Jiuomr?, OBlc?.?U K. Main Streao.
* ? ? ?-> '? '> HtcbmonS.10? Hull Street
lettrebur? Bureau....10? N. Srcamor? Street
Cyochburg Bureau.XU Hlgbth Striot
BT mau, Oae 61* Three One
POSTAOB PAID Ttu. Mol. Mot Mo.
Nilly wttb SunaBy...H.00 ?s.? ILM M
Daily wltbeut Sunday.... ?.N r.00 IN .? J
*unday edition only. tco 1.0G .M
?V??kly (Wednesday).LOC .t? .?
By Tlmet-Dlnpatch Carrier Delivery Ser
<!-? to Richmond (and luburbn and Pe
:cr?burs? One Wee?
uajly wltb Sunday. ... 15 centi
D?Iiy without Sunday. 10 centi
fcundsy only. J oer.I?
Kotered January 27. IMS. nt Richmond.
la ?econd-claia matter tinder act o! ,
?M-KMM of March S. 1*7*.
MONDAY. .TANVAliFs. 1911.
TH13 ClMSTljE TO ADItlAX.
Henry Clay's Injudicious r.nd prolific
?irilng- of letters cost hint the presi?
dency In 1S14. That precedent may
have Inspired the resurrection and
publication of a letter written four
years ago by Woodrow Wilson, in
?which he said of Wlllinni sJ?nnlngs
"Would thpt we could do something
?tt once dlpnlflerl and effective to knock
Afr. Bryan once for all into a cooked
This was In a brief note, of thanks
to Adrian H.JOllrie, of Nov.- york. for a
copy of an address tn which tho latter
mildly criticized Mr. TJrynn. This let?
ter, preserved foi its autograph value,
was heard of by lite ann-Wllson forces
after the nows of it had been detailed
from Mp to Hp. and immediately a mis?
quotation of It was Hashed over the
? our.'.ry for the purpose of Impairing
Oovtmoi Wilson's nhrxiccs In the
i >emocratic camp.
Pmh an attack on the New Jersey
man Is liable to do him little harm.
The ranks of those who agreed with
Governor Wilson 'in 11*07 were tremend?
ously enlarged after Mr. Bryan's third
decisive defeat, and ever nlnce antl
Bryan sentiment has .mown, because
of a realization thnt a fourth nomlna.-'i
tlon of Mr. Bryan or a fourth domina-j
tion of the convention by him would
be in the face of repented failure and
despite pound political wisdom !>a.--crt
on convincing experience. Governor:
Wilson WTOte then what hundreds of,
thousands of Democrats think now as
to the availability of the Nobrasknn.
Mr. Bryan's right for the rights of,
ihr plain people hns gained him the
admiration of all true Democrats, who
tealir.e that rnnny of his policies have
been filched by the foe: but time arid
xperlencc have proved that the Gr-at
Commoner cannot be ,i successful lend?
er of the Democrntle hont.
THE SKCftKTA 111" fJllAFT.
Not content with their fat mileage
cTtift, by which they rake off IT cents
or more per mile; unsalislled with
their stationery allowances, through?
viileh ladies' werk basket*, seltr.or and
:i hundred other articles are secured by j
them free, the members of Congress
have another and yet greater oppor?
tunity to Increase their bank accounts
at the expense of the government All
members do not avail themselves of
thnt chance, but too many are profiting
by what Is known In Washington as
the "secretary craft." Some Congress?
men are almost doubling their wages
by petty graft which soon becomes
\ few of the Democratic members
of the House of Representatives have
renewed the s-jfrgcstlon for legislation
under which sccretarle* of Representa?
tive..- will b? placed on the government
pay -oil. These Democrats are stick?
ing by the party's pledge of economy
in the administration of the govern?
ment's finance.' .in ..former days many
efforts to stop; tho "secretary graft"
by legislation have Seen made at tho
Instance of secretaries themselves,
'."ailure regularly met such attempts,
tor trie graft Is a "good thing" for the
members themselves, and It has come
to bo a political axiom that economy
stops when It comes to the door or' the
Cndsr the existing law rnch of the
301 R'niresentalive? i.? entitled to draw
from the- United States Treasury 11,600
annually, in addition tc. his regular |
pay of 17,500.and he also pullr down 10
cents mileage on tho theory that ho is
traveling by stage coach and takln? a
weih to travel ?.0? miles. The govern?
ment gives the Congressman 11,600 on
the theory that he will hire, a arcre
tary With it. In tho course of a yea/
the HPl members of tho House draw
?'secretary money" aggregating fr.sr.,
;.00. How much of It really and truly
^nd honestly goes for the hire, of sei>
retsrles !r a question which no man
can answer, because und?i tho lav.- no
one Is required to keep a r< ;ord of how
?his money is spent.
The money la drawn on tho r,;drr of
the member, who may put it all In his
own pocket, may pay the full amount
to his secretary, may pay 3-00 or $1,000
to the employ* and k<=ci> the rest hlm
itU, or resort to any other manipula?
tor, of the money. "TV. E. B.," the.
Washington correspondent of the Bos?
ton Transcript, says that "as a mutter
of fact, the money Is used In various
??? ays. It would perhaps bt a fair esti?
mate to tay that two-thlrdo of tho
representatives actually do employ
? eretarlaa end turn over them the
fu|l amount of tho "toc.retary monoy"
in some cases, a ricprcftntatlvc can
get along without the service of a sec?
retary, and the |1.50o la retained by the
member. In other eatea Congressmen
divide thlg money among the members
of tholr family. A Representative's
wife, his daughter or hla alator will
often act as hin sacrotary, and g.-t this
A favorite scheme in foi five or *ix
Representatives to olttb together und
lure a i-lngle secretary for nil Under
such an arrangitnent a member can
Bavo for himself $1.000 or $1,200 of tho
$1,500. It id true, declares the Traus
orlpt correspondent, that often Itopre- j
sentatlvce turn this money over to,
political friends, or to a group of poll-'
tlcal friends for political purposes
bach home. "Thero Is no way of as-,
curtaining how much of this moneyi
iiimuau;. poos to persona who at e rend-j
erlng (he government no service, but
that the amount Is considerable ls';
doubtless the fact." This use of the
money Is not prlma facie Illegal, for
there Is no law on the subject except
that which authorizes the Representa?
tive to draw tho monoy on Ii tu own
order. lie Is free to do with It ns he
Six years ago. when the salary of
secretaries of members was Increased
from 71,200 to $1,500, tho men serving
as secretaries organized and mado uj
determined effort to have the lawj
amended no as to provide that the see-;
retaries should go on the pay roll Just'
as other .employes of tho government'
do. The House- refused to make any
change. Indicating plainly that tho
Representatives know a "good thing"
and know how to stick to It. Tho seore
torlos arc again'agitating tho matter
and have a faint hope that tho reform
may be Installed.
This graft was 'inherited by the
Democratic House from tho Republican
regime. The present system has been
In operation ever slnco Representatives
were authorized to employ secretaries.
Democrats who are honestly and sin?
cerely In favor of reform legislation
aro pointing out that 1f tho Hotiso Is
in earnest in Its deslro to tmprovo con?
ditions It should put tho secretaries on
the pay roll and stop this abominable
In the Senate the pay roll system has;
always boon used. Tho secretary to1
n Senator gets $2.200 a year, although
we cannot understand why he should
get any more than a Congressman's!
Hocretnry, and $1,500 Is enough for any
man. The Senator's secretary gets his
pay In his own name.
These privileges and perquisites i
eomo out of the ptibl'o pocket. The
people's hired man Is entirely too fond
of sitting in the front parlor with free1
.seltr.er for his highballs, free knick- ?
knacks for his wife, froc postago fori1
hie campaign material, meditating oni
how he can get a llttlo moru out of' '
the government and remembering withj'
satisfaction that he will get n freoi1
funeral In flrst-closs style. He ought! '
to got a fair salary, that and nothing j'
but that; .fcffersonlnn simplicity in our
national legislature Is sorely needed.
The Providence (R. I.) .lournal con?
cedes that it might not be mistaken
policy for the Democrats to put the
Tariff Hoard out of existence by re?
fusing tho necessary appropriation,
since, to say the lonst, that would be
legitimate political warfare, but, to
cul out the ippronrlatlon of $25,000
for the l'reuldvut's traveling expense*.
It regards as a pleoc of petty mean?
ness, unworthy of a great party.
"Petty meannoas," forsooth! Rather
it would be stupendous meanness,
equaled only by the party's monu?
mental oolf-stultification, on the econ?
omy lssuo, It would demonstrate, when
considered In tho light of the Demo?
cratic record in the House on the
Sherwood pension loot bill. F.rfort to:
oven up on the performance by such |
j transparent cheese paring for effect
as that In question would be a most!
j ridiculous exhibition of straining otil
, a gnat nfter swallowing a camel, but ;
for Its pitiful abortlvencss!
A NEW CABINET OFFICE.
At ihn time of the adoption of the
Federal Constitution there were only
I four members of the Cabinet In the
j now government?Seerotary of State.
Secretary off the Treasury, Secretary of
War and Attorney-General. Even the
latter was not regarded ns a full Cabi?
net officer until 1S72, but President
Washington and his successors con?
sulted with him Just as they did with
the others. Tho business of the Po3t
Olhce Department was conducted by a
presidential appointee, and the affairs
of the navy were looked after by tue
Since that first period of the repub?
lic there have been crcatod the Post
Office Department, -the Navy Depart?
ment, the Interior Department, the De?
partment of Justlca, tho Depart-m'-nt
Of Agriculture arid the Department of
Commerce and I>abor. . y
Tin-re are bills pending in Congress
providing for the creation of a depart?
ment, of public health, und a peculiarly
I patomallstto department Is sought by
j those, who wish one for the care and
-<tudy of children. The latest move*
j mer.t for tho creation of a now depart?
ment Is for n Federal department cr
buretiu of municipalities. This bus
been strongly advocated by n number
of municipal writers. Tho suggested
department was first urged by Philip
Kates, lawyer and cily planner, of
Tulsa. Okla , v/bo declares that tho
niodsrn municipality Is an indUBtrttl
and not a political preilem. in the
'.current number of The American City,,
iMr. Kates says:
"Tho Idea that the city problem is
u national problem In the same sense
that agriculture is a national problem,
may seem strango to thoBO who regu-d
I the city as a looal political unit and
not a part of the great industrial life
of the nation. Thero are gro'jit na?
tional orrrr..,:z8tIons whoso woik is
j !-lo? !y educating the country to -':g,ird
tho city problem in its proper light,
but these aro non-ofltclal organizations,
supported by voluntary contributions
of public-spirited citizens.
"Tho work Is too vast for private
support; It is too Importunt for volun- |
tary effort. If we would solve the
problem iov the future, tho Federal
government must tnka up the work,
i "I bet I eve that t,he first thing v. e
i must have la a comprehensive and au
I thorltotlvc study of the municipal prob?
lem In ltf basic principle j-lt< relation
j to our Industrial life. Such an Inves.tl
I t;ation Involves an Industrial survey
?of n.itionel scope, with It-- attendant
Investigations Into causes of conges?
tion of population, and the remedies by
I Improved communication utui traospor
1 tntion and other means; into sanitary
i conditions as tliey alTeUV. not only the
city proper, but tho Industrial district;
Into housing, disposal of municipal
waste, and, above all. Into the Indus?
trial working conditions. And also
Into the working of other municipal
systems than ours and ol other theo?
ries and method* of lcpl-Jutlon: Into
the conflict of public and private rights
and the operation of our constitutional
Mr. Kates quotes Farmers' Bulletin
No. U67. dealing with th; installation
of lightning rods on farm buildings as
one example of the diversified work o;
the Department of Agriculture, and
makes this comment :
"It Is not thought, I presume, that
Congross may compel a farmer prop?
erly to rod his barn?no mors thr.n
Congress can compel a tenement owner
to rebuild his houses. But the acquir?
ing and diffusing of knowledge of how
properly to equip farm buildings with
lightning r.. ds is certainly no more
within (';? purview of the g?neral srov
ornmeiu than the acquiring and diffus?
ing of Knowledge of city conditions."
The suggestion of this new depart?
ment caused an Inquiry Into what the
existing government departments are
doing to co-operate with municipal
governments or to serve tho Interests
of tho urban population of the United
States as such. It appears from an In?
vestigation detailed In tho Macon Tele?
graph that such work as Is now being
done by the Federal government In be?
half oir the urban population of tho
nation is "merely Incidental to tho
broader work of the population as a
Tho Department of State collects
through the oonsular service certain
information pertaining to municipali?
ties and public utilities In foreign
countries, which Is made available j
through the consular and trade re?
ports of the Department of Commerce
and Labor. These reports, which nro ,
widely circulated, often contain most j
valuable and -practical Information j
about foreign municipal government. ,
The Department of the Interior,
through Its Bureau of Mines, has late?
ly made a study of smoke prevention
In citlss. and through Its Bureau of
Education collects statistics and gen- I
ernl information regarding city schools,
ns well a3 State systems and higher
Tho Department of Commerce and
Labor renders co-operation to munici?
palities through the Bureau of the
Census, the Bureau of Immigration and
Naturalization, and the Bureau of Man?
ufactures. Secretary Nagel says that
"apparently many of the activities of
this deportment are in behalf of the j
urban population as distinct from the :
The War Department reports thlt its
services to cities are mainly of on
emergency character In times of tire,
flood, earthquake and other rntas
trophiis. This department has the
power ol appointing the engineer com?
mission of tho District of Columbia, and
the army has done much under mili?
tary government to Improve the police
protection and sanitary conditions of
the oltles and towns in the Island pos?
sessions of the United States.
In the Department of Agriculture
the bureau which most directly co?
operates with cities ir the Office of
The Department of Justice lias aided
cities In many ways, especially In light?
ing tho white slave traffic.
The Treasury Department, through
its public health reports, gives out
much valuable Information on health
subjectsi of value to municipalities.
What these departments aro now
going for cities will probably be all
that the government will do for mu?
nicipalities for years to come. The
practical value of a department of mu?
nicipalities is not yet strong enough to
appeal convincingly to Congress for
113 creation. Df established, the power [
of such a department would ho wholly j
suggestive, for the cities would never
surrender to Its Jurisdiction a particle
of their right ot local self-govemtnenL
Now ho will have to be called Colo
man Love-One-Another Blease. The
first edition of the Christian Herald forj
this year contains the opinion of tho
South Carolina Governor as to what
would be the "beat gift the new year
could bring to t'ne American people,"
und It is:
"Tho best gift the new year could
bring to the American peoplo would be
a strict obedience to the Divine injune-,
lion, 'Love tho Lord thy Ood with all'
thy heart and thy neighbor as thy?
A picture of this well known moral?
ist accompanies thr? sentiment, and the
whole makes n pleasing wall motto;
for South Carolina newspaper otllr.es, In'
which Governor Blouse Is not spoken
of in affec.tlons.te language.
There w :iu a lot of mow on the
ground here yesterday, but the oldest
Inhabitants eom-plninrd bitterly of the I
heat, Just the same
The Colonel Is busy chopping trees j
these days, but there are some who
wish ho would take to taller timber.
The Boston Globe remarks that
though there are. many p'noa In tho
fltato of Maine and a great many ap?
ple trees, Luther Burbank has not
succeeded In crossing them so s.s to
produco pineapples, but If he does, that
would beat crossing the. strawberry
plant and the rnllkwcod and produc?
ing strav.'borry Ice cream.
I Voice of the People
Woodrow wiisiiii'n "Radicalism," i
To the Fdltor of The Times-Dispatch;
Sir.?Before resorting to Hogging
ami torture. th<. meutneval exorcists.
Win n casting out devils, were wont to
roar Into the ears of "possessed" per?
sons stich mighty words us. Homoloo
slon ana Teiriigrammaton. Slm-l
llurl.v our modern exorcists, ,ri
thelj' efforts to cast out Woodrow'
Wilson, have i.n loudly shouting; "In?
itiative] Referendum) Recall!"
Undoubtedly the words make a large
mouthful, nnd, when thundered into
the cars of tuoae v.'ko. havo no inliluisl
of ?ivir meaning, siris exceedingly tcr"
Met then- are u BOOd many people- ?II
Vlrgliilu who i>ot to be scared W
Mure sound. The roridi rs of Tho limes
Dispatch, for example, have now learn
ou. It la hoped, the vast difference be
tween the Ibvel-lteaded Wilson anil the.
tempestuous bii Foll< He- With brist?
ling hah. Uplifted fist and Hushing eye.
La Follutte shouts that without those
political nostrums there can ho no
genuine representative government .In
tho'United Stales. How different th s
fine frenzy fron, the cool .-onlty ot wii
Kon: Wilson thinks that a man wltn
chills and fever Uo*i well to take quill
inc. while n healthy . How had bettor
stick to bread and bed': lie believes
that some ef the Western -States .lid
have, political malaria, and that the
<iuinino of tho Initiative and roteren
! dum helped to restore them to health.
lie does not believe that their condl
j tlon has over required so drastic n
? drug as the recall of Judges, which
I belief he expressed as emphatically to
I the people of the Pacific CQ03t as lie
did in his letter lo me, Differing trom
l.a Foiictte. he believes that what la
one .State's meat Is another State's
?? poloon, and expressly denies that the
'Initiative, referendum and recall uro
"general or universal panaceas." lu
his opinion they have no place in Vir?
ginia or New Jersey or the national
government Wilson ban mastered these
I Ideas. Lu Fotletto has boon mustered
j by them. Both men are "progressive."
but while the one Is driving his chariot
steadily up tho dUiicult hill of retovm
I the other b> Whirling his rcoklessly
! down the declivity that slopes toward
' revolution. Wilson's political steeds
are eager and strong, but there arc
I curb-bits In their mouths, and the reins
i lire In Wilson's own masterful grasp.
I La Follette'a coursers, on the contrary,
I are without bridles, bits or reins, und
the driver, standing up In hie chariot,
utters wnrwhoops as he lashes them
I with the whip.
"An! but"?say my ultra-conserva
livo friends?"wo hear that Wilson !:??
very radical?that, In fact, he la an
wild and dangerous as Bryan him?
So it js necessary to devote ourselves
to another set Of words. Having dis?
posed of those alarming vocables, Ini?
tiative, referendum and recall, we must
now tackle "radical." "wild." "dangor
Words: words! wdrdsl
If Wilson's irruiblliig accusers would
only statu in concrete language what
It lt= that they are afraid of. it would
be easier to allay their fears. If they
WOUld only Cjiiol.' the radical, wild and
dangerous language employed by WH -
son, or name some of Iiis radical, wild
and dangerous deed:), it would be pos?
sible for I lie unintorined public to
judge- between him and them. But. in
the abnonce of concrete specifications,
the public can only elarkly guess. Fin?
nic bencllt, however, of those who, not
content with vague asuuveratlons, arc
desirous of gutting at the truth of tho
matter. It may be mentioned that any
one writing to \Vm. F. JlcConibs. 3(,
Broadway, Now York, and asking for
some- of Wilson's various speeches, can
gel what he wants and aeo himself
what Wilson's policlos rually are, ami
in what aorr of langtiaire ho expresses
Whoever adopts this suggestion will
utterly fat] lo Und Wilson advocating
s'tieii Bryaneseiue doctrines ns freo sil?
ver or the government ownership of
railroads Wilson is too wise to hurl
offetislvu epithets at the presidential
nominee for whom Virginia has. thrice
voted, anil who has polled the lurg
est popular vote eve r polled In Iii? ,
country al large by any Democrat I
whatever. But if any one imagines that,
?ryan can either cajole, seduce or force
Wlson Into advocating any doetrino,
that does not appeal to i'no luttor's own
reason and conscience, he simply does I
noi know Wilson as I have known him
for thirty-two years. Neither Bryan I
nor any other mortal can do (hut. Wil-i
son docs not wish to make an enemy'
of Bryan. For Bryan hi not a mere
Individual. Bryan Is tin spokesman or
n Kieat number of American clttscns;
and the sensible and patriotic thing for.
a presidential candidate to do Is to co?
operate?just so far as reanon and
conscience will permit?with Bryan and
with those for whom Bryan speaks. I
Wilson is willing to do that much. B?- i
yond that ho will never go. Bryan
can no more control Wilson than he:
can control the surge of the sea. Be
sure 'of that. Wilson u greater man
than Bryan, a greater man than La
?Toilette, a greater man than Roosevelt,
a. greater man than all three of them
rolled Into one. His moral courage?a
far rarer quality than mere physical'
courage?Is superb. lie does not say
one tiling in the West and the opposite
thing in the East, one- thine: on the
stump and another thing behind the
door. Me Is truthful und courageous,
but ".ie never gnnshes his teeth, never'
plays the blustering bull, nover bellows
In billingsgate, never brandlshcb u big
But let us rr.turn to our mutton?If
m.-re words can be compared to so
toeithsome it viand. Is Wilson really
The answer must be a double-barrel
ed one: yes and no. It all elepends upon
what wo mean by "radical.': To stuto
merely that the term is derived from a
Latin word that means root Is Ihsuffl-1
Clont. We must bo nio^e explicit. If,
a radical Is a inon who pulls up the,
weeds in his garden by tho roots, Wil- i
son is unquestionably a radical. If a I
radical Is a man who loosens the hard!
soil around t'.io roots of hi* vegeta?
bles and waters those roots In dry!
weather, Wilson Is, once more, a tbor- |
oughgolng radical. Liui If a radical 13,
a man so intent upon pulling up a I
small weed as lo blindly tear up nu-|
mcrous nourishing vegetables alongi
with it, then Wilson Is emphatically
no radical at all.
One concrete example of my mean?
ing- has already been given. Wilson
knows, fully ns well an La Folletto or
Bryan, that hero and there may be
found some llttlo Judgo who Is Igno- ;
rant or corrupt or controlled by parti?
san bias. But, unlike these extrm
lsts, he refuses to pull up the great
principle of an Inelependenl Judiciary
An order to got ,rld summarily of
these occasional weeds.
But let us lake other examples. It!
Is vaguely hinted that Wilson will be
radical about "business"?that, as Pres- |
lrient, he might perchance run amuck
ns a "trust-buster" and spread panic,
through the financial and commercial
world by his clamor. Let us see about
this. Let us tuke the cotton out of
our ears and Baten calmly to Wilson's
"Tae American people," said he at
Kansas City, on .May 6, 1011, 'are-,
naturally a conservative pcoplo. They
do not wish to touch the stable founela
tlons of their life; they have a rever?
ence for the rights of properly anil
the rights of contract which Is: based
upon a long experience In a free life,
lu which t'ney have been at liberty to
acquire property as they pleased and
Bven mannish women that address
dubs an' chew1 toothpicks leave tb' oar'
door open. Whom some folks would
akin ttioy ftrat olv?. a se-gar.
PICK OUT YOUR FAVORITE
_By John T. McCutcheon.
ICoj?Tl*h:: lfllC. By John T. ilcCutth??! )
bliul themselves to such contracts as
suited them." I
"it la perfectly legitimate, of course,"
he said at Minneapolis on May -J. "that
thi business interests of the country
should not only enjoy the protection Of
the law, but that they should be In I
every way furthered and strengthened!
and facilitated by legislation. The'
country h?H no Jealousy of any con-'
nectlon between business und politics
which is n legitimate connection."!
These woid:; were uttered in the "wild,
anil woolly West." Is there anything!
in them that would scare :? mouse? j
And listen to this: "Wo must remem?
ber." said he at Harrlsburg. t\i.. on
.lime 15, "that the abuses we seek to
remedy have come Into ortlatence an
incidents of the great structure of in?
dustry we have built up. This struc?
ture Is the work of our own hands: |
our own lives are Involved In It Reck?
less attacks upon It, destructive na-!
saults against it would Jeopardise our
own lives and disturb, it might be fa?
tally, tho very progress we seek to at- I
tain. It would be particularly fatal
to any successful program to admit
itito our minds, as we pursue It, eny
splrlt of revenge, any purpose to
wreak our displeasure upon the per
; sons and the Institutions who now
I represent tho abuses we doprecate and
s? ek to destroy."
Some of those who Imagine Wilson
to be a dangerous rudleal are my per?
sonal friends. They aro men whom I
not only like, but respect. I now earn-!
estly request them to consider euro-,
fully Wilson's own words and to ludgc
him by' them, rather than bv rumor
and hearsay. If they can detect in
these words anything remotely resem?
bling the cross-of-gold, erown-of
thorns rhetoric of Bryan: If they see
anything tumultuously La Follettcan In
this language: If they can hear in
these calm, judicial words the resound?
ing Rooseveltian roar, they con do
what I a.m utterly unable to do. The
truth is?as was stated In the New
Vork World on Christmas Live?Wood- i
row Wilson Is "tho very antithesis ofi
Roosevelt. . . . Governor Wilson Isl
? man who ponders long and carefully
before he acts, ho Is modest and un- I
assuming to a degree, and he is ac
curate in his speech and truthful In
"ills statements. Also he means what he
says." R. If. DABNEY.
University of Virginia, Tanuarv 5.
La Marquise de Fontenoy
THAT Field Marshal Lord Kitchen?
er has proved himself to bo a!
great success in tho role of,
British plenipotentiary in Egypt, and!
that ho has restored to the office the;
prOBtlgo and authority with whloh iti
was Invested In the time of Lord Crom-!
er, but which It lost when held hy the,
late Sir Eldon Gorst, has been abund-|
nntly shown In cable dispatches and in j
letters from Cairo and Alexandria. Ruti
nearly all seem to ignore one of the'
principal causes of Kitchener's cue- j
cess, especially among the natives, tln-l
like Lord Cromer and Sir Eldon Gorst.)
he lifts not only a most thorough
knowledge of the Turkish language,
but ho has so complete a command ut
Arable that he may be said to speak
it absolutely without foreign Idiom or
This knowledge dates back to the
times before ho was even command? r
In-chlSf of the Egyptian army, but
when, as the head of its Intelligence'
Department, he was preparing. With
the utmost patience, and at the samo,
time thoroughness, for the reconquestj
of tho Soudan from the Dervishes. In
those days ho used t? roam about the'
border lines in the disguise of an Arab
Sheikh, wholly unescorted, penetrating
even to Dervish outposts and camps,
and displaying such a thorough knowl
odgo of the customs and ways of tho
people. 60 much erudition In every?
thing connected with tho Koran and
Koranlo law, and obovo alL such an
Idiomatic mastery of the Arabic lan?
guage and of Its various dialects that
no one ever suspected that he was a
This was of inestimable value then.
For besides enabling him to acquire
all sorts of Information, It likewise
kept his own native allies and. troops
In tho utmost fear of him. They never
knew at what moment he was likely
to pounco down upon them and realiz?
ed their inability to keep anything Be?
eret from him.
He has made -a point of not forget?
ting his Arabic. He is just as clever
at It as ever, and the result Is that
the native ministers and officials, vil?
lage notables, In fuct, every one high
and lfltv, can talk to him withojat .tho
intervention of an Interpreter?aye.
I und talk freely. Instead of manifest
j inp hauteur, he has shown himself
1 wonderfully affublo and necesiilblc to
I the natives, und wh.lo his acquaintance
I with their affairs and Interest thorn -
I in flatters them, thoy are encouraged
I by his perfect knowledge of their 1Q"'
'buurc, to contldo In him and to open
' their hearts freely Indeed, by being
! able to got Into touch with the natives.
\ by talking- to them In their own lnn
t guage, Kitchener Is accomplishing
j more towards the suppression of na
> tloaallsm than any of the means of
repression that have been tried until
A good dent of quiet fun Is being
i poked In England at the society which
j hnB been formed on this side of the At
; lantle by people who can trace their
; descent to one ? or another of those
barons who extorted tbo Magna
Charta from King John on the Ibland
or ftunnymede. The Eoclety Is Intent
upon erecting a very har.d6ome me?
morial on the Island to tbolr baronial
nnccstors who commenced the work
completed by Oeorgo Washington,
namely. Independence from kingly des?
potism. Ono of the officers of the so
I clcty. who bears tbo title of Its "slg
; not," Is now In England, for the pur
| poso of making arrangements to se?
cure a alte for the memorial, and to
I tukc stops for Its erection. It Is to
j bear the names of the rebellious barons.
I und of their present American de
| SCCIldaiitS, and l3 likely to prove a most
j imposing affair. Most ot the members
J of the society propose, t/i visit England
I this summer, in order to take part In
' the laying of the. foundation stone of
'the memorial, with all fitting solemn
It strikes the untraveled Briton as
I droll that people who profcrs pollli
i rally, and In a measure socially, to
condemn the principle of heredity,!
should come so fnr to tench him a les?
son of ancestral taveronce. and to re?
pair a reglect of which he has render?
ed himself guilty with regard to the
j Westminster Abbey's new dean, the
Bight fteverend B'shop Rylc, lr. crcat-j
I 1ng a great deal of discontent undl
criticism by publloly announcing his!
'determination to enforce atlll more;
strictly than lila predecessor the rule
quietly established by the latter of;
permitting no entombments to take j
placo In tho Abhey, unless the remains;
have been previously cremated. There;
are a great many peoplo belonging toj
the Protestant episcopal Church who|
are sorlously opposed to cremation,:
and it was only after much hesitation
that the. Church of England consented
to waive, with regard to incineration,
the opposition that is atlll maintained
thereto, not only by tbo Roman Cath?
olic Church In all parts of the world,
but In many of the Lutheran denomina?
tions In German}' and by tbo Greek
Of course, from a sanitary point of
view, thu rule established at. West?
minster Abbey is unexceptionable: tho
more so as some ten years ago there
occurred a particularly distressing
case, where the body of a great, states?
man, who had been consigned to a
Ix- In the Abbey after a state funor-a*
In ! ?u of quiet burial beside his loved
ones In Hit: village churchyard form
ir. art of bis estates and adjacent to
h? country seat?tho form of burial
f( hlch lie hud begged and entreated
In In- -had to be disinterred somo
w j later, owing to faulty embalm
n. -? mid Incinerated before being re
sl : to th< tomb.
'? was after ihnt that the practice
of .' igg? sling cremation waa luaugu
r:-.- . by tho denn and chapter of the
Al ' y. Now It Is cnfoicud. and those
w. look, like tho ht.ro of Trafalgar,
to- .-ntombment 1n the Abbey?the
V. ..IIa and f'enUicon of Great
lVKdn's illustrious dead?.is tho cll
i.i and ilttlng termination of theii
oa ? :r, reullze that they cannot lie
th ro unless their remains have provl
been roducud to a-hcu In some
ci n Htorlurn.
e Marquise do MacMahon*e death
?rill be somewhat of a relief to tho Due.
d'Orleana. Tor although a member of
tl. ."'e Vogruc family, she lies Idontffloil
In..-.'if with that oxtremlst section of
tl Royalist party In Trance which Is
represented by the nowgp.tper known
a*, fne "Action Francalsc," and which,
hi led by lyeon Daudet, son of the
neve Mat, has repeatedly dclled the ord
e: ? of tho pretender, und set his com
rr .:.ds at naught. Tho "Action Fran
Ci ? i" party made Itself responsible for
t! disgraceful (tssaults on the portly
j Ol President of the republic, upon
I Premier Brland, and for all sorts of
; out .gen that scandalised tho best
eltises of tho Royalists, and altenat
: 0'! tiie public at large from the Royal
i 1st Tiuse. When tho Duko of Orleans
remonstrated, he was told that he was
biJly surrounded end badly advised,
a-.: that as long as this was the caso
his followers belonging'to tho "Action
Francalse" party would be compelled
t- lleobey hlin.
. e MarqutEc do MacMahon was ona
Of -.ho few reputable elements of the
" - Ion Francalse" faction, which de
rlred whatever little prastlge It en
Joys from her connection therewith.
was an extremely clever platform
s: nker, cared little or nothing for
feminine elegance or for tho niceties
ol tress, appearing almost always fa a
! carelessly, loosely mado black gown.
; v mil and angular and was so vio?
lently anti-Semitic that she saw-Jowlsb
l:' ib'iie in everything and wae wont to
I Preach In favor of the restoration of a
Frtncli monarchy.- with a court from
Which all .lews and Jewesses, whether
Of r use or of creed, would be rigorous?
ly barred! She was very unhappy In
h - married life, her husband, the lato
?'? rquis de MacMahon (a nephew of
Marshal MacMahon, President of
I ranco and Duko of Mngcnta), becom
involved In all sorts of unsavory
h .dels with the particularly notor
lou! dcml-mondaine l,lnno do Pougy,
v'Uo haa now married the Rumanian
P--:do Prince George Ghlka. It la
only about a year ago that tho mar
QUlse's sister, the Oomtesso de Nicolay,
lost her life Iii the mom allocking fash
jonat a level railroad crossing, through
au i.xpres? train smashing Into her au?
tomobile, Hilling all its occupants.
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