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T ta TlMKn FOUNDIOD mi WHOLE NUMBER 18.834. RICHMOND, VA., FRIuAY, DECEMBER 15, 1911. THE WEATHER TO-DAY?IIa9b. PRICE TWO CENTS. SENATE WILL HCT 91 RUSSIAN PACT Treaty May Be Abro? gated Before Holiday Recess. COMMITTEE WILL REPORT MONDAY Senators Plead That Treaty With Czar Has Been Violated Con? tinuously for Forty Years, and Time Has Come- When This Country Can Sub? mit No Longer. Washington. December 14.?Tho | abrogation of the Russian treaty of 1822 because of discriminations against ! American Jews and others may be- ' com? tho low of the land before the Christmas holiday recess of Congress. The Sulzor resolution, already passed by the House, directing termination of the treaty aiter a year's notice, was brought up to-day In tho. Senate. The result of a running debate on the ques? tion of whether to refer it to tho Com? mittee on Korelgn Relations or to act Immediately was an asauranco from tho committee that It would report Monday. The Senate may then adopt either the resolution with a sl'ght change or tho Culberson resolution, practically Identical. Tho debate In Che Senate Included tomii discussion of the attitude of the Slate Department. Senator Culberson wanted Irnmcdlato action on Monday without reference to the committee. He contended that notice of abroga? tion cunnol take effect until one year after "tho first day of January follow? ing the action of Congress, and there? fore If the resolution should tall of adoption before Ihu holidays it could not go Into effect until 1314, or more than two years hence. I'lend for Reference. Senators Cullom and Lodge pleaded for the reference to the committee. Roth pledged their utmost efforts to obtain committee action lo permit the ?Senate to act on Monday. "I have no doubt that we can do It." said Senator Culloru. Mr. Lodge added hla assurance to the same effect. Senator Rayhor was somewhat skep? tical as t.> the committee's ability to agree within that time. H* pointed out tho possibility of difference of opinion. "The time has come for a de? termination of this question," ho said. "The argument Is nil one way. The treaty has been violated for the past forty years. Time and again we have yielded. We should art now." Senator Clark, of Arkansas, contend? ed that if the treaty was to be so promptly disposed of. action should he tsken without reference to the com? mittee. He said Congress should either act immediately on Keneral public de? mand or go into the question thor? oughly. Senators Lodge. Bacon and Cullom refused to accept the view that the State Department was on trial. "The President has told us." sal,] Mr Cullom. "that he l.i at work on the question, and will have something ready after the holidays, and the Sec? retary of State assured mo a day or two ago that he expectod to accom? plish something of value to the coun? try." Rnsnln Shown Little Intereat. St. Petersburg. December 11.?The Jewish passport question has awak? ened only slight public interest here. The prospect of tho abrogation of the treaty of 1S32 does not seem to dis? turb any one. Good rotations with the United States are duly appreciated, es? pecially as they affect the Far Kost, but it is pointed out that Russia and Germany waged a tariff war" In the nineties, during which they romalncd on good terms politically. Tho abrogation of the treaty would affect Russian trade to the extent of about $8,000.000 annually. whereas American trade to four times that amount would be affected. Abrogation of the treaty, it is realized, would strike a more vital blow If. by reason of this, Russian subjects were shut out of America. Prom the standpoint of the Russian government, the cessa? tion of Jewish Immigration would be very disagreeable. btSt Ihe government does not believe that the matter would be pressed so far. On the other hand, the government, sees a graver peril In the indiscrimi? nate admission of Jews to VKissla. as many of these. It Is asserted by gov? ernment official?, are revolutionists. Socialists and anarchists. Their com? ing, armed with American passports nnd with the right to clnlm consular aid. It Is argued, would endanger pub? lic peace and cause ultimately diplo? matic friction and a serious aggrava? tion of Russo-Amerlcan relations. Tho Jewish question looms so large in Russia proper that the question of Russo-Amerlcan relations takes a sec? ondary place, and. finally. It Is de? clared, Russia ennnot surrender con? trol over the admission of foreigners within her borders. These are tho representative .view.* In government and other circles, but not yielding, It Is believed, that Russia ?would bo willing to ameliorate the conditions in practice undef certain circumstances. A danger exists that a congressional demonstration might provoke the Russian Nationalists and members of the extreme right, and alienate tho sympathies of other groups. This fear Is voiced' by Pro? cessor Paul N. Mllukoff, leader of the Constitutional Democrats. While sym? pathizing with the aims of Ihe pass? port agitation, ho does not approvo of the methods employed. * - Bishop Wilson Brought Home. Baltimore, Md.. December 14.?Bishop Alpheus W. Wilson, of the Methodist Episcopal Church. South, who was tnkon ill while attending to conference duty in tho South, was brought to .his homo here to-day from Pensacoln, Flu. Ho. bore the strain ot tho long trip well. Taft Submits Findings of Investigating Board. CAUSE IS NOT LEFT IN DOUBT Definite Conclusion Reached That Explosion Which Caused Historic Disaster Came From the Outside?W r e c k a g e Found "Dished Upwards." Referred to Committee. Washington, December 14.?President Taft I--day sent to Congress u brief formal message transmitting tho full text of the report or the Investigating board which found that the battleship Maine waa blown up in Havana harbor by an external explosion. The board was headed by yvdmlral Vreelund. of the navy, and Included Colonel Wll llurn M. ni.uk. of the corps of engi? neers of tho army. It began work on the exposed wreck at Havana on No? vember 20. and found that the Injuries to the bottom of tho Maine were caused by the cxploxion of a charge of n low form of explosive exterior to the ship betwen frames 28 and 31. port side. This resulted In Igniting und exploding the contents of the six Inch r?.-H"rve magazine. The more or less complete explosion of the con? tents of the remaining forward maga? zines followed. All Dinned Upwards. The board In Its report emphasized tho fact that it found that what Is called the port larboard stroke?a con? tinuous lino of plahVtlng running from stem to Stern was "dished upwards us much rm twenty-four Inches from a straight line." that unother strake. tcch nncally called "C." wan displaced "up warda and Inwards for 100 square feet," and that part of the Inner bnttum [dating was "displaced upwards and left ap? proximately six feet above Its'Orlglnal position. Tho destruction wrought by the "two explosions of distinctly different char? acter" was found to be much more cxtenslvo than had been anticipated. The report In technical terms dcticrlbed how plates were crumpled, how sonic portions of what had once been a great battleRhlp were turned Inside out nnd how parts of the bottom works generally wore displaced. "The debris of one-pounders, slx pounders. six-Inch nnd ten-inch am? munition was found widely scattered through the wreck." said tho report. "Tho location of much of this ma? terial bore little relation to Its orig? inal stowage condition. Powder tanks were torn asunder or crushed and flattened. "The condition of the vertical keel and flat keel at frame eighteen was ascribed by the court of inquiry of 1838"?the year of the war with Spain that followed tho blowing up of tho Maine?"to the direct effect of an ex? plosion exterior to the ship in that vicinity. Because of Its better op? portunity for a detailed examination of thlH wreckage now fully exposed the present hoard concludetl that the external explosion which Ignited the magazines was not In tho vicinity of thla frame "eighteen." Form Closed Chamber. "The protected deck and hull of the ship," said' the report, "formed a closed chamber In which the gases were gen crated and partially expanded before rupture.-' The bow portion of the Maine was found pointed nose downward In tho mud. to port, and Is lying on Its star? board side. The upper part of that portion of the ship In the vlolnlty of the forward magazlnea was entirely swopt away. Only about ono-halt of the bottom was left In position. The Maine explosion occurred almost fourteen 'years ago. In that disaster two officers and 2t>4 of her crew per? ished. The report perfunctorily was ordered printed and referred to the Naval Affairs Committee. Approve* Present System. Washington, December It.?The sys? tem employed by the United States Agricultural Department Is far In ad? vance of that of any other country, in tho opinion of Victor IT. Olmstead, c<hief statistician of the department, as expressed in his annual report. Just ? Issued. He snyn that ho hns found that "the er.ip reporting systems of European countries contain no fea? tures or cover no range better or broader than the system in use. here." **An Important feature was added during tho past year to the crop re? porting system of the bureau." he says, 'Ho-wit, the quantitative Interpreta? tion of the figures indicating the con? ditions .if growing crops for which quantitative estimates arc made at the close of each year. "Of the leading crops for which quantitative Interpretations of condi? tions are made, all are included ex? cept the cotion crop. In the case of cotton. It is Impossible to Interpret the condition figures Ijeciuse .if the fact that an Important element neecs?ary to such an Interpretation Is lacking, to-wll. the abandoned acreage of cot? ton. This cannot be ascertained unttl the close of the season." Honored by House. Washington. December if.?Sldon ham 13. Anconn, eighty-seven years oM. one of tho few living members of the special session of Congress of 1S61. which met July 4 to declare a state of war against tho Confederacy, was paid an unusual honor in the House to-day. Amidst cheors from both sldfls of the House, tho body took a recess of ton minutes to permit a. public rocoptlon for Mr. Ancona In front of the Speak? er's desk. Every Representative In the House (lied past tho ?white-haired vet? eran nnd shook his hand. Mr. Anoon'a wns introduced .to. thei 'House by .lohn H. Robhermcl, now the occupant of tho soat formorly held by (Continued on. Eighth Page,) , WHO GAVE FUNDS TU DYNAMITERS? Grand Jury Wants to Know How Expenses Were Met. RIGHT INTO HEART OFCONSPIRACY Woman Bookkeeper for Iron Workers' Association Is Ques? tioned Closely?Check Stubs and Records Arc Taken Into Jury Room?Proceed? ings Closely Guarded. Indianapolis. December 14.?As a direct lead into the hesrt of the al? leged dynamite conspiracy, District Attorney Charles W. Miller, while the Federal grand Jury hold its initial hearing In the case to-day, took up the question as to who furnished the money for purchasing and paying the expense of carrying about the country the explosives by which more ihun 100 structures were blown up. Mrs. Andrew J. Hull, now of Klm "ball. Neb., who. as Miss Edith Wtno brenner, was bookkeeper for the In? ternational Association of Bridge and Structural Iron Workers, and who was familiar with Its money receipts and disbursements, was closely questioned by Mr. Miller, while Into the grand Jury room were taken the stubs of check books and accounting records of the association during the five years In which the explosions look place. It was during a large part of these live years that Ortte B. McManlgal. ac? cording to his confession, did dyna? miting for John 3. McXamara, the convicted secretary-treasurer, and often In company with James B. Mc? Xamara. An important feature of McManlgal's confession attracted attention In con? nection with Mrs. Hull's visit to the district attorney's otn.ee. Hot ?200 for Kacb Job. This was the admission by Mc? Manlgal that he usually received about $200 for encli "Job," and that while he complained that part of the money was being held back from him. Jnrnes B. McXamara had admitted seeing the stub for the check nn,i had said John J. would "fix It up." Most of tho Jury'p attention to-day was taken up with an outlining by District Attorney Miller of what the Investigation was to he. how far It was to jro. and the number and char? acter of the witnesses to be called. The Identity of the few witnesses called to-dny was kept In strict secrecy by deputy marshals, and out? siders were not permitted In the cor? ridors near the grand Jury rooms. Mrs. Hull's appearance at the Fed? eral building followed that of H. S. Hbcklns, acting secretary of the Iron Workers' Association, who had been conferring with Frank A. Ryan, the president, who occupies the position now formerly held by John J. Mc Ximara. McManlgal In his confession told of at least $5.000 having ibeen paid h<m. and said some person other than John J. McXamara did the paying, but after he and James J. McXamara blew up a viaduct In Cleveland on June C2. 1910, he hnd had a dispute with the man over the amount he was to receive, and In consequence "J. J. took tho matter In hand himself all the way through." For the Cleveland Job McManlgal said he and James B. were paid $100 each. Referring to an explosion at the Iroquols Steel Plant, at South Chicago, McManlgal said he used eighty pounds of dynamite, and added: "When I went to Indianapolis J. J. McXamara paid me $100 in cash, as that was all the cash he had in the office. I saw him pay J. B. McNamara for the Job. Complains of Small Pay. That records were kept of some of the money paid out was indicated in a part of the confession. In which McManlgal tells of his complaint of the small pay he received before he dealt directly w'th McXamara. He said (Continued on Seventh Page.) The Christmas Number of the Tim es-Dispatch WILL BE ISSUED Sunday, December 17 It will be filled with attractive holiday art and literary features. Among them are: Full page drawing In colors, "A Colonial Christmas Party." by. Lydia Floreth, with verses by Peter H. Doyle. Full page, drawing in colors, "Merrv Christmas via Wireless," by Frederick B. K?lz. "Your Chrlstmns Dinner," as pre? pared by Dr. Wiley. "Beautiful legends of the Christ? mas Greens." with drawings In black and white. A Record of Brilliant Men who have died during the year. "The Great Man's Frlmcr," penned by Wallace Irwin, with pictures by B. W. Kemble. The Early Life of Edgar Allan Poe in Richmond. The first of a scries by Philip Alexander Bruce. Dickens's Most Tragic Character ?one of J. W*. Mullor's Half-Hour Portraits. Our Presidents' Religious Prefer? ences. One of a series written by George H. Picard. Odd and Comlo Tilings the World ,1188 Seen In 1911. Convicts' Cllrislmns?What Vir? ginia Does and Fails to Do for the Men In Stripes. ADMINISTRATIVE BOARD PLAN WINS GREAT VICTORY IN CITY COUNCIL ?T. F. Dim LcniT. IiFOLLETTE BILL Believe? That It Will Prove Cure-All for Trust Evils. MAKE MONOPOLY IMPOSSIBLE Sherman Law, as It Stands, In? adequate to Meet Busi? ness Problems. Washington, December 14.?That there is no such thing as a natural monopoly In Industry, was the declara? tion of Louis D. Rrandels. the Boston lawyer and antitrust champion, who to-day appeared before the Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce in advocacy of Senator La Follette's bill designed to slpplement the Sherman law. He declared also that if the law prohibiting the practices through which existing great combines grew up is clearly defined and en? forced no trusts will arise In future. "Supporters of the La Follcttc bill," he said, "believe In competition Jn In? dustry, on economic, social and polltl cnl grounds. They agree that only unreasonable restraints of trade should be prohibited. But they , believe the law Is Inadequate, difficult of applica? tion and unsatisfactory in its remedy. They propose to let the law remain, but to supplement it with .provisions remedying these defects. Again stating that there are no natural monopolies In industry, Mr. Brandcls said '.'even the oil trust got control by ruthless and unconscionable violations of law. by criminal rebating, bribery and corruption, which brought It wcnlth with which to destroy com? petitors by price cutting and like practices. The steel trust acquired control not through grentor efficiency, but by buying plants and oro supplies at fabulous prices. Not one Industrial monopoly Is a natural growth." Able to Fly Frlces. ? Mr. Braudels mentioned the tobacco, shoe machinery and Bleeping car com? bines as other "trusts" that had been ablb to fix prices as n result of ac? quired monopolistic positions. i Mr. F.randels declared that competi? tion, like liberty, should be regulated Jest it lend to monopoly as unrestrain? ed liberty lends to anarchy. Ho said he favored the strengthening of the Siirrnmn law- by the adoption of tho La FolloUe hll), and Its nmendmonts recently Introduced in tho Senate. The United States Steel Corporation camo in for criticism. Mr. Brandcls declared Its action In "paying Andrew Carnegie throe times the value of his plants" moroly amounted to a brlbo to get Mr. Carnegie out of the steel bus? iness. As un example st a trust which had been organized with ndinlrnblo (Continued on Klghth Tage.) Not Necessary to Await Pro? posed Statute by Congress. WICKERSHAM'S PROPOSAL iWould Be Nucleus for Board Which Could Scrutinize All Mergers. Washington. December 14.?Pursuing President Tatt's recommendation that an executive bureau bo rrentod to supervise corporations chartered under a Federal incorporation act, Attorney General Wlckersham. In his annual re? port, submitted to Congress to-day. suggests that the Bureau of Corpora? tions ho raised to that dignity, oven in the absence of tho proposed Federal incorporation statute. This branch of the Department of Commerce and Labor, tho Attorney General urges, should be brought into closer relation With his department, and adds that It might well be "availed of as the nucleus for an administra? tive board, under whose supervision consolidations or mergers for lawful purposes might be formed." Problem* Are Economic. In enforcing the Sherman antitrust law. ehe Attorney-General points out that the Department of Justice and the courts are confronted by economic rather than legal problems when It comes to working out methods of dis? integration after a corporation has been declared an illegal combination. Tho department enlisted tho assist? ance of tho Bureau of Corporations in tho dissolution of the tobacco trust, and it would be of great value to tho legal branch of tho government, Mr. Wlckersham says. If the functions of the bureau should bo so enlarged that It could he culled upon officially lo make Investigations and report Us conclusions with respect to plans for the voluntary or enforce* disintegra? tion of monopolistic combinaticits. Tho Attorney-General reviews the record of a year of Intense activity in Federal prosecutions, and points out that the Department of Justice, financially sustained Itself as the re? sult of the contribution of $4.204,115 to tho United Stales Treasury In tho shape of tines collected, customs duties recoveries,' etc. The expense of the department, Including the ofllco of the Attorney-General, all of the district attorneys and assistants throughout tho country, aggregated $3,223,773. In comprehensive review of iho anti? trust prosecutions, tho Aftorney-Gen oral shows that the seventeen, anti trust olvli suits pending; at the begin nlng of tho last llscal year were aug (Continued on Eighth Pag?T) FRANCE'S ACTION Vote Declares Country Was Not Worsted in Moroccan Negotiations. VOTE IS OVERWHELMING Conservatives Seek to Postpone Ratification of Franco German Accord. ?-_ I Parla, December It.?The German, British, Russian and Spanish nmbassa-1 dora ?Vero present in the Chamber of Deputies this afternoon when Foreign Minister De Selves, before a crowded i house, delivered France's contribution i to ihn German-British debate and m<tdo B?rne additions to tho revelations con? cerning: the Moioccnn crisis. Amcng other things, M. De Selves} said that Germany, at tho outset of the crisis, hud asserted that she would not! accept or abide by a new Algscirns j conference as n tneano of settling the! Moroccan question. The discussion drew nn interpelln-1 tlcn by tho Count Do Mun und otUur Conservatives, who wish to postpone ratification of the Franco-German ac? cord In regard to Morocco until nego? tiations now going on with Spain are concluded. Count De Mun condemned sacrlflco to a rival power of part of a French colony equaling In extent two thirds of France, nnd conquered by the spilling of French blood, llo condemned tho making of secret trentlos as a method of diplomacy, and wanted to know where France had been heading since forty years. The world, lie sn'd, had not seen Europe In a more menac? ing condition. He hoped thnt Franco did not dream of a dangerous Utopia, lnvolvtng the substitution of the friend? ship of Englnnd by the friendship of other iiowors. France Not Worsted. M. Do Solves. In opposing the motion to postpone ratification of the Franco* German agreement, traced the nego? tiations betwoon Franco nntl Germany since tho beginning of the crisis. Ho admitted that there had been a mornont of tension, due to tho excessive de? mands of Germany. Reasonable nego? tiations ensuo upon this, nnd M. Do Solves denjed that Germany had bo come lrrllahlo and had tried to start a conflict. On the other hand, her at? titude had been conciliatory. French Interests hnd been constantly guarded, while tho dignity and calm of public opinion In Franco hnd revealed the (orco of French patriotism. M. Do Selves then defended the Franco-German accord, saying that the world realized that Franco hnd emerged from tho negotiations far from being worsted. Howovor, ho snld, the chief advantage of ths agreement Is that it frees foreign politics from the Moroc? can question, which has boon' a permit* (^ontTnucd on^oventh Page.) Ordinance as^Adopted by Aldermen on Tuesday Night Concurred In by Lower Branch. MAYOR IS READY TO SIGN NEW LAW THIS AFTERNOON Health, Police and Fire Depart? ments Eliminated, Original Re? port of Special Committee Adopted After Amendments Meant to Crush It Were Voted Down?Vote Stood 22 to 18, but Eight Members Quickly Changed, Official Record Read? ing 30 to 10?Pollock Regards It as Greatest Reform in Muni? cipal Affairs in Fifty Years. Business People Work Gamely for New and Better System. By a vote of 22 to IS. the Common Council last night concurred In the Joint resolution providing for an ad? ministrative board to manage 'the bus!-t" hess affairs of the city exactly as drafted uy the special committee ani as adopted by the Board of Aldermen. Mayor D. C. Richardson announced 'his hearty approval of the reform proposed and his Intention- of signing the Joint resolution as soon as It can be en? grossed. The final vote op concurrence in the Board amendments, which eliminated the Fire. Police and Health Depart ments, and brought the plan back to what was at first recommended, was as follows: Ayes?lleNNrx. Blnkr, R?schen, IIott? ni.iii. Brndlcy, nurke, Butler. Persrue Mon, Fuller, Molimin, Lynch, *flllcr. Pinner, Poltnnl, Pnllnck, Powell. Pow? er*, .lohn T.t Itntcllffc, nemle, Richards, Hlcliardson, Sclpli, Vondrrlehr?-2. Noca? McHitrM. Bntkln*, Brown. tense, <.l!l. Hmldou, Hlrschherir, Hoher. Jones, l.uranden. Mills. Powern. tinners. Sea ton, Sullivan, I mlauf, Wllt?hlre, Work ninn. Peter*? IS, Mnny Quickly Chnnarc. Before the vote of 22 to IS could be announced, Messrs. Peters, lllrschhorg, P.atklus. Soaton, Rogers. Wiltshire, Lumsdon, Ifubur and Jones chnngefl from no to aye. and the final vote wan announced 30 to 10. Other3 explained ? hat they voted not to concur, not that they were opposod to an administra? tive board, but preferred the lllrsch herg substitute, Including the Eire, Police and Health Departments. Chairman Ollbort K. Pollock, of the special committee which prepared the plan, stated at the conclusion of the roll call last night that it was the proudest moment of his life. "The entire report of our committee has now heen adopted." ha said. * "The Mayor has signed our four ward redts trletlng plan, and will sign the resolu? tion for an administrative board, which, has been adopted exactly as our com? mittee prepared It, without any amend? ment whatever. "I regard It as the greatest action the City Council has taken In my six? teen years of service?probably tho best slnglo event that has happened for the city of Richmond In fifty years." Great Crowd at Meeting;. Notwithstanding the stormy night, the Council chamber was packed with, business men and those interested in good government long before thQ meeting was called to order. Every member of tho body was in his seat, and the debate of the night was of a, high order, several of the speeches being classed as among the best made in the Council chamber in months. Last week the Common Council, in, lieu of the resolution recommended by the special committee, adopted a substitute offered by Mr. Hlrschberfr Identical In every feature savo that it Included under the adminlstrattva board tho Eire, Police and Health De? partments. )ow managed by sepurato hoards The Board of Aldermen on Tuesday night so amended tho paper n s to eliminate those departments, and then adopted It. 19 to 5. The Council concurred last night In the Board amendments, the action being Until. nnard of Business Men. Tho resolution Instructs thG City Attorney to procuro from the next ses? sion of the General Assembly certain amendments to the charter of the city providing for tho election of five citi? zens to be known ns the administrative board, this board to havo exclusive control of all city contructs.' the elec? tion of all executive officers of the city, and the employment of all labor, the making of all public Improvements and the supervision und management or streets, sewers, parks, public build? ings, cemeteries, gas, water and elec? tric works, almshouso und all other public utilities and properties now managed by the fourteen Joint stand? ing committees of the City Council. The Council, by the redistrictlng or? dinance already adopted. Is reduced from sixty-four to thirty-two mem? bers, retains all loglsliitlve functions, such as the levying of taxes, tho ap? propriation of money, enactment of ordinances, awarding of franchises and all other matters of a puroly legis? lative character, the essence of the plan of tho special committee being the complote separation of the legis? lative and executive functions of the government. Tho Eire. Polles and Health ' Departments, regarded a? guardians of the public safety rstli er than as administrative features of the government, arc left to bo man? aged as heretofore by beards clocted ?? .? by the Council. ? ?Final Plea From Chamber. A strong series of resolutions adopt od' by the ? board of directors of the ;( Chamber of Commerce at a speclotU-J meeting held at noon yesterday, were road to tho Counoll." most earnestly. .