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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, December 11, 1911, Image 4

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STIipgnmp^f tigJiE^ ?i?patrh
Bullae?! Office....9U S. Main Street
?outb Richmond.10? lrull 8tre?t
Petersburg- Bureau....10? N. Sycamore Street
Lyuchburg Bureau.116 Eighth Strcot
BT mail Ona Six Three One
POSTAGE PAID Tear. Moa. Mo?. Mo.
Dally with 6unday.?8.00 t*.00 ?1.50 .M
Daily without Sunday.... 4.00 2.00 l.:o .K
Sunday edition only.2.00 i.co .00
gt'celcly (Wednesday)...., LOO .60 .? ...
By Times-Dispatch Carrier Delivery Ser?
vice In Richmond (and suburb*) and Pe?
tersburg? One Weell
Daily with Sunday. ib centl '
Daily without Eunday. 10 cents
Sunday only. 6 cents
Entered January 17, 1905, at Richmond.
Va.. as aecond-claes matter under act ot
Congre? of March .->. 1ST9.
Our supreme opportunity to secure
an emeient anil economical city gov?
ernment comes to-morrow night. The
Board of Aldermen will have It within
Us power to close the whole matter
and clinch the whole proposition by
voting for the ordinance Just as It
comes from the Common Council and
by votinp down all amendments. If
an amendment should prevail the whole
plan would go hack to the Common
Council, and be liable to vicious alter?
ations and' the excision of the vital
features of the plan. If the plnn us j
It stands Is adopted to-morrow night,
oil that will be left will be tho for?
mality of the approval of the General
Assembly, and that will bo given ns it
mutter of course. The people arc agi?
tated over this plan, they have been
stirred to a realization of Its abso?
lute necessity for the city, and the
sooner the matter is settled the
The beet Interest of Richmond de?
mands that tho unamended. ordinance |
he passed to-jnorro'vr night by the
Rnard of Aldermen. For this reason.
It is highly deslrablo that the citizens
and the live o-gnnizations of Richmond
present a united front at the City
Hall, All should be agreed that the
ordinance as It stands is what the
pcoplo want. There should be no di?
vision in the ranks, and tho whole !
line should "rlgl.: dress" on the ordi?
nance unamer.dcd, as the form which ,
is best and most desirable. Every
body agrees that the Fire and Police1
1 ?cpartments should ultimately be tin-I
der the administrative board?why not
pull together for It now? By stand- j
ing for the unamended ordinance, tho
people will get what they want, will j
.?-.tvc time, money and trouble. Why I
put off for the future what can be
done to-?tiy? Why refuse to exchange
a future benefit for a present one?
Let the citizens nnd their organiza?
tions unite for the ?.inaruciided ordi
nance. Cease this cross-firins. this
scattering of nttack: Line up. Stand
together. If an Individual were offer?
ed two things as gifts and refused to
accept one because he thought It best
to take It later, he would be deemed
Impractical and foolli-h. Why should
Richmond, being offered two bonellt?,
refuse one on the ground that It could
be ncceptod Inter?
Let us stand topet er, present a
united front to-morrow nlt-'lit und se?
cure the unamended ordinance.
BETWEEN two stools.
Assuming/ and wo hope It Is a violent
assumption, that, as predicted by Wash?
ington correspondents, tho Democratic
majority in the House of Representa?
tives is preparing to "put up to" tho
Republican fonatc and th* President a
dollar-a-day b^FC'Icq pension bill, which
would cost the country tome $45,000,000
a year, iho Providence, r. I., Journal
eays: "A more unwise proposition has
rarely received serious consideration In
the national Capitol." The Journal
draws it mildly. A more blundering
proposition, little rhort of a crime, It
any, fcgatnst the party and the nation,
lias rarely received serious considera?
tion there.
If, continue? our Providence contcni
porar'y, the Democrats pass tho bill in
the House, and succeed, with the aid
of tho Insurgents, In genius il through
the Senate, Mr. Tnft will be r-xpectcd to
veto it, as he certainly ought to do.
"Nor," in the opinion ni the Journal,!
"would he stand any the worse with
Ihe cotintry In consequence " lor "the'
American public Is thoroughly opposed j
to fo egregious and Indiscriminate u
Sr,tV ' Jn tho.?t conclusions wo heuit
And It perchance the President Should
. approve, the bill, the responsibility for'
the "grab," for a miserable political
trick that would result in Buch out?
rageous roUbery of the tax-poyers,
would fall upon the Democrats. There;
fore, in the event of either presidential
veto or approval, the pari} will have
"bitten off its nose to spite its i
Clearly, an 1 aside from Hie liypodilry
und cowardice of such political let; il?
lation, uh lb- latter Is Involved in ftar.
of the "soldier vote." ibt- pio.iosltion
carries the danger of the part) :i put?
ting ltst-lf in position to fall between
two stools. "Unwise!" Boetlun stupid?
ity, forsooth.
.Sentiment In North ? Carolina 1?
sroused over fish'and oyster con.ei va
tion. There U to be ;< tonvi ntion ut
Ncwbern thin' week, which will have
for its cxciusiv; object tin.- considera?
tion of ways .und tnr.ni' to con ? i'vt
the two groat jiafural products of the
waters of the Old North State! The
Newborn Dally Journal says in Oils
'?It is lime'that the selfishness ih/.t
has prevailed in certain localities,
tvhlcli has prevented legislative action,
?Hall be overthrown, .and the entln
Hinte reap the benefit* from the Ittli
ana oysters, which, with intelligent
conservation tnothod*. means millions
of roveuue to this Commonwealth."
That a conservation policy pays lias
been shown before In North Carolina.
A few yoars aero there was almost a
totnl disappearance of tho game bilde
and wild animals that previously had
made Eastern Carolina famous as n
great hunting- ground for quail, turkey,
robins, doves, bear, deer, possums,
squirrels and other game. To remedy j
the situation strict game laws were j
passed, and their enforcement has been
rigid, with tho result that a wonderful j
chance haa come about. This year
hunters say that gamo has not been so
plentiful In the section for many years.
Conservation has brought about tho
change. Instead of harmful and pro?
miscuous slaughter of game, there is
"good shooting," and game Is secured
in such .1 way that hunting becomes a
real sport. Wanton destruction has
been stopped.
Conservation applied to North Car?
olina's fish und oysters means that
these splendid water products would bo
a continual and Increasing source of
wealth to the people. Tho Newborn
convention has a chance to do a great
work for the Stato, and It Is to be hoped
that It will follow tho advlco of tho
Newborn Journal: "Thero must be ai
giving way of personal or locality self
Ishnes.-?, and laws enacted that shall lie
enforced, that will mean a fish and oys?
ter industry to enrich the State for all
In. both of the past two sessions of
tho Legislature The Times-Dispatch
used every argument In Its power to
induce Virginia to enact laws that
would go to the root of our oyster prob?
lem. And we take this occasion to
declare again that no natural resource
In this State litis ever been more abused,
mishandled ana riogleeted, to the loss
of tho whole State, than the oyster In?
dustry. Under proper regulation, oys?
ters alone can he mode to produce
$6,(100,000 a year Income for the citi?
zens of Virginia. But good laws aro
absolutely necessary, and good oyster
laws seem an impossibility for Virginia
Ton thousand three hundred and sov
enty-three voters this year broke all
records under tho new Constitution
when they paid their poll taxes, dis
ihorglng the find condition for voting.
That fact is very significant, because
it means that the people are taking
more interest in their government and
are waking up to a realization of the
improving power of the ballot.
.Sonic opponents of the new plan for
a better form of city government baso
their opposition on tho assertion that
the present electorate la not qualified
to fOloct the right sort of men for the
proposed administrative board. They
say that the ofllceholders constitute,
with their nllies, n majority of the
present electorate, and that such an
electorate would not choose the best
men for governing Richmond. This
argument Is fallacious and is not based
on facts. The electorate who would
vote for members of the administrative
bourd would bo the. electorate qualified
in December, 1812, to vote, because the
change docs not go Into effect until
There is still ample opportunity for
all to'qualify to vote for members of
the administrative board. There la
another registration for thorn. Thero
Is plenty of time for the securing ot
an electorate who will select good men,
and we believe that such an electorate
Will unquestionably bo secured.
I'rom tho woods toward the north of
the city came troops of children and
grown people yesterday, with their
jrms full of holly branches and holly
berries. They have to a great degree
stripped the forests around the city of
t!.?sii holly trees healing berries. About
nil that are left arc the trees which are
not bearing berries. The result Is that
the woods are. largely denuded of this
beautiful tree, and holly Is becoming
scarocr and scarcer every year. If thin!
senseless destruction keeps up there j
will soon be no more holly trieb around
ItlchmolVd. Molly berries look ever so
nntch better on tho tree in the woods
than in the house, anyway, if sowo
conservation of this beautiful and
graceful tree is not effected, soon it
Will olu out of our woods and no longer
be a fair green thing to see In the
groves that were "God's first temples."
livery decorative holly btanch moans
h denuded tidily tree, and If WC woulil
have our woodlands filled with iioii>
trees th ;y one., were, we must prac?
tice ii little conservation.
la nii article oh the "iyjs Angeles
Sentences and After" the Chicago!
Ilccord-IfCTulO, addressing ..pelf espe?
cially to tin: "alter" duty ? . libor ami
capital, respectively, and tho lesson
of the cut... to tauh Interest: says to
the out; "Labor should resolve to
'-discourage sternly ail talk of ciass
! conlllci and all advocacy of violence
am! lawlessness as means of bettering
j working cniitiitlftiid ot securing iecog
reis should
Oglli/..; tnv
?ridld and
cVCry way
ntitual uh?
In la.so three brh C in)
comprise' pr.-ttv taue)
nectstaary to the rt lut.
lern of capital and Itil
Interests not only <,\
i merits* i.m of i in > <? \,
monious ? eis timm in t
I dustrlftl endeavor and
out which neither endeavor nor prog?
ress can attain to tho fulness of Its
capabilities for benefiting: both capital
and labor, and thu v?st Outside multi?
tude dependent for comfort nnd hap?
piness, directly or Indirectly, on both.
To a current rovlew Stephen Bonsai
contributes an article which throws
some new and Interesting lights upon
the revolution In China, Its causes und
tho ultlmato consummation to which
It trends. The artlclo is headed, "The
Passing of tho Manchus," who, Mr.
Bonsai believes, aro destined soon "to
(lee across tho Munchurlan plains and
the marshy 'banks of the Sungarl to ]
rejoin their cousins, tho IIun-Huses,
who have always remained in their
ancestral fastnesses, and who arc also
bandits, hut In a small way of busi?
ness." Mr. Bonsai views the situation,
its promised developments and the
finality to which he Is convinced tho
upheaval will come nt close range; and
for this ho Is unusually well equipped.
He has enjoyed especial advantages
for studying intelligently the workings
of tho Oriental mind, particularly tho
Chinese, and for unalyzlng Oriental
policies, inspirations and ambitions. In
addition to having served long as a
newspaper correspondent In tho Far
Hast, ho has been at times in the
diplomatic corps as secretary of lega?
tion, and charge d'affaires at Poking,
Tokyo and In Koroa.
Mr. Bo a] traces the revolution, or.
ruthor. the Immediate conditions which l
have most potently contributed to its
outbreak at this juncture, and its di- I
rectlon against the Manchus, to Chin?
ese contact with Western civilization,
which has been very costly to the
Chinese peopl->. He points out that In
the last sixty or seventy years tho
Chinese, have paid across the counter
to the representatives of the "new
civilization one thousand million dol?
lars In compensation for wrongs and
injuries," many of which he doubts
were consciously inflicted. Further?
more, "this pecuniary atonement," he
notes, "has not been accepted as pay?
ment In full; one by one Chinese prov?
inces huvc been absorbed by the
predatory powers, and tho area of
China has lti tho last century 'been re?
duced over 60 per cent."
This at first blush appears an as?
tonishing statement, but reference to
history and details tho writer gives
of the territorial aggrandizements at
China's exponso bears It out. At ono
time Chinese civilization and Inlluencc
were rognant from the Arctic Sea of
Eastern Siberia to the Burmese shores
of the Indian Ocoan. Now Russia, as
Mr. Bonsai cites, has absorbed Kastern
Siberia und provinces of Manchuria;
Japan has taken Koroa, provinces In
Manchuria and Formosa; Franoe has
acquired Annam. Tonking and Cam?
bodia; England has annexed Buimuli
end sections of Thibet, while Germany,
to "conclude n by no means complete-,
list of our depredations, has raised its
flag and mailed net In Chantung, the
very heart of China, and the home of
Confucius." That le, Germany has In?
vaded and desecrated tho Innermost
shrine of tho old civilization.
The Manchu dynasty is, Mr. Bonsai
demonstrates, the direct and morn
visible target of tho revolution, bo
cause It has "permitted theso things,"
and the new civilization has conduced
to something like an organized na?
tionalism, which represents the culmi?
nation of centuries of anti-dynastic
fooling, and through which centurlf-s >
of anticipation and desire of "China 1
for the true Chinese'' is hoped to ma?
terialize. But the w.riter hns small faith
that "pftor the Manchus" this na?
tionalism offspring of the new civili?
zation and Chinese hatred of the
Manchu will not turn against China's
Occidental "benefactors." "For," ho
says, "we would do well to remember
that these millions of people who have
at in?t aroused, who at last are as?
serting themselves, who seem to have
escaped all tho tlme-honoref] checks
and balances, are animated <ay no feel?
ing so strongly as that of n well
founded distrust of atid unnatural
hostility to the pract'ecs of our civili?
An wc havo Indicated, Mr. Bonsai
knows, or ought to know, whereof he
speaks, Hence, the powers might Inake
no mistake In taking precautions
against what may come uftor tho
"passing of the Manchus." or oven hc
fbre, is a development of the revolu- .
tion and a phase of the Chinese hope
and ambition for "China for tho true
'I ? ???.'? AI any moment the singular
toleration and protection extended to
foreigners In the empire may prove
the thinnest and most deceptive of
From a communication lately pub
lli lied In this paper, It was soon that
om .1 the leading manufacturing firms
I Richmond has addressed letters to
>:.. members ol the Board of Aldermen.
Ktatlnc. ti.< fact that fifty-two men In
ti e firin'a employ, nearly all qualified
voters, are desirous that the four
ward and administrative board plun
bio adopted this nook by the Board.
The opinion of these men seems to bo
"unanimous" that tho best Interest of
domnnda tho passage of tho
nec Im a better form of gov
rnmenl f'<v Richmond. Thry want
ibis Illing now, and If they don't got
it ihey can rebuke fearfully with theli
?of , ?oxi "spring. Hero arc fifty
I standing together, nnd fifty
Vol' h ''.'iiit, as any Councilman will
The example, of (he Stephen Putney
.:.',' Company nhould.be followed at i
one \>y other Jinan in Richmond. Tfj
?.?very flltn in the city would ascertain]
(ill ipinlob of Its employes und writeI
? ,'?!'). i mi' /; about the result of
. '. rrtendoUfl pressure would
b/oufcl.i to bi.ir upon the only set
of men who aro to pass upon this
measure, now. It Is a wcll-JfnfiwTi
fact that th?. business people of the
city want a new form of government,
because It would menua moro business?
like, more econamlcal, moro satis?
factory method of transacting the {
business of Richmond. A botter form j
of government means an Improved
city and an improved city always
means better business conditions.
The business men of the city will
be only taking advantage of a good
business proposition' if they will get
busy at once and ascertain the opin?
ion of their employes. And a personal
word to tho Aldermen, coupled with a
letter to the point, will help mightily.
Do it to-day.
The report of tho Comptroller of tho
Currency sets forth that tho 1,834 sav?
ings banks of the country havo 9,794,847
depos'tors, who havo to their credit In
these Institutions $1,212,053,503, or 26?,
per cent, of all the deposits" In all tho
banks In tho United States. ? The av?
erage deposit Is $430.09.
When wo are told that practically
this entire vast "rainy day hoard" rep?
resents tho savings of wage-earnerB,
whatever else may be conceded In favor
cf the postal savings bank system, It
cannot bo conceded that Its establish?
ment was pressingly necessary to teach
the masses "habits of economy, fru?
gality and saving," an was so strenu?
ously urged by its advocates. In the
face of tho facts and the figures given
by tho Comptroller, that proposition
goes to tho ground as untenable and
an unwarranted reflection on tho good
sense, economic foresight and thrift of
our people, taken as a whole.
Germany is the only other country
that approximates the United States
In tho total of it? savings banks depos?
its, this total being a little less than
$3,730,000,noo, representing twice the'
number of our depositors, but with an
average deposit of less than one-half
of that over here. v
The Comptroller's exhibit Is most en?
couraging and enlightening, as' bear?
ing on the distribution of wealth among
the "poor"?also as showing what those
arc doing for tho country'n development
by supporting and building up tlnan
clal Institutions that, furnish thn moans
for such development In certain direc?
tions which it Is not within tho prov?
ince of strictly "? ommcrclal" and "bus?
iness" banks to furnish.
Dissatisfied with tho Hall of Famo
In New York and with the names that
aro In it, tho Illinois Equal Rights
Association has published a list of tho
twenty greatest women. Hero they
Jane Addamn, Susan It. Anthony, Clara i
Barlon. Charlotte Bronte. Elizabeth
Barrett Browning. Sarah Bornhardt. I
Carrie Chapman Catt, Madame Curie, 1
Mart- Baker Eddy, George Eliot, Mar?
garet Fuller, Lucretla Mott, Florence
Nightingale, Ernmellne Pankhurst, Mrs.
Raymond Robblns, Elizabeth Cady
Stanton. Anna Howard Shaw, Harriot
Beecher Stowe. Francis E. Wlllard and
Ella Flagg Young.
A very good list, but why did the
sisters omit the name of that gallant
champion of votes for women who In a
perfectly gontlcman-lllte way drove
Brother Walter Addison, of tho Lynch
turg News, back to his Innermost de?
fenses when he quoted a mlsstatement
about Her Cause? Let not the trusty
blade of Dr. and Vice-President Anna
Blount, of the Chicago Equal Suffrage
League of America, be dimmed. Write
her name high beside that of Mrs. Car?
rie Chapman Catt. and let the band
Play "Every Little Movement Has a
Meaning All Its Own."
The weather In Richmond Is always
delightful, but It must be said that the
weather we have been having lately
has been wonderful?a sort of combi?
nation of spring and early autumn.
When Representative Bstoplnal, of
Louisiana, began reading to Con?
gress the Persian appeal in French,
Representative Buchanan, of Illinois,
took the floor to complain that there
?was fo much confusion he couldn't un?
derstand a word. Protty neat bluff
I Voice of the People |
Opposes Western Corn.
To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Sir,?1 am deeply interested In the
matter of damaged corn as a food for
both man and boast. The warning Rent
out by Mr K?lner, Commissioner of
Agriculture, Is both sound and timely.
But if Mr. K?lner would go further
and put his stnmp of condemnation
Abe Martin
Folks that are fond o' pets r Iltis
neglect 'em. After a feilet' gits all th
plr.s out o' n new shirt he's too tired
V dress u.v.
By John T. McCutcheon.
"We want to go to the Stmde.y-3c.hool. Where is it art?"
upon all Western corn shipped to this
country, he would be nearer the mark.
For If 1 am properly Informed, li Is
all moro or less moldy, i know of my
?jwn knowledge Unat most of It shipped
to this country during the two years
of l!?ej and 190S was unlit for use.
Meal made of it those years smolled
strongly of mold, and you could always
smell it in the ears?sometimes at a
considerable distance from the cars.
It was during this lime and Immediate?
ly following It that many reports of
horses dying with staggers and menin?
gitis occurred. I mentions.I this fart
to Dr. Furn.>yhough. State Veterina?
rian, and asked him to look Into it.
But a far more Important fact or]
theory is Its effect upon man. In a |
letter of mine published in Virginia
Medical Monthly. March 11. ID]*. I ad?
vanced tho suggestion that pellagrn,
which had Just then begun to be
talked about. wag due to the exten- I
slve uso of this molded Western corn '
for bread. Tho condltyui fcnen was '
rlpo for Its use. The advent of saw- I
mills depleted the farmF of labor, 1
which went to the sawmills t'j work
because they could get higher wages
and ready cash. So there was a great
falling off m the corn crop, and millers
bought corn from tho West 10 grind,
and country merchants bought meal i
made from Western corn. So a largo
part of tho population was shifted tu
ti:i? use of meal from Western corn.
Now, if molilsd corn produces pellagra,
as most Investigators say, this West?
ern corn Is a very prolific Jiource of I
the disease. Miller* here say that
Western corn does not crush between I
the stones, as does Virginia corn, but :
that It rolls like dough under the i
stones, and they havo to ralsi" the stones '
to grind It, and Western farmers who
reside here now say that for years
Western farmers, to get the advantage
of the early market, had been gathering
and rushing off their corn hefore It
was thoroughly dry. How could It
help heating In the large hulks, eleva?
tors or close car.-- In which It Is ship?
ped? I hare never let lit family eat It.
and I and several of my neighbors ge
all our meal from n country mill some i
distance out In the country that grinds
only Virginia corn.
1 saw In one of the papers a monl^
ago that In one of our Southern States
the secritary of the State Board e>f
Health said that people would no
longer have pellagra If tihey stopped
the use of Western cornmeal. 1 have
lost his name, and I don't know wheth?
er he e-ver saw my letter or came to
the conclusion from observations of
his own. But It seems to me the sug?
gestion Is worthy of Investigation, so
I write this to your paper, hoping
thereby to give it the wider circulation
and bring out all the evidence there
Is In It.
Amelia Courthouse.
A Legacy.
Son of my body! this I give to thee.
Which fluid "ot buys, nor thieves can
take sway,
A hirtiliright which kind Nature gavo
to me?
That magic Knot, the mind and body
ga y,.
With the sweet ioy of Health, and
heavenly Hope,
A nectar which Is known to him who
A lifo of faith, and Lovo shall light
tho slope
To death with deathless life, which
Nature gives.
Vet. will It boot thee but a bitterness
If bettering times shall find thy talent
And Honor slay thee for thy useless
Who 'boasted of his strength, yet nolh
' ing did.
Sweet flower of my flesh! my body's
Keep soul and body cl?an, and fear no
La Marquise de Fontenoy
gagement, to Edward Cowlos, I
son of David g. Co wl es, of Long!
Meadow, N. V.. has Just been announo-!
ed, la the daughter of Sir Arthur
Ellott, a man who is at one and tho
samo lime s Scotch baronet and land
owner, and a member of the New York
Stock Exchange f:rm of Starr & Co., on
Wall Street. His baronetcy Is an an?
cient one. having been created by
Charles II. on his restoration. In fav?
or of the Laird :>f Stobs. who was, n
member of Parliament for; his native
county of Roxburghshire ill which
Stubs is situated. He is a gruudsoh
of Gilbert Lliott. of Stobs, commons
called "Glbble wl" tho gowden gurtlns."
mid of Glbblo'H wife, who was tho
daughter of Walter Scott, second Lord
of Harden.
Sir Arthur, who succeeded his uncle
as ninth baronet, a llttlo over n your
ago. and who Is married to Ulla, only
child or John Burbank. of New York,
inherited ulong with the title two
country seats In Perthshlro known as
Hulrulc und Ituberslaw. along with
some 20,00') acres of line shootlr.R In
Perthshire nnd Roxburghshire; also a
cout-of-arms, on which there tiKUres a
castle Kalo and the word "Gibraltar,"
granted to Generni (Icoritc Augustus
Elliott, younger son of the third baro?
net, for his historic and successful de?
fense Of Gibraltar against tin- allied
forces of Franco and .Spain in 17*2.
General F.llntt wag creatod. for this
feat of arms, Lord lUathtield. a peer
nge which became extinct on the death
of his only son. In 1813.
Lord Heathtleld Is only ono of a
larwe number of members of this
house of Lliott of Stobs who liHve dls.
tingulshed themselves as admirals or
uonorals; while ono branch of tbe
family, namely. the descendants of
Gilbert, a younger brother of the
seventh baronet, are established In a
particularly prosperous fashion in
Australia, Gilbert having been Speak?
er of tho Legislature In Queensland.
Formerly the. baronetcy was far
richer than It Is to-day. <*or the late
Sir William Kllbtt, who died last
year, had an only daughter of the
name of Grace, now n spinster of sixty,
und for her sake he converted all the
unentailed property Into cash, so ss
to provide for her future. The present
baronet only came In for the estates
which hi,? uncle could not leave away
from him. Sir Arthur's family clnlniH
connection with notiert Bruce, and he
In the llrst, I believe, of his family, to
be engaged in commercial pursuits. In
New York he makes his home In Bast
Tenth Street, and has a country place
on Milton Point, near Ityo, Long Is?
land Sound, while In London he tins a
house on Porlman Square.
That ex-Crownprlncess Stephanie of
Austria (now Countess of Lonjay, and
no longer regarded as a member of the
imperlnl house of Ilapshurg, but mere?
ly ns the wife of an ordinary Hungar?
ian nobleman, whose titlo of count In
of modern origin). Is destined to play
once more a role of some Importance
in tho dual empire, would appear from
her recently developed Intimacy with
the Duchess of Hohenberg, formerly
Countess Chotek, the extremely clever
consort of Archduke Francis Ferdin?
and, next heir to tho throne. The
duchess In Justly renowned as one
of tho brainiest women In Austria
Hungary, and has converted her hus?
band from an indolent man. bent on
pleasure and indifferent to things
around htm, Into one of tho most Im?
portant factors In national politics; <*
man, Indeed, of such power that the
flr6t question in everything, no matter
whether it bo military, naval, political,
administrative or social, Is, "What aro
the views of the heir apparent about
the matter?" Incidentally, It may be
added, that ho has done for the Aus?
trian navy. What tho present Kaiser
has dono for that of Germany, namely,
he has been Its creator.
Tt will be very Interesting to learn
what will develop from this new
fledged Intimacy of Countess Lonjay
and tho Duchess of Hohenberg. If
nothing else, it may holp the countess
to get oven with sevornl of the mem?
bers of the house of Hapsburg, and
even of tho great world of Vienna,
court dignitaries and ofllcors of state.
by whom ahe has been nubjert?j to
affronts of many kinds since hor sec?
ond marriage.
The reigning Prince of Monaco's oc?
tlon In Issuing a <lccreo legitimizing
the flf tcen-year-old daughter of his
only ?on, Crownprince LouIb, In an ltn
portnnl event In this arnac; that II
places her In the direct lino of suc?
cession to tho principality of Monaco,
always providing that her father does .
not wed and have o son. The girl's
name Is Charlotte, nnd tho reigning
prince not only recognizes her as bis
grandchild, but officially decrees that
she Is from henceforth to be r?gardel
as a full-fledged and legitimate prin?
cess of his house, bestowing upm tv r
I at the same time the title of .rjuchfss
Ida Valentlnois. The Solle lav/ loot not
evlst In Monsco. So there Is nothing
to prevent young Charlotte do Valer
tlnola from ascending the throne cf
Monaco eventually oh sovereign prin?
cess In her own right.
I Ther*- have been a great many quar
I rols ahout this young girl?first of
all, between her father and her moth
! or. a Madame I.ouvet, the crownprince
abducting ths girl from her mother 111
order to remove hor from unfortunuto
surroundings mid to bring her up as
a daughter ot his was entitled in be
reared. Then, tho reigning Prince of
Monaco objected to his 6on recognizing
! and acknowledging Charlotte as his
daughter. Tho church wna Invoked in
the matter, und decided in favor of
the crownprince. After that, the reign?
ing prince took such a liking to his
grandchild, that he wished to hnvo
sole control of her education, and to
cut her off from nil further intercourse
with his son, with whom ho had long
been nt odds. Flnnlly, a complete re?
conciliation has taken place between
father and son. about the girl, and also
[about other points of difference be
| tween .them, and the recognition of
Charlotte as a princess of Monaco Is
the result.
The n?mo of Valentlnois. and tho
titles connected therewith, which wore
onco owned by the lovely Diane do
Poitiers, aro honors of French origin,
and wore bestowed by King Louts XIV.
i upon Iloiioro II., Prince of Monaco and
ancestor of the present sovereign of
the principality. Formerly the title
of Duko of Valentlnois was always
borne by the heir apparent of tho
reigning Prince of Monaco; but the
father of tho present ruler was tho
last to do so, nrlor to his accession to
the throne.
Incidentally, the bestowal of this
title of Duchess dc Valentlnois upon
young Charlotte of Monaco serves to
call attention to tho long forgotten
fact that tho sovereign of Monaco, de?
spite the small extent ot its area, has
j tho samo right as tho monarchs of
the greatest empires, to bestow what?
ever titles of nobility he pleases; be It
that of duko, prince, marquis, viscount
I or baron. In Germany a certain restric?
tion Is placed upon these bestowals of
! titles by the refusal of the courts of
I Vienna and Berlin to recognize them
j in a number of Instances, and even to
allow them to be made use of In tho
dual empire, or In tho Kingdom of
Prussia. Thus, there have %becn sev?
eral Germans who havo received titles
of count and baron for pecuniary ser?
vices rendered to this or that sovereign
duke or prince of the petty German
' states, but who havo been punished
! with line, and even Imprisonment, for
j making use of these titles at Berlin
and Vienna, where they were looked
upon and treated by the authorities
1 as tho most ordinary of bourgeois.
' (Copyright, 1911, by the Brentwood
I Company.)
Eleven Hundred and line
East Main Street
Is the temporary home of one of Richmond's old
and tried banks?a Government, State and City

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