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?TllrJ DISPATCH FOUNDED U60.
THE TIMES FOUNDED liM. WHOLE NUMBER 18,842. RICHMOND, VA.) SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1911. TUR 1VEATI1KII TO-DAY?Kala. PRICE TWO T.F.MTS Judge Skeen Makes Promise in Election Fraud Probe. j NO CONFESSIONS YET RECEIVED _. Unless Voters Acknowledge Guilt, Investigation Will Be j Continued by Grand Jury in Februar y>?Conditions in . j Dickenson Alleged to Be Worse Than in Lee. (Special to The TlmcF-Dlspatch.] Bristol. Va.. December 22.?Officehold? ers In Ece county, who were elected at the recent election In which Illegal votes are alleged to have been bought and sold In wholesale numbers, will be permitted to bold their offices un? challenged, according to Judge II. A. W- Skeen, who has been conducting the grand Jury probe Into election Ir? regularities. This promise was made. It wia stated to-day, to get evidence before the Jury upon which to Indict the vote sellers. Commonwealth's Attorney Ely, of Lee county, stated to-night that he had been Instructed by Judge Skeen not to cause the arrest of any of the men In? dicted In connection with the wholc-t salo debauchery of the electora-e of E<e county. Judge rjkeen will deal gently with the huge number of vote sellers already Indicted, In the hope of get? ting probably 1.000 confessions, without the ixpense and delay of a continued, long drawn out grand Jury Investiga? tion. No confessions wore received to- i day. ? In order to give the vote sellers an .opportunity to confess, ho stopped the grand Jury proceedings after the In? dictment of between 200 and 300 men.1 upon receiving unmistakable evidence that about 1,300, or one-fourth of the voter.! of the county, had sold th*dr votes. The number has been testified j to by vote buyers, under promise of I Immunity, and unless the vote .sellers confess they will all bo indicted in! 1'cbruary. Commonwealth's Attorney Ely, who vas elected In November.?wd? the Re? publican nominee on the tlckut that swept the county, and on account of the peculiar circumstances. Judge Skeen retained another counsel to prosecute. However. Common wealth's Attorney Ely, who will not lo.se his office, states that ise gave only Jf?0u of the 111.000 which Republican candidates put up, in addition to what was spent for them, lie is actively eng ige,i in the prosecu? tion, and Judge Skeen has his .sympathy In the investigation. Equally Divided. hi A aanvaris of the Indicted men shows that they are almost equally divided be-| tween th" tw-o parties, with the Demo? crats slightly in the lead, although Eee Is a decisively Republican county. Froth the figures given the grand Jury, the 1,200 voters of the county, constituting' 26 per cent, of Its voting strength, re- | celvo In each election approximately I 125,000, a small per cent, of which tae politicians apply to the payment of the poll taxes of tpe floaters, which must, under the law. bo advanced six months before the election. The Common? wealth's attorney stated to-night that bo knows almost every one of iho 1.200 floaters by name. He says that he is! doubtful as to whether a large per! cent, will confess, as many declare they wll| stand trial. He said that ho Is j now ready to handlo picas of guilty,; and will have them certified to the i.lerk of the court through a Justice, wheroupon the confessors accept the minimum fine of J100. but aro given one year in which to pay it. However, they thereby forever disfranchise them- j s-elvcs. He further said that some of, the indicted men had talked to him about confessing, hut they had not linaJly decided as to what they will do. Conditions arc declared to be even worso in Dickenson county than in I.co. Judge Skeen will convene court In Wise county January 1, and will be there three weeks. It i:t learned to? night, however, that Dickenson county will he the scene of the next grand jury Investigation, and that It is believed that 1,500 to 2.000 floaters in that county have been selling their votes. I ANOTHER WITNESS HELD Avis I.lnuell's Itoommalc Placed I nder Bond of ?300. Boston, December 22.-?Following the holding of Charles S. Pierce; a Newton theological Institution student, In $300 honds yesterday as a witness in the trial of the Rev. Clarence V. T. Riehe son, charged with the murder of Avis t.lnnell. It hecame known to-day that another witness had furnished bonds for appearance at the trial. Miss Lu? cille E. Zelgler. roommate of Miss Ein nell at the Young Woman's Christian Association dormitory, was held under J500 bonds. Although Rlehoson's counsel, Wil llnm A. Morse, after visiting his client In jail to-day. said he appeared very weak. Dr. Howard Hothrop. who per? formed the operation on the prisoner after Rlcheson had mutilated himself Wednesday, said that the batient wts "getting along as w.":l as could he ex? pected under Ihe circumstances," and that unless unforeseen complications developed he should be able to attend the trial on January IS. Attorney Morse said the'defense had no plans to announce yet. and could do little until Rlcheson regained suffi? cient strength to enable his counsel to convcrso with bim at length. FIGHT OVER CHRISTMAS TREE Following Argument, Aged .Man Kills Dnngbter's Flnucc. New York. December 22.?Joseph Cosgrove and his friend, John Gaddlc wore trimming a Christmas tree for Cosgrovc's grandchildren in tholr home on Thirteenth Street. Brooklyn, late last night, whon the men got Into an argument over the artistic fitness of ceTtair. ornaments. According to the police, Cosgrove, who Is Hlxty three years old, knocked Caddie down, and then. wb.1Io tha children looked on, cut Caddie's throat with a carving knife. Caddie died almost irjstantly. Oaddlo was engaged to be married to Ooegrove's daughter. SUPREME COURT'S GIFT Amentia Rules) With View of Reducing Coat or Litigation. Washington, December 22.?As a sort of Christma? gift to ruturc litigants, the Supreme Court to-day as its lam not bet?r? adjournment for the Christ? mas holidays amended its rules with a vl'\v of reducing the cost of litlgat oii. The amendments bud to do with the slzo of records brought to the court from subordinate tribunals. The printing of tho record alone In one case before the court In recent years amounted to $1.500. The court look advantage of the necessity of amending the rules In connection with the going Into effect January I of the new Judicial code to strike at the high cost of litigation. Several amendments were nocessary to meet tin: requirements of th,. new code. These had to do principally with the passing of the Circuit Court*. Because of the new code, the court en? tered another order extending the present equity rules to the courts, pro? vided for by the new code. In announcing this order. Chief Jus tlce White said that the old equity rules would be enforced only until the rules now being framed by the court be completed. Wh 11 the court adjourned until Jan nary 8. It had established a record for the number of cases heard before the holidays. Practically as many cases had been argued so far this term as were argued during the entire last term, extending to June 1. The Justice? now have under consid? eration 120 cases. This is probably a greater number than at any other time In the history of the court. ACT OF FRIENDSHIP -hrhlon Wrote l.rttrr nt Request of Roosevelt. New York, December 22.?Oeorge R. Sheldon, treasurer of the Republi? can National Committee, commending to-day upon the publication of cor-j respond'-nce between himself and Theo don- Roosevelt relative to the Harrl man campaign contribution In 130 1. Slid alluding particularly to his own letter to th,. colonel, said It was writ? ten at Coloriel Roosevelt's request. Mr. Rheldo.t took exception to the Infer? ence tnat the publication of the cor respondence at this lime Indicated that the colonel was a candidate for the 1912 presidential nomination. "Colonel Roosevelt has not told in' that he I- a candidate." said Mr. Shel? don. "On the contrary, he has told me repeatedly thai he Is not a candj datc. Colonel Roosevelt and myself were aboard a train some ten days ago, and then the matter came up in con? versation from something In the news. 1 said: 'Why was the truth never told about this whole business so that It Could be shut up.' "Colonel said: 'Why can't you etil It now?' that is all there Is to It." Mr. Sheldon questioned as to whether he regarded It as wise to revert ut this time to the llarrlman contribu? tion I icldent, replied: ?| thought not. hut Colonel Roose? velt asked nie to write a letter and I did iid. It was purely n matter of friendship on my part. That letter states the whole truth nnd ought to slop comment." CHRISTMAS AT WHITE HOUSE j Will lie Observed In Uiilel Manner b-r1 President nnd Family. Wa.1hinc.10n. December 31.?President Taft continued bis Christmas shopping to-night, visiting Hcvernl downtown ?H,,?res and multlng a few purchases. W ashlngton was swept by a winter rain all nfternoon, and when the Presi? dent ventured out It was In one of the White House automobiles. With nis purchases to-night the President prac? tically completed his list, which In? cluded friends all over the world. To-morrow the Christmitb season at the White House really begins, tor more than 100 fat turkey gobblers will be distributed for the President to all married men employed around the building. The President and his family plan to observe this Christmas juet as they have the other two they have hpent here. Miss Helen and Charlie Taft are already at home, and Robert, the old? est son. will arrive to-morrow. Char? lie |s too old now for a Christmas tree, and probably will not hang up his. stocking this year. The White House dinner will he serv. cd at 7:30 o'clolt, ami there will he no guests. During the jlny the Presi? dent probably will attend 'church, and If It Is fair will take a Ion* walk with some friends. Several gifts already have reached the White House, but have not been opened. NOVELIST FOUND DEAD Margaret Horton Porter Took Overdose ?f Morphine. Chicago. December 22.?Margaret Horton Porter, a novelist, was found dead to-day in her apartments from an overdose of morphine, whlrh a coron? er's Jury found was accidentally taken. For a time it was reported thiit death was from heart disease. Testimony at the Inquest was that1 she had long been addicted to the use of drugs and a few months ago was permitted to leave a sanatorium to] which she had been committed. She complained of illness two days ago, and her friends believe that the drug was taken by her in an effort to re? lieve her suffering. For many years she bad been prom? inent in literary circles and her novqla were popularly supposed to reveal thinly veiled phases of society life, in Chicago. In 1*.<02 she was married to John D. Hlack and was divorced by him in 1?10. shortly before she was sent t'o the sanatorium. CRITICIZES SUPREME COURT Senntor Orten Deolarps It Is "Oulwark: of Privileges." Oklahoma City. December 22.?De? claring the Supreme Court of the United states "has become n bulwark of privileges!" United States Senator Robert U Owen at to-day's session of the Stnte Bar Association, replied to an arraignment of the Judiciary recall by Judge B. C. Stuart. Senntor Owen said he did not impugn the motives or honesty of tho United States Supreme Court judges, but that "all were Influenced by their previous training and associations." '"Every man who has gone on that bench since the tronsmlsslsslppl rute ense 1ms been In favor of writing Into the laws the word 'unreasonable.' which Congress refused to put there." said Senator Owen. CONDITION IS FAVORABLE Emperor Fronds Joseph Mnking Pro? gress Toward Itccovers'. Vienna, December 22.?Emperor Frar.o.s Joseph Is making favorable progress In his recovery from his re? cent slight indisposition. According to the latest' reports from the palace. His Majesty Is in excollent spirits: his cugh is much bettor, his appetlto good, and his general appearance healthy.- Ho walked to-day for half an hour in the great gallery of tho palace, and to-morrow he is to go out Into the opon air If tho wcathor should prove fine. Dr. Kerzl. the', physician In attendance, visited the Emporor only once to-day and was satisfied with his condition. j Opposition Members of Duma Ridicule Pro? posed Legislation. ACTION AGAINST UNITED STATES Provision Raises Existing Duties by ioo Per Cent, at Expiration of Treaty of 1832?Opponents Declare It Strikes Hardest at Russian Agriculturists and Manufacturers. St. Petersburg December 22.?Op? position members of the Duma ridicule ex-President Ouohkoff's legislation proposal to provide for tariff war schedules applicable to the United States at the expiration of the ltusso Amcrlcan treaty of commerce and, navigation which h* nnd other signers] representing the Oitobrists and. Na? tionalist parties in the Duma have In? troduced into that body. The opposi? tion declares that the proposal would strike hardest at the Russian agrlcul. turistsand cotton manufacturers. Thej do not expect the measure to advance beyond tho committee stage. The Duma will adjourn to-morrow for a month, and a vacation proposal prob? ably will be taken at the end of Feb? ruary. A provision proposes to raise exist? ing Russian duties by 100 per cent., and also to impose a duty of 100 per cent, on articles which are admitted free under the present Russian tariff. Uesldcu these impositions the bill pro? poses also to levy double the gross weight tax established by the law of .June 21, 1001. on merchandise arriv? ing by sea and to levy a double ton? nage tax. Should the present Ameri? can tonnage tax be raised to the dis? favor of Russian vessels, then the Rus? sian tonnage, tax will be correspond? ingly Increased. It Is said that the schedules nre to be applicable to all countries whicli do not grant to Russia the most favored nation treatment In commerce and navigation. The proposal will bo submitted to a financial commission. Necessity- ftir Legislation. The necessity for the proposed leg? islation Is explained in an accompany? ing declaration in which It Is stated that the regular American tariff sched? ules which will be applicable to Rus stajl goods at the expiration of the treaty of commerce and navigation of 1S32 will he so high as to havo a pro? hibitive rharactor. and that they great? ly exceed the Russian normal tariff and navigation taxes which would he naturally applicable to American goods In the absence of the treaty. The province of foreign affairs lies outFlde the competence of the Duma, and treaties are not subject to its approval, nor is the Minister for For? eign Affairs answerable to the Duma on the state of foreign relations. Nevertheless. the Duma exercises through the budget an influence cn foreign affairs and relations. In'the long doi-laration accompany? ing the bill the signers deal fully with the Russo-Atnerican situation, and re? count the formal steps taken by the President of the United States. "The abrogation of the treaty be? tween Russia and America has a di? rect connection with the anti-Russian agitation which has been energetically conducted in America for the re admission of American citizens of the 'Jewish faith. Article 1. of the treaty establishes the mutual rights of entry, but contains a stipulation for the observance of internal laws. Deem? ing, in spite of this stipulation, that '|ho enforcement of the general Rus? sian laws In regard to foreigners of the Jewish religion In tho case of American Jewish citizens constitutes an Infringement of the irraly, the House of Representatives ' voted n resolution for its abrogation. View In I'nfounded. "There cannot be any doubt thnt this view Is unfounded. The Rus.slan government and its representatives abroad cannot but fulfil the require? ments of the Russian law contained in paragraphs 213 to 235 of the passport statute, and paragraph ?19 and the following ones of the law on social rights, as long as these remain in fo rce. "On the other hand, the question of the admission or nonadmission Into Russia of categories of foreigners he longs to the province of Internal leg? islation upon the general principles of international law as well as on the strength of article I. of tho treaty of 1S32. "Thus the United Statc3 has enacted very strict legulatlons seriously lim? iting the right of entry of foreign? ers, and thortS Is no doubt that the Federal government would ward off any attempt to dispute the legality of these regulations from an Interna? tional point of view." The declaration then quotes tcxtu ally article II. of the Federal immi? gration law of February 20. 1907, anil continues: "If wc take into consideration also that the American law Imposes a head tnx on the whole line of foreigners seeking American shores, it becomes clear how stern are the restrictions to which Russians arriving in Ameri? ca are subjected. We do not ques? tion the right of the Federal govern? ment to apply any immigration laws which are dictated by reasons of state, but we must note for that very reason that tho motive for tho abro gation of the treaty of 1832 adduced In tho resolution of tho Rouse of Rep? resentatives Is unfounded." Tho statement of the views of tho majority of the Duma is marked by temperate and dignified, but firm l'an guago, which is characteristic of the Russian attitude on tho subject of tho nbrogatlon of tho treaty'of commerce and navigation of 1832. Steadfast in Decision Not to Accept Repub? lican Form. BANKERS MAY GIVE HIM SUPPORT Legations Not Yet Able, How? ever, to Agree on a Loan, I Which They Insist Must Be Used Only for Peaceful Administration of Country. Peking. IJccfmlicr 22?Yuan Shi Kai, the Premier, evidently nt 111 remains steadfast in his decision not to accept a republican form M government for China as the price of peace within the empire Members of the Premier's en tourago reiterated u/May that Yuan tifv? r will advise the abdication of 6sj> Kmperor and thereby become traitor. They say that if the formation of a .republic Is unavoidable, he will re? sign as Premier. It had been suspected that Tang Shao Yl, the representative of Yuan and the Imperial government nt the Shnnghai peace conference, arid Yuan were- playing a prearranged Kamc with' the Intention gradually to shear the Manchus of power, and thereby pre? vent a Manohu rising in Peking: but the fact that Tang has telegraphed friends here, asking them to endeavor to persuade Yuan of the necessity to i accept a republic, seemingly Indicates' that Tang und tho Premier are not in accord. After many conferences prior to his departure for Shanghai, Tang evidently believed that Yuan had been! won over to the republican Idea, while on the other hand Yuan believed that i Tang had been brought around to see the necessity of continuing the men-1 archy. Members of Yuan's entourage declare In these beliefs each man was self-deceived. Though no member of the foreign legations will venture a prediction on the outcome of the situation, there Is a feeling that ther-^ Is an agreement possible between Yuan and a number of rebel provinces, not Immediately, but after several renewed armistices. , Yuan, it Is thought, may offer the last concession possible, namely, the retirement of tho Empress Dowager and the uppolntmenl of a Chlncso re? gency to effect peace. The premier has steadily been replacing officials and army officers through the national provinces with trusted men, loyal to himself. He believes he could regain and re? tain manv of the rebel provinces If monev were obtainable. A quartet of bankers is willing to support him, but up to the present time, the legations have disagreed regarding a loan. Brit? ish representatives wish the monarchy continued, but are in doubt as to ihc result in the South, which dreads a boycott of their goods. Tho Ameri? can legation and also that of Japan advocate supporting Yuan Shi Kai rinancinlly. Should a definite breach come, with an Imperial government In the North and a republic In the South, Yuan possibly could obtain money, though In fenr of a boycott by the republi? can provinces. the legations huve| stated that loans must he for tho peaceful administration of the country] only. The government is contlulng ilsj .-,.--'ailed patriotic loans, which aro more or less enforced from the princes and high officials. fteports Premature. Tokio. December 22.?Although re? ports of Japanese military Interven? tion In China are premature. It Is un? derstood that preparations have been completed to send an expedition to China in the event of necessity. The belief prevails here that the Shanghai Peace Conference, is a pretext, on the part of both the revolutionists and the Imperialists in order trial they may strengthen their military posi? tions. FIVE TAKEN IN CUSTODY Arrests Follow Discovery of Partly Dismembered Body of Young Woman, Boston. December 22. ? Five persons were taken III custody after the dis? covery by the police to-day of tho partly dismembered body of Miss Mary Boldtic, aged twenty-two years, of Manchester, N. J., in the apartment of Mrs. Jennie A. Shattuck, at Jamaica Plain. The discovery followed receipt of word from the Manchester authori? ties that they had been informed by a physician that n woman was dead in that house. Medical Examiner Leary, following- a superclal autopsy, an? nounced that death was due to an illegal operation. The police at once began an investi? gation, and within a few hours Mrs. Shattuck and Miss HattJe M. llazloi;. of Cambridge, wero arrested at the former's apartment, and Dr. John D. Ferguson and a clerk in his office, jllaa O'Neill, wen- detained in Manchester at the request of the Boston offices. No formal charges have been lodged against them, however. To-night the police of Fitchburg ar? rested Anna W. Redd, aged fifty, on a charge of murder in connection with the death of Miss Boldtic, The Manchester nolle,,'say that the physician there told thein Miss Boldtic COllei at his office and asked for treat? ment, which he refused. She then se? cured lodgings in Roston. Last Wed? nesday be was Informed that the young woman was dead. Ho came to Boston and Identified the body, and to-day laid the matter before the no? lle, ' HUSTON RELEASED Was Convicted In Connection -with Pennsylvania Capitol Scandal, ' Philadelphia, Pa., December 22._Af? ter having served an Imprisonment of p\\ months arid twenty-ono days, Jo soph M. Huston, convicted of conspir? acy, to defraud In- the furnishing of the new State Capitol, of which he was architect.'was released from the peni? tentiary here to-day on parole. Ho was liberated shortly, after 7 A. M., and went to his homo In Gormnntown. Hus? ton was sentenced, to an Imprisonment of not less thnit six moths nor more than two yeai-H.. Ills parole was rec? ommended to tho iPardoji Bourd by the prison inspectors. . ? ' ',?!':- .'',',V.;Ai>: CASE IMPORTANT TO ENTIRE WORLD Attorney for Packers Declares Effect Will Be Widespread. GREAT BUSINESS UNDER INDICTMENT At End of Opening Statements for Defendants Court Adjourns Until Tuesday, When First Witness for Government Will Take Stand?Jury Closely Guarded. Chfcarjo. December 2:.?-Counsel for the ten Chicago meal packers charged with combining to control the pric* of meats In violation of tho criminal sections of the Sherman law concluded their openng statements to the Jury to-day, and United States District .Judge George A. Carpenter adjourned court until next Tuesday morning. At that time the first wit? ness for the government will take the stand. The government will present its case in chronological order. The first witness will tell the story of the 'old packers' pool." which. It is charged, was in existence prior to the organi? zation of the National racking Com? pany In 1002. and which held weekly rrtcetlngs, at which, the government charges, prices were fixed. 1-ater con? ditions 'which led to the formation of the National Tacking Company then will be detailed, and in concluding its case the government will endeavor to prove that the National Packing Com? pany was.the instrument the packers used to continue the old pooling ar? rangements. Throe hundred witnesses win be called by the government, and it Is believed It will take several months to present their testimony. In addi? tion to this, a mass of documentary evidence will ho offered by the prose? cution. Jury Closely Oiinrdcd. The Jury will he closely gviarded during the adjournment of court, and the twelve men. all of whom arc mar? ried, will be obliged to eat their Christmas dinner at ? downtown hotel. Attorney John Barton Payne, who I appearad for the National Pupklng j Company to-day. and Kdwln Tilden, l its president, to-day rend voluminous extracts from former United States Commissioner of Corporations James It. Garfleld on the packing Industry made In 1S05 to refute the allegations of the government agalns tho packers. Attorney Payne, in his opening state? ment, said in part: "As I view this case. It is not tho indictment of the defendant, but an indictment of a great huslnesr.. The effect of this trial will he felt all over th? world. "For that reason I regard this mat? ter as of International Importance. Chicagos commercial supremacy al? ways has heen closely linked with the meat packing Industry. "The growth and development of country made big business enterprises necessary, and tho packers were no ex? ception to the rule. "In 1905 Cnlted States Commissioner of Corporations James n. Gartield. act? ing under the Instructions of Presi? dent Theodore Roosevelt, tnado an In? vestigation of the ontire packing In? dustry, and submitted his report to Congress. Many of the questions raised In this case were considered at length In that report. Ciorfleld Report. "The Garfleld report admits that packing Industry as conducted enables the farmer to get a high price for his cattle and allows the consumer to get his meat at a lower price than If he was obliged to rely on local butchers." .said Attorney Payne. Mr. Payne read from the Garfleld tc port to show that the National Pack? ing Company had never been used by the packers to control prices ifc said the earnings of that corpo? ration had never exceeded 10.71 per cent, on its capital stock, and that its profits on sales had never exceeded 1.59 per cent. Attorney John S. Miller, represent? ing the Armour Interests, concluded the opening statements of counsel for the defense. He said meat prices were regulated by the natural law of sttp plv and demand, and ridiculed the sug? gestion that the indicted packers had the power to control the meat busi? ness of lite country, even if they so dfrtircd. RESPECT FOR UNIFORMS lioverninrnl I'rjces Legislation Against niserlnilnnllon In Several State?. Washington. December 22.?In an at? tempt to have States which have not ns yet placed such law? on their stat? ute hooks, and which have naval es? tablishments within their borders, en? act legislation to precent discrimina? tion ag.tln.st the uniforms of the men of Uncle Sam's service. Assistant Sec? retary of the Navy Bookman Winthrop has addressed 1 !ttcrs to the Covernors of Massachusetts, Maine, California, Illinois. Virginia, Colorado. Washing? ton. South Carolina and Maryland. The States of New Hampshire. New Jersey. New Tork. Pennsylvania and Minnesota already have such laws, and Mr. Winthrop has forwarded with his letters copies of the laws now in force In these States. He urges the Gover? nors to prevail upon the Ledr-la Hires to enact the proper legislation which would Insure respect fot the .uniform of the United States. STATE SENATE PASSES BILL Xo Dissenting Vote to Presidential Preference Primary Measure. Sacramento, Cel., December 22.?Tho State Senate passed tho presidential profcrenco primary bill to-day with? out a dissenting vole. The. bill now requires enly tho Governor's signature to become a law. It provides for the election of delegates to national party conventions by a State-wldo primary vote, tho entire group being pledged ifor a presidential preference. REINDEER MEAT AS FOOD Mny lie Cued to Supplement Dwindling Beef Supply In America. Washington. December 22_Ralndeor meat from Alaska may tie a food com? mon lo tho American table in the near future to supplement the dwindling beef supply. This was the opinion expressed to-day by William P. l.opp. In charge Of the government's rain deer service, who has Just returned from a 11.000 I our of inspection through Alaska on behalf of tho United .States Bureau of Education; which adminis? ters the reindeer In the Northern pe? ninsular. "A commercial shipment of reindeer meat, the ilrst made In to this coun? try, has Just been received at Seattle," Said Mr. Kopp. "In twenty-five yearn from now. at the present rate of In? crease, there should lie 3,000.000 prime beef reindeer In Alaska, on which the people of this country can depend for much of their fresh diet. "In taste reindeer meat is a cross between mutton and beef, but more palutabtc than either. Reindeer can be raised more cheaply than cattle, be? cause they will thrive on wastes so barren that oven goats would starve there. There are liiO.OOO square miles of frozen tundra In Alaska lit for noth? ing else, hut which as reindeer ranches would provide abundant pasturage for lO.OOO.Ono of the animals "Reindeer raising." Mr. Uopp ex? plained, "was Introduced Into Alaska about twenty years ago by tho govern? ment, originally as a benevolent and educational enterprise, to raise the civilization of the natives from the hunting to the tasloral stage, 'l'horo are ooo of the animals there, of which 20.000 belong to the natives." ESTRADA DIES SUDDENLY President of Republic ?r Ecuador Pannes Away. Guayaquil. Ecuador, December 22.? Emilo Ks.trnda, president of thc re? public of Ecuador, died hero suddenly at midnight. The news of President Estrada's death cuino os a shock this morning lo the people of Guayaquil. The chief executive was slxty-tlv0 years old, and though he had been 111 for several months he felt better on Thursday, Blld spent the entire' day attending to ofllciul matters. At midnight he suf? fered a relapse, and suddenly expired, the cause of doath being a complica? tion ul diseases affecting the heart and kid noys. The funeral of the late President was held this afternoon. President Estrada was elected lo office on January 11, 1911, and wns In? augurated on September 1. He was taken seriously 111 on the ISth of the same month. During his sojourn in Quito, a plot to assassinate him was discovered, and several conspirators were arrested. The climate of Quito hud deleterious effects on Hie health ot tho President, and ho went to Guayaquil on Novem? ber "J.S, In serious condition. owing to his illness, Francisco And rude Maria, president of the Chamber or Deputies, ?SSUmed temporary charge of the exe? cutive oflicc. .DECISION ON OYSTERS If Floated In llrackinh Water Will He Cunaldcreil as Adulterated. Washington, December ?3.~Oybtc-f?; flouted In brackish water for fatten? ing ptlrposos hereafter will be consid? ered us udulteratcd under the pure food und drugs net. according to a de? cision by the Pure Food Bou.'d. The decision will not bo llnal until signed by Secretary of Agriculture Wilson. Under a decision last year oysters wero allowed to bo fattened In ' water of a less sallno content than that In which oysters will properly, muturc.' It Is now held that this expression "Is impossible of Interpretation.'' Tho practice of floating oysters and other shellfish, the decision adds, "results in their adulteration by tho udditlon of water. It Is found also that floating gives to the oysters and other shell? fish a lictltioiis appearance, resulting In the deception of thc consumer. More? over, tho water in which they aro floated, being of lower salt content than the water In which they are grown. Is usually In the mouths of streams or artificial inlets surrounded by houses und 1b almost Invariably polluted." Under the previous decision oysters floated in water less salty than that In which they grew hud to be labeled "floated oysters." FATAL FIRES IN NEW YORK .Mnn'a C-linrrrd Body Found?Aged Woman Burued to Death. Now York. December 22.?Two fatal tiros occurred In the cltv early to? night. Ono burst out in a spectacular manner in the seven-story terminal warehouse at Thirteenth Avenue and TwontyWeighth Street, and drove a score of employes to the roof, whence they enme down by fire-escapes. Later a charred body was found near the freight elevator, and was Identified as that of "Gus" Roth, a var nisher. The fire caused a loss of J?O.0O0. Mrs. Mary Lawrence, aged sixty years, was found burned almost be vond recognition In her apartmPnt In n downtown building when a fire in th-1 house was extinguished. She had evidently been using an Inflammable fluid for killing Insects, and the police believe that this took lire In some way and caught on her clothes. FUNERAL OF JOHN BIGELOW Ilrlef Service nt House Precedes Church Ceremony. Sow York. December 22.?Funeral services over the. body of John Blge low. who died December 19, at tho age of ninety-four years, wore held to-day in St. George's Protestant Episcopal Church. Tr-ivlous to the ceremonv ot the church, brief services, attended by members of the family only, were hold at the old Blgelow residence, in Grammercy Park. .1. Pierpont Morgan, a pall-bearer, was one of the first to reach tho church. Soon after Andrew Carnegie and General Daniel J. Sickles came in. and before the cortege had loft the house the church was well filled. The service was read hv Bishop Groor. as? sisted by the P.ev. Hugh Birckhe.id. rector of Sf. George's, and thc Rov. Julian I\. Smyth, pastor of the Church of the New Jerusalem. Besides Mr. Moreen, the nall-bearers wore Joseph Choate. I. T. v. Randolph and Scott Foster. A sp-cinl train con? veyed the body to Highland Falls this nftemoon. where It was buried by tho side of Mr. Blgolow's wife. DIVIDE CHRISTMAS FUND Employee of Folding Orpnrtmem Sn?ed Money During Yenr. Washington. December 22.?.Through the thoughtfulnoss of Mr?. J. M. Speaks, forewoman It) the folding de? partment of the printing office, more than 350 men and women will divide o Chrlstma? fund of $8.110.70 this year. More than a year ago Mrs. Speaks urged tho employes to begin laying aside" something of their wages for Christmas; und. euch pay day they h.imlcd her 10 or 2.7 cents for this purpose. Tho sums to be divided range from Sis to 1130. Persia Concedes All Points in Russian Ultimatum. COUNCIL YIELDS AFTER THREATS Before Expiration of 24-Hour Limit Set by Czar's Govern? ment Official Notice of Ac? ceptance Is Made at For? eign Office?Apology and Indemnity. St. Petersburg, December 22.?The Pcrsla.ii charge d'affaires called offi? cially at the Foreign Ofllcc this after? noon and announced that Persia had yielded to Russia's demand. Ho had an audience with M. Sazonoff, the foreign, secretary, and In the name of tho Per? sian government formally declared that Persia would conccdo all tho points mentioned In the Russian ulti? matum. A telegram received' hero from Teheran says that W. Morgan Shustcr. tho Treasurer-General of Persia, has been notified of his dismissal, and that the Persian government has in? structed the local authorities to ccaso hostilities and enter Into negotiations with the Russian consuls to restoro normal conditions. Terms of I'ltlmatiim. St. Petersburg. December 22.?Tho Russian ultimatum, to the terms of which Persia has now acceded, was delivered to the Persian government by the Russian minister at Teheran on November 20. It demanded, besides the dismissal of Mr. Hhuatcr, an apology from the Porslan government on account of Its Interference with the property of Persians under Russian protection, and alpo the payment of an Indemnity to Russia for the ex? penditure she had incurred in sending troops to Perslun territory. The Na? tional Council declined at tlrst to comply with Russia's domanda. al? though the Ci?blnet was Inclined to do so. Yesterday Russia threatened to order the advance of 1.000 troops of all arms from Kasbln unless Persia agreed within twenty-four hours A further discussion of the question at lSRUe between the j members of tho Persian Cabinet and tho Natloncl Council evidently led the latter to seo the advisability of yielding to Russia's demands. Yleld-h Without Reserve. London, December 22.?Persia, to-day . yielded to tho demand of tho Russian ultimatum that W. Morgan Shustcr, an American who holds tho post of troasuror-general In the Persian gov? ernment, bo dismissed from the. ser? vice of the Persian govornment. Tho Russian ultimatum also calls for tho payment of an indemnity which Is to reimburse Russia for money expended in sending an armed expedition Into Persia to enforce hor demands. Mr. Shustor's administration of Persian tinances has been displeasing to Russia from the start, and when he caused the seizure of property bolonglng to the brother of the ox-Shah, over the pro? test of tho Russian vice-consul, Russia at 'first demanded an apology, and when this was not forthcoming called for tho dismissal of Mr. Shustcr. This has tlnally been acceded to. Tho Porslan charge d'affaires at St. Petersburg called at the Russian For? eign Office lato to-day to announco officially his government's decision to abide by tho terms of the. ultimatum. Up to a late hour to-night, however, no public announcement had been made at Teheran of the recession of Persia from the defiant stand she originally took agaln3t the demands of the Czar's ministers, even In the face of threat? ened aggression. The delay in making public the fact that she had yielded to th? Russian de.ma.nds probabaty was through fear of the consequences of public resentment. Mr. Shuster Is still without formal notice of his dismissal. He Is reso? lute In declaring that ho would have nothing to do with the negotiations, and would only recognize the right of tho National Council to dispense with his sorvlces. Tho exact form of Persia's reply to Russia is not yet known, but from the latest news received from Teheran It would seem that the cabinet hnd overridden the wishes of tho commis? sion which the National Council ap? pointed to deal with tho matter. It is not probable that thore will bo a withdrawal of the Russian troops In Persia while disorders such as those at Tabriz are occurring. There are only 200 Russian troops encamped thr'o miles outside of Tabriz, from Which guards art sent, to town dally for the consulate and banks. From conflicting Russian and Per? sian accounts of the troublo at Tabriz, it is difficult to ascertain exactly what happened, but reports published in St. Petersburg are to tho effect that sev e?nl Russian soldiers were killed In the fighting there. Shustcr Awaits Action. Teheran. Dccem'ber 22.?The com? mission appointed by the National Council to deal with the acceptance of the Russian ultimatum held a long session to-night, but It Is reported that Its members were unable to agree on the wording of tho Cabinet's draft of n reply to Russia. It in stated in Russian official cir? cles that while tho Russian govern? ment is sincerely desirous for an early withdrawal of Its troops In Persia, It will bo unable to pledge an evacuation Immediately Persia complies with the terms of the ultimatum. Speculation Is rife whether the Cabi? net will act without sanction. On Its failure to do so the commission would assume dictatorial power. In an interview to-night W. Morgan Shuster, the Treasurer-General, nald ho had rceelvod no communication either from tho commission or the Cabinet to gardlng his position. He is still await-, lug action by the National Council or its duly authorized successor. Ho says he refuses to take any part In the discussions it negotiations con? cerning the Russian ultimatum. According to Persian seml-ofilcia.1 Information the rtussian troops at? tacked and killed all the police at Rvsht. botnbatded the citadel at Tabrln