Sunday.... 4.00 2.00 1.00 .33 Sunday edition only. 3.00 1.00 .50 ,S6 .Weekly (Wednesday). LOO .W .26 ... By Tlmes-Dlspatch Carrier Delivery Ser? vice in Richmond (and suburbs) and Pe? tersburg? One WeeH Dsdly with Su- *iy. ? cents Dally without Sunday. 10 cents Sunday only. C cents Entered January 27. 1J06. at Richmond. Vs., as second-class matter undor act of Congress of March S, 1SI9. THURSDAY. NOVEMBER 30. 1911. A SIOMIMCA.VT VICTORY. By sin almost tinunltuuus vole, the Council Committee <>n ordinance, char? ter and Reform last night recommend cd to the Council the adoption of the proposed form of government for Richmond. The ordinance j,-ocs to the main body unaltered In any par- \ tlculnr, and with the impetus' which n favorable report always carries with It. The revelation of the session was the remarkable vote in favor of the plan. On the four-ward proposition, the vote was 11 to 1 favoring; on an amendment which would have im? paired the chance of the passage of i the measure the vote was 7 to 5; and | on the proposition to establish an ad? ministrative board the vote was 10 to Even th-' most optimistic advo? cates of the measure were In doubt us to the result when the committee met last night. There was not a single attack or. the theory of the- new plan. That In itself Is a striking and notable fnct. The objections that Were raised, only, to be defeated, ?litl not go to the es? sence of the proposition, but had lo | do wltli subsidiary features of the plan. The principle was never as? sailed; the procedure was. No man rose to deny that the plan is best for Richmond. What docs It mean? That the plan goes to the Council with an excellent chance of passage? Yes?ant\ more. It | means that the members of the Council have been won over by the reason of j the plan, and, considering it alone and free from all personal considerations,] have come to tile conclusion that It la best. More than that, they are renlia- I lug that the people of Richmond want a 'better form of government, and that 1 the business men of the community nrc backing the measure because It Is: practical. Improving, economical and beneficial to all. The advocates of this "better form j Of city government have beep tremen d0U8l>* heartened by the action of the ' committee last night. They can but believe that it foreshadows like action In the Council. That the Council will speedily consider the plun and adopt It unaltered Is their earnest hope. The ibroad and patriotic spirit displayed by the Committee on Ordinance, Charier and Reform last nicht will be com? mended by the people of Ibis city, be? cause the committee rendered them ii i ftplcndlri service last night by Its over? whelming approval of n measure for the greater welfare of Richmond. ~ "* . I Til E TIIANKSniVINII SPIRIT AMI Ylll-Nt; WOMEN. When we people id" Itlchmond think and speak of Otir city Wo do hot al? ways put Into words tli"se possessions that mean the most lo us and to i Richmond. It Is wM . enough to increase our! hanklng? cavKal* and surplus by some six millions 6*r lidd ich? of thousands I to our population, or to double the : capacity of the Gas Works, or decrease , the number of dentils, All these achievements are marks of a very real and very desirable growth, but even those statistics do not tell the whole, or even the l.iiger part of the story <>f what makes a city great. If real power dc pen tied on Hie census of ! population ami the bank1 examiners' reports of capital and deposits In iSti."., Richmond would huvc Iom its place! forever. Bin power is: of men's spirits J -?not of men's pockets?thill is why, in 1S6S, when Richmond was burned, decimated unj Impoverished; when her! trade was ruined, her customers gone j and her prosperity destroyed, this city did hoi despair. Hei sonn used: that spirit of courage, resourcefully lino optimism which tiiey had received from the||- fathers and developed in the fierce struggle Ol Hie Civil War ! - to rebuild the waste place* mid repair the wreck of war. It was the spirit oi the people that > remade Richmond in IK05; it it the spirit, of tlii' peopU Hint helps Itlch? mond kindly, charitable, large-hearted j and public-spirited to-day. K?r nliic iiaj|? u ciiinpiilgii for the; Y. Wi C. A. Ins been going on, and Richmond has shown the same iplrlt In this period of wealth und power that marked her j,, tlic dark hours of pov? erty und we knes?. Tho upp*>u| has been made io tin. heart of Itlchmond lor a cau:te that appeals lo the |n. tt-lllgence of ibis ivlioh community. The simple prob ems uf d ?maller city have been replaced by the large and insistent question, ,t will Itlch? mond do to protect', <!? <,?;, and wise? ly care for the thousand) of young ?wojuei- who die earning |hi-ii dully - breed In the ?hop?, factories end counting houses of tbi> city? The personal touch Unit, answered in old.-r and smaller ? Itter: will not meet tlii). Isr-.u*. Organised work, from a suitable centre,' is th< only way to deal effectively with these condlttont, ' That is why Illiblnond. which saw the fnct Jong ug? and w.'? the first city u, the fiontli to have a V<?ung Women's Christian Association, along older lines, .will be the iirit to meet new condi tlons by new methods and an enlarged Held for work. To-Utty Richmond will give thanks for many, very many, morclcs, and chtcfcBt among them all Is the spirit or this city?a spirit which war and sorrow could not break, and pros? perity has not dulled. Xor will Richmond be satisfied with giving thanks alone, it will add work and thought and money, so that the young women of this city may, on next Thanksgiving nay, rejoice in giving thanks because they, too, are citizens of this city. I'OYk'lSlt OP PUBIilC sbnt1mbnt. Public sentiment has driven James O'Loary, the groat gambler of Chicago, nut uf business. Ills palatial gam? bling resort, with Its bowling alleys, bar room, reading and club rooms, and. above all. with Its steel wnlled card and gnmbllng rooms upstairs, where the guests could break the law to their hearts' content without the risk of being rnldcd, 1ms been put up for sale, and will be bought for an emergency hospital. For years this gambling joint ran wide open In the stock-yard district, j ami It seemed as if O'Lcary would never be molested. Then enmo the wave of Virtuous reform under Muyor darter Harrison, with Its searching" into the police and gnmbllng and vice conditions In Chicago?and a miracle took place. Chlcngo found that its citizens really wanted clean government. The fierce white light of publicity was more than even 0'l.eary could stand; his business was ruined, and his plant is for sale. No form of vice can oxtst where public sentiment Is n wakened and the llglit Ik turned on, and .Mm O'Leary's gambling house Is .lust one moro indi? cation of that fact. THE KBDUBST NATION. in this century of civilisation and enlightenment, it is the UnltaJ states' that leads the whole world In its j murdrr-rnte. In unpunished murrior-| er.?, as well, this nation Is first. Useless technicalities. outrageous' inlscurrlagr-s of Justice, woeful iihusf: of the pardoning pow-r, antiquated judicial procedure?these nre sonic of the causes .if '.Iii? disgruenf il .llstlnc tUi'n of bur republic. In the latest Issue of Collier's Week? ly, Carl Snyder draws a terrible In? dictment against the United States. He shows that in this country the annual murder rate is seventy to eighty per million. In Italy it Is less than fif? teen per million. In Canada it Is lesp than thirteen per million. In Oer many it Is less than live per mil? lion. In Great Britain, less than nine per million. Mr. Snyder ?eures that in the United SlntcR not one murderer In ton ever sees the inside of a peniten? tiary. From such a calculation he deduces the following strong Incite? ment to murder and immunity from consequences extended people toy a lax administration of justice in this country; "If you commit a murder, It is a better than " to i Fhot that you will! never he brought to trial. "it Is a bettor than in to 1 shot that you will never he sentenced to the penitentiary. ?'It is a better than SO ] shot that you will never lie hanged or electro? cuted." .Mr. Snyder quotes President Taft as saying thai our enforcement of crim? inal law Is a "disgrace to civilization.' 11 is shown that In "the tyranny of technicality" Missouri leads, since the Supreme Court of that State lately re? manded a murder conviction hecnuso a "the" was missing from the Indict? ment. The Atlanta Constitution Wakes the striking comment that "America's supremacy in human butchery among nations Is condoned by the shadow of law. and that in a nation pretending 10 the highest standards of civiliza? tion and Christianity." A sound public sentiment is the only cure for the present infamous condition in our country. Technical KV must be barred. Precedent and procedure must be altered for the law's sake. Delay must be denied. Trivial appeals must be thrown out. Tli.- pardoning power must he exer? cised onlv in rare instances. V SRW IIAl.l, OF FAMft. Andrew Carnegie has made up a list of the men who have moved the world and done things that improved ih.- condition of mankind." Tnose named are Shakespeare; Morton. dis? coverer of ether: .Tenner, discoverer ot vaccination; N'ollson, inventor of hot blast: Lincoln: Robert Burns: fiuton hcrg, inventor of printing: R'dlson: Siemens. Inventor of water meter: Bessemer, inventor: Mushet, Inventor ? if steel process; Columbus: Walt; Reil, inventor of telephone: Arkwright, in ventoi nl cotton-spinning machinery; .1 1. Murdoch, first to employ coal . Illuinltiiint; Stophenson; .Symington. Inventor of rotary engine; James ' Beaumont Wilson. I.vldontly Mr. Carnegie thinks that j most oi the great men of the world have been connected with the steel j business Shukespeare md Robert Burns are the only literary men on Hit list, and these, with Columbus and ; Lincoln, are tt,e only men on the list . who were not mechanics in some sense or other. \ \bki>i:i> Mnri.n icATiox. I ipubtlesM many .,f our legislator** elect an- casting about for a bin to present on the opening day of the Oencrsl Assembly, The Northern Neck New- suggests an amendment of the law which some progressive member ?he legislature might well frame \ny> a bin and send to th? clerk** desk. The News suggests a simplification of the method ot certifying allow uncos made by the courts to be paid I out of the State Treasury. These al? lowances uro to wltnoBsca and Jury? men for attendance upon the court and discharge of duty. When the term of court ends, the Judge Is naturally eager to get away?often he has to leave hurriedly to open court some? where else. The clerk has only en? tered the orders and hardly had more than n chance to read them over to the Judge und havo hint sign them. The clerk then has to list them und send this list to the Judge, who signs It and forwards It to the Flr6t Audi? tor. Tho clerk then must copy and attest each order of nllownncc verba? tim, und he cannot do this until the list has been forwarded lo the Audi? tor, or If he does so and the order reaches the Auditor before the list signed by tho Judge reaches hhn. It Is turned down and has to be rccoplod and uttestcd. This, procedure con? sumes much time and often results In delay and Inconvenience to men who have come a long distance to the courthouse at a considerable expense, which some of them are unable to bear easily. Tho News would have a simplifica? tion, saying: "We would suggest a law requiring each clerk to keep what might be known as an allowance book, made out somewhat as a warrant-book Is made, with a carbon sheet between each of the pages. Then when an allowance was made, the only writing to bo done would be for thu clerk to write In II what It was for and the date and ; amount and to sign It and have the j Judge countersign it. The book I could be so made that tho carbonized i coplos could be detached and for | w ? ixlcd day by day to the Auditor, while the originals could bo deliver? ed at the close of each day of tho term to those entitled thereto. Tho stubs of these warrants or allowances would bo sufficient record of what whs done and a great deal of annoying de? lay would he saved." This change, If written Into law, would certainly work a simplification of procedure and would be a reason? able convenience to grant to jurors and witnesses. A3 In many other cuses, there Is hero too much red tape, and It will do no harm to snip some of It off. A ONFS-MAN NINE. Some men are liars nn,| sonic are college professors. The latest is from the University of Chicago?as It al? ways Is?and this time It is the learned Professor W. F. Moulton, who docluren that only one man would be needed to play n game of baseball on Phoebus ??one of the two moons of Mnrs, and not the place In Virginia. This state? ment is conditioned upon that one man's existing In a place without at? mosphere. The worst thing about Ihis Is that the professor told It to a church society. The one-man tesm would first step Into the pitcher's box, says Professor 1 Moulton. He would throw the ball horizontally. The ball would "go all the way around the moon," which, I conservatively speaking, would be I nlbout as far an Home-Run Baker would ordinarily knock It or us com? pletely as Christy Mutthowson could Curve It. In the meantime, the one man team would have tlmo to get to bat and strike at It. "If he missed It, he could take his three strikes, then put on his mask, glove and chest pro? tector und catch himself out when the ball came around tho fourth time." Home slow ball, that: In case he hit the ball, and it bounded, the one-man team could field by picking up the ball as It came bounding: aroun<| Hie moon. He could then throw to first mid catch himself out on the base as the ball came around ngain. If he hit a fly Instead of a grounder he might draw on his glove and. playing the part of oentre fielder, catch himself out. "A strong batter," says the profes? sor, "might score a home run." This would mean that he hit the ball so hard that It went beyond the attrac? tion of the moon and struck on the planet Mars, "ft would <be what we call 'over the fence." " Quite bo, quite so. What an acquisition that map would be to the Giants?a man who could knock the hall clean over the moon Into another world! The only trouble about this game on PhoebuB would be that the young man who started out chasing the slow moon ball would be tottevlng into his grave at the end of the ninth. The Greensboro Record says: "With Virgin's luw ns to the selec? tion of a Jury, ond especially with .Indite Watson at the helm, that Mc Namara trial would have about been completed, whereas the box has not yet been filled." And yet they speak of "progressive" California. Sure as fate. If Virginia wins the football game to-day tho Tftrhools 1 will claim that every man on the ChnrlottesvllU team was born In North (Carolina "We haven't any nghl to make on Superintendent Wood. He's a fine fel Ihw. and wo Tike him," sayB the New? port News Cress of the Superintendent of the Virginia Penitentiary. Maine Is dry, they say, but as the Maine folks wlnkthgly suggest, "Ask your druggist." T)r- Charles Alphonso Smith, a North Carolinian, who Is professor of Eng? lish literature In the University of Virginia, on Monday night. In address ins: the North Carolina Tdterary nnd Historical Society, voiced the doubt in i the mind of every Tarheel by asking, "What is history? What shall a State j history for the public school con j tain?" Nobndv rose to assert that Ihe i so-called Mecklenburg declaration of Independence was history; no one per? petuated the mendacious fable that Andrew Jackson was horn In the Old Worth Htnte- It must have been an Impressive scene; not a one in all that assemblage of the Intellect or North Carolina knew what the history of the Stnto should contain. No wonder; in such a Jungle of labyrinthine myth and fablo as the history of North Cairoliua everybody hopelessly founders. The Equal Suffrage Leugne Of Vir? ginia meets here Saturday. Thore could bo no more approprjotc tlmo for the holding of the long-awaited dc bato betweon Brother Addison, of the I>ynchburg News, end Dr. and Vioo Prosldent Anna Olount. of the Chicago Equal Suffrago League. Another North Carolina myth will he exploded nt Broad Street "Park to-day. And now comes Into the court of compurgators a noted archaeologist to vindicate, p.ftor some three thou? sand years, the name, fame und repu? tation of Sappho. On the uuthorlty of fragment!! of Sappho's works dis? covered in a storehouse of papyrus manuscripts in Egypt, he asserts that Sappho was not a poetess of pasaton. shady as to character, and an un dutlful daughter, but the stuid and prim principal of a reputable young ladies' boarding school that flourished j in Mltylcne about 5S0 B. C, and that she treated her folks as a good girl should. 'But we do not know that this makes matters any clearer as to Sappho after all, considering that, according to at least three authorities, there were two Sapphoa. The discovery, therefore, leaves one as much muddled as do the conflicting accounts in tho classical dictionaries, w,hlch bewilder the reader ns muoh aH tho up ono side and down the other dissertations on a given grammatical point in old Father Oonld Brown's Grammar of Grammars. Which Sappho? It is said that tho coming session of Congress will be so thrilling that the Congressional Record will get out an extra. At the new Pennsylvania Station in New York 377,71 1 questions were asked the bureau of information within the year. No less than 377,713 of the quostlons were "What >s the curliest poaslblc train I can get for Richmond?" Voice of the People ! Spelling' Reform Fetich Acnln. To the Editor or The Times-Dispatch: Sir.?The shot, shell and shrapnel ot | ridicule and of sonorous summary i squelching, which your editorial of! Tuesday morning fired Into the camp of the spelling reformers, must certain-!, ly demolish any crumbling fortlllen-1 tlons which the quoted article of the London Saturday Review may have left! standing. To borrow the model of I language reform therein suggested, any j foolhardy detlcr of these thunderous denunciations will doubtless be prompt? ly Jackjohusonlsed an<j utterly john sullivanate,! Into Infinitesimal frag? ments of preposterous presumption. Nevertheless, in the humble opinion' of your correspondent, while youty praise of the Review's lnelslveneaa of. sarcasm is merited, if it is convincing, I the fact is to be deplored. True, Its "reasons are no less cogent than Its, logic is flawless." Together thoy .stand.' but likewise, upon careful examination,: together they fall Into very plausible fallacy. If the editorial writer will compare s .standard work printed In the ortho? graphy of Shakespeare and one in the propose*! conservative simplified spell? ing, he will lind that the former varies; as much or more than the latter, from | the literary standards of lo-rtny an exemplified in his own excellent edi? torials. This means that the Eliza? bethan orthography has already been i "Joshbilllngalzed1' quite as much as j the spelling reformers seek to revise It; and it has not been done In the I direction of uniformity, nor yet of. increased historical or poeticul signi? ficance. The Introduction to the new i International Webster's Unabridged Dictionary says of current editions of Shakespeare and the Bible, that "the spelling has bnen modernized and a number of obsolete forms hove given | place to thoso In present use; thus moe is changed to more, slth to sineo. ... If works prlntnd In Shakespeare's day | appoar strange at first vlow to the modern reader, It In chiefly owing to changes since made in the spelling. | which did not become fixed unit' ni cer.tury later. Unfortunately these j changes are far from having made the i orthography of the language simple | and consistent. . . . With a multitude I of signs for the game sound and a mul? titude of sounds for the same sign, it poorly fulfils the original and proper office of orthography to indicate pro? nunciation; nor does it better fulfil the Improper office which some would assert for It, of a guide to etymology, i It Imposes a needless burden on the) nntlve learner. To foreigners it sen-! ously aggravates the difficulty of Re? quiring the language, and thus re? stricts the Influence of English litera? ture on the mind of the world." Fear not that it is tho sacred ortho? graphy of the sixteenth century that is to he simplified. It Is that of to? day. Every extended glossary of Shakespeare contains several thousand words whloh have so altered in form or meaning as to need explaining to modern readers. Tn fact, the immortal dramatist's own -orthography was soj unsettled that it is said he Bpellcd his: own name in fourteen different ways' and he performed some very effectual permutations with other worus. To? day there are several hundred words In common ubo on which the Undon Saturday Review and The Tlmes-Dls patoh cannot agree.?witness labour, cheque, honour, utid tho like. It Is a safe guess that there are more variants among the classic. Elizabethan wrlers. 1 or among good present day usages, uvl Abe Martin SOMETHING LACKING, By John T. McCutcheon. [Copyrlirht: 1011: H7 John T. MoCt>t????a.) between the one and the other. Hun there are changes proponed -by tho con? servative reformers, Mut the latter are nil toward n more rational and offoc live language, the foi incr'towurd noth? ing but chaos. The development of the present Eng llsh spelling Is a long, sad tab- of uc oldents and blunde rs. ICverv law nf nattiral derivation or historical sIrMII ennce lg violated time and again. Note tho spelling of alignment from line, height from high, ele., ml Intinllum. What do the masters ,,f phllologv say as to tho orthographic "storehouse pi history and poctle suggestion?" Ktis.il the same convenient source just quoted I for an authentic declaration as to the great loss to poetry and falslllcitt<OP ?.': history through our present n:iy spoil j Ins. which was developed hi a period of great confusion arising from for? eign Influence and luelt of accepted standards?a condition ..ill: largely prevailing. Now as to the "Ignorant dialect form" by which the simplified spell? ing advocates "would make the mun terploces of the Knglish language ridi? culous." can the editorial writers of i these grent dailies say .lust who nro! these "literary and educational Phil? istines" whose work la "trending un? erringly nnd logically lo the evolution' of travesty upon true education and j mockery of culture?" Are they aware i of the nature of the changes proposed'. It Just happetiH that the advocates of the "Ignorant dialect" Include the fore? most educators, literary critics and' writers, ' phllologlans and high-grade publishers of tho world. The prcsl- I dents of our greatest universities ere perhapa must conspicuous among thnsoI Who bow to this 'grotesque fetich."! Tho reform proposed by the Carnegie board gives very careful considers/: tion to historical ami structural signifi? cance of our words, as will he seen by reading a paragraph printed under their plan. Hut perhaps the most surprising phase of your editorial Is Its pedago? gies. It Is unexpected In view of the) educational progressl VenesS of Thei Tlmcs-Dispatch. We have not noted, any complaint on your part that the hoys and farmers are becoming "Inoc? ulated with the virus of gei-corn-tiulck and-cMsy Innovation." ltetter educa? tion, like all Improvements, rests fundamentally upon getting results "qulck-and-rasy." rtut let It be edu? cation, genuine, thorough and ever bet? ter; not superficial glossing over new! theories, nor yet wasteful droning over obsolescent mistakes and moth- I ods of the past. Pray, why should we not teach the child to talk, dress or conduct business. Industries, nnd even newspapers In the Elizabethan fash? ion? Have we no use for a Inngtlhga of to-day and to-morrow, (hut in ibis one thing we must keep o.ir faces hack ward? it Is one thing to keep sacred our history nnd traditions, quite a dif? ferent thing lo cling to cumbrous. Im? perfect methods or Instruments when better are available. Why should not n more efficient spelling bo as accept uble in tho newspaper olllce as a bet? ter type-writer or press? Is It possible that there Is noth? ing better than spelling to suggost for the gratuitous furnishing of "triable. Industry and the application of the mind" In the tasks of the overburdened school-child of the twentieth Century?] Every teacher will agree that tho.ro lsi nothing In the whole schoo) curriculum' so irrational, uneducutlvc and Inovitn- i bly "parroty" as the English spelling. No human mind can learn it otherwise! than as a "mere mechanical tread? mill." But the proposed revisions of! spelling to which you ascribe those pedagogical effects are all In the line of affording that "mental digestion, assimilation and expansion" which you, fenr will bo lost. The ettioionoy 0f i|1L. ] educated man depends upon tho econ? omy In his education. Economy and ridding It of superfluous lumber which wearies, deadens and confuses, but fulls to train in logical or systematic] thinking or afford interest or Insight j Into the future or the past. This Is ex? actly the burdensome grind of our I chnotlo spelling, as the vordlet has been pronounced by those who best know the problems of tho mind anil of the school nnd those who best know nnd love their Milton and Shakespeare, H. E. BENNETT. AVllliam and Mary Collego. For a Purdon nonrd. To tho Editor of Tho Times-Dispatch: Kir,?Kindly permit me space In your paper to express an opinion and offer a suggestion with reference to the ex? ercise of clemency toward n condemn? ed criminal on the part of the State. No one ^ho Is familiar with the cir? cumstances surrounding tho "Bentlie" oxecution will fall to, sympathize with our goof, Governor Mahn. Ills was'In? deed a,trying and, to my mind, a fear? fully responsible ordeal. On the one hand Importuned by those who felt that In view of things recently brought to light a stay should be granted, that certain important Investigation be made. On the; other hand, stern. Im? placable, unyielding duty domanded that ho must not Interfere. Those who differed from the Gov? ernor began to criticize (perhaps un? kindly) his sincere action. Now. 1 sub? mit that the Governor of the State should not be forced to occupy this unenvlnhln position. No one hut Gov? ernor Mann nnd others who have pre? ceded him know how hard it is to stand firmly by what'they conceive to be the right in the midst of tho tplcndings and 1 Jojtrs. often tears of mothers, .fathers. wives and children of condemned crim? inals 1 would suggest that this ho altered. 1.01 our Legislature enact a l/w creating a hoard of pardons. etc., WllOSl) ditty It shall ho to pass upon 1 all questions of clemency asked for In) behalf of all criminals. I respectfully offer these few ideas in hope that some one better prepared than I may write i more fully on this subject. Itlchirtond. ^VERIT?B." | LaMarquise deFontenoy E-, ARIj ORKV l.s about to be prcsent I ed with the freedom of tip- city . of t/ondon, In recognition of his services as Governor-General ot Canada. Just In the same way that It was bestowed upon Lord Cromcr, on! Ills finol return from Egypt, and upon Lord Our/on on the termination of his Vlcoroyaity of India. Tlie lour other survivors of the nine governors-gen? eral who have heb! otllee at Ottawa since the confederation of Canada into n dominion. In 1867, will be present, namely, the Unite of Argyll, who ns Marquis of Lome was governor-gen? eral In 1!?7.x, the Marquis of I ,a llsdo? tie. who was governor-genera) In ISS.t, the Kurl of Aberdeen in lt>!<:i, und the Harl ( of Mlnto In I SOS. Lord Mohck, who was governor-gcni'ral In 1S07. Lbl'd Llsgar, who followed him in 1888, the late Mttrstlls of Dllffurllt, who was gov? ernor In the early snvontlioj, and the late Earl of Derby, who tigured at ut tawn as Lord Stanley of Preston, have all since been gathered to their fa? thers. Lord and Lady Oroy are now es? tablished hi Howiek Hall, their country seat in Northumberland: a grand bid place, which has been In the possession of the Northumberland Greys since Sir Edward of that Ilk, who nourished In the reign of James 1. it may be add? ed that lie was even In those day's re? garded by his contemporaries oh chief of one of the most ancient houses ... England's northernmost shire. Ho? wiek Hall stands In the midst of u beautiful garden, and of an extensive park stretching to the sea. Jt Is about forty miles from Newcastle. 1 Tho earl has found one family treas? ure missing from Howiek Hall since he returned from Canada, namely, the portrait of Benjamin Franklin, which thb Ill-fated Major Andre, while solv? ing on the staff of the first Lord Grey, one. of the principal commanders of the.British troops in tho American War of Independence, took from Franklin's house in Philadelphia during that con? flict and gave to his chief. This paint? ing, which hung In Howiek Hall for considerably over a hundred years. Lord Grey, during his term of ofllce as Governor-General of Canada, presented to the United States government, on the occasion of one of his visits to Washington, announcing the gift at a banquet given in his honor by the. Society of Pilgrims at New York, anil at which Senator Boot, then Seerc , tnry Of State in the Roosevelt adminis? tration, was present. Nowadays peace reigns nr Howiek Hall. But this was not tho case when ! It belonged to l^ord Grey's uncle and 1 immediate predecessor, a very odd ' character. He had no children. Rut j his seven brothers, and five sisters. with their numerous children; were ul | ways welcome at Howiek Hall, which was Invariably chock-full of guests, j every one of whom was either a hroih | er or n slst.er, or nephew, or niece, i sometimes even a grandnephow or ; grandnlece, of tho old host. SOmo ! how, with the. exception of "'Bertie!' karcy, the present earl, they had till I Inherited the disputatious and quarrel? some disposition for which the Greys, of Howiek, have always been celebrat? ed; so that the scenes at table used to be exceedingly lively. They called one another by their Christian names, the children never dreaming of ad? dressing their parents, or llielr uncles and aunts, otherwise. Indeed the smallest--boy would,call the old earl "Henry," In spite of his advanced age, his Knighthood of tho Garter, his rank ns a former Cabinet minister, and his verv lofty Idea of his own Importance. There is ono ordeal which Lord and Lady Grey will havo to face, now that they aro commlttod to upending Christ? mas at Howiek Hall, after so many years of absence. It Is an infliction in the form of the celebrated Howiek Chrlstmns pie, of which both iiro.ox pectod to partake liberally. The pie, which weighs some 200 pounds, is , nine feet In circumference, and so huge that It Is fitted neatly Into n wooden cane, on four wheels, so tliui ll can b< wheeled round (he table. An Wen of the. richness of the |ile may be gath? ered from u list of some of the In? gredients. According to the recipe ' which dates buck to the middle of Ho eighteenth century; that Is to nay, sonn i].*)0 years, the pic Ih made up oi i'dv I oral bushels of Hour, twenty pounds hi I buttor; tour geese; two rabbits; six I wiiil ducks; six woodcock; a dor-en I-snipe; three br.i<-o of partridges; twe nnats" tongues; seven black birds; six pigeons; and six curlews; the latter, It Is said in the recipe, "by way of flavor. Vice. Admiral Prince Alexander Lie i ven, who has just been appointed chief 1 of the general stuft of the Russian navy, is the olllccr who, commanding the cruiser Diana al the outbreak oi the war between Russin a ltd JapUni lr ; 1901, took part In that gallant dush i out of Port Arthur by the Russian Warships In harbor, In deference Id peremptory Instructions received fronl St. Petersburg, It will be recalled Hint I the Russian ships were either driven j hack Into port, damaged almost lit : yond repair, or else sunk, by Admiral ! Togo. Only one of them got away, ' namely, Hie DlnnSi owing to tin [superior senmnnsh'p of her cuplulu, ! Prince Alexander Meven. Fighting oil ; and escaping ib" Japanese cruisers l sent In pursuit, Lloven managed to i navigate her In surety to the French , p?rt of Saigon, thousands' of mites I away, where she was dismantled. In I accordance with the requirements of ithe laws of neutrality, to be held un? til the end of the war. While nt Saigon. I.leven was joined I bv his wife, who had made her cm. ape from Port Arthur, through the lightly I drawn Japanese lines of tin- besieging I forces, by distinguishing herself as a I Chinaman, anil under the cover of a blinding snowstorm. In fnct, her ex? traordinary ntlvehlur.es, and the roman? tic features of her escape, appealed so powerfully to ihc treat people nt Si. Petersburg, thai they havq since ilieti forgiven \wt husband for marrying her; their former objections to her hav? ing been ilue to the foet that she was n divorcee, and a woman of birth far I Inferior to his own. I For Alexander Lleven can trace his ?ancestry In an unbroken line to lleh [ ry Llcvc, who was a fcudnl baron. I vassal to the Archbishop of Riga, in l tin thirteenth century. The Licvcns owe their title of prince, and their prefix of "Serene Highness"?enjoyed by so very few of the princely houses of ' Russin ? to the fact lhat the widow of ! Oenornl Count otin Lleven was gover j ness of the children of Czar Paul; nnd j that Emperors Alexander I. and Nicho? las I., as widl us the CzafOVll of Coil I stnntlnc Paulovileh, who waived his ! rights of succession 10 the throne in ? favor of hi.-, younger brother, mi three regarded her as their second mother. Although the representative of Sir F.dwnrd Orey, Hie Inder Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, was careful i to explain, at the time of Lord Kllch j oner's appointment to the position of minister plenipotentiary In Egypt last j slimmer, that his duties there would j be Identical with those of his prede ! ccssors, that Is to say, purely diplo ; tun tic and civil, yet It Is apparent, from j the general order Just Issued by the I War Dopartmoni in London, Hint Lord j Kitchener will, as Held mnrflhnl, have, I do facto, supreme command of all the I military forces not only In Egypt find in I the Soudan, but also In the military i district of the Mediterranenn, compris I lug Malta. Gibraltar, nnd Cyprus, in j the first plneo. it i:-. ordered that Hie j Governor-General of the Sotidnn, the . Sirdar, or British generalissimo of the j Egyptian army, and tho English gen - j ornl officer commanding the British I army of occupation in 'Egypt, are to be directly responsible lo Lord Kitch I enor. Moreover, General Sir Ian ! Hamilton, who Is pot only Inspector j general of the forces beyond the sea but also the eommandot'-ln-chlef of the Mediterranean. Is directed to submit lo Lord Kitchener nt Cairo, nil his views on strategy and defence, and nil the measures Ihnl he proposes to lake, before communicating Ihcm to the War Department In London. There are several other paragraphs In the. new general order on the same I lines, all tending lo make It nulte clear that though nomlnnlly Ixird Kitchener Is merely Rritlsh minister plenipotentiary In Egypt, lie Is In re? ality in supremo command of all the military forces In Egypt, and In L'ng lund's various strongholds In the Medi? terranean. (Copyright. 1911, by the Brcnlwood Company.) Eleven Hundred and Mine East Main Street is the temporary home of one of Richmond's Best Banks.