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TUB Dl?l'ATClI POUNDED ?JO.
TUB TIMK8 FOUNDED 1SS8. WHOLE NUMBER 18,839. RICHMOND, VA., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 20.lf)M. .'HK U-KATHKU TO-DAY_Clou?,. PRICE TWO CENTS, honest servants! is nmn need Underwood Points Out Dangers of Direct j Democracy. ADDRESS BEFORE CATHOLIC CLUB Declares That Masses of People Arc Better Judges of Men Than of Measures?Wickcr sham Argues for Equality of Opportunity for | All Citizens. Now York, December 1?.?Two ad? dresses, on-- by Attorney-General Wlckersham, who declared that the true nationalism is equality of oppor? tunity to every cltir.en, and the other by Representative Oscar v.". Under? wood, chairman of the Ways and Means Committee of the House, on the dnnxoiH of a direct democracy, were heard by members of the Catholic Club and their guests ut their dinner to? night. Mr. Underwood delivered an address declaring his opposition to movements toward a more direct form of rrovcrn nient. "If there arc evils In our govern? ment as it exists to-day." he said, "It la not In Its organic form. It Is due to the failure of those in office to hon? estly, fairly and Justly perform the duties Imposed upon them," 11c pointed to the failures of direct democracies and drew the contrast between them and the successes of a reprcBcntntlve democracy, responsive to the will of a majority, but checked by the Constitution, from exercising a brutal force which might destroy the liberty and property rightB of tho Individual. The proposal to abandon In part this scheme of the Revolutionary fathers, with a tendency to place the power of law-making In the hands of all the people. would place constitutional guatantccs of Individual liberty sub? servient to the will of the majority through political compulsion, he said. Misjudge Sentiment. Those who urge a change, he argued, do not reflect that at times they may misjudge real public Btntltnent, that the reprceentatl vu who acts as tho Instrument, of Ihe Government Is at fault, and not the basic principle of the governmeot Itself,. "My experience as a legislator," he continued, "leads mo to bollevp that the Congress of the United States will til tlmately rcBpond to the enlightened and matured sentiment of the people." lie pointed to Instances wherein It had done so In railroad rate legisla? tion, pure food laws, cumpalgn fund publicity, national quarantine. Irriga? tion of the arid WoBt and the building of the Isthmian canal. "The response may not bo rapid.' ho said, "but It ts probably more per? manent, and there is certainly not as much danger of enacting hasty, 111 ?. insldered or bad legislation. "Cannot a committee of tho Con? gress, composed of representative men, initiate legislation, within the limita? tions of the Constitution, guard against excesses and abuses, protect tho rights of the minority, voice the wishes of tho majority, as well or better than the partisan frlonds of a measure, who, in order that they may accomplish one result, are tempted to reach so far Hint I hey leave a wnko of destruction ns to c ollateral matters the measure touches? "If there lire evils In our govern? ment as It ? vitas to-doy It Is not In Its organic, form. It Is due to tho failure of thoso In office to honestly, fairly and Justly perform the duties Imposed upon them. The remedy Is Plain and the way Is clear. The peo? ple should drive from, the places of power and responsibility the unfaith? ful servant and elect thoso who will be faithful and true to the trust im? posed upon them. Can Trust People. "Tou tell me the pcoplo cannot elect honest and faithful servants. I tell you that the masses of the people are far hotter Judges of men than they nro of measures, and arc far more likely to stlect an honest man than an honest measure. "When vou say lhat the voter can? not solcct a public official who will reflect the will of the people In his office and bo faithful to the Consti? tution of his country, I say you ro fleot on the very first principle o: free government and misjudge the honesty und the Intelligence of the Amcrlcun people. , ,, "Let ue elect honost nun to public office, men who have the courage to etand for the true interest of the Consti? tution they represent, regardless of what effect it may have on their per? sonal fortunrs. There thon will be no demnnd for a change of tho funda? mental principles of our government." No Hpcclnl Privileges. Atto'rncy-Gcneral Wtckcrshum's sub? ject was "The Equality of Opportunity for All and Special Privileges for None." The enforcement of the law against unlawful restraint of trade and monop? olies Is attended with much outcry by those who have too Irin? enjoyed unfair advantages over their compe? titors, the end of Wlllch they now see, declared Mr. Wlckershom. Uut be not deceived by their clamor. Neither tile law *ior tho enforcement of the Jaw is directed against legitimate business enterprise, but to what YVlllium Pajih denominated 'the grout end of nil gov eri...ient, viz.: to support und rover enco tho people and to secure the people from the abuses of power.' "A few months ago a visitor to this city, ilcslro is of seeing its most famous highway would have beheld an ex? traordinary spectacle," continued lh< Attorney-General. ."All along the groat Fifth Avenue, an nrmy of work? men was- employed removing the facades ot? some of the buildings, sli'itrlng off columns and pilasters f re m others, demolishing nncl recon? structing. "Inqtllry would have led to tho con? clusion that during a considerable period of years the owners of land abutting on this highway had, grad? ually encroached upon tho street, until ?finally the cltv authorities awakenod to the fact that the highway, which was the property of all. was being ap? propriated for th'J bonclil of a few. Thereupon legal proceedings wore coni monoed, and the authorities compnllod each and overy lot owner to tak-; down so much of hin building as.encroaehc (Continued on~SccOnd Page.) TAFT IS EULOGIZED Nebraska Republicans Start Movement fur President's ltcnumln:itlun. i Lincoln. Neb., December in.?A mass mcetlug of Nebraska Republican*) was] held tills afternoon and evening to set in motion it movement looking to the selection o!' delegates to the national convention pledged to the rehomlna tlon of President Taft. The diclara- j Hons of the speakers and the rcsotil- ] tlon.s adopted were eulogistic of the i President, and "Tafl his own succes? sor" was the slogan throughout the meeting. The organization of n Ne? braska Tuft League was effected, and j n committee was appointed empowered to confer with committees of euch con? gressional district in the selection of uvo delegated from each district, the combined committees In turn to meet , at Lincoln and recommend four dele- ' gates at larg> to the national conven? tion. Former Congressman CaldcrheaJ, of Kansas.-made the principal speech, and declared .the Tuft movement, once stal l-d. would spread, because tt bad the force of reason and merit behind It. Tho resolutions warmly commend the administration of President Tuft, and call for his renomlna t Ion, because "the benevolent Christian p;ople of civil? ized nations everywhere have been looking for many years for a great leader in the advocacy of world peace, and 'iiuv.* found him In our President." ANSWER TO SUIT FILED Plumbing TrtiM Hn? .No UcMlrc to Vio? late Nation'? Law. Lo* Angeles. Cab. December 19.?An answer to the government'.- suit to1 dissolve the so-called plumping trust wus Hied In the United States District Court to-day by former United States Senator Prunk Flint, attorney for tho national committee of the Federated Supply Association. The answ.-r ad? mits that tin- defendants published a ??blue book." but denies) It was for the purpose of aiding a boycott of Inde? pendents. Flint said the action was frlcndlv on both sides, lie added that the books of the organization had been sub? mitted to the Federal gtVind. Jury and full Investigation or Hs affairs in? vited by the members when the in? quiry was Instituted. "We have no desire to violate the law." said Mr. Flint, "and we want to be enjoined from any act which may? be construed us an infraction." BRINGS SUIT FOR $20-000 Damages Froml-I-Year-Old Citri Sought by Former Domeotlc In Klogslcy liomr. New York, December 19.?Fourteen year-old f tilth Klngaley. daughter of Dnrwln I*. Klngsley, president of tho New York Life Insurance Company, is defendant In a suit for |'J0,010 damages, which went to trial In the Supreme Court hero to-day. The plaintiff Is Teresa Hnnklnson, formerly a domestic In the Klngsley household. She charges that while she was at work in tho Klngsley home, the little girl caused her to fall, and estimates her Injuries at the figures named. A genornl denial Is offered In behalf of the youthful defendant. ILLNESS CAUSE OF SUICIDE Wealthy Manufacturer of Prior Pipes Enda.il!? Life. New York. December 19.?Nathan Strnues. fifty-four years old. a wealthy mnnufnetturor of briar pipes, commit? ted suicide to-day by shooting him? self through the mouth In hlB apart? ment at a Fifty-seventh Street hotel. Ho hnd been an Invalid for the past four years, hut his brothor-ln-laAV, Je? rome F. Foster, said that Mr. Strauss had apparently been In the beat of spirits recently, and except for his Ill? ness sjas In no trouble, his financial affairs being In the best of shape. ADJOURNS FOR HOLIDAYS Hnuac '"-tec l Trust*' Investigation Committee Later Will llciiunit- lieu rings Washington. December 19.?The House "steel trust" Investigating com? mittee adjourned to-day until after the Christmas holiday recess of Congress, when its Inquiry Into the United States Steel Corporation affairs will bn re? sumed. John O. Brown, of Chicngo, formerly Interested In Minnesota ore properties, was asked In regard to the Oliver Iron Mining Company, which hc camo a part of the United States Steel Corporation. He had no actual evi? dence, however, of such rebates. BASES FOR BUSINESS IlnrrlNliiirg Mnn Declares for Sqtinre Deal nnd Golden Rule. Washington. December 19.?The uni? versal establishment of righteousness, the square deal, the Ooldeji Hule and tho principles and teachings of the kingdom of C,od, should be tho recog? nized bases for the foundation of all business, according to lt. L. Ktmbrotigh. of Harrlsonburg, Pa., who addressed the Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce to-day on the "Trust Prob? lem." The committee adjourned to-day until January f>, 1912. when It will re? sume Its inquiry. WILL NOT BE CANDIDATE Pint-hot Will Deliver Memsgf From Rooneveli In Med Inn Address. Columbus, O., December 19.?That Theodore Roosevelt will not be a can? didate for the. Republican nomination next year will be the message de lived by Glfford Plnchot In an address at Medina. O., Friday night next. This Information came to-day from Washington in a telegram to Secretary J. D. Fackler. of the Ohio Progressive League, from Walter U Houser. na? tional manager of the Da Follotte cam? paign. FOR TREATMENT OF GAYNOR .\nv York Aldermen Vote lo Pay Pop. (nrH 910,1100. New York. December 19.?The Hoard of Aldermen voted unanimously this afternoon t? pay doctors' bills aggre? gating $19,000 for services to Mayor Onynor after he was shot In lloboken In August, 1910. The bills had been cut down from $20.100. The Mayor had offered to pay the bills from his private resources, It was said to-day. but the physicians declined to accept the payment from him. and made out their bills to the city. IN PURSUIT OF REYES Federal nnd Stntc Troops Join In Search In Hills. Monterey. Mexico. December |!?.?A large force of Stnte and Federal troops, under Colonel Garcia Lugo, L riding In the hills In 'th? vicinity of Linares, Ncnvo Leon, in an effort to c.ipturo General Bernardo Reyes, who. with four followers, crossed the lino Into Mexico on December 15 and is attempt? ing to recruit an army In that state. Reports received here from the army otlleers Indicate failure to capture the general. MeSlcan 'authorities are con lldont. of the- early apprehension of Rcves arid his followers. OUTLINES CASE AGAINST PACKERS District Attorney's Speech Replete With Bitter Invective. LEGAL BATTLE TO BE HARD FOUGHT Following Completion of Jury, Government Representative Goes Into Great Detail in Statement of Deeds Which He Charges Mark Con? spiracy to Violate Law. Indicted Packers J, Hi; elm Armour, pre-ildetit of Ar? mour & Company. Louts I\ Swift, prcnldcnt of Swift a Company. Kuvranl P. s?Tin, vIcc-prcMdrot of Swift A Company. f.Tuirif? li. Stritt, director of Swift A Compaoy. Kdtvurd Tilden, president of the Nn tlonnl Pncklnn Company. Kilnnril Mnrria. presldeut uf "Morris & Company. \rthur Mtrkt-r, director of Armour A Company. Frnnct? A. Kow.lcr. director of Swift it Company. TbomnN .1. Connor*. Hiiperlntcndcnt of Armour & Company. I,..ills II. Il.< mini. ninnnKor ?f Mnnh A Company, Chicago. 111.. December 10.?The jury which If to try the ten Chicago pack? ers who me charged with violation of the criminal provisions of the Sher? man antitrust law was completed to? day, and the opening statement of I.'nlled States District Attorney James II. WHkeraon was hegun. In outlining the case, Mr. Wllkorson. in a speech replete with bitter invec? tive, declared that the defendants, through the National Packing Company, had continued the old pooling practices of the packers and had actually put Into effect the most powerful engine for the suppression of competition ever devised in the Industrial world. Judge Carpenter had scarcely ceased directing the summoning of a new panel for vonlromen when counsel for the Indlrtod packers declared they were satisfied with the twelve men In tho box. The government attorneys also were contont, and before tho noon ad? journment the oath was administered to tho Jury und the decks were cleared for tho actual beginning of the legal buttle, which Is looked upon as one of the most momentous of the many In which the Federal power has clashed with the corporations. When Mr. Wilkerson began his open? ing address all the defendants were In the courtroom, and each listened in? tently as step by step the Intent of tho. prosecution and tho facts upon which It Is based were given. Oolng Into great detail In his decla? ration of various phases of the deeds which he declared marked a conspir? acy to violate the Jaw of the land. Mr. Wilkerson laid spacinl emphasis upon the following points: Charges Agnlnst Packers. That the. combination represented by tho ten Chicago meat packers under Indictment is the most powerful en? gine or system for suppression of com? petition and the fixing of prices ever known in the history of the Industrlnl world. That the system is so Ingeniously do vised and so closely guarded that the men in the lower grades of employ? ment aro made, to believe that the cor? porations In th combination are actual competitors. That the indicted packers or their prudecessors have dominated the meat Industry of tho,country and fixed prices since 1S8?. That tho real purpose and deslro ot tho National Packing Company, which was organized by members of the com? bination March IS. 1903. Is to continue the work "accomplished by tho old pool." That the key to the system Is the uniform method used by the members In figuring the test cost of the pro? duct. That this test cost, arrived at by adding the killing charge to the price of cattle on tho hoof and deducting allowances for hide and fat. Is In ex? cess of the renl cost, and gives the packers a larger margin of profit than thielr own figures Indicate. That the country was divided under the' old pooling system Into different divisions, and each member of tho pool allotted a certain percentage of th s business, and that a similar system Is still In existence. Thai a system of forfeits was paid to members who failed to get their percentage of the business dividends, and these forfeits were In the nature of fines on those members who ex? ceeded their allotment. That formerly the representatives of the combination met every Tuesday in the office of a Chicago lawyer and fixed the prices of meat. That since the organization of tho National Packing Company the direc? tors of that organization held meetings at which the price of Ihe product is fixed. That a specially Hevlaed code of trade terms was use,] at thes? meet? ings, where prices wero made. N'o Other Conclusion. "The evidence which will be pre? sented," said Mr. Wllk'araon, "will show that no other conclusion can he reached than that' Ihe National Packing Com? pany wa's used for the purpose of con? tinuing the operations of the old pool, and for that alone." Mr. Wllkorsoh ridiculed tho claim which he anticipated fch'j dofeijse would make that the National Packing Com? pany was an outgrowth of ap. attempt ?to organize'a "benevolent'-monopoly." . The district, attorney had not. con? cluded when court, adjourned for-" the day..- He is expected to finish to-mor? row mornln*. "'s"" SMILEONHISFACE, JOHN BMW DIES Venerable Diplomat and Author in His 95th Year. FUNERAL WILL BE HELD ON FRIDAY j Remains Will Be Taken to High? land FaV> and Buried Beside Wife, Who Passed Away 30 Years Ago?Equally Well Known in Public Life and in Letters. j New York. December 19.?John Bige low, the venerable diplomat and au? thor, died at hla home here lo-dny. Mr. Blgelow died In the ninely-llfth ' year ot his aco In the old-fashioned I hou.se on Oramercy Park that had long I boon his residence. Three days ago ! he suffered a return of an ailment In? cident to advanced ape, which laid him low last June at his summer home In Highland Falls. For more than two days he suffered Intense pain, but eight or ten hours before death there came a partial paralysis ot the sense, and for several hours he lay smiling at those about him. but unable to speak. "Me had been facing death for sev? eral days, and he realized It." said his son. Major John Blgelow. Jr., to-day. At the bedside were two of his four children?Major Blgelow and Miss Grace Blgelow?and his granddaugh? ter. Miss Charlotte Harding. One of the tlret to he notified of Mr. Blgelow's death was Andrew Car? negie, whose birthday. November 25. coincided with that of the agc.l dip? lomat. The two were close friends, and they spent part of their last joint birthday together at Mr. Blgelow's residence as had been their custom for several years. Funeral Arrangements. Funeral arrangements were practi? cally completed to-nlghl. The services will be held at St. George's Episcopal Church in this city Friday morning at 3:30 o'clock. The body will be taken to Highland Falls, where the burial will take place In the family plot at 1:30 o'clock in the afternoon. Mr. Blgelow will be burled beside his wife who died nearly thirty years ago. The selection of pullbeurers will probably be announced to-morrow. John Blgelow was equally well known In public life and In letters. He 'was?born In Mulden. Ulster county, New York. November 26, 1SIT. Mr. Blgelow was admitted to tho bar in 1S39, and, Interesting himself In politics, he became Inspector of Slug Sing prison, 1845- 16. ' In 1H49 he ob? tained an Interest In the New York livening Post, associating himself In his editorial duties with William Cullen Bryant. He relinquished his editorial work In 1S61 to become United Stntea consul at Paris, stepping from that posit.,.: In ISSt to become minister to France, in which he continued until 1807. Euters Politics. Returning to New York he cnterod politics, and In 1ST5 became chairman of Governor Tllden's Canal Investigat? ing Committee, becoming Secretary of State of New York the same year and continuing as such for two years. Mr. Blgelow was executor and trus? tee of the late Samuel J. Tilden, presi? dent of the board of trustees of the New Vork Public Library, trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, pres? ident of the .Tilden Trust, president of the Century Association, honorary cor? responding member of the Now Hla torial Society of Massachusetts His? torical Society and Maryland Historical Society and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Ho was the author of many histor? ical, biographical, sociological and economic works, of which "Restro pcetlon of an Active Dlfc." was the latest. Mr. Bigclow received the degree of doctor of laws from Union and Racine Colleges in 1SSG. and from New York University In 1S89. SERVED IN THREE WARS Death of E. A. Jack. Wno Wan .Sur? vivor of Crew of Mcrrimac. Washington, December 19.?E. A. Jack, first lieutenant of engineers, re? tired, of the revenue cutter service, and one of the few survivors of the crew of the Mcrrimac in its famous Civil War battle with the Monitor In Hampton Roads, died at Alton. III., to dny. lie was seventy-one years old and a native of Portsmouth. Va. Ills body will be burled at Boston, Va. Lieutenant Jack had served In war under three (lags. First he waB tn the Confederate navy, then tn the navy of Colombia during n revolution In that country,' and lastly as chief on glnoer of the revenue cutter Wlndom, which participated in tho blockade of Havana during the Spanish-American Wnr. lie was one of the few veterans of tho Confederate navy who received a United States commission nftor the war. Within a few weeks the rove ntie cutter service has lost two of Its officers who participated in the bat? tle of the Monitor nnd the Merrtmac on opposing sides. Captain L N. Sloddcr having died at Brooklyn only n short time ngo. TO WELColrtlE^CONNELL Massachusetts Regiment Escort for the Ciirdlnal When 11c Returns. Boston. December 19.?-The Right Rev. Joseph G. Anderson. Auxiliary Bishop of tho Boston Diocese, is at the head of the committee arranging a wjolcomo homo for Cardinal O'Con ne.ll. The cardinal will leave Naples lu the steamer Canopic on January 17, and arrive In Boston Monday, January 29. He will be met by tho Ninth Regi? men I. M. V. M.. which, with Kie re? ception committee, will escort .'him to the cardinal's house In Granby Street. - On Thursday morning. February I, In tho Cathedral of the Holy Cross, a muss of thanksgiving will he sung, bishops and monslgnors from New England and outside dioceses being Pfosent. On February S the (iWrgy of the Boston Dtocese will give, to the cardinal a dinner in tho Hotel Somer? set, and on February 7 he will bo a guest of the laity of vho diocese. REST SERVICE TO CALlTG.tNIA. Standard or Tourist. Latter personally cmi ?in;ted without ehanire. TJerth 19. Wash. Sunaet Route, JO? 12. Main at. - - I WAS NEARING CENTUR Y MARK LIVED FOR WEEKS NEAR EXPLOSIVES Witnesses From Muncic, Ind., Testily in Investigation of Dynamite Conspiracy. ' EXPRESSIONS OF HORROR \\ illingly Tell oi Rc'pfes.ctilati6ns Under Which They Rented Indianapolis. Ind., December 19.? People who for weeks unknowingly lived near enough dynamite t? blow up the neighborhood, and whoso chil? dren skated over the Hours of a va? cant house In which the nitroglycerine had been spilled, testified In the gov? ernment's Investigation pf the dyna? mite conspiracy before the Fedoral grand jury. Witnesses from Muncic, Ind.. were questioned concerning what they knew of the renting of a house in Muncic to Ortle McManigai In December, 1909. After paying rent for several months in advance McManigai stored it with boxes and sawdust, in which ho packed nitroglycerine. The fact that the rent I had been paid and the house, always In darkness, was visited periodically by a stranger created an clement of mystery which still was unsolved when the place. again deserted, was thrown open aritl school children skated ever the lloors upon which ap? peared greased spots. loiter It was found the spots were caused by nitro? glycerine, and experts were called to destroy their explosive power. Among the witnesses from Muncle were Mrs. Elizabeth illher, Isaac Grant and a manufacturer who sold boxes to McManigai. Tho evidence was traced by the In? vestigators not only to confirm Mc Manlgnl's confession which Impli? cates John J. and James if. McNamura, but also to bring out who. If any, as? sisted them. Other expressions of horror at dis? covering they had been living near explosives came from members or the family of D. Jones, a farmer, near In? dianapolis. I"or u long time prior to his arrest on April L'2. mil, J. J. lie Namara, secretary-treasurer of tho In? ternational Association of Bridge and Structural Iron Workers, on the pre? text that he was storing old records, kept in Jones's barn a piano box filled with dynamite, from which McManigai replenished his supply when going on dynamiting expeditions. Dynamite In llox. The piano box still bad twenty-live pounds of dynamite In it when Jones, digging nu his farm, was apprised of the fact by detectives who visited the place the day John J. was arrested. It. was learned that these witnesses willingly told of the' representations under which they rented their places, and what persons paid them money. So far as the Iron Workers' Associ? ation Is concerned no opposition here? after will be made against the remov? al of books and papers taken from their headquarters from one Jurisdic? tion to another. This was announced to-day, when an attorney for the. Iron Workers withdrew an appeal to lite Indiana Supreme Court, from an or? der of the County Court to turn the records over to the federal authori? ties. Although action on the motion to dismiss the appeal will not be taken until after January 2. It Is understood the records, including books and cor? respondence of John .1. McNnmarn, may now bo carried, between any Federal or county Jurisdictions without oppo? sition. Womnn Accuse* Pronkllu. Los Angeles. Cnl., December !?.? JSurt If. Franklin, the detective accused of having bribed a sworn juror In the trial of tho confessed dynamiter, .lames B. McNamara. was confronted to-day at his .preliminary hearing by Mrs. Dora Main. She had told tho district Their" Places . (Continued ou Tenth Pago.) NO POLICE ESCORT FURNISHED TAFT Usual Provisions to Safeguard Nation's Head Omitted in New York. RESPONSIBILITY NOT FIXED In Three Addresses President Touches on Peace, Politics ana Puritanism. New York. December l!>.?The Pres? ident of Hie United States traveled through Now York's struets to-night without a police escort such as has been customarily assigned for his pro? tection during his visits here. Just what caused the omission of the usual provisions to safeguard the nation's ilead had not been ofllclnlly devel? oped up to u late hour t ?-night. The fact remained, however, that When President Taft arrived at 0:35 o'clock to-night at the Pennsylvania icnrllnul on a two-day visit to this city, not a blue coated employe of the eltj was In sig.-.i. The presidential party was forced to maac its way to ? v,altlti? nutc mobllo separted from the crowd only by ten colored |)orters whom the stn tionmnstcr had hastily pressed into service. Unescorted, the President went to the home of his brother. Henry W. Tnft on West Forty-eighth Street. There the lifst sight of police officers detailed for duty with the party was bad. The dctachmotit was made up of two bicycle policemen. On his for? mer visits ten policemen on Wheels had been assigned to travel with Ulm and ten patrolmen to handle the crowd tit the rnllway station. Tho two bicy? cle policemen accompanied the Presi? dent on hla drive to the Economic Club dinner at the Hotel Astor, where he was to deliver an address, and later escorted him to Brooklyn to attend the New England Society dinner at the Academy of Music, and the Brook? lyn Young Republican Club dinner. I.. C. Wheeler, a member of the se? cret service force, made the usual request this morning for an escort for the President, and it had been under? stood that the customary guartft^vould ' be furnished. It was stated to-nUfht. however, that Police Commissioner Waldo, When asked for the escort re? plied thai In his opinion no greater guard was noo/issnry for the protec? tion Of the President here than for the Mayor of tho city, and that no greater one. would be furnished on this occa? sion. He considered the President no better than the Mayor, the commission? er was reported us having declared. Makes Three .speeches. President Tnft completed here to nigiil throe speaking engagements in which he touched on peace, politic, i and Puritanism'. His political speech was made before the Young Men's Re? publican Club, of Brooklyn, whore ho declared that although thero came | times "when the old party seems a little weak and Btnggers from blows received from the inside and out. Its principles .are strong enough, when the issue Is drawn, to earrj" on the gov? ernment." The President's peace speech wns made before tho Economic. Club, whore ho spoke In defense of tho pending arbitration treaties He next spoke at' a dinner of the New England Society. I of Brooklyn, before whom ho talked In a humorous vein on his Puritan an? cestry. FntII he reached Brooklyn tho Pres? ident of the United Slates hud no municipal protection with the excep? tion of two bicycle policemen, who did not Join tho president lul party until it had loft the residence of Henry w. Tnft. thp President's brother, where he Is stapptng during his two days' visit In New York. The Presi? dent's customary escort In this city is ten policemen. Thero was not even a detail of ' police at the Hotel Astor. where the Economic Club diners h*ld forth, but this was remedied when Ibe President arrived at the two Brooklyn dinners, some one having aa (Continued; on - Second Page.) Lodge's Joint Resolu? tion Adopted After AU-Day Debate. HOUSE EXPECTED " TO ACT FAVORABLY Measure Is Couched in Language Most Satisfactory to Adminis? tration in Its Effort to Avoid Giving Offense to Rus? sia?Situation Assumes Quieter Phase. Washington, December ID.?Tho Sen atc by n unanimous vote tn-nlglit for maliy ratified President Taft's notill cation to Russia of the termination ot tho treaty of 1S3C. Senator t.odgc's joint resolution, reported by the For? eign Itclutlons Committee as a substi? tute for tho Sulr.cr resolution that passed the House :!0n to I, was adopted after an all-day debate over Russian discriminations against the Jews ot America. The House to-morrow Is ex? pected to agree to the Senate measure. The resolution wus adopted at 7:09 P. M. It wits introduced for the com? mittee by Mr. Lodge, of Massnchu sells, as the measure couched In the language most satisfactory to tho Washington administration, Which, sought to avoid giving offense ID the St. Ifetersfourg government. The tlnal action came after two substitutes had been voted tlown. it wus the climax of a notnble proceed? ing In the chamber which guards Jealously its traditional powers to make und break treaties. All through the symposium of views, to which many Senators contributed throughout the d.*,y. however, there wore citations . of historical Instances uf treaty ter? minations by legislative act. Tho Senate was hold in session until a lute hour on the urgent plea of Sen? ator l.odgc that to secure action beforu the Christmas holidays recess ou Thursday It was necessary that thu Senate t'ltoukl act to-night. Divergence of Views). Kvcry Senator who spoke vplood his advocacy of congressional action tu meet the RusstaTi illscrlmlpaticrhr They, were unanimous for the termination, of the treaty, but showed a wldu divergence of views as to the man? ner In which that end should bo ac? complished. The most conspicuous opposition to the Senate resolution developed when Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, offered us a substitute a resolution eliminating the <|uestlon of race as a cause for discrimination and omitting thu charge that Russia had violated the terms of tho treaty. Tho Hitchcock .substitute, however, i:; along tho lines of tho House resolu? tion. Those who voted in the affirma? tive on the Hitchcock substitute word Senators ChUton, CuKierson, Hitchcock, Johnson, Korn, Lea. Martine, Myers, O'Cormnn, Hayner. Smith, of Mary? land; Taylor, Watson and Williams, Democrats, and Senators t.'lapp arid Pointless tor. Republicans. Senator Kcwinttds bfforcd a substi? tute dovetailing the Hitchcock and Lodge resolutions, but this was voted tlown without division. Then came the final vole on the Lodge resolution. Tho roll was called, hut there was no division. Seventy-two votes were cast, and all of them were favorable to the measure. It was therefore declared adopted, and wus matted on Iis way to the House. With the Senate's notion tho Russian situation has assumed a quieter phase ' so fur as the legislative branch of tho government is concerned. The ofH. clals are. looking forward to the re? ceipt from Curtis Guild, the American ambassador to St. Petersburg, nf tho acceptance by the Russian government of the notice given l?y President Tuft of the desire of this government to terminate the treaty of IS::?. Anutvcr Ul.-oippolntlua. Press dispatches front St. Peters? burg Indicate that such an answer ha? already been handed to Mr. Guild, uuel tin: contents of the Russian note, as outlined In the dispatches, are per? haps somewhat disappointing in that they convey no response to the direct statement by Secretary Knix that America stands ready to open negotia? tions Immediately for a new treaty. ?. Mr. Lodge, in the Senate, defended ihe action of President Taft In abru j-ntlnu the Russian treaty without con? gressional notion, six treaties, hp pointed out. had been terminated ib'y . notice, the first by Polk In 1SI7, the treaty ?vllh Great Britain. President Pierce In ISfin terminated by notice a. provision of a treaty with Denmark, after the Senate ha?) irjvcn Its au? thority In 1S55. President McKinley terminated clauses In the Swiss treaty of IS."..". without any congressional action whatever, he declared. "In four cases tho President took the initiative," said Senator Lodge, "and in two cases joint action was asked. Tills shows the variety of pre? cedents of action in tho termination of treaty by notice." Senator Lodge said tho termination of a treaty by notice was In. no SonBp' an abrogation or a denunciation, but was In accord with the terms of treaty Itself. He argued that where no leg? islative action had been Invoked In the operation of the treaty It was com? petent for the President und the Sen? ate to end a treaty without the co? operation of the House. Much attention wss given by Sir. l.odgc to the contention that dolay would render It Impossible to termi? nate, the treaty for tho next two years. "Russia had disregarded the tcrmr of tho treaty," he isaid. "Article 1 has been violated by Russia, while it has been observed by tho United State?, and I think ' It has been violated so as to discriminate against a large ele>. mont of American citizens. Tt la In. tolorablc that U should continue ?ncf