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* ? ? ?-> '? '> HtcbmonS.10? Hull Street lettrebur? Bureau....10? N. Srcamor? Street Cyochburg Bureau.XU Hlgbth Striot BT mau, Oae 61* Three One POSTAOB PAID Ttu. Mol. Mot Mo. Nilly wttb SunaBy...H.00 ?s.? ILM M Daily wltbeut Sunday.... ?.N r.00 IN .? J *unday edition only. tco 1.0G .M ?V??kly (Wednesday).LOC .t? .? By Tlmet-Dlnpatch Carrier Delivery Ser <!-? to Richmond (and luburbn and Pe :cr?burs? One Wee? uajly wltb Sunday. ... 15 centi D?Iiy without Sunday. 10 centi fcundsy only. J oer.I? Kotered January 27. IMS. nt Richmond. la ?econd-claia matter tinder act o! , ?M-KMM of March S. 1*7*. MONDAY. .TANVAliFs. 1911. TH13 ClMSTljE TO ADItlAX. Henry Clay's Injudicious r.nd prolific ?irilng- of letters cost hint the presi? dency In 1S14. That precedent may have Inspired the resurrection and publication of a letter written four years ago by Woodrow Wilson, in ?which he said of Wlllinni sJ?nnlngs Bryani "Would thpt we could do something ?tt once dlpnlflerl and effective to knock Afr. Bryan once for all into a cooked liat." This was In a brief note, of thanks to Adrian H.JOllrie, of Nov.- york. for a copy of an address tn which tho latter mildly criticized Mr. TJrynn. This let? ter, preserved foi its autograph value, was heard of by lite ann-Wllson forces after the nows of it had been detailed from Mp to Hp. and immediately a mis? quotation of It was Hashed over the ? our.'.ry for the purpose of Impairing Oovtmoi Wilson's nhrxiccs In the i >emocratic camp. Pmh an attack on the New Jersey man Is liable to do him little harm. The ranks of those who agreed with Governor Wilson 'in 11*07 were tremend? ously enlarged after Mr. Bryan's third decisive defeat, and ever nlnce antl Bryan sentiment has .mown, because of a realization thnt a fourth nomlna.-'i tlon of Mr. Bryan or a fourth domina-j tion of the convention by him would be in the face of repented failure and despite pound political wisdom !>a.--crt on convincing experience. Governor: Wilson WTOte then what hundreds of, thousands of Democrats think now as to the availability of the Nobrasknn. Mr. Bryan's right for the rights of, ihr plain people hns gained him the admiration of all true Democrats, who tealir.e that rnnny of his policies have been filched by the foe: but time arid xperlencc have proved that the Gr-at Commoner cannot be ,i successful lend? er of the Democrntle hont. THE SKCftKTA 111" fJllAFT. Not content with their fat mileage cTtift, by which they rake off IT cents or more per mile; unsalislled with their stationery allowances, through? viileh ladies' werk basket*, seltr.or and :i hundred other articles are secured by j them free, the members of Congress have another and yet greater oppor? tunity to Increase their bank accounts at the expense of the government All members do not avail themselves of thnt chance, but too many are profiting by what Is known In Washington as the "secretary craft." Some Congress? men are almost doubling their wages by petty graft which soon becomes grand graft. \ few of the Democratic members of the House of Representatives have renewed the s-jfrgcstlon for legislation under which sccretarle* of Representa? tive..- will b? placed on the government pay -oil. These Democrats are stick? ing by the party's pledge of economy in the administration of the govern? ment's finance.' .in ..former days many efforts to stop; tho "secretary graft" by legislation have Seen made at tho Instance of secretaries themselves, '."ailure regularly met such attempts, tor trie graft Is a "good thing" for the members themselves, and It has come to bo a political axiom that economy stops when It comes to the door or' the Congressman himself. Cndsr the existing law rnch of the 301 R'niresentalive? i.? entitled to draw from the- United States Treasury 11,600 annually, in addition tc. his regular | pay of 17,500.and he also pullr down 10 cents mileage on tho theory that ho is traveling by stage coach and takln? a weih to travel ?.0? miles. The govern? ment gives the Congressman 11,600 on the theory that he will hire, a arcre tary With it. In tho course of a yea/ the HPl members of tho House draw ?'secretary money" aggregating fr.sr., ;.00. How much of It really and truly ^nd honestly goes for the hire, of sei> retsrles !r a question which no man can answer, because und?i tho lav.- no one Is required to keep a r< ;ord of how ?his money is spent. The money la drawn on tho r,;drr of the member, who may put it all In his own pocket, may pay the full amount to his secretary, may pay 3-00 or $1,000 to the employ* and k<=ci> the rest hlm itU, or resort to any other manipula? tor, of the money. "TV. E. B.," the. Washington correspondent of the Bos? ton Transcript, says that "as a mutter of fact, the money Is used In various ??? ays. It would perhaps bt a fair esti? mate to tay that two-thlrdo of tho representatives actually do employ ? eretarlaa end turn over them the fu|l amount of tho "toc.retary monoy" in some cases, a ricprcftntatlvc can get along without the service of a sec? retary, and the |1.50o la retained by the member. In other eatea Congressmen divide thlg money among the members of tholr family. A Representative's wife, his daughter or hla alator will often act as hin sacrotary, and g.-t this money. A favorite scheme in foi five or *ix Representatives to olttb together und lure a i-lngle secretary for nil Under such an arrangitnent a member can Bavo for himself $1.000 or $1,200 of tho $1,500. It id true, declares the Traus orlpt correspondent, that often Itopre- j sentatlvce turn this money over to, political friends, or to a group of poll-' tlcal friends for political purposes bach home. "Thero Is no way of as-, curtaining how much of this moneyi iiimuau;. poos to persona who at e rend-j erlng (he government no service, but that the amount Is considerable ls'; doubtless the fact." This use of the money Is not prlma facie Illegal, for there Is no law on the subject except that which authorizes the Representa? tive to draw tho monoy on Ii tu own order. lie Is free to do with It ns he pleases. Six years ago. when the salary of secretaries of members was Increased from 71,200 to $1,500, tho men serving as secretaries organized and mado uj determined effort to have the lawj amended no as to provide that the see-; retaries should go on the pay roll Just' as other .employes of tho government' do. The House- refused to make any change. Indicating plainly that tho Representatives know a "good thing" and know how to stick to It. Tho seore torlos arc again'agitating tho matter and have a faint hope that tho reform may be Installed. This graft was 'inherited by the Democratic House from tho Republican regime. The present system has been In operation ever slnco Representatives were authorized to employ secretaries. Democrats who are honestly and sin? cerely In favor of reform legislation aro pointing out that 1f tho Hotiso Is in earnest in Its deslro to tmprovo con? ditions It should put tho secretaries on the pay roll and stop this abominable abuse. In the Senate the pay roll system has; always boon used. Tho secretary to1 n Senator gets $2.200 a year, although we cannot understand why he should get any more than a Congressman's! Hocretnry, and $1,500 Is enough for any man. The Senator's secretary gets his pay In his own name. These privileges and perquisites i eomo out of the ptibl'o pocket. The people's hired man Is entirely too fond of sitting in the front parlor with free1 .seltr.er for his highballs, free knick- ? knacks for his wife, froc postago fori1 hie campaign material, meditating oni how he can get a llttlo moru out of' ' the government and remembering withj' satisfaction that he will get n freoi1 funeral In flrst-closs style. He ought! ' to got a fair salary, that and nothing j' but that; .fcffersonlnn simplicity in our national legislature Is sorely needed. STUPENDOUS MEANNESS. The Providence (R. I.) .lournal con? cedes that it might not be mistaken policy for the Democrats to put the Tariff Hoard out of existence by re? fusing tho necessary appropriation, since, to say the lonst, that would be legitimate political warfare, but, to cul out the ippronrlatlon of $25,000 for the l'reuldvut's traveling expense*. It regards as a pleoc of petty mean? ness, unworthy of a great party. "Petty meannoas," forsooth! Rather it would be stupendous meanness, equaled only by the party's monu? mental oolf-stultification, on the econ? omy lssuo, It would demonstrate, when considered In tho light of the Demo? cratic record in the House on the Sherwood pension loot bill. F.rfort to: oven up on the performance by such | j transparent cheese paring for effect as that In question would be a most! j ridiculous exhibition of straining otil , a gnat nfter swallowing a camel, but ; for Its pitiful abortlvencss! A NEW CABINET OFFICE. At ihn time of the adoption of the Federal Constitution there were only I four members of the Cabinet In the j now government?Seerotary of State. Secretary off the Treasury, Secretary of War and Attorney-General. Even the latter was not regarded ns a full Cabi? net officer until 1S72, but President Washington and his successors con? sulted with him Just as they did with the others. Tho business of the Po3t Olhce Department was conducted by a presidential appointee, and the affairs of the navy were looked after by tue War Department. Since that first period of the repub? lic there have been crcatod the Post Office Department, -the Navy Depart? ment, the Interior Department, the De? partment of Justlca, tho Depart-m'-nt Of Agriculture arid the Department of Commerce and I>abor. . y Tin-re are bills pending in Congress providing for the creation of a depart? ment, of public health, und a peculiarly I patomallstto department Is sought by j those, who wish one for the care and -<tudy of children. The latest move* j mer.t for tho creation of a now depart? ment Is for n Federal department cr buretiu of municipalities. This bus been strongly advocated by n number of municipal writers. Tho suggested department was first urged by Philip Kates, lawyer and cily planner, of Tulsa. Okla , v/bo declares that tho niodsrn municipality Is an indUBtrttl and not a political preilem. in the '.current number of The American City,, iMr. Kates says: "Tho Idea that the city problem is u national problem In the same sense that agriculture is a national problem, may seem strango to thoBO who regu-d I the city as a looal political unit and not a part of the great industrial life of the nation. Thero are gro'jit na? tional orrrr..,:z8tIons whoso woik is j !-lo? !y educating the country to -':g,ird tho city problem in its proper light, but these aro non-ofltclal organizations, supported by voluntary contributions of public-spirited citizens. "Tho work Is too vast for private support; It is too Importunt for volun- | tary effort. If we would solve the problem iov the future, tho Federal government must tnka up the work, i "I bet I eve that t,he first thing v. e i must have la a comprehensive and au I thorltotlvc study of the municipal prob? lem In ltf basic principle j-lt< relation j to our Industrial life. Such an Inves.tl I t;ation Involves an Industrial survey ?of n.itionel scope, with It-- attendant Investigations Into causes of conges? tion of population, and the remedies by I Improved communication utui traospor 1 tntion and other means; into sanitary i conditions as tliey alTeUV. not only the city proper, but tho Industrial district; Into housing, disposal of municipal waste, and, above all. Into the Indus? trial working conditions. And also Into the working of other municipal systems than ours and ol other theo? ries and method* of lcpl-Jutlon: Into the conflict of public and private rights and the operation of our constitutional guaranties." Mr. Kates quotes Farmers' Bulletin No. U67. dealing with th; installation of lightning rods on farm buildings as one example of the diversified work o; the Department of Agriculture, and makes this comment : "It Is not thought, I presume, that Congross may compel a farmer prop? erly to rod his barn?no mors thr.n Congress can compel a tenement owner to rebuild his houses. But the acquir? ing and diffusing of knowledge of how properly to equip farm buildings with lightning r.. ds is certainly no more within (';? purview of the g?neral srov ornmeiu than the acquiring and diffus? ing of Knowledge of city conditions." The suggestion of this new depart? ment caused an Inquiry Into what the existing government departments are doing to co-operate with municipal governments or to serve tho Interests of tho urban population of the United States as such. It appears from an In? vestigation detailed In tho Macon Tele? graph that such work as Is now being done by the Federal government In be? half oir the urban population of tho nation is "merely Incidental to tho broader work of the population as a whole." Tho Department of State collects through the oonsular service certain information pertaining to municipali? ties and public utilities In foreign countries, which Is made available j through the consular and trade re? ports of the Department of Commerce and Labor. These reports, which nro , widely circulated, often contain most j valuable and -practical Information j about foreign municipal government. , The Department of the Interior, through Its Bureau of Mines, has late? ly made a study of smoke prevention In citlss. and through Its Bureau of Education collects statistics and gen- I ernl information regarding city schools, ns well a3 State systems and higher educational Institutions. Tho Department of Commerce and Labor renders co-operation to munici? palities through the Bureau of the Census, the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization, and the Bureau of Man? ufactures. Secretary Nagel says that "apparently many of the activities of this deportment are in behalf of the j urban population as distinct from the : general population." The War Department reports thlt its services to cities are mainly of on emergency character In times of tire, flood, earthquake and other rntas trophiis. This department has the power ol appointing the engineer com? mission of tho District of Columbia, and the army has done much under mili? tary government to Improve the police protection and sanitary conditions of the oltles and towns in the Island pos? sessions of the United States. In the Department of Agriculture the bureau which most directly co? operates with cities ir the Office of Public Roads. The Department of Justice lias aided cities In many ways, especially In light? ing tho white slave traffic. The Treasury Department, through its public health reports, gives out much valuable Information on health subjectsi of value to municipalities. What these departments aro now going for cities will probably be all that the government will do for mu? nicipalities for years to come. The practical value of a department of mu? nicipalities is not yet strong enough to appeal convincingly to Congress for 113 creation. Df established, the power [ of such a department would ho wholly j suggestive, for the cities would never surrender to Its Jurisdiction a particle of their right ot local self-govemtnenL Now ho will have to be called Colo man Love-One-Another Blease. The first edition of the Christian Herald forj this year contains the opinion of tho South Carolina Governor as to what would be the "beat gift the new year could bring to t'ne American people," und It is: "Tho best gift the new year could bring to the American peoplo would be a strict obedience to the Divine injune-, lion, 'Love tho Lord thy Ood with all' thy heart and thy neighbor as thy? self." " A picture of this well known moral? ist accompanies thr? sentiment, and the whole makes n pleasing wall motto; for South Carolina newspaper otllr.es, In' which Governor Blouse Is not spoken of in affec.tlons.te language. There w :iu a lot of mow on the ground here yesterday, but the oldest Inhabitants eom-plninrd bitterly of the I heat, Just the same The Colonel Is busy chopping trees j these days, but there are some who wish ho would take to taller timber. The Boston Globe remarks that though there are. many p'noa In tho fltato of Maine and a great many ap? ple trees, Luther Burbank has not succeeded In crossing them so s.s to produco pineapples, but If he does, that would beat crossing the. strawberry plant and the rnllkwcod and produc? ing strav.'borry Ice cream. I Voice of the People Woodrow wiisiiii'n "Radicalism," i To the Fdltor of The Times-Dispatch; Sir.?Before resorting to Hogging ami torture. th<. meutneval exorcists. Win n casting out devils, were wont to roar Into the ears of "possessed" per? sons stich mighty words us. Homoloo slon ana Teiriigrammaton. Slm-l llurl.v our modern exorcists, ,ri thelj' efforts to cast out Woodrow' Wilson, have i.n loudly shouting; "In? itiative] Referendum) Recall!" Undoubtedly the words make a large mouthful, nnd, when thundered into the cars of tuoae v.'ko. havo no inliluisl of ?ivir meaning, siris exceedingly tcr" Met then- are u BOOd many people- ?II Vlrgliilu who i>ot to be scared W Mure sound. The roridi rs of Tho limes Dispatch, for example, have now learn ou. It la hoped, the vast difference be tween the Ibvel-lteaded Wilson anil the. tempestuous bii Foll< He- With brist? ling hah. Uplifted fist and Hushing eye. La Follutte shouts that without those political nostrums there can ho no genuine representative government .In tho'United Stales. How different th s fine frenzy fron, the cool .-onlty ot wii Kon: Wilson thinks that a man wltn chills and fever Uo*i well to take quill inc. while n healthy . How had bettor stick to bread and bed': lie believes that some ef the Western -States .lid have, political malaria, and that the <iuinino of tho Initiative and roteren ! dum helped to restore them to health. lie does not believe that their condl j tlon has over required so drastic n ? drug as the recall of Judges, which I belief he expressed as emphatically to I the people of the Pacific CQ03t as lie did in his letter lo me, Differing trom l.a Foiictte. he believes that what la one .State's meat Is another State's ?? poloon, and expressly denies that the 'Initiative, referendum and recall uro "general or universal panaceas." lu his opinion they have no place in Vir? ginia or New Jersey or the national government Wilson ban mastered these I Ideas. Lu Fotletto has boon mustered j by them. Both men are "progressive." but while the one Is driving his chariot steadily up tho dUiicult hill of retovm I the other b> Whirling his rcoklessly ! down the declivity that slopes toward ' revolution. Wilson's political steeds are eager and strong, but there arc I curb-bits In their mouths, and the reins i lire In Wilson's own masterful grasp. I La Follette'a coursers, on the contrary, I are without bridles, bits or reins, und the driver, standing up In hie chariot, utters wnrwhoops as he lashes them I with the whip. "An! but"?say my ultra-conserva livo friends?"wo hear that Wilson !:?? very radical?that, In fact, he la an wild and dangerous as Bryan him? self So it js necessary to devote ourselves to another set Of words. Having dis? posed of those alarming vocables, Ini? tiative, referendum and recall, we must now tackle "radical." "wild." "dangor OUB." Words: words! wdrdsl If Wilson's irruiblliig accusers would only statu in concrete language what It lt= that they are afraid of. it would be easier to allay their fears. If they WOUld only Cjiiol.' the radical, wild and dangerous language employed by WH - son, or name some of Iiis radical, wild and dangerous deed:), it would be pos? sible for I lie unintorined public to judge- between him and them. But. in the abnonce of concrete specifications, the public can only elarkly guess. Fin? nic bencllt, however, of those who, not content with vague asuuveratlons, arc desirous of gutting at the truth of tho matter. It may be mentioned that any one writing to \Vm. F. JlcConibs. 3(, Broadway, Now York, and asking for some- of Wilson's various speeches, can gel what he wants and aeo himself what Wilson's policlos rually are, ami in what aorr of langtiaire ho expresses his views. Whoever adopts this suggestion will utterly fat] lo Und Wilson advocating s'tieii Bryaneseiue doctrines ns freo sil? ver or the government ownership of railroads Wilson is too wise to hurl offetislvu epithets at the presidential nominee for whom Virginia has. thrice voted, anil who has polled the lurg est popular vote eve r polled In Iii? , country al large by any Democrat I whatever. But if any one imagines that, ?ryan can either cajole, seduce or force Wlson Into advocating any doetrino, that does not appeal to i'no luttor's own reason and conscience, he simply does I noi know Wilson as I have known him for thirty-two years. Neither Bryan I nor any other mortal can do (hut. Wil-i son docs not wish to make an enemy' of Bryan. For Bryan hi not a mere Individual. Bryan Is tin spokesman or n Kieat number of American clttscns; and the sensible and patriotic thing for. a presidential candidate to do Is to co? operate?just so far as reanon and conscience will permit?with Bryan and with those for whom Bryan speaks. I Wilson is willing to do that much. B?- i yond that ho will never go. Bryan can no more control Wilson than he: can control the surge of the sea. Be sure 'of that. Wilson u greater man than Bryan, a greater man than La ?Toilette, a greater man than Roosevelt, a. greater man than all three of them rolled Into one. His moral courage?a far rarer quality than mere physical' courage?Is superb. lie does not say one tiling in the West and the opposite thing in the East, one- thine: on the stump and another thing behind the door. Me Is truthful und courageous, but ".ie never gnnshes his teeth, never' plays the blustering bull, nover bellows In billingsgate, never brandlshcb u big stick. But let us rr.turn to our mutton?If m.-re words can be compared to so toeithsome it viand. Is Wilson really a "radical"? The answer must be a double-barrel ed one: yes and no. It all elepends upon what wo mean by "radical.': To stuto merely that the term is derived from a Latin word that means root Is Ihsuffl-1 Clont. We must bo nio^e explicit. If, a radical Is a inon who pulls up the, weeds in his garden by tho roots, Wil- i son is unquestionably a radical. If a I radical Is a man who loosens the hard! soil around t'.io roots of hi* vegeta? bles and waters those roots In dry! weather, Wilson Is, once more, a tbor- | oughgolng radical. Liui If a radical 13, a man so intent upon pulling up a I small weed as lo blindly tear up nu-| mcrous nourishing vegetables alongi with it, then Wilson Is emphatically no radical at all. One concrete example of my mean? ing- has already been given. Wilson knows, fully ns well an La Folletto or Bryan, that hero and there may be found some llttlo Judgo who Is Igno- ; rant or corrupt or controlled by parti? san bias. But, unlike these extrm lsts, he refuses to pull up the great principle of an Inelependenl Judiciary An order to got ,rld summarily of these occasional weeds. But let us lake other examples. It! Is vaguely hinted that Wilson will be radical about "business"?that, as Pres- | lrient, he might perchance run amuck ns a "trust-buster" and spread panic, through the financial and commercial world by his clamor. Let us see about this. Let us tuke the cotton out of our ears and Baten calmly to Wilson's own words. "Tae American people," said he at Kansas City, on .May 6, 1011, 'are-, naturally a conservative pcoplo. They do not wish to touch the stable founela tlons of their life; they have a rever? ence for the rights of properly anil the rights of contract which Is: based upon a long experience In a free life, lu which t'ney have been at liberty to acquire property as they pleased and Abe Martin Bven mannish women that address dubs an' chew1 toothpicks leave tb' oar' door open. Whom some folks would akin ttioy ftrat olv?. a se-gar. PICK OUT YOUR FAVORITE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE. _By John T. McCutcheon. ICoj?Tl*h:: lfllC. By John T. ilcCutth??! ) bliul themselves to such contracts as suited them." I "it la perfectly legitimate, of course," he said at Minneapolis on May -J. "that thi business interests of the country should not only enjoy the protection Of the law, but that they should be In I every way furthered and strengthened! and facilitated by legislation. The' country h?H no Jealousy of any con-' nectlon between business und politics which is n legitimate connection."! These woid:; were uttered in the "wild, anil woolly West." Is there anything! in them that would scare :? mouse? j And listen to this: "Wo must remem? ber." said he at Harrlsburg. t\i.. on .lime 15, "that the abuses we seek to remedy have come Into ortlatence an incidents of the great structure of in? dustry we have built up. This struc? ture Is the work of our own hands: | our own lives are Involved In It Reck? less attacks upon It, destructive na-! saults against it would Jeopardise our own lives and disturb, it might be fa? tally, tho very progress we seek to at- I tain. It would be particularly fatal to any successful program to admit itito our minds, as we pursue It, eny splrlt of revenge, any purpose to wreak our displeasure upon the per ; sons and the Institutions who now I represent tho abuses we doprecate and s? ek to destroy." Some of those who Imagine Wilson to be a dangerous rudleal are my per? sonal friends. They aro men whom I not only like, but respect. I now earn-! estly request them to consider euro-, fully Wilson's own words and to ludgc him by' them, rather than bv rumor and hearsay. If they can detect in these words anything remotely resem? bling the cross-of-gold, erown-of thorns rhetoric of Bryan: If they see anything tumultuously La Follettcan In this language: If they can hear in these calm, judicial words the resound? ing Rooseveltian roar, they con do what I a.m utterly unable to do. The truth is?as was stated In the New Vork World on Christmas Live?Wood- i row Wilson Is "tho very antithesis ofi Roosevelt. . . . Governor Wilson Isl ? man who ponders long and carefully before he acts, ho Is modest and un- I assuming to a degree, and he is ac curate in his speech and truthful In "ills statements. Also he means what he says." R. If. DABNEY. University of Virginia, Tanuarv 5. La Marquise de Fontenoy THAT Field Marshal Lord Kitchen? er has proved himself to bo a! great success in tho role of, British plenipotentiary in Egypt, and! that ho has restored to the office the; prOBtlgo and authority with whloh iti was Invested In the time of Lord Crom-! er, but which It lost when held hy the, late Sir Eldon Gorst, has been abund-| nntly shown In cable dispatches and in j letters from Cairo and Alexandria. Ruti nearly all seem to ignore one of the' principal causes of Kitchener's cue- j cess, especially among the natives, tln-l like Lord Cromer and Sir Eldon Gorst.) he lifts not only a most thorough knowledge of the Turkish language, but ho has so complete a command ut Arable that he may be said to speak it absolutely without foreign Idiom or accent. This knowledge dates back to the times before ho was even command? r In-chlSf of the Egyptian army, but when, as the head of its Intelligence' Department, he was preparing. With the utmost patience, and at the samo, time thoroughness, for the reconquestj of tho Soudan from the Dervishes. In those days ho used t? roam about the' border lines in the disguise of an Arab Sheikh, wholly unescorted, penetrating even to Dervish outposts and camps, and displaying such a thorough knowl odgo of the customs and ways of tho people. 60 much erudition In every? thing connected with tho Koran and Koranlo law, and obovo alL such an Idiomatic mastery of the Arabic lan? guage and of Its various dialects that no one ever suspected that he was a foreigner. This was of inestimable value then. For besides enabling him to acquire all sorts of Information, It likewise kept his own native allies and. troops In tho utmost fear of him. They never knew at what moment he was likely to pounco down upon them and realiz? ed their inability to keep anything Be? eret from him. He has made -a point of not forget? ting his Arabic. He is just as clever at It as ever, and the result Is that the native ministers and officials, vil? lage notables, In fuct, every one high and lfltv, can talk to him withojat .tho intervention of an Interpreter?aye. I und talk freely. Instead of manifest j inp hauteur, he has shown himself 1 wonderfully affublo and necesiilblc to I the natives, und wh.lo his acquaintance I with their affairs and Interest thorn - I in flatters them, thoy are encouraged I by his perfect knowledge of their 1Q"' 'buurc, to contldo In him and to open ' their hearts freely Indeed, by being ! able to got Into touch with the natives. \ by talking- to them In their own lnn t guage, Kitchener Is accomplishing j more towards the suppression of na > tloaallsm than any of the means of repression that have been tried until now. A good dent of quiet fun Is being i poked In England at the society which j hnB been formed on this side of the At ; lantle by people who can trace their ; descent to one ? or another of those barons who extorted tbo Magna Charta from King John on the Ibland or ftunnymede. The Eoclety Is Intent upon erecting a very har.d6ome me? morial on the Island to tbolr baronial nnccstors who commenced the work completed by Oeorgo Washington, namely. Independence from kingly des? potism. Ono of the officers of the so I clcty. who bears tbo title of Its "slg ; not," Is now In England, for the pur | poso of making arrangements to se? cure a alte for the memorial, and to I tukc stops for Its erection. It Is to j bear the names of the rebellious barons. I und of their present American de | SCCIldaiitS, and l3 likely to prove a most j imposing affair. Most ot the members J of the society propose, t/i visit England I this summer, in order to take part In ' the laying of the. foundation stone of 'the memorial, with all fitting solemn 1 Ity. It strikes the untraveled Briton as I droll that people who profcrs pollli i rally, and In a measure socially, to condemn the principle of heredity,! should come so fnr to tench him a les? son of ancestral taveronce. and to re? pair a reglect of which he has render? ed himself guilty with regard to the historic past. j Westminster Abbey's new dean, the Bight fteverend B'shop Rylc, lr. crcat-j I 1ng a great deal of discontent undl criticism by publloly announcing his! 'determination to enforce atlll more; strictly than lila predecessor the rule quietly established by the latter of; permitting no entombments to take j placo In tho Abhey, unless the remains; have been previously cremated. There; are a great many peoplo belonging toj the Protestant episcopal Church who| are sorlously opposed to cremation,: and it was only after much hesitation that the. Church of England consented to waive, with regard to incineration, the opposition that is atlll maintained thereto, not only by tbo Roman Cath? olic Church In all parts of the world, but In many of the Lutheran denomina? tions In German}' and by tbo Greek rite. Of course, from a sanitary point of view, thu rule established at. West? minster Abbey is unexceptionable: tho more so as some ten years ago there occurred a particularly distressing case, where the body of a great, states? man, who had been consigned to a Ix- In the Abbey after a state funor-a* In ! ?u of quiet burial beside his loved ones In Hit: village churchyard form ir. art of bis estates and adjacent to h? country seat?tho form of burial f( hlch lie hud begged and entreated In In- -had to be disinterred somo w j later, owing to faulty embalm n. -? mid Incinerated before being re sl : to th< tomb. '? was after ihnt that the practice of .' igg? sling cremation waa luaugu r:-.- . by tho denn and chapter of the Al ' y. Now It Is cnfoicud. and those w. look, like tho ht.ro of Trafalgar, to- .-ntombment 1n the Abbey?the V. ..IIa and f'enUicon of Great lVKdn's illustrious dead?.is tho cll i.i and ilttlng termination of theii oa ? :r, reullze that they cannot lie th ro unless their remains have provl been roducud to a-hcu In some ci n Htorlurn. e Marquise do MacMahon*e death ?rill be somewhat of a relief to tho Due. d'Orleana. Tor although a member of tl. ."'e Vogruc family, she lies Idontffloil In..-.'if with that oxtremlst section of tl Royalist party In Trance which Is represented by the nowgp.tper known a*, fne "Action Francalsc," and which, hi led by lyeon Daudet, son of the neve Mat, has repeatedly dclled the ord e: ? of tho pretender, und set his com rr .:.ds at naught. Tho "Action Fran Ci ? i" party made Itself responsible for t! disgraceful (tssaults on the portly j Ol President of the republic, upon I Premier Brland, and for all sorts of ; out .gen that scandalised tho best eltises of tho Royalists, and altenat : 0'! tiie public at large from the Royal i 1st Tiuse. When tho Duko of Orleans remonstrated, he was told that he was biJly surrounded end badly advised, a-.: that as long as this was the caso his followers belonging'to tho "Action Francalse" party would be compelled t- lleobey hlin. . e MarqutEc do MacMahon was ona Of -.ho few reputable elements of the " - Ion Francalse" faction, which de rlred whatever little prastlge It en Joys from her connection therewith. was an extremely clever platform s: nker, cared little or nothing for feminine elegance or for tho niceties ol tress, appearing almost always fa a ! carelessly, loosely mado black gown. ; v mil and angular and was so vio? lently anti-Semitic that she saw-Jowlsb l:' ib'iie in everything and wae wont to I Preach In favor of the restoration of a Frtncli monarchy.- with a court from Which all .lews and Jewesses, whether Of r use or of creed, would be rigorous? ly barred! She was very unhappy In h - married life, her husband, the lato ?'? rquis de MacMahon (a nephew of Marshal MacMahon, President of I ranco and Duko of Mngcnta), becom involved In all sorts of unsavory h .dels with the particularly notor lou! dcml-mondaine l,lnno do Pougy, v'Uo haa now married the Rumanian P--:do Prince George Ghlka. It la only about a year ago that tho mar QUlse's sister, the Oomtesso de Nicolay, lost her life Iii the mom allocking fash jonat a level railroad crossing, through au i.xpres? train smashing Into her au? tomobile, Hilling all its occupants. 'Copyright. 1 n 12. by the Brentwood Company.) DISCOUNTS Granted Daily on Approved Business Paper or Collateral at the National State & City Bank 1109 East Main Street Richmond, Virginia