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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, December 12, 1911, Image 4

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OualDt'fi Offlco.91s is. MaJn Streeu,
South Richmond.1020 Hull Sirvet
fatarsburg 13ureau....l09 N. Sycumoro Ktreat
Dynchburg Uureau.r.i Klghth fctrcct
BT vau. One Six Throo One
FO?TAa? J'AlD Year. Mo?. Mos. Mo.
rally ?Ith Sunday.$?.00 ?J.O0 |1.M .M
Dally without Sunday.... 4.00 t? mm .*3
Kuoday edition only. Z.00 1.00 .W .14
JVeekiy OV< Incsday). L00 .CO .? ...
By Tlmra-Pltpateh Carrier Delivery Ser
rtco In Richmond (and suburbs) and t'e
lertburg ? One Wees
D?-!iy with Sunday. 16 centi
Dally without Sunday. 10 cents
Sunday only. t cents
Entfiel Oer.uary 27. l?or.. at Itlchmono.
Va., as feeor.d-claes matter under act ut
Congress of Match S. IVTa
Twenty-foul' reprcscntailyes will to?
night pay whethor tho 130,?P0 people
of Richmond shall liavc a bc.lter, a
cheaper, a more effective form of city
government. The interest and the
hope of a great eltj are focusd upon
thr Roard of Aldermen to-nicht, for it
will take but thirteen votes to rid
Richmond of the damnation of Irre?
sponsible domination- Thirteen men
have an opportunity for writing their
names hipher as citizens who served
their city than any CouncilmciC] have
lljid for half a century; a straight vole
of "aye'' on the ordinance as It comes
from the Common Council lo-nlghl
'will cnllth the Alderman who casts
It to the grateful consideration of the
people more than anything else ho
could do In twenty years of service in
the Council.
The Aldermen are no; called upon
?to decide whether the hew plan pro?
vider a system of government iltat Is
absolutely ideal, but whether It Is iiot
s vast Improvement over the existing
system, whether it will not protect
their own rights and foster the city's
welfare a thousand limes belter than
docs the present system.
A poll of the Board of Aldermen
mukes it clear beyond all doubt that
u majority favor the four-ward plan
of rcdlstrictlug the city. That meas?
ure will come up first, and It should
be passed speedily.
On the question of tin admliilslra
live board, there is division us to de?
tail, but a majority agree that there
should be an administrative board 01
some sort. There aro two proposi?
tions as to the jurisdiction >'l the ad?
ministrative board, hut in the debatt
und action on the whole plan to-night,
those who are In favor of an admin?
istrative board must be careful not to
Bel tangled up and vote down all
propotitlens lor an administrative
board. There is the whole danger?
that by getting mixed up on some of
the amendments that will be ottered,
the Aldermen win defeut the very
thing they want.
The Times-Dispatch is conviticedtli.it
the people desire that the Board ot
Aldermen put^t the ordinance to-night j
without allowing any amendment,
fr-uch action would clinch the whole
proposition, and the ordinance would '
not have to be jockeyed back ami ;
forth between the two bodies, TUo'ro
Is no telling what may happen to Iht
ordinance if it should be sent back
amended to the. Common Council, fot
much confusion exists In that body
with reference to plan. There ar?>
possibilities that the whole plan will
be killed It the Board of Aldermen
amends the ordinance to-night and
Bends it back teM'hc Qpmmon Council,
Del the isMiie'be "clear; those who vote
??aye." on amendments lo-nlBhl are
voting to delay, if not destroy, the
Whole plan. There can be no shirking j
of responsibility by putting the matter j
back Into the hands ol tue Common
Council?the people will not hold that I
Alderman blameless who votes for
amendments, and the people will know
?who voted right and who voted wroim
lo-night. As a rule the citizens of
Richmond take little Inteieat In what
Ihrlr agents at the City UpII do, but
T'tn this matter they are vitally and
generally Interested, and they know
that the. man who votes wrong to
j:lg!it If the man who will be voted
out next spring
Every man who believes in honest,
? ?Mclem government is for the plan
as it stands unamendod; the Chambei
of Commerce, the Business Men's Club
and tht Hetail IN erchants* Association
back It ?8 it stands; the tax-payers .it
one man are bebind lt. and, what Ik
most Important of all, the citizens
generali} are backing the pi in. Tin
Sieiit body of thinking then in Rich?
mond, the silent vote, have made up
.their minds that the uiiamcnflcd ffrdl
jnnnce is what they want
Here Is a plan which goes right to
/the root of the evils wc have m bui
jt'ity government it places tin govern
ruent squarely in the hands of tli<:
people. It pu's tl'? people above tin*
ajollMcian, and sui>plants the special
interests of llu wurd boss with the
common Inf rcsti of all Richmond,
It' 16 squarely up lo you, gcntlt-mci)
tif the Board of Aldertni-n. Vou can?
not dodge the issue. Your duty is
vi -ir.. Ho it. If you side with the
.opposition, you side with an opposi?
tion that has not dared lo ^:vc ;i rea?
son for Its h.-lfiK?an Opposition ti.>ii
liaf been dark <>tid silent, not fighting
-in the open, but crawling around in
' the night*
Strike for Richmond s-good and y?ui
own to-night. Vote for the plan un
[fimended. Keep your Jienrts. Reinem
r that the eyes of the peoplo are
Upon' you. Give Richmond to-night
v. hi t it ought to have had ten years
ago Vote for progresii; for economy,
i . cood government.
in everything but its form of munl
fl lp*l government Richmond, lo pro
Kresslvc Gentlemen, of tho Board of
Aldermen. It Is In your power to put
tho capstone on to-night. Bo not get
I !n the way and obstruct; stand out
in the clear light of your own good
conscience and show that you are a
big man, a progressive man, a man
who believes that tho city government
shall be by the people and for the
Bender your supreme service to
Richmond to-night by voting tor tho
unamended ordinance.
Like tho dog thui caught the train.
California does nut know what to do
with its direct legislation. How groat
the burden of direct legislation lia^
been upon the voters mid how slight
tlie good It has accomplished arc em?
phasized in a letter from Palo Alto,
Cal,, to the Xew, York Evening Fost.
The writer of this letter. II. L Smith,
States that In November. 1910. the peo?
ple adopted eight amendments t" the
Constitution of California, aggregating
about four thousand words. Eleven
months Inter, in October, 1P1J, they
voted on twenty-three amendments to
the same Constitution, aggregating
above tlfteen thousand words. Now.
the Constitution, which had been
passed In 1S79 was a very voluminous
and explicit document, requiring some
twenty-two thousand words In all
to set forth the organic law, of Cali?
fornia, yet the Federal Constitution of
ilie United states only amounts, with*
out amendments, to four thousand
words. Thai is. California, in two
elections and by thirty enactments,
amended a Constitution five limes Uli
long as the Constitution of the United
States 'bj matter that was nearly live
times us long.
un<" of Hie amendment*, Kg Mr,
Smith points out, which has jasi been
adopted, contains three thousand six
hundred words, and throe ol them
above two thousand. Home of Ihe ?ub
Jccts passed upon were the Initiative,
the referendum, the recall of judges,
.."in..n suffrage, and a compulsory re
cess of thirty days for the Legislature
after the bulk of bills have been in?
troduced. The result of til's wholesale
amendment has been lo so alter the
fundamental structure of ihe State
that no one can any whether tin- exist?
ing laws really represent the v. Ill ot
the Intelligent voters.
Nor Is It difficult 40 sec why this
It) mi, since four liunrlroil thousand
electors can hardly digest the true
Intent and meaning of a broadside
3Sx25 inches in s|S5C, sent out by Ihn
Secretary of state. Alone with this
went supplemental sheet S??i:1.';
Incites, and these two papers contain
the proposed amendments und the ar?
guments for and against them. The
Sheets were densely printed, and noth?
ing but the most earnest and intelli?
gent patriot had either the sense or
the courage to attack that muss of
crowded letters and llgures,
No 911c, according lo Mr. Smith, has
yet boon found who even claims to
have lead the whole sheet.
Now, what was the result of tills
vast burden imposed upon the electors?
Did the people rejoice in the freedom
i/t the referendum? Was the Intelli?
gence of the public emphasised, and
were Die laws of California ma?
terially improved? The llgures that
Mr. Smith gives in answer to these!
questions are Illuminative.
"Uiic toinl vote for Governor In No?
vember, 1&1U, when the Hist eight
amendments were adopted,'? says Mr.
Smith, "was 3S6,713. The vote, at I lie
recent election ranges from IMMS!
down to 103,77$, say, from til tier cent,
lo ?0 per cent, of the gubernatorial
voie in the preceding November! Only
the interest In the suffrage movement
liepl the Vole as high as it wus. Kven
so, 'tii per cent, of the people passed
a volume of legislation 011 such topics,
besides the ones uiready mentioned,
as weight.-: und measures, eminent do?
main, legal procedure, compensation
lor accident, civil service, changes in
eeiiool text books, elections, railway
pusso, ..clerks of courts. The woman
suffrage amendment was curried by icsa
lliuii 1 ja per cent, of the less than i>l
per cent, ot the ulact?rate who voted
it. 11. With the exception of lion
contentious amend men is, the 1 urges l
Vote, ii per Cent, of the whole ?H81 on
11, was given to the provision for the
! recall of ail elective officers, which
I includes judge:'.
t'u the other hand, nn Amendment
which .Mr. Smith ehuraclerlieoa a*
vicious, authorizing members of the
ruilroud commission, and all peace old
tern, tu accept railroad passes, was de
fouted by six thousand in a vote ol
(wo hundred and six thousand, and yet
tills piece of legislation was denounced
by tin entire press and by the intclli
i may tend to re
govcriitnont where
yod by n corrupt al
llicians und moneyed
experience of Cull
?neourane the bellet
litt Will be especially
Ivo or helpful,
I itmi.M. lit \ i ai l. j
Evidences multiply that i>'n rough the
?*ti;Iiiriipli' of il>? Liberal government
and It* following In curtailing the
power of the It-ousc of Lords, with u
view tri vesting ell legislativ^ power
in the Common? and reducing legisla?
tion virtually to .' iinieniner.il t-ystem,
Great Britain Iihh "swapped ihe devil
I (Or il vyltch," .'.ml tin British p'ople
..in awakening to a realisation of the
(act Moreover, this realisation indi?
cates very clearly that the. "reform"
of the Lords ConSCf|uen( upon the pas
teiHC of tiio parliamentary hill In likely
to prove in the very near futurr a
boomerang to thj. Liberal party.
A discontent that 1? gradually weak
rtnng and undermining tin- ministry is
manifest in significant signs, and por?
tents, no less in the ranks of the party
I Itself than In thoso of the opposition.
IThis Is especially observable with ref?
erence to Lloyd-George's insurance
.bill, as to the principle of-which both
aides concur, but some of tho details
; of which are crltlolaed and donounoed
by both sides us Immature, radical and
? The truth Is that the old veto pre?
rogative of thL. upper chamber, which
was abrogated by the nassugc of Mr.
Asqulth'a parliamentary measure, was
rarely, if ever, excrclued arbitrarily or
tyrannically, it we.?, at the last, only
a "suspensive veto" power, for the
Lords have seldom. If ever, failed to
yield. If on appeal to the country the
?-ober second thought of tho people
demonstrated that any important meas?
ure the peers had thrown out was de?
sired by the electorate. The interven?
tion of this check to hasty, ill-timed,
unwise, domagoglc and revolutionary
legislation on the part of the Commons
has before now prevented Just such
crude and objectionable projects as the
present denounced Insurance bill from
Oeing fastened by law upon the musses.
It has given the voters time to think,
intelligent reaction of public senti?
ment time to assert Itself.
Now, In lieu of the suspensive veto
and tho safeguarding conditions cited,
tile people Und themselves under a su- i
preino ministry which in turn Is sno
Jcct to the dictation of a triumvirate
composed of Messrs. Asqulth, Lloyd
George mid Churchill. These can con?
trol legislation absolutely so long as
Asqtilth's coalition slicks together and
to him.
But how long will the British peo?
ple stand th0 exchange of King Bog for
King Stork. \YYaat with the realization
we have mentioned, the awakening that
is going on, and the symptoms of ln
tracoalitlon dissension, the outlook is
that both party and popular revolt arc
not far ahead. The haste Mr. Asqtllth,
Ihrotign his lieutenants, Is making to
push' through certain legislation, that
is In the nature of paying Ills debts to
his auxiliaries, shows that the govern?
ment recognizes that the situation is
critical and that Its prestige is wan?
ing. Unless, therefore, tiie premier
can create some new issue that will
impart, renewed cohesiveness to. the
several elements constituting bis ma?
jority, there appears little, If any. ques?
tion that his parliamentary bill tri?
umph Is in a fair way to eventuate
in u Cadmenn victory, or worse, for his
party ere many months have rolled
Events foreshadow that the ministry
Is tiding to a fall at a ditch of its
own digging.
imieside'xt wnrn-KT's iiui.t.VG.
Although Alderman Robert WWtteli
Jr., president ot the Board, has as yet
made no definite Htntomcnt as to how
ho will vole on Ihe ordinance for III*
administrative board, lie has declared
how be will rule on the number of
votes necessary to pass this measure.
Parliamentary procedure is a two
edged sword that often wounds Its
wleldcr, and the amendment limiting
ihe amount of money that the city
might spend In carrying- out the efforts
to boiler the city government, so far
from being a help to those who sought
delay, has actually furthered the cause
of the supporters of simplified govern?
Doubtless the astute patriots who
hit upon this amendment were satis
lied that they had secured a means
that would compel the Impossible af?
firmative vote. But the ruling of Pres?
ident Peters, of the Common Council,
supplemented by the opinion of City
Attorney Pollard, shows what a rope ol
sand this hope was, and now President
Whittct, of the Board of Aldermen, has
declared bhat he will follow the same
Evidently, ihe enemies of better gov?
ernment for Richmond will have to
adopt some stronger (actio? In the
Hoard than those that proved so futile
in the Common Oouucil. And the mem?
bers of the Board ennnot .blink ihe fact
that fourteen hundred names have been
added '<> the poll list so far this year.
Thai increase is the strongest and
most convincing proof that could be
offered of public Interest In thu
good government measure. An awak?
ened and Interested body ol* voters is
the surest defense that tiny city cun
have against bad government. Kot
such voters will administer good gov?
ernment well, and will not tolerate
bad government in any form.
The Times-Dispatch confidently ex?
pects the Board of Aldermen to follow
the Common Council and to meet the
wishes of ihe people of Richmond by
enacting the measure for simplified
government and an administrative
board Just as It came Irom the lower
A iv?rhn 11 has written a letter to
the Haiti.o Sun, Iii which Hho gives
her Idea of what a nan should cull
Ills wife when speaking of her to
others. She says that ''the average
man doesn't Know what to call his
wife when he refers lo her In com?
pany." The correspondent of the Sun
lays "town this rule: when Mr. .loins
speaks of his wife to the servants Ii?
should pay "Mrs Jones," but the
"Stately habit" should go no further.
When speaking to a frlond or a
1 ntranser, be should drop the homo
names of "mother." "better half," "my
I boss," "^he princess," and any other
! fond or (?miliar name and call her by
1 her own name. If It Is Jemima, call
her uetnfnia; if it's Einmejtnc or fsa
dora, call her that. Uon't do like sonic
people do In Texas, who inartlstlcally
if graphically call their wives "cook"
Tho Ohio Htatf Journal, an authority
on mntters domestic, enters some ex?
ceptions to the rule, laid down by the
Sunpaper'8 correspondent, saying: "No,
If It is a close friend one Is talking to,
one who knows the family well." It la
all right to retor to the wife by her
I Christian name." Hut to a stranger,
\ thinks our contemporary, or In mixed
\ company It la a "touch of dlsrespoot"
: to call a wife by tho familiar Iioubc
; name. Calling her ?*.rs. Jones or Mrs.
. Smith admits of few cxcopt'oiiB, for
"then- la a tendency to forget tho dig?
nity that belongs to the nutrlnionlul
The must vital question In years af
! Cectlug the progress and welfare of
I Richmond und Its people rls to he de
I elded at the City Hall to-night
Twenty-four men uro called upon to
say whether Richmond Is to make a
great stride forward or Is to remain
shackled with waste of the city's
money, delay and Irresponsible control.
The shrewd, trlclty men who are try?
ing lo block this plan for a bettoi
government of Richmond say that eltj
government Is none of the people's
business and that the people haven't
sense enough to govern themselves.
That indictment includes you. Is youi
government any of your business'.1 Ho
you care whether your money is ex?
travagantly spent and wasted? . Do
you think the city Is entitled to a full
day's work for a full day's pay? Am
you Just a sheep in n driven (lock, or
are you a citizen who can think and
discriminate between good and evil?
The bc:=t answer you can make 1? by
coming to the City Hall to-night. Duck
the Council chamber, be there early
iilid show to tho Aldermen that the
people are behind Oils plan.
The Farmvllle Herald says:
"There Is a young married man who
works In Furmville, but whose homo
is in the country, who rises early each
morning and makes a Cheerful firo In
the room ot Iiis mother-in-law, an In?
mate of his home. Would you ask tpr\
better evidence of his loyalty and
Very line, but there arc many young
married men in Richmond who sit all
night .lust to bo able to be the lirst
one to kiss their mothers-in-law in the
Woodrow Wilson's home paper, Ihe
Staunton Dally Leader, stands right
by him In the light the New 1'ork Sun
is making upon him. Hear the Louder
"Let us hope thul the standing ot
the Sun will enable .Mr. Wilson's
Cr lends to say as was said ot Mr.
Cleveland: 'Wo love him for the ene?
mies lie has made.' ... If the Suit,
which Is generally regarded as tho
champion of, 'high finance,' whether it
Is right or wrong, can lind nothing
more serious to attack In Governor
Wilson than that he applied to be
pensioned as a faithful teacher of
twenty-live years' service, then Stauu
tcn's candidate Is pretty safe."
Dr. Wilson certainly has Ihe undi?
vided support and indorsement of the
folks In his native town.
At the recent meeting of the Albe
lharie Presbytery in North Carolina
one of the principal speakers was tin
lifcv. i>r. D. Clay Lilly, who delivered,
nccording to the correspondent of the
Charlotte Chronicle, a "masterly'' ad?
dress upon "Men and Money" The cor?
respondent says further:
"It is Indeed a luxury to hear grand
und glorious and ennobling truths; it
Is un added luxury to hear them pre?
sented In majestic and .Imperial und
magnificent rollings, of highest and
finest Intellectual garniture of ex?
pression. Ami this Is what we henrd
in thai deep, profound and scholarly
production?the sumptuous fruitage of
the finest mental culture and erudi?
The North Carolinians always know
u good man when they see him.
Voice of the People
Tu the Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Sir,?Man hrcs goht a wireless mes?
sage golhu four thousand miles. Oh,
man, in ih ise days of your wonderful
Inventions and quest to solve almost
every manner of thing1! Why not oerid
your every energy 'Q solve- man him?
self-.' Let your chief endeavor at some?
thing not yet attained ho to accom?
plish this one tiling?the solving el
There must be some rule that could
be discovered by which the babe ol
to-day, who will become tlie man t-'
to-morrow?some Infallible rule?that
Hliull teach him to become everything
thai ii Hum Should be?good, moral and
Industrious.' The one tiling ensenll.il
to this is to cause man to become a
lover Of man.
Fundamentally, a man should "love
his neighbor as himself." iu should
, ??<!#. unto others ;>s he would have them
I <lo unto him." I*ut he will never do
1 this until every atom of BClflshness per?
meating his body la extracted. This
can be done only to a certain extent
with the adult. Thon the only alter
native would be to begin with tin
infant in his mother's arms. Now loi
Ihe discovery of that Infallible rub.
io be governed by. by which every
pnrtielo of selfishness, atom at a time
could be extracted from his body until
not an atom "if if remained.
As a beginning, why should there
noT be "demonstrators" as to the prop
. i rearing of tin- child, an well as to
tin. raising of corn or potatoes? Will
the Stale help? And when T say State
1 mean the nation as well.
Some might i-oy this would be so
Abe Martin
Tipton Bud's wife la havln' her teeth
tilled. Her husband nays that th" next
time he gits married he'll look mound
a Utile lllto a hoj? buyer. Home
fcllerti w.ouldp't even take a bath If it
wujsn? for, opposition.
By John T. McCutcheon._,
ICcp/rlgiiSi Ulli By Jvta T. McCTutoKooo-I
" Wc have been appointed a delegation to see you, " We hope you will oxert yourself toward the pe#
Mr. CongTeEoman, und urtfc your aotlve support of oer- cage of this much needed reform, for Its effeot upon Un?
tain Important legislation at thle ovt-sion of oongrea:" country wtU be benoflolal beyond belterf."
~ Tho coel of living- win aw down and the people " Toa now have s. ohonoe to show oonstruotlve states*
will obtain relief from condition*, that tre beootnlng tnaaship and. should not allow the petty considerations
Intolerable." Of polltloe to divert you frooa the perfora>enoe of a
ffrent pleoe of uivsolrVah patriotic duty.**
" The people will honor you for It, though tho boveea " Beatdea, I think your party will strengthen itself
end ix-.IItlc.lans may not. Will you go Into this ???? -ion for the gr\vit battle of 1?1J."
to p'.uy politics ht the expense of ? waiting country, or To? ConsTuiemao?" AH1 DO TOOT HOW sou L"t\>
will you lake the stand of a vru<> statesman 7" TERE8T ME 1 I"
Clallsm, but It would not bo no. it
would be only the groundwork of u.
I'urt of the education to be Imported i
to the olilld. through his parent or!
The demonstration ithonld be of ?uch I
a nature as to Inspire the parent or
teacher of the child in such a mannorI
Tis to cause the (frontest enthusiasm In I
the tjuod work. H can be don.-. Tito
child can bp taught to be p/dod. And'
tins goodness so Instilled into him1
that it shall abide with him all tin'
days of his life.
Here, dear woman. begin thy agita?
tion! A fulfilment of which Would bo
more glorious than any other glorious
thing ever conceived of. All the votes
cast or laws enacted In a thousand
years in comparlsbn would be but us a
more bagatelle. The pood man h Uiu
country s most valuable asset. More,
valuable than glittering cen-.s. gold or
Goodness of the world Is what is
wanted, not laws; save those us ? '
guide to mankind, founded upon Clod's!
glorious Ten Commandments, Certain
ly not those of u sumptuary character ?
Hut love, self-control, honor, righteous- I
ncis, morality, tndustrv Instead. Pot
110 law, however whob .M,me It may i
have been us n deterrent, has ever pr.<- 1
vented crime. Man may make treaties
with man; promising to .submit ques- !
tionii that' may oilierv.ii,.; load to war i
or to an arbitration board: but such I
treaties will not be the real thing un?
til the reformation of man is had.
Individually, one man may not want
to fight, but some other man by his
trespasses may fore;- the fighting upon
him. Collectively, It would be the same
way. Therefore, until all men become
good there will be war.
Oh. father; oh, mother; what a re?
sponsibility devolves upon you! Yet.
though you may do your duty as to
your child. If your neighbor falls In
his duly to' his child a part of your
good work Is lost; for your neighbor's
child may either corrupt your child or'
force him Into buttle, implnutlng there?
by the first hatred in Iiis bosom. Thus
the neglect of youi neighbor becomes1
n trespass upon you. oh) If some
mother could foresee her prattling,
dlmplod-chcckcd, brlght-oyed, llu-ht
halred, laughing boy of to-day to- I
morrow a criminal, forfeiting his Ufo j
on the gallows or In the electric chair,
or a felon In the penitentiary, what
woe, what anguish, what crushing Bor. j
row would bo hers, with all the light
und beauty of the world gone out from
her, as long as a life so Clouded with
utter darkness could last
Although such will never be fore?
seen, oh, what o shame to mankind
that rhbre is not done tf> avoid so din
tresslng a circumstance, that all toe
often comus. like an electric shock
from a peerless Bky, to some father i
home mother, some brother, some sis-,
tor. Then, oh man, why not bend every i
energy, seek dvery aytnne, to discover j
n remedy to save man from man. :
?leans pointed put the way?"Thou |
shall lovo thy neighbor us thyself." ;
Bui to mak'e this really c*i<! truly Of- !
factive; thnt is the question. There*
must bo n remedy, some action on the
port of mail, to bring this love of ono'a
neighbor nbou.t actually; for you know,
that man must work out his own sal- j
vatfbn. There never wan a man yet j
that in the beginning won devoid of nil
good. This should be nourished, eulti
vated, expanded, until it should become
like the roots of a gigantic oak, over
furnishing nourishment to Its vigor?
ous body.
La Marquise de Fontenoy
SINCE cable advices from China as?
sert thai thej-e la 0 very strong
movement in all parts of the
empire In favor of the elevation
to the throne of Shong Kung Lln-Ji,
the seventy-sixth in unbroken descent
In the male line, from Confucius, and
the tatter's senior heir, it. may be time?
ly to give some description of this
premier among the dukes of the world.
Vor "Sheng" means "Holy" and "Kung"
means "Duke," and "Mn-.Tl" Is his
name, and for the. past twenty-four
[centuries thP head of. the Confucius
family bun always borno the title of
"Holy Duke," preceding.' hla name.
Htti-.H has the. Immense udvantaga In
(he eyes of his fcllow-counlryinoir. of
> being u Chinaman ol the purest blood.
and of the most revered ancestry. In
a lurid whore respect for ancestry Is
carried lb the extent of actual wor?
ship; and as such, us well as In his
capacity an their of Confucius', he has a
much greater hold on the good will
'?f ihn Chinese people than the slx
yenr-old Manchu Emperor l'u-V'i, who.
nice lila father, the ex-Prince ltcgcnt
Chun, llki hlR aunt, the widowed Em?
press, and his various undc-s, aunts
and cousins forming the members of
tho rolirttlng family, are In every sense
of the word, an alien, dynasty.
lid tlif, holy duke become I'm
peror, the capital of the empire will
be undoubtedly transferred to the pro?
vince of Shan-Tung, whero he makea
his home, at Ky-Fu: a city which In?
cludes his superb palace, and the tomb
? ?! his ancestor Confucius, who flout -
i. Iii '. about llv? centuries before bhts
birth of Chi 1st.
The holy duko Is a six-foot tall,
heavy-faced, Chinaman, lifty ycuis of
age, "i somewhat massive build, with
a rather majestic prudence, and a good
humored fucu, the mouth inclined to
laughter, und In keeping with shrewd,
cheery eyes. Though regarded .is a
sain I by probably nine-tenths'of itla
100,0 10,000 fellow-countrymen, he Is a
vary Jovial saint, and If popular rumor
in Ills hotn'o province of Shan-Tung Is
to be believed, he is extremely fond
of the good things of life, lie has paid
a number of visits to Peking, where he
has always been received with the
most Imposing honors, und does not
disdain to travel by rail, in fact, he
is quite progressive, fully alive to the
advantages of reform, and quite as
keen about the matter as the lute L.I
1 lung-Cluing As an Illustration there?
of, 1 may mention .that ho granted
permission for the Tietitsln-Puko rail?
road line to traverse his estates. lie
has also made use of his hereditary
oiltco of Inspector-General of Educa?
tion, In an emplro whero preferment
to high ollice has been wholly depen?
dent upon learning, to further the In?
novation of foreign Ideas. In fact, he
has expressed himself as perfectly
willing to abolish the ancient law re?
quiring an altar to Confucius in every
school and college throughout the em?
pire, and the dally obejsanoe to that
altar by every member of the faculty
and every Student: an obligation which,
since graduation from these seals of
learning was Indispensable to govern?
ment service, had the effect of ex?
cluding from the latter both Chris?
tians and Moslems. True, sun" of tlje
government officials of China do pro?
fess Christianity; but they have ho
?ome converts since their appoint?
Prince Chun, the ex-regent, was
keenly alive to the strong hold of the
hfdy duke upon the affection and re?
gard of his countrymon, and In tlto
liopo of strengthening tiiie foundations
of the throne of his son, endeavored
to arrange, for n marriage, between the
boy Emperor and a daughter, or
granddaughter, of the duke, Instead of
selecting as Empress one of those
Manchu princesses from whom the
monarch's consorts have been chosen
i vor since the Manchu invaders ob?
tained ?hr mastery of Chlnn. Ho
hoped by this means to reconcile the
bulk or the Chinese people to his
house, and to obllternto, nt any rate
In a measure, the profound antagon?
ism which exists between the Chinese
and tho Mnnohus.
The duke, however, hold back, and
cold-shouldered the project, which
naturally leads to the belief that he
was aware, even at tho time that the
proposal wan mooted, that a move?
ment was under wuy, with tho obJe?t
of emancipating China from tho Man
chu dynasty, also that he wae In sym?
pathy with the movement.
By tho death of Bord iJunaanJl?
without Issue, the Irlfh Baronies of
: ? ? n und Clan Conal have be
oome extinct, a? well as the parent
stem of th? ancient Irish house of
Daly, or oD?ly: a famllv which
truces Its descent from Nial Naolgial
uch (Nlal of the Nine Hostages), njon
?rch of Irelan 1 Iti the fourth cen?
tury. Wiho Wiif also ancestor of the
(? Nellls, of Tyronei, nnd of the O'Don
nells, of Tyrconnol. Delagh wns tenth
In descent from Nlal: hence, the name
Daly; and his descendants and fol?
lowers are styled in old Irixh writ?
ings, .siol na Dalagh, or the Clan of
paly. Several of the ODalys were
Kings of Heath.
With regard to the morn modern
members of the house, the Right lion.
Dennis Daly was for more than a gen?
eration member of l'urllament for
County OaJway, In the Dublin Parlia?
ment, und Henri/ Grattan described
him as "one of the bist and bright?
est characters that Ireland ever pro?
duced." Ills son. member of Parlia?
ment at Westminster for County Gal
way, wua created a peer of Ireland,
us Bord Dunsandle and Clan Conal,
by (Jut-en Victoria, in the early years
of her reign.
The Lord Dunsandle who has Just
died, fourth of IiIh line, and who until
his succession to the peerage was)
popular not only In his native county
of Gal way. but also In London, as "Jim
Daly," one of the finest four-in-hand
whips of the Couching Club, private
secretary to Lord Beacotvneld, fldus
Achate:) of the present Duke of Rut?
land, and one of the best looking men
In May fair, would never have" become
Lord Dunsandle, had It not be.en for a
(law In the marriage of his uncle, the.
second peer. The latter, a cavalry of?
ficer, had remained a bachelor until
well towards sixty, when, strolling one
day over his estates In Galway, he en?
countered a very pretty peasant girl
in tears. On stopping to'inquire the
cause of he.r woe-, she: informed him
that she was on the eve of being mar?
ried to a man whom she- detested, and
whom she was being forced to wed
against her will, by her parents. It
was a ease of lovo at first sight. Lord
Dunsandle impulsively exclaimed: "Will
you take me. for a husband Instead?"
The girl elrled up her toars and ac?
cepted the offer. They woro married
immediately afterwards by a Cabhollo
priest. Rut owing to legal Informali?
ties, their marrlago wns Invalid In
the eyes of the law: a fact which they
did not ascertain until after tho birth
of a son, named William. The flaw
was thereupon set right by unother
marriage, in duo form, and It was af?
ter this that their dnughtor, the Hon.
Anne Daly, was born. IJU:r name alone
figures-as liho Issue of the second Lord
Dunsnndle's marriage with Mary Brod
e.rlek, the Galway peasant girl.
William Daly could not, according to
English or Irish law, bp legitimised,
and 'was thoreforn debarred from the
tltlo. which passed, on the death of Ills
father, to the Sutler's 'brother, tho
third Lord Dunsandle.; and when ho
tiled unmarried, the peerage wont to
the son of his younger brother. Bob-*
ort, namely, Jim Daly, who has Just
died, as fourth and last Lord Dun?
sandle. William Daly, however, In?
herited most of his father's property
In Galwily, including Dunsandle, which
has been tho iboino of the Dalys since,
the reign of James II.; also the beau?
tiful old Castle of Thomastown, In
County Tlpperary.
(Copyright, mil. by the Brontwood
Eleven Hundred and line
East Main Street
Is the temporary home of one of Richmond's old
and tried banks--a Government, State and City

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