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eoutft Jtlr.hrno.it.1020 null Btrewt tP?t?rot>urj Bureau....10* N. Sycamore Blrett ?Vyntubur? Bureau.US Eighth 3tr??t BY MAIL Oa* 81a Thru* on. rOBTJtOH PAID Tear. llo*. Moa. Mo. Dally with Sunday.ICOO SJ.00 |1.W .53 Dally without Sunday..-. ?-00 100 1.0? .*> Sunday edition only.?-00 L00 .60 .38 ?Veekly fWednetday).L00 M SO ... By Tlmti-Dlipatcb Carrier Deliver; Bar rlca In Richmond taod. auburbi) and )'a i* ribuiOne W?ei Dally with Sunday. IS centi Dally without Sunday. 10 emu Sunday only. i caota i Kotared January rT. 1903. at Richmond. Va., aa ?econd-clan matter uuder act or ? Congress of March I, 1S7?. TJIURSDAY, JANUARY 4. KM-. WHY VIRGINIA >M"ST lti:i <HOl THH Reform for reform's sake is futile, It is prolitlcsg to upset existing laws ?nd overthrow presi-ni Institutions merely for Hie novelty of chuiigc. The existence of chronic evils ?>r the as? surance of future benefit alone justify! radical reforms. Tax reform in Virginia is justified by both oi these Standards. There arc^ positive benefits to in- guinrd by lax reform: there are manifest evils to; correct. As for the former, a policy] of constructive luxation will mean! much to tin future of Virginia. Here toTorc but laws have aimed to lax all] property at ;< put rate, regardless ofj its situs. Us (lutnlnK powoi or its' churoctcr. Wo have taxed the real es-^ talc thut could not be moved, and the' stocks and bonds Ihut might .takej wings, at the same rate and In thej TAX la A WS, kam? manner: wo have stood at ihc boundary 11^10 ,,f iiio Stute and have met would-be Investors with the us suruueo thai we would lax them on every dollar they brought into the Commonwealth. We have taxed pros? tet? and placed :t tarlll' on prosperity.j And ivr have paid the price. ttleh I men who would like to settle In Vlr-j gluts have fixed their abode where taxes were less onerous; even native! Virginians, with theli wealth invest? ed in Intangibles, have been driven by our tax laws to lix their residence litI Washington, where such propcrt} Is'j exempt from taxation. All of this can be corrected and must be corrected, liy reforming our im-1 just laws, we ?an attract Capital to the Commonwealth. Increase the gen-' rial wealth of Virginia und aid in the future building of the state Prog? ressive States have tried the experi? ment, have thrown away the old hut classification of properly and could not by any possibility be persuaded to' return to the old days, Virginia can do as well. But there are even greater evils to] correct than there are benefits to ac? quire by Ihn reform. The report, of] the tax commission curries us own justification of every scientific reform that might be agitntod. it discloses] financial conditions which, for Injus? tice, erudeness nnd absolute Inequality, have scarcely been equalled since- the: days when bad tax laws drove the| Bourbons from Prance. Indeed, It may truly be said that no foim of lnequal-j ity in taxation can he imagined andl no injustice In matters of revenue can be fancied that will not nnd a parallel] in actual conditions In Virginia to-day.I Paramount among the evils which] Justify and demand tax reform are the! Inequalities of the present laws, the! injustice which results from these In -1 equalities, the violation of thu Consti? tution In the undervaluation of prop-) crty nnd our unwjldy system of ad-| ministration. The inequalities of the present law are manifold ,anij 'rna?Vlfest There aic inequalities among counties a:,d cities, inequalities among the various classes of taxable property, inequalities among Individuals?Inequalities of all sorts and sizes. Th< Constitution requires that all taxes fhall be equal und unl lt a vine? n sevviwrney a class within the postponed. Just then . . served a warrant on hf!"> laying the with Cheating an baa admirable. It house proprietor out of . taken before the maglstynmond may congratulated yt-eterday at.?!ty al , ?.il this afternoon to Jail t> trln to Easioii. all Ask Your Doctor j Hair falling out? Troubled with dandruff? Want more hair? An elegant dressing? Ayer's Hair Vigor: Sulphur. Glycerin. Quinin. Sodium Chlorid. Capsicum. Sage. Alcuhol. Water. Perfume. We believe doctors endorse this, or we would not put it up. DOES NOT COLOR THE HA!R J. c. Ate? CoMriST. Lowell. Uui, GOING to BUILD? Communicate with ua anil wo wll? cheerfuily Klve you the latctl Idoaa In Kanitary Plumbing Fixtures, 'etc Wo carry the largest al d most varied atoclt ef PLUMBERS' SUPPLIES. WIcGraw-Yarbrough WholeMilr I'lumlilng Supplten, lTi S. Elps bill si., - niehmondi Vn. Truss Department In charge of an c-:<i>crt male and female fitter. Lowest prices i:i city. ? MEN OF TASTE NATURALLY COJVfE TO Greentrees lor Go Broad at Seventh. cat nti\ U* HIb1 j lands may net htm 8 por cent, the year; j Ills stock will net htm more than I I per cent.: but he must pay at the same j rate. Thus It happens that a 4 per ? CCnt. Investment In Itlchmoml nets the j holder only 3.25 per cent., though his j lands, assessed at 70 per cent, of their j market value, may yield him S.2S per I cent. Even within (he samr county and ' within tho same class of property, In? vestigation bus disclosed conditions ? which ate the essence of inequality. I For Instance, within Smyth county, or I Brunswick county, or Norfolk county, i some citizens are paying on an assess I incni almost twice as great as that of j their neighbors In other parts of the same county; The Injustice ol this is palpable. The prime dut\ of tie- Stale is to deal Just? ly with all Its citizens; equality be? fore the law i.? tin- fundamental thc-i u'ry oi the American constitutional sys? tem. But it is violated In V irginia. In mittle s of taxation, >o an oxtcnt that' make:; tlie lover of justice sick at heart. We have every thins but equal? ity in taxation! This inequality is only possible be? cause of undervaluation For u rea? son to be discussed in a later paper, in- county or the city is practically hit to say what il will pay to (lie sjtute. If it wants lo do its part towaid the support of government, so well and good; if it wants io rob the Stale and thiow it.- burden on another locality, tin- Stan- stands quietly by and per mils it. . IS very localltj In Virginia, through local officers, values Its property and everj locality undervalues It. There is not ii county or city in Virginia Which assessed lands or property, us a whole, lit thi "fair market value" prescribed by the Constitution Isolated instances of full valuation arid of ovcr-yal?atloii there arc; but uniform full valuation is lucking. As a proof of this may be cited the single fact that the roul value of Und? in the .State is conser? vatively estimated to be $897,649,711, but thei-e lands are assessed at only $ I77.07S.76S. finally tin-re is nn unwieldy, com? plicated und ponderous lax rod,;, riif-j Heult to administer, difficult to under-] stand. Bvery citizen should know the| tax laws c.f Ins State and should he able to say how he Is paying and for j what he Is paying. But how many eltlzenu of Itlchinond arc there?men I who have been paying taxes for years ?who understand even the essentials of the system under which they pay'.' The fault is not witlt them, but with i the system. Hut in truth it la unjust to call our ' hodge-podge of tax laws a system. These laws were not made: they must I hnve "just happened." In other days, when new revenue was needed, new laws were devised; it mattered little I whether they conformed to the othcr laws or not. If they yielded revenue, i that was sufficient. The result of this arrangement Is that our present code contains laws .,1 almost every stripe and species Known to man. There Is a land lax- and a property tax. an In? come tax and an Inheritance tux, a writ tax and a notarial stamp tax, a voc.ittonal tux and a poll tax. there are more than llt'ly license taxes, some I.of which have been on the statutes for' more than a hundred years. Our cor? poration taxes are equally ns conglom-l crate. There are earnings taxes andl properly taxes, taxes on miles of poles utcd by telephone companies and taxes on lines operated. Who can under? stand all of these laws? Who can ex? pert from ihem a coherent, Just ad inlnitt ation'.' UlieiiUal in operation and In theory, then, getting inequality and foster-i ins undervaluation, discriminating! agulnsl some citizens and favoring' certain classes of property, our tax laws need reform If ever a code did. Into this tangled maze and through this crooked labyrinth, ihe tax com? mission lias made us way and has presented to the General Assembly a| plan Of reform which strikes at the root of Ihe evils. What this plan may be expected to do. and wherein it will improve present conditions, will be act j forth in a series of articles prepared especially for The Timea-Dlapatoh by Ijr. Douglas s. freeman, the technical member of the tax commission. MST IT IIB AN ANNIJAI, I5VKNT. ?? people of Itichmond proved T ? ? ? 1 ,-ltln ?lud?.?;11 lhe> w'i' participate v and enthusiastically in any l28noSn*;RUon ?? ?,v,c ?Plrlt. They :; P. M. . Uie occasion, and they will Maximum , Kngerly they seized the Minimum to honor their city und to p. M. beliel In us present Mean tompei Normal letup. Its sroat future. Tliat Deficiency In ought to he allowed to Deficiency In < .Maroh 1, 191Xcr>' in sonic sort Accum, excess ition, and The Times sine- .January ? , nnlnfall last tweffl annually hereafter bcilcioncy hi ralnipart to express the1 Accum de?c?mvyi P?P?? Thal 0,10 January 1 .dedicated to this TV*n"^!m.reV',,k'" .lU p*?ou8h to ask. Humidity .mlvorssrles whicn Weather .he recollection of : Rainfall last twclv Uinrf, |fj nQ c|ty CONDITIONS I n Iy express anew the, (At . r M Basuena to Richmond. V1 C.Q. T o,rvh year such & day. . A ?hl vlllc ??? 3 I ... . i Atlanta ... If w'.?' ^e required to Vtliiittic City, r, f0rm of celebration. Buffnla . ..... Kroat meetings of the .r> .acre might be annual i Chicago'",l'Ill?ratlnB and repro [ Denver - events In the city's hie fjqiycatdn ": CAUld 1)0 parades, with j Halteras -renting great happenings ?l,ivrn ( cSiich events could be cr.'e .kicktion Kansas. Captain John .Smith's advent, ? l-""lBV William Byrds establishment ? ..lontp i Now city, the removal of the. capital !j||?*pr.will4amsliurg io this city, the I O.VllnS of the city by lienedlcl I Old, Ihr incorporation of Richmond, the various epoch-marking conventions that met here and live In history. Patrick. J-lenry.'* _ sueo-^u, ^reaj scenes of the Confederacy enacted here, the burning <>f the city In '66, Und many other historical events, tho com uiclitoratlou of which would stir the Civic pride of the people. This Is mere? ly u suggestion; the celebration might take one of many forms. , The enthusiasm shown Tuesday night Aill be shown again Just so often as there ars opportunities afforded. Such -?-pirlt ought to bo kept right tip to the tup of our civic reservoir, and al? low cd to overflow at least once a year. ??Ki?;iiTi.\i; noil." Itobley Dunglison Bviins, known bet? ter to Americans und to the world us "Fighting Hob.'' crossed the bur yes? terday, lie died In Washington after a brief illness, closing a long career of militant service to the nation he loved so well. lie was a native of I'loyd county. Vlrginlu, though he never idchtlcd himself with his mother Slate. Kor forty-live years he wore the uniform of the navy, lighting both in the War Between the States and In the Spanish-American War. In the period of strained relations between the United States and Chile he was In command of the Vorktown. earning for himself by his actions at the llmo his popular sobriquet. "Fighting Hob." By l hose of ibis generation he is best re? membered as a striking and warlike iigtire in the battle of Santiago, when he commanded the Iowa and took a mighty part In that sen light. Later he came prominently into the public eyes as comiunnder-ln-chicf of the At lantle Fleet on Us lovir of the world. He rose to the rank of rear-admiral and enjoyed the place of a popular naval hero. Game to the very mouth of the guns, a born battler, he lived the life of a "llrst-elass lighting man." exemplifying thut rugged couritgi' and thai unshakable grit which America ? xpects of her sea captains, a unique iijure has passed and well may the' nation's ilag fly at half-mast. AUW FOR A CITY LIURAItV. if there were no other evidence of the desire of the people of Richmond for a free public library, the enthusiastic greeting accorded by ?,0?0 citizens on Tuesday night at the City Auditorium to Mayor Richardson's announcement that an unnamed donor hud offered 116,000 as the nucleus for the establish? ment of such an Institution was enough tu warrant the creation of such a res? ervoir of public guidance and Instruc? tion it was learned yesterday that this generous benefactor is Thomas J. Todd, who will give the amount men? tioned us a part of the price of a suit? able site for the public library. On good authority. It was stated yeatculay that a second philanthropic friend of the city would soon announce an addi? tional large subscription. There is no institution so urgently in eded by Richmond as a great free public library. For that reason it Is to be hoped that at last a movement has been started for the erection of a suitable building and Its endowment with sufficient funds to operate It on uj broad and comprehensive scale. For years the city bus been crlt'cized for not having a fre public library, where its citizens might go lor Instruction and study, for mental recreation and men? tal cultivation. In other large clues there ate such free libraries, and they are mly called "universities; for the peo? ple." There, with negllglblt restric? tions, the cltlztns go for profitable reading; there school students Und ref? erence books and the Inspiring litera? ture of the world; there the youth is encouraged and the aged comforted; there the worklr.ginan spends IiIb eve? ning hours in Instructive reading; there men "road up" on their trades or professions, there tbe citizen's out? look Is broadened, his niiuu stored and informed?and the more Intelligent thu citizen, the greater tho city. There need be no attempt at a re? vival of the Carnegie offer. The city of Richmond has nn annual budget of J;;,00(',u'jO, and can well afford to build ?nd maintain a great public library for Its people. Tho money is In hand, and ail thnt is needed Is nn overwhelming popular demand for a free public library. To-day the city la building two schools, tttoh costing tloO.OuO, jind Is preparing to spend another $luu,0u0 for a now armory. A city needs schools land armories, but it should not be with? out u public library. If thu Council lb made to see that the people demand a n library, the library will be given. Tile best plan is for the city to build this library and to operate It entirely, without any sitings liod to Its main I tenance or operation. Who make up the two great clause! In this community demanding and needing urgently a free public library? The school pupils and the working poo ] pie of Richmond. The library facili? ties hers for aohool students are rldlo I ulous; euch libraries us they have are email and inefficient, totally Inade? quate to the needs of the pupiiu. A ! great deal of reference and reee'aroh I work has to be done by school pupils, and yet there Is a very narrow field In which this can be done. If a oily library le ostabllshed, Its uz? by the school children would alone justify Its erection. The working people of Rich? mond need a library, because in a ma? jority of oaseg they cannot afford pri? vate libraries and have access to no (free libraries, because there are none. [The worklnfrman In Richmond could, in a free public library, secure a lTfTi'-ral education, could through it become self-educated. Warklngmon in shop": and In technical lines could there gain I the technical knowledge they desire, ard every boy. no matter how poor, 'could, by use of the llbrnty. Increase ; his efficiency, and enlarge his- chance Of suit ass in life. The people of Rich? mond are fearfully handicapped by this lack of library facilities, and they cap I by demanding a tree public library, j Home may say that Richmond already j has the Virginia State Library. Tru?i? i but that does not occupy the broHd j sphere of a public library. The Statu j Library gathers books for rosoaroh, for legislative reference, not for popular instruction or popular culture. If a j public library were established there i could be effective co-operation between It and the State Library, Just as there has been brought about In Buitimore. ! where the circulating library and the I research library work together sue I uossfully. There will be no eonilict ' between the two llbrurles here, und one will be a help to tho other. There will probub'ly be differences as to a suitable site.. The Institution I might be centrally located In the resi? dence, section, or it might occupy half of the Ford Hotel lot. now owned by the city, mid as yet unoccupied by city buildings. It might be feasible to take half of that lot and put tho public library there. Too long Richmond has been .without this great public institution. From It would How countless Influences for the good of the city; because of It the city would have a more capable, a more In? telligent, a more cultured citizenship; by means of It those who most need instruction and education would at? tain their goal. Let every citizen say to himself: 'Ms this n good thing?'' and if he thinks It Is, let him urge Its ne? cessity upon his friends, his ro-ltibor crs end his representatives ? in the City Council. The golden opportunity Is here; let everybody join in a movement j for a first-class free library for the city. tVe can afford It: let us have il. | I convict f.Alton CHEAPER. Tli- difference In tho cost of road uuiklng by free and convict labor on 1 the roads Is J1.500 per mile. Tb.it is tho reduction and the saving' brought about when convicts are substituted on tho" public roads for free labor. An absolute reduction in tho cost of maintenance of convict labor on the public roads resulted in diminishing the cost of construction o! tho average mile during 1911. Tho cost of convict labor during that year, according to the annual report of State Highway Commissioner P. St. Jiiiicn Wilson. Just made public, was f.O.CT cents per ten hour working day. In 1910 the cost was ?6.71 cents, and in 190y it was 72 cents per day. According to Commissioner Wilson, tho demand for convict labor has been far in excess of the available supply. This has been due to the limited ap? propriation made for maintenance of the convict road force and to the num? ber of m?n wiio could be used in this way. ??With a sufficient number of men and.tiie meam- for tholr support," says the same authority, "available employment can readily be found for several times the nurr.V,?r of convicts now cngag2d in road work." In another section of Commlfslon er Wilson'? report it Is recommended that one or more permanent rock quar? ries be established for furnishing road material to those counties which have no road building rock. This Is an (?nilnently practical suggestion, and provides a solution for the question: What shall bf done with the life pris? oners and thotc wiiom It would be un? safe to put on the roads? In rock quarries these men oould be watched closely and ye: mad-e to do their share In road building by digging road ma? terial. The Harrlsonburg Tlmos (Republi? can) announce: that former State Sen? ator George B Keezoll, "for the first time within tree past twenty-five years, Is n private citizen out and out " Not so fast, prithee, the "Tall Sycamore" is a fuU-flc-dgr 1 member of the Vir? ginia Pish Con.mission, "with all the rights, titles a::d emoluments thereto appertaining." Virginia Is I avlng a little Italian war till her Own. Those, barricaded receivers at Smlthfleld are getting an idea as to what ihe Turks have been stacking up again t,'and no doubt they arc entirely too e'.ose to "the fine Ital j lari hand" to be comfortablo. Voice of the People The Grateful Incurable*. To the; Ktlltor of The Tirhes-Dlspntc.i: Sir,?Tho patients of the Virginia Home for Incurables, under the "Voice 01 the People," desire to express our sincere thanks to the many kind friends of the institution who remem? bered us and contributed bo royally and bountifully to our welfare dnrlnK the Christmas holidays; some of them ?ending barrels of apples and others sending quantities of .substantial pro? visions, while many others broug'.it Or sent fruits, lee cream and cake and various other delicacies. W'c want thi ni to know that our hearts were made glad by their kind remoinbrance of each and every one of us, and that wo appreciate thedr klhdnoss. Especially do we want to express ONE BY ONE ANCIENT LANDMARKS GO By John T. McCutcheon. [Copyright: 1012: Br John T. Mo?u?h?oo.] our heartfelt thanks to Mrs. Murphy? ttu noble and generous hearted wife of Colonel John Murphy. for t'.ie i sumptuous and bouutitul dlnnur on1 Christmas Day, consisting of turkey, with all the accesspries, whoh was thoroughly enjoyed by alt. Also we want to mention that our hearts go out In gratitude to iho over: thoughtful and kind-hearted women composing the board of managers, who gave us n beautiful Christmas tree en? tertainment <'ii Tuesday evening, the tree being beautifully decorated and literally loaded down with protty buu kets ot delicious fruits, confectioneries and presents for each one of us, the various gifts being distributed by "Santu Claus," In his unique, and hu? morous manner, the rolo being played by Reginald Walker, who was at hid best Vor all of the blessings and hap nln< bs which has come to us at this season, wti would give all the glory and praise to JMm whoee birtVi wo commemorate and whOBO advent brought "Ponce on earth; good will to? ward men." PATIENT. Home for Incurables, January 1. Prohibition. To the Editor of The Tlmee-Ulspatch: Sir.?Rip Van Winkle would never have known that he was out of date had he not waked up. The most char? itable construction that can be placed upon the prohibition views of some people is that they have, not waked up to what is going on; are behind the times and don'i know It. A story l.s told of a boy who caught a box full of bumblebees ami curried them to school In Ills oocket, intending to let them out and have some fun. Somehow the lid got off and the bees were having a stinging good time In his pocket. While crouched down to prevent so much activity the teacher said: "freorge Slocura, sit up there and go to work." "I can't, cause somethin' goln' on down there you don't know nothln' about." Something 1? going on In this twentieth century that some people "don't know nothln' about." Wo are not talking temperance to-day as we did a century ago. Prohibition of the liquor traffic If supported on purely scientific grounds, and deals with ai dangerous. nurcotlcV habit-forming' drug called alcohol, placed by advanced I scholarship In the samo category with cocaine, opium, sulphonnl and ' other like drugs, and with them has been ruled out of the lift of proper bever? ages. ? As a law prohibition is justly subject to no more criticism than Is the pro? hibition of any other drug with whtnh alcohol Is classed, to which latter pol? icy everybody subscribes except the miserable Slave to the drug or the man who Is. Interested In its sale. Substitute cocaine or opium for ol COhol. and then notice how quickly the staple argument against prohibition of the liquor traffic resolves Itself Into a reductio ad absurdum." Prohibition of coralno and opium is a cardinal .dofrina of the paternalistic theory and scheme of government which proposes to regulato the mornis manners and opinions of the people by act of assembly. Prohibition of | these drugR levies blackmail and. re? lying on the spy system, has every? where substituted corrupt Indulgence Tor honest taxation. Prohibition of cooalno and opium hue adulterated drink, has extinguished revenue, ban fostefed smuggling; and by prostituting law brought it Into contempt; and last', but not least, pro? hibition of these drugs does not pro? hibit and hau nowhere expelled their use or Honnlbly reduced Intemperance in the same. In the rural district, which, because of its Isolation, ran have no adequate police protection, prohibition of co? caine and opium rnav be made effec? tual, and the. "dens" and ('Joints," voted out by a united public, sentiment, may be kept out. But In tho village or town which has nmple niCRris of mntntatnlnp; or? der, where the public sentiment is di? vided, the attempt of pnrt of tho people, representing the majority, to prohibit their use to the other part, represent? ing Hie minority, is not only adverse to the spirit of our free institutions, but futile In purpose, bringing the law into violation and discredit. This la espe? cially true where the village or town has been coerced by tho residue of the countv. which is able to compel their prohibition for ?Helf. but which can? not police the town. The disparity in th(e regard between the law and contempt for the law in? creases with the slzo of tho communi? ty until It attalnB the numbers enti? tling It to bo called a city, where nil efforts at their prohibition become preposterous and recoil upon them selves and the people. The experience Nf every people who has tried th?> drastic method of forc? ing people by law to think as they] think and to do as (hoy do, has con-' firmed this statement at once of fact, of logic and of ethical principle, from Maine to Alabama, from Texas to Kan. ras. Where conditions of public sentiment for the law prohibiting o.oenlno and opium do not prevail, the attempt 's not only futile, but also brings law Into odium and defilement, sowing the dragon's tenth of proscription and in? tolerance, bitterness' and reprisal, to tho defeat of true religion and real morality. K. o. TAYTXVR. Director Scientific Temperance Fcdora U.PJ1, Bj>8t?Ti, .Maps. ' , 1 La Marquise de Fontenoy OUKT FftA_NCLS KUTZOW, who Is sailing tor the United .Stales, at the end of next week, with the countess, for the purpose ot Ju ltvcring a series of lectures oh the his? tory of the Czechs, beginning at B0.1 ton. and including In his lecturing Itinerary, Harvard. Yale. Princeton, Pennsylvania, New York, and Chicago. Ill which latter place he l.i scheduled to deliver an address on Washington's birthday, Is the recognized historian of the Kingdom of Bohemia, and an ex? pert on everything connected there? with. He has ree.oived degrees. Hon? oris Cause, from the Universities of Ox? ford, Cambridge, and from ail ?oru of kindred iiiMUtutious on the Continent; while Prague, the capital of Dohomla, lias inscribed his name upon Its civic rolls as "Ehrenb?rger" (Citizen of Honor). He is the head of onft of the great houses of Bohemia, where Ills an? cestors have bsen settled slnco they were created Counts of the Holy Roman Empire, early In the seventeenth cen? tury, though the founder of the fam? ily, to whom he traces back his de? scent In an unbroken male line, was the- Seigneur or "Dominus" Johannes of Lutzow. who nourished In Mecklen? burg in 1287. Count Prancls Lutzow. who mu.lt not be confounded with his only brotlior, Henry, so long Austrian ambassador in Borne, if, like, him, the son of an English mother, a sister of Sir Prancls tieymour, so long master of the cere? monies at tho court of dt. James. The two brothers are not on the best of terms, and when it was proposed at onu time to send Count Henry Lutzow u-s ambassador to London, whore Count Prancls, who lives there half the year in Deanery Struut, Muyfair. loudly de? nounced the project as a piece of dis? creditable Intrigue, designed to insult and injure Mia In the eye.- of English itooioty, and to punish htm for the im? portant part which he had taken In the Nationalist movement In Bohemia. In order to understand this, it must be explained that Count Francis has no relations, official or otherwise, with the Austrian embassy In London, und that .: Henry l.mzow had come to London as ambassador, English socloty would av- been IPiutda to the spectacle of the envoy of a great power closing his doofs against his only brother, but more particularly against his sister in-law. Francis Lutzow himself wa.j formerly In the diplomatic service of Austria, and was attached for a considerable time to tho embassy in London, as one of its sooi-etarlus. As such, ho was a welcome guest. Indeed almost a mem? ber of the fdjnlly, of his chief, the am? bassador. But things changed when hn married Anua von Born-iinann. tho exceedingly wealthy daughter . of a Mecklenburg diplomat. .She did not ?lnd grace In the eyes of Count Dcym, then Kmpcror Francis Joseph's envoy, nor in those of Couhbasa Deym. and in 1890 English society was startled by the ttows that Count Francis hud chal? lenged the agod ambassador to a duel, for declining to Invite Countess I.utzow lo the entertainments, ofllclal and oth? erwise, given at the Austrian Embassy, also for his refusal to include her name among his lists furnished to tho lord chamberlain, of distinguished Aus trlans. and Hungarlnns, ofllclal and oth? erwise, whom ho desired to be invited to court. The duet. 1 may add, took place in Austria, without much dam? age to rtlthcr side; but created no end of a stir. Count Dcyrn gave, as cause for his at? titude towards Countess Lutzow. the .act that she did not possess all those nobiliary quartering.1), and the number of noble anor-stors and ancestresses, paternal and maternal, which are rigorously exacted of every Austrian woman, be she Austrian by birth, or by marriage, as a sine qua non for iresentntlon at the court of Vienna: that since she had become an Austrian by Iver marriage to Count Francis Lut? zow, and wus barred from the court of Vienna, he could not, tis Austrian am I baaaador, countenance or endorse, her appearance at the eourt of sti Jamev, I lo which he was accredited, and that, moreover, a& his sovereign'., personal will .id olllclal representative In ..ondoil, he could not and should not I rc required to Invite to the embassy lady whom his Emperor and Empress nad refuaad to rc.dve. These were the ofllclal reasons given by the ambas sador regarding his attitude towards the Lutzow.-. though it was known that liter* were others, i'ranels. however, round Hutu extremely unpalatable. Il?nce the duel, mid although he still retains hU place on the Austrian dlplo tatle list, as a retired Secretary Of Embassy, and also atlll hold* his tllu lur rank of Imperial churnbcrlaln. Wlljch he holds by right of ancestry, his for? mer connection with the Austrian em bassy In London has long been com? pletely severed. 1 have mentioned above that tip runuis LUlxuivs pass half their tlnto In England, where the cuuiit used to follow the Hounds. Identifying himself ?Ith tlie celebrated pytchley hunt, and ikewlie itgured on the English turt, with John Uftwson, of Newmarket, uo his trainer, But the remainder of tiie year la bpenl by them at tnclr castle .11 Bohemia, known a? Zainpuch. which was purchased by the countess, after her marriage, and Is her own particular property. The present castle is In re? ality a former monastery', dating from the fifteenth century. It is situated at the base of the hill, on the craat of which still towel s thu rulns-of the foi . iisne oi /.ainpach, which was de? stroyed by Emperor Onarltos IV. when a. ..et out on his memorable expedition to suppress the robber barons who terrorized the northeastern districts of Bohemia. Prominent among them was John, of Smoyho, known to the Bohe? mians as "Panelr" (the Map in Armor) from his custom of always appearing armed cap-a-pie. The Ilrst of these rubber ba-rons to be attacked by the Emperor was this partloular ''Panelr.'' whom In former days ho had Invested with a golden chain, as a tofcen of fa? vor, and In recognition of his ?crvlces on the battlefield. It was not until af? ter a long siege that the Emperor man? aged to lake Ihe Castle of Zainpach, and to capture Baron "Panelr," whom he caused lo be hung from the battle? ments, placing the iiouso himself, with his own hands, urotind the man's neck, remarking that he could bestow hem? pen collars of Infamy when the noces. ally arose, tust as well as golden col :arh oi honor, Tlie story uf Panelr Is one o! the national legends of Bohemia, with the merit of being a true one, and nls glftanilo two-handed sword Is still pnsserved In the parish Church of /..uiipacli. where his remains were ulti? mately interred. Of course tiie mint of the old cattle are haunted. But tliu present chateau, that ii to say, the old Jesuit tnoniitury of the fifteenth century, has Its own banshees, some of them doubtless born of the legend,; of tho district, handed down from the. time wboii the monks *? tie engaged in restoring the Roman Catholic Church in Bohemiu, and forc? ing the. people, not always bv the gen? tlest means, to revert from their Pro? testantism to the faith of their fathers, t'he particular ghost of the chateau, and the one for whom Count and Count? ess Lutzow vouch Ib that of a youiiK monk, of noble birth, who by way of punishment, fur a love intrigue, Is said ,o have been bricked up In a wall of hat Is now the library. Every night, at midnight, the. ghost is sold to come out of the wall, and pace up and down the long gallery for about an hour. It Is alloged lo have appeared repeatedly to the count and countess, to English guest staying at Die chateau, some of ?a.iin professed lo have, heard th" sound of sandaled foot-steps, while some years ago a sarvant hanged him? self after declaring, absolutely terror St Micken, that he hud seen the spectre monk, whose? Form you may trice. But not his face, 'Tis covered by his eowl. Rut his ey.?s may bo seen Through tho foldB between. And they seem as a parted soul. (Copyright, l !> 12, by the Brciuwood Company.) DISCOUNTS Granted Daily on Approved Business Paper or Collateral at the National State & City Bank 1109 East Main Street Richmond, Virginia